Period
to 28 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 209 274 414
Rank change year-on-year +65 +140 +204
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 1,953 688 855
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.73% 1.18% 0.74%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.25% 3.30% 2.08%
Number of salaries quoted 978 570 594
10th Percentile £52,500 £45,000 £50,000
25th Percentile £63,750 £56,123 £63,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £72,500 £80,000
Median % change year-on-year +17.24% -9.38% +14.29%
75th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £96,250
90th Percentile £120,000 £108,750 £115,000
UK median annual salary £82,750 £70,000 £80,000
% change year-on-year +18.21% -12.50% +14.29%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 45,900 20,859 41,039
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.70% 35.67% 35.31%
Number of salaries quoted 27,352 16,662 32,184
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,500 £30,875
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £39,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £103,750 £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +44 1,147 £90,000 +20.00% 203
South East +13 241 £75,000 +3.45% 30
North of England +7 222 £67,500 +35.00% 41
North West +30 157 £67,500 +17.39% 23
Midlands -41 100 £60,000 -14.29% 23
East of England -27 97 £60,000 +4.35% 26
West Midlands -30 66 £60,000 -11.11% 15
Yorkshire -56 60 £65,000 +30.00% 14
South West -34 54 £60,050 -28.30% 6
East Midlands -31 34 £57,500 -28.13% 8
North East -24 5 £41,750 -35.77% 4
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 1,183 (60.57%) AWS
2 1,124 (57.55%) DevOps
3 1,063 (54.43%) Agile Software Development
4 1,017 (52.07%) Azure
5 891 (45.62%) CI/CD
6 775 (39.68%) Kubernetes
7 720 (36.87%) Microservices
8 716 (36.66%) Docker
9 715 (36.61%) Java
10 626 (32.05%) Software Engineering
11 506 (25.91%) JavaScript
12 502 (25.70%) Serverless
13 500 (25.60%) Python
14 428 (21.92%) GCP
15 425 (21.76%) Terraform
16 420 (21.51%) Node.js
17 383 (19.61%) C#
18 370 (18.95%) Git (software)
19 363 (18.59%) Test Automation
20 359 (18.38%) Degree
21 358 (18.33%) React
22 346 (17.72%) SDLC
23 339 (17.36%) Computer Science
24 336 (17.20%) Mentoring
25 321 (16.44%) Scrum
26 311 (15.92%) Finance
27 300 (15.36%) GitHub
28 298 (15.26%) Full Stack Development
29 297 (15.21%) SaaS
30 285 (14.59%) Social Skills

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (3.58%) Apache Spark
2 63 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (1.84%) IIS
4 27 (1.38%) Apache
5 26 (1.33%) Confluence
6 25 (1.28%) Tomcat
7 23 (1.18%) Apache Airflow
8 22 (1.13%) WebLogic
9 21 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
10 17 (0.87%) JBoss
10 17 (0.87%) SharePoint
11 16 (0.82%) OpenStack
12 15 (0.77%) CMS
13 13 (0.67%) Ethereum
14 12 (0.61%) Camunda
15 8 (0.41%) Hyperledger
16 7 (0.36%) nginx
17 6 (0.31%) Jetty
17 6 (0.31%) NServiceBus
18 5 (0.26%) EPiServer
Applications
1 9 (0.46%) InVision
2 3 (0.15%) Sketch
3 2 (0.10%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.051%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.051%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.46%) Sentinel
2 8 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.41%) R3 Corda
3 5 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.26%) Magento
4 3 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.051%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.051%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 1,183 (60.57%) AWS
2 1,017 (52.07%) Azure
3 502 (25.70%) Serverless
4 428 (21.92%) GCP
5 300 (15.36%) GitHub
6 297 (15.21%) SaaS
7 243 (12.44%) PaaS
8 213 (10.91%) OpenShift
9 191 (9.78%) IaaS
10 190 (9.73%) Amazon EKS
11 106 (5.43%) AWS Lambda
12 82 (4.20%) Cloud Computing
13 74 (3.79%) Amazon S3
14 70 (3.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 51 (2.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 46 (2.36%) Azure Service Bus
17 41 (2.10%) Azure Active Directory
17 41 (2.10%) Azure Functions
18 40 (2.05%) Power Platform
