Period
to 1 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 1 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 356 635 804
Rank change year-on-year +279 +169 -14
Permanent jobs citing Data Protection Act 1,022 61 240
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.91% 0.12% 0.19%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.22% 0.34% 0.55%
Number of salaries quoted 982 41 201
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,946
25th Percentile £39,000 £40,000 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £47,500 £56,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% -15.18% +1.70%
75th Percentile £77,500 £55,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £73,750 £82,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £56,750
% change year-on-year +10.53% -16.30% +3.18%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 46,120 17,742 43,971
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.88% 35.20% 35.66%
Number of salaries quoted 28,546 14,870 34,277
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,500 £30,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +1.85%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £101,250 £97,500 £93,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in England.

Salary trend for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act in England over the 6 months to 1 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Protection Act in England

Data Protection Act
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the England region over the 6 months to 1 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +148 448 £45,000 +12.50% 5
London +24 316 £80,000 +63.27% 16
North West +78 217 £41,750 -1.76% 3
Yorkshire +56 186 £52,500 +40.00% 2
Midlands +1 128 £45,000 -23.40% 1
West Midlands -20 86 £47,500 -45.71% 1
South East -72 79 £50,000 +42.86% 7
North East - 45 £45,000 -
East Midlands -33 42 £42,500 -5.56%
East of England - 29 £52,500 - 6
South West -52 17 £65,000 +46.40% 3
Data Protection Act
UK

For the 6 months to 1 December 2021, IT jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 1,022 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 357 (34.93%) Agile Software Development
3 224 (21.92%) Finance
4 215 (21.04%) Social Skills
5 191 (18.69%) SQL
6 186 (18.20%) Azure
7 184 (18.00%) DevOps
8 158 (15.46%) JavaScript
8 158 (15.46%) Microsoft
9 152 (14.87%) Problem-Solving
10 148 (14.48%) AWS
11 147 (14.38%) GDPR
12 133 (13.01%) Java
13 118 (11.55%) Python
14 107 (10.47%) Git (software)
15 104 (10.18%) Information Security
16 103 (10.08%) Degree
17 101 (9.88%) Windows
18 100 (9.78%) Linux
18 100 (9.78%) Software Engineering
18 100 (9.78%) Analytics
19 99 (9.69%) Kubernetes
20 89 (8.71%) Docker
20 89 (8.71%) Oracle
21 87 (8.51%) Stakeholder Management
22 86 (8.41%) Business Intelligence
23 84 (8.22%) Scrum
23 84 (8.22%) Value Proposition
24 83 (8.12%) React
25 81 (7.93%) ISO/IEC 27001

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (3.52%) SharePoint
2 24 (2.35%) Confluence
3 15 (1.47%) Exchange Server 2003
3 15 (1.47%) Exchange Server 2007
3 15 (1.47%) Exchange Server 2010
3 15 (1.47%) Exchange Server 2013
3 15 (1.47%) MS Exchange
4 8 (0.78%) DataSynapse
4 8 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (0.78%) Oracle Coherence
5 5 (0.49%) Apache
6 4 (0.39%) CMS
6 4 (0.39%) WordPress
7 3 (0.29%) Apache Spark
7 3 (0.29%) SAS
7 3 (0.29%) SharePoint 2013
7 3 (0.29%) Umbraco
8 1 (0.098%) Headless CMS
8 1 (0.098%) WebSphere
Applications
1 50 (4.89%) Microsoft Office
2 40 (3.91%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (2.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (1.76%) MS Visio
5 15 (1.47%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (1.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.68%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.49%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.49%) Sketch
9 3 (0.29%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.29%) InVision
10 1 (0.098%) Oracle Smart View
Business Applications
1 15 (1.47%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 14 (1.37%) Oracle EBS R12
3 7 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.59%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
5 4 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.39%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.29%) Magento
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle Assets
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.098%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.098%) Shopify
