Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 249 217 237
Rank change year-on-year -32 +20 +1
Permanent jobs citing VPN 346 810 909
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.22% 1.61% 1.47%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.94% 12.21% 11.20%
Number of salaries quoted 353 678 779
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +6.80%
10th Percentile £32,500 £27,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £81,250 £80,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -4.26%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 2,898 6,634 8,119
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 10.26% 13.19% 13.11%
Number of salaries quoted 2,323 5,508 6,707
Median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +13.64% - -
10th Percentile £36,250 £29,750 £29,750
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £86,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Salary trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +16 80 £72,500 +26.09% 11
West London +49 21 £90,000 +89.47% 10
South London +28 11 £60,000 +65.52% 3
North London +31 1 £32,500 +10.17%
East London -4 1 £28,500 -48.18% 5
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 212 (61.27%) Firewall
2 151 (43.64%) Windows
3 136 (39.31%) Microsoft 365
4 133 (38.44%) Active Directory
5 127 (36.71%) Microsoft
6 125 (36.13%) Azure
7 124 (35.84%) Cisco
8 109 (31.50%) WAN
9 108 (31.21%) AWS
10 101 (29.19%) DNS
11 93 (26.88%) LAN
12 90 (26.01%) Linux
13 82 (23.70%) DHCP
14 81 (23.41%) VMware
15 73 (21.10%) Cisco Certification
16 70 (20.23%) ITIL
16 70 (20.23%) Network Security
16 70 (20.23%) Windows Server
17 67 (19.36%) DevOps
18 65 (18.79%) TCP/IP
19 60 (17.34%) Python
20 59 (17.05%) Finance
21 56 (16.18%) BGP
21 56 (16.18%) Ansible
21 56 (16.18%) Windows 10
22 53 (15.32%) VMware Infrastructure
23 49 (14.16%) MPLS
24 48 (13.87%) Degree
25 45 (13.01%) Management Information System
26 44 (12.72%) OSPF

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (9.25%) SharePoint
2 23 (6.65%) MS Exchange
3 19 (5.49%) Skype for Business
4 16 (4.62%) Apache
5 13 (3.76%) IIS
6 12 (3.47%) Exchange Server 2013
7 11 (3.18%) Confluence
8 10 (2.89%) Tomcat
9 7 (2.02%) ejabberd
9 7 (2.02%) nginx
10 5 (1.45%) Apache Spark
10 5 (1.45%) Exchange Server 2007
11 4 (1.16%) Exchange Server 2010
12 3 (0.87%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 2 (0.58%) CMS
13 2 (0.58%) OpenStack
Applications
1 42 (12.14%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (4.05%) MS Visio
3 7 (2.02%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (2.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.58%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 7 (2.02%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (1.16%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.87%) Eikon
3 3 (0.87%) Endur
4 2 (0.58%) Relativity
5 1 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.29%) Sage X3
5 1 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 136 (39.31%) Microsoft 365
2 125 (36.13%) Azure
3 108 (31.21%) AWS
4 35 (10.12%) Azure Active Directory
5 34 (9.83%) SaaS
6 32 (9.25%) GCP
7 19 (5.49%) IaaS
7 19 (5.49%) PaaS
8 14 (4.05%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 14 (4.05%) Slack
9 13 (3.76%) Cloud Computing
9 13 (3.76%) Mimecast
9 13 (3.76%) Route 53
10 10 (2.89%) OneDrive
11 9 (2.60%) Power Platform
12 8 (2.31%) AWS CloudFormation
13 7 (2.02%) G Suite
13 7 (2.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 6 (1.73%) Stackdriver
15 5 (1.45%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 212 (61.27%) Firewall
2 109 (31.50%) WAN
3 101 (29.19%) DNS
4 93 (26.88%) LAN
5 82 (23.70%) DHCP
6 70 (20.23%) Network Security
7 65 (18.79%) TCP/IP
8 56 (16.18%) BGP
9 49 (14.16%) MPLS
