Period
to 17 September 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 230 274 488
Rank change year-on-year +44 +214 +256
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 1,609 558 810
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.50% 1.19% 0.62%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.70% 3.28% 1.75%
Number of salaries quoted 920 409 490
10th Percentile £52,500 £48,750 £52,000
25th Percentile £62,500 £60,000 £62,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £75,000 £80,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -6.25% +14.29%
75th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £98,438
90th Percentile £112,500 £115,250 £115,000
UK median annual salary £82,500 £75,000 £78,605
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.59% +12.29%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 43,430 17,010 46,371
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.57% 36.24% 35.36%
Number of salaries quoted 26,416 13,906 35,604
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £98,750 £102,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +8.49% +0.95%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 1,018 £90,000 +12.50% 186
South East -28 187 £70,000 -9.68% 26
North of England +5 163 £61,880 +7.62% 48
North West -24 86 £63,750 +10.87% 30
Yorkshire -54 67 £60,000 -2.04% 14
Midlands -101 67 £60,000 -14.29% 40
South West -83 60 £62,500 -30.56% 22
West Midlands -57 56 £60,000 -4.00% 31
East of England -73 38 £87,500 +59.09% 16
East Midlands -84 11 £70,000 -3.45% 9
North East -21 10 £57,940 +15.88% 4
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 952 (59.17%) AWS
2 940 (58.42%) DevOps
3 801 (49.78%) Azure
4 789 (49.04%) Agile Software Development
5 687 (42.70%) Kubernetes
6 512 (31.82%) Docker
7 501 (31.14%) Microservices
8 468 (29.09%) GCP
9 467 (29.02%) Java
10 450 (27.97%) Python
11 419 (26.04%) Software Engineering
12 343 (21.32%) JavaScript
13 333 (20.70%) Terraform
14 304 (18.89%) Finance
15 282 (17.53%) Serverless
16 277 (17.22%) PaaS
17 251 (15.60%) Social Skills
18 246 (15.29%) React
18 246 (15.29%) C#
19 243 (15.10%) Node.js
20 238 (14.79%) Scrum
21 237 (14.73%) Degree
22 236 (14.67%) Microsoft
23 231 (14.36%) Full Stack Development
24 229 (14.23%) Infrastructure as Code
24 229 (14.23%) Test Automation
25 220 (13.67%) SaaS
26 215 (13.36%) SQL
27 214 (13.30%) .NET
28 207 (12.87%) Jenkins

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (2.80%) Apache Spark
2 39 (2.42%) Elasticsearch
3 32 (1.99%) Cloud Foundry
4 31 (1.93%) IIS
5 28 (1.74%) CMS
6 26 (1.62%) Confluence
6 26 (1.62%) SharePoint
7 24 (1.49%) Tomcat
8 23 (1.43%) OpenStack
9 19 (1.18%) WebLogic
10 15 (0.93%) JBoss
11 13 (0.81%) Headless CMS
12 12 (0.75%) Camunda
13 10 (0.62%) Apache
13 10 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
14 7 (0.44%) NServiceBus
15 5 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
15 5 (0.31%) Umbraco
15 5 (0.31%) WebSphere
16 4 (0.25%) nginx
Applications
1 11 (0.68%) SOLIDWORKS
2 5 (0.31%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.062%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.062%) InVision
4 1 (0.062%) Revit
4 1 (0.062%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 9 (0.56%) Sentinel
2 5 (0.31%) SDL Web 8
3 4 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.12%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.062%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.062%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.062%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 952 (59.17%) AWS
2 801 (49.78%) Azure
3 468 (29.09%) GCP
4 282 (17.53%) Serverless
5 277 (17.22%) PaaS
6 220 (13.67%) SaaS
7 189 (11.75%) IaaS
8 108 (6.71%) GitHub
9 93 (5.78%) AWS CloudFormation
10 90 (5.59%) AWS Lambda
11 83 (5.16%) Amazon EKS
12 82 (5.10%) OpenShift
13 50 (3.11%) Cloud Computing
14 42 (2.61%) Azure Functions
15 40 (2.49%) Azure Active Directory
16 36 (2.24%) Power Platform
17 35 (2.18%) Datadog
18 33 (2.05%) Amazon S3
19 31 (1.93%) Microsoft 365
20 25 (1.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 54 (3.36%) Firewall
2 30 (1.86%) Internet
