Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 57 63 54
Rank change year-on-year +6 -9 -3
Permanent jobs citing QA 5,124 2,762 6,639
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 5.11% 4.46% 4.98%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 36.32% 34.37% 35.14%
Number of salaries quoted 3,420 2,222 5,059
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £70,938 £67,500
90th Percentile £91,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,662 £51,000
% change year-on-year +4.44% +3.26% +2.00%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 14,106 8,037 18,891
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 14.06% 12.97% 14.18%
Number of salaries quoted 9,137 6,275 14,127
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.80% +7.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £54,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Salary trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in England

QA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 2,711 £65,000 - 333
South East -7 881 £50,000 -2.91% 134
North of England -21 550 £47,500 - 190
Midlands +26 469 £44,500 +4.71% 137
North West -12 298 £45,000 -10.00% 112
West Midlands +16 276 £42,500 +1.19% 79
South West -27 252 £45,000 +20.00% 74
Yorkshire -22 216 £47,500 +5.56% 54
East Midlands +28 192 £47,500 +10.47% 58
East of England 0 154 £47,500 +5.56% 70
North East -20 38 £45,500 +1.11% 24
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 2,637 (51.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,094 (40.87%) Test Automation
3 1,367 (26.68%) Social Skills
4 1,226 (23.93%) JavaScript
5 1,207 (23.56%) Java
6 1,164 (22.72%) Finance
7 1,143 (22.31%) C#
8 1,121 (21.88%) SQL
9 1,108 (21.62%) AWS
10 1,077 (21.02%) Selenium
11 997 (19.46%) DevOps
12 995 (19.42%) Azure
13 877 (17.12%) Scrum
14 822 (16.04%) Software Engineering
15 812 (15.85%) .NET
16 810 (15.81%) Python
17 750 (14.64%) Software Testing
18 717 (13.99%) Microservices
19 699 (13.64%) BDD
20 693 (13.52%) TDD
21 690 (13.47%) Docker
22 681 (13.29%) Problem-Solving
23 663 (12.94%) Degree
24 644 (12.57%) JIRA
25 606 (11.83%) Git (software)
26 572 (11.16%) Continuous Integration
26 572 (11.16%) Microsoft
27 566 (11.05%) SDLC
28 555 (10.83%) React
29 529 (10.32%) REST

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (3.61%) Confluence
2 78 (1.52%) CMS
3 69 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
4 67 (1.31%) Apache Spark
5 42 (0.82%) SharePoint
6 36 (0.70%) IIS
7 35 (0.68%) Drupal
8 31 (0.60%) Apache
8 31 (0.60%) WordPress
9 25 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
10 18 (0.35%) SAS
11 14 (0.27%) Traefik
12 12 (0.23%) Apache Solr
13 11 (0.21%) Mule
14 10 (0.20%) Mule ESB
14 10 (0.20%) nginx
15 6 (0.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.12%) Red Hat Fuse
15 6 (0.12%) Sitecore CMS
15 6 (0.12%) WebSphere
Applications
1 137 (2.67%) Microsoft Office
2 121 (2.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 37 (0.72%) MS Visio
5 31 (0.60%) Spreadsheet
6 26 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
7 22 (0.43%) InVision
7 22 (0.43%) Sketch
8 20 (0.39%) Campfire
9 12 (0.23%) Figma
10 11 (0.21%) AutoCAD
11 9 (0.18%) Revit
12 8 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 8 (0.16%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.078%) Mingle
