Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for J2EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited J2EE over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 223 201 155
Rank change year-on-year -22 -46 -5
Contract jobs citing J2EE 1,335 1,397 1,870
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.36% 1.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.68% 4.21% 5.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 777 898 1,182
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% - +5.57%
10th Percentile £350 £320 £313
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 8 27
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £38.50 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +4.05% -7.50%
10th Percentile £41.00 £36.40 £31.54
90th Percentile £100.75 £61.73 £44.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £37.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year +21.62% - -7.50%

J2EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,258 33,174 32,712
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.81% 32.20% 30.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,572 23,397 22,653
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £299
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 319 376 376
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £17.00 £18.25 £14.06
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £41.00 £36.75
% change year-on-year +0.61% +11.56% -2.00%

J2EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing J2EE as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor daily rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE.

Contractor hourly rate trend for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing J2EE over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for J2EE in the UK

J2EE
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing J2EE within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 1,190 £500 +5.26% 220
UK excluding London -9 753 £450 +5.88% 154
London -32 555 £525 +2.44% 79
South East -9 212 £450 -10.00% 36
Midlands +52 147 £400 -7.25% 23
North of England -52 118 £438 +9.38% 34
East of England -22 97 £520 +22.35% 24
West Midlands +45 91 £425 -2.86% 14
Scotland -17 68 £400 -3.61% 6
South West -37 66 £525 +28.05% 24
North West -41 56 £413 -2.94% 21
East Midlands +4 52 £400 -8.57% 9
Wales +14 36 £400 +60.00% 5
Yorkshire -19 34 £475 +11.76% 10
North East -10 28 £325 -1.67% 3
Northern Ireland +39 15 £500 +21.21% 2

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing J2EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for J2EE.

1 1,236 (92.58%) Java
2 699 (52.36%) Agile Software Development
3 595 (44.57%) Spring
4 395 (29.59%) Jenkins
5 358 (26.82%) SQL
6 354 (26.52%) Web Services
7 311 (23.30%) Scrum
8 308 (23.07%) Oracle
9 306 (22.92%) JavaScript
10 303 (22.70%) Git (software)
11 297 (22.25%) REST
11 297 (22.25%) TDD
12 287 (21.50%) Unix
13 285 (21.35%) Linux
14 283 (21.20%) Hibernate
14 283 (21.20%) Microservices
15 275 (20.60%) Maven
16 261 (19.55%) BDD
17 249 (18.65%) Finance
18 247 (18.50%) HTML
19 239 (17.90%) Amazon AWS
20 233 (17.45%) Continuous Integration
21 231 (17.30%) JUnit
22 225 (16.85%) DevOps
23 218 (16.33%) SOAP
24 216 (16.18%) CSS
24 216 (16.18%) Spring Boot
25 215 (16.10%) RESTful
26 200 (14.98%) JSON
27 198 (14.83%) XML

