Period
to 23 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 23 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 93 70 95
Rank change year-on-year -23 +25 +41
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 3,581 2,682 4,443
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.57% 4.08% 3.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.82% 4.41% 3.59%
Number of salaries quoted 2,392 2,136 3,260
10th Percentile £38,750 £27,500 £34,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £59,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +0.84% -0.83%
75th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £77,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £58,750
% change year-on-year +4.17% +2.13% -2.08%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 93,828 60,853 123,710
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.66% 92.51% 92.44%
Number of salaries quoted 64,949 49,800 99,414
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 23 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 1,598 £70,000 - 311
South East -8 573 £59,500 +13.33% 159
North of England -27 437 £54,653 +2.15% 152
South West -14 383 £54,000 -1.82% 98
Midlands -40 322 £52,500 -4.55% 78
West Midlands -33 237 £55,000 - 46
North West -31 213 £55,000 +7.84% 96
Yorkshire -25 183 £50,000 -9.09% 45
East of England -13 155 £70,000 +55.56% 49
East Midlands -37 80 £45,000 -2.70% 32
North East -11 44 £55,000 +43.79% 11
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 23 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 891 (24.88%) Information Security
2 839 (23.43%) Social Skills
3 783 (21.87%) Azure
4 756 (21.11%) Agile Software Development
5 696 (19.44%) Finance
6 621 (17.34%) Microsoft
7 598 (16.70%) AWS
8 568 (15.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 551 (15.39%) SIEM
10 541 (15.11%) Security Cleared
11 533 (14.88%) CISSP
12 502 (14.02%) Python
13 495 (13.82%) DevOps
14 489 (13.66%) Firewall
15 460 (12.85%) Degree
16 441 (12.31%) Linux
17 421 (11.76%) Windows
18 414 (11.56%) Security Operations
19 405 (11.31%) Risk Management
20 390 (10.89%) NIST
21 364 (10.16%) CISM
22 351 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
23 350 (9.77%) Software Engineering
24 348 (9.72%) Penetration Testing
25 341 (9.52%) Management Information System
26 323 (9.02%) Vulnerability Management
26 323 (9.02%) Microsoft 365
27 316 (8.82%) SC Cleared
28 310 (8.66%) Analytics
29 306 (8.55%) GDPR

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (2.82%) Confluence
2 84 (2.35%) SharePoint
3 72 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
4 36 (1.01%) MS Exchange
5 32 (0.89%) IIS
6 20 (0.56%) Apache
6 20 (0.56%) nginx
7 17 (0.47%) Apache Spark
8 12 (0.34%) Apache Pulsar
9 10 (0.28%) JBoss
9 10 (0.28%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.17%) CMS
10 6 (0.17%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.084%) Exchange Server 2010
11 3 (0.084%) OpenStack
11 3 (0.084%) SAS
11 3 (0.084%) Skype for Business
12 2 (0.056%) Camunda
12 2 (0.056%) Exchange Server 2013
12 2 (0.056%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 75 (2.09%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
3 29 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 23 (0.64%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.28%) Figma
6 7 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.17%) Gephi
8 5 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.14%) GIMP
8 5 (0.14%) Inkscape
8 5 (0.14%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 32 (0.89%) Sentinel
2 10 (0.28%) NetSuite
2 10 (0.28%) Primavera
3 8 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.084%) RESILIA
5 3 (0.084%) Sage 200
5 3 (0.084%) Shopify
6 2 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.056%) SAP Business One
6 2 (0.056%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.028%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.028%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.028%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 783 (21.87%) Azure
2 598 (16.70%) AWS
3 323 (9.02%) Microsoft 365
4 232 (6.48%) SaaS
5 188 (5.25%) GCP
6 100 (2.79%) Azure Active Directory
7 98 (2.74%) PaaS
8 92 (2.57%) IaaS
9 75 (2.09%) Serverless
10 55 (1.54%) GitHub
11 52 (1.45%) Azure Sentinel
12 43 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
13 40 (1.12%) Power Platform
14 29 (0.81%) Mimecast
