Period
to 18 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 18 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
18 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 77 104 164
Rank change year-on-year +27 +60 +27
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,250 4,342 3,568
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.70% 3.10% 2.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.02% 3.37% 2.37%
Number of salaries quoted 3,247 2,975 2,833
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £35,000 £29,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £93,750 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% -4.17%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,606 129,019 150,415
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.96% 92.20% 92.25%
Number of salaries quoted 84,395 102,907 123,199
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 18 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +19 1,879 £68,750 +5.77% 258
South East +39 791 £60,000 +9.09% 123
Midlands +21 469 £52,945 +17.66% 80
North of England +19 463 £52,500 +5.00% 138
South West +12 422 £50,000 -9.09% 93
West Midlands +47 376 £55,000 +22.22% 53
North West +30 283 £51,750 +0.49% 72
East of England +13 200 £51,000 +20.00% 49
Yorkshire -10 161 £55,000 +10.00% 52
East Midlands -44 93 £52,500 +9.42% 27
North East +16 19 £63,000 +123.01% 14
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 18 February 2020, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,294 (30.45%) Information Security
2 976 (22.96%) CISSP
3 789 (18.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 779 (18.33%) Finance
5 721 (16.96%) Firewall
6 705 (16.59%) SIEM
7 671 (15.79%) CISM
8 639 (15.04%) Windows
9 636 (14.96%) Linux
10 633 (14.89%) Degree
11 617 (14.52%) Agile Software Development
12 601 (14.14%) Security Cleared
13 551 (12.96%) Azure
14 531 (12.49%) Security Operations
15 485 (11.41%) Microsoft
16 484 (11.39%) Risk Management
17 483 (11.36%) Python
18 475 (11.18%) AWS
19 465 (10.94%) Management Information System
20 423 (9.95%) Penetration Testing
21 420 (9.88%) Security Architecture
22 404 (9.51%) Problem-Solving
23 371 (8.73%) Analytical Skills
24 361 (8.49%) Vulnerability Management
25 355 (8.35%) NIST
26 351 (8.26%) SC Cleared
27 344 (8.09%) ITIL
28 323 (7.60%) Analytics
29 317 (7.46%) DevOps
29 317 (7.46%) Network Security

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (2.19%) IIS
2 78 (1.84%) SharePoint
3 63 (1.48%) MS Exchange
4 50 (1.18%) Apache Spark
5 44 (1.04%) Confluence
6 41 (0.96%) Elasticsearch
7 29 (0.68%) OpenStack
8 27 (0.64%) Exchange Server 2010
9 18 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
10 10 (0.24%) IBM Domino
10 10 (0.24%) WordPress
11 9 (0.21%) Apache
11 9 (0.21%) JBoss
12 8 (0.19%) CMS
12 8 (0.19%) IBM Notes
13 7 (0.16%) Drupal
14 6 (0.14%) Skype for Business
15 3 (0.071%) Exchange Server 2013
15 3 (0.071%) Tornado
16 2 (0.047%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 76 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
2 56 (1.32%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.33%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 6 (0.14%) Camtasia
8 4 (0.094%) Gephi
8 4 (0.094%) InVision
8 4 (0.094%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.071%) HipChat
10 1 (0.024%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.024%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 14 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.19%) Relativity
3 8 (0.19%) Veritas eDiscovery
4 4 (0.094%) Visualfiles
5 3 (0.071%) assyst
5 3 (0.071%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.047%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.047%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.047%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.047%) SAP GRC
7 1 (0.024%) Sage 200
7 1 (0.024%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 551 (12.96%) Azure
2 475 (11.18%) AWS
3 286 (6.73%) Office 365
4 146 (3.44%) SaaS
5 120 (2.82%) IaaS
6 117 (2.75%) GCP
7 107 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
8 97 (2.28%) PaaS
9 46 (1.08%) Serverless
10 39 (0.92%) Azure Active Directory
11 33 (0.78%) Power Platform
12 28 (0.66%) G Suite
13 22 (0.52%) PowerApps
14 21 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
15 20 (0.47%) Mimecast
15 20 (0.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 18 (0.42%) AWS CloudFormation
