Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 108 179 187
Rank change year-on-year +71 +8 +155
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,475 3,414 3,350
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.02% 2.03% 1.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.29% 2.21% 2.10%
Number of salaries quoted 3,079 2,702 2,571
England median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - -4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £31,250 £34,000 £36,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £90,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year -4.35% -4.17% +6.52%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 135,998 154,654 159,253
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.63% 91.90% 91.26%
Number of salaries quoted 108,808 123,799 133,287
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +31 2,127 £65,000 +4.00% 257
South East +47 694 £55,000 - 149
North of England +129 506 £45,000 -5.26% 137
East of England +137 376 £45,000 - 56
South West +52 375 £47,500 +5.56% 101
Midlands +133 347 £45,000 -15.09% 121
North West +59 286 £47,000 -6.00% 80
Yorkshire +136 201 £45,000 +9.09% 42
West Midlands +62 185 £45,000 -15.09% 74
East Midlands +129 155 £47,980 -8.61% 47
North East +14 19 £44,000 +57.14% 15
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,715 (38.32%) Information Security
2 1,176 (26.28%) CISSP
3 937 (20.94%) Windows
4 899 (20.09%) Linux
5 864 (19.31%) Finance
6 842 (18.82%) Degree
7 830 (18.55%) Firewall
8 805 (17.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 797 (17.81%) SIEM
10 710 (15.87%) Agile Software Development
11 650 (14.53%) CISM
12 604 (13.50%) Risk Management
13 564 (12.60%) Microsoft
14 555 (12.40%) Python
15 547 (12.22%) Management Information System
16 537 (12.00%) Security Operations
17 522 (11.66%) Penetration Testing
18 509 (11.37%) Java
18 509 (11.37%) Vulnerability Management
19 491 (10.97%) Security Cleared
20 485 (10.84%) Problem-Solving
21 428 (9.56%) Analytical Skills
22 392 (8.76%) GDPR
23 391 (8.74%) Microsoft Azure
23 391 (8.74%) TCP/IP
24 377 (8.42%) CISA
25 369 (8.25%) Computer Science
26 364 (8.13%) ITIL
27 361 (8.07%) Software Engineering
28 358 (8.00%) Amazon AWS

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
2 101 (2.26%) Apache
3 78 (1.74%) SharePoint
4 73 (1.63%) Confluence
5 70 (1.56%) Apache Spark
6 46 (1.03%) Tomcat
7 39 (0.87%) MS Exchange
8 32 (0.72%) Apache Pig
9 22 (0.49%) WebLogic
10 19 (0.42%) WordPress
11 17 (0.38%) ExpressionEngine
12 16 (0.36%) Apache Solr
12 16 (0.36%) IIS
13 14 (0.31%) nginx
13 14 (0.31%) Skype for Business
14 13 (0.29%) WebSphere
15 11 (0.25%) CMS
15 11 (0.25%) Exchange Server 2010
16 8 (0.18%) Ethereum
16 8 (0.18%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 118 (2.64%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 21 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
4 16 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.045%) Acrobat
5 2 (0.045%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.022%) InVision
6 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
3 9 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
4 7 (0.16%) SAP GRC
5 3 (0.067%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.045%) Magento
6 2 (0.045%) PlanetPress Connect
6 2 (0.045%) Sage 50
6 2 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.022%) Actimize
7 1 (0.022%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.022%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.022%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 391 (8.74%) Microsoft Azure
2 358 (8.00%) Amazon AWS
3 220 (4.92%) Office 365
4 173 (3.87%) SaaS
5 103 (2.30%) IaaS
6 91 (2.03%) PaaS
7 70 (1.56%) Google Cloud Platform
8 54 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
9 36 (0.80%) Azure Active Directory
9 36 (0.80%) Mimecast
10 24 (0.54%) GitHub
11 15 (0.34%) Amazon S3
11 15 (0.34%) IBM Cloud
12 14 (0.31%) G Suite
13 13 (0.29%) Amazon EC2
14 11 (0.25%) Serverless
15 10 (0.22%) Dynamics 365
16 9 (0.20%) Dropbox
16 9 (0.20%) OpenDNS
17 8 (0.18%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 830 (18.55%) Firewall
2 391 (8.74%) TCP/IP
3 356 (7.96%) Network Security
4 183 (4.09%) Internet
