Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 120 93 78
Rank change year-on-year -27 -15 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,259 2,670 3,095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.19% 2.60% 2.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.29% 8.06% 9.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,598 2,021 2,237
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +10.00%
10th Percentile £306 £288 £288
90th Percentile £575 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £372 £375
% change year-on-year +4.26% -0.83% +10.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 10 15
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £37.97 £46.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.93% -17.46% +108.55%
10th Percentile £14.10 £12.10 £22.97
90th Percentile £55.00 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £42.50 £41.25
% change year-on-year -15.29% +3.03% +135.71%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,913 33,133 32,613
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.83% 32.22% 30.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,317 23,393 22,570
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 317 377 377
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £17.00 £18.30 £14.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £40.40 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.10% +7.74% -

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -25 2,106 £430 +1.18% 916
UK excluding London -25 1,135 £388 +4.26% 645
London -29 1,096 £475 - 313
South East +5 361 £400 +6.67% 145
North of England -49 256 £375 - 167
Midlands -19 214 £375 +11.11% 131
North West -46 122 £375 - 99
Scotland +10 112 £400 +6.67% 26
West Midlands -30 107 £388 +14.81% 64
East Midlands -4 106 £375 +10.29% 67
Yorkshire -38 103 £380 +1.33% 52
South West -13 89 £400 +16.36% 93
East of England -4 82 £375 +2.04% 68
North East +8 31 £393 -12.78% 16
Wales -28 21 £400 +3.23% 14
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,259 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,197 (97.26%) HTML
3 2,064 (91.37%) HTML5
4 1,870 (82.78%) JavaScript
5 1,163 (51.48%) Agile Software Development
6 983 (43.51%) AngularJS
7 827 (36.61%) React
8 810 (35.86%) Front End Development
9 649 (28.73%) Node.js
10 618 (27.36%) Git (software)
11 604 (26.74%) Sass
12 592 (26.21%) jQuery
13 572 (25.32%) TDD
14 445 (19.70%) User Experience
15 434 (19.21%) Java
16 370 (16.38%) Scrum
17 357 (15.80%) MVC
18 347 (15.36%) Web Development
19 330 (14.61%) .NET
20 327 (14.48%) Test Automation
21 326 (14.43%) Redux
21 326 (14.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
22 313 (13.86%) ES6
23 304 (13.46%) C#
24 298 (13.19%) OO
25 290 (12.84%) Continuous Integration
26 281 (12.44%) Responsive Web Design
27 275 (12.17%) Finance
28 274 (12.13%) REST
29 262 (11.60%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (6.06%) CMS
2 102 (4.52%) Confluence
3 74 (3.28%) WordPress
4 45 (1.99%) Drupal
5 40 (1.77%) SharePoint
6 27 (1.20%) WebSphere
7 26 (1.15%) Tomcat
8 25 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
9 24 (1.06%) Apache
10 21 (0.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 20 (0.89%) IIS
11 20 (0.89%) SharePoint 2013
12 17 (0.75%) EPiServer
12 17 (0.75%) Umbraco
13 15 (0.66%) Commerce Server
14 13 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
14 13 (0.58%) nginx
15 12 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 11 (0.49%) CoreMedia CMS
17 10 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 112 (4.96%) Photoshop
2 23 (1.02%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 21 (0.93%) Adobe Illustrator
4 16 (0.71%) Fireworks
4 16 (0.71%) InVision
5 14 (0.62%) GIMP
6 8 (0.35%) OmniGraffle
7 5 (0.22%) InDesign
8 4 (0.18%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
8 4 (0.18%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.18%) UXPin
9 1 (0.044%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.044%) CATIA
9 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Office
9 1 (0.044%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.044%) SketchUp
9 1 (0.044%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 24 (1.06%) Magento
