Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 54 74 103
Rank change year-on-year +20 +29 +50
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 3,794 3,524 4,288
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.73% 4.01% 3.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.08% 4.34% 3.45%
Number of salaries quoted 2,032 2,763 3,062
10th Percentile £38,583 £31,250 £33,644
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £58,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +3.45% +0.87%
75th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £77,500
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £59,500 £58,500
% change year-on-year +5.04% +1.71% +1.74%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,636 81,273 124,421
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.98% 92.42% 92.38%
Number of salaries quoted 56,299 65,872 99,466
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in England.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in England

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 1,273 £70,000 - 287
North of England +23 646 £55,000 +10.00% 157
South East +8 553 £52,500 -4.55% 185
Midlands +15 505 £55,000 +6.80% 115
South West +10 437 £52,500 - 125
West Midlands +6 347 £55,762 +1.39% 56
North West +29 338 £55,000 +10.00% 88
East of England +36 256 £62,500 +25.00% 66
Yorkshire +12 234 £47,500 -13.64% 59
East Midlands +30 152 £45,000 -2.70% 59
North East +36 78 £55,000 +10.00% 10
Cybersecurity
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 1,009 (26.59%) Microsoft
2 757 (19.95%) Information Security
3 705 (18.58%) Social Skills
4 633 (16.68%) Agile Software Development
5 601 (15.84%) Azure
6 585 (15.42%) Java
7 559 (14.73%) Finance
8 512 (13.49%) CISSP
9 501 (13.21%) Oracle
10 495 (13.05%) Web Development
11 458 (12.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 458 (12.07%) CIW
12 440 (11.60%) AWS
13 438 (11.54%) CSS
14 436 (11.49%) Firewall
14 436 (11.49%) Security Cleared
15 435 (11.47%) HTML
16 426 (11.23%) SIEM
17 393 (10.36%) Linux
18 392 (10.33%) Security Operations
19 374 (9.86%) HTML5
20 372 (9.80%) Degree
21 361 (9.52%) DevOps
22 354 (9.33%) Java 8
23 346 (9.12%) Oracle Certification
24 345 (9.09%) OCA
24 345 (9.09%) Java SE
24 345 (9.09%) OCAJ
25 339 (8.94%) Windows
26 335 (8.83%) Penetration Testing

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (2.53%) Confluence
2 60 (1.58%) SharePoint
3 56 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
4 36 (0.95%) MS Exchange
5 28 (0.74%) IIS
6 17 (0.45%) nginx
7 14 (0.37%) Apache Spark
8 10 (0.26%) CMS
9 9 (0.24%) Apache
9 9 (0.24%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2010
10 6 (0.16%) JBoss
10 6 (0.16%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.11%) Skype for Business
12 3 (0.079%) Apache Pulsar
12 3 (0.079%) Appian
12 3 (0.079%) Camunda
12 3 (0.079%) NServiceBus
12 3 (0.079%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.079%) SAS
Applications
1 59 (1.56%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (0.55%) MS Visio
3 17 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.18%) Figma
6 6 (0.16%) Gephi
7 5 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.13%) AutoCAD
7 5 (0.13%) GIMP
7 5 (0.13%) Inkscape
7 5 (0.13%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 17 (0.45%) Sentinel
2 10 (0.26%) NetSuite
3 8 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 7 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.16%) Primavera
6 3 (0.079%) Sage 200
6 3 (0.079%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.053%) SAP Business One
7 2 (0.053%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.026%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.026%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.026%) JDE OneWorld
Cloud Services
1 601 (15.84%) Azure
2 440 (11.60%) AWS
3 242 (6.38%) Microsoft 365
4 193 (5.09%) SaaS
5 122 (3.22%) GCP
6 71 (1.87%) IaaS
7 70 (1.85%) Azure Active Directory
8 67 (1.77%) PaaS
9 45 (1.19%) Serverless
10 43 (1.13%) GitHub
11 36 (0.95%) Power Platform
12 35 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
13 34 (0.90%) Azure Sentinel
14 25 (0.66%) Mimecast
15 20 (0.53%) Amazon S3
15 20 (0.53%) AWS IoT
15 20 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
16 19 (0.50%) Heroku
16 19 (0.50%) PowerApps
