Period
to 25 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 25 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 423 345 342
Rank change year-on-year -78 -3 +45
Permanent jobs citing Physics 856 1,379 1,598
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.69% 0.92% 0.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.75% 0.99% 1.00%
Number of salaries quoted 687 1,144 1,393
UK median annual salary £54,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £29,000 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £92,700 £90,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,388 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.69% +3.47% -

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,478 138,684 160,553
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.90% 92.24% 92.19%
Number of salaries quoted 90,011 109,586 130,825
UK median annual salary £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,882 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 25 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 809 £54,000 +8.00% 271
London -19 432 £65,000 - 69
UK excluding London -92 414 £42,500 +2.69% 214
South East -34 178 £45,000 - 57
East of England -17 66 £46,250 +27.59% 69
Midlands +30 58 £30,000 +5.26% 33
West Midlands +42 49 £30,000 +5.26% 25
South West -1 47 £46,750 +16.88% 30
North of England +10 31 £47,500 -5.00% 13
Scotland -9 30 £45,000 - 9
North West +26 26 £56,611 -1.55% 9
East Midlands +14 9 £35,000 -9.09% 8
Yorkshire +19 4 £29,750 -27.88% 1
Northern Ireland +11 3 £55,000 +29.41%
North East +6 1 £42,500 +6.25% 3
Wales -9 1 £80,000 +100.00% 3

For the 6 months to 25 February 2020, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 665 (77.69%) Mathematics
2 559 (65.30%) Computer Science
3 491 (57.36%) Degree
4 331 (38.67%) Python
5 279 (32.59%) C++
6 237 (27.69%) Finance
7 236 (27.57%) Software Engineering
8 223 (26.05%) C#
9 221 (25.82%) Java
10 208 (24.30%) Computer Science Degree
11 176 (20.56%) Algorithms
12 151 (17.64%) Machine Learning
13 146 (17.06%) Data Science
14 139 (16.24%) R
15 137 (16.00%) PhD
15 137 (16.00%) Analytical Skills
16 128 (14.95%) Problem-Solving
16 128 (14.95%) OO
17 127 (14.84%) SQL
18 124 (14.49%) JavaScript
19 123 (14.37%) Analytics
20 108 (12.62%) Mentoring
21 107 (12.50%) Agile Software Development
22 105 (12.27%) Derivative
22 105 (12.27%) .NET
23 103 (12.03%) Fintech
24 101 (11.80%) Statistics
25 85 (9.93%) C
26 80 (9.35%) Hedge funds
27 79 (9.23%) Relational Database

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (3.27%) Apache Spark
2 14 (1.64%) IIS
3 11 (1.29%) OpenStack
4 6 (0.70%) Apache Solr
5 5 (0.58%) Tornado
6 4 (0.47%) Jupyter
6 4 (0.47%) SAS
6 4 (0.47%) Umbraco
7 3 (0.35%) CMS
7 3 (0.35%) Confluence
8 2 (0.23%) Apache
9 1 (0.12%) MS Exchange
9 1 (0.12%) SharePoint
Applications
1 12 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
1 12 (1.40%) Simulink
2 4 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.12%) Maya
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 4 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 41 (4.79%) AWS
2 34 (3.97%) Azure
3 17 (1.99%) GCP
4 10 (1.17%) SaaS
5 6 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
5 6 (0.70%) Siri
6 5 (0.58%) Dynamics 365
6 5 (0.58%) Google Analytics
7 4 (0.47%) Amazon SageMaker
7 4 (0.47%) Office 365
7 4 (0.47%) Power Platform
8 3 (0.35%) Adobe Analytics
8 3 (0.35%) GitHub
8 3 (0.35%) Google Tag Manager
8 3 (0.35%) iTunes
9 2 (0.23%) Amazon EC2
9 2 (0.23%) Azure Machine Learning
9 2 (0.23%) PaaS
9 2 (0.23%) Serverless
