Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 366 271 324
Rank change year-on-year -95 +53 -102
Contract jobs citing J2EE 567 281 697
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.68% 0.91% 0.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.28% 2.93% 2.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 370 204 312
10th Percentile £400 £350 £363
25th Percentile £450 £406 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £522 £500
Median % change year-on-year -4.21% +4.40% +2.56%
75th Percentile £588 £600 £575
90th Percentile £650 £685 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £428 £466
% change year-on-year +10.98% -8.20% +3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 3
Median hourly rate - £45.00 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year - -25.00% +9.09%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £56.25

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,906 9,580 26,587
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.79% 31.16% 31.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,881 6,770 18,673
10th Percentile £363 £313 £338
25th Percentile £425 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 236 72 251
10th Percentile £17.90 £22.50 £19.88
25th Percentile £27.93 £30.00 £32.60
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.25 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.98% -6.11% +8.25%
75th Percentile £63.31 £54.17 £53.00
90th Percentile £73.02 £61.95 £70.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £46.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.38% +3.33% +8.43%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -139 386 £525 - 87
London -161 197 £575 +4.55% 45
UK excluding London -93 196 £475 +10.98% 51
Work from Home -139 141 £530 +14.59% 15
Midlands -7 96 £500 +29.03% 19
West Midlands +5 88 £500 +21.21% 13
Scotland -71 28 £450 -10.00% 5
South East -102 28 £496 +3.39% 13
North of England -81 16 £456 +12.47% 6
South West -40 11 £625 +25.00% 2
North West -47 11 £400 -0.62% 4
East of England -55 11 £475 +0.53% 2
East Midlands -35 7 £405 +28.57% 6
Northern Ireland - 6 £484 - 1
Yorkshire -58 4 £530 +32.50% 1
North East -14 1 £449 -0.33% 1
Wales -30 1 £450 +100.00% 3

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 546 (96.30%) Java
2 330 (58.20%) Oracle
3 284 (50.09%) SQL
4 228 (40.21%) Spring
5 213 (37.57%) Business Intelligence
6 207 (36.51%) Agile Software Development
7 190 (33.51%) Social Skills
8 174 (30.69%) Azure
9 162 (28.57%) Unix
10 141 (24.87%) SAP
11 137 (24.16%) .NET
12 134 (23.63%) Jenkins
13 133 (23.46%) Microsoft
14 131 (23.10%) Microservices
15 127 (22.40%) PL/SQL
15 127 (22.40%) CRM
16 120 (21.16%) Dynamics CRM
17 119 (20.99%) Dynamics AX
17 119 (20.99%) Linux
17 119 (20.99%) SharePoint
17 119 (20.99%) Dynamics 365
18 115 (20.28%) WebLogic
19 113 (19.93%) Maven
20 112 (19.75%) Git (software)
21 109 (19.22%) Spring Boot
22 105 (18.52%) Data Modelling
23 98 (17.28%) BEA
23 98 (17.28%) webMethods
23 98 (17.28%) DevOps
24 92 (16.23%) Configuration Management

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (20.99%) SharePoint
2 115 (20.28%) WebLogic
3 59 (10.41%) Confluence
4 43 (7.58%) Mule
5 38 (6.70%) BizTalk Server
6 31 (5.47%) WebSphere
7 29 (5.11%) Tomcat
8 27 (4.76%) Apache
9 24 (4.23%) MS Exchange
10 22 (3.88%) JBoss
11 16 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
11 16 (2.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (2.65%) CMS
12 15 (2.65%) Liferay
13 12 (2.12%) FileNet
14 10 (1.76%) Apache Spark
15 8 (1.41%) WebSphere Portal
16 6 (1.06%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 6 (1.06%) GemFire
16 6 (1.06%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 3 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.18%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 120 (21.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 119 (20.99%) Dynamics AX
3 7 (1.23%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.88%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 3 (0.53%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.35%) SAP CRM
