Period
to 30 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 30 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS 3
UK > England
6 months to
30 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 235 183 195
Rank change year-on-year -52 +12 -61
Permanent jobs citing CSS3 1,693 957 2,260
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.50% 1.92% 1.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.83% 4.37% 4.76%
Number of salaries quoted 952 816 1,927
10th Percentile £31,025 £32,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £38,125 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £76,250 £83,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +4.17%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 44,226 21,889 47,445
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.21% 43.85% 38.19%
Number of salaries quoted 28,821 19,102 39,975
10th Percentile £37,000 £35,238 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £58,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.45% +5.45% +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS3 in England.

Salary trend for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS3 in England over the 6 months to 30 November 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS3 in England

CSS3
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the England region over the 6 months to 30 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 957 £67,500 +3.85% 144
South East -43 291 £45,000 -10.00% 54
North of England -123 151 £36,000 -14.79% 96
Midlands -91 132 £42,500 -6.59% 30
South West -51 101 £43,500 -5.43% 23
West Midlands -75 92 £42,500 -5.56% 23
North West -102 74 £42,000 -4.00% 62
Yorkshire -93 56 £36,250 -9.38% 26
East Midlands -75 40 £42,500 -22.73% 7
East of England -142 32 £52,500 +40.00% 37
North East -23 21 £29,500 -37.89% 8
CSS3
UK

For the 6 months to 30 November 2021, IT jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,693 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,664 (98.29%) HTML
3 1,589 (93.86%) HTML5
4 1,542 (91.08%) JavaScript
5 989 (58.42%) React
6 897 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
7 663 (39.16%) Git (software)
8 653 (38.57%) Front End Development
9 616 (36.39%) User Experience
10 603 (35.62%) AngularJS
11 574 (33.90%) Node.js
12 484 (28.59%) TypeScript
13 454 (26.82%) Sass
14 451 (26.64%) Web Development
15 421 (24.87%) Software Engineering
16 403 (23.80%) Full Stack Development
17 368 (21.74%) TDD
18 332 (19.61%) Social Skills
19 328 (19.37%) C#
20 320 (18.90%) Vue.js
21 310 (18.31%) Finance
22 307 (18.13%) Continuous Integration
23 306 (18.07%) Azure
23 306 (18.07%) AWS
24 299 (17.66%) Docker
25 294 (17.37%) jQuery
26 292 (17.25%) DevOps
27 284 (16.77%) .NET
28 280 (16.54%) Java
29 266 (15.71%) Redux

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 189 (11.16%) CMS
2 128 (7.56%) WordPress
3 61 (3.60%) nginx
4 56 (3.31%) Confluence
5 50 (2.95%) IIS
6 49 (2.89%) Apache
7 38 (2.24%) Kentico
8 37 (2.19%) Headless CMS
9 34 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
10 29 (1.71%) Umbraco
11 20 (1.18%) Tomcat
12 19 (1.12%) Drupal
13 18 (1.06%) SharePoint
14 14 (0.83%) EPiServer
14 14 (0.83%) IBM Domino
14 14 (0.83%) Mendix
14 14 (0.83%) Sitecore CMS
15 13 (0.77%) MODX
16 12 (0.71%) JBoss
16 12 (0.71%) Joomla!
