Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 652 627 656
Rank change year-on-year -25 +29 +182
Permanent jobs citing JPA 540 579 714
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.33% 0.35% 0.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.80% 0.89% 0.93%
Number of salaries quoted 423 501 623
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +10.53% -
10th Percentile £33,800 £31,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £81,250 £65,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +10.53% +5.56%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 67,700 65,220 76,376
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.93% 39.56% 38.74%
Number of salaries quoted 57,460 56,587 66,174
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,250 £28,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Salary trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Salary histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -79 186 £71,250 +18.75% 30
Midlands +41 88 £50,000 +5.26% 7
South West -32 73 £47,500 -5.00% 12
East of England +12 65 £50,000 -0.99% 10
South East +25 64 £65,000 +44.44% 10
North of England +6 64 £50,000 +5.26% 8
West Midlands +40 58 £55,000 +7.32% 4
Yorkshire +39 36 £45,000 -18.18% 4
East Midlands +1 30 £43,000 -9.47% 3
North West -27 28 £52,500 +10.53% 4
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 540 (100.00%) Java
2 434 (80.37%) Spring
3 350 (64.81%) Hibernate
4 322 (59.63%) Agile Software Development
5 270 (50.00%) JavaScript
6 238 (44.07%) SQL
7 220 (40.74%) REST
8 208 (38.52%) MVC
9 196 (36.30%) HTML
10 194 (35.93%) Java EE
11 187 (34.63%) Spring MVC
12 184 (34.07%) Web Services
13 178 (32.96%) Oracle
13 178 (32.96%) TDD
13 178 (32.96%) Finance
14 156 (28.89%) Scrum
15 154 (28.52%) AngularJS
16 153 (28.33%) CSS
17 150 (27.78%) Tomcat
17 150 (27.78%) Git (software)
18 146 (27.04%) JBoss
18 146 (27.04%) SOAP
19 144 (26.67%) Maven
20 143 (26.48%) J2EE
21 142 (26.30%) JUnit
22 131 (24.26%) XML
22 131 (24.26%) Software Engineering
23 129 (23.89%) Jenkins
24 124 (22.96%) Linux
25 122 (22.59%) RESTful

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (27.78%) Tomcat
2 146 (27.04%) JBoss
3 57 (10.56%) WebSphere
4 42 (7.78%) Apache
5 40 (7.41%) Jetty
6 30 (5.56%) Mule
7 27 (5.00%) GlassFish
8 25 (4.63%) Mule ESB
9 22 (4.07%) Elasticsearch
10 17 (3.15%) WebLogic
11 16 (2.96%) Confluence
12 15 (2.78%) Liferay
13 13 (2.41%) Apache Spark
14 12 (2.22%) Alfresco
14 12 (2.22%) Apache Solr
14 12 (2.22%) WildFly
15 11 (2.04%) Mongoose
15 11 (2.04%) OpenStack
16 9 (1.67%) Apache Pig
17 8 (1.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 5 (0.93%) Weka
Business Applications
1 4 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 69 (12.78%) Amazon AWS
2 44 (8.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (5.93%) SaaS
4 25 (4.63%) Amazon EC2
4 25 (4.63%) Cloud Computing
5 19 (3.52%) GitHub
6 18 (3.33%) Bluemix
6 18 (3.33%) IBM Cloud
7 8 (1.48%) OpenShift
8 5 (0.93%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 5 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
9 2 (0.37%) Amazon SQS
9 2 (0.37%) PaaS
10 1 (0.19%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.19%) CloudBees
10 1 (0.19%) IaaS