5 179 (4.00%) Intrusion Detection
6 146 (3.26%) DNS
7 143 (3.20%) WAN
8 133 (2.97%) LAN
9 116 (2.59%) VPN
10 102 (2.28%) HTTP
11 94 (2.10%) SSL
12 83 (1.85%) Wireshark
13 60 (1.34%) Wireless
14 57 (1.27%) DHCP
15 48 (1.07%) VoIP
16 47 (1.05%) RS-485
17 43 (0.96%) Wi-Fi
18 42 (0.94%) VLAN
19 39 (0.87%) Modbus
20 38 (0.85%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (7.58%) Big Data
2 198 (4.42%) SQL Server
3 165 (3.69%) Hadoop
4 111 (2.48%) MySQL
5 57 (1.27%) Apache Hive
6 44 (0.98%) Blockchain
7 43 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
8 42 (0.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 41 (0.92%) HBase
10 40 (0.89%) MongoDB
10 40 (0.89%) PostgreSQL
11 37 (0.83%) NoSQL
12 29 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
13 24 (0.54%) Neo4j
14 19 (0.42%) Power BI
15 17 (0.38%) Text Mining
16 16 (0.36%) QlikView
16 16 (0.36%) Relational Database
17 15 (0.34%) Apache Cassandra
17 15 (0.34%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 177 (3.96%) JIRA
2 141 (3.15%) Git (software)
3 110 (2.46%) Selenium
4 97 (2.17%) Jenkins
5 88 (1.97%) Bitbucket
6 76 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 66 (1.47%) Robot Framework
8 49 (1.09%) git-flow
9 44 (0.98%) Maven
10 37 (0.83%) Metasploit
10 37 (0.83%) Visual Studio
11 36 (0.80%) Cucumber
12 35 (0.78%) JUnit
13 33 (0.74%) JMeter
14 32 (0.72%) CodeSonar
15 31 (0.69%) SoapUI
16 24 (0.54%) EasyMock
17 21 (0.47%) WebDriver
18 19 (0.42%) Subversion
19 16 (0.36%) Redmine
General
1 864 (19.31%) Finance
2 272 (6.08%) Retail
3 241 (5.39%) Banking
4 169 (3.78%) Legal
5 154 (3.44%) Telecoms
6 146 (3.26%) Marketing
7 106 (2.37%) Law
8 100 (2.23%) Investment Banking
9 99 (2.21%) Electronics
10 91 (2.03%) Manufacturing
11 59 (1.32%) Military
12 55 (1.23%) Games
13 52 (1.16%) Publishing
14 45 (1.01%) Automotive
15 44 (0.98%) Financial Institution
16 29 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
17 28 (0.63%) Aerospace
18 17 (0.38%) Retail Banking
19 15 (0.34%) Advertising
20 14 (0.31%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 710 (15.87%) Analyst
2 486 (10.86%) Consultant
3 478 (10.68%) Security Engineer
4 426 (9.52%) Security Analyst
5 402 (8.98%) Architect
6 357 (7.98%) Security Consultant
7 332 (7.42%) Security Manager
8 269 (6.01%) Developer
9 260 (5.81%) Cybersecurity Analyst
10 248 (5.54%) Security Architect
11 239 (5.34%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 177 (3.96%) Software Engineer
13 171 (3.82%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 141 (3.15%) Cybersecurity Manager
15 130 (2.91%) Tester
16 117 (2.61%) SOC Analyst
17 112 (2.50%) Penetration Tester
18 111 (2.48%) Solutions Architect
19 109 (2.44%) IT Manager
20 107 (2.39%) Trainee
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 146 (3.26%) .NET
2 133 (2.97%) Spring
3 129 (2.88%) Node.js
4 111 (2.48%) AngularJS
5 104 (2.32%) REST
6 96 (2.15%) HTML
7 94 (2.10%) Web Services
8 89 (1.99%) Java EE
9 73 (1.63%) SailPoint
9 73 (1.63%) SOAP
10 72 (1.61%) Django
10 72 (1.61%) RESTful
11 61 (1.36%) Hibernate
12 59 (1.32%) J2EE
13 55 (1.23%) RabbitMQ
14 54 (1.21%) ASP.NET
15 53 (1.18%) CSS
16 50 (1.12%) LDAP
17 49 (1.09%) XML
18 48 (1.07%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 547 (12.22%) Management Information System
2 428 (9.56%) Analytical Skills
3 222 (4.96%) Security Operations Centre
4 219 (4.89%) Self-Motivation
5 216 (4.83%) Cyberthreat
6 169 (3.78%) Data Centre
7 161 (3.60%) Fintech
8 125 (2.79%) Cyberattack
9 122 (2.73%) Data Protection Act
10 114 (2.55%) Driving Licence
11 109 (2.44%) PKI
12 94 (2.10%) Hybrid Cloud
13 89 (1.99%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 72 (1.61%) Mobile App
15 71 (1.59%) Cyber Defence
16 67 (1.50%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
17 65 (1.45%) Embedded Systems
18 61 (1.36%) Robotics
19 53 (1.18%) Public Cloud
20 52 (1.16%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 937 (20.94%) Windows
2 899 (20.09%) Linux
3 225 (5.03%) Windows Server
4 204 (4.56%) Unix
5 134 (2.99%) Apple iOS
6 121 (2.70%) Android
7 97 (2.17%) Mac OS X
8 70 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 70 (1.56%) Windows 10
9 69 (1.54%) Windows Server 2012
10 63 (1.41%) Windows Server 2008