14 3 (0.059%) Photoshop
15 2 (0.039%) Zeplin
16 1 (0.020%) Adobe Illustrator
16 1 (0.020%) Adobe XD
16 1 (0.020%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 27 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.45%) Magento
3 16 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
3 16 (0.31%) Shopify
4 15 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
5 14 (0.27%) R3 Corda
6 12 (0.23%) Maximo
6 12 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
7 11 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
7 11 (0.21%) NetSuite
7 11 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
8 9 (0.18%) Social Studio
9 8 (0.16%) Infor M3
9 8 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
9 8 (0.16%) WebTrends
10 7 (0.14%) SAP Business One
11 5 (0.098%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
11 5 (0.098%) SAP Business ByDesign
11 5 (0.098%) Summit
12 4 (0.078%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 1,108 (21.62%) AWS
2 995 (19.42%) Azure
3 363 (7.08%) SaaS
4 310 (6.05%) Serverless
5 307 (5.99%) GCP
6 165 (3.22%) GitHub
7 158 (3.08%) AWS Lambda
8 135 (2.63%) Power Platform
9 114 (2.22%) Amazon ECS
10 100 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
11 63 (1.23%) Amazon SQS
12 60 (1.17%) BrowserStack
12 60 (1.17%) PaaS
13 57 (1.11%) Microsoft 365
14 49 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
15 48 (0.94%) Dynamics 365
16 41 (0.80%) IaaS
16 41 (0.80%) npm
17 40 (0.78%) Amazon S3
18 39 (0.76%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 203 (3.96%) HTTP
2 72 (1.41%) Internet
3 51 (1.00%) TCP/IP
4 45 (0.88%) Broadband
5 43 (0.84%) Firewall
6 34 (0.66%) DNS
7 31 (0.60%) SSH
8 29 (0.57%) 4G
8 29 (0.57%) SSL
9 27 (0.53%) 2G
9 27 (0.53%) 3G
10 22 (0.43%) Network Security
11 18 (0.35%) RNC
12 17 (0.33%) VPN
13 16 (0.31%) 5G
14 15 (0.29%) Bluetooth
15 14 (0.27%) DHCP
16 13 (0.25%) Skype
16 13 (0.25%) Wireshark
17 10 (0.20%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 503 (9.82%) SQL Server
2 330 (6.44%) NoSQL
3 284 (5.54%) Relational Database
4 280 (5.46%) PostgreSQL
5 185 (3.61%) MongoDB
6 123 (2.40%) MySQL
7 121 (2.36%) Big Data
8 116 (2.26%) Power BI
9 115 (2.24%) Data Warehouse
10 97 (1.89%) Redis
10 97 (1.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 90 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 88 (1.72%) Amazon Aurora
13 83 (1.62%) Amazon Athena
14 68 (1.33%) RDBMS
15 65 (1.27%) Blockchain
16 57 (1.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 50 (0.98%) DB2
18 47 (0.92%) Oracle Database
19 46 (0.90%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,077 (21.02%) Selenium
2 644 (12.57%) JIRA
3 606 (11.83%) Git (software)
4 523 (10.21%) Jenkins
5 433 (8.45%) Cucumber
6 409 (7.98%) Postman
7 338 (6.60%) Cypress.io
8 273 (5.33%) SpecFlow
9 240 (4.68%) WebDriver
10 191 (3.73%) JMeter
11 181 (3.53%) TeamCity
12 140 (2.73%) Appium
13 116 (2.26%) Visual Studio
14 112 (2.19%) Octopus Deploy
15 105 (2.05%) JUnit
16 102 (1.99%) SoapUI
17 101 (1.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 100 (1.95%) REST Assured
19 97 (1.89%) Eclipse
20 93 (1.81%) Gradle
General
1 1,367 (26.68%) Social Skills
2 1,164 (22.72%) Finance
3 473 (9.23%) Analytical Skills
4 283 (5.52%) Marketing
5 279 (5.44%) Retail
6 269 (5.25%) Banking
