Period
to 17 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 41 42
Rank change year-on-year -18 +1 +4
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,730 5,382 5,244
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.75% 5.41% 5.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.39% 6.20% 6.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,806 3,562 3,751
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £355
90th Percentile £679 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £465 £440
% change year-on-year +2.15% +5.68% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 18 53
UK median hourly rate £46.25 £38.75 £49.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.35% -21.72% +16.47%
10th Percentile £17.90 £35.00 £36.50
90th Percentile £78.75 £64.05 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.25 £49.50
% change year-on-year -24.32% -6.57% +26.92%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,121 86,750 86,456
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.30% 87.25% 86.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 40,433 57,261 57,808
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +1.18% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,066 2,205 2,029
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £23.49 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.09% +2.13% +0.70%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.26 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.43 £24.00
% change year-on-year -6.38% -6.54% +6.67%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 2,486 £525 +5.00% 955
London -17 1,368 £550 +4.76% 367
UK excluding London -27 1,312 £475 +2.15% 707
North of England -16 347 £475 +5.56% 186
South East -31 330 £500 - 141
Midlands -16 171 £475 +5.56% 95
Yorkshire +4 167 £475 +5.56% 75
Scotland -14 149 £450 +5.88% 73
South West -34 144 £500 +17.65% 91
West Midlands -7 138 £475 +2.70% 63
North West -37 136 £475 +5.56% 95
East of England -5 116 £450 -10.00% 76
North East -23 46 £450 -10.00% 16
Wales -13 38 £495 +16.47% 32
East Midlands -11 33 £325 -19.75% 32
Northern Ireland +15 18 £575 +16.75% 14

For the 6 months to 17 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,764 (64.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,050 (38.46%) DevOps
3 981 (35.93%) Jenkins
4 968 (35.46%) Java
5 895 (32.78%) TDD
6 830 (30.40%) Git (software)
7 807 (29.56%) Test Automation
8 733 (26.85%) AWS
9 719 (26.34%) JavaScript
10 718 (26.30%) Scrum
11 659 (24.14%) Azure
12 639 (23.41%) Python
13 597 (21.87%) Linux
14 552 (20.22%) SQL
15 548 (20.07%) C#
16 512 (18.75%) .NET
17 510 (18.68%) Microservices
18 503 (18.42%) Docker
19 496 (18.17%) Continuous Delivery
20 485 (17.77%) HTML
21 477 (17.47%) CSS
22 468 (17.14%) Finance
23 458 (16.78%) Microsoft
24 446 (16.34%) BDD
25 418 (15.31%) Web Services
26 376 (13.77%) Kubernetes
27 371 (13.59%) AngularJS
28 361 (13.22%) Security Cleared
29 358 (13.11%) RESTful
30 353 (12.93%) Software Engineering

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 154 (5.64%) Confluence
2 112 (4.10%) Apache
3 102 (3.74%) Apache Spark
4 100 (3.66%) Tomcat
5 82 (3.00%) IIS
6 77 (2.82%) nginx
7 66 (2.42%) WebSphere
8 51 (1.87%) Elasticsearch
9 43 (1.58%) Jetty
10 37 (1.36%) CMS
11 35 (1.28%) Mongrel
12 28 (1.03%) JBoss
13 26 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
13 26 (0.95%) SharePoint
13 26 (0.95%) WebLogic
