Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 340 344 415
Rank change year-on-year +4 +71 +28
Permanent jobs citing Physics 1,473 1,707 1,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.93% 0.96% 0.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.01% 1.04% 0.82%
Number of salaries quoted 1,263 1,464 1,303
UK median annual salary £50,000 £46,750 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.95% +16.88% -11.11%
10th Percentile £25,750 £26,250 £24,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £35,500
% change year-on-year - +12.68% -11.25%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 145,362 164,208 169,022
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.61% 91.89% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 114,777 130,654 140,219
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,625
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 1,395 £50,000 +5.26% 237
UK excluding London -47 793 £40,000 - 208
London +63 680 £65,000 +8.33% 56
South East -16 304 £47,500 - 55
East of England -76 212 £37,500 -3.85% 67
North of England +59 70 £43,750 +16.67% 16
South West +45 70 £28,000 -8.20% 29
Midlands -15 66 £28,500 -1.72% 14
Scotland +4 57 £42,500 +6.25% 14
North West +45 43 £55,774 +30.46% 9
West Midlands -5 42 £28,500 +3.64% 10
East Midlands +7 24 £45,000 +28.57% 4
Yorkshire +40 17 £40,000 +8.84% 3
North East +5 10 £40,000 +77.78% 4
Wales -2 8 £40,000 +100.00% 9
Northern Ireland - 7 £42,500 - 4

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 1,226 (83.23%) Mathematics
2 987 (67.01%) Computer Science
3 875 (59.40%) Degree
4 578 (39.24%) Python
5 493 (33.47%) Software Engineering
6 479 (32.52%) C++
7 469 (31.84%) Java
8 429 (29.12%) Finance
9 410 (27.83%) SQL
10 390 (26.48%) C#
11 377 (25.59%) PhD
12 340 (23.08%) Machine Learning
13 316 (21.45%) Algorithms
14 276 (18.74%) Computer Science Degree
15 253 (17.18%) Agile Software Development
16 249 (16.90%) Artificial Intelligence
17 245 (16.63%) R
18 244 (16.56%) Analytics
19 242 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
20 233 (15.82%) Data Science
21 227 (15.41%) Analytical Skills
22 190 (12.90%) .NET
23 177 (12.02%) OO
24 175 (11.88%) MATLAB
25 172 (11.68%) C
26 170 (11.54%) Data Analysis
27 160 (10.86%) Statistics
28 157 (10.66%) JavaScript
29 150 (10.18%) Big Data
30 149 (10.12%) Fintech

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (3.80%) Apache Spark
2 31 (2.10%) OpenStack
2 31 (2.10%) SAS
3 20 (1.36%) Apache
4 14 (0.95%) Elasticsearch
5 12 (0.81%) Tomcat
6 9 (0.61%) GlassFish
7 7 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
7 7 (0.48%) SharePoint
8 6 (0.41%) Apache Pig
8 6 (0.41%) Luigi
8 6 (0.41%) Tornado
9 5 (0.34%) CMS
10 4 (0.27%) Ethereum
10 4 (0.27%) Umbraco
11 3 (0.20%) Kinematics
12 2 (0.14%) Confluence
12 2 (0.14%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.14%) MS Exchange
12 2 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 44 (2.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (2.24%) GNU Octave
3 20 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.88%) Simulink
5 11 (0.75%) SPSS
6 8 (0.54%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.34%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.068%) Abaqus
8 1 (0.068%) NASTRAN
Business Applications
1 4 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.14%) Odoo
3 1 (0.068%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.068%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 91 (6.18%) Amazon AWS
2 68 (4.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 38 (2.58%) Google Cloud Platform
4 34 (2.31%) Cloud Computing
5 12 (0.81%) SaaS
6 9 (0.61%) GitHub
7 7 (0.48%) Amazon S3
7 7 (0.48%) PaaS
7 7 (0.48%) Serverless
8 6 (0.41%) AWS Lambda
9 5 (0.34%) Google Analytics
9 5 (0.34%) Google App Engine
9 5 (0.34%) OpenShift
10 4 (0.27%) Adobe Analytics
10 4 (0.27%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
10 4 (0.27%) Dynamics 365
11 3 (0.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (0.20%) IaaS
12 2 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.14%) iTunes
Communications & Networking
1 22 (1.49%) RS-232
2 20 (1.36%) RS-422
2 20 (1.36%) RS-485
3 18 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 13 (0.88%) Firewall
5 12 (0.81%) Wireless
6 11 (0.75%) BGP
6 11 (0.75%) Bluetooth
6 11 (0.75%) OSPF
7 9 (0.61%) Network Security
8 8 (0.54%) HTTP
9 7 (0.48%) Ethernet
9 7 (0.48%) RFID
10 5 (0.34%) Software-Defined Radio
11 4 (0.27%) Internet
11 4 (0.27%) VSAN
12 3 (0.20%) DNS
13 2 (0.14%) DVB
13 2 (0.14%) ICMP
13 2 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (10.18%) Big Data
2 126 (8.55%) Relational Database
3 109 (7.40%) SQL Server
4 58 (3.94%) NoSQL
5 48 (3.26%) RDBMS
6 46 (3.12%) Hadoop
7 32 (2.17%) Oracle Database
8 29 (1.97%) MySQL
9 23 (1.56%) Data Mining
9 23 (1.56%) PostgreSQL
10 19 (1.29%) MongoDB
10 19 (1.29%) Redis
11 18 (1.22%) Apache Hive
12 15 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 15 (1.02%) Amazon Redshift
13 14 (0.95%) Blockchain
13 14 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
14 10 (0.68%) GIS
14 10 (0.68%) OLTP
14 10 (0.68%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 83 (5.63%) Git (software)
2 47 (3.19%) Subversion
3 32 (2.17%) LabVIEW
4 30 (2.04%) JIRA
5 22 (1.49%) Gradle
6 21 (1.43%) Selenium
6 21 (1.43%) TeamCity
7 19 (1.29%) Eclipse
8 17 (1.15%) Visual Studio
9 16 (1.09%) Jenkins
10 14 (0.95%) Cucumber
10 14 (0.95%) Maven
11 10 (0.68%) Artifactory
12 9 (0.61%) JUnit
13 8 (0.54%) Vagrant
14 7 (0.48%) GCC
14 7 (0.48%) Gerrit
14 7 (0.48%) Sonatype Nexus
15 6 (0.41%) CMake
16 5 (0.34%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 429 (29.12%) Finance
2 103 (6.99%) Games
3 83 (5.63%) Banking
4 78 (5.30%) Front Office
5 74 (5.02%) Telecoms
6 66 (4.48%) Electronics
7 46 (3.12%) Manufacturing
8 40 (2.72%) Marketing
9 39 (2.65%) Retail
10 28 (1.90%) Publishing
11 23 (1.56%) Investment Banking
12 22 (1.49%) Automotive
13 20 (1.36%) Military
14 18 (1.22%) Advertising
15 16 (1.09%) Financial Institution
16 14 (0.95%) Law
17 13 (0.88%) Aerospace
17 13 (0.88%) Retail Banking
18 11 (0.75%) Legal
19 8 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 496 (33.67%) Developer
2 319 (21.66%) Graduate
3 251 (17.04%) Software Engineer
4 154 (10.45%) Analyst
5 134 (9.10%) Graduate Developer
6 131 (8.89%) Data Scientist
7 121 (8.21%) Software Developer
8 105 (7.13%) Junior
9 104 (7.06%) Java Developer
10 103 (6.99%) Python Developer
11 100 (6.79%) C# Developer
12 92 (6.25%) C++ Developer
13 85 (5.77%) Graduate Software Engineer
14 78 (5.30%) Consultant
14 78 (5.30%) Graduate Analyst
15 77 (5.23%) Senior Developer
16 74 (5.02%) Junior Developer
17 52 (3.53%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 47 (3.19%) .NET Developer
18 47 (3.19%) Graduate Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 190 (12.90%) .NET
2 98 (6.65%) Natural Language Processing
3 64 (4.34%) CSS
4 61 (4.14%) HTML
5 58 (3.94%) AngularJS
6 56 (3.80%) Pandas
6 56 (3.80%) Web Services
7 53 (3.60%) ASP.NET
8 50 (3.39%) React
9 45 (3.05%) TensorFlow
10 43 (2.92%) NumPy
11 38 (2.58%) HTML5
11 38 (2.58%) XML
12 36 (2.44%) SciPy
13 35 (2.38%) RESTful
13 35 (2.38%) scikit-learn
14 34 (2.31%) J2EE
15 32 (2.17%) Node.js
16 30 (2.04%) .NET Framework
17 29 (1.97%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 316 (21.45%) Algorithms
2 227 (15.41%) Analytical Skills
3 149 (10.12%) Fintech
4 90 (6.11%) Data Structures
5 84 (5.70%) Hedge funds
6 78 (5.30%) Derivative
7 53 (3.60%) User Experience
8 46 (3.12%) Equities
9 39 (2.65%) Greenfield Project
10 35 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 34 (2.31%) Embedded Systems
11 34 (2.31%) Optoelectronics
12 31 (2.10%) Analytical Mindset
12 31 (2.10%) Credit Risk
13 28 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
14 25 (1.70%) Fixed Income
15 22 (1.49%) Acoustics
16 21 (1.43%) CUDA
17 14 (0.95%) Market Risk
17 14 (0.95%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 137 (9.30%) Linux
2 77 (5.23%) Windows
3 40 (2.72%) Unix
4 15 (1.02%) Android
5 10 (0.68%) AIX
5 10 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.61%) CentOS
6 9 (0.61%) CoreOS
6 9 (0.61%) Robot Operating System
6 9 (0.61%) Ubuntu
6 9 (0.61%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.54%) Embedded Linux
8 7 (0.48%) Apple iOS
9 5 (0.34%) Debian
10 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.27%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,226 (83.23%) Mathematics
2 987 (67.01%) Computer Science
3 493 (33.47%) Software Engineering
4 340 (23.08%) Machine Learning
5 253 (17.18%) Agile Software Development
6 249 (16.90%) Artificial Intelligence
7 244 (16.56%) Analytics
8 242 (16.43%) Problem-Solving
9 233 (15.82%) Data Science
10 177 (12.02%) OO
11 170 (11.54%) Data Analysis
12 160 (10.86%) Statistics
13 134 (9.10%) Deep Learning
14 108 (7.33%) Neural Network
15 103 (6.99%) Multithreading
16 82 (5.57%) DevOps
17 80 (5.43%) SDLC
18 70 (4.75%) Scrum
19 68 (4.62%) Mentoring
19 68 (4.62%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 578 (39.24%) Python
2 479 (32.52%) C++
3 469 (31.84%) Java
4 410 (27.83%) SQL
5 390 (26.48%) C#
6 245 (16.63%) R
7 175 (11.88%) MATLAB
8 172 (11.68%) C
9 157 (10.66%) JavaScript
10 51 (3.46%) Scala
11 34 (2.31%) PHP
12 28 (1.90%) Go
12 28 (1.90%) T-SQL
12 28 (1.90%) TypeScript
13 26 (1.77%) Embedded C
13 26 (1.77%) Perl
13 26 (1.77%) PL/SQL
14 25 (1.70%) Ruby
14 25 (1.70%) VBA
15 22 (1.49%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 875 (59.40%) Degree
2 377 (25.59%) PhD
3 276 (18.74%) Computer Science Degree
4 95 (6.45%) Numerate Degree
5 70 (4.75%) Master's Degree
6 40 (2.72%) Security Cleared
7 32 (2.17%) SC Cleared
8 21 (1.43%) MPhil
9 8 (0.54%) MBA
10 7 (0.48%) HND
10 7 (0.48%) PMI Certification
11 6 (0.41%) CISSP
11 6 (0.41%) CREST Certified
12 5 (0.34%) ACCA
12 5 (0.34%) CFA
12 5 (0.34%) CISA
12 5 (0.34%) CISM
12 5 (0.34%) Postgraduate
12 5 (0.34%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 4 (0.27%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (2.38%) QA
2 11 (0.75%) Dodd-Frank
2 11 (0.75%) EMIR
2 11 (0.75%) MiFID
3 7 (0.48%) ECSS
4 6 (0.41%) ISO 9001
4 6 (0.41%) SLA
5 5 (0.34%) JTAG
5 5 (0.34%) PMO
6 4 (0.27%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.27%) GDPR
7 3 (0.20%) IFRS
7 3 (0.20%) IFRS 9
8 2 (0.14%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.068%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 72 (4.89%) Docker
2 27 (1.83%) Firmware
3 20 (1.36%) Ceph
4 19 (1.29%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (0.41%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.14%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.068%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.068%) HDFS
8 1 (0.068%) KVM
Systems Management
1 46 (3.12%) Kubernetes
2 27 (1.83%) Ansible
2 27 (1.83%) Puppet
3 26 (1.77%) Terraform
4 16 (1.09%) Consul
5 10 (0.68%) Graphite
6 9 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.54%) Packer
8 4 (0.27%) Grafana
9 2 (0.14%) HAProxy
9 2 (0.14%) Icinga
9 2 (0.14%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.14%) Riemann
10 1 (0.068%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.068%) Mesos
10 1 (0.068%) Nagios
10 1 (0.068%) Norton AntiVirus
10 1 (0.068%) SCCM
Vendors
1 101 (6.86%) Microsoft
2 69 (4.68%) Oracle
3 34 (2.31%) Google
4 24 (1.63%) Cisco
5 22 (1.49%) Tableau
6 19 (1.29%) Red Hat
6 19 (1.29%) VMware
7 17 (1.15%) Talend
8 16 (1.09%) Sun
9 14 (0.95%) Reuters
10 12 (0.81%) Bloomberg
10 12 (0.81%) Huawei
11 11 (0.75%) NetApp
12 9 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
13 5 (0.34%) RapidMiner
13 5 (0.34%) SAP
14 4 (0.27%) Adobe
14 4 (0.27%) EMC
14 4 (0.27%) Facebook
14 4 (0.27%) IBM