Period
to 25 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 25 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
England > London
6 months to
25 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 604 589 591
Rank change year-on-year -15 +2 +87
Permanent jobs citing JPA 139 251 276
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.25% 0.36% 0.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.64% 0.89% 0.94%
Number of salaries quoted 117 200 168
London median annual salary £70,000 £60,000 £64,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £42,500
90th Percentile £94,250 £87,500 £87,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.35% +15.00% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,743 28,073 29,385
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 39.01% 40.44% 39.46%
Number of salaries quoted 18,185 22,933 23,864
London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.04% +3.16%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in London

JPA
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in London.

Salary trend for JPA in London

JPA
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in London over the 6 months to 25 August 2019.

Salary histogram for JPA in London

JPA
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the London region over the 6 months to 25 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +15 47 £70,000 +3.70% 5
West London - 35 £75,000 -
South London - 3 £57,500 - 2
JPA
England

For the 6 months to 25 August 2019, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for JPA.

1 139 (100.00%) Java
2 132 (94.96%) Spring
3 87 (62.59%) Hibernate
4 84 (60.43%) Agile Software Development
5 69 (49.64%) Jenkins
6 61 (43.88%) Cucumber
7 59 (42.45%) Scrum
7 59 (42.45%) Maven
8 58 (41.73%) JavaScript
9 52 (37.41%) Continuous Integration
9 52 (37.41%) Spring Boot
10 51 (36.69%) Git (software)
10 51 (36.69%) BDD
11 50 (35.97%) SQL
12 49 (35.25%) Microservices
13 43 (30.94%) Tomcat
13 43 (30.94%) JIRA
14 42 (30.22%) Java EE
15 40 (28.78%) TDD
15 40 (28.78%) REST
16 39 (28.06%) JMS
16 39 (28.06%) CSS
17 38 (27.34%) HTML
17 38 (27.34%) AWS
18 36 (25.90%) Continuous Delivery
18 36 (25.90%) Back Office
18 36 (25.90%) Java 8
19 35 (25.18%) JUnit
19 35 (25.18%) Subversion
19 35 (25.18%) Software Engineering

