Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 41 45 59
Rank change year-on-year +4 +14 +8
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,355 4,003 3,766
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.31% 4.40% 3.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.20% 5.19% 4.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,742 2,771 2,608
UK median daily rate £500 £473 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.82% +0.53% +10.59%
10th Percentile £359 £325 £325
90th Percentile £638 £615 £607
UK excluding London median daily rate £454 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +6.76% - +13.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 43 26
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.89% +1.11% +21.62%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £30.63
90th Percentile £67.25 £60.40 £56.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year +15.38% +7.69% +17.36%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,403 77,085 88,864
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.76% 84.65% 84.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,997 50,578 58,416
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +5.63% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,287 2,072 2,318
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.31 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.08% +1.24% +19.05%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.53 £11.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.68
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.17 £26.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -22.42% -3.70% +25.12%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 4,957 £500 +5.26% 1,325
London +10 2,740 £525 +5.00% 585
UK excluding London +6 2,556 £454 +6.76% 856
South East +3 821 £488 +11.43% 198
North of England +5 654 £425 - 229
Midlands +30 357 £475 +11.76% 128
North West +8 303 £427 +0.35% 136
Yorkshire +2 287 £425 +1.19% 74
West Midlands +36 278 £479 -0.10% 91
Scotland +3 217 £413 +10.00% 76
South West +12 199 £455 +13.75% 88
East of England -16 194 £475 +5.56% 95
Wales +13 87 £550 +33.33% 21
East Midlands -6 78 £400 +6.67% 37
North East -13 73 £463 +13.71% 19
Northern Ireland +3 29 £500 +24.22% 21

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,493 (65.23%) Agile Software Development
2 2,242 (41.87%) Jenkins
3 2,123 (39.65%) DevOps
4 2,105 (39.31%) Java
5 2,068 (38.62%) TDD
6 1,852 (34.58%) Git (software)
7 1,539 (28.74%) Scrum
8 1,527 (28.52%) Test Automation
9 1,477 (27.58%) Linux
10 1,429 (26.69%) JavaScript
11 1,418 (26.48%) Amazon AWS
12 1,215 (22.69%) Python
13 1,103 (20.60%) Docker
14 1,065 (19.89%) BDD
15 1,055 (19.70%) Web Services
16 1,052 (19.65%) Ansible
17 989 (18.47%) Continuous Delivery
18 939 (17.54%) Puppet
19 931 (17.39%) Microsoft Azure
20 914 (17.07%) REST
21 908 (16.96%) C#
22 897 (16.75%) HTML
23 883 (16.49%) SQL
24 862 (16.10%) Microservices
25 860 (16.06%) Finance
26 846 (15.80%) CSS
27 843 (15.74%) .NET
28 826 (15.42%) Configuration Management
29 800 (14.94%) Kanban
30 745 (13.91%) RESTful

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 407 (7.60%) Confluence
2 283 (5.28%) Apache
3 266 (4.97%) Tomcat
4 241 (4.50%) Elasticsearch
5 196 (3.66%) Apache Spark
6 177 (3.31%) WebSphere
7 168 (3.14%) nginx
8 166 (3.10%) OpenStack
9 147 (2.75%) JBoss
10 139 (2.60%) WebLogic
11 88 (1.64%) Cloud Foundry
12 80 (1.49%) IIS
13 77 (1.44%) CMS
14 58 (1.08%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 46 (0.86%) Jetty
