Period
to 24 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 24 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
24 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 215 173 154
Rank change year-on-year -42 -19 -28
Contract jobs citing J2EE 1,288 1,378 1,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.53% 1.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.89% 4.77% 5.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 816 887 1,142
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +5.88% +4.29%
10th Percentile £360 £319 £310
90th Percentile £600 £594 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 7 24
UK median hourly rate £40.25 £32.00 £39.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.78% -18.21% +2.96%
10th Percentile £31.13 £30.00 £32.16
90th Percentile £74.13 £39.25 £90.06
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.50 £34.75 £38.00
% change year-on-year +2.16% -8.55% -

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,070 28,886 30,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.82% 31.98% 28.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,298 19,959 21,007
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 337 351 435
UK median hourly rate £42.27 £40.00 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.66% +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.00 £13.50
90th Percentile £65.90 £53.75 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.75
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.96% +7.86%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 1,158 £498 +7.57% 295
UK excluding London -53 701 £450 +5.88% 189
London -22 557 £525 +5.00% 135
South East +5 198 £500 +1.01% 49
North of England -51 167 £425 -2.86% 46
North West -27 117 £400 -11.11% 25
Midlands -31 102 £431 +3.92% 33
East of England -33 91 £511 +20.29% 15
West Midlands +12 76 £450 - 11
Scotland -40 73 £425 +6.25% 23
South West -26 45 £425 -5.56% 17
Yorkshire -47 36 £438 +6.06% 19
East Midlands -48 26 £410 - 22
Northern Ireland +21 18 £430 +7.50% 3
North East -3 14 £500 +37.65% 2
Wales -7 10 £400 - 3

For the 6 months to 24 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 1,221 (94.80%) Java
2 645 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
3 622 (48.29%) Spring
4 421 (32.69%) Web Services
5 368 (28.57%) JavaScript
6 342 (26.55%) TDD
7 332 (25.78%) SQL
8 326 (25.31%) Jenkins
9 313 (24.30%) Hibernate
10 293 (22.75%) Git (software)
11 291 (22.59%) Oracle
12 285 (22.13%) REST
13 267 (20.73%) XML
13 267 (20.73%) Unix
14 256 (19.88%) Finance
15 247 (19.18%) HTML
16 238 (18.48%) BDD
16 238 (18.48%) Continuous Integration
17 234 (18.17%) Scrum
18 230 (17.86%) Maven
19 229 (17.78%) SOAP
20 227 (17.62%) E-Commerce
21 215 (16.69%) WebSphere
22 214 (16.61%) JUnit
23 210 (16.30%) Linux
24 209 (16.23%) CSS
24 209 (16.23%) Microservices
25 208 (16.15%) RESTful
26 205 (15.92%) JSON
27 184 (14.29%) SOA

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 215 (16.69%) WebSphere
2 156 (12.11%) Apache
3 144 (11.18%) Tomcat
4 114 (8.85%) JBoss
5 110 (8.54%) WebLogic
6 84 (6.52%) Confluence
7 69 (5.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 57 (4.43%) Apache Spark
9 52 (4.04%) CMS
9 52 (4.04%) WebSphere Application Server
10 41 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
11 37 (2.87%) nginx
12 36 (2.80%) WebSphere Portal
13 34 (2.64%) Mule
14 29 (2.25%) Jetty
15 21 (1.63%) IIS
15 21 (1.63%) MQSeries
16 18 (1.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 18 (1.40%) Commerce Server
17 17 (1.32%) WildFly
Applications
1 17 (1.32%) MS Visio
2 6 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 6 (0.47%) OmniGraffle
3 5 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.078%) InVision
4 1 (0.078%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.078%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (1.48%) SAP Hybris
2 16 (1.24%) Oracle BPM
3 15 (1.16%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.54%) Magento
5 6 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.39%) Actimize
6 5 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
7 4 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
8 3 (0.23%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 2 (0.16%) ION MarketView
9 2 (0.16%) SAP Business ByDesign
