Period
to 24 November 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 753 641 866
Rank change year-on-year -112 +225 -95
Permanent jobs citing PKI 426 653 431
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.25% 0.37% 0.21%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.58% 0.89% 0.50%
Number of salaries quoted 323 478 312
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% -4.35% +9.52%
10th Percentile £40,000 £34,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £88,500 £80,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year - -4.35% +9.52%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 72947 73494 86746
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 43.22% 41.16% 42.16%
Number of salaries quoted 55375 60931 70270
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Salary trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Salary histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 175 £60,000 - 8
South East -47 123 £60,000 +9.09% 3
North of England -7 56 £50,000 +25.00% 5
North West -23 40 £57,500 +22.99% 2
East of England +9 28 £46,500 -20.51% 1
Midlands +9 26 £50,000 -6.98% 6
West Midlands -7 24 £49,000 -10.91% 4
South West -11 18 £46,500 -15.45% 4
Yorkshire +11 17 £72,500 +93.33% 3
East Midlands +31 2 £75,000 +87.50% 2
North East +2 1 £75,000 +76.47%
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 154 (36.15%) Active Directory
2 146 (34.27%) Windows
3 135 (31.69%) Microsoft
4 121 (28.40%) Firewall
5 103 (24.18%) DNS
6 102 (23.94%) Linux
7 97 (22.77%) Cisco
8 96 (22.54%) Security Cleared
9 88 (20.66%) CISSP
10 84 (19.72%) Finance
10 84 (19.72%) SIEM
11 83 (19.48%) Microsoft Azure
12 78 (18.31%) Amazon AWS
13 76 (17.84%) DHCP
14 72 (16.90%) ITIL
15 71 (16.67%) Degree
16 70 (16.43%) Information Security
17 68 (15.96%) Cisco Certification
18 67 (15.73%) Java
19 64 (15.02%) VMware
19 64 (15.02%) Identity Management
20 61 (14.32%) CISM
20 61 (14.32%) Agile Software Development
21 60 (14.08%) Hyper-V
21 60 (14.08%) IaaS
21 60 (14.08%) DevOps
21 60 (14.08%) Windows Server
22 59 (13.85%) Office 365
22 59 (13.85%) Cybersecurity
22 59 (13.85%) SC Cleared

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (5.87%) Skype for Business
2 20 (4.69%) Apache Spark
3 16 (3.76%) Apache Pig
3 16 (3.76%) IIS
4 12 (2.82%) MS Exchange
4 12 (2.82%) SharePoint
4 12 (2.82%) WebLogic
5 11 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (2.35%) WebSphere
7 8 (1.88%) Apache
7 8 (1.88%) Tomcat
8 7 (1.64%) Confluence
8 7 (1.64%) Liferay
8 7 (1.64%) WebLogic Portal
9 6 (1.41%) Exchange Server 2013
10 4 (0.94%) SharePoint 2013
11 3 (0.70%) Exchange Server 2010
11 3 (0.70%) JBoss
11 3 (0.70%) nginx
12 2 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2007
Applications
1 8 (1.88%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.47%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 83 (19.48%) Microsoft Azure
2 78 (18.31%) Amazon AWS
3 60 (14.08%) IaaS
4 59 (13.85%) Office 365
5 45 (10.56%) PaaS
6 39 (9.15%) SaaS
7 30 (7.04%) AWS CloudFormation
8 22 (5.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 15 (3.52%) Azure Active Directory
10 8 (1.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 8 (1.88%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (1.88%) Amazon S3
11 7 (1.64%) Mimecast
12 6 (1.41%) OneDrive
13 5 (1.17%) Amazon SQS
14 4 (0.94%) Cloudflare
14 4 (0.94%) Google Cloud Platform
15 3 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
16 2 (0.47%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 121 (28.40%) Firewall
2 103 (24.18%) DNS
3 76 (17.84%) DHCP
4 56 (13.15%) WAN
5 51 (11.97%) Network Security
6 48 (11.27%) LAN
7 46 (10.80%) SAN
7 46 (10.80%) SSL
8 45 (10.56%) IPsec
8 45 (10.56%) TCP/IP
9 38 (8.92%) VPN
10 37 (8.69%) LDAP
11 34 (7.98%) Cisco Nexus
12 31 (7.28%) BGP
12 31 (7.28%) Cisco ASA
12 31 (7.28%) OSPF