16 45 (0.84%) NServiceBus
17 41 (0.77%) Apache Solr
17 41 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 36 (0.67%) Mule
19 26 (0.49%) WildFly
Applications
1 51 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 7 (0.13%) HipChat
5 7 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.11%) GIMP
6 6 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.093%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.056%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 37 (0.69%) Payment Gateway
2 18 (0.34%) Magento
3 16 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.30%) thinkFolio
4 14 (0.26%) Eagle PACE
4 14 (0.26%) Front Arena
5 10 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
6 8 (0.15%) Markit EDM
7 7 (0.13%) ION MarketView
8 6 (0.11%) Bloomberg AIM
8 6 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
9 5 (0.093%) WebTrends
10 4 (0.075%) Summit
11 3 (0.056%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 3 (0.056%) Oracle ERP
12 2 (0.037%) LatentZero
12 2 (0.037%) SAP Hybris
13 1 (0.019%) Minerva
13 1 (0.019%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 1 (0.019%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 1,418 (26.48%) Amazon AWS
2 931 (17.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 335 (6.26%) GitHub
4 285 (5.32%) PaaS
5 201 (3.75%) Amazon EC2
6 179 (3.34%) AWS CloudFormation
7 175 (3.27%) Google Cloud Platform
8 172 (3.21%) IaaS
9 147 (2.75%) Serverless
10 143 (2.67%) OpenShift
11 127 (2.37%) Amazon S3
12 114 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
12 114 (2.13%) SaaS
13 102 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
14 98 (1.83%) npm
15 79 (1.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 65 (1.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 46 (0.86%) Slack
18 44 (0.82%) Amazon ELB
18 44 (0.82%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 341 (6.37%) HTTP
2 210 (3.92%) TCP/IP
3 171 (3.19%) SSL
4 166 (3.10%) Firewall
5 122 (2.28%) DNS
6 82 (1.53%) Internet
7 65 (1.21%) DHCP
8 60 (1.12%) Kerberos
9 59 (1.10%) VPN
10 56 (1.05%) FTP
11 47 (0.88%) IPsec
12 46 (0.86%) Network Security
13 38 (0.71%) SMS
14 20 (0.37%) SAN
15 14 (0.26%) LAN
15 14 (0.26%) Software-Defined Networking
15 14 (0.26%) WAN
15 14 (0.26%) Wireless
16 13 (0.24%) Reverse Proxy
17 11 (0.21%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 590 (11.02%) NoSQL
2 573 (10.70%) SQL Server
3 472 (8.81%) Relational Database
4 412 (7.69%) PostgreSQL
5 390 (7.28%) MongoDB
6 369 (6.89%) MySQL
7 321 (5.99%) Big Data
8 257 (4.80%) Hadoop
9 148 (2.76%) RDBMS
10 144 (2.69%) Apache Cassandra
11 124 (2.32%) Data Warehouse
12 120 (2.24%) Redis
13 113 (2.11%) HBase
14 88 (1.64%) Oracle Database
15 83 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 71 (1.33%) Apache Hive
17 69 (1.29%) Amazon RDS
18 54 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 52 (0.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 48 (0.90%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 2,242 (41.87%) Jenkins
2 1,852 (34.58%) Git (software)
3 735 (13.73%) JIRA
4 542 (10.12%) Maven
4 542 (10.12%) Selenium
5 487 (9.09%) TeamCity
6 373 (6.97%) JUnit
7 352 (6.57%) Subversion
8 335 (6.26%) Cucumber
9 248 (4.63%) Visual Studio
10 234 (4.37%) Sonatype Nexus
11 222 (4.15%) Team Foundation Server
12 218 (4.07%) Mockito
13 217 (4.05%) Gradle
14 212 (3.96%) SonarQube
15 204 (3.81%) NUnit
16 183 (3.42%) Octopus Deploy
17 182 (3.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 166 (3.10%) Bitbucket