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.18%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 174 (30.69%) Azure
2 119 (20.99%) Dynamics 365
3 83 (14.64%) Power Platform
4 82 (14.46%) PowerApps
5 76 (13.40%) AWS
6 28 (4.94%) GCP
7 21 (3.70%) Microsoft 365
8 20 (3.53%) Azure Active Directory
9 18 (3.17%) GitHub
10 11 (1.94%) OpenShift
11 10 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
11 10 (1.76%) Serverless
12 7 (1.23%) PaaS
13 6 (1.06%) SaaS
14 5 (0.88%) Amazon ECS
14 5 (0.88%) Azure Logic Apps
14 5 (0.88%) Power Automate
15 4 (0.71%) Apigee
15 4 (0.71%) AWS CloudFormation
15 4 (0.71%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 12 (2.12%) HTTP
2 9 (1.59%) VoIP
3 5 (0.88%) Firewall
3 5 (0.88%) NetScaler
3 5 (0.88%) TCP/IP
3 5 (0.88%) WAAS
4 4 (0.71%) DNS
4 4 (0.71%) Internet
5 3 (0.53%) SSL
6 2 (0.35%) DHCP
6 2 (0.35%) FTP
6 2 (0.35%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.35%) IPsec
6 2 (0.35%) PuTTY
7 1 (0.18%) DKIM
7 1 (0.18%) DMARC
7 1 (0.18%) Network Security
7 1 (0.18%) POP3
7 1 (0.18%) SMTP
7 1 (0.18%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (14.81%) BusinessObjects
2 77 (13.58%) Relational Database
3 39 (6.88%) MongoDB
4 23 (4.06%) RDBMS
5 22 (3.88%) MySQL
6 20 (3.53%) Oracle Database
7 19 (3.35%) NoSQL
8 16 (2.82%) SQL Server
9 15 (2.65%) PostgreSQL
10 14 (2.47%) Apache Cassandra
11 11 (1.94%) Redis
12 10 (1.76%) Data Warehouse
12 10 (1.76%) DB2
13 8 (1.41%) Big Data
13 8 (1.41%) Hadoop
13 8 (1.41%) MariaDB
13 8 (1.41%) Power BI
14 7 (1.23%) Data Lake
15 6 (1.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 6 (1.06%) InterSystems Cache
Development Applications
1 134 (23.63%) Jenkins
2 113 (19.93%) Maven
3 112 (19.75%) Git (software)
4 85 (14.99%) JIRA
5 65 (11.46%) JUnit
6 38 (6.70%) Bitbucket
7 32 (5.64%) Cucumber
8 30 (5.29%) CA Gen
8 30 (5.29%) Selenium
9 19 (3.35%) Eclipse
10 18 (3.17%) IntelliJ
11 17 (3.00%) Gradle
11 17 (3.00%) IBM UrbanCode
12 13 (2.29%) Ant
12 13 (2.29%) SonarQube
13 10 (1.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 10 (1.76%) Subversion
14 9 (1.59%) Bitbucket Server
15 8 (1.41%) Artifactory
15 8 (1.41%) Build Forge
General
1 190 (33.51%) Social Skills
2 65 (11.46%) Finance
3 64 (11.29%) Banking
4 62 (10.93%) Analytical Skills
5 48 (8.47%) Public Sector
6 41 (7.23%) Investment Banking
7 38 (6.70%) Marketing
8 36 (6.35%) Front Office
9 34 (6.00%) Presentation Skills
10 25 (4.41%) Retail
11 7 (1.23%) Influencing Skills
12 6 (1.06%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.71%) Back Office
13 4 (0.71%) Legal
13 4 (0.71%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.71%) Publishing
13 4 (0.71%) Telecoms
14 2 (0.35%) Automotive
14 2 (0.35%) Organisational Skills
14 2 (0.35%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 340 (59.96%) Developer
2 202 (35.63%) Java Developer
3 84 (14.81%) Architect
4 52 (9.17%) Consultant
5 39 (6.88%) Senior Developer
6 36 (6.35%) Solutions Architect
7 33 (5.82%) Integration Developer
8 28 (4.94%) Scala Developer
8 28 (4.94%) Senior Java Developer
9 23 (4.06%) CRM Developer
9 23 (4.06%) Dynamics CRM Developer
10 22 (3.88%) Enterprise Integration Developer
11 21 (3.70%) Full Stack Developer
12 15 (2.65%) Software Engineer
13 11 (1.94%) Technical Architect
14 9 (1.59%) Java Engineer
14 9 (1.59%) Software Developer
15 8 (1.41%) Citrix Architect
15 8 (1.41%) Hybris Developer
15 8 (1.41%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 228 (40.21%) Spring
2 137 (24.16%) .NET
3 109 (19.22%) Spring Boot
4 88 (15.52%) REST
5 81 (14.29%) Apache Camel
6 76 (13.40%) Web Services
7 75 (13.23%) JSON
8 74 (13.05%) HTML
9 69 (12.17%) Hibernate
10 64 (11.29%) CSS
11 54 (9.52%) Middleware
12 49 (8.64%) XML
13 48 (8.47%) RabbitMQ
14 43 (7.58%) AngularJS
15 41 (7.23%) SOAP
16 37 (6.53%) React
17 34 (6.00%) Kafka
17 34 (6.00%) RESTful
17 34 (6.00%) Spring Integration
18 33 (5.82%) JTA
Miscellaneous
1 23 (4.06%) Enterprise Software
2 15 (2.65%) Algorithms
3 11 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
4 10 (1.76%) PKI
4 10 (1.76%) User Experience
5 9 (1.59%) Data Structures
5 9 (1.59%) Enterprise Storage
5 9 (1.59%) Public Cloud
6 6 (1.06%) Data Protection Act
6 6 (1.06%) N-Tier
6 6 (1.06%) Robotics
