Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 272 324 212
Rank change year-on-year +52 -112 -9
Contract jobs citing J2EE 282 666 1,334
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.87% 0.79% 1.30%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.82% 2.56% 3.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 230 306 822
Median daily rate £510 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.00% +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £350 £366 £356
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £428 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -9.89% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £60.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -41.67% +9.09% +48.65%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £56.25 £48.75
% change year-on-year - +15.38% +31.76%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,989 26,028 35,851
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.86% 30.87% 34.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,618 18,080 25,282
Median daily rate £486 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.82% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £336 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £438 £425
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 278 311
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.53
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +2.34% +3.83%
10th Percentile £25.15 £20.26 £17.00
90th Percentile £62.03 £68.25 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +3.66% +1.48%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +52 250 £513 +5.13% 67
London +52 152 £550 +4.76% 18
UK excluding London +91 111 £428 -9.89% 58
Work from Home -77 47 £450 +12.50% 7
Midlands +71 27 £405 -10.00% 20
South East +83 26 £508 +6.84% 21
North of England +106 23 £400 -15.79% 5
West Midlands +48 20 £409 -10.41% 10
East of England +68 14 £459 +1.94% 1
Scotland +50 14 £513 -6.82% 8
Yorkshire +76 10 £400 -3.90% 4
North West +74 8 £387 -26.29% 1
South West +88 6 £510 +8.40% 2
East Midlands +44 5 £315 -25.88% 10
North East +37 5 £450 -35.71%
Wales +37 1 £225 -30.77% 1

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 264 (93.62%) Java
2 146 (51.77%) Agile Software Development
3 130 (46.10%) Web Services
4 112 (39.72%) Oracle
5 109 (38.65%) SQL
6 101 (35.82%) AWS
7 97 (34.40%) Spring
8 88 (31.21%) Software Engineering
9 86 (30.50%) Jenkins
10 85 (30.14%) DevOps
11 83 (29.43%) Finance
12 72 (25.53%) Asset Management
13 64 (22.70%) JavaScript
13 64 (22.70%) WebLogic
14 59 (20.92%) PL/SQL
14 59 (20.92%) Front Office
15 57 (20.21%) Unix
15 57 (20.21%) J2SE
15 57 (20.21%) Decision-Making
16 55 (19.50%) Docker
16 55 (19.50%) Microservices
17 54 (19.15%) Derivative
17 54 (19.15%) Equities
17 54 (19.15%) Fixed Income
18 50 (17.73%) Banking
19 49 (17.38%) Terraform
20 48 (17.02%) Azure
21 47 (16.67%) Python
22 46 (16.31%) Spring Boot
23 45 (15.96%) Kubernetes

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (22.70%) WebLogic
2 31 (10.99%) WebSphere
3 29 (10.28%) Confluence
4 21 (7.45%) Apache
5 14 (4.96%) Tomcat
6 13 (4.61%) WebSphere Application Server
7 12 (4.26%) BizTalk Server
8 11 (3.90%) JBoss
9 10 (3.55%) Mule
10 9 (3.19%) IIS
10 9 (3.19%) SharePoint
11 8 (2.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 6 (2.13%) Appian
13 4 (1.42%) Anypoint
13 4 (1.42%) nginx
14 3 (1.06%) Jetty
15 2 (0.71%) Mongrel
15 2 (0.71%) MS Exchange
16 1 (0.35%) MQSeries
16 1 (0.35%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 12 (4.26%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (2.48%) RoboHelp
3 4 (1.42%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (3.19%) Dynamics AX
