Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 58 55 46
Rank change year-on-year -3 -9 +10
Permanent jobs citing QA 3,121 5,235 7,360
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.61% 4.68% 5.27%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 39.27% 37.05% 37.60%
Number of salaries quoted 2,834 4,301 5,881
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 7,947 14,128 19,574
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.75% 12.62% 14.02%
Number of salaries quoted 5,899 11,115 14,613
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £27,875
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Salary trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in England

QA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 1,389 £62,500 -3.85% 212
South East +4 707 £50,000 -4.76% 107
North of England -17 392 £45,000 +5.88% 110
Midlands -5 288 £47,500 +11.11% 73
North West +4 231 £50,000 +11.11% 52
South West -18 203 £40,350 +0.88% 48
West Midlands -27 152 £45,000 - 35
East Midlands +28 134 £47,500 +18.01% 37
Yorkshire -32 122 £40,000 - 40
East of England -3 94 £45,000 -14.29% 46
North East -23 39 £37,250 -17.22% 18
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,501 (48.09%) Agile Software Development
2 1,392 (44.60%) Test Automation
3 749 (24.00%) Selenium
4 690 (22.11%) C#
5 687 (22.01%) JavaScript
6 669 (21.44%) Java
7 638 (20.44%) SQL
8 631 (20.22%) DevOps
9 594 (19.03%) Finance
10 560 (17.94%) Azure
11 508 (16.28%) .NET
12 500 (16.02%) Scrum
13 476 (15.25%) AWS
14 441 (14.13%) BDD
15 425 (13.62%) Python
16 393 (12.59%) JIRA
17 390 (12.50%) Microservices
18 387 (12.40%) TDD
19 384 (12.30%) Problem-Solving
20 376 (12.05%) Degree
21 359 (11.50%) Git (software)
22 334 (10.70%) SDLC
23 329 (10.54%) Software Engineering
24 327 (10.48%) HTML
25 321 (10.29%) CSS
26 315 (10.09%) Microsoft
27 306 (9.80%) SQL Server
28 302 (9.68%) Analytical Skills
29 300 (9.61%) Linux
30 290 (9.29%) Docker

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (4.23%) Confluence
2 53 (1.70%) Apache Spark
3 49 (1.57%) CMS
4 47 (1.51%) Apache
5 32 (1.03%) Elasticsearch
6 30 (0.96%) IIS
7 28 (0.90%) SharePoint
8 18 (0.58%) SAS
9 16 (0.51%) Umbraco
10 14 (0.45%) Red Hat Fuse
11 11 (0.35%) Headless CMS
12 10 (0.32%) Apache Solr
12 10 (0.32%) nginx
12 10 (0.32%) WordPress
13 8 (0.26%) WebLogic
14 7 (0.22%) Tomcat
14 7 (0.22%) WebSphere
15 5 (0.16%) ArcGIS
16 4 (0.13%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 4 (0.13%) Drupal
Applications
1 68 (2.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 59 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (0.70%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 18 (0.58%) Figma
5 18 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
6 17 (0.54%) InVision
6 17 (0.54%) Sketch
7 5 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.064%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.064%) AutoCAD
9 2 (0.064%) Revit
10 1 (0.032%) Adobe Captivate
10 1 (0.032%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 17 (0.54%) Dynamics NAV
2 14 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.38%) Shopify
4 11 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 9 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
6 7 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
7 6 (0.19%) Markit EDM
8 5 (0.16%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.16%) Social Studio
9 4 (0.13%) Magento
9 4 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.13%) Temenos T24
10 3 (0.096%) PolarLake
10 3 (0.096%) WebTrends
11 2 (0.064%) Endur
11 2 (0.064%) Primavera
11 2 (0.064%) SAP FI-CA
11 2 (0.064%) SAP PSCD
11 2 (0.064%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 560 (17.94%) Azure
2 476 (15.25%) AWS
3 175 (5.61%) SaaS
4 98 (3.14%) GCP
5 95 (3.04%) Serverless
6 58 (1.86%) BrowserStack
6 58 (1.86%) Power Platform
7 53 (1.70%) AWS Lambda
8 42 (1.35%) GitHub
9 41 (1.31%) Microsoft 365
10 39 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
11 37 (1.19%) Azure Data Factory
12 35 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
13 34 (1.09%) PaaS
14 32 (1.03%) IaaS
15 30 (0.96%) Amazon S3
16 27 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
