Period
to 24 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 24 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
24 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 76 89 132
Rank change year-on-year +13 +43 +62
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,761 4,392 4,100
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.90% 3.37% 2.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.21% 3.66% 2.87%
Number of salaries quoted 1,514 3,421 3,121
Median annual salary £60,000 £59,500 £58,750
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.84% +1.28% +0.43%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £92,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £58,500 £58,750
% change year-on-year +2.56% -0.43% -0.42%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 41,804 120,077 142,755
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.66% 92.22% 91.90%
Number of salaries quoted 34,311 95,168 114,552
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +3.96% +1.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £30,000 £29,500
90th Percentile £92,750 £87,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 24 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +12 828 £67,500 - 147
South East +9 244 £55,000 -8.33% 45
North of England +73 235 £55,000 +10.00% 79
Midlands +12 182 £57,500 +15.00% 26
South West -4 174 £57,500 +4.55% 64
North West +53 163 £53,500 +7.00% 46
West Midlands +10 145 £57,500 +15.00% 18
East of England +12 72 £45,000 -10.00% 34
Yorkshire +67 54 £55,000 +10.00% 24
East Midlands +33 34 £57,500 +9.52% 8
North East +34 18 £52,850 +3.12% 9
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 24 September 2020, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 539 (30.61%) Information Security
2 409 (23.23%) Finance
3 366 (20.78%) CISSP
4 356 (20.22%) Firewall
5 343 (19.48%) Azure
6 308 (17.49%) Security Cleared
7 306 (17.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 301 (17.09%) SIEM
9 298 (16.92%) Microsoft
10 290 (16.47%) Agile Software Development
11 276 (15.67%) AWS
11 276 (15.67%) Security Operations
12 272 (15.45%) Windows
13 266 (15.11%) Degree
14 250 (14.20%) NIST
15 248 (14.08%) Python
16 245 (13.91%) DevOps
17 233 (13.23%) Linux
18 224 (12.72%) CISM
19 223 (12.66%) Management Information System
20 222 (12.61%) ITIL
21 206 (11.70%) Risk Management
22 175 (9.94%) Active Directory
23 172 (9.77%) SC Cleared
24 168 (9.54%) Java
25 165 (9.37%) Penetration Testing
26 153 (8.69%) Threat Intelligence
27 151 (8.57%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
28 150 (8.52%) SQL
28 150 (8.52%) Vulnerability Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (2.90%) SharePoint
2 35 (1.99%) Confluence
3 30 (1.70%) IIS
4 26 (1.48%) Apache Spark
5 12 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
6 11 (0.62%) Apache
7 9 (0.51%) MS Exchange
7 9 (0.51%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.28%) JBoss
8 5 (0.28%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.17%) Skype for Business
9 3 (0.17%) WildFly
10 2 (0.11%) CMS
10 2 (0.11%) ColdFusion
10 2 (0.11%) MS Project Server
11 1 (0.057%) BizTalk Server
11 1 (0.057%) Drupal
11 1 (0.057%) Joomla!