10 1 (0.19%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 25 (4.63%) Internet
2 11 (2.04%) HTTP
3 7 (1.30%) SNMP
4 6 (1.11%) AMQP
5 4 (0.74%) HTTPS
5 4 (0.74%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.56%) Intranet
7 2 (0.37%) DNS
8 1 (0.19%) Firewall
8 1 (0.19%) FTP
8 1 (0.19%) SMS
8 1 (0.19%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.19%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (20.93%) MySQL
2 92 (17.04%) MongoDB
3 89 (16.48%) Relational Database
4 83 (15.37%) NoSQL
5 78 (14.44%) PostgreSQL
6 53 (9.81%) Oracle Database
7 49 (9.07%) SQL Server
8 41 (7.59%) RDBMS
9 26 (4.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 26 (4.81%) Apache Cassandra
10 21 (3.89%) Hadoop
10 21 (3.89%) Redis
11 19 (3.52%) Neo4j
12 18 (3.33%) DB2
13 17 (3.15%) Oracle Database 12c
14 16 (2.96%) Blockchain
15 11 (2.04%) Couchbase
15 11 (2.04%) Hazelcast
15 11 (2.04%) MariaDB
16 9 (1.67%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 150 (27.78%) Git (software)
2 144 (26.67%) Maven
3 142 (26.30%) JUnit
4 129 (23.89%) Jenkins
5 116 (21.48%) Subversion
6 57 (10.56%) IntelliJ
7 55 (10.19%) Cucumber
8 51 (9.44%) JIRA
9 39 (7.22%) Gradle
10 31 (5.74%) Ant
11 27 (5.00%) Eclipse
12 24 (4.44%) Selenium
13 22 (4.07%) TeamCity
14 20 (3.70%) Vagrant
15 15 (2.78%) Mockito
16 14 (2.59%) Protractor
16 14 (2.59%) SoapUI
16 14 (2.59%) TestNG
17 11 (2.04%) Bundler
17 11 (2.04%) gulp
General
1 178 (32.96%) Finance
2 65 (12.04%) Banking
3 38 (7.04%) Telecoms
4 35 (6.48%) Retail
5 32 (5.93%) Investment Banking
6 31 (5.74%) Marketing
7 29 (5.37%) Electronics
7 29 (5.37%) Manufacturing
8 24 (4.44%) Advertising
9 21 (3.89%) Retail Banking
10 18 (3.33%) Automotive
11 10 (1.85%) Law
12 9 (1.67%) Back Office
12 9 (1.67%) Games
13 7 (1.30%) Aerospace
14 6 (1.11%) Billing
15 4 (0.74%) Financial Institution
16 1 (0.19%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 426 (78.89%) Developer
2 398 (73.70%) Java Developer
3 125 (23.15%) Senior Developer
4 121 (22.41%) Senior Java Developer
5 48 (8.89%) Software Engineer
6 47 (8.70%) Java Engineer
7 41 (7.59%) Java Software Developer
8 35 (6.48%) Software Developer
9 30 (5.56%) Java Software Engineer
10 25 (4.63%) Senior Java Engineer
11 21 (3.89%) Agile Developer
11 21 (3.89%) Agile Java Developer
12 20 (3.70%) Junior
13 19 (3.52%) Senior Software Engineer
14 18 (3.33%) Junior Developer
14 18 (3.33%) Junior Java Developer
14 18 (3.33%) Lead Developer
15 17 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
15 17 (3.15%) Lead Java Developer
16 16 (2.96%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 434 (80.37%) Spring
2 350 (64.81%) Hibernate
3 220 (40.74%) REST
4 196 (36.30%) HTML
5 194 (35.93%) Java EE
6 187 (34.63%) Spring MVC
7 184 (34.07%) Web Services
8 154 (28.52%) AngularJS
9 153 (28.33%) CSS
10 146 (27.04%) SOAP
11 143 (26.48%) J2EE
12 131 (24.26%) XML
13 122 (22.59%) RESTful
14 118 (21.85%) Spring Boot
15 104 (19.26%) HTML5
16 80 (14.81%) JMS
17 73 (13.52%) EJB
18 62 (11.48%) JSF
18 62 (11.48%) JSON
18 62 (11.48%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 87 (16.11%) Computer Science
2 50 (9.26%) Enterprise Software
3 28 (5.19%) User Experience
4 27 (5.00%) Fintech
5 23 (4.26%) Algorithms