19 158 (2.95%) WebDriver
General
1 860 (16.06%) Finance
2 432 (8.07%) Banking
3 135 (2.52%) Retail
4 122 (2.28%) Games
5 86 (1.61%) Front Office
6 84 (1.57%) Investment Banking
7 73 (1.36%) Telecoms
8 66 (1.23%) Marketing
9 41 (0.77%) Manufacturing
10 35 (0.65%) Back Office
11 32 (0.60%) Retail Banking
12 30 (0.56%) Financial Institution
13 27 (0.50%) Publishing
14 25 (0.47%) Electronics
15 24 (0.45%) Advertising
15 24 (0.45%) Legal
16 20 (0.37%) Law
17 16 (0.30%) Multimedia
18 6 (0.11%) General Ledger
19 5 (0.093%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,566 (47.92%) Developer
2 994 (18.56%) DevOps Engineer
3 777 (14.51%) Java Developer
4 444 (8.29%) Senior Developer
5 369 (6.89%) .NET Developer
6 272 (5.08%) C# Developer
7 263 (4.91%) AWS DevOps
8 258 (4.82%) Architect
9 255 (4.76%) AWS Engineer
10 207 (3.87%) Python Developer
11 199 (3.72%) Senior Java Developer
12 198 (3.70%) Senior DevOps
13 196 (3.66%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 192 (3.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 176 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
16 174 (3.25%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 166 (3.10%) Scrum Master
18 164 (3.06%) Software Engineer
19 160 (2.99%) C# .NET Developer
20 159 (2.97%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,055 (19.70%) Web Services
2 914 (17.07%) REST
3 897 (16.75%) HTML
4 846 (15.80%) CSS
5 843 (15.74%) .NET
6 745 (13.91%) RESTful
7 705 (13.17%) Spring
8 688 (12.85%) AngularJS
9 484 (9.04%) JSON
10 481 (8.98%) Node.js
11 465 (8.68%) React
12 445 (8.31%) HTML5
13 400 (7.47%) SOAP
14 362 (6.76%) ASP.NET
15 345 (6.44%) jQuery
16 325 (6.07%) .NET Framework
17 316 (5.90%) CSS3
18 285 (5.32%) XML
19 261 (4.87%) Kafka
20 238 (4.44%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 324 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
2 255 (4.76%) User Experience
3 242 (4.52%) Mobile App
4 227 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
5 174 (3.25%) Computer Science
6 152 (2.84%) Enterprise Software
7 143 (2.67%) Public Cloud
8 112 (2.09%) Self-Motivation
9 105 (1.96%) Linux Command Line
10 104 (1.94%) Algorithms
11 99 (1.85%) Fintech
12 90 (1.68%) Data Structures
12 90 (1.68%) Virtual Team
13 74 (1.38%) Clustering
14 65 (1.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 52 (0.97%) iPad
16 48 (0.90%) Fixed Income
17 47 (0.88%) Private Cloud
18 41 (0.77%) Hybrid Cloud
19 39 (0.73%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,477 (27.58%) Linux
2 501 (9.36%) Windows
3 424 (7.92%) Unix
4 271 (5.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 198 (3.70%) Android
6 186 (3.47%) Apple iOS
7 179 (3.34%) CentOS
8 114 (2.13%) Windows Server
9 85 (1.59%) Ubuntu
10 56 (1.05%) Mac OS X
11 35 (0.65%) CoreOS
12 33 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
13 27 (0.50%) Solaris
14 24 (0.45%) VMS
15 22 (0.41%) Debian
16 21 (0.39%) DC/OS
17 15 (0.28%) Mac OS
18 14 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
19 8 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
20 7 (0.13%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,493 (65.23%) Agile Software Development
2 2,123 (39.65%) DevOps
3 2,068 (38.62%) TDD
4 1,539 (28.74%) Scrum
5 1,527 (28.52%) Test Automation
6 1,065 (19.89%) BDD
7 989 (18.47%) Continuous Delivery
8 862 (16.10%) Microservices
9 826 (15.42%) Configuration Management
10 800 (14.94%) Kanban
11 656 (12.25%) Software Engineering
12 627 (11.71%) MVC
13 601 (11.22%) Open Source
