Period
to 19 October 2021

The median annual salary for a Software Engineer was £85,000 in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineer
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 35 61 96
Rank change year-on-year +26 +35 +28
Permanent jobs requiring a Software Engineer 4,036 917 1,806
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 7.99% 4.68% 3.32%
As % of the Job Titles category 8.94% 5.00% 3.50%
Number of salaries quoted 1,861 848 1,367
10th Percentile £51,250 £51,250 £40,000
25th Percentile £65,000 £62,500 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £82,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.03% +13.79% +7.41%
75th Percentile £110,000 £115,000 £95,000
90th Percentile £132,500 £138,750 £120,000
England median annual salary £63,750 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +10.87% +9.52% +5.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
London
Permanent vacancies in London with a recognized job title 45,168 18,331 51,613
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 89.47% 93.55% 95.00%
Number of salaries quoted 31,046 15,553 42,487
10th Percentile £41,000 £41,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £63,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +7.14% +5.00%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% +4.00%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer in London.

Salary trend for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineer in London

Software Engineer
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -16 202 £75,000 - 144
West London -18 109 £72,500 +20.83% 63
South London +32 71 £53,500 -14.40% 14
East London -8 16 £79,375 +5.83% 34
North London - 1 - - 11
Software Engineer
England

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, Software Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 3,930 (97.37%) Software Engineering
2 2,109 (52.25%) AWS
3 2,097 (51.96%) Agile Software Development
4 1,678 (41.58%) JavaScript
5 1,662 (41.18%) Java
6 1,635 (40.51%) Python
7 1,583 (39.22%) Finance
8 1,564 (38.75%) React
9 1,297 (32.14%) Docker
10 1,127 (27.92%) Kubernetes
11 1,115 (27.63%) Microservices
12 1,112 (27.55%) TypeScript
13 1,062 (26.31%) Full Stack Development
14 999 (24.75%) Serverless
15 969 (24.01%) SQL
16 941 (23.32%) Web Services
17 883 (21.88%) Node.js
18 778 (19.28%) DevOps
19 758 (18.78%) C#
20 745 (18.46%) Asset Management
21 743 (18.41%) TDD
22 737 (18.26%) GCP
23 725 (17.96%) Azure
24 699 (17.32%) .NET
25 685 (16.97%) Terraform
26 654 (16.20%) AWS Lambda
27 652 (16.15%) Social Skills
28 632 (15.66%) PostgreSQL
29 630 (15.61%) Test Automation
30 600 (14.87%) Problem-Solving

