Period
to 6 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 6 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
6 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 58 56 42
Rank change year-on-year -2 -14 +4
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,336 3,834 5,386
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.77% 4.21% 5.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.39% 4.84% 6.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 943 2,527 3,818
Median daily rate £510 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £370 £388 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 21 25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -6.67% -21.05%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £46.50 £40.75
% change year-on-year -12.37% +14.11% -14.21%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 30,436 79,144 89,106
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.99% 86.87% 86.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,985 52,028 58,743
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,100 2,290 2,400
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% +14.29% -13.56%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.76 £11.17
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £30.00 £23.75 £20.00
% change year-on-year +26.32% +18.75% -20.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 6 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 6 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 6 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1,172 £520 +4.00% 351
UK excluding London +5 683 £495 +4.21% 261
London -10 605 £548 -0.45% 124
North of England +6 200 £500 +5.26% 82
South East -3 166 £495 +4.21% 35
Work from Home -20 116 £500 +5.26% 41
Yorkshire +29 98 £525 +6.06% 21
Scotland +31 95 £500 +11.11% 26
South West +2 81 £515 +8.42% 55
North West -1 74 £415 -14.87% 55
Midlands -29 62 £432 -9.05% 43
East of England -5 45 £488 +8.33% 12
West Midlands -27 41 £475 - 26
Wales +19 31 £413 -17.50% 8
North East +9 28 £495 +10.00% 6
East Midlands -4 20 £350 -27.08% 17
Northern Ireland +5 3 £431 -19.81% 1

For the 6 months to 6 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 820 (61.38%) Agile Software Development
2 608 (45.51%) DevOps
3 518 (38.77%) Git (software)
4 494 (36.98%) Java
5 491 (36.75%) Jenkins
6 460 (34.43%) Test Automation
7 431 (32.26%) Azure
8 410 (30.69%) AWS
9 356 (26.65%) TDD
10 347 (25.97%) JavaScript
11 341 (25.52%) Python
12 327 (24.48%) Docker
13 305 (22.83%) Continuous Delivery
14 302 (22.60%) Scrum
15 295 (22.08%) SQL
16 287 (21.48%) Linux
17 273 (20.43%) Kubernetes
18 266 (19.91%) Microservices
19 253 (18.94%) Microsoft
20 241 (18.04%) Terraform
21 235 (17.59%) C#
22 231 (17.29%) Security Cleared
23 222 (16.62%) Finance
24 220 (16.47%) JIRA
25 200 (14.97%) Ansible
26 186 (13.92%) HTML
27 182 (13.62%) BDD
27 182 (13.62%) GitHub
28 178 (13.32%) SC Cleared
29 177 (13.25%) RESTful

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (8.38%) Confluence
2 52 (3.89%) Apache Spark
3 47 (3.52%) WebLogic
4 43 (3.22%) Elasticsearch
4 43 (3.22%) SharePoint
5 41 (3.07%) Apache
6 40 (2.99%) WebSphere
7 37 (2.77%) Tomcat
8 30 (2.25%) JBoss
9 29 (2.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 23 (1.72%) Mule
10 23 (1.72%) nginx
11 21 (1.57%) Oracle Service Bus
12 16 (1.20%) IIS
13 14 (1.05%) SAS
14 13 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
14 13 (0.97%) CMS
15 12 (0.90%) WebSphere Application Server
16 10 (0.75%) AquaLogic
16 10 (0.75%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 11 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.15%) Figma
2 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.15%) Sketch
3 1 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.075%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 42 (3.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (1.50%) Oracle BPM
3 11 (0.82%) Teamcenter
4 8 (0.60%) SAP FI-CA
5 5 (0.37%) Magento
5 5 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.22%) Shopify
7 1 (0.075%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.075%) Maximo
7 1 (0.075%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.075%) SAP Business ByDesign
7 1 (0.075%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.075%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 431 (32.26%) Azure
2 410 (30.69%) AWS
3 182 (13.62%) GitHub
4 139 (10.40%) GCP
5 92 (6.89%) Serverless
6 86 (6.44%) Amazon EC2
