Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 125 186 184
Rank change year-on-year +61 -2 +193
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,111 3,175 3,384
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.68% 1.95% 1.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.94% 2.13% 2.07%
Number of salaries quoted 2,971 2,545 2,641
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £34,750 £33,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year - -4.17% +9.09%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,685 149,404 163,267
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.07% 91.57% 90.87%
Number of salaries quoted 112,106 118,704 137,397
England median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,650 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +37 1,987 £65,000 +2.77% 301
South East +28 660 £55,000 +4.76% 149
North of England +112 466 £47,500 -5.00% 149
East of England +168 384 £47,500 -5.00% 55
South West +39 366 £45,000 -3.23% 95
North West +39 275 £52,500 - 86
Midlands +47 217 £51,250 -2.38% 110
Yorkshire +132 178 £45,000 +5.88% 50
West Midlands +7 127 £45,000 -14.29% 71
East Midlands +51 84 £55,380 +16.59% 39
North East 0 13 £57,500 +105.36% 13
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,637 (39.82%) Information Security
2 1,208 (29.38%) CISSP
3 888 (21.60%) Firewall
4 877 (21.33%) Windows
5 818 (19.90%) SIEM
6 815 (19.82%) Finance
7 788 (19.17%) Linux
8 771 (18.75%) Degree
9 755 (18.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 667 (16.22%) Agile Software Development
11 629 (15.30%) CISM
12 579 (14.08%) Risk Management
13 573 (13.94%) Security Cleared
14 571 (13.89%) Python
15 515 (12.53%) Vulnerability Management
16 509 (12.38%) Security Operations
17 500 (12.16%) Management Information System
18 484 (11.77%) Penetration Testing
19 470 (11.43%) Java
20 462 (11.24%) Microsoft
21 405 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
22 394 (9.58%) Analytical Skills
23 370 (9.00%) Computer Science
24 365 (8.88%) GDPR
25 362 (8.81%) Network Security
26 359 (8.73%) ITIL
27 352 (8.56%) CISA
28 351 (8.54%) TCP/IP
29 346 (8.42%) Security Architecture
30 309 (7.52%) JavaScript

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (2.34%) Elasticsearch
2 72 (1.75%) Apache Spark
3 65 (1.58%) SharePoint
4 58 (1.41%) Apache
5 51 (1.24%) MS Exchange
6 49 (1.19%) Confluence
7 47 (1.14%) Apache Pig
8 38 (0.92%) Tomcat
9 33 (0.80%) WebLogic
10 23 (0.56%) IIS
11 20 (0.49%) Skype for Business
12 19 (0.46%) nginx
12 19 (0.46%) WebSphere
13 15 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2010
14 13 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
15 11 (0.27%) WordPress
16 10 (0.24%) JBoss
17 8 (0.19%) CMS
18 5 (0.12%) Exchange Server 2007
19 4 (0.097%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 110 (2.68%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
5 15 (0.36%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.024%) OmniGraffle
6 1 (0.024%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.024%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 17 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
3 6 (0.15%) SAP GRC
4 5 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
5 3 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.049%) Actimize
6 2 (0.049%) Magento
6 2 (0.049%) PlanetPress Connect
6 2 (0.049%) Sage 50
6 2 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.024%) Concordance
7 1 (0.024%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.024%) Relativity
7 1 (0.024%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.024%) SunGard APT
7 1 (0.024%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 295 (7.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 261 (6.35%) Amazon AWS
3 182 (4.43%) Office 365
4 140 (3.41%) SaaS
5 110 (2.68%) PaaS
6 90 (2.19%) IaaS
7 56 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
8 39 (0.95%) Mimecast
9 28 (0.68%) Google Cloud Platform
10 17 (0.41%) Serverless
11 15 (0.36%) G Suite
12 14 (0.34%) OpenShift
13 13 (0.32%) IBM Cloud
14 10 (0.24%) Amazon S3
14 10 (0.24%) Dynamics 365
15 9 (0.22%) Amazon EC2
15 9 (0.22%) AWS CloudFormation
16 8 (0.19%) GitHub
17 7 (0.17%) OneDrive
18 6 (0.15%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 888 (21.60%) Firewall
