Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 44 50 42
Rank change year-on-year +6 -8 -6
Permanent jobs citing Computer Science 5,996 3,202 7,301
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 5.99% 5.12% 5.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.38% 5.51% 5.95%
Number of salaries quoted 3,078 2,527 5,430
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £26,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £78,750 £73,750
90th Percentile £98,750 £102,500 £92,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 93,979 58,121 122,765
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.96% 92.87% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 64,768 47,594 98,778
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Salary trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the England region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 3,096 £70,000 - 520
South East +20 1,380 £50,000 +11.11% 225
North of England -5 411 £47,500 -5.00% 177
South West +25 382 £47,500 +26.67% 77
East of England +13 343 £55,000 +4.76% 145
Midlands -4 314 £45,000 -5.26% 130
West Midlands +5 216 £47,500 +11.76% 82
North West -29 190 £50,000 - 112
Yorkshire +35 187 £45,000 +5.88% 40
East Midlands -18 98 £45,000 -10.00% 46
North East -11 34 £35,000 - 25
Computer Science
UK

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 4,542 (75.75%) Degree
2 2,576 (42.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 2,223 (37.07%) Agile Software Development
4 2,009 (33.51%) Software Engineering
5 1,884 (31.42%) Python
6 1,693 (28.24%) JavaScript
7 1,666 (27.79%) Java
8 1,662 (27.72%) Social Skills
9 1,625 (27.10%) SQL
10 1,554 (25.92%) Finance
11 1,322 (22.05%) AWS
12 1,198 (19.98%) React
13 1,170 (19.51%) Problem-Solving
14 1,103 (18.40%) DevOps
15 1,090 (18.18%) Mathematics
16 1,052 (17.55%) Linux
17 1,050 (17.51%) C#
18 1,013 (16.89%) Full Stack Development
19 987 (16.46%) Azure
20 934 (15.58%) CSS
21 890 (14.84%) Docker
22 879 (14.66%) AngularJS
23 875 (14.59%) Git (software)
24 839 (13.99%) Node.js
25 822 (13.71%) .NET
26 815 (13.59%) Analytical Skills
27 807 (13.46%) C++
28 765 (12.76%) Microservices
29 746 (12.44%) HTML
30 738 (12.31%) Analytics

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 372 (6.20%) Apache Spark
2 243 (4.05%) Apache
3 203 (3.39%) GemFire
4 164 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
5 126 (2.10%) SAS
6 105 (1.75%) Confluence
7 97 (1.62%) SharePoint
8 88 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
8 88 (1.47%) IIS
9 68 (1.13%) CMS
10 59 (0.98%) Tomcat
11 48 (0.80%) nginx
12 43 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
13 37 (0.62%) MS Exchange
14 34 (0.57%) Exchange Server 2013
14 34 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 24 (0.40%) Jupyter
16 21 (0.35%) Tornado
17 18 (0.30%) OpenStack
18 16 (0.27%) Documentum
Applications
1 121 (2.02%) Microsoft Office
2 96 (1.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 57 (0.95%) Simulink
4 28 (0.47%) Stateflow
5 22 (0.37%) Photoshop
6 21 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
7 20 (0.33%) MS Visio
8 17 (0.28%) GIMP
9 15 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
10 14 (0.23%) InVision
10 14 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 11 (0.18%) Figma
