Period
to 22 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 22 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
22 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 727 638 634
Rank change year-on-year -89 -4 +182
Permanent jobs citing JPA 469 571 744
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.29% 0.36% 0.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.71% 0.88% 1.01%
Number of salaries quoted 377 433 614
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £68,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +11.11%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 65,901 64,735 73,538
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.00% 40.66% 38.93%
Number of salaries quoted 55,458 55,430 64,148
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Salary trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Salary histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 22 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -26 191 £65,000 +1.56% 45
South East +28 79 £62,500 +31.58% 12
South West -86 77 £43,250 -17.62% 10
North of England -13 46 £45,000 - 10
East of England -36 39 £47,500 -5.00% 7
Midlands -2 37 £50,000 +5.26% 3
Yorkshire +37 33 £45,000 +28.57% 1
West Midlands +12 19 £55,000 +2.33% 1
East Midlands -10 18 £42,500 -5.56% 2
North West -1 12 £61,250 +31.02% 2
North East -18 1 £39,250 -1.88% 7
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2018, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 469 (100.00%) Java
2 385 (82.09%) Spring
3 332 (70.79%) Hibernate
4 285 (60.77%) Agile Software Development
5 236 (50.32%) JavaScript
6 199 (42.43%) Git (software)
7 193 (41.15%) Software Engineering
8 189 (40.30%) SQL
9 182 (38.81%) Java EE
10 181 (38.59%) HTML
11 179 (38.17%) Java 8
12 174 (37.10%) Web Services
13 172 (36.67%) REST
14 168 (35.82%) TDD
15 163 (34.75%) MVC
16 155 (33.05%) CSS
17 148 (31.56%) AngularJS
18 136 (29.00%) Finance
19 134 (28.57%) Tomcat
20 133 (28.36%) JBoss
21 128 (27.29%) Oracle
22 122 (26.01%) Maven
23 119 (25.37%) Scrum
24 118 (25.16%) XML
24 118 (25.16%) Linux
25 117 (24.95%) Spring MVC
26 114 (24.31%) Jenkins
26 114 (24.31%) Microservices
27 111 (23.67%) JUnit
27 111 (23.67%) NoSQL

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 134 (28.57%) Tomcat
2 133 (28.36%) JBoss
3 44 (9.38%) WebSphere
4 42 (8.96%) Apache
5 36 (7.68%) Jetty
6 33 (7.04%) WebLogic
7 30 (6.40%) Elasticsearch
8 23 (4.90%) Confluence
9 21 (4.48%) Mule
10 20 (4.26%) Mule ESB
11 19 (4.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 18 (3.84%) CMS
13 16 (3.41%) GlassFish
14 13 (2.77%) Alfresco
15 12 (2.56%) nginx
16 10 (2.13%) WildFly
17 8 (1.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 8 (1.71%) Apache Solr
17 8 (1.71%) Apache Spark
18 7 (1.49%) Joomla!
