Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 208 189 144
Rank change year-on-year -19 -45 -8
Contract jobs citing J2EE 1,346 1,360 1,929
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.32% 1.42% 1.78%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.81% 4.37% 6.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 842 875 1,248
UK median daily rate £488 £453 £442
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.73% +2.49% +3.88%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £611 £600 £586
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.94% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 10 33
UK median hourly rate £100.50 £36.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +179.17% - -10.00%
10th Percentile £34.40 £30.00 £30.80
90th Percentile £100.75 £40.38 £48.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £36.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +22.22% - -10.00%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,333 31,109 31,636
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.60% 32.46% 29.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,938 21,448 22,119
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £306 £294
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 344 380 379
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +9.59% -1.46%
10th Percentile £15.24 £15.91 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.08 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +1.88% +11.11% -2.70%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 1,193 £500 +5.26% 229
UK excluding London -20 765 £438 +2.94% 144
London -23 557 £525 +1.94% 105
South East 0 197 £500 +2.41% 39
North of England -44 159 £401 -5.03% 25
Midlands -9 114 £425 +1.19% 22
East of England +2 112 £510 +13.33% 18
North West -18 106 £400 -11.11% 14
Scotland -35 89 £415 - 13
West Midlands +5 69 £444 +12.70% 14
South West -25 61 £475 +17.28% 19
East Midlands -30 45 £410 -2.96% 8
Yorkshire -38 29 £450 +12.43% 8
North East -13 24 £324 -1.82% 3
Wales -4 23 £413 +3.13% 4
Northern Ireland +36 18 £525 +27.27% 4

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 1,251 (92.94%) Java
2 680 (50.52%) Agile Software Development
3 627 (46.58%) Spring
4 404 (30.01%) Web Services
5 378 (28.08%) SQL
6 346 (25.71%) Oracle
7 331 (24.59%) Jenkins
8 316 (23.48%) REST
9 313 (23.25%) TDD
10 310 (23.03%) Hibernate
11 302 (22.44%) JavaScript
12 294 (21.84%) Scrum
13 292 (21.69%) Unix
14 272 (20.21%) Git (software)
15 259 (19.24%) Finance
16 257 (19.09%) XML
16 257 (19.09%) Linux
17 240 (17.83%) Maven
18 232 (17.24%) SOAP
19 231 (17.16%) BDD
19 231 (17.16%) Microservices
20 230 (17.09%) JSON
21 223 (16.57%) RESTful
22 222 (16.49%) JUnit
23 219 (16.27%) Continuous Integration
24 205 (15.23%) DevOps
24 205 (15.23%) HTML
25 204 (15.16%) OO
25 204 (15.16%) Amazon AWS
26 202 (15.01%) E-Commerce

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 184 (13.67%) WebSphere
2 180 (13.37%) Apache
3 169 (12.56%) WebLogic
4 145 (10.77%) Tomcat
5 118 (8.77%) JBoss
6 82 (6.09%) Confluence
7 73 (5.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 72 (5.35%) Apache Spark
9 52 (3.86%) Elasticsearch
10 51 (3.79%) Jetty
11 49 (3.64%) Mule
11 49 (3.64%) nginx
12 47 (3.49%) IIS
13 36 (2.67%) CMS
13 36 (2.67%) WebSphere Application Server
14 29 (2.15%) Mongrel
15 22 (1.63%) WebSphere Portal
16 21 (1.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 18 (1.34%) WebLogic Portal
18 17 (1.26%) GlassFish
Applications
1 18 (1.34%) MS Visio
2 9 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 3 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.074%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.074%) InVision
5 1 (0.074%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.074%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.074%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 17 (1.26%) SAP Hybris
2 10 (0.74%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.30%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.30%) Oracle Retail
7 3 (0.22%) Actimize
7 3 (0.22%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 3 (0.22%) Magento
7 3 (0.22%) Maximo
8 2 (0.15%) ION MarketView
8 2 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
8 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.15%) SAP PM
8 2 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
