Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Big Data skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Big Data over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Big Data
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 107 113 114
Rank change year-on-year +6 +1 -17
Permanent jobs citing Big Data 4,954 2,865 2,101
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.26% 3.00% 2.89%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.88% 10.79% 10.60%
Number of salaries quoted 1,822 1,778 1,632
10th Percentile £46,750 £45,000 £39,372
25th Percentile £62,500 £50,000 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% +3.70% -3.57%
75th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £85,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £107,500 £105,000
UK median annual salary £80,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +18.52% +3.85% -2.99%

Big Data is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 41,707 26,562 19,813
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.48% 27.78% 27.21%
Number of salaries quoted 19,231 18,622 16,436
10th Percentile £36,250 £34,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,250 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%

Big Data
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Big Data as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Big Data in England

Big Data
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Big Data in England.

Salary trend for Big Data in England

Big Data
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Big Data in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Big Data in England

Big Data
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Big Data within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -3 3,234 £82,500 +6.45% 156
South East -29 485 £69,925 +19.54% 35
North of England +26 467 £70,000 +27.27% 47
South West +14 313 £71,250 +29.55% 12
North West +28 259 £70,000 +21.74% 18
Midlands -21 197 £72,500 +26.09% 22
Yorkshire -6 190 £70,000 +27.27% 24
East of England -29 165 £76,250 -4.69% 13
West Midlands -35 120 £75,940 +32.07% 14
East Midlands 0 76 £56,000 +2.75% 8
North East -3 18 £48,872 -33.47% 5
Big Data
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing Big Data also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Big Data.

1 2,826 (57.04%) Python
2 2,256 (45.54%) Agile
3 2,149 (43.38%) Analytics
4 2,118 (42.75%) AWS
5 1,948 (39.32%) Java
6 1,794 (36.21%) Data Science
7 1,703 (34.38%) SQL
8 1,655 (33.41%) Azure
9 1,493 (30.14%) Machine Learning
10 1,359 (27.43%) DevOps
11 1,285 (25.94%) Data Engineering
12 1,269 (25.62%) GCP
13 1,183 (23.88%) Apache Spark
14 1,175 (23.72%) Social Skills
15 1,111 (22.43%) Finance
16 1,098 (22.16%) Kubernetes
17 1,057 (21.34%) Software Engineering
18 1,028 (20.75%) CI/CD
19 982 (19.82%) Kafka
20 974 (19.66%) Artificial Intelligence
21 945 (19.08%) ETL
22 932 (18.81%) Hadoop
23 904 (18.25%) Data Analytics
24 888 (17.92%) Data Modelling
25 883 (17.82%) Mentoring
26 875 (17.66%) Degree
27 813 (16.41%) Algorithms
28 789 (15.93%) Data Pipeline
28 789 (15.93%) Data Warehouse
29 773 (15.60%) Data Architecture

