Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 45 52 43
Rank change year-on-year +7 -9 -7
Permanent jobs citing Computer Science 6,854 2,193 7,056
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 6.19% 4.88% 5.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.56% 5.24% 6.01%
Number of salaries quoted 3,294 1,833 5,355
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £27,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £98,750 £100,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £59,000 £56,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.42% +2.73% +10.00%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 104,531 41,871 117,319
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.33% 93.16% 92.62%
Number of salaries quoted 70,097 35,286 94,526
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £58,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.36% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Salary trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 3,584 £72,500 +3.57% 627
South East +16 1,507 £50,000 - 226
North of England -19 479 £45,000 -14.29% 182
East of England +26 454 £60,000 +9.09% 137
Midlands +25 371 £45,000 -5.26% 111
South West +9 308 £47,500 +5.56% 80
West Midlands +22 254 £46,000 +2.22% 67
Yorkshire -30 212 £45,000 -14.29% 46
North West -30 204 £50,000 -6.54% 102
East Midlands -14 115 £42,500 -24.44% 44
North East +25 67 £42,500 +6.25% 34
Computer Science
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 5,203 (75.91%) Degree
2 2,729 (39.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 2,691 (39.26%) Agile Software Development
4 2,354 (34.34%) Software Engineering
5 2,079 (30.33%) Social Skills
6 2,028 (29.59%) Python
7 1,905 (27.79%) Java
8 1,787 (26.07%) Finance
9 1,775 (25.90%) JavaScript
10 1,740 (25.39%) SQL
11 1,604 (23.40%) AWS
12 1,394 (20.34%) Mathematics
13 1,385 (20.21%) Problem-Solving
14 1,330 (19.40%) DevOps
15 1,327 (19.36%) Azure
16 1,248 (18.21%) React
17 1,237 (18.05%) Full Stack Development
18 1,223 (17.84%) C#
19 1,153 (16.82%) Linux
20 999 (14.58%) Analytics
21 992 (14.47%) C++
22 982 (14.33%) Git (software)
23 970 (14.15%) Docker
24 960 (14.01%) AngularJS
25 951 (13.88%) CSS
26 936 (13.66%) Node.js
27 927 (13.52%) Analytical Skills
28 898 (13.10%) .NET
29 892 (13.01%) Microservices
30 829 (12.10%) TDD

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 429 (6.26%) Apache Spark
2 263 (3.84%) Apache
3 229 (3.34%) Elasticsearch
4 212 (3.09%) GemFire
5 190 (2.77%) SAS
6 111 (1.62%) SharePoint
7 93 (1.36%) Cloud Foundry
8 89 (1.30%) CMS
8 89 (1.30%) Confluence
9 69 (1.01%) IIS
10 42 (0.61%) MS Exchange
11 41 (0.60%) Tomcat
12 38 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
13 35 (0.51%) Documentum
14 33 (0.48%) Appian
15 31 (0.45%) nginx
16 29 (0.42%) Exchange Server 2013
16 29 (0.42%) Jupyter
16 29 (0.42%) OpenStack
17 23 (0.34%) Tornado
Applications
1 139 (2.03%) Microsoft Office
2 130 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
3 46 (0.67%) Simulink
4 29 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 28 (0.41%) MS Visio
6 20 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
7 19 (0.28%) Sketch
8 18 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
8 18 (0.26%) Photoshop
9 16 (0.23%) Figma
10 15 (0.22%) GIMP
11 14 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
