Period
to 31 May 2020

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £403 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK > England
6 months to
31 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 218 188 232
Rank change year-on-year -30 +44 -37
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 497 1,273 1,124
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.20% 1.52% 1.22%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.28% 1.61% 1.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 338 803 753
Median daily rate £403 £405 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.43% +1.13% +14.29%
10th Percentile £292 £281 £264
90th Percentile £550 £550 £512
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £390
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +11.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 8 9
Median hourly rate £47.00 £13.10 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +258.78% -69.18% +101.14%
10th Percentile £18.03 £10.75 £22.58
90th Percentile £48.99 £46.63 £175.00
UK median hourly rate £47.00 £13.10 £42.50
% change year-on-year +258.78% -69.18% +120.04%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 38,975 79,002 87,673
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.78% 94.57% 94.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,909 52,454 57,960
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £255 £280 £273
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £466 £473 £450
% change year-on-year -1.37% +5.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,555 2,460 2,758
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.50 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.26% +4.28% -1.58%
10th Percentile £12.02 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £51.27 £48.75
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.03 £18.12
% change year-on-year +12.98% +5.04% -4.37%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in England

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tester in England.

Daily rate trend for Tester in England

Tester
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tester in England over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Tester in England

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tester in England.

Hourly rate trend for Tester in England

Tester
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Tester in England over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Tester in England

Tester
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the England region over the 6 months to 31 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -32 203 £425 -5.56% 8
South East +59 104 £370 -4.52% 7
North of England -13 65 £393 +8.28% 15
Midlands +18 56 £360 -4.00% 2
West Midlands +7 37 £400 +6.67%
South West 0 32 £450 +8.43% 3
North West +2 31 £325 -13.33% 7
East of England +36 26 £463 +27.59% 3
Yorkshire +10 21 £396 +9.31% 8
East Midlands +26 19 £300 -17.24% 2
North East +8 14 £444 +36.54%
Tester
UK

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 31 May 2020, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Tester in the job title.

1 328 (66.00%) Test Automation
2 203 (40.85%) Agile Software Development
3 186 (37.42%) Selenium
4 145 (29.18%) Java
5 116 (23.34%) Test Scripting
6 109 (21.93%) Cucumber
7 108 (21.73%) Security Cleared
8 105 (21.13%) QA
9 103 (20.72%) JIRA
10 102 (20.52%) SQL
11 93 (18.71%) BDD
12 90 (18.11%) SC Cleared
13 85 (17.10%) DevOps
14 77 (15.49%) C#
15 71 (14.29%) Jenkins
15 71 (14.29%) Performance Testing
16 68 (13.68%) Scrum
17 67 (13.48%) ISTQB
18 63 (12.68%) JMeter
18 63 (12.68%) Continuous Integration
19 61 (12.27%) Functional Testing
20 60 (12.07%) Scenario Testing
21 57 (11.47%) Finance
21 57 (11.47%) TDD
22 56 (11.27%) Azure
23 54 (10.87%) Regression Testing
24 53 (10.66%) Oracle
25 48 (9.66%) SoapUI
25 48 (9.66%) Test Strategy
25 48 (9.66%) SDLC

