Period
to 23 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 23 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
23 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 94 149 192
Rank change year-on-year +55 +43 +29
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 4,538 3,813 2,940
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.30% 2.30% 1.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.60% 2.50% 1.99%
Number of salaries quoted 3,167 3,013 2,340
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% - -4.17%
10th Percentile £29,799 £34,119 £33,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £55,250 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year -3.91% - -4.17%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 125,928 152,356 147,426
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.65% 91.80% 91.37%
Number of salaries quoted 99,590 124,505 122,393
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 23 April 2019.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 23 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,912 £67,500 +3.85% 183
South East +57 739 £55,000 +4.76% 94
South West +80 526 £55,000 +22.22% 76
Midlands +150 525 £45,000 -18.18% 53
North of England +107 525 £50,000 - 84
West Midlands +120 339 £45,000 -16.67% 40
North West +64 271 £48,569 -2.86% 49
East of England +84 269 £45,000 -10.00% 41
Yorkshire +105 233 £52,500 +10.53% 28
East Midlands +124 185 £45,000 -25.00% 13
North East +39 20 £30,750 -52.69% 7
South Coast 0 5 £60,000 -
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2019, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,447 (31.89%) Information Security
2 969 (21.35%) Finance
3 964 (21.24%) CISSP
4 923 (20.34%) Degree
5 859 (18.93%) Linux
6 842 (18.55%) Windows
7 757 (16.68%) Firewall
8 739 (16.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 684 (15.07%) Agile Software Development
10 652 (14.37%) SIEM
11 649 (14.30%) CISM
12 644 (14.19%) Security Cleared
13 613 (13.51%) Microsoft
14 542 (11.94%) Risk Management
15 537 (11.83%) Penetration Testing
16 529 (11.66%) Management Information System
17 521 (11.48%) Security Operations
18 500 (11.02%) Problem-Solving
19 496 (10.93%) Microsoft Azure
20 489 (10.78%) Python
21 468 (10.31%) Analytical Skills
22 453 (9.98%) Java
23 403 (8.88%) Amazon AWS
24 392 (8.64%) GDPR
25 391 (8.62%) Project Management
26 386 (8.51%) ITIL
27 381 (8.40%) SC Cleared
27 381 (8.40%) Vulnerability Management
28 378 (8.33%) CISA
29 360 (7.93%) Network Security

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (2.38%) SharePoint
2 104 (2.29%) Apache
3 103 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
4 80 (1.76%) Tomcat
5 51 (1.12%) Confluence
6 47 (1.04%) MS Exchange
7 37 (0.82%) Apache Spark
8 32 (0.71%) IIS
9 29 (0.64%) WordPress
10 28 (0.62%) ExpressionEngine
11 24 (0.53%) Apache Solr
12 23 (0.51%) WebLogic
13 20 (0.44%) OpenStack
14 18 (0.40%) Skype for Business
15 17 (0.37%) WebSphere
16 13 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2007
17 12 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
17 12 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2010
17 12 (0.26%) JBoss
18 8 (0.18%) Ethereum
Applications
1 105 (2.31%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.11%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.066%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.044%) Acrobat
