Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 100 82 79
Rank change year-on-year -18 -3 -4
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,368 2,730 2,814
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.38% 2.82% 2.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.42% 8.97% 9.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,805 1,935 2,184
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +13.33% -
10th Percentile £291 £300 £263
90th Percentile £588 £575 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £370 £375 £344
% change year-on-year -1.33% +8.93% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 13 28
UK median hourly rate £37.97 £46.00 £23.87
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.46% +92.75% -13.22%
10th Percentile £11.93 £27.59 £16.25
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £35.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.97 £47.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year -19.21% +51.61% +46.40%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,912 30,450 31,261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.10% 31.45% 28.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,768 20,957 21,585
UK median daily rate £460 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.24% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £278
90th Percentile £625 £590 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £394 £375
% change year-on-year +1.46% +5.13% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 331 345 587
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.50 £15.25 £15.17
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.00 £55.22
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.58% +2.00% +8.70%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 2,245 £425 - 1,109
London -25 1,222 £450 +2.27% 463
UK excluding London 0 1,111 £370 -1.33% 692
North of England +26 337 £375 -1.64% 198
South East -25 313 £400 +6.67% 175
Midlands +25 225 £338 -10.00% 124
North West +46 181 £350 -4.11% 121
Yorkshire -12 142 £375 -6.25% 60
West Midlands +42 112 £305 -21.29% 62
East Midlands +15 111 £340 -2.86% 61
South West -7 78 £356 +1.79% 67
East of England +13 68 £365 +21.67% 82
Scotland -36 68 £400 +3.23% 31
Wales +19 30 £438 +26.81% 11
North East +11 12 £428 -2.29% 17
Northern Ireland -24 1 £413 +3.13% 5

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,368 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,304 (97.30%) HTML
3 2,219 (93.71%) HTML5
4 2,002 (84.54%) JavaScript
5 1,098 (46.37%) Agile Software Development
6 1,027 (43.37%) AngularJS
7 918 (38.77%) Front End Development
8 775 (32.73%) jQuery
9 726 (30.66%) React
10 705 (29.77%) Git (software)
11 665 (28.08%) Node.js
12 647 (27.32%) TDD
13 598 (25.25%) Sass
14 450 (19.00%) Java
15 408 (17.23%) Web Development
16 390 (16.47%) User Experience
17 388 (16.39%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 386 (16.30%) MVC
19 385 (16.26%) .NET
20 364 (15.37%) Scrum
21 361 (15.24%) Web Services
22 344 (14.53%) RESTful
23 339 (14.32%) Responsive Web Design
23 339 (14.32%) Continuous Integration
24 337 (14.23%) C#
25 313 (13.22%) BDD
26 305 (12.88%) OO
27 294 (12.42%) JSON
28 288 (12.16%) Finance
29 284 (11.99%) REST

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (6.63%) CMS
2 96 (4.05%) Confluence
3 68 (2.87%) WordPress
4 62 (2.62%) Drupal
5 46 (1.94%) Apache
6 45 (1.90%) Umbraco
7 34 (1.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 31 (1.31%) nginx
9 30 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
10 23 (0.97%) WebSphere
11 22 (0.93%) EPiServer
12 21 (0.89%) SharePoint
13 20 (0.84%) JBoss
14 18 (0.76%) Apache Solr
15 14 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 14 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
15 14 (0.59%) Tomcat
16 11 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
17 10 (0.42%) IIS
17 10 (0.42%) uWSGI
Applications
1 120 (5.07%) Photoshop
2 70 (2.96%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 46 (1.94%) Adobe Illustrator
4 21 (0.89%) InVision
5 16 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
6 13 (0.55%) GIMP
7 12 (0.51%) OmniGraffle
8 7 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 6 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
9 6 (0.25%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.25%) UXPin
