The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 3 months to 29 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
3 months to
29 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 77 72 82
Rank change year-on-year -5 +10  
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1303 1459 1254
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.88% 2.71% 2.35%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.16% 9.67% 8.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 868 1080 879
Median daily rate £400 £388 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.22% +7.63%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £298 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £525 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £338 £325
% change year-on-year +7.40% +3.84%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 6
Median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £23.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +344.44% -62.00%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.01 £9.00 £17.86
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £42.50 £91.00 £28.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £17.86
% change year-on-year +344.44% -49.60%  

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 14232 15083 14189
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 31.46% 28.02% 26.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 9874 10486 9196
Median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.22%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £565 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 182 224 188
Median hourly rate £42.50 £38.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.67% +10.71%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.55 £13.00 £19.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £60.62 £46.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +7.89% +5.55%  

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing CSS3 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 3 months to 29 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1227 £400 - 636
London -21 590 £425 - 233
South East +16 240 £375 +11.11% 80
Yorkshire +19 74 £384 +9.64% 41
City of London -18 74 £450 +12.50% 53
North West 0 72 £350 -3.11% 80
South West +23 60 £375 +17.18% 31
East Midlands +1 59 £320 +11.79% 49
West Yorkshire +21 57 £388 -3.12% 22
Manchester +1 55 £363 - 44
Surrey +31 54 £330 -12.00% 12
Leeds +14 52 £400 +3.22% 13
Buckinghamshire +24 50 £388 +29.16% 5
North East +17 48 £388 -22.50% 5
Tyne and Wear +14 48 £388 -22.50% 5
Newcastle upon Tyne +12 46 £388 -22.50% 3
West Midlands +1 41 £432 +33.00% 55
Oxfordshire +19 39 £375 +15.38% 12
East of England -4 34 £300 -14.28% 58
Leicestershire +4 32 £305 +8.92% 14
Bristol +17 30 £325 +1.56% 5
Wales +11 29 £325 -16.12% 8
Scotland +3 28 £370 +23.33% 17
South Wales +18 25 £273 -29.67% 4
Oxford +14 25 £375 +15.38% 3
Berkshire +31 24 £400 +1.26% 13
West Sussex -24 23 £410 +1.23% 6
Aylesbury - 22 £404 -
Cardiff +24 20 £350 -9.67% 3
Hampshire +9 20 £375 +15.38% 17

For the 6 months to 29 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2561 (100.00%) CSS
2 2454 (95.82%) HTML
3 2349 (91.72%) HTML5
4 2134 (83.33%) JavaScript
5 1221 (47.68%) AngularJS
6 1220 (47.64%) Agile Software Development
7 926 (36.16%) Front End Development
8 890 (34.75%) jQuery
9 667 (26.04%) React
10 622 (24.29%) Git (software)
11 619 (24.17%) TDD
12 573 (22.37%) Node.js
13 560 (21.87%) Sass
14 547 (21.36%) Web Development
15 538 (21.01%) Java
16 536 (20.93%) User Experience
17 445 (17.38%) Scrum
18 414 (16.17%) Ajax
19 412 (16.09%) MVC
20 394 (15.38%) JSON
21 391 (15.27%) Responsive Web Design
22 385 (15.03%) Finance
23 382 (14.92%) REST
23 382 (14.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 371 (14.49%) C#
25 363 (14.17%) OO
26 315 (12.30%) .NET
27 311 (12.14%) BDD
28 273 (10.66%) LESS
29 270 (10.54%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 162 (6.33%) CMS
2 136 (5.31%) Confluence
3 74 (2.89%) WordPress
4 67 (2.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 56 (2.19%) Apache
6 46 (1.80%) EPiServer
7 42 (1.64%) SharePoint
8 37 (1.44%) Drupal
9 35 (1.37%) Umbraco
10 20 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
10 20 (0.78%) JBoss
11 17 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
11 17 (0.66%) WebSphere
12 14 (0.55%) Apache Spark
12 14 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
13 12 (0.47%) Tomcat
14 10 (0.39%) nginx
15 9 (0.35%) IIS
15 9 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
15 9 (0.35%) uWSGI
Applications
1 131 (5.12%) Photoshop
2 44 (1.72%) Adobe Illustrator
3 33 (1.29%) MS Excel
4 28 (1.09%) OmniGraffle
5 27 (1.05%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 11 (0.43%) InVision
7 10 (0.39%) MS Visio
8 9 (0.35%) GIMP
8 9 (0.35%) InDesign
9 6 (0.23%) HipChat
10 5 (0.20%) MS PowerPoint
11 4 (0.16%) UXPin
12 3 (0.12%) Fireworks
12 3 (0.12%) MS Office
