Period
to 27 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 64 55 50
Rank change year-on-year -9 -5 +7
Permanent jobs citing QA 2,233 5,876 7,643
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.42% 4.69% 5.07%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 37.78% 36.05% 37.49%
Number of salaries quoted 2,123 4,838 6,220
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,750 £31,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £81,250 £77,500
UK median annual salary £53,438 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.79% +5.00% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 5,911 16,300 20,385
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.71% 13.02% 13.52%
Number of salaries quoted 4,692 12,488 15,444
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,500 £28,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £83,750 £80,000
UK median annual salary £54,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +8.00% - -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Salary trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Salary histogram for QA in England

QA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 27 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -11 988 £61,500 -1.60% 124
South East +10 492 £50,000 - 85
North of England -18 307 £50,000 +17.65% 106
North West -5 188 £52,500 +23.53% 57
South West +7 186 £38,500 -10.79% 21
Midlands +2 185 £42,500 -5.56% 56
West Midlands -9 112 £44,250 -1.67% 24
Yorkshire -8 97 £45,000 +5.88% 31
East Midlands +24 72 £42,500 +6.25% 32
East of England -7 57 £50,000 - 38
North East -30 22 £45,000 - 18
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,164 (52.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,087 (48.68%) Test Automation
3 573 (25.66%) Selenium
4 515 (23.06%) C#
5 514 (23.02%) JavaScript
6 478 (21.41%) DevOps
7 460 (20.60%) Java
8 456 (20.42%) Finance
9 430 (19.26%) SQL
10 400 (17.91%) Scrum
11 398 (17.82%) .NET
12 366 (16.39%) Azure
13 343 (15.36%) BDD
14 323 (14.46%) AWS
15 316 (14.15%) JIRA
16 308 (13.79%) Python
17 288 (12.90%) Microservices
18 271 (12.14%) TDD
19 257 (11.51%) Software Engineering
20 247 (11.06%) Degree
21 246 (11.02%) SQL Server
22 245 (10.97%) Cucumber
23 242 (10.84%) Git (software)
24 234 (10.48%) CSS
25 227 (10.17%) Linux
26 224 (10.03%) HTML
27 217 (9.72%) API Testing
28 215 (9.63%) SDLC
28 215 (9.63%) Fintech
29 213 (9.54%) RESTful

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (4.61%) Confluence
2 46 (2.06%) Apache
3 41 (1.84%) CMS
4 33 (1.48%) Apache Spark
5 27 (1.21%) SharePoint
6 26 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (0.81%) IIS
8 15 (0.67%) Tomcat
8 15 (0.67%) Umbraco
9 11 (0.49%) WebLogic
10 10 (0.45%) Headless CMS
11 9 (0.40%) WordPress
12 8 (0.36%) WebSphere
13 6 (0.27%) nginx
14 5 (0.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 3 (0.13%) Apache Solr
15 3 (0.13%) Red Hat Fuse
15 3 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
16 2 (0.090%) EPiServer
16 2 (0.090%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 55 (2.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (1.03%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.67%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.54%) Chatbot
5 12 (0.54%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (0.40%) Figma
7 7 (0.31%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.13%) Sketch
11 2 (0.090%) InVision
11 2 (0.090%) Zeplin
12 1 (0.045%) Adobe Captivate
12 1 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.045%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.045%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.045%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 12 (0.54%) Magento
2 11 (0.49%) Shopify
3 9 (0.40%) Adobe Campaign
3 9 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
5 5 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.22%) Unica
6 4 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.18%) thinkFolio
7 3 (0.13%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.13%) Temenos T24
7 3 (0.13%) WebTrends
8 2 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.090%) Primavera
8 2 (0.090%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.090%) SAP FI-CA
8 2 (0.090%) SAP PSCD
8 2 (0.090%) Social Studio
9 1 (0.045%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 366 (16.39%) Azure
2 323 (14.46%) AWS
3 135 (6.05%) SaaS
4 64 (2.87%) GCP
5 57 (2.55%) Serverless
