Period
to 23 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 23 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK > England
6 months to
23 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 182 151 185
Rank change year-on-year -31 +34 -41
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 1,008 494 1,171
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.50% 1.80% 1.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.68% 2.06% 1.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 718 348 823
10th Percentile £419 £377 £413
25th Percentile £488 £445 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £519 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.08% -5.73% +4.76%
75th Percentile £638 £613 £650
90th Percentile £716 £688 £725
UK median daily rate £550 £510 £538
% change year-on-year +7.84% -5.12% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 0
Median hourly rate £41.48 £33.75 -
Median % change year-on-year +22.89% - -
UK median hourly rate £41.48 £33.75 -
% change year-on-year +22.89% - -

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,077 24,021 67,602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.36% 87.40% 87.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,266 16,559 45,845
10th Percentile £316 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £381 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - +1.28%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,488 689 1,920
10th Percentile £12.05 £11.75 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.04 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.29 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.86% +11.11% +12.50%
75th Percentile £49.50 £45.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £63.33 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.80 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -0.80% +11.11% +12.50%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in England

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery in England.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in England

Continuous Delivery
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Delivery in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in England

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery in England.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in England

Continuous Delivery
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Delivery in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in England

Continuous Delivery
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the England region over the 6 months to 23 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -35 608 £575 +4.55% 136
North of England -6 111 £525 +13.51% 52
South East -84 69 £495 -1.79% 50
Midlands -52 57 £525 +16.67% 27
North West -14 53 £538 +41.45% 32
South West -30 52 £500 +42.86% 18
West Midlands -56 45 £550 +22.22% 14
Yorkshire -36 42 £525 +10.53% 13
East of England -43 21 £238 -54.76% 15
North East +10 17 £575 +9.52% 7
East Midlands -36 11 £415 -20.19% 13
Continuous Delivery
UK

For the 6 months to 23 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 656 (65.08%) Agile Software Development
2 514 (50.99%) Continuous Integration
3 502 (49.80%) DevOps
4 310 (30.75%) Java
5 303 (30.06%) TDD
6 280 (27.78%) Test Automation
7 274 (27.18%) AWS
8 232 (23.02%) Kubernetes
9 227 (22.52%) Python
10 225 (22.32%) Azure
11 213 (21.13%) Microservices
12 209 (20.73%) Jenkins
13 200 (19.84%) Social Skills
14 191 (18.95%) Software Engineering
15 189 (18.75%) Docker
16 182 (18.06%) JavaScript
16 182 (18.06%) Scrum
17 180 (17.86%) Terraform
18 177 (17.56%) Finance
19 176 (17.46%) SQL
20 166 (16.47%) Git (software)
21 148 (14.68%) JIRA
22 147 (14.58%) Ansible
23 143 (14.19%) C#
24 142 (14.09%) Linux
25 137 (13.59%) Security Cleared
26 135 (13.39%) Problem-Solving
27 127 (12.60%) Continuous Improvement
28 124 (12.30%) Serverless
29 119 (11.81%) SC Cleared