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (6.29%) Elasticsearch
2 217 (5.38%) Apache
3 127 (3.15%) Apache Spark
4 70 (1.73%) Confluence
5 47 (1.16%) CMS
6 44 (1.09%) Tomcat
7 41 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
8 29 (0.72%) Apache Pulsar
9 22 (0.55%) nginx
10 16 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
11 13 (0.32%) Traefik
12 10 (0.25%) Jupyter
13 8 (0.20%) ArcGIS
13 8 (0.20%) Umbraco
14 7 (0.17%) Drupal
14 7 (0.17%) Luigi
14 7 (0.17%) Magnolia
14 7 (0.17%) WordPress
15 6 (0.15%) Ethereum
15 6 (0.15%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 15 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.30%) Sketch
3 9 (0.22%) Figma
4 6 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.074%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.074%) InVision
6 3 (0.074%) Maya
7 2 (0.050%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.050%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.050%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.025%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 61 (1.51%) Distributed Ledger
2 60 (1.49%) R3 Corda
3 32 (0.79%) Shopify
4 21 (0.52%) Magento
5 20 (0.50%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.25%) Primavera
7 5 (0.12%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 5 (0.12%) RMDS
8 2 (0.050%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.025%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
9 1 (0.025%) Loan IQ
9 1 (0.025%) Sentinel
9 1 (0.025%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 2,109 (52.25%) AWS
2 999 (24.75%) Serverless
3 737 (18.26%) GCP
4 725 (17.96%) Azure
5 654 (16.20%) AWS Lambda
6 396 (9.81%) Amazon S3
7 345 (8.55%) Amazon EC2
8 297 (7.36%) GitHub
9 266 (6.59%) Amazon SQS
10 245 (6.07%) Amazon ECS
11 192 (4.76%) AWS Step Functions
12 189 (4.68%) SaaS
13 104 (2.58%) AWS CloudFormation
14 85 (2.11%) Heroku
15 80 (1.98%) OpenShift
16 77 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
17 66 (1.64%) Amazon Kinesis
18 64 (1.59%) GitHub Actions
19 63 (1.56%) Amazon EKS
20 61 (1.51%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 185 (4.58%) HTTP
2 51 (1.26%) Broadband
3 33 (0.82%) Internet
4 24 (0.59%) TCP/IP
5 19 (0.47%) Kerberos
6 13 (0.32%) Profibus
6 13 (0.32%) SSL
7 10 (0.25%) Bluetooth
8 9 (0.22%) HTTPS
9 8 (0.20%) DHCP
9 8 (0.20%) DNS
9 8 (0.20%) IPv4
9 8 (0.20%) IPv6
9 8 (0.20%) SMTP
9 8 (0.20%) SNMP
9 8 (0.20%) SSH
9 8 (0.20%) WPA
10 6 (0.15%) Firewall
10 6 (0.15%) RTP
10 6 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 632 (15.66%) PostgreSQL
2 486 (12.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 345 (8.55%) NoSQL
4 300 (7.43%) Relational Database
5 263 (6.52%) MySQL
6 247 (6.12%) Amazon Aurora
7 236 (5.85%) SQL Server
8 219 (5.43%) Amazon RDS
9 218 (5.40%) MongoDB
10 208 (5.15%) Redis
11 176 (4.36%) Amazon Athena
12 162 (4.01%) Big Data
13 105 (2.60%) Apache Ignite
14 98 (2.43%) Blockchain
15 89 (2.21%) Hadoop
16 73 (1.81%) RDBMS
17 39 (0.97%) BigQuery
18 38 (0.94%) Metadata
19 36 (0.89%) Azure SQL Database
20 34 (0.84%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 485 (12.02%) Git (software)
2 348 (8.62%) Jenkins
3 128 (3.17%) JIRA
4 112 (2.78%) GitLab
5 104 (2.58%) TeamCity
6 97 (2.40%) CircleCI
7 93 (2.30%) Cypress.io
8 92 (2.28%) Octopus Deploy
9 91 (2.25%) JUnit
10 90 (2.23%) Selenium
11 85 (2.11%) Maven
12 67 (1.66%) webpack
13 60 (1.49%) Gradle
14 56 (1.39%) Cucumber
15 49 (1.21%) Bitbucket
16 45 (1.11%) Babel
17 35 (0.87%) Artifactory
17 35 (0.87%) JMeter
17 35 (0.87%) Postman
18 34 (0.84%) git-flow
General
1 1,583 (39.22%) Finance
2 652 (16.15%) Social Skills
3 471 (11.67%) Banking
4 438 (10.85%) Front Office
5 254 (6.29%) Retail
6 234 (5.80%) Games
7 143 (3.54%) Marketing
8 129 (3.20%) Analytical Skills
9 115 (2.85%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 81 (2.01%) Publishing
11 64 (1.59%) Legal
11 64 (1.59%) Manufacturing
12 62 (1.54%) Pharmaceutical
13 60 (1.49%) Investment Banking
14 59 (1.46%) Law
15 58 (1.44%) Public Sector
16 47 (1.16%) Electronics
16 47 (1.16%) Financial Institution
16 47 (1.16%) Presentation Skills
17 34 (0.84%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,564 (38.75%) React
2 941 (23.32%) Web Services
3 883 (21.88%) Node.js
4 699 (17.32%) .NET
5 551 (13.65%) AngularJS
6 483 (11.97%) REST
7 451 (11.17%) GraphQL
8 437 (10.83%) RESTful
9 418 (10.36%) CSS
10 412 (10.21%) Kafka
11 390 (9.66%) Spring
12 354 (8.77%) HTML
13 323 (8.00%) Vue.js
14 310 (7.68%) .NET Core
15 257 (6.37%) gRPC
16 240 (5.95%) Material-UI
17 237 (5.87%) React Native
18 224 (5.55%) Spring Boot
19 203 (5.03%) Redux
