Period
to 17 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 269 224 182
Rank change year-on-year -45 -42 -33
Contract jobs citing J2EE 927 1,293 1,372
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.00% 1.25% 1.44%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.12% 3.68% 4.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 454 823 901
UK median daily rate £495 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.54% +8.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £650 £613 £595
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £436 £425
% change year-on-year +3.15% +2.65% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 11 10
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £55.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +52.78% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £40.25 £37.00
% change year-on-year +49.07% +8.78% +2.78%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,757 35,115 30,535
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.05% 33.88% 32.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,819 24,695 21,098
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £318 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 327 367 385
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.68 £15.00 £15.05
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +9.33%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 875 £500 - 148
London -10 467 £525 - 68
UK excluding London -69 450 £450 +3.15% 91
South East +11 150 £450 -10.00% 32
Midlands -4 89 £450 +5.88% 15
West Midlands +20 74 £454 +0.83% 10
East of England -15 66 £505 -0.98% 9
North of England -56 63 £450 +12.50% 16
South West -37 42 £500 +11.11% 8
Scotland -26 32 £425 +2.41% 7
North West -49 31 £461 +15.31% 3
Yorkshire +21 28 £425 -2.86% 11
East Midlands -2 13 £425 +3.66% 5
Wales +6 8 £350 -12.50% 3
North East +2 4 £548 +72.85% 2
Northern Ireland -1 4 £550 +4.76% 1

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 873 (94.17%) Java
2 499 (53.83%) Agile Software Development
3 356 (38.40%) Spring
4 355 (38.30%) Web Services
5 333 (35.92%) Amazon AWS
6 290 (31.28%) Jenkins
7 262 (28.26%) Finance
8 247 (26.65%) Microservices
9 236 (25.46%) DevOps
9 236 (25.46%) SQL
10 217 (23.41%) Oracle
11 208 (22.44%) JavaScript
11 208 (22.44%) Docker
12 204 (22.01%) TDD
13 199 (21.47%) Amazon EC2
14 198 (21.36%) Continuous Integration
15 191 (20.60%) Scrum
16 185 (19.96%) Git (software)
17 178 (19.20%) Software Engineering
18 169 (18.23%) Terraform
19 166 (17.91%) Maven
20 163 (17.58%) Linux
21 162 (17.48%) REST
22 154 (16.61%) XML
23 151 (16.29%) SOAP
23 151 (16.29%) Kubernetes
23 151 (16.29%) Serverless
24 148 (15.97%) HTML
25 147 (15.86%) AWS Lambda
26 145 (15.64%) Amazon S3

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (14.13%) WebLogic
2 119 (12.84%) WebSphere
3 92 (9.92%) Apache
4 91 (9.82%) Tomcat
5 63 (6.80%) Confluence
6 60 (6.47%) JBoss
7 29 (3.13%) Jetty
7 29 (3.13%) nginx
8 28 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
8 28 (3.02%) IIS
9 23 (2.48%) Mongrel
10 20 (2.16%) WebSphere Application Server
11 18 (1.94%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 16 (1.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 14 (1.51%) Magnolia
13 14 (1.51%) OpenStack
14 13 (1.40%) Mule
15 11 (1.19%) Appian
16 9 (0.97%) GlassFish
17 8 (0.86%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
1 1 (0.11%) HipChat
1 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (2.27%) SAP Hybris
2 13 (1.40%) SAP ERP
3 12 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.86%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.43%) Eikon
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle Retail
7 3 (0.32%) Unit4 Business World
8 2 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.11%) Fredhopper
9 1 (0.11%) Magento
9 1 (0.11%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 333 (35.92%) Amazon AWS
2 199 (21.47%) Amazon EC2
3 151 (16.29%) Serverless
4 147 (15.86%) AWS Lambda
5 145 (15.64%) Amazon S3
6 117 (12.62%) Amazon SQS