19 37 (1.89%) Azure Event Grid
Communications & Networking
1 76 (3.89%) Firewall
2 46 (2.36%) Network Security
3 38 (1.95%) DNS
4 28 (1.43%) Internet
5 20 (1.02%) Broadband
6 18 (0.92%) TCP/IP
7 15 (0.77%) VPN
8 13 (0.67%) HTTP
8 13 (0.67%) Intranet
8 13 (0.67%) Wireless
9 12 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
10 11 (0.56%) Bluetooth
10 11 (0.56%) NFC
10 11 (0.56%) WAN
10 11 (0.56%) ZigBee
11 8 (0.41%) InfiniBand
12 7 (0.36%) SD-WAN
13 6 (0.31%) SSL
14 5 (0.26%) LAN
15 4 (0.20%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (12.14%) NoSQL
2 166 (8.50%) Big Data
3 136 (6.96%) PostgreSQL
4 109 (5.58%) Relational Database
5 107 (5.48%) Redis
6 102 (5.22%) SQL Server
7 90 (4.61%) MongoDB
8 80 (4.10%) MySQL
9 52 (2.66%) Apache Cassandra
10 45 (2.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 45 (2.30%) Data Lake
11 42 (2.15%) BigQuery
12 38 (1.95%) Hadoop
13 31 (1.59%) Amazon Aurora
13 31 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
14 29 (1.48%) Blockchain
15 27 (1.38%) Amazon Redshift
16 26 (1.33%) Power BI
17 24 (1.23%) RDBMS
18 22 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 370 (18.95%) Git (software)
2 246 (12.60%) Jenkins
3 94 (4.81%) TeamCity
4 72 (3.69%) GitLab
5 70 (3.58%) Octopus Deploy
6 67 (3.43%) JIRA
7 60 (3.07%) Gradle
8 58 (2.97%) JUnit
9 55 (2.82%) Maven
10 42 (2.15%) CircleCI
11 39 (2.00%) Selenium
12 37 (1.89%) Cypress.io
13 36 (1.84%) Mockito
14 26 (1.33%) Bitbucket
14 26 (1.33%) webpack
15 25 (1.28%) RSpec
16 22 (1.13%) Burp Suite
16 22 (1.13%) Mocha
16 22 (1.13%) Vagrant
17 20 (1.02%) Pivotal Tracker
General
1 311 (15.92%) Finance
2 285 (14.59%) Social Skills
3 97 (4.97%) Banking
3 97 (4.97%) Retail
4 89 (4.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 77 (3.94%) Public Sector
6 75 (3.84%) Analytical Skills
7 48 (2.46%) Games
8 25 (1.28%) Back Office
9 24 (1.23%) Presentation Skills
9 24 (1.23%) Publishing
10 23 (1.18%) Marketing
10 23 (1.18%) Pharmaceutical
11 20 (1.02%) Advertising
12 17 (0.87%) Financial Institution
13 15 (0.77%) Automotive
13 15 (0.77%) Telecoms
14 14 (0.72%) Manufacturing
15 13 (0.67%) Influencing Skills
15 13 (0.67%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 488 (24.99%) Architect
2 379 (19.41%) Software Engineer
3 315 (16.13%) Developer
4 193 (9.88%) Solutions Architect
5 182 (9.32%) DevOps Engineer
6 154 (7.89%) Cloud Architect
7 151 (7.73%) Cloud Engineer
8 122 (6.25%) Principal Engineer
9 115 (5.89%) Principal Software Engineer
10 110 (5.63%) Java Engineer
11 98 (5.02%) Azure Architect
12 86 (4.40%) Senior Developer
13 81 (4.15%) AWS Engineer
14 74 (3.79%) Integration Architect
14 74 (3.79%) Platform Engineer
14 74 (3.79%) Senior DevOps
14 74 (3.79%) Senior Software Engineer
15 71 (3.64%) Full Stack Developer
16 65 (3.33%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 64 (3.28%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 420 (21.51%) Node.js
2 358 (18.33%) React
3 259 (13.26%) .NET
4 241 (12.34%) Kafka
5 201 (10.29%) RESTful
6 156 (7.99%) Spring
7 119 (6.09%) Spring Boot
8 116 (5.94%) REST
9 115 (5.89%) AngularJS
10 95 (4.86%) Web Services
11 88 (4.51%) .NET Core
12 81 (4.15%) JSON
13 60 (3.07%) gRPC
14 58 (2.97%) RabbitMQ
15 57 (2.92%) HTML
16 56 (2.87%) CSS
17 47 (2.41%) React Native
18 45 (2.30%) GraphQL
19 44 (2.25%) OAuth
19 44 (2.25%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 199 (10.19%) Public Cloud
2 115 (5.89%) Hybrid Cloud
3 74 (3.79%) Self-Motivation
4 67 (3.43%) Mobile App
5 58 (2.97%) Greenfield Project
6 51 (2.61%) Renewable Energy
7 48 (2.46%) Algorithms
8 47 (2.41%) User Experience
9 45 (2.30%) Social Media
10 44 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
11 36 (1.84%) Virtual Team
12 33 (1.69%) Enterprise Cloud
13 31 (1.59%) Blog
13 31 (1.59%) Management Information System
13 31 (1.59%) Private Cloud
14 30 (1.54%) Data Centre
15 28 (1.43%) Data Structures
16 24 (1.23%) Equities
17 23 (1.18%) Photography
18 22 (1.13%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 168 (8.60%) Linux
2 89 (4.56%) Unix
3 52 (2.66%) Windows
4 41 (2.10%) Android