7 83 (6.21%) Amazon S3
8 67 (5.01%) Power Platform
9 63 (4.72%) AWS Lambda
9 63 (4.72%) PaaS
10 62 (4.64%) AWS CloudFormation
11 61 (4.57%) IaaS
12 50 (3.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 43 (3.22%) SaaS
14 40 (2.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 34 (2.54%) Cloud Computing
16 33 (2.47%) OpenShift
17 32 (2.40%) Amazon SQS
18 26 (1.95%) Logic Apps
19 23 (1.72%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 90 (6.74%) HTTP
2 65 (4.87%) SSL
3 61 (4.57%) TCP/IP
4 56 (4.19%) Firewall
5 49 (3.67%) DNS
6 27 (2.02%) HTTPS
7 23 (1.72%) Reverse Proxy
8 15 (1.12%) VLAN
9 11 (0.82%) Skype
10 9 (0.67%) DHCP
10 9 (0.67%) SNMP
10 9 (0.67%) VPN
11 8 (0.60%) FTP
12 7 (0.52%) Internet
12 7 (0.52%) Kerberos
13 6 (0.45%) DSL
13 6 (0.45%) SAN
14 4 (0.30%) LAN
14 4 (0.30%) RTMP
14 4 (0.30%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (10.10%) SQL Server
2 112 (8.38%) NoSQL
3 101 (7.56%) Relational Database
4 68 (5.09%) Big Data
5 63 (4.72%) MongoDB
6 60 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
7 51 (3.82%) Data Warehouse
8 46 (3.44%) Amazon RDS
8 46 (3.44%) RDBMS
9 45 (3.37%) Data Lake
9 45 (3.37%) MySQL
10 43 (3.22%) Hadoop
11 41 (3.07%) Oracle Database
11 41 (3.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 39 (2.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 38 (2.84%) Power BI
14 20 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 20 (1.50%) Apache Hive
15 18 (1.35%) Amazon Redshift
15 18 (1.35%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 518 (38.77%) Git (software)
2 491 (36.75%) Jenkins
3 220 (16.47%) JIRA
4 150 (11.23%) Selenium
5 132 (9.88%) Maven
6 121 (9.06%) JUnit
7 114 (8.53%) TeamCity
8 112 (8.38%) Cucumber
9 96 (7.19%) GitLab
10 84 (6.29%) Visual Studio
11 76 (5.69%) Subversion
12 70 (5.24%) Bitbucket
13 54 (4.04%) SonarQube
14 50 (3.74%) Gradle
15 47 (3.52%) JMeter
15 47 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
16 45 (3.37%) Team Foundation Server
17 41 (3.07%) Ant
17 41 (3.07%) SoapUI
18 36 (2.69%) Mockito
General
1 222 (16.62%) Finance
2 121 (9.06%) Public Sector
3 100 (7.49%) Banking
4 50 (3.74%) Front Office
5 29 (2.17%) Investment Banking
6 25 (1.87%) Marketing
7 18 (1.35%) Legal
8 17 (1.27%) Telecoms
9 16 (1.20%) Manufacturing
10 12 (0.90%) Back Office
10 12 (0.90%) Retail
11 11 (0.82%) Electronics
12 10 (0.75%) Games
12 10 (0.75%) Law
13 9 (0.67%) Financial Institution
14 7 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
15 5 (0.37%) Billing
15 5 (0.37%) Retail Banking
16 4 (0.30%) Advertising
16 4 (0.30%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 555 (41.54%) Developer
2 193 (14.45%) DevOps Engineer
3 145 (10.85%) Java Developer
4 90 (6.74%) Architect
5 63 (4.72%) Senior Developer
6 62 (4.64%) .NET Developer
7 57 (4.27%) C# Developer
8 56 (4.19%) AWS Engineer
9 55 (4.12%) Azure Engineer
10 53 (3.97%) Data Engineer
11 51 (3.82%) Consultant
11 51 (3.82%) Tester
12 47 (3.52%) Cloud Engineer
12 47 (3.52%) Software Engineer
13 46 (3.44%) Full Stack Developer
14 41 (3.07%) JavaScript Developer
15 40 (2.99%) Android Developer
15 40 (2.99%) Senior DevOps
16 39 (2.92%) Automation Tester
17 37 (2.77%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 186 (13.92%) HTML
2 177 (13.25%) RESTful
3 174 (13.02%) .NET
4 170 (12.72%) Web Services
5 160 (11.98%) CSS
6 157 (11.75%) Spring
7 155 (11.60%) REST
8 139 (10.40%) Node.js
9 130 (9.73%) AngularJS
10 109 (8.16%) JSON
11 107 (8.01%) React
12 102 (7.63%) XML
13 89 (6.66%) SOAP
14 80 (5.99%) Kafka
15 77 (5.76%) HTML5
16 59 (4.42%) Middleware
17 58 (4.34%) Spring Boot
18 55 (4.12%) .NET Framework
19 52 (3.89%) Redux
20 47 (3.52%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 85 (6.36%) User Experience
2 59 (4.42%) Analytical Skills
3 41 (3.07%) Mobile App
4 37 (2.77%) Cloud Native
5 36 (2.69%) Fixed Income
6 32 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
7 31 (2.32%) Virtual Team
8 30 (2.25%) Data Structures
8 30 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
9 28 (2.10%) Management Information System
10 27 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
11 24 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
12 16 (1.20%) Algorithms
12 16 (1.20%) Public Cloud
13 15 (1.12%) Private Cloud
14 14 (1.05%) Credit Risk
15 13 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 12 (0.90%) Animation
16 12 (0.90%) Mobile Payment
17 11 (0.82%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 287 (21.48%) Linux
2 166 (12.43%) Windows