12 12 (0.18%) Chatbot
13 11 (0.16%) InVision
14 10 (0.15%) Stateflow
14 10 (0.15%) Windchill
15 7 (0.10%) UserZoom
16 6 (0.088%) Siemens NX
16 6 (0.088%) Solid Edge
16 6 (0.088%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 54 (0.79%) Distributed Ledger
2 52 (0.76%) R3 Corda
3 35 (0.51%) TrackWise
4 31 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
5 26 (0.38%) NetSuite
6 16 (0.23%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 12 (0.18%) SAP ERP
8 11 (0.16%) Magento
8 11 (0.16%) Summit
9 10 (0.15%) Primavera
9 10 (0.15%) Shopify
10 9 (0.13%) SAP MDG
11 7 (0.10%) Teamcenter
12 6 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
13 5 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
13 5 (0.073%) OpenCart
13 5 (0.073%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
13 5 (0.073%) RMDS
13 5 (0.073%) Sage 50
13 5 (0.073%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 1,604 (23.40%) AWS
2 1,327 (19.36%) Azure
3 589 (8.59%) GitHub
4 583 (8.51%) GCP
5 501 (7.31%) SaaS
6 363 (5.30%) Serverless
7 269 (3.92%) Power Platform
8 233 (3.40%) Amazon Kinesis
9 203 (2.96%) PaaS
10 201 (2.93%) Cloud Computing
11 198 (2.89%) OpenShift
12 143 (2.09%) Microsoft 365
13 106 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
13 106 (1.55%) IaaS
14 105 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
15 98 (1.43%) npm
16 81 (1.18%) Amazon S3
17 71 (1.04%) Veeva
18 69 (1.01%) AWS CloudFormation
19 61 (0.89%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 158 (2.31%) TCP/IP
2 157 (2.29%) Firewall
3 153 (2.23%) HTTP
4 126 (1.84%) DNS
5 115 (1.68%) Internet
6 107 (1.56%) VPN
7 91 (1.33%) Wireless
8 90 (1.31%) Ethernet
9 84 (1.23%) Wi-Fi
10 81 (1.18%) DHCP
11 73 (1.07%) Broadband
11 73 (1.07%) MQTT
12 64 (0.93%) WAN
13 53 (0.77%) Wireshark
14 51 (0.74%) Network Security
15 48 (0.70%) LAN
16 38 (0.55%) SSL
17 37 (0.54%) BGP
18 36 (0.53%) VoIP
19 35 (0.51%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 728 (10.62%) NoSQL
2 674 (9.83%) Relational Database
3 669 (9.76%) SQL Server
4 645 (9.41%) PostgreSQL
5 569 (8.30%) Big Data
6 345 (5.03%) MongoDB
7 295 (4.30%) Redis
8 287 (4.19%) MySQL
9 249 (3.63%) HBase
10 247 (3.60%) MariaDB
11 199 (2.90%) Power BI
12 187 (2.73%) Hadoop
13 158 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
14 141 (2.06%) Tableau
15 140 (2.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 136 (1.98%) Blockchain
17 132 (1.93%) Data Mining
18 104 (1.52%) RDBMS
19 94 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 88 (1.28%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 982 (14.33%) Git (software)
2 669 (9.76%) Jenkins
3 338 (4.93%) JIRA
4 284 (4.14%) Gradle
5 268 (3.91%) JUnit
6 261 (3.81%) Cucumber
7 238 (3.47%) Cypress.io
8 237 (3.46%) Eclipse
9 232 (3.38%) Protractor
10 230 (3.36%) Sonatype Nexus
11 220 (3.21%) Storybook
12 209 (3.05%) IntelliJ
13 204 (2.98%) Mockito
14 181 (2.64%) GitLab
15 170 (2.48%) Selenium
16 162 (2.36%) Artifactory
17 99 (1.44%) SonarQube
18 98 (1.43%) webpack
19 95 (1.39%) Maven
20 92 (1.34%) Visual Studio
General
1 2,079 (30.33%) Social Skills
2 1,787 (26.07%) Finance
3 927 (13.52%) Analytical Skills
4 647 (9.44%) Banking
5 497 (7.25%) Law
6 455 (6.64%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 418 (6.10%) Marketing
8 406 (5.92%) Games
