Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK > England
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 463 359 471
Rank change year-on-year -104 +112 -206
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 299 147 332
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.44% 0.53% 0.43%
As % of the Application Platforms category 3.41% 3.62% 2.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 183 85 215
10th Percentile £400 £317 £383
25th Percentile £474 £431 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £543 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +8.50% +4.17% -4.00%
75th Percentile £629 £540 £550
90th Percentile £675 £583 £669
UK median daily rate £540 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 3
10th Percentile " " £39.00
25th Percentile £67.50 " £40.13
Median hourly rate £70.00 - £42.00
75th Percentile £72.50 " £47.88
90th Percentile " " £51.40
UK median hourly rate £70.00 - £42.00

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 8,780 4,065 11,539
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.84% 14.58% 14.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,130 2,762 7,698
10th Percentile £305 £288 £263
25th Percentile £409 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £473 £460
Median % change year-on-year +5.82% +2.72% -0.54%
75th Percentile £601 £563 £556
90th Percentile £695 £662 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +5.82% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 121 244
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.63 £10.60
25th Percentile £16.14 £16.25 £13.47
Median hourly rate £22.25 £22.82 £19.73
Median % change year-on-year -2.50% +15.65% -1.34%
75th Percentile £51.00 £42.00 £35.75
90th Percentile £65.50 £57.50 £51.65
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £20.96
% change year-on-year +2.17% +9.76% +4.78%

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat in England.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat in England over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat in England.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in England

Tomcat
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the England region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -97 181 £573 +14.50% 39
South East -68 49 £530 +4.02% 13
North of England -74 20 £490 +18.79% 11
South West -46 14 - - 4
Midlands -65 12 £525 +66.67% 5
North West -50 10 £463 +8.19% 4
West Midlands - 9 £525 - 5
North East +1 8 £525 +27.27% 2
East of England -45 4 £500 -4.76% 4
Yorkshire -39 2 £425 - 5
East Midlands -44 2 £403 +27.78%
Tomcat
UK

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 201 (67.22%) Java
2 132 (44.15%) Jenkins
3 124 (41.47%) SQL
4 121 (40.47%) Agile Software Development
5 118 (39.46%) Oracle
6 117 (39.13%) Linux
7 110 (36.79%) Spring
8 102 (34.11%) AWS
9 101 (33.78%) Docker
10 96 (32.11%) Git (software)
11 93 (31.10%) DevOps
12 91 (30.43%) Maven
13 86 (28.76%) JavaScript
14 85 (28.43%) Social Skills
15 84 (28.09%) Kubernetes
16 81 (27.09%) Microservices
17 80 (26.76%) Apache
18 76 (25.42%) HTML
19 74 (24.75%) Python
20 65 (21.74%) Finance
21 60 (20.07%) Spring Boot
22 59 (19.73%) Ansible
22 59 (19.73%) WebLogic
23 58 (19.40%) PostgreSQL
23 58 (19.40%) Relational Database
24 56 (18.73%) Unix
24 56 (18.73%) Azure
25 54 (18.06%) REST
25 54 (18.06%) JUnit
26 52 (17.39%) Scrum

