Period
to 26 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Front End Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Front End Development over the 6 months to 26 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Front End Development (Client-Side Development)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 65 82 92
Rank change year-on-year +17 +10 -1
Permanent jobs citing Front End Development 4,967 1,762 4,193
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.47% 3.89% 3.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.74% 4.18% 3.60%
Number of salaries quoted 2,860 1,554 3,668
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £77,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Front End Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 104,787 42,187 116,466
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.28% 93.17% 92.62%
Number of salaries quoted 70,426 35,514 93,983
10th Percentile £32,998 £33,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £59,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.18% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Front End Development
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Front End Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Front End Development in England

Front End Development
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Front End Development in England.

Salary trend for Front End Development in England

Front End Development
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Front End Development in England over the 6 months to 26 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Front End Development in England

Front End Development
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Front End Development within the England region over the 6 months to 26 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +30 2,763 £65,000 -3.70% 419
South East -3 861 £50,000 - 83
North of England -34 478 £50,000 +11.11% 135
Midlands -18 350 £47,500 +5.56% 77
South West -6 311 £50,000 +11.11% 49
North West -38 251 £53,000 +6.00% 67
West Midlands -22 217 £50,000 - 42
Yorkshire -38 198 £54,000 +30.12% 51
East of England -31 136 £50,000 +11.11% 44
East Midlands -23 115 £46,500 +24.00% 33
North East -30 30 £29,500 -9.92% 17
Front End Development
UK

For the 6 months to 26 October 2021, IT jobs citing Front End Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Front End Development.

1 3,571 (71.89%) JavaScript
2 3,044 (61.28%) React
3 2,614 (52.63%) HTML
3 2,614 (52.63%) CSS
4 2,261 (45.52%) Agile Software Development
5 1,680 (33.82%) TypeScript
6 1,574 (31.69%) User Experience
7 1,573 (31.67%) AngularJS
8 1,230 (24.76%) Git (software)
9 1,179 (23.74%) Node.js
10 976 (19.65%) HTML5
11 938 (18.88%) Vue.js
12 933 (18.78%) Software Engineering
13 896 (18.04%) AWS
14 893 (17.98%) Social Skills
15 879 (17.70%) Finance
16 813 (16.37%) TDD
17 808 (16.27%) Sass
18 795 (16.01%) Full Stack Development
19 794 (15.99%) Redux
20 737 (14.84%) Web Development
21 734 (14.78%) Python
22 725 (14.60%) Docker
23 677 (13.63%) RESTful
24 658 (13.25%) REST
25 651 (13.11%) Azure
26 650 (13.09%) DevOps
27 648 (13.05%) CSS3
28 634 (12.76%) Java
29 628 (12.64%) Problem-Solving

