Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 289 262 207
Rank change year-on-year -27 -55 -32
Contract jobs citing J2EE 535 1,020 1,329
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.85% 1.05% 1.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 2.83% 3.18% 4.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 336 529 864
Median daily rate £525 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £384 £360 £347
90th Percentile £700 £628 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 7
Median hourly rate £62.00 £48.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +27.18% +8.33% +13.21%
10th Percentile £50.50 £37.42 £31.15
90th Percentile £67.12 £58.75 £68.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £48.75 £40.25
% change year-on-year +2.56% +21.12% +1.26%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,920 32,059 32,715
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.00% 32.94% 32.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,845 22,622 23,117
Median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +9.83%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £410
% change year-on-year +3.45% +6.10% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 301 333
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.50 £41.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.66% +0.21% +3.54%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £18.60
90th Percentile £69.50 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +5.00%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing J2EE.

Hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 494 £525 +5.00% 89
London +37 291 £550 +4.76% 43
UK excluding London -63 230 £495 +10.00% 52
South East +8 69 £505 +12.22% 11
North of England +8 58 £575 +21.69% 10
Midlands -8 40 £419 -1.47% 11
West Midlands +11 37 £420 -8.20% 5
Scotland +11 29 £593 +58.00% 4
North West +10 28 £475 +0.53% 3
Yorkshire +43 22 £600 +33.33% 7
South West +10 18 £500 +8.11% 10
East of England -14 16 £475 -7.32% 4
North East +14 9 £675 +25.58%
Work from Home +1 5 £650 +20.93% 1
East Midlands +7 3 £375 -6.25% 6
Northern Ireland +14 1 - -

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 507 (94.77%) Java
2 285 (53.27%) Agile Software Development
3 230 (42.99%) Web Services
4 201 (37.57%) AWS
5 197 (36.82%) SQL
6 185 (34.58%) DevOps
7 184 (34.39%) Oracle
8 170 (31.78%) Spring
9 166 (31.03%) Finance
10 165 (30.84%) Jenkins
11 162 (30.28%) Software Engineering
12 141 (26.36%) Microservices
13 126 (23.55%) Asset Management
14 119 (22.24%) Front Office
15 118 (22.06%) Fixed Income
15 118 (22.06%) Configuration Management
16 112 (20.93%) Derivative
17 111 (20.75%) JavaScript
18 107 (20.00%) WebLogic
18 107 (20.00%) Python
19 100 (18.69%) Continuous Integration
20 99 (18.50%) Amazon EC2
20 99 (18.50%) Git (software)
21 97 (18.13%) Docker
22 95 (17.76%) PL/SQL
23 88 (16.45%) JIRA
24 86 (16.07%) Unix
25 85 (15.89%) XML
25 85 (15.89%) GCP
26 83 (15.51%) Data Modelling

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (20.00%) WebLogic
2 71 (13.27%) Confluence
3 69 (12.90%) WebSphere
4 59 (11.03%) Tomcat
5 47 (8.79%) Apache
6 31 (5.79%) IIS
7 29 (5.42%) nginx
8 27 (5.05%) Jetty
8 27 (5.05%) Mongrel
9 25 (4.67%) JBoss
10 11 (2.06%) BizTalk Server
10 11 (2.06%) SharePoint
11 8 (1.50%) Documentum
12 7 (1.31%) WebSphere Application Server
13 6 (1.12%) Cloud Foundry
14 5 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 4 (0.75%) Mule
16 3 (0.56%) ColdFusion
16 3 (0.56%) SAP Portal
16 3 (0.56%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 31 (5.79%) FINCAD Analytics
2 11 (2.06%) Dynamics AX
2 11 (2.06%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (1.87%) Finacle
4 4 (0.75%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.75%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.37%) Exstream
6 1 (0.19%) ENOVIA
6 1 (0.19%) Maximo