13 2 (0.078%) Chatbot
13 2 (0.078%) MS Project
Business Applications
1 26 (1.02%) Magento
2 17 (0.66%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.16%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.078%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.039%) Radian6
7 1 (0.039%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 124 (4.84%) Amazon AWS
2 79 (3.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 72 (2.81%) GitHub
4 25 (0.98%) Google Analytics
5 21 (0.82%) Google Cloud Platform
6 19 (0.74%) IaaS
6 19 (0.74%) PaaS
6 19 (0.74%) SaaS
7 13 (0.51%) Adobe Analytics
8 8 (0.31%) Loggly
8 8 (0.31%) OpenShift
8 8 (0.31%) Sumo Logic
9 7 (0.27%) CloudBees
9 7 (0.27%) Slack
10 6 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 6 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (0.20%) Amazon S3
11 5 (0.20%) Basecamp
12 4 (0.16%) Cloud Computing
12 4 (0.16%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 126 (4.92%) HTTP
2 28 (1.09%) Internet
3 16 (0.62%) DNS
3 16 (0.62%) Network Security
4 15 (0.59%) Extranet
5 12 (0.47%) Intranet
5 12 (0.47%) SSL
6 8 (0.31%) LDAP
7 4 (0.16%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.078%) CTI
8 2 (0.078%) MVNO
8 2 (0.078%) SMTP
9 1 (0.039%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.039%) Skype
9 1 (0.039%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.039%) Unified Communications
9 1 (0.039%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 192 (7.50%) MySQL
2 153 (5.97%) MongoDB
3 145 (5.66%) SQL Server
4 122 (4.76%) NoSQL
5 117 (4.57%) Relational Database
6 113 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
7 73 (2.85%) Apache Cassandra
8 43 (1.68%) Big Data
8 43 (1.68%) Hadoop
9 35 (1.37%) HBase
10 31 (1.21%) Redis
11 26 (1.02%) Oracle Database
12 16 (0.62%) SQL Server 2008
13 15 (0.59%) Power BI
13 15 (0.59%) RDBMS
14 12 (0.47%) SQL Server 2012
15 8 (0.31%) Data Warehouse
15 8 (0.31%) DB2
16 7 (0.27%) Riak
17 6 (0.23%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 622 (24.29%) Git (software)
2 254 (9.92%) Grunt
3 232 (9.06%) Jasmine
4 220 (8.59%) gulp
5 218 (8.51%) Jenkins
6 217 (8.47%) JIRA
7 179 (6.99%) Subversion
8 130 (5.08%) Mocha
9 125 (4.88%) webpack
10 117 (4.57%) Karma Test Runner
11 116 (4.53%) JUnit
12 109 (4.26%) Selenium
13 103 (4.02%) Maven
14 92 (3.59%) Cucumber
15 72 (2.81%) Team Foundation Server
16 71 (2.77%) TeamCity
17 62 (2.42%) Protractor
18 58 (2.26%) Bower
18 58 (2.26%) Visual Studio
19 57 (2.23%) Axure RP
General
1 385 (15.03%) Finance
2 240 (9.37%) Banking
3 107 (4.18%) Retail
4 91 (3.55%) Marketing
5 46 (1.80%) Investment Banking
6 45 (1.76%) Games
7 32 (1.25%) Front Office
8 29 (1.13%) Advertising
9 26 (1.02%) Telecoms
10 24 (0.94%) Manufacturing
11 22 (0.86%) Legal
11 22 (0.86%) Publishing
12 15 (0.59%) Electronics
13 13 (0.51%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.35%) Back Office
16 7 (0.27%) Automotive
17 6 (0.23%) Czech Language
17 6 (0.23%) Law
18 5 (0.20%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2250 (87.86%) Developer
2 865 (33.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 678 (26.47%) JavaScript Developer
4 358 (13.98%) HTML Developer
5 305 (11.91%) Angular Developer
5 305 (11.91%) HTML CSS Developer
6 259 (10.11%) UI Developer
7 258 (10.07%) Web Developer
8 194 (7.58%) Senior Developer
9 186 (7.26%) Java Developer
10 146 (5.70%) .NET Developer
11 120 (4.69%) Full Stack Developer
12 105 (4.10%) Architect
13 95 (3.71%) C# Developer
14 91 (3.55%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 90 (3.51%) Node.js Developer
16 88 (3.44%) Designer
17 72 (2.81%) PHP Developer
18 70 (2.73%) ASP.NET Developer
18 70 (2.73%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2561 (100.00%) CSS
2 2454 (95.82%) HTML
3 2349 (91.72%) HTML5
4 1221 (47.68%) AngularJS
5 890 (34.75%) jQuery
6 667 (26.04%) React
7 573 (22.37%) Node.js
8 560 (21.87%) Sass
9 414 (16.17%) Ajax
10 394 (15.38%) JSON
11 382 (14.92%) REST
11 382 (14.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 315 (12.30%) .NET
13 273 (10.66%) LESS
14 270 (10.54%) RESTful
15 253 (9.88%) Spring
16 241 (9.41%) Web Services
17 186 (7.26%) XML
18 185 (7.22%) Backbone.js
19 175 (6.83%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 536 (20.93%) User Experience
2 115 (4.49%) Mobile App
3 91 (3.55%) Analytical Skills
4 69 (2.69%) Computer Science
5 54 (2.11%) W3C
6 49 (1.91%) Fintech
7 45 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
8 30 (1.17%) Virtual Team
9 29 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 21 (0.82%) Graphic Design
11 17 (0.66%) Equities
12 15 (0.59%) Animation
12 15 (0.59%) Client/Server
13 14 (0.55%) iPad
14 13 (0.51%) Online Banking
15 12 (0.47%) Digital Media
16 11 (0.43%) Management Information System
16 11 (0.43%) Social Media
17 10 (0.39%) Fixed Income
18 9 (0.35%) STB
Operating Systems
1 153 (5.97%) Linux
2 56 (2.19%) Unix
3 51 (1.99%) Apple iOS
4 46 (1.80%) Android
5 33 (1.29%) Windows
