Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 306 284 256
Rank change year-on-year -22 -28 -42
Contract jobs citing J2EE 390 587 1,045
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 0.88% 1.07%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.66% 2.91% 3.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 336 367 569
Median daily rate £438 £525 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -16.67% +9.38% +1.05%
10th Percentile £342 £385 £350
90th Percentile £566 £700 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -15.00% +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 5
Median hourly rate - £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +41.89%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £52.50

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,687 20,149 32,682
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.42% 30.10% 33.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,365 14,161 23,320
Median daily rate £490 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.10% +2.56% +4.84%
10th Percentile £325 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £435
% change year-on-year -5.56% +3.45% +8.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 181 262
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +11.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £24.40 £19.71 £17.55
90th Percentile £63.55 £78.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 314 £438 -16.67% 88
UK excluding London +115 217 £425 -15.00% 57
London -93 121 £500 -9.09% 36
Work from Home -115 116 £428 -14.40% 22
Midlands +79 72 £405 -3.57% 14
West Midlands +62 60 £405 -4.14% 9
South East +68 43 £495 -3.88% 22
Scotland +26 35 £450 -21.74% 5
North of England +46 31 £425 -29.17% 9
East of England +70 24 £490 +18.01% 1
North West +33 16 £425 -26.09% 4
North East +32 11 £450 -33.33% 3
South West +65 8 £563 +12.50% 6
East Midlands +32 8 £340 -9.33% 4
Yorkshire +30 4 £375 -37.50% 2
Wales +19 4 £420 -

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 366 (93.85%) Java
2 196 (50.26%) Oracle
3 180 (46.15%) SQL
3 180 (46.15%) Agile Software Development
4 131 (33.59%) PL/SQL
4 131 (33.59%) WebLogic
5 122 (31.28%) Spring
6 109 (27.95%) webMethods
7 104 (26.67%) BEA
8 97 (24.87%) Unix
9 89 (22.82%) Business Intelligence
9 89 (22.82%) Test Strategy
10 84 (21.54%) Data Modelling
11 83 (21.28%) Process Improvement
12 81 (20.77%) Jenkins
12 81 (20.77%) Configuration Management
13 80 (20.51%) Scrum
14 79 (20.26%) Web Services
14 79 (20.26%) Git (software)
14 79 (20.26%) Microservices
15 77 (19.74%) OO
16 76 (19.49%) Shell Script
17 71 (18.21%) Problem Management
18 69 (17.69%) XML
19 66 (16.92%) RUP
20 64 (16.41%) Linux
20 64 (16.41%) Waterfall
21 63 (16.15%) Maven
22 62 (15.90%) DevOps
23 61 (15.64%) Software Engineering

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (33.59%) WebLogic
2 43 (11.03%) WebSphere
3 38 (9.74%) Confluence
4 32 (8.21%) Apache
5 26 (6.67%) JBoss
6 23 (5.90%) Tomcat
7 19 (4.87%) BizTalk Server
8 16 (4.10%) SharePoint
9 13 (3.33%) Camunda
9 13 (3.33%) WebSphere Application Server
10 7 (1.79%) Appian
10 7 (1.79%) CMS
10 7 (1.79%) Documentum
10 7 (1.79%) IIS
10 7 (1.79%) Mule
11 6 (1.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 6 (1.54%) Jetty
11 6 (1.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (1.28%) Apache Solr
12 5 (1.28%) Liferay
Applications
1 3 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.51%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.51%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 16 (4.10%) Dynamics AX
1 16 (4.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.77%) SAP CRM
3 2 (0.51%) Magento
3 2 (0.51%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.51%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.26%) Minerva
4 1 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.26%) Radian6
4 1 (0.26%) Shopify
