Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 68 80 108
Rank change year-on-year +12 +28 +69
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 2,401 4,286 4,243
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.26% 3.67% 3.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.61% 3.98% 3.27%
Number of salaries quoted 1,805 3,517 3,089
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £93,750 £93,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £59,254 £56,500
% change year-on-year +1.26% +4.87% -1.74%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,067 107,697 129,647
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.38% 92.15% 92.26%
Number of salaries quoted 42,635 86,930 104,693
Median annual salary £55,000 £54,559 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.81% +3.92% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,684 £30,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 961 £67,500 - 165
North of England +42 383 £52,500 - 96
South East +5 374 £55,000 -8.33% 81
Midlands -3 263 £55,000 +4.76% 61
North West +32 248 £50,000 -4.76% 52
South West -8 220 £55,000 +10.00% 59
West Midlands -5 194 £53,250 +1.43% 41
East of England +46 131 £55,000 +7.84% 44
Yorkshire +36 103 £52,500 +5.00% 38
East Midlands +35 67 £60,000 +14.29% 20
North East +40 34 £55,822 -20.25% 6
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 629 (26.20%) Information Security
2 446 (18.58%) CISSP
3 396 (16.49%) Finance
4 372 (15.49%) Firewall
5 361 (15.04%) Agile Software Development
6 358 (14.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 358 (14.91%) Azure
7 330 (13.74%) Microsoft
8 319 (13.29%) SIEM
9 302 (12.58%) Security Operations
10 290 (12.08%) Degree
11 284 (11.83%) Linux
12 280 (11.66%) Security Cleared
12 280 (11.66%) Driving Licence
13 279 (11.62%) AWS
14 278 (11.58%) Management Information System
15 275 (11.45%) NIST
16 268 (11.16%) CISM
17 258 (10.75%) Windows
18 239 (9.95%) Python
19 231 (9.62%) DevOps
20 225 (9.37%) Risk Management
21 203 (8.45%) Penetration Testing
22 196 (8.16%) Vulnerability Management
23 195 (8.12%) Active Directory
23 195 (8.12%) Analytical Skills
24 193 (8.04%) SC Cleared
25 190 (7.91%) Problem-Solving
26 182 (7.58%) Java
27 177 (7.37%) Threat Intelligence

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (1.71%) Elasticsearch
2 37 (1.54%) Confluence
3 34 (1.42%) SharePoint
4 24 (1.00%) MS Exchange
5 15 (0.62%) Apache Spark
6 9 (0.37%) Apache
7 8 (0.33%) IIS
8 7 (0.29%) CMS
9 6 (0.25%) Exchange Server 2010
9 6 (0.25%) OpenStack
9 6 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (0.25%) Skype for Business
10 3 (0.12%) Appian
10 3 (0.12%) JBoss
10 3 (0.12%) NServiceBus
11 2 (0.083%) Camunda
11 2 (0.083%) MS Project Server
11 2 (0.083%) nginx
11 2 (0.083%) Sitecore CMS
11 2 (0.083%) WildFly
Applications
1 41 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.083%) AutoCAD
4 2 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.083%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.042%) Stata
Business Applications
1 7 (0.29%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.17%) SAP CRM
3 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.12%) SAP GRC
3 3 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.083%) JDE OneWorld
4 2 (0.083%) Quorum
5 1 (0.042%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.042%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.042%) Q-Pulse
5 1 (0.042%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 358 (14.91%) Azure
2 279 (11.62%) AWS
3 142 (5.91%) Office 365
4 128 (5.33%) SaaS
5 76 (3.17%) IaaS
6 62 (2.58%) GCP
7 60 (2.50%) PaaS
8 40 (1.67%) Azure Active Directory
9 27 (1.12%) Mimecast
10 21 (0.87%) Serverless
11 19 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
12 16 (0.67%) Amazon GuardDuty
12 16 (0.67%) Power Platform
12 16 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 15 (0.62%) AWS CloudFormation
14 14 (0.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 12 (0.50%) GitHub
15 12 (0.50%) OneDrive
16 11 (0.46%) Azure Functions
17 9 (0.37%) AWS IoT
Communications & Networking
1 372 (15.49%) Firewall
2 140 (5.83%) Intrusion Detection
3 137 (5.71%) Network Security
4 98 (4.08%) LAN
5 82 (3.42%) WAN
6 78 (3.25%) TCP/IP
7 76 (3.17%) DNS
8 73 (3.04%) VPN