11 1 (0.057%) Moodle
11 1 (0.057%) WordPress
Applications
1 69 (3.92%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.34%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.11%) Camtasia
6 2 (0.11%) MadCap Flare
7 1 (0.057%) Stata
Business Applications
1 12 (0.68%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (0.28%) Sentinel
3 4 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.11%) Relativity
4 2 (0.11%) Ringtail
4 2 (0.11%) SAP GRC
4 2 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.057%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.057%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 343 (19.48%) Azure
2 276 (15.67%) AWS
3 133 (7.55%) Office 365
4 102 (5.79%) IaaS
4 102 (5.79%) SaaS
5 66 (3.75%) PaaS
6 61 (3.46%) Serverless
7 54 (3.07%) GCP
8 43 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
9 29 (1.65%) Azure Active Directory
9 29 (1.65%) Azure Functions
10 25 (1.42%) Amazon GuardDuty
11 23 (1.31%) AWS CloudTrail
12 21 (1.19%) Dynamics 365
13 20 (1.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 17 (0.97%) Mimecast
15 16 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
16 15 (0.85%) Power Platform
17 14 (0.80%) OneDrive
18 12 (0.68%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 356 (20.22%) Firewall
2 126 (7.16%) Internet
3 125 (7.10%) Network Security
4 107 (6.08%) Intrusion Detection
5 80 (4.54%) LAN
6 71 (4.03%) WAN
7 69 (3.92%) VPN
8 59 (3.35%) TCP/IP
9 50 (2.84%) DNS
10 44 (2.50%) Wireless
11 27 (1.53%) Skype
12 22 (1.25%) Wi-Fi
13 20 (1.14%) HTTP
14 19 (1.08%) VoIP
15 18 (1.02%) VLAN
16 16 (0.91%) SSL
17 15 (0.85%) Cisco ASA
17 15 (0.85%) SMTP
17 15 (0.85%) Wireshark
18 13 (0.74%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (6.59%) Big Data
2 56 (3.18%) SQL Server
3 49 (2.78%) NoSQL
4 37 (2.10%) Data Lake
5 21 (1.19%) SQL Server 2012
6 17 (0.97%) MySQL
6 17 (0.97%) Relational Database
7 14 (0.80%) PostgreSQL
8 10 (0.57%) MongoDB
8 10 (0.57%) Power BI
9 9 (0.51%) Hadoop
9 9 (0.51%) RDBMS
10 8 (0.45%) Blockchain
10 8 (0.45%) EDRMS
11 7 (0.40%) Oracle Database
12 6 (0.34%) GIS
13 5 (0.28%) SQL Server 2014
14 4 (0.23%) Amazon RDS
14 4 (0.23%) Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.17%) Apache Accumulo
Development Applications
1 51 (2.90%) JIRA
2 43 (2.44%) Jenkins
3 37 (2.10%) TeamCity
4 36 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 36 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
5 29 (1.65%) Git (software)
6 11 (0.62%) Selenium
6 11 (0.62%) Team Foundation Server
7 8 (0.45%) GitLab
8 7 (0.40%) Bitbucket
8 7 (0.40%) Cucumber
8 7 (0.40%) Eclipse
8 7 (0.40%) Subversion
9 4 (0.23%) Mercurial
9 4 (0.23%) Visual Studio Team System
10 3 (0.17%) IntelliJ
10 3 (0.17%) NetBeans
10 3 (0.17%) Rational Rhapsody
10 3 (0.17%) Visual Studio
10 3 (0.17%) WebStorm
General
1 409 (23.23%) Finance
2 96 (5.45%) Public Sector
3 94 (5.34%) Banking
4 89 (5.05%) Legal
5 82 (4.66%) Telecoms
6 73 (4.15%) Marketing
7 67 (3.80%) Manufacturing
8 65 (3.69%) Law
9 55 (3.12%) Electronics
10 50 (2.84%) Retail
11 34 (1.93%) Aerospace
12 26 (1.48%) Local Government
13 17 (0.97%) Games
14 14 (0.80%) Advertising
15 13 (0.74%) Military
16 12 (0.68%) Digital Economy
16 12 (0.68%) Private Banking
16 12 (0.68%) Wholesale Banking
17 10 (0.57%) Financial Institution
