Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 446 402 388
Rank change year-on-year -44 -14 -18
Permanent jobs citing Physics 736 463 1,164
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.65% 0.68% 0.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.69% 0.73% 0.88%
Number of salaries quoted 354 374 923
10th Percentile £27,875 £29,750 £26,750
25th Percentile £37,125 £35,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £53,573
Median % change year-on-year - -6.67% +19.05%
75th Percentile £69,031 £73,875 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,700 £105,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,000 £42,123 £45,000
% change year-on-year +13.95% -6.39% +20.00%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,933 63,073 132,808
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.76% 92.77% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 72,165 51,056 105,945
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 683 £50,000 - 214
UK excluding London +28 454 £48,000 +13.95% 192
London -97 254 £57,500 -11.54% 38
South East -43 159 £50,000 - 59
South West +25 132 £60,000 +37.14% 26
Work from Home -196 79 £53,500 +50.66% 26
East of England -5 55 £35,000 -12.50% 54
Midlands -76 42 £45,000 +42.86% 17
North of England -47 38 £42,500 +0.90% 20
West Midlands -69 34 £47,500 +50.79% 12
North West -23 33 £42,500 +10.39% 16
Scotland -53 20 £35,099 +94.99% 13
East Midlands -40 8 £40,000 +23.08% 5
Wales -21 6 £45,000 +5.88% 3
Northern Ireland - 5 £34,000 -
Yorkshire -58 4 £37,500 -50.00% 2
North East -25 1 £65,000 -23.53% 2

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 588 (79.89%) Mathematics
2 521 (70.79%) Degree
3 453 (61.55%) Computer Science
4 311 (42.26%) Python
5 221 (30.03%) Software Engineering
6 212 (28.80%) C++
7 208 (28.26%) Social Skills
8 201 (27.31%) Machine Learning
9 187 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
10 181 (24.59%) Algorithms
11 154 (20.92%) Java
12 153 (20.79%) SQL
13 152 (20.65%) PhD
14 151 (20.52%) Computer Science Degree
15 149 (20.24%) C#
16 140 (19.02%) Analytics
17 134 (18.21%) MATLAB
18 130 (17.66%) JavaScript
18 130 (17.66%) Data Science
19 129 (17.53%) Docker
20 123 (16.71%) Artificial Intelligence
21 121 (16.44%) Security Cleared
22 120 (16.30%) Problem-Solving
23 105 (14.27%) Kubernetes
23 105 (14.27%) React
24 102 (13.86%) Mentoring
25 100 (13.59%) AWS
26 96 (13.04%) Analytical Skills
27 88 (11.96%) Full Stack Development
27 88 (11.96%) Finance

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (3.80%) Apache Spark
2 12 (1.63%) SAS
3 11 (1.49%) Confluence
4 6 (0.82%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (0.68%) Apache
6 4 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
6 4 (0.54%) Jupyter
6 4 (0.54%) MS Exchange
7 2 (0.27%) Apache Pig
7 2 (0.27%) Ethereum
7 2 (0.27%) Jetty
8 1 (0.14%) GemFire
8 1 (0.14%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.14%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 68 (9.24%) Simulink
2 39 (5.30%) Stateflow
3 9 (1.22%) Zemax
4 8 (1.09%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
6 6 (0.82%) OrCAD
6 6 (0.82%) Stata
7 4 (0.54%) SPSS
8 3 (0.41%) Maya
9 1 (0.14%) EViews
Business Applications
1 7 (0.95%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.54%) FINCAD Analytics
3 1 (0.14%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 100 (13.59%) AWS
2 84 (11.41%) Azure
3 68 (9.24%) GCP
4 40 (5.43%) Serverless
5 31 (4.21%) GitHub
6 25 (3.40%) SaaS
7 24 (3.26%) Cloud Computing
8 22 (2.99%) Amazon S3
9 21 (2.85%) Power Platform
10 20 (2.72%) CloudFront
11 18 (2.45%) AWS CloudFormation
11 18 (2.45%) Heroku
12 17 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
