Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 350 283 231
Rank change year-on-year -67 -52 -2
Permanent jobs citing VPN 746 377 620
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.08% 1.12% 1.56%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.42% 10.73% 12.06%
Number of salaries quoted 531 342 505
10th Percentile £30,000 £31,250 £29,000
25th Percentile £37,500 £43,375 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £55,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% -4.35% +9.52%
75th Percentile £70,000 £76,250 £73,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year - - +5.56%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,917 3,512 5,142
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 11.45% 10.45% 12.94%
Number of salaries quoted 4,263 2,656 4,195
10th Percentile £32,000 £36,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £47,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £87,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,556
% change year-on-year +5.00% +0.90% +4.33%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Salary trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Salary histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 18 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -2 123 £55,000 +15.79% 16
West London -58 32 £55,000 +4.76% 10
South London -37 28 £31,500 -33.68% 7
North London -28 7 £55,000 +69.23%
East London -65 1 £44,250 -13.24% 5
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 440 (58.98%) Firewall
2 391 (52.41%) Windows
3 281 (37.67%) Azure
4 280 (37.53%) Microsoft
5 270 (36.19%) Microsoft 365
6 258 (34.58%) Active Directory
7 251 (33.65%) DNS
8 237 (31.77%) Cisco
9 235 (31.50%) AWS
10 216 (28.95%) Social Skills
11 202 (27.08%) WAN
12 192 (25.74%) Linux
13 161 (21.58%) Windows Server
14 160 (21.45%) LAN
15 159 (21.31%) Cisco Certification
16 154 (20.64%) Windows 10
17 153 (20.51%) Finance
18 150 (20.11%) VMware
19 149 (19.97%) DHCP
20 142 (19.03%) Data Centre
21 140 (18.77%) Python
22 135 (18.10%) TCP/IP
23 133 (17.83%) Network Security
24 130 (17.43%) Agile
25 125 (16.76%) ITIL
26 118 (15.82%) VLAN
27 116 (15.55%) MPLS
28 114 (15.28%) BGP
28 114 (15.28%) VMware Infrastructure
29 113 (15.15%) Kubernetes

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (7.51%) SharePoint
2 47 (6.30%) IIS
3 46 (6.17%) MS Exchange
4 32 (4.29%) Apache
4 32 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
5 17 (2.28%) Exchange Server 2010
5 17 (2.28%) Exchange Server 2013
6 16 (2.14%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
7 15 (2.01%) Exchange Server 2007
8 14 (1.88%) Confluence
9 11 (1.47%) Apache Spark
9 11 (1.47%) Apache Synapse
10 10 (1.34%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.80%) WordPress
12 5 (0.67%) CMS
13 2 (0.27%) nginx
13 2 (0.27%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.27%) WinCC
14 1 (0.13%) JBoss
14 1 (0.13%) WebLogic
Applications
1 107 (14.34%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (3.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (2.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (1.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 5 (0.67%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.27%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 24 (3.22%) Remedy ITSM
2 8 (1.07%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (1.07%) R3 Corda
3 7 (0.94%) Oracle Applications
3 7 (0.94%) SAP GTS
4 3 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.40%) Elite 3E
5 2 (0.27%) BambooHR
6 1 (0.13%) Alphatax
6 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.13%) Kondor
6 1 (0.13%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 281 (37.67%) Azure
2 270 (36.19%) Microsoft 365
3 235 (31.50%) AWS
4 64 (8.58%) Azure Active Directory
5 54 (7.24%) Amazon EC2
6 52 (6.97%) SaaS
7 40 (5.36%) GCP
8 36 (4.83%) IaaS
8 36 (4.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 29 (3.89%) PaaS
10 27 (3.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 27 (3.62%) AWS Direct Connect
