Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 342 374 436
Rank change year-on-year +32 +62 +32
Permanent jobs citing Physics 1,569 1,501 1,371
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.93% 0.85% 0.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.02% 0.93% 0.77%
Number of salaries quoted 1,258 1,318 1,272
UK median annual salary £45,000 £40,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.50% - -
10th Percentile £25,000 £26,250 £24,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £81,225
UK excluding London median annual salary £37,500 £39,000 £35,500
% change year-on-year -3.85% +9.86% -2.74%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 153,945 161,370 178,990
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.10% 91.55% 90.82%
Number of salaries quoted 122,592 128,232 149,403
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 1,502 £45,000 +12.50% 275
UK excluding London -8 899 £37,500 -3.85% 191
London +59 674 £62,500 +16.28% 101
East of England -10 347 £35,000 -10.26% 81
South East +34 296 £45,000 +5.88% 54
Midlands -49 84 £27,500 -26.67% 10
South West +47 80 £29,750 -15.00% 11
West Midlands 0 56 £27,500 -17.91% 6
Scotland -3 49 £55,000 +37.50% 9
North of England +13 34 £40,000 +10.34% 18
East Midlands -48 28 £36,250 -9.38% 4
Yorkshire +35 16 £40,000 - 3
North West +3 14 £36,250 - 14
Wales 0 8 £32,500 +62.50% 6
North East -23 4 £67,500 +150.00% 1
Northern Ireland -3 1 £65,000 +188.89% 2

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 1,355 (86.36%) Mathematics
2 1,090 (69.47%) Computer Science
3 916 (58.38%) Degree
4 629 (40.09%) Python
5 576 (36.71%) C++
6 495 (31.55%) Java
7 465 (29.64%) Software Engineering
8 437 (27.85%) PhD
9 383 (24.41%) Finance
10 363 (23.14%) Machine Learning
11 344 (21.92%) C#
12 342 (21.80%) SQL
13 325 (20.71%) Problem-Solving
14 320 (20.40%) Algorithms
15 301 (19.18%) Data Science
16 281 (17.91%) Analytical Skills
17 271 (17.27%) C
18 268 (17.08%) Computer Science Degree
19 242 (15.42%) Analytics
20 237 (15.11%) Artificial Intelligence
21 235 (14.98%) Linux
22 223 (14.21%) Agile Software Development
23 218 (13.89%) JavaScript
24 181 (11.54%) Statistics
25 177 (11.28%) R
26 171 (10.90%) OO
27 166 (10.58%) .NET
28 161 (10.26%) MATLAB
29 150 (9.56%) Big Data
30 135 (8.60%) Data Analysis

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (4.65%) Apache Spark
2 30 (1.91%) SAS
3 22 (1.40%) OpenStack
4 15 (0.96%) Apache
4 15 (0.96%) Tomcat
5 14 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
6 13 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
7 12 (0.76%) CMS
8 11 (0.70%) Tornado
9 10 (0.64%) GlassFish
9 10 (0.64%) SharePoint
9 10 (0.64%) Umbraco
10 6 (0.38%) Luigi
11 5 (0.32%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.25%) Confluence
12 4 (0.25%) DNN
12 4 (0.25%) Jupyter
12 4 (0.25%) nginx
13 3 (0.19%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.19%) JBoss
Applications
1 38 (2.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (1.72%) GNU Octave
4 18 (1.15%) Simulink
5 15 (0.96%) SPSS
6 7 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.32%) SOLIDWORKS
8 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.13%) Blender
9 2 (0.13%) Mathematica
10 1 (0.064%) SPSS Modeler
10 1 (0.064%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 7 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.064%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 89 (5.67%) Amazon AWS
2 49 (3.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 24 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
4 17 (1.08%) Google Cloud Platform
5 14 (0.89%) Serverless
6 13 (0.83%) GitHub
7 12 (0.76%) Amazon S3
8 11 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (0.45%) Dynamics 365
9 7 (0.45%) iTunes
10 6 (0.38%) SaaS
11 4 (0.25%) PaaS
12 3 (0.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 3 (0.19%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (0.19%) Azure Machine Learning
12 3 (0.19%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 2 (0.13%) Datadog
13 2 (0.13%) Google Analytics
14 1 (0.064%) Adobe Analytics
14 1 (0.064%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.29%) TCP/IP
