Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Big Data skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Big Data over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Big Data
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 129 123 101
Rank change year-on-year -6 -22 -12
Permanent jobs citing Big Data 3,078 1,557 3,619
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.76% 2.72% 3.10%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.31% 9.86% 11.45%
Number of salaries quoted 1,611 1,182 2,878
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,000 £40,000
25th Percentile £57,500 £47,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.38% -7.14% -
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £110,150
UK median annual salary £75,000 £65,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +15.38% -7.14% +3.70%

Big Data is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 29,863 15,793 31,595
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 26.79% 27.61% 27.09%
Number of salaries quoted 19,391 13,499 26,346
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £39,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Big Data
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Big Data as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Big Data in England

Big Data
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Big Data in England.

Salary trend for Big Data in England

Big Data
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Big Data in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Big Data in England

Big Data
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Big Data within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +1 1,910 £82,500 +10.00% 243
South East +23 465 £67,500 +13.93% 47
North of England -99 229 £66,250 +20.45% 71
Midlands -12 150 £57,500 +3.60% 28
East of England -10 125 £52,500 -19.23% 30
North West -36 122 £70,000 - 40
Yorkshire -85 100 £62,500 +13.64% 19
South West -71 94 £65,000 +23.81% 23
West Midlands -19 90 £56,250 -6.25% 20
East Midlands -22 60 £65,000 +23.22% 8
North East -39 7 £50,000 +16.96% 12
Big Data
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing Big Data also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Big Data.

1 1,499 (48.70%) Python
2 1,468 (47.69%) Analytics
3 1,318 (42.82%) Agile Software Development
4 1,264 (41.07%) AWS
5 1,200 (38.99%) Java
6 1,147 (37.26%) SQL
7 1,012 (32.88%) Azure
8 939 (30.51%) DevOps
9 785 (25.50%) Data Science
10 746 (24.24%) CI/CD
11 741 (24.07%) Apache Spark
12 699 (22.71%) Kafka
13 674 (21.90%) ETL
14 656 (21.31%) Social Skills
15 645 (20.96%) Finance
16 632 (20.53%) GCP
17 614 (19.95%) Machine Learning
18 609 (19.79%) Hadoop
19 597 (19.40%) Kubernetes
20 587 (19.07%) Business Intelligence
21 576 (18.71%) Software Engineering
22 534 (17.35%) Artificial Intelligence
23 533 (17.32%) NoSQL
24 530 (17.22%) Microservices
25 524 (17.02%) Computer Science
26 518 (16.83%) Degree
26 518 (16.83%) Docker
27 499 (16.21%) Data Pipeline
28 496 (16.11%) Data Modelling
29 489 (15.89%) Data Lake

