Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 173 244 297
Rank change year-on-year +71 +53 +203
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 3,254 1,459 627
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.29% 1.44% 1.08%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.01% 3.50% 2.90%
Number of salaries quoted 1,203 929 433
10th Percentile £55,000 £51,500 £53,550
25th Percentile £63,750 £62,500 £61,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £80,000 £80,000
Median % change year-on-year - - +3.23%
75th Percentile £103,750 £97,500 £92,500
90th Percentile £122,500 £113,750 £117,500
UK median annual salary £80,000 £80,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -1.32%

Cloud Native is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 65,014 41,714 21,626
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 45.70% 41.24% 37.09%
Number of salaries quoted 30,607 25,598 17,382
10th Percentile £34,500 £33,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,250 £42,500 £42,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £97,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +56 2,255 £90,000 - 152
North of England +59 325 £80,000 +29.28% 44
South East +10 234 £80,000 +10.34% 21
North West +59 231 £66,250 - 32
South West +53 156 £80,000 +25.49% 12
Midlands +1 124 £61,250 -12.50% 18
East of England +13 94 £45,000 -59.09% 9
Yorkshire -8 89 £80,000 +39.13% 9
East Midlands +29 67 £62,500 -16.67% 8
West Midlands -54 56 £60,000 -4.00% 9
North East -15 5 - - 3
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 2,155 (66.23%) AWS
2 1,843 (56.64%) Agile
3 1,787 (54.92%) DevOps
4 1,489 (45.76%) CI/CD
5 1,442 (44.31%) Azure
6 1,373 (42.19%) Python
7 1,275 (39.18%) Kubernetes
8 1,236 (37.98%) Finance
9 1,176 (36.14%) Java
10 1,047 (32.18%) Software Engineering
11 986 (30.30%) GCP
12 946 (29.07%) Microservices
13 882 (27.11%) Terraform
14 866 (26.61%) Scrum
15 855 (26.28%) Docker
16 768 (23.60%) Infrastructure as Code
17 732 (22.50%) JavaScript
18 669 (20.56%) Full Stack Development
19 666 (20.47%) Serverless
20 661 (20.31%) Test Automation
21 653 (20.07%) TDD
22 646 (19.85%) Social Skills
23 634 (19.48%) Git (software)
24 613 (18.84%) Node.js
25 600 (18.44%) .NET
26 597 (18.35%) Mentoring
27 593 (18.22%) React
28 564 (17.33%) Degree
29 554 (17.03%) Kafka
30 547 (16.81%) Jenkins

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (3.84%) Apache Spark
2 86 (2.64%) CMS
3 84 (2.58%) Apache
4 79 (2.43%) Confluence
5 70 (2.15%) Headless CMS
6 48 (1.48%) Apache Airflow
7 31 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
8 18 (0.55%) Jetty
9 16 (0.49%) Apache Solr
10 15 (0.46%) SharePoint
11 13 (0.40%) IIS
12 12 (0.37%) Apache Synapse
13 11 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 7 (0.22%) EPiServer
14 7 (0.22%) Tomcat
15 6 (0.18%) nginx
15 6 (0.18%) WebSphere
16 4 (0.12%) Ethereum
16 4 (0.12%) OpenStack
16 4 (0.12%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 33 (1.01%) Sketch
2 20 (0.61%) InVision
3 12 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.092%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.061%) AutoCAD
6 2 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.061%) Revit
