Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 42 45 47
Rank change year-on-year +3 +2 +23
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,421 4,542 4,405
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.30% 4.75% 4.03%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.14% 5.56% 4.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,772 3,187 3,118
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £363 £335 £325
90th Percentile £638 £602 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +11.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 56 23
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% +26.67% -0.79%
10th Percentile £31.10 £35.00 £27.40
90th Percentile £64.73 £63.75 £47.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.75 £47.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -18.42% +26.67% -0.40%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,233 81,755 92,643
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.20% 85.51% 84.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,249 53,551 61,094
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £276 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,389 2,080 2,284
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.58 £23.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.56% +2.95% +9.77%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.43 £11.35
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.16 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £24.50
% change year-on-year -20.00% +2.04% +12.23%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 5,018 £500 +5.26% 1,333
London +3 2,729 £525 +5.00% 546
UK excluding London +4 2,629 £450 +5.88% 863
South East -3 762 £475 +7.65% 210
North of England -1 691 £445 +4.71% 237
Midlands +26 380 £450 +5.88% 129
North West +8 319 £445 +4.71% 134
West Midlands +35 298 £463 -4.44% 72
Yorkshire -7 284 £450 +5.88% 81
Scotland +12 243 £425 +4.94% 47
East of England -10 239 £500 +5.93% 108
South West +8 213 £425 +6.25% 102
North East -5 90 £444 -1.39% 22
Wales +7 87 £488 +30.00% 21
East Midlands -16 79 £395 +5.33% 57
Northern Ireland -7 17 £475 +15.85% 8

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,662 (67.55%) Agile Software Development
2 2,224 (41.03%) Jenkins
3 2,198 (40.55%) Java
4 2,097 (38.68%) TDD
5 1,948 (35.93%) DevOps
6 1,849 (34.11%) Git (software)
7 1,558 (28.74%) Test Automation
8 1,550 (28.59%) Scrum
9 1,522 (28.08%) Amazon AWS
10 1,453 (26.80%) JavaScript
11 1,443 (26.62%) Linux
12 1,196 (22.06%) Python
13 1,118 (20.62%) Docker
14 1,037 (19.13%) BDD
15 1,020 (18.82%) Ansible
16 981 (18.10%) Microsoft Azure
17 973 (17.95%) SQL
18 945 (17.43%) Puppet
19 943 (17.40%) Web Services
20 918 (16.93%) C#
21 909 (16.77%) Microservices
22 885 (16.33%) REST
22 885 (16.33%) .NET
23 867 (15.99%) Continuous Delivery
24 863 (15.92%) HTML
25 854 (15.75%) Finance
26 853 (15.74%) CSS
27 813 (15.00%) JIRA
28 783 (14.44%) Configuration Management
29 759 (14.00%) Kanban

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 424 (7.82%) Confluence
2 293 (5.40%) Tomcat
3 270 (4.98%) Apache
4 242 (4.46%) Elasticsearch
5 209 (3.86%) WebSphere
6 195 (3.60%) nginx
7 179 (3.30%) OpenStack
8 173 (3.19%) Apache Spark
9 171 (3.15%) WebLogic
10 120 (2.21%) JBoss
11 102 (1.88%) IIS
12 88 (1.62%) CMS
13 69 (1.27%) Cloud Foundry
14 55 (1.01%) Jetty
15 46 (0.85%) NServiceBus
16 39 (0.72%) Apache Solr
17 37 (0.68%) Mongrel
18 36 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 34 (0.63%) SharePoint
