Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 688 579 690
Rank change year-on-year -109 +111 +72
Permanent jobs citing JPA 491 712 638
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.31% 0.43% 0.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.77% 1.05% 0.88%
Number of salaries quoted 391 503 534
England median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £78,750
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +15.00% - +5.26%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 64,145 67,792 72,773
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.64% 40.72% 39.17%
Number of salaries quoted 53,550 56,835 63,810
England median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Salary trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Salary histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 249 £60,000 -6.25% 23
South West -54 85 £45,000 - 5
South East +25 74 £62,500 +31.58% 16
Midlands 0 38 £50,000 - 15
East of England -37 24 £40,000 -20.00% 7
East Midlands -2 23 £42,500 -5.56% 7
North of England -32 22 £46,250 +2.78% 3
West Midlands +6 13 £50,000 -9.09% 8
Yorkshire +9 12 £40,000 -11.11% 2
North West -1 9 £58,750 +30.56% 1
North East -25 1 £39,250 -7.65%
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 490 (99.80%) Java
2 433 (88.19%) Spring
3 351 (71.49%) Hibernate
4 296 (60.29%) Agile Software Development
5 247 (50.31%) Git (software)
6 229 (46.64%) JavaScript
7 202 (41.14%) SQL
7 202 (41.14%) Java 8
8 201 (40.94%) Software Engineering
9 200 (40.73%) REST
10 189 (38.49%) TDD
11 177 (36.05%) HTML
11 177 (36.05%) CSS
12 171 (34.83%) Web Services
13 162 (32.99%) Java EE
14 156 (31.77%) MVC
15 151 (30.75%) Maven
16 149 (30.35%) Scrum
17 145 (29.53%) Microservices
18 140 (28.51%) Degree
19 138 (28.11%) Jenkins
20 137 (27.90%) Finance
21 130 (26.48%) JUnit
22 121 (24.64%) Oracle
23 117 (23.83%) MySQL
24 114 (23.22%) AngularJS
25 111 (22.61%) Linux
26 110 (22.40%) NoSQL
27 108 (22.00%) RESTful
27 108 (22.00%) XML

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (20.37%) JBoss
2 96 (19.55%) Tomcat
3 51 (10.39%) Apache
4 35 (7.13%) WebLogic
5 32 (6.52%) Jetty
6 28 (5.70%) CMS
7 25 (5.09%) Elasticsearch
8 21 (4.28%) WebSphere
9 20 (4.07%) Mule
10 19 (3.87%) Mule ESB
11 18 (3.67%) Alfresco
12 17 (3.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 15 (3.05%) WildFly
14 13 (2.65%) GlassFish
15 12 (2.44%) Confluence
15 12 (2.44%) nginx
16 11 (2.24%) Joomla!
17 9 (1.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 8 (1.63%) WebSphere Application Server
19 6 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 3 (0.61%) Weka
2 1 (0.20%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 2 (0.41%) Fredhopper
1 2 (0.41%) Magento
1 2 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
1 2 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.20%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 101 (20.57%) Amazon AWS
2 30 (6.11%) SaaS
3 22 (4.48%) Amazon EC2
4 16 (3.26%) Serverless
5 13 (2.65%) Google Cloud Platform
6 12 (2.44%) Amazon SQS
6 12 (2.44%) Microsoft Azure
7 11 (2.24%) AWS CloudFormation
8 10 (2.04%) IaaS
9 8 (1.63%) Cloud Computing
9 8 (1.63%) GitHub
10 7 (1.43%) CloudBees
11 6 (1.22%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 6 (1.22%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (0.81%) DigitalOcean
