Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 107 87 78
Rank change year-on-year -20 -9 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,452 2,685 3,121
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.39% 2.71% 2.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.82% 8.38% 9.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,749 1,986 2,313
UK median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £288 £281
90th Percentile £575 £566 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £365 £375
% change year-on-year +9.59% -2.67% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 10 10
UK median hourly rate £43.75 £24.72 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +76.98% -40.07% +93.48%
10th Percentile £15.40 £12.10 £24.50
90th Percentile £49.88 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £37.97 £36.50
% change year-on-year +11.93% +4.03% +108.57%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,975 32,024 32,011
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.01% 32.32% 29.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,395 22,247 22,323
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £295
90th Percentile £626 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 332 386 385
UK median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.22% +9.59% -1.35%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.38 £13.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.50% +11.11% -3.87%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 2,298 £425 - 919
London -19 1,216 £465 +1.64% 289
UK excluding London -24 1,209 £400 +9.59% 678
South East -14 363 £400 +9.59% 163
North of England -33 264 £381 +1.51% 182
Midlands -26 243 £375 +7.14% 142
West Midlands -22 123 £375 +7.07% 75
North West -32 121 £375 - 108
East Midlands -3 120 £375 +11.11% 66
Yorkshire -27 119 £400 +5.26% 58
Scotland -7 111 £400 +6.67% 28
South West -1 106 £400 +14.29% 84
East of England -5 102 £400 +14.29% 59
North East -4 24 £381 -19.73% 16
Wales -34 23 £400 +18.08% 11

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,452 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,379 (97.02%) HTML
3 2,245 (91.56%) HTML5
4 2,088 (85.15%) JavaScript
5 1,210 (49.35%) Agile Software Development
6 1,013 (41.31%) AngularJS
7 909 (37.07%) Front End Development
8 868 (35.40%) React
9 702 (28.63%) jQuery
10 694 (28.30%) Git (software)
11 681 (27.77%) Node.js
12 646 (26.35%) Sass
13 636 (25.94%) TDD
14 521 (21.25%) User Experience
15 429 (17.50%) Scrum
15 429 (17.50%) Java
16 415 (16.92%) MVC
17 387 (15.78%) Web Development
18 354 (14.44%) Redux
19 340 (13.87%) C#
20 333 (13.58%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 331 (13.50%) .NET
22 318 (12.97%) OO
22 318 (12.97%) ES6
23 312 (12.72%) Unit Testing
24 311 (12.68%) Test Automation
25 304 (12.40%) JSON
26 302 (12.32%) RESTful
27 295 (12.03%) REST
28 291 (11.87%) Responsive Web Design

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (5.87%) CMS
2 121 (4.93%) Confluence
3 87 (3.55%) WordPress
4 51 (2.08%) Drupal
5 36 (1.47%) WebSphere
6 33 (1.35%) Tomcat
7 30 (1.22%) Apache
7 30 (1.22%) SharePoint
8 26 (1.06%) Umbraco
9 24 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 23 (0.94%) EPiServer
11 21 (0.86%) IIS
12 18 (0.73%) Sitecore CMS
13 17 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
13 17 (0.69%) Commerce Server
13 17 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 17 (0.69%) SharePoint 2013
14 16 (0.65%) nginx
15 10 (0.41%) Elasticsearch
16 9 (0.37%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 134 (5.46%) Photoshop
2 35 (1.43%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 30 (1.22%) Adobe Illustrator
4 20 (0.82%) GIMP
4 20 (0.82%) InVision
5 16 (0.65%) Fireworks
6 14 (0.57%) OmniGraffle
7 6 (0.24%) InDesign
7 6 (0.24%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.16%) UXPin
9 3 (0.12%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.082%) Adobe After Effects
10 2 (0.082%) Microsoft Excel
10 2 (0.082%) Microsoft Office
10 2 (0.082%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 2 (0.082%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.041%) Lectora