9 321 (4.68%) Pharmaceutical
10 257 (3.75%) Presentation Skills
11 213 (3.11%) Retail
12 196 (2.86%) Manufacturing
13 181 (2.64%) Telecoms
14 165 (2.41%) Legal
15 143 (2.09%) Electronics
16 122 (1.78%) Organisational Skills
17 121 (1.77%) Public Sector
17 121 (1.77%) Spanish Language
18 99 (1.44%) Investment Banking
19 92 (1.34%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,968 (28.71%) Developer
2 1,269 (18.51%) Software Engineer
3 464 (6.77%) Architect
4 456 (6.65%) Analyst
5 432 (6.30%) Software Developer
6 416 (6.07%) Senior Software Engineer
7 349 (5.09%) Senior Developer
8 300 (4.38%) Full Stack Developer
9 247 (3.60%) Junior
10 244 (3.56%) Principal Engineer
11 239 (3.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 234 (3.41%) Programmer
13 226 (3.30%) Graduate
14 217 (3.17%) Java Developer
15 208 (3.03%) .NET Developer
16 197 (2.87%) Principal Software Engineer
17 154 (2.25%) C# Developer
17 154 (2.25%) Data Engineer
18 148 (2.16%) Junior Developer
19 137 (2.00%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,248 (18.21%) React
2 960 (14.01%) AngularJS
3 951 (13.88%) CSS
4 936 (13.66%) Node.js
5 898 (13.10%) .NET
6 753 (10.99%) HTML
7 637 (9.29%) Spring
8 629 (9.18%) RESTful
9 611 (8.91%) Web Services
10 576 (8.40%) Kafka
11 572 (8.35%) REST
12 380 (5.54%) Redux
13 360 (5.25%) RabbitMQ
14 357 (5.21%) JSON
15 323 (4.71%) .NET Core
16 297 (4.33%) Spring Boot
17 281 (4.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 277 (4.04%) HTML5
19 260 (3.79%) Express
20 254 (3.71%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 776 (11.32%) User Experience
2 719 (10.49%) Algorithms
3 509 (7.43%) Management Information System
4 451 (6.58%) Self-Motivation
5 429 (6.26%) Data Structures
6 349 (5.09%) Life Science
7 248 (3.62%) Cloud Native
8 247 (3.60%) Enterprise Software
9 245 (3.57%) Linux Command Line
10 222 (3.24%) Mobile App
11 213 (3.11%) Greenfield Project
12 149 (2.17%) Public Cloud
13 146 (2.13%) Virtual Team
14 124 (1.81%) Blog
15 118 (1.72%) Robotics
16 114 (1.66%) Data Centre
17 79 (1.15%) Client/Server
18 70 (1.02%) Biotechnology
19 69 (1.01%) Hedge funds
20 68 (0.99%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,153 (16.82%) Linux
2 598 (8.72%) Windows
3 477 (6.96%) Unix
4 244 (3.56%) Android
5 177 (2.58%) Apple iOS
6 153 (2.23%) Windows Server
7 64 (0.93%) Windows Server 2016
8 62 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
9 52 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 50 (0.73%) Windows 10
11 31 (0.45%) Mac OS
12 30 (0.44%) Windows Server 2019
13 27 (0.39%) Ubuntu
14 22 (0.32%) Mac OS X
15 21 (0.31%) Windows 7
16 20 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
17 16 (0.23%) CentOS
18 13 (0.19%) Fedora
19 10 (0.15%) SUSE
20 9 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,691 (39.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,354 (34.34%) Software Engineering
3 1,394 (20.34%) Mathematics
4 1,385 (20.21%) Problem-Solving
5 1,330 (19.40%) DevOps
6 1,237 (18.05%) Full Stack Development
7 999 (14.58%) Analytics
8 892 (13.01%) Microservices
9 829 (12.10%) TDD
10 801 (11.69%) Scrum
11 742 (10.83%) OO
12 735 (10.72%) Mentoring
13 704 (10.27%) Artificial Intelligence
14 665 (9.70%) Test Automation
15 657 (9.59%) Machine Learning
16 649 (9.47%) Data Science
17 628 (9.16%) Continuous Integration
18 551 (8.04%) SDLC