10 5 (0.21%) Fireworks
11 4 (0.17%) Adobe Premiere
12 2 (0.084%) InDesign
13 1 (0.042%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.042%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 39 (1.65%) Magento
2 5 (0.21%) Shopify
3 4 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.17%) WebTrends
4 3 (0.13%) Unica
5 2 (0.084%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.042%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.042%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.042%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 146 (6.17%) Amazon AWS
2 129 (5.45%) npm
3 102 (4.31%) Microsoft Azure
4 57 (2.41%) GitHub
5 48 (2.03%) SaaS
6 40 (1.69%) Serverless
7 27 (1.14%) Google Analytics
8 24 (1.01%) OpenShift
9 15 (0.63%) Amazon EC2
9 15 (0.63%) Amazon S3
9 15 (0.63%) Trello
10 14 (0.59%) Office 365
11 9 (0.38%) PaaS
12 8 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 8 (0.34%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (0.34%) Google Cloud Platform
12 8 (0.34%) Google Tag Manager
13 6 (0.25%) Adobe Analytics
13 6 (0.25%) Slack
14 5 (0.21%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 59 (2.49%) HTTP
2 35 (1.48%) Internet
3 14 (0.59%) SMS
4 12 (0.51%) Intranet
5 8 (0.34%) SSL
6 6 (0.25%) SMTP
7 4 (0.17%) Skype
8 3 (0.13%) AMQP
8 3 (0.13%) FTP
8 3 (0.13%) SSH
9 2 (0.084%) ATM
9 2 (0.084%) DNS
9 2 (0.084%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.084%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.084%) NFC
9 2 (0.084%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.084%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.084%) VPLS
10 1 (0.042%) CTI
10 1 (0.042%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 213 (8.99%) MySQL
2 209 (8.83%) SQL Server
3 116 (4.90%) MongoDB
4 91 (3.84%) Relational Database
5 81 (3.42%) NoSQL
6 72 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
7 32 (1.35%) Big Data
8 28 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
9 27 (1.14%) Redis
10 25 (1.06%) SQL Server 2008
11 24 (1.01%) SQL Server 2012
12 22 (0.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 22 (0.93%) RDBMS
13 15 (0.63%) Oracle Database
14 14 (0.59%) SQL Server 2005
15 13 (0.55%) SQL Server 2014
16 11 (0.46%) Azure SQL Database
16 11 (0.46%) Hadoop
16 11 (0.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 10 (0.42%) DB2
Development Applications
1 705 (29.77%) Git (software)
2 264 (11.15%) Jenkins
3 256 (10.81%) gulp
4 226 (9.54%) Grunt
5 177 (7.47%) webpack
6 173 (7.31%) JIRA
7 153 (6.46%) Jasmine
8 130 (5.49%) Subversion
9 117 (4.94%) Selenium
10 97 (4.10%) Mocha
11 95 (4.01%) Karma Test Runner
12 76 (3.21%) Visual Studio
13 70 (2.96%) Cucumber
14 69 (2.91%) Maven
15 65 (2.74%) JUnit
16 54 (2.28%) Babel
17 41 (1.73%) Team Foundation Server
18 38 (1.60%) Bower
19 37 (1.56%) Axure RP
20 36 (1.52%) Gradle
General
1 288 (12.16%) Finance
2 130 (5.49%) Banking
3 118 (4.98%) Marketing
4 99 (4.18%) Retail
5 59 (2.49%) Telecoms
6 31 (1.31%) Games
7 25 (1.06%) Publishing
8 19 (0.80%) Multimedia
9 18 (0.76%) Advertising
10 15 (0.63%) Front Office
10 15 (0.63%) Law
11 12 (0.51%) Manufacturing
12 11 (0.46%) Financial Institution
12 11 (0.46%) Retail Banking
13 9 (0.38%) Electronics
14 8 (0.34%) Investment Banking
15 7 (0.30%) Automotive
16 5 (0.21%) Back Office
16 5 (0.21%) Legal
17 4 (0.17%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 2,093 (88.39%) Developer
2 804 (33.95%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 492 (20.78%) JavaScript Developer
4 333 (14.06%) React Developer
5 259 (10.94%) Angular Developer
6 227 (9.59%) HTML Developer
7 202 (8.53%) Senior Developer
8 195 (8.23%) UI Developer
9 188 (7.94%) Full Stack Developer
10 176 (7.43%) HTML CSS Developer
11 170 (7.18%) Java Developer
12 148 (6.25%) .NET Developer
13 124 (5.24%) Node.js Developer
14 122 (5.15%) PHP Developer
15 104 (4.39%) Web Developer
16 85 (3.59%) C# Developer
17 74 (3.13%) Senior Front-End Developer
18 70 (2.96%) Designer
19 57 (2.41%) Architect
19 57 (2.41%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,368 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,304 (97.30%) HTML
3 2,219 (93.71%) HTML5
4 1,027 (43.37%) AngularJS
5 775 (32.73%) jQuery
6 726 (30.66%) React
7 665 (28.08%) Node.js
8 598 (25.25%) Sass
9 388 (16.39%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 385 (16.26%) .NET
