Period
to 27 January 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 674 605 793
Rank change year-on-year -69 +188 -123
Permanent jobs citing PKI 338 528 384
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.29% 0.38% 0.24%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.76% 0.95% 0.61%
Number of salaries quoted 239 479 268
England median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £53,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.64% +3.77% -3.64%
10th Percentile £36,250 £40,000 £37,350
90th Percentile £95,250 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £61,250 £55,000 £53,000
% change year-on-year +11.36% +3.77% -3.64%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 44,764 55,428 63,150
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 38.78% 39.79% 38.95%
Number of salaries quoted 34,564 42,453 49,230
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,832 £28,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Salary trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Salary histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -9 120 £80,000 +36.17% 22
South East -2 97 £60,000 +4.35% 15
South West +38 35 £35,000 -22.22% 11
Midlands -2 26 £50,000 -16.67% 8
West Midlands +22 21 £50,000 -16.67% 7
North of England +8 21 £45,000 -13.88% 5
East of England +36 17 £45,000 +12.50% 3
North West +22 12 £72,312 -1.95% 3
Yorkshire +5 8 £37,500 -10.71% 1
East Midlands 0 3 £53,750 -10.42% 1
North East - 1 £35,000 - 1
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 135 (39.94%) Microsoft
2 129 (38.17%) Active Directory
3 127 (37.57%) ITIL
4 118 (34.91%) Firewall
5 100 (29.59%) Azure
6 97 (28.70%) Windows
7 94 (27.81%) Cybersecurity
8 86 (25.44%) AWS
9 84 (24.85%) Linux
9 84 (24.85%) DNS
10 78 (23.08%) PowerShell
10 78 (23.08%) Degree
11 71 (21.01%) DevOps
12 68 (20.12%) Agile Software Development
13 64 (18.93%) Finance
14 60 (17.75%) VMware
15 59 (17.46%) Windows Server
16 57 (16.86%) Security Cleared
17 55 (16.27%) Python
17 55 (16.27%) DHCP
18 51 (15.09%) SIEM
19 50 (14.79%) Cisco
20 49 (14.50%) Security Testing
21 48 (14.20%) Public Cloud
22 47 (13.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
22 47 (13.91%) Computer Science
22 47 (13.91%) TOGAF
22 47 (13.91%) Microsoft Certification
22 47 (13.91%) Java
23 46 (13.61%) Load Balancing

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (9.47%) Confluence
2 29 (8.58%) SharePoint
3 14 (4.14%) MS Exchange
4 11 (3.25%) Apache
4 11 (3.25%) IIS
5 10 (2.96%) Tomcat
6 9 (2.66%) Skype for Business
7 6 (1.78%) CMS
8 5 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (1.18%) Apache Solr
9 4 (1.18%) Apache Spark
9 4 (1.18%) Mule
9 4 (1.18%) Mule ESB
9 4 (1.18%) nginx
9 4 (1.18%) Sitecore CMS
9 4 (1.18%) WebLogic Portal
10 2 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2010
10 2 (0.59%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.30%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 1 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 10 (2.96%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (2.37%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.89%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.30%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 100 (29.59%) Azure
2 86 (25.44%) AWS
3 33 (9.76%) Azure Active Directory
4 32 (9.47%) Office 365
5 24 (7.10%) GCP
6 22 (6.51%) AWS CloudFormation
7 21 (6.21%) OpenShift
7 21 (6.21%) Slack
8 16 (4.73%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 12 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
9 12 (3.55%) SaaS
10 9 (2.66%) OneDrive
11 7 (2.07%) IaaS
12 6 (1.78%) Power Platform
13 5 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
13 5 (1.48%) PaaS
14 2 (0.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 2 (0.59%) Amazon S3
14 2 (0.59%) Amazon SQS
15 1 (0.30%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 118 (34.91%) Firewall