20 30 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 66 (1.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (0.72%) MS Visio
3 20 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 19 (0.35%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.18%) Fireworks
6 7 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 6 (0.11%) GIMP
7 6 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 3 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.055%) HipChat
9 3 (0.055%) InVision
9 3 (0.055%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 27 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.35%) thinkFolio
3 16 (0.30%) Eagle PACE
4 14 (0.26%) Front Arena
4 14 (0.26%) Magento
5 13 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.18%) ION MarketView
7 9 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
8 8 (0.15%) Bloomberg AIM
8 8 (0.15%) Markit EDM
9 5 (0.092%) Oracle ERP
9 5 (0.092%) SAP S/4HANA
9 5 (0.092%) Summit
10 3 (0.055%) Dynamics AX
10 3 (0.055%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 3 (0.055%) LatentZero
10 3 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
11 2 (0.037%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.037%) Global One
11 2 (0.037%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 1,522 (28.08%) Amazon AWS
2 981 (18.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 383 (7.07%) GitHub
4 230 (4.24%) Amazon EC2
5 225 (4.15%) Google Cloud Platform
6 215 (3.97%) PaaS
7 149 (2.75%) AWS CloudFormation
8 140 (2.58%) SaaS
9 128 (2.36%) OpenShift
10 127 (2.34%) Amazon S3
11 122 (2.25%) IaaS
12 121 (2.23%) Serverless
13 94 (1.73%) npm
14 91 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
15 83 (1.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 80 (1.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 70 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
18 42 (0.77%) Slack
19 40 (0.74%) Google Analytics
20 39 (0.72%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 345 (6.36%) HTTP
2 226 (4.17%) TCP/IP
3 203 (3.74%) SSL
4 137 (2.53%) DNS
5 128 (2.36%) Firewall
6 76 (1.40%) Internet
7 70 (1.29%) DHCP
8 66 (1.22%) FTP
9 57 (1.05%) IPsec
10 56 (1.03%) VPN
11 38 (0.70%) Kerberos
12 34 (0.63%) Software-Defined Networking
13 33 (0.61%) SMS
14 29 (0.53%) Network Security
15 25 (0.46%) Reverse Proxy
16 16 (0.30%) HTTPS
17 15 (0.28%) OpenVPN
17 15 (0.28%) SSH
18 14 (0.26%) SAN
19 12 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 625 (11.53%) NoSQL
2 562 (10.37%) SQL Server
3 475 (8.76%) PostgreSQL
4 439 (8.10%) Relational Database
5 413 (7.62%) MySQL
6 376 (6.94%) MongoDB
7 300 (5.53%) Big Data
8 234 (4.32%) Hadoop
9 136 (2.51%) Apache Cassandra
10 127 (2.34%) RDBMS
11 113 (2.08%) Redis
12 105 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
13 93 (1.72%) HBase
14 92 (1.70%) Oracle Database
15 90 (1.66%) Apache Hive
16 75 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
17 63 (1.16%) Impala
18 54 (1.00%) Amazon Redshift
19 51 (0.94%) Cosmos DB
20 48 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,224 (41.03%) Jenkins
2 1,849 (34.11%) Git (software)
3 813 (15.00%) JIRA
4 594 (10.96%) Selenium
5 533 (9.83%) Maven
6 417 (7.69%) JUnit
7 403 (7.43%) Cucumber
8 402 (7.42%) TeamCity
9 368 (6.79%) Subversion
10 238 (4.39%) Team Foundation Server
11 234 (4.32%) NUnit
12 205 (3.78%) Bitbucket
13 200 (3.69%) Sonatype Nexus
14 199 (3.67%) Mockito
15 195 (3.60%) Gradle
15 195 (3.60%) Visual Studio
16 193 (3.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 180 (3.32%) Visual Studio Team System
18 165 (3.04%) Octopus Deploy
19 162 (2.99%) WebDriver
General
1 854 (15.75%) Finance
2 411 (7.58%) Banking
3 143 (2.64%) Retail
4 135 (2.49%) Front Office
5 100 (1.84%) Games
6 96 (1.77%) Investment Banking
7 73 (1.35%) Marketing
8 65 (1.20%) Telecoms
9 52 (0.96%) Back Office
10 36 (0.66%) Manufacturing
11 33 (0.61%) Advertising
11 33 (0.61%) Financial Institution
12 29 (0.53%) Electronics
13 28 (0.52%) Legal
14 22 (0.41%) Publishing
15 20 (0.37%) Retail Banking
16 19 (0.35%) Law
17 7 (0.13%) Corporate Banking
17 7 (0.13%) General Ledger
17 7 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,717 (50.12%) Developer
2 885 (16.33%) DevOps Engineer
3 858 (15.83%) Java Developer
4 426 (7.86%) Senior Developer
5 381 (7.03%) .NET Developer
6 295 (5.44%) Architect
7 294 (5.42%) C# Developer
8 235 (4.33%) Python Developer
9 220 (4.06%) AWS DevOps
10 217 (4.00%) AWS Engineer
11 199 (3.67%) Full Stack Developer
12 193 (3.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 187 (3.45%) Senior Java Developer
14 184 (3.39%) Software Engineer
15 171 (3.15%) Tester
16 170 (3.14%) C# .NET Developer
17 168 (3.10%) React Developer
18 165 (3.04%) Agile Developer
19 162 (2.99%) Java Engineer
20 160 (2.95%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 943 (17.40%) Web Services
2 885 (16.33%) .NET
2 885 (16.33%) REST
3 863 (15.92%) HTML
4 853 (15.74%) CSS
5 731 (13.48%) RESTful
6 702 (12.95%) Spring
7 662 (12.21%) AngularJS
8 507 (9.35%) Node.js
9 489 (9.02%) React
10 482 (8.89%) JSON
11 442 (8.15%) HTML5
12 422 (7.78%) SOAP
13 350 (6.46%) ASP.NET
14 337 (6.22%) XML
15 303 (5.59%) jQuery
16 290 (5.35%) Spring Boot
17 284 (5.24%) .NET Framework
18 281 (5.18%) CSS3
19 253 (4.67%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 325 (6.00%) User Experience
2 305 (5.63%) Greenfield Project
3 264 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
4 227 (4.19%) Mobile App
5 176 (3.25%) Computer Science
6 141 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
7 125 (2.31%) Self-Motivation
8 123 (2.27%) Algorithms
9 111 (2.05%) Public Cloud
10 94 (1.73%) Data Structures
11 91 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
12 86 (1.59%) Fixed Income
13 81 (1.49%) Fintech
14 64 (1.18%) Virtual Team
15 59 (1.09%) Wiki
16 56 (1.03%) Equities
17 53 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 53 (0.98%) Hedge funds
18 52 (0.96%) Private Cloud
19 48 (0.89%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,443 (26.62%) Linux
2 544 (10.04%) Windows
3 405 (7.47%) Unix
4 257 (4.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 189 (3.49%) Apple iOS
6 179 (3.30%) Android
7 160 (2.95%) CentOS
8 127 (2.34%) Windows Server
9 117 (2.16%) Ubuntu
10 31 (0.57%) CoreOS
11 30 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
12 27 (0.50%) Mac OS X
13 26 (0.48%) VMS
14 24 (0.44%) DC/OS
15 20 (0.37%) Solaris
16 17 (0.31%) Debian
17 11 (0.20%) Mac OS
17 11 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
18 9 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
19 7 (0.13%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,662 (67.55%) Agile Software Development
2 2,097 (38.68%) TDD
3 1,948 (35.93%) DevOps
4 1,558 (28.74%) Test Automation
5 1,550 (28.59%) Scrum
6 1,037 (19.13%) BDD
7 909 (16.77%) Microservices
8 867 (15.99%) Continuous Delivery
9 783 (14.44%) Configuration Management
10 759 (14.00%) Kanban
11 636 (11.73%) Software Engineering
12 599 (11.05%) OO