11 361 (15.24%) Web Services
12 344 (14.53%) RESTful
13 294 (12.42%) JSON
14 284 (11.99%) REST
15 271 (11.44%) Redux
16 233 (9.84%) LESS
17 232 (9.80%) ASP.NET
18 228 (9.63%) Ajax
19 199 (8.40%) Angular 2
20 190 (8.02%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 390 (16.47%) User Experience
2 162 (6.84%) Greenfield Project
3 107 (4.52%) Mobile App
4 90 (3.80%) Analytical Skills
5 66 (2.79%) Fintech
6 62 (2.62%) Computer Science
7 37 (1.56%) Digital Media
8 26 (1.10%) Virtual Team
9 22 (0.93%) W3C
10 20 (0.84%) e-Learning
10 20 (0.84%) Social Media
10 20 (0.84%) Video\Live Streaming
11 18 (0.76%) Video on Demand
12 16 (0.68%) Enterprise Software
12 16 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 15 (0.63%) Clustering
13 15 (0.63%) Fat Client
13 15 (0.63%) Management Information System
13 15 (0.63%) Thin Client
14 14 (0.59%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 137 (5.79%) Linux
2 63 (2.66%) Apple iOS
3 58 (2.45%) Android
4 36 (1.52%) Windows
5 33 (1.39%) Unix
6 12 (0.51%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.42%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.13%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.13%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.13%) VMS
9 2 (0.084%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.042%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.042%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.042%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.042%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,098 (46.37%) Agile Software Development
2 918 (38.77%) Front End Development
3 647 (27.32%) TDD
4 408 (17.23%) Web Development
5 386 (16.30%) MVC
6 364 (15.37%) Scrum
7 339 (14.32%) Continuous Integration
7 339 (14.32%) Responsive Web Design
8 313 (13.22%) BDD
9 305 (12.88%) OO
10 278 (11.74%) Test Automation
11 223 (9.42%) Unit Testing
12 165 (6.97%) E-Commerce
13 151 (6.38%) DevOps
14 141 (5.95%) Microservices
15 132 (5.57%) Open Source
16 126 (5.32%) Web Design
17 121 (5.11%) User Stories
18 119 (5.03%) Software Engineering
19 117 (4.94%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2,002 (84.54%) JavaScript
2 450 (19.00%) Java
3 337 (14.23%) C#
4 283 (11.95%) ES6
5 249 (10.52%) PHP
6 217 (9.16%) SQL
7 177 (7.47%) TypeScript
8 119 (5.03%) Scala
9 113 (4.77%) Python
9 113 (4.77%) Ruby
10 45 (1.90%) T-SQL
11 27 (1.14%) C
12 26 (1.10%) ES7
13 24 (1.01%) Groovy
14 22 (0.93%) PL/SQL
15 18 (0.76%) PowerShell
16 15 (0.63%) Objective-C
16 15 (0.63%) VB.NET
17 14 (0.59%) C++
18 13 (0.55%) Go
Qualifications
1 88 (3.72%) Degree
2 48 (2.03%) Security Cleared
3 30 (1.27%) SC Cleared
4 29 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
6 5 (0.21%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.17%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.13%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.13%) HND
9 2 (0.084%) ISEB
9 2 (0.084%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.042%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.042%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (2.49%) QA
2 38 (1.60%) WCAG
3 3 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.13%) WAI
4 2 (0.084%) RosettaNet
5 1 (0.042%) PMO
System Software
1 171 (7.22%) Docker
2 5 (0.21%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.17%) LXC
3 4 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.042%) HDFS
4 1 (0.042%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.042%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 36 (1.52%) Ansible
2 34 (1.44%) Puppet
3 24 (1.01%) Kubernetes
4 15 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (0.63%) Terraform
5 7 (0.30%) Rancher
6 4 (0.17%) Kibana
7 2 (0.084%) Nagios
7 2 (0.084%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 1 (0.042%) Capistrano
8 1 (0.042%) Salt
8 1 (0.042%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 130 (5.49%) Adobe
2 89 (3.76%) Google
3 83 (3.51%) Oracle
4 82 (3.46%) Microsoft
5 25 (1.06%) Zend
6 24 (1.01%) Sitecore
7 21 (0.89%) Perforce
7 21 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
8 20 (0.84%) Atlassian
8 20 (0.84%) Capita
9 17 (0.72%) IBM
10 16 (0.68%) Twitter
11 15 (0.63%) Splunk
12 14 (0.59%) Apple
13 10 (0.42%) SAP
14 9 (0.38%) Cisco
14 9 (0.38%) Facebook
15 8 (0.34%) MuleSoft
15 8 (0.34%) Optimizely
15 8 (0.34%) VMware