6 35 (1.57%) GitHub
7 32 (1.43%) BrowserStack
8 28 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
9 26 (1.16%) Power Platform
10 20 (0.90%) PaaS
10 20 (0.90%) Sauce Labs
11 18 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
12 17 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
12 17 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
13 16 (0.72%) IaaS
14 15 (0.67%) BlazeMeter
15 14 (0.63%) Google Analytics
15 14 (0.63%) Office 365
16 13 (0.58%) npm
17 10 (0.45%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 101 (4.52%) Skype
2 39 (1.75%) TCP/IP
3 26 (1.16%) Firewall
4 22 (0.99%) Network Security
5 20 (0.90%) HTTP
6 11 (0.49%) Internet
7 10 (0.45%) Wireshark
8 9 (0.40%) SMS
9 8 (0.36%) SSL
10 7 (0.31%) FTP
10 7 (0.31%) H.323
11 6 (0.27%) Ethernet
11 6 (0.27%) Intranet
11 6 (0.27%) Intrusion Detection
11 6 (0.27%) VPN
12 4 (0.18%) 802.11
12 4 (0.18%) IPv4
12 4 (0.18%) IPv6
12 4 (0.18%) SSH
12 4 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 246 (11.02%) SQL Server
2 108 (4.84%) Relational Database
3 83 (3.72%) NoSQL
4 78 (3.49%) MySQL
5 71 (3.18%) MongoDB
6 41 (1.84%) Data Warehouse
6 41 (1.84%) PostgreSQL
7 31 (1.39%) Big Data
8 30 (1.34%) Blockchain
9 28 (1.25%) RDBMS
10 24 (1.07%) Power BI
11 23 (1.03%) Redis
12 20 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
12 20 (0.90%) Azure SQL Database
13 18 (0.81%) Hadoop
13 18 (0.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 16 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
14 16 (0.72%) SQL Server 2012
15 15 (0.67%) Data Lake
16 12 (0.54%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 573 (25.66%) Selenium
2 316 (14.15%) JIRA
3 245 (10.97%) Cucumber
4 242 (10.84%) Git (software)
5 182 (8.15%) Jenkins
5 182 (8.15%) WebDriver
6 171 (7.66%) SpecFlow
7 163 (7.30%) Postman
8 148 (6.63%) Appium
9 93 (4.16%) Cypress.io
10 82 (3.67%) SoapUI
11 78 (3.49%) TeamCity
12 70 (3.13%) Protractor
13 60 (2.69%) JMeter
14 56 (2.51%) TestRail
15 48 (2.15%) Subversion
16 46 (2.06%) Team Foundation Server
17 42 (1.88%) GitLab
18 38 (1.70%) Maven
19 34 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 456 (20.42%) Finance
2 104 (4.66%) Marketing
3 75 (3.36%) Public Sector
4 62 (2.78%) Retail
5 59 (2.64%) Telecoms
6 58 (2.60%) Games
7 57 (2.55%) Banking
8 48 (2.15%) Manufacturing
9 36 (1.61%) Electronics
10 30 (1.34%) Law
11 24 (1.07%) Advertising
12 21 (0.94%) Front Office
12 21 (0.94%) Publishing
13 18 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
14 17 (0.76%) Back Office
14 17 (0.76%) Financial Institution
14 17 (0.76%) Legal
15 13 (0.58%) Aerospace
15 13 (0.58%) Brand Awareness
16 12 (0.54%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 491 (21.99%) Developer
2 364 (16.30%) QA Engineer
3 323 (14.46%) Analyst
4 230 (10.30%) Tester
5 188 (8.42%) Test Engineer
6 179 (8.02%) Test Analyst
7 135 (6.05%) QA Analyst
8 115 (5.15%) Senior Developer
9 100 (4.48%) .NET Developer
10 99 (4.43%) QA Test Analyst
11 98 (4.39%) Software Engineer
12 94 (4.21%) QA Automation Engineer
13 93 (4.16%) Automation Engineer
13 93 (4.16%) Software Developer
14 91 (4.08%) C# Developer
15 85 (3.81%) Automation Tester
16 84 (3.76%) QA Leader
16 84 (3.76%) Senior QA Engineer
17 82 (3.67%) Test Automation Engineer
18 73 (3.27%) Automation Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 398 (17.82%) .NET
2 234 (10.48%) CSS
3 224 (10.03%) HTML
4 213 (9.54%) RESTful
5 171 (7.66%) AngularJS
6 167 (7.48%) React
7 148 (6.63%) Node.js
8 130 (5.82%) JSON
9 124 (5.55%) .NET Core
10 123 (5.51%) Gherkin
11 113 (5.06%) Web Services
11 113 (5.06%) XML
12 104 (4.66%) REST
13 93 (4.16%) ASP.NET
14 81 (3.63%) SOAP
15 77 (3.45%) Spring
16 68 (3.05%) jQuery
17 66 (2.96%) HTML5
18 61 (2.73%) .NET Framework
19 55 (2.46%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 183 (8.20%) User Experience
2 177 (7.93%) Analytical Skills
3 150 (6.72%) Mobile App
4 72 (3.22%) Greenfield Project
4 72 (3.22%) Self-Motivation
5 42 (1.88%) Management Information System
6 32 (1.43%) Algorithms
7 30 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
7 30 (1.34%) Replication
8 29 (1.30%) Virtual Team
9 27 (1.21%) STB
10 26 (1.16%) Client/Server
11 25 (1.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 20 (0.90%) Data Structures
13 18 (0.81%) Derivative
13 18 (0.81%) IVR
13 18 (0.81%) Mainframe
14 16 (0.72%) Mobile Games
15 15 (0.67%) Digital TV
15 15 (0.67%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 227 (10.17%) Linux
