Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 16 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
16 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 405 308 289
Rank change year-on-year -97 -19 -19
Contract jobs citing J2EE 514 435 431
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.77% 0.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.17% 2.51% 2.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 352 280 320
10th Percentile £425 £355 £376
25th Percentile £495 £405 £430
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% -9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £638 £543 £650
90th Percentile £670 £675 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £436 £475
% change year-on-year +20.41% -8.21% +3.83%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 6
10th Percentile - - £50.00
25th Percentile £52.50 - £54.63
Median hourly rate £55.00 - £62.75
75th Percentile £57.50 - £65.46
90th Percentile - - £67.52
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 - £50.00
% change year-on-year - - -16.67%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,657 17,317 14,994
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.06% 30.48% 30.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,357 12,339 10,606
10th Percentile £400 £340 £331
25th Percentile £463 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £663 £588 £588
90th Percentile £750 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £439 £450
% change year-on-year +13.79% -2.36% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 190 138
10th Percentile £22.45 £23.41 £18.94
25th Percentile £35.00 £34.00 £31.25
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.41
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -3.03% +5.04%
75th Percentile £65.54 £57.50 £54.92
90th Percentile £77.00 £66.00 £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.25 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.67% - +2.96%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 16 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -105 368 £558 +14.07% 60
London -40 240 £585 +11.43% 34
Work from Home -76 237 £525 +18.31% 26
UK excluding London -102 149 £525 +20.41% 30
Midlands -62 45 £515 +27.16% 7
West Midlands -47 43 £517 +27.65% 6
Scotland +4 38 £500 +11.11% 3
South East -33 30 £575 +10.15% 4
North of England -73 11 £618 +43.27% 9
Wales -7 10 £525 +20.00% 1
North West -40 10 £618 +42.61% 6
East of England -43 9 £550 +14.58% 5
South West -39 7 £400 -42.86% 1
East Midlands -25 2 £450 +28.57% 1
Yorkshire -38 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 16 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 486 (94.55%) Java
2 236 (45.91%) Oracle
3 226 (43.97%) SQL
4 213 (41.44%) Spring
5 198 (38.52%) Agile
6 163 (31.71%) Social Skills
7 147 (28.60%) JavaScript
8 132 (25.68%) REST
9 120 (23.35%) HTML
10 115 (22.37%) Business Intelligence
10 115 (22.37%) DevOps
11 113 (21.98%) Microservices
11 113 (21.98%) Unix
12 109 (21.21%) Relational Database
13 103 (20.04%) Azure
14 100 (19.46%) Git (software)
14 100 (19.46%) PL/SQL
15 99 (19.26%) Web Services
16 92 (17.90%) CSS
17 89 (17.32%) Spring Boot
18 88 (17.12%) AWS
19 87 (16.93%) Linux
20 84 (16.34%) JIRA
21 82 (15.95%) Hibernate
22 79 (15.37%) .NET
22 79 (15.37%) Microsoft
23 78 (15.18%) XML
24 77 (14.98%) WebLogic
24 77 (14.98%) JSON
25 74 (14.40%) CRM

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (14.98%) WebLogic
2 69 (13.42%) SharePoint
3 61 (11.87%) Confluence
4 59 (11.48%) Tomcat
5 47 (9.14%) Red Hat Fuse
6 46 (8.95%) JBoss
7 40 (7.78%) WebSphere
8 31 (6.03%) Mule
9 28 (5.45%) WebSphere Application Server
10 20 (3.89%) BizTalk Server
11 18 (3.50%) Apache
12 15 (2.92%) Apache Spark
12 15 (2.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 11 (2.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 9 (1.75%) IBM HTTP Server
15 7 (1.36%) Jetty
16 6 (1.17%) CMS
17 5 (0.97%) Oracle Workflow
18 4 (0.78%) Apache Pig
18 4 (0.78%) nginx
Applications
1 7 (1.36%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.58%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 66 (12.84%) Dynamics AX
1 66 (12.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (2.53%) assyst
3 8 (1.56%) TIBCO iProcess
4 6 (1.17%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.78%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.78%) Oracle Receivables