J2EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 182 (13.63%) Apache
2 157 (11.76%) WebLogic
3 147 (11.01%) WebSphere
4 124 (9.29%) Tomcat
5 111 (8.31%) JBoss
6 72 (5.39%) Confluence
7 53 (3.97%) Mule
8 52 (3.90%) nginx
9 51 (3.82%) Apache Spark
10 50 (3.75%) IIS
11 49 (3.67%) Jetty
12 44 (3.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 38 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
14 36 (2.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 30 (2.25%) Mongrel
16 27 (2.02%) WebSphere Application Server
17 25 (1.87%) CMS
18 18 (1.35%) Commerce Server
18 18 (1.35%) GlassFish
19 15 (1.12%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 7 (0.52%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.075%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.075%) RoboHelp
3 1 (0.075%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 23 (1.72%) SAP Hybris
2 13 (0.97%) Dynamics AX
2 13 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.97%) Maximo
3 6 (0.45%) Oracle Retail
4 3 (0.22%) Actimize
5 2 (0.15%) MetaTrader
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.15%) SAP PM
6 1 (0.075%) Cerner Millennium
6 1 (0.075%) Lorenzo
6 1 (0.075%) Magento
6 1 (0.075%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.075%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.075%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 239 (17.90%) Amazon AWS
2 99 (7.42%) Amazon EC2
3 76 (5.69%) GitHub
4 63 (4.72%) Microsoft Azure
5 47 (3.52%) Google Cloud Platform
6 31 (2.32%) Google App Engine
7 22 (1.65%) Google Analytics
8 21 (1.57%) SaaS
9 14 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
9 14 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (0.90%) Apigee
11 9 (0.67%) Amazon S3
11 9 (0.67%) npm
12 6 (0.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 5 (0.37%) Sauce Labs
14 4 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
14 4 (0.30%) PaaS
14 4 (0.30%) Serverless
15 3 (0.22%) Adobe Analytics
15 3 (0.22%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 106 (7.94%) HTTP
2 79 (5.92%) SSL
3 77 (5.77%) TCP/IP
4 42 (3.15%) DNS
5 31 (2.32%) FTP
6 30 (2.25%) DHCP
6 30 (2.25%) IPsec
7 18 (1.35%) SAN
8 13 (0.97%) Internet
9 11 (0.82%) Firewall
10 9 (0.67%) Ethernet
11 8 (0.60%) MPLS
12 7 (0.52%) Wireless
13 4 (0.30%) NAS
13 4 (0.30%) Network Security
14 3 (0.22%) Kerberos
14 3 (0.22%) SMS
14 3 (0.22%) Software-Defined Networking
15 2 (0.15%) HTTPS
15 2 (0.15%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 149 (11.16%) Relational Database
2 85 (6.37%) MongoDB
3 79 (5.92%) Hadoop
4 78 (5.84%) NoSQL
4 78 (5.84%) SQL Server
5 72 (5.39%) Big Data
6 67 (5.02%) MySQL
7 65 (4.87%) Oracle Database
8 64 (4.79%) PostgreSQL
9 52 (3.90%) BusinessObjects
10 39 (2.92%) Oracle Database 11g
11 32 (2.40%) RDBMS
12 28 (2.10%) DB2
12 28 (2.10%) HBase
13 20 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
14 19 (1.42%) Cloudant
14 19 (1.42%) Oracle Database 12c
15 16 (1.20%) Apache Cassandra
16 14 (1.05%) Parquet
17 11 (0.82%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 395 (29.59%) Jenkins
2 303 (22.70%) Git (software)
3 275 (20.60%) Maven
4 231 (17.30%) JUnit
5 161 (12.06%) JIRA
6 108 (8.09%) Mockito
7 97 (7.27%) Eclipse
8 78 (5.84%) DbUnit
8 78 (5.84%) jMock
8 78 (5.84%) Selenium
8 78 (5.84%) SonarQube
9 60 (4.49%) Ant
10 58 (4.34%) Subversion
11 47 (3.52%) Hudson
12 46 (3.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 45 (3.37%) Cucumber
14 41 (3.07%) IntelliJ
15 38 (2.85%) Gradle
16 30 (2.25%) Artifactory
17 29 (2.17%) Bitbucket
General
1 249 (18.65%) Finance
2 158 (11.84%) Banking
3 75 (5.62%) Retail
4 68 (5.09%) Front Office
5 59 (4.42%) Investment Banking
6 19 (1.42%) Back Office
7 14 (1.05%) Advertising
8 12 (0.90%) Games
8 12 (0.90%) Law
9 11 (0.82%) Marketing
10 10 (0.75%) Telecoms
11 7 (0.52%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.37%) Legal
12 5 (0.37%) Publishing
13 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.22%) Billing
14 3 (0.22%) Manufacturing
15 2 (0.15%) Automotive
16 1 (0.075%) International Banking
16 1 (0.075%) Military
Job Titles
1 920 (68.91%) Developer
2 671 (50.26%) Java Developer
3 138 (10.34%) Architect
4 100 (7.49%) J2EE Developer
5 94 (7.04%) Java/J2EE Developer
6 88 (6.59%) Senior Developer
7 77 (5.77%) Senior Java Developer
8 63 (4.72%) Java Engineer
9 53 (3.97%) Full Stack Developer
10 51 (3.82%) Software Engineer
11 50 (3.75%) Consultant
12 46 (3.45%) Java Software Engineer
13 40 (3.00%) Integration Developer
14 38 (2.85%) Solutions Architect
15 37 (2.77%) Lead Developer
16 36 (2.70%) Java Architect
17 35 (2.62%) Lead Java Developer
18 30 (2.25%) AWS Engineer
18 30 (2.25%) Oracle Developer
19 29 (2.17%) Big Data Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 595 (44.57%) Spring
2 354 (26.52%) Web Services
3 297 (22.25%) REST
4 283 (21.20%) Hibernate
5 247 (18.50%) HTML
6 218 (16.33%) SOAP
7 216 (16.18%) CSS
7 216 (16.18%) Spring Boot
8 215 (16.10%) RESTful
9 200 (14.98%) JSON
10 198 (14.83%) XML
11 179 (13.41%) AngularJS
