Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 749 654 643
Rank change year-on-year -95 -11 +45
Permanent jobs citing JPA 345 577 610
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.25% 0.35% 0.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.62% 0.87% 0.93%
Number of salaries quoted 248 441 536
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.96% +6.32%
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £31,375
90th Percentile £87,300 £77,500 £81,250
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +6.38%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 55,707 66,031 65,898
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.56% 40.54% 39.37%
Number of salaries quoted 45,995 55,809 57,349
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,000 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Salary trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Salary histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 138 £65,000 -7.14% 21
South West +3 63 £50,000 +5.26% 4
Midlands +5 49 £41,000 -18.00% 7
South East +13 42 £55,000 -15.38% 13
East Midlands +36 41 £41,000 -12.30% 4
North of England +3 27 £45,000 -10.00% 6
East of England -8 26 £68,750 +37.50% 1
North East - 15 £45,000 - 1
West Midlands -16 8 £57,500 +6.98% 3
Yorkshire -13 7 £45,000 -2.70% 3
North West -2 5 £45,000 -10.00% 2
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 343 (99.42%) Java
2 304 (88.12%) Spring
3 260 (75.36%) Agile Software Development
4 245 (71.01%) Hibernate
5 192 (55.65%) JavaScript
6 170 (49.28%) HTML
7 158 (45.80%) Git (software)
8 151 (43.77%) Maven
9 145 (42.03%) REST
10 143 (41.45%) CSS
11 139 (40.29%) SQL
12 138 (40.00%) Web Services
13 136 (39.42%) Microservices
14 128 (37.10%) Scrum
14 128 (37.10%) MVC
15 116 (33.62%) TDD
16 111 (32.17%) Oracle
16 111 (32.17%) Spring Boot
17 107 (31.01%) Degree
18 104 (30.14%) Finance
19 102 (29.57%) Jenkins
20 100 (28.99%) JUnit
21 94 (27.25%) Linux
22 90 (26.09%) SOAP
23 89 (25.80%) Java 8
24 84 (24.35%) Software Engineering
25 83 (24.06%) Subversion
25 83 (24.06%) Continuous Integration
25 83 (24.06%) HTML5
26 82 (23.77%) Java EE

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (22.61%) Tomcat
2 56 (16.23%) JBoss
3 44 (12.75%) Apache
4 31 (8.99%) WebSphere
5 25 (7.25%) Apache Spark
5 25 (7.25%) Elasticsearch
6 22 (6.38%) CMS
7 21 (6.09%) Apache Solr
8 18 (5.22%) WebLogic
9 17 (4.93%) Confluence
10 15 (4.35%) Jetty
11 13 (3.77%) Apache Geronimo
11 13 (3.77%) Apache Pig
11 13 (3.77%) GlassFish
12 8 (2.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 6 (1.74%) WildFly
14 4 (1.16%) Alfresco
14 4 (1.16%) GeoServer
15 2 (0.58%) Joomla!
