Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 52 59 52
Rank change year-on-year +7 -7 -5
Permanent jobs citing QA 6,065 2,509 5,527
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 5.57% 4.54% 4.74%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 36.63% 35.69% 35.58%
Number of salaries quoted 3,989 2,078 4,298
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £31,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £82,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £57,500 £53,438 £52,500
% change year-on-year +7.60% +1.79% +5.00%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 16,556 7,029 15,535
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 15.20% 12.71% 13.31%
Number of salaries quoted 10,890 5,398 12,089
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,375
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +0.96% +4.00%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Salary trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Salary histogram for QA in England

QA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 3,208 £67,500 +8.00% 368
South East -1 952 £55,000 +10.00% 167
North of England +17 691 £47,500 +5.56% 172
Midlands +13 483 £45,500 +1.11% 120
North West -1 346 £47,500 -6.86% 88
South West +16 316 £48,250 +22.15% 66
East of England +51 315 £50,000 +11.11% 73
West Midlands +14 277 £48,500 +7.78% 72
Yorkshire +28 244 £47,500 +18.75% 50
East Midlands +5 203 £45,000 -5.26% 47
North East +23 103 £42,500 +6.25% 34
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 3,321 (54.76%) Agile Software Development
2 2,174 (35.85%) Test Automation
3 1,562 (25.75%) JavaScript
4 1,396 (23.02%) Finance
5 1,388 (22.89%) Java
6 1,382 (22.79%) Azure
7 1,352 (22.29%) SQL
8 1,349 (22.24%) Software Engineering
9 1,337 (22.04%) Social Skills
10 1,299 (21.42%) C#
10 1,299 (21.42%) DevOps
11 1,204 (19.85%) AWS
12 1,150 (18.96%) Selenium
13 1,074 (17.71%) Scrum
14 1,011 (16.67%) .NET
15 1,000 (16.49%) Python
16 947 (15.61%) Problem-Solving
17 880 (14.51%) Git (software)
18 828 (13.65%) React
19 802 (13.22%) Microservices
20 785 (12.94%) TDD
21 781 (12.88%) Software Testing
22 766 (12.63%) Degree
23 761 (12.55%) SQL Server
24 749 (12.35%) Docker
25 705 (11.62%) Continuous Integration
26 693 (11.43%) HTML
27 668 (11.01%) Microsoft
28 664 (10.95%) REST
29 649 (10.70%) JIRA

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 223 (3.68%) Confluence
2 131 (2.16%) CMS
3 127 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
4 88 (1.45%) SharePoint
5 51 (0.84%) Apache Spark
6 35 (0.58%) Apache
7 33 (0.54%) IIS
8 30 (0.49%) Drupal
9 24 (0.40%) MS Exchange
10 22 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
10 22 (0.36%) Jupyter
11 21 (0.35%) WordPress
12 20 (0.33%) Apache Solr
13 16 (0.26%) SAS
14 15 (0.25%) Umbraco
15 13 (0.21%) Camunda
15 13 (0.21%) IBM Domino
16 9 (0.15%) EPiServer
17 8 (0.13%) JBoss
17 8 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 173 (2.85%) Microsoft Office
2 113 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
3 65 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 59 (0.97%) MS Visio
5 49 (0.81%) Spreadsheet
6 37 (0.61%) Sketch
7 23 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
8 18 (0.30%) InVision
9 15 (0.25%) Campfire
10 14 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 14 (0.23%) Chatbot
11 12 (0.20%) Photoshop
12 8 (0.13%) Windchill
13 6 (0.099%) Lectora
