Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 42 45
Rank change year-on-year -8 +3 +12
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 4,038 5,209 4,131
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.45% 5.22% 4.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.12% 6.03% 5.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,611 3,612 2,892
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £385 £359 £325
90th Percentile £675 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 30 43
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.25 £45.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.65% -0.55% +1.11%
10th Percentile £29.83 £35.00 £35.00
90th Percentile £59.00 £67.25 £61.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.25 £46.00 £45.87
% change year-on-year +4.89% +0.28% +9.21%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,932 86,342 77,818
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.02% 86.58% 85.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,862 56,905 50,957
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £305 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.17% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,192 2,336 2,112
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £21.74 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.00% -13.04% -
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.18 £11.47
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.50 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +22.50% -20.00% -7.41%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 3,774 £513 +2.50% 288
UK excluding London -12 1,994 £475 +5.56% 203
London -11 1,993 £550 +4.76% 106
South East -5 619 £475 - 49
North of England -6 501 £500 +17.65% 59
Midlands -6 294 £475 +1.06% 26
Yorkshire -4 236 £500 +17.65% 11
South West -14 208 £500 +9.89% 23
West Midlands -12 197 £475 -0.84% 19
North West -13 193 £500 +17.65% 41
Scotland +1 164 £450 +9.09% 11
East of England -9 160 £460 -8.00% 26
East Midlands +29 97 £439 +9.69% 7
North East +14 72 £460 -1.87% 7
Wales -22 46 £500 -2.44% 6
Northern Ireland -7 9 £475 +1.57% 4
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,749 (68.08%) Agile Software Development
2 1,671 (41.38%) DevOps
3 1,582 (39.18%) Jenkins
4 1,563 (38.71%) Java
5 1,395 (34.55%) TDD
6 1,297 (32.12%) Amazon AWS
7 1,283 (31.77%) Git (software)
8 1,259 (31.18%) Test Automation
9 1,113 (27.56%) Scrum
10 1,040 (25.76%) Linux
11 948 (23.48%) JavaScript
11 948 (23.48%) Python
12 943 (23.35%) Microsoft Azure
13 865 (21.42%) Continuous Delivery
14 821 (20.33%) Docker
15 812 (20.11%) SQL
16 746 (18.47%) C#
17 734 (18.18%) Microservices
18 696 (17.24%) .NET
19 686 (16.99%) Web Services
20 673 (16.67%) Ansible
21 650 (16.10%) Kubernetes
22 638 (15.80%) BDD
23 629 (15.58%) Finance
24 593 (14.69%) HTML
25 587 (14.54%) JIRA
26 571 (14.14%) Continuous Deployment
27 553 (13.69%) Kanban
28 549 (13.60%) CSS
29 541 (13.40%) Puppet

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 288 (7.13%) Confluence
2 203 (5.03%) Apache
3 164 (4.06%) Tomcat
4 158 (3.91%) Apache Spark
5 143 (3.54%) Elasticsearch
6 126 (3.12%) nginx
7 111 (2.75%) WebSphere
8 81 (2.01%) IIS
9 79 (1.96%) JBoss
9 79 (1.96%) OpenStack
10 75 (1.86%) WebLogic
11 56 (1.39%) Cloud Foundry
11 56 (1.39%) SharePoint
12 49 (1.21%) Jetty
13 32 (0.79%) Mongrel
14 30 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 25 (0.62%) WordPress
16 21 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
16 21 (0.52%) Mule
17 20 (0.50%) SAS
Applications
1 21 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.27%) Photoshop
4 9 (0.22%) Sketch
5 8 (0.20%) Zeplin
6 7 (0.17%) Adobe XD
7 5 (0.12%) InVision
7 5 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.074%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.050%) Open Workbench
10 1 (0.025%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.025%) GIMP
10 1 (0.025%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.025%) OmniGraffle
10 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.025%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 56 (1.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
3 14 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
4 12 (0.30%) Magento
5 5 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
5 5 (0.12%) Shopify
6 4 (0.099%) Remedy ITSM
6 4 (0.099%) SAP FI-CA
6 4 (0.099%) SAP PSCD
6 4 (0.099%) Summit
7 3 (0.074%) Sentinel
8 2 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.050%) HFM
8 2 (0.050%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.050%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.050%) Scribe Insight
8 2 (0.050%) Unit4 Business World
9 1 (0.025%) Oracle Cash Management
9 1 (0.025%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.025%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 1,297 (32.12%) Amazon AWS
2 943 (23.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 305 (7.55%) GitHub
4 300 (7.43%) Google Cloud Platform
5 253 (6.27%) Amazon EC2
6 236 (5.84%) Serverless
7 220 (5.45%) PaaS
8 184 (4.56%) Amazon S3
9 178 (4.41%) AWS CloudFormation
10 168 (4.16%) AWS Lambda
10 168 (4.16%) IaaS
11 155 (3.84%) OpenShift
12 141 (3.49%) SaaS
13 125 (3.10%) Amazon SQS
14 106 (2.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 87 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
16 69 (1.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 56 (1.39%) Amazon ECS
17 56 (1.39%) Dynamics 365
18 54 (1.34%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 294 (7.28%) HTTP
2 170 (4.21%) TCP/IP
3 162 (4.01%) SSL
4 120 (2.97%) DNS
5 98 (2.43%) FTP
6 84 (2.08%) DHCP
6 84 (2.08%) IPsec
7 45 (1.11%) Firewall
8 43 (1.06%) Internet
9 29 (0.72%) VPN
10 19 (0.47%) Kerberos
11 15 (0.37%) Network Security
12 13 (0.32%) Wireless
13 11 (0.27%) MQTT
14 10 (0.25%) Skype
15 8 (0.20%) DSL
16 7 (0.17%) 3GPP
16 7 (0.17%) H.323
16 7 (0.17%) VLAN
17 6 (0.15%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 463 (11.47%) SQL Server
2 351 (8.69%) NoSQL
3 296 (7.33%) Big Data
4 287 (7.11%) PostgreSQL
4 287 (7.11%) Relational Database
5 274 (6.79%) MongoDB
6 223 (5.52%) MySQL
7 184 (4.56%) Hadoop
8 157 (3.89%) Amazon RDS
9 124 (3.07%) Amazon Redshift
10 119 (2.95%) RDBMS
11 91 (2.25%) Apache Cassandra
12 88 (2.18%) Data Warehouse
13 69 (1.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 64 (1.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 57 (1.41%) Apache Hive
15 57 (1.41%) BigQuery
15 57 (1.41%) Redis
16 56 (1.39%) HBase
17 52 (1.29%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,582 (39.18%) Jenkins
2 1,283 (31.77%) Git (software)
3 587 (14.54%) JIRA
4 404 (10.00%) Selenium
5 373 (9.24%) Maven
6 324 (8.02%) Cucumber
7 253 (6.27%) TeamCity
8 236 (5.84%) JUnit
9 218 (5.40%) Bitbucket
10 191 (4.73%) Visual Studio Team System
11 190 (4.71%) Subversion
12 178 (4.41%) Visual Studio
13 168 (4.16%) Mockito
14 152 (3.76%) Team Foundation Server
15 151 (3.74%) SonarQube
16 142 (3.52%) GitLab
17 128 (3.17%) Travis CI
18 123 (3.05%) Sonatype Nexus