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (7.24%) Confluence
2 7 (1.41%) IIS
3 5 (1.01%) JBoss
3 5 (1.01%) SAS
4 3 (0.60%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (0.40%) ArcGIS
5 2 (0.40%) Oracle Spatial
5 2 (0.40%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 1 (0.20%) Apache
6 1 (0.20%) CMS
6 1 (0.20%) Drupal
6 1 (0.20%) Umbraco
6 1 (0.20%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (1.41%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (1.01%) SPSS
4 3 (0.60%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.40%) Acrobat
5 2 (0.40%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (1.81%) Dynamics CRM
1 9 (1.81%) Oracle EBS
2 6 (1.21%) BASE24
3 4 (0.80%) Oracle Applications
3 4 (0.80%) Oracle Retail
4 3 (0.60%) Maximo
4 3 (0.60%) Workday HCM
5 2 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.40%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.20%) iTrent
6 1 (0.20%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle CRM
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.20%) SAP EWM
6 1 (0.20%) SAP MDM
6 1 (0.20%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 56 (11.27%) Azure
2 30 (6.04%) AWS
3 21 (4.23%) GitHub
4 8 (1.61%) Power Platform
5 6 (1.21%) BrowserStack
5 6 (1.21%) SaaS
6 5 (1.01%) Office 365
7 4 (0.80%) Dynamics 365
8 3 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (0.60%) BlazeMeter
8 3 (0.60%) Slack
9 2 (0.40%) Amazon Cognito
9 2 (0.40%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
9 2 (0.40%) GCP
9 2 (0.40%) Oracle CX
9 2 (0.40%) Sauce Labs
9 2 (0.40%) Serverless
10 1 (0.20%) IBM Cloud
10 1 (0.20%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.21%) HTTP
2 9 (1.81%) Internet
3 7 (1.41%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.21%) ATM
4 6 (1.21%) DSL
4 6 (1.21%) Firewall
4 6 (1.21%) Wireless
4 6 (1.21%) Wireshark
5 4 (0.80%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.60%) 802.11
6 3 (0.60%) Broadband
6 3 (0.60%) DNS
6 3 (0.60%) DOCSIS
6 3 (0.60%) Ethernet
6 3 (0.60%) IPv4
6 3 (0.60%) IPv6
6 3 (0.60%) Telnet
6 3 (0.60%) VoIP
6 3 (0.60%) WLAN
6 3 (0.60%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (4.43%) SQL Server
2 8 (1.61%) Power BI
3 6 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
4 5 (1.01%) MySQL
5 4 (0.80%) Oracle Database
6 3 (0.60%) Amazon RDS
6 3 (0.60%) Blockchain
6 3 (0.60%) MongoDB
6 3 (0.60%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (0.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 2 (0.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (0.40%) Oracle ODI
7 2 (0.40%) Oracle Reports
7 2 (0.40%) Relational Database
8 1 (0.20%) Amazon Redshift
8 1 (0.20%) CouchDB
8 1 (0.20%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.20%) MS Access
8 1 (0.20%) NoSQL
8 1 (0.20%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 186 (37.42%) Selenium
2 109 (21.93%) Cucumber
3 103 (20.72%) JIRA
4 71 (14.29%) Jenkins
5 63 (12.68%) JMeter
6 48 (9.66%) SoapUI
7 46 (9.26%) SpecFlow
8 39 (7.85%) Git (software)
8 39 (7.85%) WebDriver
9 26 (5.23%) Postman
10 25 (5.03%) REST Assured
11 20 (4.02%) LoadRunner
12 19 (3.82%) Appium
13 17 (3.42%) Gatling
14 16 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
15 15 (3.02%) Maven
16 14 (2.82%) Cypress.io
17 13 (2.62%) JUnit
17 13 (2.62%) Zephyr
18 12 (2.41%) HP UFT
General
1 57 (11.47%) Finance
2 43 (8.65%) Public Sector
3 21 (4.23%) Banking
4 11 (2.21%) Retail
5 9 (1.81%) Telecoms
6 7 (1.41%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.41%) Marketing
7 5 (1.01%) Electronics
8 4 (0.80%) Military
9 3 (0.60%) Advertising
9 3 (0.60%) German Language
9 3 (0.60%) Legal
10 2 (0.40%) Front Office
10 2 (0.40%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.20%) Automotive
11 1 (0.20%) Billing
11 1 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.20%) Games
11 1 (0.20%) Law
11 1 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (9.26%) .NET
2 34 (6.84%) Web Services
3 33 (6.64%) Gherkin
4 28 (5.63%) REST
4 28 (5.63%) SOAP
5 19 (3.82%) AngularJS
5 19 (3.82%) JSON
5 19 (3.82%) XML
6 18 (3.62%) RESTful
7 15 (3.02%) Spring
8 14 (2.82%) HTML
9 12 (2.41%) Node.js
10 9 (1.81%) Middleware
10 9 (1.81%) Spring Boot
11 8 (1.61%) J2SE