16 18 (0.42%) OpenShift
17 17 (0.40%) Microsoft Flow
17 17 (0.40%) ShareGate
Communications & Networking
1 721 (16.96%) Firewall
2 317 (7.46%) Network Security
3 247 (5.81%) TCP/IP
4 202 (4.75%) Intrusion Detection
5 188 (4.42%) Internet
6 185 (4.35%) WAN
7 155 (3.65%) LAN
8 144 (3.39%) DNS
9 107 (2.52%) VPN
10 71 (1.67%) Wireless
11 69 (1.62%) HTTP
12 60 (1.41%) DHCP
13 57 (1.34%) Unified Communications
14 55 (1.29%) BGP
14 55 (1.29%) MPLS
14 55 (1.29%) Wireshark
15 52 (1.22%) Cisco ASA
16 46 (1.08%) IPsec
17 41 (0.96%) SAN
18 39 (0.92%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (3.34%) Big Data
2 90 (2.12%) SQL Server
3 47 (1.11%) Blockchain
4 37 (0.87%) MongoDB
4 37 (0.87%) NoSQL
5 34 (0.80%) Hadoop
6 31 (0.73%) MySQL
6 31 (0.73%) Relational Database
7 21 (0.49%) Apache Cassandra
8 17 (0.40%) RDBMS
9 16 (0.38%) Power BI
10 15 (0.35%) Data Mining
10 15 (0.35%) Redis
11 14 (0.33%) Apache Hive
11 14 (0.33%) EDRMS
12 12 (0.28%) PostgreSQL
13 11 (0.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 10 (0.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 10 (0.24%) Hazelcast
15 9 (0.21%) Impala
Development Applications
1 111 (2.61%) JIRA
2 75 (1.76%) Jenkins
3 71 (1.67%) Git (software)
4 51 (1.20%) Bitbucket
5 36 (0.85%) Selenium
6 33 (0.78%) git-flow
7 31 (0.73%) Metasploit
8 27 (0.64%) Visual Studio
9 22 (0.52%) Burp Suite
10 20 (0.47%) GitLab
11 19 (0.45%) TeamCity
12 17 (0.40%) NUnit
12 17 (0.40%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 13 (0.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 13 (0.31%) Bitbucket Server
14 11 (0.26%) Cucumber
14 11 (0.26%) JMeter
14 11 (0.26%) PhantomJS
15 10 (0.24%) Team Foundation Server
16 9 (0.21%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 779 (18.33%) Finance
2 217 (5.11%) Public Sector
3 178 (4.19%) Legal
4 177 (4.16%) Law
5 151 (3.55%) Retail
6 140 (3.29%) Marketing
7 133 (3.13%) Telecoms
8 114 (2.68%) Banking
9 89 (2.09%) Games
10 87 (2.05%) Military
11 63 (1.48%) Aerospace
12 47 (1.11%) Manufacturing
13 42 (0.99%) Financial Institution
14 38 (0.89%) Electronics
15 24 (0.56%) Local Government
16 15 (0.35%) Investment Banking
17 13 (0.31%) Back Office
18 12 (0.28%) Automotive
18 12 (0.28%) French Language
18 12 (0.28%) German Language
Job Titles
1 707 (16.64%) Analyst
2 563 (13.25%) Consultant
3 452 (10.64%) Security Analyst
4 368 (8.66%) Security Engineer
5 358 (8.42%) Security Consultant
6 349 (8.21%) Architect
7 301 (7.08%) Security Manager
8 233 (5.48%) Developer
9 224 (5.27%) Security Architect
10 202 (4.75%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 188 (4.42%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 146 (3.44%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 138 (3.25%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 138 (3.25%) Software Engineer
14 136 (3.20%) Cybersecurity Manager
15 129 (3.04%) Security Specialist
16 120 (2.82%) SOC Analyst
17 119 (2.80%) IT Manager
18 117 (2.75%) Information Manager
19 113 (2.66%) Information Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (3.86%) .NET
2 140 (3.29%) HTML
3 139 (3.27%) AngularJS
4 120 (2.82%) React
5 114 (2.68%) Node.js
6 100 (2.35%) CSS
7 99 (2.33%) Web Services
8 85 (2.00%) REST
9 62 (1.46%) ASP.NET
10 56 (1.32%) jQuery
11 52 (1.22%) Spring
12 51 (1.20%) XML
13 48 (1.13%) .NET Framework
13 48 (1.13%) HTML5
14 44 (1.04%) RESTful
15 42 (0.99%) SailPoint
16 39 (0.92%) WCF
17 38 (0.89%) OAuth
18 37 (0.87%) Entity Framework
18 37 (0.87%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 465 (10.94%) Management Information System
2 371 (8.73%) Analytical Skills
3 233 (5.48%) Cyberthreat
4 202 (4.75%) Self-Motivation
5 145 (3.41%) Data Centre
6 137 (3.22%) Security Operations Centre
7 134 (3.15%) Cyber Defence
8 119 (2.80%) Cyberattack
9 91 (2.14%) PKI
10 89 (2.09%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 82 (1.93%) User Experience
12 76 (1.79%) Cyber Kill Chain
13 54 (1.27%) Public Cloud
14 50 (1.18%) Greenfield Project
15 49 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
16 44 (1.04%) Private Cloud
17 43 (1.01%) Internet of Things
18 38 (0.89%) Cybercrime
18 38 (0.89%) Driving Licence
19 34 (0.80%) CESG
Operating Systems
1 639 (15.04%) Windows
2 636 (14.96%) Linux
3 209 (4.92%) Windows Server
4 168 (3.95%) Unix
5 81 (1.91%) Windows Server 2012
6 71 (1.67%) Windows 10
7 56 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 49 (1.15%) Android
