Period
to 10 December 2018

The median contractor rate for a Linux Administrator was £400 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux Administrator
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 677 614 500
Rank change year-on-year -63 -114 +89
Contract jobs requiring a Linux Administrator 206 287 433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.28% 0.42%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.21% 0.30% 0.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 131 191 312
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £400
10th Percentile £325 £275 £281
90th Percentile £525 £525 £531
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £375 £400
% change year-on-year +5.33% -6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 15 4
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £37.50 £29.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.00% +27.12% +38.82%
10th Percentile £33.22 £22.20 £17.90
90th Percentile £45.80 £47.25 £39.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £46.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -9.68% +32.86% +133.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 99,545 97,274 97,328
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.76% 94.93% 94.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 65,895 64,435 63,507
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £270 £258 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +4.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,076 2,850 3,288
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.79 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.74 £17.50
% change year-on-year -1.35% +1.37% -

Linux Administrator
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Linux Administrator in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux Administrator in the UK

Linux Administrator
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux Administrator.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux Administrator in the UK

Linux Administrator
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux Administrator over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux Administrator in the UK

Linux Administrator
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux Administrator.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux Administrator in the UK

Linux Administrator
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux Administrator over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux Administrator in the UK

Linux Administrator
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux Administrator within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -117 188 £400 - 89
UK excluding London -35 139 £395 +5.33% 57
London -60 64 £450 +12.50% 34
South East -26 43 £383 -2.86% 13
North of England -27 28 £385 -0.65% 16
East of England -3 22 £400 +7.38% 8
South West -42 17 £375 +3.45% 8
North East -4 12 £400 +23.08% 5
Midlands -7 12 £400 +6.67% 10
Yorkshire -22 10 £375 -3.23% 7
East Midlands +14 9 £400 - 4
Scotland -12 9 £400 -
Wales -15 8 £425 - 2
North West -21 6 £313 -23.31% 4
West Midlands -20 3 £400 +6.67% 6

Linux Administrator Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, Linux Administrator contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Linux Administrator in the job title.

1 206 (100.00%) Linux
2 101 (49.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 100 (48.54%) Red Hat
4 63 (30.58%) Unix
4 63 (30.58%) CentOS
4 63 (30.58%) Puppet
5 55 (26.70%) Python
6 51 (24.76%) VMware
6 51 (24.76%) DevOps
7 49 (23.79%) Bash Shell
8 43 (20.87%) Windows
8 43 (20.87%) Apache
9 41 (19.90%) Shell Script
9 41 (19.90%) Security Cleared
10 36 (17.48%) Ansible
11 35 (16.99%) Amazon AWS
12 34 (16.50%) Docker
13 32 (15.53%) SC Cleared
13 32 (15.53%) Nagios
14 30 (14.56%) VMware Infrastructure
15 29 (14.08%) Perl
15 29 (14.08%) DNS
16 27 (13.11%) Active Directory
16 27 (13.11%) Ubuntu
17 26 (12.62%) MySQL
18 25 (12.14%) Configuration Management
19 24 (11.65%) Oracle
19 24 (11.65%) Debian
19 24 (11.65%) Jenkins
20 23 (11.17%) Performance Tuning