Front End Development
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 283 (5.70%) CMS
2 196 (3.95%) WordPress
3 104 (2.09%) Confluence
4 102 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
5 49 (0.99%) Headless CMS
6 36 (0.72%) Apache
7 33 (0.66%) Umbraco
8 26 (0.52%) nginx
9 24 (0.48%) IBM Domino
10 22 (0.44%) Drupal
10 22 (0.44%) SharePoint
11 20 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
11 20 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
12 17 (0.34%) Apache Spark
12 17 (0.34%) EPiServer
13 15 (0.30%) Kentico
14 13 (0.26%) OpenStack
15 12 (0.24%) Apache Solr
15 12 (0.24%) Traefik
16 7 (0.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 138 (2.78%) Figma
2 116 (2.34%) Sketch
3 84 (1.69%) Photoshop
4 75 (1.51%) Adobe XD
5 61 (1.23%) InVision
6 38 (0.77%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 36 (0.72%) Adobe Illustrator
8 25 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
9 21 (0.42%) Zeplin
10 16 (0.32%) MS Visio
10 16 (0.32%) OmniGraffle
11 14 (0.28%) Campfire
12 10 (0.20%) Adobe Premiere
12 10 (0.20%) Chatbot
12 10 (0.20%) Final Cut Pro
13 9 (0.18%) GIMP
13 9 (0.18%) InDesign
14 4 (0.081%) UXPin
15 3 (0.060%) Microsoft Excel
16 1 (0.020%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 73 (1.47%) Magento
2 61 (1.23%) Shopify
3 21 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
4 12 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 9 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.16%) Primavera
7 7 (0.14%) WebTrends
8 5 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
8 5 (0.10%) OpenCart
9 3 (0.060%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.040%) Sentinel
11 1 (0.020%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 896 (18.04%) AWS
2 651 (13.11%) Azure
3 498 (10.03%) SaaS
4 342 (6.89%) npm
5 289 (5.82%) GitHub
6 268 (5.40%) GCP
7 242 (4.87%) Serverless
8 166 (3.34%) AWS Lambda
9 123 (2.48%) Amazon S3
10 95 (1.91%) AWS CloudFormation
11 78 (1.57%) Yarn
12 59 (1.19%) Amazon EKS
13 58 (1.17%) GitHub Actions
14 57 (1.15%) Firebase
15 54 (1.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 51 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
17 50 (1.01%) Slack
18 48 (0.97%) Amazon ECS
19 43 (0.87%) Amazon Cognito
19 43 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 181 (3.64%) HTTP
2 45 (0.91%) DNS
3 42 (0.85%) Internet
4 27 (0.54%) Broadband
5 16 (0.32%) WebEx
6 9 (0.18%) RIP
7 6 (0.12%) Firewall
7 6 (0.12%) Intranet
8 4 (0.081%) DAB
8 4 (0.081%) FTP
9 3 (0.060%) Skype
9 3 (0.060%) SSH
10 2 (0.040%) AMQP
10 2 (0.040%) SSL
10 2 (0.040%) Wireless
11 1 (0.020%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.020%) IPv6
11 1 (0.020%) MQTT
11 1 (0.020%) SNMP
11 1 (0.020%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 329 (6.62%) MySQL
2 288 (5.80%) PostgreSQL
3 181 (3.64%) NoSQL
4 178 (3.58%) Relational Database
5 170 (3.42%) SQL Server
6 160 (3.22%) MongoDB
7 105 (2.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 82 (1.65%) Big Data
8 82 (1.65%) Redis
9 76 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
10 47 (0.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 41 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
12 40 (0.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 38 (0.77%) Amazon Aurora
14 36 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
15 35 (0.70%) Power BI
16 33 (0.66%) Blockchain
17 28 (0.56%) Apache Cassandra
18 27 (0.54%) Amazon Athena
18 27 (0.54%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1,230 (24.76%) Git (software)
2 595 (11.98%) webpack
3 317 (6.38%) Jenkins
4 300 (6.04%) JIRA
5 249 (5.01%) gulp
6 210 (4.23%) Cypress.io
7 133 (2.68%) GitLab
7 133 (2.68%) Mocha
8 124 (2.50%) Babel
9 105 (2.11%) Bitbucket
10 102 (2.05%) Jasmine
11 100 (2.01%) TeamCity
12 98 (1.97%) Selenium
13 95 (1.91%) Grunt
14 90 (1.81%) Storybook
15 74 (1.49%) Octopus Deploy
16 73 (1.47%) JUnit
17 68 (1.37%) Cucumber
18 61 (1.23%) Codeship
19 60 (1.21%) git-flow
General
1 893 (17.98%) Social Skills
2 879 (17.70%) Finance
3 389 (7.83%) Marketing
4 226 (4.55%) Retail
5 172 (3.46%) Games
6 168 (3.38%) Banking
7 167 (3.36%) Analytical Skills
8 93 (1.87%) Manufacturing
9 89 (1.79%) Public Sector
10 76 (1.53%) Front Office
11 71 (1.43%) Financial Institution
12 70 (1.41%) Telecoms
13 57 (1.15%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 48 (0.97%) Advertising
15 45 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
16 44 (0.89%) Organisational Skills
17 38 (0.77%) Automotive
18 37 (0.74%) Wearables
19 36 (0.72%) Publishing
20 34 (0.68%) Legal
Job Titles
1 3,993 (80.39%) Developer
2 2,658 (53.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 775 (15.60%) React Developer
4 767 (15.44%) Senior Developer
5 556 (11.19%) Senior Front-End Developer
6 366 (7.37%) Angular Developer
7 305 (6.14%) Software Engineer
8 284 (5.72%) JavaScript Developer
9 204 (4.11%) Full Stack Developer
10 195 (3.93%) Web Developer
11 188 (3.78%) Lead Developer
12 153 (3.08%) Senior React Developer
13 132 (2.66%) Java Developer
