Period
to 20 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 54 40 43
Rank change year-on-year -14 +3 +3
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 3,415 5,524 4,838
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.05% 5.40% 4.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.68% 6.22% 5.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,215 3,763 3,453
UK median daily rate £515 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £400 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 21 64
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% -15.79% +26.67%
10th Percentile £23.95 £31.25 £35.15
90th Percentile £53.85 £53.75 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £41.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +14.46% -12.63% +26.67%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,929 88,863 85,703
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.41% 86.83% 86.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,875 58,610 56,771
UK median daily rate £475 £451 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.44% +0.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £278
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,259 2,405 2,060
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.65 £24.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.25% -16.28% +9.60%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.15 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.97 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.83% -20.00% +8.70%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the UK

Continuous Integration
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 3,151 £525 +5.00% 1,063
London -15 1,741 £550 +4.76% 400
UK excluding London -20 1,614 £475 +5.56% 764
South East -16 465 £475 - 170
North of England -14 383 £475 +5.56% 203
Midlands -14 203 £475 +5.56% 110
South West -12 195 £500 +17.65% 87
Yorkshire 0 173 £475 +5.56% 87
East of England -9 157 £450 -10.00% 93
Scotland -11 157 £450 +5.88% 65
North West -30 155 £475 +5.56% 94
West Midlands -27 139 £475 +2.70% 79
East Midlands +13 63 £500 +25.00% 30
North East -13 55 £432 -13.46% 22
Wales -20 34 £500 +17.65% 25
Northern Ireland +16 23 £575 +22.99% 12

For the 6 months to 20 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 2,278 (66.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1,326 (38.83%) DevOps
3 1,191 (34.88%) TDD
4 1,178 (34.49%) Jenkins
5 1,164 (34.08%) Java
6 1,031 (30.19%) Git (software)
7 966 (28.29%) AWS
8 959 (28.08%) Test Automation
9 939 (27.50%) Scrum
10 923 (27.03%) Python
11 917 (26.85%) JavaScript
12 776 (22.72%) Azure
13 734 (21.49%) Linux
14 683 (20.00%) Docker
15 677 (19.82%) C#
16 644 (18.86%) SQL
17 627 (18.36%) Microservices
18 623 (18.24%) Finance
19 615 (18.01%) Continuous Delivery
20 577 (16.90%) Web Services
21 557 (16.31%) .NET
22 541 (15.84%) HTML
23 525 (15.37%) Kubernetes
24 523 (15.31%) CSS
25 512 (14.99%) BDD
26 474 (13.88%) Kanban
27 466 (13.65%) JIRA
28 457 (13.38%) Ansible
29 451 (13.21%) Microsoft
30 444 (13.00%) AngularJS

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (5.36%) Confluence
2 135 (3.95%) Apache Spark
3 93 (2.72%) Apache
4 91 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
5 81 (2.37%) Tomcat
6 68 (1.99%) IIS
6 68 (1.99%) nginx
7 49 (1.43%) WebSphere
8 42 (1.23%) JBoss
9 38 (1.11%) OpenStack
9 38 (1.11%) SAS
9 38 (1.11%) SharePoint
10 25 (0.73%) Jetty