3 27 (1.68%) Network Security
4 22 (1.37%) DNS
4 22 (1.37%) VPN
5 19 (1.18%) Broadband
6 15 (0.93%) TCP/IP
7 12 (0.75%) HTTP
8 10 (0.62%) SAN
9 9 (0.56%) AMQP
10 8 (0.50%) SD-WAN
11 7 (0.44%) VSAN
12 6 (0.37%) Wireless
13 5 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
14 4 (0.25%) Cisco ASA
14 4 (0.25%) Cisco Firepower
14 4 (0.25%) Sourcefire
14 4 (0.25%) VoIP
14 4 (0.25%) Wireshark
15 3 (0.19%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (10.38%) Big Data
2 155 (9.63%) NoSQL
3 150 (9.32%) PostgreSQL
4 104 (6.46%) Relational Database
5 92 (5.72%) Redis
6 87 (5.41%) SQL Server
7 78 (4.85%) MySQL
8 64 (3.98%) MongoDB
9 47 (2.92%) Data Lake
10 45 (2.80%) Data Warehouse
10 45 (2.80%) Hadoop
11 38 (2.36%) BigQuery
12 30 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 30 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
13 22 (1.37%) Amazon Aurora
14 19 (1.18%) Blockchain
15 18 (1.12%) Azure SQL Database
16 17 (1.06%) OLAP
16 17 (1.06%) SQL Server 2016
17 16 (0.99%) Event Store
Development Applications
1 207 (12.87%) Jenkins
2 172 (10.69%) Git (software)
3 73 (4.54%) GitLab
4 69 (4.29%) TeamCity
5 56 (3.48%) JIRA
6 52 (3.23%) CircleCI
7 40 (2.49%) Gradle
7 40 (2.49%) Octopus Deploy
8 31 (1.93%) JUnit
9 29 (1.80%) Travis CI
10 28 (1.74%) Mockito
11 23 (1.43%) RSpec
12 22 (1.37%) Capybara
12 22 (1.37%) Pivotal Tracker
13 20 (1.24%) Bitbucket
14 18 (1.12%) Visual Studio
15 17 (1.06%) Maven
16 16 (0.99%) Mocha
17 14 (0.87%) Storybook
17 14 (0.87%) Vagrant
General
1 304 (18.89%) Finance
2 251 (15.60%) Social Skills
3 115 (7.15%) Banking
4 83 (5.16%) Public Sector
5 62 (3.85%) Manufacturing
6 55 (3.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 52 (3.23%) Retail
8 51 (3.17%) Games
8 51 (3.17%) Marketing
9 45 (2.80%) Analytical Skills
10 41 (2.55%) Telecoms
11 33 (2.05%) Influencing Skills
12 32 (1.99%) Presentation Skills
13 30 (1.86%) Advertising
14 29 (1.80%) Electronics
15 24 (1.49%) Law
16 22 (1.37%) Automotive
17 20 (1.24%) Publishing
18 19 (1.18%) Pharmaceutical
19 17 (1.06%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 425 (26.41%) Architect
2 295 (18.33%) Developer
3 186 (11.56%) Solutions Architect
4 184 (11.44%) Software Engineer
5 159 (9.88%) DevOps Engineer
6 150 (9.32%) Cloud Engineer
7 127 (7.89%) Cloud Architect
8 77 (4.79%) Senior Architect
9 76 (4.72%) Senior Developer
10 74 (4.60%) Azure Engineer
11 68 (4.23%) Senior DevOps
12 66 (4.10%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 62 (3.85%) Principal Engineer
14 61 (3.79%) Consultant
15 59 (3.67%) Azure Architect
15 59 (3.67%) Platform Engineer
16 58 (3.60%) Java Developer
17 52 (3.23%) Senior Software Engineer
18 49 (3.05%) Java Engineer
19 48 (2.98%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 246 (15.29%) React
2 243 (15.10%) Node.js
3 214 (13.30%) .NET
4 182 (11.31%) Kafka
5 135 (8.39%) Spring
6 121 (7.52%) Spring Boot
7 111 (6.90%) .NET Core
8 100 (6.22%) Web Services
9 86 (5.34%) AngularJS
10 83 (5.16%) HTML
11 74 (4.60%) CSS
12 72 (4.47%) REST
13 68 (4.23%) Vue.js
14 67 (4.16%) RESTful
15 58 (3.60%) HTML5
16 56 (3.48%) ARM Templates
17 53 (3.29%) .NET Framework
18 51 (3.17%) GraphQL
19 47 (2.92%) Elastic Stack
19 47 (2.92%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 185 (11.50%) Public Cloud
2 97 (6.03%) Hybrid Cloud
3 82 (5.10%) User Experience
4 65 (4.04%) Mobile App
5 61 (3.79%) Greenfield Project
6 54 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
7 46 (2.86%) Virtual Team
8 39 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
9 34 (2.11%) Blog
10 33 (2.05%) Algorithms
11 31 (1.93%) Private Cloud
12 30 (1.86%) Social Media
13 27 (1.68%) Management Information System
14 23 (1.43%) Life Science
14 23 (1.43%) Photography
15 22 (1.37%) Data Structures
16 21 (1.31%) Data Centre
17 19 (1.18%) Enterprise Cloud
18 18 (1.12%) Mobile Banking
19 15 (0.93%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 149 (9.26%) Linux
2 81 (5.03%) Windows
3 76 (4.72%) Unix
4 24 (1.49%) Android
4 24 (1.49%) Apple iOS
5 20 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (0.81%) Windows Server 2016
6 13 (0.81%) Windows Server 2019
7 10 (0.62%) VMS