14 113 (2.28%) PHP Developer
15 111 (2.23%) Software Developer
16 108 (2.17%) Senior Software Engineer
17 104 (2.09%) UI Developer
18 88 (1.77%) Designer
18 88 (1.77%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 87 (1.75%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,044 (61.28%) React
2 2,614 (52.63%) CSS
2 2,614 (52.63%) HTML
3 1,573 (31.67%) AngularJS
4 1,179 (23.74%) Node.js
5 976 (19.65%) HTML5
6 938 (18.88%) Vue.js
7 808 (16.27%) Sass
8 794 (15.99%) Redux
9 677 (13.63%) RESTful
10 658 (13.25%) REST
11 648 (13.05%) CSS3
12 519 (10.45%) Jest
13 433 (8.72%) GraphQL
14 417 (8.40%) Web Services
15 414 (8.34%) .NET
16 381 (7.67%) jQuery
17 358 (7.21%) React Native
18 267 (5.38%) LESS
19 244 (4.91%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 1,574 (31.69%) User Experience
2 361 (7.27%) Greenfield Project
3 272 (5.48%) Mobile App
4 123 (2.48%) Self-Motivation
5 106 (2.13%) Cloud Native
6 103 (2.07%) Data Structures
7 98 (1.97%) Algorithms
8 94 (1.89%) Hedge funds
9 87 (1.75%) Virtual Team
10 76 (1.53%) e-Learning
11 71 (1.43%) Fixed Income
12 64 (1.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 57 (1.15%) Equities
14 55 (1.11%) NHS
15 54 (1.09%) Derivative
15 54 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
16 53 (1.07%) W3C
17 50 (1.01%) Tandem
18 49 (0.99%) Animation
19 39 (0.79%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 203 (4.09%) Linux
2 153 (3.08%) Apple iOS
3 140 (2.82%) Android
4 109 (2.19%) Windows
5 27 (0.54%) Unix
6 25 (0.50%) Mesosphere
7 7 (0.14%) SUSE
8 5 (0.10%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.081%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.060%) CentOS
10 3 (0.060%) tvOS
11 2 (0.040%) Debian
12 1 (0.020%) VMS
12 1 (0.020%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,261 (45.52%) Agile Software Development
2 933 (18.78%) Software Engineering
3 813 (16.37%) TDD
4 795 (16.01%) Full Stack Development
5 737 (14.84%) Web Development
6 650 (13.09%) DevOps
7 628 (12.64%) Problem-Solving
8 589 (11.86%) Scrum
9 548 (11.03%) Microservices
10 530 (10.67%) E-Commerce
11 529 (10.65%) Test Automation
12 489 (9.84%) Unit Testing
13 449 (9.04%) Fintech
14 443 (8.92%) Mentoring
15 416 (8.38%) Computer Science
16 413 (8.31%) Analytics
17 400 (8.05%) Continuous Integration
18 292 (5.88%) Artificial Intelligence
19 285 (5.74%) OO
20 271 (5.46%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 3,571 (71.89%) JavaScript
2 1,680 (33.82%) TypeScript
3 734 (14.78%) Python
4 634 (12.76%) Java
5 561 (11.29%) ES6
6 473 (9.52%) C#
7 468 (9.42%) PHP
8 339 (6.83%) SQL
9 203 (4.09%) Go
10 102 (2.05%) Ruby
11 99 (1.99%) ES7
12 91 (1.83%) Kotlin
13 72 (1.45%) Scala
14 57 (1.15%) C++
15 48 (0.97%) C
16 45 (0.91%) Java 8
17 44 (0.89%) PHP 7
18 41 (0.83%) Groovy
19 40 (0.81%) Elm
20 37 (0.74%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 412 (8.29%) Degree
2 188 (3.78%) Computer Science Degree
3 96 (1.93%) Security Cleared
4 84 (1.69%) SC Cleared
5 49 (0.99%) Master's Degree
6 36 (0.72%) PhD
7 15 (0.30%) SANS
8 9 (0.18%) AWS Certification
9 7 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
10 5 (0.10%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.060%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.060%) DV Cleared
12 1 (0.020%) Chartered Engineer
12 1 (0.020%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 1 (0.020%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 360 (7.25%) Accessibility
2 281 (5.66%) QA
3 64 (1.29%) WCAG
4 24 (0.48%) GDPR
5 20 (0.40%) PMO
6 12 (0.24%) WAI
7 10 (0.20%) ISO 13485
7 10 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.10%) SLA
9 4 (0.081%) Actionable Recommendations
9 4 (0.081%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.020%) Data Quality
System Software
1 725 (14.60%) Docker
2 21 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 15 (0.30%) Firmware
4 11 (0.22%) etcd
5 2 (0.040%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.020%) Varnish
6 1 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 510 (10.27%) Kubernetes
2 161 (3.24%) Terraform
3 64 (1.29%) Prometheus
4 56 (1.13%) Ansible
4 56 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
5 44 (0.89%) Puppet
6 38 (0.77%) Istio
7 36 (0.72%) Consul
8 28 (0.56%) Grafana
9 27 (0.54%) Kibana
10 25 (0.50%) Automic
11 20 (0.40%) Rancher
12 16 (0.32%) logstash
13 10 (0.20%) Mesos
14 8 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
15 5 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
15 5 (0.10%) Pingdom
16 3 (0.060%) OpenNebula
17 2 (0.040%) Bugsnag
18 1 (0.020%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 299 (6.02%) Google
2 265 (5.34%) Adobe
3 250 (5.03%) Microsoft
4 92 (1.85%) Oracle
5 61 (1.23%) SAP
6 56 (1.13%) Apple
7 55 (1.11%) WooCommerce
8 50 (1.01%) Facebook
9 48 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
10 34 (0.68%) BT
11 33 (0.66%) Sitecore
11 33 (0.66%) Spotify
12 29 (0.58%) Atlassian
13 28 (0.56%) Samsung
14 25 (0.50%) Splunk
15 24 (0.48%) Twitter
16 20 (0.40%) Cadence
16 20 (0.40%) Solace
17 18 (0.36%) Optimizely
17 18 (0.36%) Sony