Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 245 189 166
Rank change year-on-year -56 -23 -20
Contract jobs citing J2EE 1,150 1,413 1,606
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.16% 1.41% 1.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.38% 4.39% 5.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 615 916 996
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £360 £325 £319
90th Percentile £625 £600 £586
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +5.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 14
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +16.13% -3.13%
10th Percentile £36.70 £38.70 £33.48
90th Percentile £52.50 £79.45 £52.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +20.00% -6.25%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,987 32,171 30,290
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.17% 32.09% 31.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,928 22,944 20,886
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +8.24% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.78% +4.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 286 333 342
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.25 £18.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.15 £38.63
% change year-on-year +3.43% +3.95% +3.00%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -63 1,029 £500 +5.26% 220
UK excluding London -47 644 £450 - 144
London -35 482 £525 +5.00% 90
South East -44 189 £450 -10.00% 54
Midlands +20 126 £400 -5.88% 25
North of England -44 99 £475 +18.75% 28
East of England -19 85 £510 +13.33% 15
West Midlands +20 83 £400 -8.57% 13
South West -45 50 £500 +17.65% 9
Scotland -1 48 £400 -3.61% 11
North West -39 48 £471 +17.81% 11
Wales +19 39 £400 +33.33% 2
East Midlands +3 37 £400 -4.76% 12
Yorkshire -20 35 £475 +11.76% 15
North East -1 16 £538 +62.88% 2
Northern Ireland +25 10 £475 +10.47% 1

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 1,096 (95.30%) Java
2 625 (54.35%) Agile Software Development
3 543 (47.22%) Spring
4 408 (35.48%) Jenkins
5 305 (26.52%) Git (software)
6 302 (26.26%) Web Services
7 298 (25.91%) SQL
8 287 (24.96%) Linux
9 284 (24.70%) JavaScript
9 284 (24.70%) REST
10 281 (24.43%) TDD
11 273 (23.74%) Unix
12 271 (23.57%) Microservices
13 266 (23.13%) Maven
14 262 (22.78%) Continuous Integration
15 258 (22.43%) Scrum
16 254 (22.09%) Hibernate
16 254 (22.09%) HTML
17 248 (21.57%) Oracle
18 238 (20.70%) JUnit
19 234 (20.35%) BDD
20 233 (20.26%) Amazon AWS
21 227 (19.74%) SOAP
22 217 (18.87%) CSS
23 204 (17.74%) DevOps
23 204 (17.74%) Spring Boot
24 200 (17.39%) Finance
25 193 (16.78%) Apache
26 181 (15.74%) JSON
27 180 (15.65%) Open Source

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (16.78%) Apache
2 159 (13.83%) WebSphere
3 143 (12.43%) WebLogic
4 139 (12.09%) Tomcat
5 99 (8.61%) JBoss
6 84 (7.30%) nginx
7 62 (5.39%) Confluence
8 58 (5.04%) IIS
8 58 (5.04%) Jetty
9 52 (4.52%) Mule
10 47 (4.09%) Mongrel
11 40 (3.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 35 (3.04%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 33 (2.87%) Apache Spark
14 31 (2.70%) WebSphere Application Server
15 28 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
16 18 (1.57%) Commerce Server
16 18 (1.57%) GlassFish
16 18 (1.57%) SharePoint
17 17 (1.48%) CMS
Applications
1 7 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 7 (0.61%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.087%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.087%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.087%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 21 (1.83%) SAP Hybris
2 17 (1.48%) Maximo
3 12 (1.04%) Dynamics AX
3 12 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.52%) Oracle Retail
5 3 (0.26%) Actimize
5 3 (0.26%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.17%) MetaTrader
6 2 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.17%) SAP PM
6 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle E-Business Tax
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle iSupplier
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.087%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 233 (20.26%) Amazon AWS
2 116 (10.09%) Amazon EC2
3 99 (8.61%) GitHub
4 64 (5.57%) Google Cloud Platform
5 58 (5.04%) Microsoft Azure
