Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring Cloud over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Spring Cloud
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 668 506 757
Rank change year-on-year -162 +251 +57
Contract jobs citing Spring Cloud 80 66 100
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.18% 0.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.37% 0.59% 0.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 46 55 66
10th Percentile £390 £409 £407
25th Percentile £452 £475 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £555 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +11.00% - -
75th Percentile £638 £578 £575
90th Percentile £713 £635 "
UK excluding London median daily rate £560 £419 £475
% change year-on-year +33.73% -11.84% -5.00%

Spring Cloud is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,795 11,093 29,227
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.15% 30.36% 31.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,602 7,843 20,569
10th Percentile £356 £331 £333
25th Percentile £419 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £602 £594 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +4.02%
Number of hourly rates quoted 200 103 279
10th Percentile £15.57 £20.50 £18.01
25th Percentile £27.67 £30.00 £26.88
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.57
Median % change year-on-year - +0.98% +8.70%
75th Percentile £59.06 £57.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.75 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% -2.84% +10.00%

Spring Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring Cloud in the UK

Spring Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring Cloud.

Daily rate trend for Spring Cloud in the UK

Spring Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring Cloud over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring Cloud in the UK

Spring Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring Cloud.

Hourly rate trend for Spring Cloud in the UK

Spring Cloud
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -156 64 £575 +15.00% 25
London -150 43 £600 +20.00% 17
Work from Home -252 22 £450 - 4
UK excluding London -52 18 £560 +33.73% 11
South East - 10 £543 - 2
North of England -32 3 £600 +83.21% 5
East of England -15 2 £394 -5.97%
Scotland -56 2 £410 -16.33% 1
Yorkshire - 2 £588 - 4
North West -38 1 £650 +98.47% 1
Midlands - 1 £650 - 1
West Midlands - 1 £650 - 1

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring Cloud.

1 80 (100.00%) Spring
2 79 (98.75%) Java
3 70 (87.50%) Spring Boot
4 51 (63.75%) Agile Software Development
4 51 (63.75%) Microservices
5 37 (46.25%) SQL
6 32 (40.00%) DevOps
7 30 (37.50%) Docker
8 29 (36.25%) TDD
9 28 (35.00%) Jenkins
10 27 (33.75%) Java 8
11 26 (32.50%) Kubernetes
12 21 (26.25%) React
12 21 (26.25%) Test Automation
12 21 (26.25%) AWS
12 21 (26.25%) Scrum
12 21 (26.25%) JavaScript
13 20 (25.00%) Azure
13 20 (25.00%) REST
13 20 (25.00%) GCP
14 19 (23.75%) NoSQL
14 19 (23.75%) JUnit
15 18 (22.50%) Finance
15 18 (22.50%) BDD
16 16 (20.00%) Hibernate
16 16 (20.00%) Maven
17 15 (18.75%) Continuous Integration
17 15 (18.75%) Oracle
17 15 (18.75%) Relational Database
17 15 (18.75%) Terraform