17 25 (0.80%) Google Analytics
18 22 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
19 20 (0.64%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 74 (2.37%) Skype
2 47 (1.51%) TCP/IP
3 46 (1.47%) Firewall
4 42 (1.35%) HTTP
5 32 (1.03%) Internet
6 21 (0.67%) Network Security
7 16 (0.51%) SSL
8 15 (0.48%) Wireshark
9 14 (0.45%) FTP
10 12 (0.38%) VPN
11 10 (0.32%) Broadband
11 10 (0.32%) DHCP
11 10 (0.32%) SMS
11 10 (0.32%) WAN
12 9 (0.29%) Wireless
13 8 (0.26%) Intranet
14 7 (0.22%) H.323
14 7 (0.22%) IPv4
14 7 (0.22%) IPv6
14 7 (0.22%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 306 (9.80%) SQL Server
2 156 (5.00%) Relational Database
3 124 (3.97%) NoSQL
4 90 (2.88%) MySQL
5 86 (2.76%) MongoDB
6 64 (2.05%) PostgreSQL
7 57 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
8 55 (1.76%) Big Data
8 55 (1.76%) Power BI
9 48 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 38 (1.22%) Blockchain
11 34 (1.09%) Hadoop
12 31 (0.99%) RDBMS
12 31 (0.99%) Redis
13 30 (0.96%) SQL Server 2012
14 25 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 23 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
16 22 (0.70%) Amazon Redshift
17 21 (0.67%) Azure SQL Database
18 20 (0.64%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 749 (24.00%) Selenium
2 393 (12.59%) JIRA
3 359 (11.50%) Git (software)
4 280 (8.97%) Cucumber
5 251 (8.04%) Postman
6 206 (6.60%) Jenkins
7 193 (6.18%) SpecFlow
8 190 (6.09%) WebDriver
9 188 (6.02%) Appium
10 168 (5.38%) Cypress.io
11 105 (3.36%) TeamCity
12 96 (3.08%) JMeter
13 88 (2.82%) Protractor
14 87 (2.79%) SoapUI
15 82 (2.63%) Visual Studio
16 63 (2.02%) TestRail
17 52 (1.67%) GitLab
18 48 (1.54%) REST Assured
19 46 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
20 45 (1.44%) LoadRunner
General
1 594 (19.03%) Finance
2 171 (5.48%) Marketing
3 105 (3.36%) Retail
4 104 (3.33%) Banking
5 93 (2.98%) Telecoms
6 92 (2.95%) Public Sector
7 81 (2.60%) Games
8 68 (2.18%) Manufacturing
9 49 (1.57%) Pharmaceutical
10 47 (1.51%) Electronics
10 47 (1.51%) Law
11 45 (1.44%) Publishing
12 38 (1.22%) Advertising
13 34 (1.09%) Legal
14 31 (0.99%) Financial Institution
15 28 (0.90%) Back Office
16 23 (0.74%) Front Office
17 19 (0.61%) Automotive
18 16 (0.51%) Brand Awareness
19 13 (0.42%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 681 (21.82%) Developer
2 512 (16.40%) QA Engineer
3 371 (11.89%) Analyst
4 244 (7.82%) Tester
5 203 (6.50%) Test Engineer
6 183 (5.86%) Senior Developer
7 181 (5.80%) Test Analyst
8 156 (5.00%) Automation Engineer
9 150 (4.81%) QA Automation Engineer
10 149 (4.77%) QA Analyst
11 137 (4.39%) Software Engineer
12 124 (3.97%) Software Developer
13 115 (3.68%) QA Leader
14 111 (3.56%) .NET Developer
15 106 (3.40%) QA Test Analyst
15 106 (3.40%) Senior QA Engineer
16 94 (3.01%) Automation Tester
17 87 (2.79%) QA Test Engineer
18 84 (2.69%) C# Developer
18 84 (2.69%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 508 (16.28%) .NET
2 327 (10.48%) HTML
3 321 (10.29%) CSS
4 264 (8.46%) React
5 244 (7.82%) RESTful
6 225 (7.21%) REST
7 177 (5.67%) Gherkin
8 172 (5.51%) Node.js
9 166 (5.32%) AngularJS
10 141 (4.52%) Web Services
11 138 (4.42%) .NET Core
12 137 (4.39%) XML
13 134 (4.29%) JSON
14 128 (4.10%) ASP.NET
15 124 (3.97%) SOAP
16 100 (3.20%) HTML5
17 98 (3.14%) Spring
18 97 (3.11%) jQuery
19 83 (2.66%) Vue.js
20 81 (2.60%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 302 (9.68%) Analytical Skills
2 264 (8.46%) Mobile App
3 251 (8.04%) User Experience
4 92 (2.95%) Management Information System
5 88 (2.82%) Self-Motivation
6 84 (2.69%) Greenfield Project
7 48 (1.54%) Virtual Team
8 39 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
9 30 (0.96%) Client/Server
10 28 (0.90%) Life Science
11 26 (0.83%) Replication
12 25 (0.80%) Data Structures
12 25 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 24 (0.77%) NHS
14 22 (0.70%) Derivative
15 20 (0.64%) Algorithms
16 18 (0.58%) Blog
16 18 (0.58%) Mobile Games
16 18 (0.58%) STB
17 17 (0.54%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 300 (9.61%) Linux
2 209 (6.70%) Apple iOS
3 202 (6.47%) Android
4 201 (6.44%) Windows
5 88 (2.82%) Unix
6 39 (1.25%) Ubuntu
7 32 (1.03%) Windows Server
8 23 (0.74%) CentOS
9 19 (0.61%) Windows 10
10 12 (0.38%) AIX
11 10 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 8 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.19%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.13%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.13%) Windows 8
16 3 (0.096%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 3 (0.096%) VMS
17 2 (0.064%) MVS
17 2 (0.064%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,501 (48.09%) Agile Software Development
2 1,392 (44.60%) Test Automation
3 631 (20.22%) DevOps
4 500 (16.02%) Scrum
5 441 (14.13%) BDD
6 390 (12.50%) Microservices
7 387 (12.40%) TDD
8 384 (12.30%) Problem-Solving
9 334 (10.70%) SDLC
10 329 (10.54%) Software Engineering
11 280 (8.97%) Fintech
12 259 (8.30%) API Testing
13 255 (8.17%) Continuous Integration
14 235 (7.53%) SDET
15 228 (7.31%) Test Strategy
16 210 (6.73%) Manual Testing
16 210 (6.73%) Mentoring
17 209 (6.70%) Computer Science
18 190 (6.09%) Test Scripting
19 187 (5.99%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 690 (22.11%) C#
2 687 (22.01%) JavaScript
3 669 (21.44%) Java
4 638 (20.44%) SQL
5 425 (13.62%) Python
6 281 (9.00%) TypeScript
7 155 (4.97%) C
8 111 (3.56%) PHP
9 88 (2.82%) C++
10 84 (2.69%) T-SQL
11 79 (2.53%) Scala
12 65 (2.08%) Kotlin
13 58 (1.86%) Apple Swift
13 58 (1.86%) PowerShell
14 57 (1.83%) Shell Script
15 49 (1.57%) Ruby
16 48 (1.54%) Go
17 41 (1.31%) Objective-C
18 38 (1.22%) ES6
19 36 (1.15%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 376 (12.05%) Degree
2 130 (4.17%) ISTQB
3 100 (3.20%) Computer Science Degree
4 73 (2.34%) ISEB
5 70 (2.24%) Security Cleared
6 57 (1.83%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 46 (1.47%) SC Cleared
8 23 (0.74%) Master's Degree
9 16 (0.51%) SANS
10 15 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
11 12 (0.38%) PMI Certification
12 11 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
13 10 (0.32%) PMP
14 9 (0.29%) ISEB Practitioner
15 8 (0.26%) CCNA
15 8 (0.26%) HND
15 8 (0.26%) PhD
16 7 (0.22%) DV Cleared
17 6 (0.19%) CEH
17 6 (0.19%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (1.73%) GDPR
2 29 (0.93%) Data Quality
3 25 (0.80%) SLA
4 24 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 23 (0.74%) WCAG
6 18 (0.58%) PMO
7 17 (0.54%) CDISC
8 15 (0.48%) PCI DSS
9 14 (0.45%) GMP
9 14 (0.45%) Good Clinical Practice
9 14 (0.45%) ISO 9001
10 8 (0.26%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 8 (0.26%) MiFID
11 6 (0.19%) GxP
12 5 (0.16%) ISO 13485
12 5 (0.16%) ITGC
13 4 (0.13%) COBIT
13 4 (0.13%) EMIR
13 4 (0.13%) GLP
13 4 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 290 (9.29%) Docker
2 39 (1.25%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.32%) Hyper-V
5 8 (0.26%) Firmware
5 8 (0.26%) KVM
6 2 (0.064%) BitLocker
6 2 (0.064%) Virtual Desktop
6 2 (0.064%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.032%) HDFS
7 1 (0.032%) IAG
7 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.032%) Varnish
7 1 (0.032%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 158 (5.06%) Kubernetes
2 62 (1.99%) Terraform
3 49 (1.57%) Ansible
4 41 (1.31%) Puppet
5 24 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
6 17 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
7 15 (0.48%) ZABBIX
8 12 (0.38%) Failover Clustering
9 10 (0.32%) Kibana
10 9 (0.29%) Microsoft Intune
10 9 (0.29%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 6 (0.19%) FlexNet
11 6 (0.19%) SCCM
11 6 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
12 5 (0.16%) Grafana
12 5 (0.16%) HP ALM
12 5 (0.16%) HP Fortify
13 4 (0.13%) FortiGate
13 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Clustering
13 4 (0.13%) Perfmon
Vendors
1 315 (10.09%) Microsoft
2 118 (3.78%) Google
3 87 (2.79%) Salesforce.com
4 82 (2.63%) Oracle
5 56 (1.79%) SAP
6 51 (1.63%) Xamarin
7 37 (1.19%) Red Hat
8 35 (1.12%) HP
9 33 (1.06%) Atlassian
10 30 (0.96%) Apple
11 29 (0.93%) VMware
12 27 (0.87%) IBM
13 23 (0.74%) ServiceNow
14 22 (0.70%) Adobe
15 16 (0.51%) Cisco
16 13 (0.42%) Bloomberg
17 12 (0.38%) Databricks
18 11 (0.35%) Genesys
18 11 (0.35%) Pega
18 11 (0.35%) TIBCO