Period
to 30 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 30 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
30 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 75 83 82
Rank change year-on-year +8 -1 +31
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,489 1,913 4,466
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.98% 3.83% 3.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.22% 4.12% 3.88%
Number of salaries quoted 2,775 1,549 3,336
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,250 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £64,000 £62,500 £58,500
Median % change year-on-year +2.40% +6.84% +1.74%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £92,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £58,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +3.45% +0.87%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 106,474 46,419 115,057
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.39% 92.99% 92.62%
Number of salaries quoted 72,210 39,278 93,228
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +2.40%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 30 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -29 1,804 £70,000 +3.70% 275
South East +54 1,025 £59,000 +7.27% 126
North of England +11 590 £52,250 +2.45% 164
South West +27 414 £57,500 - 90
Midlands -20 356 £55,000 -4.35% 104
North West -14 325 £55,000 +10.00% 109
West Midlands -20 277 £55,000 -4.35% 74
Yorkshire +45 243 £50,000 -6.98% 35
East of England -33 158 £48,500 +2.11% 69
East Midlands -22 71 £50,000 -14.89% 30
North East -23 26 £50,000 +4.88% 20
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 30 November 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,319 (29.38%) Azure
2 1,262 (28.11%) Social Skills
3 1,135 (25.28%) Information Security
4 1,067 (23.77%) Agile Software Development
5 1,047 (23.32%) Microsoft
6 997 (22.21%) Finance
7 954 (21.25%) Risk Management
8 854 (19.02%) AWS
9 735 (16.37%) SIEM
9 735 (16.37%) DevOps
10 714 (15.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 694 (15.46%) Degree
12 675 (15.04%) Analytics
13 663 (14.77%) Python
14 637 (14.19%) Windows
15 617 (13.74%) CISSP
16 601 (13.39%) Security Cleared
17 540 (12.03%) Microsoft 365
18 535 (11.92%) Firewall
18 535 (11.92%) NIST
19 479 (10.67%) Active Directory
20 455 (10.14%) Analytical Skills
21 441 (9.82%) Management Information System
21 441 (9.82%) CISM
22 431 (9.60%) Linux
23 413 (9.20%) Problem-Solving
24 411 (9.16%) Continuous Improvement
25 386 (8.60%) GDPR
26 384 (8.55%) Vulnerability Management
27 378 (8.42%) Security Operations

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (1.63%) SharePoint
2 55 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
3 51 (1.14%) Confluence
4 45 (1.00%) IIS
5 39 (0.87%) MS Exchange
6 33 (0.74%) Appian
7 17 (0.38%) Apache Spark
8 15 (0.33%) Apache
9 9 (0.20%) nginx
10 8 (0.18%) Apache Pulsar
11 6 (0.13%) WebLogic
12 5 (0.11%) JBoss
12 5 (0.11%) OpenStack
12 5 (0.11%) Tomcat
13 3 (0.067%) Skype for Business
13 3 (0.067%) WinCC
14 2 (0.045%) Apache Airflow
14 2 (0.045%) Cloud Foundry
14 2 (0.045%) Exchange Server 2010
14 2 (0.045%) Jetty
Applications
1 101 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
2 88 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
3 49 (1.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
