Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 719 586 636
Rank change year-on-year -133 +50 +112
Permanent jobs citing JPA 433 704 663
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.28% 0.43% 0.37%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.70% 1.07% 0.94%
Number of salaries quoted 329 504 572
England median annual salary £57,500 £52,250 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.05% +4.50% -
10th Percentile £37,000 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £82,700 £77,500 £81,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +15.00% - +5.26%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 61,604 65,813 70,276
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.16% 40.34% 39.11%
Number of salaries quoted 51,346 54,839 61,463
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% +5.56%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Salary trend for JPA in England

JPA
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Salary histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 221 £57,500 -17.86% 28
South West -69 68 £47,500 +5.56% 4
South East +5 58 £62,500 +11.11% 14
Midlands -24 44 £50,000 - 12
East Midlands -1 31 £40,000 -20.00% 7
North of England -23 23 £45,000 - 6
East of England -23 20 £32,000 -36.00% 9
Yorkshire +8 11 £37,000 -17.78% 4
West Midlands -21 11 £50,000 -4.76% 5
North West -18 9 £62,500 +38.89%
North East -8 3 £45,000 +5.88% 2
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 430 (99.31%) Java
2 379 (87.53%) Spring
3 288 (66.51%) Hibernate
4 271 (62.59%) Agile Software Development
5 227 (52.42%) Git (software)
6 215 (49.65%) JavaScript
7 188 (43.42%) SQL
8 175 (40.42%) REST
9 174 (40.18%) CSS
10 170 (39.26%) Maven
11 169 (39.03%) HTML
12 164 (37.88%) Java 8
13 157 (36.26%) Web Services
13 157 (36.26%) Software Engineering
14 154 (35.57%) TDD
14 154 (35.57%) MVC
15 150 (34.64%) Microservices
16 149 (34.41%) Scrum
17 142 (32.79%) Degree
18 136 (31.41%) JUnit
19 134 (30.95%) Finance
20 132 (30.48%) Jenkins
21 127 (29.33%) Java EE
22 125 (28.87%) Oracle
23 109 (25.17%) MySQL
24 108 (24.94%) RESTful
25 106 (24.48%) Gradle
26 100 (23.09%) Continuous Integration
27 99 (22.86%) AngularJS
28 95 (21.94%) Spring Boot

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (15.94%) Tomcat
2 64 (14.78%) JBoss
3 46 (10.62%) Apache
4 29 (6.70%) CMS
5 21 (4.85%) Elasticsearch
6 20 (4.62%) WebSphere
7 16 (3.70%) WebLogic
7 16 (3.70%) WildFly
8 14 (3.23%) Alfresco
9 13 (3.00%) Jetty
10 12 (2.77%) Mule
11 11 (2.54%) GlassFish
11 11 (2.54%) Mule ESB
12 10 (2.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 10 (2.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (2.08%) Joomla!