9 1 (0.074%) Cerner Millennium
9 1 (0.074%) Oracle Applications
9 1 (0.074%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 204 (15.16%) Amazon AWS
2 76 (5.65%) Amazon EC2
3 46 (3.42%) Microsoft Azure
4 32 (2.38%) Google Cloud Platform
5 31 (2.30%) GitHub
6 29 (2.15%) Google App Engine
7 16 (1.19%) Amazon S3
8 14 (1.04%) Google Analytics
9 10 (0.74%) IBM Cloud
9 10 (0.74%) PaaS
10 8 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (0.52%) OpenShift
12 6 (0.45%) Force.com
12 6 (0.45%) npm
12 6 (0.45%) SaaS
13 5 (0.37%) Adobe Analytics
13 5 (0.37%) Amazon SQS
14 4 (0.30%) Amazon Kinesis
14 4 (0.30%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 4 (0.30%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 96 (7.13%) HTTP
2 72 (5.35%) TCP/IP
3 67 (4.98%) SSL
4 43 (3.19%) DNS
5 34 (2.53%) FTP
6 29 (2.15%) DHCP
6 29 (2.15%) IPsec
7 20 (1.49%) Internet
8 12 (0.89%) SAN
9 11 (0.82%) Firewall
10 9 (0.67%) Kerberos
11 8 (0.59%) Ethernet
11 8 (0.59%) MPLS
11 8 (0.59%) Wireless
12 5 (0.37%) BIG-IP
12 5 (0.37%) SMS
13 4 (0.30%) NAS
13 4 (0.30%) VLAN
14 3 (0.22%) Network Security
14 3 (0.22%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 163 (12.11%) Relational Database
2 90 (6.69%) MySQL
3 89 (6.61%) PostgreSQL
4 78 (5.79%) MongoDB
5 76 (5.65%) Big Data
6 75 (5.57%) Hadoop
7 74 (5.50%) Oracle Database
8 73 (5.42%) SQL Server
9 65 (4.83%) NoSQL
10 53 (3.94%) RDBMS
11 52 (3.86%) Oracle Database 11g
12 40 (2.97%) BusinessObjects
13 35 (2.60%) HBase
14 30 (2.23%) DB2
15 25 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
16 22 (1.63%) Apache Hive
16 22 (1.63%) Oracle Database 10g
17 17 (1.26%) Endeca
18 14 (1.04%) Apache Cassandra
18 14 (1.04%) Redis
Development Applications
1 331 (24.59%) Jenkins
2 272 (20.21%) Git (software)
3 240 (17.83%) Maven
4 222 (16.49%) JUnit
5 135 (10.03%) JIRA
6 108 (8.02%) Eclipse
7 96 (7.13%) Mockito
8 67 (4.98%) jMock
9 64 (4.75%) Selenium
9 64 (4.75%) Subversion
10 63 (4.68%) SonarQube
11 61 (4.53%) DbUnit
12 55 (4.09%) IntelliJ
13 54 (4.01%) Ant
14 49 (3.64%) Gradle
15 48 (3.57%) Cucumber
16 34 (2.53%) SoapUI
17 27 (2.01%) Travis CI
18 26 (1.93%) CA Gen
19 24 (1.78%) Hudson
General
1 259 (19.24%) Finance
2 163 (12.11%) Banking
3 81 (6.02%) Retail
4 56 (4.16%) Front Office
5 54 (4.01%) Investment Banking
6 19 (1.41%) Telecoms
7 15 (1.11%) Advertising
7 15 (1.11%) Marketing
8 13 (0.97%) Law
9 12 (0.89%) Back Office
10 9 (0.67%) Financial Institution
11 7 (0.52%) Legal
12 6 (0.45%) Games
13 5 (0.37%) Automotive
13 5 (0.37%) Publishing
14 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.22%) Billing
15 3 (0.22%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.22%) Music Industry
15 3 (0.22%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 935 (69.47%) Developer
2 682 (50.67%) Java Developer
3 131 (9.73%) Architect
4 113 (8.40%) Senior Developer
5 99 (7.36%) Senior Java Developer
6 96 (7.13%) J2EE Developer
7 89 (6.61%) Java/J2EE Developer
8 56 (4.16%) Full Stack Developer
9 52 (3.86%) Java Engineer
10 51 (3.79%) Consultant
11 41 (3.05%) Integration Developer
11 41 (3.05%) Technical Architect
12 39 (2.90%) Big Data Developer
12 39 (2.90%) Lead Developer
12 39 (2.90%) Software Engineer
13 37 (2.75%) Solutions Architect
14 36 (2.67%) Backend Developer
15 35 (2.60%) AWS Developer
15 35 (2.60%) Lead Java Developer
15 35 (2.60%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 627 (46.58%) Spring
2 404 (30.01%) Web Services
3 316 (23.48%) REST
4 310 (23.03%) Hibernate
5 257 (19.09%) XML
6 232 (17.24%) SOAP
7 230 (17.09%) JSON
8 223 (16.57%) RESTful
9 205 (15.23%) HTML
10 173 (12.85%) CSS
11 167 (12.41%) Middleware
12 154 (11.44%) Spring Boot
13 153 (11.37%) AngularJS
14 120 (8.92%) Node.js
15 105 (7.80%) EJB
16 104 (7.73%) HTML5
17 103 (7.65%) Apache Camel
18 98 (7.28%) jQuery
19 97 (7.21%) Kafka
20 95 (7.06%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 71 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
2 65 (4.83%) Enterprise Software
3 49 (3.64%) User Experience
4 34 (2.53%) Mobile App
5 29 (2.15%) Greenfield Project
6 27 (2.01%) Computer Science
7 21 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
8 20 (1.49%) Data Structures
8 20 (1.49%) Mainframe
9 19 (1.41%) NHS
10 17 (1.26%) Fintech
11 15 (1.11%) Algorithms
11 15 (1.11%) Fixed Income
11 15 (1.11%) Management Information System
12 14 (1.04%) Data Centre