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (30.94%) Tomcat
2 10 (7.19%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (6.47%) WebSphere
4 8 (5.76%) Apache
4 8 (5.76%) Confluence
5 7 (5.04%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 6 (4.32%) Apache Solr
7 5 (3.60%) GeoServer
8 4 (2.88%) CMS
8 4 (2.88%) Jetty
8 4 (2.88%) Magnolia
8 4 (2.88%) WebLogic
9 3 (2.16%) Camunda
9 3 (2.16%) CoreMedia CMS
10 2 (1.44%) WebSphere Application Server
11 1 (0.72%) JBoss
11 1 (0.72%) Liferay
11 1 (0.72%) Mule
Applications
1 3 (2.16%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 4 (2.88%) SDL Web 8
2 3 (2.16%) Fredhopper
2 3 (2.16%) Magento
2 3 (2.16%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 38 (27.34%) AWS
2 17 (12.23%) Azure
3 15 (10.79%) GCP
4 10 (7.19%) GitHub
5 7 (5.04%) Serverless
6 6 (4.32%) OpenShift
7 5 (3.60%) Amazon SQS
7 5 (3.60%) Apple Pay
7 5 (3.60%) Google Pay
7 5 (3.60%) SaaS
8 4 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
8 4 (2.88%) Amazon ECS
8 4 (2.88%) AWS Lambda
8 4 (2.88%) CloudFront
9 3 (2.16%) Algolia
9 3 (2.16%) Apigee
9 3 (2.16%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 3 (2.16%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.72%) IaaS
10 1 (0.72%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (5.76%) TCP/IP
2 5 (3.60%) AMQP
2 5 (3.60%) HTTPS
3 2 (1.44%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.72%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (24.46%) NoSQL
2 18 (12.95%) MongoDB
3 16 (11.51%) MySQL
4 14 (10.07%) SQL Server
5 9 (6.47%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (5.04%) Relational Database
7 5 (3.60%) GIS
7 5 (3.60%) Hazelcast
8 4 (2.88%) Amazon Aurora
8 4 (2.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 4 (2.88%) Big Data
9 3 (2.16%) RDBMS
10 2 (1.44%) Apache Cassandra
10 2 (1.44%) Apache Ignite
10 2 (1.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 2 (1.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 1 (0.72%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 69 (49.64%) Jenkins
2 61 (43.88%) Cucumber
3 59 (42.45%) Maven
4 51 (36.69%) Git (software)
5 43 (30.94%) JIRA
6 35 (25.18%) JUnit
6 35 (25.18%) Subversion
7 31 (22.30%) Mockito
8 16 (11.51%) Bitbucket
9 13 (9.35%) Gradle
10 12 (8.63%) Selenium
11 9 (6.47%) GitLab
12 7 (5.04%) TeamCity
13 6 (4.32%) git-flow
13 6 (4.32%) Jasmine
13 6 (4.32%) JMeter
13 6 (4.32%) Karma Test Runner
14 5 (3.60%) Ant
14 5 (3.60%) EasyMock
15 4 (2.88%) Artifactory
General
1 36 (25.90%) Back Office
2 17 (12.23%) Finance
3 16 (11.51%) Banking
4 10 (7.19%) Retail
5 7 (5.04%) Games
6 4 (2.88%) Marketing
7 3 (2.16%) Advertising
8 2 (1.44%) Legal
8 2 (1.44%) Public Sector
9 1 (0.72%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 100 (71.94%) Developer
2 97 (69.78%) Java Developer
3 42 (30.22%) Senior Developer
4 41 (29.50%) Senior Java Developer
5 22 (15.83%) Technical Leader
6 12 (8.63%) Lead Developer
6 12 (8.63%) Lead Java Developer
7 9 (6.47%) Java Engineer
7 9 (6.47%) Software Engineer
8 6 (4.32%) E-Commerce Developer
8 6 (4.32%) Full Stack Developer
8 6 (4.32%) Java E-Commerce Developer
9 5 (3.60%) Java Software Engineer
9 5 (3.60%) Principal Engineer
9 5 (3.60%) Principal Software Engineer
10 4 (2.88%) Cloud Engineer
10 4 (2.88%) Cloud Software Engineer
10 4 (2.88%) Database Engineer
10 4 (2.88%) Senior Software Engineer
11 3 (2.16%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 132 (94.96%) Spring
2 87 (62.59%) Hibernate
3 52 (37.41%) Spring Boot
4 42 (30.22%) Java EE
5 40 (28.78%) REST
6 39 (28.06%) CSS
6 39 (28.06%) JMS
7 38 (27.34%) HTML
8 32 (23.02%) Struts
8 32 (23.02%) Vaadin
9 28 (20.14%) AngularJS
10 25 (17.99%) J2EE
11 23 (16.55%) Spring Cloud
12 22 (15.83%) RESTful
13 21 (15.11%) JSP
14 19 (13.67%) JDBC
14 19 (13.67%) XML
15 17 (12.23%) JSON
16 15 (10.79%) EJB
16 15 (10.79%) JTA
Miscellaneous
1 7 (5.04%) Enterprise Software
2 5 (3.60%) Algorithms
2 5 (3.60%) Greenfield Project
3 4 (2.88%) Cloud Native
3 4 (2.88%) Data Structures
3 4 (2.88%) Online Gambling
3 4 (2.88%) User Experience
4 3 (2.16%) Management Information System
5 2 (1.44%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (1.44%) Credit Risk
5 2 (1.44%) Data Centre
5 2 (1.44%) Online Games
6 1 (0.72%) Data Protection Act
6 1 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 11 (7.91%) Linux
2 4 (2.88%) Unix
3 2 (1.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (60.43%) Agile Software Development
2 59 (42.45%) Scrum
3 52 (37.41%) Continuous Integration
4 51 (36.69%) BDD
5 49 (35.25%) Microservices
6 40 (28.78%) TDD
7 36 (25.90%) Continuous Delivery
8 35 (25.18%) Software Engineering
9 21 (15.11%) Mentoring
10 20 (14.39%) OO
11 17 (12.23%) DevOps
12 14 (10.07%) Kanban
12 14 (10.07%) MVC
13 13 (9.35%) Test Automation
14 12 (8.63%) Content Management
15 11 (7.91%) E-Commerce
15 11 (7.91%) Multithreading
15 11 (7.91%) OOP
15 11 (7.91%) Unit Testing
16 10 (7.19%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 139 (100.00%) Java
2 58 (41.73%) JavaScript
3 50 (35.97%) SQL
4 36 (25.90%) Java 8
5 5 (3.60%) TypeScript
5 5 (3.60%) XPath
6 3 (2.16%) C#
6 3 (2.16%) Groovy
7 1 (0.72%) C++
7 1 (0.72%) Scala
7 1 (0.72%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 14 (10.07%) Degree
2 2 (1.44%) SC Cleared
2 2 (1.44%) Security Cleared
3 1 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.44%) EMIR
1 2 (1.44%) MiFID
1 2 (1.44%) QA
System Software
1 24 (17.27%) Docker
Systems Management
1 14 (10.07%) Kubernetes
2 5 (3.60%) Docker Swarm
2 5 (3.60%) Rancher
3 1 (0.72%) Ansible
Vendors
1 10 (7.19%) Oracle
2 7 (5.04%) Adobe
3 6 (4.32%) Google
3 6 (4.32%) SAP
4 5 (3.60%) Atlassian
5 4 (2.88%) Sitecore
6 3 (2.16%) Elastic Path
6 3 (2.16%) hybris
6 3 (2.16%) IBM
6 3 (2.16%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (1.44%) DevExpress
7 2 (1.44%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.72%) AppDynamics
8 1 (0.72%) Axway
8 1 (0.72%) Informatica
8 1 (0.72%) ServiceNow
8 1 (0.72%) Splunk
8 1 (0.72%) TIBCO
8 1 (0.72%) WSO2