4 1 (0.26%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 59 (15.13%) AWS
2 48 (12.31%) Azure
3 16 (4.10%) Dynamics 365
4 13 (3.33%) GitHub
5 8 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
6 6 (1.54%) GCP
7 5 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
7 5 (1.28%) OpenShift
7 5 (1.28%) Serverless
8 4 (1.03%) Amazon Kinesis
8 4 (1.03%) Apigee
9 3 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
9 3 (0.77%) Microsoft 365
9 3 (0.77%) PaaS
9 3 (0.77%) Power Platform
9 3 (0.77%) PowerApps
9 3 (0.77%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 2 (0.51%) Azure Functions
10 2 (0.51%) Google App Engine
10 2 (0.51%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 23 (5.90%) HTTP
2 9 (2.31%) SSL
3 6 (1.54%) DNS
3 6 (1.54%) Firewall
4 5 (1.28%) SMS
4 5 (1.28%) TCP/IP
5 4 (1.03%) FTP
5 4 (1.03%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.77%) POP3
6 3 (0.77%) SMTP
7 2 (0.51%) DHCP
7 2 (0.51%) IPsec
7 2 (0.51%) SSH
7 2 (0.51%) Wireless
8 1 (0.26%) Broadband
8 1 (0.26%) Internet
8 1 (0.26%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.26%) Skype
8 1 (0.26%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (6.41%) BusinessObjects
2 23 (5.90%) Relational Database
3 18 (4.62%) MySQL
4 11 (2.82%) Oracle Database
5 9 (2.31%) Amazon Aurora
5 9 (2.31%) DB2
5 9 (2.31%) MongoDB
5 9 (2.31%) SQL Server
6 7 (1.79%) NoSQL
6 7 (1.79%) RDBMS
7 4 (1.03%) Hadoop
8 3 (0.77%) Apache Hive
8 3 (0.77%) Big Data
8 3 (0.77%) Data Warehouse
8 3 (0.77%) HBase
8 3 (0.77%) Impala
8 3 (0.77%) Oracle Reports
9 2 (0.51%) MariaDB
9 2 (0.51%) Oracle Database 12c
9 2 (0.51%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 81 (20.77%) Jenkins
2 79 (20.26%) Git (software)
3 63 (16.15%) Maven
4 56 (14.36%) CA Gen
5 54 (13.85%) JIRA
6 39 (10.00%) Bitbucket
7 35 (8.97%) JUnit
8 18 (4.62%) Ant
8 18 (4.62%) Gradle
9 17 (4.36%) Subversion
10 16 (4.10%) Mockito
11 14 (3.59%) JMeter
12 13 (3.33%) Selenium
13 12 (3.08%) Cucumber
13 12 (3.08%) Eclipse
14 11 (2.82%) IntelliJ
15 10 (2.56%) TeamCity
16 9 (2.31%) git-flow
17 7 (1.79%) Bitbucket Server
17 7 (1.79%) SonarQube
General
1 49 (12.56%) Public Sector
2 33 (8.46%) Finance
3 29 (7.44%) Banking
4 15 (3.85%) Marketing
5 8 (2.05%) Retail
6 7 (1.79%) Games
7 4 (1.03%) Telecoms
8 3 (0.77%) Back Office
8 3 (0.77%) Italian Language
9 2 (0.51%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.51%) Spanish Language
10 1 (0.26%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.26%) Billing
10 1 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.26%) Czech Language
10 1 (0.26%) French Language
10 1 (0.26%) German Language
10 1 (0.26%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.26%) Polish Language
10 1 (0.26%) Turkish Language
Job Titles
1 206 (52.82%) Developer
2 104 (26.67%) Java Developer
3 52 (13.33%) Architect
4 35 (8.97%) Scala Developer
5 34 (8.72%) Software Engineer
6 23 (5.90%) Senior Developer
7 20 (5.13%) Consultant
8 15 (3.85%) Full Stack Developer
8 15 (3.85%) Senior Java Developer
9 13 (3.33%) Java Engineer
9 13 (3.33%) Java Software Engineer
9 13 (3.33%) Solutions Architect
10 10 (2.56%) C Programmer
10 10 (2.56%) Programmer
11 9 (2.31%) Lead Developer
11 9 (2.31%) Software Developer
12 8 (2.05%) SAP Developer
13 7 (1.79%) Technical Architect
14 6 (1.54%) J2EE Developer
14 6 (1.54%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 122 (31.28%) Spring
2 79 (20.26%) Web Services
3 69 (17.69%) XML
4 56 (14.36%) Spring Boot
5 55 (14.10%) JSON
6 53 (13.59%) REST
6 53 (13.59%) SOAP
7 46 (11.79%) Hibernate
8 42 (10.77%) HTML
9 36 (9.23%) CSS
10 34 (8.72%) RESTful
11 30 (7.69%) .NET
12 29 (7.44%) Kafka
12 29 (7.44%) Middleware
13 23 (5.90%) HTML5
13 23 (5.90%) JSP
14 21 (5.38%) AngularJS
15 18 (4.62%) EJB
16 17 (4.36%) Ajax
16 17 (4.36%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 23 (5.90%) Enterprise Software
2 14 (3.59%) Data Structures
3 13 (3.33%) Analytical Skills
3 13 (3.33%) Mobile App
4 12 (3.08%) Mobile Payment
