Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 293 225 242
Rank change year-on-year -68 +17 +9
Permanent jobs citing VPN 594 291 797
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.17% 1.47% 1.46%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.06% 11.10% 11.26%
Number of salaries quoted 514 257 646
10th Percentile £31,075 £34,225 £26,750
25th Percentile £40,000 £47,500 £36,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £65,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -11.54% +18.18% +4.76%
75th Percentile £70,750 £83,750 £74,938
90th Percentile £88,375 £95,000 £82,500
England median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,904 2,622 7,081
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 11.64% 13.27% 12.96%
Number of salaries quoted 3,869 2,208 5,864
10th Percentile £32,500 £36,250 £28,750
25th Percentile £45,750 £47,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £65,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.85% +18.18% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £86,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £52,000 £47,000
% change year-on-year -3.85% +10.64% -1.05%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Salary trend for VPN in London

VPN
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -64 75 £60,000 -17.24% 39
South London +22 48 £40,000 +26.98% 5
West London -60 25 £51,321 -25.35% 15
East London -22 4 £50,000 -41.18% 4
North London - 1 £85,000 - 2
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 323 (54.38%) Windows
2 282 (47.47%) Firewall
3 238 (40.07%) Azure
4 218 (36.70%) Microsoft
5 216 (36.36%) Active Directory
6 215 (36.20%) Microsoft 365
7 186 (31.31%) Social Skills
8 158 (26.60%) DNS
9 154 (25.93%) Cisco
10 147 (24.75%) ITIL
11 139 (23.40%) Linux
12 134 (22.56%) Windows Server
13 130 (21.89%) PowerShell
14 128 (21.55%) WAN
15 124 (20.88%) AWS
16 119 (20.03%) DevOps
17 117 (19.70%) TCP/IP
18 114 (19.19%) DHCP
19 112 (18.86%) Python
20 111 (18.69%) VMware
20 111 (18.69%) Windows 10
21 101 (17.00%) Finance
21 101 (17.00%) Cisco Certification
22 97 (16.33%) LAN
23 96 (16.16%) Degree
24 87 (14.65%) Microsoft Office
25 86 (14.48%) Terraform
26 85 (14.31%) VMware Infrastructure
27 84 (14.14%) Problem-Solving
28 78 (13.13%) Data Centre

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (6.90%) SharePoint
2 36 (6.06%) MS Exchange
3 28 (4.71%) IIS
4 20 (3.37%) Apache
4 20 (3.37%) Confluence
5 15 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
5 15 (2.53%) nginx
6 12 (2.02%) Skype for Business
6 12 (2.02%) Tomcat
7 10 (1.68%) Exchange Server 2013
8 9 (1.52%) Exchange Server 2010
9 8 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
10 7 (1.18%) Exchange Server 2007
11 6 (1.01%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 6 (1.01%) SAS
12 2 (0.34%) WordPress
13 1 (0.17%) CMS
13 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
13 1 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
13 1 (0.17%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 87 (14.65%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (4.55%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (2.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (2.02%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 3 (0.51%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.17%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 16 (2.69%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (1.01%) Unica
3 5 (0.84%) Relativity
4 4 (0.67%) FastStats
4 4 (0.67%) Oracle Applications
5 3 (0.51%) Exchequer
5 3 (0.51%) Magento
6 2 (0.34%) Elite 3E
6 2 (0.34%) Sage 300 ERP
6 2 (0.34%) Sage CRM
6 2 (0.34%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.17%) BambooHR
7 1 (0.17%) BASE24
7 1 (0.17%) Carpe Diem
7 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.17%) Dynamics GP
7 1 (0.17%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.17%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 238 (40.07%) Azure
2 215 (36.20%) Microsoft 365
3 124 (20.88%) AWS
4 74 (12.46%) PaaS
5 65 (10.94%) Azure Active Directory
6 57 (9.60%) IaaS
6 57 (9.60%) SaaS
7 33 (5.56%) GitHub
7 33 (5.56%) OneDrive
