Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 41 45 60
Rank change year-on-year +4 +15 +16
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5228 4723 3674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.07% 4.48% 3.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.00% 5.34% 3.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 3772 3337 2653
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £350 £336 £313
90th Percentile £625 £615 £593
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £428 £400
% change year-on-year -0.58% +6.88% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 23 26
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £39.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.67% -5.66% -33.19%
10th Percentile £35.58 £35.80 £28.75
90th Percentile £63.75 £46.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.50 £37.50 £39.75
% change year-on-year +32.00% -5.66% +8.90%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87155 88463 92228
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.47% 83.90% 81.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 58071 58482 59737
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.91% +3.25%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £631 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2066 2352 2726
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.33
90th Percentile £49.88 £48.75 £47.61
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -2.04% +3.16% +18.75%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 4830 £500 +4.17% 738
London +3 2770 £525 +4.43% 349
UK excluding London +6 2412 £425 -0.58% 424
South East +21 790 £445 +4.71% 108
North of England +3 476 £425 -0.87% 138
Midlands -6 308 £450 - 51
East of England +15 297 £456 +1.39% 45
Scotland +14 258 £413 +14.58% 27
Yorkshire +10 222 £425 -5.56% 51
West Midlands +2 198 £475 +7.95% 29
North West +1 197 £450 +5.88% 76
South West +18 194 £420 -1.18% 47
East Midlands -21 109 £360 -20.00% 21
North East +15 71 £425 -4.49% 11
Northern Ireland -13 58 £420 +12.30% 2
Wales -27 43 £438 -7.89% 6

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3573 (68.34%) Agile Software Development
2 2333 (44.63%) Java
3 2308 (44.15%) TDD
4 2020 (38.64%) Jenkins
5 1819 (34.79%) DevOps
6 1772 (33.89%) Git (software)
7 1663 (31.81%) Scrum
8 1554 (29.72%) Test Automation
9 1442 (27.58%) JavaScript
10 1407 (26.91%) Linux
11 1376 (26.32%) Amazon AWS
12 1173 (22.44%) BDD
13 1117 (21.37%) Web Services
14 1061 (20.29%) Finance
15 1053 (20.14%) Python
16 970 (18.55%) HTML
17 940 (17.98%) SQL
18 917 (17.54%) Puppet
19 900 (17.21%) C#
20 887 (16.97%) Ansible
20 887 (16.97%) Docker
21 867 (16.58%) CSS
22 841 (16.09%) Spring
23 824 (15.76%) Continuous Delivery
24 822 (15.72%) RESTful
25 807 (15.44%) REST
26 798 (15.26%) Configuration Management
27 771 (14.75%) .NET
28 761 (14.56%) JIRA
29 747 (14.29%) Microservices

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 445 (8.51%) Confluence
2 300 (5.74%) Tomcat
3 217 (4.15%) WebSphere
4 214 (4.09%) Apache
5 208 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
6 206 (3.94%) OpenStack
7 165 (3.16%) Apache Spark
8 160 (3.06%) WebLogic
9 151 (2.89%) nginx
10 133 (2.54%) JBoss
11 103 (1.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 86 (1.64%) IIS
13 75 (1.43%) Cloud Foundry
14 71 (1.36%) CMS
15 45 (0.86%) Apache Solr
16 44 (0.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 41 (0.78%) SharePoint
18 33 (0.63%) Jetty
19 29 (0.55%) Mule