Linux Administrator Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (20.87%) Apache
2 21 (10.19%) nginx
3 18 (8.74%) Tomcat
4 15 (7.28%) JBoss
5 12 (5.83%) Confluence
6 9 (4.37%) MS Exchange
7 5 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (1.94%) lighttpd
9 3 (1.46%) OpenStack
9 3 (1.46%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.97%) Drupal
10 2 (0.97%) GlassFish
10 2 (0.97%) SAS
11 1 (0.49%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 6 (2.91%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.97%) Houdini
2 2 (0.97%) Maya
2 2 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.97%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.97%) NUKE
2 2 (0.97%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 2 (0.97%) Dynamics AX
1 2 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.97%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.49%) Magento
2 1 (0.49%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 35 (16.99%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (7.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 11 (5.34%) Microsoft Azure
4 10 (4.85%) Amazon EC2
5 7 (3.40%) Amazon S3
6 6 (2.91%) Route 53
7 4 (1.94%) OpenShift
8 3 (1.46%) Office 365
9 2 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.97%) Google Cloud Platform
9 2 (0.97%) SaaS
10 1 (0.49%) Amazon ELB
10 1 (0.49%) Amazon SQS
10 1 (0.49%) Apigee
10 1 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
10 1 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
10 1 (0.49%) CloudFront
10 1 (0.49%) IaaS
10 1 (0.49%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 29 (14.08%) DNS
2 18 (8.74%) TCP/IP
3 16 (7.77%) Firewall
4 14 (6.80%) SSH
5 11 (5.34%) SAN
6 9 (4.37%) SSL
7 6 (2.91%) DHCP
7 6 (2.91%) LAN
7 6 (2.91%) WAN
8 5 (2.43%) DKIM
8 5 (2.43%) DMARC
8 5 (2.43%) HTTP
8 5 (2.43%) NetScaler
9 4 (1.94%) DSL
9 4 (1.94%) FTP
9 4 (1.94%) NAS
9 4 (1.94%) VPN
10 3 (1.46%) Fibre Channel
10 3 (1.46%) Internet
10 3 (1.46%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (12.62%) MySQL
2 18 (8.74%) PostgreSQL
3 10 (4.85%) Amazon RDS
4 4 (1.94%) MongoDB
4 4 (1.94%) SQL Server
5 3 (1.46%) Big Data
5 3 (1.46%) Oracle Database
5 3 (1.46%) Relational Database
6 2 (0.97%) DB2
6 2 (0.97%) MariaDB
6 2 (0.97%) Oracle Reports
7 1 (0.49%) Amazon Aurora
7 1 (0.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 1 (0.49%) Data Lake
7 1 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.49%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.49%) InfluxDB
7 1 (0.49%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.49%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 24 (11.65%) Jenkins
2 23 (11.17%) Git (software)
3 15 (7.28%) JIRA
4 12 (5.83%) GitLab
5 11 (5.34%) Artifactory
6 6 (2.91%) Maven
7 4 (1.94%) Sonatype Nexus
8 2 (0.97%) Liquibase
8 2 (0.97%) Oracle Forms
9 1 (0.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 1 (0.49%) Bitbucket
9 1 (0.49%) Selenium
9 1 (0.49%) WebDriver
9 1 (0.49%) WebLogic Workshop
General
1 16 (7.77%) Finance
2 4 (1.94%) Banking
2 4 (1.94%) Retail
3 2 (0.97%) Financial Institution
3 2 (0.97%) Legal
3 2 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
4 1 (0.49%) Advertising
4 1 (0.49%) Automotive
4 1 (0.49%) Front Office
4 1 (0.49%) Games
4 1 (0.49%) Investment Banking
4 1 (0.49%) Manufacturing
4 1 (0.49%) Publishing
4 1 (0.49%) Spanish Language
4 1 (0.49%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (10.68%) LDAP
2 10 (4.85%) Elastic Stack
3 9 (4.37%) LAPP Stack
4 7 (3.40%) LAMP
4 7 (3.40%) LEMP Stack
4 7 (3.40%) PHP-FPM
5 6 (2.91%) J2EE
5 6 (2.91%) Memcached
5 6 (2.91%) Middleware
6 3 (1.46%) Kafka
6 3 (1.46%) Web Services
7 2 (0.97%) Spring
8 1 (0.49%) .NET
8 1 (0.49%) Django
8 1 (0.49%) Oracle GoldenGate
8 1 (0.49%) Ruby on Rails
8 1 (0.49%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 16 (7.77%) Management Information System
2 15 (7.28%) Linux Command Line
3 10 (4.85%) Data Centre
4 5 (2.43%) Clustering
5 4 (1.94%) Animation
6 3 (1.46%) Analytical Skills
6 3 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (0.97%) IBM Storwize
7 2 (0.97%) Life Science
8 1 (0.49%) Celerra
8 1 (0.49%) CLARiiON
8 1 (0.49%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (0.49%) FMCG
8 1 (0.49%) Freedom of Information