8 31 (5.22%) GCP
9 30 (5.05%) Cloud Computing
10 24 (4.04%) Mimecast
11 23 (3.87%) Power Platform
12 22 (3.70%) Serverless
13 21 (3.54%) Amazon EKS
14 19 (3.20%) AWS CloudFormation
15 18 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
16 17 (2.86%) GitHub Actions
17 12 (2.02%) Adobe Creative Cloud
18 11 (1.85%) AWS Direct Connect
Communications & Networking
1 282 (47.47%) Firewall
2 158 (26.60%) DNS
3 128 (21.55%) WAN
4 117 (19.70%) TCP/IP
5 114 (19.19%) DHCP
6 97 (16.33%) LAN
7 74 (12.46%) BGP
7 74 (12.46%) MPLS
7 74 (12.46%) Wi-Fi
8 70 (11.78%) Network Security
9 65 (10.94%) OSPF
10 58 (9.76%) IPsec
10 58 (9.76%) VLAN
10 58 (9.76%) VoIP
11 42 (7.07%) Broadband
12 41 (6.90%) SAN
13 33 (5.56%) SSL
13 33 (5.56%) Wireless
14 31 (5.22%) IPv6
14 31 (5.22%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (7.91%) SQL Server
2 34 (5.72%) PostgreSQL
3 19 (3.20%) NoSQL
4 15 (2.53%) Azure SQL Database
4 15 (2.53%) Redis
5 14 (2.36%) MySQL
5 14 (2.36%) Power BI
6 13 (2.19%) MariaDB
7 11 (1.85%) Tableau
8 9 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (1.52%) MarkLogic
9 8 (1.35%) Relational Database
10 7 (1.18%) Amazon Aurora
11 6 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
12 5 (0.84%) RDBMS
13 4 (0.67%) Big Data
13 4 (0.67%) Data Lake
13 4 (0.67%) SQL Server 2012
14 3 (0.51%) Data Vault
15 2 (0.34%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 56 (9.43%) Jenkins
2 39 (6.57%) JIRA
3 35 (5.89%) GitLab
4 25 (4.21%) Git (software)
5 23 (3.87%) TeamCity
6 9 (1.52%) Sonatype Nexus
7 8 (1.35%) Octopus Deploy
8 6 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 6 (1.01%) SonarQube
9 5 (0.84%) Bitbucket
9 5 (0.84%) CircleCI
9 5 (0.84%) Visual Studio Code
10 4 (0.67%) Oracle APEX
10 4 (0.67%) Oracle Forms
11 2 (0.34%) Eclipse
11 2 (0.34%) Maven
11 2 (0.34%) Visual Studio
12 1 (0.17%) Subversion
12 1 (0.17%) Team Foundation Server
12 1 (0.17%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 186 (31.31%) Social Skills
2 101 (17.00%) Finance
3 37 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
4 33 (5.56%) Law
5 30 (5.05%) Telecoms
6 27 (4.55%) Legal
7 23 (3.87%) Banking
8 19 (3.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 16 (2.69%) Organisational Skills
10 14 (2.36%) Marketing
11 12 (2.02%) Documentation Skills
12 9 (1.52%) Financial Institution
12 9 (1.52%) Investment Banking
12 9 (1.52%) Retail
13 8 (1.35%) Aerospace
13 8 (1.35%) Italian Language
13 8 (1.35%) Portuguese Language
13 8 (1.35%) Presentation Skills
13 8 (1.35%) Public Sector
13 8 (1.35%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 101 (17.00%) Network Engineer
2 94 (15.82%) Analyst
3 68 (11.45%) Support Engineer
4 52 (8.75%) IT Support
5 48 (8.08%) Service Analyst
6 44 (7.41%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 43 (7.24%) Support Analyst
8 41 (6.90%) DevOps Engineer
8 41 (6.90%) Service Desk Analyst
9 39 (6.57%) IT Engineer
10 34 (5.72%) Azure Engineer
10 34 (5.72%) IT Analyst
11 32 (5.39%) Cloud Engineer
12 30 (5.05%) Security Engineer
13 29 (4.88%) 3rd Line Engineer
14 26 (4.38%) IT Support Engineer
15 24 (4.04%) Architect
15 24 (4.04%) Senior Network Engineer
15 24 (4.04%) Systems Engineer
16 23 (3.87%) Desktop Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (2.36%) Elastic Stack
1 14 (2.36%) JSON
2 13 (2.19%) Kafka
2 13 (2.19%) LAMP
2 13 (2.19%) LAPP Stack
2 13 (2.19%) LEMP Stack
2 13 (2.19%) Web Services
3 11 (1.85%) ODBC
4 10 (1.68%) Node.js
5 8 (1.35%) RabbitMQ
6 7 (1.18%) LDAP
6 7 (1.18%) REST
7 6 (1.01%) 802.1X
7 6 (1.01%) Software Packaging
7 6 (1.01%) XMPP
8 5 (0.84%) Regular Expression
9 3 (0.51%) .NET
9 3 (0.51%) OAuth
9 3 (0.51%) React
9 3 (0.51%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 78 (13.13%) Data Centre
2 56 (9.43%) Management Information System
3 33 (5.56%) Public Cloud
4 31 (5.22%) Video Conferencing
5 23 (3.87%) User Experience
6 18 (3.03%) iPhone
7 16 (2.69%) Cloud Native
8 14 (2.36%) Hedge funds
9 13 (2.19%) BYOD
9 13 (2.19%) Private Cloud
9 13 (2.19%) Smartphone
10 11 (1.85%) Blackberry
10 11 (1.85%) Clustering
10 11 (1.85%) Renewable Energy
10 11 (1.85%) SCADA
11 9 (1.52%) e-Learning
11 9 (1.52%) Fibre Optics
12 8 (1.35%) Data Protection Act