Spring Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (11.25%) Cloud Foundry
2 4 (5.00%) Oracle Coherence
3 2 (2.50%) Confluence
3 2 (2.50%) OpenStack
4 1 (1.25%) Apache Solr
4 1 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (1.25%) Tomcat
Business Applications
1 1 (1.25%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 21 (26.25%) AWS
2 20 (25.00%) Azure
2 20 (25.00%) GCP
3 11 (13.75%) GitHub
4 9 (11.25%) OpenShift
4 9 (11.25%) Serverless
5 7 (8.75%) Amazon EC2
5 7 (8.75%) Amazon S3
5 7 (8.75%) AWS Lambda
6 6 (7.50%) Amazon EKS
7 4 (5.00%) Google Compute Engine
7 4 (5.00%) IBM Cloud
7 4 (5.00%) PaaS
7 4 (5.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 3 (3.75%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (3.75%) AWS CodePipeline
9 2 (2.50%) Amazon ECS
10 1 (1.25%) AWS Fargate
10 1 (1.25%) Azure Service Bus
10 1 (1.25%) Azure Service Fabric
Communications & Networking
1 3 (3.75%) SSL
2 2 (2.50%) AMQP
2 2 (2.50%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (23.75%) NoSQL
2 15 (18.75%) Relational Database
3 14 (17.50%) MongoDB
4 12 (15.00%) DB2
4 12 (15.00%) SQL Server
5 8 (10.00%) PostgreSQL
6 6 (7.50%) Oracle Database
6 6 (7.50%) Redis
7 5 (6.25%) Apache Cassandra
8 4 (5.00%) Amazon RDS
8 4 (5.00%) Apache Ignite
8 4 (5.00%) BigQuery
8 4 (5.00%) Hadoop
8 4 (5.00%) Hazelcast
8 4 (5.00%) Infinispan
9 3 (3.75%) HBase
10 2 (2.50%) Data Mart
11 1 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
11 1 (1.25%) MySQL
11 1 (1.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 28 (35.00%) Jenkins
2 19 (23.75%) JUnit
3 16 (20.00%) Maven
4 13 (16.25%) Git (software)
5 11 (13.75%) Mockito
6 9 (11.25%) JIRA
7 8 (10.00%) GitLab
8 6 (7.50%) Cucumber
8 6 (7.50%) Subversion
9 5 (6.25%) Selenium
9 5 (6.25%) Sonatype Nexus
10 4 (5.00%) IntelliJ
10 4 (5.00%) SonarQube
10 4 (5.00%) TeamCity
11 3 (3.75%) Gradle
12 2 (2.50%) JDeveloper
12 2 (2.50%) TestNG
12 2 (2.50%) Visual Studio
12 2 (2.50%) Visual Studio Code
13 1 (1.25%) JMeter
General
1 18 (22.50%) Finance
2 13 (16.25%) Banking
3 11 (13.75%) Social Skills
4 6 (7.50%) Documentation Skills
4 6 (7.50%) Presentation Skills
4 6 (7.50%) Retail
5 1 (1.25%) Financial Institution
5 1 (1.25%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 64 (80.00%) Developer
2 54 (67.50%) Java Developer
3 13 (16.25%) Senior Developer
3 13 (16.25%) Senior Java Developer
4 8 (10.00%) Full Stack Developer
5 6 (7.50%) Architect
5 6 (7.50%) DevOps Engineer
6 4 (5.00%) Cloud Architect
6 4 (5.00%) Cloud Native Architect
6 4 (5.00%) Java Software Developer
6 4 (5.00%) Senior Java Software Developer
6 4 (5.00%) Senior Software Developer
6 4 (5.00%) Software Developer
7 3 (3.75%) Java Engineer
7 3 (3.75%) Lead Developer
7 3 (3.75%) Lead Java Developer
7 3 (3.75%) Murex Developer
7 3 (3.75%) React Developer
8 2 (2.50%) Cloud Developer
8 2 (2.50%) Java Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (100.00%) Spring
2 70 (87.50%) Spring Boot
3 21 (26.25%) React
4 20 (25.00%) REST
5 16 (20.00%) Hibernate
6 14 (17.50%) Kafka
7 13 (16.25%) AngularJS
7 13 (16.25%) Web Services
8 11 (13.75%) RESTful
9 9 (11.25%) Redux
10 8 (10.00%) JDBC
10 8 (10.00%) JSON
11 7 (8.75%) JPA
11 7 (8.75%) XML
12 6 (7.50%) Spring Security
13 5 (6.25%) CSS
13 5 (6.25%) Java EE
13 5 (6.25%) Node.js
13 5 (6.25%) RabbitMQ
13 5 (6.25%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 6 (7.50%) Client/Server
1 6 (7.50%) Reference Data
2 5 (6.25%) Cloud Native
2 5 (6.25%) Data Protection Act
3 4 (5.00%) Legacy Applications
4 3 (3.75%) Derivative
5 2 (2.50%) Mainframe
5 2 (2.50%) NHS
5 2 (2.50%) Self-Motivation
6 1 (1.25%) Algorithms
6 1 (1.25%) Blog
6 1 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (1.25%) FMCG
6 1 (1.25%) Legacy Systems
6 1 (1.25%) Life Science
6 1 (1.25%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 6 (7.50%) Unix
2 4 (5.00%) Linux
3 1 (1.25%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (63.75%) Agile Software Development
1 51 (63.75%) Microservices
2 32 (40.00%) DevOps
3 29 (36.25%) TDD
4 21 (26.25%) Scrum
4 21 (26.25%) Test Automation
5 18 (22.50%) BDD
6 15 (18.75%) Continuous Integration
7 14 (17.50%) Continuous Delivery
8 12 (15.00%) Kanban
8 12 (15.00%) OO
9 11 (13.75%) Mentoring
9 11 (13.75%) SDLC
10 10 (12.50%) Full Stack Development
11 8 (10.00%) Digital Transformation Programme
11 8 (10.00%) Event-Driven
12 7 (8.75%) Change Management
13 6 (7.50%) Front End Development
13 6 (7.50%) Functional Testing
13 6 (7.50%) OOA/OOD
Programming Languages
1 79 (98.75%) Java
2 37 (46.25%) SQL
3 27 (33.75%) Java 8
4 21 (26.25%) JavaScript
5 14 (17.50%) Python
6 8 (10.00%) Java 11
7 5 (6.25%) TypeScript
8 4 (5.00%) Java 9
8 4 (5.00%) Kotlin
8 4 (5.00%) Scala
9 3 (3.75%) ES6
9 3 (3.75%) PL/SQL
9 3 (3.75%) Shell Script
10 1 (1.25%) C#
10 1 (1.25%) Go
Qualifications
1 5 (6.25%) Degree
2 4 (5.00%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (2.50%) SC Cleared
3 2 (2.50%) Security Cleared
4 1 (1.25%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.25%) Data Quality
1 1 (1.25%) QA
System Software
1 30 (37.50%) Docker
2 3 (3.75%) Postfix
3 1 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 26 (32.50%) Kubernetes
2 15 (18.75%) Terraform
3 11 (13.75%) Ansible
4 1 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (1.25%) Puppet
4 1 (1.25%) Salt
Vendors
1 15 (18.75%) Oracle
2 11 (13.75%) Google
3 8 (10.00%) SAP
4 7 (8.75%) Microsoft
5 5 (6.25%) Red Hat
6 4 (5.00%) IBM
6 4 (5.00%) Salesforce.com
6 4 (5.00%) VMware
7 3 (3.75%) Murex
8 2 (2.50%) Pega
8 2 (2.50%) WSO2
9 1 (1.25%) GoldenSource
9 1 (1.25%) MuleSoft
9 1 (1.25%) ServiceNow
9 1 (1.25%) StreamSets
9 1 (1.25%) TIBCO