Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 92 77 79
Rank change year-on-year -15 +2 -3
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2653 3089 2985
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.60% 2.92% 2.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.11% 9.62% 9.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 2008 2231 2312
UK median daily rate £425 £413 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £288 £288 £263
90th Percentile £575 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £370 £375 £340
% change year-on-year -1.33% +10.29% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 14 26
UK median hourly rate £37.97 £46.00 £22.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.46% +108.55% -19.79%
10th Percentile £12.10 £25.76 £12.63
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £38.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £46.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -7.61% +162.86% -12.50%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32706 32101 32482
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.04% 30.38% 28.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 23099 22264 22271
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 373 368 548
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.10 £14.09 £15.03
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.60 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £37.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +10.81% -1.33% +10.29%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 2504 £425 +3.03% 349
London -32 1394 £475 +11.76% 123
UK excluding London +15 1224 £370 -1.33% 234
North of England +34 343 £375 -3.23% 65
South East -9 336 £375 - 47
Midlands +42 265 £338 -5.26% 59
North West +43 179 £375 - 33
Yorkshire -6 143 £375 -11.76% 27
East Midlands +29 139 £340 -9.33% 32
West Midlands +43 124 £338 -3.57% 27
Scotland +8 94 £375 -6.25% 5
East of England -3 87 £371 +6.07% 33
South West -23 77 £344 +1.85% 22
Wales +12 33 £388 +3.33% 3
North East +39 19 £450 +2.86% 5

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2653 (100.00%) CSS
2 2577 (97.14%) HTML
3 2479 (93.44%) HTML5
4 2249 (84.77%) JavaScript
5 1211 (45.65%) Agile Software Development
6 1131 (42.63%) AngularJS
7 1053 (39.69%) Front End Development
8 851 (32.08%) jQuery
9 812 (30.61%) React
10 803 (30.27%) Git (software)
11 759 (28.61%) Node.js
11 759 (28.61%) TDD
12 673 (25.37%) Sass
13 527 (19.86%) User Experience
14 482 (18.17%) Java
15 462 (17.41%) Web Development
16 456 (17.19%) Scrum
17 454 (17.11%) MVC
18 439 (16.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 407 (15.34%) Responsive Web Design
19 407 (15.34%) .NET
20 391 (14.74%) JSON
21 374 (14.10%) Finance
22 373 (14.06%) Web Services
23 371 (13.98%) C#
24 369 (13.91%) OO
25 365 (13.76%) RESTful
26 361 (13.61%) REST
27 340 (12.82%) Continuous Integration
28 339 (12.78%) gulp

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 188 (7.09%) CMS
2 146 (5.50%) Confluence
3 82 (3.09%) WordPress
4 74 (2.79%) Drupal
5 56 (2.11%) Apache
6 42 (1.58%) Umbraco
7 41 (1.55%) nginx
8 39 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
9 37 (1.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 31 (1.17%) WebSphere
11 29 (1.09%) JBoss
12 24 (0.90%) IIS
12 24 (0.90%) Sitecore CMS
13 22 (0.83%) Tomcat
14 21 (0.79%) EPiServer
15 20 (0.75%) Apache Solr
16 19 (0.72%) SharePoint
17 12 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 12 (0.45%) SAS
18 10 (0.38%) uWSGI
Applications
1 157 (5.92%) Photoshop
2 87 (3.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 47 (1.77%) Adobe Illustrator
4 20 (0.75%) OmniGraffle
5 18 (0.68%) MS Visio
6 15 (0.57%) InVision
7 10 (0.38%) GIMP
7 10 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
7 10 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
7 10 (0.38%) UXPin
8 8 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
9 4 (0.15%) Fireworks
9 4 (0.15%) InDesign
9 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.075%) Adobe After Effects
10 2 (0.075%) HipChat
11 1 (0.038%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.038%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 51 (1.92%) Magento
2 6 (0.23%) SDL Web 8
3 5 (0.19%) WebTrends
4 4 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.15%) Shopify