2 13 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.13%) Shopify
4 3 (0.13%) Unica
5 2 (0.089%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.089%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.044%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.044%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.044%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.044%) OpenCart
6 1 (0.044%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 176 (7.79%) Amazon AWS
2 133 (5.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 111 (4.91%) npm
4 87 (3.85%) GitHub
5 48 (2.12%) Serverless
6 30 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
7 28 (1.24%) SaaS
8 27 (1.20%) Google Cloud Platform
9 16 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
9 16 (0.71%) Dynamics 365
9 16 (0.71%) Office 365
10 12 (0.53%) BrowserStack
10 12 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (0.53%) Google Analytics
11 11 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
11 11 (0.49%) PaaS
12 10 (0.44%) Amazon Kinesis
13 9 (0.40%) OpenShift
14 8 (0.35%) Adobe Analytics
14 8 (0.35%) Basecamp
Communications & Networking
1 79 (3.50%) HTTP
2 41 (1.81%) Internet
3 8 (0.35%) Reverse Proxy
4 6 (0.27%) Intranet
5 4 (0.18%) SSL
5 4 (0.18%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.089%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.089%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.089%) SMS
6 2 (0.089%) SSH
6 2 (0.089%) VoIP
7 1 (0.044%) Broadband
7 1 (0.044%) FTP
7 1 (0.044%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 255 (11.29%) MySQL
2 167 (7.39%) SQL Server
3 153 (6.77%) NoSQL
4 147 (6.51%) Relational Database
5 116 (5.14%) MongoDB
6 81 (3.59%) RDBMS
7 68 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
8 61 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
9 35 (1.55%) Redis
10 23 (1.02%) Big Data
11 20 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 20 (0.89%) Azure SQL Database
12 19 (0.84%) SQL Server 2012
13 18 (0.80%) RavenDB
14 17 (0.75%) Blockchain
14 17 (0.75%) Oracle Database
15 16 (0.71%) SQLite
16 12 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
17 11 (0.49%) SQL Server 2008
18 10 (0.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 618 (27.36%) Git (software)
2 209 (9.25%) gulp
3 207 (9.16%) Jenkins
3 207 (9.16%) JIRA
4 201 (8.90%) webpack
5 171 (7.57%) Grunt
6 156 (6.91%) Jasmine
7 107 (4.74%) Selenium
8 99 (4.38%) Subversion
9 98 (4.34%) Karma Test Runner
10 88 (3.90%) Visual Studio
11 84 (3.72%) Mocha
11 84 (3.72%) Team Foundation Server
12 65 (2.88%) Protractor
13 55 (2.43%) Gradle
14 53 (2.35%) Babel
15 51 (2.26%) Axure RP
15 51 (2.26%) JUnit
16 44 (1.95%) Mercurial
16 44 (1.95%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 275 (12.17%) Finance
2 156 (6.91%) Retail
3 128 (5.67%) Banking
4 74 (3.28%) Marketing
5 34 (1.51%) Games
6 24 (1.06%) Telecoms
7 23 (1.02%) Advertising
8 20 (0.89%) Investment Banking
9 18 (0.80%) Publishing
10 11 (0.49%) Back Office
10 11 (0.49%) Legal
11 9 (0.40%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.35%) Electronics
12 8 (0.35%) Front Office
12 8 (0.35%) Law
13 5 (0.22%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.22%) Interactive Media
14 4 (0.18%) Multimedia
15 3 (0.13%) Music Industry
15 3 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,021 (89.46%) Developer
2 665 (29.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 400 (17.71%) React Developer
4 375 (16.60%) JavaScript Developer
5 233 (10.31%) Full Stack Developer
6 229 (10.14%) Angular Developer
7 179 (7.92%) UI Developer
8 174 (7.70%) Java Developer
9 168 (7.44%) Senior Developer
10 138 (6.11%) HTML Developer
11 122 (5.40%) HTML CSS Developer
12 121 (5.36%) Web Developer
13 120 (5.31%) .NET Developer
14 100 (4.43%) PHP Developer
15 82 (3.63%) Node.js Developer
16 79 (3.50%) C# Developer
16 79 (3.50%) Designer
16 79 (3.50%) Lead Developer
17 49 (2.17%) Senior Front-End Developer
18 47 (2.08%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,259 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,197 (97.26%) HTML
3 2,064 (91.37%) HTML5
4 983 (43.51%) AngularJS
5 827 (36.61%) React
6 649 (28.73%) Node.js
7 604 (26.74%) Sass
8 592 (26.21%) jQuery
9 330 (14.61%) .NET
10 326 (14.43%) Redux