10 44 (12.72%) OSPF
10 44 (12.72%) VoIP
11 43 (12.43%) Wireless
12 41 (11.85%) Wi-Fi
13 40 (11.56%) IPsec
14 30 (8.67%) SNMP
14 30 (8.67%) SSL
15 26 (7.51%) SAN
16 25 (7.23%) Multicast
17 23 (6.65%) Internet
18 22 (6.36%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (6.65%) SQL Server
2 12 (3.47%) MySQL
3 10 (2.89%) Blockchain
4 8 (2.31%) NoSQL
5 7 (2.02%) Relational Database
6 6 (1.73%) Amazon RDS
6 6 (1.73%) MongoDB
7 5 (1.45%) Apache Hive
7 5 (1.45%) Big Data
7 5 (1.45%) Impala
8 4 (1.16%) Redis
9 3 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
9 3 (0.87%) Cosmos DB
9 3 (0.87%) Hadoop
9 3 (0.87%) HBase
9 3 (0.87%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (0.87%) Power BI
9 3 (0.87%) RDBMS
9 3 (0.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 2 (0.58%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 21 (6.07%) JIRA
2 16 (4.62%) Bitbucket
2 16 (4.62%) Jenkins
3 9 (2.60%) Sonatype Nexus
4 7 (2.02%) Visual Studio
5 6 (1.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 6 (1.73%) Git (software)
6 5 (1.45%) GitLab
7 3 (0.87%) Grunt
8 2 (0.58%) Bitbucket Server
8 2 (0.58%) CircleCI
8 2 (0.58%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.58%) git-flow
8 2 (0.58%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 1 (0.29%) Eclipse
9 1 (0.29%) Subversion
General
1 59 (17.05%) Finance
2 14 (4.05%) Telecoms
3 12 (3.47%) Banking
4 8 (2.31%) Legal
5 7 (2.02%) Games
6 4 (1.16%) Aerospace
7 3 (0.87%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.87%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.58%) Marketing
9 1 (0.29%) Advertising
9 1 (0.29%) Automotive
9 1 (0.29%) Back Office
9 1 (0.29%) Digital Economy
9 1 (0.29%) Law
9 1 (0.29%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.29%) Public Sector
9 1 (0.29%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 68 (19.65%) Network Engineer
2 47 (13.58%) Analyst
3 32 (9.25%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 31 (8.96%) Architect
5 30 (8.67%) Senior Network Engineer
6 28 (8.09%) Consultant
7 23 (6.65%) DevOps Engineer
8 22 (6.36%) Support Engineer
9 19 (5.49%) Cisco Engineer
9 19 (5.49%) Support Analyst
10 18 (5.20%) IT Support
11 17 (4.91%) Cisco Network Engineer
11 17 (4.91%) Cloud Engineer
12 15 (4.34%) Azure Engineer
12 15 (4.34%) IT Engineer
12 15 (4.34%) Systems Engineer
13 14 (4.05%) Senior Cisco Engineer
14 13 (3.76%) IT Analyst
15 12 (3.47%) Security Architect
16 11 (3.18%) Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (4.91%) Web Services
2 16 (4.62%) HTML
3 14 (4.05%) CSS
4 12 (3.47%) XMPP
5 9 (2.60%) 802.1X
5 9 (2.60%) HTML5
6 8 (2.31%) Elastic Stack
6 8 (2.31%) LDAP
6 8 (2.31%) XML
7 7 (2.02%) .NET
7 7 (2.02%) Ajax
7 7 (2.02%) SOAP
8 5 (1.45%) Kafka
9 4 (1.16%) FIX Protocol
9 4 (1.16%) Node.js
10 3 (0.87%) LAMP
11 2 (0.58%) Middleware
11 2 (0.58%) SAP Basis
11 2 (0.58%) WSH
11 2 (0.58%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 45 (13.01%) Management Information System
2 35 (10.12%) Data Centre
3 27 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
4 22 (6.36%) Public Cloud
5 18 (5.20%) PKI
6 15 (4.34%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 11 (3.18%) Self-Motivation
8 9 (2.60%) Clustering
8 9 (2.60%) CMDB
8 9 (2.60%) Replication
9 8 (2.31%) Greenfield Project
10 7 (2.02%) Hybrid Cloud
11 6 (1.73%) Cyberthreat
12 5 (1.45%) Social Media
12 5 (1.45%) User Experience
13 4 (1.16%) Cyber Kill Chain
13 4 (1.16%) Fibre Optics
13 4 (1.16%) Hedge funds
13 4 (1.16%) PMI
13 4 (1.16%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 151 (43.64%) Windows
2 90 (26.01%) Linux
3 70 (20.23%) Windows Server
4 56 (16.18%) Windows 10
5 27 (7.80%) Mac OS
6 26 (7.51%) Windows 7
7 21 (6.07%) Windows Server 2016
8 20 (5.78%) Windows Server 2008