7 1 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.031%) Microsoft Excel
7 1 (0.031%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.031%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 33 (1.01%) Payment Gateway
2 20 (0.61%) R3 Corda
3 10 (0.31%) Magento
4 9 (0.28%) Fidessa
5 7 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.12%) Shopify
7 3 (0.092%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.061%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.061%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.061%) SAP GRC
8 2 (0.061%) SAP MDG
8 2 (0.061%) thinkFolio
9 1 (0.031%) Oracle Applications
9 1 (0.031%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 2,155 (66.23%) AWS
2 1,442 (44.31%) Azure
3 986 (30.30%) GCP
4 666 (20.47%) Serverless
5 403 (12.38%) SaaS
6 338 (10.39%) GitHub
7 320 (9.83%) AWS CloudFormation
8 319 (9.80%) AWS Lambda
9 296 (9.10%) Azure DevOps
10 290 (8.91%) Cloud Computing
11 274 (8.42%) PaaS
12 189 (5.81%) IaaS
13 179 (5.50%) Amazon Kinesis
14 167 (5.13%) Azure AKS
15 161 (4.95%) OpenShift
16 157 (4.82%) Amazon ECS
17 151 (4.64%) Amazon EKS
18 145 (4.46%) Google Kubernetes Engine
19 137 (4.21%) Amazon S3
20 131 (4.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 142 (4.36%) Firewall
2 117 (3.60%) HTTP
3 107 (3.29%) Network Security
4 62 (1.91%) Software-Defined Networking
5 60 (1.84%) Internet
6 48 (1.48%) DNS
7 21 (0.65%) DHCP
8 18 (0.55%) TCP/IP
8 18 (0.55%) VPN
9 16 (0.49%) Broadband
10 15 (0.46%) Intranet
11 14 (0.43%) DSL
11 14 (0.43%) SMS
12 11 (0.34%) WAN
13 10 (0.31%) AMQP
13 10 (0.31%) FTP
13 10 (0.31%) IPsec
14 9 (0.28%) FIX Connectivity
15 7 (0.22%) SD-WAN
15 7 (0.22%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 431 (13.25%) NoSQL
2 219 (6.73%) PostgreSQL
3 157 (4.82%) Relational Database
4 154 (4.73%) MySQL
5 153 (4.70%) Data Warehouse
5 153 (4.70%) SQL Server
6 146 (4.49%) Big Data
7 139 (4.27%) DynamoDB
8 128 (3.93%) MongoDB
9 117 (3.60%) BigQuery
10 104 (3.20%) Amazon Redshift
11 103 (3.17%) Data Lake
12 92 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
13 87 (2.67%) Redis
14 84 (2.58%) Amazon RDS
15 69 (2.12%) Tableau
16 63 (1.94%) Power BI
17 57 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
18 51 (1.57%) Metadata
19 49 (1.51%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 634 (19.48%) Git (software)
2 547 (16.81%) Jenkins
3 166 (5.10%) GitLab
4 109 (3.35%) Maven
5 108 (3.32%) JIRA
6 101 (3.10%) Selenium
7 87 (2.67%) CircleCI
8 70 (2.15%) JUnit
8 70 (2.15%) webpack
9 68 (2.09%) Cypress.io
10 54 (1.66%) Storybook
10 54 (1.66%) TeamCity
11 45 (1.38%) Bitbucket
12 43 (1.32%) Travis CI
13 42 (1.29%) Spinnaker
14 39 (1.20%) Cucumber
15 38 (1.17%) Visual Studio
16 35 (1.08%) Postman
17 32 (0.98%) Octopus Deploy
18 29 (0.89%) Vagrant
General
1 1,236 (37.98%) Finance
2 646 (19.85%) Social Skills
3 398 (12.23%) Banking
4 344 (10.57%) Retail
5 281 (8.64%) Analytical Skills
6 253 (7.78%) Marketing
7 236 (7.25%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 217 (6.67%) Manufacturing
9 185 (5.69%) Games
10 173 (5.32%) Public Sector
11 123 (3.78%) Automotive
12 85 (2.61%) Advertising
13 68 (2.09%) Legal
14 63 (1.94%) Presentation Skills
15 59 (1.81%) Publishing
16 39 (1.20%) Back Office
17 38 (1.17%) Financial Institution