5 31 (1.59%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.92%) Kali Linux
7 11 (0.56%) VMS
8 10 (0.51%) CentOS
8 10 (0.51%) Windows Server
9 7 (0.36%) Alpine Linux
9 7 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.15%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.051%) Debian
11 1 (0.051%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,124 (57.55%) DevOps
2 1,063 (54.43%) Agile Software Development
3 891 (45.62%) CI/CD
4 720 (36.87%) Microservices
5 626 (32.05%) Software Engineering
6 363 (18.59%) Test Automation
7 346 (17.72%) SDLC
8 339 (17.36%) Computer Science
9 336 (17.20%) Mentoring
10 321 (16.44%) Scrum
11 298 (15.26%) Full Stack Development
12 277 (14.18%) Risk Management
13 251 (12.85%) Analytics
14 249 (12.75%) Thought Leadership
15 242 (12.39%) Infrastructure as Code
16 235 (12.03%) Continuous Integration
17 234 (11.98%) Emotional Intelligence
18 226 (11.57%) TDD
19 215 (11.01%) User Stories
20 204 (10.45%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 715 (36.61%) Java
2 506 (25.91%) JavaScript
3 500 (25.60%) Python
4 383 (19.61%) C#
5 226 (11.57%) SQL
6 166 (8.50%) TypeScript
7 145 (7.42%) PowerShell
8 130 (6.66%) Go
9 98 (5.02%) Bash
10 65 (3.33%) Ruby
10 65 (3.33%) Scala
11 55 (2.82%) Shell Script
12 51 (2.61%) Groovy
13 39 (2.00%) Java 8
14 35 (1.79%) R
15 33 (1.69%) C++
16 30 (1.54%) Kotlin
17 29 (1.48%) C
17 29 (1.48%) ES6
18 17 (0.87%) C-shell
Qualifications
1 359 (18.38%) Degree
2 117 (5.99%) Security Cleared
3 83 (4.25%) SC Cleared
4 73 (3.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 60 (3.07%) AWS Certification
6 32 (1.64%) Master's Degree
7 22 (1.13%) CISSP
8 14 (0.72%) PhD
9 9 (0.46%) GIAC
10 8 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.41%) OSCP
11 7 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 7 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.31%) CCSP
13 5 (0.26%) CISM
13 5 (0.26%) DV Cleared
13 5 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
14 4 (0.20%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 3 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
16 2 (0.10%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (4.10%) QA
2 54 (2.76%) Accessibility
3 24 (1.23%) GDPR
4 22 (1.13%) GxP
4 22 (1.13%) PCI DSS
5 14 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.51%) NIST
7 8 (0.41%) EMIR
7 8 (0.41%) MiFID
8 6 (0.31%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.26%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.26%) SOC 2
10 4 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.10%) GRC
11 2 (0.10%) NCSC
11 2 (0.10%) SLA
12 1 (0.051%) COBIT
System Software
1 716 (36.66%) Docker
2 65 (3.33%) Active Directory
3 22 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.41%) Slurm Workload Manager
7 5 (0.26%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.20%) ISA Server
8 4 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.051%) Firmware
9 1 (0.051%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.051%) StorNext
9 1 (0.051%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.051%) vSphere
9 1 (0.051%) Xsan
Systems Management
1 775 (39.68%) Kubernetes
2 425 (21.76%) Terraform
3 192 (9.83%) Ansible
4 114 (5.84%) Puppet
5 104 (5.33%) Opscode Chef
6 53 (2.71%) Prometheus
7 48 (2.46%) SCCM
8 40 (2.05%) Grafana
9 24 (1.23%) Istio
10 23 (1.18%) Apache Brooklyn
11 20 (1.02%) Rancher
12 18 (0.92%) Consul
13 12 (0.61%) Packer
14 11 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.36%) AirWatch
15 7 (0.36%) Jamf Pro
15 7 (0.36%) Kibana
15 7 (0.36%) logstash
15 7 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
16 4 (0.20%) Mesos
Vendors
1 199 (10.19%) Microsoft
2 167 (8.55%) Google
3 90 (4.61%) Oracle
4 44 (2.25%) SAP
5 42 (2.15%) VMware
6 34 (1.74%) MuleSoft
6 34 (1.74%) Red Hat
7 19 (0.97%) Facebook
8 18 (0.92%) IBM
9 16 (0.82%) Cisco
9 16 (0.82%) Cognizant
10 13 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
10 13 (0.67%) Splunk
11 11 (0.56%) Databricks
12 10 (0.51%) Teradata
13 9 (0.46%) Citrix
13 9 (0.46%) Dataiku
14 8 (0.41%) Apple
14 8 (0.41%) hybris
14 8 (0.41%) Zscaler