Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 54 70 54
Rank change year-on-year +16 -16 -2
Permanent jobs citing QA 5,813 1,868 6,171
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 5.31% 4.24% 4.87%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 35.72% 34.21% 34.73%
Number of salaries quoted 3,873 1,578 4,782
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,864
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,313 £40,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £68,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 16,275 5,461 17,769
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 14.87% 12.41% 14.01%
Number of salaries quoted 10,446 4,357 13,467
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £68,200
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £54,337 £53,725 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.14% +7.45% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Salary trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in England

QA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 3,147 £65,000 +4.00% 340
South East -1 940 £50,000 - 164
North of England -11 638 £45,000 -5.26% 182
Midlands +44 519 £45,000 +20.00% 117
North West -13 327 £46,000 -12.38% 88
West Midlands +31 319 £45,000 +28.57% 60
South West -18 280 £45,000 +28.57% 60
Yorkshire -6 241 £47,500 +5.56% 51
East Midlands +23 200 £42,500 +6.25% 57
East of England -4 181 £47,500 -1.55% 59
North East +14 72 £42,500 -2.86% 43
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 3,118 (53.64%) Agile Software Development
2 2,320 (39.91%) Test Automation
3 1,488 (25.60%) JavaScript
4 1,444 (24.84%) Java
5 1,410 (24.26%) Social Skills
6 1,337 (23.00%) C#
7 1,319 (22.69%) Finance
8 1,297 (22.31%) SQL
9 1,278 (21.99%) AWS
10 1,249 (21.49%) Azure
11 1,221 (21.00%) Selenium
12 1,160 (19.96%) DevOps
13 1,140 (19.61%) Software Engineering
14 1,043 (17.94%) Scrum
15 977 (16.81%) Python
16 947 (16.29%) .NET
17 861 (14.81%) Microservices
18 821 (14.12%) TDD
19 790 (13.59%) Docker
20 787 (13.54%) Software Testing
21 784 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
22 776 (13.35%) Git (software)
23 752 (12.94%) Degree
24 732 (12.59%) React
25 706 (12.15%) BDD
26 681 (11.72%) JIRA
27 674 (11.59%) Continuous Integration
28 663 (11.41%) Jenkins
29 656 (11.29%) SQL Server
30 655 (11.27%) HTML

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 195 (3.35%) Confluence
2 121 (2.08%) CMS
3 82 (1.41%) Elasticsearch
4 74 (1.27%) Apache Spark
5 62 (1.07%) SharePoint
6 37 (0.64%) Drupal
7 34 (0.58%) Apache
8 32 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
8 32 (0.55%) WordPress
9 24 (0.41%) IIS
9 24 (0.41%) Jupyter
10 20 (0.34%) SAS
11 18 (0.31%) Apache Solr
12 13 (0.22%) Camunda
12 13 (0.22%) MS Exchange
12 13 (0.22%) Traefik
12 13 (0.22%) Umbraco
13 11 (0.19%) Mule
14 10 (0.17%) Mule ESB
15 8 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 184 (3.17%) Microsoft Office
2 137 (2.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 59 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 54 (0.93%) MS Visio
5 36 (0.62%) Spreadsheet
6 25 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
7 20 (0.34%) Campfire
8 18 (0.31%) Sketch
9 17 (0.29%) Chatbot
9 17 (0.29%) InVision
10 16 (0.28%) Figma
11 11 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 10 (0.17%) AutoCAD
