Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 330 281 287
Rank change year-on-year -49 +6 -49
Contract jobs citing J2EE 557 332 885
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.77% 0.91% 0.97%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.56% 2.99% 3.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 362 246 412
10th Percentile £400 £386 £369
25th Percentile £431 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £546 £500
Median % change year-on-year -8.47% +9.25% +2.56%
75th Percentile £597 £600 £558
90th Percentile £699 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £450 £463
% change year-on-year +3.33% -2.70% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 4
Median hourly rate - £62.00 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year - +3.33% +49.07%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £50.00 £60.00
% change year-on-year - -16.67% +49.07%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,795 11,093 29,227
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.15% 30.36% 31.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,602 7,843 20,569
10th Percentile £356 £331 £333
25th Percentile £419 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £602 £594 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +4.02%
Number of hourly rates quoted 200 103 279
10th Percentile £15.57 £20.50 £18.01
25th Percentile £27.67 £30.00 £26.88
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.57
Median % change year-on-year - +0.98% +8.70%
75th Percentile £59.06 £57.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.75 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% -2.84% +10.00%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -83 395 £522 -5.09% 88
UK excluding London +22 208 £465 +3.33% 55
London -132 206 £600 +9.09% 44
Work from Home -148 159 £500 - 9
Midlands +10 87 £465 +12.73% 13
West Midlands +21 80 £465 +9.41% 11
Scotland -33 38 £450 +22.03% 8
South East -31 35 £500 -1.48% 14
North of England -36 19 £438 -2.78% 8
North West -24 16 £425 +4.94% 4
East of England -18 13 £475 - 3
South West -18 9 £700 +40.00% 6
East Midlands -15 6 £459 +45.71% 2
Northern Ireland - 5 £475 - 2
Yorkshire -36 3 £450 -5.26% 4
Wales - 2 £435 - 1

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 533 (95.69%) Java
2 274 (49.19%) Oracle
3 253 (45.42%) SQL
4 239 (42.91%) Spring
5 209 (37.52%) Agile Software Development
6 190 (34.11%) Social Skills
7 167 (29.98%) Unix
8 158 (28.37%) Business Intelligence
9 139 (24.96%) Azure
10 135 (24.24%) Jenkins
11 120 (21.54%) PL/SQL
12 116 (20.83%) Git (software)
13 113 (20.29%) Microservices
14 111 (19.93%) Linux
15 110 (19.75%) WebLogic
16 107 (19.21%) .NET
17 103 (18.49%) Maven
18 100 (17.95%) DevOps
19 96 (17.24%) Spring Boot
19 96 (17.24%) SAP
20 95 (17.06%) Data Modelling
20 95 (17.06%) BEA
20 95 (17.06%) webMethods
21 94 (16.88%) Microsoft
22 93 (16.70%) CRM
23 88 (15.80%) OO
23 88 (15.80%) REST
24 87 (15.62%) Configuration Management
25 86 (15.44%) JavaScript
25 86 (15.44%) Shell Script

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (19.75%) WebLogic
2 79 (14.18%) SharePoint
3 52 (9.34%) Mule
4 44 (7.90%) Confluence
5 38 (6.82%) WebSphere
6 35 (6.28%) Apache
7 34 (6.10%) BizTalk Server
8 28 (5.03%) Tomcat
9 24 (4.31%) MS Exchange
10 22 (3.95%) CMS
11 18 (3.23%) JBoss
12 17 (3.05%) Liferay
13 14 (2.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 12 (2.15%) Jetty
15 11 (1.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 10 (1.80%) Apache Airflow
16 10 (1.80%) Apache Spark
16 10 (1.80%) FileNet
16 10 (1.80%) IIS
17 9 (1.62%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.18%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.18%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 80 (14.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 79 (14.18%) Dynamics AX
3 8 (1.44%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.72%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 3 (0.54%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.36%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.18%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 139 (24.96%) Azure