7 1 (0.098%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 186 (18.20%) Azure
2 148 (14.48%) AWS
3 75 (7.34%) Power Platform
4 49 (4.79%) Microsoft 365
5 48 (4.70%) SaaS
6 42 (4.11%) Serverless
7 36 (3.52%) GCP
8 31 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
9 25 (2.45%) Azure Active Directory
10 22 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
11 20 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
12 18 (1.76%) Google Analytics
13 15 (1.47%) Amazon S3
14 14 (1.37%) GitHub
15 12 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 12 (1.17%) CloudFront
16 11 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
17 10 (0.98%) Snowflake
18 7 (0.68%) OpenShift
19 5 (0.49%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 55 (5.38%) Firewall
2 38 (3.72%) WAN
3 32 (3.13%) LAN
4 26 (2.54%) Network Security
4 26 (2.54%) Wi-Fi
5 25 (2.45%) TCP/IP
6 21 (2.05%) DHCP
6 21 (2.05%) DNS
7 18 (1.76%) Internet
8 15 (1.47%) Structured Cabling
9 13 (1.27%) VPN
10 7 (0.68%) HTTP
11 6 (0.59%) BGP
11 6 (0.59%) Cisco ASA
11 6 (0.59%) SD-WAN
12 5 (0.49%) Cisco IPT
12 5 (0.49%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.49%) Intrusion Detection
12 5 (0.49%) OSPF
12 5 (0.49%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (7.05%) Power BI
2 67 (6.56%) SQL Server
3 64 (6.26%) Data Warehouse
4 46 (4.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 38 (3.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 34 (3.33%) Oracle Reports
6 34 (3.33%) PostgreSQL
7 25 (2.45%) OLAP
7 25 (2.45%) Oracle OLAP
7 25 (2.45%) SQL Server 2016
7 25 (2.45%) SSDT
8 22 (2.15%) Relational Database
9 20 (1.96%) NoSQL
9 20 (1.96%) Oracle Database
10 18 (1.76%) Big Data
11 17 (1.66%) MongoDB
12 15 (1.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 15 (1.47%) MySQL
13 13 (1.27%) Blockchain
14 7 (0.68%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 107 (10.47%) Git (software)
2 74 (7.24%) JIRA
3 46 (4.50%) Jenkins
4 30 (2.94%) Selenium
5 26 (2.54%) Visual Studio
6 25 (2.45%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 21 (2.05%) webpack
8 15 (1.47%) Cucumber
9 12 (1.17%) Cypress.io
9 12 (1.17%) TeamCity
10 11 (1.08%) Oracle APEX
11 10 (0.98%) JUnit
11 10 (0.98%) Subversion
12 9 (0.88%) Gradle
12 9 (0.88%) Maven
12 9 (0.88%) Mocha
12 9 (0.88%) Postman
12 9 (0.88%) Visual Studio Team System
13 7 (0.68%) Appium
13 7 (0.68%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 224 (21.92%) Finance
2 215 (21.04%) Social Skills
3 79 (7.73%) Analytical Skills
4 59 (5.77%) Marketing
5 54 (5.28%) Retail
6 53 (5.19%) Legal
7 43 (4.21%) Public Sector
8 38 (3.72%) Presentation Skills
9 33 (3.23%) Influencing Skills
10 23 (2.25%) Front Office
11 22 (2.15%) Banking
12 15 (1.47%) Law
13 14 (1.37%) Investment Banking
14 13 (1.27%) Organisational Skills
14 13 (1.27%) Telecoms
15 12 (1.17%) Automotive
16 10 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
16 10 (0.98%) Retail Finance
17 9 (0.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 9 (0.88%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 263 (25.73%) Developer
2 144 (14.09%) Analyst
3 81 (7.93%) Senior Developer
4 75 (7.34%) Business Analyst
5 66 (6.46%) Architect
6 60 (5.87%) Consultant
7 46 (4.50%) Java Developer
8 30 (2.94%) Support Specialist
9 27 (2.64%) DevOps Engineer
10 26 (2.54%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 26 (2.54%) IT Support
11 25 (2.45%) React Developer
12 24 (2.35%) Designer
13 22 (2.15%) Full Stack Developer
13 22 (2.15%) Product Owner
14 21 (2.05%) Python Developer
14 21 (2.05%) Support Engineer
15 20 (1.96%) Information Officer
15 20 (1.96%) Software Engineer
15 20 (1.96%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (8.12%) React
2 73 (7.14%) CSS
2 73 (7.14%) Node.js
3 64 (6.26%) HTML
4 45 (4.40%) .NET
5 33 (3.23%) AngularJS
5 33 (3.23%) Spring
6 30 (2.94%) JSON
6 30 (2.94%) Spring Boot
7 28 (2.74%) HTML5
7 28 (2.74%) MDX
8 26 (2.54%) React Native
8 26 (2.54%) RESTful
8 26 (2.54%) XML
9 25 (2.45%) REST
10 24 (2.35%) .NET Core
11 22 (2.15%) Jest
11 22 (2.15%) Redux
12 21 (2.05%) Vue.js
13 20 (1.96%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 56 (5.48%) User Experience
2 54 (5.28%) Management Information System
3 39 (3.82%) Mobile App
4 26 (2.54%) Self-Motivation
5 22 (2.15%) Data Centre
6 19 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 19 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
6 19 (1.86%) Hedge funds
7 18 (1.76%) Freedom of Information
8 17 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
