The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 3 months to 27 May 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
3 months to
27 May 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 75 76 83
Rank change year-on-year +1 +7  
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1356 1555 1337
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.98% 2.85% 2.46%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.31% 10.20% 9.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 946 1167 938
Median daily rate £401 £400 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.12% +10.34%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £538 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £350 £330
% change year-on-year +3.57% +6.06%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 7
Median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +344.44% -55.00%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.85 £9.00 £17.12
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £21.75 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £28.93
% change year-on-year +344.44% -68.89%  

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 14572 15252 14758
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 31.99% 27.96% 27.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 10015 10774 9702
Median daily rate £425 £420 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +8.38%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 194 181 203
Median hourly rate £41.50 £33.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.75% -5.71%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £11.00 £17.86
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £51.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £32.50 £37.80
% change year-on-year +30.76% -14.02%  

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing CSS3 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 27 May 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 27 May 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 3 months to 27 May 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1263 £413 +3.12% 561
London -32 613 £450 +5.88% 210
South East +24 224 £370 +9.62% 76
East Midlands +23 90 £325 +22.64% 38
North West -6 82 £375 -11.76% 66
City of London -52 75 £475 +11.76% 40
Yorkshire -2 72 £375 -6.25% 47
East of England +26 57 £330 -5.71% 50
Manchester +2 57 £369 -7.81% 44
West Midlands +19 49 £352 +8.15% 38
West Yorkshire -2 49 £381 -9.22% 35
Buckinghamshire +15 48 £400 +23.07% 7
South West +11 45 £400 +14.28% 28
Scotland +53 44 £368 +22.50% 15
Leicestershire +18 42 £311 +24.50% 11
Surrey +15 39 £330 -14.28% 13
Leeds -2 37 £375 -10.71% 20
Wales +7 34 £315 -18.70% 5
Oxfordshire +22 33 £375 +4.89% 13
South Wales +17 31 £315 -18.70% 2
Glasgow +6 30 £350 +16.66% 6
West Sussex -16 27 £393 -9.23% 8
Berkshire +35 25 £375 +15.38% 12
Northamptonshire +20 25 £450 +12.50% 6
Hertfordshire +17 22 £360 +16.12% 15
Cardiff +3 22 £315 -18.70% 1
Birmingham +10 21 £319 -1.92% 13
North East +55 20 £475 +11.76% 7
Oxford +14 20 £350 -6.66% 5
Nottinghamshire +13 20 £350 +2.94% 13

For the 6 months to 27 May 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2556 (100.00%) CSS
2 2454 (96.01%) HTML
3 2342 (91.63%) HTML5
4 2148 (84.04%) JavaScript
5 1214 (47.50%) Agile Software Development
6 1203 (47.07%) AngularJS
7 989 (38.69%) Front End Development
8 915 (35.80%) jQuery
9 700 (27.39%) React
10 695 (27.19%) Git (software)
11 624 (24.41%) Node.js
12 606 (23.71%) Sass
13 575 (22.50%) TDD
14 540 (21.13%) User Experience
15 505 (19.76%) Web Development
16 471 (18.43%) Java
17 464 (18.15%) Ajax
18 449 (17.57%) MVC
19 436 (17.06%) Scrum
20 430 (16.82%) Responsive Web Design
21 407 (15.92%) C#
22 403 (15.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 380 (14.87%) JSON
24 371 (14.51%) OO
25 348 (13.62%) .NET
26 343 (13.42%) REST
27 333 (13.03%) Finance
28 303 (11.85%) LESS
28 303 (11.85%) Test Automation
