Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 305 224 196
Rank change year-on-year -81 -28 -38
Contract jobs citing J2EE 685 1,334 1,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.82% 1.28% 1.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.69% 3.69% 4.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 320 774 900
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -
10th Percentile £374 £350 £319
90th Percentile £676 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 11 8
UK median hourly rate £62.75 £55.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.09% +42.86% +4.05%
10th Percentile £53.43 £41.00 £36.40
90th Percentile £71.08 £100.75 £61.73
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% +21.62% -

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,425 36,198 33,151
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.51% 34.83% 32.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,579 25,497 23,412
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 319 376
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £19.92 £17.00 £18.25
90th Percentile £73.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +2.44% - +10.07%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -82 616 £488 -2.50% 122
London -30 344 £525 - 51
UK excluding London -123 322 £475 +5.56% 80
South East -37 113 £469 +4.17% 22
Scotland +5 48 £550 +37.50% 6
Midlands -39 47 £421 +5.31% 11
North of England -37 43 £625 +42.86% 26
West Midlands -15 40 £418 -1.76% 7
East of England -28 37 £450 -13.46% 7
South West -43 27 £470 -10.48% 5
North West -14 20 £650 +57.58% 18
Yorkshire +15 16 £433 -8.95% 7
North East -4 8 £700 +115.72% 1
East Midlands -16 6 £425 +6.25% 4
Wales +1 5 £325 -18.75% 1
Northern Ireland -3 5 £600 +20.00% 2

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 621 (90.66%) Java
2 373 (54.45%) Agile Software Development
3 297 (43.36%) Web Services
4 272 (39.71%) AWS
5 237 (34.60%) Microservices
6 234 (34.16%) Finance
7 232 (33.87%) SQL
8 214 (31.24%) Spring
9 185 (27.01%) Software Engineering
10 182 (26.57%) Oracle
11 174 (25.40%) Jenkins
12 153 (22.34%) JavaScript
13 144 (21.02%) Linux
13 144 (21.02%) Python
14 143 (20.88%) Continuous Integration
15 142 (20.73%) Asset Management
16 136 (19.85%) TDD
17 127 (18.54%) DevOps
18 125 (18.25%) SOAP
19 123 (17.96%) Git (software)
20 118 (17.23%) Front Office
21 115 (16.79%) Unix
22 113 (16.50%) Scrum
23 112 (16.35%) XML
24 110 (16.06%) WebLogic
25 105 (15.33%) REST
26 104 (15.18%) Docker
27 103 (15.04%) Fixed Income
28 98 (14.31%) Analytics
29 95 (13.87%) PostgreSQL

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (16.06%) WebLogic
2 83 (12.12%) WebSphere
3 79 (11.53%) Tomcat
4 71 (10.36%) Apache
5 54 (7.88%) Confluence
6 53 (7.74%) JBoss
7 37 (5.40%) nginx
8 33 (4.82%) IIS
9 30 (4.38%) Jetty
10 29 (4.23%) Mongrel
11 16 (2.34%) Elasticsearch
12 15 (2.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 8 (1.17%) Anypoint
13 8 (1.17%) Mule
14 7 (1.02%) Magnolia
15 6 (0.88%) WebLogic Integration
16 5 (0.73%) Apache Solr
16 5 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
16 5 (0.73%) WebSphere Application Server
17 4 (0.58%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2 (0.29%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.15%) GIMP
2 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 30 (4.38%) FINCAD Analytics
2 11 (1.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (1.17%) PolarLake
4 6 (0.88%) Markit EDM
4 6 (0.88%) Oracle Financials
4 6 (0.88%) Unit4 Business World
5 5 (0.73%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.44%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.29%) Exstream
8 2 (0.29%) Finacle
8 2 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.29%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.15%) Eikon
9 1 (0.15%) Maximo
9 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.15%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 1 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
9 1 (0.15%) SAP CAR
Cloud Services
1 272 (39.71%) AWS
2 87 (12.70%) Amazon EC2
3 77 (11.24%) Azure
4 68 (9.93%) GCP
5 61 (8.91%) Amazon S3
