Period
to 20 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 41 44 58
Rank change year-on-year +3 +14 +19
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 4838 4743 3658
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.87% 4.46% 3.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.76% 5.32% 3.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 3453 3374 2609
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.76% -
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £605 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 64 22 28
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £38.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.67% -1.70% -30.32%
10th Percentile £35.15 £27.08 £29.25
90th Percentile £63.75 £45.90 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £38.15
% change year-on-year +26.67% -1.70% +0.66%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83959 89134 93113
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.52% 83.87% 81.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 55760 58941 60340
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £380
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1973 2334 2702
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £23.75 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +7.95% +12.82%
10th Percentile £11.60 £11.43 £11.39
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £24.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% +12.50%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 4450 £488 +2.63% 521
London -4 2472 £518 +3.50% 238
UK excluding London +7 2319 £425 - 300
South East +15 743 £438 +5.42% 71
North of England -3 475 £425 -0.29% 107
Midlands -9 285 £425 -5.56% 36
East of England +20 282 £463 -2.63% 43
Yorkshire +7 226 £425 -5.56% 51
Scotland +10 225 £400 +6.67% 13
North West -3 206 £431 +1.47% 47
South West +22 192 £400 -5.88% 26
West Midlands 0 169 £475 +5.56% 22
East Midlands -18 116 £375 -16.67% 14
Northern Ireland -7 71 £410 +9.33%
North East +2 55 £475 +5.56% 9
Wales -16 54 £413 -13.16% 4

For the 6 months to 20 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3287 (67.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2226 (46.01%) Java
3 2110 (43.61%) TDD
4 1886 (38.98%) Jenkins
5 1669 (34.50%) Git (software)
6 1633 (33.75%) DevOps
7 1528 (31.58%) Scrum
8 1460 (30.18%) Test Automation
9 1323 (27.35%) JavaScript
10 1319 (27.26%) Linux
11 1159 (23.96%) Amazon AWS
12 1049 (21.68%) BDD
13 1000 (20.67%) Python
14 991 (20.48%) Web Services
15 954 (19.72%) Finance
16 928 (19.18%) HTML
17 899 (18.58%) SQL
18 842 (17.40%) C#
19 823 (17.01%) CSS
20 821 (16.97%) Puppet
21 819 (16.93%) Docker
22 804 (16.62%) Spring
23 795 (16.43%) RESTful
24 790 (16.33%) Ansible
25 782 (16.16%) REST
26 734 (15.17%) Configuration Management
27 724 (14.96%) JIRA
28 701 (14.49%) Continuous Delivery
29 680 (14.06%) .NET
30 662 (13.68%) Software Engineering

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 413 (8.54%) Confluence
2 252 (5.21%) Tomcat
3 191 (3.95%) Apache
3 191 (3.95%) WebSphere
4 186 (3.84%) OpenStack
5 162 (3.35%) Elasticsearch
6 148 (3.06%) Apache Spark
7 143 (2.96%) WebLogic
8 134 (2.77%) JBoss
9 132 (2.73%) nginx
10 106 (2.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 71 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
12 68 (1.41%) CMS
13 65 (1.34%) IIS
14 43 (0.89%) Apache Solr
15 35 (0.72%) SharePoint
16 30 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 30 (0.62%) WebSphere Application Server
