Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 15 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 343 463 413
Rank change year-on-year +120 -50 -20
Permanent jobs citing Physics 1,726 741 441
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 0.64% 0.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.08% 0.68% 0.76%
Number of salaries quoted 415 348 347
10th Percentile £29,190 £28,375 £29,750
25th Percentile £40,612 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - -6.67%
75th Percentile £77,500 £69,344 £75,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £89,453 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +17.65% -5.56%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 160,204 108,315 57,920
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.77% 94.09% 93.13%
Number of salaries quoted 83,315 73,224 47,036
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,756 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.61% +1.37% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,290 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 15 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +96 1,419 £60,000 +18.01% 165
UK excluding London +80 858 £50,000 - 138
London +57 639 £82,500 +37.86% 30
Work from Home -26 555 £62,500 +16.82% 60
South East +79 367 £50,000 - 37
East of England +49 170 £51,086 +8.69% 35
South West -47 104 £30,000 -50.00% 19
Midlands -1 87 £47,000 +4.44% 24
West Midlands 0 80 £47,000 -1.05% 12
North of England -48 48 £37,050 -15.31% 20
Scotland -12 35 £56,500 +25.56% 2
Wales +10 29 - - 1
North West -66 29 £52,500 +20.00% 14
Northern Ireland +6 22 £70,000 +105.88%
Yorkshire -5 14 £36,550 -2.53% 4
East Midlands -25 7 £56,250 +40.63% 12
North East -9 5 £25,000 -61.54% 2

For the 6 months to 15 August 2022, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 1,131 (65.53%) Mathematics
2 1,084 (62.80%) Degree
3 1,070 (61.99%) Computer Science
4 764 (44.26%) Python
5 721 (41.77%) Software Engineering
6 557 (32.27%) Problem-Solving
7 486 (28.16%) Finance
8 482 (27.93%) Java
9 466 (27.00%) Agile
10 457 (26.48%) C++
11 451 (26.13%) Social Skills
12 441 (25.55%) Machine Learning
13 424 (24.57%) Analytical Skills
14 407 (23.58%) Data Science
15 381 (22.07%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 335 (19.41%) SQL
17 330 (19.12%) JavaScript
18 323 (18.71%) Analytics
19 314 (18.19%) AWS
20 303 (17.56%) PhD
21 283 (16.40%) Computer Science Degree
22 280 (16.22%) C#
23 275 (15.93%) Statistics
24 271 (15.70%) Algorithms
25 246 (14.25%) TypeScript
26 225 (13.04%) CI/CD
27 224 (12.98%) React
28 223 (12.92%) Docker
29 219 (12.69%) Linux
30 217 (12.57%) Games

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (7.65%) Apache Spark
2 47 (2.72%) SAS
3 39 (2.26%) Apache
4 23 (1.33%) Confluence
5 19 (1.10%) CMS
6 15 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
7 8 (0.46%) IBM Domino
8 6 (0.35%) Kinematics
8 6 (0.35%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
9 5 (0.29%) Jetty
9 5 (0.29%) nginx
10 2 (0.12%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.12%) Jupyter
11 1 (0.058%) CICS
11 1 (0.058%) JBoss
11 1 (0.058%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.058%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.058%) WebSphere
Applications
1 31 (1.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.16%) Simulink
3 18 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (1.04%) Spreadsheet
4 13 (0.75%) Sketch
4 13 (0.75%) Zemax
5 10 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.41%) Campfire
8 6 (0.35%) Abaqus
8 6 (0.35%) CATIA
8 6 (0.35%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.29%) OrCAD
10 4 (0.23%) Camtasia
10 4 (0.23%) MadCap Flare
10 4 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.23%) SPSS
11 3 (0.17%) Maya
12 2 (0.12%) 3ds Max
12 2 (0.12%) EViews
Business Applications
1 8 (0.46%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (0.35%) ENOVIA
3 3 (0.17%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 314 (18.19%) AWS
2 202 (11.70%) GCP
3 163 (9.44%) GitHub
4 112 (6.49%) Cloud Computing
