Period
to 23 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 23 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 70 53 40
Rank change year-on-year -17 -13 +3
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 1,053 3,436 5,604
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.29% 4.06% 5.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.81% 4.68% 6.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 834 2,277 3,878
Median daily rate £500 £515 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.91% +3.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £394 £363
90th Percentile £645 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 17 21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +12.50% -15.79%
10th Percentile £29.15 £23.95 £31.25
90th Percentile £47.73 £53.85 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year -26.32% +14.46% -12.63%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 27,639 73,370 90,063
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.38% 86.60% 87.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,462 48,150 59,411
Median daily rate £475 £475 £454
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.63% +0.89%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £438 £425
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 987 2,291 2,439
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% +14.31% -15.58%
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.88 £11.18
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £27.50 £23.00 £20.08
% change year-on-year +19.57% +14.57% -19.70%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 23 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 23 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 880 £500 -4.08% 522
UK excluding London -2 489 £475 - 349
London -28 465 £525 -4.55% 195
Work from Home -15 213 £495 +5.60% 92
South East +9 129 £500 +5.26% 86
North of England -2 125 £475 +0.26% 110
Scotland +24 92 £500 +11.11% 12
Midlands -3 68 £432 -9.05% 57
North West +4 53 £463 -2.63% 63
Yorkshire -6 48 £475 - 35
West Midlands +1 44 £435 -8.42% 42
South West -10 34 £463 -7.50% 45
East of England -1 29 £494 +9.72% 25
North East +7 24 £475 +11.24% 12
East Midlands +13 21 £488 -7.14% 15
Wales +17 9 £425 -13.71% 9
Northern Ireland -9 3 £428 -25.65% 5

For the 6 months to 23 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 671 (63.72%) Agile Software Development
2 497 (47.20%) DevOps
3 411 (39.03%) Jenkins
4 392 (37.23%) Java
5 363 (34.47%) Git (software)
6 357 (33.90%) Test Automation
7 305 (28.96%) AWS
8 290 (27.54%) Azure
9 286 (27.16%) Continuous Delivery
10 281 (26.69%) TDD
11 277 (26.31%) Python
12 261 (24.79%) Linux
13 253 (24.03%) JavaScript
14 249 (23.65%) Scrum
15 238 (22.60%) Microservices
16 221 (20.99%) SQL
17 218 (20.70%) Docker
18 209 (19.85%) Kubernetes
19 196 (18.61%) JIRA
20 193 (18.33%) Terraform
21 185 (17.57%) Microsoft
22 179 (17.00%) C#
23 174 (16.52%) Finance
24 167 (15.86%) Spring
25 163 (15.48%) REST
25 163 (15.48%) Security Cleared
26 159 (15.10%) Ansible
27 156 (14.81%) HTML
28 148 (14.06%) BDD
29 146 (13.87%) Selenium

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (9.97%) Confluence
2 47 (4.46%) Apache
3 44 (4.18%) SharePoint
4 43 (4.08%) Apache Spark
5 37 (3.51%) WebLogic
5 37 (3.51%) WebSphere
6 33 (3.13%) Mule
7 29 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
8 27 (2.56%) Red Hat Fuse
9 22 (2.09%) Cloud Foundry
10 21 (1.99%) JBoss
10 21 (1.99%) Tomcat
11 14 (1.33%) SAS
12 12 (1.14%) nginx
13 11 (1.04%) OpenStack
14 10 (0.95%) AquaLogic
14 10 (0.95%) CMS
14 10 (0.95%) Oracle Service Bus
15 9 (0.85%) WebSphere Application Server
16 7 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 20 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.85%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.28%) Sketch
5 2 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.19%) Zeplin
6 1 (0.095%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.095%) InVision
6 1 (0.095%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.095%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.095%) Simulink
6 1 (0.095%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 43 (4.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (1.14%) SAP FI-CA
3 11 (1.04%) Oracle BPM
3 11 (1.04%) Teamcenter
4 2 (0.19%) Infor M3
4 2 (0.19%) Magento
5 1 (0.095%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.095%) Exstream