19 533 (7.78%) Physics
20 516 (7.53%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 2,028 (29.59%) Python
2 1,905 (27.79%) Java
3 1,775 (25.90%) JavaScript
4 1,740 (25.39%) SQL
5 1,223 (17.84%) C#
6 992 (14.47%) C++
7 609 (8.89%) TypeScript
8 594 (8.67%) C
9 387 (5.65%) Go
10 292 (4.26%) Shell Script
11 226 (3.30%) Groovy
12 225 (3.28%) PowerShell
13 224 (3.27%) PHP
14 221 (3.22%) Bash Shell
15 195 (2.85%) R
16 191 (2.79%) Kotlin
17 183 (2.67%) Scala
18 128 (1.87%) Ruby
19 125 (1.82%) ES6
20 124 (1.81%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 5,203 (75.91%) Degree
2 2,729 (39.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 483 (7.05%) Master's Degree
4 305 (4.45%) PhD
5 212 (3.09%) OCP
5 212 (3.09%) Oracle Certification
6 181 (2.64%) Security Cleared
7 146 (2.13%) Numerate Degree
8 132 (1.93%) HND
9 93 (1.36%) CISSP
9 93 (1.36%) Microsoft Certification
10 88 (1.28%) SC Cleared
11 78 (1.14%) HNC
12 69 (1.01%) Cisco Certification
13 52 (0.76%) AWS Certification
13 52 (0.76%) CISM
14 51 (0.74%) PMI Certification
15 46 (0.67%) CCNA
16 43 (0.63%) MCSE
17 42 (0.61%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 487 (7.11%) QA
2 145 (2.12%) Data Quality
3 86 (1.25%) CDISC
4 84 (1.23%) SLA
5 82 (1.20%) GDPR
6 70 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 59 (0.86%) MISRA
8 55 (0.80%) Accessibility
9 41 (0.60%) GxP
10 40 (0.58%) Good Clinical Practice
10 40 (0.58%) PCI DSS
11 37 (0.54%) Cyber Essentials
11 37 (0.54%) ECSS
11 37 (0.54%) MISRA C
11 37 (0.54%) NIST
12 30 (0.44%) PMO
13 21 (0.31%) Def Stans
14 18 (0.26%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 16 (0.23%) ISO 13485
16 12 (0.18%) NIST 800
System Software
1 970 (14.15%) Docker
2 267 (3.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 200 (2.92%) Active Directory
4 199 (2.90%) HDFS
5 80 (1.17%) Firmware
6 46 (0.67%) Hyper-V
7 40 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
8 29 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 22 (0.32%) vSphere
10 19 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
11 18 (0.26%) KVM
12 13 (0.19%) BitLocker
13 12 (0.18%) Ceph
14 11 (0.16%) ISA Server
15 7 (0.10%) NFS
16 6 (0.088%) LXC
17 5 (0.073%) Microsoft App-V
17 5 (0.073%) Virtual Desktop
17 5 (0.073%) XenApp
18 4 (0.058%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 813 (11.86%) Kubernetes
2 541 (7.89%) Ansible
3 391 (5.70%) Terraform
4 230 (3.36%) Opscode Chef
5 149 (2.17%) Puppet
6 83 (1.21%) Grafana
7 63 (0.92%) SCCM
8 61 (0.89%) Kibana
9 44 (0.64%) Prometheus
10 29 (0.42%) Graylog
11 26 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
11 26 (0.38%) Istio
12 23 (0.34%) ZABBIX
13 21 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
14 19 (0.28%) Salt
15 14 (0.20%) linkerd
15 14 (0.20%) Opsview
15 14 (0.20%) Packer
16 13 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
16 13 (0.19%) Nagios
Vendors
1 786 (11.47%) Microsoft
2 453 (6.61%) Google
3 437 (6.38%) Oracle
4 331 (4.83%) VMware
5 224 (3.27%) Okta
6 218 (3.18%) Salesforce.com
7 171 (2.49%) SAP
8 149 (2.17%) Cisco
9 120 (1.75%) Red Hat
10 90 (1.31%) IBM
11 79 (1.15%) Facebook
12 77 (1.12%) Databricks
13 71 (1.04%) MuleSoft
14 57 (0.83%) Apple
15 56 (0.82%) LexisNexis
16 51 (0.74%) Citrix
17 49 (0.71%) Atlassian
18 45 (0.66%) YouTube
19 42 (0.61%) Sony
20 38 (0.55%) Automation Anywhere