Period
to 21 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 21 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 79 78 86
Rank change year-on-year -1 +8 -9
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2786 3085 2762
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.91% 2.84% 2.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.04% 9.87% 8.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 2009 2293 2051
UK median daily rate £413 £400 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +10.34% +3.57%
10th Percentile £278 £275 £250
90th Percentile £551 £556 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £364 £325
% change year-on-year -0.34% +11.92% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 8 20
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £12.50 £18.93
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +220.00% -33.97% -34.16%
10th Percentile £13.25 £9.00 £9.00
90th Percentile £47.50 £30.19 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +344.44% -48.57% -36.36%

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 30830 31268 31164
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 32.18% 28.83% 27.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 21277 21862 20732
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £308 £294 £269
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £385 £375
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 380 377 482
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.81% +5.83%
10th Percentile £15.91 £12.25 £15.04
90th Percentile £53.08 £50.00 £52.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.02
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.76% +10.06%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 2585 £425 +6.25% 527
UK excluding London +33 1402 £363 -0.34% 339
London -30 1343 £460 +8.24% 202
South East +26 422 £365 +4.29% 57
North of England +11 345 £375 -6.25% 118
Midlands +60 279 £340 +13.33% 75
North West +5 169 £375 -6.25% 72
East Midlands +22 167 £325 +8.33% 43
Yorkshire -2 144 £380 -5.00% 44
Scotland +63 114 £375 +20.00% 11
West Midlands +50 107 £351 +16.83% 32
East of England +10 97 £333 -5.00% 46
South West +2 90 £350 +2.56% 29
Wales +17 59 £315 -18.71% 3
North East +51 32 £463 -2.63% 2
Northern Ireland -50 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2786 (100.00%) CSS
2 2693 (96.66%) HTML
3 2574 (92.39%) HTML5
4 2356 (84.57%) JavaScript
5 1278 (45.87%) Agile Software Development
6 1253 (44.97%) AngularJS
7 1107 (39.73%) Front End Development
8 1013 (36.36%) jQuery
9 822 (29.50%) Git (software)
10 807 (28.97%) React
11 748 (26.85%) Node.js
12 702 (25.20%) TDD
13 683 (24.52%) Sass
14 632 (22.68%) User Experience
15 559 (20.06%) Web Development
16 521 (18.70%) MVC
17 499 (17.91%) Ajax
18 498 (17.88%) Java
19 493 (17.70%) Scrum
20 464 (16.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 461 (16.55%) Responsive Web Design
22 423 (15.18%) JSON
23 418 (15.00%) C#
24 417 (14.97%) .NET
25 399 (14.32%) OO
25 399 (14.32%) Finance
26 396 (14.21%) REST
27 351 (12.60%) Grunt
28 349 (12.53%) RESTful
29 344 (12.35%) gulp

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (6.96%) CMS
2 176 (6.32%) Confluence
3 85 (3.05%) WordPress
4 69 (2.48%) Apache
4 69 (2.48%) Drupal
5 51 (1.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 40 (1.44%) Umbraco
7 37 (1.33%) EPiServer
8 35 (1.26%) JBoss
9 34 (1.22%) nginx
9 34 (1.22%) WebSphere
10 32 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
10 32 (1.15%) SharePoint
11 29 (1.04%) Tomcat
12 25 (0.90%) IIS
12 25 (0.90%) Sitecore CMS
13 20 (0.72%) SAS
14 13 (0.47%) DNN
15 11 (0.39%) ExpressionEngine
16 10 (0.36%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 178 (6.39%) Photoshop
2 78 (2.80%) Adobe Illustrator
3 75 (2.69%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 31 (1.11%) OmniGraffle
5 21 (0.75%) InVision
6 16 (0.57%) MS Visio
7 12 (0.43%) UXPin
8 9 (0.32%) InDesign
9 7 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
10 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
11 4 (0.14%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.14%) GIMP
11 4 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
12 3 (0.11%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.072%) HipChat
14 1 (0.036%) Chatbot
14 1 (0.036%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 54 (1.94%) Magento
2 14 (0.50%) SDL Web 8