9 70 (2.92%) Internet
10 44 (1.83%) Wireless
11 32 (1.33%) HTTP
12 22 (0.92%) DHCP
12 22 (0.92%) SSL
13 20 (0.83%) Cisco Firepower
14 18 (0.75%) Cisco ASA
15 17 (0.71%) VLAN
16 16 (0.67%) SMTP
17 13 (0.54%) FTP
17 13 (0.54%) IPsec
17 13 (0.54%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (3.83%) Big Data
2 57 (2.37%) MySQL
3 48 (2.00%) NoSQL
4 31 (1.29%) SQL Server
5 17 (0.71%) Data Warehouse
6 16 (0.67%) Amazon RDS
6 16 (0.67%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (0.62%) MongoDB
8 14 (0.58%) Power BI
9 12 (0.50%) Hadoop
10 10 (0.42%) Tableau
11 9 (0.37%) Blockchain
12 8 (0.33%) Data Lake
13 7 (0.29%) Apache Cassandra
14 6 (0.25%) Dremio
14 6 (0.25%) Redis
15 5 (0.21%) Apache Accumulo
15 5 (0.21%) GIS
16 4 (0.17%) Data Mining
17 3 (0.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 51 (2.12%) JIRA
2 44 (1.83%) Jenkins
3 20 (0.83%) Git (software)
4 19 (0.79%) TeamCity
5 16 (0.67%) Octopus Deploy
6 15 (0.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 13 (0.54%) GitLab
8 12 (0.50%) Rational Rhapsody
9 11 (0.46%) Team Foundation Server
9 11 (0.46%) webpack
10 9 (0.37%) Metasploit
11 8 (0.33%) Bitbucket
12 7 (0.29%) Burp Suite
12 7 (0.29%) Visual Studio Team System
13 5 (0.21%) Artifactory
13 5 (0.21%) Rational DOORS
13 5 (0.21%) SonarQube
14 4 (0.17%) Eclipse
14 4 (0.17%) Selenium
15 3 (0.12%) Subversion
General
1 396 (16.49%) Finance
2 118 (4.91%) Public Sector
3 97 (4.04%) Banking
4 95 (3.96%) Marketing
5 93 (3.87%) Legal
5 93 (3.87%) Manufacturing
6 89 (3.71%) Law
7 84 (3.50%) Telecoms
8 63 (2.62%) Aerospace
9 56 (2.33%) Electronics
10 54 (2.25%) Multimedia
11 30 (1.25%) Military
11 30 (1.25%) Retail
12 20 (0.83%) Games
12 20 (0.83%) Local Government
13 12 (0.50%) Publishing
14 10 (0.42%) Investment Banking
15 8 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.33%) Retail Banking
16 7 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 338 (14.08%) Trainee
2 321 (13.37%) Analyst
3 229 (9.54%) Consultant
4 223 (9.29%) Security Analyst
5 211 (8.79%) Security Engineer
6 170 (7.08%) Developer
7 162 (6.75%) Architect
8 156 (6.50%) Security Manager
9 112 (4.66%) Security Consultant
10 99 (4.12%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 94 (3.92%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 86 (3.58%) Cybersecurity Manager
13 76 (3.17%) Security Architect
14 65 (2.71%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 65 (2.71%) Information Analyst
14 65 (2.71%) Information Security Analyst
15 63 (2.62%) IT Manager
15 63 (2.62%) Security Specialist
16 52 (2.17%) Senior Developer
17 48 (2.00%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 68 (2.83%) Node.js
2 50 (2.08%) .NET
3 46 (1.92%) CSS
4 45 (1.87%) HTML
5 44 (1.83%) Spring
6 40 (1.67%) React
7 36 (1.50%) AngularJS
8 35 (1.46%) Kafka
9 32 (1.33%) Web Services
10 20 (0.83%) Spring Boot
11 19 (0.79%) REST
12 18 (0.75%) Redux
12 18 (0.75%) Vue.js
13 17 (0.71%) Apache NiFi
14 15 (0.62%) JSON
15 14 (0.58%) HTML5
15 14 (0.58%) Laravel
16 12 (0.50%) SailPoint
17 11 (0.46%) .NET Framework
17 11 (0.46%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 280 (11.66%) Driving Licence
2 278 (11.58%) Management Information System
3 195 (8.12%) Analytical Skills
4 158 (6.58%) Cyberthreat
5 87 (3.62%) Security Operations Centre
6 67 (2.79%) Public Cloud
7 56 (2.33%) Cyberattack
8 45 (1.87%) Cyber Kill Chain
8 45 (1.87%) Data Centre
8 45 (1.87%) PKI
9 44 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
10 43 (1.79%) User Experience
11 34 (1.42%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 33 (1.37%) Mobile App
13 31 (1.29%) Data Protection Act
14 29 (1.21%) Cyber Defence
14 29 (1.21%) Greenfield Project
15 28 (1.17%) Cloud Native
16 27 (1.12%) Internet of Things
17 25 (1.04%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 284 (11.83%) Linux
2 258 (10.75%) Windows
3 117 (4.87%) Windows Server
4 88 (3.67%) Unix
5 33 (1.37%) Android
6 31 (1.29%) CentOS
7 24 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (0.87%) Ubuntu
8 21 (0.87%) Windows 10
9 19 (0.79%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (0.67%) Apple iOS
11 15 (0.62%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.46%) Mac OS X
13 8 (0.33%) Windows 7
14 7 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
