Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 418 402 368
Rank change year-on-year -16 -34 -10
Permanent jobs citing Physics 541 755 1,265
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.63% 0.70% 0.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.68% 0.76% 0.92%
Number of salaries quoted 336 627 995
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £26,250
25th Percentile £37,000 £32,154 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% -5.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £65,000 £67,269
90th Percentile £107,500 £96,300 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,123 £42,500
% change year-on-year +6.83% -0.89% +6.25%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,099 99,556 136,991
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.52% 92.22% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 60,404 79,992 108,656
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Physics as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Physics.

Salary trend for Physics in the UK

Physics
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Physics over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Physics in the UK

Physics
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 503 £50,000 - 195
UK excluding London +47 331 £45,000 +6.83% 172
London -24 197 £65,000 - 43
South East +29 117 £50,000 +11.11% 40
East of England +64 63 £35,000 -24.32% 52
South West +9 62 £50,000 +14.29% 25
Work from Home -141 40 £47,000 +13.25% 24
North of England +33 30 £40,000 -5.04% 19
North West +53 27 £40,000 -5.04% 12
Midlands -9 27 £42,500 +34.92% 16
West Midlands -18 21 £42,500 +34.92% 12
Scotland 0 20 £25,198 -18.07% 14
Northern Ireland +11 10 £34,000 -38.18% 1
East Midlands +24 6 £42,000 +20.00% 4
Yorkshire -7 3 £37,500 +26.05% 7
Wales +35 2 £43,250 -18.40% 5

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Physics.

1 431 (79.67%) Mathematics
2 375 (69.32%) Degree
3 335 (61.92%) Computer Science
4 235 (43.44%) Python
5 175 (32.35%) Machine Learning
6 163 (30.13%) C#
7 155 (28.65%) SQL
8 135 (24.95%) Software Engineering
9 124 (22.92%) Java
10 120 (22.18%) C++
10 120 (22.18%) Problem-Solving
11 114 (21.07%) Agile Software Development
12 99 (18.30%) PhD
13 97 (17.93%) Algorithms
14 93 (17.19%) MATLAB
14 93 (17.19%) Artificial Intelligence
15 91 (16.82%) Computer Science Degree
16 90 (16.64%) Finance
16 90 (16.64%) JavaScript
17 85 (15.71%) Data Science
18 83 (15.34%) Analytics
19 81 (14.97%) Mentoring
20 78 (14.42%) .NET
21 75 (13.86%) Docker
22 74 (13.68%) Analytical Skills
23 68 (12.57%) AWS
24 67 (12.38%) Azure
24 67 (12.38%) Electronics
25 66 (12.20%) NoSQL
25 66 (12.20%) React