Big Data
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,183 (23.88%) Apache Spark
2 323 (6.52%) Apache Airflow
3 321 (6.48%) Apache
4 143 (2.89%) Apache Solr
5 108 (2.18%) Confluence
6 77 (1.55%) Apache Pulsar
7 64 (1.29%) OpenStack
8 47 (0.95%) nginx
9 45 (0.91%) SAS
10 42 (0.85%) Oracle Workflow
11 34 (0.69%) Apache Pig
12 32 (0.65%) SharePoint
13 30 (0.61%) Jupyter
14 29 (0.59%) Luigi
15 27 (0.55%) IIS
16 20 (0.40%) Cloud Foundry
16 20 (0.40%) Tomcat
17 17 (0.34%) CMS
18 13 (0.26%) ColdFusion
18 13 (0.26%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 96 (1.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
4 11 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.081%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.040%) FileZilla
8 1 (0.020%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.020%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.020%) SPSS
8 1 (0.020%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 19 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
2 16 (0.32%) Avolution ABACUS
3 9 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
4 8 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.061%) Adobe Campaign
6 3 (0.061%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.040%) Infor M3
7 2 (0.040%) Primavera
8 1 (0.020%) assyst
8 1 (0.020%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 1 (0.020%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.020%) ION MarketView
8 1 (0.020%) Maximo
8 1 (0.020%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.020%) SAP CO
8 1 (0.020%) SAP FI
8 1 (0.020%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 2,118 (42.75%) AWS
2 1,655 (33.41%) Azure
3 1,269 (25.62%) GCP
4 372 (7.51%) Serverless
5 363 (7.33%) Power Platform
6 271 (5.47%) SaaS
7 250 (5.05%) Azure Data Factory
8 249 (5.03%) Snowflake
9 217 (4.38%) Cloud Computing
9 217 (4.38%) GitHub
10 203 (4.10%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 180 (3.63%) Azure DevOps
12 175 (3.53%) AWS Lambda
13 172 (3.47%) Amazon S3
14 136 (2.75%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 136 (2.75%) PaaS
15 125 (2.52%) AWS CloudFormation
16 117 (2.36%) Amazon Kinesis
17 116 (2.34%) Amazon EMR
18 110 (2.22%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 153 (3.09%) HTTP
2 97 (1.96%) Internet
3 94 (1.90%) TCP/IP
4 82 (1.66%) PPP
5 40 (0.81%) Firewall
6 39 (0.79%) DHCP
6 39 (0.79%) SSL
7 35 (0.71%) IMAP
7 35 (0.71%) tcpdump
7 35 (0.71%) Wireshark
8 33 (0.67%) Cisco IPT
8 33 (0.67%) VPN
9 29 (0.59%) VoIP
10 27 (0.55%) Broadband
11 25 (0.50%) DNS
12 13 (0.26%) 5G
12 13 (0.26%) Kerberos
13 12 (0.24%) VLAN
14 11 (0.22%) IPsec
14 11 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 932 (18.81%) Hadoop
2 789 (15.93%) Data Warehouse
3 717 (14.47%) NoSQL
4 599 (12.09%) Data Lake
5 441 (8.90%) Relational Database
6 437 (8.82%) MongoDB
7 407 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
8 363 (7.33%) Power BI
9 359 (7.25%) SQL Server
10 342 (6.90%) Elasticsearch
11 327 (6.60%) Tableau
12 317 (6.40%) Apache Hive
13 282 (5.69%) Apache Cassandra
14 274 (5.53%) Amazon Redshift
15 271 (5.47%) MySQL
16 266 (5.37%) Redis
17 238 (4.80%) BigQuery
18 228 (4.60%) Metadata
19 226 (4.56%) HBase
20 199 (4.02%) Flink
Development Applications
1 488 (9.85%) Git (software)
2 321 (6.48%) Jenkins
3 197 (3.98%) JIRA
4 129 (2.60%) JUnit
5 128 (2.58%) Selenium
6 121 (2.44%) Maven
7 86 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 80 (1.61%) GitLab