19 116 (2.87%) Artifactory
20 113 (2.80%) WebDriver
General
1 629 (15.58%) Finance
2 369 (9.14%) Banking
3 129 (3.19%) Retail
4 83 (2.06%) Games
5 80 (1.98%) Front Office
6 77 (1.91%) Investment Banking
7 71 (1.76%) Telecoms
8 66 (1.63%) Financial Institution
9 64 (1.58%) Marketing
10 55 (1.36%) Manufacturing
11 47 (1.16%) Legal
12 39 (0.97%) Electronics
13 38 (0.94%) Law
14 34 (0.84%) Back Office
15 20 (0.50%) Publishing
16 15 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
17 12 (0.30%) Billing
18 11 (0.27%) Advertising
19 9 (0.22%) Retail Banking
20 8 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,806 (44.73%) Developer
2 649 (16.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 499 (12.36%) Java Developer
4 308 (7.63%) Architect
5 252 (6.24%) Senior Developer
6 209 (5.18%) C# Developer
7 193 (4.78%) .NET Developer
8 169 (4.19%) Tester
9 151 (3.74%) Cloud Engineer
10 148 (3.67%) AWS Engineer
11 144 (3.57%) Python Developer
12 135 (3.34%) JavaScript Developer
13 130 (3.22%) Full Stack Developer
14 120 (2.97%) Software Engineer
15 116 (2.87%) Automation Tester
16 111 (2.75%) Angular Developer
17 108 (2.67%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 105 (2.60%) AWS DevOps
19 99 (2.45%) Software Developer
20 97 (2.40%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 696 (17.24%) .NET
2 686 (16.99%) Web Services
3 593 (14.69%) HTML
4 549 (13.60%) CSS
5 518 (12.83%) RESTful
6 509 (12.61%) REST
7 503 (12.46%) AngularJS
8 494 (12.23%) Spring
9 378 (9.36%) Node.js
10 348 (8.62%) JSON
11 296 (7.33%) SOAP
12 281 (6.96%) React
13 244 (6.04%) Kafka
14 243 (6.02%) ASP.NET
15 239 (5.92%) HTML5
16 227 (5.62%) XML
17 214 (5.30%) J2EE
18 187 (4.63%) ASP.NET Web API
19 179 (4.43%) jQuery
20 174 (4.31%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 251 (6.22%) Analytical Skills
2 200 (4.95%) Greenfield Project
3 175 (4.33%) User Experience
4 113 (2.80%) Enterprise Software
5 102 (2.53%) Public Cloud
6 97 (2.40%) Mobile App
7 92 (2.28%) Algorithms
7 92 (2.28%) Data Structures
8 77 (1.91%) Linux Command Line
8 77 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
9 66 (1.63%) Fixed Income
10 62 (1.54%) Derivative
11 56 (1.39%) Hedge funds
12 49 (1.21%) Cloud Native
13 48 (1.19%) Virtual Team
14 46 (1.14%) Private Cloud
15 43 (1.06%) Management Information System
16 37 (0.92%) Hybrid Cloud
17 34 (0.84%) Video on Demand
18 31 (0.77%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 1,040 (25.76%) Linux
2 331 (8.20%) Unix
3 313 (7.75%) Windows
4 114 (2.82%) Android
5 104 (2.58%) Apple iOS
6 98 (2.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 65 (1.61%) CentOS
7 65 (1.61%) Mac OS X
8 49 (1.21%) Windows Server
9 45 (1.11%) Ubuntu
10 18 (0.45%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.32%) Debian
11 13 (0.32%) VMS
12 11 (0.27%) tvOS
13 8 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.17%) AIX
15 5 (0.12%) Mesosphere
16 4 (0.099%) Fedora
16 4 (0.099%) Windows Server 2008
17 3 (0.074%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,749 (68.08%) Agile Software Development
2 1,671 (41.38%) DevOps
3 1,395 (34.55%) TDD
4 1,259 (31.18%) Test Automation
5 1,113 (27.56%) Scrum
6 865 (21.42%) Continuous Delivery
7 734 (18.18%) Microservices
8 638 (15.80%) BDD
9 571 (14.14%) Continuous Deployment
10 553 (13.69%) Kanban
11 538 (13.32%) Configuration Management
12 534 (13.22%) Open Source
13 458 (11.34%) Software Engineering
14 383 (9.48%) Problem-Solving
15 371 (9.19%) Deployment Automation
16 334 (8.27%) Unit Testing
17 318 (7.88%) MVC