15 2 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 12 (3.48%) Weka
Business Applications
1 1 (0.29%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 60 (17.39%) Amazon AWS
2 27 (7.83%) SaaS
3 14 (4.06%) Microsoft Azure
4 13 (3.77%) AWS CloudFormation
5 12 (3.48%) Serverless
6 10 (2.90%) Google Cloud Platform
6 10 (2.90%) IaaS
7 9 (2.61%) DigitalOcean
8 7 (2.03%) GitHub
9 5 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
10 3 (0.87%) Apple Pay
10 3 (0.87%) Google Pay
10 3 (0.87%) PaaS
11 2 (0.58%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.58%) Amazon SQS
11 2 (0.58%) AWS OpsWorks
11 2 (0.58%) CloudBees
11 2 (0.58%) OpenShift
11 2 (0.58%) Route 53
11 2 (0.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (6.09%) Internet
2 6 (1.74%) SSL
3 3 (0.87%) AMQP
4 2 (0.58%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.29%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (21.74%) Relational Database
2 74 (21.45%) NoSQL
3 71 (20.58%) MySQL
4 44 (12.75%) MongoDB
5 41 (11.88%) RDBMS
6 39 (11.30%) PostgreSQL
7 35 (10.14%) SQL Server
8 28 (8.12%) Hadoop
9 25 (7.25%) Redis
10 22 (6.38%) Oracle Database
11 20 (5.80%) Big Data
12 17 (4.93%) Couchbase
13 13 (3.77%) Riak
14 12 (3.48%) Apache Cassandra
14 12 (3.48%) Apache Hive
14 12 (3.48%) CouchDB
14 12 (3.48%) Mahout
14 12 (3.48%) Neo4j
14 12 (3.48%) Sqoop
15 10 (2.90%) HBase
Development Applications
1 158 (45.80%) Git (software)
2 151 (43.77%) Maven
3 102 (29.57%) Jenkins
4 100 (28.99%) JUnit
5 83 (24.06%) Subversion
6 67 (19.42%) Gradle
7 49 (14.20%) Cucumber
8 48 (13.91%) Eclipse
9 37 (10.72%) Ant
10 36 (10.43%) JIRA
11 23 (6.67%) Mockito
12 20 (5.80%) Selenium
13 19 (5.51%) IntelliJ
14 18 (5.22%) Bitbucket
15 13 (3.77%) GitLab
15 13 (3.77%) TeamCity
16 9 (2.61%) NetBeans
17 8 (2.32%) JMeter
17 8 (2.32%) Oracle Forms
17 8 (2.32%) ProC
General
1 104 (30.14%) Finance
2 36 (10.43%) Banking
3 12 (3.48%) Games
4 10 (2.90%) Back Office
5 9 (2.61%) Law
6 6 (1.74%) Retail
7 5 (1.45%) Automotive
8 4 (1.16%) Advertising
9 3 (0.87%) Marketing
10 2 (0.58%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.58%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.29%) Billing
11 1 (0.29%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.29%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 272 (78.84%) Developer
2 261 (75.65%) Java Developer
3 76 (22.03%) Senior Developer
4 69 (20.00%) Senior Java Developer
5 26 (7.54%) Lead Developer
5 26 (7.54%) Lead Java Developer
6 22 (6.38%) Java Engineer
7 21 (6.09%) Software Engineer
8 19 (5.51%) Architect
9 18 (5.22%) Java Software Engineer
10 16 (4.64%) Analyst
10 16 (4.64%) Applications Support
10 16 (4.64%) Applications Support Analyst
10 16 (4.64%) Java Architect
10 16 (4.64%) Support Analyst
11 14 (4.06%) Graduate
11 14 (4.06%) Graduate Developer
12 13 (3.77%) Graduate Java Developer
13 12 (3.48%) Agile Developer
13 12 (3.48%) Agile Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (88.12%) Spring
2 245 (71.01%) Hibernate
3 170 (49.28%) HTML
4 145 (42.03%) REST
5 143 (41.45%) CSS
6 138 (40.00%) Web Services
7 111 (32.17%) Spring Boot
8 90 (26.09%) SOAP
9 83 (24.06%) HTML5
10 82 (23.77%) Java EE
11 81 (23.48%) RESTful
12 77 (22.32%) AngularJS
13 71 (20.58%) Spring MVC
14 70 (20.29%) JMS
15 64 (18.55%) XML
16 58 (16.81%) jQuery
17 47 (13.62%) JSON
18 44 (12.75%) JDBC