13 9 (2.08%) nginx
14 7 (1.62%) Apache Spark
14 7 (1.62%) Cloud Foundry
15 5 (1.15%) OpenStack
Applications
1 4 (0.92%) Weka
2 1 (0.23%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 2 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 86 (19.86%) Amazon AWS
2 35 (8.08%) SaaS
3 16 (3.70%) Microsoft Azure
4 13 (3.00%) Google Cloud Platform
4 13 (3.00%) Serverless
5 12 (2.77%) Amazon EC2
6 11 (2.54%) AWS CloudFormation
6 11 (2.54%) IaaS
7 9 (2.08%) DigitalOcean
8 8 (1.85%) GitHub
9 7 (1.62%) Apple Pay
9 7 (1.62%) Google Pay
10 6 (1.39%) Amazon SQS
11 5 (1.15%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 5 (1.15%) CloudBees
12 4 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
12 4 (0.92%) PaaS
13 2 (0.46%) OpenShift
14 1 (0.23%) Amazon S3
14 1 (0.23%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 29 (6.70%) Internet
2 10 (2.31%) AMQP
3 3 (0.69%) FTP
3 3 (0.69%) SMS
3 3 (0.69%) SSL
4 2 (0.46%) HTTP
4 2 (0.46%) Intranet
4 2 (0.46%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.23%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (25.17%) MySQL
2 85 (19.63%) NoSQL
3 84 (19.40%) Relational Database
4 58 (13.39%) MongoDB
5 53 (12.24%) SQL Server
6 32 (7.39%) RDBMS
7 31 (7.16%) Apache Cassandra
7 31 (7.16%) PostgreSQL
8 28 (6.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 24 (5.54%) Oracle Database
10 21 (4.85%) Redis
11 16 (3.70%) Hadoop
12 12 (2.77%) Oracle Reports
13 11 (2.54%) Big Data
13 11 (2.54%) Couchbase
13 11 (2.54%) Riak
14 6 (1.39%) Amazon Aurora
14 6 (1.39%) Hazelcast
14 6 (1.39%) Neo4j
15 5 (1.15%) Amazon QuickSight
Development Applications
1 227 (52.42%) Git (software)
2 170 (39.26%) Maven
3 136 (31.41%) JUnit
4 132 (30.48%) Jenkins
5 106 (24.48%) Gradle
6 85 (19.63%) Subversion
7 49 (11.32%) Cucumber
8 44 (10.16%) Eclipse
9 38 (8.78%) JIRA
10 36 (8.31%) IntelliJ
11 32 (7.39%) Ant
12 29 (6.70%) Mockito
12 29 (6.70%) Vagrant
13 27 (6.24%) Selenium
14 21 (4.85%) TeamCity
15 12 (2.77%) Toad
16 11 (2.54%) JMeter
17 10 (2.31%) Oracle APEX
18 8 (1.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 8 (1.85%) ProC
General
1 134 (30.95%) Finance
2 42 (9.70%) Banking
3 20 (4.62%) Games
4 18 (4.16%) Advertising
5 17 (3.93%) Automotive
5 17 (3.93%) Marketing
6 16 (3.70%) Telecoms
7 14 (3.23%) Electronics
7 14 (3.23%) Manufacturing
8 13 (3.00%) Retail
9 9 (2.08%) Law
10 7 (1.62%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.46%) Billing
11 2 (0.46%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.46%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.23%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 338 (78.06%) Developer
2 314 (72.52%) Java Developer
3 105 (24.25%) Senior Developer
4 98 (22.63%) Senior Java Developer
5 55 (12.70%) Software Engineer
6 45 (10.39%) Java Engineer
7 40 (9.24%) Java Software Engineer
8 33 (7.62%) Senior Software Engineer
9 29 (6.70%) Architect
10 24 (5.54%) Java Software Developer
10 24 (5.54%) Senior Java Engineer
11 22 (5.08%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 21 (4.85%) Lead Developer
12 21 (4.85%) Lead Java Developer
12 21 (4.85%) Senior Java Software Engineer
13 18 (4.16%) Senior Software Developer
14 17 (3.93%) Java Architect
15 15 (3.46%) J2EE Developer
15 15 (3.46%) Java/J2EE Developer
15 15 (3.46%) Lead Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 379 (87.53%) Spring
2 288 (66.51%) Hibernate
3 175 (40.42%) REST
4 174 (40.18%) CSS
5 169 (39.03%) HTML
6 157 (36.26%) Web Services
7 127 (29.33%) Java EE
8 108 (24.94%) RESTful
9 99 (22.86%) AngularJS
10 95 (21.94%) Spring Boot
11 94 (21.71%) SOAP
12 93 (21.48%) JMS
13 91 (21.02%) XML
14 88 (20.32%) HTML5
15 80 (18.48%) Spring MVC