2 84 (24.85%) DNS
3 55 (16.27%) DHCP
4 43 (12.72%) LAN
5 42 (12.43%) SSL
5 42 (12.43%) WAN
6 39 (11.54%) SAN
7 32 (9.47%) IPsec
8 25 (7.40%) VPN
9 24 (7.10%) TCP/IP
10 23 (6.80%) Wi-Fi
11 21 (6.21%) 4G
11 21 (6.21%) Ethernet
11 21 (6.21%) Wireless
12 19 (5.62%) HTTP
13 18 (5.33%) Internet
14 17 (5.03%) 3G
15 14 (4.14%) BGP
15 14 (4.14%) ISDN
15 14 (4.14%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (6.51%) SQL Server
2 13 (3.85%) MongoDB
3 10 (2.96%) Hadoop
4 9 (2.66%) Big Data
5 7 (2.07%) MySQL
5 7 (2.07%) NoSQL
6 6 (1.78%) Amazon RDS
6 6 (1.78%) Apache Hive
6 6 (1.78%) DB2
6 6 (1.78%) HBase
7 5 (1.48%) PostgreSQL
7 5 (1.48%) Power BI
8 4 (1.18%) Endeca
9 3 (0.89%) Blockchain
9 3 (0.89%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (0.89%) Microsoft Analysis Services
9 3 (0.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 3 (0.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 3 (0.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 2 (0.59%) VoltDB
Development Applications
1 38 (11.24%) Jenkins
1 38 (11.24%) JIRA
2 22 (6.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 21 (6.21%) Bitbucket
4 20 (5.92%) GoCD
4 20 (5.92%) JMeter
4 20 (5.92%) Selenium
5 12 (3.55%) SonarQube
6 10 (2.96%) Git (software)
6 10 (2.96%) GitLab
6 10 (2.96%) Metasploit
6 10 (2.96%) Snyk
7 4 (1.18%) Subversion
8 2 (0.59%) Bitbucket Server
8 2 (0.59%) Maven
8 2 (0.59%) Octopus Deploy
8 2 (0.59%) TeamCity
9 1 (0.30%) AppScan
9 1 (0.30%) Robot Framework
9 1 (0.30%) TestRail
General
1 64 (18.93%) Finance
2 30 (8.88%) Retail
3 24 (7.10%) Public Sector
4 14 (4.14%) Legal
5 13 (3.85%) Banking
6 10 (2.96%) Marketing
7 6 (1.78%) Automotive
8 5 (1.48%) Telecoms
9 4 (1.18%) Brand Awareness
9 4 (1.18%) Electronics
10 3 (0.89%) Back Office
10 3 (0.89%) French Language
11 2 (0.59%) Law
12 1 (0.30%) Police
Job Titles
1 69 (20.41%) Architect
2 50 (14.79%) Consultant
3 40 (11.83%) Security Consultant
4 27 (7.99%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 27 (7.99%) Security Engineer
5 26 (7.69%) Cloud Engineer
6 23 (6.80%) Cybersecurity Consultant
6 23 (6.80%) Security Architect
7 20 (5.92%) Developer
8 19 (5.62%) Cloud Architect
9 18 (5.33%) Administrator
9 18 (5.33%) IT Architect
9 18 (5.33%) IT Security Architect
10 17 (5.03%) Systems Administrator
10 17 (5.03%) Technical Consultant
10 17 (5.03%) Wintel Administrator
10 17 (5.03%) Wintel Systems Administrator
11 16 (4.73%) IT Consultant
11 16 (4.73%) Windows Engineer
12 15 (4.44%) IT Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (9.76%) JSON
1 33 (9.76%) OAuth
2 21 (6.21%) OAuth2
2 21 (6.21%) OpenID
2 21 (6.21%) XACML
3 19 (5.62%) Kafka
4 17 (5.03%) LDAP
4 17 (5.03%) SAML
5 13 (3.85%) REST
6 11 (3.25%) XML
7 9 (2.66%) AngularJS
7 9 (2.66%) Web Services
8 8 (2.37%) RESTful
9 6 (1.78%) CSS
9 6 (1.78%) HTML
9 6 (1.78%) Node.js
10 5 (1.48%) Spring
11 4 (1.18%) Lucene
11 4 (1.18%) RabbitMQ
12 2 (0.59%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 48 (14.20%) Public Cloud
2 38 (11.24%) Management Information System
3 34 (10.06%) Hybrid Cloud
4 31 (9.17%) Data Centre
5 19 (5.62%) Clustering
6 14 (4.14%) Greenfield Project
6 14 (4.14%) Self-Motivation
7 12 (3.55%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 11 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
8 11 (3.25%) Enterprise Cloud
9 10 (2.96%) Fat Client
9 10 (2.96%) Thin Client
9 10 (2.96%) Virtual Team
10 6 (1.78%) Data Protection Act
10 6 (1.78%) Driving Licence
11 5 (1.48%) Replication
12 4 (1.18%) iPad
12 4 (1.18%) Smartphone
12 4 (1.18%) User Experience
13 3 (0.89%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 97 (28.70%) Windows
2 84 (24.85%) Linux
3 59 (17.46%) Windows Server
4 31 (9.17%) Unix
5 20 (5.92%) Windows Server 2012
6 15 (4.44%) Windows Server 2008
7 10 (2.96%) Kali Linux
8 9 (2.66%) Solaris
9 7 (2.07%) VMS
9 7 (2.07%) Windows 10
10 5 (1.48%) CentOS
11 4 (1.18%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.89%) Android