10 326 (14.43%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 274 (12.13%) REST
12 262 (11.60%) RESTful
13 243 (10.76%) JSON
14 231 (10.23%) Web Services
15 223 (9.87%) Ajax
16 205 (9.07%) ASP.NET
17 202 (8.94%) LESS
18 170 (7.53%) Spring
19 162 (7.17%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 445 (19.70%) User Experience
2 163 (7.22%) Greenfield Project
3 135 (5.98%) Mobile App
4 76 (3.36%) Fintech
5 74 (3.28%) Analytical Skills
6 52 (2.30%) Computer Science
7 46 (2.04%) W3C
8 36 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
9 25 (1.11%) Algorithms
9 25 (1.11%) Data Structures
10 22 (0.97%) NHS
11 14 (0.62%) iPad
11 14 (0.62%) Linux Command Line
11 14 (0.62%) RIA
12 13 (0.58%) iPhone
12 13 (0.58%) Semantic Web
13 12 (0.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 12 (0.53%) N-Tier
13 12 (0.53%) Self-Motivation
14 11 (0.49%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 97 (4.29%) Android
1 97 (4.29%) Linux
2 85 (3.76%) Apple iOS
3 52 (2.30%) Unix
4 28 (1.24%) Windows
5 18 (0.80%) VMS
6 4 (0.18%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.13%) CentOS
8 1 (0.044%) Debian
8 1 (0.044%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.044%) Windows Phone
8 1 (0.044%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,163 (51.48%) Agile Software Development
2 810 (35.86%) Front End Development
3 572 (25.32%) TDD
4 370 (16.38%) Scrum
5 357 (15.80%) MVC
6 347 (15.36%) Web Development
7 327 (14.48%) Test Automation
8 298 (13.19%) OO
9 290 (12.84%) Continuous Integration
10 281 (12.44%) Responsive Web Design
11 255 (11.29%) Unit Testing
12 252 (11.16%) BDD
13 243 (10.76%) Microservices
14 216 (9.56%) DevOps
15 201 (8.90%) E-Commerce
16 147 (6.51%) Web Design
17 143 (6.33%) OOP
18 136 (6.02%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
19 135 (5.98%) Open Source
20 130 (5.75%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,870 (82.78%) JavaScript
2 434 (19.21%) Java
3 313 (13.86%) ES6
4 304 (13.46%) C#
5 243 (10.76%) TypeScript
6 235 (10.40%) SQL
7 215 (9.52%) PHP
8 116 (5.14%) Python
9 74 (3.28%) Scala
10 62 (2.74%) Java 8
11 44 (1.95%) Ruby
12 40 (1.77%) C
13 39 (1.73%) ES7
14 37 (1.64%) C++
15 35 (1.55%) T-SQL
16 28 (1.24%) Apple Swift
17 22 (0.97%) Go
17 22 (0.97%) Groovy
17 22 (0.97%) Objective-C
18 13 (0.58%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 115 (5.09%) Degree
2 84 (3.72%) Security Cleared
3 65 (2.88%) SC Cleared
4 19 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.13%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.089%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.044%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (2.92%) QA
2 32 (1.42%) WCAG
3 16 (0.71%) WAI
4 9 (0.40%) SLA
5 8 (0.35%) PMO
6 6 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.13%) GDPR
System Software
1 175 (7.75%) Docker
2 11 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
3 8 (0.35%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.13%) LXC
5 2 (0.089%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.044%) HDFS
6 1 (0.044%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 65 (2.88%) Kubernetes
2 21 (0.93%) Puppet
3 17 (0.75%) Ansible
4 14 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (0.49%) HockeyApp
6 9 (0.40%) Terraform
7 8 (0.35%) HAProxy
8 6 (0.27%) Capistrano
8 6 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
8 6 (0.27%) Grafana
9 5 (0.22%) Graphite
9 5 (0.22%) Kibana
10 4 (0.18%) Consul
10 4 (0.18%) logstash
10 4 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.18%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.044%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.044%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.044%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 148 (6.55%) Oracle
2 129 (5.71%) Microsoft
3 104 (4.60%) Adobe
4 64 (2.83%) Google
5 32 (1.42%) hybris
5 32 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
6 19 (0.84%) Atlassian
7 17 (0.75%) Twitter
7 17 (0.75%) Xamarin
8 16 (0.71%) Apple
9 14 (0.62%) Zend
10 12 (0.53%) Sitecore
11 8 (0.35%) Demandware
12 7 (0.31%) IBM
12 7 (0.31%) SAP
12 7 (0.31%) Splunk
13 6 (0.27%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 6 (0.27%) Veracode
14 5 (0.22%) ClickTale
14 5 (0.22%) MuleSoft