11 1 (0.041%) SketchUp
11 1 (0.041%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 32 (1.31%) Magento
2 17 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.12%) Shopify
5 2 (0.082%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.082%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.082%) Unica
6 1 (0.041%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.041%) LatentZero
6 1 (0.041%) Minerva
6 1 (0.041%) OpenCart
6 1 (0.041%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.041%) Tesseract
6 1 (0.041%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 193 (7.87%) Amazon AWS
2 149 (6.08%) npm
3 122 (4.98%) Microsoft Azure
4 82 (3.34%) GitHub
5 57 (2.32%) Serverless
6 40 (1.63%) SaaS
7 27 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
8 24 (0.98%) Google Cloud Platform
9 20 (0.82%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
11 15 (0.61%) Office 365
12 13 (0.53%) BrowserStack
13 12 (0.49%) Google Analytics
14 11 (0.45%) AWS CloudFormation
15 10 (0.41%) Adobe Analytics
15 10 (0.41%) Amazon Kinesis
16 8 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 8 (0.33%) Basecamp
17 7 (0.29%) Amazon S3
17 7 (0.29%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 88 (3.59%) HTTP
2 43 (1.75%) Internet
3 11 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
4 8 (0.33%) SMS
5 4 (0.16%) SSL
6 3 (0.12%) FTP
6 3 (0.12%) Intranet
7 2 (0.082%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.082%) SSH
7 2 (0.082%) VoIP
8 1 (0.041%) Broadband
8 1 (0.041%) DSL
8 1 (0.041%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.041%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 265 (10.81%) MySQL
2 190 (7.75%) SQL Server
3 134 (5.46%) Relational Database
4 125 (5.10%) NoSQL
5 113 (4.61%) MongoDB
6 60 (2.45%) PostgreSQL
7 58 (2.37%) RDBMS
8 51 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
9 32 (1.31%) SQL Server 2012
10 28 (1.14%) Redis
11 19 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 19 (0.77%) Oracle Database
12 18 (0.73%) SQL Server 2008
12 18 (0.73%) SQLite
13 17 (0.69%) Big Data
14 16 (0.65%) Blockchain
15 14 (0.57%) SQL Server 2014
16 13 (0.53%) DB2
16 13 (0.53%) RavenDB
17 12 (0.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 694 (28.30%) Git (software)
2 266 (10.85%) gulp
3 233 (9.50%) webpack
4 214 (8.73%) Grunt
5 203 (8.28%) JIRA
6 192 (7.83%) Jenkins
7 175 (7.14%) Jasmine
8 116 (4.73%) Karma Test Runner
9 109 (4.45%) Selenium
10 102 (4.16%) Visual Studio
11 93 (3.79%) Mocha
11 93 (3.79%) Subversion
12 88 (3.59%) Team Foundation Server
13 70 (2.85%) Babel
14 69 (2.81%) Axure RP
15 63 (2.57%) Protractor
16 59 (2.41%) TeamCity
17 52 (2.12%) Maven
18 44 (1.79%) JUnit
19 41 (1.67%) Gradle
General
1 288 (11.75%) Finance
2 193 (7.87%) Retail
3 160 (6.53%) Banking
4 84 (3.43%) Marketing
5 33 (1.35%) Games
6 25 (1.02%) Investment Banking
6 25 (1.02%) Telecoms
7 22 (0.90%) Advertising
8 19 (0.77%) Legal
8 19 (0.77%) Publishing
9 11 (0.45%) Law
10 10 (0.41%) Back Office
10 10 (0.41%) Interactive Media
11 9 (0.37%) Electronics
12 7 (0.29%) Manufacturing
12 7 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
13 6 (0.24%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.24%) Music Industry
14 5 (0.20%) Multimedia
14 5 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,176 (88.74%) Developer
2 762 (31.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 404 (16.48%) JavaScript Developer
3 404 (16.48%) React Developer
4 257 (10.48%) Angular Developer
5 230 (9.38%) UI Developer
6 217 (8.85%) Full Stack Developer
7 174 (7.10%) Senior Developer
8 161 (6.57%) HTML Developer
9 158 (6.44%) Java Developer
10 142 (5.79%) HTML CSS Developer
11 137 (5.59%) .NET Developer
12 131 (5.34%) Web Developer
13 119 (4.85%) PHP Developer
14 105 (4.28%) C# Developer
15 89 (3.63%) Node.js Developer
16 84 (3.43%) Designer
17 67 (2.73%) C# .NET Developer
18 66 (2.69%) Lead Developer
19 56 (2.28%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,452 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,379 (97.02%) HTML
3 2,245 (91.56%) HTML5
4 1,013 (41.31%) AngularJS
5 868 (35.40%) React
6 702 (28.63%) jQuery