Big Data
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 741 (24.07%) Apache Spark
2 253 (8.22%) Apache
3 175 (5.69%) Apache Airflow
4 174 (5.65%) Elasticsearch
5 84 (2.73%) Confluence
6 63 (2.05%) SAS
7 61 (1.98%) Apache Solr
8 36 (1.17%) IIS
9 32 (1.04%) GemFire
10 31 (1.01%) Luigi
11 27 (0.88%) Apache Pig
12 23 (0.75%) Jupyter
13 18 (0.58%) Apache Pulsar
13 18 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
14 10 (0.32%) OpenStack
14 10 (0.32%) SharePoint
15 9 (0.29%) Camunda
15 9 (0.29%) Oracle Workflow
16 7 (0.23%) nginx
16 7 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 64 (2.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (0.84%) SPSS
3 10 (0.32%) Chatbot
3 10 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 6 (0.19%) Sketch
6 5 (0.16%) InVision
6 5 (0.16%) Simulink
7 2 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.065%) FileZilla
7 2 (0.065%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.065%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.032%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.032%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.032%) Stata
8 1 (0.032%) Weka
Business Applications
1 6 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
2 4 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
2 4 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
2 4 (0.13%) SAP CO
2 4 (0.13%) SAP FI
2 4 (0.13%) SAP FI/CO
3 3 (0.097%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.065%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.065%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 2 (0.065%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.065%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.032%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.032%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.032%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 1,264 (41.07%) AWS
2 1,012 (32.88%) Azure
3 632 (20.53%) GCP
4 342 (11.11%) Serverless
5 313 (10.17%) Power Platform
6 253 (8.22%) Azure Data Factory
7 231 (7.50%) SaaS
8 218 (7.08%) GitHub
9 165 (5.36%) AWS Lambda
10 151 (4.91%) PaaS
11 150 (4.87%) Azure Synapse Analytics
12 142 (4.61%) Amazon EC2
13 137 (4.45%) IaaS
14 133 (4.32%) Amazon Kinesis
15 129 (4.19%) Amazon S3
16 121 (3.93%) Amazon EMR
17 118 (3.83%) Snowflake
18 107 (3.48%) AWS CloudFormation
18 107 (3.48%) GitHub Actions
19 100 (3.25%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 113 (3.67%) Cisco IPT
2 41 (1.33%) HTTP
2 41 (1.33%) Internet
3 29 (0.94%) VPN
4 28 (0.91%) Broadband
4 28 (0.91%) Wireless
5 23 (0.75%) Firewall
6 17 (0.55%) SSL
7 16 (0.52%) TCP/IP
8 15 (0.49%) Network Security
9 14 (0.45%) PPP
10 12 (0.39%) IPsec
11 8 (0.26%) DHCP
11 8 (0.26%) IMAP
11 8 (0.26%) Kerberos
11 8 (0.26%) tcpdump
11 8 (0.26%) VoIP
11 8 (0.26%) Wireshark
12 6 (0.19%) VLAN
12 6 (0.19%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 609 (19.79%) Hadoop
2 533 (17.32%) NoSQL
3 489 (15.89%) Data Lake
4 436 (14.17%) Data Warehouse
5 315 (10.23%) MongoDB
6 313 (10.17%) Power BI
7 263 (8.54%) Relational Database
8 240 (7.80%) Apache Cassandra
9 226 (7.34%) Apache Hive
9 226 (7.34%) SQL Server
10 223 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
11 188 (6.11%) Amazon Redshift
12 187 (6.08%) Tableau
13 186 (6.04%) MySQL
14 170 (5.52%) BigQuery
15 166 (5.39%) HBase
16 147 (4.78%) Redis
17 145 (4.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 124 (4.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 114 (3.70%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 307 (9.97%) Git (software)
2 267 (8.67%) Jenkins
3 134 (4.35%) JIRA
4 86 (2.79%) TeamCity
5 70 (2.27%) JUnit
6 64 (2.08%) Octopus Deploy
7 56 (1.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 46 (1.49%) Cypress.io
8 46 (1.49%) Gradle
9 43 (1.40%) Maven
10 42 (1.36%) Subversion
11 41 (1.33%) Bitbucket
12 39 (1.27%) CircleCI
13 37 (1.20%) Cucumber
14 35 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
15 33 (1.07%) IntelliJ
15 33 (1.07%) SonarQube
16 32 (1.04%) Eclipse
16 32 (1.04%) Protractor
16 32 (1.04%) Storybook
General
1 656 (21.31%) Social Skills
2 645 (20.96%) Finance
3 356 (11.57%) Analytical Skills
4 203 (6.60%) Retail
5 174 (5.65%) Banking
6 171 (5.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 132 (4.29%) Law
8 103 (3.35%) Presentation Skills
9 102 (3.31%) Marketing
10 96 (3.12%) Games
11 79 (2.57%) Public Sector
12 69 (2.24%) Advertising
13 59 (1.92%) Pharmaceutical
14 56 (1.82%) Legal
15 52 (1.69%) Telecoms
16 50 (1.62%) Publishing
17 39 (1.27%) Automotive
18 34 (1.10%) Investment Banking
19 33 (1.07%) Financial Institution
20 31 (1.01%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 706 (22.94%) Data Engineer
2 539 (17.51%) Developer
3 450 (14.62%) Architect
4 280 (9.10%) Software Engineer
5 216 (7.02%) Java Developer
6 206 (6.69%) Senior Data Engineer
7 203 (6.60%) Security Engineer
8 196 (6.37%) Big Data Engineer
9 195 (6.34%) Senior Developer
10 184 (5.98%) Data Architect
11 183 (5.95%) Analyst
12 144 (4.68%) Solutions Architect
13 140 (4.55%) Cloud Engineer
13 140 (4.55%) Consultant
14 118 (3.83%) Data Scientist
15 111 (3.61%) Senior Java Developer
16 100 (3.25%) Cloud Architect
17 97 (3.15%) Senior Cloud Engineer
17 97 (3.15%) Senior Security Engineer
18 94 (3.05%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 699 (22.71%) Kafka
2 280 (9.10%) React
3 241 (7.83%) Spring
4 208 (6.76%) .NET
5 200 (6.50%) Node.js
6 177 (5.75%) REST
7 147 (4.78%) AngularJS
7 147 (4.78%) CSS
