Period
to 25 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 25 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
25 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 411 375 384
Rank change year-on-year -36 +9 -10
Permanent jobs citing Physics 639 1,197 1,429
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.69% 0.82% 0.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.75% 0.89% 0.89%
Number of salaries quoted 549 941 1,180
Median annual salary £48,240 £48,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.50% +6.67% +11.46%
10th Percentile £29,750 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £86,250 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,123 £42,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year -0.89% +13.33% -6.25%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,057 133,895 160,542
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.23% 92.27% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 67,499 104,899 129,205
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 25 May 2020.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 600 £50,000 +3.09% 88
UK excluding London -60 317 £42,123 -0.89% 78
London +46 314 £65,000 - 23
South East -11 153 £43,750 +5.31% 19
Midlands +74 48 £31,500 +10.53% 8
West Midlands +62 43 £31,500 +10.53% 7
South West -2 42 £42,500 - 9
East of England +16 27 £42,500 -5.85% 21
Work from Home +56 25 £41,500 -27.83% 6
North of England +62 20 £42,123 -21.37% 8
Scotland +23 20 £37,500 -16.67% 11
North West +50 15 £40,311 -27.72% 7
East Midlands +33 5 £35,000 -12.50% 1
Wales +4 4 £42,500 +6.25% 2
Yorkshire +71 3 £75,000 +76.47%
Northern Ireland +18 3 £55,000 +29.41%
North East - 2 £85,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 25 May 2020, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 518 (81.06%) Mathematics
2 413 (64.63%) Computer Science
3 360 (56.34%) Degree
4 253 (39.59%) Python
5 236 (36.93%) C++
6 191 (29.89%) Finance
7 189 (29.58%) C#
8 187 (29.26%) Java
8 187 (29.26%) Software Engineering
9 129 (20.19%) Computer Science Degree
10 128 (20.03%) Algorithms
11 109 (17.06%) OO
12 105 (16.43%) Derivative
13 97 (15.18%) R
14 94 (14.71%) JavaScript
15 87 (13.62%) SQL
16 86 (13.46%) Analytical Skills
17 83 (12.99%) PhD
18 81 (12.68%) Agile Software Development
19 80 (12.52%) .NET
19 80 (12.52%) Problem-Solving
20 77 (12.05%) Statistics
21 73 (11.42%) Analytics
22 72 (11.27%) Fintech
23 71 (11.11%) Machine Learning
24 69 (10.80%) Data Science
25 68 (10.64%) Hedge funds
26 63 (9.86%) C
26 63 (9.86%) Data Structures
27 62 (9.70%) User Experience

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (2.66%) OpenStack
2 14 (2.19%) Apache Spark
3 12 (1.88%) CMS
4 4 (0.63%) Umbraco
5 3 (0.47%) SAS
6 2 (0.31%) IBM Domino
6 2 (0.31%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.16%) Apache
7 1 (0.16%) Confluence
7 1 (0.16%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.16%) Gentran
7 1 (0.16%) Jupyter
Applications
1 13 (2.03%) Simulink
2 6 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.63%) QuarkXPress
4 3 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.16%) CINEMA 4D
6 1 (0.16%) GNU Octave
6 1 (0.16%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.16%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 4 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 31 (4.85%) Azure
2 25 (3.91%) AWS
3 21 (3.29%) SaaS
4 17 (2.66%) Power Platform
5 9 (1.41%) GitHub
6 8 (1.25%) GCP
7 6 (0.94%) Dynamics 365
7 6 (0.94%) Serverless
8 4 (0.63%) Google Analytics
8 4 (0.63%) NuGet
9 3 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (0.31%) BrowserStack
