Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 211 223 235
Rank change year-on-year +12 +12 -29
Permanent jobs citing VPN 773 940 1,039
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.61% 1.53% 1.49%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.26% 11.77% 10.30%
Number of salaries quoted 636 807 877
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,688 £30,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £81,250
England median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - -5.26% +11.76%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,304 7,984 10,087
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 13.16% 13.01% 14.44%
Number of salaries quoted 5,117 6,501 8,418
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,650 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £86,250 £82,500
England median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £46,500
% change year-on-year - +2.15% +3.33%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Salary trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Salary histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -18 158 £57,500 +9.52% 33
West London +32 45 £50,000 - 13
East London +14 22 £41,000 -13.68% 5
South London -14 13 £30,000 -36.84% 3
North London -8 2 £41,500 -33.60% 3
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 435 (56.27%) Firewall
2 320 (41.40%) Windows
3 315 (40.75%) Cisco
4 297 (38.42%) WAN
5 268 (34.67%) LAN
5 268 (34.67%) Office 365
6 238 (30.79%) Microsoft
7 236 (30.53%) Active Directory
7 236 (30.53%) Cisco Certification
8 226 (29.24%) Azure
9 210 (27.17%) DNS
10 194 (25.10%) Network Security
11 192 (24.84%) TCP/IP
12 172 (22.25%) DHCP
13 167 (21.60%) AWS
14 162 (20.96%) CCNP
15 159 (20.57%) VMware
16 150 (19.40%) IPsec
17 145 (18.76%) BGP
17 145 (18.76%) Data Centre
18 135 (17.46%) Windows Server
19 130 (16.82%) OSPF
20 128 (16.56%) Linux
21 126 (16.30%) Palo Alto
22 123 (15.91%) MPLS
23 122 (15.78%) ITIL
24 120 (15.52%) Citrix
25 116 (15.01%) VMware Infrastructure
26 113 (14.62%) Wireless
27 108 (13.97%) VoIP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (9.83%) MS Exchange
2 41 (5.30%) SharePoint
3 29 (3.75%) Exchange Server 2010
4 26 (3.36%) Exchange Server 2013
4 26 (3.36%) Skype for Business
5 17 (2.20%) Exchange Server 2007
6 15 (1.94%) IIS
7 6 (0.78%) Confluence
7 6 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (0.78%) nginx
8 4 (0.52%) Apache
8 4 (0.52%) Apache Spark
8 4 (0.52%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.26%) WordPress
10 1 (0.13%) LiveLink
10 1 (0.13%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.13%) SharePoint Server
10 1 (0.13%) Tomcat
Applications
1 76 (9.83%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (1.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (1.68%) MS Visio
4 10 (1.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.91%) Acrobat
6 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 4 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.39%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.26%) Relativity
3 2 (0.26%) Sage 200
4 1 (0.13%) FastStats
4 1 (0.13%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 268 (34.67%) Office 365
2 226 (29.24%) Azure
3 167 (21.60%) AWS
4 34 (4.40%) Azure Active Directory
5 32 (4.14%) SaaS
6 31 (4.01%) IaaS
7 28 (3.62%) GCP
8 24 (3.10%) AWS CloudFormation
9 23 (2.98%) PaaS
10 17 (2.20%) Mimecast
10 17 (2.20%) OpenShift
11 16 (2.07%) Amazon ECS
11 16 (2.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 14 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
13 13 (1.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 13 (1.68%) Amazon EKS
14 12 (1.55%) OneDrive
15 11 (1.42%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 11 (1.42%) Cloudflare
15 11 (1.42%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 435 (56.27%) Firewall
2 297 (38.42%) WAN
3 268 (34.67%) LAN
4 210 (27.17%) DNS
5 194 (25.10%) Network Security
6 192 (24.84%) TCP/IP