14 531 (9.92%) OO
15 500 (9.34%) Unit Testing
16 474 (8.85%) Continuous Deployment
17 465 (8.68%) Deployment Automation
18 449 (8.38%) Mentoring
18 449 (8.38%) Pair Programming
19 442 (8.25%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 2,105 (39.31%) Java
2 1,429 (26.69%) JavaScript
3 1,215 (22.69%) Python
4 908 (16.96%) C#
5 883 (16.49%) SQL
6 582 (10.87%) Ruby
7 413 (7.71%) Bash Shell
8 327 (6.11%) Java 8
9 322 (6.01%) Scala
10 299 (5.58%) PowerShell
11 255 (4.76%) Perl
12 234 (4.37%) Groovy
13 206 (3.85%) Shell Script
14 145 (2.71%) TypeScript
15 138 (2.58%) C++
16 128 (2.39%) PHP
17 124 (2.32%) ES6
18 122 (2.28%) Go
19 107 (2.00%) C
20 75 (1.40%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 537 (10.03%) Security Cleared
2 417 (7.79%) SC Cleared
3 328 (6.13%) Degree
4 85 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 73 (1.36%) BPSS Clearance
6 52 (0.97%) ISTQB
7 46 (0.86%) DV Cleared
8 44 (0.82%) AWS Certification
9 38 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
10 31 (0.58%) ISEB
11 26 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 26 (0.49%) Master's Degree
12 18 (0.34%) PMP
13 16 (0.30%) PMI Certification
14 8 (0.15%) Sun Certification
14 8 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
15 7 (0.13%) CISSP
15 7 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
16 6 (0.11%) BC Cleared
16 6 (0.11%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 372 (6.95%) QA
2 44 (0.82%) GCP
3 27 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
4 25 (0.47%) Data Quality
5 22 (0.41%) GDPR
6 21 (0.39%) SLA
7 20 (0.37%) MiFID
8 15 (0.28%) WCAG
9 14 (0.26%) PMO
10 12 (0.22%) PCI DSS
11 7 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 5 (0.093%) EMIR
13 4 (0.075%) HIPAA
13 4 (0.075%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 3 (0.056%) Dodd-Frank
15 2 (0.037%) COBIT
15 2 (0.037%) MISRA
15 2 (0.037%) SEPA
15 2 (0.037%) WAI
16 1 (0.019%) ECSS
System Software
1 1,103 (20.60%) Docker
2 149 (2.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 108 (2.02%) Virtual Machines
4 104 (1.94%) Active Directory
5 79 (1.48%) HDFS
6 76 (1.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 49 (0.92%) vSphere
8 43 (0.80%) Hyper-V
9 40 (0.75%) Xen
10 32 (0.60%) VirtualBox
11 28 (0.52%) vCloud
12 19 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
13 18 (0.34%) Apache Flume
14 16 (0.30%) NFS
15 14 (0.26%) etcd
16 10 (0.19%) flannel
16 10 (0.19%) Squid
17 9 (0.17%) Firmware
18 8 (0.15%) Postfix
19 7 (0.13%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,052 (19.65%) Ansible
2 939 (17.54%) Puppet
3 623 (11.63%) Opscode Chef
4 505 (9.43%) Kubernetes
5 487 (9.09%) Terraform
6 143 (2.67%) Kibana
7 122 (2.28%) logstash
8 117 (2.18%) Salt
9 81 (1.51%) Packer
10 77 (1.44%) Hadoop YARN
11 68 (1.27%) Grafana
12 63 (1.18%) Docker Swarm
13 61 (1.14%) Mesos
13 61 (1.14%) Nagios
14 57 (1.06%) HAProxy
15 33 (0.62%) Consul
15 33 (0.62%) Prometheus
15 33 (0.62%) Rancher
16 27 (0.50%) ZABBIX
17 25 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 542 (10.12%) Oracle
2 434 (8.10%) Microsoft
3 267 (4.99%) Google
4 205 (3.83%) VMware
5 187 (3.49%) Splunk
6 156 (2.91%) Red Hat
7 129 (2.41%) Atlassian
8 98 (1.83%) AppDynamics
9 84 (1.57%) New Relic
10 80 (1.49%) Hortonworks
11 79 (1.48%) Cloudera
12 71 (1.33%) Adobe
13 68 (1.27%) IBM
14 61 (1.14%) SAP
15 58 (1.08%) SaltStack
16 55 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
17 39 (0.73%) Sitecore
18 38 (0.71%) Tableau
19 32 (0.60%) HP
20 29 (0.54%) Talend