6 2 (0.044%) InVision
7 1 (0.022%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.022%) Gephi
7 1 (0.022%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 26 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
4 6 (0.13%) nopCommerce
5 5 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.066%) SAP GRC
6 3 (0.066%) Unit4 Business World
7 2 (0.044%) assyst
7 2 (0.044%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.044%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.044%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.044%) SAP IBP
7 2 (0.044%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.022%) Postilion
8 1 (0.022%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.022%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 496 (10.93%) Microsoft Azure
2 403 (8.88%) Amazon AWS
3 240 (5.29%) Office 365
4 218 (4.80%) SaaS
5 118 (2.60%) Google Cloud Platform
6 114 (2.51%) IaaS
7 82 (1.81%) PaaS
8 60 (1.32%) Azure Active Directory
9 51 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
10 26 (0.57%) Serverless
11 23 (0.51%) OpenShift
12 22 (0.48%) GitHub
13 21 (0.46%) IBM Cloud
14 19 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
14 19 (0.42%) Amazon S3
15 17 (0.37%) Mimecast
16 16 (0.35%) OneDrive
17 15 (0.33%) Dropbox
17 15 (0.33%) OpenDNS
18 13 (0.29%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 757 (16.68%) Firewall
2 360 (7.93%) Network Security
3 304 (6.70%) TCP/IP
4 257 (5.66%) Internet
5 175 (3.86%) Intrusion Detection
6 171 (3.77%) DNS
7 154 (3.39%) WAN
8 140 (3.09%) LAN
9 116 (2.56%) VPN
10 81 (1.78%) HTTP
10 81 (1.78%) Wireless
11 66 (1.45%) VoIP
12 63 (1.39%) DHCP
13 58 (1.28%) VLAN
14 57 (1.26%) SAN
14 57 (1.26%) SSL
15 55 (1.21%) WLAN
16 51 (1.12%) IPsec
17 47 (1.04%) RS-485
18 46 (1.01%) Modbus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 247 (5.44%) Big Data
2 188 (4.14%) SQL Server
3 79 (1.74%) Hadoop
4 74 (1.63%) Blockchain
5 70 (1.54%) MongoDB
6 59 (1.30%) NoSQL
7 58 (1.28%) MySQL
8 45 (0.99%) SQL Server 2016
9 39 (0.86%) HBase
10 24 (0.53%) Apache Cassandra
11 22 (0.48%) PostgreSQL
12 17 (0.37%) Amazon RDS
13 14 (0.31%) Data Warehouse
14 13 (0.29%) DB2
14 13 (0.29%) SQL Server 2012
15 12 (0.26%) Neo4j
16 11 (0.24%) Power BI
16 11 (0.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 8 (0.18%) Relational Database
17 8 (0.18%) RethinkDB
Development Applications
1 113 (2.49%) JIRA
2 111 (2.45%) Git (software)
3 104 (2.29%) Jenkins
4 84 (1.85%) Selenium
5 47 (1.04%) Maven
6 38 (0.84%) Bitbucket
6 38 (0.84%) Visual Studio
7 35 (0.77%) Cucumber
8 33 (0.73%) Robot Framework
9 31 (0.68%) git-flow
10 30 (0.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 30 (0.66%) Bitbucket Server
10 30 (0.66%) JMeter
11 29 (0.64%) JUnit
12 24 (0.53%) SoapUI
13 23 (0.51%) TeamCity
14 22 (0.48%) Burp Suite
15 21 (0.46%) Metasploit
16 19 (0.42%) Subversion
17 15 (0.33%) dotTrace
General
1 969 (21.35%) Finance
2 259 (5.71%) Retail
3 241 (5.31%) Telecoms
4 235 (5.18%) Banking
5 182 (4.01%) Marketing
6 157 (3.46%) Legal
7 142 (3.13%) Manufacturing
8 71 (1.56%) Law
9 63 (1.39%) Aerospace
10 61 (1.34%) Publishing
11 60 (1.32%) Automotive
12 48 (1.06%) Electronics
13 44 (0.97%) Financial Institution
13 44 (0.97%) Games
14 35 (0.77%) Billing
15 34 (0.75%) Military