11 23 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 19 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
12 19 (0.56%) WebLogic
13 18 (0.53%) CMS
14 16 (0.47%) WordPress
15 15 (0.44%) Jupyter
16 12 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 27 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.59%) Sketch
3 13 (0.38%) Zeplin
4 12 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.35%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.32%) InVision
6 6 (0.18%) Figma
7 5 (0.15%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.12%) Adobe XD
8 4 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.059%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 53 (1.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.47%) Magento
2 16 (0.47%) Sonata
3 15 (0.44%) Oracle BPM
4 11 (0.32%) BusinessWorks
5 9 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 7 (0.20%) Shopify
7 6 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
8 5 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
9 4 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 4 (0.12%) thinkFolio
10 3 (0.088%) FINCAD Analytics
10 3 (0.088%) Oracle EBS
10 3 (0.088%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 3 (0.088%) Temenos T24
11 2 (0.059%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.059%) HFM
11 2 (0.059%) Oracle Cash Management
11 2 (0.059%) SAP ERP
11 2 (0.059%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 966 (28.29%) AWS
2 776 (22.72%) Azure
3 267 (7.82%) GitHub
4 257 (7.53%) GCP
5 175 (5.12%) Serverless
6 159 (4.66%) Amazon EC2
7 140 (4.10%) PaaS
8 135 (3.95%) Amazon S3
9 129 (3.78%) AWS Lambda
10 112 (3.28%) AWS CloudFormation
11 103 (3.02%) Amazon SQS
12 98 (2.87%) SaaS
13 97 (2.84%) OpenShift
14 92 (2.69%) IaaS
15 77 (2.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 65 (1.90%) Power Platform
17 59 (1.73%) Dynamics 365
18 58 (1.70%) Cloud Computing
19 54 (1.58%) Datadog
20 49 (1.43%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 189 (5.53%) HTTP
2 113 (3.31%) TCP/IP
3 90 (2.64%) SSL
4 72 (2.11%) DNS
5 49 (1.43%) VPN
6 45 (1.32%) Internet
7 43 (1.26%) Firewall
8 28 (0.82%) DHCP
9 27 (0.79%) FTP
10 23 (0.67%) IPsec
11 18 (0.53%) SSH
12 17 (0.50%) Wireless
13 15 (0.44%) VLAN
14 10 (0.29%) Network Security
15 9 (0.26%) DSL
16 8 (0.23%) Kerberos
16 8 (0.23%) Skype
17 7 (0.20%) BIG-IP
17 7 (0.20%) InfiniBand
17 7 (0.20%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 402 (11.77%) SQL Server
2 235 (6.88%) NoSQL
3 222 (6.50%) PostgreSQL
4 221 (6.47%) Big Data
4 221 (6.47%) Relational Database
5 159 (4.66%) MongoDB
6 152 (4.45%) MySQL
7 130 (3.81%) Hadoop
8 107 (3.13%) Amazon RDS
9 86 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
9 86 (2.52%) RDBMS
10 85 (2.49%) Amazon Redshift
11 62 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 57 (1.67%) BigQuery
13 56 (1.64%) Power BI
14 55 (1.61%) Oracle Database
15 54 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
16 49 (1.43%) Data Lake
17 48 (1.41%) Apache Hive
17 48 (1.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,178 (34.49%) Jenkins
2 1,031 (30.19%) Git (software)
3 466 (13.65%) JIRA
4 299 (8.76%) Selenium
5 246 (7.20%) TeamCity
6 221 (6.47%) Maven
7 216 (6.33%) Cucumber
8 184 (5.39%) JUnit
9 158 (4.63%) Bitbucket
10 140 (4.10%) Visual Studio Team System
11 128 (3.75%) SonarQube
12 124 (3.63%) Mockito
13 119 (3.48%) Subversion
14 116 (3.40%) Sonatype Nexus
15 114 (3.34%) GitLab
15 114 (3.34%) Visual Studio