5 23 (4.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 15 (2.78%) Greenfield Project
7 14 (2.59%) Analytical Skills
8 13 (2.41%) RIA
9 10 (1.85%) Data Structures
10 7 (1.30%) SWIFT
11 6 (1.11%) Smart Meter
12 4 (0.74%) Bitcoin
13 3 (0.56%) Digital Media
13 3 (0.56%) NHS
14 2 (0.37%) Client/Server
14 2 (0.37%) Credit Risk
14 2 (0.37%) Equities
14 2 (0.37%) Online Gambling
14 2 (0.37%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 124 (22.96%) Linux
2 61 (11.30%) Unix
3 14 (2.59%) Android
3 14 (2.59%) Apple iOS
3 14 (2.59%) Windows
4 2 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
5 1 (0.19%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.19%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 322 (59.63%) Agile Software Development
2 208 (38.52%) MVC
3 178 (32.96%) TDD
4 156 (28.89%) Scrum
5 131 (24.26%) Software Engineering
6 101 (18.70%) SDLC
7 98 (18.15%) BDD
8 94 (17.41%) Microservices
9 70 (12.96%) Mentoring
9 70 (12.96%) OO
10 65 (12.04%) Kanban
10 65 (12.04%) Test Automation
11 61 (11.30%) Web Development
12 59 (10.93%) Continuous Integration
13 54 (10.00%) Open Source
14 50 (9.26%) Unit Testing
15 46 (8.52%) DevOps
16 45 (8.33%) Multithreading
17 41 (7.59%) Integration Testing
18 35 (6.48%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 540 (100.00%) Java
2 270 (50.00%) JavaScript
3 238 (44.07%) SQL
4 58 (10.74%) PL/SQL
5 41 (7.59%) PHP
6 37 (6.85%) Shell Script
7 31 (5.74%) Python
8 23 (4.26%) C++
8 23 (4.26%) Groovy
9 20 (3.70%) C#
9 20 (3.70%) Scala
10 17 (3.15%) C
11 12 (2.22%) Go
12 10 (1.85%) XPath
13 9 (1.67%) T-SQL
13 9 (1.67%) VB.NET
14 8 (1.48%) Clojure
15 5 (0.93%) Bash Shell
15 5 (0.93%) Ruby
15 5 (0.93%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 108 (20.00%) Degree
2 56 (10.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 46 (8.52%) Security Cleared
4 20 (3.70%) SC Cleared
5 9 (1.67%) Numerate Degree
6 7 (1.30%) OCP
6 7 (1.30%) Oracle Certification
7 6 (1.11%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.19%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (8.15%) QA
2 12 (2.22%) SLA
3 5 (0.93%) SEPA
4 3 (0.56%) GDPR
4 3 (0.56%) PMO
5 2 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.37%) PSD2
6 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 92 (17.04%) Docker
2 14 (2.59%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.67%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 48 (8.89%) Ansible
2 46 (8.52%) Puppet
3 42 (7.78%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (2.78%) Kubernetes
5 8 (1.48%) Terraform
6 6 (1.11%) Kibana
6 6 (1.11%) Marathon
7 4 (0.74%) Hadoop YARN
7 4 (0.74%) MOM
8 3 (0.56%) Business Desktop Deployment
9 2 (0.37%) Cobbler
9 2 (0.37%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.19%) BladeLogic
10 1 (0.19%) Control-M
10 1 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 178 (32.96%) Oracle
2 46 (8.52%) IBM
3 30 (5.56%) SAP
4 25 (4.63%) Apple
5 20 (3.70%) Splunk
6 14 (2.59%) AppDynamics
6 14 (2.59%) HP
7 9 (1.67%) Google
8 7 (1.30%) Misys
9 5 (0.93%) Alteryx
9 5 (0.93%) Facebook
9 5 (0.93%) Tableau
10 4 (0.74%) Atlassian
10 4 (0.74%) Guidewire
10 4 (0.74%) Sybase
11 3 (0.56%) Altova
11 3 (0.56%) Capita
11 3 (0.56%) ILOG
11 3 (0.56%) Jaspersoft
12 2 (0.37%) Gemalto