Period
to 24 May 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 24 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 638 698 766
Rank change year-on-year +60 +68 -51
Permanent jobs citing PKI 465 474 392
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.35% 0.29% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.83% 0.72% 0.61%
Number of salaries quoted 356 346 296
England median annual salary £58,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.74% - +9.52%
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,625 £90,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £57,500

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 56,329 65,625 64,229
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.90% 40.65% 40.25%
Number of salaries quoted 42,947 51,204 51,824
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £53,500 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +7.00% +3.09% -3.00%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Salary trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Salary histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +19 154 £65,000 +8.33% 2
South East +95 128 £60,000 +11.63% 4
North of England +27 77 £49,741 +10.54% 3
North West +31 58 £49,482 -14.69% 3
East of England +99 51 £38,750 -22.50% 1
South West +28 33 £50,000 -9.09% 4
Midlands -3 23 £60,000 +9.09%
West Midlands -14 20 £60,000 +4.35%
Yorkshire -14 19 £50,000 +33.33%
East Midlands +36 7 £60,000 +60.00%
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2019, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 192 (41.29%) Active Directory
2 188 (40.43%) Microsoft
3 187 (40.22%) Windows
4 181 (38.92%) Agile Software Development
5 147 (31.61%) DNS
6 145 (31.18%) Firewall
7 138 (29.68%) Windows Server
8 133 (28.60%) Microsoft Azure
9 132 (28.39%) ITIL
10 126 (27.10%) VMware
11 122 (26.24%) Linux
11 122 (26.24%) PowerShell
12 114 (24.52%) DHCP
12 114 (24.52%) Windows Server 2012
13 98 (21.08%) DevOps
14 97 (20.86%) Hyper-V
15 94 (20.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 92 (19.78%) SQL
17 84 (18.06%) Finance
18 81 (17.42%) SIEM
19 75 (16.13%) Office 365
20 74 (15.91%) Windows Server 2008
21 71 (15.27%) Information Security
22 70 (15.05%) Cybersecurity
23 67 (14.41%) Migration
24 66 (14.19%) Degree
25 65 (13.98%) VMware Infrastructure
26 64 (13.76%) Java
27 63 (13.55%) Amazon AWS
28 62 (13.33%) CISSP

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (11.61%) MS Exchange
2 47 (10.11%) Elasticsearch
3 43 (9.25%) Apache
4 36 (7.74%) IIS
5 20 (4.30%) Tomcat
6 18 (3.87%) nginx
7 16 (3.44%) SharePoint
8 15 (3.23%) Confluence
9 13 (2.80%) Exchange Server 2013
10 12 (2.58%) WebLogic
11 11 (2.37%) Exchange Server 2007
12 7 (1.51%) Anypoint
12 7 (1.51%) Exchange Server 2010
12 7 (1.51%) Mule
12 7 (1.51%) WebSphere
13 5 (1.08%) JBoss
13 5 (1.08%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 5 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.86%) Skype for Business
15 2 (0.43%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 6 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (1.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 6 (1.29%) MS Visio
2 5 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (1.08%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.22%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 133 (28.60%) Microsoft Azure
2 75 (16.13%) Office 365
3 63 (13.55%) Amazon AWS
4 55 (11.83%) PaaS
5 50 (10.75%) IaaS
6 29 (6.24%) Dynamics 365
6 29 (6.24%) SaaS
7 22 (4.73%) Cloud Computing
8 16 (3.44%) Google Cloud Platform
9 14 (3.01%) AWS CloudFormation
9 14 (3.01%) Azure Active Directory
10 13 (2.80%) OpenShift
11 8 (1.72%) Slack
12 4 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (0.86%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 2 (0.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 2 (0.43%) Amazon S3
13 2 (0.43%) Amazon SQS
13 2 (0.43%) Mimecast
14 1 (0.22%) Dropbox
Communications & Networking
1 147 (31.61%) DNS
