Period
to 23 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 23 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 438 345 415
Rank change year-on-year -93 +70 -146
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 268 210 484
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.47% 0.62% 0.58%
As % of the Application Platforms category 3.61% 4.28% 3.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 156 134 324
10th Percentile £390 £317 £363
25th Percentile £463 £438 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -2.56%
75th Percentile £603 £550 £588
90th Percentile £666 £606 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £499 £475
% change year-on-year +5.20% +5.06% -2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 2
10th Percentile £45.27 " £47.13
25th Percentile £46.18 " £47.82
Median hourly rate £49.47 - £49.59
75th Percentile £51.74 " £51.98
90th Percentile £52.05 " £53.04
UK median hourly rate £51.50 - £49.59

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 7,426 4,903 13,161
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.12% 14.57% 15.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,092 3,357 8,575
10th Percentile £300 £306 £269
25th Percentile £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £569 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 143 104 261
10th Percentile £12.32 £12.63 £11.25
25th Percentile £16.23 £15.00 £12.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +5.26% -5.00%
75th Percentile £54.88 £31.63 £34.51
90th Percentile £67.80 £53.33 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat in England.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat in England.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the England region over the 6 months to 23 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -64 166 £550 +10.00% 32
South East -26 33 £463 -7.50% 16
North of England -21 26 £493 -1.50% 7
North East +9 12 £500 +11.11%
North West -19 12 £495 -20.80% 6
East of England -19 11 £500 - 4
South West -19 10 £384 -17.06% 5
Midlands -34 8 £525 +66.67% 9
West Midlands -30 7 £525 +27.27% 7
Yorkshire -27 2 £313 -34.21% 1
East Midlands -25 1 - - 2
Tomcat
UK

For the 6 months to 23 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 180 (67.16%) Java
2 117 (43.66%) Oracle
3 115 (42.91%) Jenkins
4 112 (41.79%) Linux
5 106 (39.55%) SQL
5 106 (39.55%) Git (software)
6 105 (39.18%) Agile Software Development
7 93 (34.70%) Spring
8 86 (32.09%) Maven
9 84 (31.34%) Apache
9 84 (31.34%) Social Skills
10 83 (30.97%) AWS
11 73 (27.24%) Finance
11 73 (27.24%) WebSphere
11 73 (27.24%) DevOps
12 69 (25.75%) Kubernetes
13 67 (25.00%) Python
14 65 (24.25%) Docker
15 63 (23.51%) Continuous Integration
16 60 (22.39%) JavaScript
17 59 (22.01%) RESTful
18 57 (21.27%) Unix
18 57 (21.27%) Microservices
19 56 (20.90%) WebLogic
20 53 (19.78%) Windows
20 53 (19.78%) Puppet
20 53 (19.78%) Ansible
21 52 (19.40%) REST
21 52 (19.40%) Web Services
22 51 (19.03%) JUnit

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (31.34%) Apache
2 73 (27.24%) WebSphere
3 56 (20.90%) WebLogic
4 39 (14.55%) IIS
5 34 (12.69%) JBoss
6 32 (11.94%) WebSphere Application Server
7 27 (10.07%) nginx
8 26 (9.70%) Jetty
9 16 (5.97%) Elasticsearch
10 15 (5.60%) Cloud Foundry
10 15 (5.60%) Confluence
10 15 (5.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 10 (3.73%) SharePoint
12 9 (3.36%) Apache Spark
13 7 (2.61%) Apache ServiceMix
13 7 (2.61%) Documentum
13 7 (2.61%) IBM Domino
13 7 (2.61%) Mongrel
14 5 (1.87%) MS Exchange
14 5 (1.87%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 18 (6.72%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (2.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (1.87%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (1.49%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (2.99%) Magento
2 6 (2.24%) Shopify
3 4 (1.49%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.75%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.75%) Summit
5 1 (0.37%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.37%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 83 (30.97%) AWS
2 48 (17.91%) Azure
3 37 (13.81%) GitHub
4 28 (10.45%) GCP
5 27 (10.07%) PaaS
6 19 (7.09%) IaaS
7 14 (5.22%) AWS Lambda
7 14 (5.22%) Serverless
8 13 (4.85%) Amazon EC2
9 11 (4.10%) SaaS
10 9 (3.36%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (3.36%) Microsoft 365
11 8 (2.99%) Apigee
12 7 (2.61%) Amazon S3
12 7 (2.61%) Google App Engine
13 6 (2.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 5 (1.87%) Azure Pipelines
14 5 (1.87%) BrowserStack
14 5 (1.87%) Kong
14 5 (1.87%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 34 (12.69%) SSL
2 31 (11.57%) HTTP
3 22 (8.21%) DNS
3 22 (8.21%) Firewall
4 21 (7.84%) FTP
5 18 (6.72%) TCP/IP
6 15 (5.60%) WAN
7 14 (5.22%) iSCSI
7 14 (5.22%) NAS
7 14 (5.22%) SAN
8 12 (4.48%) DHCP
9 11 (4.10%) Cisco Nexus
9 11 (4.10%) FCoE
9 11 (4.10%) Fibre Channel
9 11 (4.10%) LAN
9 11 (4.10%) Multicast
9 11 (4.10%) SSH
10 7 (2.61%) IPsec
10 7 (2.61%) Kerberos
11 5 (1.87%) Telnet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (18.28%) PostgreSQL
2 46 (17.16%) SQL Server
3 38 (14.18%) MySQL
4 37 (13.81%) Relational Database
5 28 (10.45%) MongoDB
6 23 (8.58%) RDBMS
7 17 (6.34%) Oracle Database
8 15 (5.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 15 (5.60%) NoSQL
9 13 (4.85%) Apache Cassandra
10 11 (4.10%) Hadoop
11 10 (3.73%) Big Data
11 10 (3.73%) Data Warehouse
12 9 (3.36%) Apache Hive
12 9 (3.36%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 9 (3.36%) Parquet
12 9 (3.36%) Redis
13 7 (2.61%) DB2
14 6 (2.24%) HBase
14 6 (2.24%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 115 (42.91%) Jenkins
2 106 (39.55%) Git (software)
3 86 (32.09%) Maven
4 51 (19.03%) JIRA
4 51 (19.03%) JUnit
5 40 (14.93%) Sonatype Nexus
6 32 (11.94%) Cucumber
7 29 (10.82%) Mockito
8 25 (9.33%) Subversion
9 24 (8.96%) SonarQube
10 22 (8.21%) Gradle
11 17 (6.34%) Postman
11 17 (6.34%) Selenium
12 14 (5.22%) Eclipse
13 13 (4.85%) IntelliJ
14 10 (3.73%) GitLab
15 9 (3.36%) Hudson
16 7 (2.61%) Artifactory
16 7 (2.61%) JMeter
16 7 (2.61%) TeamCity
General
1 84 (31.34%) Social Skills
2 73 (27.24%) Finance
3 45 (16.79%) Banking
4 29 (10.82%) Analytical Skills
5 25 (9.33%) Public Sector
6 9 (3.36%) Investment Banking
6 9 (3.36%) Retail
7 8 (2.99%) Documentation Skills
8 3 (1.12%) Influencing Skills
8 3 (1.12%) Organisational Skills
8 3 (1.12%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.75%) Dutch Language
9 2 (0.75%) Electronics
9 2 (0.75%) German Language
9 2 (0.75%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.75%) Marketing
9 2 (0.75%) Polish Language
9 2 (0.75%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.37%) Billing
10 1 (0.37%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 80 (29.85%) Developer
2 53 (19.78%) Java Developer
3 42 (15.67%) DevOps Engineer
4 35 (13.06%) Architect
5 14 (5.22%) Full Stack Developer
6 13 (4.85%) Software Engineer
7 12 (4.48%) Solutions Architect
8 11 (4.10%) Analyst
8 11 (4.10%) Senior Developer
8 11 (4.10%) Technical Architect
9 10 (3.73%) Senior Java Developer
10 9 (3.36%) Applications Support
10 9 (3.36%) Big Data Engineer
10 9 (3.36%) Data Engineer
10 9 (3.36%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 8 (2.99%) Administrator
11 8 (2.99%) AWS Architect
11 8 (2.99%) Infrastructure Architect
11 8 (2.99%) Java Architect
12 6 (2.24%) Infrastructure Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (34.70%) Spring
2 59 (22.01%) RESTful
3 52 (19.40%) REST
3 52 (19.40%) Web Services
4 45 (16.79%) HTML
5 42 (15.67%) Spring Boot
6 38 (14.18%) Hibernate
6 38 (14.18%) Node.js
7 37 (13.81%) SOAP
8 36 (13.43%) XML
9 34 (12.69%) AngularJS
10 30 (11.19%) React
11 27 (10.07%) Middleware
12 26 (9.70%) J2EE
13 24 (8.96%) CSS
13 24 (8.96%) JSON
14 23 (8.58%) JMS
15 21 (7.84%) JPA
15 21 (7.84%) Kafka
15 21 (7.84%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 19 (7.09%) Enterprise Software
1 19 (7.09%) Public Cloud
2 17 (6.34%) Data Protection Act
3 13 (4.85%) Clustering
4 11 (4.10%) Management Information System
4 11 (4.10%) N-Tier
4 11 (4.10%) Self-Motivation
5 8 (2.99%) Data Structures
5 8 (2.99%) Linux Command Line
6 7 (2.61%) Algorithms
6 7 (2.61%) Cloud Native
6 7 (2.61%) Credit Risk
7 6 (2.24%) Data Centre
7 6 (2.24%) Fixed Income
7 6 (2.24%) PKI
7 6 (2.24%) User Experience
8 5 (1.87%) Legacy Applications
8 5 (1.87%) NHS
