The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 3 months to 23 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
3 months to
23 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 75 74 86
Rank change year-on-year -1 +12  
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1413 1535 1392
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.02% 2.85% 2.48%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.41% 10.06% 9.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 1020 1159 1001
Median daily rate £425 £400 £370
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +8.10%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £286 £270
10% offered a daily rate of more than £538 £538 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £338
% change year-on-year +3.44% +7.40%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 7
Median hourly rate £15.25 £21.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.88% +8.75%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £10.30 £17.15 £17.12
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £36.30 £26.35 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.75 £21.75 £28.93
% change year-on-year +22.98% -24.81%  

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 15019 15261 15400
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 32.08% 28.36% 27.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 10384 10752 10284
Median daily rate £427 £420 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.66% +8.38%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £315 £300 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £580 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 199 178 208
Median hourly rate £41.50 £36.50 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.69% -1.35%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.82 £16.60 £17.68
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £51.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing CSS3 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 23 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 23 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 3 months to 23 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1321 £425 +6.25% 528
London -27 679 £463 +8.82% 185
South East +18 197 £374 -0.33% 90
East Midlands +32 98 £340 +24.77% 35
Yorkshire +19 79 £400 - 41
City of London -52 79 £491 +15.58% 49
North West -4 75 £381 -4.68% 64
West Midlands +20 69 £353 +17.50% 41
West Yorkshire +13 67 £400 -5.88% 25
East of England +8 60 £350 -2.77% 36
Scotland +65 55 £375 +20.00% 12
Leeds -3 51 £394 -6.80% 17
Manchester -7 42 £375 - 42
South West -15 42 £350 +5.66% 27
Glasgow +25 38 £375 +15.38% 8
Leicestershire +15 36 £300 +25.00% 13
Berkshire +32 34 £375 +7.14% 11
Surrey +25 33 £340 -11.68% 15
Nottinghamshire +13 32 £348 +2.20% 17
Oxfordshire +4 32 £413 +10.00% 7
Northamptonshire +24 30 £450 +8.43% 1
Buckinghamshire -9 29 £375 +15.38% 11
Birmingham +13 25 £325 +30.00% 8
Oxford +9 24 £425 +13.33% 2
Nottingham +17 22 £348 +0.72% 15
Hertfordshire +15 22 £350 -6.66% 6
West Sussex -15 22 £420 -1.17% 13
Cheshire +12 21 £420 -16.00% 16
Wales +4 20 £315 -18.70% 10
Reading +25 19 £375 +9.09% 5

For the 6 months to 23 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2696 (100.00%) CSS
2 2600 (96.44%) HTML
3 2478 (91.91%) HTML5
4 2246 (83.31%) JavaScript
5 1286 (47.70%) Agile Software Development
6 1238 (45.92%) AngularJS
7 1034 (38.35%) Front End Development
8 943 (34.98%) jQuery
9 751 (27.86%) React
10 741 (27.49%) Git (software)
11 665 (24.67%) TDD
12 657 (24.37%) Node.js
13 632 (23.44%) Sass
14 585 (21.70%) User Experience
15 539 (19.99%) Web Development
16 504 (18.69%) MVC
17 500 (18.55%) Scrum
18 497 (18.43%) Ajax
19 476 (17.66%) Java
20 472 (17.51%) Responsive Web Design
21 439 (16.28%) C#
22 436 (16.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 423 (15.69%) JSON
