Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 311 283 268
Rank change year-on-year -28 -15 -48
Contract jobs citing J2EE 438 441 938
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.77% 0.87% 1.03%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.53% 2.90% 3.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 281 324 455
10th Percentile £350 £378 £359
25th Percentile £405 £428 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year -9.52% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £540 £625 £550
90th Percentile £675 £700 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -8.42% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 6 5
Median hourly rate - £62.75 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year - +4.58% +69.01%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £50.00 £60.00
% change year-on-year - -16.67% +69.01%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,321 15,190 29,864
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.31% 30.12% 32.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,351 10,739 21,251
10th Percentile £340 £333 £330
25th Percentile £413 £413 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -2.78% - +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 139 267
10th Percentile £23.60 £18.96 £17.19
25th Percentile £34.00 £31.25 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.42 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.05% +5.49% +6.25%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.00 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +7.41%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -37 327 £488 -7.14% 59
UK excluding London +61 195 £435 -8.42% 36
London -115 153 £525 -4.55% 26
Work from Home -143 137 £450 -21.74% 10
Midlands +44 62 £405 -4.71% 10
West Midlands +32 54 £405 -4.71% 7
South East +8 34 £522 +4.40% 13
Scotland +2 33 £441 +10.13% 3
North of England +23 28 £431 -9.26% 6
East of England +37 22 £480 +1.05% 3
North West +10 18 £433 -1.59% 3
South West +31 10 £700 +40.00% 1
North East +23 7 £451 -18.00%
East Midlands - 6 £350 - 3
Wales - 4 £438 -
Yorkshire +22 3 £375 -23.08% 3
Northern Ireland - 2 £486 -

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 414 (94.52%) Java
2 194 (44.29%) Agile Software Development
2 194 (44.29%) Oracle
3 190 (43.38%) SQL
4 155 (35.39%) Spring
5 124 (28.31%) Social Skills
6 117 (26.71%) Unix
7 105 (23.97%) PL/SQL
8 101 (23.06%) WebLogic
9 99 (22.60%) Scrum
10 92 (21.00%) Business Intelligence
11 90 (20.55%) webMethods
12 89 (20.32%) Git (software)
13 87 (19.86%) Jenkins
14 85 (19.41%) Microservices
15 84 (19.18%) BEA
16 82 (18.72%) Test Strategy
17 78 (17.81%) Process Improvement
18 77 (17.58%) Software Engineering
19 76 (17.35%) DevOps
20 75 (17.12%) Data Modelling
21 73 (16.67%) OO
22 72 (16.44%) Configuration Management
23 71 (16.21%) Shell Script
24 70 (15.98%) Web Services
25 69 (15.75%) AWS
26 68 (15.53%) Azure
26 68 (15.53%) XML
26 68 (15.53%) Linux
27 67 (15.30%) Hibernate

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (23.06%) WebLogic
2 38 (8.68%) Apache
2 38 (8.68%) WebSphere
3 31 (7.08%) Confluence
4 30 (6.85%) Tomcat
5 28 (6.39%) SharePoint
6 24 (5.48%) JBoss
7 19 (4.34%) Mule
8 14 (3.20%) BizTalk Server
9 12 (2.74%) CMS
10 11 (2.51%) Apache Spark
10 11 (2.51%) Camunda
10 11 (2.51%) Jetty
11 10 (2.28%) IIS
12 9 (2.05%) Apache Airflow
12 9 (2.05%) Liferay
13 7 (1.60%) Apache Solr
13 7 (1.60%) Mongrel
13 7 (1.60%) Mule ESB
13 7 (1.60%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (0.46%) Chatbot
1 2 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.23%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 28 (6.39%) Dynamics AX
1 28 (6.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.91%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.68%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.46%) Magento
4 2 (0.46%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 2 (0.46%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.46%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.46%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.23%) Minerva