15 6 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
16 5 (0.21%) Kali Linux
16 5 (0.21%) Solaris
16 5 (0.21%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 629 (26.20%) Information Security
2 361 (15.04%) Agile Software Development
3 319 (13.29%) SIEM
4 302 (12.58%) Security Operations
5 231 (9.62%) DevOps
6 225 (9.37%) Risk Management
7 203 (8.45%) Penetration Testing
8 196 (8.16%) Vulnerability Management
9 190 (7.91%) Problem-Solving
10 177 (7.37%) Threat Intelligence
11 174 (7.25%) Identity Access Management
12 171 (7.12%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
12 171 (7.12%) ITIL
13 164 (6.83%) Security Architecture
14 150 (6.25%) Analytics
15 146 (6.08%) Stakeholder Management
16 122 (5.08%) Open Source
17 119 (4.96%) Project Management
18 115 (4.79%) Software Engineering
19 114 (4.75%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 239 (9.95%) Python
2 182 (7.58%) Java
3 126 (5.25%) SQL
4 125 (5.21%) JavaScript
5 113 (4.71%) C
6 96 (4.00%) PowerShell
7 83 (3.46%) C++
8 68 (2.83%) Bash Shell
9 57 (2.37%) Perl
10 48 (2.00%) C#
11 43 (1.79%) PHP
12 23 (0.96%) Java 8
13 19 (0.79%) Shell Script
14 12 (0.50%) Kotlin
14 12 (0.50%) Ruby
15 9 (0.37%) R
15 9 (0.37%) TypeScript
16 8 (0.33%) Scala
17 6 (0.25%) Bourne shell
17 6 (0.25%) Rust
Qualifications
1 446 (18.58%) CISSP
2 290 (12.08%) Degree
3 280 (11.66%) Security Cleared
4 268 (11.16%) CISM
5 193 (8.04%) SC Cleared
6 124 (5.16%) Cisco Certification
7 96 (4.00%) CISA
8 93 (3.87%) CEH
9 78 (3.25%) DV Cleared
10 62 (2.58%) CompTIA Security+
11 60 (2.50%) A+ Certification
12 57 (2.37%) CESG Certified Professional
13 54 (2.25%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 53 (2.21%) SANS
15 49 (2.04%) Microsoft Certification
16 46 (1.92%) CRISC
17 44 (1.83%) OSCP
18 42 (1.75%) CCNP
19 37 (1.54%) CCSP
20 34 (1.42%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 358 (14.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 275 (11.45%) NIST
3 148 (6.16%) GDPR
4 107 (4.46%) Cyber Essentials
5 91 (3.79%) PCI DSS
6 66 (2.75%) COBIT
7 57 (2.37%) NCSC
8 43 (1.79%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 39 (1.62%) QA
10 34 (1.42%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 32 (1.33%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 32 (1.33%) SLA
12 24 (1.00%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 17 (0.71%) RMADS
14 16 (0.67%) ISO 31000
15 15 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 14 (0.58%) NIST 800
17 11 (0.46%) HIPAA
18 10 (0.42%) COSO
18 10 (0.42%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 195 (8.12%) Active Directory
2 137 (5.71%) Docker
3 55 (2.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.83%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.58%) BitLocker
6 13 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.50%) XenApp
8 11 (0.46%) Firmware
8 11 (0.46%) vSphere
9 8 (0.33%) XenDesktop
10 5 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.21%) DFS Replication
10 5 (0.21%) LXC
10 5 (0.21%) VMware Workstation
11 4 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 2 (0.083%) etcd
14 1 (0.042%) Shibboleth
14 1 (0.042%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 105 (4.37%) Kubernetes
2 77 (3.21%) Ansible
3 70 (2.92%) Terraform
4 43 (1.79%) SCCM
5 41 (1.71%) Nessus
6 35 (1.46%) CSIRT
7 30 (1.25%) Puppet
8 26 (1.08%) Microsoft Intune
9 25 (1.04%) QRadar
10 19 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
11 17 (0.71%) Norton AntiVirus
12 13 (0.54%) CASB
13 12 (0.50%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 12 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
14 11 (0.46%) SCOM
15 10 (0.42%) Computer Incident Response Team
15 10 (0.42%) Failover Clustering
16 9 (0.37%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
16 9 (0.37%) WSUS
17 8 (0.33%) Network Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 330 (13.74%) Microsoft
2 141 (5.87%) Cisco
3 104 (4.33%) VMware
4 60 (2.50%) SAP
5 52 (2.17%) Google
6 48 (2.00%) Red Hat
7 46 (1.92%) Splunk
8 42 (1.75%) IBM
9 41 (1.71%) Oracle
10 37 (1.54%) CheckPoint
11 35 (1.46%) CyberArk
11 35 (1.46%) LogRhythm
12 32 (1.33%) Palo Alto
13 29 (1.21%) Sophos
14 25 (1.04%) Citrix
15 24 (1.00%) Symantec
16 22 (0.92%) FireEye
17 20 (0.83%) McAfee
18 19 (0.79%) Darktrace
19 17 (0.71%) Fortinet