8 143 (4.65%) JSON
9 140 (4.55%) HTML
10 121 (3.93%) Web Services
11 113 (3.67%) RESTful
12 97 (3.15%) Spring Boot
13 82 (2.66%) RabbitMQ
14 81 (2.63%) Apache Beam
15 80 (2.60%) GraphQL
16 77 (2.50%) Apache NiFi
17 76 (2.47%) Redux
18 67 (2.18%) Middleware
19 63 (2.05%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 198 (6.43%) Algorithms
2 166 (5.39%) Cloud Native
3 148 (4.81%) Public Cloud
4 143 (4.65%) User Experience
5 136 (4.42%) Data Structures
6 123 (4.00%) Hybrid Cloud
7 119 (3.87%) Self-Motivation
8 93 (3.02%) Social Media
9 89 (2.89%) Management Information System
10 60 (1.95%) Life Science
11 56 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
12 54 (1.75%) Greenfield Project
13 51 (1.66%) Cyberattack
14 48 (1.56%) Virtual Team
15 41 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
16 38 (1.23%) Data Centre
17 34 (1.10%) Cyber Defence
18 33 (1.07%) Blog
18 33 (1.07%) NHS
19 30 (0.97%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 294 (9.55%) Linux
2 118 (3.83%) Unix
3 44 (1.43%) Windows
4 35 (1.14%) VMS
5 21 (0.68%) Apple iOS
5 21 (0.68%) CentOS
6 14 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.23%) Android
7 7 (0.23%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.16%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.13%) DC/OS
10 2 (0.065%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.065%) Mesosphere
10 2 (0.065%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.032%) Debian
11 1 (0.032%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,468 (47.69%) Analytics
2 1,318 (42.82%) Agile Software Development
3 939 (30.51%) DevOps
4 785 (25.50%) Data Science
5 746 (24.24%) CI/CD
6 674 (21.90%) ETL
7 614 (19.95%) Machine Learning
8 587 (19.07%) Business Intelligence
9 576 (18.71%) Software Engineering
10 534 (17.35%) Artificial Intelligence
11 530 (17.22%) Microservices
12 524 (17.02%) Computer Science
13 499 (16.21%) Data Pipeline
14 496 (16.11%) Data Modelling
15 474 (15.40%) Data Analytics
16 447 (14.52%) Data Management
17 443 (14.39%) Data Engineering
18 405 (13.16%) Problem-Solving
19 337 (10.95%) Test Automation
20 329 (10.69%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,499 (48.70%) Python
2 1,200 (38.99%) Java
3 1,147 (37.26%) SQL
4 419 (13.61%) Scala
5 342 (11.11%) PowerShell
6 334 (10.85%) C#
7 300 (9.75%) JavaScript
8 206 (6.69%) Bash
9 173 (5.62%) R
10 128 (4.16%) TypeScript
11 100 (3.25%) Go
12 86 (2.79%) C++
13 78 (2.53%) Java 8
14 77 (2.50%) C
15 71 (2.31%) Shell Script
16 47 (1.53%) T-SQL
17 42 (1.36%) Groovy
18 40 (1.30%) PHP
19 39 (1.27%) Kotlin
20 38 (1.23%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 518 (16.83%) Degree
2 150 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
2 150 (4.87%) Security Cleared
3 116 (3.77%) CISSP
4 114 (3.70%) Cisco Certification
5 112 (3.64%) (ISC)2 CCSP
5 112 (3.64%) SC Cleared
6 80 (2.60%) AWS Certification
7 51 (1.66%) Master's Degree
8 41 (1.33%) PhD
9 29 (0.94%) OCP
9 29 (0.94%) Oracle Certification
10 25 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
11 21 (0.68%) TOGAF Certification
12 17 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
13 14 (0.45%) CCSP
14 13 (0.42%) DV Cleared
15 12 (0.39%) ISTQB
15 12 (0.39%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 12 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 192 (6.24%) Data Quality
2 180 (5.85%) QA
3 68 (2.21%) GDPR
4 19 (0.62%) HIPAA
5 11 (0.36%) Accessibility
5 11 (0.36%) SLA
6 8 (0.26%) Actionable Recommendations
7 6 (0.19%) NIST
8 5 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.16%) PMO
9 3 (0.097%) GMP
9 3 (0.097%) GxP
9 3 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.097%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.065%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.065%) EMIR
10 2 (0.065%) MiFID
10 2 (0.065%) NCSC
11 1 (0.032%) IFRS
11 1 (0.032%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 518 (16.83%) Docker
2 56 (1.82%) HDFS
2 56 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (1.23%) Active Directory
4 35 (1.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 24 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
6 23 (0.75%) Apache Flume
7 8 (0.26%) Firmware
8 3 (0.097%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.065%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.065%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.032%) KVM
10 1 (0.032%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 597 (19.40%) Kubernetes
2 291 (9.45%) Terraform
3 251 (8.15%) Ansible
4 97 (3.15%) Puppet
5 94 (3.05%) Opscode Chef
6 72 (2.34%) Prometheus
7 51 (1.66%) Grafana
8 47 (1.53%) SCCM
9 40 (1.30%) Oozie
10 13 (0.42%) Kubeflow
11 12 (0.39%) Graylog
12 11 (0.36%) Control-M
12 11 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
13 9 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (0.29%) MIIS
13 9 (0.29%) Salt
13 9 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
14 8 (0.26%) HP ALM
15 7 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
16 6 (0.19%) Kibana
Vendors
1 390 (12.67%) Databricks
2 376 (12.22%) Google
3 318 (10.33%) Microsoft
4 205 (6.66%) Oracle
5 98 (3.18%) Salesforce.com
6 87 (2.83%) Informatica
6 87 (2.83%) Palantir
7 76 (2.47%) SAP
8 73 (2.37%) Cloudera
9 71 (2.31%) Twitter
10 61 (1.98%) VMware
11 40 (1.30%) Hortonworks
12 39 (1.27%) IBM
13 34 (1.10%) Talend
14 32 (1.04%) Okta
15 28 (0.91%) Red Hat
16 26 (0.84%) Splunk
16 26 (0.84%) Teradata
17 25 (0.81%) StreamSets
18 24 (0.78%) ServiceNow