Period
to 22 October 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 675 614 791
Rank change year-on-year -61 +177 -129
Permanent jobs citing PKI 385 600 413
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.30% 0.39% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.78% 0.98% 0.62%
Number of salaries quoted 273 486 320
England median annual salary £58,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.74% - +0.44%
10th Percentile £38,000 £43,000 £37,000
90th Percentile £89,000 £85,625 £90,000
UK median annual salary £58,500 £58,875 £56,000
% change year-on-year -0.64% +5.13% -2.61%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 49,606 61,014 66,467
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.23% 39.73% 40.63%
Number of salaries quoted 37,730 47,043 49,556
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Salary trend for PKI in England

PKI
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Salary histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -23 111 £72,000 +20.00% 26
South East -10 100 £70,000 +16.67% 13
North of England +9 51 £42,500 -19.05% 3
East of England +71 47 £41,250 -17.50% 16
South West +35 46 £50,000 -13.04% 10
North West +20 35 £49,482 -17.53% 1
Midlands +2 17 £45,000 -21.74% 4
Yorkshire +4 16 £42,000 -6.67% 2
West Midlands +9 11 £50,000 -13.04% 4
East Midlands +8 6 £41,000 -8.89%
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 180 (46.75%) Microsoft
2 149 (38.70%) Active Directory
3 143 (37.14%) ITIL
4 142 (36.88%) Windows
5 137 (35.58%) Azure
6 125 (32.47%) Firewall
7 106 (27.53%) Linux
8 103 (26.75%) DNS
9 95 (24.68%) PowerShell
10 93 (24.16%) Cybersecurity
11 92 (23.90%) AWS
12 91 (23.64%) VMware
13 89 (23.12%) DevOps
14 87 (22.60%) DHCP
15 79 (20.52%) Degree
16 78 (20.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 71 (18.44%) Security Cleared
17 71 (18.44%) Windows Server
18 67 (17.40%) Agile Software Development
19 60 (15.58%) SSL
19 60 (15.58%) TOGAF
19 60 (15.58%) SCCM
19 60 (15.58%) Ansible
20 59 (15.32%) SAN
21 58 (15.06%) SIEM
21 58 (15.06%) Office 365
22 57 (14.81%) Jenkins
22 57 (14.81%) Python
23 56 (14.55%) Information Security
23 56 (14.55%) Enterprise Architecture

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (10.13%) MS Exchange
2 38 (9.87%) Confluence
3 28 (7.27%) Apache
4 25 (6.49%) SharePoint
5 23 (5.97%) IIS
6 19 (4.94%) Exchange Server 2010
7 17 (4.42%) Exchange Server 2013
8 15 (3.90%) nginx
9 11 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
9 11 (2.86%) Skype for Business
10 7 (1.82%) Tomcat
11 4 (1.04%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.78%) JBoss
12 3 (0.78%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 3 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.78%) WebLogic
13 2 (0.52%) Apache Spark
13 2 (0.52%) CMS
14 1 (0.26%) Apache Pig
14 1 (0.26%) OpenStack
Applications
1 11 (2.86%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.04%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.78%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.26%) Elite 3E
3 1 (0.26%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 137 (35.58%) Azure
2 92 (23.90%) AWS
3 58 (15.06%) Office 365
4 36 (9.35%) AWS CloudFormation
5 34 (8.83%) Azure Active Directory
6 30 (7.79%) OpenShift
7 28 (7.27%) Slack
8 22 (5.71%) SaaS
9 16 (4.16%) Cloud Computing
9 16 (4.16%) GCP
10 11 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
11 10 (2.60%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 9 (2.34%) IaaS
13 8 (2.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (2.08%) Amazon S3
13 8 (2.08%) Amazon SQS
14 7 (1.82%) PaaS
15 5 (1.30%) OneDrive
16 4 (1.04%) Power Platform
17 3 (0.78%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 125 (32.47%) Firewall
2 103 (26.75%) DNS
3 87 (22.60%) DHCP
4 60 (15.58%) SSL
5 59 (15.32%) SAN
6 53 (13.77%) LAN
7 52 (13.51%) WAN
8 34 (8.83%) HTTP
9 32 (8.31%) VPN
10 29 (7.53%) IPsec
