Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 140 101 82
Rank change year-on-year -39 -19 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1,927 2,387 2,748
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.94% 2.38% 2.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.67% 7.42% 9.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,359 1,825 1,955
UK median daily rate £443 £425 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.12% +0.59% +12.67%
10th Percentile £313 £293 £300
90th Percentile £575 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 9 13
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £33.44 £46.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -43.18% -27.30% +104.44%
10th Percentile £13.50 £12.00 £27.59
90th Percentile £50.75 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.00 £33.44 £47.00
% change year-on-year -55.14% -28.85% +79.05%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,987 32,171 30,290
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.17% 32.09% 31.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,928 22,944 20,886
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +8.24% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.78% +4.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 286 333 342
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.25 £18.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.15 £38.63
% change year-on-year +3.43% +3.95% +3.00%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -46 1,787 £450 +5.88% 942
London -30 982 £475 +5.56% 312
UK excluding London -47 921 £400 +6.67% 672
South East -14 279 £407 +1.63% 174
North of England -57 217 £379 +1.00% 170
Midlands -29 173 £400 +18.52% 143
North West -59 98 £375 +7.14% 99
Scotland +16 91 £413 +3.25% 21
Yorkshire -42 89 £380 +1.33% 53
East Midlands -7 86 £400 +17.65% 69
West Midlands -39 84 £400 +28.00% 74
South West -31 77 £415 +16.49% 88
East of England -21 48 £400 +9.59% 55
Wales -12 34 £425 -2.86% 18
North East +15 30 £425 -0.58% 18
Northern Ireland +24 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,927 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,871 (97.09%) HTML
3 1,739 (90.24%) HTML5
4 1,558 (80.85%) JavaScript
5 997 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
6 861 (44.68%) AngularJS
7 696 (36.12%) Front End Development
8 694 (36.01%) React
9 614 (31.86%) Node.js
10 584 (30.31%) Git (software)
11 495 (25.69%) Sass
12 480 (24.91%) jQuery
13 479 (24.86%) TDD
14 397 (20.60%) Java
15 367 (19.05%) User Experience
16 321 (16.66%) Scrum
17 317 (16.45%) MVC
18 303 (15.72%) .NET
19 301 (15.62%) Web Development
20 300 (15.57%) ES6
21 298 (15.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
22 280 (14.53%) Test Automation
23 277 (14.37%) Redux
24 276 (14.32%) REST
25 267 (13.86%) OO
26 265 (13.75%) Continuous Integration
27 260 (13.49%) C#
28 254 (13.18%) Responsive Web Design
29 244 (12.66%) RESTful
30 230 (11.94%) BDD

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (6.23%) CMS
2 96 (4.98%) Confluence
3 52 (2.70%) WordPress
4 39 (2.02%) Drupal
5 35 (1.82%) SharePoint
6 26 (1.35%) Apache
7 25 (1.30%) WebSphere
8 21 (1.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 21 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
9 20 (1.04%) SharePoint 2013
10 18 (0.93%) Tomcat
11 15 (0.78%) Commerce Server
12 13 (0.67%) Elasticsearch
12 13 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 12 (0.62%) EPiServer
14 11 (0.57%) CoreMedia CMS
15 9 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
16 8 (0.42%) IIS
17 7 (0.36%) Umbraco
17 7 (0.36%) WebLogic
Applications
1 85 (4.41%) Photoshop
2 20 (1.04%) Adobe Illustrator
3 19 (0.99%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 19 (0.99%) Microsoft Excel
4 15 (0.78%) InVision
5 7 (0.36%) Fireworks
5 7 (0.36%) OmniGraffle
6 5 (0.26%) GIMP
6 5 (0.26%) UXPin
7 4 (0.21%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.21%) InDesign
7 4 (0.21%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.052%) CATIA