13 3 (0.61%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.61%) IBM Cloud
14 2 (0.41%) PaaS
15 1 (0.20%) npm
15 1 (0.20%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 28 (5.70%) Internet
2 9 (1.83%) AMQP
3 5 (1.02%) HTTP
4 3 (0.61%) DNS
4 3 (0.61%) FTP
4 3 (0.61%) Intranet
4 3 (0.61%) SMS
4 3 (0.61%) SSL
4 3 (0.61%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.20%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 117 (23.83%) MySQL
2 110 (22.40%) NoSQL
3 97 (19.76%) Relational Database
4 91 (18.53%) MongoDB
5 67 (13.65%) SQL Server
6 40 (8.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 38 (7.74%) RDBMS
8 36 (7.33%) Apache Cassandra
8 36 (7.33%) Redis
9 33 (6.72%) PostgreSQL
10 29 (5.91%) Hadoop
11 25 (5.09%) Couchbase
12 24 (4.89%) Riak
13 21 (4.28%) Oracle Database
14 12 (2.44%) Oracle Reports
15 11 (2.24%) Big Data
16 8 (1.63%) Amazon Aurora
17 7 (1.43%) DB2
18 6 (1.22%) Data Warehouse
18 6 (1.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 247 (50.31%) Git (software)
2 151 (30.75%) Maven
3 138 (28.11%) Jenkins
4 130 (26.48%) JUnit
5 95 (19.35%) Gradle
5 95 (19.35%) Subversion
6 54 (11.00%) Cucumber
7 53 (10.79%) JIRA
8 48 (9.78%) IntelliJ
9 44 (8.96%) Vagrant
10 43 (8.76%) Selenium
11 33 (6.72%) Eclipse
12 22 (4.48%) Ant
13 21 (4.28%) Mockito
13 21 (4.28%) TeamCity
14 13 (2.65%) FitNesse
14 13 (2.65%) Toad
15 12 (2.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 10 (2.04%) Oracle APEX
17 9 (1.83%) JMeter
General
1 137 (27.90%) Finance
2 46 (9.37%) Banking
3 31 (6.31%) Telecoms
4 27 (5.50%) Games
4 27 (5.50%) Marketing
5 26 (5.30%) Retail
6 24 (4.89%) Advertising
6 24 (4.89%) Manufacturing
7 21 (4.28%) Electronics
8 15 (3.05%) Automotive
9 13 (2.65%) Law
10 5 (1.02%) Aerospace
10 5 (1.02%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.81%) Billing
12 3 (0.61%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.20%) Investment Banking
13 1 (0.20%) Music Industry
13 1 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 383 (78.00%) Developer
2 353 (71.89%) Java Developer
3 131 (26.68%) Senior Developer
4 127 (25.87%) Senior Java Developer
5 65 (13.24%) Java Engineer
6 63 (12.83%) Software Engineer
7 48 (9.78%) Java Software Engineer
8 45 (9.16%) Senior Software Engineer
9 41 (8.35%) Java Software Developer
10 39 (7.94%) Senior Java Engineer
11 34 (6.92%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 34 (6.92%) Senior Java Software Engineer
12 28 (5.70%) Architect
12 28 (5.70%) Lead Developer
12 28 (5.70%) Lead Java Developer
12 28 (5.70%) Senior Software Developer
13 25 (5.09%) Senior Java Software Developer
14 21 (4.28%) Software Developer
15 18 (3.67%) J2EE Developer
15 18 (3.67%) Java/J2EE Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 433 (88.19%) Spring
2 351 (71.49%) Hibernate
3 200 (40.73%) REST
4 177 (36.05%) CSS
4 177 (36.05%) HTML
5 171 (34.83%) Web Services
6 162 (32.99%) Java EE
7 114 (23.22%) AngularJS
8 108 (22.00%) RESTful
8 108 (22.00%) XML
9 93 (18.94%) Spring Boot
10 92 (18.74%) HTML5
11 90 (18.33%) SOAP
12 89 (18.13%) Spring MVC
13 87 (17.72%) JMS
14 82 (16.70%) JSF
15 81 (16.50%) J2EE
16 65 (13.24%) JDBC
17 62 (12.63%) EJB
18 55 (11.20%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 71 (14.46%) Computer Science
2 44 (8.96%) Enterprise Software
3 34 (6.92%) Algorithms
4 31 (6.31%) Data Structures
