Period
to 17 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 368 361 373
Rank change year-on-year -7 +12 +84
Permanent jobs citing Physics 1,213 1,544 1,521
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.83% 0.88% 0.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.91% 0.96% 0.93%
Number of salaries quoted 956 1,238 1,342
UK median annual salary £52,500 £45,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +16.67% +12.50% -5.88%
10th Percentile £26,750 £25,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £95,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £36,742 £40,000
% change year-on-year +22.48% -8.15% +6.67%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 133,975 161,602 163,296
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.03% 91.91% 91.94%
Number of salaries quoted 105,462 129,254 131,836
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,920 £27,836
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 1,126 £52,500 +16.67% 276
UK excluding London +14 753 £45,000 +22.48% 218
London -32 454 £65,000 +4.00% 76
South East +60 332 £42,500 -2.86% 56
South West +23 100 £40,000 - 29
North of England +75 85 £53,573 +33.93% 22
Midlands +30 78 £28,500 +3.64% 24
East of England -100 76 £52,750 +50.71% 69
West Midlands +43 71 £28,500 +3.64% 18
Scotland +31 69 £57,500 +43.75% 13
North West +74 66 £53,573 +33.93% 13
Yorkshire +19 19 £42,500 +6.25% 1
Wales +14 11 £41,000 +17.14% 4
East Midlands +16 7 £62,500 +92.31% 6
Northern Ireland - 2 £30,750 - 1

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 1,045 (86.15%) Mathematics
2 849 (69.99%) Computer Science
3 773 (63.73%) Degree
4 542 (44.68%) Python
5 427 (35.20%) C++
6 424 (34.95%) Software Engineering
7 372 (30.67%) Java
8 368 (30.34%) Finance
9 306 (25.23%) C#
10 294 (24.24%) Agile Software Development
11 291 (23.99%) SQL
12 264 (21.76%) PhD
13 243 (20.03%) Algorithms
14 239 (19.70%) Data Science
15 230 (18.96%) Analytical Skills
16 213 (17.56%) Computer Science Degree
17 205 (16.90%) Machine Learning
18 192 (15.83%) .NET
18 192 (15.83%) JavaScript
19 168 (13.85%) R
20 155 (12.78%) Analytics
21 144 (11.87%) MATLAB
22 141 (11.62%) OO
23 138 (11.38%) Statistics
24 134 (11.05%) Artificial Intelligence
24 134 (11.05%) C
25 133 (10.96%) Problem-Solving
26 131 (10.80%) Linux
26 131 (10.80%) DevOps
27 122 (10.06%) Git (software)

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (2.97%) SAS
2 34 (2.80%) Apache Spark
3 19 (1.57%) Tomcat
4 16 (1.32%) Confluence
5 14 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
6 13 (1.07%) Apache
7 9 (0.74%) OpenStack
7 9 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 7 (0.58%) JCAPS
8 7 (0.58%) nginx
8 7 (0.58%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
9 5 (0.41%) Apache Pig
10 3 (0.25%) Luigi
10 3 (0.25%) SharePoint
11 2 (0.16%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.16%) Oracle Coherence
12 1 (0.082%) DNN
12 1 (0.082%) Mule
12 1 (0.082%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 27 (2.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (1.57%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (1.07%) Fireworks
3 13 (1.07%) GNU Octave
4 11 (0.91%) Simulink
5 6 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.49%) SPSS
6 5 (0.41%) OrCAD
6 5 (0.41%) Windchill
7 3 (0.25%) NASTRAN
7 3 (0.25%) Stata
8 2 (0.16%) Doxygen
8 2 (0.16%) HipChat
9 1 (0.082%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.082%) Houdini
9 1 (0.082%) Mathematica
9 1 (0.082%) Maya
9 1 (0.082%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.082%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 4 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.16%) Endur
2 2 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.082%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 85 (7.01%) Amazon AWS
2 70 (5.77%) Microsoft Azure
3 30 (2.47%) Google Cloud Platform
4 25 (2.06%) Power Platform
5 24 (1.98%) SaaS
6 16 (1.32%) Serverless
7 15 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
7 15 (1.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 14 (1.15%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (1.15%) Amazon S3