14 25 (0.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 20 (0.73%) SAS
16 17 (0.62%) Jupyter
17 15 (0.55%) OpenStack
18 10 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 23 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.66%) Sketch
3 13 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.29%) Chatbot
5 6 (0.22%) Figma
5 6 (0.22%) InVision
6 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
7 4 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.073%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 38 (1.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 24 (0.88%) Magento
3 14 (0.51%) Oracle BPM
4 13 (0.48%) Shopify
5 10 (0.37%) BusinessWorks
6 8 (0.29%) thinkFolio
7 7 (0.26%) Sonata
8 6 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 6 (0.22%) Unit4 Business World
9 4 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
9 4 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
9 4 (0.15%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
10 3 (0.11%) Temenos T24
11 2 (0.073%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.073%) SAP EWM
11 2 (0.073%) Sentinel
12 1 (0.037%) Actimize
12 1 (0.037%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 1 (0.037%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 733 (26.85%) AWS
2 659 (24.14%) Azure
3 257 (9.41%) GitHub
4 192 (7.03%) GCP
5 162 (5.93%) Amazon EC2
6 146 (5.35%) PaaS
7 121 (4.43%) Serverless
8 98 (3.59%) IaaS
9 88 (3.22%) Amazon SQS
10 85 (3.11%) Power Platform
11 76 (2.78%) AWS Lambda
11 76 (2.78%) SaaS
12 69 (2.53%) AWS CloudFormation
13 63 (2.31%) Amazon S3
14 57 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
15 48 (1.76%) OpenShift
16 39 (1.43%) Google Analytics
17 37 (1.36%) Dynamics 365
18 35 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
19 33 (1.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 219 (8.02%) HTTP
2 132 (4.84%) TCP/IP
3 101 (3.70%) SSL
4 88 (3.22%) DNS
5 57 (2.09%) Firewall
6 52 (1.90%) Internet
7 44 (1.61%) DHCP
8 42 (1.54%) IPsec
9 40 (1.47%) FTP
10 31 (1.14%) DSL
11 24 (0.88%) VPN
12 23 (0.84%) SSH
13 17 (0.62%) HTTPS
13 17 (0.62%) Wireshark
14 11 (0.40%) Wireless
15 10 (0.37%) IPv4
15 10 (0.37%) IPv6
15 10 (0.37%) UPnP
16 9 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
17 7 (0.26%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 334 (12.23%) SQL Server
2 228 (8.35%) Relational Database
3 168 (6.15%) PostgreSQL
4 166 (6.08%) NoSQL
5 145 (5.31%) Big Data
6 140 (5.13%) MongoDB
7 125 (4.58%) MySQL
8 101 (3.70%) Amazon RDS
9 97 (3.55%) Hadoop
10 85 (3.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 74 (2.71%) Data Lake
12 73 (2.67%) Power BI
13 64 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
14 59 (2.16%) RDBMS
15 45 (1.65%) Oracle Database
16 44 (1.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 40 (1.47%) Apache Hive
17 40 (1.47%) Redis
18 38 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 37 (1.36%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 981 (35.93%) Jenkins
2 830 (30.40%) Git (software)
3 349 (12.78%) JIRA
4 249 (9.12%) Selenium
5 218 (7.99%) Cucumber
6 208 (7.62%) Maven
7 207 (7.58%) JUnit
8 156 (5.71%) TeamCity
9 139 (5.09%) Mockito
10 120 (4.40%) SonarQube
11 113 (4.14%) Visual Studio
12 101 (3.70%) Visual Studio Team System
13 98 (3.59%) GitLab
14 95 (3.48%) Team Foundation Server
15 85 (3.11%) Octopus Deploy
16 83 (3.04%) Sonatype Nexus
17 78 (2.86%) Bitbucket
18 76 (2.78%) Subversion
19 75 (2.75%) DbUnit