16 90 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
17 82 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 82 (2.40%) Octopus Deploy
18 77 (2.25%) Artifactory
General
1 623 (18.24%) Finance
2 313 (9.17%) Banking
3 219 (6.41%) Public Sector
4 111 (3.25%) Retail
5 77 (2.25%) Front Office
6 76 (2.23%) Games
7 57 (1.67%) Investment Banking
8 51 (1.49%) Marketing
9 44 (1.29%) Telecoms
10 38 (1.11%) Manufacturing
11 37 (1.08%) Legal
12 31 (0.91%) Financial Institution
13 27 (0.79%) Law
14 26 (0.76%) Electronics
15 24 (0.70%) Back Office
16 23 (0.67%) Military
17 17 (0.50%) Publishing
18 9 (0.26%) Advertising
18 9 (0.26%) Multimedia
18 9 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,625 (47.58%) Developer
2 508 (14.88%) DevOps Engineer
3 356 (10.42%) Java Developer
4 222 (6.50%) C# Developer
5 194 (5.68%) Architect
6 191 (5.59%) Senior Developer
7 169 (4.95%) Software Engineer
8 163 (4.77%) .NET Developer
8 163 (4.77%) Python Developer
9 142 (4.16%) Cloud Engineer
10 134 (3.92%) Full Stack Developer
11 132 (3.87%) AWS Engineer
12 120 (3.51%) JavaScript Developer
13 118 (3.46%) React Developer
14 115 (3.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 91 (2.66%) Tester
16 90 (2.64%) AWS DevOps
17 86 (2.52%) Angular Developer
17 86 (2.52%) Test Engineer
18 84 (2.46%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 577 (16.90%) Web Services
2 557 (16.31%) .NET
3 541 (15.84%) HTML
4 523 (15.31%) CSS
5 444 (13.00%) AngularJS
6 432 (12.65%) RESTful
7 391 (11.45%) React
8 376 (11.01%) REST
9 363 (10.63%) Spring
10 315 (9.22%) Node.js
11 254 (7.44%) JSON
12 200 (5.86%) Kafka
13 199 (5.83%) SOAP
14 192 (5.62%) ASP.NET
14 192 (5.62%) HTML5
15 178 (5.21%) XML
16 152 (4.45%) .NET Framework
17 151 (4.42%) ASP.NET Web API
18 137 (4.01%) jQuery
19 132 (3.87%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 255 (7.47%) Analytical Skills
2 187 (5.48%) User Experience
3 137 (4.01%) Greenfield Project
4 115 (3.37%) Mobile App
5 81 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
5 81 (2.37%) Public Cloud
6 78 (2.28%) Algorithms
7 74 (2.17%) Linux Command Line
8 69 (2.02%) Data Structures
9 63 (1.84%) Hedge funds
10 57 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 52 (1.52%) Equities
12 49 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
13 41 (1.20%) Video on Demand
14 39 (1.14%) Animation
14 39 (1.14%) Cloud Native
15 38 (1.11%) Derivative
16 35 (1.02%) Data Centre
17 34 (1.00%) Video\Live Streaming
18 31 (0.91%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 734 (21.49%) Linux
2 287 (8.40%) Windows
3 281 (8.23%) Unix
4 142 (4.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 123 (3.60%) Apple iOS
6 111 (3.25%) Android
7 74 (2.17%) CentOS
8 61 (1.79%) Windows Server
9 40 (1.17%) Ubuntu
10 27 (0.79%) tvOS
11 24 (0.70%) Debian
12 23 (0.67%) Mac OS X
13 15 (0.44%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.18%) Mesosphere
15 5 (0.15%) Solaris
16 4 (0.12%) DC/OS
16 4 (0.12%) VMS
16 4 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
17 2 (0.059%) Fedora
17 2 (0.059%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,278 (66.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1,326 (38.83%) DevOps
3 1,191 (34.88%) TDD
4 959 (28.08%) Test Automation
5 939 (27.50%) Scrum
6 627 (18.36%) Microservices
7 615 (18.01%) Continuous Delivery
8 512 (14.99%) BDD
9 474 (13.88%) Kanban
10 423 (12.39%) Software Engineering
11 401 (11.74%) Continuous Deployment