17 28 (0.58%) Apache Pig
18 24 (0.50%) Mule
Applications
1 11 (0.23%) HipChat
2 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.12%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.062%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.062%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.041%) Fireworks
7 1 (0.021%) Mingle
7 1 (0.021%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.021%) Simulink
7 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 50 (1.03%) Payment Gateway
2 32 (0.66%) Magento
3 24 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
4 23 (0.48%) ION MarketView
5 13 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
6 12 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
7 11 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
8 10 (0.21%) Bloomberg TOMS
9 6 (0.12%) RMDS
10 5 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
11 4 (0.083%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.083%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.062%) MetaTrader
13 2 (0.041%) Oracle ERP
13 2 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 2 (0.041%) SAP HCM
14 1 (0.021%) Dynamics GP
14 1 (0.021%) Oracle SCM
14 1 (0.021%) SAP CRM
14 1 (0.021%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 1159 (23.96%) Amazon AWS
2 557 (11.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 293 (6.06%) GitHub
4 137 (2.83%) Amazon EC2
5 129 (2.67%) PaaS
6 101 (2.09%) Serverless
7 98 (2.03%) IaaS
8 97 (2.00%) AWS CloudFormation
8 97 (2.00%) npm
9 85 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
10 76 (1.57%) OpenShift
11 71 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
12 68 (1.41%) Amazon S3
12 68 (1.41%) SaaS
13 55 (1.14%) Google Cloud Platform
14 50 (1.03%) Slack
15 47 (0.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 33 (0.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 29 (0.60%) Google Analytics
18 26 (0.54%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 305 (6.30%) HTTP
2 157 (3.25%) TCP/IP
3 139 (2.87%) SSL
4 84 (1.74%) DNS
5 60 (1.24%) Internet
6 55 (1.14%) Firewall
7 52 (1.07%) LDAP
8 45 (0.93%) VPN
9 37 (0.76%) SMS
10 28 (0.58%) Kerberos
11 22 (0.45%) DHCP
12 19 (0.39%) OpenLDAP
13 18 (0.37%) FTP
13 18 (0.37%) Network Security
14 17 (0.35%) IPsec
14 17 (0.35%) SSH
15 16 (0.33%) LAN
15 16 (0.33%) WAN
16 14 (0.29%) OpenVPN
17 11 (0.23%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 638 (13.19%) NoSQL
2 513 (10.60%) SQL Server
3 447 (9.24%) MongoDB
4 423 (8.74%) Relational Database
5 372 (7.69%) PostgreSQL
6 360 (7.44%) MySQL
7 250 (5.17%) Big Data
8 240 (4.96%) Hadoop
9 152 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
10 135 (2.79%) RDBMS
11 100 (2.07%) HBase
12 97 (2.00%) Redis
13 78 (1.61%) Apache Hive
14 71 (1.47%) Oracle Database
15 66 (1.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 65 (1.34%) Data Warehouse
17 60 (1.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 55 (1.14%) Amazon RDS
19 53 (1.10%) Impala
20 52 (1.07%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1886 (38.98%) Jenkins
2 1669 (34.50%) Git (software)
3 724 (14.96%) JIRA
4 530 (10.95%) Maven
5 462 (9.55%) TeamCity
6 448 (9.26%) Subversion
7 429 (8.87%) JUnit
8 423 (8.74%) Selenium
9 357 (7.38%) Cucumber
10 217 (4.49%) Team Foundation Server
11 214 (4.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 210 (4.34%) Mockito
13 193 (3.99%) Gradle
14 187 (3.87%) Bitbucket
15 180 (3.72%) NUnit
16 170 (3.51%) Sonatype Nexus