5 3 (0.11%) Eloqua
5 3 (0.11%) Unica
6 2 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.038%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.038%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.038%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 146 (5.50%) Amazon AWS
2 143 (5.39%) npm
3 123 (4.64%) Microsoft Azure
4 71 (2.68%) GitHub
5 58 (2.19%) SaaS
6 33 (1.24%) Serverless
7 17 (0.64%) Google Analytics
8 13 (0.49%) Cloud Computing
8 13 (0.49%) Firebase
8 13 (0.49%) Trello
9 12 (0.45%) Amazon S3
9 12 (0.45%) Office 365
10 10 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (0.38%) PaaS
11 7 (0.26%) Adobe Analytics
11 7 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 7 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (0.26%) Bluemix
11 7 (0.26%) IBM Cloud
11 7 (0.26%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 81 (3.05%) HTTP
2 39 (1.47%) Internet
3 17 (0.64%) Intranet
4 16 (0.60%) SMS
5 8 (0.30%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.23%) ATM
7 4 (0.15%) DNS
7 4 (0.15%) Skype
8 3 (0.11%) SSH
8 3 (0.11%) SSL
9 2 (0.075%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.075%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.075%) Network Security
9 2 (0.075%) NFC
9 2 (0.075%) SMTP
9 2 (0.075%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.075%) VPLS
10 1 (0.038%) AMQP
10 1 (0.038%) FTP
10 1 (0.038%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 217 (8.18%) SQL Server
2 201 (7.58%) MySQL
3 117 (4.41%) MongoDB
4 101 (3.81%) Relational Database
5 99 (3.73%) NoSQL
6 81 (3.05%) PostgreSQL
7 54 (2.04%) Big Data
8 32 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
9 29 (1.09%) Hadoop
10 22 (0.83%) HBase
10 22 (0.83%) Redis
11 21 (0.79%) SQL Server 2014
12 19 (0.72%) SQL Server 2012
13 17 (0.64%) RDBMS
14 16 (0.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 15 (0.57%) Oracle Database
16 14 (0.53%) SQL Server 2005
16 14 (0.53%) SQL Server 2008
17 9 (0.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 7 (0.26%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 803 (30.27%) Git (software)
2 339 (12.78%) gulp
3 297 (11.19%) Grunt
4 252 (9.50%) Jenkins
5 236 (8.90%) JIRA
6 202 (7.61%) Jasmine
7 177 (6.67%) webpack
8 176 (6.63%) Subversion
9 133 (5.01%) Karma Test Runner
10 112 (4.22%) Selenium
11 88 (3.32%) Mocha
12 85 (3.20%) JUnit
13 81 (3.05%) Cucumber
14 75 (2.83%) Visual Studio
15 65 (2.45%) Maven
16 60 (2.26%) Bower
17 54 (2.04%) Bitbucket
18 47 (1.77%) Axure RP
19 46 (1.73%) Babel
20 45 (1.70%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 374 (14.10%) Finance
2 156 (5.88%) Banking
3 139 (5.24%) Marketing
4 130 (4.90%) Retail
5 73 (2.75%) Telecoms
6 44 (1.66%) Games
7 37 (1.39%) Publishing
8 27 (1.02%) Investment Banking
9 25 (0.94%) Advertising
10 22 (0.83%) Manufacturing
11 21 (0.79%) Electronics
12 16 (0.60%) Front Office
12 16 (0.60%) Retail Banking
13 13 (0.49%) Automotive
14 10 (0.38%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.30%) Law
15 8 (0.30%) Legal
16 7 (0.26%) Multimedia
17 6 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
18 5 (0.19%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2353 (88.69%) Developer
2 906 (34.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 600 (22.62%) JavaScript Developer
4 284 (10.70%) Angular Developer
5 276 (10.40%) HTML Developer
6 229 (8.63%) Senior Developer
6 229 (8.63%) UI Developer
7 214 (8.07%) HTML CSS Developer
8 184 (6.94%) Java Developer
9 164 (6.18%) .NET Developer
10 155 (5.84%) Full Stack Developer
11 140 (5.28%) Node.js Developer
12 128 (4.82%) Web Developer
13 98 (3.69%) PHP Developer
14 94 (3.54%) C# Developer
15 88 (3.32%) Designer
16 82 (3.09%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 64 (2.41%) Agile Developer
17 64 (2.41%) Architect
18 63 (2.37%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2653 (100.00%) CSS
2 2577 (97.14%) HTML
3 2479 (93.44%) HTML5
4 1131 (42.63%) AngularJS
5 851 (32.08%) jQuery
6 812 (30.61%) React
7 759 (28.61%) Node.js
8 673 (25.37%) Sass
9 439 (16.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 407 (15.34%) .NET
11 391 (14.74%) JSON
12 373 (14.06%) Web Services
13 365 (13.76%) RESTful
14 361 (13.61%) REST
15 310 (11.68%) Ajax
16 294 (11.08%) LESS
17 282 (10.63%) Redux
18 235 (8.86%) ASP.NET
18 235 (8.86%) Spring
19 222 (8.37%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 527 (19.86%) User Experience
2 158 (5.96%) Greenfield Project
3 128 (4.82%) Mobile App
4 95 (3.58%) Analytical Skills
5 60 (2.26%) Computer Science
6 58 (2.19%) Fintech
7 43 (1.62%) W3C
8 34 (1.28%) Digital Media
9 23 (0.87%) Video\Live Streaming
10 22 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 21 (0.79%) Social Media
12 19 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
12 19 (0.72%) Video on Demand
13 18 (0.68%) Data Structures
14 16 (0.60%) Management Information System
15 15 (0.57%) Virtual Team
16 14 (0.53%) Animation
17 13 (0.49%) Client/Server
17 13 (0.49%) Enterprise Software
18 12 (0.45%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 192 (7.24%) Linux
2 69 (2.60%) Android
3 61 (2.30%) Apple iOS
4 41 (1.55%) Windows
5 39 (1.47%) Unix
6 9 (0.34%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.30%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.19%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.15%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.11%) SUSE
11 2 (0.075%) Debian
12 1 (0.038%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.038%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1211 (45.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1053 (39.69%) Front End Development
3 759 (28.61%) TDD
4 462 (17.41%) Web Development
5 456 (17.19%) Scrum
6 454 (17.11%) MVC
7 407 (15.34%) Responsive Web Design
8 369 (13.91%) OO
9 340 (12.82%) Continuous Integration
10 334 (12.59%) BDD
11 292 (11.01%) Test Automation
12 220 (8.29%) Unit Testing
13 187 (7.05%) E-Commerce
14 182 (6.86%) Web Design
15 181 (6.82%) Open Source
16 140 (5.28%) Wireframes
17 137 (5.16%) Microservices
18 128 (4.82%) Kanban
19 117 (4.41%) OOP
20 114 (4.30%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2249 (84.77%) JavaScript
2 482 (18.17%) Java
3 371 (13.98%) C#
4 309 (11.65%) ES6
5 256 (9.65%) PHP
6 221 (8.33%) SQL
7 147 (5.54%) TypeScript
8 145 (5.47%) Python
9 142 (5.35%) Scala
10 141 (5.31%) Ruby
11 59 (2.22%) ECMAScript
12 43 (1.62%) T-SQL
13 36 (1.36%) C
14 31 (1.17%) C++
15 25 (0.94%) Groovy
16 20 (0.75%) Bash Shell
17 19 (0.72%) PL/SQL
18 18 (0.68%) Objective-C
18 18 (0.68%) Shell Script
19 17 (0.64%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 97 (3.66%) Degree
2 74 (2.79%) Security Cleared
3 54 (2.04%) SC Cleared
4 25 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.19%) BC Cleared
6 5 (0.19%) DBS Check
7 3 (0.11%) HND
8 2 (0.075%) CISA
8 2 (0.075%) CISM
8 2 (0.075%) CISSP
8 2 (0.075%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.075%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.038%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.038%) ISEB
9 1 (0.038%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.038%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (1.43%) QA
2 29 (1.09%) WCAG
3 5 (0.19%) WAI
4 3 (0.11%) COBIT
4 3 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.075%) FedRAMP
5 2 (0.075%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.075%) RosettaNet
5 2 (0.075%) SLA
System Software
1 156 (5.88%) Docker
2 8 (0.30%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.23%) LXC
4 3 (0.11%) UAG
5 2 (0.075%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.075%) HDFS
5 2 (0.075%) Varnish
6 1 (0.038%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.038%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.038%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.038%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 33 (1.24%) Puppet
2 30 (1.13%) Kubernetes
3 23 (0.87%) Ansible
4 21 (0.79%) Terraform
5 13 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.23%) Kibana
6 6 (0.23%) Rancher
7 3 (0.11%) cPanel
7 3 (0.11%) Nagios
7 3 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 2 (0.075%) logstash
9 1 (0.038%) Salt
9 1 (0.038%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 178 (6.71%) Adobe
2 116 (4.37%) Google
3 90 (3.39%) Microsoft
4 89 (3.35%) Oracle
5 29 (1.09%) Sitecore
6 25 (0.94%) Perforce
6 25 (0.94%) SAP
7 24 (0.90%) IBM
8 22 (0.83%) Twitter
9 16 (0.60%) Capita
9 16 (0.60%) Zend
10 14 (0.53%) Atlassian
11 13 (0.49%) Salesforce.com
12 12 (0.45%) Facebook
13 10 (0.38%) VMware
14 9 (0.34%) Cisco
15 8 (0.30%) MuleSoft
16 7 (0.26%) ClickTale
16 7 (0.26%) Demandware
16 7 (0.26%) DevExpress