24 400 (14.84%) OO
25 382 (14.17%) REST
26 376 (13.95%) .NET
27 358 (13.28%) Finance
28 344 (12.76%) Test Automation
29 333 (12.35%) LESS
30 328 (12.17%) RESTful

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 212 (7.86%) CMS
2 189 (7.01%) Confluence
3 77 (2.86%) Apache
4 75 (2.78%) WordPress
5 56 (2.08%) Drupal
5 56 (2.08%) EPiServer
6 52 (1.93%) SharePoint
7 51 (1.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 37 (1.37%) Umbraco
9 31 (1.15%) WebSphere
10 29 (1.08%) Sitecore CMS
11 26 (0.96%) Elasticsearch
12 22 (0.82%) Tomcat
13 20 (0.74%) nginx
14 19 (0.70%) JBoss
15 16 (0.59%) IIS
16 15 (0.56%) SAS
17 13 (0.48%) SharePoint 2013
18 11 (0.41%) Apache Solr
19 10 (0.37%) DNN
Applications
1 167 (6.19%) Photoshop
2 71 (2.63%) Adobe Illustrator
3 44 (1.63%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 32 (1.19%) OmniGraffle
5 24 (0.89%) InVision
6 12 (0.45%) MS Visio
6 12 (0.45%) UXPin
7 10 (0.37%) InDesign
8 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
9 3 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
9 3 (0.11%) GIMP
9 3 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 2 (0.074%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.074%) Fireworks
10 2 (0.074%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.037%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 35 (1.30%) Magento
2 10 (0.37%) SDL Web 8
3 5 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.15%) Eloqua
5 2 (0.074%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.074%) Siebel CRM
6 1 (0.037%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.037%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.037%) osCommerce
6 1 (0.037%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.037%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 148 (5.49%) Amazon AWS
2 94 (3.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 79 (2.93%) GitHub
4 25 (0.93%) SaaS
5 22 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
6 19 (0.70%) Google Cloud Platform
7 15 (0.56%) Google Analytics
8 12 (0.45%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 9 (0.33%) Adobe Analytics
9 9 (0.33%) IaaS
10 7 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (0.22%) Amazon S3
11 6 (0.22%) Office 365
11 6 (0.22%) PaaS
12 5 (0.19%) Amazon EC2
12 5 (0.19%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (0.19%) Basecamp
12 5 (0.19%) OneDrive
12 5 (0.19%) OpenShift
12 5 (0.19%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 165 (6.12%) HTTP
2 33 (1.22%) Internet
3 16 (0.59%) Network Security
4 15 (0.56%) Extranet
5 12 (0.45%) Intranet
6 11 (0.41%) DNS
7 7 (0.26%) SSL
8 6 (0.22%) TCP/IP
9 5 (0.19%) SMS
10 3 (0.11%) MVNO
11 2 (0.074%) CTI
11 2 (0.074%) Skype
11 2 (0.074%) SMTP
12 1 (0.037%) ATM
12 1 (0.037%) LDAP
12 1 (0.037%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 176 (6.53%) SQL Server
2 173 (6.42%) MySQL
3 141 (5.23%) Relational Database
4 139 (5.16%) MongoDB
5 122 (4.53%) NoSQL
6 83 (3.08%) PostgreSQL
7 54 (2.00%) Big Data
8 46 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
9 37 (1.37%) Hadoop
10 36 (1.34%) Oracle Database
11 25 (0.93%) HBase
12 20 (0.74%) Redis
13 19 (0.70%) SQL Server 2014
14 15 (0.56%) SQL Server 2012
15 14 (0.52%) SQL Server 2008
16 12 (0.45%) RDBMS
17 8 (0.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 7 (0.26%) Data Warehouse
18 7 (0.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 7 (0.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 741 (27.49%) Git (software)
2 323 (11.98%) Grunt
3 291 (10.79%) gulp
4 269 (9.98%) JIRA
5 258 (9.57%) Subversion
6 223 (8.27%) Jenkins
7 222 (8.23%) Jasmine
8 155 (5.75%) webpack
9 132 (4.90%) Mocha
10 120 (4.45%) JUnit
11 112 (4.15%) Karma Test Runner
12 108 (4.01%) Selenium
13 82 (3.04%) Cucumber
14 65 (2.41%) Axure RP
15 63 (2.34%) Maven
16 61 (2.26%) Bower
17 57 (2.11%) Visual Studio
18 55 (2.04%) Team Foundation Server
19 54 (2.00%) TeamCity