17 18 (0.47%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 436 (11.49%) Firewall
2 202 (5.32%) Network Security
3 119 (3.14%) Wireless
4 114 (3.00%) DNS
5 104 (2.74%) Intrusion Detection
6 91 (2.40%) Internet
7 89 (2.35%) TCP/IP
8 87 (2.29%) VPN
9 68 (1.79%) WAN
10 66 (1.74%) LAN
11 48 (1.27%) DHCP
12 45 (1.19%) HTTP
13 33 (0.87%) SSL
14 31 (0.82%) VLAN
15 27 (0.71%) SAN
16 25 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
17 23 (0.61%) FTP
18 20 (0.53%) Cisco ASA
18 20 (0.53%) SMTP
19 18 (0.47%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 174 (4.59%) Big Data
2 51 (1.34%) SQL Server
3 37 (0.98%) MySQL
4 31 (0.82%) NoSQL
5 29 (0.76%) Redis
6 28 (0.74%) PostgreSQL
7 27 (0.71%) Relational Database
8 25 (0.66%) Hadoop
9 22 (0.58%) Apache Accumulo
10 18 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
11 17 (0.45%) Power BI
12 15 (0.40%) Data Mining
12 15 (0.40%) MongoDB
13 14 (0.37%) Blockchain
13 14 (0.37%) Data Warehouse
14 10 (0.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 8 (0.21%) Data Lake
15 8 (0.21%) RDBMS
15 8 (0.21%) Tableau
16 6 (0.16%) Impala
Development Applications
1 145 (3.82%) Jenkins
2 129 (3.40%) JIRA
3 67 (1.77%) Git (software)
4 25 (0.66%) Rational Rhapsody
5 24 (0.63%) Metasploit
6 22 (0.58%) Artifactory
7 21 (0.55%) SonarQube
8 20 (0.53%) Rational DOORS
9 19 (0.50%) webpack
10 17 (0.45%) GitLab
11 15 (0.40%) Cypress.io
12 12 (0.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 12 (0.32%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (0.32%) TeamCity
13 11 (0.29%) Burp Suite
14 10 (0.26%) Bitbucket
14 10 (0.26%) Selenium
15 9 (0.24%) Octopus Deploy
16 8 (0.21%) Cucumber
17 7 (0.18%) Postman
General
1 705 (18.58%) Social Skills
2 559 (14.73%) Finance
3 259 (6.83%) Analytical Skills
4 222 (5.85%) Legal
5 178 (4.69%) Public Sector
6 145 (3.82%) Multimedia
7 128 (3.37%) Telecoms
8 123 (3.24%) Manufacturing
9 115 (3.03%) Marketing
10 103 (2.71%) Law
11 98 (2.58%) Banking
12 69 (1.82%) Electronics
13 62 (1.63%) Presentation Skills
14 56 (1.48%) Aerospace
15 53 (1.40%) Influencing Skills
16 52 (1.37%) Retail
17 49 (1.29%) Organisational Skills
18 41 (1.08%) Local Government
19 33 (0.87%) Games
20 32 (0.84%) Military
Job Titles
1 950 (25.04%) Trainee
2 520 (13.71%) Developer
3 496 (13.07%) Analyst
4 345 (9.09%) Trainee Developer
5 324 (8.54%) Security Analyst
6 303 (7.99%) Consultant
7 294 (7.75%) Architect
8 271 (7.14%) Security Engineer
9 238 (6.27%) Web Developer
10 230 (6.06%) Trainee Web Developer
11 221 (5.82%) Network Engineer
12 191 (5.03%) Security Manager
13 189 (4.98%) Security Architect
14 182 (4.80%) Cybersecurity Analyst
14 182 (4.80%) Trainee Network Engineer
15 167 (4.40%) IT Engineer
16 156 (4.11%) Security Consultant
17 145 (3.82%) Cybersecurity Engineer
17 145 (3.82%) Full Stack Developer
18 143 (3.77%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 438 (11.54%) CSS
2 435 (11.47%) HTML
3 374 (9.86%) HTML5
4 345 (9.09%) Java SE
5 104 (2.74%) React
6 101 (2.66%) .NET
7 84 (2.21%) Web Services
8 75 (1.98%) Node.js
9 74 (1.95%) Kafka
10 63 (1.66%) Apache NiFi
11 61 (1.61%) AngularJS
12 54 (1.42%) Django
13 50 (1.32%) REST
14 46 (1.21%) Spring
15 37 (0.98%) RESTful
16 34 (0.90%) Vue.js
17 26 (0.69%) Redux
18 20 (0.53%) OAuth
18 20 (0.53%) WPF
19 19 (0.50%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 307 (8.09%) Driving Licence
2 283 (7.46%) Management Information System
3 162 (4.27%) Cyberthreat
4 158 (4.16%) Cyberattack
5 114 (3.00%) Public Cloud
6 90 (2.37%) Security Operations Centre
7 64 (1.69%) User Experience
8 62 (1.63%) Self-Motivation
9 53 (1.40%) Data Centre
10 52 (1.37%) Cyber Defence
11 48 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
12 46 (1.21%) Mobile App
13 45 (1.19%) Cyber Kill Chain
14 42 (1.11%) Cloud Native
14 42 (1.11%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 42 (1.11%) Internet of Things
15 36 (0.95%) Analytical Mindset
16 32 (0.84%) Virtual Team
17 31 (0.82%) PKI
18 30 (0.79%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 393 (10.36%) Linux
2 339 (8.94%) Windows
3 120 (3.16%) Windows Server
4 67 (1.77%) Unix
5 50 (1.32%) CentOS
6 45 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 45 (1.19%) Windows 10
7 39 (1.03%) Android
8 31 (0.82%) Apple iOS
9 27 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 24 (0.63%) Windows Server 2016
11 18 (0.47%) Ubuntu