18 313 (7.75%) OO
19 290 (7.18%) Continuous Improvement
20 278 (6.88%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,563 (38.71%) Java
2 948 (23.48%) JavaScript
2 948 (23.48%) Python
3 812 (20.11%) SQL
4 746 (18.47%) C#
5 376 (9.31%) Ruby
6 283 (7.01%) Bash Shell
7 241 (5.97%) Scala
8 220 (5.45%) PowerShell
9 196 (4.85%) Java 8
10 179 (4.43%) Shell Script
11 140 (3.47%) Groovy
12 129 (3.19%) Perl
13 114 (2.82%) PHP
14 109 (2.70%) TypeScript
15 96 (2.38%) Go
16 86 (2.13%) C++
17 69 (1.71%) PL/SQL
18 68 (1.68%) C
19 63 (1.56%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 401 (9.93%) Security Cleared
2 299 (7.40%) SC Cleared
3 204 (5.05%) Degree
4 100 (2.48%) BPSS Clearance
5 62 (1.54%) Computer Science Degree
6 56 (1.39%) ISTQB
7 45 (1.11%) ISEB
8 37 (0.92%) AWS Certification
9 31 (0.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 26 (0.64%) CTC Cleared
11 23 (0.57%) CISSP
11 23 (0.57%) DBS Check
12 17 (0.42%) Master's Degree
13 15 (0.37%) DV Cleared
13 15 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
14 13 (0.32%) MCSE
15 10 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
16 9 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
16 9 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
17 8 (0.20%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (6.29%) QA
2 40 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 28 (0.69%) Disclosure Scotland
4 23 (0.57%) SLA
5 18 (0.45%) NCSC
6 16 (0.40%) GDPR
6 16 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.32%) PSD2
8 12 (0.30%) NIST
9 8 (0.20%) PMO
9 8 (0.20%) SEPA
10 7 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.12%) MISRA
12 4 (0.099%) COBIT
12 4 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 3 (0.074%) MiFID
13 3 (0.074%) Solvency II
13 3 (0.074%) WCAG
14 1 (0.025%) FedRAMP
14 1 (0.025%) HL7
System Software
1 821 (20.33%) Docker
2 122 (3.02%) Virtual Machines
3 113 (2.80%) Active Directory
4 99 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
5 54 (1.34%) HDFS
6 43 (1.06%) vSphere
7 37 (0.92%) Xen
8 24 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 18 (0.45%) vCloud
10 17 (0.42%) Postfix
11 10 (0.25%) Apache Flume
12 8 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
12 8 (0.20%) VMware NSX
13 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 5 (0.12%) Firmware
14 5 (0.12%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
15 4 (0.099%) KVM
15 4 (0.099%) NDS
15 4 (0.099%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 673 (16.67%) Ansible
2 650 (16.10%) Kubernetes
3 541 (13.40%) Puppet
4 428 (10.60%) Terraform
5 409 (10.13%) Opscode Chef
6 68 (1.68%) Kibana
7 50 (1.24%) Grafana
8 42 (1.04%) Nagios
9 37 (0.92%) Packer
10 36 (0.89%) logstash
11 34 (0.84%) Consul
12 29 (0.72%) ZABBIX
13 26 (0.64%) Rancher
14 25 (0.62%) Control-M
14 25 (0.62%) HAProxy
15 24 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
16 22 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
16 22 (0.54%) Graphite
17 21 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
18 18 (0.45%) Salt
Vendors
1 466 (11.54%) Microsoft
2 311 (7.70%) Google
3 290 (7.18%) Oracle
4 153 (3.79%) Red Hat
5 131 (3.24%) VMware
6 86 (2.13%) Atlassian
7 75 (1.86%) Splunk
8 67 (1.66%) SAP
9 62 (1.54%) IBM
10 55 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
11 52 (1.29%) Greenplum
12 43 (1.06%) New Relic
13 42 (1.04%) HP
14 41 (1.02%) AppDynamics
15 34 (0.84%) EMC
15 34 (0.84%) MuleSoft
16 31 (0.77%) NetApp
16 31 (0.77%) Telerik
17 30 (0.74%) Dell
18 29 (0.72%) Perforce