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (9.03%) Confluence
2 34 (3.37%) Apache
3 29 (2.88%) Apache Airflow
4 15 (1.49%) Tomcat
5 12 (1.19%) JBoss
5 12 (1.19%) OpenStack
6 10 (0.99%) SharePoint
6 10 (0.99%) WebSphere
7 9 (0.89%) nginx
7 9 (0.89%) WebSphere Application Server
8 8 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 7 (0.69%) Apache Spark
9 7 (0.69%) Camunda
10 6 (0.60%) Mule
10 6 (0.60%) WebLogic
11 5 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
11 5 (0.50%) IBM Domino
11 5 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
12 4 (0.40%) CMS
12 4 (0.40%) Drupal
Applications
1 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.099%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.099%) PlantUML
2 1 (0.099%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 10 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.20%) Magento
2 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.20%) SAP FI-CA
2 2 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.20%) SAP PSCD
3 1 (0.099%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 274 (27.18%) AWS
2 225 (22.32%) Azure
3 124 (12.30%) Serverless
4 94 (9.33%) GCP
4 94 (9.33%) GitHub
5 90 (8.93%) PaaS
6 82 (8.13%) IaaS
7 76 (7.54%) SaaS
8 55 (5.46%) AWS Lambda
9 49 (4.86%) Amazon S3
10 47 (4.66%) AWS CloudFormation
11 33 (3.27%) Azure Active Directory
12 28 (2.78%) Power Platform
13 25 (2.48%) Azure Key Vault
14 22 (2.18%) Azure Storage
15 21 (2.08%) AWS CodePipeline
15 21 (2.08%) Azure Functions
15 21 (2.08%) Slack
16 18 (1.79%) Azure Logic Apps
17 16 (1.59%) AWS CodeDeploy
Communications & Networking
1 28 (2.78%) HTTP
2 23 (2.28%) DNS
3 20 (1.98%) SSL
4 16 (1.59%) HTTPS
5 15 (1.49%) WAN
6 14 (1.39%) Internet
7 13 (1.29%) Firewall
8 9 (0.89%) 2G
8 9 (0.89%) NAS
8 9 (0.89%) SAN
9 7 (0.69%) Cisco Nexus
9 7 (0.69%) FCoE
9 7 (0.69%) Fibre Channel
9 7 (0.69%) Intranet
9 7 (0.69%) IPsec
9 7 (0.69%) iSCSI
9 7 (0.69%) Kerberos
9 7 (0.69%) LAN
9 7 (0.69%) Multicast
9 7 (0.69%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (5.56%) SQL Server
2 51 (5.06%) MongoDB
3 46 (4.56%) NoSQL
4 38 (3.77%) Relational Database
5 35 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
6 32 (3.17%) Big Data
7 29 (2.88%) Data Warehouse
8 27 (2.68%) Data Lake
8 27 (2.68%) Hadoop
9 25 (2.48%) MySQL
10 24 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 21 (2.08%) Apache Ignite
11 21 (2.08%) Power BI
12 17 (1.69%) Azure SQL Database
12 17 (1.69%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 15 (1.49%) Apache Hive
13 15 (1.49%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 14 (1.39%) Apache Cassandra
14 14 (1.39%) Pentaho
14 14 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 209 (20.73%) Jenkins
2 166 (16.47%) Git (software)
3 148 (14.68%) JIRA
4 56 (5.56%) Bitbucket
4 56 (5.56%) Cucumber
5 52 (5.16%) Maven
6 44 (4.37%) GitLab
6 44 (4.37%) Selenium
7 37 (3.67%) JUnit
8 30 (2.98%) Sonatype Nexus
8 30 (2.98%) TeamCity
9 27 (2.68%) JMeter
9 27 (2.68%) SonarQube
10 24 (2.38%) Jasmine
10 24 (2.38%) REST Assured
11 23 (2.28%) WebDriver
12 21 (2.08%) Mockito
13 19 (1.88%) Gatling
13 19 (1.88%) gulp
14 15 (1.49%) Grunt
General
1 200 (19.84%) Social Skills
2 177 (17.56%) Finance
3 100 (9.92%) Public Sector
4 86 (8.53%) Banking
5 54 (5.36%) Analytical Skills
6 26 (2.58%) Marketing
7 25 (2.48%) Telecoms
8 23 (2.28%) Presentation Skills
9 22 (2.18%) Influencing Skills
10 17 (1.69%) Retail
11 14 (1.39%) Electronics
11 14 (1.39%) Investment Banking
12 13 (1.29%) Legal
12 13 (1.29%) Manufacturing
13 8 (0.79%) Games
14 7 (0.69%) Front Office
14 7 (0.69%) iGaming
14 7 (0.69%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.60%) Organisational Skills
16 5 (0.50%) Law
Job Titles
1 349 (34.62%) Developer
2 144 (14.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 89 (8.83%) Architect
4 71 (7.04%) Azure Engineer
5 67 (6.65%) Java Developer
6 63 (6.25%) C# Developer
7 56 (5.56%) Software Engineer
8 45 (4.46%) Software Developer
9 44 (4.37%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 41 (4.07%) Cloud Engineer
10 41 (4.07%) React Developer
11 38 (3.77%) Senior Developer
12 35 (3.47%) AWS Engineer
13 33 (3.27%) C# Software Developer
13 33 (3.27%) Consultant
14 32 (3.17%) Analyst
15 30 (2.98%) Technical Architect
16 26 (2.58%) Java Engineer
16 26 (2.58%) Solutions Architect
17 25 (2.48%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (11.11%) React
2 99 (9.82%) .NET
3 85 (8.43%) Node.js
3 85 (8.43%) REST
3 85 (8.43%) Web Services
4 79 (7.84%) Spring
5 73 (7.24%) CSS
6 71 (7.04%) RESTful
7 69 (6.85%) HTML
8 66 (6.55%) Kafka
9 55 (5.46%) GraphQL
10 48 (4.76%) .NET Core
11 46 (4.56%) JSON
11 46 (4.56%) Redux
12 43 (4.27%) HTML5
13 39 (3.87%) Spring Boot
14 33 (3.27%) AngularJS
15 26 (2.58%) .NET Framework
15 26 (2.58%) ASP.NET
