Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 83 122 185
Rank change year-on-year +39 +63 +3
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,394 4,112 3,188
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.47% 2.70% 1.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.77% 2.94% 2.11%
Number of salaries quoted 3,302 2,960 2,562
England median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £35,000 £34,750 £33,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £58,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year -2.50% +4.35% -4.17%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 116,639 140,020 150,900
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.12% 91.85% 92.33%
Number of salaries quoted 92,736 112,362 119,885
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,225 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.53% +4.45% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,450 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +26 1,900 £67,500 +3.85% 246
South East +32 773 £62,500 +13.64% 165
South West +39 513 £52,500 +15.38% 129
North of England +13 461 £52,500 +10.53% 180
Midlands +113 451 £50,000 -2.44% 111
West Midlands +126 353 £50,000 +11.11% 72
North West +53 319 £52,500 - 104
East of England +2 259 £50,000 +5.26% 68
Yorkshire -27 131 £50,000 +10.50% 55
East Midlands +36 95 £52,500 -1.43% 39
North East +18 11 £56,750 -1.30% 21
South Coast - 4 £60,000 -
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,249 (28.43%) Information Security
2 944 (21.48%) CISSP
3 888 (20.21%) Linux
4 837 (19.05%) Degree
5 773 (17.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 764 (17.39%) Finance
7 751 (17.09%) Firewall
8 734 (16.70%) Windows
9 731 (16.64%) Agile Software Development
10 721 (16.41%) Security Cleared
11 720 (16.39%) SIEM
12 618 (14.06%) Security Operations
13 616 (14.02%) CISM
14 588 (13.38%) Microsoft
15 578 (13.15%) Management Information System
16 534 (12.15%) Problem-Solving
17 529 (12.04%) Python
18 515 (11.72%) Azure
19 503 (11.45%) AWS
20 491 (11.17%) Security Architecture
21 479 (10.90%) Penetration Testing
22 444 (10.10%) Analytical Skills
23 424 (9.65%) Risk Management
24 420 (9.56%) C
25 412 (9.38%) SC Cleared
26 385 (8.76%) ITIL
27 375 (8.53%) Java
28 360 (8.19%) Network Security
29 356 (8.10%) Software Engineering
30 354 (8.06%) Stakeholder Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (2.75%) MS Exchange
2 103 (2.34%) Apache Spark
3 86 (1.96%) SharePoint
4 81 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
4 81 (1.84%) IIS
5 59 (1.34%) OpenStack
6 57 (1.30%) Confluence
7 20 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2010
7 20 (0.46%) Skype for Business
8 16 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2013
9 13 (0.30%) Apache
10 12 (0.27%) IBM Domino
10 12 (0.27%) Tomcat
11 10 (0.23%) IBM Notes
11 10 (0.23%) WordPress
12 8 (0.18%) JBoss
13 7 (0.16%) BizTalk Server
13 7 (0.16%) CMS
13 7 (0.16%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 52 (1.18%) Microsoft Office
2 43 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 16 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.16%) Gephi
6 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.091%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.091%) InVision