9 74 (1.49%) Octopus Deploy
10 64 (1.29%) TeamCity
11 61 (1.23%) Bitbucket
12 52 (1.05%) ERwin
13 49 (0.99%) Visual Studio
14 45 (0.91%) Zephyr
15 44 (0.89%) JMeter
16 42 (0.85%) WebDriver
17 40 (0.81%) CircleCI
18 36 (0.73%) MLflow
19 35 (0.71%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
20 33 (0.67%) Travis CI
General
1 1,175 (23.72%) Social Skills
2 1,111 (22.43%) Finance
3 668 (13.48%) Analytical Skills
4 612 (12.35%) Games
5 373 (7.53%) Retail
6 352 (7.11%) Marketing
7 285 (5.75%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 255 (5.15%) Banking
9 207 (4.18%) Law
10 154 (3.11%) Presentation Skills
11 147 (2.97%) Public Sector
12 141 (2.85%) Telecoms
13 122 (2.46%) Advertising
14 102 (2.06%) Legal
15 101 (2.04%) Pharmaceutical
16 91 (1.84%) Influencing Skills
17 62 (1.25%) Financial Institution
18 42 (0.85%) Manufacturing
19 33 (0.67%) Automotive
20 31 (0.63%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,077 (21.74%) Data Engineer
2 710 (14.33%) Developer
3 700 (14.13%) Architect
4 547 (11.04%) Software Engineer
5 332 (6.70%) Java Developer
6 320 (6.46%) Senior Data Engineer
7 308 (6.22%) Senior Developer
8 296 (5.97%) Trainee
9 273 (5.51%) Data Architect
10 241 (4.86%) Solutions Architect
11 240 (4.84%) Senior Software Engineer
12 230 (4.64%) Analyst
12 230 (4.64%) Big Data Engineer
13 200 (4.04%) Senior Java Developer
14 198 (4.00%) Data Scientist
15 163 (3.29%) Consultant
16 158 (3.19%) Data Manager
17 122 (2.46%) Security Engineer
18 116 (2.34%) Cloud Engineer
19 115 (2.32%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 982 (19.82%) Kafka
2 698 (14.09%) Spring
3 310 (6.26%) React
4 309 (6.24%) REST
5 269 (5.43%) .NET
6 237 (4.78%) Web Services
7 217 (4.38%) PySpark
8 198 (4.00%) HTML
9 195 (3.94%) Node.js
10 177 (3.57%) CSS
11 160 (3.23%) Spring Boot
12 159 (3.21%) AngularJS
13 138 (2.79%) JSON
14 137 (2.77%) RabbitMQ
15 136 (2.75%) Apache NiFi
16 127 (2.56%) RESTful
17 124 (2.50%) Apache Beam
18 100 (2.02%) Pandas
19 96 (1.94%) scikit-learn
20 93 (1.88%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 813 (16.41%) Algorithms
2 355 (7.17%) Data Structures
3 287 (5.79%) Social Media
4 258 (5.21%) Public Cloud
5 188 (3.79%) Cloud Native
6 172 (3.47%) IoT
7 165 (3.33%) Hybrid Cloud
8 146 (2.95%) User Experience
9 138 (2.79%) Blockchain
10 137 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
11 119 (2.40%) Social Network
12 118 (2.38%) Management Information System
13 113 (2.28%) Blog
14 112 (2.26%) Renewable Energy
15 111 (2.24%) Cyberattack
16 105 (2.12%) Hackathon
17 96 (1.94%) Cyber Defence
18 90 (1.82%) Life Science
19 86 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
20 82 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 469 (9.47%) Linux
2 132 (2.66%) Unix
3 94 (1.90%) Windows
4 45 (0.91%) VMS
5 32 (0.65%) CentOS
6 22 (0.44%) Android
7 18 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 16 (0.32%) Apple iOS
9 10 (0.20%) Mesosphere
10 9 (0.18%) Windows Server
11 5 (0.10%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.081%) Alpine Linux
13 3 (0.061%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.040%) Robot Operating System
15 1 (0.020%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,256 (45.54%) Agile
2 2,149 (43.38%) Analytics
3 1,794 (36.21%) Data Science
4 1,493 (30.14%) Machine Learning
5 1,359 (27.43%) DevOps
6 1,285 (25.94%) Data Engineering
7 1,057 (21.34%) Software Engineering
8 1,028 (20.75%) CI/CD
9 974 (19.66%) Artificial Intelligence