1 9 (3.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.71%) SAP ERP
2 2 (0.71%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.35%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 101 (35.82%) AWS
2 48 (17.02%) Azure
3 45 (15.96%) Amazon EC2
4 43 (15.25%) Serverless
5 41 (14.54%) AWS Lambda
6 40 (14.18%) Amazon ECS
6 40 (14.18%) Amazon SQS
7 39 (13.83%) Amazon S3
7 39 (13.83%) AWS CloudFormation
7 39 (13.83%) OpenShift
8 22 (7.80%) GCP
9 15 (5.32%) GitHub
10 9 (3.19%) Dynamics 365
11 5 (1.77%) Apigee
11 5 (1.77%) SaaS
12 4 (1.42%) npm
13 3 (1.06%) Akamai
13 3 (1.06%) PaaS
14 2 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
14 2 (0.71%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 19 (6.74%) HTTP
2 9 (3.19%) FTP
3 6 (2.13%) HTTPS
4 5 (1.77%) DNS
4 5 (1.77%) SSL
4 5 (1.77%) TCP/IP
5 3 (1.06%) Firewall
5 3 (1.06%) IPsec
5 3 (1.06%) SSH
6 2 (0.71%) DHCP
6 2 (0.71%) Network Security
6 2 (0.71%) SMS
6 2 (0.71%) VPN
7 1 (0.35%) Internet
7 1 (0.35%) NAS
7 1 (0.35%) tcpdump
7 1 (0.35%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (14.18%) Amazon RDS
2 39 (13.83%) Amazon Redshift
3 34 (12.06%) MySQL
4 29 (10.28%) Relational Database
5 27 (9.57%) SQL Server
6 22 (7.80%) BusinessObjects
7 20 (7.09%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (6.38%) Oracle Database
9 17 (6.03%) RDBMS
10 14 (4.96%) Amazon Aurora
11 4 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (1.42%) Oracle Reports
12 3 (1.06%) DB2
13 2 (0.71%) Big Data
13 2 (0.71%) MongoDB
13 2 (0.71%) Oracle Database 10g
13 2 (0.71%) Redis
14 1 (0.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 1 (0.35%) Apache Hive
14 1 (0.35%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 86 (30.50%) Jenkins
2 43 (15.25%) Git (software)
3 39 (13.83%) Artifactory
3 39 (13.83%) JIRA
4 33 (11.70%) RStudio
5 32 (11.35%) Maven
6 25 (8.87%) JUnit
7 17 (6.03%) Eclipse
7 17 (6.03%) Gradle
8 16 (5.67%) CA Gen
8 16 (5.67%) Subversion
9 15 (5.32%) Mockito
10 14 (4.96%) Bitbucket
10 14 (4.96%) JMeter
11 9 (3.19%) Ant
11 9 (3.19%) Cucumber
12 8 (2.84%) ClearCase
12 8 (2.84%) Selenium
12 8 (2.84%) Toad
13 7 (2.48%) WebLogic Workshop
General
1 83 (29.43%) Finance
2 59 (20.92%) Front Office
3 50 (17.73%) Banking
4 23 (8.16%) Public Sector
5 22 (7.80%) Investment Banking
6 13 (4.61%) Marketing
7 9 (3.19%) Games
8 6 (2.13%) Police
9 5 (1.77%) Back Office
10 4 (1.42%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.71%) Italian Language
11 2 (0.71%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.35%) French Language
12 1 (0.35%) Legal
12 1 (0.35%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.35%) Retail
Job Titles
1 180 (63.83%) Developer
2 120 (42.55%) Java Developer
3 49 (17.38%) AWS Developer
3 49 (17.38%) Java Engineer
4 43 (15.25%) AWS Engineer
5 38 (13.48%) Java Software Developer
6 22 (7.80%) Software Engineer
7 20 (7.09%) Architect
7 20 (7.09%) AWS DevOps
8 19 (6.74%) Java Software Engineer
8 19 (6.74%) Lead Developer
8 19 (6.74%) Lead Java Developer
8 19 (6.74%) Lead Software Developer
9 17 (6.03%) DevOps Engineer
9 17 (6.03%) Scala Developer
10 16 (5.67%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 15 (5.32%) Front Office Developer
11 15 (5.32%) Python Developer
12 14 (4.96%) AWS Software Engineer
12 14 (4.96%) Lead DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 130 (46.10%) Web Services
2 97 (34.40%) Spring
3 57 (20.21%) J2SE
4 46 (16.31%) Spring Boot
5 43 (15.25%) HTML
6 40 (14.18%) SOAP
7 39 (13.83%) XML
8 35 (12.41%) REST
9 33 (11.70%) CSS
10 31 (10.99%) AngularJS
11 29 (10.28%) JSON
11 29 (10.28%) Struts
12 24 (8.51%) React
13 22 (7.80%) HTML5
13 22 (7.80%) RESTful
14 20 (7.09%) .NET
15 19 (6.74%) Java EE
16 18 (6.38%) JSP
16 18 (6.38%) Middleware
