Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 335 381 457
Rank change year-on-year +46 +76 +73
Permanent jobs citing Physics 1,591 1,393 1,420
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.91% 0.80% 0.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.02% 0.89% 0.76%
Number of salaries quoted 1,382 1,254 1,150
UK median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.76% -5.56% +11.11%
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £24,500
90th Percentile £89,750 £75,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 156,623 156,367 187,175
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.90% 89.54% 88.84%
Number of salaries quoted 126,956 128,832 155,017
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,250 £79,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 1,519 £50,000 +17.65% 260
UK excluding London +46 1,005 £40,000 - 222
London +11 583 £62,500 +19.05% 66
East of England +44 406 £35,000 -6.67% 78
South East +50 362 £47,500 +18.75% 65
Midlands +5 95 £27,500 -23.61% 22
West Midlands +18 68 £27,500 -23.61% 15
North of England -56 48 £40,776 -13.24% 11
Scotland 0 46 £40,000 -11.11% 18
South West -33 34 £30,000 -14.29% 18
North West -64 32 £40,776 -18.45% 4
East Midlands +10 27 £35,000 -12.50% 7
Yorkshire +9 13 £40,000 -2.44% 4
Wales +10 10 £32,000 +28.00% 9
Isle of Man - 5 £50,000 -
North East -34 3 £22,500 -50.00% 3

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 1,307 (82.15%) Mathematics
2 1,147 (72.09%) Computer Science
3 926 (58.20%) Degree
4 740 (46.51%) Python
5 672 (42.24%) C++
6 572 (35.95%) Software Engineering
7 507 (31.87%) Java
8 448 (28.16%) PhD
9 381 (23.95%) C#
10 369 (23.19%) Finance
11 367 (23.07%) SQL
12 341 (21.43%) Linux
13 330 (20.74%) Algorithms
14 329 (20.68%) Machine Learning
15 306 (19.23%) C
16 278 (17.47%) Agile Software Development
17 257 (16.15%) Data Science
18 253 (15.90%) MATLAB
19 243 (15.27%) Statistics
20 226 (14.20%) Computer Science Degree
21 221 (13.89%) JavaScript
22 198 (12.45%) Windows
23 196 (12.32%) Analytical Skills
24 184 (11.57%) .NET
25 179 (11.25%) R
26 154 (9.68%) Big Data
27 153 (9.62%) Analytics
28 151 (9.49%) OO
29 143 (8.99%) Multithreading
30 132 (8.30%) Artificial Intelligence

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (4.90%) Apache Spark
2 33 (2.07%) OpenStack
3 30 (1.89%) SAS
4 21 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
5 18 (1.13%) CMS
6 16 (1.01%) Apache
7 15 (0.94%) Umbraco
8 8 (0.50%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 8 (0.50%) SharePoint
9 5 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2010
9 5 (0.31%) MS Exchange
10 3 (0.19%) Confluence
10 3 (0.19%) DNN
11 2 (0.13%) DataSynapse
11 2 (0.13%) NServiceBus
12 1 (0.063%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.063%) IIS
12 1 (0.063%) JBoss
12 1 (0.063%) MQSeries
12 1 (0.063%) Tomcat
Applications
1 21 (1.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (1.01%) Zemax
3 13 (0.82%) SPSS
4 10 (0.63%) Mathematica
4 10 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.44%) Simulink
6 6 (0.38%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.38%) SOLIDWORKS
7 5 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.19%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.19%) Doxygen
8 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.13%) FrameMaker
9 2 (0.13%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.13%) Mathcad
9 2 (0.13%) PTC Creo
10 1 (0.063%) 3ds Max
10 1 (0.063%) Maya
10 1 (0.063%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 4 (0.25%) ReMetrica
2 2 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.13%) Relativity
2 2 (0.13%) Ringtail
2 2 (0.13%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 118 (7.42%) Amazon AWS
2 61 (3.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (1.32%) Google Cloud Platform
4 16 (1.01%) GitHub
5 15 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
6 12 (0.75%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
6 12 (0.75%) Google App Engine
6 12 (0.75%) Google Compute Engine
7 8 (0.50%) SaaS
8 6 (0.38%) Google Analytics