9 13 (1.07%) Amazon ECS
9 13 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
9 13 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (0.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 11 (0.91%) Route 53
12 5 (0.41%) AWS CloudFormation
12 5 (0.41%) Dynamics 365
12 5 (0.41%) IaaS
12 5 (0.41%) PaaS
13 3 (0.25%) DigitalOcean
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.15%) Wireless
2 13 (1.07%) Link 16
2 13 (1.07%) Link 22
2 13 (1.07%) RS-232
2 13 (1.07%) Tactical Data Link
3 12 (0.99%) Network Security
4 8 (0.66%) Firewall
5 7 (0.58%) Software-Defined Radio
6 6 (0.49%) 5G
6 6 (0.49%) Broadband
6 6 (0.49%) RS-485
6 6 (0.49%) TCP/IP
7 5 (0.41%) 2G
7 5 (0.41%) 3G
7 5 (0.41%) 4G
7 5 (0.41%) OpenFlow
7 5 (0.41%) Software-Defined Networking
8 4 (0.33%) SSH
8 4 (0.33%) SSL
9 3 (0.25%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 117 (9.65%) Big Data
2 78 (6.43%) SQL Server
3 77 (6.35%) Relational Database
4 37 (3.05%) Data Warehouse
4 37 (3.05%) NoSQL
5 35 (2.89%) Hadoop
6 31 (2.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 29 (2.39%) PostgreSQL
8 25 (2.06%) Power BI
9 24 (1.98%) MySQL
9 24 (1.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 20 (1.65%) Data Mining
11 18 (1.48%) Geospatial Data
12 17 (1.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 16 (1.32%) GIS
13 16 (1.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 15 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
14 15 (1.24%) MongoDB
14 15 (1.24%) SQL Server 2016
15 14 (1.15%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 122 (10.06%) Git (software)
2 72 (5.94%) JIRA
3 48 (3.96%) Visual Studio
4 45 (3.71%) Jenkins
5 30 (2.47%) Selenium
6 29 (2.39%) Bitbucket
7 20 (1.65%) Subversion
8 19 (1.57%) SpecFlow
9 16 (1.32%) Eclipse
9 16 (1.32%) TeamCity
10 15 (1.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 15 (1.24%) GitLab
10 15 (1.24%) JIRA Agile
11 14 (1.15%) Cucumber
11 14 (1.15%) Maven
11 14 (1.15%) Vagrant
11 14 (1.15%) Visual Studio Team System
12 12 (0.99%) Mocha
12 12 (0.99%) WebDriver
13 11 (0.91%) Hudson
General
1 368 (30.34%) Finance
2 82 (6.76%) Electronics
3 70 (5.77%) Banking
4 53 (4.37%) Games
5 46 (3.79%) Marketing
6 41 (3.38%) Military
7 38 (3.13%) Aerospace
8 37 (3.05%) Legal
9 36 (2.97%) Telecoms
10 33 (2.72%) Manufacturing
11 30 (2.47%) Front Office
12 29 (2.39%) Retail
13 28 (2.31%) Investment Banking
14 25 (2.06%) Automotive
15 18 (1.48%) Back Office
16 16 (1.32%) Financial Institution
17 13 (1.07%) Advertising
18 11 (0.91%) Law
19 10 (0.82%) German Language
20 7 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 334 (27.54%) Developer
2 242 (19.95%) Software Engineer
3 229 (18.88%) Graduate
4 151 (12.45%) Analyst
5 138 (11.38%) Data Scientist
6 108 (8.90%) Junior
7 102 (8.41%) Software Developer
8 75 (6.18%) Graduate Analyst
9 73 (6.02%) Python Developer
10 69 (5.69%) Graduate Developer
11 63 (5.19%) C++ Software Engineer
11 63 (5.19%) Junior Developer
12 61 (5.03%) Java Developer
13 56 (4.62%) Data Engineer
14 53 (4.37%) C# Developer
15 46 (3.79%) Consultant
15 46 (3.79%) Senior Developer
16 42 (3.46%) Junior Python Developer
17 39 (3.22%) Junior Java Developer
17 39 (3.22%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 192 (15.83%) .NET
2 63 (5.19%) Web Services
3 56 (4.62%) jQuery
4 54 (4.45%) Natural Language Processing
5 52 (4.29%) AngularJS
6 51 (4.20%) React
7 50 (4.12%) REST
8 49 (4.04%) HTML
9 45 (3.71%) .NET Core
9 45 (3.71%) ASP.NET
10 43 (3.54%) NumPy
10 43 (3.54%) Qt
11 41 (3.38%) HTML5
12 39 (3.22%) Spring
13 34 (2.80%) Ajax
13 34 (2.80%) Django
13 34 (2.80%) WebSockets
14 33 (2.72%) OpenGL
15 32 (2.64%) Kafka
16 31 (2.56%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 243 (20.03%) Algorithms
2 230 (18.96%) Analytical Skills
3 89 (7.34%) Data Structures
4 88 (7.25%) Hedge funds
5 74 (6.10%) Derivative
6 50 (4.12%) Credit Risk
7 42 (3.46%) Robotics
8 38 (3.13%) User Experience
9 35 (2.89%) Self-Motivation
10 30 (2.47%) Mobile App
11 25 (2.06%) Client/Server
11 25 (2.06%) Greenfield Project
11 25 (2.06%) Market Risk
12 22 (1.81%) Driving Licence
