Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 24 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 75 69 75
Rank change year-on-year -6 +6 +30
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 6,121 3,371 3,413
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.44% 4.13% 3.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.67% 4.42% 4.29%
Number of salaries quoted 3,153 2,039 2,684
10th Percentile £37,286 £38,359 £31,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +2.56%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £90,875
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +2.56%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 130,994 76,305 79,588
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 95.05% 93.59% 92.99%
Number of salaries quoted 72,490 57,488 64,531
10th Percentile £33,786 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -8 2,648 £75,000 +7.14% 221
South East +41 1,195 £60,000 +9.09% 126
North of England +19 950 £58,000 +5.45% 107
North West +21 634 £62,500 +13.64% 52
Midlands +1 569 £50,000 -9.09% 98
South West +6 490 £60,000 +14.29% 52
West Midlands +3 446 £57,483 +3.09% 58
Yorkshire +14 295 £55,000 +15.79% 44
East of England -54 226 £65,000 +4.00% 83
East Midlands -19 121 £47,500 +5.56% 39
North East -47 29 £47,500 -13.64% 11
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2022, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,767 (28.87%) Finance
2 1,689 (27.59%) Social Skills
3 1,596 (26.07%) Azure
4 1,539 (25.14%) Microsoft
5 1,516 (24.77%) Information Security
6 1,475 (24.10%) Agile
7 1,188 (19.41%) Degree
8 1,049 (17.14%) Risk Management
9 1,037 (16.94%) AWS
10 1,008 (16.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 884 (14.44%) SIEM
12 861 (14.07%) Security Cleared
13 838 (13.69%) DevOps
14 809 (13.22%) CISSP
15 793 (12.96%) Windows
16 789 (12.89%) Project Management
17 746 (12.19%) NIST
18 736 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
19 717 (11.71%) Firewall
20 713 (11.65%) Management Information System
21 700 (11.44%) Python
22 690 (11.27%) Security Operations
23 686 (11.21%) Analytics
24 670 (10.95%) Microsoft 365
25 632 (10.33%) Computer Science
26 626 (10.23%) Analytical Skills
27 622 (10.16%) SC Cleared
28 567 (9.26%) Linux
28 567 (9.26%) ITIL
29 519 (8.48%) Apple

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (2.45%) SharePoint
2 54 (0.88%) Confluence
3 41 (0.67%) IIS
4 40 (0.65%) Apache Spark
5 35 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
6 32 (0.52%) Jetty
7 27 (0.44%) Apache
8 23 (0.38%) MS Exchange
9 17 (0.28%) OpenStack
10 14 (0.23%) JBoss
10 14 (0.23%) WebSphere
10 14 (0.23%) WebSphere Application Server
11 13 (0.21%) Cloud Foundry
12 10 (0.16%) Apache Airflow
13 9 (0.15%) Ethereum
14 8 (0.13%) CMS
15 6 (0.098%) SharePoint 2013
15 6 (0.098%) SharePoint Server
16 5 (0.082%) nginx
17 2 (0.033%) Tomcat
Applications
1 232 (3.79%) Microsoft Office
2 68 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 47 (0.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (0.46%) MS Visio
5 14 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.16%) CATIA
6 10 (0.16%) Simulink
7 5 (0.082%) InVision
8 3 (0.049%) Campfire
8 3 (0.049%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.033%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.016%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.016%) Stata
Business Applications
1 77 (1.26%) Sentinel
2 31 (0.51%) NetSuite
3 14 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 13 (0.21%) JDE OneWorld
5 11 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
6 6 (0.098%) Dynamics NAV
7 5 (0.082%) Elite 3E
7 5 (0.082%) Infor M3
8 4 (0.065%) Maximo
8 4 (0.065%) Oracle Financials
8 4 (0.065%) SAP GRC
9 3 (0.049%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.049%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 2 (0.033%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.033%) Eloqua
10 2 (0.033%) SAP CO
10 2 (0.033%) SAP FI
10 2 (0.033%) SAP FI/CO
10 2 (0.033%) Veritas eDiscovery
10 2 (0.033%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1,596 (26.07%) Azure
2 1,037 (16.94%) AWS
3 670 (10.95%) Microsoft 365
4 343 (5.60%) SaaS
5 274 (4.48%) GCP
6 226 (3.69%) Power Platform
7 191 (3.12%) Serverless
8 188 (3.07%) PaaS
9 176 (2.88%) IaaS
10 171 (2.79%) Cloud Computing
11 141 (2.30%) Azure Sentinel
12 129 (2.11%) Azure Active Directory
13 124 (2.03%) Azure Data Factory
14 79 (1.29%) Azure Machine Learning
15 71 (1.16%) Mimecast
16 59 (0.96%) GitHub
17 49 (0.80%) Azure Monitor
18 46 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
19 42 (0.69%) Boomi
20 41 (0.67%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 717 (11.71%) Firewall
2 326 (5.33%) Network Security
3 210 (3.43%) WAN
4 195 (3.19%) Intrusion Detection
5 157 (2.56%) LAN
6 153 (2.50%) Internet
7 149 (2.43%) VPN
8 146 (2.39%) TCP/IP
9 124 (2.03%) DNS
10 106 (1.73%) Wireless
11 80 (1.31%) DHCP
11 80 (1.31%) Wi-Fi
12 66 (1.08%) SD-WAN
13 61 (1.00%) SSL
14 48 (0.78%) VLAN
15 45 (0.74%) Ethernet
16 44 (0.72%) Cisco ASA
17 40 (0.65%) HTTP
17 40 (0.65%) VoIP
18 39 (0.64%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 304 (4.97%) Big Data
2 175 (2.86%) SQL Server
3 127 (2.07%) Power BI
4 111 (1.81%) NoSQL
5 99 (1.62%) PostgreSQL
6 91 (1.49%) Data Lake
7 78 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
8 77 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 67 (1.09%) MongoDB
10 54 (0.88%) HDInsight
11 52 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
12 50 (0.82%) Azure SQL Database
13 44 (0.72%) Data Mining
14 35 (0.57%) MySQL
15 33 (0.54%) Tableau
16 25 (0.41%) Hadoop
16 25 (0.41%) Metadata
17 22 (0.36%) Relational Database
18 21 (0.34%) Redis
19 18 (0.29%) HBase
Development Applications
1 158 (2.58%) JIRA
2 152 (2.48%) Git (software)
3 110 (1.80%) Jenkins
4 57 (0.93%) Burp Suite
5 48 (0.78%) IDA Disassembler
6 31 (0.51%) Cucumber
7 26 (0.42%) Maven
8 25 (0.41%) JUnit
9 24 (0.39%) Subversion
10 22 (0.36%) Ant
10 22 (0.36%) GitLab
10 22 (0.36%) Gradle
11 20 (0.33%) Bitbucket
11 20 (0.33%) Metasploit
12 19 (0.31%) Apache Ivy
12 19 (0.31%) Concordion
12 19 (0.31%) Mockito
12 19 (0.31%) Selenium
13 18 (0.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 16 (0.26%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,767 (28.87%) Finance
2 1,689 (27.59%) Social Skills
3 626 (10.23%) Analytical Skills
4 487 (7.96%) Public Sector
5 437 (7.14%) Banking
6 408 (6.67%) Legal
7 397 (6.49%) Retail
8 380 (6.21%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 310 (5.06%) Telecoms
10 227 (3.71%) Marketing
11 202 (3.30%) Manufacturing
12 190 (3.10%) Law
