Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK > England
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 58 56 46
Rank change year-on-year -2 -10 +7
Permanent jobs citing QA 3,626 4,327 7,334
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.65% 4.69% 5.40%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 38.34% 37.64% 37.77%
Number of salaries quoted 2,694 3,373 5,374
10th Percentile £34,500 £32,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £71,125 £72,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £86,600 £86,650 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +3.77% +6.00% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 9,457 11,497 19,420
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 12.13% 12.47% 14.29%
Number of salaries quoted 6,765 8,988 14,285
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,675 £28,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.80% +7.00% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA in England.

Salary trend for QA in England

QA
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA in England over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in England

QA
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the England region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 1,695 £65,000 - 229
South East -5 748 £50,000 -4.76% 112
North of England -9 477 £45,000 - 129
Midlands -5 323 £47,500 +9.83% 97
North West +14 267 £47,500 -5.00% 77
South West -42 184 £45,000 +12.50% 52
West Midlands -22 173 £45,000 +3.45% 64
Yorkshire -23 167 £45,500 +13.75% 37
East Midlands +16 149 £47,500 +11.76% 33
East of England +6 123 £50,000 +11.11% 47
North East -21 43 £38,000 -15.56% 15
QA
UK

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for QA.

1 1,726 (47.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,513 (41.73%) Test Automation
3 951 (26.23%) Social Skills
4 819 (22.59%) C#
5 797 (21.98%) Selenium
6 770 (21.24%) JavaScript
7 750 (20.68%) Java
8 743 (20.49%) SQL
9 717 (19.77%) Finance
10 680 (18.75%) Azure
11 678 (18.70%) DevOps
12 606 (16.71%) Scrum
13 596 (16.44%) AWS
14 591 (16.30%) .NET
15 568 (15.66%) Software Testing
16 505 (13.93%) Python
17 495 (13.65%) Problem-Solving
18 488 (13.46%) BDD
19 461 (12.71%) TDD
20 449 (12.38%) Microservices
21 436 (12.02%) JIRA
22 432 (11.91%) Degree
23 422 (11.64%) Microsoft
24 419 (11.56%) Git (software)
25 408 (11.25%) SDLC
26 404 (11.14%) Software Engineering
27 395 (10.89%) Docker
28 367 (10.12%) SQL Server
29 362 (9.98%) Continuous Integration
30 347 (9.57%) Analytical Skills

