Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 59 43 40
Rank change year-on-year -16 -3 +6
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 2,304 4,773 5,467
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.74% 4.92% 5.38%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.41% 5.64% 6.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,558 3,173 3,942
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £364 £375 £359
90th Percentile £688 £660 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £453
% change year-on-year - +4.97% +6.47%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 19 42
Median hourly rate £63.60 £35.00 £49.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +81.70% -29.65% +17.06%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £64.75 £67.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -26.32% -5.00% +17.65%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,284 84,570 88,073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.91% 87.24% 86.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,260 56,014 58,292
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.29%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £289
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £428 £415
% change year-on-year +2.34% +3.01% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,883 2,135 2,214
Median hourly rate £25.27 £24.96 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.22% +10.93% -10.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.85 £11.38
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.18
Median hourly rate £22.20 £23.49 £22.00
% change year-on-year -5.51% +6.77% -12.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 2,088 £525 +2.44% 671
London -13 1,132 £550 - 263
UK excluding London -19 1,126 £475 - 457
North of England -10 329 £475 -0.11% 127
South East -39 238 £475 -5.00% 104
Yorkshire +10 174 £498 -0.50% 42
Midlands -17 137 £460 -3.16% 70
South West -20 133 £500 +5.26% 64
North West -21 122 £450 -2.70% 73
Scotland -14 121 £450 +5.88% 28
West Midlands -9 111 £475 -3.99% 39
East of England +14 109 £450 -5.26% 43
Wales +9 50 £475 -0.21% 18
Work from Home -5 48 £450 -5.26% 50
North East -20 35 £500 - 12
East Midlands -18 24 £325 -24.64% 31
Northern Ireland +15 10 £400 -6.98% 2

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 1,455 (63.15%) Agile Software Development
2 921 (39.97%) DevOps
3 858 (37.24%) Jenkins
4 838 (36.37%) Java
5 825 (35.81%) Git (software)
6 723 (31.38%) Test Automation
7 693 (30.08%) TDD
8 677 (29.38%) AWS
9 617 (26.78%) Azure
10 608 (26.39%) JavaScript
11 563 (24.44%) Scrum
12 550 (23.87%) Python
13 508 (22.05%) Linux
14 489 (21.22%) Docker
15 469 (20.36%) SQL
16 433 (18.79%) Continuous Delivery
17 417 (18.10%) Microservices
18 398 (17.27%) HTML
19 395 (17.14%) C#
20 386 (16.75%) .NET
21 375 (16.28%) Finance
22 368 (15.97%) CSS
23 365 (15.84%) Kubernetes
24 362 (15.71%) Microsoft
25 347 (15.06%) BDD
26 329 (14.28%) Terraform
27 325 (14.11%) RESTful
28 320 (13.89%) JIRA
29 314 (13.63%) Open Source
30 309 (13.41%) Security Cleared

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 159 (6.90%) Confluence
2 93 (4.04%) Apache
3 89 (3.86%) Tomcat
4 81 (3.52%) WebSphere
5 71 (3.08%) nginx
6 65 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
6 65 (2.82%) IIS
7 64 (2.78%) Apache Spark
8 47 (2.04%) WebLogic
9 43 (1.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 40 (1.74%) CMS
11 37 (1.61%) Jetty
12 28 (1.22%) Mongrel
13 26 (1.13%) JBoss
14 24 (1.04%) Cloud Foundry
15 16 (0.69%) Oracle Service Bus
16 13 (0.56%) SharePoint
17 11 (0.48%) WebLogic Portal
18 9 (0.39%) SAS
19 8 (0.35%) OpenStack
Applications
1 16 (0.69%) Photoshop
2 15 (0.65%) Sketch
3 12 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
4 8 (0.35%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.087%) Figma
6 2 (0.087%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.087%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.043%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.043%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 27 (1.17%) Magento
2 17 (0.74%) Shopify
3 15 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.65%) Oracle BPM
4 5 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
4 5 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.17%) thinkFolio
6 3 (0.13%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.13%) SAP FI-CA
6 3 (0.13%) SAP PSCD
7 2 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.087%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.087%) Oracle Cash Management
7 2 (0.087%) SAP EWM
7 2 (0.087%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.043%) FastStats
8 1 (0.043%) FINCAD Analytics
8 1 (0.043%) Oracle Retail
8 1 (0.043%) SAP Business ByDesign
8 1 (0.043%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 677 (29.38%) AWS
2 617 (26.78%) Azure
3 252 (10.94%) GitHub
4 221 (9.59%) GCP
5 163 (7.07%) Amazon EC2
6 140 (6.08%) Serverless
7 109 (4.73%) PaaS
8 83 (3.60%) IaaS
9 81 (3.52%) Amazon S3
10 78 (3.39%) AWS Lambda
11 71 (3.08%) Amazon SQS
12 69 (2.99%) Power Platform
13 68 (2.95%) AWS CloudFormation
14 62 (2.69%) SaaS
15 57 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
16 40 (1.74%) OpenShift
17 32 (1.39%) Amazon EMR
18 28 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 28 (1.22%) Google App Engine
19 27 (1.17%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 212 (9.20%) HTTP
2 128 (5.56%) TCP/IP
3 93 (4.04%) SSL
4 72 (3.13%) DNS
5 61 (2.65%) Firewall
6 36 (1.56%) Internet
7 33 (1.43%) DHCP
7 33 (1.43%) DSL
7 33 (1.43%) FTP
8 31 (1.35%) IPsec
9 22 (0.95%) HTTPS
10 18 (0.78%) Wireshark
11 12 (0.52%) SSH
11 12 (0.52%) Wireless
12 11 (0.48%) IPv4
12 11 (0.48%) IPv6
12 11 (0.48%) UPnP
13 10 (0.43%) Broadband
13 10 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
13 10 (0.43%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 261 (11.33%) SQL Server
2 180 (7.81%) Relational Database
3 134 (5.82%) NoSQL
3 134 (5.82%) PostgreSQL
4 130 (5.64%) MongoDB
5 125 (5.43%) MySQL
6 119 (5.16%) Big Data
7 87 (3.78%) Amazon RDS
8 72 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
9 65 (2.82%) Data Lake
10 59 (2.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 58 (2.52%) Hadoop
12 53 (2.30%) Power BI
13 41 (1.78%) RDBMS
13 41 (1.78%) Redis
14 36 (1.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 35 (1.52%) Apache Hive
16 31 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
17 28 (1.22%) HDInsight
18 27 (1.17%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 858 (37.24%) Jenkins
2 825 (35.81%) Git (software)
3 320 (13.89%) JIRA
4 201 (8.72%) Maven
5 189 (8.20%) Selenium
6 180 (7.81%) JUnit
7 173 (7.51%) Cucumber
8 115 (4.99%) TeamCity
9 106 (4.60%) GitLab
10 102 (4.43%) Visual Studio
11 98 (4.25%) Mockito
12 90 (3.91%) Bitbucket
12 90 (3.91%) Subversion
13 84 (3.65%) SonarQube
14 79 (3.43%) Team Foundation Server
15 72 (3.13%) Sonatype Nexus
16 70 (3.04%) Octopus Deploy
17 63 (2.73%) Visual Studio Team System
18 54 (2.34%) DbUnit
18 54 (2.34%) jMock
General
1 375 (16.28%) Finance
2 182 (7.90%) Public Sector
3 140 (6.08%) Banking
4 74 (3.21%) Front Office
5 57 (2.47%) Retail
6 47 (2.04%) Marketing
7 32 (1.39%) Telecoms
8 27 (1.17%) Investment Banking
9 26 (1.13%) Legal
9 26 (1.13%) Manufacturing
10 25 (1.09%) Games
11 21 (0.91%) Electronics
12 15 (0.65%) Back Office
12 15 (0.65%) Military
13 10 (0.43%) Financial Institution
14 9 (0.39%) Publishing
15 8 (0.35%) Automotive
15 8 (0.35%) Law
16 6 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.22%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,069 (46.40%) Developer
2 311 (13.50%) DevOps Engineer
3 284 (12.33%) Java Developer
4 155 (6.73%) Senior Developer
5 135 (5.86%) C# Developer
6 134 (5.82%) .NET Developer
7 133 (5.77%) Architect
8 93 (4.04%) Full Stack Developer
9 89 (3.86%) Software Engineer
9 89 (3.86%) Tester
10 80 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
11 79 (3.43%) Python Developer
11 79 (3.43%) React Developer
12 78 (3.39%) AWS Engineer
12 78 (3.39%) Azure Engineer
13 74 (3.21%) Data Engineer
14 72 (3.13%) JavaScript Developer
15 69 (2.99%) C# .NET Developer
16 64 (2.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 62 (2.69%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 398 (17.27%) HTML
2 386 (16.75%) .NET
3 368 (15.97%) CSS
4 325 (14.11%) RESTful
5 308 (13.37%) Web Services
6 300 (13.02%) Spring
7 282 (12.24%) AngularJS
8 273 (11.85%) REST
9 259 (11.24%) Node.js
10 248 (10.76%) React
11 193 (8.38%) JSON
12 165 (7.16%) HTML5
13 153 (6.64%) SOAP
13 153 (6.64%) XML
14 138 (5.99%) Kafka
15 126 (5.47%) Spring Boot
16 105 (4.56%) Sass
17 101 (4.38%) J2EE
18 99 (4.30%) CSS3
19 96 (4.17%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 199 (8.64%) Analytical Skills
2 145 (6.29%) User Experience
3 75 (3.26%) Greenfield Project
4 74 (3.21%) Mobile App
5 59 (2.56%) Linux Command Line
6 55 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
7 50 (2.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 45 (1.95%) Data Structures
9 43 (1.87%) Cloud Native
10 40 (1.74%) Fixed Income
11 39 (1.69%) Public Cloud
12 36 (1.56%) PKI
13 33 (1.43%) Management Information System
13 33 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
14 28 (1.22%) Virtual Team
15 25 (1.09%) Equities
16 23 (1.00%) Hedge funds
17 17 (0.74%) W3C
18 16 (0.69%) Algorithms
18 16 (0.69%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 508 (22.05%) Linux
2 269 (11.68%) Windows
3 187 (8.12%) Unix
4 85 (3.69%) Android
5 67 (2.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 65 (2.82%) Apple iOS
7 61 (2.65%) Windows Server
8 34 (1.48%) CentOS
9 30 (1.30%) Ubuntu
10 24 (1.04%) Mac OS X
11 17 (0.74%) Solaris
12 16 (0.69%) Debian
13 13 (0.56%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.17%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.17%) DC/OS
14 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
15 3 (0.13%) AIX
15 3 (0.13%) HPUX
15 3 (0.13%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,455 (63.15%) Agile Software Development
2 921 (39.97%) DevOps
3 723 (31.38%) Test Automation
4 693 (30.08%) TDD
5 563 (24.44%) Scrum
6 433 (18.79%) Continuous Delivery
7 417 (18.10%) Microservices
8 347 (15.06%) BDD
9 314 (13.63%) Open Source
10 270 (11.72%) Software Engineering
11 263 (11.41%) Infrastructure as Code
12 262 (11.37%) Continuous Deployment
13 250 (10.85%) Problem-Solving
14 246 (10.68%) Kanban
15 237 (10.29%) Configuration Management
16 198 (8.59%) Unit Testing
17 192 (8.33%) Mentoring
18 186 (8.07%) OO
19 170 (7.38%) SDLC
20 168 (7.29%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 838 (36.37%) Java
2 608 (26.39%) JavaScript
3 550 (23.87%) Python
4 469 (20.36%) SQL
5 395 (17.14%) C#
6 188 (8.16%) Bash Shell
7 179 (7.77%) PowerShell
8 163 (7.07%) Ruby
9 140 (6.08%) Scala
10 114 (4.95%) Java 8
11 99 (4.30%) C
12 92 (3.99%) TypeScript
13 87 (3.78%) Groovy
14 76 (3.30%) Go
15 75 (3.26%) C++
16 55 (2.39%) Kotlin
17 48 (2.08%) Shell Script
18 44 (1.91%) ES6
19 42 (1.82%) PHP
20 34 (1.48%) Perl
Qualifications
1 309 (13.41%) Security Cleared
2 239 (10.37%) SC Cleared
3 158 (6.86%) Degree
4 60 (2.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (2.13%) BPSS Clearance
6 48 (2.08%) DV Cleared
7 44 (1.91%) ISTQB
8 25 (1.09%) ISEB
9 18 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
10 16 (0.69%) AWS Certification
11 15 (0.65%) DBS Check
12 14 (0.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 11 (0.48%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
15 8 (0.35%) CCNA
16 7 (0.30%) CISM
16 7 (0.30%) CISSP
17 6 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
18 3 (0.13%) CRISC
18 3 (0.13%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (7.90%) QA
2 25 (1.09%) WCAG
3 8 (0.35%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.35%) GDPR
4 7 (0.30%) NCSC
5 6 (0.26%) MiFID
6 5 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
6 5 (0.22%) SLA
7 4 (0.17%) NIST
8 3 (0.13%) HL7
8 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.087%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.087%) PMO
10 1 (0.043%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.043%) ISO 8583
10 1 (0.043%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.043%) WAI
System Software
1 489 (21.22%) Docker
2 72 (3.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (2.43%) Virtual Machines
4 43 (1.87%) Active Directory
5 40 (1.74%) Postfix
6 29 (1.26%) Xen
7 24 (1.04%) HDFS
8 22 (0.95%) vSphere
9 8 (0.35%) VMware NSX
10 6 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 6 (0.26%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.17%) Firmware
11 4 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.13%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.087%) NFS
13 2 (0.087%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.087%) Varnish
13 2 (0.087%) VirtualBox
14 1 (0.043%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 1 (0.043%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 365 (15.84%) Kubernetes
2 329 (14.28%) Terraform
3 306 (13.28%) Ansible
4 202 (8.77%) Puppet
5 139 (6.03%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (2.78%) Kibana
7 39 (1.69%) Prometheus
8 36 (1.56%) Grafana
9 30 (1.30%) Salt
10 27 (1.17%) Packer
11 25 (1.09%) Rancher
12 19 (0.82%) logstash
13 16 (0.69%) Hadoop YARN
13 16 (0.69%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 14 (0.61%) Consul
14 14 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
15 11 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
15 11 (0.48%) Oracle Identity Management
16 10 (0.43%) Control-M
17 8 (0.35%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 362 (15.71%) Microsoft
2 232 (10.07%) Google
3 165 (7.16%) Oracle
4 98 (4.25%) VMware
5 52 (2.26%) Atlassian
5 52 (2.26%) IBM
6 47 (2.04%) Red Hat
6 47 (2.04%) SAP
7 42 (1.82%) Splunk
8 33 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
9 29 (1.26%) Hortonworks
10 28 (1.22%) Cloudera
11 27 (1.17%) Databricks
12 26 (1.13%) hybris
13 23 (1.00%) Informatica
13 23 (1.00%) Xamarin
14 22 (0.95%) Talend
15 21 (0.91%) Cisco
16 20 (0.87%) Remedy
17 19 (0.82%) Sitecore