8 17 (1.66%) Freedom of Information Act
9 16 (1.57%) Algorithms
10 15 (1.47%) NHS
11 14 (1.37%) Fixed Income
11 14 (1.37%) Internet of Things
11 14 (1.37%) Legacy Code
11 14 (1.37%) Virtual Team
12 12 (1.17%) Hybrid Cloud
13 11 (1.08%) Public Cloud
14 10 (0.98%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 101 (9.88%) Windows
2 100 (9.78%) Linux
3 33 (3.23%) Windows Server
4 23 (2.25%) Android
4 23 (2.25%) Windows Server 2003
4 23 (2.25%) Windows Server 2008
5 19 (1.86%) Unix
6 18 (1.76%) Apple iOS
7 16 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (1.47%) Windows 2000 Server
9 14 (1.37%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (1.08%) Windows Server 2016
10 11 (1.08%) Windows Server 2019
11 9 (0.88%) Windows 10
12 6 (0.59%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.29%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.098%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,022 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 357 (34.93%) Agile Software Development
3 184 (18.00%) DevOps
4 152 (14.87%) Problem-Solving
5 104 (10.18%) Information Security
6 100 (9.78%) Analytics
6 100 (9.78%) Software Engineering
7 87 (8.51%) Stakeholder Management
8 86 (8.41%) Business Intelligence
9 84 (8.22%) Scrum
9 84 (8.22%) Value Proposition
10 75 (7.34%) Microservices
11 74 (7.24%) Requirements Gathering
12 71 (6.95%) Business Analysis
12 71 (6.95%) Cybersecurity
13 69 (6.75%) Service Delivery
14 67 (6.56%) User Stories
15 64 (6.26%) Migration
16 61 (5.97%) Risk Management
17 58 (5.68%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 191 (18.69%) SQL
2 158 (15.46%) JavaScript
3 133 (13.01%) Java
4 118 (11.55%) Python
5 61 (5.97%) TypeScript
6 41 (4.01%) C#
7 35 (3.42%) C++
8 32 (3.13%) R
9 28 (2.74%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
10 25 (2.45%) PowerShell
11 21 (2.05%) PHP
12 14 (1.37%) Bash Shell
13 13 (1.27%) PL/SQL
13 13 (1.27%) Shell Script
13 13 (1.27%) T-SQL
14 12 (1.17%) C
14 12 (1.17%) Java 8
15 11 (1.08%) Java 11
16 9 (0.88%) ES6
16 9 (0.88%) Go
Qualifications
1 103 (10.08%) Degree
2 34 (3.33%) CISSP
3 28 (2.74%) CISM
4 22 (2.15%) Cisco Certification
4 22 (2.15%) Security Cleared
5 16 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (1.47%) CRISC
6 15 (1.47%) SC Cleared
7 13 (1.27%) CCNP
8 11 (1.08%) CCNA
8 11 (1.08%) GIAC
9 10 (0.98%) ISEB
9 10 (0.98%) PCI QSA
10 9 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
11 8 (0.78%) CISA
11 8 (0.78%) SANS
12 7 (0.68%) Server+ Certification
13 6 (0.59%) GSNA
13 6 (0.59%) IRCA
14 3 (0.29%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 147 (14.38%) GDPR
2 81 (7.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 52 (5.09%) QA
4 37 (3.62%) PCI DSS
5 27 (2.64%) Cyber Essentials
6 23 (2.25%) Data Quality
6 23 (2.25%) PMO
7 22 (2.15%) NIST
8 15 (1.47%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 12 (1.17%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 11 (1.08%) COBIT
11 9 (0.88%) GRC
12 7 (0.68%) SLA
13 6 (0.59%) Actionable Recommendations
13 6 (0.59%) COSO
14 5 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 4 (0.39%) Accessibility
15 4 (0.39%) Good Clinical Practice
16 3 (0.29%) MiFID
16 3 (0.29%) NCSC
System Software
1 89 (8.71%) Docker
2 63 (6.16%) Active Directory
3 26 (2.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (1.66%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
6 3 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.098%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 99 (9.69%) Kubernetes
2 37 (3.62%) Terraform
3 28 (2.74%) Ansible
4 24 (2.35%) Puppet
5 9 (0.88%) Microsoft Intune
6 7 (0.68%) Istio
7 5 (0.49%) Control-M
7 5 (0.49%) FortiGate
7 5 (0.49%) SCCM
7 5 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (0.39%) Cisco CUCM
8 4 (0.39%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.29%) Cobbler
9 3 (0.29%) Jamf Pro
9 3 (0.29%) Red Hat Satellite
10 2 (0.20%) ITRS Geneos
10 2 (0.20%) Rancher
11 1 (0.098%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 1 (0.098%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 158 (15.46%) Microsoft
2 89 (8.71%) Oracle
3 50 (4.89%) Google
4 45 (4.40%) Cisco
5 27 (2.64%) VMware
6 17 (1.66%) Adobe
7 15 (1.47%) Meraki
7 15 (1.47%) Ubiquiti
8 12 (1.17%) Citrix
9 11 (1.08%) SAP
10 9 (0.88%) Databricks
10 9 (0.88%) HP
10 9 (0.88%) Red Hat
10 9 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
10 9 (0.88%) Sybase
11 7 (0.68%) CommVault
12 6 (0.59%) CA Agile Central
12 6 (0.59%) Splunk
12 6 (0.59%) Xamarin
13 5 (0.49%) SolarWinds