Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 285 205 226
Rank change year-on-year -80 +21 +15
Permanent jobs citing VPN 507 456 864
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.12% 1.62% 1.52%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.05% 11.79% 12.19%
Number of salaries quoted 445 378 703
10th Percentile £31,250 £32,500 £25,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £47,500 £35,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £60,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year -12.50% +14.29% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £75,000 £71,875
90th Percentile £87,000 £90,000 £85,000
England median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -2.17%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,045 3,867 7,085
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 11.18% 13.72% 12.46%
Number of salaries quoted 3,321 3,137 5,827
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £29,000
25th Percentile £46,750 £45,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year - +8.70% -3.16%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Salary trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -34 93 £45,000 -30.77% 35
South London +25 33 £31,500 - 7
West London -24 19 £45,000 -18.18% 10
East London +6 5 £50,000 -41.18% 7
North London +18 1 £32,500 -39.25% 1
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 289 (57.00%) Windows
2 232 (45.76%) Firewall
3 206 (40.63%) Microsoft 365
4 205 (40.43%) Microsoft
5 190 (37.48%) Active Directory
6 188 (37.08%) Azure
7 147 (28.99%) Cisco
8 142 (28.01%) Social Skills
9 135 (26.63%) ITIL
10 133 (26.23%) Linux
11 122 (24.06%) DNS
12 119 (23.47%) Windows Server
13 108 (21.30%) Windows 10
14 96 (18.93%) PowerShell
15 95 (18.74%) LAN
16 94 (18.54%) VMware
17 92 (18.15%) WAN
17 92 (18.15%) DHCP
18 91 (17.95%) AWS
19 89 (17.55%) TCP/IP
19 89 (17.55%) Finance
20 85 (16.77%) DevOps
21 81 (15.98%) Cisco Certification
22 79 (15.58%) Degree
23 77 (15.19%) Python
23 77 (15.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
24 72 (14.20%) Microsoft Office
24 72 (14.20%) VMware Infrastructure
25 71 (14.00%) BGP
26 70 (13.81%) Problem-Solving

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (7.69%) SharePoint
2 32 (6.31%) IIS
2 32 (6.31%) MS Exchange
3 29 (5.72%) Apache
4 25 (4.93%) nginx
4 25 (4.93%) Tomcat
5 23 (4.54%) Confluence
6 12 (2.37%) Exchange Server 2013
7 11 (2.17%) Skype for Business
8 10 (1.97%) ejabberd
9 9 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
10 8 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
11 5 (0.99%) Exchange Server 2010
11 5 (0.99%) SAS
12 3 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2007
13 2 (0.39%) Apache Spark
14 1 (0.20%) CMS
14 1 (0.20%) OpenStack
14 1 (0.20%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 72 (14.20%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (3.35%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (1.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 4 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.39%) Gephi
6 1 (0.20%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 17 (3.35%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (1.18%) Relativity
3 5 (0.99%) Unica
4 4 (0.79%) FastStats
4 4 (0.79%) Oracle Applications
5 3 (0.59%) Endur
5 3 (0.59%) Exchequer
5 3 (0.59%) Magento
5 3 (0.59%) Sage 300 ERP
5 3 (0.59%) Sage CRM
6 2 (0.39%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.20%) BambooHR
7 1 (0.20%) BASE24
7 1 (0.20%) Dynamics GP
7 1 (0.20%) Elite 3E
7 1 (0.20%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 206 (40.63%) Microsoft 365
2 188 (37.08%) Azure
3 91 (17.95%) AWS
4 57 (11.24%) Azure Active Directory
5 55 (10.85%) PaaS
6 47 (9.27%) SaaS
7 42 (8.28%) IaaS
8 34 (6.71%) OneDrive
9 23 (4.54%) GCP
10 20 (3.94%) Cloud Computing
11 19 (3.75%) GitHub
12 18 (3.55%) Mimecast
13 16 (3.16%) Amazon EC2
13 16 (3.16%) Amazon EKS
13 16 (3.16%) Power Platform
14 11 (2.17%) AWS CloudFormation
15 8 (1.58%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 8 (1.58%) Azure Storage