13 7 (0.12%) Photoshop
13 7 (0.12%) Revit
14 4 (0.069%) Zeplin
15 3 (0.052%) Mingle
15 3 (0.052%) Windchill
16 2 (0.034%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 33 (0.57%) Magento
2 28 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
3 23 (0.40%) Shopify
4 20 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
5 18 (0.31%) R3 Corda
6 16 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
7 14 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
8 11 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
8 11 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
9 10 (0.17%) Maximo
9 10 (0.17%) SAP MM
9 10 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
9 10 (0.17%) Social Studio
10 9 (0.15%) Infor M3
11 8 (0.14%) NetSuite
12 7 (0.12%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
12 7 (0.12%) WebTrends
13 6 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
13 6 (0.10%) SAP Business One
13 6 (0.10%) TrackWise
Cloud Services
1 1,278 (21.99%) AWS
2 1,249 (21.49%) Azure
3 427 (7.35%) GCP
3 427 (7.35%) SaaS
4 421 (7.24%) Serverless
5 226 (3.89%) AWS Lambda
6 219 (3.77%) GitHub
7 177 (3.04%) Amazon ECS
8 162 (2.79%) Power Platform
9 157 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
10 95 (1.63%) Amazon SQS
11 80 (1.38%) PaaS
12 58 (1.00%) Microsoft 365
13 54 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
14 53 (0.91%) BlazeMeter
14 53 (0.91%) BrowserStack
15 48 (0.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 48 (0.83%) Azure Functions
16 45 (0.77%) Azure Service Bus
17 44 (0.76%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 224 (3.85%) HTTP
2 62 (1.07%) Internet
3 50 (0.86%) Broadband
4 45 (0.77%) Firewall
5 41 (0.71%) TCP/IP
6 29 (0.50%) Network Security
7 26 (0.45%) DNS
8 25 (0.43%) MQTT
9 22 (0.38%) Skype
9 22 (0.38%) SSL
10 21 (0.36%) VPN
11 16 (0.28%) Bluetooth
12 15 (0.26%) SSH
13 14 (0.24%) Extranet
14 11 (0.19%) 2G
14 11 (0.19%) 3G
14 11 (0.19%) 4G
15 10 (0.17%) DHCP
16 8 (0.14%) SMTP
16 8 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 656 (11.29%) SQL Server
2 397 (6.83%) NoSQL
3 327 (5.63%) PostgreSQL
4 316 (5.44%) Relational Database
5 194 (3.34%) MongoDB
6 157 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
7 156 (2.68%) MySQL
8 153 (2.63%) Amazon Aurora
9 150 (2.58%) Big Data
10 148 (2.55%) Amazon Athena
11 147 (2.53%) Power BI
12 133 (2.29%) Redis
13 110 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 97 (1.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 84 (1.45%) RDBMS
16 62 (1.07%) Blockchain
17 60 (1.03%) Tableau
18 55 (0.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 51 (0.88%) Data Lake
20 46 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,221 (21.00%) Selenium
2 776 (13.35%) Git (software)
3 681 (11.72%) JIRA
4 663 (11.41%) Jenkins
5 487 (8.38%) Postman
6 486 (8.36%) Cucumber
7 379 (6.52%) Cypress.io
8 303 (5.21%) SpecFlow
9 302 (5.20%) WebDriver
10 225 (3.87%) JMeter
11 195 (3.35%) TeamCity
12 156 (2.68%) Octopus Deploy
13 151 (2.60%) Team Foundation Server
14 149 (2.56%) GitLab
15 143 (2.46%) JUnit
16 138 (2.37%) Appium
17 121 (2.08%) Gradle
18 119 (2.05%) REST Assured
19 117 (2.01%) NUnit
20 113 (1.94%) SoapUI
General
1 1,410 (24.26%) Social Skills
2 1,319 (22.69%) Finance
3 515 (8.86%) Analytical Skills
4 346 (5.95%) Banking
5 333 (5.73%) Retail
6 326 (5.61%) Marketing