6 8 (0.31%) webOS
6 8 (0.31%) Windows Phone
6 8 (0.31%) Windows Phone 7
7 6 (0.23%) Mac OS
7 6 (0.23%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.20%) CoreOS
9 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.039%) Debian
10 1 (0.039%) Fedora
10 1 (0.039%) Solaris
10 1 (0.039%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.039%) VMS
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Mobile
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1220 (47.64%) Agile Software Development
2 926 (36.16%) Front End Development
3 619 (24.17%) TDD
4 547 (21.36%) Web Development
5 445 (17.38%) Scrum
6 412 (16.09%) MVC
7 391 (15.27%) Responsive Web Design
8 363 (14.17%) OO
9 311 (12.14%) BDD
10 253 (9.88%) Continuous Integration
11 221 (8.63%) Web Design
12 198 (7.73%) Open Source
13 185 (7.22%) E-Commerce
14 170 (6.64%) Wireframes
15 157 (6.13%) Unit Testing
16 150 (5.86%) Software Engineering
17 121 (4.72%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 119 (4.65%) Prototyping
19 117 (4.57%) Microservices
20 115 (4.49%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2134 (83.33%) JavaScript
2 538 (21.01%) Java
3 371 (14.49%) C#
4 235 (9.18%) PHP
5 198 (7.73%) Ruby
6 182 (7.11%) SQL
7 181 (7.07%) ES6
8 165 (6.44%) Python
9 149 (5.82%) Scala
10 68 (2.66%) TypeScript
11 28 (1.09%) ECMAScript
11 28 (1.09%) Shell Script
12 26 (1.02%) XPath
13 22 (0.86%) Korn
13 22 (0.86%) Objective-C
14 18 (0.70%) Apple Swift
14 18 (0.70%) PowerShell
14 18 (0.70%) T-SQL
15 17 (0.66%) Groovy
16 11 (0.43%) X++
Qualifications
1 130 (5.08%) Degree
2 73 (2.85%) Security Cleared
3 60 (2.34%) SC Cleared
4 16 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
5 10 (0.39%) DV Cleared
6 9 (0.35%) BC Cleared
7 6 (0.23%) MBA
8 4 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
9 3 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.078%) CISA
10 2 (0.078%) CISM
10 2 (0.078%) CISSP
10 2 (0.078%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.039%) MCSD
11 1 (0.039%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (2.15%) QA
2 19 (0.74%) WCAG
3 17 (0.66%) WAI
4 15 (0.59%) FATCA
5 12 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.12%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.078%) FedRAMP
7 2 (0.078%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.078%) PMO
8 1 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.039%) EMIR
8 1 (0.039%) MiFID
8 1 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.039%) SDET
System Software
1 89 (3.48%) Docker
2 11 (0.43%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.31%) LXC
4 6 (0.23%) HDFS
4 6 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.20%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.12%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.039%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 38 (1.48%) Puppet
2 25 (0.98%) Opscode Chef
3 23 (0.90%) Ansible
4 16 (0.62%) Kubernetes
5 13 (0.51%) Nagios
6 10 (0.39%) Kibana
6 10 (0.39%) Salt
7 8 (0.31%) ZABBIX
8 6 (0.23%) Terraform
9 5 (0.20%) Capistrano
9 5 (0.20%) WMI
10 4 (0.16%) logstash
10 4 (0.16%) TeamSite
11 1 (0.039%) cPanel
11 1 (0.039%) Oozie
Vendors
1 147 (5.74%) Google
2 122 (4.76%) Adobe
3 89 (3.48%) Microsoft
4 81 (3.16%) Oracle
5 30 (1.17%) Twitter
6 28 (1.09%) Zend
7 25 (0.98%) Sitecore
8 24 (0.94%) SAP
9 22 (0.86%) Solace
10 19 (0.74%) MuleSoft
11 16 (0.62%) New Relic
11 16 (0.62%) Splunk
12 14 (0.55%) Apple
12 14 (0.55%) Hortonworks
12 14 (0.55%) ServiceNow
13 12 (0.47%) Perforce
14 11 (0.43%) ClickTale
15 10 (0.39%) Rackspace
15 10 (0.39%) SaltStack
16 8 (0.31%) AppDynamics
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £425 - £450 per annum
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £100 - £150 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Ipswich, Suffolk
ClearCube Consulting
Rate: Up to £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
East Sussex
Oscar
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Spring Technology
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £401 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Croydon, Surrey
Talent International
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £175 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Resource Group
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Southampton, Hampshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £370 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £330 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Client Server
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Northamptonshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £351 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Engage PSG
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Talent International
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Sanderson
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £40 - £50 per hour
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago