Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 39 45 59
Rank change year-on-year +6 +14 +8
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,366 4,142 3,541
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.28% 4.35% 3.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.24% 5.19% 3.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,820 2,862 2,506
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £358 £338 £315
90th Percentile £638 £625 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 27 33
UK median hourly rate £49.50 £42.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.47% -10.53% +18.75%
10th Percentile £36.50 £35.80 £32.99
90th Percentile £67.25 £49.25 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +17.65% -2.30% +22.54%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,028 79,861 88,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.72% 83.81% 82.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,485 52,916 57,691
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.13% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,077 2,220 2,614
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £24.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +1.83% +22.75%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.63 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.56 £25.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year -1.76% -3.85% +23.81%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 4,911 £500 +5.15% 1,285
London +10 2,795 £525 +1.45% 562
UK excluding London +12 2,532 £450 +5.88% 800
South East +14 856 £475 +8.57% 201
North of England +4 503 £425 - 214
Midlands +8 336 £465 +5.74% 122
Scotland +24 310 £408 +5.16% 52
East of England -4 248 £450 - 82
West Midlands +6 241 £475 +5.56% 64
Yorkshire +2 215 £425 +1.19% 75
North West +7 213 £465 +9.41% 125
South West +25 192 £463 +11.11% 103
East Midlands -8 90 £388 -8.82% 58
North East +15 89 £450 +2.86% 14
Wales -22 62 £513 +3.80% 11
Northern Ireland +2 35 £460 +19.57% 15

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,556 (66.27%) Agile Software Development
2 2,291 (42.69%) Java
3 2,192 (40.85%) TDD
4 2,134 (39.77%) Jenkins
5 2,062 (38.43%) DevOps
6 1,772 (33.02%) Git (software)
7 1,638 (30.53%) Scrum
8 1,631 (30.40%) Test Automation
9 1,448 (26.98%) JavaScript
10 1,402 (26.13%) Amazon AWS
11 1,355 (25.25%) Linux
12 1,208 (22.51%) BDD
13 1,178 (21.95%) Web Services
14 1,086 (20.24%) Python
15 1,071 (19.96%) Continuous Delivery
16 1,024 (19.08%) Docker
17 1,021 (19.03%) Ansible
18 1,011 (18.84%) Finance
19 965 (17.98%) C#
20 960 (17.89%) Puppet
21 906 (16.88%) HTML
22 883 (16.46%) SQL
23 846 (15.77%) .NET
24 845 (15.75%) CSS
25 830 (15.47%) Microservices
26 810 (15.10%) Configuration Management
27 800 (14.91%) REST
28 787 (14.67%) Spring
29 786 (14.65%) Kanban
30 780 (14.54%) Microsoft Azure

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 454 (8.46%) Confluence
2 329 (6.13%) Tomcat
3 254 (4.73%) Apache
4 226 (4.21%) Elasticsearch
5 221 (4.12%) WebSphere
6 179 (3.34%) OpenStack
7 151 (2.81%) WebLogic
8 150 (2.80%) JBoss
9 149 (2.78%) Apache Spark
10 147 (2.74%) nginx
11 103 (1.92%) Cloud Foundry
12 77 (1.43%) IIS
13 76 (1.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 70 (1.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 70 (1.30%) CMS
15 47 (0.88%) Apache Solr
16 36 (0.67%) SharePoint
17 34 (0.63%) Jetty
17 34 (0.63%) NServiceBus
18 33 (0.61%) Mule
Applications
1 30 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.22%) HipChat
4 10 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 6 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.056%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.056%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.037%) GIMP
8 1 (0.019%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.019%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.019%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.019%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.019%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 66 (1.23%) Payment Gateway
2 20 (0.37%) Magento
3 18 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.26%) ION MarketView
5 10 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
6 8 (0.15%) Bloomberg TOMS
7 5 (0.093%) SAP Hybris
7 5 (0.093%) SDL Web 8
7 5 (0.093%) WebTrends
8 3 (0.056%) MetaTrader
8 3 (0.056%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.056%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.056%) Summit
9 2 (0.037%) Markit EDM
9 2 (0.037%) SAP HCM
10 1 (0.019%) iTrent
10 1 (0.019%) Odoo
10 1 (0.019%) Oracle ERP
10 1 (0.019%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,402 (26.13%) Amazon AWS
2 780 (14.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 303 (5.65%) GitHub
4 240 (4.47%) PaaS
5 213 (3.97%) Amazon EC2
6 169 (3.15%) IaaS
7 161 (3.00%) AWS CloudFormation
8 140 (2.61%) Amazon S3
9 122 (2.27%) Serverless
10 117 (2.18%) npm
11 107 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
12 106 (1.98%) OpenShift
13 95 (1.77%) Google Cloud Platform
14 87 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
14 87 (1.62%) SaaS
15 71 (1.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 66 (1.23%) Slack
17 55 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 47 (0.88%) Route 53
19 38 (0.71%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 328 (6.11%) HTTP
2 202 (3.76%) TCP/IP
3 143 (2.66%) SSL
4 139 (2.59%) Firewall
5 95 (1.77%) Internet
6 92 (1.71%) DNS
7 52 (0.97%) Kerberos
8 50 (0.93%) VPN
9 49 (0.91%) Network Security
10 42 (0.78%) DHCP
11 30 (0.56%) FTP
12 29 (0.54%) IPsec
13 27 (0.50%) SMS
14 21 (0.39%) SAN
15 14 (0.26%) SSH
16 13 (0.24%) OpenVPN
17 12 (0.22%) OpenLDAP
18 10 (0.19%) Wireless
19 8 (0.15%) LAN
19 8 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 652 (12.15%) NoSQL
2 594 (11.07%) SQL Server
3 438 (8.16%) MongoDB
4 424 (7.90%) Relational Database
5 402 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
6 381 (7.10%) MySQL
7 246 (4.58%) Big Data
8 229 (4.27%) Hadoop
9 165 (3.07%) RDBMS
10 160 (2.98%) Apache Cassandra
11 114 (2.12%) Redis
12 90 (1.68%) Oracle Database
13 89 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
14 83 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 77 (1.43%) HBase
16 76 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
17 63 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 57 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
19 56 (1.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 54 (1.01%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 2,134 (39.77%) Jenkins
2 1,772 (33.02%) Git (software)
3 754 (14.05%) JIRA
4 634 (11.82%) Maven
5 576 (10.73%) TeamCity
6 563 (10.49%) Selenium
7 413 (7.70%) Cucumber
8 396 (7.38%) Subversion
9 383 (7.14%) JUnit
10 264 (4.92%) Mockito
11 248 (4.62%) NUnit
12 239 (4.45%) Team Foundation Server
13 231 (4.30%) Sonatype Nexus
14 226 (4.21%) Gradle
15 222 (4.14%) SonarQube
16 211 (3.93%) Octopus Deploy
17 210 (3.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 202 (3.76%) Visual Studio
19 201 (3.75%) Bitbucket
20 160 (2.98%) GitLab
General
1 1,011 (18.84%) Finance
2 540 (10.06%) Banking
3 154 (2.87%) Retail
4 132 (2.46%) Games
5 97 (1.81%) Investment Banking
6 89 (1.66%) Front Office
7 86 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 67 (1.25%) Marketing
9 60 (1.12%) Publishing
10 57 (1.06%) Retail Banking
11 53 (0.99%) Manufacturing
12 43 (0.80%) Back Office
13 38 (0.71%) Law
14 34 (0.63%) Financial Institution
15 28 (0.52%) Advertising
15 28 (0.52%) Electronics
16 27 (0.50%) Legal
17 19 (0.35%) Multimedia
18 10 (0.19%) Automotive
19 9 (0.17%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,660 (49.57%) Developer
2 986 (18.37%) DevOps Engineer
3 924 (17.22%) Java Developer
4 481 (8.96%) Senior Developer
5 357 (6.65%) .NET Developer
6 310 (5.78%) C# Developer
7 264 (4.92%) AWS Engineer
8 248 (4.62%) AWS DevOps
9 242 (4.51%) Architect
10 219 (4.08%) Agile Developer
11 210 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
12 206 (3.84%) Senior Java Developer
13 204 (3.80%) Senior DevOps
14 203 (3.78%) JavaScript Developer
15 192 (3.58%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 179 (3.34%) C# .NET Developer
17 175 (3.26%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 172 (3.21%) Tester
19 158 (2.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 148 (2.76%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,178 (21.95%) Web Services
2 906 (16.88%) HTML
3 846 (15.77%) .NET
4 845 (15.75%) CSS
5 800 (14.91%) REST
6 787 (14.67%) Spring
7 766 (14.28%) RESTful
8 694 (12.93%) AngularJS
9 547 (10.19%) Node.js
10 514 (9.58%) HTML5
11 473 (8.81%) React
12 427 (7.96%) JSON
13 374 (6.97%) SOAP
14 365 (6.80%) ASP.NET
15 342 (6.37%) jQuery
16 330 (6.15%) CSS3
17 313 (5.83%) .NET Framework
18 297 (5.53%) Hibernate
19 287 (5.35%) XML
20 252 (4.70%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 230 (4.29%) Greenfield Project
2 224 (4.17%) Mobile App
3 215 (4.01%) User Experience
4 212 (3.95%) Analytical Skills
5 194 (3.62%) Computer Science
6 160 (2.98%) Enterprise Software
7 153 (2.85%) Public Cloud
8 140 (2.61%) Fintech
9 130 (2.42%) Algorithms
10 120 (2.24%) Data Structures
11 107 (1.99%) Virtual Team
12 89 (1.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 82 (1.53%) Clustering
14 73 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
15 71 (1.32%) N-Tier
16 66 (1.23%) iPad
17 58 (1.08%) Data Centre
18 44 (0.82%) Online Banking
19 43 (0.80%) Hybrid Cloud
20 35 (0.65%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,355 (25.25%) Linux
2 513 (9.56%) Windows
3 501 (9.34%) Unix
4 255 (4.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 186 (3.47%) Android
6 148 (2.76%) Apple iOS
7 124 (2.31%) CentOS
8 118 (2.20%) Windows Server
9 86 (1.60%) Mac OS X
10 60 (1.12%) Ubuntu
11 39 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
12 33 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
13 30 (0.56%) CoreOS
14 26 (0.48%) Solaris
15 14 (0.26%) VMS
16 11 (0.20%) Debian
17 9 (0.17%) AIX
17 9 (0.17%) Mac OS
17 9 (0.17%) Nucleus RTOS
18 6 (0.11%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,556 (66.27%) Agile Software Development
2 2,192 (40.85%) TDD
3 2,062 (38.43%) DevOps
4 1,638 (30.53%) Scrum
5 1,631 (30.40%) Test Automation
6 1,208 (22.51%) BDD
7 1,071 (19.96%) Continuous Delivery
8 830 (15.47%) Microservices
9 810 (15.10%) Configuration Management
10 786 (14.65%) Kanban
11 655 (12.21%) Software Engineering
12 631 (11.76%) MVC
13 601 (11.20%) Open Source
14 551 (10.27%) OO
15 518 (9.65%) Unit Testing
16 502 (9.36%) Mentoring
17 480 (8.95%) Continuous Deployment
18 452 (8.42%) Pair Programming
19 415 (7.73%) User Stories
20 398 (7.42%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,291 (42.69%) Java
2 1,448 (26.98%) JavaScript
3 1,086 (20.24%) Python
4 965 (17.98%) C#
5 883 (16.46%) SQL
6 619 (11.54%) Ruby
7 407 (7.58%) Bash Shell
8 335 (6.24%) PowerShell
9 282 (5.26%) Scala
10 234 (4.36%) Groovy
11 201 (3.75%) Shell Script
12 192 (3.58%) Perl
13 164 (3.06%) ES6
14 154 (2.87%) C++
15 132 (2.46%) TypeScript
16 127 (2.37%) PHP
17 120 (2.24%) Go
18 96 (1.79%) PL/SQL
19 94 (1.75%) C
20 82 (1.53%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 439 (8.18%) Security Cleared
2 321 (5.98%) Degree
3 311 (5.80%) SC Cleared
4 111 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
5 50 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
6 45 (0.84%) ISTQB
7 39 (0.73%) DV Cleared
8 32 (0.60%) ISEB
9 28 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
10 23 (0.43%) PMI Certification
10 23 (0.43%) PMP
11 18 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 15 (0.28%) AWS Certification
12 15 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
13 11 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
13 11 (0.20%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.17%) CISM
14 9 (0.17%) MCSD
15 7 (0.13%) ISEB Practitioner
16 6 (0.11%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 404 (7.53%) QA
2 38 (0.71%) Disclosure Scotland
3 32 (0.60%) PCI DSS
4 27 (0.50%) WCAG
5 23 (0.43%) GDPR
6 22 (0.41%) GCP
7 14 (0.26%) Data Quality
7 14 (0.26%) MiFID
8 10 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.19%) PMO
9 8 (0.15%) SLA
10 3 (0.056%) SEPA
11 2 (0.037%) EMIR
11 2 (0.037%) RosettaNet
11 2 (0.037%) WAI
12 1 (0.019%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.019%) PSD2
12 1 (0.019%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1,024 (19.08%) Docker
2 103 (1.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 98 (1.83%) Active Directory
4 70 (1.30%) Virtual Machines
5 62 (1.16%) vSphere
6 61 (1.14%) HDFS
7 59 (1.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 54 (1.01%) vCloud
9 32 (0.60%) Xen
10 17 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
11 15 (0.28%) Hyper-V
12 14 (0.26%) Postfix
13 13 (0.24%) Squid
14 12 (0.22%) Varnish
15 11 (0.20%) Apache Flume
16 9 (0.17%) etcd
17 7 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
18 6 (0.11%) NFS
18 6 (0.11%) RHEV
18 6 (0.11%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 1,021 (19.03%) Ansible
2 960 (17.89%) Puppet
3 647 (12.06%) Opscode Chef
4 444 (8.27%) Kubernetes
5 410 (7.64%) Terraform
6 170 (3.17%) Kibana
7 169 (3.15%) logstash
8 120 (2.24%) Grafana
9 83 (1.55%) Salt
10 64 (1.19%) Nagios
11 57 (1.06%) Hadoop YARN
12 56 (1.04%) Packer
13 55 (1.02%) Mesos
14 44 (0.82%) Rancher
15 41 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
16 37 (0.69%) HAProxy
17 33 (0.61%) ZABBIX
18 31 (0.58%) Prometheus
19 30 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
20 24 (0.45%) Icinga
Vendors
1 590 (11.00%) Oracle
2 421 (7.85%) Microsoft
3 208 (3.88%) Google
4 202 (3.76%) Splunk
5 190 (3.54%) VMware
6 150 (2.80%) Red Hat
7 138 (2.57%) AppDynamics
7 138 (2.57%) Atlassian
8 92 (1.71%) IBM
9 87 (1.62%) New Relic
10 79 (1.47%) Adobe
11 65 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
12 62 (1.16%) SAP
13 49 (0.91%) HP
14 45 (0.84%) Hortonworks
15 38 (0.71%) MuleSoft
15 38 (0.71%) SaltStack
16 37 (0.69%) Cloudera
17 33 (0.61%) Xamarin
18 32 (0.60%) Coverity