Period
to 15 November 2019

The median contractor rate for a Tester was £400 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Tester
UK > England
6 months to
15 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 228 172 204
Rank change year-on-year -56 +32 -7
Contract jobs requiring a Tester 880 1,497 1,240
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.15% 1.57% 1.31%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.22% 1.66% 1.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 556 1,040 774
England median daily rate £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +1.35%
10th Percentile £281 £275 £250
90th Percentile £538 £525 £525
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 12 19
England median hourly rate £13.10 £16.50 £13.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.61% +26.92% -60.83%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.55 £11.60
90th Percentile £35.00 £23.65 £44.85
UK median hourly rate £13.10 £20.50 £13.00
% change year-on-year -36.10% +57.69% -59.38%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 72,088 90,275 89,898
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.04% 94.78% 94.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,777 60,361 59,836
England median daily rate £473 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +2.78% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,596 2,782 2,662
England median hourly rate £19.46 £18.50 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.19% -1.07% +3.89%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.88
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £48.09
UK median hourly rate £19.71 £18.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +9.50% -3.74% +3.89%

Tester
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Tester in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Tester in England

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tester in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tester in England

Tester
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tester in England

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tester in England

Tester
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tester in England over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tester in England

Tester
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tester within the England region over the 6 months to 15 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -42 368 £425 -4.49% 59
South East -11 181 £375 -5.66% 44
North of England -37 141 £375 - 79
Yorkshire -6 79 £375 +5.63% 36
Midlands -26 77 £394 -1.56% 36
South West -16 66 £380 +8.57% 17
West Midlands -4 55 £394 -1.56% 20
North West -29 46 £400 - 35
East of England -5 43 £373 -21.58% 11
East Midlands -7 21 £379 -1.88% 16
North East +13 16 £355 -13.94% 8
Tester
UK

Tester Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 15 November 2019, Tester contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Tester in the job title.

1 578 (65.68%) Test Automation
2 375 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
3 325 (36.93%) Selenium
4 242 (27.50%) QA
5 236 (26.82%) Java
6 187 (21.25%) Cucumber
7 172 (19.55%) JIRA
7 172 (19.55%) C#
8 168 (19.09%) SQL
9 148 (16.82%) Test Scripting
10 145 (16.48%) BDD
11 133 (15.11%) Jenkins
12 132 (15.00%) Scrum
13 123 (13.98%) JavaScript
14 114 (12.95%) Security Cleared
15 109 (12.39%) Manual Testing
15 109 (12.39%) Performance Testing
16 103 (11.70%) Finance
17 97 (11.02%) Continuous Integration
18 96 (10.91%) JMeter
19 94 (10.68%) SC Cleared
20 93 (10.57%) Regression Testing
20 93 (10.57%) Python
21 88 (10.00%) Test Strategy
22 87 (9.89%) DevOps
23 86 (9.77%) TDD
24 78 (8.86%) User Acceptance Testing
25 77 (8.75%) Git (software)
26 76 (8.64%) Confluence
27 73 (8.30%) Azure