Applications
1 67 (3.96%) Photoshop
2 49 (2.89%) Sketch
3 44 (2.60%) Figma
4 43 (2.54%) InVision
5 34 (2.01%) Adobe XD
6 29 (1.71%) Adobe Illustrator
7 25 (1.48%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 13 (0.77%) GIMP
9 11 (0.65%) Zeplin
10 10 (0.59%) InDesign
11 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
12 3 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
12 3 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
12 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
12 3 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 3 (0.18%) OmniGraffle
13 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
13 2 (0.12%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 25 (1.48%) Shopify
2 16 (0.95%) WebTrends
3 14 (0.83%) Payment Gateway
4 10 (0.59%) Magento
5 4 (0.24%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.059%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.059%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 306 (18.07%) AWS
1 306 (18.07%) Azure
2 183 (10.81%) npm
3 143 (8.45%) GitHub
4 139 (8.21%) SaaS
5 116 (6.85%) GCP
6 75 (4.43%) Serverless
7 60 (3.54%) GitHub Actions
8 54 (3.19%) OpenShift
8 54 (3.19%) Yarn
9 27 (1.59%) AWS CloudFormation
10 25 (1.48%) Amazon S3
10 25 (1.48%) AWS Lambda
11 18 (1.06%) Slack
12 16 (0.95%) Google Analytics
13 13 (0.77%) PaaS
14 12 (0.71%) Asana
15 11 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
15 11 (0.65%) Amazon SQS
16 10 (0.59%) Cloudflare
Communications & Networking
1 171 (10.10%) HTTP
2 29 (1.71%) Internet
3 12 (0.71%) Broadband
4 7 (0.41%) SSH
4 7 (0.41%) SSL
5 5 (0.30%) SMS
5 5 (0.30%) VoIP
6 4 (0.24%) Intranet
6 4 (0.24%) Wireshark
7 2 (0.12%) Network Security
8 1 (0.059%) Extranet
8 1 (0.059%) FTP
8 1 (0.059%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 213 (12.58%) MySQL
2 144 (8.51%) SQL Server
3 120 (7.09%) MongoDB
4 98 (5.79%) NoSQL
5 87 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
6 58 (3.43%) Relational Database
7 49 (2.89%) Redis
8 28 (1.65%) SQL Server 2019
9 25 (1.48%) Hadoop
10 24 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 18 (1.06%) Big Data
12 13 (0.77%) MariaDB
13 11 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
14 10 (0.59%) Amazon RDS
14 10 (0.59%) Data Mining
14 10 (0.59%) SQL Server 2014
15 8 (0.47%) Kalido
16 7 (0.41%) Power BI
17 6 (0.35%) InterSystems Cache
17 6 (0.35%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 663 (39.16%) Git (software)
2 259 (15.30%) Jenkins
3 248 (14.65%) webpack
4 140 (8.27%) JIRA
5 127 (7.50%) Mocha
6 114 (6.73%) Selenium
7 110 (6.50%) gulp
8 98 (5.79%) Jasmine
9 92 (5.43%) Grunt
10 69 (4.08%) Storybook
11 67 (3.96%) Visual Studio
12 60 (3.54%) Cypress.io
13 58 (3.43%) PostCSS
14 52 (3.07%) Codeship
15 51 (3.01%) Cucumber
16 43 (2.54%) TeamCity
17 34 (2.01%) Vagrant
18 31 (1.83%) Karma Test Runner
19 30 (1.77%) Babel
20 29 (1.71%) Bower
General
1 332 (19.61%) Social Skills
2 310 (18.31%) Finance
3 170 (10.04%) Marketing
4 96 (5.67%) Analytical Skills
5 77 (4.55%) Banking
6 58 (3.43%) Retail
7 41 (2.42%) Advertising
8 30 (1.77%) Publishing
9 25 (1.48%) Legal
10 24 (1.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 24 (1.42%) Public Sector
11 23 (1.36%) Manufacturing
12 22 (1.30%) Games
12 22 (1.30%) Pharmaceutical
13 20 (1.18%) Automotive
14 19 (1.12%) Law
15 17 (1.00%) Telecoms
16 12 (0.71%) Back Office
16 12 (0.71%) Investment Banking
17 11 (0.65%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 1,352 (79.86%) Developer
2 553 (32.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 285 (16.83%) Senior Developer
4 217 (12.82%) Full Stack Developer
5 184 (10.87%) React Developer
6 161 (9.51%) Web Developer
7 145 (8.56%) JavaScript Developer
8 131 (7.74%) Senior Front-End Developer
9 124 (7.32%) Software Engineer
10 116 (6.85%) .NET Developer
11 111 (6.56%) Junior
12 108 (6.38%) Junior Developer
13 107 (6.32%) PHP Developer
14 87 (5.14%) C# Developer
15 82 (4.84%) Angular Developer
16 67 (3.96%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 64 (3.78%) Java Developer
18 63 (3.72%) Junior Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 63 (3.72%) Software Developer
19 58 (3.43%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,693 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,664 (98.29%) HTML
3 1,589 (93.86%) HTML5
4 989 (58.42%) React
5 603 (35.62%) AngularJS