14 5 (0.082%) Acrobat
14 5 (0.082%) AutoCAD
14 5 (0.082%) Revit
15 4 (0.066%) Zeplin
16 3 (0.049%) PlantUML
17 2 (0.033%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 28 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 24 (0.40%) Shopify
3 19 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 16 (0.26%) Magento
5 13 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
6 11 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
6 11 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
7 9 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
7 9 (0.15%) SAP MM
7 9 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
8 8 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 8 (0.13%) SAP R/3
9 7 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 6 (0.099%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
10 6 (0.099%) Distributed Ledger
10 6 (0.099%) R3 Corda
11 5 (0.082%) SAP CO
11 5 (0.082%) SAP FI/CO
11 5 (0.082%) Social Studio
11 5 (0.082%) TrackWise
Cloud Services
1 1,382 (22.79%) Azure
2 1,204 (19.85%) AWS
3 432 (7.12%) GCP
4 403 (6.64%) SaaS
5 366 (6.03%) Serverless
6 208 (3.43%) GitHub
7 198 (3.26%) AWS Lambda
8 168 (2.77%) Power Platform
9 147 (2.42%) Amazon EC2
10 137 (2.26%) Amazon ECS
11 87 (1.43%) Amazon SQS
12 79 (1.30%) PaaS
13 74 (1.22%) Microsoft 365
14 70 (1.15%) Slack
15 66 (1.09%) Azure Service Bus
16 60 (0.99%) BrowserStack
17 51 (0.84%) Azure Data Factory
17 51 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
18 49 (0.81%) Azure Functions
19 44 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 147 (2.42%) HTTP
2 50 (0.82%) Broadband
3 46 (0.76%) TCP/IP
4 44 (0.73%) Network Security
5 38 (0.63%) Firewall
6 34 (0.56%) Internet
7 32 (0.53%) MQTT
8 22 (0.36%) VPN
9 19 (0.31%) Wireless
10 17 (0.28%) Skype
11 16 (0.26%) SMTP
12 13 (0.21%) VoIP
13 12 (0.20%) SNA
14 11 (0.18%) Extranet
14 11 (0.18%) WAN
14 11 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
15 10 (0.16%) DNS
15 10 (0.16%) FTP
16 8 (0.13%) PuTTY
16 8 (0.13%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 761 (12.55%) SQL Server
2 363 (5.99%) NoSQL
3 304 (5.01%) PostgreSQL
4 290 (4.78%) Relational Database
5 210 (3.46%) MySQL
6 194 (3.20%) MongoDB
7 178 (2.93%) Big Data
8 157 (2.59%) Power BI
9 145 (2.39%) Redis
10 140 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
11 115 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 111 (1.83%) Amazon Aurora
13 106 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 95 (1.57%) Amazon Athena
15 82 (1.35%) RDBMS
16 72 (1.19%) Tableau
17 47 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
18 46 (0.76%) Data Lake
19 42 (0.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 39 (0.64%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,150 (18.96%) Selenium
2 880 (14.51%) Git (software)
3 649 (10.70%) JIRA
4 628 (10.35%) Jenkins
5 500 (8.24%) Postman
6 450 (7.42%) Cucumber
7 410 (6.76%) Cypress.io
8 317 (5.23%) SpecFlow
9 249 (4.11%) WebDriver
10 212 (3.50%) Team Foundation Server
11 205 (3.38%) JMeter
12 204 (3.36%) TeamCity
13 174 (2.87%) JUnit
14 148 (2.44%) Appium
15 145 (2.39%) GitLab
16 144 (2.37%) Octopus Deploy
17 108 (1.78%) Visual Studio
18 103 (1.70%) Bitbucket
19 100 (1.65%) Maven
20 98 (1.62%) NUnit
General
1 1,396 (23.02%) Finance
2 1,337 (22.04%) Social Skills
3 634 (10.45%) Analytical Skills
4 363 (5.99%) Retail
5 346 (5.70%) Marketing
6 325 (5.36%) Banking
7 174 (2.87%) Games