7 167 (3.26%) Law
8 154 (3.01%) Games
9 133 (2.60%) Telecoms
10 119 (2.32%) Manufacturing
11 114 (2.22%) Organisational Skills
12 105 (2.05%) Legal
13 96 (1.87%) Presentation Skills
14 93 (1.81%) Influencing Skills
15 92 (1.80%) Public Sector
16 90 (1.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 79 (1.54%) Pharmaceutical
18 67 (1.31%) Publishing
19 61 (1.19%) Advertising
20 55 (1.07%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 947 (18.48%) Developer
2 623 (12.16%) QA Engineer
3 555 (10.83%) Analyst
4 416 (8.12%) Software Engineer
5 316 (6.17%) Tester
6 312 (6.09%) Test Engineer
7 219 (4.27%) Automation Engineer
7 219 (4.27%) QA Automation Engineer
8 202 (3.94%) Senior Developer
9 195 (3.81%) QA Leader
10 193 (3.77%) Java Developer
11 178 (3.47%) Test Analyst
12 162 (3.16%) Test Automation Engineer
13 160 (3.12%) Business Analyst
14 150 (2.93%) QA Analyst
15 136 (2.65%) Architect
15 136 (2.65%) Automation Tester
16 132 (2.58%) Full Stack Developer
17 129 (2.52%) Senior Software Engineer
18 125 (2.44%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 812 (15.85%) .NET
2 555 (10.83%) React
3 529 (10.32%) REST
4 513 (10.01%) HTML
5 429 (8.37%) CSS
6 425 (8.29%) RESTful
7 412 (8.04%) AngularJS
8 395 (7.71%) Node.js
9 375 (7.32%) Web Services
10 246 (4.80%) .NET Core
11 218 (4.25%) Spring
12 191 (3.73%) Kafka
13 190 (3.71%) Gherkin
14 178 (3.47%) HTML5
15 177 (3.45%) XML
16 171 (3.34%) JSON
17 169 (3.30%) ASP.NET
18 164 (3.20%) Vue.js
19 150 (2.93%) GraphQL
20 147 (2.87%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 430 (8.39%) User Experience
2 351 (6.85%) Mobile App
3 189 (3.69%) Self-Motivation
4 151 (2.95%) Management Information System
5 135 (2.63%) Derivative
6 119 (2.32%) Hedge funds
7 110 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
7 110 (2.15%) Greenfield Project
8 85 (1.66%) Virtual Team
9 60 (1.17%) Pricing Data
10 58 (1.13%) Fixed Income
11 56 (1.09%) Client/Server
12 52 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 51 (1.00%) Life Science
14 50 (0.98%) Algorithms
15 45 (0.88%) Data Structures
16 43 (0.84%) iPhone
17 41 (0.80%) Video\Live Streaming
18 39 (0.76%) Analytical Mindset
18 39 (0.76%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 374 (7.30%) Linux
2 284 (5.54%) Windows
3 232 (4.53%) Android
4 186 (3.63%) Apple iOS
5 150 (2.93%) Unix
6 33 (0.64%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.53%) Windows 10
8 22 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (0.31%) CentOS
10 13 (0.25%) Ubuntu
11 8 (0.16%) Kali Linux
12 7 (0.14%) AIX
12 7 (0.14%) Solaris
12 7 (0.14%) zOS
13 6 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.098%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.078%) Windows Server 2016
16 3 (0.059%) Fedora
17 2 (0.039%) VMS
17 2 (0.039%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,637 (51.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,094 (40.87%) Test Automation
3 997 (19.46%) DevOps
4 877 (17.12%) Scrum
5 822 (16.04%) Software Engineering
6 750 (14.64%) Software Testing
7 717 (13.99%) Microservices
8 699 (13.64%) BDD
9 693 (13.52%) TDD
10 681 (13.29%) Problem-Solving
11 572 (11.16%) Continuous Integration
12 566 (11.05%) SDLC
13 499 (9.74%) Mentoring
14 478 (9.33%) Continuous Improvement
15 464 (9.06%) Fintech
16 433 (8.45%) Test Strategy