17 161 (3.33%) Octopus Deploy
18 149 (3.08%) gulp
19 136 (2.81%) Ant
20 133 (2.75%) WebDriver
General
1 954 (19.72%) Finance
2 514 (10.62%) Banking
3 204 (4.22%) Front Office
4 166 (3.43%) Retail
5 144 (2.98%) Marketing
6 132 (2.73%) Telecoms
7 130 (2.69%) Investment Banking
8 128 (2.65%) Games
9 107 (2.21%) Manufacturing
10 92 (1.90%) Electronics
11 48 (0.99%) Retail Banking
12 43 (0.89%) Back Office
13 39 (0.81%) Law
14 36 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 34 (0.70%) Advertising
16 32 (0.66%) Publishing
17 27 (0.56%) Legal
18 22 (0.45%) Automotive
18 22 (0.45%) Corporate Banking
19 14 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2616 (54.07%) Developer
2 897 (18.54%) Java Developer
3 748 (15.46%) DevOps Engineer
4 384 (7.94%) Senior Developer
5 298 (6.16%) .NET Developer
6 282 (5.83%) C# Developer
7 227 (4.69%) Architect
8 220 (4.55%) JavaScript Developer
9 217 (4.49%) Agile Developer
10 207 (4.28%) AWS Engineer
11 198 (4.09%) Full Stack Developer
12 197 (4.07%) Tester
13 189 (3.91%) AWS DevOps
14 154 (3.18%) Linux Engineer
15 151 (3.12%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 149 (3.08%) Senior Java Developer
17 148 (3.06%) C# .NET Developer
18 147 (3.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 142 (2.94%) Python Developer
20 141 (2.91%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 991 (20.48%) Web Services
2 928 (19.18%) HTML
3 823 (17.01%) CSS
4 804 (16.62%) Spring
5 795 (16.43%) RESTful
6 782 (16.16%) REST
7 680 (14.06%) .NET
8 660 (13.64%) AngularJS
9 590 (12.20%) HTML5
10 583 (12.05%) Node.js
11 470 (9.71%) JSON
12 432 (8.93%) React
13 332 (6.86%) CSS3
14 331 (6.84%) XML
15 322 (6.66%) SOAP
16 318 (6.57%) Hibernate
17 280 (5.79%) ASP.NET
18 275 (5.68%) jQuery
19 253 (5.23%) J2EE
20 224 (4.63%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 234 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
2 215 (4.44%) Computer Science
3 213 (4.40%) Mobile App
4 202 (4.18%) User Experience
5 158 (3.27%) Greenfield Project
6 150 (3.10%) Data Structures
7 144 (2.98%) Algorithms
8 103 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
9 101 (2.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 86 (1.78%) Fintech
11 77 (1.59%) Derivative
12 74 (1.53%) Virtual Team
13 66 (1.36%) Fixed Income
14 62 (1.28%) Public Cloud
15 54 (1.12%) N-Tier
16 51 (1.05%) iPad
17 42 (0.87%) Clustering
18 40 (0.83%) Data Centre
19 37 (0.76%) Social Media
20 35 (0.72%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1319 (27.26%) Linux
2 430 (8.89%) Unix
3 390 (8.06%) Windows
4 238 (4.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 202 (4.18%) Android
6 146 (3.02%) Apple iOS
7 123 (2.54%) CentOS
8 82 (1.69%) Mac OS X
9 61 (1.26%) Ubuntu
10 53 (1.10%) Windows Server
11 30 (0.62%) CoreOS
12 23 (0.48%) Solaris
13 18 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
14 14 (0.29%) Mac OS
15 13 (0.27%) AIX
16 11 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
17 10 (0.21%) VMS
18 8 (0.17%) Amazon Linux
18 8 (0.17%) Debian
18 8 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 3287 (67.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2110 (43.61%) TDD
3 1633 (33.75%) DevOps
4 1528 (31.58%) Scrum
5 1460 (30.18%) Test Automation
6 1049 (21.68%) BDD
7 734 (15.17%) Configuration Management
8 701 (14.49%) Continuous Delivery
9 662 (13.68%) Software Engineering
10 661 (13.66%) Microservices
11 636 (13.15%) OO
12 613 (12.67%) Kanban
13 569 (11.76%) Open Source
14 556 (11.49%) MVC