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (26.76%) Apache
2 59 (19.73%) WebLogic
3 44 (14.72%) WebSphere
4 43 (14.38%) JBoss
5 42 (14.05%) IIS
6 36 (12.04%) Elasticsearch
7 30 (10.03%) nginx
8 23 (7.69%) Confluence
9 22 (7.36%) Jetty
10 19 (6.35%) Apache Spark
11 17 (5.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (5.02%) WebSphere Application Server
13 11 (3.68%) Cloud Foundry
13 11 (3.68%) GemFire
14 7 (2.34%) SharePoint
15 6 (2.01%) Documentum
15 6 (2.01%) OpenStack
16 5 (1.67%) Apache Qpid
16 5 (1.67%) Drupal
16 5 (1.67%) Mule
Applications
1 14 (4.68%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (1.67%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (1.67%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.33%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (1.67%) Oracle ERP
2 3 (1.00%) Temenos T24
3 2 (0.67%) Magento
3 2 (0.67%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 102 (34.11%) AWS
2 56 (18.73%) Azure
3 39 (13.04%) GitHub
4 26 (8.70%) PaaS
5 22 (7.36%) IaaS
6 21 (7.02%) GCP
7 17 (5.69%) Apigee
8 14 (4.68%) SaaS
9 13 (4.35%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (3.34%) Amazon S3
10 10 (3.34%) AWS Lambda
10 10 (3.34%) Serverless
10 10 (3.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 8 (2.68%) Amazon ECS
12 7 (2.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 7 (2.34%) Amazon EKS
12 7 (2.34%) Cloud Computing
12 7 (2.34%) Microsoft 365
13 6 (2.01%) Azure Pipelines
13 6 (2.01%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 33 (11.04%) SSL
2 27 (9.03%) DNS
2 27 (9.03%) Firewall
3 26 (8.70%) HTTP
4 13 (4.35%) SAN
5 12 (4.01%) NAS
5 12 (4.01%) TCP/IP
5 12 (4.01%) WAN
6 11 (3.68%) iSCSI
7 9 (3.01%) LAN
7 9 (3.01%) VPN
8 8 (2.68%) FTP
9 7 (2.34%) Cisco Nexus
9 7 (2.34%) DHCP
9 7 (2.34%) FCoE
9 7 (2.34%) Fibre Channel
9 7 (2.34%) Internet
9 7 (2.34%) Multicast
10 6 (2.01%) PuTTY
10 6 (2.01%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (19.40%) PostgreSQL
1 58 (19.40%) Relational Database
2 44 (14.72%) SQL Server
3 42 (14.05%) RDBMS
4 37 (12.37%) MySQL
5 24 (8.03%) NoSQL
6 23 (7.69%) Oracle Database
7 21 (7.02%) MongoDB
8 20 (6.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 18 (6.02%) Apache Cassandra
10 17 (5.69%) Redis
11 15 (5.02%) Apache Hive
12 13 (4.35%) Big Data
13 12 (4.01%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 12 (4.01%) Data Warehouse
13 12 (4.01%) Parquet
14 11 (3.68%) InterSystems Cache
15 9 (3.01%) Oracle Database 12c
16 8 (2.68%) Hazelcast
16 8 (2.68%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 132 (44.15%) Jenkins
2 96 (32.11%) Git (software)
3 91 (30.43%) Maven
4 54 (18.06%) JUnit
5 50 (16.72%) JIRA
6 46 (15.38%) Sonatype Nexus
7 32 (10.70%) Cucumber
8 31 (10.37%) Selenium
9 28 (9.36%) Gradle
10 27 (9.03%) Subversion
11 26 (8.70%) SonarQube
12 21 (7.02%) Mockito
13 17 (5.69%) GitLab
13 17 (5.69%) JMeter
14 16 (5.35%) Postman
15 15 (5.02%) IntelliJ
16 12 (4.01%) Hudson
17 11 (3.68%) Artifactory
17 11 (3.68%) Eclipse
17 11 (3.68%) TeamCity
General
1 85 (28.43%) Social Skills
2 65 (21.74%) Finance
3 47 (15.72%) Banking
4 20 (6.69%) Analytical Skills
4 20 (6.69%) Public Sector
5 12 (4.01%) Investment Banking
6 11 (3.68%) Documentation Skills
7 7 (2.34%) Retail
8 5 (1.67%) Telecoms
9 4 (1.34%) Publishing
10 3 (1.00%) Electronics
10 3 (1.00%) Front Office
10 3 (1.00%) Manufacturing
10 3 (1.00%) Marketing
10 3 (1.00%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.67%) Back Office
11 2 (0.67%) Dutch Language
11 2 (0.67%) German Language
11 2 (0.67%) Polish Language
11 2 (0.67%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 95 (31.77%) Developer
2 58 (19.40%) Java Developer
3 46 (15.38%) DevOps Engineer
4 33 (11.04%) Architect
5 21 (7.02%) Applications Support
6 18 (6.02%) Support Engineer
7 17 (5.69%) Applications Engineer
7 17 (5.69%) Full Stack Developer
8 15 (5.02%) Data Engineer
9 14 (4.68%) Applications Support Engineer
9 14 (4.68%) Senior Developer
9 14 (4.68%) Software Engineer
9 14 (4.68%) Technical Architect
10 12 (4.01%) Big Data Engineer
10 12 (4.01%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 11 (3.68%) Java Architect
12 10 (3.34%) Senior Java Developer
12 10 (3.34%) Solutions Architect
13 8 (2.68%) Administrator
13 8 (2.68%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 110 (36.79%) Spring
2 76 (25.42%) HTML
3 60 (20.07%) Spring Boot
4 54 (18.06%) REST
5 52 (17.39%) Kafka
6 51 (17.06%) Web Services
7 50 (16.72%) CSS
7 50 (16.72%) React
8 49 (16.39%) AngularJS
8 49 (16.39%) RESTful
9 41 (13.71%) Node.js
10 36 (12.04%) XML
11 35 (11.71%) Hibernate
11 35 (11.71%) SOAP
12 34 (11.37%) Middleware
13 30 (10.03%) JSON
14 28 (9.36%) OAuth
15 27 (9.03%) Elastic Stack
15 27 (9.03%) J2EE
16 23 (7.69%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 21 (7.02%) Data Protection Act
2 19 (6.35%) Data Structures
3 17 (5.69%) Algorithms
4 16 (5.35%) Public Cloud
5 15 (5.02%) N-Tier
6 13 (4.35%) Clustering
7 11 (3.68%) Linux Command Line
7 11 (3.68%) Self-Motivation
8 10 (3.34%) Enterprise Software
8 10 (3.34%) PKI
8 10 (3.34%) User Experience
9 9 (3.01%) Data Centre
10 8 (2.68%) Credit Risk
10 8 (2.68%) Legacy Applications
11 6 (2.01%) Cloud Native
12 5 (1.67%) Greenfield Project
12 5 (1.67%) Mainframe
12 5 (1.67%) Mobile App
12 5 (1.67%) Wiki
13 4 (1.34%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 117 (39.13%) Linux
2 56 (18.73%) Unix
3 49 (16.39%) Windows
4 20 (6.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (5.35%) Ubuntu
6 13 (4.35%) Solaris
7 12 (4.01%) Windows Server
8 6 (2.01%) Windows 10
8 6 (2.01%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (1.67%) CentOS
9 5 (1.67%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (1.00%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.67%) Windows XP
12 1 (0.33%) AIX
12 1 (0.33%) HPUX
12 1 (0.33%) SUSE
12 1 (0.33%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 121 (40.47%) Agile Software Development
2 93 (31.10%) DevOps
3 81 (27.09%) Microservices
4 52 (17.39%) Continuous Integration
4 52 (17.39%) Scrum
5 43 (14.38%) Problem-Solving
6 40 (13.38%) TDD
7 39 (13.04%) Software Engineering
8 36 (12.04%) Build Automation
8 36 (12.04%) Test Automation
9 32 (10.70%) Deployment Automation
9 32 (10.70%) Full Stack Development
10 31 (10.37%) SDLC
10 31 (10.37%) Unit Testing
11 25 (8.36%) Kanban
11 25 (8.36%) Software Testing
12 24 (8.03%) ITIL
12 24 (8.03%) Multithreading
12 24 (8.03%) SOA
13 22 (7.36%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 201 (67.22%) Java
2 124 (41.47%) SQL
3 86 (28.76%) JavaScript
4 74 (24.75%) Python
5 41 (13.71%) Groovy
5 41 (13.71%) Shell Script
6 40 (13.38%) Java 8
7 32 (10.70%) Bash Shell
8 30 (10.03%) PL/SQL
9 24 (8.03%) Scala
10 20 (6.69%) Perl
11 16 (5.35%) Kotlin
12 12 (4.01%) PowerShell
13 9 (3.01%) C
14 8 (2.68%) ES6
15 6 (2.01%) TypeScript
16 5 (1.67%) AWK
16 5 (1.67%) Korn
16 5 (1.67%) VBScript
17 4 (1.34%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 43 (14.38%) Security Cleared
2 27 (9.03%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.35%) Degree
4 10 (3.34%) AWS Certification
5 7 (2.34%) DV Cleared
5 7 (2.34%) ITIL Certification
6 5 (1.67%) Master's Degree
7 4 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (1.34%) RHCE
8 1 (0.33%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.33%) ISEB
8 1 (0.33%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.67%) QA
2 4 (1.34%) SLA
3 3 (1.00%) GDPR
4 1 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 101 (33.78%) Docker
2 20 (6.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (5.02%) Active Directory
4 11 (3.68%) NFS
5 9 (3.01%) Xen
6 7 (2.34%) Hyper-V
6 7 (2.34%) KVM
6 7 (2.34%) SRDF
7 5 (1.67%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (1.34%) vSphere
9 3 (1.00%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.67%) IAG
10 2 (0.67%) LXC
10 2 (0.67%) RACF
10 2 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.67%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.67%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (0.33%) Squid
11 1 (0.33%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.33%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 84 (28.09%) Kubernetes
2 59 (19.73%) Ansible
3 48 (16.05%) Puppet
4 41 (13.71%) Terraform
5 28 (9.36%) Kibana
6 26 (8.70%) Single Sign-On
7 22 (7.36%) logstash
8 17 (5.69%) Opscode Chef
9 16 (5.35%) Grafana
10 14 (4.68%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (4.01%) Nagios
11 12 (4.01%) Oozie
12 11 (3.68%) Graphite
13 10 (3.34%) Packer
13 10 (3.34%) Prometheus
14 7 (2.34%) Graylog
14 7 (2.34%) Rancher
15 6 (2.01%) CA Single Sign-On
16 5 (1.67%) Salt
17 4 (1.34%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 118 (39.46%) Oracle
2 30 (10.03%) VMware
3 28 (9.36%) Red Hat
4 23 (7.69%) Microsoft
5 20 (6.69%) Google
6 17 (5.69%) Dynatrace
7 16 (5.35%) AppDynamics
7 16 (5.35%) MuleSoft
8 13 (4.35%) F5
8 13 (4.35%) IBM
9 12 (4.01%) Citrix
9 12 (4.01%) NetApp
10 11 (3.68%) EMC
10 11 (3.68%) Splunk
11 9 (3.01%) Cisco
11 9 (3.01%) ServiceNow
12 8 (2.68%) SAP
13 7 (2.34%) Sybase
14 6 (2.01%) BMC
14 6 (2.01%) CA