8 9 (0.56%) SUSE
9 6 (0.37%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.37%) Windows 10
9 6 (0.37%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.25%) CentOS
10 4 (0.25%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.19%) Debian
12 2 (0.12%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.062%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.062%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 940 (58.42%) DevOps
2 789 (49.04%) Agile Software Development
3 501 (31.14%) Microservices
4 419 (26.04%) Software Engineering
5 238 (14.79%) Scrum
6 231 (14.36%) Full Stack Development
7 229 (14.23%) Infrastructure as Code
7 229 (14.23%) Test Automation
8 202 (12.55%) Computer Science
9 171 (10.63%) Migration
10 169 (10.50%) Artificial Intelligence
11 168 (10.44%) Mentoring
12 166 (10.32%) Continuous Integration
13 163 (10.13%) Continuous Improvement
14 149 (9.26%) Analytics
15 142 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
16 137 (8.51%) TDD
17 136 (8.45%) User Stories
18 133 (8.27%) Technical Leadership
19 127 (7.89%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 467 (29.02%) Java
2 450 (27.97%) Python
3 343 (21.32%) JavaScript
4 246 (15.29%) C#
5 215 (13.36%) SQL
6 159 (9.88%) Go
7 146 (9.07%) TypeScript
8 94 (5.84%) PowerShell
9 59 (3.67%) Ruby
10 56 (3.48%) Bash Shell
11 38 (2.36%) Scala
12 33 (2.05%) Kotlin
13 32 (1.99%) C++
14 30 (1.86%) Shell Script
15 24 (1.49%) C
16 21 (1.31%) R
17 15 (0.93%) Java 8
18 14 (0.87%) C-shell
18 14 (0.87%) ES6
19 13 (0.81%) Rust
Qualifications
1 237 (14.73%) Degree
2 147 (9.14%) Security Cleared
3 128 (7.96%) SC Cleared
4 69 (4.29%) Computer Science Degree
5 64 (3.98%) AWS Certification
6 27 (1.68%) Master's Degree
7 25 (1.55%) CISSP
8 16 (0.99%) PhD
9 10 (0.62%) GIAC
10 7 (0.44%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 7 (0.44%) CCSP
10 7 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (0.44%) CISM
11 4 (0.25%) CEH
11 4 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.19%) CISA
13 2 (0.12%) ISSAP
13 2 (0.12%) ISSEP
13 2 (0.12%) PMP
13 2 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (3.05%) QA
2 29 (1.80%) Accessibility
2 29 (1.80%) GDPR
3 26 (1.62%) NIST
4 18 (1.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.99%) GxP
6 9 (0.56%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
8 5 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 5 (0.31%) SLA
9 4 (0.25%) Basel III
10 2 (0.12%) COBIT
10 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.12%) SOC 2
11 1 (0.062%) IASME
11 1 (0.062%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.062%) NCSC
11 1 (0.062%) PMO
System Software
1 512 (31.82%) Docker
2 92 (5.72%) Active Directory
3 48 (2.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (0.99%) VMware ESXi
6 13 (0.81%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.68%) ISA Server
8 10 (0.62%) KVM
9 8 (0.50%) Ceph
10 6 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 6 (0.37%) HDFS
10 6 (0.37%) vSphere
11 3 (0.19%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.12%) StorNext
12 2 (0.12%) Xsan
13 1 (0.062%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 1 (0.062%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 687 (42.70%) Kubernetes
2 333 (20.70%) Terraform
3 161 (10.01%) Ansible
4 89 (5.53%) Prometheus
5 81 (5.03%) Puppet
6 66 (4.10%) Opscode Chef
7 56 (3.48%) Grafana
8 36 (2.24%) Consul
9 35 (2.18%) SCCM
10 23 (1.43%) Apache Brooklyn
11 19 (1.18%) Packer
11 19 (1.18%) Rancher
12 16 (0.99%) Istio
13 15 (0.93%) Jamf Pro
13 15 (0.93%) Kibana
13 15 (0.93%) Mesos
13 15 (0.93%) Microsoft Intune
14 13 (0.81%) Graphite
14 13 (0.81%) Nagios
14 13 (0.81%) Opsview
Vendors
1 236 (14.67%) Microsoft
2 199 (12.37%) Google
3 70 (4.35%) VMware
4 63 (3.92%) SAP
5 55 (3.42%) Oracle
6 35 (2.18%) Red Hat
7 32 (1.99%) IBM
8 25 (1.55%) Cisco
9 19 (1.18%) Databricks
9 19 (1.18%) Instagram
10 16 (0.99%) PagerDuty
11 15 (0.93%) CyberArk
11 15 (0.93%) Facebook
11 15 (0.93%) ForgeRock
12 12 (0.75%) Citrix
12 12 (0.75%) Dataiku
12 12 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
12 12 (0.75%) Splunk
13 10 (0.62%) Adobe
13 10 (0.62%) Cognizant