3 4 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.14%) Eloqua
3 4 (0.14%) WebTrends
4 2 (0.072%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.072%) Shopify
5 1 (0.036%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.036%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.036%) osCommerce
5 1 (0.036%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 152 (5.46%) Amazon AWS
2 98 (3.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 82 (2.94%) GitHub
4 35 (1.26%) SaaS
5 25 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
6 16 (0.57%) Google Analytics
7 12 (0.43%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 11 (0.39%) Firebase
8 11 (0.39%) Google Cloud Platform
8 11 (0.39%) Trello
9 9 (0.32%) Adobe Analytics
10 8 (0.29%) OpenShift
11 7 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
12 5 (0.18%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (0.18%) Bluemix
12 5 (0.18%) IBM Cloud
12 5 (0.18%) Office 365
12 5 (0.18%) OneDrive
12 5 (0.18%) PaaS
12 5 (0.18%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 141 (5.06%) HTTP
2 40 (1.44%) Internet
3 12 (0.43%) SMS
4 10 (0.36%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.29%) Intranet
6 7 (0.25%) DNS
7 6 (0.22%) ATM
7 6 (0.22%) Network Security
8 4 (0.14%) Extranet
9 3 (0.11%) CTI
9 3 (0.11%) MVNO
9 3 (0.11%) SSL
10 2 (0.072%) SSH
11 1 (0.036%) Kerberos
11 1 (0.036%) LDAP
11 1 (0.036%) RTP
11 1 (0.036%) Skype
11 1 (0.036%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (7.36%) SQL Server
2 160 (5.74%) MySQL
3 130 (4.67%) Relational Database
4 116 (4.16%) MongoDB
5 95 (3.41%) NoSQL
6 70 (2.51%) PostgreSQL
7 61 (2.19%) Big Data
8 35 (1.26%) Hadoop
9 30 (1.08%) Oracle Database
10 27 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
11 23 (0.83%) HBase
12 22 (0.79%) SQL Server 2014
13 21 (0.75%) Redis
14 19 (0.68%) RDBMS
15 13 (0.47%) SQL Server 2012
16 11 (0.39%) SQL Server 2005
17 10 (0.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 7 (0.25%) Couchbase
18 7 (0.25%) SQL Server 2008
18 7 (0.25%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 822 (29.50%) Git (software)
2 351 (12.60%) Grunt
3 344 (12.35%) gulp
4 264 (9.48%) JIRA
5 259 (9.30%) Subversion
6 237 (8.51%) Jenkins
7 236 (8.47%) Jasmine
8 173 (6.21%) webpack
9 128 (4.59%) JUnit
10 123 (4.41%) Karma Test Runner
11 109 (3.91%) Selenium
12 108 (3.88%) Mocha
13 74 (2.66%) Bower
13 74 (2.66%) Cucumber
14 69 (2.48%) Visual Studio
15 66 (2.37%) Axure RP
16 56 (2.01%) Maven
17 53 (1.90%) Team Foundation Server
18 43 (1.54%) TeamCity
19 42 (1.51%) WebDriver
General
1 399 (14.32%) Finance
2 211 (7.57%) Banking
3 136 (4.88%) Retail
4 111 (3.98%) Marketing
5 47 (1.69%) Telecoms
6 46 (1.65%) Investment Banking
7 36 (1.29%) Publishing
8 35 (1.26%) Front Office
8 35 (1.26%) Games
9 25 (0.90%) Manufacturing
10 24 (0.86%) Advertising
11 20 (0.72%) Electronics
12 13 (0.47%) Legal
12 13 (0.47%) Retail Banking
13 11 (0.39%) Automotive
13 11 (0.39%) Financial Institution
14 8 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.22%) Interactive Media
16 5 (0.18%) Multimedia
17 4 (0.14%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2496 (89.59%) Developer
2 967 (34.71%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 685 (24.59%) JavaScript Developer
4 385 (13.82%) HTML Developer
5 309 (11.09%) Angular Developer
6 304 (10.91%) HTML CSS Developer
7 270 (9.69%) UI Developer
8 219 (7.86%) Web Developer
9 215 (7.72%) Senior Developer
10 200 (7.18%) Java Developer
11 179 (6.42%) .NET Developer
12 145 (5.20%) Node.js Developer
13 140 (5.03%) Full Stack Developer
14 109 (3.91%) C# Developer
15 103 (3.70%) Designer
16 81 (2.91%) C# .NET Developer
17 76 (2.73%) PHP Developer
18 75 (2.69%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 75 (2.69%) Scala Developer
19 72 (2.58%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2786 (100.00%) CSS
2 2693 (96.66%) HTML
3 2574 (92.39%) HTML5
4 1253 (44.97%) AngularJS
5 1013 (36.36%) jQuery
6 807 (28.97%) React
7 748 (26.85%) Node.js
8 683 (24.52%) Sass
9 499 (17.91%) Ajax
10 464 (16.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 423 (15.18%) JSON
12 417 (14.97%) .NET
13 396 (14.21%) REST
14 349 (12.53%) RESTful
15 337 (12.10%) LESS
16 289 (10.37%) Web Services
17 266 (9.55%) Spring
18 260 (9.33%) Redux
19 243 (8.72%) ASP.NET
20 229 (8.22%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 632 (22.68%) User Experience