11 62 (1.39%) CentOS
12 46 (1.03%) Windows 7
13 43 (0.96%) AIX
14 39 (0.87%) FreeRTOS
15 29 (0.65%) Solaris
16 26 (0.58%) Debian
17 22 (0.49%) Kali Linux
18 21 (0.47%) Ubuntu
19 14 (0.31%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,715 (38.32%) Information Security
2 797 (17.81%) SIEM
3 710 (15.87%) Agile Software Development
4 604 (13.50%) Risk Management
5 537 (12.00%) Security Operations
6 522 (11.66%) Penetration Testing
7 509 (11.37%) Vulnerability Management
8 485 (10.84%) Problem-Solving
9 369 (8.25%) Computer Science
10 364 (8.13%) ITIL
11 361 (8.07%) Software Engineering
12 337 (7.53%) Security Architecture
13 333 (7.44%) Data Protection
14 322 (7.20%) DevOps
15 305 (6.82%) Identity Access Management
16 278 (6.21%) Continuous Improvement
17 273 (6.10%) Stakeholder Management
18 257 (5.74%) Analytics
19 247 (5.52%) Project Management
20 243 (5.43%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 555 (12.40%) Python
2 509 (11.37%) Java
3 345 (7.71%) PowerShell
4 323 (7.22%) C
5 308 (6.88%) SQL
6 294 (6.57%) C++
7 289 (6.46%) C#
8 255 (5.70%) JavaScript
9 174 (3.89%) Bash Shell
10 123 (2.75%) Perl
11 74 (1.65%) Ruby
12 59 (1.32%) PHP
13 58 (1.30%) Objective-C
14 38 (0.85%) Go
15 32 (0.72%) BeanShell
15 32 (0.72%) Embedded C
16 28 (0.63%) Shell Script
17 25 (0.56%) Embedded C++
18 24 (0.54%) VB
19 21 (0.47%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1,176 (26.28%) CISSP
2 842 (18.82%) Degree
3 650 (14.53%) CISM
4 491 (10.97%) Security Cleared
5 377 (8.42%) CISA
6 328 (7.33%) CEH
7 324 (7.24%) SANS
8 318 (7.11%) Cisco Certification
9 272 (6.08%) GIAC
10 235 (5.25%) SC Cleared
11 229 (5.12%) Computer Science Degree
12 204 (4.56%) SSCP
13 201 (4.49%) CCNA
13 201 (4.49%) DV Cleared
14 198 (4.42%) CompTIA Security+
15 156 (3.49%) CREST Certified
16 126 (2.82%) CRISC
17 116 (2.59%) Microsoft Certification
18 107 (2.39%) GCIA
18 107 (2.39%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 805 (17.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 392 (8.76%) GDPR
3 275 (6.15%) PCI DSS
4 153 (3.42%) Cyber Essentials
5 137 (3.06%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 129 (2.88%) QA
7 87 (1.94%) COBIT
8 78 (1.74%) SLA
9 36 (0.80%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 33 (0.74%) HIPAA
11 27 (0.60%) JSP 440
12 23 (0.51%) MiFID
13 21 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 18 (0.40%) NIST 800
15 12 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 11 (0.25%) ISO 9001
16 11 (0.25%) PMO
17 10 (0.22%) Data Quality
18 8 (0.18%) ISO 22301
19 7 (0.16%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 309 (6.91%) Active Directory
2 232 (5.18%) Docker
3 199 (4.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 95 (2.12%) Hyper-V
5 75 (1.68%) vSphere
6 67 (1.50%) Snort
7 54 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
8 52 (1.16%) VMware ESXi
9 51 (1.14%) Firmware
10 27 (0.60%) VMware NSX
11 26 (0.58%) HDFS
12 21 (0.47%) BitLocker
12 21 (0.47%) Microsoft App-V
13 20 (0.45%) XenDesktop
14 19 (0.42%) iptables
15 18 (0.40%) VMware Workstation
16 16 (0.36%) NFS
16 16 (0.36%) Samba
17 12 (0.27%) KVM
17 12 (0.27%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 154 (3.44%) Puppet
2 142 (3.17%) Ansible
3 117 (2.61%) Nessus
4 97 (2.17%) SCCM
5 84 (1.88%) Kubernetes
6 73 (1.63%) QRadar
7 61 (1.36%) Norton AntiVirus
8 55 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
9 49 (1.09%) CSIRT
10 47 (1.05%) RSA Security Analytics
11 44 (0.98%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 40 (0.89%) CASB
12 40 (0.89%) Nagios
12 40 (0.89%) Salt
13 38 (0.85%) SCOM
13 38 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
14 31 (0.69%) Terraform
15 29 (0.65%) WSUS
16 28 (0.63%) Nmap
17 27 (0.60%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 564 (12.60%) Microsoft
2 306 (6.84%) VMware
3 290 (6.48%) Cisco
4 247 (5.52%) Splunk
5 189 (4.22%) Symantec
6 129 (2.88%) Qualys
7 115 (2.57%) Oracle
7 115 (2.57%) Palo Alto
8 106 (2.37%) Red Hat
9 85 (1.90%) Google
10 82 (1.83%) CheckPoint
11 72 (1.61%) McAfee
12 66 (1.47%) IBM
13 65 (1.45%) ArcSight
13 65 (1.45%) Sophos
14 64 (1.43%) LogRhythm
15 60 (1.34%) EMC
16 59 (1.32%) SAP
17 57 (1.27%) ServiceNow
18 54 (1.21%) SolarWinds