13 28 (6.57%) Kerberos
14 26 (6.10%) Wireless
15 23 (5.40%) Cisco IOS
15 23 (5.40%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (9.86%) SQL Server
2 28 (6.57%) MongoDB
3 27 (6.34%) NoSQL
3 27 (6.34%) Relational Database
4 26 (6.10%) Big Data
5 25 (5.87%) RDBMS
6 24 (5.63%) MySQL
7 20 (4.69%) Apache Hive
7 20 (4.69%) Hadoop
8 19 (4.46%) Amazon RDS
9 8 (1.88%) PostgreSQL
10 6 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
10 6 (1.41%) SQL Server 2014
11 5 (1.17%) Redis
11 5 (1.17%) Sqoop
12 4 (0.94%) BusinessObjects
12 4 (0.94%) Oracle Database
13 3 (0.70%) DB2
13 3 (0.70%) InterSystems Cache
13 3 (0.70%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 25 (5.87%) Git (software)
2 13 (3.05%) Maven
3 11 (2.58%) Jenkins
4 10 (2.35%) Ant
5 9 (2.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 9 (2.11%) TeamCity
6 7 (1.64%) JIRA
6 7 (1.64%) MSI
6 7 (1.64%) Octopus Deploy
7 6 (1.41%) Grunt
7 6 (1.41%) webpack
8 4 (0.94%) Metasploit
9 3 (0.70%) Subversion
10 2 (0.47%) Cucumber
10 2 (0.47%) Jasmine
10 2 (0.47%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 1 (0.23%) JMeter
11 1 (0.23%) Selenium
11 1 (0.23%) WiX
General
1 84 (19.72%) Finance
2 31 (7.28%) Banking
3 21 (4.93%) Telecoms
4 17 (3.99%) Law
5 12 (2.82%) Retail
6 11 (2.58%) Legal
6 11 (2.58%) Marketing
7 8 (1.88%) Investment Banking
8 4 (0.94%) Electronics
9 3 (0.70%) Military
10 2 (0.47%) Advertising
10 2 (0.47%) Games
10 2 (0.47%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.23%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 66 (15.49%) Architect
2 60 (14.08%) Analyst
2 60 (14.08%) Security Engineer
3 41 (9.62%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 35 (8.22%) Consultant
5 34 (7.98%) Network Engineer
5 34 (7.98%) Security Analyst
6 32 (7.51%) Security Architect
7 30 (7.04%) Software Engineer
8 22 (5.16%) Senior Network Engineer
9 21 (4.93%) Cloud Architect
9 21 (4.93%) Security Consultant
10 20 (4.69%) Developer
11 18 (4.23%) Security Specialist
12 16 (3.76%) Java Developer
12 16 (3.76%) Network Analyst
12 16 (3.76%) Network Security Analyst
12 16 (3.76%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
12 16 (3.76%) Support Engineer
13 15 (3.52%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (10.09%) SAML
2 28 (6.57%) OAuth
3 26 (6.10%) JSON
4 24 (5.63%) Middleware
5 23 (5.40%) XML
6 22 (5.16%) HTML
7 21 (4.93%) AngularJS
7 21 (4.93%) Node.js
7 21 (4.93%) REST
8 20 (4.69%) CSS
9 19 (4.46%) 802.1X
9 19 (4.46%) Web Services
10 18 (4.23%) Spring
11 17 (3.99%) Java EE
12 16 (3.76%) XMPP
13 15 (3.52%) Apache Camel
13 15 (3.52%) Hibernate
14 14 (3.29%) HTML5
14 14 (3.29%) RESTful
15 13 (3.05%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 52 (12.21%) Management Information System
2 50 (11.74%) Computer Science
3 48 (11.27%) Data Centre
4 45 (10.56%) Analytical Skills
5 27 (6.34%) Smart Meter
6 23 (5.40%) Security Operations Centre
7 18 (4.23%) Algorithms
8 14 (3.29%) Clustering
8 14 (3.29%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 14 (3.29%) Fintech
9 11 (2.58%) BYOD
9 11 (2.58%) Cyberthreat
9 11 (2.58%) Hybrid Cloud
10 10 (2.35%) Data Structures
10 10 (2.35%) Public Cloud
11 9 (2.11%) CESG
12 8 (1.88%) Enterprise Storage
12 8 (1.88%) Greenfield Project
12 8 (1.88%) Linux Command Line
12 8 (1.88%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 146 (34.27%) Windows
2 102 (23.94%) Linux
3 60 (14.08%) Windows Server
4 47 (11.03%) Unix
5 45 (10.56%) Windows Server 2012
6 18 (4.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (3.99%) Windows 10
8 14 (3.29%) CentOS
9 13 (3.05%) Ubuntu
9 13 (3.05%) Windows Server 2008
10 11 (2.58%) Mac OS X
11 10 (2.35%) Debian
12 9 (2.11%) Android
12 9 (2.11%) Apple iOS
13 8 (1.88%) AIX
14 7 (1.64%) Solaris
15 5 (1.17%) Kali Linux
16 3 (0.70%) Windows 7
17 2 (0.47%) Check Point GAiA