2 170 (6.10%) Greenfield Project
3 95 (3.41%) Analytical Skills
4 94 (3.37%) Mobile App
5 52 (1.87%) W3C
6 51 (1.83%) Fintech
7 48 (1.72%) Computer Science
8 29 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
8 29 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 23 (0.83%) Equities
9 23 (0.83%) Fixed Income
10 22 (0.79%) Animation
11 19 (0.68%) Client/Server
11 19 (0.68%) Data Structures
11 19 (0.68%) Virtual Team
12 18 (0.65%) Digital Media
12 18 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
12 18 (0.65%) Social Media
13 16 (0.57%) Derivative
14 14 (0.50%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 183 (6.57%) Linux
2 70 (2.51%) Unix
3 60 (2.15%) Android
4 51 (1.83%) Apple iOS
5 36 (1.29%) Windows
6 9 (0.32%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.18%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.18%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.14%) SUSE
9 3 (0.11%) Debian
10 2 (0.072%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.036%) VMS
11 1 (0.036%) webOS
11 1 (0.036%) Windows Mobile
11 1 (0.036%) Windows Phone
11 1 (0.036%) Windows Phone 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1278 (45.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1107 (39.73%) Front End Development
3 702 (25.20%) TDD
4 559 (20.06%) Web Development
5 521 (18.70%) MVC
6 493 (17.70%) Scrum
7 461 (16.55%) Responsive Web Design
8 399 (14.32%) OO
9 333 (11.95%) Continuous Integration
10 331 (11.88%) Test Automation
11 291 (10.45%) BDD
12 248 (8.90%) Web Design
13 206 (7.39%) Unit Testing
14 203 (7.29%) Open Source
15 186 (6.68%) Wireframes
16 182 (6.53%) E-Commerce
17 135 (4.85%) OOP
18 133 (4.77%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
19 115 (4.13%) Prototyping
20 110 (3.95%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 2356 (84.57%) JavaScript
2 498 (17.88%) Java
3 418 (15.00%) C#
4 264 (9.48%) ES6
5 208 (7.47%) PHP
6 206 (7.39%) Python
7 198 (7.11%) SQL
8 184 (6.60%) Ruby
9 168 (6.03%) Scala
10 144 (5.17%) TypeScript
11 58 (2.08%) ECMAScript
12 42 (1.51%) C++
13 35 (1.26%) T-SQL
14 29 (1.04%) Groovy
15 28 (1.01%) Shell Script
16 21 (0.75%) Bash Shell
17 19 (0.68%) Apple Swift
17 19 (0.68%) Objective-C
18 18 (0.65%) C
19 17 (0.61%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 109 (3.91%) Degree
2 75 (2.69%) Security Cleared
3 55 (1.97%) SC Cleared
4 14 (0.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.22%) BC Cleared
5 6 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.18%) CISA
6 5 (0.18%) CISM
6 5 (0.18%) CISSP
7 4 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
7 4 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
7 4 (0.14%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.072%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.036%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.036%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.036%) OCMJD
9 1 (0.036%) OCPJP
9 1 (0.036%) OCPJWCD
9 1 (0.036%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.036%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (0.90%) QA
2 17 (0.61%) WCAG
3 13 (0.47%) WAI
4 5 (0.18%) COBIT
4 5 (0.18%) FedRAMP
4 5 (0.18%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.11%) FATCA
6 3 (0.11%) SLA
7 1 (0.036%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.036%) EMIR
7 1 (0.036%) MiFID
System Software
1 101 (3.63%) Docker
2 8 (0.29%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.22%) Apache Flume
3 6 (0.22%) LXC
4 5 (0.18%) UAG
5 4 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.11%) HDFS
7 2 (0.072%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 37 (1.33%) Puppet
2 24 (0.86%) Kubernetes
3 20 (0.72%) Ansible
4 17 (0.61%) Terraform
5 14 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (0.32%) Kibana
7 6 (0.22%) Rancher
8 5 (0.18%) logstash
9 4 (0.14%) cPanel
10 3 (0.11%) TeamSite
11 2 (0.072%) Nagios
11 2 (0.072%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 1 (0.036%) Oozie
12 1 (0.036%) Salt
Vendors
1 199 (7.14%) Adobe
2 172 (6.17%) Google
3 90 (3.23%) Oracle
4 75 (2.69%) Microsoft
5 31 (1.11%) Sitecore
6 30 (1.08%) SAP
7 28 (1.01%) Twitter
8 22 (0.79%) IBM
9 20 (0.72%) Perforce
10 17 (0.61%) Facebook
11 15 (0.54%) Zend
12 11 (0.39%) Atlassian
13 10 (0.36%) ServiceNow
13 10 (0.36%) Solace
13 10 (0.36%) Telerik
14 9 (0.32%) VMware
15 8 (0.29%) Tealium
16 6 (0.22%) Apple
16 6 (0.22%) Cloudera
16 6 (0.22%) MuleSoft