8 1 (0.052%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.052%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 21 (1.09%) Magento
2 4 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.21%) Shopify
3 2 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.10%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.052%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.052%) SDL Web 8
4 1 (0.052%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 151 (7.84%) Amazon AWS
2 130 (6.75%) Microsoft Azure
3 81 (4.20%) GitHub
4 80 (4.15%) npm
5 52 (2.70%) Serverless
6 38 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
7 22 (1.14%) Google Cloud Platform
7 22 (1.14%) SaaS
8 19 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
9 18 (0.93%) Amazon Kinesis
9 18 (0.93%) OpenShift
10 16 (0.83%) Office 365
10 16 (0.83%) PaaS
11 12 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
12 10 (0.52%) IaaS
13 8 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
13 8 (0.42%) Google Analytics
14 7 (0.36%) Adobe Analytics
14 7 (0.36%) Amazon SQS
14 7 (0.36%) Basecamp
Communications & Networking
1 58 (3.01%) HTTP
2 23 (1.19%) Internet
3 6 (0.31%) Intranet
4 4 (0.21%) SSH
4 4 (0.21%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.16%) DSL
5 3 (0.16%) Firewall
5 3 (0.16%) IMAP
5 3 (0.16%) SMTP
5 3 (0.16%) SNMP
5 3 (0.16%) SSL
6 2 (0.10%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.10%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.10%) VoIP
7 1 (0.052%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 201 (10.43%) MySQL
2 163 (8.46%) SQL Server
3 151 (7.84%) Relational Database
4 125 (6.49%) NoSQL
5 85 (4.41%) MongoDB
6 67 (3.48%) RDBMS
7 48 (2.49%) PostgreSQL
8 44 (2.28%) Apache Cassandra
9 38 (1.97%) Redis
10 27 (1.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 21 (1.09%) RavenDB
12 17 (0.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 15 (0.78%) Azure SQL Database
13 15 (0.78%) Blockchain
14 13 (0.67%) Big Data
14 13 (0.67%) DB2
15 12 (0.62%) SQLite
16 11 (0.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 10 (0.52%) SQL Server 2012
17 10 (0.52%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 584 (30.31%) Git (software)
2 203 (10.53%) Jenkins
3 178 (9.24%) JIRA
4 162 (8.41%) gulp
5 161 (8.35%) webpack
6 144 (7.47%) Jasmine
7 140 (7.27%) Grunt
8 93 (4.83%) Karma Test Runner
9 91 (4.72%) Subversion
10 86 (4.46%) Visual Studio
11 82 (4.26%) Mocha
12 79 (4.10%) Selenium
13 73 (3.79%) Team Foundation Server
14 60 (3.11%) Protractor
15 55 (2.85%) Mercurial
16 48 (2.49%) JUnit
17 46 (2.39%) Gradle
18 37 (1.92%) Axure RP
18 37 (1.92%) Visual Studio Team System
19 32 (1.66%) Maven
General
1 224 (11.62%) Finance
2 119 (6.18%) Retail
3 98 (5.09%) Banking
4 58 (3.01%) Marketing
5 30 (1.56%) Games
6 22 (1.14%) Publishing
7 19 (0.99%) Telecoms
8 15 (0.78%) Investment Banking
9 14 (0.73%) Front Office
10 13 (0.67%) Advertising
11 10 (0.52%) Legal
12 8 (0.42%) Back Office
12 8 (0.42%) Manufacturing
13 7 (0.36%) Electronics
13 7 (0.36%) Law
14 6 (0.31%) Multimedia
15 3 (0.16%) Dutch Language
15 3 (0.16%) Financial Institution
15 3 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
16 1 (0.052%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 1,697 (88.06%) Developer
2 527 (27.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 355 (18.42%) React Developer
4 326 (16.92%) JavaScript Developer
5 217 (11.26%) Angular Developer
6 211 (10.95%) Full Stack Developer
7 148 (7.68%) Java Developer
8 145 (7.52%) Senior Developer
9 116 (6.02%) UI Developer
10 114 (5.92%) HTML Developer
11 99 (5.14%) Node.js Developer
12 97 (5.03%) HTML CSS Developer
13 95 (4.93%) .NET Developer
14 91 (4.72%) Web Developer
15 79 (4.10%) PHP Developer
16 74 (3.84%) Designer
17 62 (3.22%) Lead Developer
18 59 (3.06%) C# Developer
19 46 (2.39%) Senior Front-End Developer
20 42 (2.18%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,927 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,871 (97.09%) HTML
3 1,739 (90.24%) HTML5
4 861 (44.68%) AngularJS