9 45 (1.06%) Kali Linux
10 42 (0.99%) Windows Server 2008
11 37 (0.87%) Ubuntu
12 34 (0.80%) Apple iOS
13 27 (0.64%) CentOS
14 21 (0.49%) Windows 7
15 20 (0.47%) Debian
16 18 (0.42%) AIX
17 15 (0.35%) Mac OS
18 13 (0.31%) Solaris
19 8 (0.19%) Windows 8
20 7 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,294 (30.45%) Information Security
2 705 (16.59%) SIEM
3 617 (14.52%) Agile Software Development
4 531 (12.49%) Security Operations
5 484 (11.39%) Risk Management
6 423 (9.95%) Penetration Testing
7 420 (9.88%) Security Architecture
8 404 (9.51%) Problem-Solving
9 361 (8.49%) Vulnerability Management
10 344 (8.09%) ITIL
11 323 (7.60%) Analytics
12 317 (7.46%) DevOps
13 309 (7.27%) Stakeholder Management
14 284 (6.68%) Software Engineering
15 265 (6.24%) Threat Intelligence
16 251 (5.91%) Project Management
17 238 (5.60%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
18 228 (5.36%) Security Management
19 224 (5.27%) Identity Access Management
20 217 (5.11%) Risk Assessment
Programming Languages
1 483 (11.36%) Python
2 304 (7.15%) Java
3 289 (6.80%) C
4 259 (6.09%) JavaScript
5 215 (5.06%) SQL
6 211 (4.96%) C++
7 186 (4.38%) C#
8 164 (3.86%) PowerShell
9 160 (3.76%) Bash Shell
10 66 (1.55%) Ruby
11 64 (1.51%) PHP
12 55 (1.29%) Go
13 54 (1.27%) Perl
14 33 (0.78%) Scala
15 30 (0.71%) TypeScript
16 23 (0.54%) Java 8
17 17 (0.40%) R
18 15 (0.35%) VB.NET
19 14 (0.33%) Objective-C
20 13 (0.31%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 976 (22.96%) CISSP
2 671 (15.79%) CISM
3 633 (14.89%) Degree
4 601 (14.14%) Security Cleared
5 351 (8.26%) SC Cleared
6 285 (6.71%) CISA
7 271 (6.38%) Cisco Certification
8 173 (4.07%) CEH
9 164 (3.86%) CRISC
10 162 (3.81%) DV Cleared
11 154 (3.62%) CESG Certified Professional
12 126 (2.96%) CREST Certified
13 122 (2.87%) SANS
14 110 (2.59%) CompTIA Security+
15 106 (2.49%) CCNA
16 101 (2.38%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 98 (2.31%) GIAC
17 98 (2.31%) OSCP
18 94 (2.21%) CCNP
19 74 (1.74%) IISP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 789 (18.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 355 (8.35%) NIST
3 302 (7.11%) GDPR
4 269 (6.33%) PCI DSS
5 150 (3.53%) Cyber Essentials
6 121 (2.85%) NCSC
7 110 (2.59%) COBIT
8 95 (2.24%) SLA
9 84 (1.98%) QA
10 77 (1.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 67 (1.58%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 51 (1.20%) JSP 440
13 48 (1.13%) NIST 800
14 41 (0.96%) ISO 22301
15 36 (0.85%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 36 (0.85%) RMADS
16 30 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 29 (0.68%) ISO 9001
18 17 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27005
19 16 (0.38%) HIPAA
System Software
1 266 (6.26%) Active Directory
2 170 (4.00%) Docker
3 128 (3.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 77 (1.81%) Hyper-V
5 40 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
6 34 (0.80%) Firmware
7 13 (0.31%) Snort
7 13 (0.31%) XenApp
8 10 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
8 10 (0.24%) vSphere
9 9 (0.21%) Apache Flume
10 8 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
10 8 (0.19%) RACF
10 8 (0.19%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.094%) KVM
13 3 (0.071%) ProxySG
13 3 (0.071%) Virtual Servers
14 2 (0.047%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 2 (0.047%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 134 (3.15%) Ansible
2 127 (2.99%) Kubernetes
3 107 (2.52%) Terraform
4 91 (2.14%) Nessus
5 77 (1.81%) SCCM
6 57 (1.34%) QRadar
7 56 (1.32%) Puppet
8 51 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
9 26 (0.61%) Nmap
10 24 (0.56%) SCOrch
11 22 (0.52%) EnCase
12 20 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
13 19 (0.45%) FortiGate
13 19 (0.45%) WSUS
14 18 (0.42%) CASB
15 17 (0.40%) SCOM
16 16 (0.38%) CSIRT
16 16 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
16 16 (0.38%) Norton AntiVirus
17 13 (0.31%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 485 (11.41%) Microsoft
2 219 (5.15%) Cisco
3 213 (5.01%) VMware
4 192 (4.52%) Splunk
5 110 (2.59%) Google
6 98 (2.31%) Palo Alto
7 83 (1.95%) LogRhythm
8 64 (1.51%) Qualys
9 62 (1.46%) SolarWinds
10 61 (1.44%) Red Hat
11 56 (1.32%) ArcSight
12 55 (1.29%) Oracle
13 52 (1.22%) IBM
14 51 (1.20%) CyberArk
14 51 (1.20%) Symantec
15 49 (1.15%) Juniper
16 48 (1.13%) CheckPoint
17 47 (1.11%) Fortinet
18 45 (1.06%) McAfee
19 43 (1.01%) ServiceNow