29 294 (11.50%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (7.55%) CMS
2 159 (6.22%) Confluence
3 75 (2.93%) WordPress
4 71 (2.78%) Apache
5 54 (2.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 53 (2.07%) Drupal
6 53 (2.07%) EPiServer
7 49 (1.92%) SharePoint
8 38 (1.49%) Umbraco
9 24 (0.94%) WebSphere
10 22 (0.86%) Sitecore CMS
11 21 (0.82%) Elasticsearch
12 18 (0.70%) JBoss
13 17 (0.67%) Tomcat
14 13 (0.51%) Apache Spark
14 13 (0.51%) IIS
15 12 (0.47%) nginx
16 10 (0.39%) SAS
17 9 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
18 8 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 138 (5.40%) Photoshop
2 66 (2.58%) Adobe Illustrator
3 36 (1.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 27 (1.06%) OmniGraffle
5 23 (0.90%) InVision
6 11 (0.43%) InDesign
7 10 (0.39%) UXPin
8 9 (0.35%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.16%) GIMP
9 4 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
10 3 (0.12%) Fireworks
11 2 (0.078%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.078%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.039%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Excel
12 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 21 (0.82%) Magento
2 9 (0.35%) SDL Web 8
3 5 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.078%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.078%) Siebel CRM
5 1 (0.039%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.039%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.039%) osCommerce
5 1 (0.039%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.039%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.039%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 134 (5.24%) Amazon AWS
2 83 (3.25%) GitHub
3 75 (2.93%) Microsoft Azure
4 23 (0.90%) Google Cloud Platform
5 21 (0.82%) SaaS
6 16 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
6 16 (0.63%) Google Analytics
7 14 (0.55%) IaaS
8 11 (0.43%) Adobe Analytics
8 11 (0.43%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 8 (0.31%) Loggly
9 8 (0.31%) PaaS
9 8 (0.31%) Sumo Logic
10 7 (0.27%) Heroku
11 6 (0.23%) Amazon EC2
11 6 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (0.23%) OpenShift
11 6 (0.23%) Slack
12 5 (0.20%) Amazon S3
12 5 (0.20%) Basecamp
Communications & Networking
1 152 (5.95%) HTTP
2 32 (1.25%) Internet
3 15 (0.59%) DNS
3 15 (0.59%) Extranet
4 14 (0.55%) Network Security
5 10 (0.39%) Intranet
5 10 (0.39%) SSL
6 3 (0.12%) MVNO
6 3 (0.12%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.078%) CTI
7 2 (0.078%) Skype
7 2 (0.078%) SMTP
8 1 (0.039%) LDAP
8 1 (0.039%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (6.53%) MySQL
2 160 (6.26%) SQL Server
3 134 (5.24%) MongoDB
4 129 (5.05%) Relational Database
5 96 (3.76%) NoSQL
6 86 (3.36%) PostgreSQL
7 48 (1.88%) Apache Cassandra
8 47 (1.84%) Big Data
9 38 (1.49%) Hadoop
10 34 (1.33%) Oracle Database
11 27 (1.06%) Redis
12 25 (0.98%) HBase
13 14 (0.55%) SQL Server 2012
14 13 (0.51%) SQL Server 2008
15 12 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
16 11 (0.43%) RDBMS
17 7 (0.27%) Data Warehouse
17 7 (0.27%) Riak
18 6 (0.23%) Power BI
19 5 (0.20%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 695 (27.19%) Git (software)
2 291 (11.38%) Grunt
3 256 (10.02%) gulp
4 238 (9.31%) Subversion
5 230 (9.00%) JIRA
6 214 (8.37%) Jenkins
7 213 (8.33%) Jasmine
8 146 (5.71%) webpack
9 131 (5.13%) Mocha
10 115 (4.50%) JUnit
11 110 (4.30%) Selenium
12 94 (3.68%) Karma Test Runner
13 80 (3.13%) Cucumber
14 70 (2.74%) Maven
15 58 (2.27%) Axure RP
16 55 (2.15%) Bower
17 54 (2.11%) Protractor
18 53 (2.07%) Team Foundation Server
19 52 (2.03%) TeamCity
19 52 (2.03%) Visual Studio
General
1 333 (13.03%) Finance
2 205 (8.02%) Banking
3 102 (3.99%) Retail
4 90 (3.52%) Marketing
5 36 (1.41%) Front Office
6 34 (1.33%) Investment Banking
7 28 (1.10%) Legal
8 26 (1.02%) Games
9 22 (0.86%) Advertising
10 18 (0.70%) Publishing