2 145 (31.18%) Firewall
3 114 (24.52%) DHCP
4 54 (11.61%) Network Security
5 48 (10.32%) SSL
6 45 (9.68%) WAN
7 44 (9.46%) HTTP
8 40 (8.60%) LAN
9 39 (8.39%) TCP/IP
10 37 (7.96%) VPN
11 30 (6.45%) SAN
12 29 (6.24%) IPsec
13 25 (5.38%) SNMP
14 21 (4.52%) BGP
14 21 (4.52%) OSPF
14 21 (4.52%) Wireless
15 17 (3.66%) Internet
15 17 (3.66%) Skype
16 15 (3.23%) iSCSI
17 14 (3.01%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (11.40%) SQL Server
2 36 (7.74%) MongoDB
3 34 (7.31%) PostgreSQL
4 28 (6.02%) MySQL
5 25 (5.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 20 (4.30%) SQL Server 2012
7 17 (3.66%) NoSQL
8 15 (3.23%) Big Data
9 12 (2.58%) VoltDB
10 11 (2.37%) Azure SQL Database
10 11 (2.37%) Redis
11 10 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
12 8 (1.72%) Hadoop
12 8 (1.72%) Relational Database
13 7 (1.51%) Oracle Database
13 7 (1.51%) Oracle Database 11g
14 5 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 2 (0.43%) Apache Hive
15 2 (0.43%) Blockchain
15 2 (0.43%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 31 (6.67%) Jenkins
2 28 (6.02%) Git (software)
3 11 (2.37%) JIRA
3 11 (2.37%) Mercurial
4 9 (1.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 8 (1.72%) Bitbucket
5 8 (1.72%) JMeter
5 8 (1.72%) Selenium
6 6 (1.29%) Appcelerator Titanium
6 6 (1.29%) GoCD
6 6 (1.29%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 5 (1.08%) Subversion
8 4 (0.86%) Gradle
8 4 (0.86%) Metasploit
8 4 (0.86%) Visual Studio Team System
9 3 (0.65%) Snyk
9 3 (0.65%) SonarQube
10 2 (0.43%) Artifactory
10 2 (0.43%) Bitbucket Server
10 2 (0.43%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 84 (18.06%) Finance
2 37 (7.96%) Retail
3 11 (2.37%) Telecoms
4 6 (1.29%) Banking
5 5 (1.08%) Front Office
6 4 (0.86%) Games
6 4 (0.86%) Law
7 3 (0.65%) Advertising
7 3 (0.65%) Marketing
8 2 (0.43%) Electronics
8 2 (0.43%) Legal
8 2 (0.43%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.22%) Billing
Job Titles
1 90 (19.35%) Architect
2 63 (13.55%) Analyst
3 45 (9.68%) Developer
4 42 (9.03%) Consultant
5 37 (7.96%) Infrastructure Specialist
5 37 (7.96%) Security Architect
6 36 (7.74%) Security Engineer
7 32 (6.88%) Security Consultant
8 26 (5.59%) Cybersecurity Consultant
8 26 (5.59%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 25 (5.38%) Windows Infrastructure Specialist
9 25 (5.38%) Windows Specialist
10 24 (5.16%) Administrator
11 22 (4.73%) Linux Engineer
12 19 (4.09%) Security Manager
12 19 (4.09%) SQL Analyst
12 19 (4.09%) Systems Administrator
13 18 (3.87%) SQL Server Analyst
14 17 (3.66%) Network Engineer
14 17 (3.66%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (9.03%) JSON
2 34 (7.31%) LDAP
3 33 (7.10%) RabbitMQ
4 29 (6.24%) Web Services
5 25 (5.38%) REST
6 18 (3.87%) RESTful
6 18 (3.87%) XML
7 17 (3.66%) Elastic Stack
7 17 (3.66%) OAuth
7 17 (3.66%) SAML
8 16 (3.44%) SOAP
9 15 (3.23%) Spring
10 13 (2.80%) .NET
11 12 (2.58%) JDBC
11 12 (2.58%) OpenID
11 12 (2.58%) SailPoint
12 11 (2.37%) J2EE
12 11 (2.37%) LAMP
13 10 (2.15%) HTML
13 10 (2.15%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 52 (11.18%) Analytical Skills
2 51 (10.97%) Management Information System
3 44 (9.46%) Self-Motivation
4 42 (9.03%) Data Centre
5 39 (8.39%) Clustering
6 38 (8.17%) Hybrid Cloud
7 26 (5.59%) Public Cloud
8 25 (5.38%) Greenfield Project
9 24 (5.16%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 15 (3.23%) Data Protection Act
11 13 (2.80%) Fintech
12 12 (2.58%) NHS
13 11 (2.37%) Smart Meter
14 9 (1.94%) CESG
14 9 (1.94%) Replication
15 8 (1.72%) Cloud Native
15 8 (1.72%) Driving Licence
15 8 (1.72%) Enterprise Cloud
15 8 (1.72%) Private Cloud
16 7 (1.51%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 187 (40.22%) Windows
2 138 (29.68%) Windows Server
3 122 (26.24%) Linux
4 114 (24.52%) Windows Server 2012
5 74 (15.91%) Windows Server 2008
6 39 (8.39%) Windows 10
7 27 (5.81%) CentOS
8 21 (4.52%) Unix
9 13 (2.80%) Solaris
10 11 (2.37%) Android
10 11 (2.37%) Apple iOS