11 11 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
12 7 (0.12%) Chatbot
12 7 (0.12%) Sketch
12 7 (0.12%) SPSS
12 7 (0.12%) Windchill
13 6 (0.10%) Revit
13 6 (0.10%) Siemens NX
13 6 (0.10%) Solid Edge
Business Applications
1 44 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 40 (0.67%) Distributed Ledger
3 38 (0.63%) R3 Corda
4 16 (0.27%) NetSuite
4 16 (0.27%) TrackWise
5 15 (0.25%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 14 (0.23%) SAP ERP
7 12 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
8 11 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
8 11 (0.18%) Shopify
9 10 (0.17%) Primavera
9 10 (0.17%) Summit
10 9 (0.15%) Sage 50
11 7 (0.12%) Teamcenter
12 5 (0.083%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
13 4 (0.067%) HFM
13 4 (0.067%) Hyperion Planning
13 4 (0.067%) SAP FI
13 4 (0.067%) Sentinel
13 4 (0.067%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1,322 (22.05%) AWS
2 987 (16.46%) Azure
3 507 (8.46%) GCP
4 487 (8.12%) GitHub
5 437 (7.29%) SaaS
6 235 (3.92%) Serverless
7 206 (3.44%) PaaS
8 186 (3.10%) Amazon Kinesis
9 157 (2.62%) Cloud Computing
10 154 (2.57%) Power Platform
11 108 (1.80%) OpenShift
12 97 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
13 94 (1.57%) IaaS
14 88 (1.47%) AWS Lambda
15 87 (1.45%) Amazon S3
15 87 (1.45%) Microsoft 365
16 84 (1.40%) npm
17 71 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
18 50 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
19 48 (0.80%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 159 (2.65%) Firewall
2 150 (2.50%) Internet
3 148 (2.47%) HTTP
4 122 (2.03%) TCP/IP
5 109 (1.82%) Wireless
6 108 (1.80%) DNS
7 102 (1.70%) VPN
8 84 (1.40%) Ethernet
9 81 (1.35%) Wi-Fi
10 72 (1.20%) Wireshark
11 66 (1.10%) Broadband
12 61 (1.02%) MQTT
13 57 (0.95%) DHCP
14 52 (0.87%) Network Security
15 45 (0.75%) LAN
15 45 (0.75%) VoIP
16 44 (0.73%) HTTPS
17 43 (0.72%) BGP
18 40 (0.67%) 802.11
19 38 (0.63%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 659 (10.99%) NoSQL
2 601 (10.02%) SQL Server
3 586 (9.77%) Relational Database
4 534 (8.91%) PostgreSQL
5 489 (8.16%) Big Data
6 302 (5.04%) MongoDB
7 265 (4.42%) MySQL
8 260 (4.34%) Redis
9 253 (4.22%) MariaDB
10 222 (3.70%) HBase
11 152 (2.54%) Hadoop
12 141 (2.35%) Data Mining
12 141 (2.35%) Power BI
13 140 (2.33%) Data Warehouse
14 124 (2.07%) Tableau
15 123 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 113 (1.88%) RDBMS
17 91 (1.52%) Blockchain
18 87 (1.45%) Oracle Database
19 80 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 875 (14.59%) Git (software)
2 578 (9.64%) Jenkins
3 335 (5.59%) JIRA
4 277 (4.62%) Gradle
5 261 (4.35%) Cucumber
6 260 (4.34%) JUnit
7 247 (4.12%) Cypress.io
8 232 (3.87%) Protractor
9 231 (3.85%) Eclipse
10 214 (3.57%) Storybook
11 209 (3.49%) Sonatype Nexus
12 206 (3.44%) Mockito
13 202 (3.37%) IntelliJ
14 189 (3.15%) Selenium
15 161 (2.69%) Artifactory
16 147 (2.45%) GitLab
17 110 (1.83%) webpack
18 106 (1.77%) SonarQube
19 97 (1.62%) Maven
20 87 (1.45%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,662 (27.72%) Social Skills
2 1,554 (25.92%) Finance
3 815 (13.59%) Analytical Skills
4 545 (9.09%) Banking
5 425 (7.09%) Law
6 409 (6.82%) Games
7 405 (6.75%) Marketing
8 389 (6.49%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 252 (4.20%) Telecoms