11 28 (7.27%) TCP/IP
11 28 (7.27%) Wireless
12 25 (6.49%) Internet
13 24 (6.23%) Network Security
14 17 (4.42%) SNMP
15 16 (4.16%) SMTP
16 15 (3.90%) Skype
17 14 (3.64%) IMAP
17 14 (3.64%) Wi-Fi
18 13 (3.38%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (8.31%) SQL Server
2 24 (6.23%) Amazon RDS
3 9 (2.34%) Azure SQL Database
3 9 (2.34%) VoltDB
4 8 (2.08%) Big Data
4 8 (2.08%) Redis
4 8 (2.08%) SQL Server 2012
5 7 (1.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 6 (1.56%) Blockchain
7 5 (1.30%) MySQL
8 4 (1.04%) MongoDB
9 3 (0.78%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (0.78%) Power BI
10 2 (0.52%) Hadoop
11 1 (0.26%) Apache Hive
11 1 (0.26%) Data Warehouse
11 1 (0.26%) RDBMS
11 1 (0.26%) Relational Database
11 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2008
11 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 57 (14.81%) Jenkins
2 43 (11.17%) JIRA
3 35 (9.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 27 (7.01%) Bitbucket
4 27 (7.01%) JMeter
4 27 (7.01%) Selenium
5 26 (6.75%) Git (software)
6 25 (6.49%) GoCD
7 8 (2.08%) Bitbucket Server
7 8 (2.08%) Mercurial
7 8 (2.08%) Octopus Deploy
7 8 (2.08%) TeamCity
8 5 (1.30%) SonarQube
8 5 (1.30%) Subversion
9 4 (1.04%) Metasploit
10 3 (0.78%) GitLab
10 3 (0.78%) Robot Framework
10 3 (0.78%) Snyk
10 3 (0.78%) TestRail
11 2 (0.52%) Travis CI
General
1 41 (10.65%) Finance
2 32 (8.31%) Retail
3 26 (6.75%) Public Sector
4 14 (3.64%) Legal
4 14 (3.64%) Telecoms
5 12 (3.12%) Marketing
6 8 (2.08%) Banking
7 7 (1.82%) Electronics
8 6 (1.56%) Manufacturing
9 4 (1.04%) Billing
10 3 (0.78%) Brand Awareness
11 2 (0.52%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.52%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 78 (20.26%) Architect
2 61 (15.84%) Consultant
3 40 (10.39%) Security Consultant
4 37 (9.61%) Analyst
5 35 (9.09%) Administrator
5 35 (9.09%) Security Architect
6 32 (8.31%) Systems Administrator
7 30 (7.79%) Cybersecurity Consultant
8 24 (6.23%) IT Architect
8 24 (6.23%) Linux Engineer
9 23 (5.97%) Cloud Engineer
9 23 (5.97%) IT Security Architect
9 23 (5.97%) Security Engineer
10 22 (5.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 19 (4.94%) Developer
12 17 (4.42%) Wintel Administrator
12 17 (4.42%) Wintel Systems Administrator
13 16 (4.16%) Solutions Architect
14 14 (3.64%) Security Analyst
14 14 (3.64%) Windows Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (11.69%) JSON
2 25 (6.49%) OAuth
3 22 (5.71%) LDAP
4 20 (5.19%) OAuth2
4 20 (5.19%) Web Services
4 20 (5.19%) XACML
5 18 (4.68%) XML
6 17 (4.42%) OpenID
7 13 (3.38%) Spring
8 9 (2.34%) Elastic Stack
8 9 (2.34%) JDBC
9 8 (2.08%) SAML
10 7 (1.82%) Guava
11 6 (1.56%) CSS
11 6 (1.56%) HTML
11 6 (1.56%) Kafka
11 6 (1.56%) REST
11 6 (1.56%) RESTful
12 4 (1.04%) 802.1X
12 4 (1.04%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 47 (12.21%) Public Cloud
2 45 (11.69%) Hybrid Cloud
3 44 (11.43%) Analytical Skills
4 41 (10.65%) Self-Motivation
5 40 (10.39%) Management Information System
6 33 (8.57%) Clustering
7 32 (8.31%) Data Centre
8 21 (5.45%) Replication
9 14 (3.64%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 11 (2.86%) Data Protection Act
10 11 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
11 9 (2.34%) Enterprise Cloud
12 7 (1.82%) Fat Client
12 7 (1.82%) Thin Client
13 6 (1.56%) Virtual Team
14 5 (1.30%) Enterprise Storage
14 5 (1.30%) Private Cloud
14 5 (1.30%) User Experience
15 4 (1.04%) Cyberthreat
15 4 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 142 (36.88%) Windows
2 106 (27.53%) Linux
3 71 (18.44%) Windows Server
4 43 (11.17%) Windows Server 2012
5 28 (7.27%) Windows Server 2008
6 23 (5.97%) Unix
7 21 (5.45%) CentOS
8 20 (5.19%) Windows Server 2003
9 9 (2.34%) Solaris
10 8 (2.08%) Mac OS
11 7 (1.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 6 (1.56%) Windows 10
13 4 (1.04%) Kali Linux