12 16 (0.42%) VMS
13 12 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
13 12 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
14 10 (0.26%) Mac OS
15 8 (0.21%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.18%) Kali Linux
16 7 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
17 6 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 757 (19.95%) Information Security
2 633 (16.68%) Agile Software Development
3 495 (13.05%) Web Development
4 426 (11.23%) SIEM
5 392 (10.33%) Security Operations
6 361 (9.52%) DevOps
7 335 (8.83%) Penetration Testing
8 328 (8.65%) Problem-Solving
9 303 (7.99%) Risk Management
10 284 (7.49%) Software Engineering
11 282 (7.43%) Analytics
12 257 (6.77%) Security Architecture
13 250 (6.59%) Vulnerability Management
14 217 (5.72%) Stakeholder Management
15 212 (5.59%) Information Assurance
16 207 (5.46%) ITIL
17 201 (5.30%) Scrum
18 195 (5.14%) Mentoring
19 189 (4.98%) Open Source
20 188 (4.96%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 585 (15.42%) Java
2 354 (9.33%) Java 8
3 321 (8.46%) Python
4 251 (6.62%) SQL
5 225 (5.93%) C#
6 216 (5.69%) JavaScript
7 159 (4.19%) C
8 134 (3.53%) PowerShell
9 122 (3.22%) C++
10 69 (1.82%) Bash Shell
10 69 (1.82%) TypeScript
11 44 (1.16%) Perl
12 41 (1.08%) Ruby
13 35 (0.92%) Go
14 29 (0.76%) PHP
15 21 (0.55%) Scala
16 17 (0.45%) Kotlin
17 15 (0.40%) R
18 14 (0.37%) ES6
19 12 (0.32%) VBA
Qualifications
1 512 (13.49%) CISSP
2 458 (12.07%) CIW
3 436 (11.49%) Security Cleared
4 372 (9.80%) Degree
5 346 (9.12%) Oracle Certification
6 345 (9.09%) OCA
6 345 (9.09%) OCAJ
7 315 (8.30%) CISM
8 277 (7.30%) SC Cleared
9 263 (6.93%) Cisco Certification
10 207 (5.46%) A+ Certification
11 189 (4.98%) Network+ Certification
12 168 (4.43%) CCNA
13 144 (3.80%) CEH
13 144 (3.80%) DV Cleared
14 119 (3.14%) CompTIA Security+
15 106 (2.79%) CISA
16 73 (1.92%) SANS
17 71 (1.87%) GIAC
18 70 (1.85%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 458 (12.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 282 (7.43%) NIST
3 214 (5.64%) GDPR
4 164 (4.32%) Cyber Essentials
4 164 (4.32%) PCI DSS
5 95 (2.50%) GRC
6 89 (2.35%) NCSC
7 51 (1.34%) QA
8 48 (1.27%) SLA
9 46 (1.21%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 42 (1.11%) COBIT
11 33 (0.87%) JSP 440
12 31 (0.82%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 27 (0.71%) NIST 800
14 25 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 24 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 22 (0.58%) RMADS
17 20 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27005
18 15 (0.40%) SOC 2
19 14 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 229 (6.04%) Docker
2 227 (5.98%) Active Directory
3 84 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (1.03%) Hyper-V
5 25 (0.66%) vSphere
6 13 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
7 12 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.29%) Snort
8 11 (0.29%) XenDesktop
9 9 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
10 8 (0.21%) DFS Replication
10 8 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (0.18%) VMware NSX
12 6 (0.16%) Apache Flume
13 5 (0.13%) Squid
14 4 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 4 (0.11%) BitLocker
14 4 (0.11%) Firmware
14 4 (0.11%) vCloud
15 3 (0.079%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 118 (3.11%) Kubernetes
2 96 (2.53%) Ansible
3 84 (2.21%) Terraform
4 66 (1.74%) Nessus
5 41 (1.08%) QRadar
6 39 (1.03%) Single Sign-On
7 30 (0.79%) Microsoft Intune
8 29 (0.76%) SCCM
9 24 (0.63%) CSIRT
9 24 (0.63%) Puppet
10 17 (0.45%) SCOM
11 16 (0.42%) Grafana
11 16 (0.42%) Nagios
12 15 (0.40%) Kibana
13 13 (0.34%) CASB
14 11 (0.29%) Computer Incident Response Team
14 11 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
15 10 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
16 9 (0.24%) EnCase
17 8 (0.21%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
Vendors
1 1,009 (26.59%) Microsoft
2 501 (13.21%) Oracle
3 299 (7.88%) Cisco
4 133 (3.51%) VMware
5 127 (3.35%) Splunk
6 85 (2.24%) SAP
7 64 (1.69%) Google
7 64 (1.69%) Palo Alto
8 63 (1.66%) Red Hat
9 55 (1.45%) Citrix
10 54 (1.42%) LogRhythm
11 48 (1.27%) CheckPoint
12 45 (1.19%) CyberArk
13 35 (0.92%) Apple
13 35 (0.92%) IBM
14 33 (0.87%) Qualys
15 31 (0.82%) AlienVault
16 29 (0.76%) McAfee
16 29 (0.76%) Meraki
17 28 (0.74%) Adobe