8 3 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.046%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.023%) EngageOne
10 1 (0.023%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 44 (1.00%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 8 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.18%) SAP GRC
3 5 (0.11%) Relativity
4 4 (0.091%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.046%) Actimize
5 2 (0.046%) nopCommerce
5 2 (0.046%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.046%) SAP IBP
6 1 (0.023%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.023%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 515 (11.72%) Azure
2 503 (11.45%) AWS
3 277 (6.30%) Office 365
4 145 (3.30%) SaaS
5 141 (3.21%) GCP
6 106 (2.41%) Cloud Computing
7 91 (2.07%) IaaS
8 87 (1.98%) PaaS
9 55 (1.25%) OpenShift
10 40 (0.91%) G Suite
11 26 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 23 (0.52%) Mimecast
13 22 (0.50%) Azure Active Directory
14 20 (0.46%) Serverless
15 17 (0.39%) OneDrive
15 17 (0.39%) Power Platform
16 15 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
17 14 (0.32%) Amazon ECS
18 13 (0.30%) Amazon EKS
19 12 (0.27%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 751 (17.09%) Firewall
2 360 (8.19%) Network Security
3 285 (6.49%) TCP/IP
4 259 (5.89%) Internet
5 236 (5.37%) Intrusion Detection
6 219 (4.98%) WAN
7 165 (3.76%) LAN
8 161 (3.66%) DNS
9 145 (3.30%) VPN
10 84 (1.91%) MPLS
11 73 (1.66%) HTTP
12 72 (1.64%) DHCP
12 72 (1.64%) Unified Communications
13 71 (1.62%) HTTPS
14 67 (1.52%) Wireless
15 60 (1.37%) IPsec
16 54 (1.23%) SSL
17 43 (0.98%) WLAN
18 42 (0.96%) Cisco ASA
18 42 (0.96%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 242 (5.51%) Big Data
2 97 (2.21%) NoSQL
3 94 (2.14%) SQL Server
4 71 (1.62%) MySQL
5 53 (1.21%) Apache Hive
6 48 (1.09%) Impala
7 37 (0.84%) PostgreSQL
8 36 (0.82%) Blockchain
9 33 (0.75%) MongoDB
10 29 (0.66%) Hadoop
11 22 (0.50%) Relational Database
12 21 (0.48%) Redis
13 13 (0.30%) Data Mining
14 11 (0.25%) SAP HANA
15 9 (0.20%) Amazon RDS
15 9 (0.20%) Apache Cassandra
16 8 (0.18%) Power BI
16 8 (0.18%) RDBMS
17 6 (0.14%) DB2
17 6 (0.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 156 (3.55%) Git (software)
2 149 (3.39%) JIRA
3 109 (2.48%) Bitbucket
4 102 (2.32%) Jenkins
5 81 (1.84%) git-flow
6 70 (1.59%) Selenium
7 49 (1.12%) Bitbucket Server
8 37 (0.84%) JUnit
9 29 (0.66%) Cucumber
10 22 (0.50%) JMeter
10 22 (0.50%) Visual Studio
11 21 (0.48%) Subversion
12 19 (0.43%) PhantomJS
13 17 (0.39%) Mockito
14 14 (0.32%) Burp Suite
14 14 (0.32%) GitLab
14 14 (0.32%) Maven
14 14 (0.32%) Metasploit
15 12 (0.27%) eggPlant
15 12 (0.27%) Travis CI
General
1 764 (17.39%) Finance
2 259 (5.89%) Public Sector
3 208 (4.73%) Retail
4 199 (4.53%) Banking
5 159 (3.62%) Telecoms
6 146 (3.32%) Legal
7 128 (2.91%) Law
8 112 (2.55%) Games
8 112 (2.55%) Marketing
9 100 (2.28%) Aerospace
10 79 (1.80%) Manufacturing
11 66 (1.50%) Military
12 43 (0.98%) Electronics
13 23 (0.52%) Financial Institution
14 21 (0.48%) Local Government
15 20 (0.46%) Publishing
16 19 (0.43%) Multimedia
17 16 (0.36%) Investment Banking
18 13 (0.30%) Automotive
18 13 (0.30%) French Language