5 108 (6.26%) Azure
6 107 (6.20%) Serverless
7 55 (3.19%) Amazon EC2
8 54 (3.13%) AWS Lambda
9 53 (3.07%) Amazon S3
10 41 (2.38%) SaaS
11 39 (2.26%) Amazon EKS
12 36 (2.09%) Azure DevOps
13 35 (2.03%) Amazon SQS
13 35 (2.03%) Azure AKS
13 35 (2.03%) CloudFront
13 35 (2.03%) GitHub Actions
13 35 (2.03%) OpenShift
14 31 (1.80%) Power Platform
15 27 (1.56%) Amazon Cognito
16 25 (1.45%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 62 (3.59%) Wireless
2 45 (2.61%) Internet
3 24 (1.39%) Software-Defined Radio
4 17 (0.98%) VPN
5 14 (0.81%) TCP/IP
6 12 (0.70%) 5G
7 11 (0.64%) Ethernet
8 8 (0.46%) 4G
8 8 (0.46%) DHCP
8 8 (0.46%) DNS
9 7 (0.41%) Broadband
10 6 (0.35%) Firewall
11 5 (0.29%) Network Security
11 5 (0.29%) VLAN
11 5 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
11 5 (0.29%) Wireshark
12 4 (0.23%) SD-WAN
12 4 (0.23%) WAN
13 3 (0.17%) OpenFlow
14 2 (0.12%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (5.33%) Big Data
2 76 (4.40%) PostgreSQL
3 75 (4.35%) BigQuery
4 49 (2.84%) Elasticsearch
5 47 (2.72%) Hadoop
6 46 (2.67%) Amazon RDS
6 46 (2.67%) Apache Cassandra
7 43 (2.49%) NoSQL
8 42 (2.43%) DynamoDB
9 41 (2.38%) Data Mining
10 37 (2.14%) Tableau
11 36 (2.09%) Data Warehouse
12 31 (1.80%) Power BI
13 28 (1.62%) MongoDB
14 25 (1.45%) Data Lake
14 25 (1.45%) Redis
15 19 (1.10%) Neo4j
15 19 (1.10%) Oracle Reports
16 18 (1.04%) SQL Server
17 17 (0.98%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 177 (10.25%) Git (software)
2 57 (3.30%) Gradle
2 57 (3.30%) webpack
3 53 (3.07%) Jenkins
4 38 (2.20%) LabVIEW
5 35 (2.03%) Cypress.io
6 34 (1.97%) JIRA
7 27 (1.56%) GDB
8 22 (1.27%) Rational DOORS
9 19 (1.10%) git-flow
10 18 (1.04%) Selenium
11 17 (0.98%) Visual Studio
12 15 (0.87%) Bitbucket
13 14 (0.81%) Rational Rhapsody
14 12 (0.70%) Pivotal Tracker
15 10 (0.58%) Octopus Deploy
16 9 (0.52%) Maven
17 8 (0.46%) GitLab
17 8 (0.46%) MLflow
18 7 (0.41%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 486 (28.16%) Finance
2 451 (26.13%) Social Skills
3 424 (24.57%) Analytical Skills
4 381 (22.07%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 217 (12.57%) Games
6 177 (10.25%) Electronics
7 156 (9.04%) Public Sector
8 147 (8.52%) Marketing
9 109 (6.32%) Retail
10 97 (5.62%) Automotive
11 94 (5.45%) Aerospace
12 92 (5.33%) Law
13 88 (5.10%) Manufacturing
14 87 (5.04%) Banking
15 86 (4.98%) Legal
16 70 (4.06%) Telecoms
17 61 (3.53%) Military
18 49 (2.84%) Organisational Skills
19 46 (2.67%) Advertising
20 41 (2.38%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 498 (28.85%) Software Engineer
2 353 (20.45%) Graduate
3 213 (12.34%) Developer
4 171 (9.91%) Graduate Software Engineer
5 134 (7.76%) Data Scientist
6 93 (5.39%) Analyst
7 92 (5.33%) Senior Software Engineer
7 92 (5.33%) Systems Engineer
8 75 (4.35%) Senior Data Scientist
9 74 (4.29%) Architect
10 56 (3.24%) Data Engineer
11 42 (2.43%) Principal Engineer
12 41 (2.38%) Senior Developer
13 37 (2.14%) Quantitative Developer
13 37 (2.14%) Systems Architect
14 35 (2.03%) Principal Software Engineer
15 34 (1.97%) Development Engineer
15 34 (1.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 33 (1.91%) Technical Support
16 33 (1.91%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 224 (12.98%) React
2 134 (7.76%) Node.js
3 117 (6.78%) Redux
4 99 (5.74%) TensorFlow
5 97 (5.62%) .NET
6 90 (5.21%) HTML
7 74 (4.29%) RESTful
8 64 (3.71%) CSS
9 59 (3.42%) REST
10 54 (3.13%) Qt
10 54 (3.13%) scikit-learn
11 53 (3.07%) Jest
11 53 (3.07%) RabbitMQ
12 51 (2.95%) HTML5
12 51 (2.95%) Keras
13 49 (2.84%) OpenCV
14 48 (2.78%) Django
15 45 (2.61%) ZeroMQ
16 43 (2.49%) .NET Core
17 42 (2.43%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 271 (15.70%) Algorithms
2 128 (7.42%) Data Structures
3 84 (4.87%) User Experience
4 82 (4.75%) Self-Motivation
5 81 (4.69%) Hackathon
6 77 (4.46%) Cyber Defence
6 77 (4.46%) Cyberattack
7 70 (4.06%) FPGA
8 66 (3.82%) Cloud Native
9 50 (2.90%) Virtual Team
10 47 (2.72%) Credit Risk
11 45 (2.61%) Mobile Computing
12 43 (2.49%) Analytical Mindset
12 43 (2.49%) IoT
13 41 (2.38%) VHDL