5 694 (36.01%) React
6 614 (31.86%) Node.js
7 495 (25.69%) Sass
8 480 (24.91%) jQuery
9 303 (15.72%) .NET
10 298 (15.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 277 (14.37%) Redux
12 276 (14.32%) REST
13 244 (12.66%) RESTful
14 201 (10.43%) Web Services
15 196 (10.17%) JSON
16 183 (9.50%) ASP.NET
17 178 (9.24%) LESS
18 166 (8.61%) Ajax
19 160 (8.30%) Spring
20 128 (6.64%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 367 (19.05%) User Experience
2 122 (6.33%) Greenfield Project
3 106 (5.50%) Mobile App
4 100 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
5 76 (3.94%) Fintech
6 29 (1.50%) W3C
7 25 (1.30%) Algorithms
7 25 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (1.09%) Data Structures
9 18 (0.93%) Clustering
9 18 (0.93%) Fat Client
9 18 (0.93%) Thin Client
10 16 (0.83%) iPad
11 14 (0.73%) NHS
11 14 (0.73%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (0.67%) N-Tier
12 13 (0.67%) Semantic Web
13 11 (0.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 11 (0.57%) iPhone
13 11 (0.57%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 77 (4.00%) Linux
2 73 (3.79%) Android
3 68 (3.53%) Apple iOS
4 53 (2.75%) Unix
5 22 (1.14%) Windows
6 17 (0.88%) VMS
7 2 (0.10%) CentOS
7 2 (0.10%) Debian
8 1 (0.052%) AIX
8 1 (0.052%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.052%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.052%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 997 (51.74%) Agile Software Development
2 696 (36.12%) Front End Development
3 479 (24.86%) TDD
4 321 (16.66%) Scrum
5 317 (16.45%) MVC
6 301 (15.62%) Web Development
7 280 (14.53%) Test Automation
8 267 (13.86%) OO
9 265 (13.75%) Continuous Integration
10 254 (13.18%) Responsive Web Design
11 230 (11.94%) BDD
12 214 (11.11%) Unit Testing
13 208 (10.79%) DevOps
14 206 (10.69%) Microservices
15 171 (8.87%) E-Commerce
16 121 (6.28%) OOP
17 114 (5.92%) Open Source
17 114 (5.92%) Problem-Solving
17 114 (5.92%) Software Engineering
18 100 (5.19%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 1,558 (80.85%) JavaScript
2 397 (20.60%) Java
3 300 (15.57%) ES6
4 260 (13.49%) C#
5 223 (11.57%) TypeScript
6 187 (9.70%) PHP
7 185 (9.60%) SQL
8 94 (4.88%) Python
9 66 (3.43%) Scala
10 58 (3.01%) Java 8
11 36 (1.87%) T-SQL
12 34 (1.76%) Ruby
13 32 (1.66%) C
13 32 (1.66%) C++
14 30 (1.56%) ES7
15 25 (1.30%) Apple Swift
16 21 (1.09%) Objective-C
17 20 (1.04%) Groovy
17 20 (1.04%) PL/SQL
18 19 (0.99%) Go
Qualifications
1 114 (5.92%) Degree
2 62 (3.22%) Security Cleared
3 48 (2.49%) SC Cleared
4 26 (1.35%) Numerate Degree
5 23 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.10%) BC Cleared
7 2 (0.10%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.052%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.052%) HND
8 1 (0.052%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (3.37%) QA
2 34 (1.76%) WCAG
3 13 (0.67%) WAI
4 4 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
4 4 (0.21%) PMO
5 2 (0.10%) GDPR
System Software
1 117 (6.07%) Docker
2 6 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.052%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 56 (2.91%) Kubernetes
2 30 (1.56%) Ansible
3 15 (0.78%) Puppet
4 11 (0.57%) HockeyApp
5 10 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
5 10 (0.52%) Terraform
6 8 (0.42%) Kibana
7 6 (0.31%) Capistrano
7 6 (0.31%) Grafana
8 5 (0.26%) Graphite
9 4 (0.21%) Consul
9 4 (0.21%) logstash
9 4 (0.21%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.10%) TeamSite
12 1 (0.052%) Packer
12 1 (0.052%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 129 (6.69%) Oracle
2 118 (6.12%) Microsoft
3 97 (5.03%) Adobe
4 59 (3.06%) Google
5 28 (1.45%) hybris
6 26 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (0.93%) Atlassian
8 16 (0.83%) Twitter
9 15 (0.78%) Xamarin
10 14 (0.73%) Apple
11 11 (0.57%) Sitecore
12 10 (0.52%) Splunk
13 8 (0.42%) Demandware
14 7 (0.36%) Red Hat
14 7 (0.36%) Zend
15 6 (0.31%) Cypress Semiconductor
15 6 (0.31%) Veracode
16 5 (0.26%) SAP
17 4 (0.21%) ATG
17 4 (0.21%) ServiceNow