8 163 (2.69%) Organisational Skills
9 162 (2.67%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 149 (2.46%) Law
11 143 (2.36%) Legal
12 141 (2.32%) Manufacturing
12 141 (2.32%) Telecoms
13 135 (2.23%) Public Sector
14 122 (2.01%) Presentation Skills
15 100 (1.65%) Advertising
16 97 (1.60%) Pharmaceutical
17 88 (1.45%) Publishing
18 69 (1.14%) Front Office
19 67 (1.10%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 1,359 (22.41%) Developer
2 744 (12.27%) Analyst
3 738 (12.17%) QA Engineer
4 583 (9.61%) Software Engineer
5 351 (5.79%) Senior Developer
6 328 (5.41%) Tester
7 269 (4.44%) Test Engineer
8 256 (4.22%) Java Developer
9 249 (4.11%) Automation Engineer
10 243 (4.01%) Software Developer
11 218 (3.59%) QA Automation Engineer
12 215 (3.54%) Senior QA Engineer
13 209 (3.45%) .NET Developer
14 207 (3.41%) Test Analyst
15 182 (3.00%) Java Engineer
16 173 (2.85%) Architect
17 171 (2.82%) QA Analyst
18 168 (2.77%) Senior Software Engineer
19 167 (2.75%) Full Stack Developer
20 166 (2.74%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,011 (16.67%) .NET
2 828 (13.65%) React
3 693 (11.43%) HTML
4 664 (10.95%) REST
5 638 (10.52%) CSS
6 509 (8.39%) Node.js
7 453 (7.47%) AngularJS
8 405 (6.68%) RESTful
9 342 (5.64%) Web Services
10 334 (5.51%) XML
11 302 (4.98%) Spring
12 287 (4.73%) ASP.NET
13 274 (4.52%) .NET Core
14 254 (4.19%) JSON
15 252 (4.15%) Kafka
16 248 (4.09%) .NET Framework
17 213 (3.51%) HTML5
18 182 (3.00%) Spring Boot
19 165 (2.72%) GraphQL
19 165 (2.72%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 641 (10.57%) User Experience
2 316 (5.21%) Self-Motivation
3 292 (4.81%) Mobile App
4 243 (4.01%) Management Information System
5 204 (3.36%) Enterprise Software
6 174 (2.87%) Hedge funds
7 122 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
8 121 (2.00%) Algorithms
9 91 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 85 (1.40%) Pricing Data
11 82 (1.35%) Social Media
11 82 (1.35%) Virtual Team
12 78 (1.29%) Life Science
13 77 (1.27%) Data Structures
14 74 (1.22%) Legacy Code
15 69 (1.14%) Cloud Native
16 66 (1.09%) Fixed Income
17 57 (0.94%) Equities
18 50 (0.82%) Data Protection Act
19 48 (0.79%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 387 (6.38%) Windows
2 382 (6.30%) Linux
3 211 (3.48%) Android
4 182 (3.00%) Apple iOS
5 123 (2.03%) Unix
6 91 (1.50%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.38%) Mac OS
8 17 (0.28%) Windows 10
9 16 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 12 (0.20%) VMS
11 11 (0.18%) Solaris
11 11 (0.18%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.099%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.099%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.099%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.082%) AIX
13 5 (0.082%) Embedded Linux
13 5 (0.082%) HPUX
14 3 (0.049%) Windows Server 2019
15 2 (0.033%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,321 (54.76%) Agile Software Development
2 2,174 (35.85%) Test Automation
3 1,349 (22.24%) Software Engineering
4 1,299 (21.42%) DevOps
5 1,074 (17.71%) Scrum
6 947 (15.61%) Problem-Solving
7 802 (13.22%) Microservices
8 785 (12.94%) TDD
9 781 (12.88%) Software Testing
10 705 (11.62%) Continuous Integration
11 646 (10.65%) SDLC
12 637 (10.50%) Mentoring
13 608 (10.02%) Full Stack Development
14 558 (9.20%) BDD
15 547 (9.02%) Analytics
16 501 (8.26%) Test Strategy
17 496 (8.18%) Coaching
18 493 (8.13%) API Testing