7 108 (11.65%) OpenShift
8 79 (8.52%) Microsoft Azure
9 77 (8.31%) AWS CloudFormation
10 68 (7.34%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 64 (6.90%) Amazon ECS
12 42 (4.53%) GitHub
13 26 (2.80%) Google Cloud Platform
14 23 (2.48%) Google App Engine
15 18 (1.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 18 (1.94%) AWS Fargate
15 18 (1.94%) PaaS
16 17 (1.83%) IaaS
17 14 (1.51%) Azure Stack
18 13 (1.40%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 69 (7.44%) HTTP
2 53 (5.72%) TCP/IP
3 49 (5.29%) SSL
4 43 (4.64%) DNS
5 31 (3.34%) FTP
6 28 (3.02%) DHCP
6 28 (3.02%) Internet
7 23 (2.48%) IPsec
7 23 (2.48%) WAN
8 14 (1.51%) LAN
8 14 (1.51%) SAN
9 13 (1.40%) Firewall
10 6 (0.65%) Cisco Nexus
10 6 (0.65%) Ethernet
10 6 (0.65%) MPLS
11 5 (0.54%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
11 5 (0.54%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 5 (0.54%) HTTPS
11 5 (0.54%) VPN
12 4 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (13.16%) Amazon RDS
2 108 (11.65%) Amazon Redshift
3 107 (11.54%) Relational Database
4 89 (9.60%) MySQL
5 81 (8.74%) NoSQL
6 80 (8.63%) PostgreSQL
7 70 (7.55%) RDBMS
8 58 (6.26%) SQL Server
9 53 (5.72%) MongoDB
10 37 (3.99%) Oracle Database
11 28 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
12 23 (2.48%) DB2
13 20 (2.16%) Big Data
14 18 (1.94%) Amazon Athena
14 18 (1.94%) Hadoop
15 17 (1.83%) BusinessObjects
16 12 (1.29%) Oracle Database 11g
17 11 (1.19%) Power BI
17 11 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 11 (1.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 290 (31.28%) Jenkins
2 185 (19.96%) Git (software)
3 166 (17.91%) Maven
4 140 (15.10%) JUnit
5 120 (12.94%) Artifactory
6 90 (9.71%) JIRA
7 84 (9.06%) SonarQube
8 72 (7.77%) GitLab
9 71 (7.66%) Mockito
10 59 (6.36%) Bitbucket
11 55 (5.93%) jMock
12 52 (5.61%) Selenium
12 52 (5.61%) Travis CI
13 51 (5.50%) DbUnit
14 49 (5.29%) RStudio
15 45 (4.85%) Eclipse
16 43 (4.64%) Subversion
17 39 (4.21%) Gradle
18 36 (3.88%) Sonatype Nexus
19 35 (3.78%) Ant
General
1 262 (28.26%) Finance
2 83 (8.95%) Front Office
3 80 (8.63%) Banking
4 55 (5.93%) Retail
5 33 (3.56%) Games
6 28 (3.02%) Telecoms
7 26 (2.80%) Investment Banking
8 12 (1.29%) Back Office
8 12 (1.29%) Marketing
9 7 (0.76%) Legal
9 7 (0.76%) Publishing
10 5 (0.54%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.43%) Retail Banking
11 4 (0.43%) Wholesale Banking
12 3 (0.32%) Advertising
12 3 (0.32%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.22%) Automotive
14 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 602 (64.94%) Developer
2 372 (40.13%) Java Developer
3 118 (12.73%) AWS Developer
4 86 (9.28%) Architect
5 76 (8.20%) AWS Engineer
6 75 (8.09%) J2EE Developer
7 71 (7.66%) Java/J2EE Developer
8 70 (7.55%) Senior Developer
9 57 (6.15%) Full Stack Developer
10 55 (5.93%) UI Developer
11 53 (5.72%) Lead Developer
12 52 (5.61%) Senior Java Developer
13 51 (5.50%) Java Software Developer
13 51 (5.50%) JavaScript Developer
14 50 (5.39%) Angular Developer
15 39 (4.21%) JavaScript Engineer
16 38 (4.10%) Consultant
16 38 (4.10%) UI Engineer
17 37 (3.99%) Lead Java Developer
18 36 (3.88%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 356 (38.40%) Spring
2 355 (38.30%) Web Services
3 162 (17.48%) REST
4 154 (16.61%) XML
5 151 (16.29%) SOAP
6 148 (15.97%) HTML
7 138 (14.89%) RESTful
8 122 (13.16%) Hibernate
9 120 (12.94%) Spring Boot
10 112 (12.08%) JMS
11 106 (11.43%) CSS
12 100 (10.79%) JSON
13 94 (10.14%) AngularJS
14 91 (9.82%) Node.js
15 81 (8.74%) HTML5
16 77 (8.31%) Middleware
17 67 (7.23%) Apache Camel
17 67 (7.23%) J2SE
18 60 (6.47%) React
19 59 (6.36%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 63 (6.80%) Fixed Income
2 54 (5.83%) Greenfield Project
3 45 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
4 30 (3.24%) User Experience
5 24 (2.59%) Mobile App
6 23 (2.48%) Robotics
7 21 (2.27%) Data Centre
7 21 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
8 20 (2.16%) Hybrid Cloud
9 17 (1.83%) Replication
10 16 (1.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 14 (1.51%) Derivative