12 17 (2.31%) Amazon SQS
12 17 (2.31%) AWS Lambda
13 16 (2.17%) Azure Data Factory
14 15 (2.04%) Amazon Cognito
15 12 (1.63%) Firebase
16 9 (1.22%) Azure Functions
17 8 (1.09%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.63%) Wireless
2 9 (1.22%) TCP/IP
3 5 (0.68%) Software-Defined Radio
4 4 (0.54%) Ethernet
4 4 (0.54%) Internet
4 4 (0.54%) Modbus
4 4 (0.54%) RS-232
4 4 (0.54%) Software-Defined Networking
5 2 (0.27%) Link 16
5 2 (0.27%) SAN
6 1 (0.14%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (11.01%) NoSQL
2 36 (4.89%) SQL Server
3 29 (3.94%) Big Data
3 29 (3.94%) Data Mining
4 28 (3.80%) Relational Database
5 21 (2.85%) BigQuery
5 21 (2.85%) Power BI
6 20 (2.72%) Amazon RDS
6 20 (2.72%) MongoDB
7 18 (2.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 17 (2.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 17 (2.31%) Tableau
9 16 (2.17%) Data Warehouse
10 15 (2.04%) MySQL
11 12 (1.63%) Data Lake
11 12 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 8 (1.09%) Hadoop
12 8 (1.09%) PolyBase
12 8 (1.09%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 7 (0.95%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 82 (11.14%) Git (software)
2 42 (5.71%) Selenium
3 33 (4.48%) Jenkins
4 24 (3.26%) JIRA
5 19 (2.58%) GitLab
6 15 (2.04%) Cypress.io
7 13 (1.77%) Visual Studio
8 9 (1.22%) LabVIEW
9 7 (0.95%) Postman
9 7 (0.95%) SpecFlow
10 6 (0.82%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 5 (0.68%) Maven
11 5 (0.68%) Rational DOORS
11 5 (0.68%) webpack
12 4 (0.54%) Browser DevTools
12 4 (0.54%) Subversion
13 3 (0.41%) GCC
13 3 (0.41%) git-flow
13 3 (0.41%) Team Foundation Server
13 3 (0.41%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 208 (28.26%) Social Skills
2 96 (13.04%) Analytical Skills
3 88 (11.96%) Finance
4 77 (10.46%) Games
5 62 (8.42%) Electronics
6 40 (5.43%) Manufacturing
7 38 (5.16%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 37 (5.03%) Marketing
9 36 (4.89%) Banking
10 34 (4.62%) Aerospace
11 33 (4.48%) Front Office
12 27 (3.67%) Law
13 25 (3.40%) Presentation Skills
14 23 (3.13%) Retail
15 22 (2.99%) Pharmaceutical
16 18 (2.45%) Avionics
17 17 (2.31%) Investment Banking
17 17 (2.31%) Wearables
18 12 (1.63%) Military
19 10 (1.36%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 201 (27.31%) Developer
2 127 (17.26%) Software Engineer
3 69 (9.38%) Software Developer
4 66 (8.97%) Data Scientist
5 63 (8.56%) Systems Engineer
6 49 (6.66%) Graduate
7 45 (6.11%) Senior Developer
8 39 (5.30%) Analyst
9 32 (4.35%) Architect
10 28 (3.80%) .NET Developer
10 28 (3.80%) Full Stack Developer
10 28 (3.80%) Programmer
11 27 (3.67%) C++ Software Engineer
12 25 (3.40%) Computer Engineer
13 24 (3.26%) Senior Software Developer
14 23 (3.13%) Senior Data Scientist
15 22 (2.99%) Data Engineer
15 22 (2.99%) Lead Architect
15 22 (2.99%) Senior Software Engineer
16 21 (2.85%) Lead Software Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 105 (14.27%) React
2 76 (10.33%) .NET
3 66 (8.97%) TensorFlow
4 56 (7.61%) .NET Core
5 53 (7.20%) Node.js
6 50 (6.79%) PyTorch
7 47 (6.39%) Vue.js
8 36 (4.89%) AngularJS
9 32 (4.35%) scikit-learn
10 28 (3.80%) Keras
11 25 (3.40%) OpenCV
12 23 (3.13%) Redux
13 21 (2.85%) HTML
13 21 (2.85%) SciPy
14 19 (2.58%) OpenGL
14 19 (2.58%) Pandas
14 19 (2.58%) Unity (Game Engine)
14 19 (2.58%) Web Services
14 19 (2.58%) WebGL
15 18 (2.45%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 181 (24.59%) Algorithms
2 41 (5.57%) Data Structures
3 32 (4.35%) Robotics
4 23 (3.13%) Equities
5 22 (2.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 21 (2.85%) Animation
7 17 (2.31%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 17 (2.31%) Mobile Games
7 17 (2.31%) Smartphone