18 34 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
19 33 (1.01%) Influencing Skills
19 33 (1.01%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 581 (17.85%) Developer
2 509 (15.64%) Software Engineer
3 467 (14.35%) Architect
4 349 (10.73%) DevOps Engineer
5 328 (10.08%) Cloud Engineer
6 219 (6.73%) Solutions Architect
7 207 (6.36%) Technical Leader
8 190 (5.84%) Cloud Architect
9 174 (5.35%) Senior DevOps
10 167 (5.13%) Data Engineer
11 159 (4.89%) Senior Software Engineer
12 150 (4.61%) Senior Developer
12 150 (4.61%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 137 (4.21%) Software Developer
14 119 (3.66%) Consultant
15 106 (3.26%) AWS Engineer
15 106 (3.26%) Senior Cloud Engineer
16 100 (3.07%) Full Stack Developer
17 86 (2.64%) Java Developer
17 86 (2.64%) Senior Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 613 (18.84%) Node.js
2 600 (18.44%) .NET
3 593 (18.22%) React
4 554 (17.03%) Kafka
5 324 (9.96%) AngularJS
6 277 (8.51%) REST
7 268 (8.24%) .NET Core
8 180 (5.53%) Spring
9 178 (5.47%) RESTful
10 176 (5.41%) HTML
11 150 (4.61%) JSON
12 149 (4.58%) CSS
12 149 (4.58%) Spring Boot
13 117 (3.60%) GraphQL
14 115 (3.53%) .NET Framework
15 104 (3.20%) HTML5
16 73 (2.24%) Next.js
17 69 (2.12%) Web Services
18 67 (2.06%) Serverless Framework
19 63 (1.94%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 538 (16.53%) Public Cloud
2 203 (6.24%) Life Science
3 187 (5.75%) Enterprise Software
4 171 (5.26%) Algorithms
5 157 (4.82%) User Experience
6 140 (4.30%) Mobile App
7 122 (3.75%) Self-Motivation
8 121 (3.72%) e-Learning
8 121 (3.72%) Greenfield Project
9 115 (3.53%) Management Information System
10 114 (3.50%) Blog
11 112 (3.44%) Data Structures
12 101 (3.10%) Virtual Team
13 94 (2.89%) Data Centre
14 93 (2.86%) IoT
14 93 (2.86%) Mobile Payment
15 84 (2.58%) Hybrid Cloud
16 70 (2.15%) Hackathon
17 58 (1.78%) Blockchain
18 57 (1.75%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 367 (11.28%) Linux
2 142 (4.36%) Windows
3 73 (2.24%) Unix
4 51 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 38 (1.17%) Android
6 37 (1.14%) Apple iOS
7 26 (0.80%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.43%) VMS
9 11 (0.34%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.28%) Solaris
11 8 (0.25%) Kali Linux
12 5 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
12 5 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
13 4 (0.12%) AIX
14 2 (0.061%) CentOS
14 2 (0.061%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.061%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.061%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.061%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,843 (56.64%) Agile
2 1,787 (54.92%) DevOps
3 1,489 (45.76%) CI/CD
4 1,047 (32.18%) Software Engineering
5 946 (29.07%) Microservices
6 866 (26.61%) Scrum
7 768 (23.60%) Infrastructure as Code
8 669 (20.56%) Full Stack Development
9 661 (20.31%) Test Automation
10 653 (20.07%) TDD
11 597 (18.35%) Mentoring
12 516 (15.86%) SDLC
13 484 (14.87%) Containerisation
14 405 (12.45%) Migration
15 399 (12.26%) Problem-Solving
16 384 (11.80%) BDD
17 381 (11.71%) Analytics
18 368 (11.31%) Kanban
19 350 (10.76%) Computer Science
20 343 (10.54%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,373 (42.19%) Python