5 16 (0.36%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.089%) Figma
8 2 (0.045%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.022%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 91 (2.03%) Sentinel
2 31 (0.69%) NetSuite
3 17 (0.38%) SAP BPC
4 5 (0.11%) RESILIA
5 3 (0.067%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.067%) Dynamics NAV
5 3 (0.067%) Raiser's Edge
5 3 (0.067%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.067%) Shopify
6 2 (0.045%) JDE OneWorld
6 2 (0.045%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.045%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.045%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.045%) SAP CO
6 2 (0.045%) SAP FI
6 2 (0.045%) SAP FI/CO
7 1 (0.022%) Primavera
7 1 (0.022%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,319 (29.38%) Azure
2 854 (19.02%) AWS
3 540 (12.03%) Microsoft 365
4 289 (6.44%) SaaS
5 240 (5.35%) Power Platform
6 232 (5.17%) GCP
7 221 (4.92%) Serverless
8 179 (3.99%) Azure Active Directory
9 170 (3.79%) PaaS
10 161 (3.59%) IaaS
11 124 (2.76%) Azure Sentinel
12 123 (2.74%) Azure Data Factory
13 93 (2.07%) AWS Lambda
14 87 (1.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 85 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
16 64 (1.43%) AWS CloudTrail
17 63 (1.40%) Amazon S3
18 59 (1.31%) Azure Logic Apps
19 58 (1.29%) Amazon GuardDuty
20 57 (1.27%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 535 (11.92%) Firewall
2 359 (8.00%) Network Security
3 177 (3.94%) TCP/IP
4 146 (3.25%) WAN
5 135 (3.01%) DNS
6 115 (2.56%) VPN
7 114 (2.54%) Internet
8 111 (2.47%) LAN
9 94 (2.09%) DHCP
10 84 (1.87%) Intrusion Detection
11 65 (1.45%) HTTP
12 63 (1.40%) Wireless
13 57 (1.27%) Broadband
14 56 (1.25%) VLAN
15 46 (1.02%) Wi-Fi
16 45 (1.00%) BGP
17 38 (0.85%) SAN
17 38 (0.85%) SSL
18 27 (0.60%) SD-WAN
18 27 (0.60%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 222 (4.95%) SQL Server
2 218 (4.86%) Big Data
3 145 (3.23%) Power BI
4 135 (3.01%) NoSQL
5 118 (2.63%) MongoDB
6 91 (2.03%) Data Lake
7 83 (1.85%) Apache Cassandra
8 74 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 63 (1.40%) HDInsight
10 51 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
10 51 (1.14%) Tableau
11 48 (1.07%) Relational Database
12 46 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
13 37 (0.82%) PostgreSQL
14 33 (0.74%) MySQL
15 29 (0.65%) Oracle Database
16 24 (0.53%) RDBMS
17 19 (0.42%) Power Query
18 18 (0.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 18 (0.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 111 (2.47%) JIRA
2 89 (1.98%) Jenkins
3 73 (1.63%) Git (software)
4 43 (0.96%) Visual Studio Team System
5 42 (0.94%) GitLab
6 21 (0.47%) Burp Suite
6 21 (0.47%) Selenium
7 17 (0.38%) Bitbucket
8 16 (0.36%) Rational DOORS
9 14 (0.31%) IDA Disassembler
10 13 (0.29%) Metasploit
11 12 (0.27%) SonarQube
12 10 (0.22%) CircleCI
12 10 (0.22%) Rational Team Concert
13 9 (0.20%) git-flow
13 9 (0.20%) SoapUI
13 9 (0.20%) webpack
14 8 (0.18%) Mocha
14 8 (0.18%) Snyk
15 7 (0.16%) TeamCity
General
1 1,262 (28.11%) Social Skills
2 997 (22.21%) Finance
3 455 (10.14%) Analytical Skills
4 261 (5.81%) Legal
5 230 (5.12%) Public Sector
6 219 (4.88%) Telecoms
7 156 (3.48%) Marketing
8 144 (3.21%) Law
9 143 (3.19%) Banking
10 129 (2.87%) Presentation Skills
11 119 (2.65%) Police
12 107 (2.38%) Manufacturing
13 105 (2.34%) Organisational Skills
14 97 (2.16%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 85 (1.89%) Retail
16 82 (1.83%) Electronics
17 52 (1.16%) Games
17 52 (1.16%) Influencing Skills
18 49 (1.09%) Military
19 42 (0.94%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 603 (13.43%) Analyst
2 568 (12.65%) Architect
3 534 (11.90%) Consultant
4 530 (11.81%) Security Engineer
5 333 (7.42%) Security Analyst
6 320 (7.13%) Cybersecurity Engineer
7 313 (6.97%) Security Consultant
8 240 (5.35%) Security Manager
9 232 (5.17%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 218 (4.86%) Developer
11 209 (4.66%) Security Architect
12 168 (3.74%) Solutions Architect
13 155 (3.45%) IT Manager
14 154 (3.43%) Cybersecurity Analyst
15 140 (3.12%) Software Engineer
16 139 (3.10%) Cybersecurity Manager
17 110 (2.45%) Security Specialist
18 105 (2.34%) Data Engineer
19 102 (2.27%) Cloud Consultant
20 97 (2.16%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (2.27%) JSON
2 93 (2.07%) Web Services
3 72 (1.60%) RESTful
4 71 (1.58%) Node.js
5 70 (1.56%) .NET
6 69 (1.54%) REST
7 67 (1.49%) Kafka
8 64 (1.43%) XML
9 63 (1.40%) React
10 59 (1.31%) HTML
11 44 (0.98%) Apache NiFi
11 44 (0.98%) Elastic Stack
12 39 (0.87%) CSS
13 33 (0.74%) .NET Core
14 31 (0.69%) AngularJS
14 31 (0.69%) Django
14 31 (0.69%) Middleware
15 27 (0.60%) Vue.js
16 26 (0.58%) OAuth
17 24 (0.53%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 441 (9.82%) Management Information System
2 301 (6.71%) Cyberthreat
3 247 (5.50%) Public Cloud
4 208 (4.63%) Data Centre
5 151 (3.36%) Cyberattack
6 146 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
7 120 (2.67%) User Experience
8 115 (2.56%) Smart Meter
9 105 (2.34%) Security Operations Centre
10 97 (2.16%) Cyber Defence
11 86 (1.92%) Robotics
12 85 (1.89%) Cloud Native
13 71 (1.58%) Data Protection Act
14 58 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
14 58 (1.29%) Virtual Team
15 52 (1.16%) NHS
16 51 (1.14%) Cyber Kill Chain
17 50 (1.11%) Driving Licence
18 48 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
19 45 (1.00%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 637 (14.19%) Windows
2 431 (9.60%) Linux
3 195 (4.34%) Windows Server
4 105 (2.34%) Windows 10
5 79 (1.76%) Unix
6 76 (1.69%) Mac OS
7 64 (1.43%) Windows Server 2016
8 62 (1.38%) Windows Server 2012
9 57 (1.27%) CentOS
10 49 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 44 (0.98%) Mac OS X
12 36 (0.80%) Android
12 36 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
13 35 (0.78%) Ubuntu
14 30 (0.67%) Apple iOS
15 19 (0.42%) Debian
16 17 (0.38%) VMS
16 17 (0.38%) Windows 7
17 15 (0.33%) Kali Linux
18 14 (0.31%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,135 (25.28%) Information Security
2 1,067 (23.77%) Agile Software Development
3 954 (21.25%) Risk Management
4 735 (16.37%) DevOps
4 735 (16.37%) SIEM
5 675 (15.04%) Analytics
6 413 (9.20%) Problem-Solving
7 411 (9.16%) Continuous Improvement
8 384 (8.55%) Vulnerability Management
9 378 (8.42%) Project Management
9 378 (8.42%) Security Operations
10 364 (8.11%) ITIL
11 354 (7.89%) Computer Science
12 332 (7.40%) Penetration Testing
13 314 (6.99%) Software Engineering
14 303 (6.75%) Mentoring
15 302 (6.73%) Security Testing
16 288 (6.42%) Stakeholder Management
17 286 (6.37%) Presales
18 283 (6.30%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 663 (14.77%) Python
2 333 (7.42%) SQL