7 172 (22.25%) DHCP
8 150 (19.40%) IPsec
9 145 (18.76%) BGP
10 130 (16.82%) OSPF
11 123 (15.91%) MPLS
12 113 (14.62%) Wireless
13 108 (13.97%) VoIP
14 107 (13.84%) Cisco ASA
15 103 (13.32%) SSL
16 102 (13.20%) VLAN
17 79 (10.22%) Internet
18 74 (9.57%) Multicast
19 72 (9.31%) SAN
20 67 (8.67%) HSRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (4.79%) SQL Server
2 13 (1.68%) SQL Server 2012
3 11 (1.42%) MySQL
4 10 (1.29%) NoSQL
4 10 (1.29%) SQL Server 2014
5 9 (1.16%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (0.91%) SQL Server 2008
7 6 (0.78%) Amazon RDS
8 5 (0.65%) Big Data
9 4 (0.52%) Apache Hive
9 4 (0.52%) DB2
9 4 (0.52%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.52%) HBase
9 4 (0.52%) Sqoop
10 3 (0.39%) Relational Database
10 3 (0.39%) SQL Server 2005
11 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Analysis Services
11 2 (0.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 2 (0.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (0.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 45 (5.82%) VSS/SourceSafe
2 18 (2.33%) JIRA
3 17 (2.20%) Jenkins
4 12 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 8 (1.03%) Vagrant
6 7 (0.91%) Hudson
7 5 (0.65%) CircleCI
7 5 (0.65%) JMeter
8 2 (0.26%) Artifactory
8 2 (0.26%) Bitbucket
8 2 (0.26%) Git (software)
8 2 (0.26%) GitLab
8 2 (0.26%) Gradle
9 1 (0.13%) MSI
9 1 (0.13%) Zephyr
General
1 102 (13.20%) Finance
2 45 (5.82%) Law
3 44 (5.69%) Telecoms
4 36 (4.66%) Banking
5 34 (4.40%) Legal
6 32 (4.14%) Retail
7 17 (2.20%) Marketing
8 12 (1.55%) Japanese Language
9 10 (1.29%) Public Sector
10 7 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
10 7 (0.91%) Publishing
11 5 (0.65%) Aerospace
11 5 (0.65%) Front Office
12 4 (0.52%) Investment Banking
13 3 (0.39%) Back Office
13 3 (0.39%) Games
14 2 (0.26%) Advertising
14 2 (0.26%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.26%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.26%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 230 (29.75%) Network Engineer
2 95 (12.29%) Analyst
3 81 (10.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 66 (8.54%) Support Engineer
5 58 (7.50%) Senior Network Engineer
6 50 (6.47%) Consultant
6 50 (6.47%) IT Support
7 46 (5.95%) Architect
8 45 (5.82%) Support Analyst
9 41 (5.30%) Security Engineer
10 40 (5.17%) IT Analyst
11 36 (4.66%) Desktop Support
11 36 (4.66%) IT Engineer
12 32 (4.14%) 2nd Line Support
12 32 (4.14%) DevOps Engineer
13 28 (3.62%) Network Infrastructure Engineer
13 28 (3.62%) Network Security Engineer
14 24 (3.10%) Cisco Engineer
14 24 (3.10%) Team Leader
14 24 (3.10%) WAN Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (5.17%) LDAP
2 29 (3.75%) HTML
3 28 (3.62%) 802.1X
3 28 (3.62%) XML
4 26 (3.36%) Ajax
4 26 (3.36%) CSS
5 14 (1.81%) SAML
6 13 (1.68%) JSON
7 12 (1.55%) Elastic Stack
8 11 (1.42%) Web Services
9 7 (0.91%) REST
10 5 (0.65%) Node.js
11 4 (0.52%) .NET
11 4 (0.52%) OAuth
11 4 (0.52%) WebSphere MQ
12 3 (0.39%) Celery
12 3 (0.39%) LAMP
12 3 (0.39%) RabbitMQ
12 3 (0.39%) XMPP
13 2 (0.26%) Jinja
Miscellaneous
1 145 (18.76%) Data Centre
2 54 (6.99%) Management Information System
3 37 (4.79%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 33 (4.27%) Video Conferencing
5 30 (3.88%) Public Cloud
6 25 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
7 21 (2.72%) PKI
8 18 (2.33%) iPhone
8 18 (2.33%) User Experience
9 16 (2.07%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.81%) Hybrid Cloud
11 13 (1.68%) Clustering
12 12 (1.55%) Enterprise Storage
13 10 (1.29%) iPad
14 8 (1.03%) Driving Licence
14 8 (1.03%) Virtual Team
15 7 (0.91%) Hedge funds
15 7 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
15 7 (0.91%) Mobile Computing
16 6 (0.78%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 320 (41.40%) Windows
2 135 (17.46%) Windows Server
3 128 (16.56%) Linux
4 100 (12.94%) Windows 10
5 75 (9.70%) Windows Server 2016
6 72 (9.31%) Windows Server 2012
7 60 (7.76%) Windows 7
8 31 (4.01%) Windows Server 2008