9 2 (0.16%) SAP PM
9 2 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
10 1 (0.078%) Documaker
10 1 (0.078%) Oracle EBS
10 1 (0.078%) Oracle ERP
10 1 (0.078%) Pivotal CRM
Cloud Services
1 176 (13.66%) Amazon AWS
2 69 (5.36%) Amazon EC2
3 52 (4.04%) Microsoft Azure
4 39 (3.03%) GitHub
5 24 (1.86%) Amazon S3
6 22 (1.71%) Google Cloud Platform
7 15 (1.16%) Amazon SQS
7 15 (1.16%) Google App Engine
7 15 (1.16%) PaaS
8 13 (1.01%) OpenShift
9 11 (0.85%) Bluemix
9 11 (0.85%) Google Analytics
9 11 (0.85%) IBM Cloud
10 8 (0.62%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 7 (0.54%) npm
11 7 (0.54%) SaaS
12 6 (0.47%) Force.com
12 6 (0.47%) IaaS
13 5 (0.39%) Adobe Analytics
13 5 (0.39%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 81 (6.29%) HTTP
2 46 (3.57%) TCP/IP
3 45 (3.49%) SSL
4 23 (1.79%) Internet
5 22 (1.71%) DNS
6 20 (1.55%) FTP
7 15 (1.16%) DHCP
7 15 (1.16%) IPsec
8 9 (0.70%) Kerberos
9 6 (0.47%) VLAN
10 5 (0.39%) BIG-IP
11 4 (0.31%) SMS
12 3 (0.23%) Firewall
12 3 (0.23%) NAS
12 3 (0.23%) SAN
12 3 (0.23%) SSH
13 2 (0.16%) OpenLDAP
13 2 (0.16%) SMTP
14 1 (0.078%) 3GPP
14 1 (0.078%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 144 (11.18%) Relational Database
2 83 (6.44%) PostgreSQL
3 78 (6.06%) Big Data
4 77 (5.98%) SQL Server
5 75 (5.82%) Hadoop
5 75 (5.82%) MySQL
6 72 (5.59%) Oracle Database
7 68 (5.28%) MongoDB
8 63 (4.89%) Oracle Database 11g
9 61 (4.74%) NoSQL
10 53 (4.11%) RDBMS
11 45 (3.49%) DB2
12 42 (3.26%) HBase
13 38 (2.95%) Oracle Database 10g
14 31 (2.41%) GIS
15 26 (2.02%) Endeca
16 21 (1.63%) Data Warehouse
17 20 (1.55%) Redis
18 19 (1.48%) Apache Hive
19 18 (1.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 326 (25.31%) Jenkins
2 293 (22.75%) Git (software)
3 230 (17.86%) Maven
4 214 (16.61%) JUnit
5 138 (10.71%) JIRA
6 110 (8.54%) Eclipse
7 109 (8.46%) Selenium
8 98 (7.61%) Mockito
9 89 (6.91%) Subversion
10 71 (5.51%) Ant
11 68 (5.28%) Gradle
12 59 (4.58%) jMock
13 55 (4.27%) IntelliJ
14 54 (4.19%) SonarQube
15 46 (3.57%) Cucumber
15 46 (3.57%) DbUnit
16 34 (2.64%) SoapUI
17 27 (2.10%) TeamCity
18 25 (1.94%) Karma Test Runner
19 24 (1.86%) Jasmine
General
1 256 (19.88%) Finance
2 176 (13.66%) Banking
3 90 (6.99%) Retail
4 36 (2.80%) Investment Banking
5 33 (2.56%) Front Office
6 23 (1.79%) Telecoms
7 17 (1.32%) Marketing
8 13 (1.01%) Financial Institution
8 13 (1.01%) Manufacturing
9 12 (0.93%) Law
10 11 (0.85%) Advertising
11 9 (0.70%) Publishing
12 6 (0.47%) Games
12 6 (0.47%) Legal
12 6 (0.47%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.31%) Automotive
14 3 (0.23%) Back Office
14 3 (0.23%) Music Industry
14 3 (0.23%) Spanish Language
15 2 (0.16%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 897 (69.64%) Developer
2 664 (51.55%) Java Developer
3 122 (9.47%) Senior Developer
4 114 (8.85%) Architect
5 109 (8.46%) J2EE Developer
6 106 (8.23%) Senior Java Developer
7 101 (7.84%) Java/J2EE Developer
8 60 (4.66%) Consultant
9 58 (4.50%) Agile Developer
9 58 (4.50%) Agile Java Developer
10 56 (4.35%) Full Stack Developer
11 47 (3.65%) Big Data Developer
12 46 (3.57%) Java Engineer
13 39 (3.03%) AWS Developer
14 37 (2.87%) JavaScript Developer
15 36 (2.80%) Angular Developer
16 33 (2.56%) Scala Developer
16 33 (2.56%) Software Developer
17 32 (2.48%) Java Software Developer
17 32 (2.48%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 622 (48.29%) Spring
2 421 (32.69%) Web Services
3 313 (24.30%) Hibernate
4 285 (22.13%) REST
5 267 (20.73%) XML
6 247 (19.18%) HTML
7 229 (17.78%) SOAP
8 209 (16.23%) CSS
9 208 (16.15%) RESTful
10 205 (15.92%) JSON
11 178 (13.82%) AngularJS
12 142 (11.02%) JSP
13 127 (9.86%) Spring Boot
14 126 (9.78%) HTML5
15 124 (9.63%) Middleware
16 112 (8.70%) Servlets
17 111 (8.62%) EJB
18 105 (8.15%) jQuery
18 105 (8.15%) Node.js
19 95 (7.38%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 73 (5.67%) Analytical Skills
2 68 (5.28%) Enterprise Software
3 52 (4.04%) User Experience
4 41 (3.18%) Mobile App
5 40 (3.11%) Greenfield Project
6 28 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
7 21 (1.63%) Data Structures
8 20 (1.55%) Virtual Team
9 19 (1.48%) Computer Science
10 17 (1.32%) iPad
10 17 (1.32%) Social Media
11 16 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
12 14 (1.09%) N-Tier
13 13 (1.01%) SWIFT
14 11 (0.85%) DataPower