7 681 (27.77%) Node.js
8 646 (26.35%) Sass
9 354 (14.44%) Redux
10 333 (13.58%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 331 (13.50%) .NET
12 304 (12.40%) JSON
13 302 (12.32%) RESTful
14 295 (12.03%) REST
15 270 (11.01%) LESS
16 261 (10.64%) Ajax
17 243 (9.91%) Web Services
18 213 (8.69%) ASP.NET
19 185 (7.54%) XML
20 170 (6.93%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 521 (21.25%) User Experience
2 190 (7.75%) Greenfield Project
3 131 (5.34%) Mobile App
4 74 (3.02%) Fintech
5 65 (2.65%) Analytical Skills
6 59 (2.41%) W3C
7 40 (1.63%) Computer Science
8 28 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
9 26 (1.06%) Data Structures
10 19 (0.77%) Algorithms
11 16 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
11 16 (0.65%) Self-Motivation
12 15 (0.61%) iPad
13 14 (0.57%) iPhone
13 14 (0.57%) NHS
14 12 (0.49%) Public Cloud
14 12 (0.49%) Social Media
15 10 (0.41%) RIA
15 10 (0.41%) Virtual Team
16 9 (0.37%) Semantic Web
Operating Systems
1 106 (4.32%) Android
1 106 (4.32%) Linux
2 104 (4.24%) Apple iOS
3 55 (2.24%) Unix
4 34 (1.39%) Windows
5 9 (0.37%) VMS
6 5 (0.20%) CentOS
7 4 (0.16%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.082%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.041%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.041%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,210 (49.35%) Agile Software Development
2 909 (37.07%) Front End Development
3 636 (25.94%) TDD
4 429 (17.50%) Scrum
5 415 (16.92%) MVC
6 387 (15.78%) Web Development
7 318 (12.97%) OO
8 312 (12.72%) Unit Testing
9 311 (12.68%) Test Automation
10 291 (11.87%) Responsive Web Design
11 277 (11.30%) Continuous Integration
12 260 (10.60%) BDD
13 217 (8.85%) E-Commerce
13 217 (8.85%) Microservices
14 206 (8.40%) DevOps
15 157 (6.40%) Open Source
16 152 (6.20%) OOP
17 149 (6.08%) Web Design
18 147 (6.00%) Wireframes
19 145 (5.91%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 2,088 (85.15%) JavaScript
2 429 (17.50%) Java
3 340 (13.87%) C#
4 318 (12.97%) ES6
5 266 (10.85%) TypeScript
6 256 (10.44%) SQL
7 232 (9.46%) PHP
8 99 (4.04%) Python
9 84 (3.43%) Scala
10 64 (2.61%) Ruby
11 45 (1.84%) Java 8
11 45 (1.84%) T-SQL
12 36 (1.47%) Apple Swift
13 35 (1.43%) ES7
14 33 (1.35%) C++
15 32 (1.31%) C
16 24 (0.98%) Objective-C
17 22 (0.90%) Groovy
18 18 (0.73%) Go
19 15 (0.61%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 105 (4.28%) Security Cleared
2 98 (4.00%) Degree
3 83 (3.38%) SC Cleared
4 13 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
5 12 (0.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (0.16%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.082%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.082%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.041%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (3.26%) QA
2 25 (1.02%) WCAG
3 19 (0.77%) WAI
4 9 (0.37%) SLA
5 7 (0.29%) GDPR
6 6 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.24%) PMO
7 1 (0.041%) Section 508
System Software
1 203 (8.28%) Docker
2 10 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
2 10 (0.41%) VirtualBox
3 6 (0.24%) LXC
4 1 (0.041%) HDFS
4 1 (0.041%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 51 (2.08%) Kubernetes
2 24 (0.98%) Puppet
3 13 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (0.41%) Ansible
4 10 (0.41%) HAProxy
4 10 (0.41%) HockeyApp
5 6 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
5 6 (0.24%) Terraform
6 5 (0.20%) Capistrano
6 5 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 2 (0.082%) Mesos
9 1 (0.041%) cPanel
9 1 (0.041%) Grafana
9 1 (0.041%) Graphite
9 1 (0.041%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.041%) Plesk
Vendors
1 142 (5.79%) Adobe
2 125 (5.10%) Oracle
3 120 (4.89%) Microsoft
4 59 (2.41%) Google
5 38 (1.55%) hybris
6 32 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
7 24 (0.98%) Sitecore
8 21 (0.86%) Twitter
9 19 (0.77%) Atlassian
10 18 (0.73%) Xamarin
11 17 (0.69%) Apple
12 16 (0.65%) Zend
13 14 (0.57%) SAP
14 13 (0.53%) Perforce
15 9 (0.37%) Splunk
16 8 (0.33%) MuleSoft
17 6 (0.24%) ATG
17 6 (0.24%) Cypress Semiconductor
17 6 (0.24%) Demandware
18 5 (0.20%) IBM