11 9 (1.94%) FreeBSD
11 9 (1.94%) Windows Server 2003
12 6 (1.29%) Kali Linux
12 6 (1.29%) Mac OS
13 5 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 4 (0.86%) AIX
14 4 (0.86%) Ubuntu
15 2 (0.43%) Windows 7
16 1 (0.22%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 181 (38.92%) Agile Software Development
2 132 (28.39%) ITIL
3 98 (21.08%) DevOps
4 81 (17.42%) SIEM
5 71 (15.27%) Information Security
6 70 (15.05%) Cybersecurity
7 67 (14.41%) Migration
8 57 (12.26%) TOGAF
9 56 (12.04%) Problem-Solving
10 54 (11.61%) Identity Management
11 52 (11.18%) Scrum
12 45 (9.68%) SABSA
12 45 (9.68%) Test Automation
13 43 (9.25%) Cryptography
14 42 (9.03%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 41 (8.82%) Service Delivery
16 40 (8.60%) Workflow
17 39 (8.39%) High Availability
18 38 (8.17%) ITIL V3
19 37 (7.96%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 122 (26.24%) PowerShell
2 92 (19.78%) SQL
3 64 (13.76%) Java
4 55 (11.83%) Python
5 47 (10.11%) JavaScript
6 35 (7.53%) Bash Shell
7 29 (6.24%) Go
8 20 (4.30%) PHP
8 20 (4.30%) T-SQL
9 19 (4.09%) C++
9 19 (4.09%) Ruby
10 18 (3.87%) PHP 5
10 18 (3.87%) PHP 7
11 16 (3.44%) C
12 12 (2.58%) PL/SQL
13 11 (2.37%) Java 8
14 9 (1.94%) C#
15 7 (1.51%) Apex Code
16 6 (1.29%) Perl
17 3 (0.65%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 66 (14.19%) Degree
2 62 (13.33%) CISSP
3 57 (12.26%) Security Cleared
4 43 (9.25%) CISM
5 32 (6.88%) SC Cleared
6 26 (5.59%) Cisco Certification
6 26 (5.59%) Microsoft Certification
7 25 (5.38%) Master's Degree
8 20 (4.30%) CESG Certified Professional
9 19 (4.09%) CEH
9 19 (4.09%) Computer Science Degree
9 19 (4.09%) CREST Certified
10 17 (3.66%) GIAC
11 15 (3.23%) CCNP
12 14 (3.01%) CISA
13 13 (2.80%) TOGAF Certification
14 12 (2.58%) SANS
15 10 (2.15%) CCNA
16 9 (1.94%) DV Cleared
16 9 (1.94%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (20.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 38 (8.17%) GDPR
3 26 (5.59%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 25 (5.38%) PCI DSS
5 12 (2.58%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 11 (2.37%) Cyber Essentials
7 8 (1.72%) ISO 22301
7 8 (1.72%) ISO 9001
8 7 (1.51%) SLA
9 4 (0.86%) ISO 31000
9 4 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 3 (0.65%) ISAE 3402
10 3 (0.65%) QA
11 2 (0.43%) COBIT
11 2 (0.43%) RMADS
11 2 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 192 (41.29%) Active Directory
2 97 (20.86%) Hyper-V
3 65 (13.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (5.16%) Docker
5 22 (4.73%) XenApp
6 7 (1.51%) Tivoli Directory Server
7 6 (1.29%) Virtual Servers
7 6 (1.29%) vSphere
8 4 (0.86%) VMware NSX
8 4 (0.86%) XenDesktop
9 3 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.43%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.43%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.22%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.22%) NFS
11 1 (0.22%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.22%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 59 (12.69%) SCCM
2 52 (11.18%) Ansible
3 37 (7.96%) Kubernetes
4 31 (6.67%) Nagios
5 25 (5.38%) Puppet
6 23 (4.95%) Terraform
7 21 (4.52%) SCOM
8 17 (3.66%) Prometheus
9 16 (3.44%) HAProxy
9 16 (3.44%) yum
10 14 (3.01%) Opscode Chef
11 13 (2.80%) Cisco CUCM
12 12 (2.58%) Nessus
13 11 (2.37%) Kibana
13 11 (2.37%) logstash
13 11 (2.37%) Microsoft Intune
13 11 (2.37%) Rsyslog
14 10 (2.15%) Single Sign-On
15 9 (1.94%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 9 (1.94%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 188 (40.43%) Microsoft
2 126 (27.10%) VMware
3 40 (8.60%) Cisco
4 34 (7.31%) Citrix
5 28 (6.02%) Oracle
6 24 (5.16%) McAfee
7 21 (4.52%) IBM
8 20 (4.30%) Splunk
9 19 (4.09%) CA
10 18 (3.87%) Qualys
11 17 (3.66%) Trend Micro
12 16 (3.44%) Google
13 14 (3.01%) Salesforce.com
14 13 (2.80%) Red Hat
15 12 (2.58%) Fortinet
16 11 (2.37%) Sybase
17 10 (2.15%) EMC
18 8 (1.72%) BT
18 8 (1.72%) CommVault
18 8 (1.72%) Juniper