10 945 (19.08%) ETL
11 904 (18.25%) Data Analytics
12 888 (17.92%) Data Modelling
13 883 (17.82%) Mentoring
14 789 (15.93%) Data Pipeline
15 773 (15.60%) Data Architecture
16 745 (15.04%) Microservices
17 710 (14.33%) Business Intelligence
18 670 (13.52%) Computer Science
19 627 (12.66%) Cybersecurity
20 577 (11.65%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 2,826 (57.04%) Python
2 1,948 (39.32%) Java
3 1,703 (34.38%) SQL
4 654 (13.20%) JavaScript
5 601 (12.13%) Scala
6 351 (7.09%) C#
7 277 (5.59%) R
8 268 (5.41%) Bash
9 251 (5.07%) PowerShell
10 166 (3.35%) TypeScript
11 138 (2.79%) Go
12 131 (2.64%) C++
13 90 (1.82%) Shell Script
14 85 (1.72%) T-SQL
15 75 (1.51%) PHP
16 74 (1.49%) C
17 71 (1.43%) Kotlin
18 41 (0.83%) Ruby
19 40 (0.81%) PL/SQL
20 39 (0.79%) ES6
Qualifications
1 875 (17.66%) Degree
2 218 (4.40%) Security Cleared
3 214 (4.32%) Computer Science Degree
4 125 (2.52%) SC Cleared
5 108 (2.18%) Master's Degree
6 82 (1.66%) AWS Certification
7 70 (1.41%) PhD
8 50 (1.01%) TOGAF Certification
9 41 (0.83%) CISSP
9 41 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
10 38 (0.77%) ISTQB
10 38 (0.77%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 38 (0.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 34 (0.69%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 34 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
12 22 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
13 19 (0.38%) DV Cleared
14 13 (0.26%) Sun Certification
15 11 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
15 11 (0.22%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 542 (10.94%) QA
2 307 (6.20%) Data Quality
3 84 (1.70%) GDPR
4 30 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.38%) HIPAA
6 16 (0.32%) Accessibility
7 14 (0.28%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.26%) SLA
9 12 (0.24%) MiFID
10 10 (0.20%) EMIR
10 10 (0.20%) NIST
11 9 (0.18%) COBIT
12 8 (0.16%) GRC
12 8 (0.16%) GxP
13 5 (0.10%) GMP
13 5 (0.10%) SOC 2
14 4 (0.081%) ISO 20022
14 4 (0.081%) PMO
14 4 (0.081%) SEPA
15 3 (0.061%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 710 (14.33%) Docker
2 96 (1.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 77 (1.55%) Apache Flume
4 42 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 35 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
6 31 (0.63%) Active Directory
7 19 (0.38%) HDFS
8 17 (0.34%) Firmware
9 5 (0.10%) KVM
10 4 (0.081%) zsh
Systems Management
1 1,098 (22.16%) Kubernetes
2 417 (8.42%) Terraform
3 275 (5.55%) Ansible
4 145 (2.93%) Puppet
5 108 (2.18%) Prometheus
6 101 (2.04%) Opscode Chef
7 70 (1.41%) Grafana
8 62 (1.25%) Oozie
9 45 (0.91%) SCCM
10 35 (0.71%) HP ALM
11 31 (0.63%) HAProxy
12 27 (0.55%) Kibana
13 18 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
13 18 (0.36%) logstash
14 16 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
15 14 (0.28%) Failover Clustering
16 13 (0.26%) Salt
17 12 (0.24%) Graphite
17 12 (0.24%) Graylog
18 11 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 663 (13.38%) Microsoft
2 519 (10.48%) Google
3 481 (9.71%) Databricks
4 301 (6.08%) Twitter
5 298 (6.02%) Oracle
6 135 (2.73%) Informatica
7 126 (2.54%) Teradata
8 116 (2.34%) Splunk
9 110 (2.22%) Talend
10 108 (2.18%) Salesforce.com
11 93 (1.88%) Cloudera
12 88 (1.78%) Sun
13 60 (1.21%) SAP
14 53 (1.07%) Atlassian
15 45 (0.91%) Palantir
16 42 (0.85%) Cisco
16 42 (0.85%) VMware
17 40 (0.81%) IBM
18 37 (0.75%) HP
19 30 (0.61%) CA