7 167 (2.87%) Law
8 160 (2.75%) Games
9 150 (2.58%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 147 (2.53%) Manufacturing
11 143 (2.46%) Organisational Skills
12 138 (2.37%) Telecoms
13 135 (2.32%) Legal
14 114 (1.96%) Presentation Skills
15 104 (1.79%) Influencing Skills
15 104 (1.79%) Pharmaceutical
16 85 (1.46%) Public Sector
17 80 (1.38%) Advertising
18 77 (1.32%) Publishing
19 58 (1.00%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,196 (20.57%) Developer
2 715 (12.30%) QA Engineer
3 650 (11.18%) Analyst
4 519 (8.93%) Software Engineer
5 364 (6.26%) Tester
6 290 (4.99%) Test Engineer
7 250 (4.30%) Automation Engineer
8 243 (4.18%) Senior Developer
9 231 (3.97%) QA Automation Engineer
10 229 (3.94%) Java Developer
11 207 (3.56%) Test Analyst
12 190 (3.27%) Software Developer
13 187 (3.22%) QA Leader
14 184 (3.17%) Senior QA Engineer
15 182 (3.13%) .NET Developer
16 176 (3.03%) QA Analyst
17 156 (2.68%) Full Stack Developer
18 149 (2.56%) AWS Engineer
18 149 (2.56%) Java Engineer
19 145 (2.49%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 947 (16.29%) .NET
2 732 (12.59%) React
3 655 (11.27%) HTML
4 642 (11.04%) REST
5 546 (9.39%) Web Services
6 535 (9.20%) CSS
7 516 (8.88%) Node.js
8 514 (8.84%) RESTful
9 492 (8.46%) AngularJS
10 284 (4.89%) .NET Core
11 265 (4.56%) Spring
12 239 (4.11%) XML
13 238 (4.09%) Kafka
14 226 (3.89%) ASP.NET
15 216 (3.72%) HTML5
16 210 (3.61%) Gherkin
17 205 (3.53%) .NET Framework
18 190 (3.27%) JSON
19 169 (2.91%) GraphQL
19 169 (2.91%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 542 (9.32%) User Experience
2 339 (5.83%) Mobile App
3 236 (4.06%) Self-Motivation
4 211 (3.63%) Management Information System
5 197 (3.39%) Hedge funds
6 154 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
7 125 (2.15%) Derivative
8 119 (2.05%) Pricing Data
9 109 (1.88%) Algorithms
10 99 (1.70%) Greenfield Project
11 96 (1.65%) Virtual Team
12 82 (1.41%) Life Science
13 70 (1.20%) Client/Server
14 62 (1.07%) Fixed Income
15 61 (1.05%) Data Structures
16 59 (1.01%) Social Media
17 53 (0.91%) Cloud Native
18 49 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 46 (0.79%) Data Protection Act
20 44 (0.76%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 333 (5.73%) Linux
2 298 (5.13%) Windows
3 252 (4.34%) Android
4 202 (3.47%) Apple iOS
5 144 (2.48%) Unix
6 54 (0.93%) Windows Server
7 29 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (0.38%) Mac OS
8 22 (0.38%) Windows 10
9 10 (0.17%) CentOS
10 9 (0.15%) Solaris
11 8 (0.14%) VMS
12 7 (0.12%) Kali Linux
13 4 (0.069%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.052%) AIX
14 3 (0.052%) Fedora
14 3 (0.052%) HPUX
14 3 (0.052%) zOS
15 2 (0.034%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.034%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,118 (53.64%) Agile Software Development
2 2,320 (39.91%) Test Automation
3 1,160 (19.96%) DevOps
4 1,140 (19.61%) Software Engineering
5 1,043 (17.94%) Scrum
6 861 (14.81%) Microservices
7 821 (14.12%) TDD
8 787 (13.54%) Software Testing
9 784 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
10 706 (12.15%) BDD
11 674 (11.59%) Continuous Integration
12 608 (10.46%) SDLC
13 546 (9.39%) Mentoring
14 518 (8.91%) Test Strategy
15 511 (8.79%) Continuous Improvement
16 497 (8.55%) Analytics
17 479 (8.24%) API Testing
18 477 (8.21%) Computer Science
