Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 41 45
Rank change year-on-year +1 +4 +14
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,579 4,840 4,725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.40% 4.87% 4.48%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.27% 5.68% 5.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,803 3,454 3,361
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £328
90th Percentile £650 £625 £605
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £430
% change year-on-year +5.88% -1.16% +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 64 22
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £47.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.79% +26.67% -3.85%
10th Percentile £31.25 £35.15 £27.08
90th Percentile £53.75 £63.75 £45.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £47.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -12.63% +26.67% -3.85%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,046 85,202 89,754
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.22% 85.74% 85.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,741 56,485 59,254
UK median daily rate £454 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.89% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,410 2,040 2,437
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.97%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -18.00% +11.11% +3.07%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 5,119 £500 +2.56% 1,476
London +6 2,838 £525 +1.45% 576
UK excluding London 0 2,673 £450 +5.88% 1,009
South East -1 755 £475 +8.57% 224
North of England +8 661 £450 +5.88% 297
Midlands +11 412 £450 +5.88% 129
West Midlands +21 324 £470 -1.05% 82
North West +6 308 £450 +4.35% 159
Scotland +6 296 £431 +7.81% 75
Yorkshire -9 239 £450 +5.88% 96
East of England -10 228 £500 +8.11% 117
South West -1 219 £425 +6.25% 133
North East +30 119 £495 +4.16% 42
Wales +8 95 £425 +3.03% 25
East Midlands -9 86 £400 +6.67% 47
Northern Ireland -7 12 £468 +14.02% 9
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,850 (69.01%) Agile Software Development
2 2,328 (41.73%) Java
3 2,297 (41.17%) Jenkins
4 2,115 (37.91%) TDD
5 1,963 (35.19%) DevOps
6 1,852 (33.20%) Git (software)
7 1,759 (31.53%) Test Automation
8 1,649 (29.56%) Scrum
9 1,603 (28.73%) Amazon AWS
10 1,491 (26.73%) JavaScript
11 1,322 (23.70%) Linux
12 1,218 (21.83%) Python
13 1,190 (21.33%) Docker
14 1,094 (19.61%) BDD
15 1,069 (19.16%) SQL
16 1,021 (18.30%) Ansible
17 1,003 (17.98%) C#
18 993 (17.80%) Continuous Delivery
19 978 (17.53%) Microsoft Azure
20 969 (17.37%) Puppet
21 967 (17.33%) .NET
22 953 (17.08%) Microservices
23 940 (16.85%) JIRA
24 904 (16.20%) Web Services
25 887 (15.90%) Finance
26 879 (15.76%) CSS
27 853 (15.29%) HTML
28 846 (15.16%) REST
29 775 (13.89%) Kanban
30 761 (13.64%) Spring

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 530 (9.50%) Confluence
2 322 (5.77%) Tomcat
3 279 (5.00%) Apache
4 242 (4.34%) Elasticsearch
5 241 (4.32%) WebSphere
6 196 (3.51%) WebLogic
7 177 (3.17%) OpenStack
8 172 (3.08%) nginx
9 167 (2.99%) Apache Spark
10 120 (2.15%) CMS
11 114 (2.04%) IIS
12 108 (1.94%) JBoss
13 72 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
14 61 (1.09%) SharePoint
15 51 (0.91%) Jetty
16 47 (0.84%) Apache Solr
17 39 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 37 (0.66%) Mongrel
19 35 (0.63%) Mule
20 33 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 96 (1.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (1.00%) MS Visio
3 19 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 15 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.18%) Fireworks
6 7 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
7 6 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.090%) GIMP
9 4 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.072%) InVision
9 4 (0.072%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.036%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.018%) HipChat
11 1 (0.018%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 44 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.16%) Magento
3 8 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
4 7 (0.13%) thinkFolio
5 6 (0.11%) ION MarketView
5 6 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
5 6 (0.11%) Oracle FAH
6 5 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.090%) Oracle Cash Management
6 5 (0.090%) SAP FI-CA
6 5 (0.090%) SAP PSCD
7 4 (0.072%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.072%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.054%) Bloomberg AIM
8 3 (0.054%) Eagle PACE
8 3 (0.054%) LatentZero
8 3 (0.054%) Markit EDM
8 3 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.054%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.036%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 1,603 (28.73%) Amazon AWS
2 978 (17.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 378 (6.78%) GitHub
4 270 (4.84%) Amazon EC2
5 242 (4.34%) Google Cloud Platform
6 190 (3.41%) PaaS
7 161 (2.89%) Amazon S3
8 157 (2.81%) AWS CloudFormation
9 142 (2.55%) SaaS
10 123 (2.20%) Serverless
11 119 (2.13%) IaaS
12 116 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
13 111 (1.99%) OpenShift
14 97 (1.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 87 (1.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 76 (1.36%) npm
17 75 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
18 69 (1.24%) Google Analytics
19 63 (1.13%) Slack
20 48 (0.86%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 372 (6.67%) HTTP
2 195 (3.50%) TCP/IP
3 175 (3.14%) SSL
4 124 (2.22%) Firewall
5 122 (2.19%) DNS
6 86 (1.54%) Internet
7 55 (0.99%) DHCP
8 50 (0.90%) FTP
9 49 (0.88%) VPN
10 45 (0.81%) IPsec
11 33 (0.59%) Software-Defined Networking
12 30 (0.54%) Kerberos
12 30 (0.54%) Reverse Proxy
13 22 (0.39%) HTTPS
13 22 (0.39%) SAN
13 22 (0.39%) SSH
14 18 (0.32%) SMS
15 17 (0.30%) Wireless
16 15 (0.27%) OpenVPN
17 14 (0.25%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 610 (10.93%) NoSQL
2 602 (10.79%) SQL Server
3 506 (9.07%) PostgreSQL
4 424 (7.60%) MongoDB
5 409 (7.33%) MySQL
6 390 (6.99%) Relational Database
7 241 (4.32%) Big Data
8 229 (4.10%) Hadoop
9 155 (2.78%) RDBMS
10 144 (2.58%) Apache Cassandra
11 105 (1.88%) Apache Hive
12 101 (1.81%) Data Warehouse
13 97 (1.74%) Oracle Database
14 88 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
15 81 (1.45%) Redis
16 75 (1.34%) Impala
17 57 (1.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 57 (1.02%) Sqoop
18 56 (1.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 46 (0.82%) HBase
Development Applications
1 2,297 (41.17%) Jenkins
2 1,852 (33.20%) Git (software)
3 940 (16.85%) JIRA
4 720 (12.91%) Selenium
5 630 (11.29%) Maven
6 506 (9.07%) Cucumber
7 468 (8.39%) TeamCity
8 456 (8.17%) JUnit
9 338 (6.06%) Subversion
10 248 (4.45%) Bitbucket
11 247 (4.43%) NUnit
12 230 (4.12%) Team Foundation Server
13 204 (3.66%) Gradle
14 194 (3.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 188 (3.37%) WebDriver
16 186 (3.33%) JMeter
16 186 (3.33%) Mockito
17 181 (3.24%) Visual Studio Team System
18 179 (3.21%) SonarQube
19 178 (3.19%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 887 (15.90%) Finance
2 435 (7.80%) Banking
3 180 (3.23%) Front Office
4 170 (3.05%) Retail
5 120 (2.15%) Investment Banking
6 95 (1.70%) Games
7 76 (1.36%) Marketing
8 52 (0.93%) Back Office
9 45 (0.81%) Financial Institution
10 43 (0.77%) Telecoms
11 39 (0.70%) Advertising
12 35 (0.63%) Electronics
13 34 (0.61%) Manufacturing
14 32 (0.57%) Law
15 31 (0.56%) Publishing
16 22 (0.39%) Legal
17 20 (0.36%) Retail Banking
18 16 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
19 9 (0.16%) Corporate Banking
20 7 (0.13%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,826 (50.65%) Developer
2 953 (17.08%) Java Developer
3 861 (15.43%) DevOps Engineer
4 432 (7.74%) Senior Developer
5 368 (6.60%) .NET Developer
6 329 (5.90%) C# Developer
7 296 (5.31%) Architect
8 213 (3.82%) Tester
9 203 (3.64%) Python Developer
10 198 (3.55%) AWS Engineer
11 197 (3.53%) Senior Java Developer
12 192 (3.44%) Software Engineer
13 190 (3.41%) Full Stack Developer
14 180 (3.23%) AWS DevOps
14 180 (3.23%) React Developer
15 164 (2.94%) JavaScript Developer
16 163 (2.92%) Agile Developer
16 163 (2.92%) Java Engineer
17 158 (2.83%) C# .NET Developer
18 157 (2.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 967 (17.33%) .NET
2 904 (16.20%) Web Services
3 879 (15.76%) CSS
4 853 (15.29%) HTML
5 846 (15.16%) REST
6 761 (13.64%) Spring
7 730 (13.08%) AngularJS
8 709 (12.71%) RESTful
9 564 (10.11%) Node.js
10 489 (8.77%) React
11 462 (8.28%) HTML5
12 458 (8.21%) JSON
13 419 (7.51%) Spring Boot
14 411 (7.37%) SOAP
15 346 (6.20%) ASP.NET
16 331 (5.93%) XML
17 291 (5.22%) .NET Framework
18 277 (4.97%) jQuery
19 267 (4.79%) CSS3
19 267 (4.79%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 323 (5.79%) User Experience
2 307 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
3 279 (5.00%) Greenfield Project
4 181 (3.24%) Mobile App
5 176 (3.15%) Computer Science
6 155 (2.78%) Enterprise Software
7 123 (2.20%) Public Cloud
8 116 (2.08%) Algorithms
8 116 (2.08%) Fixed Income
8 116 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
9 85 (1.52%) Fintech
10 84 (1.51%) Data Structures
11 81 (1.45%) Wiki
12 80 (1.43%) Hedge funds
13 67 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
14 62 (1.11%) Equities
15 57 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 56 (1.00%) Derivative
16 56 (1.00%) Private Cloud
17 55 (0.99%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,322 (23.70%) Linux
2 620 (11.11%) Windows
3 515 (9.23%) Unix
4 236 (4.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 157 (2.81%) Apple iOS
6 152 (2.72%) Android
7 149 (2.67%) Windows Server
8 146 (2.62%) CentOS
9 128 (2.29%) Ubuntu
10 36 (0.65%) Mac OS X
11 31 (0.56%) VMS
12 28 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
13 27 (0.48%) Solaris
14 26 (0.47%) Mac OS
15 18 (0.32%) CoreOS
15 18 (0.32%) Debian
15 18 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
16 13 (0.23%) Fedora
17 11 (0.20%) DC/OS
18 10 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,850 (69.01%) Agile Software Development
2 2,115 (37.91%) TDD
3 1,963 (35.19%) DevOps
4 1,759 (31.53%) Test Automation
5 1,649 (29.56%) Scrum
6 1,094 (19.61%) BDD
7 993 (17.80%) Continuous Delivery
8 953 (17.08%) Microservices
9 775 (13.89%) Kanban
10 736 (13.19%) Configuration Management
11 638 (11.44%) Software Engineering
12 621 (11.13%) OO
13 604 (10.83%) Open Source
14 554 (9.93%) Continuous Deployment
15 549 (9.84%) MVC
16 524 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
17 461 (8.26%) SDLC
18 459 (8.23%) Unit Testing
19 444 (7.96%) Pair Programming
20 430 (7.71%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 2,328 (41.73%) Java
2 1,491 (26.73%) JavaScript
3 1,218 (21.83%) Python
4 1,069 (19.16%) SQL
5 1,003 (17.98%) C#
6 491 (8.80%) Ruby
7 422 (7.56%) Bash Shell
8 342 (6.13%) Java 8
9 323 (5.79%) Scala
10 294 (5.27%) PowerShell
11 280 (5.02%) Perl
12 245 (4.39%) Shell Script
13 238 (4.27%) Groovy
14 173 (3.10%) PHP
15 160 (2.87%) C++
16 147 (2.63%) TypeScript
17 136 (2.44%) Go
18 125 (2.24%) ES6
19 100 (1.79%) C
20 99 (1.77%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 452 (8.10%) Security Cleared
2 354 (6.35%) SC Cleared
3 295 (5.29%) Degree
4 97 (1.74%) BPSS Clearance
5 86 (1.54%) ISTQB
6 72 (1.29%) Computer Science Degree
7 60 (1.08%) ISEB
8 39 (0.70%) AWS Certification
9 36 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 27 (0.48%) Master's Degree
11 21 (0.38%) DV Cleared
11 21 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
12 20 (0.36%) CISSP
13 14 (0.25%) CISM
14 12 (0.22%) BC Cleared
15 10 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
15 10 (0.18%) PhD
16 9 (0.16%) CCNA
16 9 (0.16%) CSSLP
16 9 (0.16%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 426 (7.64%) QA
2 22 (0.39%) GDPR
3 21 (0.38%) SLA
4 20 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
4 20 (0.36%) PMO
5 15 (0.27%) WCAG
6 13 (0.23%) MiFID
7 12 (0.22%) Data Quality
8 9 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.090%) EMIR
9 5 (0.090%) MISRA
10 4 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.054%) HIPAA
11 3 (0.054%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.036%) PSD2
12 2 (0.036%) WAI
13 1 (0.018%) COBIT
13 1 (0.018%) ECSS
13 1 (0.018%) MIL-STD-1553
System Software
1 1,190 (21.33%) Docker
2 197 (3.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 98 (1.76%) Virtual Machines
4 83 (1.49%) HDFS
5 77 (1.38%) vSphere
6 69 (1.24%) Active Directory
7 45 (0.81%) Hyper-V
8 44 (0.79%) VirtualBox
9 35 (0.63%) Xen
10 24 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 16 (0.29%) NFS
12 15 (0.27%) vCloud
13 14 (0.25%) etcd
13 14 (0.25%) oVirt
13 14 (0.25%) RHEV
14 11 (0.20%) Postfix
15 10 (0.18%) Firmware
16 9 (0.16%) Squid
17 8 (0.14%) OpenAM
17 8 (0.14%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,021 (18.30%) Ansible
2 969 (17.37%) Puppet
3 647 (11.60%) Opscode Chef
4 583 (10.45%) Kubernetes
5 497 (8.91%) Terraform
6 175 (3.14%) Kibana
7 109 (1.95%) Grafana
8 104 (1.86%) logstash
9 96 (1.72%) Packer
10 92 (1.65%) Salt
11 67 (1.20%) Mesos
12 65 (1.17%) Nagios
13 63 (1.13%) Hadoop YARN
14 51 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
15 43 (0.77%) Prometheus
16 42 (0.75%) Rancher
17 39 (0.70%) Consul
18 36 (0.65%) Marathon
18 36 (0.65%) ZABBIX
19 35 (0.63%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 666 (11.94%) Oracle
2 489 (8.77%) Microsoft
3 389 (6.97%) Google
4 267 (4.79%) VMware
5 183 (3.28%) Atlassian
6 154 (2.76%) Red Hat
7 133 (2.38%) Splunk
8 96 (1.72%) Cloudera
9 80 (1.43%) Adobe
10 74 (1.33%) IBM
11 67 (1.20%) New Relic
12 60 (1.08%) AppDynamics
13 45 (0.81%) SAP
14 41 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
15 40 (0.72%) HP
16 39 (0.70%) SaltStack
17 38 (0.68%) Apple
18 37 (0.66%) Tableau
19 36 (0.65%) MuleSoft
20 35 (0.63%) Zend