2 1,176 (36.14%) Java
3 732 (22.50%) JavaScript
4 525 (16.13%) SQL
5 437 (13.43%) C#
6 424 (13.03%) Go
7 376 (11.56%) TypeScript
8 289 (8.88%) Bash
9 271 (8.33%) PowerShell
10 230 (7.07%) Ruby
11 194 (5.96%) Kotlin
12 175 (5.38%) Scala
13 164 (5.04%) Groovy
14 106 (3.26%) R
15 61 (1.87%) C++
16 49 (1.51%) C
17 47 (1.44%) ES6
18 42 (1.29%) Shell Script
19 36 (1.11%) Rust
20 35 (1.08%) PHP
Qualifications
1 564 (17.33%) Degree
2 156 (4.79%) Security Cleared
3 154 (4.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 129 (3.96%) SC Cleared
5 109 (3.35%) AWS Certification
6 75 (2.30%) Numerate Degree
7 46 (1.41%) Master's Degree
8 24 (0.74%) CISSP
9 20 (0.61%) PhD
10 18 (0.55%) PMI Certification
11 15 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
13 11 (0.34%) CISM
14 7 (0.22%) CCNA
14 7 (0.22%) CCNP
14 7 (0.22%) GIAC
14 7 (0.22%) NCDA
14 7 (0.22%) OSCP
14 7 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 6 (0.18%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (5.16%) QA
2 57 (1.75%) Data Quality
3 51 (1.57%) GDPR
4 39 (1.20%) Accessibility
5 37 (1.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 32 (0.98%) PCI DSS
7 29 (0.89%) SOC 2
8 22 (0.68%) NIST
9 18 (0.55%) GxP
10 16 (0.49%) SLA
11 14 (0.43%) Cyber Essentials
12 13 (0.40%) SOC 1
13 12 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 12 (0.37%) ISO 9001
14 4 (0.12%) GRC
14 4 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 2 (0.061%) HIPAA
15 2 (0.061%) PMO
16 1 (0.031%) COBIT
16 1 (0.031%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 855 (26.28%) Docker
2 133 (4.09%) Virtual Machines
3 59 (1.81%) Active Directory
4 39 (1.20%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (0.61%) ISA Server
6 15 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 9 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
8 7 (0.22%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 7 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
8 7 (0.22%) vSphere
9 5 (0.15%) etcd
9 5 (0.15%) NFS
9 5 (0.15%) Samba
9 5 (0.15%) Varnish
9 5 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.12%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.092%) Ceph
11 3 (0.092%) Firmware
12 2 (0.061%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 1 (0.031%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 1,275 (39.18%) Kubernetes
2 882 (27.11%) Terraform
3 448 (13.77%) Ansible
4 274 (8.42%) Puppet
5 234 (7.19%) Opscode Chef
6 162 (4.98%) Prometheus
7 140 (4.30%) Grafana
8 52 (1.60%) Istio
9 50 (1.54%) Packer
10 39 (1.20%) Single Sign-On
11 27 (0.83%) Consul
11 27 (0.83%) SCCM
12 23 (0.71%) Rancher
13 17 (0.52%) Mesos
14 16 (0.49%) Nagios
14 16 (0.49%) Sysdig
15 14 (0.43%) Failover Clustering
16 13 (0.40%) Graphite
16 13 (0.40%) PowerCLI
16 13 (0.40%) StatsD
Vendors
1 481 (14.78%) Google
2 309 (9.50%) Microsoft
3 154 (4.73%) Oracle
4 121 (3.72%) SAP
5 79 (2.43%) Salesforce.com
6 44 (1.35%) Databricks
6 44 (1.35%) VMware
7 42 (1.29%) Red Hat
8 31 (0.95%) Atlassian
9 30 (0.92%) Splunk
10 29 (0.89%) New Relic
11 28 (0.86%) PagerDuty
12 27 (0.83%) Citrix
13 25 (0.77%) Okta
14 22 (0.68%) IBM
15 19 (0.58%) ServiceNow
16 18 (0.55%) Cadence
17 16 (0.49%) Dell
18 15 (0.46%) FNZ
18 15 (0.46%) Mapbox