13 153 (2.50%) Presentation Skills
14 141 (2.30%) Police
15 135 (2.21%) Local Government
16 118 (1.93%) Aerospace
17 115 (1.88%) Organisational Skills
18 107 (1.75%) Automotive
19 77 (1.26%) Games
20 76 (1.24%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 887 (14.49%) Architect
2 823 (13.45%) Analyst
3 647 (10.57%) Consultant
4 470 (7.68%) Security Engineer
5 438 (7.16%) Solutions Architect
6 435 (7.11%) Security Analyst
7 407 (6.65%) Security Manager
8 350 (5.72%) Developer
9 319 (5.21%) Security Architect
10 272 (4.44%) Security Consultant
11 271 (4.43%) IT Manager
12 229 (3.74%) Project Manager
13 212 (3.46%) Cybersecurity Engineer
14 204 (3.33%) Senior Manager
15 174 (2.84%) Software Engineer
16 172 (2.81%) Cybersecurity Analyst
17 167 (2.73%) Data Engineer
18 158 (2.58%) Infrastructure Engineer
19 155 (2.53%) IT Project Manager
20 133 (2.17%) Information Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 188 (3.07%) .NET
2 144 (2.35%) React
3 139 (2.27%) REST
4 135 (2.21%) Node.js
5 113 (1.85%) JSON
6 110 (1.80%) Web Services
7 109 (1.78%) RESTful
8 98 (1.60%) HTML
9 97 (1.58%) AngularJS
10 82 (1.34%) Kafka
11 80 (1.31%) .NET Framework
12 79 (1.29%) CSS
13 64 (1.05%) Spring Boot
14 60 (0.98%) Middleware
14 60 (0.98%) SailPoint
15 54 (0.88%) Spring
16 52 (0.85%) .NET Core
17 48 (0.78%) Entity Framework
18 42 (0.69%) SAML
19 41 (0.67%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 713 (11.65%) Management Information System
2 475 (7.76%) Data Centre
3 376 (6.14%) Cyberthreat
4 278 (4.54%) User Experience
5 272 (4.44%) Cyberattack
6 245 (4.00%) Public Cloud
7 236 (3.86%) Hybrid Cloud
8 214 (3.50%) IoT
9 184 (3.01%) Cyber Defence
10 171 (2.79%) Security Operations Centre
11 161 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
12 128 (2.09%) Smart Meter
13 96 (1.57%) Cloud Native
14 94 (1.54%) Blockchain
15 89 (1.45%) Mobile App
16 79 (1.29%) Robotics
17 77 (1.26%) Data Protection Act
18 73 (1.19%) NHS
19 71 (1.16%) Cyber Kill Chain
19 71 (1.16%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 793 (12.96%) Windows
2 567 (9.26%) Linux
3 247 (4.04%) Windows Server
4 183 (2.99%) Unix
5 77 (1.26%) Windows 10
6 53 (0.87%) Windows Server 2016
7 46 (0.75%) Apple iOS
8 45 (0.74%) Android
9 44 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
10 36 (0.59%) Mac OS X
11 30 (0.49%) Mac OS
12 29 (0.47%) Windows Server 2019
13 26 (0.42%) Kali Linux
14 13 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 7 (0.11%) Solaris
16 6 (0.098%) VxWorks
16 6 (0.098%) Windows Server 2008
17 4 (0.065%) VMS
18 3 (0.049%) AIX
18 3 (0.049%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,516 (24.77%) Information Security
2 1,475 (24.10%) Agile
3 1,049 (17.14%) Risk Management
4 884 (14.44%) SIEM
5 838 (13.69%) DevOps
6 789 (12.89%) Project Management
7 736 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
8 690 (11.27%) Security Operations
9 686 (11.21%) Analytics
10 632 (10.33%) Computer Science
11 567 (9.26%) ITIL
12 514 (8.40%) Mentoring
13 500 (8.17%) Vulnerability Management
14 489 (7.99%) Software Licensing
15 454 (7.42%) Threat Intelligence
16 445 (7.27%) Security Architecture
17 431 (7.04%) Project Delivery
18 425 (6.94%) Software Engineering
19 420 (6.86%) Stakeholder Management
20 419 (6.85%) CI/CD
Programming Languages
1 700 (11.44%) Python
2 481 (7.86%) SQL
