Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 339 360 448
Rank change year-on-year +21 +88 -23
Permanent jobs citing Physics 1,560 1,606 1,317
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.95% 0.92% 0.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.04% 1.00% 0.76%
Number of salaries quoted 1,308 1,373 1,265
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +12.50% -
10th Percentile £24,500 £26,250 £23,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £75,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £37,500 £39,000 £35,500
% change year-on-year -3.85% +9.86% -5.33%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 149,712 160,336 174,348
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.03% 91.56% 90.86%
Number of salaries quoted 119,082 126,510 145,216
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +19 1,485 £50,000 +11.11% 304
UK excluding London -17 874 £37,500 -3.85% 229
London +64 690 £62,500 +13.64% 105
South East +27 312 £47,500 +5.56% 61
East of England -38 274 £35,000 -10.26% 82
Midlands -12 91 £27,500 -13.39% 16
South West +55 84 £28,000 -20.00% 22
Scotland +12 60 £42,500 +6.25% 20
West Midlands +1 56 £27,500 - 8
North of England +16 42 £40,694 +8.52% 19
East Midlands -24 35 £37,500 - 8
North West +2 23 £50,000 +33.33% 9
Yorkshire +23 14 £40,000 - 7
Wales -11 10 £36,250 +81.25% 7
North East -11 5 £20,622 -8.35% 3
Northern Ireland +12 1 £65,000 +85.71% 3

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 1,304 (83.59%) Mathematics
2 1,055 (67.63%) Computer Science
3 926 (59.36%) Degree
4 577 (36.99%) Python
5 517 (33.14%) C++
6 488 (31.28%) Java
7 463 (29.68%) Software Engineering
8 427 (27.37%) PhD
9 426 (27.31%) Finance
10 396 (25.38%) C#
11 390 (25.00%) SQL
12 341 (21.86%) Machine Learning
13 307 (19.68%) Algorithms
14 303 (19.42%) Computer Science Degree
15 295 (18.91%) Problem-Solving
16 279 (17.88%) Analytical Skills
17 266 (17.05%) Data Science
18 259 (16.60%) Analytics
19 241 (15.45%) Agile Software Development
20 240 (15.38%) Artificial Intelligence
21 208 (13.33%) C
22 200 (12.82%) R
23 195 (12.50%) .NET
24 191 (12.24%) JavaScript
25 189 (12.12%) OO
26 173 (11.09%) Linux
27 172 (11.03%) Statistics
28 162 (10.38%) MATLAB
29 148 (9.49%) Big Data
30 147 (9.42%) Data Analysis

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (4.17%) Apache Spark
2 32 (2.05%) OpenStack
3 28 (1.79%) SAS
4 14 (0.90%) Elasticsearch
5 13 (0.83%) Apache
5 13 (0.83%) Tomcat
6 11 (0.71%) GlassFish
7 9 (0.58%) CMS
8 8 (0.51%) SharePoint
8 8 (0.51%) Tornado
9 7 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (0.45%) Umbraco
10 6 (0.38%) Luigi
11 5 (0.32%) Apache Pig
11 5 (0.32%) Confluence
12 4 (0.26%) Ethereum
12 4 (0.26%) Jupyter
13 3 (0.19%) Kinematics
14 2 (0.13%) DNN
14 2 (0.13%) JBoss
Applications
1 43 (2.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (2.12%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (1.99%) GNU Octave
4 18 (1.15%) Simulink
5 12 (0.77%) SPSS
6 7 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
7 3 (0.19%) SOLIDWORKS
8 2 (0.13%) Blender
9 1 (0.064%) SPSS Modeler
9 1 (0.064%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 7 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.064%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.064%) Odoo
2 1 (0.064%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 85 (5.45%) Amazon AWS
2 56 (3.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 31 (1.99%) Cloud Computing
4 22 (1.41%) Google Cloud Platform
5 13 (0.83%) GitHub
6 12 (0.77%) Serverless
7 10 (0.64%) Amazon S3
7 10 (0.64%) AWS Lambda
8 7 (0.45%) Dynamics 365
8 7 (0.45%) iTunes
9 6 (0.38%) PaaS
10 4 (0.26%) Adobe Analytics
10 4 (0.26%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
10 4 (0.26%) Google Analytics
11 3 (0.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (0.19%) Google App Engine