16 32 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
17 19 (0.42%) Local Government
18 17 (0.37%) Advertising
19 16 (0.35%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 669 (14.74%) Analyst
2 528 (11.64%) Consultant
3 450 (9.92%) Architect
4 437 (9.63%) Security Analyst
5 387 (8.53%) Security Manager
6 368 (8.11%) Security Engineer
7 344 (7.58%) Security Consultant
8 306 (6.74%) Developer
9 262 (5.77%) Security Architect
10 227 (5.00%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 209 (4.61%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 189 (4.16%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 177 (3.90%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 158 (3.48%) Software Engineer
15 147 (3.24%) Solutions Architect
16 134 (2.95%) IT Manager
17 128 (2.82%) Project Manager
18 120 (2.64%) Security Specialist
19 111 (2.45%) Senior Analyst
20 109 (2.40%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 129 (2.84%) Spring
2 116 (2.56%) Web Services
3 111 (2.45%) REST
4 109 (2.40%) Node.js
5 108 (2.38%) AngularJS
6 107 (2.36%) .NET
7 93 (2.05%) HTML
8 89 (1.96%) RESTful
9 81 (1.78%) SailPoint
10 66 (1.45%) CSS
11 60 (1.32%) ASP.NET
12 59 (1.30%) SOAP
13 54 (1.19%) Hibernate
14 53 (1.17%) RabbitMQ
15 52 (1.15%) React
16 48 (1.06%) jQuery
17 46 (1.01%) LDAP
18 44 (0.97%) .NET Framework
19 41 (0.90%) Java EE
19 41 (0.90%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 529 (11.66%) Management Information System
2 468 (10.31%) Analytical Skills
3 242 (5.33%) Cyberthreat
4 231 (5.09%) Data Centre
5 212 (4.67%) Security Operations Centre
6 211 (4.65%) Self-Motivation
7 178 (3.92%) Driving Licence
8 165 (3.64%) Fintech
9 120 (2.64%) Cyberattack
10 105 (2.31%) Hybrid Cloud
11 103 (2.27%) Internet of Things
12 94 (2.07%) Public Cloud
13 86 (1.90%) CESG
14 78 (1.72%) Mobile App
15 73 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
16 66 (1.45%) Embedded Systems
17 64 (1.41%) Cyber Kill Chain
18 63 (1.39%) PKI
19 62 (1.37%) Device Driver
20 58 (1.28%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 859 (18.93%) Linux
2 842 (18.55%) Windows
3 221 (4.87%) Windows Server
4 199 (4.39%) Unix
5 109 (2.40%) Windows 10
6 104 (2.29%) Apple iOS
7 96 (2.12%) Android
8 77 (1.70%) Windows Server 2008
9 70 (1.54%) Windows Server 2012
10 64 (1.41%) CentOS
11 57 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 49 (1.08%) Windows 7
13 46 (1.01%) FreeRTOS
14 44 (0.97%) AIX
15 33 (0.73%) Ubuntu
16 29 (0.64%) Mac OS X
17 26 (0.57%) Solaris
18 22 (0.48%) Embedded Linux
19 20 (0.44%) Mac OS
20 17 (0.37%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,447 (31.89%) Information Security
2 684 (15.07%) Agile Software Development
3 652 (14.37%) SIEM
4 542 (11.94%) Risk Management
5 537 (11.83%) Penetration Testing
6 521 (11.48%) Security Operations
7 500 (11.02%) Problem-Solving
8 391 (8.62%) Project Management
9 386 (8.51%) ITIL
10 381 (8.40%) Vulnerability Management
11 354 (7.80%) Software Engineering
12 340 (7.49%) Security Architecture
13 339 (7.47%) DevOps
14 302 (6.65%) Identity Access Management
15 286 (6.30%) Computer Science
16 275 (6.06%) Data Protection
17 266 (5.86%) Stakeholder Management
18 264 (5.82%) TOGAF
19 248 (5.46%) Analytics
20 244 (5.38%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 489 (10.78%) Python
2 453 (9.98%) Java
3 344 (7.58%) C
4 298 (6.57%) PowerShell