3 396 (6.47%) Java
4 298 (4.87%) PowerShell
5 277 (4.53%) C#
6 260 (4.25%) JavaScript
7 168 (2.74%) C++
8 155 (2.53%) C
9 128 (2.09%) Bash
10 92 (1.50%) TypeScript
11 84 (1.37%) T-SQL
12 77 (1.26%) Go
13 69 (1.13%) Ruby
13 69 (1.13%) Scala
14 66 (1.08%) Perl
15 41 (0.67%) Groovy
16 37 (0.60%) Shell Script
17 33 (0.54%) PHP
18 32 (0.52%) VBA
19 28 (0.46%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 1,188 (19.41%) Degree
2 861 (14.07%) Security Cleared
3 809 (13.22%) CISSP
4 622 (10.16%) SC Cleared
5 517 (8.45%) CISM
6 261 (4.26%) Cisco Certification
7 231 (3.77%) CISA
8 225 (3.68%) Computer Science Degree
9 224 (3.66%) Microsoft Certification
10 179 (2.92%) CEH
11 174 (2.84%) CRISC
12 120 (1.96%) DV Cleared
13 118 (1.93%) CompTIA Security+
14 112 (1.83%) CCNA
15 111 (1.81%) CCNP
16 104 (1.70%) TOGAF Certification
17 102 (1.67%) Master's Degree
18 101 (1.65%) SANS
19 83 (1.36%) PMI Certification
20 82 (1.34%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,008 (16.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 746 (12.19%) NIST
3 505 (8.25%) GDPR
4 418 (6.83%) Cyber Essentials
5 309 (5.05%) QA
6 277 (4.53%) PCI DSS
7 276 (4.51%) GRC
8 236 (3.86%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 150 (2.45%) SLA
10 137 (2.24%) NCSC
11 93 (1.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 67 (1.09%) PMO
13 65 (1.06%) COBIT
14 43 (0.70%) Accessibility
15 39 (0.64%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 39 (0.64%) SOC 2
16 36 (0.59%) HIPAA
16 36 (0.59%) JSP 440
17 33 (0.54%) IASME
17 33 (0.54%) NIST 800
System Software
1 391 (6.39%) Active Directory
2 247 (4.04%) Docker
3 193 (3.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 112 (1.83%) Hyper-V
5 75 (1.23%) Virtual Desktop
6 46 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.59%) Virtual Servers
8 21 (0.34%) vSphere
9 20 (0.33%) Firmware
10 19 (0.31%) Snort
11 13 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
12 10 (0.16%) BitLocker
12 10 (0.16%) XenApp
13 9 (0.15%) KVM
13 9 (0.15%) LXC
13 9 (0.15%) Xen
14 8 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 4 (0.065%) Forefront TMG
15 4 (0.065%) VMware NSX
15 4 (0.065%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 341 (5.57%) Kubernetes
2 191 (3.12%) Terraform
3 171 (2.79%) Ansible
4 78 (1.27%) Microsoft Intune
5 68 (1.11%) Nessus
6 51 (0.83%) Puppet
6 51 (0.83%) QRadar
7 49 (0.80%) CASB
8 47 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
9 39 (0.64%) CSIRT
9 39 (0.64%) FortiGate
10 35 (0.57%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 29 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
11 29 (0.47%) SCCM
12 27 (0.44%) Trend Micro Deep Security
13 21 (0.34%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 20 (0.33%) Kibana
15 18 (0.29%) WSUS
16 17 (0.28%) Jamf Pro
17 16 (0.26%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1,539 (25.14%) Microsoft
2 519 (8.48%) Apple
3 496 (8.10%) Adobe
4 256 (4.18%) VMware
5 240 (3.92%) Cisco
6 227 (3.71%) Salesforce.com
7 214 (3.50%) Splunk
8 144 (2.35%) Google
9 124 (2.03%) Databricks
10 119 (1.94%) Citrix
11 118 (1.93%) Oracle
12 112 (1.83%) SAP
13 108 (1.76%) CheckPoint
14 107 (1.75%) Palo Alto
15 100 (1.63%) Sophos
16 99 (1.62%) Dell
17 84 (1.37%) MuleSoft
18 80 (1.31%) CyberArk
19 77 (1.26%) ServiceNow
20 67 (1.09%) CrowdStrike