8 1 (0.49%) Freedom of Information Act
8 1 (0.49%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (0.49%) Hedge funds
8 1 (0.49%) HP StoreVirtual
8 1 (0.49%) PKI
8 1 (0.49%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 206 (100.00%) Linux
2 101 (49.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 63 (30.58%) CentOS
3 63 (30.58%) Unix
4 43 (20.87%) Windows
5 27 (13.11%) Ubuntu
6 24 (11.65%) Debian
7 21 (10.19%) Solaris
8 16 (7.77%) Windows Server
9 10 (4.85%) AIX
10 7 (3.40%) Windows 7
11 6 (2.91%) FreeBSD
12 5 (2.43%) SUSE
13 3 (1.46%) HPUX
14 2 (0.97%) Oracle Linux
14 2 (0.97%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 2 (0.97%) VMS
15 1 (0.49%) Data ONTAP
15 1 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
15 1 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (24.76%) DevOps
2 25 (12.14%) Configuration Management
3 23 (11.17%) Performance Tuning
4 22 (10.68%) ITIL
5 21 (10.19%) Agile Software Development
6 19 (9.22%) Disaster Recovery
7 17 (8.25%) Service Management
8 16 (7.77%) Migration
8 16 (7.77%) Problem-Solving
9 11 (5.34%) Capacity Planning
9 11 (5.34%) Security Hardening
9 11 (5.34%) Security Management
10 9 (4.37%) High Availability
11 8 (3.88%) Data Security
11 8 (3.88%) Performance Monitoring
11 8 (3.88%) User Acceptance Testing
12 7 (3.40%) Auto-Scaling
12 7 (3.40%) Change Management
12 7 (3.40%) Software Engineering
12 7 (3.40%) Statistics
Programming Languages
1 55 (26.70%) Python
2 49 (23.79%) Bash Shell
3 41 (19.90%) Shell Script
4 29 (14.08%) Perl
5 18 (8.74%) SQL
6 16 (7.77%) PHP
7 11 (5.34%) Java
8 8 (3.88%) Korn
8 8 (3.88%) PowerShell
8 8 (3.88%) Ruby
9 3 (1.46%) Bourne shell
10 2 (0.97%) AWK
11 1 (0.49%) C#
11 1 (0.49%) C++
11 1 (0.49%) Java 8
11 1 (0.49%) JavaScript
11 1 (0.49%) VB
11 1 (0.49%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 41 (19.90%) Security Cleared
2 32 (15.53%) SC Cleared
3 7 (3.40%) RHCE
4 5 (2.43%) Degree
4 5 (2.43%) DV Cleared
5 3 (1.46%) RHCSA
6 2 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.97%) IBM AIX Certification
6 2 (0.97%) MCP
6 2 (0.97%) OCA
6 2 (0.97%) OCP
6 2 (0.97%) Oracle Certification
6 2 (0.97%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 1 (0.49%) CCNA
7 1 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.49%) HNC
7 1 (0.49%) HND
7 1 (0.49%) LPIC
7 1 (0.49%) RHCA
7 1 (0.49%) RHCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.88%) QA
2 4 (1.94%) GDPR
2 4 (1.94%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.97%) Cyber Essentials
3 2 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (0.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (0.97%) SLA
4 1 (0.49%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.49%) GPG13
System Software
1 34 (16.50%) Docker
2 30 (14.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (13.11%) Active Directory
4 17 (8.25%) NFS
5 14 (6.80%) VMware ESXi
6 12 (5.83%) Samba
7 11 (5.34%) Virtual Machines
8 10 (4.85%) Postfix
9 8 (3.88%) vSphere
10 7 (3.40%) Hyper-V
10 7 (3.40%) KVM
10 7 (3.40%) Oracle RAC
10 7 (3.40%) XenApp
10 7 (3.40%) XenDesktop
11 6 (2.91%) Squid
12 5 (2.43%) iptables
13 4 (1.94%) Varnish
13 4 (1.94%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 4 (1.94%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (1.46%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 63 (30.58%) Puppet
2 36 (17.48%) Ansible
3 32 (15.53%) Nagios
4 17 (8.25%) Kubernetes
5 16 (7.77%) Terraform
6 13 (6.31%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (5.83%) Red Hat Satellite
8 9 (4.37%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 8 (3.88%) HAProxy
9 8 (3.88%) vMotion
10 7 (3.40%) Icinga
10 7 (3.40%) Oracle ZFS
10 7 (3.40%) SCCM
10 7 (3.40%) SCOM
10 7 (3.40%) vCenter Server
11 6 (2.91%) Prometheus
12 5 (2.43%) Grafana
13 4 (1.94%) Cacti
13 4 (1.94%) OVSD
13 4 (1.94%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 100 (48.54%) Red Hat
2 51 (24.76%) VMware
3 24 (11.65%) Oracle
4 19 (9.22%) HP
5 13 (6.31%) Microsoft
6 11 (5.34%) EMC
7 8 (3.88%) BMC
7 8 (3.88%) NetApp
7 8 (3.88%) Veritas
8 7 (3.40%) 3PAR
8 7 (3.40%) Atlassian
9 5 (2.43%) Cisco
9 5 (2.43%) IBM
9 5 (2.43%) Sun
10 4 (1.94%) Juniper
11 3 (1.46%) Clearswift
11 3 (1.46%) Symantec
12 2 (0.97%) Brocade
12 2 (0.97%) Google
12 2 (0.97%) StorageTek