10 217 (3.62%) Manufacturing
11 208 (3.47%) Retail
12 207 (3.45%) Pharmaceutical
13 196 (3.27%) Presentation Skills
14 187 (3.12%) Public Sector
15 186 (3.10%) Electronics
16 113 (1.88%) Legal
17 109 (1.82%) Organisational Skills
18 70 (1.17%) Automotive
19 66 (1.10%) French Language
20 65 (1.08%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,961 (32.71%) Developer
2 1,096 (18.28%) Software Engineer
3 359 (5.99%) Architect
4 353 (5.89%) Software Developer
5 342 (5.70%) Senior Developer
6 323 (5.39%) Senior Software Engineer
7 304 (5.07%) Analyst
8 272 (4.54%) Full Stack Developer
9 255 (4.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 234 (3.90%) Junior
11 227 (3.79%) Graduate
12 223 (3.72%) Java Developer
13 211 (3.52%) .NET Developer
14 159 (2.65%) Programmer
15 157 (2.62%) Principal Engineer
16 153 (2.55%) Data Engineer
17 145 (2.42%) Junior Developer
18 142 (2.37%) C# Developer
19 136 (2.27%) React Developer
20 130 (2.17%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,198 (19.98%) React
2 934 (15.58%) CSS
3 879 (14.66%) AngularJS
4 839 (13.99%) Node.js
5 822 (13.71%) .NET
6 746 (12.44%) HTML
7 524 (8.74%) REST
8 523 (8.72%) RESTful
9 497 (8.29%) Web Services
10 496 (8.27%) Kafka
11 490 (8.17%) Spring
12 340 (5.67%) Redux
13 312 (5.20%) RabbitMQ
14 308 (5.14%) JSON
15 298 (4.97%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 286 (4.77%) .NET Core
17 268 (4.47%) Vue.js
18 256 (4.27%) Express
19 246 (4.10%) HTML5
20 220 (3.67%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 639 (10.66%) User Experience
2 619 (10.32%) Algorithms
3 345 (5.75%) Data Structures
4 331 (5.52%) Management Information System
5 325 (5.42%) Self-Motivation
6 228 (3.80%) Linux Command Line
7 211 (3.52%) Mobile App
8 194 (3.24%) Greenfield Project
9 186 (3.10%) Life Science
10 185 (3.09%) Enterprise Software
11 163 (2.72%) Public Cloud
12 142 (2.37%) Cloud Native
13 125 (2.08%) Data Centre
14 116 (1.93%) Blog
15 109 (1.82%) Virtual Team
16 90 (1.50%) Client/Server
17 81 (1.35%) Robotics
18 62 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 61 (1.02%) Embedded Systems
20 60 (1.00%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,052 (17.55%) Linux
2 515 (8.59%) Windows
3 399 (6.65%) Unix
4 228 (3.80%) Android
5 141 (2.35%) Apple iOS
6 86 (1.43%) Windows Server
7 60 (1.00%) Windows Server 2016
8 49 (0.82%) Ubuntu
9 41 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
10 40 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 33 (0.55%) Windows 10
12 31 (0.52%) CentOS
13 28 (0.47%) Windows Server 2019
14 18 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
15 14 (0.23%) Fedora
15 14 (0.23%) Windows 7
16 11 (0.18%) Debian
17 10 (0.17%) SUSE
18 9 (0.15%) Mac OS
19 7 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,223 (37.07%) Agile Software Development
2 2,009 (33.51%) Software Engineering
3 1,170 (19.51%) Problem-Solving
4 1,103 (18.40%) DevOps
5 1,090 (18.18%) Mathematics
6 1,013 (16.89%) Full Stack Development
7 765 (12.76%) Microservices
8 738 (12.31%) Analytics
9 671 (11.19%) TDD
10 652 (10.87%) OO
11 643 (10.72%) Scrum
12 609 (10.16%) Test Automation
13 584 (9.74%) Machine Learning
14 567 (9.46%) Artificial Intelligence
15 537 (8.96%) Continuous Integration
16 530 (8.84%) Mentoring
17 521 (8.69%) Data Science
18 502 (8.37%) Fintech