19 75 (2.75%) jMock
General
1 468 (17.14%) Finance
2 205 (7.51%) Public Sector
3 200 (7.33%) Banking
4 97 (3.55%) Retail
5 69 (2.53%) Front Office
6 51 (1.87%) Marketing
7 40 (1.47%) Games
8 38 (1.39%) Telecoms
9 34 (1.25%) Military
10 32 (1.17%) Investment Banking
11 30 (1.10%) Manufacturing
12 22 (0.81%) Electronics
13 21 (0.77%) Back Office
13 21 (0.77%) Legal
14 17 (0.62%) Financial Institution
15 11 (0.40%) Law
16 9 (0.33%) Automotive
16 9 (0.33%) Publishing
17 8 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
18 7 (0.26%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,338 (49.01%) Developer
2 371 (13.59%) DevOps Engineer
3 334 (12.23%) Java Developer
4 185 (6.78%) C# Developer
5 159 (5.82%) Senior Developer
6 151 (5.53%) .NET Developer
7 146 (5.35%) Software Engineer
8 131 (4.80%) Architect
9 125 (4.58%) Full Stack Developer
10 109 (3.99%) React Developer
11 98 (3.59%) Python Developer
12 92 (3.37%) Tester
13 87 (3.19%) Cloud Engineer
14 86 (3.15%) AWS Engineer
15 85 (3.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 82 (3.00%) Azure Engineer
17 81 (2.97%) Data Engineer
18 79 (2.89%) JavaScript Developer
19 76 (2.78%) C# .NET Developer
19 76 (2.78%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 512 (18.75%) .NET
2 485 (17.77%) HTML
3 477 (17.47%) CSS
4 418 (15.31%) Web Services
5 371 (13.59%) AngularJS
6 358 (13.11%) RESTful
7 336 (12.31%) React
8 334 (12.23%) REST
9 332 (12.16%) Spring
10 284 (10.40%) Node.js
11 254 (9.30%) JSON
12 191 (7.00%) HTML5
13 184 (6.74%) XML
14 180 (6.59%) SOAP
15 158 (5.79%) Kafka
16 132 (4.84%) CSS3
17 130 (4.76%) ASP.NET
18 128 (4.69%) Spring Boot
19 122 (4.47%) J2EE
20 121 (4.43%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 240 (8.79%) Analytical Skills
2 158 (5.79%) User Experience
3 100 (3.66%) Greenfield Project
4 99 (3.63%) Mobile App
5 68 (2.49%) Linux Command Line
6 63 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 57 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
8 52 (1.90%) Public Cloud
9 51 (1.87%) Hedge funds
10 50 (1.83%) Equities
11 43 (1.58%) Data Structures
12 40 (1.47%) Algorithms
13 37 (1.36%) PKI
14 32 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
15 31 (1.14%) Derivative
16 30 (1.10%) Cloud Native
16 30 (1.10%) Fixed Income
17 29 (1.06%) Management Information System
18 25 (0.92%) Video on Demand
19 23 (0.84%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 597 (21.87%) Linux
2 266 (9.74%) Windows
3 241 (8.83%) Unix
4 109 (3.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 100 (3.66%) Apple iOS
6 80 (2.93%) Android
7 47 (1.72%) CentOS
8 45 (1.65%) Windows Server
9 42 (1.54%) Ubuntu
10 28 (1.03%) Debian
11 19 (0.70%) Mac OS X
12 16 (0.59%) tvOS
13 12 (0.44%) Solaris
14 11 (0.40%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.18%) DC/OS
15 5 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.15%) VMS
17 2 (0.073%) CoreOS
17 2 (0.073%) HPUX
18 1 (0.037%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,764 (64.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,050 (38.46%) DevOps
3 895 (32.78%) TDD
4 807 (29.56%) Test Automation
5 718 (26.30%) Scrum
6 510 (18.68%) Microservices
7 496 (18.17%) Continuous Delivery
8 446 (16.34%) BDD
9 353 (12.93%) Software Engineering
10 338 (12.38%) Kanban
11 327 (11.98%) Open Source
12 312 (11.43%) Problem-Solving
13 289 (10.59%) Continuous Deployment
14 284 (10.40%) Infrastructure as Code
15 277 (10.15%) Configuration Management