6 48 (7.01%) AWS Lambda
6 48 (7.01%) Serverless
7 39 (5.69%) Amazon SQS
8 33 (4.82%) OpenShift
9 30 (4.38%) AWS Step Functions
10 29 (4.23%) GitHub
11 27 (3.94%) Google App Engine
12 22 (3.21%) Amazon ECS
13 20 (2.92%) AWS CloudFormation
14 15 (2.19%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 15 (2.19%) Power Platform
15 13 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
16 8 (1.17%) AWS Fargate
16 8 (1.17%) Google Analytics
17 6 (0.88%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 74 (10.80%) HTTP
2 73 (10.66%) SSL
3 65 (9.49%) TCP/IP
4 33 (4.82%) DNS
5 32 (4.67%) FTP
6 31 (4.53%) IPsec
7 29 (4.23%) DHCP
8 14 (2.04%) HTTPS
8 14 (2.04%) SSH
9 7 (1.02%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
9 7 (1.02%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 7 (1.02%) Internet
10 6 (0.88%) WAN
11 5 (0.73%) MPLS
11 5 (0.73%) VPN
12 4 (0.58%) Ethernet
12 4 (0.58%) LAN
12 4 (0.58%) SAN
13 3 (0.44%) Firewall
14 2 (0.29%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (13.87%) PostgreSQL
2 82 (11.97%) Relational Database
3 74 (10.80%) NoSQL
4 64 (9.34%) SQL Server
5 60 (8.76%) Amazon Athena
6 59 (8.61%) RDBMS
7 57 (8.32%) Amazon RDS
7 57 (8.32%) MySQL
8 53 (7.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 49 (7.15%) Amazon Aurora
10 44 (6.42%) MongoDB
11 30 (4.38%) DB2
12 28 (4.09%) Amazon Redshift
13 23 (3.36%) Apache Cassandra
14 20 (2.92%) Redis
15 19 (2.77%) Oracle Database
16 18 (2.63%) BusinessObjects
17 17 (2.48%) Big Data
18 16 (2.34%) HBase
19 15 (2.19%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 174 (25.40%) Jenkins
2 123 (17.96%) Git (software)
3 92 (13.43%) JUnit
4 89 (12.99%) Maven
5 70 (10.22%) JIRA
6 56 (8.18%) SonarQube
7 51 (7.45%) Mockito
8 48 (7.01%) Eclipse
9 41 (5.99%) jMock
9 41 (5.99%) Selenium
9 41 (5.99%) Travis CI
10 38 (5.55%) Artifactory
10 38 (5.55%) DbUnit
11 36 (5.26%) Bitbucket
11 36 (5.26%) RStudio
12 32 (4.67%) GitLab
13 31 (4.53%) Ant
14 27 (3.94%) IntelliJ
15 26 (3.80%) Gradle
16 24 (3.50%) Subversion
General
1 234 (34.16%) Finance
2 118 (17.23%) Front Office
3 74 (10.80%) Banking
4 29 (4.23%) Public Sector
4 29 (4.23%) Retail
5 28 (4.09%) Telecoms
6 26 (3.80%) Games
7 15 (2.19%) Investment Banking
8 11 (1.61%) Retail Banking
9 8 (1.17%) Legal
10 6 (0.88%) Manufacturing
11 5 (0.73%) Automotive
12 2 (0.29%) Back Office
12 2 (0.29%) Billing
12 2 (0.29%) Electronics
12 2 (0.29%) Marketing
13 1 (0.15%) Advertising
13 1 (0.15%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.15%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 435 (63.50%) Developer
2 289 (42.19%) Java Developer
3 74 (10.80%) Software Engineer
4 72 (10.51%) AWS Developer
5 66 (9.64%) Java Software Developer
6 65 (9.49%) AWS Engineer
6 65 (9.49%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 65 (9.49%) Java Engineer
7 64 (9.34%) Senior Developer
8 55 (8.03%) Architect
8 55 (8.03%) J2EE Developer
9 54 (7.88%) Java Software Engineer
10 49 (7.15%) Java/J2EE Developer
11 48 (7.01%) Senior Java Developer
12 37 (5.40%) DevOps Engineer
13 34 (4.96%) Lead Developer
14 33 (4.82%) Full Stack Developer
15 30 (4.38%) Angular Developer
16 29 (4.23%) AWS Software Engineer
16 29 (4.23%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 297 (43.36%) Web Services
2 214 (31.24%) Spring
3 125 (18.25%) SOAP
4 112 (16.35%) XML
5 105 (15.33%) REST
6 95 (13.87%) RESTful
7 93 (13.58%) .NET
8 91 (13.28%) Hibernate
9 84 (12.26%) JSON
10 80 (11.68%) HTML
11 74 (10.80%) Node.js
12 73 (10.66%) AngularJS
13 70 (10.22%) Spring Boot
14 65 (9.49%) CSS
14 65 (9.49%) J2SE
15 59 (8.61%) React
16 55 (8.03%) JMS
17 42 (6.13%) HTML5
17 42 (6.13%) Middleware
18 41 (5.99%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 103 (15.04%) Fixed Income
2 85 (12.41%) Derivative
3 69 (10.07%) Greenfield Project
4 68 (9.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 46 (6.72%) Equities
6 35 (5.11%) Analytical Skills
7 30 (4.38%) Equity Derivative
7 30 (4.38%) Hedge funds
8 28 (4.09%) Reference Data
9 23 (3.36%) Pricing Data
10 22 (3.21%) Linux Command Line
11 18 (2.63%) User Experience
12 17 (2.48%) Public Cloud
13 15 (2.19%) Mobile App
14 11 (1.61%) Data Centre