12 8 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
13 7 (1.18%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 323 (54.38%) Windows
2 139 (23.40%) Linux
3 134 (22.56%) Windows Server
4 111 (18.69%) Windows 10
5 45 (7.58%) Mac OS
6 43 (7.24%) Unix
7 38 (6.40%) Windows 7
8 36 (6.06%) Apple iOS
9 35 (5.89%) Android
10 33 (5.56%) Windows Server 2012
10 33 (5.56%) Windows Server 2016
11 30 (5.05%) CentOS
12 19 (3.20%) Mac OS X
13 12 (2.02%) Windows Server 2019
14 11 (1.85%) Windows Server 2008
15 10 (1.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 9 (1.52%) VMS
17 7 (1.18%) Debian
18 4 (0.67%) Windows Server 2003
19 3 (0.51%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 147 (24.75%) ITIL
2 119 (20.03%) DevOps
3 84 (14.14%) Problem-Solving
4 72 (12.12%) Agile Software Development
5 64 (10.77%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 64 (10.77%) Migration
6 52 (8.75%) Change Management
6 52 (8.75%) Service Delivery
7 49 (8.25%) Disaster Recovery
8 45 (7.58%) Configuration Management
8 45 (7.58%) Information Security
9 44 (7.41%) Cybersecurity
10 43 (7.24%) Computer Science
11 41 (6.90%) ITSM
11 41 (6.90%) Project Management
12 40 (6.73%) Mentoring
13 38 (6.40%) Incident Management
13 38 (6.40%) Problem Management
14 35 (5.89%) Network Monitoring
15 34 (5.72%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 130 (21.89%) PowerShell
2 112 (18.86%) Python
3 70 (11.78%) SQL
4 52 (8.75%) Bash Shell
5 25 (4.21%) Java
6 17 (2.86%) R
7 11 (1.85%) C
7 11 (1.85%) Scala
8 10 (1.68%) Go
9 9 (1.52%) VB
10 7 (1.18%) C#
10 7 (1.18%) Perl
11 6 (1.01%) T-SQL
12 5 (0.84%) Shell Script
13 1 (0.17%) JavaScript
13 1 (0.17%) PHP
Qualifications
1 101 (17.00%) Cisco Certification
2 96 (16.16%) Degree
3 66 (11.11%) CCNA
4 54 (9.09%) CCNP
5 31 (5.22%) MCP
6 30 (5.05%) CCIE
6 30 (5.05%) Microsoft Certification
7 26 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
8 25 (4.21%) MCSA
9 24 (4.04%) CISSP
10 23 (3.87%) Security Cleared
11 21 (3.54%) SC Cleared
12 17 (2.86%) CEH
13 16 (2.69%) MCSE
14 13 (2.19%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 11 (1.85%) AWS Certification
15 11 (1.85%) JNCIP
15 11 (1.85%) JNCIS
16 10 (1.68%) DV Cleared
17 9 (1.52%) CCENT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (9.26%) SLA
2 34 (5.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (2.36%) GDPR
4 9 (1.52%) NIST
5 5 (0.84%) QA
5 5 (0.84%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.67%) GLBA
7 3 (0.51%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.17%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.17%) ISO 22301
8 1 (0.17%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.17%) SOC 2
System Software
1 216 (36.36%) Active Directory
2 85 (14.31%) VMware Infrastructure
3 61 (10.27%) Docker
4 48 (8.08%) Hyper-V
5 38 (6.40%) Virtual Desktop
6 21 (3.54%) Virtual Machines
7 16 (2.69%) VMware ESXi
8 15 (2.53%) Virtual Servers
9 14 (2.36%) iptables
9 14 (2.36%) KVM
10 12 (2.02%) Terminal Services
11 9 (1.52%) vSphere
11 9 (1.52%) XenDesktop
12 8 (1.35%) XenApp
13 7 (1.18%) Ceph
14 6 (1.01%) Firmware
15 5 (0.84%) vCloud
16 4 (0.67%) Microsoft App-V
16 4 (0.67%) Terminal Server
17 2 (0.34%) Sendmail
Systems Management
1 86 (14.48%) Terraform
2 63 (10.61%) Kubernetes
3 60 (10.10%) Microsoft Intune
4 58 (9.76%) Ansible
5 54 (9.09%) SCCM
6 45 (7.58%) Puppet
7 40 (6.73%) Nagios
8 24 (4.04%) Prometheus
9 23 (3.87%) ZABBIX
10 20 (3.37%) Grafana
11 18 (3.03%) Jamf Pro
12 15 (2.53%) Failover Clustering
13 10 (1.68%) Backup Exec
13 10 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
14 8 (1.35%) FortiGate
14 8 (1.35%) Icinga
15 7 (1.18%) AirWatch
15 7 (1.18%) Cisco CUCM
15 7 (1.18%) Salt
15 7 (1.18%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 218 (36.70%) Microsoft
2 154 (25.93%) Cisco
3 111 (18.69%) VMware
4 72 (12.12%) Citrix
5 58 (9.76%) SolarWinds
6 51 (8.59%) Palo Alto
7 42 (7.07%) Dell
8 41 (6.90%) Juniper
8 41 (6.90%) ServiceNow
9 38 (6.40%) Apple
10 37 (6.23%) Meraki
11 36 (6.06%) Red Hat
12 29 (4.88%) LexisNexis
13 23 (3.87%) Remedy
14 22 (3.70%) Google
15 21 (3.54%) Aruba
16 19 (3.20%) HP
17 18 (3.03%) Nokia
18 17 (2.86%) Adobe
19 16 (2.69%) Mitel