2 14 (0.89%) Ethernet
3 13 (0.83%) HTTP
4 11 (0.70%) Internet
4 11 (0.70%) IPv4
4 11 (0.70%) IPv6
4 11 (0.70%) SMS
4 11 (0.70%) Wireless
5 10 (0.64%) VLAN
6 8 (0.51%) RS-232
6 8 (0.51%) RS-422
6 8 (0.51%) RS-485
7 7 (0.45%) DNS
8 6 (0.38%) Firewall
9 5 (0.32%) Cisco IOS
10 4 (0.25%) BGP
10 4 (0.25%) DHCP
11 3 (0.19%) Bluetooth
11 3 (0.19%) DVB
11 3 (0.19%) OpenFlow
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (9.56%) Big Data
2 113 (7.20%) SQL Server
3 72 (4.59%) Relational Database
4 56 (3.57%) Hadoop
5 50 (3.19%) NoSQL
6 40 (2.55%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (1.78%) MySQL
7 28 (1.78%) RDBMS
8 25 (1.59%) Data Mining
9 23 (1.47%) MongoDB
9 23 (1.47%) Oracle Database
10 21 (1.34%) Power BI
11 20 (1.27%) Redis
12 18 (1.15%) SQL Server 2016
13 17 (1.08%) Apache Hive
14 13 (0.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 13 (0.83%) Blockchain
14 13 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
15 12 (0.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 10 (0.64%) MemSQL
Development Applications
1 89 (5.67%) Git (software)
2 58 (3.70%) LabVIEW
3 49 (3.12%) Subversion
4 46 (2.93%) Jenkins
5 33 (2.10%) JIRA
6 28 (1.78%) Gradle
7 27 (1.72%) Selenium
7 27 (1.72%) Visual Studio
8 24 (1.53%) TeamCity
9 23 (1.47%) Eclipse
9 23 (1.47%) Maven
10 15 (0.96%) Artifactory
10 15 (0.96%) Bugzilla
11 13 (0.83%) Cucumber
11 13 (0.83%) Gerrit
12 12 (0.76%) GCC
12 12 (0.76%) Sonatype Nexus
13 7 (0.45%) Octopus Deploy
13 7 (0.45%) Vagrant
14 5 (0.32%) WiX
General
1 383 (24.41%) Finance
2 101 (6.44%) Electronics
3 82 (5.23%) Banking
3 82 (5.23%) Games
4 73 (4.65%) Telecoms
5 64 (4.08%) Front Office
6 62 (3.95%) Manufacturing
7 45 (2.87%) Investment Banking
8 43 (2.74%) Marketing
9 36 (2.29%) Financial Institution
10 34 (2.17%) Retail
11 23 (1.47%) Law
12 22 (1.40%) Publishing
13 17 (1.08%) Military
14 15 (0.96%) Aerospace
15 14 (0.89%) Legal
16 13 (0.83%) Advertising
17 12 (0.76%) Retail Banking
18 10 (0.64%) Cantonese Language
18 10 (0.64%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 480 (30.59%) Developer
2 398 (25.37%) Graduate
3 279 (17.78%) Software Engineer
4 235 (14.98%) Analyst
5 159 (10.13%) Data Scientist
6 153 (9.75%) Software Developer
7 129 (8.22%) Graduate Analyst
8 122 (7.78%) Graduate Software Engineer
9 121 (7.71%) Graduate Developer
10 102 (6.50%) C++ Developer
11 87 (5.54%) Junior
12 84 (5.35%) C++ Software Engineer
13 82 (5.23%) Senior Developer
14 81 (5.16%) Python Developer
15 73 (4.65%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 70 (4.46%) Java Developer
17 65 (4.14%) Consultant
18 57 (3.63%) Graduate Software Developer
19 55 (3.51%) C++ Software Developer
20 53 (3.38%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 166 (10.58%) .NET
2 126 (8.03%) HTML
3 91 (5.80%) CSS
4 70 (4.46%) Natural Language Processing
5 61 (3.89%) HTML5
6 52 (3.31%) ASP.NET
7 50 (3.19%) XML
8 48 (3.06%) Pandas
9 43 (2.74%) Web Services
9 43 (2.74%) WPF
10 41 (2.61%) jQuery
10 41 (2.61%) NumPy
11 39 (2.49%) TensorFlow
12 38 (2.42%) React
13 35 (2.23%) AngularJS
14 32 (2.04%) J2EE
14 32 (2.04%) Node.js
15 31 (1.98%) SciPy
16 29 (1.85%) REST
17 28 (1.78%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 1,090 (69.47%) Computer Science
2 320 (20.40%) Algorithms
3 281 (17.91%) Analytical Skills
4 114 (7.27%) Fintech
5 107 (6.82%) Hedge funds
6 67 (4.27%) Data Structures
6 67 (4.27%) Greenfield Project
7 42 (2.68%) Equities
8 40 (2.55%) Fixed Income
9 37 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
9 37 (2.36%) User Experience
10 35 (2.23%) Optoelectronics
11 34 (2.17%) Acoustics
12 32 (2.04%) Derivative
12 32 (2.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 30 (1.91%) CUDA
14 25 (1.59%) Credit Risk
15 24 (1.53%) Cyberthreat
15 24 (1.53%) Embedded Systems
16 23 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 235 (14.98%) Linux
2 101 (6.44%) Windows
3 68 (4.33%) Unix
4 30 (1.91%) Android
5 20 (1.27%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.70%) CoreOS
7 10 (0.64%) AIX
8 7 (0.45%) Robot Operating System
9 6 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