16 275 (10.07%) OO
17 245 (8.97%) Unit Testing
18 214 (7.84%) MVC
19 206 (7.55%) Analytics
19 206 (7.55%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 968 (35.46%) Java
2 719 (26.34%) JavaScript
3 639 (23.41%) Python
4 552 (20.22%) SQL
5 548 (20.07%) C#
6 227 (8.32%) Ruby
7 225 (8.24%) Bash Shell
8 189 (6.92%) Scala
9 174 (6.37%) PowerShell
10 128 (4.69%) Java 8
11 112 (4.10%) C
12 105 (3.85%) Groovy
13 98 (3.59%) Shell Script
14 92 (3.37%) C++
15 79 (2.89%) Go
16 72 (2.64%) TypeScript
17 59 (2.16%) Perl
18 54 (1.98%) Apple Swift
19 49 (1.79%) PHP
20 44 (1.61%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 361 (13.22%) Security Cleared
2 271 (9.93%) SC Cleared
3 172 (6.30%) Degree
4 55 (2.01%) DV Cleared
5 48 (1.76%) BPSS Clearance
5 48 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
6 45 (1.65%) ISTQB
7 22 (0.81%) AWS Certification
7 22 (0.81%) ISEB
8 16 (0.59%) Master's Degree
9 14 (0.51%) DBS Check
10 11 (0.40%) RHCE
11 10 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 10 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
13 6 (0.22%) CCNA
13 6 (0.22%) CISSP
14 5 (0.18%) RHCSA
15 3 (0.11%) IISP
15 3 (0.11%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 194 (7.11%) QA
2 30 (1.10%) WCAG
3 17 (0.62%) Data Quality
4 15 (0.55%) MiFID
5 10 (0.37%) SLA
6 8 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
7 7 (0.26%) NCSC
8 5 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.11%) HL7
9 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.11%) NIST
10 2 (0.073%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.037%) GDPR
11 1 (0.037%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.037%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.037%) MISRA
11 1 (0.037%) MISRA C
11 1 (0.037%) PMO
11 1 (0.037%) WAI
System Software
1 503 (18.42%) Docker
2 90 (3.30%) VMware Infrastructure
3 78 (2.86%) Virtual Machines
4 53 (1.94%) Postfix
5 40 (1.47%) Active Directory
6 36 (1.32%) Xen
7 33 (1.21%) HDFS
8 32 (1.17%) vSphere
9 11 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 11 (0.40%) VirtualBox
10 7 (0.26%) VMware NSX
11 6 (0.22%) Firmware
12 5 (0.18%) Hyper-V
13 3 (0.11%) NFS
14 2 (0.073%) PowerDNS
14 2 (0.073%) vCloud
15 1 (0.037%) Apache Flume
15 1 (0.037%) OpenDJ
15 1 (0.037%) SRDF
15 1 (0.037%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 376 (13.77%) Kubernetes
2 349 (12.78%) Ansible
3 304 (11.14%) Terraform
4 247 (9.05%) Puppet
5 169 (6.19%) Opscode Chef
6 77 (2.82%) Kibana
7 56 (2.05%) Grafana
8 45 (1.65%) Packer
9 25 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
10 24 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
11 23 (0.84%) Prometheus
12 19 (0.70%) Salt
13 18 (0.66%) Consul
14 15 (0.55%) Control-M
15 14 (0.51%) logstash
16 11 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
16 11 (0.40%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 10 (0.37%) Nagios
18 9 (0.33%) Rancher
18 9 (0.33%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 458 (16.78%) Microsoft
2 249 (9.12%) Google
3 193 (7.07%) Oracle
4 103 (3.77%) VMware
5 75 (2.75%) Red Hat
6 58 (2.12%) Atlassian
7 53 (1.94%) Splunk
8 52 (1.90%) IBM
9 51 (1.87%) Apple
10 43 (1.58%) Cloudera
10 43 (1.58%) SAP
11 40 (1.47%) Hortonworks
12 33 (1.21%) Databricks
12 33 (1.21%) Remedy
13 32 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
13 32 (1.17%) Tableau
14 31 (1.14%) Sitecore
15 29 (1.06%) Cisco
16 22 (0.81%) Dell
16 22 (0.81%) Informatica