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (4.05%) Confluence
2 52 (1.43%) Apache Spark
3 49 (1.35%) CMS
4 40 (1.10%) Elasticsearch
5 32 (0.88%) IIS
6 28 (0.77%) Apache
6 28 (0.77%) SharePoint
7 21 (0.58%) SAS
8 18 (0.50%) Drupal
9 15 (0.41%) Red Hat Fuse
10 13 (0.36%) WordPress
11 10 (0.28%) Apache Solr
11 10 (0.28%) nginx
12 7 (0.19%) Mule
12 7 (0.19%) Umbraco
13 6 (0.17%) Mule ESB
14 5 (0.14%) ArcGIS
14 5 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 5 (0.14%) Sitecore CMS
14 5 (0.14%) Tomcat
Applications
1 79 (2.18%) Microsoft Office
2 74 (2.04%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
4 26 (0.72%) InVision
4 26 (0.72%) Sketch
5 19 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 18 (0.50%) MS Visio
7 14 (0.39%) Figma
8 8 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
9 6 (0.17%) Revit
10 5 (0.14%) AutoCAD
11 4 (0.11%) Campfire
12 3 (0.083%) Mingle
13 2 (0.055%) Chatbot
14 1 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 1 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.028%) Adobe XD
14 1 (0.028%) Photoshop
14 1 (0.028%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 19 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
2 14 (0.39%) Dynamics NAV
3 12 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 8 (0.22%) NetSuite
5 6 (0.17%) Social Studio
6 5 (0.14%) Shopify
7 4 (0.11%) Maximo
7 4 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.11%) Temenos T24
8 3 (0.083%) Adobe Campaign
8 3 (0.083%) Markit EDM
8 3 (0.083%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.083%) PolarLake
8 3 (0.083%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.055%) Eikon
9 2 (0.055%) Endur
9 2 (0.055%) SAP Business One
9 2 (0.055%) SAP HCM
9 2 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 680 (18.75%) Azure
2 596 (16.44%) AWS
3 227 (6.26%) SaaS
4 124 (3.42%) Serverless
5 122 (3.36%) GCP
6 101 (2.79%) Power Platform
7 62 (1.71%) GitHub
8 55 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
9 53 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
10 51 (1.41%) BrowserStack
10 51 (1.41%) Microsoft 365
11 49 (1.35%) Dynamics 365
11 49 (1.35%) PaaS
12 41 (1.13%) IaaS
13 40 (1.10%) Azure Data Factory
14 39 (1.08%) Amazon S3
15 36 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
16 27 (0.74%) Azure Service Bus
17 26 (0.72%) Amazon ECS
17 26 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 76 (2.10%) HTTP
2 51 (1.41%) Internet
3 44 (1.21%) TCP/IP
4 38 (1.05%) Firewall
5 33 (0.91%) Skype
6 22 (0.61%) 4G
6 22 (0.61%) SSH
7 20 (0.55%) 2G
7 20 (0.55%) 3G
8 18 (0.50%) Broadband
8 18 (0.50%) DNS
9 17 (0.47%) Network Security
10 15 (0.41%) Wireshark
11 14 (0.39%) RNC
11 14 (0.39%) SSL
11 14 (0.39%) Wireless
12 13 (0.36%) FTP
13 12 (0.33%) DHCP
14 11 (0.30%) VPN
15 10 (0.28%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 367 (10.12%) SQL Server
2 167 (4.61%) Relational Database
3 157 (4.33%) NoSQL
4 118 (3.25%) PostgreSQL
5 111 (3.06%) MongoDB
6 89 (2.45%) Power BI
7 85 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
8 82 (2.26%) MySQL
9 78 (2.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 77 (2.12%) Big Data
11 50 (1.38%) Redis
12 48 (1.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 42 (1.16%) Blockchain
14 40 (1.10%) Hadoop
15 38 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
16 35 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 30 (0.83%) DB2
18 28 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
19 27 (0.74%) RDBMS
20 26 (0.72%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 797 (21.98%) Selenium
2 436 (12.02%) JIRA
3 419 (11.56%) Git (software)
4 295 (8.14%) Cucumber
5 292 (8.05%) Postman
6 250 (6.89%) Cypress.io
7 241 (6.65%) Jenkins
8 220 (6.07%) SpecFlow
9 167 (4.61%) WebDriver
10 145 (4.00%) Appium
11 129 (3.56%) TeamCity
12 119 (3.28%) JMeter
13 109 (3.01%) Visual Studio
14 70 (1.93%) Protractor
14 70 (1.93%) SoapUI
15 59 (1.63%) JUnit
16 58 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 57 (1.57%) Octopus Deploy
18 56 (1.54%) webpack
19 54 (1.49%) TestRail
General
1 951 (26.23%) Social Skills
2 717 (19.77%) Finance
3 347 (9.57%) Analytical Skills
4 204 (5.63%) Marketing
5 148 (4.08%) Retail
6 140 (3.86%) Banking
7 122 (3.36%) Telecoms
8 110 (3.03%) Games
9 94 (2.59%) Law
10 91 (2.51%) Public Sector
11 84 (2.32%) Organisational Skills
12 74 (2.04%) Manufacturing
13 52 (1.43%) Publishing
14 50 (1.38%) Pharmaceutical
15 49 (1.35%) Electronics
15 49 (1.35%) Presentation Skills
16 47 (1.30%) Influencing Skills
16 47 (1.30%) Legal
17 38 (1.05%) Advertising
18 32 (0.88%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 704 (19.42%) Developer
2 513 (14.15%) QA Engineer
3 387 (10.67%) Analyst
4 233 (6.43%) Tester
5 216 (5.96%) Test Engineer
6 186 (5.13%) Software Engineer
7 182 (5.02%) Senior Developer
8 179 (4.94%) Automation Engineer
9 167 (4.61%) QA Automation Engineer
10 143 (3.94%) QA Leader
11 136 (3.75%) Test Analyst
12 115 (3.17%) QA Analyst
13 113 (3.12%) Software Developer
14 112 (3.09%) Java Developer
15 104 (2.87%) Business Analyst
16 103 (2.84%) Architect
17 101 (2.79%) .NET Developer
18 99 (2.73%) Test Automation Engineer
19 96 (2.65%) Automation Tester
20 94 (2.59%) QA Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 591 (16.30%) .NET
2 334 (9.21%) HTML
3 323 (8.91%) REST
4 302 (8.33%) CSS
4 302 (8.33%) React
5 247 (6.81%) RESTful
6 217 (5.98%) Node.js
7 206 (5.68%) AngularJS
8 172 (4.74%) Web Services
9 163 (4.50%) Gherkin
10 149 (4.11%) .NET Core