15 25 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
15 25 (0.70%) Heroku
16 23 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
17 22 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
17 22 (0.61%) PowerApps
18 20 (0.56%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 489 (13.66%) Firewall
2 245 (6.84%) Network Security
3 121 (3.38%) Internet
4 110 (3.07%) TCP/IP
5 109 (3.04%) DNS
6 100 (2.79%) Wireless
7 95 (2.65%) VPN
8 90 (2.51%) Intrusion Detection
9 73 (2.04%) WAN
10 61 (1.70%) LAN
11 57 (1.59%) DHCP
12 53 (1.48%) HTTP
13 43 (1.20%) SAN
14 33 (0.92%) Wi-Fi
15 32 (0.89%) VLAN
16 30 (0.84%) SSL
17 27 (0.75%) SSH
18 25 (0.70%) Unified Communications
19 22 (0.61%) Ethernet
20 20 (0.56%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (5.45%) Big Data
2 72 (2.01%) SQL Server
3 58 (1.62%) Relational Database
4 56 (1.56%) NoSQL
5 53 (1.48%) PostgreSQL
6 36 (1.01%) MongoDB
7 34 (0.95%) MySQL
8 32 (0.89%) Redis
9 26 (0.73%) RDBMS
10 25 (0.70%) Oracle Database
11 24 (0.67%) Apache Accumulo
12 23 (0.64%) Hadoop
13 22 (0.61%) Data Mining
14 18 (0.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 15 (0.42%) Power BI
16 14 (0.39%) Blockchain
17 13 (0.36%) SQL Server 2012
18 11 (0.31%) Amazon RDS
18 11 (0.31%) Data Lake
19 10 (0.28%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 178 (4.97%) Jenkins
2 139 (3.88%) JIRA
3 106 (2.96%) Git (software)
4 48 (1.34%) GitLab
5 25 (0.70%) Selenium
6 24 (0.67%) Metasploit
7 18 (0.50%) Cypress.io
8 17 (0.47%) Artifactory
8 17 (0.47%) Bitbucket
8 17 (0.47%) Rational DOORS
9 16 (0.45%) SonarQube
9 16 (0.45%) Sonatype Nexus
10 15 (0.42%) Burp Suite
10 15 (0.42%) Rational Rhapsody
11 13 (0.36%) git-flow
11 13 (0.36%) Mocha
11 13 (0.36%) Postman
12 12 (0.34%) webpack
13 10 (0.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 10 (0.28%) TeamCity
General
1 839 (23.43%) Social Skills
2 696 (19.44%) Finance
3 280 (7.82%) Analytical Skills
4 270 (7.54%) Legal
5 248 (6.93%) Public Sector
6 191 (5.33%) Telecoms
7 159 (4.44%) Marketing
8 155 (4.33%) Manufacturing
9 127 (3.55%) Banking
10 119 (3.32%) Law
11 101 (2.82%) Electronics
12 91 (2.54%) Multimedia
13 90 (2.51%) Presentation Skills
14 62 (1.73%) Influencing Skills
15 52 (1.45%) Police
16 51 (1.42%) Organisational Skills
16 51 (1.42%) Retail
17 48 (1.34%) Games
18 41 (1.14%) Inclusion and Diversity
19 40 (1.12%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 524 (14.63%) Analyst
2 396 (11.06%) Consultant
3 357 (9.97%) Architect
4 347 (9.69%) Security Analyst
5 345 (9.63%) Security Engineer
6 228 (6.37%) Security Consultant
7 212 (5.92%) Security Architect
8 201 (5.61%) Security Manager
9 186 (5.19%) Developer
10 181 (5.05%) Software Engineer
11 167 (4.66%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 164 (4.58%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 147 (4.10%) Trainee
14 137 (3.83%) Cybersecurity Consultant
15 95 (2.65%) Cloud Engineer
16 92 (2.57%) IT Manager
17 90 (2.51%) DevOps Engineer
17 90 (2.51%) Security Specialist
18 86 (2.40%) Information Analyst
18 86 (2.40%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (4.02%) React
2 115 (3.21%) Web Services
3 101 (2.82%) .NET
4 97 (2.71%) Kafka
5 88 (2.46%) Django
6 87 (2.43%) Node.js
7 85 (2.37%) HTML
8 84 (2.35%) CSS
9 72 (2.01%) Apache NiFi
9 72 (2.01%) REST
10 68 (1.90%) RESTful
11 63 (1.76%) AngularJS
12 48 (1.34%) Vue.js
13 39 (1.09%) Spring
14 32 (0.89%) Elastic Stack
14 32 (0.89%) OAuth
15 26 (0.73%) SAML
16 25 (0.70%) GraphQL
16 25 (0.70%) JSON
17 24 (0.67%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 341 (9.52%) Management Information System
2 182 (5.08%) Cyberattack
2 182 (5.08%) Cyberthreat
3 121 (3.38%) Public Cloud
4 98 (2.74%) User Experience
5 78 (2.18%) Security Operations Centre
6 76 (2.12%) Self-Motivation
7 72 (2.01%) Cloud Native
7 72 (2.01%) Data Centre
8 70 (1.95%) Cyber Defence
9 63 (1.76%) Cyber Kill Chain
10 57 (1.59%) Driving Licence
11 52 (1.45%) Internet of Things
11 52 (1.45%) Virtual Team
12 48 (1.34%) Smart Meter
13 47 (1.31%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 46 (1.28%) Greenfield Project
15 45 (1.26%) Mobile App
16 44 (1.23%) Data Protection Act
17 38 (1.06%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 441 (12.31%) Linux
2 421 (11.76%) Windows
3 136 (3.80%) Windows Server
4 76 (2.12%) CentOS
5 73 (2.04%) Unix
6 68 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 53 (1.48%) Windows 10
8 43 (1.20%) Ubuntu