8 16 (2.17%) Management Information System
8 16 (2.17%) Mobile App
9 15 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.90%) CUDA
11 13 (1.77%) Augmented Reality
11 13 (1.77%) Online Games
12 12 (1.63%) Client/Server
12 12 (1.63%) Social Gaming
13 11 (1.49%) Life Science
13 11 (1.49%) User Experience
14 10 (1.36%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 53 (7.20%) Linux
2 26 (3.53%) Android
3 25 (3.40%) Apple iOS
4 23 (3.13%) Windows
5 6 (0.82%) Unix
6 5 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
7 2 (0.27%) VMS
8 1 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
8 1 (0.14%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 588 (79.89%) Mathematics
2 453 (61.55%) Computer Science
3 221 (30.03%) Software Engineering
4 201 (27.31%) Machine Learning
5 187 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
6 140 (19.02%) Analytics
7 130 (17.66%) Data Science
8 123 (16.71%) Artificial Intelligence
9 120 (16.30%) Problem-Solving
10 102 (13.86%) Mentoring
11 88 (11.96%) Full Stack Development
12 86 (11.68%) Statistics
13 74 (10.05%) DevOps
13 74 (10.05%) Validation
14 69 (9.38%) Systems Engineering
15 68 (9.24%) OO
16 65 (8.83%) Signal Processing
17 64 (8.70%) TDD
17 64 (8.70%) Test Automation
18 59 (8.02%) Neural Network
Programming Languages
1 311 (42.26%) Python
2 212 (28.80%) C++
3 154 (20.92%) Java
4 153 (20.79%) SQL
5 149 (20.24%) C#
6 134 (18.21%) MATLAB
7 130 (17.66%) JavaScript
8 86 (11.68%) TypeScript
9 62 (8.42%) C
10 47 (6.39%) R
11 21 (2.85%) Kotlin
12 20 (2.72%) Fortran
13 13 (1.77%) Bash Shell
13 13 (1.77%) Go
14 12 (1.63%) Dart
15 11 (1.49%) Ada
15 11 (1.49%) Scala
16 10 (1.36%) F#
17 9 (1.22%) T-SQL
18 8 (1.09%) Perl
Qualifications
1 521 (70.79%) Degree
2 152 (20.65%) PhD
3 151 (20.52%) Computer Science Degree
4 121 (16.44%) Security Cleared
5 84 (11.41%) SC Cleared
6 38 (5.16%) Numerate Degree
7 35 (4.76%) Master's Degree
8 14 (1.90%) DV Cleared
9 8 (1.09%) DBS Check
10 7 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.54%) HNC
12 3 (0.41%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 3 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.41%) CISM
12 3 (0.41%) CISSP
12 3 (0.41%) CSSLP
12 3 (0.41%) Postgraduate
12 3 (0.41%) SSCP
13 2 (0.27%) Chartered Engineer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.67%) QA
2 6 (0.82%) Def Stans
3 5 (0.68%) Dodd-Frank
3 5 (0.68%) EMIR
3 5 (0.68%) MiFID
4 3 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
4 3 (0.41%) DICOM
4 3 (0.41%) GxP
4 3 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.41%) NCSC
4 3 (0.41%) NIST
5 2 (0.27%) ISO 13485
5 2 (0.27%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.14%) ARP4761
6 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.14%) IEC 61508
6 1 (0.14%) IFRS
6 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 129 (17.53%) Docker
2 5 (0.68%) Firmware
2 5 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
3 3 (0.41%) KVM
3 3 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.14%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 105 (14.27%) Kubernetes
2 32 (4.35%) Terraform
3 17 (2.31%) Ansible
3 17 (2.31%) Opscode Chef
3 17 (2.31%) Puppet
4 3 (0.41%) Kubeflow
4 3 (0.41%) vCenter Server
4 3 (0.41%) vRealize
5 2 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.14%) BMC PATROL
Vendors
1 62 (8.42%) Google
2 36 (4.89%) Microsoft
3 20 (2.72%) Instagram
4 17 (2.31%) OpenAI
5 13 (1.77%) Databricks
6 11 (1.49%) MathWorks
7 7 (0.95%) Sparx
8 6 (0.82%) Cadence
8 6 (0.82%) Telerik
9 5 (0.68%) Agilent
9 5 (0.68%) Mapbox
9 5 (0.68%) SAP
9 5 (0.68%) VMware
10 4 (0.54%) Sun
11 3 (0.41%) Alteryx
11 3 (0.41%) ANSYS
11 3 (0.41%) Bloomberg
12 2 (0.27%) Altera
12 2 (0.27%) Cloudera
12 2 (0.27%) Facebook