Tester Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (8.64%) Confluence
2 11 (1.25%) SharePoint
3 8 (0.91%) BizTalk Server
4 7 (0.80%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (0.80%) nginx
5 6 (0.68%) WebSphere
6 3 (0.34%) CMS
6 3 (0.34%) Drupal
7 2 (0.23%) Jetty
7 2 (0.23%) MQSeries
7 2 (0.23%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.11%) IIS
8 1 (0.11%) JBoss
8 1 (0.11%) NetWeaver
8 1 (0.11%) OpenEdge
8 1 (0.11%) Oracle Service Bus
8 1 (0.11%) Oracle Workflow
8 1 (0.11%) SAS
8 1 (0.11%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.11%) Umbraco
Applications
1 17 (1.93%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.48%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (1.36%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.45%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.11%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.11%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 10 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.57%) Actimize
2 5 (0.57%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.34%) SAP MM
4 2 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.23%) Maximo
4 2 (0.23%) SAP EWM
5 1 (0.11%) Global One
5 1 (0.11%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.11%) Magento
5 1 (0.11%) MoSes
5 1 (0.11%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.11%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 73 (8.30%) Azure
2 35 (3.98%) AWS
2 35 (3.98%) GitHub
3 14 (1.59%) BrowserStack
4 12 (1.36%) GCP
5 10 (1.14%) Sauce Labs
6 9 (1.02%) BlazeMeter
6 9 (1.02%) Dynamics 365
7 8 (0.91%) Serverless
8 6 (0.68%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 5 (0.57%) Google Compute Engine
9 5 (0.57%) Office 365
10 4 (0.45%) Power Platform
10 4 (0.45%) SaaS
10 4 (0.45%) ZenHub
11 3 (0.34%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.34%) Trello
12 2 (0.23%) Lucidchart
12 2 (0.23%) npm
13 1 (0.11%) Amazon Alexa
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.16%) Internet
2 16 (1.82%) Wireshark
3 12 (1.36%) HTTP
4 11 (1.25%) Firewall
4 11 (1.25%) Wireless
5 5 (0.57%) Remote Desktop
6 4 (0.45%) ATM
6 4 (0.45%) SAN
6 4 (0.45%) TCP/IP
7 3 (0.34%) DHCP
7 3 (0.34%) DVB
7 3 (0.34%) Ethernet
7 3 (0.34%) IPv4
7 3 (0.34%) IPv6
7 3 (0.34%) iSCSI
7 3 (0.34%) Multicast
7 3 (0.34%) Network Security
7 3 (0.34%) Skype
7 3 (0.34%) UPnP
7 3 (0.34%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (5.23%) SQL Server
2 23 (2.61%) MongoDB
3 13 (1.48%) NoSQL
4 12 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
4 12 (1.36%) PostgreSQL
4 12 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 10 (1.14%) Big Data
5 10 (1.14%) MySQL
6 9 (1.02%) Oracle Database
6 9 (1.02%) Relational Database
7 6 (0.68%) RDBMS
8 5 (0.57%) Cosmos DB
8 5 (0.57%) DB2
9 4 (0.45%) Blockchain
9 4 (0.45%) Data Mining
9 4 (0.45%) Oracle Reports
9 4 (0.45%) Pentaho
9 4 (0.45%) SQL Server 2012
9 4 (0.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 3 (0.34%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 325 (36.93%) Selenium
2 187 (21.25%) Cucumber
3 172 (19.55%) JIRA
4 133 (15.11%) Jenkins
5 96 (10.91%) JMeter
6 77 (8.75%) Git (software)
7 73 (8.30%) SpecFlow
8 72 (8.18%) WebDriver
9 49 (5.57%) SoapUI
10 48 (5.45%) Team Foundation Server
11 35 (3.98%) LoadRunner
12 27 (3.07%) Visual Studio Team System
13 23 (2.61%) Appium
13 23 (2.61%) Maven
13 23 (2.61%) Protractor
14 19 (2.16%) Gatling
14 19 (2.16%) HP UFT
14 19 (2.16%) Visual Studio
15 17 (1.93%) TeamCity
16 16 (1.82%) TestRail
General
1 103 (11.70%) Finance
2 45 (5.11%) Public Sector
3 32 (3.64%) Banking
4 24 (2.73%) Retail
5 23 (2.61%) Telecoms
6 18 (2.05%) Manufacturing
7 13 (1.48%) Games
8 11 (1.25%) Electronics
8 11 (1.25%) Legal
9 10 (1.14%) German Language
10 9 (1.02%) Front Office
11 7 (0.80%) Italian Language
12 6 (0.68%) Investment Banking
12 6 (0.68%) Law
13 4 (0.45%) Advertising
13 4 (0.45%) Marketing
13 4 (0.45%) Publishing
14 3 (0.34%) Back Office
14 3 (0.34%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.23%) General Ledger
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 72 (8.18%) Gherkin
2 69 (7.84%) Web Services
3 68 (7.73%) .NET
4 66 (7.50%) RESTful
5 59 (6.70%) JSON
6 44 (5.00%) XML
7 43 (4.89%) HTML
8 34 (3.86%) SOAP
9 31 (3.52%) CSS
10 29 (3.30%) AngularJS
11 28 (3.18%) REST
12 26 (2.95%) Node.js
12 26 (2.95%) Spring
13 12 (1.36%) Kafka
14 11 (1.25%) Middleware
15 9 (1.02%) React
16 8 (0.91%) .NET Framework
16 8 (0.91%) Express