11 3 (0.19%) OpenShift
11 3 (0.19%) SaaS
12 2 (0.13%) IaaS
13 1 (0.064%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 27 (1.73%) TCP/IP
2 15 (0.96%) RS-232
2 15 (0.96%) RS-422
2 15 (0.96%) RS-485
3 13 (0.83%) BGP
4 12 (0.77%) Ethernet
4 12 (0.77%) OSPF
4 12 (0.77%) Wireless
5 11 (0.71%) Firewall
5 11 (0.71%) HTTP
6 9 (0.58%) Bluetooth
6 9 (0.58%) Internet
6 9 (0.58%) IPv4
6 9 (0.58%) IPv6
7 8 (0.51%) VLAN
8 7 (0.45%) RFID
8 7 (0.45%) SMS
9 4 (0.26%) DNS
9 4 (0.26%) Network Security
9 4 (0.26%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 148 (9.49%) Big Data
2 119 (7.63%) SQL Server
3 103 (6.60%) Relational Database
4 54 (3.46%) Hadoop
5 47 (3.01%) NoSQL
6 37 (2.37%) RDBMS
7 36 (2.31%) PostgreSQL
8 32 (2.05%) Oracle Database
9 27 (1.73%) MySQL
10 23 (1.47%) Data Mining
11 21 (1.35%) MongoDB
12 19 (1.22%) Blockchain
12 19 (1.22%) Redis
13 18 (1.15%) Apache Hive
14 16 (1.03%) Power BI
15 12 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 12 (0.77%) OLTP
15 12 (0.77%) SQL Server 2016
16 10 (0.64%) KDB
17 9 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 84 (5.38%) Git (software)
2 52 (3.33%) LabVIEW
2 52 (3.33%) Subversion
3 37 (2.37%) JIRA
4 29 (1.86%) Jenkins
4 29 (1.86%) Visual Studio
5 23 (1.47%) Selenium
6 22 (1.41%) Eclipse
6 22 (1.41%) Gradle
7 20 (1.28%) TeamCity
8 19 (1.22%) Maven
9 16 (1.03%) Cucumber
10 13 (0.83%) Bugzilla
10 13 (0.83%) Gerrit
11 12 (0.77%) GCC
11 12 (0.77%) Sonatype Nexus
12 11 (0.71%) Artifactory
13 8 (0.51%) Vagrant
14 7 (0.45%) Team Foundation Server
15 6 (0.38%) JUnit
General
1 426 (27.31%) Finance
2 106 (6.79%) Games
3 90 (5.77%) Banking
4 85 (5.45%) Telecoms
5 83 (5.32%) Electronics
6 75 (4.81%) Front Office
7 57 (3.65%) Manufacturing
8 48 (3.08%) Marketing
9 38 (2.44%) Investment Banking
9 38 (2.44%) Retail
10 33 (2.12%) Financial Institution
11 26 (1.67%) Law
12 25 (1.60%) Publishing
13 16 (1.03%) Aerospace
14 15 (0.96%) Automotive
14 15 (0.96%) Military
14 15 (0.96%) Retail Banking
15 14 (0.90%) Advertising
16 12 (0.77%) Legal
17 5 (0.32%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 500 (32.05%) Developer
2 369 (23.65%) Graduate
3 243 (15.58%) Software Engineer
4 208 (13.33%) Analyst
5 151 (9.68%) Data Scientist
6 147 (9.42%) Software Developer
7 124 (7.95%) Graduate Developer
8 116 (7.44%) Graduate Analyst
9 104 (6.67%) Junior
10 96 (6.15%) Java Developer
11 94 (6.03%) C++ Developer
11 94 (6.03%) Graduate Software Engineer
12 89 (5.71%) Python Developer
13 80 (5.13%) Senior Developer
14 76 (4.87%) C# Developer
14 76 (4.87%) Consultant
15 64 (4.10%) Junior Developer
16 52 (3.33%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 46 (2.95%) Technical Analyst
18 43 (2.76%) Graduate Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 195 (12.50%) .NET
2 92 (5.90%) HTML
3 85 (5.45%) CSS
4 79 (5.06%) Natural Language Processing
5 57 (3.65%) ASP.NET
6 54 (3.46%) Web Services
7 53 (3.40%) AngularJS
7 53 (3.40%) HTML5
7 53 (3.40%) Pandas
8 52 (3.33%) XML
9 46 (2.95%) NumPy
10 44 (2.82%) J2EE
10 44 (2.82%) WPF
11 40 (2.56%) React
11 40 (2.56%) TensorFlow
12 35 (2.24%) jQuery
12 35 (2.24%) SciPy
13 33 (2.12%) Node.js
14 32 (2.05%) RESTful
15 29 (1.86%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 1,055 (67.63%) Computer Science
2 307 (19.68%) Algorithms
3 279 (17.88%) Analytical Skills
4 140 (8.97%) Fintech
5 95 (6.09%) Hedge funds
6 73 (4.68%) Data Structures
7 61 (3.91%) Derivative
8 48 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
9 41 (2.63%) User Experience
10 38 (2.44%) Equities
11 35 (2.24%) Fixed Income
12 31 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
12 31 (1.99%) Optoelectronics
13 30 (1.92%) Acoustics
14 29 (1.86%) Embedded Systems
15 27 (1.73%) Credit Risk
15 27 (1.73%) CUDA
16 24 (1.54%) Analytical Mindset
16 24 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 23 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 173 (11.09%) Linux