5 1 (0.095%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.095%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.095%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.095%) SAP PSCD
5 1 (0.095%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.095%) Shopify
5 1 (0.095%) Temenos T24
5 1 (0.095%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 305 (28.96%) AWS
2 290 (27.54%) Azure
3 131 (12.44%) GitHub
4 71 (6.74%) PaaS
5 70 (6.65%) GCP
6 62 (5.89%) Serverless
7 61 (5.79%) Amazon S3
7 61 (5.79%) IaaS
8 57 (5.41%) AWS CloudFormation
9 51 (4.84%) Amazon EC2
10 48 (4.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 44 (4.18%) AWS Lambda
12 40 (3.80%) Power Platform
13 32 (3.04%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 32 (3.04%) SaaS
14 30 (2.85%) Logic Apps
15 28 (2.66%) Amazon SQS
15 28 (2.66%) Power Automate
16 27 (2.56%) Dynamics 365
17 26 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 56 (5.32%) Firewall
2 53 (5.03%) HTTP
3 43 (4.08%) DNS
4 39 (3.70%) Reverse Proxy
5 36 (3.42%) SSL
6 35 (3.32%) TCP/IP
7 34 (3.23%) VLAN
8 22 (2.09%) SNMP
9 21 (1.99%) VPN
10 16 (1.52%) HTTPS
11 13 (1.23%) DHCP
12 9 (0.85%) DSL
12 9 (0.85%) Internet
13 7 (0.66%) Kerberos
14 6 (0.57%) IPsec
15 4 (0.38%) FTP
15 4 (0.38%) LAN
15 4 (0.38%) POP3
15 4 (0.38%) SMTP
15 4 (0.38%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (9.69%) Relational Database
2 95 (9.02%) SQL Server
3 74 (7.03%) NoSQL
4 60 (5.70%) MongoDB
5 48 (4.56%) PostgreSQL
6 44 (4.18%) Oracle Database
7 41 (3.89%) MySQL
7 41 (3.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 40 (3.80%) Amazon RDS
9 34 (3.23%) Hadoop
10 33 (3.13%) RDBMS
11 32 (3.04%) Data Warehouse
12 23 (2.18%) Amazon Aurora
12 23 (2.18%) Big Data
12 23 (2.18%) Redis
13 22 (2.09%) Apache Hive
14 20 (1.90%) Power BI
15 19 (1.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 18 (1.71%) Data Lake
17 17 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 411 (39.03%) Jenkins
2 363 (34.47%) Git (software)
3 196 (18.61%) JIRA
4 146 (13.87%) Selenium
5 108 (10.26%) JUnit
6 107 (10.16%) Cucumber
7 104 (9.88%) Maven
8 94 (8.93%) GitLab
9 85 (8.07%) TeamCity
10 51 (4.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 49 (4.65%) Gradle
12 47 (4.46%) Mockito
12 47 (4.46%) SonarQube
12 47 (4.46%) Sonatype Nexus
13 45 (4.27%) Subversion
14 43 (4.08%) Visual Studio
15 41 (3.89%) JMeter
16 34 (3.23%) Team Foundation Server
17 30 (2.85%) Bitbucket
18 29 (2.75%) Ant
General
1 174 (16.52%) Finance
2 122 (11.59%) Public Sector
3 109 (10.35%) Banking
4 26 (2.47%) Investment Banking
5 19 (1.80%) Front Office
6 13 (1.23%) Games
7 11 (1.04%) Legal
8 10 (0.95%) Retail
9 9 (0.85%) Back Office
10 8 (0.76%) Manufacturing
10 8 (0.76%) Retail Banking
10 8 (0.76%) Telecoms
11 7 (0.66%) Law
12 6 (0.57%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.57%) Marketing
12 6 (0.57%) Social Housing
13 5 (0.47%) Billing
13 5 (0.47%) Electronics
14 4 (0.38%) Advertising
15 3 (0.28%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 433 (41.12%) Developer
2 149 (14.15%) DevOps Engineer
3 122 (11.59%) Java Developer
4 56 (5.32%) Architect
5 49 (4.65%) .NET Developer
6 48 (4.56%) Azure Engineer
7 44 (4.18%) Full Stack Developer
8 43 (4.08%) Senior Developer
9 40 (3.80%) Data Engineer
10 39 (3.70%) AWS Engineer
10 39 (3.70%) Cloud Engineer
11 35 (3.32%) Consultant
11 35 (3.32%) Software Engineer
12 34 (3.23%) Tester
13 31 (2.94%) AWS DevOps
14 29 (2.75%) Android Developer
14 29 (2.75%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 27 (2.56%) Java Engineer
15 27 (2.56%) Microsoft Developer
16 26 (2.47%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 167 (15.86%) Spring
2 163 (15.48%) REST
3 156 (14.81%) HTML
4 143 (13.58%) RESTful
5 133 (12.63%) CSS
6 126 (11.97%) Web Services
7 124 (11.78%) .NET
8 114 (10.83%) JSON
9 102 (9.69%) Node.js
10 97 (9.21%) AngularJS
11 95 (9.02%) XML
12 82 (7.79%) Spring Boot
13 80 (7.60%) React
14 72 (6.84%) HTML5
14 72 (6.84%) SOAP
15 58 (5.51%) Kafka
16 44 (4.18%) .NET Framework
17 42 (3.99%) Elastic Stack
17 42 (3.99%) Swagger
18 40 (3.80%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 51 (4.84%) Mobile App
2 48 (4.56%) User Experience
3 46 (4.37%) Enterprise Software
4 44 (4.18%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (2.94%) Data Structures
6 22 (2.09%) Cloud Native
7 21 (1.99%) Clustering
8 20 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
8 20 (1.90%) Management Information System
9 18 (1.71%) Greenfield Project
9 18 (1.71%) Public Cloud
9 18 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (1.52%) Algorithms
10 16 (1.52%) Credit Risk
10 16 (1.52%) Fixed Income
10 16 (1.52%) Virtual Team
11 12 (1.14%) Private Cloud
12 10 (0.95%) Derivative
13 9 (0.85%) Animation
13 9 (0.85%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 261 (24.79%) Linux
2 131 (12.44%) Windows
3 76 (7.22%) Unix
4 65 (6.17%) Android
5 55 (5.22%) Windows Server
6 51 (4.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 49 (4.65%) CentOS
8 39 (3.70%) Apple iOS
9 38 (3.61%) Windows Server 2016
10 29 (2.75%) Windows 10
11 14 (1.33%) Ubuntu
12 9 (0.85%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 9 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.47%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.47%) OpenVMS
14 4 (0.38%) Debian
14 4 (0.38%) Mac OS X
14 4 (0.38%) Solaris
15 3 (0.28%) tvOS
15 3 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 671 (63.72%) Agile Software Development
2 497 (47.20%) DevOps
3 357 (33.90%) Test Automation
4 286 (27.16%) Continuous Delivery
5 281 (26.69%) TDD
6 249 (23.65%) Scrum
7 238 (22.60%) Microservices
8 148 (14.06%) BDD
9 137 (13.01%) Infrastructure as Code
10 125 (11.87%) Configuration Management
11 121 (11.49%) Software Engineering
12 119 (11.30%) Continuous Deployment
13 117 (11.11%) Problem-Solving
14 106 (10.07%) Kanban
15 100 (9.50%) Unit Testing
16 91 (8.64%) Analytics
16 91 (8.64%) Mentoring
16 91 (8.64%) Open Source
17 90 (8.55%) SDLC
18 88 (8.36%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 392 (37.23%) Java
2 277 (26.31%) Python
3 253 (24.03%) JavaScript
4 221 (20.99%) SQL
5 179 (17.00%) C#
6 93 (8.83%) Bash Shell
7 89 (8.45%) PowerShell
8 82 (7.79%) Scala
9 74 (7.03%) Java 8
10 56 (5.32%) Ruby
11 54 (5.13%) Kotlin
12 46 (4.37%) Go
13 43 (4.08%) C++
14 38 (3.61%) TypeScript
15 37 (3.51%) PL/SQL
16 35 (3.32%) C
17 28 (2.66%) Shell Script
18 26 (2.47%) Groovy
19 24 (2.28%) Apple Swift
20 22 (2.09%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 163 (15.48%) Security Cleared
2 130 (12.35%) SC Cleared
3 55 (5.22%) Degree
4 32 (3.04%) ISTQB
5 30 (2.85%) BPSS Clearance
6 28 (2.66%) ISEB
7 26 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
8 16 (1.52%) AWS Certification
9 14 (1.33%) DV Cleared
10 13 (1.23%) Microsoft Certification
11 9 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 7 (0.66%) Master's Degree
13 6 (0.57%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 5 (0.47%) CCNA
14 5 (0.47%) CCNP
14 5 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
14 5 (0.47%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.28%) PhD
15 3 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
15 3 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (10.07%) QA
2 26 (2.47%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.85%) WCAG
4 4 (0.38%) MiFID
5 3 (0.28%) GDPR
5 3 (0.28%) SLA
6 2 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.19%) ISO 9000
6 2 (0.19%) JTAG
6 2 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.095%) FINREP
7 1 (0.095%) HL7
System Software
1 218 (20.70%) Docker
2 55 (5.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (3.13%) vSphere
4 26 (2.47%) Active Directory
5 15 (1.42%) HDFS
6 12 (1.14%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.47%) Postfix
9 3 (0.28%) LXC
9 3 (0.28%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.19%) Ceph
10 2 (0.19%) etcd
10 2 (0.19%) Varnish
10 2 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.19%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.19%) Xen
11 1 (0.095%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 209 (19.85%) Kubernetes
2 193 (18.33%) Terraform
3 159 (15.10%) Ansible
4 111 (10.54%) Puppet
5 99 (9.40%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (5.79%) Prometheus
7 50 (4.75%) Packer
8 41 (3.89%) Grafana
9 28 (2.66%) Kibana
9 28 (2.66%) ZABBIX
10 14 (1.33%) Salt
11 13 (1.23%) Istio
12 10 (0.95%) Zipkin
13 9 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
13 9 (0.85%) logstash
13 9 (0.85%) Nagios
14 6 (0.57%) Consul
15 5 (0.47%) Red Hat Satellite
15 5 (0.47%) Rundeck
15 5 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 185 (17.57%) Microsoft
2 114 (10.83%) Oracle
3 56 (5.32%) VMware
4 55 (5.22%) Splunk
5 48 (4.56%) Atlassian
6 46 (4.37%) Google
6 46 (4.37%) Red Hat
7 33 (3.13%) Dell
8 28 (2.66%) Talend
9 26 (2.47%) AppDynamics
10 25 (2.37%) SAP
11 20 (1.90%) Databricks
11 20 (1.90%) HP
11 20 (1.90%) SaltStack
12 17 (1.61%) EMC
12 17 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
13 16 (1.52%) IBM
14 15 (1.42%) Bloomberg
15 13 (1.23%) Cisco
15 13 (1.23%) MuleSoft