9 18 (5.20%) Windows Server 2012
10 17 (4.91%) Mac OS X
11 14 (4.05%) Unix
12 13 (3.76%) Android
13 11 (3.18%) Ubuntu
13 11 (3.18%) Windows Server 2019
14 10 (2.89%) Apple iOS
15 9 (2.60%) Windows 8
16 7 (2.02%) Debian
16 7 (2.02%) Oracle Linux
16 7 (2.02%) VMS
17 4 (1.16%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 70 (20.23%) ITIL
2 67 (19.36%) DevOps
3 43 (12.43%) Information Security
4 36 (10.40%) SIEM
5 35 (10.12%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 34 (9.83%) Cybersecurity
6 34 (9.83%) Penetration Testing
6 34 (9.83%) Problem-Solving
7 33 (9.54%) Migration
8 30 (8.67%) Change Management
8 30 (8.67%) Vulnerability Management
9 28 (8.09%) Risk Assessment
10 27 (7.80%) Network Monitoring
11 26 (7.51%) High Availability
11 26 (7.51%) Load Balancing
12 25 (7.23%) Presales
13 24 (6.94%) Fintech
13 24 (6.94%) Security Monitoring
14 22 (6.36%) Kalman Filter
14 22 (6.36%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 60 (17.34%) Python
2 36 (10.40%) PowerShell
3 23 (6.65%) SQL
4 22 (6.36%) Bash Shell
5 17 (4.91%) Perl
6 16 (4.62%) PHP
7 15 (4.34%) JavaScript
8 13 (3.76%) C
8 13 (3.76%) Java
9 9 (2.60%) C#
10 7 (2.02%) R
10 7 (2.02%) VB
11 2 (0.58%) ABAP
11 2 (0.58%) Ruby
12 1 (0.29%) C++
Qualifications
1 73 (21.10%) Cisco Certification
2 48 (13.87%) Degree
3 38 (10.98%) CCNP
4 33 (9.54%) CCNA
5 25 (7.23%) CISSP
6 21 (6.07%) CISM
7 18 (5.20%) Microsoft Certification
8 12 (3.47%) SANS
9 11 (3.18%) Computer Science Degree
10 10 (2.89%) CCIE
10 10 (2.89%) CEPT
10 10 (2.89%) EC-Council LPT
10 10 (2.89%) GXPN
10 10 (2.89%) ITIL Certification
10 10 (2.89%) JNCIP
10 10 (2.89%) OSCE
11 9 (2.60%) CISA
11 9 (2.60%) MCP
12 8 (2.31%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 8 (2.31%) OSWP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (10.69%) SLA
2 35 (10.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 24 (6.94%) NIST
4 13 (3.76%) GDPR
5 5 (1.45%) Cyber Essentials
5 5 (1.45%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 4 (1.16%) QA
7 3 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.58%) COBIT
8 2 (0.58%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.58%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 133 (38.44%) Active Directory
2 53 (15.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (8.38%) Docker
4 26 (7.51%) Hyper-V
5 14 (4.05%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (2.89%) vSphere
7 7 (2.02%) iptables
7 7 (2.02%) Kamailio
7 7 (2.02%) KVM
7 7 (2.02%) Postfix
7 7 (2.02%) QEMU
8 5 (1.45%) VMware NSX
8 5 (1.45%) XenDesktop
9 3 (0.87%) Firmware
9 3 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.58%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.58%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.29%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.29%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 56 (16.18%) Ansible
2 41 (11.85%) Puppet
3 39 (11.27%) Terraform
4 28 (8.09%) Microsoft Intune
5 20 (5.78%) Kubernetes
5 20 (5.78%) SCCM
6 18 (5.20%) Opscode Chef
7 17 (4.91%) Nagios
8 12 (3.47%) Cisco CUCM
9 11 (3.18%) Grafana
10 10 (2.89%) CASB
11 8 (2.31%) HAProxy
12 7 (2.02%) Galera Cluster
12 7 (2.02%) HP UCMDB
12 7 (2.02%) ZABBIX
13 6 (1.73%) Istio
13 6 (1.73%) Prometheus
13 6 (1.73%) Single Sign-On
14 5 (1.45%) ITRS Geneos
14 5 (1.45%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 127 (36.71%) Microsoft
2 124 (35.84%) Cisco
3 81 (23.41%) VMware
4 43 (12.43%) Palo Alto
5 35 (10.12%) CheckPoint
6 32 (9.25%) Meraki
7 31 (8.96%) HP
8 25 (7.23%) Juniper
9 22 (6.36%) Citrix
9 22 (6.36%) Google
10 20 (5.78%) Dell
11 18 (5.20%) SolarWinds
12 16 (4.62%) Apple
12 16 (4.62%) Avaya
12 16 (4.62%) F5
12 16 (4.62%) Oracle
13 15 (4.34%) Riverbed
14 14 (4.05%) Fortinet
15 13 (3.76%) Bloomberg
15 13 (3.76%) Blue Coat