11 137 (3.78%) XML
12 128 (3.53%) ASP.NET
13 125 (3.45%) Vue.js
14 124 (3.42%) SOAP
14 124 (3.42%) Spring
15 122 (3.36%) HTML5
15 122 (3.36%) JSON
16 100 (2.76%) Kafka
17 93 (2.56%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 298 (8.22%) Mobile App
2 280 (7.72%) User Experience
3 133 (3.67%) Self-Motivation
4 132 (3.64%) Management Information System
5 79 (2.18%) Greenfield Project
6 67 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
7 54 (1.49%) Virtual Team
8 43 (1.19%) Derivative
9 33 (0.91%) NHS
10 32 (0.88%) Life Science
11 30 (0.83%) Cloud Native
12 29 (0.80%) Client/Server
13 28 (0.77%) Hybrid Cloud
14 26 (0.72%) Algorithms
14 26 (0.72%) Blog
14 26 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 24 (0.66%) Analytical Mindset
15 24 (0.66%) Fixed Income
16 21 (0.58%) Data Structures
17 19 (0.52%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 295 (8.14%) Linux
2 237 (6.54%) Windows
3 184 (5.07%) Android
4 178 (4.91%) Apple iOS
5 101 (2.79%) Unix
6 37 (1.02%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.74%) Ubuntu
8 24 (0.66%) Windows 10
9 18 (0.50%) CentOS
10 13 (0.36%) AIX
11 12 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.25%) Mac OS
12 9 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
13 8 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 7 (0.19%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.17%) zOS
16 4 (0.11%) Windows 8
17 3 (0.083%) VMS
17 3 (0.083%) Windows Server 2016
18 2 (0.055%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,726 (47.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,513 (41.73%) Test Automation
3 678 (18.70%) DevOps
4 606 (16.71%) Scrum
5 568 (15.66%) Software Testing
6 495 (13.65%) Problem-Solving
7 488 (13.46%) BDD
8 461 (12.71%) TDD
9 449 (12.38%) Microservices
10 408 (11.25%) SDLC
11 404 (11.14%) Software Engineering
12 362 (9.98%) Continuous Integration
13 335 (9.24%) Fintech
14 304 (8.38%) Mentoring
15 285 (7.86%) Test Strategy
16 264 (7.28%) API Testing
16 264 (7.28%) SDET
17 262 (7.23%) Continuous Improvement
18 233 (6.43%) Computer Science
19 223 (6.15%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 819 (22.59%) C#
2 770 (21.24%) JavaScript
3 750 (20.68%) Java
4 743 (20.49%) SQL
5 505 (13.93%) Python
6 331 (9.13%) TypeScript
7 233 (6.43%) C
8 124 (3.42%) PHP
9 97 (2.68%) T-SQL
10 92 (2.54%) C++
11 82 (2.26%) Scala
12 77 (2.12%) Kotlin
13 76 (2.10%) PowerShell
14 66 (1.82%) ES6
15 64 (1.77%) Ruby
16 55 (1.52%) Shell Script
17 50 (1.38%) Java 8
18 48 (1.32%) Apple Swift
19 45 (1.24%) Bash Shell
20 41 (1.13%) Go
Qualifications
1 432 (11.91%) Degree
2 149 (4.11%) ISTQB
3 99 (2.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 73 (2.01%) Security Cleared
5 70 (1.93%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 64 (1.77%) ISEB
7 49 (1.35%) SC Cleared
8 39 (1.08%) Master's Degree
9 28 (0.77%) SANS
10 25 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
11 22 (0.61%) ITIL Certification
12 17 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
13 14 (0.39%) MBCS
14 11 (0.30%) CCNA
14 11 (0.30%) HND
14 11 (0.30%) PhD
14 11 (0.30%) PMP
15 9 (0.25%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 9 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 9 (0.25%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (1.93%) GDPR
2 42 (1.16%) Data Quality
2 42 (1.16%) SLA
3 40 (1.10%) WCAG
4 27 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (0.50%) PMO
6 17 (0.47%) CDISC
6 17 (0.47%) GMP
6 17 (0.47%) GRC
7 16 (0.44%) MiFID
7 16 (0.44%) PCI DSS
8 15 (0.41%) Good Clinical Practice
8 15 (0.41%) ISO 9001
9 13 (0.36%) EMIR
10 8 (0.22%) GxP
11 7 (0.19%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 6 (0.17%) ISO 13485
13 5 (0.14%) BS7666
14 4 (0.11%) GLP
15 3 (0.083%) NEBOSH
System Software
1 395 (10.89%) Docker
2 44 (1.21%) Active Directory
3 20 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.33%) Hyper-V
5 10 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.22%) KVM
7 6 (0.17%) Firmware
8 5 (0.14%) LXC
9 2 (0.055%) HDFS
9 2 (0.055%) Snort
9 2 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.028%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.028%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.028%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.028%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.028%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 236 (6.51%) Kubernetes
2 86 (2.37%) Terraform
3 43 (1.19%) Ansible
4 35 (0.97%) Puppet
5 24 (0.66%) HP Quality Center
6 18 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (0.44%) ZABBIX
8 13 (0.36%) Grafana
9 12 (0.33%) Failover Clustering
10 10 (0.28%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 9 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
12 8 (0.22%) FlexNet
12 8 (0.22%) Kibana
13 7 (0.19%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.17%) HP Fortify
15 4 (0.11%) FortiGate
15 4 (0.11%) Perfmon
15 4 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
16 3 (0.083%) HAProxy
16 3 (0.083%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 422 (11.64%) Microsoft
2 117 (3.23%) Google
3 113 (3.12%) Oracle
4 108 (2.98%) Salesforce.com
5 63 (1.74%) SAP
6 57 (1.57%) Atlassian
7 46 (1.27%) Xamarin
8 37 (1.02%) Red Hat
9 36 (0.99%) HP
10 35 (0.97%) Samsung
11 33 (0.91%) Apple
12 30 (0.83%) VMware
13 28 (0.77%) Adobe
14 27 (0.74%) IBM
15 25 (0.69%) Spotify
16 22 (0.61%) ServiceNow
17 21 (0.58%) Cisco
17 21 (0.58%) Remedy
18 16 (0.44%) Bloomberg
18 16 (0.44%) Sybase