20 197 (4.88%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 424 (10.51%) User Experience
2 392 (9.71%) Hedge funds
3 277 (6.86%) Algorithms
4 275 (6.81%) Derivative
5 229 (5.67%) Equities
6 212 (5.25%) Fixed Income
7 200 (4.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 151 (3.74%) Greenfield Project
8 151 (3.74%) Pricing Data
9 149 (3.69%) Mobile App
10 147 (3.64%) Data Structures
11 134 (3.32%) Virtual Team
12 133 (3.30%) Enterprise Software
13 131 (3.25%) Cloud Native
14 99 (2.45%) Blog
15 74 (1.83%) Legacy Systems
16 69 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
17 57 (1.41%) Legacy Code
18 49 (1.21%) Public Cloud
19 47 (1.16%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 272 (6.74%) Linux
2 125 (3.10%) Android
3 121 (3.00%) Apple iOS
4 91 (2.25%) Unix
5 64 (1.59%) Windows
6 21 (0.52%) Embedded Linux
7 9 (0.22%) Mesosphere
8 5 (0.12%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.099%) CentOS
9 4 (0.099%) FreeRTOS
9 4 (0.099%) VxWorks
10 3 (0.074%) Fedora
10 3 (0.074%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.050%) Solaris
12 1 (0.025%) Alpine Linux
12 1 (0.025%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,930 (97.37%) Software Engineering
2 2,097 (51.96%) Agile Software Development
3 1,115 (27.63%) Microservices
4 1,062 (26.31%) Full Stack Development
5 778 (19.28%) DevOps
6 745 (18.46%) Asset Management
7 743 (18.41%) TDD
8 630 (15.61%) Test Automation
9 600 (14.87%) Problem-Solving
10 553 (13.70%) Computer Science
11 492 (12.19%) Analytics
12 474 (11.74%) Mentoring
13 471 (11.67%) Investment Management
14 457 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
15 409 (10.13%) SDLC
16 397 (9.84%) Fintech
17 370 (9.17%) Artificial Intelligence
18 339 (8.40%) Continuous Improvement
19 331 (8.20%) Clean Code
20 326 (8.08%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 1,678 (41.58%) JavaScript
2 1,662 (41.18%) Java
3 1,635 (40.51%) Python
4 1,112 (27.55%) TypeScript
5 969 (24.01%) SQL
6 758 (18.78%) C#
7 404 (10.01%) Scala
8 391 (9.69%) Kotlin
9 360 (8.92%) Go
10 305 (7.56%) C++
11 264 (6.54%) Ruby
12 188 (4.66%) Clojure
13 186 (4.61%) C
14 143 (3.54%) PHP
15 112 (2.78%) ES6
16 97 (2.40%) Java 8
17 93 (2.30%) Rust
18 77 (1.91%) Elixir
19 52 (1.29%) Perl
20 47 (1.16%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 499 (12.36%) Degree
2 219 (5.43%) Computer Science Degree
3 62 (1.54%) Master's Degree
3 62 (1.54%) Security Cleared
4 41 (1.02%) SC Cleared
5 31 (0.77%) PhD
6 30 (0.74%) AWS Certification
7 29 (0.72%) HND
8 18 (0.45%) HNC
9 8 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
10 6 (0.15%) SAFe Agilist
11 5 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.050%) CITP
12 2 (0.050%) ISEB
13 1 (0.025%) BPSS Clearance
13 1 (0.025%) DV Cleared
13 1 (0.025%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.025%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 430 (10.65%) QA
2 63 (1.56%) Accessibility
3 15 (0.37%) PSD2
3 15 (0.37%) SLA
4 9 (0.22%) GDPR
5 8 (0.20%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.17%) WCAG
7 6 (0.15%) WAI
8 5 (0.12%) IEC 61508
8 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 15288
9 3 (0.074%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.074%) IEC 62304
9 3 (0.074%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.025%) DICOM
10 1 (0.025%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,297 (32.14%) Docker
2 21 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
3 14 (0.35%) Firmware
4 12 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 12 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.27%) ISA Server
6 10 (0.25%) Active Directory
7 6 (0.15%) HDFS
8 3 (0.074%) Kamailio
8 3 (0.074%) OpenSIPS
9 1 (0.025%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,127 (27.92%) Kubernetes
2 685 (16.97%) Terraform
3 107 (2.65%) Ansible
4 90 (2.23%) Grafana
5 73 (1.81%) Prometheus
6 44 (1.09%) Opscode Chef
7 25 (0.62%) Istio
7 25 (0.62%) Kibana
8 23 (0.57%) Puppet
9 16 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
10 11 (0.27%) Argo
10 11 (0.27%) Packer
11 9 (0.22%) Automic
11 9 (0.22%) logstash
12 5 (0.12%) yum
13 4 (0.099%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.074%) HP Fortify
15 2 (0.050%) ITRS Geneos
16 1 (0.025%) Salt
Vendors
1 338 (8.37%) Google
2 187 (4.63%) Microsoft
3 151 (3.74%) Oracle
4 107 (2.65%) Samsung
5 44 (1.09%) LexisNexis
6 43 (1.07%) Apple
7 37 (0.92%) Sybase
8 30 (0.74%) New Relic
9 28 (0.69%) Spotify
10 24 (0.59%) Splunk
11 20 (0.50%) Facebook
12 19 (0.47%) BT
12 19 (0.47%) OutSystems
12 19 (0.47%) SAP
12 19 (0.47%) Xamarin
13 16 (0.40%) Adobe
13 16 (0.40%) Cadence
13 16 (0.40%) IBM
13 16 (0.40%) Siemens
13 16 (0.40%) YouTube