14 11 (1.61%) Market Risk
14 11 (1.61%) Smart City
15 10 (1.46%) Replication
16 9 (1.31%) DataPower
16 9 (1.31%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 144 (21.02%) Linux
2 115 (16.79%) Unix
3 36 (5.26%) Windows
4 11 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (1.46%) AIX
6 8 (1.17%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.88%) Solaris
8 5 (0.73%) CentOS
9 3 (0.44%) Android
9 3 (0.44%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.15%) SUSE
10 1 (0.15%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.15%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 373 (54.45%) Agile Software Development
2 237 (34.60%) Microservices
3 185 (27.01%) Software Engineering
4 143 (20.88%) Continuous Integration
5 142 (20.73%) Asset Management
6 136 (19.85%) TDD
7 127 (18.54%) DevOps
8 113 (16.50%) Scrum
9 98 (14.31%) Analytics
10 93 (13.58%) Open Source
11 92 (13.43%) Configuration Management
12 81 (11.82%) BDD
13 74 (10.80%) Kanban
14 73 (10.66%) E-Commerce
15 72 (10.51%) Problem-Solving
16 56 (8.18%) SOA
17 52 (7.59%) OO
18 51 (7.45%) Migration
19 46 (6.72%) Data Modelling
20 43 (6.28%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 621 (90.66%) Java
2 232 (33.87%) SQL
3 153 (22.34%) JavaScript
4 144 (21.02%) Python
5 85 (12.41%) PL/SQL
6 61 (8.91%) C#
7 58 (8.47%) R
8 46 (6.72%) C++
9 45 (6.57%) Java 8
10 42 (6.13%) Perl
11 40 (5.84%) Scala
12 39 (5.69%) Shell Script
13 18 (2.63%) Kotlin
14 12 (1.75%) Ruby
15 8 (1.17%) Groovy
15 8 (1.17%) Haskell
15 8 (1.17%) PHP
15 8 (1.17%) PowerShell
15 8 (1.17%) TypeScript
16 7 (1.02%) C
Qualifications
1 62 (9.05%) Security Cleared
2 52 (7.59%) SC Cleared
3 25 (3.65%) Degree
4 14 (2.04%) BPSS Clearance
5 13 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (1.31%) Sun Certification
7 8 (1.17%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.88%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.58%) OCPJP
10 3 (0.44%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.44%) ISEB
10 3 (0.44%) MCSA
10 3 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.44%) RHCE
10 3 (0.44%) RHCSA
11 2 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.29%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.15%) CISM
12 1 (0.15%) CISSP
12 1 (0.15%) ISSMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (1.61%) QA
2 6 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.73%) SLA
4 4 (0.58%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.29%) COBIT
5 2 (0.29%) EMIR
5 2 (0.29%) MiFID
5 2 (0.29%) PSD2
5 2 (0.29%) SEPA
6 1 (0.15%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.15%) GDPR
6 1 (0.15%) PMO
System Software
1 104 (15.18%) Docker
2 60 (8.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (4.23%) Xen
4 25 (3.65%) vSphere
5 10 (1.46%) Active Directory
6 8 (1.17%) Tivoli Directory Server
7 6 (0.88%) Postfix
8 5 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.44%) PowerDNS
10 2 (0.29%) Samba
11 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.15%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 69 (10.07%) Puppet
2 63 (9.20%) Terraform
3 54 (7.88%) Kubernetes
4 37 (5.40%) Ansible
5 23 (3.36%) Amdocs OSS
6 21 (3.07%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (2.04%) Kibana
8 11 (1.61%) Tivoli
9 8 (1.17%) Grafana
10 6 (0.88%) Tivoli Identity Manager
11 5 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.58%) Consul
12 4 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.58%) EMC NetWorker
12 4 (0.58%) vRealize
13 3 (0.44%) NetBackup
14 2 (0.29%) CloudHub
15 1 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
15 1 (0.15%) Oracle Identity Manager
15 1 (0.15%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 182 (26.57%) Oracle
2 67 (9.78%) Google
3 63 (9.20%) VMware
4 54 (7.88%) webMethods
5 51 (7.45%) Microsoft
6 50 (7.30%) IBM
7 45 (6.57%) Sybase
8 41 (5.99%) BEA
9 27 (3.94%) SAP
10 23 (3.36%) Cramer
11 17 (2.48%) Pega
11 17 (2.48%) Red Hat
12 14 (2.04%) Informatica
13 11 (1.61%) Adobe
13 11 (1.61%) MuleSoft
14 10 (1.46%) Bloomberg
14 10 (1.46%) WSO2
15 9 (1.31%) F5
15 9 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
16 8 (1.17%) ServiceNow