Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 200 167 147
Rank change year-on-year -33 -20 -15
Contract jobs citing J2EE 1,348 1,510 1,776
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.33% 1.58% 1.66%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.16% 5.02% 5.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 876 951 1,094
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £307
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 10 33
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £39.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.21% -0.63% +13.72%
10th Percentile £34.13 £35.87 £36.25
90th Percentile £74.13 £44.39 £92.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £37.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -6.25% +13.72%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,373 30,060 31,002
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.88% 31.54% 28.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,070 20,810 21,473
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 344 339 543
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%
10th Percentile £18.33 £15.45 £16.25
90th Percentile £56.93 £52.00 £56.91
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.81 £38.75 £38.75
% change year-on-year +7.88% - +10.71%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -37 1,252 £475 +4.86% 356
UK excluding London -35 728 £450 +5.88% 204
London -36 583 £500 - 171
South East +27 248 £500 +11.11% 57
North of England -15 145 £410 -1.20% 49
East of England -26 122 £450 +4.65% 29
Midlands -26 98 £425 - 29
North West -9 83 £425 -2.86% 35
West Midlands -6 58 £450 - 18
South West -13 55 £425 -10.53% 21
Yorkshire -5 50 £425 -12.37% 11
Scotland -40 45 £415 +3.75% 12
East Midlands -25 39 £420 - 10
North East +7 11 £350 +2.94% 3
Northern Ireland -7 8 £430 +7.50% 4
Wales -19 8 £350 -17.16% 3

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 1,238 (91.84%) Java
2 736 (54.60%) Agile Software Development
3 661 (49.04%) Spring
4 433 (32.12%) Web Services
5 384 (28.49%) TDD
6 372 (27.60%) JavaScript
7 348 (25.82%) SQL
7 348 (25.82%) Oracle
8 337 (25.00%) Hibernate
9 319 (23.66%) Jenkins
10 303 (22.48%) Git (software)
11 269 (19.96%) HTML
11 269 (19.96%) XML
12 259 (19.21%) Unix
13 251 (18.62%) Finance
14 245 (18.18%) Scrum
14 245 (18.18%) SOAP
15 243 (18.03%) BDD
16 242 (17.95%) JUnit
17 240 (17.80%) REST
18 239 (17.73%) Linux
19 237 (17.58%) Continuous Integration
20 234 (17.36%) E-Commerce
21 229 (16.99%) Microservices
22 224 (16.62%) Maven
23 221 (16.39%) RESTful
24 207 (15.36%) CSS
25 203 (15.06%) JSON
26 200 (14.84%) JBoss
27 197 (14.61%) WebSphere

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 200 (14.84%) JBoss
2 197 (14.61%) WebSphere
3 188 (13.95%) Apache
4 164 (12.17%) Tomcat
5 112 (8.31%) WebLogic
6 94 (6.97%) Confluence
7 77 (5.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 57 (4.23%) WebSphere Application Server
9 42 (3.12%) CMS
10 40 (2.97%) Apache Spark
11 32 (2.37%) MQSeries
12 31 (2.30%) WebSphere Portal
13 29 (2.15%) nginx
14 27 (2.00%) Mule
15 24 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
16 23 (1.71%) IIS
17 22 (1.63%) Cloud Foundry
18 18 (1.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 16 (1.19%) WebLogic Portal
20 15 (1.11%) WildFly
Applications
1 7 (0.52%) Adobe Creative Suite
1 7 (0.52%) OmniGraffle
2 5 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.30%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.15%) Mingle
5 2 (0.15%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 24 (1.78%) Oracle BPM
1 24 (1.78%) SAP Hybris
2 22 (1.63%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.52%) Magento
4 5 (0.37%) Actimize
4 5 (0.37%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.15%) SAP Business ByDesign
7 2 (0.15%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.074%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.074%) Pivotal CRM
8 1 (0.074%) SAP Business One
8 1 (0.074%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 141 (10.46%) Amazon AWS
2 59 (4.38%) Amazon EC2
3 55 (4.08%) GitHub
4 35 (2.60%) Microsoft Azure
5 27 (2.00%) Amazon S3
6 21 (1.56%) PaaS
7 19 (1.41%) Google Cloud Platform