13 4 (1.04%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.78%) VMS
15 1 (0.26%) Android
15 1 (0.26%) Mac OS X
15 1 (0.26%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 143 (37.14%) ITIL
2 93 (24.16%) Cybersecurity
3 89 (23.12%) DevOps
4 67 (17.40%) Agile Software Development
5 60 (15.58%) TOGAF
6 58 (15.06%) SIEM
7 56 (14.55%) Enterprise Architecture
7 56 (14.55%) Information Security
8 51 (13.25%) Migration
9 50 (12.99%) Identity Management
10 48 (12.47%) Load Balancing
11 44 (11.43%) Vulnerability Management
12 42 (10.91%) Service Delivery
13 40 (10.39%) Problem-Solving
14 39 (10.13%) Security Testing
15 38 (9.87%) Test Automation
16 37 (9.61%) Disaster Recovery
16 37 (9.61%) Presales
17 36 (9.35%) Cryptography
18 34 (8.83%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 95 (24.68%) PowerShell
2 57 (14.81%) Python
3 51 (13.25%) SQL
4 48 (12.47%) Bash Shell
5 40 (10.39%) JavaScript
6 30 (7.79%) Java
7 29 (7.53%) Ruby
8 21 (5.45%) PHP
9 18 (4.68%) PHP 5
9 18 (4.68%) PHP 7
10 13 (3.38%) C
11 9 (2.34%) C++
11 9 (2.34%) PL/SQL
12 8 (2.08%) Go
13 7 (1.82%) Java 8
13 7 (1.82%) T-SQL
14 4 (1.04%) VB
15 2 (0.52%) C#
15 2 (0.52%) Perl
15 2 (0.52%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 79 (20.52%) Degree
2 71 (18.44%) Security Cleared
3 52 (13.51%) Microsoft Certification
4 39 (10.13%) Cisco Certification
5 37 (9.61%) MCSE
6 35 (9.09%) CISSP
7 34 (8.83%) TOGAF Certification
8 27 (7.01%) Master's Degree
9 24 (6.23%) SC Cleared
10 22 (5.71%) CCNA
11 18 (4.68%) CISM
12 16 (4.16%) CCNP
13 14 (3.64%) CCIE
13 14 (3.64%) CESG Certified Professional
13 14 (3.64%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 13 (3.38%) CREST Certified
15 12 (3.12%) GIAC
16 11 (2.86%) DV Cleared
17 9 (2.34%) MCITP
18 8 (2.08%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (20.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 31 (8.05%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 29 (7.53%) GDPR
3 29 (7.53%) PCI DSS
4 15 (3.90%) COBIT
4 15 (3.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 15 (3.90%) SLA
5 13 (3.38%) NIST
6 10 (2.60%) QA
7 5 (1.30%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.78%) ISO 22301
8 3 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 3 (0.78%) PSD2
9 2 (0.52%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.26%) ISO 26262
10 1 (0.26%) ISO 31000
System Software
1 149 (38.70%) Active Directory
2 39 (10.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (9.61%) Hyper-V
4 36 (9.35%) Docker
5 20 (5.19%) XenApp
6 10 (2.60%) vSphere
7 8 (2.08%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (1.82%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (1.56%) XenDesktop
10 4 (1.04%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.52%) NFS
11 2 (0.52%) Terminal Services
12 1 (0.26%) Firmware
12 1 (0.26%) Lustre
12 1 (0.26%) Postfix
12 1 (0.26%) ProxySG
12 1 (0.26%) Squid
12 1 (0.26%) vCloud
12 1 (0.26%) VMware NSX
12 1 (0.26%) Xen
Systems Management
1 60 (15.58%) Ansible
1 60 (15.58%) SCCM
2 45 (11.69%) Kubernetes
3 37 (9.61%) Terraform
4 36 (9.35%) Nagios
5 28 (7.27%) Puppet
5 28 (7.27%) ZABBIX
6 27 (7.01%) HP SiteScope
6 27 (7.01%) Packer
7 24 (6.23%) SCOM
8 16 (4.16%) Microsoft Intune
9 15 (3.90%) HAProxy
9 15 (3.90%) yum
10 13 (3.38%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 13 (3.38%) Single Sign-On
11 11 (2.86%) vRealize
12 10 (2.60%) Cisco CUCM
12 10 (2.60%) SolarWinds Orion
13 9 (2.34%) Prometheus
14 8 (2.08%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 180 (46.75%) Microsoft
2 91 (23.64%) VMware
3 55 (14.29%) Cisco
4 33 (8.57%) Citrix
5 27 (7.01%) Perforce
5 27 (7.01%) SaltStack
6 18 (4.68%) HP
6 18 (4.68%) Juniper
7 15 (3.90%) CommVault
8 14 (3.64%) F5
9 13 (3.38%) Oracle
10 12 (3.12%) Dell Compellent
10 12 (3.12%) Trend Micro
11 11 (2.86%) Atlassian
11 11 (2.86%) Google
11 11 (2.86%) McAfee
11 11 (2.86%) Red Hat
12 10 (2.60%) Forcepoint
12 10 (2.60%) Qualys
12 10 (2.60%) SolarWinds