10 1 (0.12%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.52%) Ethernet
2 11 (1.29%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.05%) Firewall
4 5 (0.58%) Network Security
4 5 (0.58%) Skype
5 4 (0.47%) DNS
5 4 (0.47%) SNMP
6 3 (0.35%) ATM
6 3 (0.35%) BGP
6 3 (0.35%) DHCP
6 3 (0.35%) DWDM
6 3 (0.35%) VPN
7 2 (0.23%) PPP
7 2 (0.23%) Wireless
8 1 (0.12%) FTP
8 1 (0.12%) HTTP
8 1 (0.12%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.12%) LAN
8 1 (0.12%) SMTP
8 1 (0.12%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (9.23%) Relational Database
2 58 (6.78%) Big Data
3 36 (4.21%) SQL Server
4 29 (3.39%) NoSQL
5 17 (1.99%) Data Warehouse
6 13 (1.52%) MySQL
7 12 (1.40%) KDB
8 10 (1.17%) BigQuery
9 9 (1.05%) MongoDB
10 8 (0.93%) Amazon Redshift
11 7 (0.82%) Data Mining
11 7 (0.82%) Hadoop
11 7 (0.82%) Kdb+
11 7 (0.82%) Looker
11 7 (0.82%) PostgreSQL
12 4 (0.47%) Power BI
13 3 (0.35%) Geospatial Data
13 3 (0.35%) ObjectStore
14 2 (0.23%) Amazon RDS
14 2 (0.23%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 28 (3.27%) Jenkins
2 26 (3.04%) Git (software)
3 18 (2.10%) JIRA
3 18 (2.10%) Selenium
4 8 (0.93%) Eclipse
4 8 (0.93%) LabVIEW
4 8 (0.93%) Rational DOORS
5 6 (0.70%) Visual Studio
6 5 (0.58%) Bitbucket
6 5 (0.58%) Eclipse RCP
6 5 (0.58%) TeamCity
7 4 (0.47%) Subversion
8 2 (0.23%) Artifactory
8 2 (0.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 2 (0.23%) IntelliJ
8 2 (0.23%) Maven
8 2 (0.23%) Octopus Deploy
8 2 (0.23%) Oracle APEX
8 2 (0.23%) Rational Rhapsody
8 2 (0.23%) ReSharper
General
1 237 (27.69%) Finance
2 49 (5.72%) Electronics
3 42 (4.91%) Aerospace
4 33 (3.86%) Banking
4 33 (3.86%) Marketing
4 33 (3.86%) Military
5 32 (3.74%) Manufacturing
6 31 (3.62%) Front Office
7 29 (3.39%) Games
8 21 (2.45%) Automotive
9 18 (2.10%) Retail
10 17 (1.99%) Public Sector
11 16 (1.87%) Advertising
11 16 (1.87%) French Language
12 13 (1.52%) Financial Institution
13 12 (1.40%) Investment Banking
13 12 (1.40%) Telecoms
14 9 (1.05%) Retail Banking
15 8 (0.93%) Publishing
16 6 (0.70%) Law
Job Titles
1 284 (33.18%) Developer
2 200 (23.36%) Graduate
3 138 (16.12%) Analyst
4 98 (11.45%) Data Scientist
4 98 (11.45%) Java Developer
5 94 (10.98%) Graduate Developer
6 93 (10.86%) Junior
7 92 (10.75%) Python Developer
8 81 (9.46%) Software Developer
9 80 (9.35%) C# Developer
10 75 (8.76%) Junior Developer
11 71 (8.29%) Graduate Analyst
12 70 (8.18%) Junior Python Developer
12 70 (8.18%) Software Engineer
13 66 (7.71%) Senior Developer
14 64 (7.48%) C++ Developer
15 63 (7.36%) Graduate Python Developer
16 60 (7.01%) Junior C# Developer
17 59 (6.89%) C++/Java Developer
17 59 (6.89%) Python Developer - Fintech
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 105 (12.27%) .NET
2 47 (5.49%) ASP.NET
3 33 (3.86%) jQuery
4 32 (3.74%) Ajax
5 31 (3.62%) WebSockets
6 29 (3.39%) Natural Language Processing
7 27 (3.15%) HTML
7 27 (3.15%) PyTorch
8 23 (2.69%) TensorFlow
9 20 (2.34%) REST
10 18 (2.10%) CSS
10 18 (2.10%) Pandas
11 17 (1.99%) NumPy
12 16 (1.87%) AngularJS
12 16 (1.87%) WPF
13 15 (1.75%) Middleware
13 15 (1.75%) PySpark
14 14 (1.64%) scikit-learn
15 13 (1.52%) .NET Core
15 13 (1.52%) React
Miscellaneous
1 176 (20.56%) Algorithms
2 137 (16.00%) Analytical Skills
3 105 (12.27%) Derivative
4 80 (9.35%) Hedge funds
5 78 (9.11%) Data Structures
6 75 (8.76%) User Experience
7 29 (3.39%) Management Information System
8 24 (2.80%) Credit Risk
9 22 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 21 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
11 20 (2.34%) Market Risk
12 19 (2.22%) Equities