12 157 (11.76%) Middleware
13 145 (10.86%) HTML5
14 119 (8.91%) Node.js
15 114 (8.54%) Apache Camel
16 112 (8.39%) jQuery
17 111 (8.31%) .NET
18 89 (6.67%) Java EE
19 88 (6.59%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 84 (6.29%) Analytical Skills
2 65 (4.87%) Greenfield Project
3 46 (3.45%) User Experience
4 41 (3.07%) Enterprise Software
5 31 (2.32%) Mobile App
6 22 (1.65%) Computer Science
6 22 (1.65%) Data Centre
6 22 (1.65%) Virtual Team
7 21 (1.57%) NHS
8 20 (1.50%) Fintech
9 19 (1.42%) Hedge funds
9 19 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
10 17 (1.27%) Algorithms
10 17 (1.27%) Clustering
11 16 (1.20%) Mainframe
12 14 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
13 13 (0.97%) Fixed Income
14 12 (0.90%) Data Structures
14 12 (0.90%) Public Cloud
15 11 (0.82%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 287 (21.50%) Unix
2 285 (21.35%) Linux
3 47 (3.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 45 (3.37%) Windows
5 35 (2.62%) Solaris
6 25 (1.87%) Android
7 20 (1.50%) Ubuntu
8 17 (1.27%) Apple iOS
9 10 (0.75%) VME
10 5 (0.37%) AIX
10 5 (0.37%) CentOS
11 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.22%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.15%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 699 (52.36%) Agile Software Development
2 311 (23.30%) Scrum
3 297 (22.25%) TDD
4 283 (21.20%) Microservices
5 261 (19.55%) BDD
6 233 (17.45%) Continuous Integration
7 225 (16.85%) DevOps
8 186 (13.93%) E-Commerce
9 184 (13.78%) OO
10 152 (11.39%) Kanban
11 150 (11.24%) Test Automation
12 140 (10.49%) Software Engineering
13 139 (10.41%) Open Source
14 133 (9.96%) Configuration Management
15 126 (9.44%) Problem-Solving
16 118 (8.84%) Unit Testing
17 107 (8.01%) MVC
18 97 (7.27%) SOA
19 66 (4.94%) Pair Programming
20 58 (4.34%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,236 (92.58%) Java
2 358 (26.82%) SQL
3 306 (22.92%) JavaScript
4 124 (9.29%) PL/SQL
5 117 (8.76%) Java 8
6 99 (7.42%) Python
6 99 (7.42%) Shell Script
7 63 (4.72%) Scala
8 57 (4.27%) Perl
9 54 (4.04%) C#
10 48 (3.60%) Groovy
11 38 (2.85%) C
12 33 (2.47%) C++
13 28 (2.10%) Ruby
14 21 (1.57%) Haskell
15 20 (1.50%) PHP
16 12 (0.90%) Apple Swift
16 12 (0.90%) Objective-C
17 10 (0.75%) ABAP
17 10 (0.75%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 154 (11.54%) Security Cleared
2 105 (7.87%) SC Cleared
3 49 (3.67%) Degree
4 20 (1.50%) DV Cleared
5 18 (1.35%) AWS Certification
6 12 (0.90%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 10 (0.75%) Computer Science Degree
8 9 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.30%) ISEB
9 4 (0.30%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.15%) IRCA
10 2 (0.15%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.15%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 1 (0.075%) A+ Certification
11 1 (0.075%) CEH
11 1 (0.075%) CISSP
11 1 (0.075%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (3.22%) QA
2 14 (1.05%) PMO
3 8 (0.60%) SLA
4 6 (0.45%) GDPR
5 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.15%) HL7
5 2 (0.15%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.15%) PSD2
6 1 (0.075%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.075%) IFRS
6 1 (0.075%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 169 (12.66%) Docker
2 98 (7.34%) VMware Infrastructure
3 54 (4.04%) vSphere
4 52 (3.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 31 (2.32%) Xen
6 27 (2.02%) HDFS
7 14 (1.05%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 5 (0.37%) Active Directory
9 2 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.15%) Tivoli Directory Server
10 1 (0.075%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.075%) Firmware
10 1 (0.075%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.075%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.075%) OpenIDM
10 1 (0.075%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 82 (6.14%) Terraform
2 78 (5.84%) Puppet
3 68 (5.09%) Ansible
4 47 (3.52%) Hadoop YARN
5 43 (3.22%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (2.17%) Kibana
7 25 (1.87%) Grafana
7 25 (1.87%) Kubernetes
8 18 (1.35%) Oracle Identity Management
8 18 (1.35%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 16 (1.20%) Amdocs OSS
10 13 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.67%) HockeyApp
12 5 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
12 5 (0.37%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 4 (0.30%) CA Wily
13 4 (0.30%) collectd
13 4 (0.30%) Graphite
13 4 (0.30%) logstash
13 4 (0.30%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 308 (23.07%) Oracle
2 104 (7.79%) VMware
3 76 (5.69%) Google
4 71 (5.32%) IBM
5 69 (5.17%) Microsoft
5 69 (5.17%) SAP
5 69 (5.17%) webMethods
6 57 (4.27%) Adobe
7 53 (3.97%) hybris
8 49 (3.67%) BEA
9 33 (2.47%) Red Hat
10 24 (1.80%) Pega
11 23 (1.72%) Atlassian
12 21 (1.57%) Informatica
13 19 (1.42%) Okta
14 16 (1.20%) Cramer
15 15 (1.12%) MuleSoft
15 15 (1.12%) Splunk
16 13 (0.97%) CA Agile Central
16 13 (0.97%) Salesforce.com