5 1 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.23%) Radian6
5 1 (0.23%) Shopify
5 1 (0.23%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.23%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 69 (15.75%) AWS
2 68 (15.53%) Azure
3 28 (6.39%) Dynamics 365
4 20 (4.57%) GCP
5 18 (4.11%) Power Platform
5 18 (4.11%) PowerApps
6 12 (2.74%) Amazon EC2
7 7 (1.60%) Google App Engine
8 6 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
8 6 (1.37%) PaaS
9 5 (1.14%) Azure Active Directory
9 5 (1.14%) Microsoft 365
9 5 (1.14%) OpenShift
10 4 (0.91%) IaaS
11 3 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
11 3 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.68%) GitHub
11 3 (0.68%) SaaS
11 3 (0.68%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 2 (0.46%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.11%) HTTP
2 12 (2.74%) SSL
3 10 (2.28%) DNS
4 8 (1.83%) TCP/IP
5 7 (1.60%) DHCP
5 7 (1.60%) FTP
5 7 (1.60%) IPsec
6 6 (1.37%) Firewall
7 5 (1.14%) Kerberos
8 4 (0.91%) POP3
8 4 (0.91%) SMS
8 4 (0.91%) SMTP
9 3 (0.68%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.46%) SSH
11 1 (0.23%) Broadband
11 1 (0.23%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (8.90%) Relational Database
2 22 (5.02%) MongoDB
3 16 (3.65%) BusinessObjects
3 16 (3.65%) DB2
3 16 (3.65%) MySQL
4 14 (3.20%) Oracle Database
5 10 (2.28%) Apache Hive
5 10 (2.28%) HBase
5 10 (2.28%) NoSQL
5 10 (2.28%) SQL Server
6 8 (1.83%) Amazon Aurora
6 8 (1.83%) RDBMS
7 7 (1.60%) Cloudera CDH
7 7 (1.60%) Parquet
8 6 (1.37%) Big Data
8 6 (1.37%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.14%) Power BI
10 4 (0.91%) Hadoop
11 3 (0.68%) Impala
12 2 (0.46%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 89 (20.32%) Git (software)
2 87 (19.86%) Jenkins
3 54 (12.33%) Maven
4 53 (12.10%) JIRA
5 48 (10.96%) CA Gen
6 37 (8.45%) JUnit
7 30 (6.85%) Bitbucket
8 25 (5.71%) Selenium
9 21 (4.79%) Eclipse
10 20 (4.57%) Cucumber
11 17 (3.88%) IntelliJ
12 14 (3.20%) TeamCity
13 12 (2.74%) Gradle
14 11 (2.51%) Subversion
15 10 (2.28%) Ant
15 10 (2.28%) SoapUI
16 8 (1.83%) SonarQube
17 7 (1.60%) Postman
17 7 (1.60%) Travis CI
18 5 (1.14%) IBM UrbanCode
General
1 124 (28.31%) Social Skills
2 47 (10.73%) Public Sector
3 43 (9.82%) Banking
4 41 (9.36%) Finance
5 31 (7.08%) Analytical Skills
6 19 (4.34%) Marketing
7 17 (3.88%) Retail
8 10 (2.28%) Front Office
8 10 (2.28%) Investment Banking
9 9 (2.05%) Presentation Skills
10 6 (1.37%) Influencing Skills
10 6 (1.37%) Manufacturing
10 6 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
10 6 (1.37%) Retail Banking
11 3 (0.68%) Back Office
12 2 (0.46%) Automotive
12 2 (0.46%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.23%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.23%) Billing
13 1 (0.23%) Games
Job Titles
1 220 (50.23%) Developer
2 135 (30.82%) Java Developer
3 65 (14.84%) Architect
4 36 (8.22%) Software Engineer
5 30 (6.85%) Senior Developer
6 22 (5.02%) Scala Developer
7 21 (4.79%) Senior Java Developer
8 20 (4.57%) Consultant
8 20 (4.57%) Full Stack Developer
8 20 (4.57%) Java Engineer
9 18 (4.11%) Solutions Architect
10 16 (3.65%) C Programmer
10 16 (3.65%) Data Engineer
10 16 (3.65%) Programmer
11 13 (2.97%) Java Software Engineer
12 10 (2.28%) Integration Developer
12 10 (2.28%) Salesforce Architect
12 10 (2.28%) Technical Architect
13 9 (2.05%) Cloud Architect
14 8 (1.83%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 155 (35.39%) Spring
2 70 (15.98%) Web Services
3 68 (15.53%) XML
4 67 (15.30%) Hibernate
5 66 (15.07%) Spring Boot
6 65 (14.84%) REST
7 53 (12.10%) SOAP
8 52 (11.87%) HTML
9 49 (11.19%) JSON
10 48 (10.96%) .NET
11 43 (9.82%) Middleware
12 42 (9.59%) Kafka
13 40 (9.13%) CSS
14 30 (6.85%) AngularJS
15 28 (6.39%) RESTful
16 27 (6.16%) React
17 25 (5.71%) JSP
18 24 (5.48%) Apache Camel
19 23 (5.25%) Servlets
20 22 (5.02%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 11 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
2 9 (2.05%) Cloud Native
3 8 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 6 (1.37%) Data Structures
5 5 (1.14%) CMDB
5 5 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (0.91%) Mobile App