8 5 (1.87%) Wiki
9 4 (1.49%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 112 (41.79%) Linux
2 57 (21.27%) Unix
3 53 (19.78%) Windows
4 16 (5.97%) Solaris
5 15 (5.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (4.85%) Windows Server
7 12 (4.48%) Ubuntu
8 6 (2.24%) Windows 10
9 5 (1.87%) CentOS
10 4 (1.49%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (1.49%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (1.12%) HPUX
11 3 (1.12%) SUSE
12 2 (0.75%) Amazon Linux
12 2 (0.75%) Debian
12 2 (0.75%) Windows XP
13 1 (0.37%) AIX
13 1 (0.37%) Android
13 1 (0.37%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.37%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 105 (39.18%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (27.24%) DevOps
3 63 (23.51%) Continuous Integration
4 57 (21.27%) Microservices
5 45 (16.79%) Scrum
6 42 (15.67%) TDD
7 36 (13.43%) Software Engineering
8 35 (13.06%) Build Automation
9 33 (12.31%) Test Automation
10 31 (11.57%) Problem-Solving
10 31 (11.57%) SDLC
11 30 (11.19%) BDD
12 29 (10.82%) Configuration Management
12 29 (10.82%) ITIL
12 29 (10.82%) MVC
12 29 (10.82%) Unit Testing
13 26 (9.70%) Multithreading
14 25 (9.33%) SOA
15 22 (8.21%) Deployment Automation
16 19 (7.09%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 180 (67.16%) Java
2 106 (39.55%) SQL
3 67 (25.00%) Python
4 60 (22.39%) JavaScript
5 46 (17.16%) Shell Script
6 36 (13.43%) Java 8
7 27 (10.07%) Bash Shell
8 25 (9.33%) PL/SQL
9 22 (8.21%) Groovy
10 18 (6.72%) Perl
11 13 (4.85%) Kotlin
11 13 (4.85%) Scala
12 12 (4.48%) C
12 12 (4.48%) PHP
13 11 (4.10%) PowerShell
14 10 (3.73%) TypeScript
15 7 (2.61%) C++
15 7 (2.61%) Go
16 6 (2.24%) ES6
17 5 (1.87%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 33 (12.31%) Security Cleared
2 26 (9.70%) SC Cleared
3 15 (5.60%) Degree
4 8 (2.99%) DV Cleared
4 8 (2.99%) ITIL Certification
5 7 (2.61%) Master's Degree
6 6 (2.24%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (1.49%) ISEB
8 3 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (1.12%) ISTQB
8 3 (1.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.75%) RHCE
10 1 (0.37%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.37%) CCNA
10 1 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.37%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.37%) ISEB Practitioner
10 1 (0.37%) MCSA
10 1 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.99%) QA
2 3 (1.12%) GDPR
2 3 (1.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 3 (1.12%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.75%) SLA
4 1 (0.37%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 65 (24.25%) Docker
2 36 (13.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (6.72%) Xen
4 14 (5.22%) Active Directory
4 14 (5.22%) NFS
5 12 (4.48%) Hyper-V
6 11 (4.10%) KVM
6 11 (4.10%) SRDF
7 6 (2.24%) Oracle RAC
7 6 (2.24%) Postfix
7 6 (2.24%) qmail
7 6 (2.24%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (1.12%) vSphere
9 2 (0.75%) RACF
9 2 (0.75%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.75%) VMware Workstation
10 1 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.37%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.37%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 69 (25.75%) Kubernetes
2 53 (19.78%) Ansible
2 53 (19.78%) Puppet
3 34 (12.69%) Terraform
4 17 (6.34%) Single Sign-On
5 14 (5.22%) Nagios
6 12 (4.48%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (3.36%) Grafana
7 9 (3.36%) Kibana
7 9 (3.36%) Oozie
8 8 (2.99%) Docker Swarm
8 8 (2.99%) logstash
8 8 (2.99%) Packer
9 6 (2.24%) CA Single Sign-On
9 6 (2.24%) Graylog
10 5 (1.87%) Salt
11 4 (1.49%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 4 (1.49%) Prometheus
12 3 (1.12%) Consul
12 3 (1.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 117 (43.66%) Oracle
2 44 (16.42%) VMware
3 40 (14.93%) Microsoft
4 33 (12.31%) Google
5 23 (8.58%) Red Hat
6 22 (8.21%) IBM
7 16 (5.97%) MuleSoft
8 15 (5.60%) Cisco
9 14 (5.22%) EMC
9 14 (5.22%) NetApp
10 11 (4.10%) Sybase
11 10 (3.73%) AppDynamics
11 10 (3.73%) Dynatrace
12 9 (3.36%) ServiceNow
13 8 (2.99%) Citrix
13 8 (2.99%) New Relic
14 7 (2.61%) F5
14 7 (2.61%) Splunk
14 7 (2.61%) Xerox
15 6 (2.24%) Palo Alto