17 406 (7.92%) Computer Science
18 400 (7.81%) API Testing
19 371 (7.24%) Analytics
20 359 (7.01%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,226 (23.93%) JavaScript
2 1,207 (23.56%) Java
3 1,143 (22.31%) C#
4 1,121 (21.88%) SQL
5 810 (15.81%) Python
6 453 (8.84%) TypeScript
7 208 (4.06%) C
8 193 (3.77%) PHP
9 159 (3.10%) C++
10 101 (1.97%) Ruby
10 101 (1.97%) T-SQL
11 100 (1.95%) Kotlin
12 99 (1.93%) Bash Shell
13 97 (1.89%) Java 8
14 94 (1.83%) Scala
15 93 (1.81%) ES6
16 92 (1.80%) PowerShell
17 56 (1.09%) Shell Script
18 55 (1.07%) Go
19 49 (0.96%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 663 (12.94%) Degree
2 233 (4.55%) ISTQB
3 226 (4.41%) Computer Science Degree
4 133 (2.60%) Security Cleared
5 103 (2.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 91 (1.78%) ISEB
6 91 (1.78%) Master's Degree
7 86 (1.68%) SC Cleared
8 34 (0.66%) ITIL Certification
9 30 (0.59%) SANS
10 26 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
11 18 (0.35%) HND
11 18 (0.35%) MBCS
12 17 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
13 14 (0.27%) MBA
14 13 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
14 13 (0.25%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 12 (0.23%) PhD
16 11 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
16 11 (0.21%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (2.54%) GDPR
2 103 (2.01%) Accessibility
3 58 (1.13%) WCAG
4 46 (0.90%) Data Quality
5 44 (0.86%) SLA
6 38 (0.74%) PMO
7 36 (0.70%) GMP
8 34 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 33 (0.64%) MiFID
10 30 (0.59%) EMIR
11 21 (0.41%) GRC
12 20 (0.39%) PCI DSS
13 16 (0.31%) ISO 9001
14 10 (0.20%) Good Clinical Practice
14 10 (0.20%) GxP
15 9 (0.18%) CDISC
16 8 (0.16%) NIST
17 5 (0.098%) P3O
17 5 (0.098%) SEPA
17 5 (0.098%) SOC 2
System Software
1 690 (13.47%) Docker
2 34 (0.66%) Active Directory
3 29 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.25%) Hyper-V
6 9 (0.18%) Firmware
7 8 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.12%) KVM
8 6 (0.12%) LXC
9 3 (0.059%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.059%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.039%) BitLocker
10 2 (0.039%) HDFS
10 2 (0.039%) Snort
11 1 (0.020%) IAG
11 1 (0.020%) NFS
11 1 (0.020%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 470 (9.17%) Kubernetes
2 237 (4.63%) Terraform
3 84 (1.64%) Ansible
4 41 (0.80%) Puppet
5 37 (0.72%) Grafana
6 36 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
7 23 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
8 16 (0.31%) Prometheus
9 14 (0.27%) HP Fortify
10 13 (0.25%) Kibana
11 12 (0.23%) ZABBIX
12 9 (0.18%) Consul
12 9 (0.18%) Istio
13 8 (0.16%) FlexNet
13 8 (0.16%) HP ALM
13 8 (0.16%) Nessus
13 8 (0.16%) Nmap
13 8 (0.16%) Packer
14 6 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 6 (0.12%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 572 (11.16%) Microsoft
2 246 (4.80%) Google
3 216 (4.22%) Oracle
4 149 (2.91%) Salesforce.com
5 110 (2.15%) SAP
6 93 (1.81%) Samsung
7 85 (1.66%) Atlassian
8 63 (1.23%) Adobe
9 62 (1.21%) Red Hat
10 49 (0.96%) Sybase
11 48 (0.94%) VMware
12 47 (0.92%) HP
13 41 (0.80%) Spotify
14 37 (0.72%) Xamarin
15 35 (0.68%) Conga
16 29 (0.57%) IBM
16 29 (0.57%) Remedy
17 27 (0.53%) ServiceNow
18 25 (0.49%) Splunk
19 24 (0.47%) AppDynamics