19 40 (11.59%) Servlets
20 37 (10.72%) React
Miscellaneous
1 27 (7.83%) Enterprise Software
2 26 (7.54%) Self-Motivation
3 23 (6.67%) Greenfield Project
4 21 (6.09%) Fintech
4 21 (6.09%) RIA
5 20 (5.80%) Algorithms
6 17 (4.93%) Analytical Skills
7 15 (4.35%) Data Structures
8 12 (3.48%) User Experience
9 9 (2.61%) SWIFT
10 7 (2.03%) Online Gambling
11 4 (1.16%) Animation
11 4 (1.16%) Linked Data
11 4 (1.16%) Virtual Team
12 3 (0.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 2 (0.58%) Enterprise Cloud
14 1 (0.29%) Client/Server
14 1 (0.29%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 94 (27.25%) Linux
2 32 (9.28%) Unix
3 27 (7.83%) Android
3 27 (7.83%) Apple iOS
4 21 (6.09%) Solaris
5 14 (4.06%) Ubuntu
6 12 (3.48%) CentOS
7 9 (2.61%) Windows
8 8 (2.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 8 (2.32%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.58%) Debian
9 2 (0.58%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 260 (75.36%) Agile Software Development
2 136 (39.42%) Microservices
3 128 (37.10%) MVC
3 128 (37.10%) Scrum
4 116 (33.62%) TDD
5 84 (24.35%) Software Engineering
6 83 (24.06%) Continuous Integration
7 78 (22.61%) OO
7 78 (22.61%) Web Development
8 55 (15.94%) Computer Science
9 51 (14.78%) BDD
10 50 (14.49%) Problem-Solving
11 45 (13.04%) Open Source
12 40 (11.59%) Multithreading
13 33 (9.57%) Unit Testing
14 29 (8.41%) Mobile Development
15 28 (8.12%) High Availability
15 28 (8.12%) UML
16 27 (7.83%) E-Commerce
16 27 (7.83%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 343 (99.42%) Java
2 192 (55.65%) JavaScript
3 139 (40.29%) SQL
4 89 (25.80%) Java 8
5 56 (16.23%) PL/SQL
6 31 (8.99%) Python
7 21 (6.09%) T-SQL
8 20 (5.80%) C++
9 18 (5.22%) TypeScript
10 14 (4.06%) Go
11 12 (3.48%) R
11 12 (3.48%) Ruby
12 10 (2.90%) Groovy
13 9 (2.61%) PHP
14 8 (2.32%) PowerShell
15 7 (2.03%) Scala
15 7 (2.03%) Shell Script
16 6 (1.74%) C#
16 6 (1.74%) Clojure
17 1 (0.29%) VBA
Qualifications
1 107 (31.01%) Degree
2 33 (9.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 27 (7.83%) Security Cleared
4 7 (2.03%) DBS Check
4 7 (2.03%) SC Cleared
5 5 (1.45%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.58%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (6.96%) QA
2 3 (0.87%) PCI DSS
2 3 (0.87%) SLA
3 2 (0.58%) DICOM
4 1 (0.29%) PSD2
4 1 (0.29%) SEPA
System Software
1 66 (19.13%) Docker
2 21 (6.09%) HDFS
3 6 (1.74%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.29%) vCloud
4 1 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.29%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 27 (7.83%) Kubernetes
2 17 (4.93%) Terraform
3 15 (4.35%) Ansible
4 9 (2.61%) Hadoop YARN
5 8 (2.32%) Control-M
6 3 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
6 3 (0.87%) Rancher
7 2 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.58%) Puppet
8 1 (0.29%) Kibana
8 1 (0.29%) logstash
Vendors
1 111 (32.17%) Oracle
2 21 (6.09%) Rakuten
2 21 (6.09%) Red Hat
3 14 (4.06%) Google
4 12 (3.48%) Alteryx
4 12 (3.48%) Tableau
5 8 (2.32%) Adobe
5 8 (2.32%) AppDynamics
5 8 (2.32%) Bloomberg
5 8 (2.32%) Reuters
6 7 (2.03%) Twitter
7 6 (1.74%) IBM
8 3 (0.87%) hybris
9 2 (0.58%) Peoplefluent
9 2 (0.58%) TIBCO
9 2 (0.58%) VMware
9 2 (0.58%) WSO2
10 1 (0.29%) Microsoft
10 1 (0.29%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.29%) SAP