10 5 (0.32%) Debian
10 5 (0.32%) HPUX
11 4 (0.25%) CentOS
12 3 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.19%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.19%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.19%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.13%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.064%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.064%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,355 (86.36%) Mathematics
2 465 (29.64%) Software Engineering
3 363 (23.14%) Machine Learning
4 325 (20.71%) Problem-Solving
5 301 (19.18%) Data Science
6 242 (15.42%) Analytics
7 237 (15.11%) Artificial Intelligence
8 223 (14.21%) Agile Software Development
9 181 (11.54%) Statistics
10 171 (10.90%) OO
11 135 (8.60%) Data Analysis
12 115 (7.33%) SDLC
13 106 (6.76%) TDD
14 102 (6.50%) Deep Learning
14 102 (6.50%) Neural Network
15 95 (6.05%) Multithreading
16 87 (5.54%) DevOps
16 87 (5.54%) Scrum
16 87 (5.54%) Test Automation
17 79 (5.04%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 629 (40.09%) Python
2 576 (36.71%) C++
3 495 (31.55%) Java
4 344 (21.92%) C#
5 342 (21.80%) SQL
6 271 (17.27%) C
7 218 (13.89%) JavaScript
8 177 (11.28%) R
9 161 (10.26%) MATLAB
10 78 (4.97%) Scala
11 49 (3.12%) PHP
12 42 (2.68%) Go
13 37 (2.36%) Embedded C
14 29 (1.85%) Kotlin
15 28 (1.78%) Shell Script
16 25 (1.59%) VBA
17 24 (1.53%) Ruby
18 17 (1.08%) Perl
19 16 (1.02%) Embedded C++
19 16 (1.02%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 916 (58.38%) Degree
2 437 (27.85%) PhD
3 268 (17.08%) Computer Science Degree
4 108 (6.88%) Numerate Degree
5 83 (5.29%) Master's Degree
6 55 (3.51%) Security Cleared
7 26 (1.66%) SC Cleared
8 8 (0.51%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.51%) Postgraduate
9 5 (0.32%) CISSP
10 4 (0.25%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.25%) CCNP
10 4 (0.25%) CISA
10 4 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.25%) CISM
10 4 (0.25%) CRISC
10 4 (0.25%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.19%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.13%) CCIE
12 2 (0.13%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (4.14%) QA
2 12 (0.76%) ECSS
3 9 (0.57%) Dodd-Frank
3 9 (0.57%) EMIR
3 9 (0.57%) MiFID
4 8 (0.51%) GCP
5 6 (0.38%) ISO 9001
6 5 (0.32%) GDPR
7 3 (0.19%) DICOM
7 3 (0.19%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.19%) HL7
7 3 (0.19%) IFRS
7 3 (0.19%) IFRS 9
7 3 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.064%) Def Stans
9 1 (0.064%) DO-178B
9 1 (0.064%) DO-254
9 1 (0.064%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.064%) PMO
System Software
1 74 (4.72%) Docker
2 30 (1.91%) Firmware
3 23 (1.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.96%) Ceph
5 9 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.25%) Active Directory
7 2 (0.13%) HDFS
7 2 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.064%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.064%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.064%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.064%) KVM
8 1 (0.064%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.064%) Xen
Systems Management
1 36 (2.29%) Kubernetes
2 21 (1.34%) Puppet
3 19 (1.21%) Ansible
4 17 (1.08%) Terraform
5 16 (1.02%) Grafana
6 12 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
7 11 (0.70%) Prometheus
8 9 (0.57%) Consul
9 7 (0.45%) Packer
10 5 (0.32%) Nagios
11 3 (0.19%) AirWatch
12 2 (0.13%) Cobbler
12 2 (0.13%) Graphite
12 2 (0.13%) SCCM
13 1 (0.064%) Ambari
13 1 (0.064%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 1 (0.064%) Control-M
13 1 (0.064%) Kibana
13 1 (0.064%) logstash
13 1 (0.064%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 91 (5.80%) Microsoft
2 55 (3.51%) Oracle
3 37 (2.36%) Google
4 23 (1.47%) Tableau
4 23 (1.47%) VMware
5 14 (0.89%) NetApp
5 14 (0.89%) Sun
6 11 (0.70%) Cisco
7 9 (0.57%) Reuters
8 8 (0.51%) IBM
8 8 (0.51%) Talend
9 7 (0.45%) Bloomberg
9 7 (0.45%) Facebook
10 6 (0.38%) SAP
11 5 (0.32%) Citrix
12 4 (0.25%) Capita
12 4 (0.25%) Hortonworks
12 4 (0.25%) Juniper
12 4 (0.25%) New Relic
12 4 (0.25%) Teradata