5 4 (0.78%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.58%) Dynamics NAV
6 3 (0.58%) WebTrends
7 2 (0.39%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 2 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.39%) Shopify
8 1 (0.19%) Exstream
8 1 (0.19%) Maximo
8 1 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
8 1 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.19%) Oracle Internet Expenses
8 1 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
8 1 (0.19%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 103 (20.04%) Azure
2 88 (17.12%) AWS
3 66 (12.84%) Dynamics 365
4 60 (11.67%) Power Platform
5 57 (11.09%) PowerApps
6 29 (5.64%) Serverless
7 25 (4.86%) OpenShift
8 23 (4.47%) AWS Lambda
9 22 (4.28%) Amazon EC2
9 22 (4.28%) GitHub
10 19 (3.70%) Amazon S3
11 18 (3.50%) Amazon SQS
12 16 (3.11%) Amazon ECS
13 14 (2.72%) AWS CloudFormation
14 13 (2.53%) Apigee
15 11 (2.14%) GCP
16 8 (1.56%) Microsoft 365
16 8 (1.56%) Power Automate
17 7 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 6 (1.17%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 21 (4.09%) DSL
2 17 (3.31%) HTTP
3 15 (2.92%) SSL
4 14 (2.72%) SMTP
5 13 (2.53%) Internet
6 10 (1.95%) FTP
6 10 (1.95%) POP3
7 8 (1.56%) Firewall
7 8 (1.56%) TCP/IP
8 6 (1.17%) HTTPS
9 5 (0.97%) DNS
10 3 (0.58%) NAS
10 3 (0.58%) WAAS
11 2 (0.39%) Broadband
11 2 (0.39%) IPsec
11 2 (0.39%) Network Security
11 2 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
11 2 (0.39%) tcpdump
11 2 (0.39%) VPN
11 2 (0.39%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (21.21%) Relational Database
2 38 (7.39%) NoSQL
3 33 (6.42%) Oracle Database
4 31 (6.03%) PostgreSQL
5 24 (4.67%) BusinessObjects
6 21 (4.09%) Amazon RDS
6 21 (4.09%) SQL Server
7 17 (3.31%) Pentaho
8 16 (3.11%) Impala
9 15 (2.92%) MongoDB
10 14 (2.72%) MySQL
11 13 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
11 13 (2.53%) Oracle Database 12c
11 13 (2.53%) RDBMS
12 12 (2.33%) Amazon Redshift
13 11 (2.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 11 (2.14%) DB2
13 11 (2.14%) Redis
13 11 (2.14%) SQLPlus
14 10 (1.95%) HBase
Development Applications
1 100 (19.46%) Git (software)
2 84 (16.34%) JIRA
3 70 (13.62%) Jenkins
4 64 (12.45%) JUnit
4 64 (12.45%) Maven
5 58 (11.28%) Bitbucket
6 38 (7.39%) Eclipse
7 28 (5.45%) Subversion
8 26 (5.06%) IntelliJ
9 25 (4.86%) Gradle
9 25 (4.86%) Mockito
10 24 (4.67%) CA Gen
10 24 (4.67%) GitLab
11 19 (3.70%) Artifactory
11 19 (3.70%) Cucumber
12 15 (2.92%) SonarQube
13 12 (2.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 10 (1.95%) Ant
14 10 (1.95%) Selenium
15 9 (1.75%) TeamCity
General
1 163 (31.71%) Social Skills
2 66 (12.84%) Banking
3 64 (12.45%) Finance
4 52 (10.12%) Investment Banking
5 42 (8.17%) Front Office
6 40 (7.78%) Analytical Skills
7 29 (5.64%) Public Sector
8 16 (3.11%) Presentation Skills
9 15 (2.92%) Marketing
9 15 (2.92%) Retail
10 10 (1.95%) Telecoms
11 9 (1.75%) Organisational Skills
12 8 (1.56%) Financial Institution
12 8 (1.56%) Manufacturing
13 7 (1.36%) Influencing Skills
14 6 (1.17%) Legal
15 4 (0.78%) Law
16 3 (0.58%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.39%) Games
17 2 (0.39%) German Language
Job Titles
1 296 (57.59%) Developer
2 198 (38.52%) Java Developer
3 38 (7.39%) Architect
4 34 (6.61%) Senior Developer
5 31 (6.03%) Software Engineer
6 30 (5.84%) Enterprise Integration Developer
6 30 (5.84%) Integration Developer
7 29 (5.64%) Consultant
8 27 (5.25%) Senior Java Developer
9 16 (3.11%) Java Engineer
9 16 (3.11%) Technical Leader
10 14 (2.72%) Administrator
10 14 (2.72%) J2EE Developer
10 14 (2.72%) Java/J2EE Developer
11 13 (2.53%) AWS DevOps
11 13 (2.53%) Scala Developer
11 13 (2.53%) Senior Software Engineer
11 13 (2.53%) Software Developer
12 12 (2.33%) Backend Developer
13 10 (1.95%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 213 (41.44%) Spring
2 132 (25.68%) REST
3 120 (23.35%) HTML
4 99 (19.26%) Web Services
5 92 (17.90%) CSS
6 89 (17.32%) Spring Boot
7 82 (15.95%) Hibernate
8 79 (15.37%) .NET
9 78 (15.18%) XML
10 77 (14.98%) JSON
11 71 (13.81%) SOAP
12 58 (11.28%) React
13 57 (11.09%) Apache Camel
14 53 (10.31%) JSP
15 50 (9.73%) HTML5
16 47 (9.14%) jQuery
17 46 (8.95%) Middleware
18 44 (8.56%) RESTful
19 43 (8.37%) Struts
20 41 (7.98%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 22 (4.28%) Clustering
2 18 (3.50%) Virtual Team