13 2 (0.59%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 1 (0.30%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.30%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.30%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.30%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 127 (37.57%) ITIL
2 94 (27.81%) Cybersecurity
3 71 (21.01%) DevOps
4 68 (20.12%) Agile Software Development
5 51 (15.09%) SIEM
6 49 (14.50%) Security Testing
7 47 (13.91%) Computer Science
7 47 (13.91%) TOGAF
8 46 (13.61%) Load Balancing
9 45 (13.31%) Information Security
10 44 (13.02%) Migration
11 43 (12.72%) Enterprise Architecture
12 41 (12.13%) Vulnerability Management
13 39 (11.54%) Identity Management
14 37 (10.95%) Threat Modelling
15 36 (10.65%) Service Delivery
16 35 (10.36%) Presales
17 32 (9.47%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 30 (8.88%) Infrastructure Management
18 30 (8.88%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 78 (23.08%) PowerShell
2 55 (16.27%) Python
3 47 (13.91%) Java
4 39 (11.54%) JavaScript
5 37 (10.95%) Bash Shell
6 32 (9.47%) C++
7 28 (8.28%) SQL
8 23 (6.80%) Ruby
9 21 (6.21%) Go
10 18 (5.33%) C
11 9 (2.66%) C#
12 8 (2.37%) Perl
13 7 (2.07%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.78%) AWK
14 6 (1.78%) Korn
14 6 (1.78%) PHP
14 6 (1.78%) sed
15 5 (1.48%) PHP 5
15 5 (1.48%) PHP 7
16 3 (0.89%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 78 (23.08%) Degree
2 57 (16.86%) Security Cleared
3 47 (13.91%) Microsoft Certification
4 45 (13.31%) CISSP
5 40 (11.83%) Cisco Certification
6 37 (10.95%) MCSE
7 30 (8.88%) CCNA
8 25 (7.40%) Computer Science Degree
9 24 (7.10%) Master's Degree
10 22 (6.51%) SC Cleared
10 22 (6.51%) TOGAF Certification
11 17 (5.03%) CREST Certified
12 16 (4.73%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 15 (4.44%) CCNP
14 11 (3.25%) CESG Certified Professional
15 10 (2.96%) PhD
16 9 (2.66%) ITIL Certification
16 9 (2.66%) SANS
17 8 (2.37%) CCIE
17 8 (2.37%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (13.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 28 (8.28%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 16 (4.73%) SLA
4 13 (3.85%) COBIT
5 12 (3.55%) NIST
6 9 (2.66%) GDPR
6 9 (2.66%) PCI DSS
6 9 (2.66%) QA
7 7 (2.07%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.89%) ISO 26262
9 2 (0.59%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.59%) JSP 440
9 2 (0.59%) NCSC
10 1 (0.30%) RMADS
System Software
1 129 (38.17%) Active Directory
2 31 (9.17%) Hyper-V
3 29 (8.58%) Docker
4 22 (6.51%) VMware Infrastructure
5 19 (5.62%) XenApp
6 14 (4.14%) vSphere
7 7 (2.07%) BitLocker
8 4 (1.18%) XenDesktop
9 3 (0.89%) Forefront TMG
9 3 (0.89%) Terminal Services
9 3 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.89%) VMware Workstation
10 2 (0.59%) Firmware
10 2 (0.59%) NFS
10 2 (0.59%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.30%) Postfix
11 1 (0.30%) ProxySG
11 1 (0.30%) RACF
Systems Management
1 40 (11.83%) SCCM
2 35 (10.36%) Ansible
2 35 (10.36%) Kubernetes
3 27 (7.99%) Terraform
4 26 (7.69%) Puppet
5 22 (6.51%) Nagios
6 21 (6.21%) ZABBIX
7 20 (5.92%) HP SiteScope
7 20 (5.92%) Packer
8 17 (5.03%) SolarWinds Orion
9 15 (4.44%) SCOM
10 13 (3.85%) Cisco Prime
11 11 (3.25%) Nessus
11 11 (3.25%) Single Sign-On
12 10 (2.96%) Nmap
12 10 (2.96%) Sysdig
13 7 (2.07%) Forefront Identity Manager
13 7 (2.07%) Microsoft Clustering
13 7 (2.07%) vRealize
13 7 (2.07%) WSUS
Vendors
1 135 (39.94%) Microsoft
2 60 (17.75%) VMware
3 50 (14.79%) Cisco
4 31 (9.17%) Citrix
5 27 (7.99%) F5
6 22 (6.51%) Google
7 20 (5.92%) Juniper
7 20 (5.92%) Perforce
7 20 (5.92%) SaltStack
8 18 (5.33%) Palo Alto
9 17 (5.03%) SolarWinds
10 14 (4.14%) Barracuda Networks
10 14 (4.14%) Qualys
11 13 (3.85%) Forcepoint
11 13 (3.85%) Splunk
12 11 (3.25%) HP
12 11 (3.25%) McAfee
13 9 (2.66%) Oracle
14 7 (2.07%) Dell Compellent
14 7 (2.07%) Meraki