10 2 (0.31%) Logic Apps
10 2 (0.31%) Office 365
10 2 (0.31%) Power Automate
10 2 (0.31%) Slack
11 1 (0.16%) Amazon SageMaker
11 1 (0.16%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.16%) Azure Data Factory
11 1 (0.16%) iTunes
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.25%) ATM
1 8 (1.25%) Ethernet
2 5 (0.78%) Firewall
2 5 (0.78%) Wireless
3 4 (0.63%) SMTP
4 3 (0.47%) DNS
4 3 (0.47%) Internet
4 3 (0.47%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.31%) Modbus
5 2 (0.31%) Network Security
5 2 (0.31%) PPP
5 2 (0.31%) Software-Defined Radio
6 1 (0.16%) DHCP
6 1 (0.16%) LAN
6 1 (0.16%) Node B
6 1 (0.16%) Software-Defined Networking
6 1 (0.16%) WAN
6 1 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (9.55%) Relational Database
2 29 (4.54%) SQL Server
3 25 (3.91%) Big Data
4 18 (2.82%) NoSQL
5 17 (2.66%) Power BI
6 12 (1.88%) MySQL
7 11 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
8 5 (0.78%) Amazon Redshift
8 5 (0.78%) KDB
8 5 (0.78%) MongoDB
9 4 (0.63%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.63%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 3 (0.47%) BigQuery
10 3 (0.47%) Kdb+
10 3 (0.47%) Looker
10 3 (0.47%) PostgreSQL
10 3 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 3 (0.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 2 (0.31%) Geospatial Data
11 2 (0.31%) GIS
Development Applications
1 39 (6.10%) Git (software)
2 21 (3.29%) Jenkins
2 21 (3.29%) Selenium
3 13 (2.03%) JIRA
4 11 (1.72%) Visual Studio
5 9 (1.41%) LabVIEW
6 8 (1.25%) Rational DOORS
7 7 (1.10%) Eclipse
8 6 (0.94%) Bitbucket
8 6 (0.94%) GitLab
8 6 (0.94%) Rational Rhapsody
8 6 (0.94%) SpecFlow
8 6 (0.94%) WebDriver
9 5 (0.78%) Eclipse RCP
10 4 (0.63%) JMeter
10 4 (0.63%) Moq
10 4 (0.63%) PyCharm
10 4 (0.63%) Subversion
11 3 (0.47%) Visual Studio Code
12 2 (0.31%) Jasmine
General
1 191 (29.89%) Finance
2 31 (4.85%) Aerospace
3 28 (4.38%) Games
4 24 (3.76%) Electronics
4 24 (3.76%) Military
5 20 (3.13%) Banking
5 20 (3.13%) Front Office
6 18 (2.82%) Automotive
7 16 (2.50%) French Language
8 13 (2.03%) Investment Banking
8 13 (2.03%) Manufacturing
9 12 (1.88%) Financial Institution
10 11 (1.72%) Marketing
11 10 (1.56%) Telecoms
12 9 (1.41%) Advertising
13 5 (0.78%) Law
14 4 (0.63%) German Language
15 3 (0.47%) Retail
16 2 (0.31%) Avionics
16 2 (0.31%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 247 (38.65%) Developer
2 137 (21.44%) Graduate
3 111 (17.37%) Analyst
4 82 (12.83%) Python Developer
5 81 (12.68%) Java Developer
6 75 (11.74%) Software Developer
7 72 (11.27%) Graduate Developer
8 71 (11.11%) Software Engineer
9 68 (10.64%) Junior
10 65 (10.17%) C# Developer
11 60 (9.39%) C++ Developer
11 60 (9.39%) Junior Developer
12 58 (9.08%) Junior Python Developer
13 51 (7.98%) Graduate Python Developer
13 51 (7.98%) Junior C# Developer
14 50 (7.82%) Graduate C++ Java Developer
14 50 (7.82%) Graduate C++/C# Developer
14 50 (7.82%) Java Developer - Fintech
14 50 (7.82%) Junior Java Developer
14 50 (7.82%) Python Developer - Fintech
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (12.52%) .NET
2 36 (5.63%) ASP.NET
3 26 (4.07%) HTML
4 25 (3.91%) Middleware
5 21 (3.29%) CSS
5 21 (3.29%) jQuery
6 19 (2.97%) Ajax
7 18 (2.82%) Pandas
7 18 (2.82%) WebSockets
8 17 (2.66%) Natural Language Processing
9 14 (2.19%) NumPy
9 14 (2.19%) PyTorch
9 14 (2.19%) REST
10 13 (2.03%) TensorFlow
11 12 (1.88%) .NET Framework
12 11 (1.72%) SciPy
12 11 (1.72%) Web Services
13 10 (1.56%) RESTful
14 9 (1.41%) .NET Core
14 9 (1.41%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 128 (20.03%) Algorithms
2 105 (16.43%) Derivative