19 480 (7.91%) Project Management
20 470 (7.75%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,562 (25.75%) JavaScript
2 1,388 (22.89%) Java
3 1,352 (22.29%) SQL
4 1,299 (21.42%) C#
5 1,000 (16.49%) Python
6 606 (9.99%) TypeScript
7 223 (3.68%) C++
8 215 (3.54%) C
9 210 (3.46%) PHP
10 157 (2.59%) Bash
11 146 (2.41%) PowerShell
12 124 (2.04%) T-SQL
13 112 (1.85%) Ruby
14 104 (1.71%) Kotlin
15 99 (1.63%) ES6
16 96 (1.58%) Scala
17 75 (1.24%) Go
18 69 (1.14%) R
19 63 (1.04%) Java 8
20 60 (0.99%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 766 (12.63%) Degree
2 291 (4.80%) ISTQB
3 224 (3.69%) Computer Science Degree
4 148 (2.44%) ISEB
5 147 (2.42%) Security Cleared
6 124 (2.04%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 106 (1.75%) SC Cleared
8 77 (1.27%) Master's Degree
9 49 (0.81%) HND
10 48 (0.79%) HNC
11 36 (0.59%) DBS Check
12 30 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
13 28 (0.46%) CISSP
14 21 (0.35%) SANS
15 20 (0.33%) APMG
16 18 (0.30%) CISM
16 18 (0.30%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 16 (0.26%) CEH
18 15 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
18 15 (0.25%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (2.95%) Accessibility
2 139 (2.29%) Data Quality
3 123 (2.03%) GDPR
4 68 (1.12%) SLA
5 49 (0.81%) PMO
5 49 (0.81%) WCAG
6 29 (0.48%) EMIR
7 28 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 27 (0.45%) Good Clinical Practice
8 27 (0.45%) ISO 13485
9 26 (0.43%) NIST
10 22 (0.36%) GMP
10 22 (0.36%) IEC 62304
11 20 (0.33%) MiFID
12 17 (0.28%) GxP
12 17 (0.28%) ISO 9001
13 16 (0.26%) P3O
14 12 (0.20%) GLP
14 12 (0.20%) HIPAA
15 9 (0.15%) 21 CFR Part 11
System Software
1 749 (12.35%) Docker
2 68 (1.12%) Firmware
3 52 (0.86%) Active Directory
4 35 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 33 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
6 9 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
7 7 (0.12%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.049%) Ceph
8 3 (0.049%) NFS
8 3 (0.049%) VMware Workstation
8 3 (0.049%) vSphere
9 2 (0.033%) Terminal Services
9 2 (0.033%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.016%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.016%) IAG
10 1 (0.016%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.016%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.016%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 577 (9.51%) Kubernetes
2 390 (6.43%) Terraform
3 138 (2.28%) Ansible
4 72 (1.19%) Grafana
5 68 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
6 54 (0.89%) Puppet
7 48 (0.79%) Kibana
8 29 (0.48%) Prometheus
9 28 (0.46%) HP Quality Center
10 26 (0.43%) MIIS
11 21 (0.35%) Pingdom
12 20 (0.33%) HAProxy
12 20 (0.33%) logstash
12 20 (0.33%) Opsgenie
12 20 (0.33%) ZABBIX
13 16 (0.26%) HP Fortify
13 16 (0.26%) SCCM
14 15 (0.25%) HP ALM
15 13 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
16 12 (0.20%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 668 (11.01%) Microsoft
2 290 (4.78%) Google
3 203 (3.35%) Oracle
4 151 (2.49%) Salesforce.com
5 127 (2.09%) SAP
6 68 (1.12%) Cognizant
7 66 (1.09%) Atlassian
8 57 (0.94%) Xamarin
9 54 (0.89%) Adobe
10 48 (0.79%) HP
11 45 (0.74%) IBM
12 42 (0.69%) VMware
13 39 (0.64%) Splunk
14 32 (0.53%) New Relic
15 30 (0.49%) LexisNexis
15 30 (0.49%) ServiceNow
15 30 (0.49%) YouTube
16 27 (0.45%) HubSpot
16 27 (0.45%) Samsung
17 24 (0.40%) RedGate