6 4 (0.91%) Web 2.0
7 3 (0.68%) Algorithms
7 3 (0.68%) Data Centre
7 3 (0.68%) Equities
7 3 (0.68%) N-Tier
7 3 (0.68%) User Experience
8 2 (0.46%) Clustering
8 2 (0.46%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (0.46%) Management Information System
8 2 (0.46%) Private Cloud
8 2 (0.46%) SWIFT
8 2 (0.46%) Virtual Team
9 1 (0.23%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 117 (26.71%) Unix
2 68 (15.53%) Linux
3 10 (2.28%) Oracle Linux
4 8 (1.83%) Windows
5 7 (1.60%) SUSE
6 4 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.91%) Solaris
7 2 (0.46%) Android
7 2 (0.46%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.46%) VMS
7 2 (0.46%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.46%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.23%) CentOS
8 1 (0.23%) OpenVMS
8 1 (0.23%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 194 (44.29%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (22.60%) Scrum
3 92 (21.00%) Business Intelligence
4 85 (19.41%) Microservices
5 82 (18.72%) Test Strategy
6 78 (17.81%) Process Improvement
7 77 (17.58%) Software Engineering
8 76 (17.35%) DevOps
9 75 (17.12%) Data Modelling
10 73 (16.67%) OO
11 72 (16.44%) Configuration Management
12 60 (13.70%) Continuous Integration
13 59 (13.47%) Problem Management
13 59 (13.47%) TDD
14 58 (13.24%) RUP
15 53 (12.10%) Problem-Solving
16 51 (11.64%) Waterfall
17 43 (9.82%) CRM
18 38 (8.68%) Migration
19 34 (7.76%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 414 (94.52%) Java
2 190 (43.38%) SQL
3 105 (23.97%) PL/SQL
4 71 (16.21%) Shell Script
5 57 (13.01%) JavaScript
6 46 (10.50%) Java 8
6 46 (10.50%) Perl
7 43 (9.82%) Scala
8 42 (9.59%) COBOL
9 21 (4.79%) C
10 14 (3.20%) Python
11 10 (2.28%) C#
12 7 (1.60%) Kotlin
13 6 (1.37%) Bash Shell
13 6 (1.37%) C++
14 5 (1.14%) Apex Code
15 4 (0.91%) Groovy
15 4 (0.91%) XPath
16 3 (0.68%) PowerShell
17 2 (0.46%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 41 (9.36%) Security Cleared
2 39 (8.90%) SC Cleared
3 14 (3.20%) Degree
4 7 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.46%) CFA
5 2 (0.46%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.46%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.23%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.23%) CCSA
6 1 (0.23%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.37%) QA
2 2 (0.46%) ISO 20022
2 2 (0.46%) SLA
3 1 (0.23%) Data Quality
System Software
1 33 (7.53%) Docker
2 14 (3.20%) Active Directory
3 8 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
3 8 (1.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (1.60%) Xen
5 5 (1.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.91%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 3 (0.68%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.46%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.23%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 1 (0.23%) IAG
9 1 (0.23%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.23%) XenApp
9 1 (0.23%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 31 (7.08%) Ansible
2 29 (6.62%) Kubernetes
3 27 (6.16%) Puppet
4 14 (3.20%) Terraform
5 9 (2.05%) Single Sign-On
6 7 (1.60%) Oozie
7 6 (1.37%) CloudHub
8 5 (1.14%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.91%) Tivoli
10 3 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.46%) Microsoft Intune
12 1 (0.23%) CA Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.23%) HP ALM
12 1 (0.23%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 1 (0.23%) SCCM
12 1 (0.23%) SCOM
12 1 (0.23%) SCVMM
12 1 (0.23%) Tivoli Identity Manager
12 1 (0.23%) vCenter Server
12 1 (0.23%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 194 (44.29%) Oracle
2 90 (20.55%) webMethods
3 84 (19.18%) BEA
4 51 (11.64%) Pega
5 43 (9.82%) SAP
6 38 (8.68%) IBM
7 34 (7.76%) Microsoft
8 20 (4.57%) Salesforce.com
9 17 (3.88%) Adobe
9 17 (3.88%) Informatica
10 13 (2.97%) MuleSoft
11 11 (2.51%) Google
11 11 (2.51%) hybris
12 9 (2.05%) Red Hat
13 8 (1.83%) VMware
13 8 (1.83%) WSO2
14 7 (1.60%) Databricks
14 7 (1.60%) Sybase
15 6 (1.37%) CA
15 6 (1.37%) CA Agile Central