15 8 (1.58%) IBM Cloud
16 7 (1.38%) MinIO
Communications & Networking
1 232 (45.76%) Firewall
2 122 (24.06%) DNS
3 95 (18.74%) LAN
4 92 (18.15%) DHCP
4 92 (18.15%) WAN
5 89 (17.55%) TCP/IP
6 71 (14.00%) BGP
7 56 (11.05%) VoIP
8 55 (10.85%) MPLS
9 52 (10.26%) Network Security
9 52 (10.26%) Wi-Fi
10 49 (9.66%) OSPF
11 43 (8.48%) SAN
12 41 (8.09%) SSL
13 38 (7.50%) SNMP
14 37 (7.30%) VLAN
15 34 (6.71%) IPsec
16 28 (5.52%) Wireless
17 26 (5.13%) Broadband
17 26 (5.13%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (11.05%) SQL Server
2 19 (3.75%) PostgreSQL
3 15 (2.96%) NoSQL
4 13 (2.56%) Power BI
5 12 (2.37%) Tableau
6 9 (1.78%) MariaDB
7 6 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
7 6 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
8 4 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
8 4 (0.79%) Blockchain
8 4 (0.79%) MarkLogic
8 4 (0.79%) Relational Database
9 3 (0.59%) Big Data
9 3 (0.59%) Crystal Reports
9 3 (0.59%) Data Lake
9 3 (0.59%) Data Vault
9 3 (0.59%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (0.59%) MS Access
9 3 (0.59%) Redis
9 3 (0.59%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 40 (7.89%) JIRA
2 29 (5.72%) Jenkins
3 21 (4.14%) GitLab
4 17 (3.35%) Git (software)
5 12 (2.37%) Bitbucket
6 6 (1.18%) SonarQube
7 5 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
7 5 (0.99%) TeamCity
7 5 (0.99%) Visual Studio Code
8 4 (0.79%) Oracle APEX
8 4 (0.79%) Oracle Forms
9 3 (0.59%) Eclipse
10 2 (0.39%) Bitbucket Server
10 2 (0.39%) git-flow
10 2 (0.39%) Maven
10 2 (0.39%) Visual Studio
11 1 (0.20%) Artifactory
11 1 (0.20%) Gerrit
11 1 (0.20%) Postman
11 1 (0.20%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 142 (28.01%) Social Skills
2 89 (17.55%) Finance
3 51 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
4 34 (6.71%) Telecoms
5 33 (6.51%) Legal
6 25 (4.93%) Law
7 21 (4.14%) Organisational Skills
8 18 (3.55%) Marketing
9 14 (2.76%) Banking
10 12 (2.37%) Games
10 12 (2.37%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 11 (2.17%) Manufacturing
12 10 (1.97%) Presentation Skills
13 9 (1.78%) Italian Language
13 9 (1.78%) Public Sector
13 9 (1.78%) Spanish Language
14 8 (1.58%) Electronics
14 8 (1.58%) Portuguese Language
15 6 (1.18%) Advertising
15 6 (1.18%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 101 (19.92%) Analyst
2 82 (16.17%) Network Engineer
3 55 (10.85%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 51 (10.06%) Support Analyst
5 46 (9.07%) IT Analyst
5 46 (9.07%) IT Support
5 46 (9.07%) Support Engineer
6 41 (8.09%) Service Analyst
7 37 (7.30%) Service Desk Analyst
8 36 (7.10%) IT Support Analyst
9 35 (6.90%) Systems Engineer
10 34 (6.71%) Azure Engineer
11 32 (6.31%) Cloud Engineer
11 32 (6.31%) IT Engineer
12 27 (5.33%) Senior Analyst
13 26 (5.13%) Consultant
14 25 (4.93%) 3rd Line Engineer
15 23 (4.54%) Architect
16 22 (4.34%) IT Manager
16 22 (4.34%) IT Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (3.55%) Web Services
2 15 (2.96%) 802.1X
3 14 (2.76%) JSON
4 13 (2.56%) LDAP
4 13 (2.56%) XMPP
5 11 (2.17%) Elastic Stack
5 11 (2.17%) ODBC
6 10 (1.97%) Kafka
7 9 (1.78%) CSS
7 9 (1.78%) HTML
7 9 (1.78%) LAMP
7 9 (1.78%) LAPP Stack
7 9 (1.78%) LEMP Stack
7 9 (1.78%) Node.js
7 9 (1.78%) SOAP
8 8 (1.58%) RabbitMQ
9 6 (1.18%) Ajax
9 6 (1.18%) XML
10 5 (0.99%) REST
11 4 (0.79%) Software Packaging
Miscellaneous
1 62 (12.23%) Management Information System
2 59 (11.64%) Data Centre
3 25 (4.93%) Public Cloud
4 23 (4.54%) Video Conferencing
5 20 (3.94%) User Experience
6 15 (2.96%) Private Cloud
7 14 (2.76%) iPhone
8 13 (2.56%) Clustering
8 13 (2.56%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 13 (2.56%) Hedge funds
9 12 (2.37%) BYOD
10 11 (2.17%) Cloud Native
10 11 (2.17%) Renewable Energy
10 11 (2.17%) SCADA
10 11 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (1.78%) Fibre Optics
12 8 (1.58%) Analytical Mindset
12 8 (1.58%) CMDB
13 7 (1.38%) PKI
13 7 (1.38%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 289 (57.00%) Windows