9 5 (0.31%) Datadog
10 4 (0.25%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.19%) iTunes
11 3 (0.19%) OpenShift
12 2 (0.13%) Amazon EMR
12 2 (0.13%) Cloud Computing
12 2 (0.13%) CloudFront
12 2 (0.13%) Heroku
13 1 (0.063%) Adobe Analytics
13 1 (0.063%) DigitalOcean
Communications & Networking
1 73 (4.59%) TCP/IP
2 18 (1.13%) DNS
3 17 (1.07%) DHCP
4 10 (0.63%) LTE
4 10 (0.63%) Wireless
5 9 (0.57%) ICMP
5 9 (0.57%) NAS
6 8 (0.50%) 3G
6 8 (0.50%) Cisco IOS
7 6 (0.38%) Ethernet
7 6 (0.38%) WAN
8 5 (0.31%) LAN
8 5 (0.31%) VPN
9 4 (0.25%) Bluetooth
9 4 (0.25%) DWDM
9 4 (0.25%) HTTP
9 4 (0.25%) InfiniBand
9 4 (0.25%) Internet
9 4 (0.25%) Network Security
10 3 (0.19%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 154 (9.68%) Big Data
2 103 (6.47%) NoSQL
3 77 (4.84%) SQL Server
4 67 (4.21%) Hadoop
5 56 (3.52%) Relational Database
6 36 (2.26%) PostgreSQL
7 33 (2.07%) MySQL
8 25 (1.57%) RDBMS
9 24 (1.51%) MongoDB
10 20 (1.26%) Apache Hive
10 20 (1.26%) Redis
11 17 (1.07%) Apache Cassandra
12 14 (0.88%) Data Mining
12 14 (0.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 14 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 13 (0.82%) Power BI
14 12 (0.75%) Amazon RDS
14 12 (0.75%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 11 (0.69%) Amazon Redshift
15 11 (0.69%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 90 (5.66%) Git (software)
2 60 (3.77%) Visual Studio
3 47 (2.95%) LabVIEW
4 25 (1.57%) JIRA
5 23 (1.45%) Selenium
6 22 (1.38%) Subversion
7 16 (1.01%) Jenkins
8 15 (0.94%) Grunt
9 11 (0.69%) JUnit
10 9 (0.57%) TeamCity
11 8 (0.50%) Maven
11 8 (0.50%) Team Foundation Server
12 7 (0.44%) Rational DOORS
13 5 (0.31%) GCC
13 5 (0.31%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 5 (0.31%) Toad
14 4 (0.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 3 (0.19%) GDB
15 3 (0.19%) Rational Rhapsody
15 3 (0.19%) WebDriver
General
1 369 (23.19%) Finance
2 131 (8.23%) Electronics
3 92 (5.78%) Telecoms
4 78 (4.90%) Banking
5 72 (4.53%) Front Office
6 64 (4.02%) Games
7 41 (2.58%) Marketing
8 40 (2.51%) Automotive
8 40 (2.51%) Retail
9 37 (2.33%) Manufacturing
10 32 (2.01%) Investment Banking
11 26 (1.63%) Advertising
12 23 (1.45%) Aerospace
13 19 (1.19%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.82%) Retail Banking
15 12 (0.75%) Legal
16 11 (0.69%) Publishing
17 7 (0.44%) Music Industry
18 5 (0.31%) French Language
19 4 (0.25%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 499 (31.36%) Developer
2 407 (25.58%) Software Engineer
3 301 (18.92%) Graduate
4 203 (12.76%) C++ Software Engineer
5 155 (9.74%) Software Developer
6 142 (8.93%) Analyst
7 138 (8.67%) Data Scientist
8 120 (7.54%) C++ Developer
8 120 (7.54%) Graduate Software Engineer
9 118 (7.42%) Senior Developer
10 100 (6.29%) Graduate Developer
11 90 (5.66%) C Software Engineer
12 78 (4.90%) C++ Software Developer
13 72 (4.53%) Junior
14 71 (4.46%) C/C++ Software Engineer
15 70 (4.40%) Java Developer
16 68 (4.27%) Graduate Analyst
17 67 (4.21%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 66 (4.15%) Embedded Engineer
19 60 (3.77%) Graduate Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 184 (11.57%) .NET
2 129 (8.11%) HTML
3 97 (6.10%) ASP.NET
4 93 (5.85%) CSS
5 75 (4.71%) Natural Language Processing
6 73 (4.59%) Qt
7 58 (3.65%) HTML5
8 52 (3.27%) OpenGL
9 45 (2.83%) jQuery
10 43 (2.70%) TensorFlow
11 42 (2.64%) Node.js
12 41 (2.58%) ASP.NET MVC
13 40 (2.51%) AngularJS
14 38 (2.39%) MFC
14 38 (2.39%) WinForms
15 37 (2.33%) CSS3
15 37 (2.33%) Web Services
16 36 (2.26%) XML
17 35 (2.20%) Kafka
18 30 (1.89%) React
Miscellaneous
1 1,147 (72.09%) Computer Science
2 330 (20.74%) Algorithms
3 196 (12.32%) Analytical Skills
4 82 (5.15%) Fintech
4 82 (5.15%) Greenfield Project
5 78 (4.90%) Hedge funds
6 43 (2.70%) Data Structures
6 43 (2.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 43 (2.70%) User Experience
7 42 (2.64%) Life Science
8 40 (2.51%) CUDA
9 36 (2.26%) Embedded Systems
10 31 (1.95%) Optoelectronics
11 27 (1.70%) Acoustics
11 27 (1.70%) Augmented Reality
12 26 (1.63%) Fixed Income
13 24 (1.51%) Equities