2 101 (6.47%) Windows
3 59 (3.78%) Unix
4 21 (1.35%) Android
5 13 (0.83%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.77%) AIX
7 11 (0.71%) CoreOS
8 9 (0.58%) CentOS
8 9 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (0.51%) Robot Operating System
9 8 (0.51%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.51%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.45%) Debian
11 4 (0.26%) HPUX
12 3 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.19%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.13%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.064%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.064%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,304 (83.59%) Mathematics
2 463 (29.68%) Software Engineering
3 341 (21.86%) Machine Learning
4 295 (18.91%) Problem-Solving
5 266 (17.05%) Data Science
6 259 (16.60%) Analytics
7 241 (15.45%) Agile Software Development
8 240 (15.38%) Artificial Intelligence
9 189 (12.12%) OO
10 172 (11.03%) Statistics
11 147 (9.42%) Data Analysis
12 124 (7.95%) Deep Learning
13 110 (7.05%) Multithreading
14 108 (6.92%) SDLC
15 102 (6.54%) Neural Network
16 91 (5.83%) DevOps
17 87 (5.58%) Scrum
18 79 (5.06%) Mentoring
19 77 (4.94%) TDD
20 70 (4.49%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 577 (36.99%) Python
2 517 (33.14%) C++
3 488 (31.28%) Java
4 396 (25.38%) C#
5 390 (25.00%) SQL
6 208 (13.33%) C
7 200 (12.82%) R
8 191 (12.24%) JavaScript
9 162 (10.38%) MATLAB
10 57 (3.65%) Scala
11 46 (2.95%) PHP
12 32 (2.05%) VBA
13 26 (1.67%) Embedded C
13 26 (1.67%) Go
13 26 (1.67%) TypeScript
14 24 (1.54%) Shell Script
14 24 (1.54%) T-SQL
15 23 (1.47%) Perl
16 22 (1.41%) Kotlin
16 22 (1.41%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 926 (59.36%) Degree
2 427 (27.37%) PhD
3 303 (19.42%) Computer Science Degree
4 106 (6.79%) Numerate Degree
5 85 (5.45%) Master's Degree
6 46 (2.95%) Security Cleared
7 26 (1.67%) SC Cleared
8 25 (1.60%) MPhil
9 8 (0.51%) Postgraduate
10 7 (0.45%) MBA
11 6 (0.38%) HND
12 5 (0.32%) CFA
12 5 (0.32%) CISSP
12 5 (0.32%) ISTQB
13 4 (0.26%) CISA
13 4 (0.26%) CISM
13 4 (0.26%) CRISC
13 4 (0.26%) PMI Certification
14 3 (0.19%) ACCA
14 3 (0.19%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (3.21%) QA
2 12 (0.77%) ECSS
3 8 (0.51%) Dodd-Frank
3 8 (0.51%) EMIR
3 8 (0.51%) MiFID
4 6 (0.38%) ISO 9001
5 5 (0.32%) GDPR
6 4 (0.26%) SLA
7 3 (0.19%) IFRS
7 3 (0.19%) IFRS 9
7 3 (0.19%) ISO 13485
8 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.064%) DO-178B
9 1 (0.064%) DO-254
9 1 (0.064%) ISO 9000
9 1 (0.064%) PMO
System Software
1 81 (5.19%) Docker
2 39 (2.50%) Firmware
3 24 (1.54%) Ceph
4 23 (1.47%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (0.32%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.064%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.064%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.064%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 47 (3.01%) Kubernetes
2 29 (1.86%) Puppet
3 27 (1.73%) Ansible
4 26 (1.67%) Terraform
5 16 (1.03%) Consul
6 9 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.51%) Graphite
7 8 (0.51%) Packer
8 4 (0.26%) Grafana
9 3 (0.19%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.13%) SCCM
11 1 (0.064%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 1 (0.064%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.064%) Kibana
11 1 (0.064%) Mesos
11 1 (0.064%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 104 (6.67%) Microsoft
2 68 (4.36%) Oracle
3 40 (2.56%) Google
4 24 (1.54%) Sun
5 23 (1.47%) Tableau
5 23 (1.47%) VMware
6 20 (1.28%) Cisco
7 16 (1.03%) Red Hat
8 15 (0.96%) Talend
9 13 (0.83%) NetApp
10 11 (0.71%) Huawei
11 7 (0.45%) Facebook
11 7 (0.45%) IBM
12 6 (0.38%) Reuters
12 6 (0.38%) SAP
13 5 (0.32%) Juniper
14 4 (0.26%) Adobe
14 4 (0.26%) Aruba
14 4 (0.26%) Bloomberg
14 4 (0.26%) EMC