16 8 (0.91%) GraphQL
17 7 (0.80%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 68 (7.73%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (3.98%) Mobile App
3 27 (3.07%) User Experience
4 16 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
5 14 (1.59%) Virtual Team
5 14 (1.59%) Wiki
6 13 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
7 10 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (0.91%) STB
9 7 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (0.80%) Mainframe
10 6 (0.68%) Fibre Optics
10 6 (0.68%) Online Banking
10 6 (0.68%) Private Cloud
11 5 (0.57%) Embedded Systems
11 5 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (0.57%) N-Tier
11 5 (0.57%) SWIFT
12 4 (0.45%) Client/Server
12 4 (0.45%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 73 (8.30%) Linux
2 60 (6.82%) Windows
3 47 (5.34%) Android
4 46 (5.23%) Apple iOS
5 25 (2.84%) Unix
6 7 (0.80%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.57%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.45%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.23%) Kali Linux
9 2 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.23%) Solaris
9 2 (0.23%) VME
9 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.11%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 578 (65.68%) Test Automation
2 375 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
3 148 (16.82%) Test Scripting
4 145 (16.48%) BDD
5 132 (15.00%) Scrum
6 109 (12.39%) Manual Testing
6 109 (12.39%) Performance Testing
7 97 (11.02%) Continuous Integration
8 93 (10.57%) Regression Testing
9 88 (10.00%) Test Strategy
10 87 (9.89%) DevOps
11 86 (9.77%) TDD
12 78 (8.86%) User Acceptance Testing
13 73 (8.30%) Penetration Testing
14 72 (8.18%) Scenario Testing
15 71 (8.07%) API Testing
16 70 (7.95%) Software Testing
17 68 (7.73%) Defect Management
18 62 (7.05%) SDLC
19 56 (6.36%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 236 (26.82%) Java
2 172 (19.55%) C#
3 168 (19.09%) SQL
4 123 (13.98%) JavaScript
5 93 (10.57%) Python
6 35 (3.98%) Ruby
7 17 (1.93%) Bash Shell
7 17 (1.93%) PHP
8 16 (1.82%) Java 8
8 16 (1.82%) Shell Script
9 12 (1.36%) C
10 11 (1.25%) C++
10 11 (1.25%) Groovy
10 11 (1.25%) Scala
10 11 (1.25%) T-SQL
11 10 (1.14%) TypeScript
12 8 (0.91%) Perl
12 8 (0.91%) PL/SQL
12 8 (0.91%) PowerShell
13 7 (0.80%) VB
Qualifications
1 114 (12.95%) Security Cleared
2 94 (10.68%) SC Cleared
3 69 (7.84%) ISTQB
4 57 (6.48%) ISEB
5 26 (2.95%) Degree
6 24 (2.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 21 (2.39%) CREST Certified
8 19 (2.16%) OSCP
9 11 (1.25%) CHECK Team Member
9 11 (1.25%) GPEN
9 11 (1.25%) GWAPT
9 11 (1.25%) OSCE
9 11 (1.25%) SANS
10 9 (1.02%) CHECK Team Leader
10 9 (1.02%) Computer Science Degree
10 9 (1.02%) GXPN
10 9 (1.02%) Tigerscheme
11 5 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.57%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 242 (27.50%) QA
2 6 (0.68%) Data Quality
2 6 (0.68%) SEPA
3 5 (0.57%) ISO 9001
4 3 (0.34%) WCAG
5 2 (0.23%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.23%) PMO
5 2 (0.23%) SLA
6 1 (0.11%) GDPR
6 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.11%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.11%) MiFID
System Software
1 36 (4.09%) Docker
2 5 (0.57%) Firmware
3 3 (0.34%) vSphere
4 2 (0.23%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.11%) Time Sharing Option
5 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 29 (3.30%) HP Quality Center
2 16 (1.82%) Nessus
3 14 (1.59%) Nmap
4 12 (1.36%) HP ALM
5 11 (1.25%) Ansible
6 9 (1.02%) Terraform
7 8 (0.91%) Red Hat Satellite
7 8 (0.91%) WSUS
8 6 (0.68%) Kubernetes
9 4 (0.45%) WebInspect
10 2 (0.23%) HP Fortify
10 2 (0.23%) Kibana
10 2 (0.23%) logstash
10 2 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.11%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.11%) Nagios
11 1 (0.11%) Netcool
11 1 (0.11%) OpenView Configuration Management
11 1 (0.11%) Opscode Chef
11 1 (0.11%) TeMIP
Vendors
1 63 (7.16%) Microsoft
2 50 (5.68%) Oracle
3 47 (5.34%) HP
4 25 (2.84%) SAP
5 16 (1.82%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 15 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.48%) Google
8 12 (1.36%) Cisco
8 12 (1.36%) IBM
8 12 (1.36%) VMware
9 11 (1.25%) Atlassian
10 10 (1.14%) Red Hat
11 9 (1.02%) BMC
12 8 (0.91%) Tripwire
13 7 (0.80%) MuleSoft
14 6 (0.68%) hybris
15 5 (0.57%) Acunetix
15 5 (0.57%) Perforce
16 4 (0.45%) Juniper
16 4 (0.45%) OpenText