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.19%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 201 (37.57%) AWS
2 99 (18.50%) Amazon EC2
3 85 (15.89%) GCP
4 79 (14.77%) Azure
5 66 (12.34%) Amazon S3
6 64 (11.96%) Amazon SQS
7 60 (11.21%) Amazon ECS
8 55 (10.28%) AWS CloudFormation
8 55 (10.28%) AWS Lambda
8 55 (10.28%) OpenShift
8 55 (10.28%) Serverless
9 31 (5.79%) AWS Step Functions
10 28 (5.23%) Google App Engine
11 24 (4.49%) GitHub
12 11 (2.06%) Dynamics 365
13 6 (1.12%) SaaS
14 5 (0.93%) PaaS
15 4 (0.75%) Power Platform
16 3 (0.56%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 3 (0.56%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 59 (11.03%) HTTP
2 41 (7.66%) TCP/IP
3 40 (7.48%) SSL
4 33 (6.17%) FTP
5 30 (5.61%) DNS
6 29 (5.42%) IPsec
7 28 (5.23%) DHCP
8 5 (0.93%) Internet
9 3 (0.56%) Firewall
9 3 (0.56%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.56%) SSH
10 1 (0.19%) NAS
10 1 (0.19%) Network Security
10 1 (0.19%) tcpdump
10 1 (0.19%) VPN
10 1 (0.19%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (14.02%) Amazon RDS
2 60 (11.21%) Amazon Redshift
3 50 (9.35%) NoSQL
4 49 (9.16%) PostgreSQL
5 47 (8.79%) SQL Server
6 46 (8.60%) Relational Database
7 44 (8.22%) Amazon Athena
8 43 (8.04%) MongoDB
9 42 (7.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 36 (6.73%) DB2
11 32 (5.98%) RDBMS
12 29 (5.42%) Amazon Aurora
12 29 (5.42%) BusinessObjects
13 25 (4.67%) Apache Cassandra
14 22 (4.11%) Couchbase
14 22 (4.11%) HBase
14 22 (4.11%) MariaDB
14 22 (4.11%) Neo4j
14 22 (4.11%) Redis
15 21 (3.93%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 165 (30.84%) Jenkins
2 99 (18.50%) Git (software)
3 88 (16.45%) JIRA
4 82 (15.33%) Maven
5 81 (15.14%) JUnit
6 55 (10.28%) Bitbucket
7 53 (9.91%) Artifactory
8 52 (9.72%) Gradle
8 52 (9.72%) RStudio
9 51 (9.53%) Mockito
10 28 (5.23%) Travis CI
11 25 (4.67%) Cucumber
12 23 (4.30%) SonarQube
13 22 (4.11%) Ant
14 21 (3.93%) Eclipse
14 21 (3.93%) Selenium
15 18 (3.36%) Subversion
16 17 (3.18%) CA Gen
17 16 (2.99%) jMock
18 15 (2.80%) JMeter
General
1 166 (31.03%) Finance
2 119 (22.24%) Front Office
3 75 (14.02%) Banking
4 35 (6.54%) Public Sector
5 24 (4.49%) Investment Banking
6 12 (2.24%) Retail
7 10 (1.87%) Games
8 9 (1.68%) Back Office
9 6 (1.12%) Marketing
9 6 (1.12%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.93%) Automotive
10 5 (0.93%) Local Government
10 5 (0.93%) Telecoms
11 4 (0.75%) Legal
12 2 (0.37%) Electronics
12 2 (0.37%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.37%) Law
12 2 (0.37%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.19%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 346 (64.67%) Developer
2 235 (43.93%) Java Developer
3 69 (12.90%) AWS Developer
4 56 (10.47%) Java Engineer
5 51 (9.53%) Java Software Developer
6 49 (9.16%) AWS Engineer
7 46 (8.60%) Software Engineer
8 44 (8.22%) J2EE Developer
8 44 (8.22%) Java/J2EE Developer
9 39 (7.29%) DevOps Engineer
10 37 (6.92%) Full Stack Developer
10 37 (6.92%) Lead Developer
11 34 (6.36%) Architect
12 32 (5.98%) Lead Java Developer
12 32 (5.98%) Lead Software Developer
13 26 (4.86%) Scala Developer
14 25 (4.67%) Senior Developer
15 22 (4.11%) Java Software Engineer
15 22 (4.11%) Python Developer
15 22 (4.11%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 230 (42.99%) Web Services
2 170 (31.78%) Spring
3 85 (15.89%) XML
4 76 (14.21%) SOAP
5 74 (13.83%) .NET
5 74 (13.83%) Hibernate
6 69 (12.90%) REST
7 68 (12.71%) J2SE
7 68 (12.71%) Spring Boot
8 61 (11.40%) RESTful
9 60 (11.21%) AngularJS
9 60 (11.21%) HTML
10 52 (9.72%) React
11 47 (8.79%) CSS
12 44 (8.22%) JSON
13 41 (7.66%) Node.js
14 39 (7.29%) Servlets
15 36 (6.73%) HTML5
16 22 (4.11%) JPA
17 17 (3.18%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 118 (22.06%) Fixed Income
2 112 (20.93%) Derivative
3 77 (14.39%) Equities
4 68 (12.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 52 (9.72%) Hedge funds
6 31 (5.79%) Equity Derivative
7 30 (5.61%) Greenfield Project
8 26 (4.86%) Mobile App