11 12 (0.47%) Retail Banking
12 11 (0.43%) Telecoms
13 9 (0.35%) Back Office
13 9 (0.35%) Financial Institution
13 9 (0.35%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.31%) Automotive
15 7 (0.27%) Electronics
15 7 (0.27%) Law
15 7 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.23%) Czech Language
Job Titles
1 2277 (89.08%) Developer
2 875 (34.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 666 (26.06%) JavaScript Developer
4 349 (13.65%) HTML Developer
5 301 (11.78%) Angular Developer
6 296 (11.58%) HTML CSS Developer
7 236 (9.23%) Web Developer
8 235 (9.19%) UI Developer
9 203 (7.94%) Senior Developer
10 166 (6.49%) Java Developer
11 161 (6.30%) .NET Developer
12 124 (4.85%) Full Stack Developer
13 118 (4.62%) Node.js Developer
14 112 (4.38%) C# Developer
15 93 (3.64%) Designer
16 82 (3.21%) Architect
17 81 (3.17%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 80 (3.13%) C# .NET Developer
19 71 (2.78%) PHP Developer
20 70 (2.74%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2556 (100.00%) CSS
2 2454 (96.01%) HTML
3 2342 (91.63%) HTML5
4 1203 (47.07%) AngularJS
5 915 (35.80%) jQuery
6 700 (27.39%) React
7 624 (24.41%) Node.js
8 606 (23.71%) Sass
9 464 (18.15%) Ajax
10 403 (15.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 380 (14.87%) JSON
12 348 (13.62%) .NET
13 343 (13.42%) REST
14 303 (11.85%) LESS
15 294 (11.50%) RESTful
16 233 (9.12%) Spring
17 225 (8.80%) Web Services
18 214 (8.37%) Redux
19 208 (8.14%) ASP.NET
20 183 (7.16%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 540 (21.13%) User Experience
2 166 (6.49%) Greenfield Project
3 85 (3.33%) Mobile App
4 83 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
5 69 (2.70%) Computer Science
6 51 (2.00%) Fintech
7 49 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
8 48 (1.88%) W3C
9 29 (1.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 25 (0.98%) Virtual Team
11 23 (0.90%) Equities
12 21 (0.82%) Fixed Income
13 16 (0.63%) Animation
14 15 (0.59%) Digital Media
14 15 (0.59%) iPad
15 14 (0.55%) Graphic Design
16 12 (0.47%) Client/Server
16 12 (0.47%) Management Information System
17 11 (0.43%) Data Structures
17 11 (0.43%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 163 (6.38%) Linux
2 57 (2.23%) Unix
3 49 (1.92%) Android
4 48 (1.88%) Apple iOS
5 28 (1.10%) Windows
6 5 (0.20%) CoreOS
6 5 (0.20%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.16%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.12%) SUSE
8 3 (0.12%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.078%) Debian
9 2 (0.078%) webOS
9 2 (0.078%) Windows Phone
9 2 (0.078%) Windows Phone 7
10 1 (0.039%) VMS
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1214 (47.50%) Agile Software Development
2 989 (38.69%) Front End Development
3 575 (22.50%) TDD
4 505 (19.76%) Web Development
5 449 (17.57%) MVC
6 436 (17.06%) Scrum
7 430 (16.82%) Responsive Web Design
8 371 (14.51%) OO
9 303 (11.85%) Test Automation
10 281 (10.99%) Continuous Integration
11 261 (10.21%) BDD
12 257 (10.05%) Web Design
13 195 (7.63%) Open Source
14 181 (7.08%) E-Commerce
15 167 (6.53%) Wireframes
16 164 (6.42%) Unit Testing
17 126 (4.93%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 111 (4.34%) Configuration Management
19 110 (4.30%) Software Engineering
20 109 (4.26%) Prototyping
Programming Languages
1 2148 (84.04%) JavaScript
2 471 (18.43%) Java
3 407 (15.92%) C#
4 211 (8.26%) PHP
5 209 (8.18%) ES6
6 203 (7.94%) Ruby
7 201 (7.86%) Python
8 197 (7.71%) SQL
9 170 (6.65%) Scala
10 98 (3.83%) TypeScript
11 30 (1.17%) ECMAScript
12 29 (1.13%) T-SQL
13 27 (1.06%) C++
14 22 (0.86%) Groovy
15 20 (0.78%) Objective-C
15 20 (0.78%) PowerShell
16 19 (0.74%) Shell Script
17 18 (0.70%) Apple Swift
18 14 (0.55%) XPath
19 12 (0.47%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 138 (5.40%) Degree
2 53 (2.07%) Security Cleared
3 44 (1.72%) SC Cleared
4 26 (1.02%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.35%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.27%) BC Cleared