8 18 (1.34%) Amazon SQS
9 13 (0.96%) SaaS
10 12 (0.89%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 11 (0.82%) Google App Engine
12 10 (0.74%) OpenShift
13 8 (0.59%) Google Analytics
14 7 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
14 7 (0.52%) Serverless
15 6 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 6 (0.45%) IaaS
16 4 (0.30%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 4 (0.30%) CloudBees
16 4 (0.30%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 94 (6.97%) HTTP
2 74 (5.49%) TCP/IP
3 62 (4.60%) SSL
4 38 (2.82%) Internet
5 25 (1.85%) Firewall
6 21 (1.56%) DNS
7 14 (1.04%) FTP
8 11 (0.82%) DHCP
8 11 (0.82%) IPsec
9 8 (0.59%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (0.30%) Intranet
10 4 (0.30%) SAN
10 4 (0.30%) SMS
10 4 (0.30%) VPN
11 3 (0.22%) VLAN
12 2 (0.15%) iSCSI
12 2 (0.15%) Network Security
12 2 (0.15%) SMTP
12 2 (0.15%) SSH
12 2 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (8.75%) Relational Database
2 103 (7.64%) SQL Server
3 78 (5.79%) MongoDB
4 74 (5.49%) Oracle Database
5 72 (5.34%) Big Data
6 70 (5.19%) NoSQL
7 65 (4.82%) Hadoop
8 61 (4.53%) PostgreSQL
9 59 (4.38%) RDBMS
10 56 (4.15%) MySQL
11 46 (3.41%) HBase
11 46 (3.41%) Oracle Database 11g
12 42 (3.12%) DB2
13 39 (2.89%) Oracle Database 10g
14 29 (2.15%) GIS
15 28 (2.08%) Endeca
16 23 (1.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 18 (1.34%) Parquet
18 16 (1.19%) Apache Hive
18 16 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 319 (23.66%) Jenkins
2 303 (22.48%) Git (software)
3 242 (17.95%) JUnit
4 224 (16.62%) Maven
5 165 (12.24%) JIRA
6 136 (10.09%) Selenium
7 106 (7.86%) Eclipse
8 98 (7.27%) Mockito
9 92 (6.82%) Subversion
10 77 (5.71%) Gradle
11 69 (5.12%) Ant
12 55 (4.08%) jMock
13 53 (3.93%) IntelliJ
14 47 (3.49%) SonarQube
15 35 (2.60%) DbUnit
16 33 (2.45%) Cucumber
17 30 (2.23%) Karma Test Runner
18 29 (2.15%) TeamCity
19 27 (2.00%) Spock
20 26 (1.93%) Jasmine
General
1 251 (18.62%) Finance
2 159 (11.80%) Banking
3 73 (5.42%) Retail
4 27 (2.00%) Investment Banking
5 26 (1.93%) Telecoms
6 25 (1.85%) Marketing
7 21 (1.56%) Front Office
8 19 (1.41%) Manufacturing
9 15 (1.11%) Financial Institution
9 15 (1.11%) Law
10 13 (0.96%) Games
11 8 (0.59%) Retail Banking
12 6 (0.45%) Publishing
13 4 (0.30%) Advertising
13 4 (0.30%) Back Office
13 4 (0.30%) German Language
13 4 (0.30%) Legal
13 4 (0.30%) Spanish Language
14 2 (0.15%) Automotive
14 2 (0.15%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 897 (66.54%) Developer
2 683 (50.67%) Java Developer
3 129 (9.57%) Senior Developer
4 128 (9.50%) J2EE Developer
5 121 (8.98%) Architect
6 117 (8.68%) Java/J2EE Developer
7 111 (8.23%) Senior Java Developer
8 88 (6.53%) Agile Developer
8 88 (6.53%) Agile Java Developer
9 49 (3.64%) JavaScript Developer
10 48 (3.56%) Full Stack Developer
11 44 (3.26%) Consultant
12 43 (3.19%) DevOps Engineer
12 43 (3.19%) Scala Developer
13 42 (3.12%) Angular Developer
14 38 (2.82%) Analyst
15 36 (2.67%) Java Engineer
16 35 (2.60%) Oracle Developer
17 34 (2.52%) AWS Developer
17 34 (2.52%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 661 (49.04%) Spring
2 433 (32.12%) Web Services
3 337 (25.00%) Hibernate
4 269 (19.96%) HTML
4 269 (19.96%) XML
5 245 (18.18%) SOAP
6 240 (17.80%) REST
7 221 (16.39%) RESTful
8 207 (15.36%) CSS
9 203 (15.06%) JSON
10 181 (13.43%) AngularJS
11 147 (10.91%) JSP
12 139 (10.31%) HTML5
13 131 (9.72%) jQuery
14 128 (9.50%) Spring Boot
15 116 (8.61%) Middleware
16 112 (8.31%) Servlets
17 108 (8.01%) EJB
18 106 (7.86%) Spring MVC
19 83 (6.16%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 67 (4.97%) Enterprise Software
2 49 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
3 41 (3.04%) Greenfield Project
3 41 (3.04%) User Experience
3 41 (3.04%) Virtual Team
4 39 (2.89%) iPad
4 39 (2.89%) Mobile App
5 28 (2.08%) Linux Command Line
6 23 (1.71%) Social Media
7 22 (1.63%) Computer Science
8 21 (1.56%) Data Structures
9 18 (1.34%) SWIFT
10 16 (1.19%) N-Tier
11 13 (0.96%) Clustering
11 13 (0.96%) Replication
12 10 (0.74%) DataPower
12 10 (0.74%) Derivative
12 10 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 9 (0.67%) Mainframe
14 8 (0.59%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 259 (19.21%) Unix