3 17 (3.31%) User Experience
4 11 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
5 10 (1.95%) Data Structures
5 10 (1.95%) Mobile App
6 9 (1.75%) Algorithms
6 9 (1.75%) Cloud Native
6 9 (1.75%) Data Protection Act
6 9 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
7 8 (1.56%) CMDB
8 7 (1.36%) Data Centre
9 6 (1.17%) mPOS
9 6 (1.17%) Public Cloud
10 5 (0.97%) Hedge funds
10 5 (0.97%) Management Information System
10 5 (0.97%) Tandem
11 4 (0.78%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (0.78%) Equities
11 4 (0.78%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 113 (21.98%) Unix
2 87 (16.93%) Linux
3 37 (7.20%) Windows
4 12 (2.33%) Solaris
5 11 (2.14%) AIX
6 8 (1.56%) HPUX
6 8 (1.56%) Mesosphere
6 8 (1.56%) Windows Server 2008
7 7 (1.36%) Windows 2000
8 6 (1.17%) Mac OS X
8 6 (1.17%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.39%) Android
9 2 (0.39%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.19%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.19%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (38.52%) Agile
2 115 (22.37%) Business Intelligence
2 115 (22.37%) DevOps
3 113 (21.98%) Microservices
4 74 (14.40%) CRM
5 72 (14.01%) Scrum
5 72 (14.01%) Software Engineering
6 63 (12.26%) CI/CD
7 60 (11.67%) Problem-Solving
8 56 (10.89%) Configuration Management
9 54 (10.51%) OO
10 50 (9.73%) Data Modelling
11 49 (9.53%) TDD
12 47 (9.14%) SDLC
13 45 (8.75%) Continuous Integration
13 45 (8.75%) Problem Management
14 40 (7.78%) Process Improvement
15 37 (7.20%) Migration
15 37 (7.20%) MVC
16 36 (7.00%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 486 (94.55%) Java
2 226 (43.97%) SQL
3 147 (28.60%) JavaScript
4 100 (19.46%) PL/SQL
5 57 (11.09%) Shell Script
6 53 (10.31%) Python
7 26 (5.06%) Perl
8 24 (4.67%) Scala
9 21 (4.09%) Groovy
10 20 (3.89%) COBOL
11 19 (3.70%) C#
11 19 (3.70%) TypeScript
12 16 (3.11%) Go
13 6 (1.17%) VB.NET
14 5 (0.97%) PHP
14 5 (0.97%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.78%) Kotlin
15 4 (0.78%) X++
16 3 (0.58%) Ruby
16 3 (0.58%) XPath
Qualifications
1 29 (5.64%) Degree
1 29 (5.64%) Security Cleared
2 22 (4.28%) SC Cleared
3 13 (2.53%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (0.78%) Master's Degree
4 4 (0.78%) Sun Certification
5 3 (0.58%) CTC Cleared
6 2 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.39%) MBA
6 2 (0.39%) PhD
7 1 (0.19%) CCNA
7 1 (0.19%) CISA
7 1 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.19%) CISSP
7 1 (0.19%) CSSLP
7 1 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.19%) MCSE
7 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.19%) RHCE
7 1 (0.19%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (4.47%) QA
2 5 (0.97%) GDPR
3 3 (0.58%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.39%) PMO
5 1 (0.19%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.19%) Section 508
5 1 (0.19%) SEPA
5 1 (0.19%) SLA
5 1 (0.19%) WCAG
System Software
1 57 (11.09%) Docker
2 16 (3.11%) Active Directory
3 6 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.78%) vSphere
5 3 (0.58%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.58%) Tivoli Directory Server
6 2 (0.39%) HDFS
6 2 (0.39%) Samba
6 2 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 52 (10.12%) Kubernetes
2 24 (4.67%) Terraform
3 22 (4.28%) Ansible
4 15 (2.92%) Single Sign-On
5 7 (1.36%) Kibana
6 6 (1.17%) Microsoft Intune
7 5 (0.97%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 4 (0.78%) Tivoli Identity Manager
9 3 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
9 3 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.58%) Puppet
9 3 (0.58%) Tivoli
10 2 (0.39%) Ambari
10 2 (0.39%) CA Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.39%) SCCM
11 1 (0.19%) EMC NetWorker
11 1 (0.19%) logstash
11 1 (0.19%) Oracle Statspack
11 1 (0.19%) Packer
11 1 (0.19%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 236 (45.91%) Oracle
2 79 (15.37%) Microsoft
3 73 (14.20%) SAP
4 42 (8.17%) IBM
5 41 (7.98%) BEA
5 41 (7.98%) webMethods
6 27 (5.25%) Pega
7 15 (2.92%) Cloudera
7 15 (2.92%) Red Hat
8 14 (2.72%) MuleSoft
9 13 (2.53%) Adobe
9 13 (2.53%) Google
9 13 (2.53%) TIBCO
10 12 (2.33%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (2.14%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.95%) AppDynamics
13 9 (1.75%) Demandware
13 9 (1.75%) Informatica
13 9 (1.75%) Okta
14 8 (1.56%) hybris