7 7 (0.27%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.23%) MBA
9 4 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
9 4 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.12%) CISA
10 3 (0.12%) CISM
10 3 (0.12%) CISSP
11 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.039%) OCMJD
11 1 (0.039%) OCPJP
11 1 (0.039%) OCPJWCD
11 1 (0.039%) Oracle Certification
11 1 (0.039%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (1.64%) QA
2 20 (0.78%) WAI
3 16 (0.63%) WCAG
4 12 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.31%) FATCA
6 3 (0.12%) FedRAMP
6 3 (0.12%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.12%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.12%) SLA
7 2 (0.078%) COBIT
7 2 (0.078%) PMO
8 1 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.039%) EMIR
8 1 (0.039%) MiFID
System Software
1 81 (3.17%) Docker
2 7 (0.27%) HDFS
2 7 (0.27%) LXC
3 6 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.20%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.20%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.16%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.078%) UAG
7 2 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 46 (1.80%) Puppet
2 24 (0.94%) Ansible
3 23 (0.90%) Opscode Chef
4 18 (0.70%) Kubernetes
5 11 (0.43%) Salt
6 9 (0.35%) Kibana
6 9 (0.35%) Nagios
7 8 (0.31%) ZABBIX
8 6 (0.23%) Terraform
9 3 (0.12%) logstash
9 3 (0.12%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.12%) TeamSite
10 1 (0.039%) Capistrano
10 1 (0.039%) cPanel
10 1 (0.039%) Oozie
Vendors
1 162 (6.34%) Google
2 142 (5.56%) Adobe
3 80 (3.13%) Oracle
4 65 (2.54%) Microsoft
5 32 (1.25%) Sitecore
6 27 (1.06%) Twitter
7 19 (0.74%) IBM
7 19 (0.74%) Zend
8 17 (0.67%) SAP
9 16 (0.63%) ServiceNow
10 11 (0.43%) Hortonworks
10 11 (0.43%) Perforce
11 10 (0.39%) Rackspace
11 10 (0.39%) SaltStack
11 10 (0.39%) Telerik
12 9 (0.35%) New Relic
12 9 (0.35%) Solace
12 9 (0.35%) Splunk
13 8 (0.31%) Facebook
14 7 (0.27%) ClickTale
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Morgan Mckinley
Rate: £475 - £500 per month
Posted: 21 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Applause IT Innovation
Rate: £200 - £250 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
La Fosse Associates
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Amsource Technology Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £370 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
North London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
Hotfoot Recruitment
Rate: From £325 to £350 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Gravitas Recruitment Group
Posted: 17 hours ago
Luton, Bedfordshire
Cititec
Rate: £150 - £210 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Applause IT Innovation
Rate: £350 - £425 per day + Neg. depending on experience
Posted: Yesterday
Liverpool, Merseyside
Austin Fraser
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Experis Ltd
Posted: 23 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £450 - £475 per annum
Posted: 23 hours ago
London
Westbourne Partners
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
Northamptonshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: £Market Rate
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £530 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Northamptonshire
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London / West End
Morgan Mckinley
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Glasgow Area
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £300 - £325 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leicestershire
Ampersand Consulting
Rate: £250 - £350 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
South Wales
CPS Group UK
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
Leatherhead, Surrey
TLP Consultancy Ltd.
Rate: £350 - £380 per day
Posted: Yesterday