Applications
1 7 (1.49%) Weka
2 1 (0.21%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 2 (0.43%) Fredhopper
1 2 (0.43%) Magento
1 2 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
1 2 (0.43%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 76 (16.20%) Amazon AWS
2 29 (6.18%) Cloud Computing
3 23 (4.90%) Amazon EC2
4 22 (4.69%) SaaS
5 20 (4.26%) Bluemix
5 20 (4.26%) IBM Cloud
6 15 (3.20%) Microsoft Azure
7 11 (2.35%) GitHub
8 10 (2.13%) Amazon SQS
9 9 (1.92%) Serverless
10 6 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
10 6 (1.28%) CloudBees
11 4 (0.85%) IaaS
12 3 (0.64%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 3 (0.64%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
13 2 (0.43%) OpenShift
13 2 (0.43%) PaaS
14 1 (0.21%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 1 (0.21%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 18 (3.84%) Internet
2 6 (1.28%) HTTP
3 5 (1.07%) DNS
4 4 (0.85%) AMQP
5 2 (0.43%) FTP
5 2 (0.43%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.21%) Intranet
6 1 (0.21%) SMS
6 1 (0.21%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 111 (23.67%) NoSQL
2 108 (23.03%) MySQL
3 102 (21.75%) Relational Database
4 101 (21.54%) MongoDB
5 66 (14.07%) SQL Server
6 46 (9.81%) RDBMS
7 41 (8.74%) PostgreSQL
8 35 (7.46%) Hadoop
8 35 (7.46%) Redis
9 34 (7.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 32 (6.82%) Oracle Database
11 28 (5.97%) Apache Cassandra
12 25 (5.33%) Couchbase
13 23 (4.90%) Riak
14 15 (3.20%) Oracle Reports
15 11 (2.35%) Big Data
15 11 (2.35%) DB2
15 11 (2.35%) Neo4j
16 10 (2.13%) SQLPlus
17 9 (1.92%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 199 (42.43%) Git (software)
2 122 (26.01%) Maven
3 114 (24.31%) Jenkins
4 111 (23.67%) JUnit
5 108 (23.03%) Subversion
6 58 (12.37%) Cucumber
6 58 (12.37%) JIRA
7 53 (11.30%) Gradle
8 52 (11.09%) IntelliJ
9 43 (9.17%) Selenium
10 41 (8.74%) Vagrant
11 29 (6.18%) Ant
12 22 (4.69%) Eclipse
12 22 (4.69%) TeamCity
13 16 (3.41%) Toad
14 15 (3.20%) Bundler
14 15 (3.20%) gulp
15 12 (2.56%) FitNesse
15 12 (2.56%) Mockito
15 12 (2.56%) Oracle APEX
General
1 136 (29.00%) Finance
2 40 (8.53%) Telecoms
3 36 (7.68%) Banking
4 28 (5.97%) Marketing
5 26 (5.54%) Retail
6 25 (5.33%) Manufacturing
7 22 (4.69%) Electronics
8 21 (4.48%) Advertising
9 19 (4.05%) Games
10 15 (3.20%) Law
11 13 (2.77%) Automotive
12 7 (1.49%) Retail Banking
13 5 (1.07%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.64%) Back Office
14 3 (0.64%) Billing
14 3 (0.64%) Investment Banking
15 1 (0.21%) Front Office
15 1 (0.21%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.21%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 373 (79.53%) Developer
2 339 (72.28%) Java Developer
3 114 (24.31%) Senior Developer
4 111 (23.67%) Senior Java Developer
5 57 (12.15%) Java Engineer
6 55 (11.73%) Software Engineer
7 44 (9.38%) Java Software Developer
8 40 (8.53%) Senior Software Engineer
9 39 (8.32%) Java Software Engineer
10 32 (6.82%) Senior Java Engineer
11 31 (6.61%) Software Developer
12 30 (6.40%) Lead Developer
13 29 (6.18%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 29 (6.18%) Lead Java Developer
14 27 (5.76%) Senior Java Software Engineer
15 22 (4.69%) Architect
16 21 (4.48%) Senior Software Developer
17 20 (4.26%) Senior Java Software Developer
18 16 (3.41%) Backend Developer
19 15 (3.20%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 385 (82.09%) Spring
2 332 (70.79%) Hibernate
3 182 (38.81%) Java EE
4 181 (38.59%) HTML
5 174 (37.10%) Web Services
6 172 (36.67%) REST
7 155 (33.05%) CSS
8 148 (31.56%) AngularJS
