Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 41 42 45
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +16
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 5,712 5,228 4,535
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.44% 5.09% 4.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.27% 5.93% 5.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,833 3,756 3,145
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £338
90th Percentile £650 £625 £618
UK excluding London median daily rate £455 £430 £430
% change year-on-year +5.81% - +7.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 59 27
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £49.50 £39.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.29% +25.32% -16.84%
10th Percentile £31.25 £35.40 £35.45
90th Percentile £63.75 £63.75 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £49.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -14.14% +32.00% -21.05%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,056 88,128 86,878
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.78% 85.88% 85.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,307 58,823 57,239
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,332 2,060 2,454
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.09
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +11.11% -

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 5,237 £500 - 1,217
London -2 2,871 £525 - 549
UK excluding London +3 2,776 £455 +5.81% 768
South East +1 820 £500 +11.11% 182
North of England +8 657 £450 +5.88% 201
Midlands +2 402 £450 - 107
North West +12 330 £450 -5.26% 113
West Midlands +4 318 £470 +4.44% 70
Scotland -5 305 £425 +3.03% 60
South West +11 258 £425 - 100
East of England -15 221 £500 +11.11% 78
Yorkshire -15 211 £444 +4.41% 60
North East +10 122 £500 +15.94% 28
Wales +19 106 £425 -5.56% 32
East Midlands -12 81 £405 +11.66% 37
Northern Ireland -5 12 £460 +6.67% 8
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 3,973 (69.56%) Agile Software Development
2 2,398 (41.98%) Java
3 2,376 (41.60%) Jenkins
4 2,171 (38.01%) TDD
5 2,049 (35.87%) DevOps
6 1,915 (33.53%) Test Automation
7 1,845 (32.30%) Git (software)
8 1,676 (29.34%) Scrum
9 1,613 (28.24%) Amazon AWS
10 1,511 (26.45%) JavaScript
11 1,311 (22.95%) Linux
12 1,159 (20.29%) BDD
13 1,143 (20.01%) Docker
14 1,126 (19.71%) Python
15 1,084 (18.98%) SQL
16 1,078 (18.87%) C#
17 1,057 (18.50%) Continuous Delivery
18 1,054 (18.45%) Ansible
19 1,047 (18.33%) Microsoft Azure
20 1,043 (18.26%) Microservices
21 1,038 (18.17%) .NET
22 990 (17.33%) JIRA
23 974 (17.05%) Puppet
24 919 (16.09%) CSS
25 891 (15.60%) Finance
26 884 (15.48%) Web Services
27 873 (15.28%) REST
28 848 (14.85%) HTML
29 808 (14.15%) Spring
30 780 (13.66%) Kanban

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 602 (10.54%) Confluence
2 379 (6.64%) Tomcat
3 312 (5.46%) WebSphere
4 296 (5.18%) Apache
5 260 (4.55%) WebLogic
6 250 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
7 210 (3.68%) OpenStack
8 201 (3.52%) nginx
9 143 (2.50%) Apache Spark
10 130 (2.28%) IIS
11 122 (2.14%) CMS
12 118 (2.07%) JBoss
13 82 (1.44%) Cloud Foundry
14 73 (1.28%) Jetty
15 69 (1.21%) SharePoint
16 58 (1.02%) Mongrel
17 44 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 40 (0.70%) Apache Solr
19 39 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
20 35 (0.61%) Mule
Applications
1 122 (2.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 49 (0.86%) MS Visio