3 86 (13.46%) Analytical Skills
4 68 (10.64%) Hedge funds
5 63 (9.86%) Data Structures
6 62 (9.70%) User Experience
7 27 (4.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 24 (3.76%) Management Information System
9 20 (3.13%) Equities
10 18 (2.82%) Market Risk
11 17 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
12 15 (2.35%) Equity Derivative
12 15 (2.35%) Mobile App
13 13 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
14 12 (1.88%) Swaptions
15 9 (1.41%) Credit Risk
15 9 (1.41%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
16 8 (1.25%) Client/Server
16 8 (1.25%) Renewable Energy
17 7 (1.10%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 55 (8.61%) Linux
2 44 (6.89%) Windows
3 20 (3.13%) Android
4 17 (2.66%) Apple iOS
5 5 (0.78%) Embedded Linux
5 5 (0.78%) Unix
5 5 (0.78%) VxWorks
6 4 (0.63%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 518 (81.06%) Mathematics
2 413 (64.63%) Computer Science
3 187 (29.26%) Software Engineering
4 109 (17.06%) OO
5 81 (12.68%) Agile Software Development
6 80 (12.52%) Problem-Solving
7 77 (12.05%) Statistics
8 73 (11.42%) Analytics
9 72 (11.27%) Fintech
10 71 (11.11%) Machine Learning
11 69 (10.80%) Data Science
12 58 (9.08%) Mentoring
13 51 (7.98%) Artificial Intelligence
14 45 (7.04%) Time Management
15 43 (6.73%) SDLC
16 39 (6.10%) Visualisation
17 36 (5.63%) Data Analysis
18 35 (5.48%) Test Automation
19 31 (4.85%) OOP
20 29 (4.54%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 253 (39.59%) Python
2 236 (36.93%) C++
3 189 (29.58%) C#
4 187 (29.26%) Java
5 97 (15.18%) R
6 94 (14.71%) JavaScript
7 87 (13.62%) SQL
8 63 (9.86%) C
9 41 (6.42%) MATLAB
10 15 (2.35%) Bash Shell
11 13 (2.03%) Go
11 13 (2.03%) Scala
12 12 (1.88%) Fortran
13 11 (1.72%) Ada
14 10 (1.56%) Java 8
14 10 (1.56%) Rust
15 8 (1.25%) PowerShell
15 8 (1.25%) Ruby
16 6 (0.94%) Kotlin
17 5 (0.78%) Perl
Qualifications
1 360 (56.34%) Degree
2 129 (20.19%) Computer Science Degree
3 83 (12.99%) PhD
4 44 (6.89%) Security Cleared
5 42 (6.57%) Numerate Degree
6 25 (3.91%) SC Cleared
7 21 (3.29%) Master's Degree
8 18 (2.82%) DBS Check
9 13 (2.03%) DV Cleared
10 7 (1.10%) Chartered Engineer
10 7 (1.10%) HND
11 4 (0.63%) Postgraduate
12 3 (0.47%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.47%) PMP
13 1 (0.16%) HNC
13 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (2.66%) QA
2 7 (1.10%) MiFID
3 6 (0.94%) Dodd-Frank
3 6 (0.94%) EMIR
3 6 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.63%) ISO 26262
5 3 (0.47%) DO-178B
5 3 (0.47%) HAZOP
5 3 (0.47%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.47%) SLA
5 3 (0.47%) UCITS
6 2 (0.31%) Basel II
6 2 (0.31%) Basel III
6 2 (0.31%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 2 (0.31%) IEC 61508
6 2 (0.31%) MISRA
6 2 (0.31%) MISRA C
7 1 (0.16%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.16%) DO-254
7 1 (0.16%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 17 (2.66%) Docker
2 9 (1.41%) Firmware
3 2 (0.31%) Hyper-V
3 2 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.16%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 18 (2.82%) Puppet
2 6 (0.94%) Kubernetes
3 5 (0.78%) Terraform
4 2 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.16%) Ansible
Vendors
1 41 (6.42%) Microsoft
2 10 (1.56%) Google
3 9 (1.41%) Tableau
4 8 (1.25%) Oracle
5 5 (0.78%) Sun
6 4 (0.63%) Xamarin
7 3 (0.47%) Adobe
8 2 (0.31%) Canon
8 2 (0.31%) Cognizant
8 2 (0.31%) EMC
8 2 (0.31%) Red Hat
8 2 (0.31%) SIMUL8
8 2 (0.31%) Spotify
8 2 (0.31%) VMware
9 1 (0.16%) IFS
9 1 (0.16%) MathWorks
9 1 (0.16%) Remedy
9 1 (0.16%) Sage
9 1 (0.16%) Samsung
9 1 (0.16%) TIBCO