Period
to 19 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 43 46 67
Rank change year-on-year +3 +21 +24
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 4600 4463 3275
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.77% 4.11% 2.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.66% 4.93% 3.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 3226 3163 2325
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.76% +1.19%
10th Percentile £335 £325 £313
90th Percentile £602 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £385
% change year-on-year - +10.39% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 22 20
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £37.65
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.67% -0.40% -36.72%
10th Percentile £35.00 £27.08 £29.80
90th Percentile £63.75 £45.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £37.65
% change year-on-year +26.67% -0.40% +2.03%

Continuous Integration is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 81339 90588 91039
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 84.37% 83.49% 80.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 53388 59835 58068
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £281 £263 £260
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2013 2205 2601
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +13.64% +8.92%
10th Percentile £11.72 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.25 £48.38 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +7.14%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 4289 £475 - 596
UK excluding London +15 2276 £425 - 359
London 0 2264 £501 +0.10% 275
South East +23 720 £443 +4.12% 82
North of England +1 534 £425 - 126
East of England +49 287 £474 -0.32% 41
Midlands +5 259 £425 -5.56% 33
Yorkshire +7 243 £425 -5.56% 53
North West +2 227 £425 - 67
South West +45 220 £400 -5.88% 39
Scotland -1 141 £400 +14.29% 34
West Midlands +5 132 £475 +5.56% 17
East Midlands -6 122 £375 -14.29% 16
North East +31 72 £475 +22.58% 6
Northern Ireland -3 68 £410 +9.33% 1
Wales -13 55 £375 -16.67% 3

For the 6 months to 19 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3135 (68.15%) Agile Software Development
2 2039 (44.33%) Java
3 1965 (42.72%) TDD
4 1822 (39.61%) Jenkins
5 1665 (36.20%) DevOps
6 1590 (34.57%) Git (software)
7 1425 (30.98%) Test Automation
8 1400 (30.43%) Scrum
9 1328 (28.87%) Linux
10 1227 (26.67%) JavaScript
11 1060 (23.04%) Amazon AWS
12 982 (21.35%) Python
13 922 (20.04%) HTML
14 880 (19.13%) BDD
15 876 (19.04%) SQL
16 833 (18.11%) C#
17 829 (18.02%) CSS
18 819 (17.80%) Web Services
19 798 (17.35%) Finance
20 778 (16.91%) Puppet
21 759 (16.50%) Ansible
22 741 (16.11%) Spring
23 739 (16.07%) Configuration Management
23 739 (16.07%) REST
24 726 (15.78%) Docker
25 707 (15.37%) .NET
26 681 (14.80%) JIRA
27 679 (14.76%) RESTful
28 638 (13.87%) AngularJS
29 630 (13.70%) Continuous Delivery

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 377 (8.20%) Confluence
2 232 (5.04%) Tomcat
3 216 (4.70%) Apache
4 174 (3.78%) WebSphere
5 167 (3.63%) JBoss
6 153 (3.33%) Apache Spark
6 153 (3.33%) OpenStack
7 150 (3.26%) WebLogic
8 144 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
9 123 (2.67%) nginx
10 91 (1.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 83 (1.80%) IIS
12 78 (1.70%) Cloud Foundry
13 71 (1.54%) CMS
14 49 (1.07%) SharePoint
15 42 (0.91%) WebSphere Application Server
16 35 (0.76%) Apache Solr
17 29 (0.63%) Apache Pig
18 25 (0.54%) Drupal
19 24 (0.52%) WebSphere Process Server
Applications
1 20 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.20%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.17%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 5 (0.11%) HipChat
6 4 (0.087%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.065%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.043%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.022%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.022%) GIMP
9 1 (0.022%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 36 (0.78%) Magento
2 31 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
3 25 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.30%) ION MarketView
5 13 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
6 11 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
7 10 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
8 7 (0.15%) RMDS
9 6 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 5 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.087%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.065%) SAP HCM
13 2 (0.043%) Bloomberg TOMS
13 2 (0.043%) Oracle Cash Management
13 2 (0.043%) Oracle ERP
13 2 (0.043%) SDL Web 8
14 1 (0.022%) FastStats
14 1 (0.022%) Oracle EBS R12
14 1 (0.022%) Oracle Retail
14 1 (0.022%) Oracle SCM
Cloud Services
1 1060 (23.04%) Amazon AWS
2 483 (10.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 278 (6.04%) GitHub
4 148 (3.22%) Amazon EC2
5 142 (3.09%) PaaS
6 112 (2.43%) IaaS
7 91 (1.98%) AWS CloudFormation
7 91 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
8 80 (1.74%) Amazon S3
9 76 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
10 69 (1.50%) OpenShift
11 62 (1.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 61 (1.33%) SaaS
13 44 (0.96%) Google Cloud Platform
14 43 (0.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 36 (0.78%) Amazon ELB
16 28 (0.61%) Amazon SQS
17 25 (0.54%) Dynamics 365
18 23 (0.50%) IBM Cloud
18 23 (0.50%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 375 (8.15%) HTTP
2 168 (3.65%) SSL
3 163 (3.54%) TCP/IP
4 108 (2.35%) DNS
5 80 (1.74%) LDAP
6 69 (1.50%) Internet
7 63 (1.37%) Firewall
7 63 (1.37%) VPN
8 29 (0.63%) DHCP
8 29 (0.63%) Kerberos
9 26 (0.57%) SMS
10 25 (0.54%) OpenLDAP
11 23 (0.50%) SSH
12 20 (0.43%) FTP
12 20 (0.43%) PuTTY
12 20 (0.43%) WinSCP
13 18 (0.39%) IPsec
13 18 (0.39%) OpenVPN
14 16 (0.35%) LAN
14 16 (0.35%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 556 (12.09%) NoSQL
2 524 (11.39%) SQL Server
3 474 (10.30%) Relational Database
4 391 (8.50%) MongoDB
5 363 (7.89%) PostgreSQL
6 351 (7.63%) MySQL
7 247 (5.37%) Hadoop
8 245 (5.33%) Big Data
9 141 (3.07%) RDBMS
10 132 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
11 105 (2.28%) HBase
12 100 (2.17%) Apache Hive
13 93 (2.02%) Redis
14 91 (1.98%) Oracle Database
15 68 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
16 67 (1.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 65 (1.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 64 (1.39%) SQL Server 2012
19 61 (1.33%) Amazon RDS
20 60 (1.30%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1822 (39.61%) Jenkins
2 1590 (34.57%) Git (software)
3 681 (14.80%) JIRA
4 475 (10.33%) Maven
5 464 (10.09%) JUnit
6 450 (9.78%) Subversion
7 392 (8.52%) Selenium
8 373 (8.11%) TeamCity
9 304 (6.61%) Cucumber
10 254 (5.52%) Team Foundation Server
11 195 (4.24%) Gradle
12 178 (3.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 176 (3.83%) Sonatype Nexus
14 163 (3.54%) Mockito
15 157 (3.41%) Bitbucket
16 151 (3.28%) NUnit
17 143 (3.11%) Ant
18 138 (3.00%) Hudson
19 136 (2.96%) Visual Studio
20 130 (2.83%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 798 (17.35%) Finance
2 426 (9.26%) Banking
3 192 (4.17%) Retail
4 191 (4.15%) Front Office
5 159 (3.46%) Marketing
6 129 (2.80%) Telecoms
7 121 (2.63%) Investment Banking
8 116 (2.52%) Manufacturing
9 107 (2.33%) Electronics
10 100 (2.17%) Games
11 37 (0.80%) Back Office
12 32 (0.70%) Publishing
13 31 (0.67%) Financial Institution
14 26 (0.57%) Advertising
15 25 (0.54%) Legal
16 24 (0.52%) Law
17 23 (0.50%) Automotive
18 21 (0.46%) Corporate Banking
19 11 (0.24%) Billing
19 11 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2464 (53.57%) Developer
2 811 (17.63%) Java Developer
3 717 (15.59%) DevOps Engineer
4 368 (8.00%) Senior Developer
5 318 (6.91%) .NET Developer
6 265 (5.76%) C# Developer
7 231 (5.02%) Architect
8 206 (4.48%) JavaScript Developer
9 201 (4.37%) AWS DevOps
10 195 (4.24%) Agile Developer
11 194 (4.22%) Tester
12 193 (4.20%) AWS Engineer
13 164 (3.57%) Full Stack Developer
14 158 (3.43%) Scala Developer
15 156 (3.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 151 (3.28%) Automation Tester
16 151 (3.28%) C# .NET Developer
17 140 (3.04%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 137 (2.98%) Senior Java Developer
19 128 (2.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 922 (20.04%) HTML
2 829 (18.02%) CSS
3 819 (17.80%) Web Services
4 741 (16.11%) Spring
5 739 (16.07%) REST
6 707 (15.37%) .NET
7 679 (14.76%) RESTful
8 638 (13.87%) AngularJS
9 559 (12.15%) HTML5
10 507 (11.02%) Node.js
11 477 (10.37%) JSON
12 344 (7.48%) XML
13 339 (7.37%) CSS3
14 331 (7.20%) React
15 314 (6.83%) SOAP
16 297 (6.46%) jQuery
17 277 (6.02%) Hibernate
18 274 (5.96%) J2EE
19 272 (5.91%) ASP.NET
20 235 (5.11%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 239 (5.20%) Analytical Skills
2 213 (4.63%) User Experience
3 203 (4.41%) Mobile App
4 179 (3.89%) Computer Science
5 170 (3.70%) Greenfield Project
6 117 (2.54%) Data Structures
7 99 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
8 93 (2.02%) Algorithms
9 81 (1.76%) Derivative
10 80 (1.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 76 (1.65%) Fixed Income
12 72 (1.57%) Fintech
13 68 (1.48%) Virtual Team
14 48 (1.04%) Public Cloud
15 47 (1.02%) iPad
15 47 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
16 38 (0.83%) Client/Server
17 36 (0.78%) Data Centre
18 35 (0.76%) iPhone
19 32 (0.70%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 1328 (28.87%) Linux
2 445 (9.67%) Unix
3 365 (7.93%) Windows
4 255 (5.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 183 (3.98%) Android
6 151 (3.28%) Apple iOS
7 144 (3.13%) CentOS
8 104 (2.26%) Mac OS X
9 71 (1.54%) Windows Server
10 70 (1.52%) Ubuntu
11 41 (0.89%) Windows Server 2012
12 28 (0.61%) Solaris
13 22 (0.48%) CoreOS
14 15 (0.33%) Mac OS
15 12 (0.26%) AIX
16 11 (0.24%) Fedora
17 10 (0.22%) VMS
18 9 (0.20%) Amazon Linux
19 8 (0.17%) Windows 10
20 7 (0.15%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3135 (68.15%) Agile Software Development
2 1965 (42.72%) TDD
3 1665 (36.20%) DevOps
4 1425 (30.98%) Test Automation
5 1400 (30.43%) Scrum
6 880 (19.13%) BDD
7 739 (16.07%) Configuration Management
8 630 (13.70%) Continuous Delivery
9 617 (13.41%) Open Source
10 580 (12.61%) Software Engineering
11 577 (12.54%) OO
12 566 (12.30%) MVC
13 556 (12.09%) Microservices
14 534 (11.61%) Kanban
15 451 (9.80%) Unit Testing
16 402 (8.74%) Web Development
17 391 (8.50%) Continuous Deployment
18 386 (8.39%) Pair Programming
19 370 (8.04%) SOA
20 340 (7.39%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2039 (44.33%) Java
2 1227 (26.67%) JavaScript
3 982 (21.35%) Python
4 876 (19.04%) SQL
5 833 (18.11%) C#
6 533 (11.59%) Ruby
7 381 (8.28%) Scala
8 273 (5.93%) Bash Shell
9 210 (4.57%) Shell Script
10 194 (4.22%) Perl
10 194 (4.22%) PowerShell
11 180 (3.91%) C++
12 142 (3.09%) Groovy
13 122 (2.65%) PHP
14 109 (2.37%) Go
15 99 (2.15%) C
16 87 (1.89%) Apple Swift
17 78 (1.70%) PL/SQL
18 75 (1.63%) ES6
19 73 (1.59%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 397 (8.63%) Security Cleared
2 307 (6.67%) SC Cleared
3 253 (5.50%) Degree
4 89 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 67 (1.46%) ISTQB
6 58 (1.26%) ISEB
7 40 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
8 39 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 32 (0.70%) AWS Certification
10 30 (0.65%) DV Cleared
11 16 (0.35%) Master's Degree
12 11 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
12 11 (0.24%) ISEB Practitioner
13 8 (0.17%) CFA
13 8 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
13 8 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
13 8 (0.17%) PMI Certification
14 7 (0.15%) PMP
15 5 (0.11%) OCP
15 5 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 396 (8.61%) QA
2 40 (0.87%) Disclosure Scotland
3 26 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 16 (0.35%) MiFID
5 9 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.20%) PCI DSS
5 9 (0.20%) WCAG
6 7 (0.15%) GDPR
7 6 (0.13%) COBIT
7 6 (0.13%) SLA
8 4 (0.087%) WAI
9 3 (0.065%) EMIR
10 2 (0.043%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.043%) GCP
10 2 (0.043%) HL7
10 2 (0.043%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.022%) FATCA
11 1 (0.022%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.022%) PMO
11 1 (0.022%) Solvency II
System Software
1 726 (15.78%) Docker
2 94 (2.04%) Active Directory
3 88 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (1.37%) Virtual Machines
5 54 (1.17%) Apache Flume
6 51 (1.11%) HDFS
7 38 (0.83%) Xen
8 36 (0.78%) vSphere
9 32 (0.70%) vCloud
10 25 (0.54%) VirtualBox
11 20 (0.43%) Squid
12 19 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 18 (0.39%) Postfix
14 14 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
15 13 (0.28%) NFS
16 10 (0.22%) KVM
16 10 (0.22%) OpenAM
17 8 (0.17%) XenServer
18 7 (0.15%) etcd
18 7 (0.15%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 778 (16.91%) Puppet
2 759 (16.50%) Ansible
3 536 (11.65%) Opscode Chef
4 324 (7.04%) Kubernetes
5 282 (6.13%) Terraform
6 105 (2.28%) logstash
7 100 (2.17%) Kibana
8 79 (1.72%) ZABBIX
9 64 (1.39%) Salt
10 51 (1.11%) Rancher
11 42 (0.91%) Grafana
11 42 (0.91%) Prometheus
12 41 (0.89%) Nagios
13 39 (0.85%) Hadoop YARN
14 38 (0.83%) Graphite
15 37 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
16 32 (0.70%) HAProxy
17 31 (0.67%) Packer
18 26 (0.57%) Consul
19 22 (0.48%) vRealize
Vendors
1 587 (12.76%) Oracle
2 367 (7.98%) Microsoft
3 194 (4.22%) Google
4 169 (3.67%) VMware
5 167 (3.63%) Red Hat
6 123 (2.67%) SAP
7 122 (2.65%) Atlassian
8 84 (1.83%) New Relic
9 83 (1.80%) Splunk
10 81 (1.76%) HP
11 73 (1.59%) IBM
12 63 (1.37%) WSO2
13 62 (1.35%) AppDynamics
14 58 (1.26%) Cloudera
15 52 (1.13%) hybris
16 43 (0.93%) Adobe
16 43 (0.93%) MuleSoft
17 40 (0.87%) Perforce
17 40 (0.87%) SaltStack
18 36 (0.78%) Salesforce.com