16 71 (16.40%) JSF
17 66 (15.24%) jQuery
18 63 (14.55%) J2EE
19 51 (11.78%) Ajax
19 51 (11.78%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 63 (14.55%) Computer Science
2 34 (7.85%) Enterprise Software
3 28 (6.47%) Self-Motivation
4 27 (6.24%) Greenfield Project
5 26 (6.00%) Algorithms
6 24 (5.54%) Data Structures
6 24 (5.54%) Fintech
7 23 (5.31%) RIA
8 14 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
9 12 (2.77%) Online Gambling
10 10 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.85%) User Experience
12 4 (0.92%) Client/Server
13 3 (0.69%) Enterprise Cloud
13 3 (0.69%) Fixed Income
13 3 (0.69%) Management Information System
13 3 (0.69%) Reference Data
14 2 (0.46%) Clustering
14 2 (0.46%) Data Centre
14 2 (0.46%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 93 (21.48%) Linux
2 27 (6.24%) Android
2 27 (6.24%) Apple iOS
3 21 (4.85%) Unix
4 17 (3.93%) Solaris
5 8 (1.85%) CentOS
5 8 (1.85%) Ubuntu
6 6 (1.39%) Windows
7 1 (0.23%) DC/OS
7 1 (0.23%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 271 (62.59%) Agile Software Development
2 157 (36.26%) Software Engineering
3 154 (35.57%) MVC
3 154 (35.57%) TDD
4 150 (34.64%) Microservices
5 149 (34.41%) Scrum
6 100 (23.09%) Continuous Integration
7 94 (21.71%) OO
8 90 (20.79%) Web Development
9 71 (16.40%) BDD
10 59 (13.63%) Problem-Solving
11 53 (12.24%) Mentoring
11 53 (12.24%) Open Source
12 52 (12.01%) Multithreading
13 45 (10.39%) E-Commerce
14 39 (9.01%) Kanban
15 36 (8.31%) DevOps
16 35 (8.08%) UML
17 33 (7.62%) Unit Testing
18 32 (7.39%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 430 (99.31%) Java
2 215 (49.65%) JavaScript
3 188 (43.42%) SQL
4 164 (37.88%) Java 8
5 53 (12.24%) PL/SQL
6 33 (7.62%) Python
7 31 (7.16%) PHP
8 16 (3.70%) C++
9 12 (2.77%) Go
9 12 (2.77%) PowerShell
10 9 (2.08%) Groovy
10 9 (2.08%) R
10 9 (2.08%) Ruby
11 8 (1.85%) TypeScript
12 6 (1.39%) Bash Shell
12 6 (1.39%) XPath
13 5 (1.15%) Shell Script
14 4 (0.92%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.69%) C#
15 3 (0.69%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 142 (32.79%) Degree
2 30 (6.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 24 (5.54%) Security Cleared
4 16 (3.70%) Numerate Degree
5 9 (2.08%) SC Cleared
6 8 (1.85%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.46%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.23%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (3.00%) QA
2 3 (0.69%) DICOM
2 3 (0.69%) ISO 20022
3 2 (0.46%) PMO
4 1 (0.23%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.23%) GDPR
4 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.23%) PSD2
System Software
1 51 (11.78%) Docker
2 19 (4.39%) GridGain
3 4 (0.92%) HDFS
4 3 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.23%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 31 (7.16%) Kubernetes
2 21 (4.85%) Ansible
2 21 (4.85%) Terraform
3 8 (1.85%) Rancher
4 7 (1.62%) Docker Swarm
4 7 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (1.62%) Puppet
5 4 (0.92%) Kibana
5 4 (0.92%) logstash
6 2 (0.46%) Cobbler
7 1 (0.23%) Business Desktop Deployment
7 1 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.23%) Mesos
7 1 (0.23%) MOM
Vendors
1 125 (28.87%) Oracle
2 33 (7.62%) Google
3 17 (3.93%) Rakuten
3 17 (3.93%) Red Hat
4 16 (3.70%) SAP
5 11 (2.54%) Apple
6 10 (2.31%) Adobe
6 10 (2.31%) IBM
7 9 (2.08%) hybris
8 5 (1.15%) Birst
9 4 (0.92%) Microsoft
9 4 (0.92%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.69%) Alteryx
10 3 (0.69%) MuleSoft
10 3 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.69%) Tableau
10 3 (0.69%) WSO2
11 2 (0.46%) Peoplefluent
11 2 (0.46%) Splunk
11 2 (0.46%) Yahoo!