2 133 (26.23%) Linux
3 119 (23.47%) Windows Server
4 108 (21.30%) Windows 10
5 39 (7.69%) Windows Server 2012
6 36 (7.10%) Mac OS
7 28 (5.52%) Android
7 28 (5.52%) CentOS
7 28 (5.52%) Unix
7 28 (5.52%) Windows Server 2016
8 26 (5.13%) Windows 7
9 25 (4.93%) Apple iOS
10 21 (4.14%) Debian
11 20 (3.94%) Windows Server 2008
12 17 (3.35%) Windows Server 2019
13 15 (2.96%) Mac OS X
14 8 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 7 (1.38%) VMS
16 6 (1.18%) Ubuntu
17 3 (0.59%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 135 (26.63%) ITIL
2 85 (16.77%) DevOps
3 77 (15.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 70 (13.81%) Problem-Solving
5 60 (11.83%) Disaster Recovery
6 55 (10.85%) Agile Software Development
7 42 (8.28%) Migration
8 39 (7.69%) Computer Science
9 38 (7.50%) Configuration Management
9 38 (7.50%) Information Security
10 37 (7.30%) High Availability
11 36 (7.10%) Cybersecurity
11 36 (7.10%) ITSM
12 32 (6.31%) Load Balancing
13 29 (5.72%) Change Management
14 28 (5.52%) Mentoring
15 27 (5.33%) Continuous Integration
16 26 (5.13%) Risk Assessment
17 24 (4.73%) Service Management
18 23 (4.54%) Problem Management
Programming Languages
1 96 (18.93%) PowerShell
2 77 (15.19%) Python
3 51 (10.06%) SQL
4 45 (8.88%) Bash Shell
5 24 (4.73%) C
6 23 (4.54%) Java
7 20 (3.94%) Perl
8 18 (3.55%) R
9 14 (2.76%) VB
10 12 (2.37%) PHP
11 11 (2.17%) Scala
12 7 (1.38%) C#
12 7 (1.38%) Go
13 6 (1.18%) JavaScript
14 5 (0.99%) Shell Script
14 5 (0.99%) T-SQL
15 1 (0.20%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 81 (15.98%) Cisco Certification
2 79 (15.58%) Degree
3 43 (8.48%) CCNA
4 38 (7.50%) CCNP
5 25 (4.93%) CISSP
5 25 (4.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (4.93%) Security Cleared
6 21 (4.14%) SC Cleared
7 18 (3.55%) JNCIP
8 16 (3.16%) CCIE
9 14 (2.76%) MCP
9 14 (2.76%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (2.37%) DV Cleared
11 10 (1.97%) CISA
12 9 (1.78%) CEH
12 9 (1.78%) CISM
12 9 (1.78%) ITIL Certification
13 8 (1.58%) CCENT
13 8 (1.58%) JNCIS
13 8 (1.58%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (8.09%) SLA
2 27 (5.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (2.56%) NIST
4 12 (2.37%) GDPR
5 5 (0.99%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.79%) GLBA
7 3 (0.59%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 2 (0.39%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.20%) Accessibility
9 1 (0.20%) ISO 22301
9 1 (0.20%) ISO 8583
9 1 (0.20%) QA
System Software
1 190 (37.48%) Active Directory
2 72 (14.20%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (8.68%) Hyper-V
4 39 (7.69%) Docker
5 36 (7.10%) Virtual Desktop
6 31 (6.11%) iptables
7 28 (5.52%) KVM
8 19 (3.75%) XenDesktop
9 18 (3.55%) vSphere
10 17 (3.35%) VMware ESXi
11 16 (3.16%) QEMU
12 11 (2.17%) Virtual Machines
13 10 (1.97%) Kamailio
13 10 (1.97%) Postfix
13 10 (1.97%) Virtual Servers
14 7 (1.38%) Ceph
14 7 (1.38%) Firmware
14 7 (1.38%) Terminal Services
15 5 (0.99%) XenApp
16 4 (0.79%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 57 (11.24%) Puppet
2 56 (11.05%) Ansible
3 48 (9.47%) Microsoft Intune
4 40 (7.89%) Kubernetes
5 38 (7.50%) SCCM
6 37 (7.30%) Terraform
7 35 (6.90%) ZABBIX
8 20 (3.94%) Prometheus
9 19 (3.75%) Grafana
9 19 (3.75%) Nagios
10 17 (3.35%) HAProxy
11 16 (3.16%) Galera Cluster
12 13 (2.56%) Jamf Pro
13 12 (2.37%) Failover Clustering
13 12 (2.37%) FortiGate
14 11 (2.17%) AirWatch
15 10 (1.97%) Backup Exec
15 10 (1.97%) Single Sign-On
16 7 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
16 7 (1.38%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 205 (40.43%) Microsoft
2 147 (28.99%) Cisco
3 94 (18.54%) VMware
4 63 (12.43%) Citrix
5 48 (9.47%) Juniper
6 44 (8.68%) Palo Alto
7 39 (7.69%) HP
8 33 (6.51%) Dell
9 31 (6.11%) SonicWALL
10 28 (5.52%) Mitel
11 26 (5.13%) SolarWinds
12 25 (4.93%) Meraki
12 25 (4.93%) Red Hat
12 25 (4.93%) ServiceNow
13 22 (4.34%) Fortinet
14 20 (3.94%) Atlassian
15 19 (3.75%) LexisNexis
16 18 (3.55%) Remedy
17 17 (3.35%) Aruba
17 17 (3.35%) Nimble Storage