5 29 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
6 21 (4.28%) Fintech
6 21 (4.28%) RIA
7 17 (3.46%) Analytical Skills
8 15 (3.05%) Online Gambling
9 12 (2.44%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
11 10 (2.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (1.22%) Client/Server
13 4 (0.81%) Fixed Income
13 4 (0.81%) Reference Data
13 4 (0.81%) User Experience
14 3 (0.61%) Clustering
14 3 (0.61%) Life Science
14 3 (0.61%) Management Information System
14 3 (0.61%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 111 (22.61%) Linux
2 26 (5.30%) Android
3 25 (5.09%) Apple iOS
4 14 (2.85%) Unix
5 8 (1.63%) Windows
6 6 (1.22%) Solaris
7 2 (0.41%) AIX
8 1 (0.20%) CentOS
8 1 (0.20%) DC/OS
8 1 (0.20%) Mesosphere
8 1 (0.20%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 296 (60.29%) Agile Software Development
2 201 (40.94%) Software Engineering
3 189 (38.49%) TDD
4 156 (31.77%) MVC
5 149 (30.35%) Scrum
6 145 (29.53%) Microservices
7 97 (19.76%) Continuous Integration
8 95 (19.35%) OO
9 94 (19.14%) BDD
10 88 (17.92%) Web Development
11 70 (14.26%) Multithreading
12 69 (14.05%) Mentoring
12 69 (14.05%) Problem-Solving
13 58 (11.81%) Kanban
14 56 (11.41%) Open Source
15 55 (11.20%) E-Commerce
16 47 (9.57%) DevOps
17 41 (8.35%) Integration Testing
17 41 (8.35%) Test Automation
18 38 (7.74%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 490 (99.80%) Java
2 229 (46.64%) JavaScript
3 202 (41.14%) Java 8
3 202 (41.14%) SQL
4 42 (8.55%) PHP
5 40 (8.15%) PL/SQL
6 21 (4.28%) Python
7 14 (2.85%) XPath
8 11 (2.24%) C++
8 11 (2.24%) Groovy
9 9 (1.83%) Shell Script
10 8 (1.63%) PowerShell
11 7 (1.43%) Bash Shell
12 6 (1.22%) ES6
12 6 (1.22%) Go
13 4 (0.81%) Scala
14 3 (0.61%) C#
14 3 (0.61%) XQuery
15 2 (0.41%) Clojure
15 2 (0.41%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 140 (28.51%) Degree
2 33 (6.72%) Computer Science Degree
3 26 (5.30%) Security Cleared
4 14 (2.85%) Numerate Degree
5 12 (2.44%) DV Cleared
6 9 (1.83%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.20%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.26%) QA
2 9 (1.83%) GCP
3 3 (0.61%) ISO 20022
3 3 (0.61%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.41%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.41%) PMO
5 1 (0.20%) DICOM
5 1 (0.20%) GDPR
5 1 (0.20%) PSD2
System Software
1 61 (12.42%) Docker
2 19 (3.87%) GridGain
3 3 (0.61%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.41%) HDFS
4 2 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.20%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 33 (6.72%) Ansible
2 25 (5.09%) Kubernetes
3 23 (4.68%) Opscode Chef
3 23 (4.68%) Puppet
4 18 (3.67%) Terraform
5 14 (2.85%) Cobbler
6 9 (1.83%) Rancher
7 7 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (1.43%) Kibana
8 3 (0.61%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 3 (0.61%) logstash
8 3 (0.61%) MOM
9 1 (0.20%) Mesos
Vendors
1 121 (24.64%) Oracle
2 36 (7.33%) Google
3 24 (4.89%) SAP
4 19 (3.87%) Apple
5 11 (2.24%) hybris
5 11 (2.24%) IBM
6 9 (1.83%) Adobe
7 6 (1.22%) Birst
8 5 (1.02%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.81%) Microsoft
9 4 (0.81%) Rakuten
9 4 (0.81%) Splunk
10 3 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.61%) Yahoo!
11 2 (0.41%) Blue Martini
11 2 (0.41%) Demandware
11 2 (0.41%) MuleSoft
11 2 (0.41%) Tableau
11 2 (0.41%) TIBCO
11 2 (0.41%) WSO2