12 19 (2.22%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 15 (1.75%) Robotics
14 12 (1.40%) Life Science
15 10 (1.17%) Exotic Derivative
15 10 (1.17%) iPhone
16 9 (1.05%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 9 (1.05%) Equity Derivative
16 9 (1.05%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 63 (7.36%) Linux
2 41 (4.79%) Windows
3 15 (1.75%) Android
4 12 (1.40%) Apple iOS
5 9 (1.05%) Unix
6 7 (0.82%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
7 5 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.23%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.23%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.12%) CentOS
9 1 (0.12%) Debian
9 1 (0.12%) FreeRTOS
9 1 (0.12%) tvOS
9 1 (0.12%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 665 (77.69%) Mathematics
2 559 (65.30%) Computer Science
3 236 (27.57%) Software Engineering
4 151 (17.64%) Machine Learning
5 146 (17.06%) Data Science
6 128 (14.95%) OO
6 128 (14.95%) Problem-Solving
7 123 (14.37%) Analytics
8 108 (12.62%) Mentoring
9 107 (12.50%) Agile Software Development
10 103 (12.03%) Fintech
11 101 (11.80%) Statistics
12 78 (9.11%) Artificial Intelligence
13 55 (6.43%) SDLC
14 54 (6.31%) Project Management
15 51 (5.96%) Deep Learning
16 50 (5.84%) Time Management
16 50 (5.84%) Visualisation
17 49 (5.72%) Data Analysis
18 45 (5.26%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 331 (38.67%) Python
2 279 (32.59%) C++
3 223 (26.05%) C#
4 221 (25.82%) Java
5 139 (16.24%) R
6 127 (14.84%) SQL
7 124 (14.49%) JavaScript
8 85 (9.93%) C
9 45 (5.26%) MATLAB
10 30 (3.50%) Scala
11 19 (2.22%) Go
12 15 (1.75%) Bash Shell
13 14 (1.64%) Fortran
14 9 (1.05%) Rust
15 7 (0.82%) Java 8
15 7 (0.82%) Kotlin
15 7 (0.82%) Perl
15 7 (0.82%) PowerShell
15 7 (0.82%) Ruby
15 7 (0.82%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 491 (57.36%) Degree
2 208 (24.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 137 (16.00%) PhD
4 68 (7.94%) Security Cleared
5 59 (6.89%) Numerate Degree
6 40 (4.67%) Master's Degree
7 34 (3.97%) DV Cleared
7 34 (3.97%) SC Cleared
8 27 (3.15%) DBS Check
9 14 (1.64%) CESG Certified Professional
9 14 (1.64%) CISM
9 14 (1.64%) CISSP
9 14 (1.64%) IISP
9 14 (1.64%) MBCS
10 13 (1.52%) Chartered Engineer
11 7 (0.82%) PMI Certification
11 7 (0.82%) PMP
12 6 (0.70%) HND
13 3 (0.35%) CCNP
13 3 (0.35%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (2.45%) QA
2 14 (1.64%) NCSC
3 12 (1.40%) Data Quality
3 12 (1.40%) MiFID
4 11 (1.29%) EMIR
5 10 (1.17%) Dodd-Frank
6 7 (0.82%) HAZOP
7 4 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.47%) PMO
8 3 (0.35%) JTAG
8 3 (0.35%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.35%) SLA
9 2 (0.23%) DO-178B
9 2 (0.23%) IEC 61508
9 2 (0.23%) ISO 26262
9 2 (0.23%) MISRA
9 2 (0.23%) MISRA C
9 2 (0.23%) UCITS
10 1 (0.12%) IFRS
10 1 (0.12%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 28 (3.27%) Firmware
2 19 (2.22%) Docker
3 3 (0.35%) Hyper-V
4 2 (0.23%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.12%) Snort
Systems Management
1 22 (2.57%) Puppet
2 13 (1.52%) Kubernetes
3 6 (0.70%) Oozie
4 2 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.12%) Ansible
5 1 (0.12%) Suricata
Vendors
1 49 (5.72%) Microsoft
2 20 (2.34%) Google
2 20 (2.34%) Tableau
3 14 (1.64%) Oracle
4 6 (0.70%) Apple
4 6 (0.70%) Red Hat
4 6 (0.70%) Xilinx
5 5 (0.58%) Sun
6 4 (0.47%) Adobe
6 4 (0.47%) Canon
6 4 (0.47%) Cisco
6 4 (0.47%) Intel
6 4 (0.47%) Juniper
6 4 (0.47%) Sage
7 3 (0.35%) Xamarin
8 2 (0.23%) Cognizant
8 2 (0.23%) DevExpress
8 2 (0.23%) Facebook
8 2 (0.23%) SAP
8 2 (0.23%) Spotify