13 13 (0.97%) Clustering
13 13 (0.97%) Hedge funds
14 11 (0.82%) DataPower
15 10 (0.74%) Equities
15 10 (0.74%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 292 (21.69%) Unix
2 257 (19.09%) Linux
3 49 (3.64%) Windows
4 45 (3.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 39 (2.90%) Solaris
6 31 (2.30%) Android
7 19 (1.41%) Apple iOS
8 10 (0.74%) Windows Server
9 9 (0.67%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.67%) VME
10 8 (0.59%) AIX
11 7 (0.52%) HPUX
12 5 (0.37%) CentOS
13 2 (0.15%) DC/OS
13 2 (0.15%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.074%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 680 (50.52%) Agile Software Development
2 313 (23.25%) TDD
3 294 (21.84%) Scrum
4 231 (17.16%) BDD
4 231 (17.16%) Microservices
5 219 (16.27%) Continuous Integration
6 205 (15.23%) DevOps
7 204 (15.16%) OO
8 202 (15.01%) E-Commerce
9 172 (12.78%) SOA
10 137 (10.18%) Kanban
11 136 (10.10%) Test Automation
12 135 (10.03%) Open Source
13 134 (9.96%) Software Engineering
14 127 (9.44%) Problem-Solving
15 124 (9.21%) MVC
16 109 (8.10%) Configuration Management
16 109 (8.10%) Unit Testing
17 100 (7.43%) Data Modelling
18 85 (6.32%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,251 (92.94%) Java
2 378 (28.08%) SQL
3 302 (22.44%) JavaScript
4 173 (12.85%) Java 8
5 145 (10.77%) PL/SQL
6 101 (7.50%) Shell Script
7 86 (6.39%) Python
8 75 (5.57%) Scala
9 71 (5.27%) Perl
10 50 (3.71%) C
11 38 (2.82%) Groovy
12 30 (2.23%) Ruby
13 29 (2.15%) C#
14 28 (2.08%) PHP
15 23 (1.71%) Bash Shell
16 18 (1.34%) C++
17 15 (1.11%) Haskell
18 11 (0.82%) XPath
19 9 (0.67%) COBOL
20 8 (0.59%) Korn
Qualifications
1 159 (11.81%) Security Cleared
2 98 (7.28%) SC Cleared
3 42 (3.12%) Degree
4 28 (2.08%) DV Cleared
5 16 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.59%) Sun Certification
7 7 (0.52%) AWS Certification
7 7 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (0.52%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 4 (0.30%) MBA
9 3 (0.22%) A+ Certification
9 3 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.15%) IRCA
10 2 (0.15%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.15%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.15%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 1 (0.074%) CLAS
11 1 (0.074%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (3.64%) QA
2 19 (1.41%) PMO
3 9 (0.67%) SLA
4 8 (0.59%) GDPR
5 6 (0.45%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.22%) PSD2
6 3 (0.22%) SEPA
7 2 (0.15%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.074%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.074%) HL7
8 1 (0.074%) HMG Infosec
8 1 (0.074%) IFRS
8 1 (0.074%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.074%) RMADS
System Software
1 167 (12.41%) Docker
2 75 (5.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 54 (4.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 36 (2.67%) vSphere
5 34 (2.53%) HDFS
6 29 (2.15%) Xen
7 13 (0.97%) Active Directory
8 8 (0.59%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 4 (0.30%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.15%) OpenAM
10 2 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.15%) Tivoli Directory Server
11 1 (0.074%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 76 (5.65%) Puppet
2 72 (5.35%) Terraform
3 71 (5.27%) Ansible
4 47 (3.49%) Hadoop YARN
5 39 (2.90%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (1.49%) Kubernetes
7 17 (1.26%) Kibana
8 16 (1.19%) Amdocs OSS
9 15 (1.11%) Oracle Identity Management
9 15 (1.11%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 14 (1.04%) Grafana
11 13 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
12 10 (0.74%) Oozie
13 6 (0.45%) Control-M
13 6 (0.45%) logstash
13 6 (0.45%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 5 (0.37%) ITRS Geneos
15 4 (0.30%) collectd
15 4 (0.30%) Graphite
15 4 (0.30%) Salt
Vendors
1 346 (25.71%) Oracle
2 85 (6.32%) IBM
3 79 (5.87%) VMware
4 72 (5.35%) Microsoft
5 67 (4.98%) webMethods
6 65 (4.83%) hybris
7 55 (4.09%) Google
8 54 (4.01%) BEA
9 45 (3.34%) SAP
10 44 (3.27%) Adobe
11 41 (3.05%) Informatica
12 39 (2.90%) Red Hat
13 31 (2.30%) Pega
14 26 (1.93%) Perforce
15 22 (1.63%) Capita
16 21 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
17 18 (1.34%) TIBCO
18 16 (1.19%) Cramer
19 15 (1.11%) Splunk
20 14 (1.04%) Okta