6 48 (4.17%) Google App Engine
7 38 (3.30%) Google Analytics
8 21 (1.83%) SaaS
9 13 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
10 11 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
11 8 (0.70%) npm
12 6 (0.52%) Adobe Analytics
12 6 (0.52%) Apigee
13 5 (0.43%) Sauce Labs
13 5 (0.43%) TestFlight
14 4 (0.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 4 (0.35%) OpenShift
14 4 (0.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 3 (0.26%) Amazon S3
15 3 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 127 (11.04%) HTTP
2 103 (8.96%) TCP/IP
3 100 (8.70%) SSL
4 56 (4.87%) DNS
5 48 (4.17%) FTP
6 47 (4.09%) DHCP
6 47 (4.09%) IPsec
7 16 (1.39%) Internet
8 7 (0.61%) SAN
9 3 (0.26%) Firewall
9 3 (0.26%) Software-Defined Networking
10 2 (0.17%) Cisco Nexus
10 2 (0.17%) SNMP
10 2 (0.17%) WAN
11 1 (0.087%) Bluetooth
11 1 (0.087%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.087%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.087%) Kerberos
11 1 (0.087%) VPN
11 1 (0.087%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 127 (11.04%) Relational Database
2 93 (8.09%) NoSQL
3 85 (7.39%) MongoDB
4 73 (6.35%) SQL Server
5 72 (6.26%) Hadoop
6 67 (5.83%) Big Data
7 61 (5.30%) MySQL
8 54 (4.70%) Oracle Database
9 42 (3.65%) BusinessObjects
9 42 (3.65%) PostgreSQL
10 34 (2.96%) DB2
10 34 (2.96%) Oracle Database 11g
11 32 (2.78%) HBase
12 31 (2.70%) Parquet
13 22 (1.91%) Apache Cassandra
14 21 (1.83%) RDBMS
15 20 (1.74%) Oracle Database 12c
16 19 (1.65%) Cloudant
17 10 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
17 10 (0.87%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 408 (35.48%) Jenkins
2 305 (26.52%) Git (software)
3 266 (23.13%) Maven
4 238 (20.70%) JUnit
5 141 (12.26%) JIRA
6 115 (10.00%) Mockito
7 98 (8.52%) Eclipse
7 98 (8.52%) Selenium
8 77 (6.70%) jMock
9 76 (6.61%) Ant
9 76 (6.61%) DbUnit
9 76 (6.61%) SonarQube
10 65 (5.65%) Cucumber
11 59 (5.13%) Subversion
12 51 (4.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 49 (4.26%) Gradle
14 48 (4.17%) IntelliJ
15 47 (4.09%) Travis CI
16 44 (3.83%) Hudson
17 39 (3.39%) gulp
General
1 200 (17.39%) Finance
2 143 (12.43%) Banking
3 67 (5.83%) Retail
4 56 (4.87%) Front Office
5 54 (4.70%) Investment Banking
6 15 (1.30%) Back Office
7 9 (0.78%) Games
8 7 (0.61%) Advertising
8 7 (0.61%) Marketing
8 7 (0.61%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.43%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.43%) Law
9 5 (0.43%) Publishing
10 4 (0.35%) Aerospace
10 4 (0.35%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.17%) Automotive
11 2 (0.17%) Avionics
11 2 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.087%) Electronics
12 1 (0.087%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 761 (66.17%) Developer
2 545 (47.39%) Java Developer
3 100 (8.70%) Architect
4 88 (7.65%) J2EE Developer
5 83 (7.22%) Java/J2EE Developer
6 64 (5.57%) Senior Developer
7 55 (4.78%) Java Engineer
8 54 (4.70%) Senior Java Developer
9 52 (4.52%) Consultant
10 45 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
11 43 (3.74%) Software Engineer
12 39 (3.39%) Integration Developer
13 38 (3.30%) DevOps Engineer
13 38 (3.30%) Java Software Engineer
14 31 (2.70%) Java Architect
15 28 (2.43%) Lead Developer
15 28 (2.43%) Technical Architect
16 26 (2.26%) Lead Java Developer
16 26 (2.26%) Scala Developer
17 24 (2.09%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 543 (47.22%) Spring
2 302 (26.26%) Web Services
3 284 (24.70%) REST
4 254 (22.09%) Hibernate
4 254 (22.09%) HTML
5 227 (19.74%) SOAP
6 217 (18.87%) CSS
7 204 (17.74%) Spring Boot
8 181 (15.74%) JSON
9 174 (15.13%) XML
10 173 (15.04%) AngularJS
11 158 (13.74%) RESTful
12 150 (13.04%) HTML5
13 131 (11.39%) Middleware
14 118 (10.26%) Node.js
15 111 (9.65%) Apache Camel
16 107 (9.30%) Servlets
17 106 (9.22%) .NET
18 100 (8.70%) jQuery
19 85 (7.39%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 85 (7.39%) Greenfield Project
2 83 (7.22%) Analytical Skills
3 36 (3.13%) Virtual Team
4 33 (2.87%) Enterprise Software
4 33 (2.87%) User Experience
5 29 (2.52%) Mobile App
6 25 (2.17%) Linux Command Line
7 22 (1.91%) Hybrid Cloud
8 14 (1.22%) Data Centre
9 13 (1.13%) Client/Server
9 13 (1.13%) Fintech
10 12 (1.04%) Public Cloud
11 11 (0.96%) Data Structures
12 10 (0.87%) Algorithms
12 10 (0.87%) Hedge funds
12 10 (0.87%) NHS