16 25 (2.48%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 73 (7.24%) Cloud Native
2 67 (6.65%) Data Protection Act
3 49 (4.86%) User Experience
4 37 (3.67%) Data Structures
5 27 (2.68%) Mobile App
6 26 (2.58%) Management Information System
7 24 (2.38%) Public Cloud
8 18 (1.79%) Private Cloud
8 18 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
9 16 (1.59%) CMDB
10 15 (1.49%) Algorithms
10 15 (1.49%) Greenfield Project
11 13 (1.29%) Blog
11 13 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
11 13 (1.29%) Market Risk
12 12 (1.19%) iPad
12 12 (1.19%) iPhone
13 11 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
13 11 (1.09%) NHS
14 10 (0.99%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 142 (14.09%) Linux
2 70 (6.94%) Windows
3 60 (5.95%) Unix
4 38 (3.77%) Apple iOS
5 34 (3.37%) Android
6 19 (1.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (1.69%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.69%) Solaris
9 6 (0.60%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.60%) Mac OS X
9 6 (0.60%) VMS
10 5 (0.50%) Debian
11 4 (0.40%) Amazon Linux
11 4 (0.40%) tvOS
12 1 (0.099%) CentOS
12 1 (0.099%) FreeRTOS
12 1 (0.099%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 656 (65.08%) Agile Software Development
2 514 (50.99%) Continuous Integration
3 502 (49.80%) DevOps
4 303 (30.06%) TDD
5 280 (27.78%) Test Automation
6 213 (21.13%) Microservices
7 191 (18.95%) Software Engineering
8 182 (18.06%) Scrum
9 135 (13.39%) Problem-Solving
10 127 (12.60%) Continuous Improvement
11 118 (11.71%) Infrastructure as Code
12 98 (9.72%) Software Testing
13 94 (9.33%) BDD
14 82 (8.13%) Data Protection
15 81 (8.04%) Unit Testing
16 76 (7.54%) Pair Programming
17 71 (7.04%) Full Stack Development
17 71 (7.04%) SDLC
18 68 (6.75%) Open Source
19 63 (6.25%) Software Architecture
Programming Languages
1 310 (30.75%) Java
2 227 (22.52%) Python
3 182 (18.06%) JavaScript
4 176 (17.46%) SQL
5 143 (14.19%) C#
6 73 (7.24%) TypeScript
7 67 (6.65%) PowerShell
8 60 (5.95%) Scala
9 53 (5.26%) Bash Shell
9 53 (5.26%) C++
10 43 (4.27%) Groovy
11 41 (4.07%) Ruby
12 27 (2.68%) Apple Swift
12 27 (2.68%) Kotlin
13 26 (2.58%) ES6
14 25 (2.48%) Java 8
15 23 (2.28%) Go
16 22 (2.18%) Java 11
17 14 (1.39%) PHP
18 11 (1.09%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 137 (13.59%) Security Cleared
2 119 (11.81%) SC Cleared
3 50 (4.96%) Degree
4 29 (2.88%) AWS Certification
5 14 (1.39%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (0.60%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.50%) ISEB
9 4 (0.40%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.40%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.099%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.099%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.099%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.099%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (7.14%) QA
2 27 (2.68%) Accessibility
3 6 (0.60%) GDPR
3 6 (0.60%) PMO
4 4 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
4 4 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.30%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.30%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.099%) COBIT
6 1 (0.099%) IFRS
6 1 (0.099%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.099%) Solvency II
System Software
1 189 (18.75%) Docker
2 47 (4.66%) Active Directory
3 21 (2.08%) GridGain
4 10 (0.99%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 9 (0.89%) NFS
5 9 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.69%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.69%) KVM
6 7 (0.69%) RACF
6 7 (0.69%) SRDF
6 7 (0.69%) Xen
7 6 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.099%) Firmware
9 1 (0.099%) HDFS
9 1 (0.099%) Platform Symphony
9 1 (0.099%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 232 (23.02%) Kubernetes
2 180 (17.86%) Terraform
3 147 (14.58%) Ansible
4 56 (5.56%) Puppet
5 49 (4.86%) Grafana
6 31 (3.08%) Prometheus
7 25 (2.48%) Bosun
8 20 (1.98%) VictorOps
9 18 (1.79%) Rancher
10 17 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
10 17 (1.69%) Packer
11 12 (1.19%) MIIS
12 8 (0.79%) Istio
13 7 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.40%) Salt
15 3 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
16 2 (0.20%) Automic
16 2 (0.20%) Mesos
16 2 (0.20%) Nagios
16 2 (0.20%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 76 (7.54%) Microsoft
2 53 (5.26%) Google
3 46 (4.56%) Oracle
4 45 (4.46%) Atlassian
5 24 (2.38%) SAP
6 21 (2.08%) Databricks
7 18 (1.79%) Red Hat
8 15 (1.49%) Splunk
9 13 (1.29%) NetApp
10 12 (1.19%) Apple
10 12 (1.19%) IBM
11 10 (0.99%) F5
12 9 (0.89%) VMware
13 8 (0.79%) hybris
13 8 (0.79%) Murex
14 7 (0.69%) Cisco
14 7 (0.69%) Cloudera
14 7 (0.69%) EMC
14 7 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
14 7 (0.69%) Sybase