9 25 (3.23%) Unix
10 24 (3.10%) Android
11 20 (2.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 19 (2.46%) Mac OS
12 19 (2.46%) Windows Server 2019
13 18 (2.33%) Apple iOS
14 16 (2.07%) CentOS
15 11 (1.42%) VMS
15 11 (1.42%) Windows 8
16 9 (1.16%) Mac OS X
17 7 (0.91%) Debian
17 7 (0.91%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 122 (15.78%) ITIL
2 97 (12.55%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 81 (10.48%) Load Balancing
4 75 (9.70%) Information Security
5 74 (9.57%) Problem-Solving
6 67 (8.67%) DevOps
7 62 (8.02%) Network Monitoring
8 57 (7.37%) Network Design
9 50 (6.47%) Change Management
10 45 (5.82%) SIEM
11 43 (5.56%) Security Operations
12 42 (5.43%) Agile Software Development
12 42 (5.43%) Cybersecurity
13 40 (5.17%) Network Architecture
14 39 (5.05%) Kalman Filter
15 35 (4.53%) Computer Science
16 32 (4.14%) Service Delivery
17 29 (3.75%) Disaster Recovery
18 28 (3.62%) Continuous Improvement
18 28 (3.62%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 95 (12.29%) PowerShell
2 69 (8.93%) Python
3 51 (6.60%) SQL
4 30 (3.88%) Bash Shell
4 30 (3.88%) JavaScript
5 17 (2.20%) Java
5 17 (2.20%) Ruby
6 16 (2.07%) C
7 13 (1.68%) Go
8 9 (1.16%) C#
8 9 (1.16%) Perl
9 8 (1.03%) C++
9 8 (1.03%) Shell Script
9 8 (1.03%) VBScript
10 5 (0.65%) PHP
11 3 (0.39%) T-SQL
12 2 (0.26%) Java 8
12 2 (0.26%) Scala
12 2 (0.26%) VBA
13 1 (0.13%) VB
Qualifications
1 236 (30.53%) Cisco Certification
2 162 (20.96%) CCNP
3 106 (13.71%) CCNA
4 86 (11.13%) Degree
5 41 (5.30%) CCIE
6 36 (4.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 30 (3.88%) MCSE
8 29 (3.75%) Computer Science Degree
9 24 (3.10%) JNCIP
10 20 (2.59%) Security Cleared
11 16 (2.07%) MCP
12 15 (1.94%) MCSA
13 14 (1.81%) CCSA
14 11 (1.42%) SC Cleared
15 10 (1.29%) CCDP
16 9 (1.16%) DV Cleared
16 9 (1.16%) SANS
17 8 (1.03%) DBS Check
17 8 (1.03%) EC-Council LPT
17 8 (1.03%) GXPN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (5.30%) SLA
2 31 (4.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 19 (2.46%) Cyber Essentials
4 10 (1.29%) GDPR
4 10 (1.29%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 5 (0.65%) NIST
7 3 (0.39%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 2 (0.26%) FedRAMP
8 2 (0.26%) FISMA
8 2 (0.26%) ITGC
9 1 (0.13%) COBIT
9 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.13%) QA
System Software
1 236 (30.53%) Active Directory
2 116 (15.01%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (8.15%) Hyper-V
4 44 (5.69%) Docker
5 43 (5.56%) XenApp
6 38 (4.92%) XenDesktop
7 28 (3.62%) VMware ESXi
8 15 (1.94%) vSphere
9 9 (1.16%) VMware NSX
10 8 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
11 7 (0.91%) Firmware
11 7 (0.91%) Terminal Services
12 5 (0.65%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.52%) HDFS
14 3 (0.39%) BitLocker
14 3 (0.39%) ProxySG
14 3 (0.39%) VMware Workstation
15 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 1 (0.13%) Snort
15 1 (0.13%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 87 (11.25%) SCCM
2 52 (6.73%) Single Sign-On
3 47 (6.08%) Ansible
4 45 (5.82%) Terraform
5 33 (4.27%) Kubernetes
6 31 (4.01%) Microsoft Intune
7 27 (3.49%) FortiGate
8 26 (3.36%) Puppet
9 18 (2.33%) Backup Exec
10 13 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
11 12 (1.55%) Salt
12 10 (1.29%) Nagios
12 10 (1.29%) WSUS
13 9 (1.16%) Cisco CUCM
13 9 (1.16%) Packer
13 9 (1.16%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
14 8 (1.03%) Docker Swarm
14 8 (1.03%) Graphite
14 8 (1.03%) Opsgenie
14 8 (1.03%) Opsview
Vendors
1 315 (40.75%) Cisco
2 238 (30.79%) Microsoft
3 159 (20.57%) VMware
4 126 (16.30%) Palo Alto
5 120 (15.52%) Citrix
6 69 (8.93%) CheckPoint
7 67 (8.67%) HP
7 67 (8.67%) Juniper
8 63 (8.15%) SolarWinds
9 56 (7.24%) F5
10 48 (6.21%) Meraki
11 32 (4.14%) Apple
12 31 (4.01%) Google
13 30 (3.88%) Aruba
13 30 (3.88%) ServiceNow
14 25 (3.23%) Fortinet
15 22 (2.85%) Red Hat
16 19 (2.46%) Dell
17 18 (2.33%) Forcepoint
17 18 (2.33%) Sophos