11 8 (1.61%) WebdriverIO
12 7 (1.41%) Oracle Fusion
13 6 (1.21%) Java EE
13 6 (1.21%) Jest
14 5 (1.01%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 36 (7.24%) Mobile App
2 26 (5.23%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (1.41%) Greenfield Project
3 7 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
3 7 (1.41%) User Experience
4 6 (1.21%) EMV
4 6 (1.21%) Tandem
4 6 (1.21%) Virtual Team
5 5 (1.01%) SCORM
5 5 (1.01%) W3C
6 4 (0.80%) Enterprise Software
6 4 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (0.80%) IPTV
6 4 (0.80%) Management Information System
7 3 (0.60%) Fixed Income
7 3 (0.60%) NHS
8 2 (0.40%) Derivative
8 2 (0.40%) Equities
8 2 (0.40%) Mainframe
8 2 (0.40%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 46 (9.26%) Linux
2 43 (8.65%) Windows
3 23 (4.63%) Unix
4 15 (3.02%) Android
4 15 (3.02%) Apple iOS
5 7 (1.41%) Kali Linux
6 4 (0.80%) Windows Server 2012
7 3 (0.60%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.40%) Solaris
9 1 (0.20%) AIX
9 1 (0.20%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.20%) VMS
9 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 328 (66.00%) Test Automation
2 203 (40.85%) Agile Software Development
3 116 (23.34%) Test Scripting
4 93 (18.71%) BDD
5 85 (17.10%) DevOps
6 71 (14.29%) Performance Testing
7 68 (13.68%) Scrum
8 63 (12.68%) Continuous Integration
9 61 (12.27%) Functional Testing
10 60 (12.07%) Scenario Testing
11 57 (11.47%) TDD
12 54 (10.87%) Regression Testing
13 48 (9.66%) API Testing
13 48 (9.66%) SDLC
13 48 (9.66%) Test Strategy
14 46 (9.26%) User Acceptance Testing
15 42 (8.45%) Integration Testing
15 42 (8.45%) Problem-Solving
16 40 (8.05%) Manual Testing
17 35 (7.04%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 145 (29.18%) Java
2 102 (20.52%) SQL
3 77 (15.49%) C#
4 38 (7.65%) Python
5 37 (7.44%) JavaScript
6 11 (2.21%) PowerShell
7 10 (2.01%) C
7 10 (2.01%) Groovy
8 9 (1.81%) Java 8
9 8 (1.61%) Scala
10 7 (1.41%) PL/SQL
11 5 (1.01%) PHP
11 5 (1.01%) Ruby
11 5 (1.01%) VB
11 5 (1.01%) VBScript
12 4 (0.80%) Bash Shell
12 4 (0.80%) Kotlin
12 4 (0.80%) T-SQL
13 3 (0.60%) ANSI SQL
13 3 (0.60%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 108 (21.73%) Security Cleared
2 90 (18.11%) SC Cleared
3 67 (13.48%) ISTQB
4 46 (9.26%) ISEB
5 44 (8.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 14 (2.82%) CREST Certified
7 13 (2.62%) OSCP
8 12 (2.41%) DV Cleared
9 11 (2.21%) Degree
10 7 (1.41%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (1.01%) CHECK Team Leader
11 5 (1.01%) Master's Degree
11 5 (1.01%) Tigerscheme
12 4 (0.80%) CHECK Team Member
13 3 (0.60%) Computer Science Degree
13 3 (0.60%) Cyber Scheme
13 3 (0.60%) ECSA
14 2 (0.40%) CISA
14 2 (0.40%) CISM
14 2 (0.40%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (21.13%) QA
2 7 (1.41%) WCAG
3 6 (1.21%) ISO 8583
4 3 (0.60%) GPG13
5 2 (0.40%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.40%) UCITS
6 1 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.20%) HL7
6 1 (0.20%) IFRS
6 1 (0.20%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.20%) JSP 440
6 1 (0.20%) SLA
System Software
1 19 (3.82%) Docker
2 7 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.60%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.20%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 15 (3.02%) Terraform
2 12 (2.41%) HP ALM
3 11 (2.21%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (2.01%) Ansible
4 10 (2.01%) Nessus
5 9 (1.81%) HP Quality Center
6 8 (1.61%) Kubernetes
7 7 (1.41%) Grafana
7 7 (1.41%) Nmap
8 5 (1.01%) Sysdig
9 4 (0.80%) Puppet
10 3 (0.60%) Kibana
10 3 (0.60%) logstash
10 3 (0.60%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.40%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.40%) WebInspect
12 1 (0.20%) MOM
12 1 (0.20%) nmon
Vendors
1 53 (10.66%) Oracle
2 39 (7.85%) Microsoft
3 25 (5.03%) HP
4 12 (2.41%) SAP
5 8 (1.61%) Cisco
6 7 (1.41%) Atlassian
7 6 (1.21%) Dynatrace
7 6 (1.21%) Micro Focus
8 5 (1.01%) VMware
9 4 (0.80%) Adobe
9 4 (0.80%) Blue Coat
9 4 (0.80%) Google
9 4 (0.80%) Riverbed
9 4 (0.80%) Splunk
10 3 (0.60%) SolarWinds
10 3 (0.60%) Workday
11 2 (0.40%) AppDynamics
11 2 (0.40%) IBM
12 1 (0.20%) Murex
12 1 (0.20%) Sun