6 574 (33.90%) Node.js
7 454 (26.82%) Sass
8 320 (18.90%) Vue.js
9 294 (17.37%) jQuery
10 284 (16.77%) .NET
11 266 (15.71%) Redux
12 254 (15.00%) REST
13 248 (14.65%) RESTful
14 226 (13.35%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 203 (11.99%) Web Services
16 185 (10.93%) Jest
16 185 (10.93%) JSON
17 152 (8.98%) GraphQL
18 145 (8.56%) LESS
19 144 (8.51%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 616 (36.39%) User Experience
2 88 (5.20%) Greenfield Project
3 62 (3.66%) Enterprise Software
4 61 (3.60%) Mobile App
5 55 (3.25%) Data Structures
6 53 (3.13%) Virtual Team
7 52 (3.07%) Algorithms
8 45 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
9 43 (2.54%) W3C
10 37 (2.19%) Social Media
11 35 (2.07%) Linux Command Line
12 30 (1.77%) Blog
13 29 (1.71%) Management Information System
14 26 (1.54%) Video\Live Streaming
15 24 (1.42%) Cloud Native
15 24 (1.42%) Cyberattack
16 23 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 23 (1.36%) Legacy Code
17 18 (1.06%) NHS
17 18 (1.06%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 139 (8.21%) Linux
2 59 (3.48%) Windows
3 52 (3.07%) Android
3 52 (3.07%) Apple iOS
4 33 (1.95%) CentOS
5 24 (1.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (0.83%) Ubuntu
7 12 (0.71%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.41%) Unix
8 7 (0.41%) VMS
9 4 (0.24%) Tizen
9 4 (0.24%) webOS
10 1 (0.059%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 897 (52.98%) Agile Software Development
2 653 (38.57%) Front End Development
3 451 (26.64%) Web Development
4 421 (24.87%) Software Engineering
5 403 (23.80%) Full Stack Development
6 368 (21.74%) TDD
7 307 (18.13%) Continuous Integration
8 292 (17.25%) DevOps
9 244 (14.41%) Problem-Solving
10 235 (13.88%) MVC
11 232 (13.70%) Test Automation
12 199 (11.75%) Scrum
13 182 (10.75%) Responsive Web Design
14 174 (10.28%) Microservices
15 166 (9.81%) Unit Testing
16 159 (9.39%) OO
17 152 (8.98%) E-Commerce
18 150 (8.86%) BDD
19 146 (8.62%) Open Source
20 138 (8.15%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,542 (91.08%) JavaScript
2 484 (28.59%) TypeScript
3 328 (19.37%) C#
4 280 (16.54%) Java
5 264 (15.59%) ES6
6 261 (15.42%) PHP
7 215 (12.70%) SQL
8 149 (8.80%) Python
9 60 (3.54%) ES7
10 59 (3.48%) Go
11 53 (3.13%) C
12 44 (2.60%) Kotlin
13 41 (2.42%) C++
14 33 (1.95%) T-SQL
15 31 (1.83%) Objective-C
16 22 (1.30%) Java 8
17 21 (1.24%) Scala
18 20 (1.18%) Ruby
19 17 (1.00%) Java 11
20 15 (0.89%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 176 (10.40%) Degree
2 93 (5.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 41 (2.42%) Security Cleared
4 37 (2.19%) SC Cleared
5 28 (1.65%) DV Cleared
6 16 (0.95%) SANS
7 13 (0.77%) PhD
8 10 (0.59%) DBS Check
9 9 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
10 6 (0.35%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.35%) SAFe Agilist
11 4 (0.24%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
12 2 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 1 (0.059%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 243 (14.35%) Accessibility
2 123 (7.27%) QA
3 44 (2.60%) WCAG
4 12 (0.71%) GDPR
5 5 (0.30%) ISO 13485
6 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 299 (17.66%) Docker
2 10 (0.59%) KVM
2 10 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.12%) Ceph
5 1 (0.059%) Varnish
5 1 (0.059%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.059%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 147 (8.68%) Kubernetes
2 48 (2.84%) Ansible
3 39 (2.30%) Terraform
4 26 (1.54%) Hadoop YARN
5 10 (0.59%) Consul
5 10 (0.59%) Packer
5 10 (0.59%) Rancher
6 7 (0.41%) Bugsnag
6 7 (0.41%) HAProxy
7 4 (0.24%) Puppet
8 3 (0.18%) Grafana
8 3 (0.18%) Graphite
9 2 (0.12%) Galera Cluster
9 2 (0.12%) MIIS
10 1 (0.059%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
10 1 (0.059%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.059%) vRealize
Vendors
1 176 (10.40%) Microsoft
2 96 (5.67%) Adobe
3 90 (5.32%) Google
4 44 (2.60%) Oracle
5 29 (1.71%) Apple
5 29 (1.71%) VMware
6 28 (1.65%) Atlassian
7 24 (1.42%) WooCommerce
8 23 (1.36%) Sitecore
9 14 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
10 13 (0.77%) Samsung
10 13 (0.77%) Telerik
11 12 (0.71%) Zend
12 10 (0.59%) Xamarin
13 9 (0.53%) Netlify
14 8 (0.47%) Alibaba
14 8 (0.47%) Brandwatch
14 8 (0.47%) Elastic Path
15 7 (0.41%) New Relic
15 7 (0.41%) SAP