9 33 (0.92%) Android
10 30 (0.84%) Apple iOS
11 28 (0.78%) Windows Server 2016
12 26 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
13 25 (0.70%) Mac OS
14 23 (0.64%) Windows Server 2019
15 19 (0.53%) Debian
15 19 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
16 16 (0.45%) VMS
17 12 (0.34%) Kali Linux
18 9 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
19 6 (0.17%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 891 (24.88%) Information Security
2 756 (21.11%) Agile Software Development
3 551 (15.39%) SIEM
4 495 (13.82%) DevOps
5 414 (11.56%) Security Operations
6 405 (11.31%) Risk Management
7 351 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
8 350 (9.77%) Software Engineering
9 348 (9.72%) Penetration Testing
10 323 (9.02%) Vulnerability Management
11 310 (8.66%) Analytics
12 288 (8.04%) Security Architecture
13 273 (7.62%) Stakeholder Management
14 270 (7.54%) Scrum
15 266 (7.43%) Mentoring
16 254 (7.09%) Project Management
17 232 (6.48%) Computer Science
18 224 (6.26%) ITIL
19 217 (6.06%) Open Source
20 214 (5.98%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 502 (14.02%) Python
2 284 (7.93%) Java
3 264 (7.37%) JavaScript
4 169 (4.72%) PowerShell
5 167 (4.66%) C++
6 156 (4.36%) C
7 152 (4.24%) SQL
8 129 (3.60%) C#
9 86 (2.40%) Bash Shell
10 82 (2.29%) TypeScript
11 81 (2.26%) Go
12 47 (1.31%) Ruby
13 35 (0.98%) PHP
14 32 (0.89%) Perl
15 24 (0.67%) Rust
15 24 (0.67%) Scala
16 21 (0.59%) Kotlin
17 16 (0.45%) MATLAB
18 14 (0.39%) R
19 13 (0.36%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 541 (15.11%) Security Cleared
2 533 (14.88%) CISSP
3 460 (12.85%) Degree
4 364 (10.16%) CISM
5 316 (8.82%) SC Cleared
6 158 (4.41%) DV Cleared
7 148 (4.13%) Cisco Certification
8 146 (4.08%) A+ Certification
9 136 (3.80%) CEH
10 134 (3.74%) CISA
11 111 (3.10%) CompTIA Security+
12 86 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
13 85 (2.37%) SANS
14 81 (2.26%) OSCP
15 80 (2.23%) GIAC
16 71 (1.98%) Microsoft Certification
17 68 (1.90%) CRISC
17 68 (1.90%) Network+ Certification
18 62 (1.73%) CCNA
19 58 (1.62%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 568 (15.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 390 (10.89%) NIST
3 306 (8.55%) GDPR
4 258 (7.20%) Cyber Essentials
5 184 (5.14%) PCI DSS
6 102 (2.85%) GRC
7 99 (2.76%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 86 (2.40%) NCSC
9 79 (2.21%) SLA
10 72 (2.01%) QA
11 45 (1.26%) COBIT
12 36 (1.01%) NIST 800
13 35 (0.98%) JSP 440
14 28 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 21 (0.59%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 21 (0.59%) RMADS
15 21 (0.59%) SOC 2
16 19 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 16 (0.45%) PMO
18 15 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 301 (8.41%) Docker
2 256 (7.15%) Active Directory
3 106 (2.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 54 (1.51%) Hyper-V
5 26 (0.73%) vSphere
6 18 (0.50%) Snort
6 18 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
7 16 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
8 13 (0.36%) XenDesktop
9 11 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
10 9 (0.25%) Firmware
11 7 (0.20%) Squid
11 7 (0.20%) VMware NSX
12 6 (0.17%) Apache Flume
12 6 (0.17%) HDFS
12 6 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.11%) BitLocker
13 4 (0.11%) DFS Replication
13 4 (0.11%) OpenSSH
13 4 (0.11%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 177 (4.94%) Kubernetes
2 145 (4.05%) Ansible
3 128 (3.57%) Terraform
4 77 (2.15%) Nessus
5 55 (1.54%) QRadar
6 47 (1.31%) Single Sign-On
7 36 (1.01%) Microsoft Intune
8 34 (0.95%) Puppet
9 26 (0.73%) SCCM
10 23 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
11 22 (0.61%) CASB
12 19 (0.53%) Grafana
12 19 (0.53%) Kibana
13 17 (0.47%) CSIRT
14 13 (0.36%) Computer Incident Response Team
15 11 (0.31%) Nagios
16 10 (0.28%) AirWatch
16 10 (0.28%) Nexpose
16 10 (0.28%) Rundeck
16 10 (0.28%) SCOM
Vendors
1 621 (17.34%) Microsoft
2 267 (7.46%) Cisco
3 167 (4.66%) Splunk
4 157 (4.38%) VMware
5 126 (3.52%) SAP
6 102 (2.85%) Google
7 76 (2.12%) Oracle
8 75 (2.09%) Palo Alto
8 75 (2.09%) Red Hat
9 65 (1.82%) LogRhythm
10 56 (1.56%) Citrix
11 49 (1.37%) CyberArk
11 49 (1.37%) Qualys
12 48 (1.34%) CheckPoint
13 45 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
14 41 (1.14%) Meraki
15 37 (1.03%) Apple
16 32 (0.89%) ArcSight
17 31 (0.87%) AlienVault
18 30 (0.84%) ServiceNow