13 20 (1.65%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 16 (1.32%) 3D Graphics
14 16 (1.32%) VHDL
15 15 (1.24%) Embedded Systems
15 15 (1.24%) Management Information System
16 12 (0.99%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 131 (10.80%) Linux
2 68 (5.61%) Windows
3 33 (2.72%) Android
4 18 (1.48%) Unix
5 9 (0.74%) CentOS
6 7 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
6 7 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.41%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.33%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.33%) Debian
8 4 (0.33%) VxWorks
9 3 (0.25%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.082%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.082%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,045 (86.15%) Mathematics
2 849 (69.99%) Computer Science
3 424 (34.95%) Software Engineering
4 294 (24.24%) Agile Software Development
5 239 (19.70%) Data Science
6 205 (16.90%) Machine Learning
7 155 (12.78%) Analytics
8 141 (11.62%) OO
9 138 (11.38%) Statistics
10 134 (11.05%) Artificial Intelligence
11 133 (10.96%) Problem-Solving
12 131 (10.80%) DevOps
13 116 (9.56%) Fintech
14 112 (9.23%) Mentoring
15 94 (7.75%) Project Management
16 87 (7.17%) Visualisation
17 85 (7.01%) Test Automation
18 81 (6.68%) Continuous Integration
18 81 (6.68%) Data Analysis
19 80 (6.60%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 542 (44.68%) Python
2 427 (35.20%) C++
3 372 (30.67%) Java
4 306 (25.23%) C#
5 291 (23.99%) SQL
6 192 (15.83%) JavaScript
7 168 (13.85%) R
8 144 (11.87%) MATLAB
9 134 (11.05%) C
10 49 (4.04%) Scala
11 44 (3.63%) Go
12 40 (3.30%) Bash Shell
13 34 (2.80%) Clojure
14 31 (2.56%) VBA
15 29 (2.39%) PowerShell
16 26 (2.14%) PHP
16 26 (2.14%) T-SQL
17 24 (1.98%) Ruby
18 21 (1.73%) Fortran
19 19 (1.57%) ML
Qualifications
1 773 (63.73%) Degree
2 264 (21.76%) PhD
3 213 (17.56%) Computer Science Degree
4 114 (9.40%) Security Cleared
5 96 (7.91%) Numerate Degree
6 89 (7.34%) SC Cleared
7 47 (3.87%) Master's Degree
8 38 (3.13%) DV Cleared
9 28 (2.31%) CFA
10 14 (1.15%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 13 (1.07%) Postgraduate
12 10 (0.82%) DBS Check
13 9 (0.74%) HND
14 7 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
15 5 (0.41%) AWS Certification
16 2 (0.16%) ACCA
16 2 (0.16%) CISM
16 2 (0.16%) CISSP
17 1 (0.082%) CISA
17 1 (0.082%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (3.05%) QA
2 17 (1.40%) PMO
3 15 (1.24%) IFRS
3 15 (1.24%) IFRS 9
4 13 (1.07%) CRD IV
5 8 (0.66%) IEC 62304
6 6 (0.49%) JTAG
7 5 (0.41%) Dodd-Frank
7 5 (0.41%) EMIR
7 5 (0.41%) MiFID
7 5 (0.41%) MISRA
8 4 (0.33%) ISO 26262
8 4 (0.33%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.25%) ISO 13485
10 2 (0.16%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.16%) SLA
11 1 (0.082%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.082%) IEC 61508
11 1 (0.082%) MISRA C
System Software
1 84 (6.92%) Docker
2 8 (0.66%) Firmware
3 4 (0.33%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.25%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.16%) VMware Workstation
5 2 (0.16%) Xen
6 1 (0.082%) HDFS
6 1 (0.082%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.082%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.082%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 66 (5.44%) Kubernetes
2 41 (3.38%) Terraform
3 32 (2.64%) Ansible
4 24 (1.98%) Puppet
5 16 (1.32%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (1.24%) SQL Sentry
7 12 (0.99%) Nagios
8 9 (0.74%) Packer
9 4 (0.33%) Salt
10 2 (0.16%) Oozie
10 2 (0.16%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.082%) Ambari
11 1 (0.082%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 72 (5.94%) Microsoft
2 48 (3.96%) Oracle
3 27 (2.23%) Tableau
4 26 (2.14%) Atlassian
5 24 (1.98%) Google
6 15 (1.24%) Red Hat
7 13 (1.07%) SAP
8 12 (0.99%) Cisco
8 12 (0.99%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 7 (0.58%) IBM
9 7 (0.58%) InterSystems
9 7 (0.58%) MuleSoft
9 7 (0.58%) TIBCO
10 6 (0.49%) EMC
11 5 (0.41%) Cadence
11 5 (0.41%) Hortonworks
11 5 (0.41%) MathWorks
11 5 (0.41%) Teradata
12 4 (0.33%) MKS
12 4 (0.33%) Twitter