13 9 (0.78%) iPhone
14 8 (0.70%) Clustering
14 8 (0.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 8 (0.70%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 287 (24.96%) Linux
2 273 (23.74%) Unix
3 53 (4.61%) Windows
4 36 (3.13%) Ubuntu
5 34 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 22 (1.91%) Apple iOS
7 21 (1.83%) Android
8 19 (1.65%) Solaris
9 9 (0.78%) AIX
10 4 (0.35%) CentOS
10 4 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.26%) VME
11 3 (0.26%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.087%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 625 (54.35%) Agile Software Development
2 281 (24.43%) TDD
3 271 (23.57%) Microservices
4 262 (22.78%) Continuous Integration
5 258 (22.43%) Scrum
6 234 (20.35%) BDD
7 204 (17.74%) DevOps
8 180 (15.65%) Open Source
9 170 (14.78%) Test Automation
10 169 (14.70%) E-Commerce
11 167 (14.52%) OO
12 155 (13.48%) Configuration Management
13 131 (11.39%) Kanban
14 115 (10.00%) Unit Testing
15 112 (9.74%) Problem-Solving
16 107 (9.30%) Software Engineering
17 91 (7.91%) MVC
18 76 (6.61%) SOA
19 67 (5.83%) Analytics
20 62 (5.39%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,096 (95.30%) Java
2 298 (25.91%) SQL
3 284 (24.70%) JavaScript
4 101 (8.78%) Python
5 98 (8.52%) Java 8
6 96 (8.35%) PL/SQL
7 82 (7.13%) Shell Script
8 69 (6.00%) Scala
9 65 (5.65%) Perl
10 63 (5.48%) Groovy
11 62 (5.39%) C#
12 46 (4.00%) Ruby
13 37 (3.22%) Haskell
14 23 (2.00%) C
14 23 (2.00%) C++
15 16 (1.39%) PHP
16 15 (1.30%) Apple Swift
16 15 (1.30%) Objective-C
17 10 (0.87%) VB.NET
18 9 (0.78%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 113 (9.83%) Security Cleared
2 79 (6.87%) SC Cleared
3 58 (5.04%) Degree
4 18 (1.57%) AWS Certification
5 15 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (1.13%) DV Cleared
7 9 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (0.70%) ISEB
9 6 (0.52%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 6 (0.52%) TOGAF Certification
10 5 (0.43%) CCIE
10 5 (0.43%) CCNA
10 5 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.35%) Sun Certification
12 3 (0.26%) OCPJP
13 2 (0.17%) IRCA
13 2 (0.17%) Six Sigma Black Belt
14 1 (0.087%) CEH
14 1 (0.087%) CISSP
14 1 (0.087%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.04%) QA
2 7 (0.61%) HL7
3 6 (0.52%) GDPR
3 6 (0.52%) PMO
4 5 (0.43%) SLA
5 4 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.17%) ISO 9001
6 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.087%) ECSS
7 1 (0.087%) MIL-STD-1553
7 1 (0.087%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.087%) PSD2
System Software
1 160 (13.91%) Docker
2 113 (9.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 61 (5.30%) vSphere
4 48 (4.17%) Xen
5 45 (3.91%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 34 (2.96%) HDFS
7 7 (0.61%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 6 (0.52%) Active Directory
9 2 (0.17%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.17%) Squid
9 2 (0.17%) Varnish
10 1 (0.087%) Firmware
10 1 (0.087%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.087%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.087%) OpenIDM
10 1 (0.087%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.087%) vCloud
10 1 (0.087%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 114 (9.91%) Puppet
2 69 (6.00%) Terraform
3 61 (5.30%) Ansible
4 47 (4.09%) Opscode Chef
5 42 (3.65%) Hadoop YARN
5 42 (3.65%) Kibana
6 39 (3.39%) Grafana
7 31 (2.70%) Kubernetes
8 15 (1.30%) Oracle Identity Management
8 15 (1.30%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 11 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
10 9 (0.78%) Amdocs OSS
10 9 (0.78%) HockeyApp
11 6 (0.52%) Rundeck
12 5 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
12 5 (0.43%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 3 (0.26%) CloudHub
14 2 (0.17%) CA Wily
14 2 (0.17%) Data Guard
14 2 (0.17%) Salt
Vendors
1 248 (21.57%) Oracle
2 117 (10.17%) VMware
3 109 (9.48%) Google
4 92 (8.00%) Microsoft
5 70 (6.09%) IBM
6 69 (6.00%) webMethods
7 59 (5.13%) SAP
8 57 (4.96%) Adobe
9 40 (3.48%) BEA
10 36 (3.13%) hybris
11 24 (2.09%) Pega
12 20 (1.74%) Informatica
12 20 (1.74%) Red Hat
13 18 (1.57%) Atlassian
14 16 (1.39%) Syclo
15 15 (1.30%) Okta
16 14 (1.22%) Demandware
17 13 (1.13%) Splunk
18 12 (1.04%) Terracotta
19 11 (0.96%) Twitter