2 362 (8.81%) Network Security
3 351 (8.54%) TCP/IP
4 210 (5.11%) Intrusion Detection
5 153 (3.72%) DNS
6 138 (3.36%) WAN
7 126 (3.06%) LAN
8 118 (2.87%) SSL
9 116 (2.82%) HTTP
10 115 (2.80%) Internet
11 113 (2.75%) VPN
12 80 (1.95%) Wireshark
13 58 (1.41%) DHCP
14 56 (1.36%) Wireless
15 49 (1.19%) MPLS
16 47 (1.14%) Wi-Fi
17 46 (1.12%) SNMP
17 46 (1.12%) VLAN
18 43 (1.05%) SAN
19 41 (1.00%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 299 (7.27%) Big Data
2 184 (4.48%) Hadoop
3 182 (4.43%) SQL Server
4 130 (3.16%) MySQL
5 84 (2.04%) Apache Hive
6 45 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 38 (0.92%) HBase
8 36 (0.88%) PostgreSQL
9 34 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
9 34 (0.83%) NoSQL
10 25 (0.61%) Blockchain
10 25 (0.61%) Neo4j
11 23 (0.56%) QlikView
12 22 (0.54%) Text Mining
13 16 (0.39%) MongoDB
14 15 (0.36%) GIS
15 14 (0.34%) Redis
15 14 (0.34%) Relational Database
16 13 (0.32%) Geospatial Data
16 13 (0.32%) Impala
Development Applications
1 148 (3.60%) JIRA
2 126 (3.06%) Git (software)
3 116 (2.82%) Selenium
4 81 (1.97%) Jenkins
5 79 (1.92%) Bitbucket
6 71 (1.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 56 (1.36%) Robot Framework
8 49 (1.19%) git-flow
9 44 (1.07%) CodeSonar
10 35 (0.85%) Metasploit
11 33 (0.80%) Cucumber
12 30 (0.73%) JUnit
13 28 (0.68%) Maven
14 17 (0.41%) Eclipse
14 17 (0.41%) SoapUI
15 16 (0.39%) WebDriver
16 15 (0.36%) JMeter
16 15 (0.36%) Rational DOORS
16 15 (0.36%) Redmine
16 15 (0.36%) Visual Studio
General
1 815 (19.82%) Finance
2 246 (5.98%) Banking
3 203 (4.94%) Retail
4 135 (3.28%) Legal
5 120 (2.92%) Telecoms
6 114 (2.77%) Investment Banking
7 85 (2.07%) Law
7 85 (2.07%) Marketing
8 83 (2.02%) Electronics
9 63 (1.53%) Games
10 59 (1.44%) Manufacturing
11 52 (1.26%) Military
12 28 (0.68%) Financial Institution
13 21 (0.51%) Advertising
14 18 (0.44%) Aerospace
15 17 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
16 16 (0.39%) Publishing
17 11 (0.27%) Retail Banking
18 10 (0.24%) Automotive
19 9 (0.22%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 698 (16.98%) Analyst
2 510 (12.41%) Consultant
3 446 (10.85%) Security Engineer
4 399 (9.71%) Security Analyst
5 389 (9.46%) Security Consultant
6 376 (9.15%) Architect
7 302 (7.35%) Security Manager
8 261 (6.35%) Developer
9 260 (6.32%) Security Architect
10 235 (5.72%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 221 (5.38%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 185 (4.50%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 155 (3.77%) Software Engineer
14 145 (3.53%) Tester
15 137 (3.33%) Cybersecurity Manager
16 127 (3.09%) SOC Analyst
17 114 (2.77%) Penetration Tester
18 109 (2.65%) IT Manager
19 105 (2.55%) IT Engineer
20 98 (2.38%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 160 (3.89%) .NET
2 127 (3.09%) HTML
3 126 (3.06%) Node.js
4 108 (2.63%) AngularJS
5 98 (2.38%) Java EE
5 98 (2.38%) Spring
6 96 (2.34%) Django
7 83 (2.02%) REST
8 81 (1.97%) CSS
9 68 (1.65%) ASP.NET
10 67 (1.63%) SOAP
11 64 (1.56%) SailPoint
12 63 (1.53%) J2EE
13 62 (1.51%) Web Services
14 59 (1.44%) LAMP
15 56 (1.36%) .NET Framework
16 54 (1.31%) Elastic Stack
16 54 (1.31%) STL
16 54 (1.31%) XML
17 48 (1.17%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 500 (12.16%) Management Information System
2 394 (9.58%) Analytical Skills
3 370 (9.00%) Computer Science
4 213 (5.18%) Security Operations Centre
5 205 (4.99%) Cyberthreat
6 190 (4.62%) Self-Motivation
7 141 (3.43%) Fintech
8 140 (3.41%) PKI
9 124 (3.02%) Data Protection Act
10 121 (2.94%) Data Centre
11 101 (2.46%) Cyberattack
12 92 (2.24%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 87 (2.12%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 73 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
15 61 (1.48%) Cyber Defence
16 59 (1.44%) Robotics
17 56 (1.36%) Cybercrime
18 52 (1.26%) Public Cloud
19 50 (1.22%) Mobile App
20 45 (1.09%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 877 (21.33%) Windows
2 788 (19.17%) Linux
3 223 (5.42%) Windows Server
4 178 (4.33%) Unix
5 117 (2.85%) Apple iOS
6 112 (2.72%) Android
7 104 (2.53%) Mac OS X
8 84 (2.04%) Windows Server 2012
9 70 (1.70%) Windows Server 2008
10 59 (1.44%) Windows 7
11 52 (1.26%) CentOS
12 51 (1.24%) Windows 10
13 47 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 26 (0.63%) Solaris
15 25 (0.61%) AIX
16 20 (0.49%) Ubuntu
17 17 (0.41%) Windows Phone
18 14 (0.34%) Debian
18 14 (0.34%) Kali Linux
19 9 (0.22%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,637 (39.82%) Information Security
2 818 (19.90%) SIEM
3 667 (16.22%) Agile Software Development
4 579 (14.08%) Risk Management
5 515 (12.53%) Vulnerability Management
6 509 (12.38%) Security Operations
7 484 (11.77%) Penetration Testing
8 405 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
9 359 (8.73%) ITIL
10 346 (8.42%) Security Architecture
11 304 (7.39%) Software Engineering
12 300 (7.30%) Stakeholder Management
13 297 (7.22%) Data Protection
14 287 (6.98%) Identity Access Management
15 270 (6.57%) Data Loss Prevention
16 266 (6.47%) Continuous Improvement
16 266 (6.47%) DevOps
17 244 (5.94%) Analytics
18 237 (5.77%) Project Management
19 231 (5.62%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 571 (13.89%) Python
2 470 (11.43%) Java
3 309 (7.52%) JavaScript
4 307 (7.47%) C
5 285 (6.93%) SQL
6 279 (6.79%) C#
7 261 (6.35%) C++
8 258 (6.28%) PowerShell
9 148 (3.60%) Bash Shell
10 115 (2.80%) Perl
11 90 (2.19%) PHP
12 79 (1.92%) Ruby
13 73 (1.78%) Objective-C
14 40 (0.97%) Shell Script
15 39 (0.95%) Embedded C
16 37 (0.90%) BeanShell
17 32 (0.78%) Go
18 29 (0.71%) Embedded C++
19 20 (0.49%) Rust
19 20 (0.49%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1,208 (29.38%) CISSP
2 771 (18.75%) Degree
3 629 (15.30%) CISM
4 573 (13.94%) Security Cleared
5 352 (8.56%) CISA
6 308 (7.49%) CEH
7 299 (7.27%) Cisco Certification
8 280 (6.81%) GIAC
8 280 (6.81%) SANS
9 255 (6.20%) SC Cleared
10 230 (5.59%) DV Cleared
11 215 (5.23%) Computer Science Degree
12 209 (5.08%) CompTIA Security+
13 197 (4.79%) CCNA
14 178 (4.33%) SSCP
15 164 (3.99%) CREST Certified
16 137 (3.33%) Microsoft Certification
17 116 (2.82%) MCSE
18 100 (2.43%) CRISC
19 98 (2.38%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 755 (18.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 365 (8.88%) GDPR
3 269 (6.54%) PCI DSS
4 148 (3.60%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 132 (3.21%) Cyber Essentials
6 106 (2.58%) COBIT
7 103 (2.51%) QA
8 63 (1.53%) SLA
9 45 (1.09%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 25 (0.61%) NIST 800
11 24 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 23 (0.56%) JSP 440
13 22 (0.54%) ISO 9001
14 21 (0.51%) MiFID
15 15 (0.36%) HIPAA
16 14 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 14 (0.34%) GPG13
16 14 (0.34%) IASME
17 9 (0.22%) ISO 22301
17 9 (0.22%) PMO
System Software
1 261 (6.35%) Active Directory
2 204 (4.96%) Docker
3 150 (3.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 86 (2.09%) Hyper-V
5 79 (1.92%) vSphere
6 63 (1.53%) Virtual Machines
7 44 (1.07%) HDFS
8 41 (1.00%) Snort
9 39 (0.95%) VMware ESXi
10 28 (0.68%) VMware NSX
11 21 (0.51%) iptables
12 16 (0.39%) Firmware
13 15 (0.36%) NFS
13 15 (0.36%) Samba
14 13 (0.32%) Apache Flume
15 12 (0.29%) KVM
16 11 (0.27%) XenDesktop
17 9 (0.22%) BitLocker
17 9 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
18 7 (0.17%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 142 (3.45%) Puppet
2 96 (2.34%) Ansible
3 95 (2.31%) QRadar
4 78 (1.90%) Nessus
5 75 (1.82%) SCCM
6 71 (1.73%) Kubernetes
7 59 (1.44%) Salt
8 52 (1.26%) RSA Security Analytics
9 37 (0.90%) Opscode Chef
10 36 (0.88%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 36 (0.88%) Norton AntiVirus
11 31 (0.75%) SCOM
11 31 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
11 31 (0.75%) WSUS
12 29 (0.71%) CSIRT
13 27 (0.66%) Nagios
14 23 (0.56%) Kibana
14 23 (0.56%) vCenter Server
15 21 (0.51%) OSSEC
16 20 (0.49%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 462 (11.24%) Microsoft
2 266 (6.47%) VMware
3 257 (6.25%) Cisco
4 217 (5.28%) Splunk
5 148 (3.60%) Symantec
6 141 (3.43%) Qualys
7 101 (2.46%) Red Hat
8 100 (2.43%) Oracle
9 91 (2.21%) Palo Alto
10 74 (1.80%) Sophos
11 62 (1.51%) Tableau
12 60 (1.46%) Juniper
13 56 (1.36%) LogRhythm
13 56 (1.36%) SolarWinds
14 54 (1.31%) McAfee
14 54 (1.31%) SAP
15 53 (1.29%) ArcSight
16 50 (1.22%) EMC
17 49 (1.19%) ServiceNow
18 48 (1.17%) Atlassian