14 39 (2.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 37 (2.14%) BBC
16 34 (1.97%) Augmented Reality
16 34 (1.97%) Embedded Systems
17 30 (1.74%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 219 (12.69%) Linux
2 127 (7.36%) Windows
3 70 (4.06%) Unix
4 49 (2.84%) Apple iOS
5 30 (1.74%) Android
6 11 (0.64%) CentOS
6 11 (0.64%) Mac OS X
7 10 (0.58%) Mac OS
7 10 (0.58%) Solaris
8 8 (0.46%) Debian
8 8 (0.46%) Scientific Linux
8 8 (0.46%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.23%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.12%) VMS
12 1 (0.058%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,131 (65.53%) Mathematics
2 1,070 (61.99%) Computer Science
3 721 (41.77%) Software Engineering
4 557 (32.27%) Problem-Solving
5 466 (27.00%) Agile
6 441 (25.55%) Machine Learning
7 407 (23.58%) Data Science
8 323 (18.71%) Analytics
9 275 (15.93%) Statistics
10 225 (13.04%) CI/CD
11 204 (11.82%) Mentoring
12 183 (10.60%) Artificial Intelligence
13 170 (9.85%) DevOps
14 169 (9.79%) Test Automation
15 143 (8.29%) OO
15 143 (8.29%) Validation
16 138 (8.00%) Project Management
17 137 (7.94%) Microservices
18 134 (7.76%) Software Testing
19 122 (7.07%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 764 (44.26%) Python
2 482 (27.93%) Java
3 457 (26.48%) C++
4 335 (19.41%) SQL
5 330 (19.12%) JavaScript
6 280 (16.22%) C#
7 246 (14.25%) TypeScript
8 163 (9.44%) C
9 150 (8.69%) MATLAB
10 82 (4.75%) Go
11 80 (4.63%) R
12 33 (1.91%) Julia
13 28 (1.62%) Scala
14 25 (1.45%) PHP
15 20 (1.16%) Bash
16 18 (1.04%) VBA
17 16 (0.93%) Fortran
17 16 (0.93%) Objective-C
17 16 (0.93%) SystemVerilog
18 15 (0.87%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,084 (62.80%) Degree
2 303 (17.56%) PhD
3 283 (16.40%) Computer Science Degree
4 172 (9.97%) Security Cleared
5 106 (6.14%) Numerate Degree
6 94 (5.45%) SC Cleared
7 54 (3.13%) Master's Degree
8 25 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
9 16 (0.93%) CCNA
9 16 (0.93%) Chartered Engineer
9 16 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
9 16 (0.93%) HNC
9 16 (0.93%) ISEB
9 16 (0.93%) ISTQB
9 16 (0.93%) Six Sigma Black Belt
10 14 (0.81%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.75%) CEH
12 10 (0.58%) GCIA
12 10 (0.58%) GCIH
13 9 (0.52%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (3.42%) QA
2 45 (2.61%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.98%) GDPR
4 8 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 7 (0.41%) Dodd-Frank
5 7 (0.41%) EMIR
5 7 (0.41%) MiFID
6 6 (0.35%) Accessibility
6 6 (0.35%) IFRS
6 6 (0.35%) IFRS 9
7 5 (0.29%) ECSS
7 5 (0.29%) PMO
8 3 (0.17%) IFRS 17
8 3 (0.17%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.17%) SLA
8 3 (0.17%) Solvency II
9 2 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.058%) ISO 26262
10 1 (0.058%) MISRA
System Software
1 223 (12.92%) Docker
2 47 (2.72%) Firmware
3 24 (1.39%) Hyper-V
3 24 (1.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.04%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (0.93%) LXC
6 10 (0.58%) Active Directory
7 8 (0.46%) Lustre
7 8 (0.46%) Slurm Workload Manager
8 7 (0.41%) Embedded Firmware
9 6 (0.35%) Xen
10 2 (0.12%) etcd
Systems Management
1 104 (6.03%) Kubernetes
2 26 (1.51%) Cisco IPCC
3 23 (1.33%) Terraform
4 17 (0.98%) Kibana
5 15 (0.87%) Ansible
6 13 (0.75%) Kubeflow
6 13 (0.75%) logstash
7 10 (0.58%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
7 10 (0.58%) Grafana
8 9 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (0.46%) BMC PATROL
9 8 (0.46%) Puppet
10 6 (0.35%) Graphite
10 6 (0.35%) Graylog
11 5 (0.29%) LiteSpeed
12 3 (0.17%) Opscode Chef
12 3 (0.17%) Prometheus
13 1 (0.058%) MIIS
13 1 (0.058%) OMEGAMON
Vendors
1 154 (8.92%) Google
2 128 (7.42%) Palantir
3 91 (5.27%) Microsoft
4 55 (3.19%) Sony
5 47 (2.72%) Foundry
6 43 (2.49%) Apple
7 40 (2.32%) Atlassian
8 39 (2.26%) IBM
9 31 (1.80%) Oracle
10 25 (1.45%) QinetiQ
10 25 (1.45%) SAP
10 25 (1.45%) VMware
11 21 (1.22%) Adobe
11 21 (1.22%) EMC
12 20 (1.16%) Alteryx
13 19 (1.10%) Cloudera
13 19 (1.10%) Informatica
13 19 (1.10%) Talend
14 17 (0.98%) Facebook
15 14 (0.81%) Splunk