9 118 (25.16%) XML
10 117 (24.95%) Spring MVC
11 109 (23.24%) RESTful
12 108 (23.03%) HTML5
13 88 (18.76%) Spring Boot
14 86 (18.34%) J2EE
15 79 (16.84%) SOAP
16 74 (15.78%) JSF
17 66 (14.07%) Servlets
18 64 (13.65%) JMS
19 61 (13.01%) JSON
20 58 (12.37%) React
Miscellaneous
1 80 (17.06%) Computer Science
2 42 (8.96%) Enterprise Software
3 32 (6.82%) Algorithms
4 24 (5.12%) Data Structures
5 21 (4.48%) Greenfield Project
6 19 (4.05%) Fintech
7 17 (3.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 15 (3.20%) RIA
9 14 (2.99%) Analytical Skills
10 12 (2.56%) Linux Command Line
11 10 (2.13%) Online Gambling
12 7 (1.49%) User Experience
13 6 (1.28%) Client/Server
14 4 (0.85%) Fixed Income
14 4 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
14 4 (0.85%) SWIFT
15 3 (0.64%) Life Science
15 3 (0.64%) NHS
15 3 (0.64%) N-Tier
15 3 (0.64%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 118 (25.16%) Linux
2 33 (7.04%) Unix
3 18 (3.84%) Android
4 17 (3.62%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.07%) Windows
6 2 (0.43%) AIX
6 2 (0.43%) Oracle Linux
6 2 (0.43%) Solaris
7 1 (0.21%) CentOS
7 1 (0.21%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 285 (60.77%) Agile Software Development
2 193 (41.15%) Software Engineering
3 168 (35.82%) TDD
4 163 (34.75%) MVC
5 119 (25.37%) Scrum
6 114 (24.31%) Microservices
7 101 (21.54%) BDD
8 78 (16.63%) OO
9 72 (15.35%) Mentoring
10 66 (14.07%) Multithreading
11 62 (13.22%) Open Source
12 59 (12.58%) Problem-Solving
13 58 (12.37%) Web Development
14 57 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
15 53 (11.30%) DevOps
16 49 (10.45%) Kanban
17 47 (10.02%) SDLC
18 46 (9.81%) Test Automation
19 43 (9.17%) Integration Testing
20 38 (8.10%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 469 (100.00%) Java
2 236 (50.32%) JavaScript
3 189 (40.30%) SQL
4 179 (38.17%) Java 8
5 41 (8.74%) PHP
5 41 (8.74%) PL/SQL
6 27 (5.76%) Python
7 23 (4.90%) Shell Script
8 22 (4.69%) C++
9 17 (3.62%) XPath
10 15 (3.20%) C#
11 14 (2.99%) Groovy
12 8 (1.71%) VB.NET
13 7 (1.49%) ES6
14 6 (1.28%) C
14 6 (1.28%) Scala
14 6 (1.28%) T-SQL
15 4 (0.85%) Go
15 4 (0.85%) TypeScript
16 3 (0.64%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 109 (23.24%) Degree
2 41 (8.74%) Computer Science Degree
3 34 (7.25%) Security Cleared
4 15 (3.20%) Numerate Degree
5 11 (2.35%) SC Cleared
6 10 (2.13%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (5.76%) QA
2 5 (1.07%) PMO
3 4 (0.85%) SEPA
4 3 (0.64%) GDPR
5 2 (0.43%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.43%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.43%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.43%) PSD2
6 1 (0.21%) GCP
System Software
1 74 (15.78%) Docker
2 6 (1.28%) HDFS
3 1 (0.21%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 53 (11.30%) Ansible
2 33 (7.04%) Puppet
3 32 (6.82%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (2.77%) Cobbler
5 12 (2.56%) Kubernetes
6 11 (2.35%) Kibana
6 11 (2.35%) Terraform
7 6 (1.28%) Business Desktop Deployment
7 6 (1.28%) MOM
8 3 (0.64%) HP ALM
8 3 (0.64%) Rancher
9 2 (0.43%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.21%) logstash
10 1 (0.21%) Mesos
Vendors
1 128 (27.29%) Oracle
2 29 (6.18%) IBM
3 25 (5.33%) SAP
4 20 (4.26%) Apple
5 18 (3.84%) Google
6 8 (1.71%) Adobe
6 8 (1.71%) Splunk
7 7 (1.49%) Misys
8 6 (1.28%) Alteryx
8 6 (1.28%) Tableau
9 4 (0.85%) Guidewire
9 4 (0.85%) hybris
9 4 (0.85%) Sybase
10 3 (0.64%) AppDynamics
10 3 (0.64%) Birst
10 3 (0.64%) HP
11 2 (0.43%) Cognizant
11 2 (0.43%) Demandware
11 2 (0.43%) Elastic Path
11 2 (0.43%) Gemalto