14 21 (1.32%) Derivative
14 21 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
15 19 (1.19%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 341 (21.43%) Linux
2 198 (12.45%) Windows
3 118 (7.42%) Unix
4 29 (1.82%) Android
5 25 (1.57%) CoreOS
6 22 (1.38%) Debian
6 22 (1.38%) Ubuntu
7 15 (0.94%) Apple iOS
8 14 (0.88%) Embedded Linux
9 12 (0.75%) Windows Server 2012
10 10 (0.63%) AIX
11 9 (0.57%) Windows 10
11 9 (0.57%) Windows 7
12 7 (0.44%) Windows Server
12 7 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.19%) VxWorks
14 2 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 2 (0.13%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 2 (0.13%) VMS
15 1 (0.063%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,307 (82.15%) Mathematics
2 572 (35.95%) Software Engineering
3 329 (20.68%) Machine Learning
4 278 (17.47%) Agile Software Development
5 257 (16.15%) Data Science
6 243 (15.27%) Statistics
7 153 (9.62%) Analytics
8 151 (9.49%) OO
9 143 (8.99%) Multithreading
10 132 (8.30%) Artificial Intelligence
11 127 (7.98%) Data Analysis
12 107 (6.73%) Deep Learning
13 92 (5.78%) SDLC
14 89 (5.59%) Test Automation
15 88 (5.53%) Project Management
16 81 (5.09%) Neural Network
17 79 (4.97%) Bayesian Methods
18 77 (4.84%) DevOps
18 77 (4.84%) Risk Management
19 76 (4.78%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 740 (46.51%) Python
2 672 (42.24%) C++
3 507 (31.87%) Java
4 381 (23.95%) C#
5 367 (23.07%) SQL
6 306 (19.23%) C
7 253 (15.90%) MATLAB
8 221 (13.89%) JavaScript
9 179 (11.25%) R
10 92 (5.78%) Scala
11 63 (3.96%) Julia
12 53 (3.33%) Embedded C
13 44 (2.77%) Embedded C++
14 40 (2.51%) PHP
15 30 (1.89%) Perl
16 24 (1.51%) F#
16 24 (1.51%) Ruby
17 22 (1.38%) Fortran
18 19 (1.19%) Bash Shell
19 15 (0.94%) Go
Qualifications
1 926 (58.20%) Degree
2 448 (28.16%) PhD
3 226 (14.20%) Computer Science Degree
4 93 (5.85%) Numerate Degree
5 86 (5.41%) Master's Degree
6 34 (2.14%) Security Cleared
7 14 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
8 13 (0.82%) Postgraduate
9 11 (0.69%) CCNA
10 10 (0.63%) MCP
10 10 (0.63%) MCSE
10 10 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
11 9 (0.57%) SC Cleared
12 5 (0.31%) ISEB
12 5 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 4 (0.25%) HNC
13 4 (0.25%) ISTQB
14 3 (0.19%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 3 (0.19%) GIAC
14 3 (0.19%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (4.59%) QA
2 11 (0.69%) EMIR
2 11 (0.69%) MiFID
3 9 (0.57%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.57%) Dodd-Frank
3 9 (0.57%) ISO 13485
4 4 (0.25%) PMO
5 3 (0.19%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.19%) ISO 9000
6 2 (0.13%) ECSS
6 2 (0.13%) FATCA
6 2 (0.13%) IEC 62304
6 2 (0.13%) ISO 26262
6 2 (0.13%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.13%) MISRA
7 1 (0.063%) GDPR
7 1 (0.063%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.063%) MISRA C
7 1 (0.063%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.063%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 59 (3.71%) Docker
2 27 (1.70%) Firmware
3 23 (1.45%) Ceph
4 20 (1.26%) Active Directory
5 9 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.13%) HDFS
7 1 (0.063%) iptables
7 1 (0.063%) Snort
7 1 (0.063%) Varnish
7 1 (0.063%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 32 (2.01%) Kubernetes
2 31 (1.95%) Puppet
3 14 (0.88%) Ansible
4 9 (0.57%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (0.50%) AirWatch
5 8 (0.50%) Grafana
5 8 (0.50%) Prometheus
6 6 (0.38%) Cobbler
7 5 (0.31%) Nagios
8 3 (0.19%) Fluentd
8 3 (0.19%) logstash
8 3 (0.19%) Rancher
9 2 (0.13%) Ambari
9 2 (0.13%) EnCase
9 2 (0.13%) FTK
10 1 (0.063%) Kibana
Vendors
1 49 (3.08%) Microsoft
2 46 (2.89%) Google
3 40 (2.51%) Oracle
4 24 (1.51%) Tableau
5 18 (1.13%) NetApp
6 16 (1.01%) VMware
7 13 (0.82%) IBM
8 10 (0.63%) EMC
8 10 (0.63%) HP
9 9 (0.57%) Bloomberg
9 9 (0.57%) Cisco
9 9 (0.57%) Reuters
10 8 (0.50%) Nimble Storage
10 8 (0.50%) Terracotta
11 7 (0.44%) Cloudera
11 7 (0.44%) Teradata
12 6 (0.38%) ANSYS
12 6 (0.38%) ArcSight
12 6 (0.38%) Splunk
12 6 (0.38%) Twitter