2 79 (14.18%) Dynamics 365
3 68 (12.21%) AWS
4 49 (8.80%) Power Platform
5 48 (8.62%) PowerApps
6 28 (5.03%) GCP
7 17 (3.05%) Azure Active Directory
7 17 (3.05%) GitHub
7 17 (3.05%) Microsoft 365
8 12 (2.15%) Amazon EC2
9 7 (1.26%) Google App Engine
9 7 (1.26%) SaaS
10 6 (1.08%) OpenShift
11 5 (0.90%) Apigee
11 5 (0.90%) PaaS
11 5 (0.90%) Snowflake
12 4 (0.72%) IaaS
13 3 (0.54%) Amazon Kinesis
13 3 (0.54%) Power Automate
14 2 (0.36%) Azure App Service
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.41%) HTTP
2 10 (1.80%) SSL
2 10 (1.80%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.62%) DNS
4 8 (1.44%) Firewall
4 8 (1.44%) VoIP
5 7 (1.26%) DHCP
5 7 (1.26%) FTP
5 7 (1.26%) IPsec
6 5 (0.90%) NetScaler
7 4 (0.72%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.72%) Internet
7 4 (0.72%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.72%) POP3
7 4 (0.72%) SMTP
8 2 (0.36%) PuTTY
8 2 (0.36%) SMS
9 1 (0.18%) Broadband
9 1 (0.18%) DKIM
9 1 (0.18%) DMARC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 82 (14.72%) Relational Database
2 67 (12.03%) BusinessObjects
3 38 (6.82%) MongoDB
4 20 (3.59%) MySQL
5 19 (3.41%) NoSQL
6 16 (2.87%) RDBMS
7 15 (2.69%) DB2
7 15 (2.69%) SQL Server
8 12 (2.15%) Oracle Database
8 12 (2.15%) PostgreSQL
9 10 (1.80%) Metadata
9 10 (1.80%) Power BI
10 8 (1.44%) Apache Cassandra
10 8 (1.44%) Apache Hive
10 8 (1.44%) Big Data
10 8 (1.44%) Cloudera CDH
10 8 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
10 8 (1.44%) HBase
10 8 (1.44%) Parquet
11 6 (1.08%) Redis
Development Applications
1 135 (24.24%) Jenkins
2 116 (20.83%) Git (software)
3 103 (18.49%) Maven
4 70 (12.57%) JIRA
5 54 (9.69%) JUnit
6 35 (6.28%) CA Gen
7 31 (5.57%) Cucumber
8 30 (5.39%) Bitbucket
9 27 (4.85%) Selenium
10 25 (4.49%) Eclipse
11 20 (3.59%) IntelliJ
12 16 (2.87%) Gradle
13 14 (2.51%) Ant
14 11 (1.97%) IBM UrbanCode
14 11 (1.97%) SonarQube
15 10 (1.80%) Mockito
16 9 (1.62%) SoapUI
16 9 (1.62%) TeamCity
17 8 (1.44%) Postman
17 8 (1.44%) Subversion
General
1 190 (34.11%) Social Skills
2 75 (13.46%) Banking
3 56 (10.05%) Analytical Skills
4 51 (9.16%) Public Sector
5 48 (8.62%) Finance
6 44 (7.90%) Investment Banking
7 41 (7.36%) Front Office
8 38 (6.82%) Marketing
9 32 (5.75%) Retail
10 27 (4.85%) Presentation Skills
11 10 (1.80%) Manufacturing
12 7 (1.26%) Retail Banking
13 6 (1.08%) Influencing Skills
14 5 (0.90%) Back Office
15 4 (0.72%) Telecoms
16 3 (0.54%) Automotive
16 3 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
17 2 (0.36%) Financial Institution
17 2 (0.36%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 2 (0.36%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 340 (61.04%) Developer
2 214 (38.42%) Java Developer
3 72 (12.93%) Architect
4 40 (7.18%) Integration Developer
4 40 (7.18%) Senior Developer
5 35 (6.28%) Consultant
6 31 (5.57%) Solutions Architect
7 27 (4.85%) Senior Java Developer
8 25 (4.49%) Full Stack Developer
9 23 (4.13%) Software Engineer
10 22 (3.95%) Enterprise Integration Developer
11 21 (3.77%) Scala Developer
12 20 (3.59%) CRM Developer
12 20 (3.59%) Dynamics CRM Developer
13 18 (3.23%) Java Engineer
14 15 (2.69%) Data Engineer
15 14 (2.51%) Technical Architect
16 11 (1.97%) C Programmer
16 11 (1.97%) Programmer
17 10 (1.80%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 239 (42.91%) Spring
2 107 (19.21%) .NET
3 96 (17.24%) Spring Boot
4 88 (15.80%) REST
5 83 (14.90%) Hibernate
6 78 (14.00%) Web Services
7 75 (13.46%) JSON
8 74 (13.29%) Apache Camel
9 63 (11.31%) Middleware
10 62 (11.13%) HTML
11 54 (9.69%) SOAP
12 53 (9.52%) XML
13 50 (8.98%) CSS
14 45 (8.08%) React
15 42 (7.54%) Spring Integration
16 41 (7.36%) JTA
16 41 (7.36%) JTS
16 41 (7.36%) RESTful
17 39 (7.00%) Kafka
18 38 (6.82%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 23 (4.13%) Enterprise Software
2 14 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