3 104 (7.78%) Unix
4 70 (5.24%) Android
5 45 (3.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 42 (3.14%) Windows Server
7 32 (2.40%) CentOS
8 26 (1.95%) Apple iOS
9 22 (1.65%) Windows Server 2016
10 16 (1.20%) Windows 10
11 12 (0.90%) Ubuntu
12 10 (0.75%) Solaris
13 7 (0.52%) Mac OS
13 7 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.37%) OpenVMS
14 5 (0.37%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 4 (0.30%) AIX
15 4 (0.30%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.30%) VMS
16 3 (0.22%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 820 (61.38%) Agile Software Development
2 608 (45.51%) DevOps
3 460 (34.43%) Test Automation
4 356 (26.65%) TDD
5 305 (22.83%) Continuous Delivery
6 302 (22.60%) Scrum
7 266 (19.91%) Microservices
8 182 (13.62%) BDD
9 164 (12.28%) Configuration Management
10 162 (12.13%) Infrastructure as Code
11 160 (11.98%) Software Engineering
12 143 (10.70%) SDLC
13 142 (10.63%) Open Source
14 140 (10.48%) Analytics
15 131 (9.81%) Continuous Deployment
16 127 (9.51%) Kanban
17 125 (9.36%) Unit Testing
18 118 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
19 111 (8.31%) Mentoring
20 101 (7.56%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 494 (36.98%) Java
2 347 (25.97%) JavaScript
3 341 (25.52%) Python
4 295 (22.08%) SQL
5 235 (17.59%) C#
6 115 (8.61%) PowerShell
7 104 (7.78%) Bash Shell
8 76 (5.69%) Scala
9 73 (5.46%) TypeScript
10 55 (4.12%) Java 8
11 52 (3.89%) Ruby
12 51 (3.82%) C++
13 47 (3.52%) Kotlin
14 46 (3.44%) Go
15 42 (3.14%) C
16 39 (2.92%) Groovy
17 36 (2.69%) Shell Script
18 33 (2.47%) ES6
19 32 (2.40%) PL/SQL
20 29 (2.17%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 231 (17.29%) Security Cleared
2 178 (13.32%) SC Cleared
3 85 (6.36%) Degree
4 39 (2.92%) ISTQB
5 38 (2.84%) BPSS Clearance
6 32 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
7 29 (2.17%) ISEB
8 26 (1.95%) DV Cleared
9 18 (1.35%) AWS Certification
10 9 (0.67%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.52%) CISM
12 7 (0.52%) CISSP
12 7 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 7 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
13 6 (0.45%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 5 (0.37%) CESG Certified Professional
14 5 (0.37%) CRISC
15 3 (0.22%) Master's Degree
15 3 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (9.58%) QA
2 17 (1.27%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.75%) GDPR
4 7 (0.52%) WCAG
5 5 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.15%) MiFID
6 2 (0.15%) NIST
6 2 (0.15%) PMO
7 1 (0.075%) FedRAMP
7 1 (0.075%) FINREP
7 1 (0.075%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.075%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.075%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.075%) SLA
System Software
1 327 (24.48%) Docker
2 43 (3.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (2.17%) Active Directory
4 28 (2.10%) vSphere
5 25 (1.87%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.97%) HDFS
7 10 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.37%) Postfix
9 3 (0.22%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.15%) Varnish
10 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.075%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.075%) Firmware
11 1 (0.075%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.075%) LXC
Systems Management
1 273 (20.43%) Kubernetes
2 241 (18.04%) Terraform
3 200 (14.97%) Ansible
4 140 (10.48%) Puppet
5 137 (10.25%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (3.14%) Prometheus
7 40 (2.99%) Packer
8 36 (2.69%) Salt
9 31 (2.32%) Kibana
10 30 (2.25%) Grafana
11 16 (1.20%) ZABBIX
11 16 (1.20%) Zipkin
12 15 (1.12%) logstash
13 10 (0.75%) Oracle Identity Management
14 8 (0.60%) Nagios
15 7 (0.52%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 6 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
16 6 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
16 6 (0.45%) vRealize
17 5 (0.37%) Consul
Vendors
1 253 (18.94%) Microsoft
2 136 (10.18%) Oracle
3 116 (8.68%) Google
4 49 (3.67%) Atlassian
5 48 (3.59%) VMware
6 36 (2.69%) SAP
7 32 (2.40%) Red Hat
7 32 (2.40%) Splunk
8 28 (2.10%) IBM
9 25 (1.87%) Informatica
10 23 (1.72%) Databricks
11 22 (1.65%) Hortonworks
12 20 (1.50%) SaltStack
13 19 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
14 17 (1.27%) EMC
14 17 (1.27%) MuleSoft
15 16 (1.20%) HP
15 16 (1.20%) Talend
16 14 (1.05%) Dell
17 12 (0.90%) Cloudera