5 9 (2.31%) Robotics
6 7 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
6 7 (1.79%) User Experience
7 6 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 5 (1.28%) Cloud Native
8 5 (1.28%) N-Tier
9 4 (1.03%) Client/Server
9 4 (1.03%) CMDB
9 4 (1.03%) Smart Meter
9 4 (1.03%) Web 2.0
10 3 (0.77%) Equities
10 3 (0.77%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.77%) PKI
11 2 (0.51%) Linux Command Line
11 2 (0.51%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 97 (24.87%) Unix
2 64 (16.41%) Linux
3 14 (3.59%) Oracle Linux
4 11 (2.82%) SUSE
4 11 (2.82%) Windows
5 4 (1.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.03%) Solaris
6 3 (0.77%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.26%) AIX
7 1 (0.26%) CentOS
7 1 (0.26%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 180 (46.15%) Agile Software Development
2 89 (22.82%) Business Intelligence
2 89 (22.82%) Test Strategy
3 84 (21.54%) Data Modelling
4 83 (21.28%) Process Improvement
5 81 (20.77%) Configuration Management
6 80 (20.51%) Scrum
7 79 (20.26%) Microservices
8 77 (19.74%) OO
9 71 (18.21%) Problem Management
10 66 (16.92%) RUP
11 64 (16.41%) Waterfall
12 62 (15.90%) DevOps
13 61 (15.64%) Software Engineering
14 57 (14.62%) Continuous Integration
15 40 (10.26%) TDD
16 37 (9.49%) Problem-Solving
17 31 (7.95%) SDLC
17 31 (7.95%) SOA
18 28 (7.18%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 366 (93.85%) Java
2 180 (46.15%) SQL
3 131 (33.59%) PL/SQL
4 76 (19.49%) Shell Script
5 52 (13.33%) JavaScript
6 50 (12.82%) Perl
7 43 (11.03%) Scala
8 42 (10.77%) Java 8
9 35 (8.97%) COBOL
10 15 (3.85%) C
11 14 (3.59%) Kotlin
11 14 (3.59%) Python
12 6 (1.54%) C#
13 5 (1.28%) Apex Code
13 5 (1.28%) Groovy
13 5 (1.28%) XPath
14 4 (1.03%) Bash Shell
15 3 (0.77%) ABAP
15 3 (0.77%) C++
15 3 (0.77%) Go
Qualifications
1 26 (6.67%) Security Cleared
2 23 (5.90%) SC Cleared
3 22 (5.64%) Degree
4 13 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.77%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.51%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.51%) CISSP
6 2 (0.51%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.26%) ISEB
7 1 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
7 1 (0.26%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.56%) QA
2 2 (0.51%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.26%) SLA
System Software
1 20 (5.13%) Docker
2 12 (3.08%) Active Directory
3 8 (2.05%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (1.03%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 4 (1.03%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.77%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.51%) vSphere
6 2 (0.51%) Xen
7 1 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.26%) IAG
7 1 (0.26%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 36 (9.23%) Ansible
2 27 (6.92%) Puppet
3 20 (5.13%) Kubernetes
4 16 (4.10%) Terraform
5 6 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
5 6 (1.54%) Single Sign-On
6 5 (1.28%) Hadoop YARN
7 4 (1.03%) Tivoli
8 2 (0.51%) CloudHub
8 2 (0.51%) Salt
8 2 (0.51%) vRealize
9 1 (0.26%) AirWatch
9 1 (0.26%) CA Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.26%) McAfee ePO
9 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Intune
9 1 (0.26%) Nagios
9 1 (0.26%) Nexpose
9 1 (0.26%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 1 (0.26%) Tivoli Identity Manager
9 1 (0.26%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 196 (50.26%) Oracle
2 109 (27.95%) webMethods
3 104 (26.67%) BEA
4 53 (13.59%) Pega
5 37 (9.49%) SAP
6 31 (7.95%) Informatica
7 27 (6.92%) IBM
8 16 (4.10%) Microsoft
9 13 (3.33%) WSO2
10 12 (3.08%) MuleSoft
10 12 (3.08%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (2.82%) Adobe
11 11 (2.82%) hybris
12 8 (2.05%) Red Hat
13 7 (1.79%) TIBCO
14 6 (1.54%) Google
15 5 (1.28%) ServiceNow
16 4 (1.03%) CA Agile Central
16 4 (1.03%) Sybase
16 4 (1.03%) VMware