18 8 (0.45%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 245 (13.91%) Analyst
2 232 (13.17%) Security Engineer
3 158 (8.97%) Architect
4 155 (8.80%) Security Analyst
5 137 (7.78%) Consultant
6 124 (7.04%) Security Manager
7 120 (6.81%) Developer
8 83 (4.71%) Security Consultant
9 70 (3.98%) Cybersecurity Engineer
10 67 (3.80%) Security Specialist
11 62 (3.52%) Security Architect
12 61 (3.46%) Cybersecurity Manager
13 57 (3.24%) Information Analyst
13 57 (3.24%) Information Security Analyst
14 56 (3.18%) Cybersecurity Analyst
15 53 (3.01%) Senior Security Engineer
16 46 (2.61%) Solutions Architect
17 45 (2.56%) Cybersecurity Consultant
18 44 (2.50%) Java Developer
19 43 (2.44%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (2.78%) Kafka
2 42 (2.39%) .NET
3 40 (2.27%) Spring
4 32 (1.82%) React
5 26 (1.48%) Web Services
6 25 (1.42%) Node.js
6 25 (1.42%) Spring Boot
7 24 (1.36%) AngularJS
8 18 (1.02%) HTML
9 17 (0.97%) Apache NiFi
10 16 (0.91%) SAML
11 15 (0.85%) CSS
12 14 (0.80%) .NET Framework
12 14 (0.80%) REST
13 13 (0.74%) SailPoint
14 12 (0.68%) JMS
15 11 (0.62%) J2EE
16 9 (0.51%) LDAP
17 8 (0.45%) Hibernate
17 8 (0.45%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 223 (12.66%) Management Information System
2 136 (7.72%) Analytical Skills
3 127 (7.21%) Cyberthreat
4 98 (5.57%) Security Operations Centre
5 90 (5.11%) Cyberattack
6 53 (3.01%) Cloud Native
7 50 (2.84%) PKI
8 47 (2.67%) Internet of Things
9 45 (2.56%) Cyber Defence
10 42 (2.39%) Data Centre
11 37 (2.10%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 37 (2.10%) Mobile App
12 35 (1.99%) Cyber Kill Chain
13 34 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
14 29 (1.65%) Public Cloud
15 27 (1.53%) User Experience
16 18 (1.02%) Data Protection Act
17 15 (0.85%) Cybercrime
18 14 (0.80%) Greenfield Project
19 13 (0.74%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 272 (15.45%) Windows
2 233 (13.23%) Linux
3 111 (6.30%) Windows Server
4 72 (4.09%) Unix
5 36 (2.04%) Mac OS
6 32 (1.82%) CentOS
7 30 (1.70%) Windows Server 2012
8 22 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (1.25%) Windows Server 2016
9 21 (1.19%) Windows 10
10 20 (1.14%) Android
11 16 (0.91%) Ubuntu
12 12 (0.68%) Apple iOS
13 10 (0.57%) Windows 7
13 10 (0.57%) Windows Server 2019
14 9 (0.51%) Mac OS X
15 8 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.34%) Solaris
16 6 (0.34%) Windows XP
17 4 (0.23%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 539 (30.61%) Information Security
2 301 (17.09%) SIEM
3 290 (16.47%) Agile Software Development
4 276 (15.67%) Security Operations
5 245 (13.91%) DevOps
6 222 (12.61%) ITIL
7 206 (11.70%) Risk Management
8 165 (9.37%) Penetration Testing
9 153 (8.69%) Threat Intelligence
10 151 (8.57%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
11 150 (8.52%) Vulnerability Management
12 149 (8.46%) Security Architecture
13 137 (7.78%) Problem-Solving
14 135 (7.67%) Stakeholder Management
15 112 (6.36%) Analytics
16 107 (6.08%) Project Management
17 104 (5.91%) Data Protection
17 104 (5.91%) Identity Access Management
18 96 (5.45%) Security Management
19 95 (5.39%) Incident Management
Programming Languages
1 248 (14.08%) Python
2 168 (9.54%) Java
3 150 (8.52%) SQL
4 108 (6.13%) PowerShell