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (4.07%) Apache Spark
2 12 (2.22%) SAS
3 10 (1.85%) Apache Pig
4 8 (1.48%) Confluence
5 6 (1.11%) Apache
6 4 (0.74%) SharePoint
6 4 (0.74%) SharePoint 2013
7 2 (0.37%) Ethereum
7 2 (0.37%) IIS
7 2 (0.37%) Jetty
7 2 (0.37%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.18%) CMS
Applications
1 59 (10.91%) Simulink
2 38 (7.02%) Stateflow
3 9 (1.66%) SPSS
4 6 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (1.11%) OrCAD
5 5 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.92%) Stata
6 4 (0.74%) Zemax
7 1 (0.18%) 3ds Max
7 1 (0.18%) EViews
7 1 (0.18%) Maya
Business Applications
1 9 (1.66%) FINCAD Analytics
2 2 (0.37%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.18%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 68 (12.57%) AWS
2 67 (12.38%) Azure
3 36 (6.65%) GCP
4 18 (3.33%) Power Platform
5 16 (2.96%) SaaS
6 15 (2.77%) GitHub
7 8 (1.48%) Azure Data Factory
7 8 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
7 8 (1.48%) Serverless
8 5 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (0.74%) Amazon Cognito
9 4 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
9 4 (0.74%) Amazon S3
9 4 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
9 4 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (0.74%) Azure Functions
9 4 (0.74%) Azure Synapse Analytics
9 4 (0.74%) CloudFront
10 2 (0.37%) Heroku
11 1 (0.18%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.59%) Wireless
2 12 (2.22%) Software-Defined Radio
3 3 (0.55%) Ethernet
4 2 (0.37%) Bluetooth
4 2 (0.37%) FTP
4 2 (0.37%) Internet
4 2 (0.37%) SAN
4 2 (0.37%) Software-Defined Networking
4 2 (0.37%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.18%) IPv4
5 1 (0.18%) IPv6
5 1 (0.18%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (12.20%) NoSQL
2 43 (7.95%) Big Data
3 27 (4.99%) Data Mining
4 26 (4.81%) Tableau
5 23 (4.25%) Relational Database
6 17 (3.14%) Power BI
6 17 (3.14%) SQL Server
7 15 (2.77%) Hadoop
8 14 (2.59%) MySQL
9 13 (2.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 11 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
11 9 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
12 8 (1.48%) Apache Cassandra
12 8 (1.48%) Crystal Reports
12 8 (1.48%) Looker
12 8 (1.48%) QlikView
12 8 (1.48%) Text Mining
13 7 (1.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 7 (1.29%) BigQuery
14 6 (1.11%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 42 (7.76%) Selenium
2 40 (7.39%) Git (software)
3 15 (2.77%) JIRA
4 14 (2.59%) Team Foundation Server
5 10 (1.85%) LabVIEW
5 10 (1.85%) Visual Studio
6 9 (1.66%) Jenkins
6 9 (1.66%) Rational DOORS
7 8 (1.48%) Flyway
8 7 (1.29%) Subversion
9 6 (1.11%) GitLab
9 6 (1.11%) Maven
10 4 (0.74%) Cypress.io
10 4 (0.74%) Gradle
10 4 (0.74%) IntelliJ
10 4 (0.74%) Liquibase
10 4 (0.74%) Mockito
10 4 (0.74%) MSTest
10 4 (0.74%) NUnit
10 4 (0.74%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 90 (16.64%) Finance
2 67 (12.38%) Electronics
3 45 (8.32%) Games
4 41 (7.58%) Law
4 41 (7.58%) Manufacturing
5 25 (4.62%) Aerospace
5 25 (4.62%) Marketing
6 24 (4.44%) Front Office
7 20 (3.70%) Military
8 19 (3.51%) Banking
9 14 (2.59%) Investment Banking
10 12 (2.22%) Public Sector
10 12 (2.22%) Retail
11 9 (1.66%) Advertising
12 8 (1.48%) Avionics
12 8 (1.48%) Telecoms
13 6 (1.11%) French Language
13 6 (1.11%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.37%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 193 (35.67%) Developer
2 74 (13.68%) Software Developer
2 74 (13.68%) Software Engineer
3 60 (11.09%) Senior Developer
4 52 (9.61%) Data Scientist
5 51 (9.43%) Systems Engineer
6 44 (8.13%) Graduate
7 35 (6.47%) Java Developer
8 31 (5.73%) Analyst
9 29 (5.36%) Senior Software Developer
10 26 (4.81%) C++ Software Engineer
11 24 (4.44%) .NET Developer
11 24 (4.44%) Junior
12 22 (4.07%) Quantitative Developer
13 20 (3.70%) C# Developer