15 467 (9.65%) Unit Testing
16 445 (9.20%) Pair Programming
17 401 (8.29%) SOA
18 397 (8.21%) Web Development
19 369 (7.63%) Mentoring
20 368 (7.61%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 2226 (46.01%) Java
2 1323 (27.35%) JavaScript
3 1000 (20.67%) Python
4 899 (18.58%) SQL
5 842 (17.40%) C#
6 492 (10.17%) Ruby
7 365 (7.54%) Scala
8 308 (6.37%) Bash Shell
9 198 (4.09%) PowerShell
10 191 (3.95%) Shell Script
11 177 (3.66%) Groovy
11 177 (3.66%) Perl
12 172 (3.56%) C++
13 134 (2.77%) Go
14 123 (2.54%) PHP
15 115 (2.38%) ES6
16 94 (1.94%) C
17 92 (1.90%) Apple Swift
18 86 (1.78%) PL/SQL
19 83 (1.72%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 365 (7.54%) Security Cleared
2 280 (5.79%) SC Cleared
3 273 (5.64%) Degree
4 125 (2.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 56 (1.16%) ISTQB
6 44 (0.91%) ISEB
7 32 (0.66%) AWS Certification
8 29 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
9 28 (0.58%) DV Cleared
10 18 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 17 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
12 15 (0.31%) PMI Certification
13 14 (0.29%) PMP
14 11 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
15 8 (0.17%) CHECK Team Member
15 8 (0.17%) Master's Degree
16 7 (0.14%) PhD
17 6 (0.12%) MCSD
18 5 (0.10%) ISEB Practitioner
18 5 (0.10%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 404 (8.35%) QA
2 34 (0.70%) Disclosure Scotland
3 28 (0.58%) PCI DSS
4 23 (0.48%) GDPR
5 21 (0.43%) WCAG
6 17 (0.35%) Data Quality
7 16 (0.33%) MiFID
8 8 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.14%) GCP
10 5 (0.10%) SLA
10 5 (0.10%) WAI
11 4 (0.083%) EMIR
12 2 (0.041%) COBIT
12 2 (0.041%) Dodd-Frank
12 2 (0.041%) HL7
12 2 (0.041%) RosettaNet
12 2 (0.041%) Solvency II
13 1 (0.021%) Government Security Classifications
13 1 (0.021%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 1 (0.021%) SEPA
System Software
1 819 (16.93%) Docker
2 91 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
3 80 (1.65%) Active Directory
4 51 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
5 44 (0.91%) Apache Flume
6 43 (0.89%) HDFS
7 39 (0.81%) Xen
8 37 (0.76%) vCloud
9 21 (0.43%) vSphere
10 19 (0.39%) VirtualBox
11 17 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 16 (0.33%) Squid
13 15 (0.31%) Postfix
14 13 (0.27%) Gluster
15 11 (0.23%) Hyper-V
16 10 (0.21%) KVM
17 9 (0.19%) etcd
17 9 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
18 8 (0.17%) oVirt
18 8 (0.17%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 821 (16.97%) Puppet
2 790 (16.33%) Ansible
3 530 (10.95%) Opscode Chef
4 356 (7.36%) Kubernetes
5 327 (6.76%) Terraform
6 109 (2.25%) Kibana
6 109 (2.25%) logstash
7 70 (1.45%) ZABBIX
8 65 (1.34%) Salt
9 60 (1.24%) Grafana
10 43 (0.89%) Packer
11 41 (0.85%) Rancher
12 37 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
12 37 (0.76%) Prometheus
13 32 (0.66%) Consul
14 29 (0.60%) Nagios
15 28 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
16 26 (0.54%) Mesos
17 24 (0.50%) Graphite
17 24 (0.50%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 571 (11.80%) Oracle
2 376 (7.77%) Microsoft
3 194 (4.01%) Google
4 156 (3.22%) VMware
5 136 (2.81%) Red Hat
6 117 (2.42%) SAP
7 116 (2.40%) Atlassian
8 91 (1.88%) Splunk
9 88 (1.82%) IBM
10 85 (1.76%) New Relic
11 69 (1.43%) AppDynamics
12 68 (1.41%) HP
13 52 (1.07%) hybris
14 51 (1.05%) WSO2
15 49 (1.01%) Adobe
16 44 (0.91%) MuleSoft
17 42 (0.87%) Cloudera
18 38 (0.79%) Xamarin
19 36 (0.74%) Sitecore
20 34 (0.70%) SaltStack