19 478 (7.97%) Open Source
20 472 (7.87%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 1,884 (31.42%) Python
2 1,693 (28.24%) JavaScript
3 1,666 (27.79%) Java
4 1,625 (27.10%) SQL
5 1,050 (17.51%) C#
6 807 (13.46%) C++
7 603 (10.06%) TypeScript
8 501 (8.36%) C
9 362 (6.04%) Go
10 218 (3.64%) Shell Script
11 211 (3.52%) Groovy
12 208 (3.47%) PowerShell
13 198 (3.30%) PHP
14 196 (3.27%) Bash Shell
15 189 (3.15%) Scala
16 174 (2.90%) R
17 157 (2.62%) Kotlin
18 146 (2.43%) Ruby
19 140 (2.33%) ES6
20 129 (2.15%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 4,542 (75.75%) Degree
2 2,576 (42.96%) Computer Science Degree
3 457 (7.62%) Master's Degree
4 275 (4.59%) PhD
5 229 (3.82%) Security Cleared
6 204 (3.40%) OCP
6 204 (3.40%) Oracle Certification
7 129 (2.15%) Numerate Degree
8 117 (1.95%) SC Cleared
9 78 (1.30%) CISSP
10 57 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
11 49 (0.82%) ISTQB
11 49 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
12 42 (0.70%) PMI Certification
13 41 (0.68%) CISM
14 38 (0.63%) PMP
15 37 (0.62%) AWS Certification
16 34 (0.57%) CCNP
17 32 (0.53%) CEH
18 28 (0.47%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 406 (6.77%) QA
2 85 (1.42%) Data Quality
3 67 (1.12%) SLA
4 65 (1.08%) GDPR
5 60 (1.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 56 (0.93%) CDISC
7 53 (0.88%) MISRA
8 52 (0.87%) Accessibility
9 38 (0.63%) MISRA C
10 37 (0.62%) ECSS
10 37 (0.62%) PCI DSS
11 33 (0.55%) NIST
11 33 (0.55%) PMO
12 24 (0.40%) Cyber Essentials
12 24 (0.40%) Good Clinical Practice
13 22 (0.37%) GxP
14 16 (0.27%) Def Stans
15 10 (0.17%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 10 (0.17%) ISO 9001
15 10 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 890 (14.84%) Docker
2 230 (3.84%) VMware Infrastructure
3 194 (3.24%) HDFS
4 160 (2.67%) Active Directory
5 70 (1.17%) Firmware
6 36 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
7 28 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
8 24 (0.40%) Hyper-V
8 24 (0.40%) KVM
9 23 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 19 (0.32%) vSphere
11 14 (0.23%) Ceph
12 11 (0.18%) ISA Server
13 10 (0.17%) iptables
13 10 (0.17%) Kamailio
13 10 (0.17%) Postfix
13 10 (0.17%) QEMU
14 9 (0.15%) LXC
15 8 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
16 5 (0.083%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 695 (11.59%) Kubernetes
2 473 (7.89%) Ansible
3 337 (5.62%) Terraform
4 228 (3.80%) Opscode Chef
5 166 (2.77%) Puppet
6 83 (1.38%) Grafana
7 68 (1.13%) Kibana
8 50 (0.83%) Prometheus
9 48 (0.80%) SCCM
10 41 (0.68%) ZABBIX
11 35 (0.58%) Graylog
12 31 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
13 30 (0.50%) Salt
14 22 (0.37%) Packer
15 20 (0.33%) Graphite
15 20 (0.33%) Nagios
16 19 (0.32%) Consul
17 18 (0.30%) Opsview
18 17 (0.28%) Galera Cluster
19 14 (0.23%) Cisco Prime
Vendors
1 673 (11.22%) Microsoft
2 419 (6.99%) Google
3 417 (6.95%) Oracle
4 303 (5.05%) VMware
5 196 (3.27%) Okta
6 192 (3.20%) SAP
7 141 (2.35%) Salesforce.com
8 124 (2.07%) Cisco
9 96 (1.60%) IBM
10 68 (1.13%) Instagram
11 67 (1.12%) Red Hat
12 58 (0.97%) Databricks
13 50 (0.83%) Apple
14 48 (0.80%) Citrix
15 43 (0.72%) Splunk
16 39 (0.65%) Facebook
17 38 (0.63%) Atlassian
18 33 (0.55%) YouTube
19 29 (0.48%) Adobe
19 29 (0.48%) Intel