20 49 (1.82%) WebDriver
General
1 358 (13.28%) Finance
2 205 (7.60%) Banking
3 116 (4.30%) Retail
4 101 (3.75%) Marketing
5 41 (1.52%) Front Office
6 39 (1.45%) Investment Banking
7 26 (0.96%) Legal
8 21 (0.78%) Games
8 21 (0.78%) Publishing
9 20 (0.74%) Advertising
10 18 (0.67%) Telecoms
11 13 (0.48%) Retail Banking
12 12 (0.45%) Manufacturing
13 11 (0.41%) Electronics
14 9 (0.33%) Back Office
14 9 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.30%) Automotive
16 7 (0.26%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.22%) Czech Language
17 6 (0.22%) Interactive Media
Job Titles
1 2393 (88.76%) Developer
2 911 (33.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 687 (25.48%) JavaScript Developer
4 359 (13.32%) HTML Developer
5 304 (11.28%) Angular Developer
6 298 (11.05%) HTML CSS Developer
7 241 (8.94%) UI Developer
8 236 (8.75%) Web Developer
9 201 (7.46%) Senior Developer
10 174 (6.45%) .NET Developer
11 173 (6.42%) Java Developer
12 133 (4.93%) Node.js Developer
13 122 (4.53%) Full Stack Developer
14 112 (4.15%) C# Developer
15 106 (3.93%) Designer
16 93 (3.45%) Architect
17 83 (3.08%) C# .NET Developer
17 83 (3.08%) Scala Developer
18 82 (3.04%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 78 (2.89%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2696 (100.00%) CSS
2 2600 (96.44%) HTML
3 2478 (91.91%) HTML5
4 1238 (45.92%) AngularJS
5 943 (34.98%) jQuery
6 751 (27.86%) React
7 657 (24.37%) Node.js
8 632 (23.44%) Sass
9 497 (18.43%) Ajax
10 436 (16.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 423 (15.69%) JSON
12 382 (14.17%) REST
13 376 (13.95%) .NET
14 333 (12.35%) LESS
15 328 (12.17%) RESTful
16 248 (9.20%) Spring
17 246 (9.12%) Web Services
18 232 (8.61%) Redux
19 231 (8.57%) ASP.NET
20 207 (7.68%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 585 (21.70%) User Experience
2 158 (5.86%) Greenfield Project
3 100 (3.71%) Mobile App
4 88 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
5 66 (2.45%) Computer Science
6 57 (2.11%) Fintech
7 54 (2.00%) W3C
8 48 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
9 31 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 27 (1.00%) Equities
11 23 (0.85%) Virtual Team
12 22 (0.82%) Fixed Income
13 18 (0.67%) Digital Media
14 16 (0.59%) Data Structures
15 15 (0.56%) Animation
15 15 (0.56%) Social Media
16 14 (0.52%) Graphic Design
16 14 (0.52%) iPad
17 13 (0.48%) Linux Command Line
17 13 (0.48%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 183 (6.79%) Linux
2 62 (2.30%) Unix
3 51 (1.89%) Apple iOS
4 50 (1.85%) Android
5 33 (1.22%) Windows
6 9 (0.33%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.15%) SUSE
8 3 (0.11%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.074%) Debian
9 2 (0.074%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.037%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.037%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.037%) VMS
10 1 (0.037%) webOS
10 1 (0.037%) Windows Mobile
10 1 (0.037%) Windows Phone
10 1 (0.037%) Windows Phone 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1286 (47.70%) Agile Software Development
2 1034 (38.35%) Front End Development
3 665 (24.67%) TDD
4 539 (19.99%) Web Development
5 504 (18.69%) MVC
6 500 (18.55%) Scrum
7 472 (17.51%) Responsive Web Design
8 400 (14.84%) OO
9 344 (12.76%) Test Automation
10 312 (11.57%) Continuous Integration
11 284 (10.53%) BDD
12 274 (10.16%) Web Design
13 218 (8.09%) Open Source
14 189 (7.01%) E-Commerce
15 180 (6.68%) Unit Testing
16 176 (6.53%) Wireframes
17 136 (5.04%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 125 (4.64%) Configuration Management
19 124 (4.60%) OOP
20 122 (4.53%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 2246 (83.31%) JavaScript
2 476 (17.66%) Java
3 439 (16.28%) C#
4 232 (8.61%) ES6
5 218 (8.09%) Ruby
6 214 (7.94%) PHP
7 207 (7.68%) Python
8 203 (7.53%) SQL
9 187 (6.94%) Scala
10 118 (4.38%) TypeScript