12 361 (10.57%) Configuration Management
13 350 (10.25%) Open Source
14 339 (9.93%) Problem-Solving
15 327 (9.58%) OO
16 301 (8.81%) Unit Testing
17 259 (7.58%) Infrastructure as Code
18 240 (7.03%) Mentoring
19 239 (7.00%) MVC
20 233 (6.82%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,164 (34.08%) Java
2 923 (27.03%) Python
3 917 (26.85%) JavaScript
4 677 (19.82%) C#
5 644 (18.86%) SQL
6 290 (8.49%) Ruby
7 240 (7.03%) Bash Shell
8 201 (5.89%) Scala
9 173 (5.07%) PowerShell
10 154 (4.51%) Shell Script
11 149 (4.36%) Java 8
12 112 (3.28%) TypeScript
13 101 (2.96%) C++
14 97 (2.84%) Groovy
15 94 (2.75%) Perl
16 92 (2.69%) C
17 90 (2.64%) Go
18 89 (2.61%) PHP
19 60 (1.76%) Apple Swift
20 56 (1.64%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 403 (11.80%) Security Cleared
2 290 (8.49%) SC Cleared
3 210 (6.15%) Degree
4 65 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 55 (1.61%) AWS Certification
6 50 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
7 45 (1.32%) DV Cleared
7 45 (1.32%) ISTQB
8 34 (1.00%) ISEB
9 20 (0.59%) DBS Check
10 16 (0.47%) Master's Degree
10 16 (0.47%) RHCE
11 15 (0.44%) CISSP
12 13 (0.38%) IISP
13 10 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
14 9 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
14 9 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 8 (0.23%) CCNA
16 7 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
17 6 (0.18%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (5.92%) QA
2 18 (0.53%) WCAG
3 17 (0.50%) PCI DSS
4 16 (0.47%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
6 13 (0.38%) MiFID
6 13 (0.38%) PMO
7 11 (0.32%) SLA
8 7 (0.20%) GDPR
9 6 (0.18%) MISRA
10 5 (0.15%) PSD2
11 4 (0.12%) HL7
12 2 (0.059%) NCSC
12 2 (0.059%) NIST
13 1 (0.029%) FedRAMP
13 1 (0.029%) ISO 20022
13 1 (0.029%) ISO 8583
13 1 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.029%) MISRA C
System Software
1 683 (20.00%) Docker
2 73 (2.14%) Active Directory
3 70 (2.05%) Virtual Machines
4 65 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
5 33 (0.97%) vSphere
6 31 (0.91%) HDFS
7 30 (0.88%) Postfix
8 12 (0.35%) Xen
9 11 (0.32%) Firmware
9 11 (0.32%) VirtualBox
10 9 (0.26%) VMware NSX
11 6 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 4 (0.12%) vCloud
13 3 (0.088%) Hyper-V
14 2 (0.059%) LXC
14 2 (0.059%) NFS
14 2 (0.059%) PowerDNS
15 1 (0.029%) etcd
15 1 (0.029%) iptables
15 1 (0.029%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 525 (15.37%) Kubernetes
2 457 (13.38%) Ansible
3 389 (11.39%) Terraform
4 310 (9.08%) Puppet
5 265 (7.76%) Opscode Chef
6 71 (2.08%) Kibana
7 57 (1.67%) Grafana
8 47 (1.38%) Packer
9 32 (0.94%) Consul
10 30 (0.88%) Salt
11 29 (0.85%) Nagios
12 28 (0.82%) ZABBIX
13 24 (0.70%) logstash
14 23 (0.67%) Prometheus
15 20 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
16 19 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
17 17 (0.50%) Graphite
17 17 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
18 16 (0.47%) Control-M
19 14 (0.41%) Oozie
Vendors
1 451 (13.21%) Microsoft
2 274 (8.02%) Google
3 245 (7.17%) Oracle
4 115 (3.37%) Red Hat
5 84 (2.46%) VMware
6 70 (2.05%) Atlassian
7 63 (1.84%) Splunk
8 59 (1.73%) Salesforce.com
9 57 (1.67%) Apple
10 54 (1.58%) SAP
11 45 (1.32%) IBM
12 39 (1.14%) Tableau
13 35 (1.02%) Cloudera
14 32 (0.94%) ServiceNow
15 29 (0.85%) Dell
15 29 (0.85%) Remedy
16 28 (0.82%) Adobe
16 28 (0.82%) Cisco
16 28 (0.82%) Sitecore
17 27 (0.79%) Hortonworks