5 82 (4.66%) C
6 66 (3.75%) JavaScript
7 62 (3.52%) Bash Shell
7 62 (3.52%) C++
8 44 (2.50%) Perl
9 34 (1.93%) C#
10 24 (1.36%) Scala
11 23 (1.31%) Java 8
12 21 (1.19%) R
13 17 (0.97%) Shell Script
14 14 (0.80%) PHP
15 9 (0.51%) T-SQL
16 7 (0.40%) Rust
17 6 (0.34%) Kotlin
17 6 (0.34%) Ruby
18 5 (0.28%) VBA
Qualifications
1 366 (20.78%) CISSP
2 308 (17.49%) Security Cleared
3 266 (15.11%) Degree
4 224 (12.72%) CISM
5 172 (9.77%) SC Cleared
6 116 (6.59%) DV Cleared
7 97 (5.51%) CISA
8 88 (5.00%) Cisco Certification
9 73 (4.15%) SANS
10 67 (3.80%) CompTIA Security+
11 65 (3.69%) Microsoft Certification
12 63 (3.58%) CEH
13 51 (2.90%) CREST Certified
14 50 (2.84%) MCSE
15 45 (2.56%) CRISC
16 37 (2.10%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 37 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
16 37 (2.10%) GCIH
16 37 (2.10%) GIAC
17 36 (2.04%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 306 (17.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 250 (14.20%) NIST
3 141 (8.01%) GDPR
4 95 (5.39%) PCI DSS
5 64 (3.63%) Cyber Essentials
6 56 (3.18%) COBIT
7 53 (3.01%) NCSC
8 40 (2.27%) SLA
9 33 (1.87%) QA
10 31 (1.76%) NIST 800
11 29 (1.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 23 (1.31%) ISO 31000
13 18 (1.02%) RMADS
14 17 (0.97%) ISO 22301
15 15 (0.85%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 15 (0.85%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 14 (0.80%) ISO 9001
17 12 (0.68%) JSP 440
18 11 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27005
19 9 (0.51%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 175 (9.94%) Active Directory
2 108 (6.13%) Docker
3 70 (3.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (1.70%) Hyper-V
5 13 (0.74%) VMware Workstation
6 10 (0.57%) BitLocker
7 9 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.51%) vSphere
8 8 (0.45%) XenApp
9 7 (0.40%) Firmware
10 6 (0.34%) Snort
11 4 (0.23%) LXC
11 4 (0.23%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.17%) DFS Replication
13 2 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
14 1 (0.057%) Oracle RAC
14 1 (0.057%) ProxySG
14 1 (0.057%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.057%) VirtualBox
14 1 (0.057%) Xen
Systems Management
1 95 (5.39%) Kubernetes
2 66 (3.75%) Ansible
3 59 (3.35%) Terraform
4 44 (2.50%) QRadar
5 32 (1.82%) SCCM
6 31 (1.76%) CSIRT
6 31 (1.76%) Microsoft Intune
7 24 (1.36%) Nessus
8 23 (1.31%) Puppet
9 20 (1.14%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
10 18 (1.02%) Computer Incident Response Team
11 12 (0.68%) Host Intrusion Detection System
11 12 (0.68%) WSUS
12 11 (0.62%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 10 (0.57%) EnCase
14 8 (0.45%) Istio
14 8 (0.45%) SCOM
15 7 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
16 6 (0.34%) Opscode Chef
17 5 (0.28%) FTK
Vendors
1 298 (16.92%) Microsoft
2 105 (5.96%) Cisco
3 103 (5.85%) VMware
4 101 (5.74%) Splunk
5 60 (3.41%) LogRhythm
6 51 (2.90%) Google
7 50 (2.84%) SAP
8 49 (2.78%) Palo Alto
9 45 (2.56%) IBM
10 43 (2.44%) CyberArk
11 42 (2.39%) ArcSight
12 41 (2.33%) CheckPoint
13 39 (2.21%) Red Hat
14 29 (1.65%) NetWitness
14 29 (1.65%) Oracle
15 27 (1.53%) Sophos
16 26 (1.48%) BeyondTrust
16 26 (1.48%) Bomgar
16 26 (1.48%) Thycotic
17 24 (1.36%) Citrix