17 17 (6.03%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 54 (19.15%) Derivative
1 54 (19.15%) Equities
1 54 (19.15%) Fixed Income
2 19 (6.74%) Enterprise Software
3 15 (5.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 15 (5.32%) Hedge funds
4 14 (4.96%) Pricing Data
5 13 (4.61%) Data Structures
6 10 (3.55%) Analytical Skills
7 9 (3.19%) Mobile App
7 9 (3.19%) Robotics
8 8 (2.84%) Mobile Payment
9 7 (2.48%) Management Information System
10 6 (2.13%) Hybrid Cloud
10 6 (2.13%) User Experience
11 5 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (1.42%) Clustering
12 4 (1.42%) CMDB
13 3 (1.06%) N-Tier
13 3 (1.06%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 57 (20.21%) Unix
2 34 (12.06%) Linux
3 11 (3.90%) Windows
4 6 (2.13%) Oracle Linux
4 6 (2.13%) SUSE
5 3 (1.06%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.35%) Android
7 1 (0.35%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 146 (51.77%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (31.21%) Software Engineering
3 85 (30.14%) DevOps
4 72 (25.53%) Asset Management
5 57 (20.21%) Decision-Making
6 55 (19.50%) Microservices
7 45 (15.96%) Deployment Automation
8 40 (14.18%) Data Modelling
9 37 (13.12%) Test Strategy
10 35 (12.41%) Business Intelligence
10 35 (12.41%) Configuration Management
10 35 (12.41%) OO
11 34 (12.06%) Process Improvement
12 30 (10.64%) Scrum
13 27 (9.57%) Problem Management
14 25 (8.87%) Front End Development
15 24 (8.51%) TDD
16 23 (8.16%) Continuous Integration
16 23 (8.16%) RUP
16 23 (8.16%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 264 (93.62%) Java
2 109 (38.65%) SQL
3 64 (22.70%) JavaScript
4 59 (20.92%) PL/SQL
5 47 (16.67%) Python
6 33 (11.70%) R
7 32 (11.35%) Java 8
8 24 (8.51%) Shell Script
9 17 (6.03%) Scala
10 14 (4.96%) Perl
11 9 (3.19%) Kotlin
12 4 (1.42%) ActionScript
12 4 (1.42%) ActionScript 2.0
12 4 (1.42%) C
13 2 (0.71%) VB.NET
14 1 (0.35%) ABAP
14 1 (0.35%) C#
14 1 (0.35%) C++
14 1 (0.35%) PHP
14 1 (0.35%) XPath
Qualifications
1 30 (10.64%) Security Cleared
2 28 (9.93%) SC Cleared
3 17 (6.03%) Degree
4 10 (3.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (1.42%) DV Cleared
6 3 (1.06%) CISSP
7 2 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.71%) ISEB
8 1 (0.35%) CEH
8 1 (0.35%) CISA
8 1 (0.35%) CISM
8 1 (0.35%) CRISC
8 1 (0.35%) ISEB Practitioner
8 1 (0.35%) ISSAP
8 1 (0.35%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.35%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.48%) QA
2 2 (0.71%) SLA
3 1 (0.35%) COBIT
3 1 (0.35%) COSO
3 1 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.35%) NIST
System Software
1 55 (19.50%) Docker
2 9 (3.19%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.71%) vSphere
4 2 (0.71%) Xen
5 1 (0.35%) HDFS
5 1 (0.35%) OpenAM
5 1 (0.35%) OpenDJ
5 1 (0.35%) OpenIDM
5 1 (0.35%) Samba
5 1 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 49 (17.38%) Terraform
2 45 (15.96%) Kubernetes
3 15 (5.32%) Ansible
3 15 (5.32%) Puppet
4 6 (2.13%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (1.42%) HP Quality Center
6 2 (0.71%) NetIQ Identity Manager
7 1 (0.35%) AirWatch
7 1 (0.35%) Grafana
7 1 (0.35%) Kibana
7 1 (0.35%) McAfee ePO
7 1 (0.35%) Nagios
7 1 (0.35%) Nexpose
7 1 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 112 (39.72%) Oracle
2 39 (13.83%) webMethods
3 37 (13.12%) BEA
4 29 (10.28%) SAP
5 23 (8.16%) Informatica
6 17 (6.03%) Google
6 17 (6.03%) Pega
7 16 (5.67%) Sybase
8 13 (4.61%) Remedy
9 11 (3.90%) Microsoft
10 10 (3.55%) IBM
11 9 (3.19%) WSO2
12 6 (2.13%) Atlassian
12 6 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
12 6 (2.13%) ServiceNow
13 5 (1.77%) CA Agile Central
13 5 (1.77%) Confluent
13 5 (1.77%) MuleSoft
13 5 (1.77%) Pardot
13 5 (1.77%) VMware