3 19 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
4 16 (0.28%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.18%) Fireworks
6 9 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
7 5 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.088%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.088%) InVision
7 5 (0.088%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.053%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.035%) GIMP
10 1 (0.018%) HipChat
10 1 (0.018%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 60 (1.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
3 9 (0.16%) Sentinel
4 6 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
4 6 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
4 6 (0.11%) Oracle FAH
5 5 (0.088%) Oracle Cash Management
5 5 (0.088%) SAP FI-CA
5 5 (0.088%) SAP PSCD
6 4 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.070%) thinkFolio
6 4 (0.070%) Unit4 Business World
7 3 (0.053%) ION MarketView
8 2 (0.035%) Bloomberg AIM
8 2 (0.035%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.035%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.035%) Eagle PACE
8 2 (0.035%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.035%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.035%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,613 (28.24%) Amazon AWS
2 1,047 (18.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 448 (7.84%) GitHub
4 283 (4.95%) Amazon EC2
5 274 (4.80%) Google Cloud Platform
6 178 (3.12%) PaaS
7 162 (2.84%) AWS CloudFormation
8 150 (2.63%) SaaS
9 141 (2.47%) Amazon S3
10 133 (2.33%) IaaS
11 127 (2.22%) Serverless
12 124 (2.17%) Cloud Computing
13 108 (1.89%) OpenShift
14 90 (1.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 87 (1.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 84 (1.47%) AWS Lambda
17 82 (1.44%) Slack
18 76 (1.33%) Google Analytics
19 73 (1.28%) npm
20 67 (1.17%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 403 (7.06%) HTTP
2 203 (3.55%) TCP/IP
3 191 (3.34%) SSL
4 151 (2.64%) DNS
5 117 (2.05%) Firewall
6 95 (1.66%) Internet
7 82 (1.44%) DHCP
8 73 (1.28%) FTP
9 72 (1.26%) IPsec
10 37 (0.65%) VPN
11 34 (0.60%) Reverse Proxy
12 28 (0.49%) Software-Defined Networking
13 25 (0.44%) Kerberos
14 21 (0.37%) SSH
15 16 (0.28%) HTTPS
16 15 (0.26%) AMQP
17 14 (0.25%) Broadband
17 14 (0.25%) OpenVPN
18 13 (0.23%) Skype
18 13 (0.23%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 641 (11.22%) NoSQL
2 596 (10.43%) SQL Server
3 533 (9.33%) PostgreSQL
4 421 (7.37%) MySQL
5 410 (7.18%) MongoDB
6 377 (6.60%) Relational Database
7 231 (4.04%) Hadoop
8 221 (3.87%) Big Data
9 163 (2.85%) RDBMS
10 132 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
11 100 (1.75%) Oracle Database
12 98 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
13 92 (1.61%) Apache Hive
14 87 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
15 74 (1.30%) Redis
16 72 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 66 (1.16%) Impala
18 60 (1.05%) Data Lake
19 58 (1.02%) HBase
20 56 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,376 (41.60%) Jenkins
2 1,845 (32.30%) Git (software)
3 990 (17.33%) JIRA
4 766 (13.41%) Selenium
5 655 (11.47%) Maven
6 553 (9.68%) Cucumber
7 497 (8.70%) TeamCity
8 487 (8.53%) JUnit
9 349 (6.11%) Subversion
10 295 (5.16%) NUnit
11 239 (4.18%) Team Foundation Server
12 230 (4.03%) Visual Studio Team System
13 223 (3.90%) MSTest
14 217 (3.80%) Bitbucket
15 213 (3.73%) Gradle