12 13 (1.40%) Virtual Team
13 12 (1.29%) Equities
13 12 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
14 11 (1.19%) Mainframe
14 11 (1.19%) Management Information System
15 10 (1.08%) Data Structures
16 8 (0.86%) Credit Risk
17 7 (0.76%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 163 (17.58%) Linux
2 144 (15.53%) Unix
3 48 (5.18%) Windows
4 21 (2.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (2.05%) Solaris
6 17 (1.83%) CentOS
7 5 (0.54%) AIX
8 4 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.11%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.11%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 499 (53.83%) Agile Software Development
2 247 (26.65%) Microservices
3 236 (25.46%) DevOps
4 204 (22.01%) TDD
5 198 (21.36%) Continuous Integration
6 191 (20.60%) Scrum
7 178 (19.20%) Software Engineering
8 139 (14.99%) Open Source
9 127 (13.70%) Kanban
10 125 (13.48%) BDD
11 123 (13.27%) Asset Management
12 114 (12.30%) E-Commerce
13 99 (10.68%) Problem-Solving
14 95 (10.25%) OO
15 74 (7.98%) Release Management
16 70 (7.55%) Configuration Management
17 68 (7.34%) Analytics
18 67 (7.23%) Deployment Automation
19 62 (6.69%) SOA
20 59 (6.36%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 873 (94.17%) Java
2 236 (25.46%) SQL
3 208 (22.44%) JavaScript
4 106 (11.43%) PL/SQL
5 100 (10.79%) Python
6 97 (10.46%) Java 8
7 67 (7.23%) Shell Script
8 52 (5.61%) Perl
9 20 (2.16%) C
10 16 (1.73%) ES6
11 14 (1.51%) Scala
12 12 (1.29%) Groovy
13 11 (1.19%) C#
13 11 (1.19%) Java 9
14 10 (1.08%) PHP
14 10 (1.08%) TypeScript
15 8 (0.86%) R
15 8 (0.86%) XPath
16 7 (0.76%) C++
17 6 (0.65%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 60 (6.47%) Security Cleared
2 45 (4.85%) Degree
3 35 (3.78%) SC Cleared
4 21 (2.27%) AWS Certification
5 14 (1.51%) DV Cleared
5 14 (1.51%) Master's Degree
6 12 (1.29%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.76%) Sun Certification
9 5 (0.54%) OCPJP
10 4 (0.43%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.43%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.22%) CCNA
12 2 (0.22%) CCNP
12 2 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.22%) ISEB
12 2 (0.22%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (3.45%) QA
2 4 (0.43%) GDPR
3 3 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.32%) SLA
4 2 (0.22%) EMIR
4 2 (0.22%) MiFID
4 2 (0.22%) PSD2
4 2 (0.22%) SEPA
5 1 (0.11%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.11%) HL7
5 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 208 (22.44%) Docker
2 75 (8.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (4.75%) vSphere
4 30 (3.24%) Active Directory
5 23 (2.48%) Xen
6 8 (0.86%) HDFS
7 7 (0.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.65%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.65%) Squid
8 6 (0.65%) Varnish
9 5 (0.54%) OpenDJ
9 5 (0.54%) OpenIDM
9 5 (0.54%) Postfix
10 3 (0.32%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.32%) Tivoli Directory Server
11 1 (0.11%) Firmware
11 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 169 (18.23%) Terraform
2 151 (16.29%) Kubernetes
3 85 (9.17%) Ansible
4 72 (7.77%) Puppet
5 30 (3.24%) Amdocs OSS
6 24 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (1.51%) vRealize
8 12 (1.29%) Kibana
9 8 (0.86%) Control-M
10 7 (0.76%) Hadoop YARN
10 7 (0.76%) Rundeck
10 7 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.65%) vCenter Server
12 5 (0.54%) EMC NetWorker
12 5 (0.54%) Grafana
13 4 (0.43%) Tivoli Identity Manager
13 4 (0.43%) ZABBIX
14 3 (0.32%) Tivoli
15 2 (0.22%) CA Single Sign-On
15 2 (0.22%) CloudHub
Vendors
1 217 (23.41%) Oracle
2 83 (8.95%) VMware
3 61 (6.58%) IBM
3 61 (6.58%) Microsoft
4 54 (5.83%) BEA
4 54 (5.83%) Google
4 54 (5.83%) webMethods
5 43 (4.64%) SAP
6 34 (3.67%) Pega
7 33 (3.56%) Informatica
8 30 (3.24%) Cramer
8 30 (3.24%) hybris
9 24 (2.59%) Red Hat
10 21 (2.27%) Cisco
11 16 (1.73%) MuleSoft
12 13 (1.40%) Micro Focus
12 13 (1.40%) ServiceNow
13 11 (1.19%) F5
14 10 (1.08%) Salesforce.com
14 10 (1.08%) Splunk