14 19 (3.51%) .NET Software Developer
14 19 (3.51%) Electronics Engineer
15 18 (3.33%) Python Engineer
16 17 (3.14%) Computer Engineer
16 17 (3.14%) Computer Vision Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (14.42%) .NET
2 66 (12.20%) React
3 50 (9.24%) Vue.js
4 44 (8.13%) .NET Core
4 44 (8.13%) TensorFlow
5 36 (6.65%) PyTorch
6 34 (6.28%) CSS
7 33 (6.10%) HTML
8 26 (4.81%) Node.js
9 18 (3.33%) OpenCV
10 17 (3.14%) AngularJS
11 15 (2.77%) REST
12 14 (2.59%) JSP
12 14 (2.59%) XML
13 13 (2.40%) Unity (Game Engine)
13 13 (2.40%) WPF
14 12 (2.22%) HTML5
14 12 (2.22%) Redux
15 9 (1.66%) scikit-learn
15 9 (1.66%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 97 (17.93%) Algorithms
2 74 (13.68%) Analytical Skills
3 30 (5.55%) Self-Motivation
4 25 (4.62%) Robotics
5 24 (4.44%) Equities
5 24 (4.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 22 (4.07%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
6 22 (4.07%) User Experience
7 19 (3.51%) Data Structures
8 18 (3.33%) Hedge funds
9 11 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (1.85%) Market Risk
11 9 (1.66%) Derivative
11 9 (1.66%) Exotic Derivative
12 8 (1.48%) N-Tier
13 7 (1.29%) Mobile Games
13 7 (1.29%) VHDL
14 6 (1.11%) Acoustics
15 4 (0.74%) Cybercrime
15 4 (0.74%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 35 (6.47%) Linux
2 25 (4.62%) Windows
3 12 (2.22%) Android
3 12 (2.22%) Apple iOS
4 7 (1.29%) Unix
5 2 (0.37%) VxWorks
6 1 (0.18%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 431 (79.67%) Mathematics
2 335 (61.92%) Computer Science
3 175 (32.35%) Machine Learning
4 135 (24.95%) Software Engineering
5 120 (22.18%) Problem-Solving
6 114 (21.07%) Agile Software Development
7 93 (17.19%) Artificial Intelligence
8 85 (15.71%) Data Science
9 83 (15.34%) Analytics
10 81 (14.97%) Mentoring
11 65 (12.01%) Statistics
12 63 (11.65%) Systems Engineering
13 60 (11.09%) Validation
14 53 (9.80%) OO
15 47 (8.69%) TDD
16 45 (8.32%) DevOps
17 44 (8.13%) Computer Vision
18 43 (7.95%) Signal Processing
19 42 (7.76%) Kalman Filter
20 41 (7.58%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 235 (43.44%) Python
2 163 (30.13%) C#
3 155 (28.65%) SQL
4 124 (22.92%) Java
5 120 (22.18%) C++
6 93 (17.19%) MATLAB
7 90 (16.64%) JavaScript
8 47 (8.69%) R
9 35 (6.47%) C
10 29 (5.36%) TypeScript
11 16 (2.96%) F#
12 13 (2.40%) Java 8
13 12 (2.22%) Fortran
14 10 (1.85%) Perl
15 9 (1.66%) Bash Shell
16 8 (1.48%) Scala
17 7 (1.29%) Ada
18 6 (1.11%) Go
18 6 (1.11%) PowerShell
19 5 (0.92%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 375 (69.32%) Degree
2 99 (18.30%) PhD
3 91 (16.82%) Computer Science Degree
4 61 (11.28%) Security Cleared
5 50 (9.24%) SC Cleared
6 37 (6.84%) Numerate Degree
7 19 (3.51%) Master's Degree
8 9 (1.66%) HNC
9 7 (1.29%) Chartered Engineer
10 3 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.37%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.37%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (2.96%) QA
2 9 (1.66%) Dodd-Frank
2 9 (1.66%) EMIR
2 9 (1.66%) MiFID
3 3 (0.55%) DICOM
4 2 (0.37%) Def Stans
4 2 (0.37%) ISO 13485
4 2 (0.37%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
System Software
1 75 (13.86%) Docker
2 4 (0.74%) Firmware
3 2 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 64 (11.83%) Kubernetes
2 7 (1.29%) Terraform
3 5 (0.92%) Ansible
3 5 (0.92%) Puppet
3 5 (0.92%) Sonobuoy
4 4 (0.74%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.18%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 24 (4.44%) Microsoft
2 21 (3.88%) Google
3 17 (3.14%) Twitter
4 14 (2.59%) Databricks
5 9 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
5 9 (1.66%) SAP
6 8 (1.48%) Cloudera
7 7 (1.29%) MathWorks
8 6 (1.11%) Cadence
9 4 (0.74%) ANSYS
9 4 (0.74%) Bloomberg
9 4 (0.74%) Facebook
9 4 (0.74%) Perforce
10 3 (0.55%) Apple
11 2 (0.37%) Agilent
11 2 (0.37%) Altera
11 2 (0.37%) Oracle
11 2 (0.37%) Sparx
11 2 (0.37%) VMware
11 2 (0.37%) Xilinx