16 201 (3.52%) JMeter
17 200 (3.50%) GitLab
18 197 (3.45%) Visual Studio
19 196 (3.43%) Octopus Deploy
20 192 (3.36%) SonarQube
General
1 891 (15.60%) Finance
2 431 (7.55%) Banking
3 204 (3.57%) Retail
4 166 (2.91%) Front Office
5 124 (2.17%) Investment Banking
6 84 (1.47%) Games
7 81 (1.42%) Marketing
8 59 (1.03%) Back Office
9 55 (0.96%) Telecoms
10 54 (0.95%) Financial Institution
11 48 (0.84%) Manufacturing
12 45 (0.79%) Electronics
13 37 (0.65%) Law
14 34 (0.60%) Advertising
15 32 (0.56%) Publishing
16 19 (0.33%) Legal
17 18 (0.32%) Retail Banking
18 16 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
19 11 (0.19%) Online Betting
20 9 (0.16%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,841 (49.74%) Developer
2 959 (16.79%) Java Developer
3 873 (15.28%) DevOps Engineer
4 411 (7.20%) Senior Developer
5 377 (6.60%) .NET Developer
6 356 (6.23%) Architect
7 338 (5.92%) C# Developer
8 250 (4.38%) Tester
9 222 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
10 191 (3.34%) Senior Java Developer
11 188 (3.29%) React Developer
12 184 (3.22%) Agile Developer
13 172 (3.01%) Test Engineer
14 168 (2.94%) Software Engineer
15 167 (2.92%) Automation Tester
16 165 (2.89%) JavaScript Developer
17 162 (2.84%) C# .NET Developer
18 149 (2.61%) AWS Engineer
19 141 (2.47%) Scala Developer
20 139 (2.43%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,038 (18.17%) .NET
2 919 (16.09%) CSS
3 884 (15.48%) Web Services
4 873 (15.28%) REST
5 848 (14.85%) HTML
6 808 (14.15%) Spring
7 740 (12.96%) AngularJS
8 732 (12.82%) RESTful
9 613 (10.73%) Node.js
10 520 (9.10%) JSON
11 513 (8.98%) React
12 501 (8.77%) HTML5
13 417 (7.30%) Spring Boot
14 412 (7.21%) SOAP
15 351 (6.14%) ASP.NET
16 314 (5.50%) XML
17 298 (5.22%) jQuery
18 293 (5.13%) CSS3
19 275 (4.81%) .NET Framework
20 273 (4.78%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 369 (6.46%) Analytical Skills
2 305 (5.34%) User Experience
3 249 (4.36%) Greenfield Project
4 172 (3.01%) Mobile App
5 130 (2.28%) Public Cloud
6 121 (2.12%) Self-Motivation
7 119 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
8 103 (1.80%) Fixed Income
9 98 (1.72%) Fintech
10 97 (1.70%) Algorithms
11 93 (1.63%) Hedge funds
12 86 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
13 77 (1.35%) Virtual Team
14 73 (1.28%) Wiki
15 72 (1.26%) Data Structures
16 57 (1.00%) Management Information System
17 55 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 51 (0.89%) Equities
19 49 (0.86%) Derivative
20 45 (0.79%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,311 (22.95%) Linux
2 623 (10.91%) Windows
3 517 (9.05%) Unix
4 214 (3.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 166 (2.91%) Android
6 154 (2.70%) Apple iOS
7 153 (2.68%) Windows Server
8 139 (2.43%) Ubuntu
9 111 (1.94%) CentOS
10 30 (0.53%) Mac OS X
10 30 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
11 29 (0.51%) Solaris
12 28 (0.49%) Mac OS
13 19 (0.33%) VMS
14 18 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
15 16 (0.28%) Debian
16 13 (0.23%) Fedora
17 11 (0.19%) DC/OS
18 9 (0.16%) CoreOS
19 8 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,973 (69.56%) Agile Software Development
2 2,171 (38.01%) TDD
3 2,049 (35.87%) DevOps
4 1,915 (33.53%) Test Automation
5 1,676 (29.34%) Scrum
6 1,159 (20.29%) BDD
7 1,057 (18.50%) Continuous Delivery
8 1,043 (18.26%) Microservices
9 780 (13.66%) Kanban
10 760 (13.31%) Configuration Management
11 723 (12.66%) OO
12 664 (11.62%) Open Source
13 631 (11.05%) Software Engineering
14 611 (10.70%) Continuous Deployment
15 562 (9.84%) MVC
16 540 (9.45%) Problem-Solving
17 460 (8.05%) Unit Testing
18 442 (7.74%) SDLC
19 434 (7.60%) Deployment Automation
20 430 (7.53%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 2,398 (41.98%) Java
2 1,511 (26.45%) JavaScript
3 1,126 (19.71%) Python
4 1,084 (18.98%) SQL
5 1,078 (18.87%) C#
6 502 (8.79%) Ruby
7 380 (6.65%) Bash Shell
8 320 (5.60%) Scala
9 314 (5.50%) Java 8
10 293 (5.13%) PowerShell
11 279 (4.88%) Perl
12 260 (4.55%) Shell Script
13 228 (3.99%) Groovy
14 161 (2.82%) PHP
15 157 (2.75%) C++
16 148 (2.59%) TypeScript
17 120 (2.10%) Go
18 100 (1.75%) ES6
19 95 (1.66%) PL/SQL
20 89 (1.56%) C
Qualifications
1 429 (7.51%) Security Cleared
2 328 (5.74%) SC Cleared
3 303 (5.30%) Degree
4 135 (2.36%) BPSS Clearance
5 80 (1.40%) ISTQB
6 75 (1.31%) Computer Science Degree
7 54 (0.95%) ISEB
8 44 (0.77%) Numerate Degree
9 36 (0.63%) AWS Certification
10 33 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 26 (0.46%) CISSP
12 18 (0.32%) DV Cleared
13 16 (0.28%) CISM
13 16 (0.28%) Master's Degree
14 15 (0.26%) PhD
15 14 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
15 14 (0.25%) DBS Check
15 14 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
16 11 (0.19%) BC Cleared
17 10 (0.18%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 431 (7.55%) QA
2 31 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
3 29 (0.51%) WCAG
4 16 (0.28%) Data Quality
4 16 (0.28%) GDPR
5 14 (0.25%) PMO
6 13 (0.23%) SLA
7 9 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.12%) MiFID
9 6 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.035%) MISRA
10 2 (0.035%) PSD2
10 2 (0.035%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.018%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.018%) HL7
11 1 (0.018%) IEC 61508
11 1 (0.018%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.018%) MISRA C
11 1 (0.018%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,143 (20.01%) Docker
2 199 (3.48%) VMware Infrastructure
3 101 (1.77%) Virtual Machines
4 93 (1.63%) HDFS
5 80 (1.40%) vSphere
6 59 (1.03%) Xen
7 57 (1.00%) Active Directory
8 41 (0.72%) VirtualBox
9 36 (0.63%) Hyper-V
10 35 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 17 (0.30%) OpenAM
12 16 (0.28%) vCloud
13 11 (0.19%) OpenDJ
14 10 (0.18%) etcd
14 10 (0.18%) Postfix
14 10 (0.18%) Squid
15 9 (0.16%) oVirt
15 9 (0.16%) RHEV
16 8 (0.14%) flannel
17 7 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,054 (18.45%) Ansible
2 974 (17.05%) Puppet
3 662 (11.59%) Opscode Chef
4 621 (10.87%) Kubernetes
5 477 (8.35%) Terraform
6 187 (3.27%) Kibana
7 117 (2.05%) Grafana
8 101 (1.77%) logstash
9 89 (1.56%) Packer
10 76 (1.33%) Nagios
11 68 (1.19%) Hadoop YARN
12 66 (1.16%) Mesos
12 66 (1.16%) Salt
13 60 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
14 46 (0.81%) Prometheus
15 44 (0.77%) Rancher
16 41 (0.72%) Graphite
17 38 (0.67%) Marathon
17 38 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
18 35 (0.61%) Consul
Vendors
1 685 (11.99%) Oracle
2 582 (10.19%) Microsoft
3 440 (7.70%) Google
4 274 (4.80%) VMware
5 209 (3.66%) Atlassian
6 144 (2.52%) Splunk
7 125 (2.19%) Red Hat
8 88 (1.54%) Adobe
9 79 (1.38%) New Relic
10 77 (1.35%) Cloudera
11 63 (1.10%) IBM
12 59 (1.03%) SAP
13 57 (1.00%) AppDynamics
14 43 (0.75%) Apple
15 36 (0.63%) Dynatrace
16 35 (0.61%) HP
16 35 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
17 33 (0.58%) MuleSoft
18 32 (0.56%) Pega
18 32 (0.56%) Tableau