11 26 (3.49%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 26 (3.49%) Google Workspace
12 23 (3.08%) Amazon EKS
12 23 (3.08%) Cloud Computing
13 18 (2.41%) Amazon S3
13 18 (2.41%) Route 53
14 16 (2.14%) AWS CloudFormation
14 16 (2.14%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 440 (58.98%) Firewall
2 251 (33.65%) DNS
3 202 (27.08%) WAN
4 160 (21.45%) LAN
5 149 (19.97%) DHCP
6 135 (18.10%) TCP/IP
7 133 (17.83%) Network Security
8 118 (15.82%) VLAN
9 116 (15.55%) MPLS
10 114 (15.28%) BGP
11 96 (12.87%) Wireless
12 91 (12.20%) OSPF
13 85 (11.39%) SSL
14 77 (10.32%) IPsec
14 77 (10.32%) Wi-Fi
15 64 (8.58%) Internet
16 53 (7.10%) Cisco ASA
17 49 (6.57%) IPv6
18 44 (5.90%) SD-WAN
19 41 (5.50%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (7.77%) SQL Server
2 35 (4.69%) Big Data
3 33 (4.42%) PostgreSQL
4 22 (2.95%) MySQL
5 17 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
5 17 (2.28%) MariaDB
5 17 (2.28%) NoSQL
5 17 (2.28%) UniData
6 11 (1.47%) MongoDB
7 7 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 7 (0.94%) Azure SQL Database
8 6 (0.80%) Power BI
9 5 (0.67%) Amazon Redshift
10 4 (0.54%) InfluxDB
11 3 (0.40%) Amazon Aurora
11 3 (0.40%) HDInsight
12 2 (0.27%) Tableau
13 1 (0.13%) Bigtable
13 1 (0.13%) Oracle Database
13 1 (0.13%) Redis
Development Applications
1 53 (7.10%) Git (software)
2 31 (4.16%) Jenkins
3 30 (4.02%) GitLab
3 30 (4.02%) JIRA
4 17 (2.28%) Maven
5 12 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 11 (1.47%) MLflow
6 11 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
6 11 (1.47%) TeamCity
7 10 (1.34%) fastlane
8 7 (0.94%) Gradle
8 7 (0.94%) Oracle APEX
8 7 (0.94%) Oracle Forms
8 7 (0.94%) Snowpack
8 7 (0.94%) SonarQube
9 5 (0.67%) Artifactory
10 4 (0.54%) MSI
10 4 (0.54%) Subversion
10 4 (0.54%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 2 (0.27%) Visual Studio
General
1 216 (28.95%) Social Skills
2 153 (20.51%) Finance
3 60 (8.04%) Telecoms
4 51 (6.84%) Marketing
5 45 (6.03%) Analytical Skills
6 44 (5.90%) Banking
7 36 (4.83%) Law
8 35 (4.69%) Legal
9 32 (4.29%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 28 (3.75%) Manufacturing
11 26 (3.49%) Public Sector
12 24 (3.22%) Electronics
12 24 (3.22%) Presentation Skills
13 23 (3.08%) Retail
14 21 (2.82%) Organisational Skills
15 18 (2.41%) Influencing Skills
16 12 (1.61%) Documentation Skills
17 11 (1.47%) Advertising
17 11 (1.47%) Public Speaking
18 9 (1.21%) Games
Job Titles
1 149 (19.97%) Network Engineer
2 116 (15.55%) Support Engineer
3 80 (10.72%) Analyst
4 69 (9.25%) 2nd Line Support
5 68 (9.12%) IT Support
6 66 (8.85%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 59 (7.91%) Senior Network Engineer
8 55 (7.37%) 2nd Line Engineer
8 55 (7.37%) DevOps Engineer
9 53 (7.10%) Architect
9 53 (7.10%) Desktop Support
9 53 (7.10%) IT Engineer
10 52 (6.97%) Security Engineer
11 44 (5.90%) Support Analyst
12 42 (5.63%) 2nd Line Support Engineer
13 30 (4.02%) IT Support Engineer
13 30 (4.02%) Network Security Engineer
14 29 (3.89%) IT Analyst
15 27 (3.62%) Systems Engineer
16 26 (3.49%) 3rd Line Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (4.69%) .NET
2 18 (2.41%) Spring
3 17 (2.28%) JSON
4 13 (1.74%) Web Services
5 12 (1.61%) WebSockets
6 11 (1.47%) Kafka
6 11 (1.47%) PyTorch
6 11 (1.47%) TensorFlow
6 11 (1.47%) XGBoost
7 10 (1.34%) AngularJS
7 10 (1.34%) Loki
8 9 (1.21%) LDAP
9 8 (1.07%) HTML
9 8 (1.07%) JPA
9 8 (1.07%) React
9 8 (1.07%) Spring Boot
10 7 (0.94%) Enzyme
10 7 (0.94%) XML
11 6 (0.80%) 802.1X
11 6 (0.80%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 142 (19.03%) Data Centre
2 31 (4.16%) Self-Motivation
3 25 (3.35%) IoT
3 25 (3.35%) Public Cloud
4 22 (2.95%) Blackberry
5 20 (2.68%) Management Information System
6 19 (2.55%) PKI
6 19 (2.55%) User Experience
7 16 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
7 16 (2.14%) Video Conferencing
8 15 (2.01%) Cloud Native
8 15 (2.01%) Smartphone
9 14 (1.88%) Replication
10 13 (1.74%) Online Banking
10 13 (1.74%) Sports Betting
11 12 (1.61%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 12 (1.61%) Virtual Team