17 2 (0.47%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (19.72%) SIEM
2 72 (16.90%) ITIL
3 70 (16.43%) Information Security
4 64 (15.02%) Identity Management
5 61 (14.32%) Agile Software Development
6 60 (14.08%) DevOps
7 59 (13.85%) Cybersecurity
8 52 (12.21%) Security Architecture
9 48 (11.27%) Cryptography
10 44 (10.33%) Kalman Filter
11 41 (9.62%) Risk Management
12 38 (8.92%) Software Engineering
13 37 (8.69%) TOGAF
14 36 (8.45%) Operations Management
15 34 (7.98%) Network Design
16 33 (7.75%) Security Operations
17 32 (7.51%) Patch Management
18 31 (7.28%) Data Protection
19 30 (7.04%) Penetration Testing
20 28 (6.57%) Threat Analysis
Programming Languages
1 67 (15.73%) Java
2 56 (13.15%) PowerShell
3 48 (11.27%) SQL
4 43 (10.09%) Python
5 27 (6.34%) Perl
6 24 (5.63%) Ruby
7 23 (5.40%) JavaScript
8 20 (4.69%) C
8 20 (4.69%) C++
9 18 (4.23%) Shell Script
10 13 (3.05%) VBScript
11 11 (2.58%) Bash Shell
11 11 (2.58%) C#
12 8 (1.88%) C-shell
13 6 (1.41%) Go
13 6 (1.41%) GraphQL
14 5 (1.17%) Korn
15 4 (0.94%) PL/SQL
16 3 (0.70%) Bourne shell
16 3 (0.70%) PHP
Qualifications
1 96 (22.54%) Security Cleared
2 88 (20.66%) CISSP
3 71 (16.67%) Degree
4 68 (15.96%) Cisco Certification
5 61 (14.32%) CISM
6 59 (13.85%) SC Cleared
7 46 (10.80%) CCNP
8 42 (9.86%) CEH
9 34 (7.98%) Microsoft Certification
10 28 (6.57%) CISA
11 26 (6.10%) CCIE
11 26 (6.10%) SSCP
12 23 (5.40%) DV Cleared
12 23 (5.40%) MCSE
13 22 (5.16%) CCNA
13 22 (5.16%) GIAC
14 19 (4.46%) Computer Science Degree
15 15 (3.52%) CESG Certified Professional
16 13 (3.05%) Numerate Degree
16 13 (3.05%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (10.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 23 (5.40%) PCI DSS
3 19 (4.46%) SLA
4 15 (3.52%) Cyber Essentials
5 13 (3.05%) GDPR
6 10 (2.35%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 10 (2.35%) QA
7 4 (0.94%) GCP
8 3 (0.70%) FIPS 140-2
8 3 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 3 (0.70%) PMO
9 2 (0.47%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.47%) HL7
9 2 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.23%) GPG13
10 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 1 (0.23%) PSD2
System Software
1 154 (36.15%) Active Directory
2 60 (14.08%) Hyper-V
3 39 (9.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (3.05%) Docker
5 12 (2.82%) vSphere
6 9 (2.11%) Microsoft App-V
7 8 (1.88%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (1.88%) XenDesktop
8 7 (1.64%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (1.41%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (1.17%) pfSense
11 4 (0.94%) BitLocker
11 4 (0.94%) Firmware
11 4 (0.94%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.94%) XenApp
12 3 (0.70%) vCloud
12 3 (0.70%) XenServer
13 2 (0.47%) NFS
13 2 (0.47%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.47%) UAG
Systems Management
1 35 (8.22%) Puppet
2 31 (7.28%) SCOM
3 27 (6.34%) SCCM
4 21 (4.93%) Terraform
5 16 (3.76%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (3.29%) Ansible
7 13 (3.05%) Microsoft Intune
8 11 (2.58%) Cisco Prime
8 11 (2.58%) Kubernetes
8 11 (2.58%) SolarWinds Orion
9 9 (2.11%) CSIRT
10 7 (1.64%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 7 (1.64%) FortiGate
11 6 (1.41%) McAfee ePO
11 6 (1.41%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 6 (1.41%) Salt
12 5 (1.17%) Nessus
13 4 (0.94%) Microsoft Clustering
14 3 (0.70%) vCenter Server
14 3 (0.70%) vRealize
Vendors
1 135 (31.69%) Microsoft
2 97 (22.77%) Cisco
3 64 (15.02%) VMware
4 37 (8.69%) Oracle
5 35 (8.22%) CheckPoint
6 33 (7.75%) Juniper
7 31 (7.28%) HP
8 26 (6.10%) F5
9 25 (5.87%) Red Hat
10 20 (4.69%) Palo Alto
11 17 (3.99%) SolarWinds
12 16 (3.76%) Forcepoint
12 16 (3.76%) NetApp
13 14 (3.29%) Barracuda Networks
14 13 (3.05%) McAfee
15 12 (2.82%) 3PAR
15 12 (2.82%) ArcSight
15 12 (2.82%) IBM
16 10 (2.35%) Citrix
17 9 (2.11%) Dell