19 455 (7.83%) Full Stack Development
20 452 (7.78%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,488 (25.60%) JavaScript
2 1,444 (24.84%) Java
3 1,337 (23.00%) C#
4 1,297 (22.31%) SQL
5 977 (16.81%) Python
6 510 (8.77%) TypeScript
7 208 (3.58%) PHP
8 175 (3.01%) C++
9 168 (2.89%) Bash Shell
10 153 (2.63%) C
11 134 (2.31%) Ruby
12 127 (2.18%) PowerShell
13 120 (2.06%) Kotlin
14 98 (1.69%) ES6
14 98 (1.69%) Java 8
15 95 (1.63%) T-SQL
16 90 (1.55%) Scala
17 77 (1.32%) Go
18 51 (0.88%) Java 11
19 50 (0.86%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 752 (12.94%) Degree
2 280 (4.82%) ISTQB
3 246 (4.23%) Computer Science Degree
4 136 (2.34%) Security Cleared
5 120 (2.06%) ISEB
6 104 (1.79%) Master's Degree
7 102 (1.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 92 (1.58%) SC Cleared
9 47 (0.81%) HND
10 37 (0.64%) HNC
11 27 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 25 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
13 24 (0.41%) SANS
14 18 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 17 (0.29%) APMG
15 17 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
16 15 (0.26%) MBA
16 15 (0.26%) MCP
17 13 (0.22%) DBS Check
18 12 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 147 (2.53%) GDPR
2 145 (2.49%) Accessibility
3 68 (1.17%) SLA
4 62 (1.07%) Data Quality
5 57 (0.98%) WCAG
6 55 (0.95%) PMO
7 39 (0.67%) GMP
8 30 (0.52%) MiFID
9 27 (0.46%) EMIR
10 24 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 20 (0.34%) Good Clinical Practice
12 16 (0.28%) NIST
13 15 (0.26%) GxP
14 12 (0.21%) GRC
15 11 (0.19%) ISO 9001
16 10 (0.17%) PCI DSS
17 9 (0.15%) HIPAA
17 9 (0.15%) P3O
18 6 (0.10%) 21 CFR Part 11
18 6 (0.10%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 790 (13.59%) Docker
2 45 (0.77%) Active Directory
3 24 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 13 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.19%) Firmware
5 11 (0.19%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.086%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (0.069%) LXC
8 3 (0.052%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.034%) KVM
9 2 (0.034%) VMware Workstation
9 2 (0.034%) vSphere
10 1 (0.017%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.017%) IAG
10 1 (0.017%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.017%) NFS
10 1 (0.017%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 643 (11.06%) Kubernetes
2 357 (6.14%) Terraform
3 139 (2.39%) Ansible
4 77 (1.32%) Grafana
5 69 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
6 60 (1.03%) Puppet
7 28 (0.48%) Prometheus
8 24 (0.41%) Kibana
9 20 (0.34%) HP Fortify
10 17 (0.29%) ZABBIX
11 16 (0.28%) HAProxy
11 16 (0.28%) logstash
11 16 (0.28%) MIIS
11 16 (0.28%) Opsgenie
11 16 (0.28%) Pingdom
12 15 (0.26%) HP ALM
12 15 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
13 14 (0.24%) Istio
14 12 (0.21%) SCCM
15 9 (0.15%) Nessus
Vendors
1 650 (11.18%) Microsoft
2 324 (5.57%) Google
3 235 (4.04%) Oracle
4 143 (2.46%) Salesforce.com
5 135 (2.32%) SAP
6 89 (1.53%) Samsung
7 76 (1.31%) Atlassian
8 71 (1.22%) Adobe
9 57 (0.98%) Red Hat
10 48 (0.83%) HP
11 47 (0.81%) Cognizant
12 46 (0.79%) Xamarin
13 43 (0.74%) Sybase
14 40 (0.69%) VMware
15 35 (0.60%) IBM
15 35 (0.60%) Splunk
16 34 (0.58%) Conga
16 34 (0.58%) ServiceNow
17 32 (0.55%) Spotify
18 31 (0.53%) Remedy