19 29 (0.55%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 11 (0.21%) HipChat
2 10 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.096%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.057%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.038%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.019%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.019%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.019%) Mingle
8 1 (0.019%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 55 (1.05%) Payment Gateway
2 36 (0.69%) Magento
3 25 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
4 22 (0.42%) ION MarketView
5 13 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
6 12 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
7 11 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
8 10 (0.19%) Bloomberg TOMS
9 5 (0.096%) RMDS
9 5 (0.096%) SDL Web 8
10 4 (0.077%) Oracle Applications
10 4 (0.077%) WebTrends
11 3 (0.057%) MetaTrader
11 3 (0.057%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 2 (0.038%) Oracle ERP
12 2 (0.038%) SAP HCM
12 2 (0.038%) Summit
13 1 (0.019%) Dynamics GP
13 1 (0.019%) Markit EDM
13 1 (0.019%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 1376 (26.32%) Amazon AWS
2 666 (12.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 316 (6.04%) GitHub
4 198 (3.79%) Amazon EC2
5 144 (2.75%) PaaS
6 130 (2.49%) AWS CloudFormation
7 115 (2.20%) Serverless
8 114 (2.18%) Amazon S3
9 104 (1.99%) npm
10 102 (1.95%) IaaS
11 99 (1.89%) AWS Lambda
12 81 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
13 77 (1.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 71 (1.36%) Google Cloud Platform
15 65 (1.24%) SaaS
16 62 (1.19%) OpenShift
17 56 (1.07%) Slack
18 45 (0.86%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 45 (0.86%) Route 53
19 32 (0.61%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 338 (6.47%) HTTP
2 196 (3.75%) TCP/IP
3 162 (3.10%) SSL
4 96 (1.84%) DNS
5 74 (1.42%) Internet
6 68 (1.30%) Firewall
7 46 (0.88%) VPN
8 39 (0.75%) SMS
9 37 (0.71%) LDAP
10 35 (0.67%) Kerberos
11 29 (0.55%) DHCP
12 26 (0.50%) FTP
13 24 (0.46%) Network Security
14 23 (0.44%) IPsec
15 20 (0.38%) OpenLDAP
16 17 (0.33%) OpenVPN
16 17 (0.33%) SSH
17 16 (0.31%) LAN
18 15 (0.29%) WAN
19 14 (0.27%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 707 (13.52%) NoSQL
2 565 (10.81%) SQL Server
3 460 (8.80%) MongoDB
4 438 (8.38%) Relational Database
5 421 (8.05%) PostgreSQL
6 409 (7.82%) MySQL
7 268 (5.13%) Big Data
8 257 (4.92%) Hadoop
9 189 (3.62%) Apache Cassandra
10 159 (3.04%) RDBMS
11 111 (2.12%) Redis
12 105 (2.01%) HBase
13 84 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
14 80 (1.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 77 (1.47%) Oracle Database
16 69 (1.32%) Apache Hive
17 62 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
18 58 (1.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 53 (1.01%) SQL Server 2008
20 48 (0.92%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 2020 (38.64%) Jenkins
2 1772 (33.89%) Git (software)
3 761 (14.56%) JIRA
4 580 (11.09%) Maven
5 505 (9.66%) TeamCity
6 468 (8.95%) Selenium
7 454 (8.68%) Subversion
8 431 (8.24%) JUnit
9 391 (7.48%) Cucumber
10 238 (4.55%) Mockito
11 225 (4.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 222 (4.25%) Team Foundation Server
13 211 (4.04%) NUnit
14 205 (3.92%) Gradle
15 195 (3.73%) Octopus Deploy
16 192 (3.67%) Bitbucket
17 186 (3.56%) Sonatype Nexus
18 156 (2.98%) gulp
19 152 (2.91%) SonarQube
20 140 (2.68%) Ant
General
1 1061 (20.29%) Finance
2 543 (10.39%) Banking
3 182 (3.48%) Front Office
4 169 (3.23%) Retail
5 133 (2.54%) Games
5 133 (2.54%) Investment Banking
5 133 (2.54%) Marketing
5 133 (2.54%) Telecoms
6 97 (1.86%) Manufacturing
7 80 (1.53%) Electronics
8 57 (1.09%) Publishing
9 48 (0.92%) Back Office
10 47 (0.90%) Retail Banking
11 42 (0.80%) Financial Institution
12 41 (0.78%) Law
13 34 (0.65%) Advertising
14 29 (0.55%) Legal
15 22 (0.42%) Automotive
16 15 (0.29%) Corporate Banking
17 11 (0.21%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2803 (53.62%) Developer
2 949 (18.15%) Java Developer
3 865 (16.55%) DevOps Engineer
4 448 (8.57%) Senior Developer
5 342 (6.54%) .NET Developer
6 326 (6.24%) C# Developer
7 259 (4.95%) JavaScript Developer
8 254 (4.86%) Agile Developer
9 249 (4.76%) AWS Engineer
10 243 (4.65%) Architect
11 232 (4.44%) Full Stack Developer
12 228 (4.36%) AWS DevOps
13 194 (3.71%) Tester
14 176 (3.37%) C# .NET Developer
15 174 (3.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 171 (3.27%) Senior Java Developer
17 167 (3.19%) Linux Engineer
18 166 (3.18%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 158 (3.02%) Python Developer
20 145 (2.77%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1117 (21.37%) Web Services
2 970 (18.55%) HTML
3 867 (16.58%) CSS
4 841 (16.09%) Spring
5 822 (15.72%) RESTful
6 807 (15.44%) REST
7 771 (14.75%) .NET
8 719 (13.75%) AngularJS
9 602 (11.51%) Node.js
10 590 (11.29%) HTML5
11 478 (9.14%) React
12 449 (8.59%) JSON
13 351 (6.71%) SOAP
14 337 (6.45%) CSS3
15 326 (6.24%) XML
16 322 (6.16%) Hibernate
17 311 (5.95%) ASP.NET
18 285 (5.45%) jQuery
19 260 (4.97%) J2EE
20 259 (4.95%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 242 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
2 226 (4.32%) Mobile App
3 220 (4.21%) User Experience
4 211 (4.04%) Computer Science
5 186 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
6 155 (2.96%) Data Structures
7 150 (2.87%) Algorithms
8 129 (2.47%) Enterprise Software
9 113 (2.16%) Fintech
10 99 (1.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 85 (1.63%) Public Cloud
12 83 (1.59%) Virtual Team
13 69 (1.32%) Derivative
14 68 (1.30%) N-Tier
15 58 (1.11%) Fixed Income
16 56 (1.07%) iPad
17 51 (0.98%) Data Centre
18 49 (0.94%) Clustering
19 41 (0.78%) Social Media
20 37 (0.71%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1407 (26.91%) Linux
2 468 (8.95%) Unix
3 439 (8.40%) Windows
4 251 (4.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 215 (4.11%) Android
6 155 (2.96%) Apple iOS
7 126 (2.41%) CentOS
8 83 (1.59%) Windows Server
9 81 (1.55%) Mac OS X
10 69 (1.32%) Ubuntu
11 33 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
12 29 (0.55%) CoreOS
13 28 (0.54%) Solaris
14 26 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
15 17 (0.33%) AIX
16 13 (0.25%) VMS
17 8 (0.15%) Amazon Linux
17 8 (0.15%) Debian
17 8 (0.15%) Mac OS
18 7 (0.13%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3573 (68.34%) Agile Software Development
2 2308 (44.15%) TDD
3 1819 (34.79%) DevOps
4 1663 (31.81%) Scrum
5 1554 (29.72%) Test Automation
6 1173 (22.44%) BDD
7 824 (15.76%) Continuous Delivery
8 798 (15.26%) Configuration Management
9 747 (14.29%) Microservices
10 703 (13.45%) Kanban
11 687 (13.14%) Software Engineering
12 642 (12.28%) OO
13 605 (11.57%) Open Source
14 601 (11.50%) MVC
15 506 (9.68%) Pair Programming
16 481 (9.20%) Unit Testing
17 435 (8.32%) Mentoring
18 414 (7.92%) Continuous Deployment
19 398 (7.61%) Web Development
20 388 (7.42%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2333 (44.63%) Java
2 1442 (27.58%) JavaScript
3 1053 (20.14%) Python
4 940 (17.98%) SQL
5 900 (17.21%) C#
6 506 (9.68%) Ruby
7 368 (7.04%) Scala
8 350 (6.69%) Bash Shell
9 240 (4.59%) PowerShell
10 212 (4.06%) Shell Script
11 186 (3.56%) Groovy
12 174 (3.33%) C++
13 167 (3.19%) Perl
14 151 (2.89%) ES6
15 141 (2.70%) PHP
16 133 (2.54%) Go
17 97 (1.86%) C
18 90 (1.72%) Apple Swift
19 88 (1.68%) PL/SQL
19 88 (1.68%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 400 (7.65%) Security Cleared
2 291 (5.57%) Degree
3 290 (5.55%) SC Cleared
4 122 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 55 (1.05%) ISTQB
6 42 (0.80%) ISEB
7 34 (0.65%) AWS Certification
7 34 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
8 31 (0.59%) DV Cleared
9 21 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
10 19 (0.36%) PMI Certification
11 18 (0.34%) PMP
12 16 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 13 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
14 10 (0.19%) PhD
15 9 (0.17%) MCSD
16 8 (0.15%) CHECK Team Member
17 6 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
18 5 (0.096%) ISEB Practitioner
19 4 (0.077%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 421 (8.05%) QA
2 34 (0.65%) PCI DSS
3 33 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
4 26 (0.50%) GDPR
5 23 (0.44%) WCAG
6 15 (0.29%) MiFID
7 13 (0.25%) Data Quality
8 12 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 10 (0.19%) GCP
10 5 (0.096%) EMIR
10 5 (0.096%) WAI
11 4 (0.077%) SLA
12 2 (0.038%) COBIT
12 2 (0.038%) HL7
12 2 (0.038%) PMO
12 2 (0.038%) RosettaNet
12 2 (0.038%) SEPA
12 2 (0.038%) Solvency II
13 1 (0.019%) Government Security Classifications
13 1 (0.019%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 887 (16.97%) Docker
2 99 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
3 85 (1.63%) Active Directory
4 54 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
5 51 (0.98%) vCloud
6 46 (0.88%) Xen
7 45 (0.86%) HDFS
8 40 (0.77%) vSphere
9 39 (0.75%) Apache Flume
10 24 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 19 (0.36%) Squid
12 18 (0.34%) Postfix
13 16 (0.31%) VirtualBox
14 13 (0.25%) Gluster
15 10 (0.19%) etcd
15 10 (0.19%) Varnish
16 9 (0.17%) Hyper-V
16 9 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
17 8 (0.15%) KVM
17 8 (0.15%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 917 (17.54%) Puppet
2 887 (16.97%) Ansible
3 580 (11.09%) Opscode Chef
4 394 (7.54%) Kubernetes
5 368 (7.04%) Terraform
6 164 (3.14%) logstash
7 161 (3.08%) Kibana
8 99 (1.89%) Grafana
9 64 (1.22%) Salt
9 64 (1.22%) ZABBIX
10 51 (0.98%) Prometheus
11 50 (0.96%) Packer
12 45 (0.86%) Rancher
13 43 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
14 41 (0.78%) Nagios
15 36 (0.69%) Consul
16 29 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
16 29 (0.55%) Mesos
17 25 (0.48%) HAProxy
18 24 (0.46%) Business Desktop Deployment
Vendors
1 619 (11.84%) Oracle
2 421 (8.05%) Microsoft
3 204 (3.90%) Google
4 182 (3.48%) VMware
5 138 (2.64%) Splunk
6 133 (2.54%) Red Hat
7 129 (2.47%) Atlassian
8 106 (2.03%) SAP
9 105 (2.01%) AppDynamics
10 94 (1.80%) IBM
11 90 (1.72%) New Relic
12 68 (1.30%) HP
13 52 (0.99%) Adobe
13 52 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
14 48 (0.92%) hybris
14 48 (0.92%) WSO2
15 43 (0.82%) SaltStack
16 41 (0.78%) Xamarin
17 40 (0.77%) MuleSoft
18 39 (0.75%) Cloudera