9 21 (3.93%) Enterprise Software
10 19 (3.55%) User Experience
11 16 (2.99%) Market Risk
12 14 (2.62%) Analytical Skills
13 13 (2.43%) Mobile Payment
13 13 (2.43%) Reference Data
14 12 (2.24%) Public Cloud
15 9 (1.68%) Virtual Team
16 8 (1.50%) Data Structures
17 7 (1.31%) Blog
17 7 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
17 7 (1.31%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 86 (16.07%) Unix
2 69 (12.90%) Linux
3 21 (3.93%) Windows
4 7 (1.31%) Windows Server
5 6 (1.12%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (0.75%) AIX
6 4 (0.75%) Android
7 2 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.37%) Solaris
7 2 (0.37%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.19%) Windows NT
8 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
8 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 285 (53.27%) Agile Software Development
2 185 (34.58%) DevOps
3 162 (30.28%) Software Engineering
4 141 (26.36%) Microservices
5 126 (23.55%) Asset Management
6 118 (22.06%) Configuration Management
7 100 (18.69%) Continuous Integration
8 83 (15.51%) Data Modelling
8 83 (15.51%) Test Strategy
9 76 (14.21%) Process Improvement
10 75 (14.02%) TDD
11 72 (13.46%) Business Intelligence
11 72 (13.46%) Problem Management
12 66 (12.34%) Decision-Making
13 64 (11.96%) Open Source
14 50 (9.35%) Deployment Automation
15 49 (9.16%) Analytics
15 49 (9.16%) OO
16 43 (8.04%) Scrum
17 38 (7.10%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 507 (94.77%) Java
2 197 (36.82%) SQL
3 111 (20.75%) JavaScript
4 107 (20.00%) Python
5 95 (17.76%) PL/SQL
6 65 (12.15%) R
7 59 (11.03%) Shell Script
8 53 (9.91%) Scala
9 49 (9.16%) Kotlin
10 39 (7.29%) C#
11 35 (6.54%) Java 8
12 28 (5.23%) C++
13 24 (4.49%) Perl
14 17 (3.18%) TypeScript
15 10 (1.87%) Groovy
16 4 (0.75%) Apex Code
16 4 (0.75%) Ruby
16 4 (0.75%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.56%) COBOL
18 2 (0.37%) RPG
Qualifications
1 46 (8.60%) Security Cleared
2 37 (6.92%) Degree
2 37 (6.92%) SC Cleared
3 26 (4.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 13 (2.43%) BPSS Clearance
5 5 (0.93%) DV Cleared
6 4 (0.75%) Sun Certification
7 2 (0.37%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.19%) CISM
8 1 (0.19%) CISSP
8 1 (0.19%) ISEB
8 1 (0.19%) ISSMP
8 1 (0.19%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.19%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.31%) QA
2 4 (0.75%) SLA
3 2 (0.37%) COBIT
3 2 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 97 (18.13%) Docker
2 35 (6.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (5.05%) Xen
4 7 (1.31%) vSphere
5 4 (0.75%) Postfix
6 3 (0.56%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.37%) ISA Server
7 2 (0.37%) LXC
8 1 (0.19%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.19%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.19%) OpenIDM
8 1 (0.19%) Samba
8 1 (0.19%) Tivoli Directory Server
Systems Management
1 72 (13.46%) Kubernetes
2 65 (12.15%) Terraform
3 33 (6.17%) Puppet
4 15 (2.80%) Ansible
5 13 (2.43%) Kibana
6 11 (2.06%) logstash
7 5 (0.93%) Consul
8 3 (0.56%) Netcool
8 3 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.56%) Rundeck
9 2 (0.37%) Amdocs OSS
9 2 (0.37%) Grafana
9 2 (0.37%) Oracle Identity Management
9 2 (0.37%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 2 (0.37%) Tivoli
10 1 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.19%) Netcool/OMNIbus
10 1 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 184 (34.39%) Oracle
2 73 (13.64%) BEA
3 69 (12.90%) webMethods
4 65 (12.15%) Google
5 37 (6.92%) Microsoft
5 37 (6.92%) VMware
6 36 (6.73%) SAP
7 29 (5.42%) IBM
8 28 (5.23%) Sybase
9 26 (4.86%) Informatica
10 21 (3.93%) Pega
11 11 (2.06%) hybris
12 9 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
13 8 (1.50%) MuleSoft
14 6 (1.12%) Adobe
14 6 (1.12%) Red Hat
15 4 (0.75%) CA
15 4 (0.75%) Guidewire
16 3 (0.56%) AppDynamics
16 3 (0.56%) ForgeRock