2 239 (17.73%) Linux
3 73 (5.42%) Windows
4 57 (4.23%) Solaris
5 40 (2.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 27 (2.00%) AIX
7 23 (1.71%) HPUX
8 20 (1.48%) Windows Server
9 16 (1.19%) Android
10 13 (0.96%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.74%) Apple iOS
11 10 (0.74%) SUSE
12 8 (0.59%) CentOS
13 5 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.074%) Windows NT
14 1 (0.074%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 736 (54.60%) Agile Software Development
2 384 (28.49%) TDD
3 245 (18.18%) Scrum
4 243 (18.03%) BDD
5 237 (17.58%) Continuous Integration
6 234 (17.36%) E-Commerce
7 229 (16.99%) Microservices
8 186 (13.80%) SOA
9 185 (13.72%) DevOps
10 150 (11.13%) MVC
11 141 (10.46%) Test Automation
12 125 (9.27%) Kanban
13 120 (8.90%) OO
13 120 (8.90%) Software Engineering
14 102 (7.57%) Open Source
15 88 (6.53%) Unit Testing
16 84 (6.23%) Configuration Management
17 79 (5.86%) Waterfall
18 68 (5.04%) Web Application Development
19 67 (4.97%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,238 (91.84%) Java
2 372 (27.60%) JavaScript
3 348 (25.82%) SQL
4 115 (8.53%) PL/SQL
5 74 (5.49%) Shell Script
6 71 (5.27%) Scala
7 66 (4.90%) Perl
7 66 (4.90%) Python
8 58 (4.30%) Ruby
9 55 (4.08%) C
10 38 (2.82%) Bash Shell
11 25 (1.85%) Groovy
12 23 (1.71%) C#
13 17 (1.26%) PHP
14 14 (1.04%) C++
15 8 (0.59%) Haskell
15 8 (0.59%) Kotlin
16 5 (0.37%) XPath
17 4 (0.30%) VB
17 4 (0.30%) VBA
Qualifications
1 135 (10.01%) Security Cleared
2 72 (5.34%) SC Cleared
3 51 (3.78%) Degree
4 37 (2.74%) DV Cleared
5 9 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.52%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.37%) OCP
7 5 (0.37%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (0.30%) Sun Certification
9 3 (0.22%) ISEB
9 3 (0.22%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.15%) OCPJP
11 1 (0.074%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.074%) CFA
11 1 (0.074%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.074%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.074%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.074%) PMP
11 1 (0.074%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 1 (0.074%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (3.49%) QA
2 15 (1.11%) SEPA
3 8 (0.59%) SLA
4 7 (0.52%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.52%) MiFID
5 5 (0.37%) PMO
6 2 (0.15%) GDPR
6 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.074%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.074%) PSD2
7 1 (0.074%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 163 (12.09%) Docker
2 42 (3.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 39 (2.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (2.60%) HDFS
5 24 (1.78%) vSphere
6 22 (1.63%) Active Directory
7 11 (0.82%) Xen
8 8 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (0.52%) Apache Flume
10 5 (0.37%) ISA Server
11 4 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.22%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.22%) KVM
12 3 (0.22%) vCloud
13 2 (0.15%) Samba
13 2 (0.15%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 1 (0.074%) GlusterFS
14 1 (0.074%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 100 (7.42%) Puppet
2 82 (6.08%) Ansible
3 50 (3.71%) Opscode Chef
4 41 (3.04%) Hadoop YARN
5 33 (2.45%) Kibana
6 30 (2.23%) Grafana
7 25 (1.85%) Terraform
8 20 (1.48%) OpenView
9 18 (1.34%) HP SiteScope
10 17 (1.26%) Kubernetes
11 14 (1.04%) Tivoli
12 11 (0.82%) Nagios
13 9 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
14 8 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
15 7 (0.52%) logstash
16 6 (0.45%) Amdocs OSS
16 6 (0.45%) Netcool
16 6 (0.45%) Netcool/OMNIbus
16 6 (0.45%) Rundeck
16 6 (0.45%) Salt
Vendors
1 348 (25.82%) Oracle
2 133 (9.87%) IBM
3 82 (6.08%) Red Hat
4 55 (4.08%) hybris
5 48 (3.56%) Microsoft
6 43 (3.19%) SAP
7 42 (3.12%) VMware
8 40 (2.97%) ATG
9 37 (2.74%) webMethods
10 35 (2.60%) Google
11 30 (2.23%) HP
12 25 (1.85%) MuleSoft
13 24 (1.78%) Splunk
14 20 (1.48%) Adobe
14 20 (1.48%) Sybase
15 19 (1.41%) Cisco
16 17 (1.26%) Atlassian
17 16 (1.19%) BEA
17 16 (1.19%) WSO2
18 14 (1.04%) Fujitsu