5 288 (6.35%) C++
6 254 (5.60%) C#
7 250 (5.51%) SQL
8 184 (4.05%) JavaScript
9 159 (3.50%) Bash Shell
10 69 (1.52%) Perl
11 55 (1.21%) Embedded C
12 53 (1.17%) Ruby
13 50 (1.10%) Embedded C++
13 50 (1.10%) Shell Script
14 42 (0.93%) Go
15 36 (0.79%) PHP
16 19 (0.42%) Scala
17 16 (0.35%) Objective-C
17 16 (0.35%) VB
17 16 (0.35%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 964 (21.24%) CISSP
2 923 (20.34%) Degree
3 649 (14.30%) CISM
4 644 (14.19%) Security Cleared
5 381 (8.40%) SC Cleared
6 378 (8.33%) CISA
7 311 (6.85%) Cisco Certification
8 296 (6.52%) SANS
9 273 (6.02%) CEH
10 220 (4.85%) DV Cleared
11 203 (4.47%) Computer Science Degree
12 190 (4.19%) GIAC
13 183 (4.03%) CREST Certified
14 180 (3.97%) CCNA
15 147 (3.24%) OSCP
15 147 (3.24%) SSCP
16 144 (3.17%) CRISC
17 127 (2.80%) CESG Certified Professional
18 119 (2.62%) Microsoft Certification
19 106 (2.34%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 739 (16.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 392 (8.64%) GDPR
3 255 (5.62%) PCI DSS
4 183 (4.03%) Cyber Essentials
5 90 (1.98%) QA
6 85 (1.87%) SLA
7 77 (1.70%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 67 (1.48%) COBIT
9 59 (1.30%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 51 (1.12%) HIPAA
11 45 (0.99%) JSP 440
12 35 (0.77%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 31 (0.68%) HMG Infosec
14 28 (0.62%) ISO 9001
15 27 (0.59%) ISO 22301
16 24 (0.53%) NIST 800
17 23 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27005
18 17 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
19 14 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 17025
19 14 (0.31%) RMADS
System Software
1 336 (7.40%) Active Directory
2 226 (4.98%) VMware Infrastructure
3 137 (3.02%) Docker
4 82 (1.81%) Hyper-V
5 74 (1.63%) Firmware
6 56 (1.23%) vSphere
7 44 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
8 37 (0.82%) Snort
9 34 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
10 25 (0.55%) XenDesktop
11 24 (0.53%) XenApp
12 22 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
13 21 (0.46%) VMware Workstation
14 16 (0.35%) BitLocker
14 16 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
15 14 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
16 12 (0.26%) DFS Replication
17 10 (0.22%) XenServer
18 8 (0.18%) VMware NSX
19 7 (0.15%) Squid
Systems Management
1 145 (3.20%) Ansible
1 145 (3.20%) Nessus
2 129 (2.84%) Puppet
3 108 (2.38%) SCCM
4 82 (1.81%) Opscode Chef
5 73 (1.61%) Kubernetes
6 50 (1.10%) Norton AntiVirus
7 49 (1.08%) CSIRT
8 47 (1.04%) CASB
9 44 (0.97%) McAfee ePO
10 41 (0.90%) Nagios
10 41 (0.90%) QRadar
11 36 (0.79%) SCOM
12 33 (0.73%) EnCase
13 32 (0.71%) Computer Incident Response Team
14 27 (0.59%) Microsoft Intune
14 27 (0.59%) Nmap
14 27 (0.59%) Terraform
15 25 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
16 22 (0.48%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 613 (13.51%) Microsoft
2 352 (7.76%) Cisco
3 292 (6.43%) VMware
4 240 (5.29%) Splunk
5 142 (3.13%) Symantec
6 114 (2.51%) Google
7 103 (2.27%) Oracle
8 101 (2.23%) IBM
8 101 (2.23%) Palo Alto
9 98 (2.16%) McAfee
10 96 (2.12%) Qualys
11 95 (2.09%) CheckPoint
12 94 (2.07%) Red Hat
13 91 (2.01%) LogRhythm
14 77 (1.70%) Citrix
15 75 (1.65%) NetApp
16 69 (1.52%) SAP
17 67 (1.48%) Juniper
18 63 (1.39%) ArcSight
19 56 (1.23%) Blue Coat