14 11 (0.85%) NHS
15 9 (0.70%) Fintech
15 9 (0.70%) Mainframe
15 9 (0.70%) Management Information System
16 7 (0.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 267 (20.73%) Unix
2 210 (16.30%) Linux
3 61 (4.74%) Windows
4 32 (2.48%) Android
5 30 (2.33%) Solaris
6 25 (1.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (1.71%) Apple iOS
8 20 (1.55%) Windows Server
9 14 (1.09%) AIX
10 11 (0.85%) HPUX
10 11 (0.85%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.47%) CentOS
12 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.16%) DC/OS
13 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.078%) Windows NT
14 1 (0.078%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 645 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
2 342 (26.55%) TDD
3 238 (18.48%) BDD
3 238 (18.48%) Continuous Integration
4 234 (18.17%) Scrum
5 227 (17.62%) E-Commerce
6 209 (16.23%) Microservices
7 184 (14.29%) SOA
8 179 (13.90%) DevOps
9 170 (13.20%) OO
10 150 (11.65%) Test Automation
11 147 (11.41%) Software Engineering
12 136 (10.56%) MVC
13 123 (9.55%) Kanban
14 109 (8.46%) Open Source
15 102 (7.92%) Problem-Solving
15 102 (7.92%) Unit Testing
16 81 (6.29%) Waterfall
17 78 (6.06%) Data Modelling
18 76 (5.90%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,221 (94.80%) Java
2 368 (28.57%) JavaScript
3 332 (25.78%) SQL
4 184 (14.29%) Java 8
5 124 (9.63%) PL/SQL
6 80 (6.21%) Scala
7 76 (5.90%) Python
8 70 (5.43%) Perl
8 70 (5.43%) Shell Script
9 61 (4.74%) C
10 55 (4.27%) Ruby
11 33 (2.56%) Bash Shell
12 30 (2.33%) PHP
13 28 (2.17%) Groovy
14 26 (2.02%) C#
15 17 (1.32%) C++
16 13 (1.01%) Haskell
17 11 (0.85%) XPath
18 9 (0.70%) Kotlin
19 8 (0.62%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 148 (11.49%) Security Cleared
2 78 (6.06%) SC Cleared
3 47 (3.65%) Degree
4 38 (2.95%) DV Cleared
5 9 (0.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (0.70%) Sun Certification
6 7 (0.54%) TOGAF Certification
7 5 (0.39%) AWS Certification
7 5 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
8 4 (0.31%) MBA
8 4 (0.31%) OCP
8 4 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
9 3 (0.23%) A+ Certification
9 3 (0.23%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.16%) ISEB
11 1 (0.078%) CLAS
11 1 (0.078%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.078%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.078%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (2.80%) QA
2 15 (1.16%) PMO
3 11 (0.85%) SEPA
4 8 (0.62%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.39%) GDPR
6 4 (0.31%) PSD2
6 4 (0.31%) SLA
7 2 (0.16%) MiFID
8 1 (0.078%) HMG Infosec
8 1 (0.078%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.078%) RMADS
8 1 (0.078%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 169 (13.12%) Docker
2 53 (4.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 49 (3.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (2.87%) HDFS
5 32 (2.48%) vSphere
6 20 (1.55%) Active Directory
7 15 (1.16%) Xen
8 7 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.31%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.16%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.078%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 84 (6.52%) Puppet
2 73 (5.67%) Ansible
3 50 (3.88%) Hadoop YARN
4 49 (3.80%) Terraform
5 45 (3.49%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (1.48%) Kubernetes
7 18 (1.40%) Kibana
8 14 (1.09%) Grafana
9 12 (0.93%) Oozie
10 9 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
11 8 (0.62%) Amdocs OSS
12 7 (0.54%) logstash
12 7 (0.54%) Salt
13 6 (0.47%) Control-M
13 6 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
13 6 (0.47%) ITRS Geneos
14 5 (0.39%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 4 (0.31%) HP ALM
15 4 (0.31%) TIBCO Hawk
15 4 (0.31%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 291 (22.59%) Oracle
2 121 (9.39%) IBM
3 67 (5.20%) Microsoft
4 60 (4.66%) hybris
5 52 (4.04%) VMware
6 44 (3.42%) Google
7 32 (2.48%) SAP
7 32 (2.48%) webMethods
8 31 (2.41%) Informatica
9 29 (2.25%) Adobe
9 29 (2.25%) Red Hat
10 25 (1.94%) ATG
11 23 (1.79%) BEA
12 19 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
13 18 (1.40%) Pega
13 18 (1.40%) Perforce
14 17 (1.32%) Capita
14 17 (1.32%) MuleSoft
14 17 (1.32%) Splunk
15 16 (1.24%) Fujitsu