2 128 (5.73%) Apple iOS
3 127 (5.69%) Android
3 127 (5.69%) Windows
4 78 (3.49%) Unix
5 23 (1.03%) Ubuntu
6 15 (0.67%) CentOS
7 10 (0.45%) Mac OS X
7 10 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.45%) Windows 10
7 10 (0.45%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.22%) Debian
9 4 (0.18%) AIX
10 2 (0.090%) MVS
10 2 (0.090%) Solaris
10 2 (0.090%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.090%) Windows 8
10 2 (0.090%) Windows Vista
11 1 (0.045%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.045%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,164 (52.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,087 (48.68%) Test Automation
3 478 (21.41%) DevOps
4 400 (17.91%) Scrum
5 343 (15.36%) BDD
6 288 (12.90%) Microservices
7 271 (12.14%) TDD
8 257 (11.51%) Software Engineering
9 217 (9.72%) API Testing
10 215 (9.63%) Fintech
10 215 (9.63%) SDLC
11 203 (9.09%) Test Strategy
12 202 (9.05%) Problem-Solving
13 200 (8.96%) Manual Testing
14 170 (7.61%) Continuous Integration
15 163 (7.30%) Test Scripting
16 154 (6.90%) SDET
17 149 (6.67%) Computer Science
18 142 (6.36%) Software Testing
19 137 (6.14%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 515 (23.06%) C#
2 514 (23.02%) JavaScript
3 460 (20.60%) Java
4 430 (19.26%) SQL
5 308 (13.79%) Python
6 210 (9.40%) TypeScript
7 92 (4.12%) C++
8 83 (3.72%) PHP
9 59 (2.64%) T-SQL
10 53 (2.37%) C
11 45 (2.02%) PowerShell
11 45 (2.02%) Scala
12 42 (1.88%) Shell Script
13 36 (1.61%) Go
13 36 (1.61%) Ruby
14 31 (1.39%) Bash Shell
15 26 (1.16%) Kotlin
16 24 (1.07%) Apple Swift
17 21 (0.94%) Java 8
18 18 (0.81%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 247 (11.06%) Degree
2 104 (4.66%) ISTQB
3 83 (3.72%) ISEB
4 78 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 69 (3.09%) Security Cleared
6 48 (2.15%) SC Cleared
7 34 (1.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 17 (0.76%) ISEB Practitioner
8 17 (0.76%) Master's Degree
9 11 (0.49%) PMI Certification
10 9 (0.40%) DV Cleared
10 9 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.31%) AWS Certification
11 7 (0.31%) HNC
12 6 (0.27%) HND
12 6 (0.27%) PMP
13 5 (0.22%) CEH
13 5 (0.22%) CREST Certified
13 5 (0.22%) OSCP
13 5 (0.22%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (1.25%) GDPR
2 16 (0.72%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 11 (0.49%) PMO
4 11 (0.49%) SLA
5 7 (0.31%) ISO 9001
6 6 (0.27%) MiFID
6 6 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 5 (0.22%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.18%) GxP
8 4 (0.18%) ISO 13485
8 4 (0.18%) ITGC
9 3 (0.13%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 3 (0.13%) COBIT
9 3 (0.13%) P3O
10 2 (0.090%) COSO
10 2 (0.090%) GMP
10 2 (0.090%) Good Clinical Practice
10 2 (0.090%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 175 (7.84%) Docker
2 19 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (0.58%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.58%) Hyper-V
4 7 (0.31%) Firmware
4 7 (0.31%) KVM
5 6 (0.27%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.045%) BitLocker
6 1 (0.045%) Cronacle
6 1 (0.045%) HDFS
6 1 (0.045%) IAG
6 1 (0.045%) LXC
6 1 (0.045%) ProxySG
6 1 (0.045%) Varnish
6 1 (0.045%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.045%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.045%) XenApp
6 1 (0.045%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 102 (4.57%) Kubernetes
2 49 (2.19%) Ansible
3 36 (1.61%) Puppet
4 31 (1.39%) Terraform
5 25 (1.12%) HP Quality Center
6 21 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.63%) Grafana
7 14 (0.63%) Kibana
8 11 (0.49%) SCCM
9 8 (0.36%) HP ALM
10 5 (0.22%) logstash
11 4 (0.18%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.13%) Rundeck
12 3 (0.13%) WSUS
12 3 (0.13%) Zipkin
13 2 (0.090%) Failover Clustering
13 2 (0.090%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 2 (0.090%) Nagios
13 2 (0.090%) Single Sign-On
14 1 (0.045%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 204 (9.14%) Microsoft
2 90 (4.03%) Google
3 72 (3.22%) Oracle
4 44 (1.97%) Salesforce.com
5 41 (1.84%) SAP
6 40 (1.79%) Xamarin
7 36 (1.61%) ServiceNow
8 35 (1.57%) Atlassian
9 26 (1.16%) HP
9 26 (1.16%) VMware
10 23 (1.03%) IBM
10 23 (1.03%) Red Hat
11 22 (0.99%) Adobe
12 18 (0.81%) Pega
13 17 (0.76%) Genesys
14 15 (0.67%) SolarWinds
15 13 (0.58%) Apple
15 13 (0.58%) Dell
15 13 (0.58%) Intel
16 12 (0.54%) AppDynamics