13 588 (10.85%) Open Source
14 557 (10.27%) MVC
15 500 (9.22%) Problem-Solving
16 486 (8.97%) Continuous Deployment
17 482 (8.89%) Pair Programming
18 458 (8.45%) SDLC
19 439 (8.10%) Unit Testing
20 437 (8.06%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 2,198 (40.55%) Java
2 1,453 (26.80%) JavaScript
3 1,196 (22.06%) Python
4 973 (17.95%) SQL
5 918 (16.93%) C#
6 478 (8.82%) Ruby
7 378 (6.97%) Bash Shell
8 339 (6.25%) Scala
9 338 (6.24%) Java 8
10 290 (5.35%) Perl
11 259 (4.78%) PowerShell
12 212 (3.91%) Groovy
13 208 (3.84%) Shell Script
14 157 (2.90%) PHP
15 140 (2.58%) C++
16 139 (2.56%) Go
17 131 (2.42%) TypeScript
18 129 (2.38%) ES6
19 110 (2.03%) C
20 91 (1.68%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 483 (8.91%) Security Cleared
2 381 (7.03%) SC Cleared
3 304 (5.61%) Degree
4 87 (1.60%) BPSS Clearance
5 79 (1.46%) ISTQB
6 78 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
7 62 (1.14%) AWS Certification
8 50 (0.92%) ISEB
9 31 (0.57%) DV Cleared
9 31 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 27 (0.50%) Master's Degree
11 22 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
12 14 (0.26%) BC Cleared
13 12 (0.22%) PMP
14 10 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
14 10 (0.18%) Sun Certification
15 9 (0.17%) PMI Certification
16 8 (0.15%) CCNA
16 8 (0.15%) CISSP
16 8 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 336 (6.20%) QA
2 51 (0.94%) GCP
3 32 (0.59%) SLA
4 30 (0.55%) GDPR
5 21 (0.39%) Data Quality
6 20 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
7 18 (0.33%) MiFID
8 17 (0.31%) PMO
9 11 (0.20%) WCAG
10 10 (0.18%) PCI DSS
11 6 (0.11%) HIPAA
11 6 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.092%) EMIR
12 5 (0.092%) MISRA
13 4 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 3 (0.055%) COBIT
14 3 (0.055%) Dodd-Frank
15 2 (0.037%) SEPA
15 2 (0.037%) WAI
16 1 (0.018%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 1,118 (20.62%) Docker
2 184 (3.39%) VMware Infrastructure
3 115 (2.12%) Virtual Machines
4 82 (1.51%) HDFS
5 77 (1.42%) Active Directory
6 55 (1.01%) vSphere
7 48 (0.89%) Xen
8 45 (0.83%) Hyper-V
9 42 (0.77%) VirtualBox
10 41 (0.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 19 (0.35%) vCloud
12 18 (0.33%) etcd
13 16 (0.30%) NFS
14 12 (0.22%) flannel
14 12 (0.22%) Postfix
14 12 (0.22%) Squid
15 11 (0.20%) Apache Flume
15 11 (0.20%) Firmware
16 10 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
17 9 (0.17%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 1,020 (18.82%) Ansible
2 945 (17.43%) Puppet
3 603 (11.12%) Opscode Chef
4 548 (10.11%) Kubernetes
5 512 (9.44%) Terraform
6 142 (2.62%) Kibana
7 95 (1.75%) Salt
8 90 (1.66%) logstash
9 84 (1.55%) Packer
10 76 (1.40%) Grafana
11 64 (1.18%) Hadoop YARN
12 61 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
13 60 (1.11%) HAProxy
14 49 (0.90%) Nagios
15 45 (0.83%) Consul
15 45 (0.83%) Prometheus
16 43 (0.79%) Mesos
17 33 (0.61%) ZABBIX
18 26 (0.48%) Sysdig
19 25 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 630 (11.62%) Oracle
2 443 (8.17%) Microsoft
3 338 (6.24%) Google
4 247 (4.56%) VMware
5 146 (2.69%) Atlassian
5 146 (2.69%) Red Hat
6 122 (2.25%) Splunk
7 100 (1.84%) Cloudera
8 78 (1.44%) IBM
9 77 (1.42%) Adobe
10 67 (1.24%) New Relic
11 61 (1.13%) Hortonworks
12 56 (1.03%) SaltStack
12 56 (1.03%) SAP
13 51 (0.94%) AppDynamics
14 46 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
15 41 (0.76%) HP
16 36 (0.66%) Sitecore
17 35 (0.65%) Charles River
18 33 (0.61%) Zend