12 11 (1.47%) Blog
13 10 (1.34%) Algorithms
13 10 (1.34%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 391 (52.41%) Windows
2 192 (25.74%) Linux
3 161 (21.58%) Windows Server
4 154 (20.64%) Windows 10
5 74 (9.92%) Windows Server 2016
6 61 (8.18%) Apple iOS
7 56 (7.51%) Windows Server 2012
8 54 (7.24%) Mac OS
9 44 (5.90%) Android
10 42 (5.63%) CentOS
11 39 (5.23%) Mac OS X
12 37 (4.96%) Windows 7
13 31 (4.16%) Unix
14 28 (3.75%) Ubuntu
15 18 (2.41%) Windows Server 2019
16 15 (2.01%) VMS
17 13 (1.74%) Debian
18 9 (1.21%) Windows Server 2008
19 7 (0.94%) Windows 8
20 6 (0.80%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 130 (17.43%) Agile
2 125 (16.76%) ITIL
3 103 (13.81%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 98 (13.14%) CI/CD
4 98 (13.14%) DevOps
5 92 (12.33%) Migration
6 71 (9.52%) Problem-Solving
7 69 (9.25%) Analytics
8 66 (8.85%) Cybersecurity
9 63 (8.45%) Infrastructure as Code
10 62 (8.31%) ITSM
10 62 (8.31%) Project Management
11 55 (7.37%) Mentoring
12 49 (6.57%) Load Balancing
12 49 (6.57%) Network Architecture
13 43 (5.76%) Disaster Recovery
13 43 (5.76%) Kalman Filter
13 43 (5.76%) Network Monitoring
14 41 (5.50%) High Availability
14 41 (5.50%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 140 (18.77%) Python
2 107 (14.34%) PowerShell
3 58 (7.77%) Bash
4 51 (6.84%) SQL
5 41 (5.50%) Java
6 24 (3.22%) JavaScript
7 21 (2.82%) C++
8 20 (2.68%) C#
9 17 (2.28%) Go
9 17 (2.28%) Perl
10 16 (2.14%) Shell Script
11 11 (1.47%) Scala
12 10 (1.34%) C
13 8 (1.07%) PHP
14 7 (0.94%) Kotlin
14 7 (0.94%) TypeScript
15 5 (0.67%) Ruby
16 1 (0.13%) Groovy
16 1 (0.13%) T-SQL
16 1 (0.13%) VBA
Qualifications
1 159 (21.31%) Cisco Certification
2 100 (13.40%) CCNP
3 94 (12.60%) Degree
4 65 (8.71%) CCIE
5 63 (8.45%) CCNA
6 33 (4.42%) Microsoft Certification
7 32 (4.29%) Security Cleared
8 27 (3.62%) SC Cleared
9 19 (2.55%) Computer Science Degree
9 19 (2.55%) JNCIP
9 19 (2.55%) MCSA
10 16 (2.14%) MCP
11 15 (2.01%) CCDP
11 15 (2.01%) MCDST
11 15 (2.01%) MCITP
12 12 (1.61%) MCSE
13 11 (1.47%) CISSP
14 7 (0.94%) CCIE Service Provider
14 7 (0.94%) JNCIS
15 6 (0.80%) ACTC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (9.38%) SLA
2 51 (6.84%) GDPR
3 24 (3.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 14 (1.88%) QA
5 10 (1.34%) HIPAA
5 10 (1.34%) NIST
6 4 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.40%) Cyber Essentials
7 3 (0.40%) NCSC
7 3 (0.40%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 2 (0.27%) IEC 61131
8 2 (0.27%) MiFID
9 1 (0.13%) GLBA
9 1 (0.13%) ISA99
9 1 (0.13%) NIST 800
System Software
1 258 (34.58%) Active Directory
2 114 (15.28%) VMware Infrastructure
3 92 (12.33%) Docker
4 38 (5.09%) Virtual Servers
5 34 (4.56%) Hyper-V
6 25 (3.35%) ProxySG
7 20 (2.68%) VMware NSX
8 18 (2.41%) Virtual Desktop
8 18 (2.41%) vSphere
9 14 (1.88%) iptables
10 11 (1.47%) Virtual Machines
11 10 (1.34%) XenDesktop
12 9 (1.21%) VMware ESXi
13 8 (1.07%) Dovecot
13 8 (1.07%) Postfix
13 8 (1.07%) XenApp
14 7 (0.94%) BitLocker
14 7 (0.94%) Firmware
15 6 (0.80%) NFS
16 4 (0.54%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 113 (15.15%) Kubernetes
2 96 (12.87%) Terraform
3 83 (11.13%) Ansible
4 69 (9.25%) Microsoft Intune
5 59 (7.91%) SCCM
6 30 (4.02%) Grafana
6 30 (4.02%) ZABBIX
7 28 (3.75%) Nagios
8 26 (3.49%) Jamf Pro
9 21 (2.82%) Graylog
10 20 (2.68%) WSUS
11 17 (2.28%) Cisco CUCM
12 15 (2.01%) ServiceCenter
13 14 (1.88%) Prometheus
13 14 (1.88%) Puppet
14 12 (1.61%) Failover Clustering
15 11 (1.47%) Icinga
16 10 (1.34%) Single Sign-On
17 8 (1.07%) CASB
17 8 (1.07%) cPanel
Vendors
1 280 (37.53%) Microsoft
2 237 (31.77%) Cisco
3 150 (20.11%) VMware
4 92 (12.33%) Citrix
5 91 (12.20%) Palo Alto
6 76 (10.19%) Apple
7 75 (10.05%) Juniper
8 52 (6.97%) HP
9 45 (6.03%) F5
9 45 (6.03%) Meraki
9 45 (6.03%) Red Hat
9 45 (6.03%) SolarWinds
10 42 (5.63%) Remedy
11 41 (5.50%) Fortinet
12 40 (5.36%) Google
13 36 (4.83%) Veeam
14 32 (4.29%) SAP
15 31 (4.16%) CheckPoint
16 27 (3.62%) ServiceNow
17 25 (3.35%) Blue Coat