3 11 (1.97%) Algorithms
4 8 (1.44%) Enterprise Storage
4 8 (1.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 8 (1.44%) PKI
5 7 (1.26%) CMDB
5 7 (1.26%) Data Structures
6 6 (1.08%) Robotics
6 6 (1.08%) User Experience
7 5 (0.90%) Cloud Native
7 5 (0.90%) Data Protection Act
7 5 (0.90%) Virtual Team
8 4 (0.72%) Management Information System
8 4 (0.72%) Mobile App
8 4 (0.72%) N-Tier
9 3 (0.54%) Credit Risk
10 2 (0.36%) Clustering
10 2 (0.36%) Equities
10 2 (0.36%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 167 (29.98%) Unix
2 111 (19.93%) Linux
3 28 (5.03%) Windows
4 17 (3.05%) Windows 10
5 12 (2.15%) Windows 7
5 12 (2.15%) Windows Server 2008
5 12 (2.15%) Windows Server 2012
6 7 (1.26%) Windows Server
6 7 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
7 4 (0.72%) Oracle Linux
7 4 (0.72%) Solaris
7 4 (0.72%) SUSE
8 3 (0.54%) Android
9 2 (0.36%) CentOS
9 2 (0.36%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.36%) VMS
10 1 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 209 (37.52%) Agile Software Development
2 158 (28.37%) Business Intelligence
3 113 (20.29%) Microservices
4 100 (17.95%) DevOps
5 95 (17.06%) Data Modelling
6 93 (16.70%) CRM
7 88 (15.80%) OO
8 87 (15.62%) Configuration Management
9 83 (14.90%) Test Strategy
10 79 (14.18%) Process Improvement
11 77 (13.82%) Problem Management
11 77 (13.82%) Scrum
12 75 (13.46%) Problem-Solving
12 75 (13.46%) TDD
13 70 (12.57%) Continuous Integration
14 69 (12.39%) RUP
15 66 (11.85%) Migration
16 63 (11.31%) Software Engineering
17 42 (7.54%) SOA
18 41 (7.36%) Full Stack Development
Programming Languages
1 533 (95.69%) Java
2 253 (45.42%) SQL
3 120 (21.54%) PL/SQL
4 86 (15.44%) JavaScript
4 86 (15.44%) Shell Script
5 80 (14.36%) Java 8
6 39 (7.00%) Scala
7 37 (6.64%) Perl
8 25 (4.49%) C#
8 25 (4.49%) COBOL
9 23 (4.13%) C
10 16 (2.87%) Python
11 15 (2.69%) Bash Shell
12 8 (1.44%) C++
13 6 (1.08%) Go
13 6 (1.08%) Kotlin
14 5 (0.90%) Java 11
14 5 (0.90%) PowerShell
14 5 (0.90%) TypeScript
15 4 (0.72%) PHP
Qualifications
1 42 (7.54%) Security Cleared
2 40 (7.18%) SC Cleared
3 18 (3.23%) Degree
4 3 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.36%) CFA
5 2 (0.36%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.18%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.18%) CCSA
6 1 (0.18%) SANS
6 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (1.97%) QA
2 3 (0.54%) SLA
3 2 (0.36%) GDPR
4 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.18%) NIST
System Software
1 42 (7.54%) Docker
2 36 (6.46%) Active Directory
3 22 (3.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (2.15%) Virtual Desktop
5 11 (1.97%) XenDesktop
6 7 (1.26%) Xen
7 6 (1.08%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 6 (1.08%) Hyper-V
7 6 (1.08%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (1.08%) XenApp
8 3 (0.54%) vSphere
9 2 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.18%) IAG
10 1 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.18%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 59 (10.59%) Ansible
2 32 (5.75%) Kubernetes
3 20 (3.59%) Puppet
4 17 (3.05%) Microsoft Intune
5 12 (2.15%) SCCM
5 12 (2.15%) Terraform
6 8 (1.44%) Oozie
7 6 (1.08%) CloudHub
7 6 (1.08%) SCVMM
7 6 (1.08%) Single Sign-On
7 6 (1.08%) vCenter Server
8 4 (0.72%) Kibana
8 4 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.36%) Graphite
9 2 (0.36%) logstash
10 1 (0.18%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.18%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.18%) Istio
10 1 (0.18%) OpenVAS
10 1 (0.18%) SCOM
Vendors
1 274 (49.19%) Oracle
2 96 (17.24%) SAP
3 95 (17.06%) BEA
3 95 (17.06%) webMethods
4 94 (16.88%) Microsoft
5 47 (8.44%) Informatica
6 34 (6.10%) Pega
7 33 (5.92%) IBM
8 29 (5.21%) VMware
8 29 (5.21%) WSO2
9 23 (4.13%) Adobe
10 16 (2.87%) hybris
11 14 (2.51%) Citrix
11 14 (2.51%) Google
12 12 (2.15%) MuleSoft
13 10 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (1.44%) Databricks
15 7 (1.26%) Nimble Storage
15 7 (1.26%) Red Hat
15 7 (1.26%) ServiceNow