7 4 (0.71%) Virtual Team
8 3 (0.53%) Cloud Native
8 3 (0.53%) Clustering
8 3 (0.53%) CMDB
8 3 (0.53%) Hedge funds
8 3 (0.53%) Legacy Systems
8 3 (0.53%) NHS
9 2 (0.35%) Equities
9 2 (0.35%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 162 (28.57%) Unix
2 119 (20.99%) Linux
3 54 (9.52%) Windows
4 26 (4.59%) Windows 10
5 16 (2.82%) Windows 7
5 16 (2.82%) Windows Server 2008
5 16 (2.82%) Windows Server 2012
6 11 (1.94%) Windows Server
6 11 (1.94%) Windows Server 2016
7 7 (1.23%) Oracle Linux
8 4 (0.71%) SUSE
9 2 (0.35%) Android
9 2 (0.35%) CentOS
9 2 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.18%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.18%) Solaris
10 1 (0.18%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 213 (37.57%) Business Intelligence
2 207 (36.51%) Agile Software Development
3 131 (23.10%) Microservices
4 127 (22.40%) CRM
5 105 (18.52%) Data Modelling
6 98 (17.28%) DevOps
7 92 (16.23%) Configuration Management
8 89 (15.70%) Problem Management
9 87 (15.34%) OO
10 85 (14.99%) Problem-Solving
11 84 (14.81%) Test Strategy
12 82 (14.46%) Process Improvement
13 81 (14.29%) Migration
14 71 (12.52%) RUP
14 71 (12.52%) Scrum
15 53 (9.35%) Continuous Integration
16 50 (8.82%) TDD
17 46 (8.11%) Software Engineering
18 40 (7.05%) Waterfall
19 38 (6.70%) Data Migration
Programming Languages
1 546 (96.30%) Java
2 284 (50.09%) SQL
3 127 (22.40%) PL/SQL
4 91 (16.05%) JavaScript
5 90 (15.87%) Shell Script
6 83 (14.64%) Java 8
7 41 (7.23%) Scala
8 37 (6.53%) Perl
9 27 (4.76%) C#
10 21 (3.70%) COBOL
10 21 (3.70%) Python
11 17 (3.00%) C
12 11 (1.94%) C++
13 10 (1.76%) Bash Shell
14 8 (1.41%) PowerShell
15 6 (1.06%) TypeScript
16 5 (0.88%) Go
17 4 (0.71%) Groovy
17 4 (0.71%) Java 11
17 4 (0.71%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 25 (4.41%) Security Cleared
2 24 (4.23%) SC Cleared
3 20 (3.53%) Degree
4 2 (0.35%) AWS Certification
4 2 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
4 2 (0.35%) CFA
4 2 (0.35%) OCP
4 2 (0.35%) Oracle Certification
4 2 (0.35%) PMI Certification
4 2 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
5 1 (0.18%) CEH
5 1 (0.18%) CISA
5 1 (0.18%) CISM
5 1 (0.18%) CISSP
5 1 (0.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.18%) CRISC
5 1 (0.18%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.18%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (1.94%) QA
2 5 (0.88%) GDPR
3 4 (0.71%) Accessibility
4 2 (0.35%) NIST
4 2 (0.35%) SLA
5 1 (0.18%) COBIT
5 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.18%) ISO 9000
5 1 (0.18%) Section 508
5 1 (0.18%) WCAG
System Software
1 47 (8.29%) Docker
2 41 (7.23%) Active Directory
3 22 (3.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (2.82%) Virtual Desktop
5 15 (2.65%) XenDesktop
6 11 (1.94%) Hyper-V
7 10 (1.76%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 10 (1.76%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (1.76%) XenApp
8 3 (0.53%) vSphere
9 2 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.35%) Xen
10 1 (0.18%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.18%) HDFS
10 1 (0.18%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 71 (12.52%) Ansible
2 35 (6.17%) Kubernetes
3 29 (5.11%) Microsoft Intune
4 21 (3.70%) Terraform
5 20 (3.53%) Puppet
6 18 (3.17%) SCCM
7 10 (1.76%) SCVMM
7 10 (1.76%) vCenter Server
8 9 (1.59%) Kibana
9 7 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (1.06%) Graphite
10 6 (1.06%) logstash
11 4 (0.71%) CloudHub
12 3 (0.53%) Oozie
12 3 (0.53%) Packer
12 3 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.35%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 1 (0.18%) Amdocs OSS
14 1 (0.18%) Istio
14 1 (0.18%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 330 (58.20%) Oracle
2 141 (24.87%) SAP
3 133 (23.46%) Microsoft
4 98 (17.28%) BEA
4 98 (17.28%) webMethods
5 55 (9.70%) Informatica
6 43 (7.58%) WSO2
7 36 (6.35%) IBM
8 30 (5.29%) Pega
9 29 (5.11%) VMware
10 27 (4.76%) Citrix
11 16 (2.82%) Adobe
12 13 (2.29%) hybris
12 13 (2.29%) MuleSoft
13 11 (1.94%) TIBCO
14 9 (1.59%) Google
15 7 (1.23%) Nimble Storage
15 7 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
15 7 (1.23%) Veeam
16 6 (1.06%) Red Hat