3 331 (7.37%) PowerShell
4 312 (6.95%) Java
5 267 (5.95%) JavaScript
6 237 (5.28%) C#
7 149 (3.32%) C++
8 128 (2.85%) C
9 108 (2.41%) Go
10 94 (2.09%) Bash Shell
11 87 (1.94%) Perl
12 84 (1.87%) Ruby
13 57 (1.27%) VB
14 45 (1.00%) TypeScript
15 44 (0.98%) T-SQL
16 32 (0.71%) PHP
17 24 (0.53%) Rust
18 20 (0.45%) Shell Script
19 19 (0.42%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
19 19 (0.42%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 694 (15.46%) Degree
2 617 (13.74%) CISSP
3 601 (13.39%) Security Cleared
4 441 (9.82%) CISM
5 343 (7.64%) SC Cleared
6 249 (5.55%) Microsoft Certification
7 181 (4.03%) Cisco Certification
8 177 (3.94%) CISA
9 139 (3.10%) CRISC
10 132 (2.94%) SANS
11 129 (2.87%) CEH
12 123 (2.74%) Computer Science Degree
13 86 (1.92%) CCNA
14 82 (1.83%) DV Cleared
15 75 (1.67%) CESG Certified Professional
16 69 (1.54%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 69 (1.54%) CompTIA Security+
17 67 (1.49%) GIAC
18 65 (1.45%) CREST Certified
19 63 (1.40%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 714 (15.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 535 (11.92%) NIST
3 386 (8.60%) GDPR
4 328 (7.31%) Cyber Essentials
5 182 (4.05%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 173 (3.85%) PCI DSS
7 150 (3.34%) GRC
8 117 (2.61%) NCSC
9 105 (2.34%) SLA
10 98 (2.18%) QA
11 74 (1.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 73 (1.63%) COBIT
13 37 (0.82%) ITGC
13 37 (0.82%) SOC 2
14 36 (0.80%) PMO
14 36 (0.80%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 33 (0.74%) IASME
15 33 (0.74%) JSP 440
16 29 (0.65%) NIST 800
17 27 (0.60%) RMADS
System Software
1 479 (10.67%) Active Directory
2 240 (5.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 216 (4.81%) Docker
4 123 (2.74%) Hyper-V
5 48 (1.07%) Firmware
6 37 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
7 26 (0.58%) vSphere
8 25 (0.56%) XenApp
9 19 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
10 18 (0.40%) Snort
11 12 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
12 11 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
12 11 (0.25%) XenDesktop
13 6 (0.13%) BitLocker
14 5 (0.11%) HDFS
14 5 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
15 4 (0.089%) OpenAM
15 4 (0.089%) OpenIDM
15 4 (0.089%) RACF
15 4 (0.089%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 190 (4.23%) Kubernetes
2 181 (4.03%) Terraform
3 122 (2.72%) Ansible
4 86 (1.92%) Microsoft Intune
5 84 (1.87%) Single Sign-On
6 75 (1.67%) Nessus
7 54 (1.20%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 37 (0.82%) CASB
9 34 (0.76%) QRadar
9 34 (0.76%) SCCM
10 31 (0.69%) Puppet
11 28 (0.62%) CSIRT
12 23 (0.51%) Computer Incident Response Team
13 19 (0.42%) Nmap
14 18 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
15 14 (0.31%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
15 14 (0.31%) SCOM
16 13 (0.29%) Nagios
17 12 (0.27%) SCVMM
17 12 (0.27%) WSUS
Vendors
1 1,047 (23.32%) Microsoft
2 276 (6.15%) VMware
3 215 (4.79%) Apple
4 184 (4.10%) Adobe
5 174 (3.88%) Cisco
5 174 (3.88%) Splunk
6 150 (3.34%) Google
7 135 (3.01%) Citrix
8 129 (2.87%) Salesforce.com
9 118 (2.63%) SAP
10 106 (2.36%) Databricks
11 81 (1.80%) Oracle
12 75 (1.67%) MuleSoft
12 75 (1.67%) Palo Alto
13 63 (1.40%) Palantir
14 59 (1.31%) LogRhythm
15 53 (1.18%) CheckPoint
16 51 (1.14%) Meraki
16 51 (1.14%) Qualys
17 46 (1.02%) Red Hat