Job Titles
1 702 (15.98%) Consultant
2 662 (15.07%) Analyst
3 467 (10.63%) Architect
4 430 (9.79%) Security Analyst
5 371 (8.44%) Security Consultant
6 341 (7.76%) Security Engineer
7 283 (6.44%) Security Manager
8 257 (5.85%) Security Architect
9 235 (5.35%) Developer
10 216 (4.92%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 190 (4.32%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 173 (3.94%) Security Specialist
13 150 (3.41%) Cybersecurity Analyst
14 144 (3.28%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 144 (3.28%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 138 (3.14%) Solutions Architect
16 117 (2.66%) Software Engineer
17 115 (2.62%) Cybersecurity Specialist
18 109 (2.48%) Information Analyst
18 109 (2.48%) Information Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (3.10%) HTML
2 117 (2.66%) Node.js
3 113 (2.57%) .NET
4 100 (2.28%) AngularJS
4 100 (2.28%) CSS
5 99 (2.25%) REST
6 96 (2.18%) Web Services
7 95 (2.16%) Kafka
8 93 (2.12%) React
9 82 (1.87%) Spring
10 69 (1.57%) ASP.NET
11 58 (1.32%) Elastic Stack
12 49 (1.12%) Vue.js
13 48 (1.09%) RESTful
14 46 (1.05%) XML
15 43 (0.98%) OAuth
15 43 (0.98%) SailPoint
16 40 (0.91%) GraphQL
16 40 (0.91%) Spring MVC
17 39 (0.89%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 578 (13.15%) Management Information System
2 444 (10.10%) Analytical Skills
3 233 (5.30%) Security Operations Centre
4 230 (5.23%) Cyberthreat
5 153 (3.48%) Data Centre
6 134 (3.05%) Cyberattack
7 127 (2.89%) Self-Motivation
8 110 (2.50%) Cyber Defence
9 106 (2.41%) Cyber Kill Chain
10 92 (2.09%) Internet of Things
11 91 (2.07%) PKI
12 87 (1.98%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 61 (1.39%) Mobile App
14 55 (1.25%) Cybercrime
15 49 (1.12%) Private Cloud
15 49 (1.12%) Public Cloud
16 47 (1.07%) Analytical Mindset
17 46 (1.05%) Data Protection Act
17 46 (1.05%) User Experience
18 40 (0.91%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 888 (20.21%) Linux
2 734 (16.70%) Windows
3 247 (5.62%) Windows Server
4 197 (4.48%) Unix
5 99 (2.25%) Windows Server 2012
6 94 (2.14%) Android
7 73 (1.66%) Apple iOS
8 67 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 62 (1.41%) Ubuntu
10 60 (1.37%) CentOS
11 58 (1.32%) Windows 10
12 52 (1.18%) Windows Server 2008
13 29 (0.66%) Mac OS
14 23 (0.52%) Kali Linux
15 22 (0.50%) AIX
16 20 (0.46%) Windows 7
17 14 (0.32%) Debian
17 14 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
18 9 (0.20%) Fedora
19 6 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,249 (28.43%) Information Security
2 731 (16.64%) Agile Software Development
3 720 (16.39%) SIEM
4 618 (14.06%) Security Operations
5 534 (12.15%) Problem-Solving
6 491 (11.17%) Security Architecture
7 479 (10.90%) Penetration Testing
8 424 (9.65%) Risk Management
9 385 (8.76%) ITIL
10 356 (8.10%) Software Engineering
11 354 (8.06%) Stakeholder Management
12 352 (8.01%) Vulnerability Management
13 350 (7.97%) DevOps
14 281 (6.40%) Data Protection
15 275 (6.26%) IT Strategy
16 274 (6.24%) Project Management
17 251 (5.71%) TOGAF
18 233 (5.30%) Analytics
18 233 (5.30%) Identity Access Management
19 229 (5.21%) Information Assurance
Programming Languages
1 529 (12.04%) Python
2 420 (9.56%) C
3 375 (8.53%) Java
4 278 (6.33%) C++
5 247 (5.62%) JavaScript
6 216 (4.92%) SQL
7 210 (4.78%) Bash Shell
8 196 (4.46%) PowerShell
9 155 (3.53%) C#
10 96 (2.18%) Perl
11 59 (1.34%) Ruby
12 54 (1.23%) R
13 51 (1.16%) Go
14 37 (0.84%) TypeScript
15 33 (0.75%) PHP
16 26 (0.59%) Scala
17 22 (0.50%) Embedded C
18 20 (0.46%) Java 8
19 17 (0.39%) Shell Script
20 15 (0.34%) VB
Qualifications
1 944 (21.48%) CISSP
2 837 (19.05%) Degree
3 721 (16.41%) Security Cleared
4 616 (14.02%) CISM
5 412 (9.38%) SC Cleared
6 288 (6.55%) Cisco Certification
7 284 (6.46%) CISA
8 193 (4.39%) DV Cleared
9 166 (3.78%) CCNA
10 164 (3.73%) CEH
11 163 (3.71%) SANS
12 137 (3.12%) CRISC
13 136 (3.10%) GIAC
14 133 (3.03%) CREST Certified
15 128 (2.91%) CompTIA Security+
16 115 (2.62%) Microsoft Certification
17 110 (2.50%) CCNP
18 103 (2.34%) CESG Certified Professional
19 90 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
20 87 (1.98%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 773 (17.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 349 (7.94%) NIST
3 330 (7.51%) GDPR
4 253 (5.76%) PCI DSS
5 132 (3.00%) Cyber Essentials
6 115 (2.62%) COBIT
7 95 (2.16%) QA
8 82 (1.87%) NCSC
9 80 (1.82%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 77 (1.75%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 75 (1.71%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 67 (1.52%) SLA
13 50 (1.14%) JSP 440
14 36 (0.82%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 33 (0.75%) HMG Infosec
15 33 (0.75%) ISO 22301
16 32 (0.73%) NIST 800
17 30 (0.68%) ISO 9001
17 30 (0.68%) RMADS
18 25 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 286 (6.51%) Active Directory
2 201 (4.57%) Docker
3 157 (3.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 87 (1.98%) Hyper-V
5 53 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
6 47 (1.07%) Apache Flume
7 26 (0.59%) Firmware
8 20 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
9 16 (0.36%) vSphere
10 13 (0.30%) VirtualBox
11 12 (0.27%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 12 (0.27%) Snort
11 12 (0.27%) Xen
12 11 (0.25%) NFS
13 10 (0.23%) KVM
13 10 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
13 10 (0.23%) XenApp
14 9 (0.20%) Samba
15 8 (0.18%) RACF
16 7 (0.16%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 165 (3.76%) Kubernetes
2 141 (3.21%) Ansible
3 111 (2.53%) SCCM
4 106 (2.41%) Puppet
5 101 (2.30%) Nessus
6 100 (2.28%) Terraform
7 74 (1.68%) QRadar
8 61 (1.39%) Opscode Chef
9 50 (1.14%) Oozie
10 43 (0.98%) SCOM
11 27 (0.61%) CASB
11 27 (0.61%) McAfee ePO
12 22 (0.50%) WSUS
13 21 (0.48%) FortiGate
14 20 (0.46%) CSIRT
14 20 (0.46%) SCOrch
15 19 (0.43%) EnCase
15 19 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
16 18 (0.41%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
17 16 (0.36%) IBM Guardium
Vendors
1 588 (13.38%) Microsoft
2 285 (6.49%) Splunk
3 257 (5.85%) Cisco
4 234 (5.33%) VMware
5 162 (3.69%) Google
6 108 (2.46%) LogRhythm
7 105 (2.39%) Palo Alto
8 81 (1.84%) ServiceNow
9 75 (1.71%) Qualys
10 73 (1.66%) McAfee
11 69 (1.57%) Citrix
12 66 (1.50%) Symantec
13 60 (1.37%) ArcSight
14 59 (1.34%) CyberArk
15 57 (1.30%) CheckPoint
15 57 (1.30%) Juniper
15 57 (1.30%) Red Hat
16 56 (1.27%) IBM
17 50 (1.14%) Fortinet
18 49 (1.12%) SolarWinds