11 47 (1.74%) ECMAScript
12 35 (1.30%) C++
13 34 (1.26%) T-SQL
14 27 (1.00%) Shell Script
15 24 (0.89%) Objective-C
16 22 (0.82%) Apple Swift
16 22 (0.82%) PowerShell
17 18 (0.67%) Groovy
18 14 (0.52%) C
19 12 (0.45%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 145 (5.38%) Degree
2 65 (2.41%) Security Cleared
3 53 (1.97%) SC Cleared
4 23 (0.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.30%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.26%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.22%) BC Cleared
8 6 (0.22%) MBA
9 5 (0.19%) CISA
9 5 (0.19%) CISM
9 5 (0.19%) CISSP
10 4 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.037%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.037%) MCSD
11 1 (0.037%) MCSE
11 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.037%) Oracle Certification
11 1 (0.037%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (1.45%) QA
2 18 (0.67%) WAI
2 18 (0.67%) WCAG
3 10 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.26%) FATCA
5 5 (0.19%) COBIT
5 5 (0.19%) FedRAMP
5 5 (0.19%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.11%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.11%) SLA
7 1 (0.037%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.037%) EMIR
7 1 (0.037%) MiFID
7 1 (0.037%) PMO
System Software
1 86 (3.19%) Docker
2 9 (0.33%) Active Directory
2 9 (0.33%) LXC
3 6 (0.22%) Apache Flume
4 5 (0.19%) UAG
5 4 (0.15%) HDFS
6 3 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.037%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.037%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.037%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 45 (1.67%) Puppet
2 23 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
3 22 (0.82%) Ansible
4 18 (0.67%) Kubernetes
5 14 (0.52%) Terraform
6 11 (0.41%) Kibana
7 7 (0.26%) Nagios
7 7 (0.26%) Salt
8 5 (0.19%) logstash
9 4 (0.15%) cPanel
9 4 (0.15%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.11%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.11%) TeamSite
11 1 (0.037%) Capistrano
11 1 (0.037%) Oozie
Vendors
1 173 (6.42%) Google
2 158 (5.86%) Adobe
3 75 (2.78%) Oracle
4 69 (2.56%) Microsoft
5 37 (1.37%) Sitecore
6 26 (0.96%) Twitter
7 22 (0.82%) IBM
7 22 (0.82%) Zend
8 21 (0.78%) SAP
9 16 (0.59%) ServiceNow
10 12 (0.45%) Solace
11 11 (0.41%) Perforce
11 11 (0.41%) Telerik
12 10 (0.37%) Hortonworks
13 9 (0.33%) Apple
14 8 (0.30%) Tealium
15 7 (0.26%) Facebook
16 6 (0.22%) Cloudera
16 6 (0.22%) Rackspace
16 6 (0.22%) SaltStack
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
Buckinghamshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Telford, Shropshire
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
ISL
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leatherhead, Surrey
TLP Consultancy Ltd.
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Trust In Soda
Rate: Up to £250 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Bradford, West Yorkshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West Midlands
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: 2 days ago
Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
Anderson Lamb
Rate: Competitive daily rates apply
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Morgan Mckinley
Posted: 3 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Montash
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Coded People
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Verticality Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Applause IT Innovation
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Croydon, Surrey
Difrent
Rate: Up to £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £500 - £700 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: Competitive daily rate
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Tiro Partners
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago