The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 3 months to 27 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
27 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
CSS 3
UK
Rank 75 72 82
Rank change year-on-year -3 +10  
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1294 1439 1266
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.88% 2.70% 2.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.16% 9.67% 8.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 862 1062 882
Median daily rate £400 £388 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.22% +7.63%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £525 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £364 £338 £325
% change year-on-year +7.77% +3.84%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 6
Median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £23.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +344.44% -62.00%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.01 £9.00 £17.86
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £42.50 £91.00 £28.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £9.00 £17.86
% change year-on-year +344.44% -49.60%  

CSS3 is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 14119 14879 14337
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 31.43% 27.95% 26.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 9794 10317 9294
Median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.22%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £563 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.44% +3.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 184 227 192
Median hourly rate £42.50 £38.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.67% +10.71%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £13.50 £19.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £60.62 £46.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £38.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +6.57% +5.55%  

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing CSS3 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 27 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 3 months to 27 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 3 months to 27 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1221 £400 - 629
London -14 598 £425 - 224
South East +14 236 £375 +11.11% 79
City of London -1 78 £441 +10.31% 53
Yorkshire +28 75 £388 +10.71% 45
North West -9 71 £350 -3.11% 80
South West +27 60 £375 +16.27% 34
West Yorkshire +27 56 £388 +3.33% 25
Surrey +36 54 £335 -10.66% 15
Manchester -2 54 £350 -3.44% 48
East Midlands -1 53 £323 +9.78% 51
Leeds +24 51 £400 +6.66% 18
Buckinghamshire +21 49 £388 +40.90% 6
North East +10 48 £388 -22.50% 5
Tyne and Wear +10 48 £388 -22.50% 5
Newcastle upon Tyne +7 46 £388 -22.50% 3
West Midlands +7 40 £425 +30.76% 48
Oxfordshire +15 38 £375 +15.38% 12
East of England -10 31 £300 -14.28% 57
Bristol +21 30 £325 +1.56% 9
Wales +14 29 £325 -16.12% 9
Leicestershire +1 28 £315 +10.52% 14
Scotland -3 26 £365 +21.66% 17
South Wales +18 25 £273 -29.67% 5
Oxford +15 25 £375 +15.38% 5
Berkshire +31 23 £394 -0.31% 11
Aylesbury - 22 £404 - 1
Hampshire +10 21 £373 +14.61% 15
West Sussex -26 21 £410 +1.23% 6
Cardiff +22 20 £350 -9.67% 3

CSS3
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2563 (100.00%) CSS
2 2457 (95.86%) HTML
3 2351 (91.73%) HTML5
4 2132 (83.18%) JavaScript
5 1225 (47.80%) AngularJS
6 1216 (47.44%) Agile Software Development
7 928 (36.21%) Front End Development
8 898 (35.04%) jQuery
9 664 (25.91%) React
10 624 (24.35%) Git (software)
11 616 (24.03%) TDD
12 572 (22.32%) Node.js
13 558 (21.77%) Sass
14 550 (21.46%) Web Development
15 543 (21.19%) Java
16 533 (20.80%) User Experience
17 443 (17.28%) Scrum
18 412 (16.07%) MVC
18 412 (16.07%) Ajax
19 395 (15.41%) JSON
20 390 (15.22%) Finance
21 389 (15.18%) Responsive Web Design
22 382 (14.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 380 (14.83%) REST
24 368 (14.36%) OO
25 365 (14.24%) C#
26 311 (12.13%) .NET
27 310 (12.10%) BDD
28 273 (10.65%) LESS
29 272 (10.61%) RESTful

CSS3
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 161 (6.28%) CMS
2 138 (5.38%) Confluence
3 73 (2.85%) WordPress
4 68 (2.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 56 (2.18%) Apache
6 45 (1.76%) EPiServer
7 42 (1.64%) SharePoint
8 37 (1.44%) Drupal
9 35 (1.37%) Umbraco
10 21 (0.82%) JBoss
11 20 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
12 18 (0.70%) WebSphere
13 16 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
14 14 (0.55%) Apache Spark
14 14 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
15 13 (0.51%) Tomcat
16 11 (0.43%) nginx
17 10 (0.39%) IIS
18 9 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
18 9 (0.35%) uWSGI
Applications
1 129 (5.03%) Photoshop
2 40 (1.56%) Adobe Illustrator
3 32 (1.25%) MS Excel
4 25 (0.98%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 25 (0.98%) OmniGraffle
5 10 (0.39%) InDesign
5 10 (0.39%) InVision
5 10 (0.39%) MS Visio
6 9 (0.35%) GIMP
7 6 (0.23%) HipChat
8 5 (0.20%) MS PowerPoint
9 4 (0.16%) UXPin
10 3 (0.12%) Fireworks
10 3 (0.12%) MS Office
11 2 (0.078%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.078%) MS Project
Business Applications
1 28 (1.09%) Magento
2 17 (0.66%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.078%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.039%) Radian6
7 1 (0.039%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 125 (4.88%) Amazon AWS
2 78 (3.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 73 (2.85%) GitHub
4 25 (0.98%) Google Analytics
5 21 (0.82%) Google Cloud Platform
6 20 (0.78%) SaaS
7 19 (0.74%) IaaS
7 19 (0.74%) PaaS
8 13 (0.51%) Adobe Analytics
9 8 (0.31%) Loggly
9 8 (0.31%) OpenShift
9 8 (0.31%) Sumo Logic
10 7 (0.27%) AWS Lambda
10 7 (0.27%) CloudBees
10 7 (0.27%) Slack
11 6 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 5 (0.20%) Amazon S3
12 5 (0.20%) Basecamp
13 4 (0.16%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (0.16%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 126 (4.92%) HTTP
2 28 (1.09%) Internet
3 16 (0.62%) DNS
3 16 (0.62%) Network Security
4 15 (0.59%) Extranet
5 12 (0.47%) Intranet
5 12 (0.47%) SSL
6 8 (0.31%) LDAP
7 4 (0.16%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.078%) CTI
8 2 (0.078%) SMTP
9 1 (0.039%) MVNO
9 1 (0.039%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.039%) Skype
9 1 (0.039%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.039%) Unified Communications
9 1 (0.039%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 189 (7.37%) MySQL
2 152 (5.93%) MongoDB
3 144 (5.62%) SQL Server
4 122 (4.76%) NoSQL
5 119 (4.64%) Relational Database
6 112 (4.37%) PostgreSQL
7 73 (2.85%) Apache Cassandra
8 43 (1.68%) Hadoop
9 42 (1.64%) Big Data
10 35 (1.37%) HBase
11 31 (1.21%) Redis
12 27 (1.05%) Oracle Database
13 16 (0.62%) SQL Server 2008
14 15 (0.59%) Power BI
14 15 (0.59%) RDBMS
15 12 (0.47%) SQL Server 2012
16 9 (0.35%) DB2
17 8 (0.31%) Data Warehouse
18 7 (0.27%) Riak
19 6 (0.23%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 624 (24.35%) Git (software)
2 253 (9.87%) Grunt
3 227 (8.86%) Jasmine
4 220 (8.58%) Jenkins
5 219 (8.54%) JIRA
6 215 (8.39%) gulp
7 180 (7.02%) Subversion
8 126 (4.92%) Mocha
9 120 (4.68%) webpack
10 117 (4.56%) JUnit
10 117 (4.56%) Karma Test Runner
11 109 (4.25%) Selenium
12 104 (4.06%) Maven
13 95 (3.71%) Cucumber
14 72 (2.81%) TeamCity
15 70 (2.73%) Team Foundation Server
16 62 (2.42%) Protractor
17 58 (2.26%) Bower
18 55 (2.15%) Axure RP
18 55 (2.15%) Visual Studio
General
1 390 (15.22%) Finance
2 240 (9.36%) Banking
3 106 (4.14%) Retail
4 94 (3.67%) Marketing
5 47 (1.83%) Investment Banking
6 45 (1.76%) Games
7 32 (1.25%) Front Office
8 30 (1.17%) Advertising
9 26 (1.01%) Telecoms
10 25 (0.98%) Publishing
11 23 (0.90%) Legal
11 23 (0.90%) Manufacturing
12 16 (0.62%) Financial Institution
13 15 (0.59%) Electronics
14 10 (0.39%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.35%) Automotive
15 9 (0.35%) Back Office
16 6 (0.23%) Czech Language
16 6 (0.23%) Law
17 5 (0.20%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2251 (87.83%) Developer
2 865 (33.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 674 (26.30%) JavaScript Developer
4 357 (13.93%) HTML Developer
5 307 (11.98%) HTML CSS Developer
6 306 (11.94%) Angular Developer
7 261 (10.18%) Web Developer
8 258 (10.07%) UI Developer
9 189 (7.37%) Senior Developer
10 188 (7.34%) Java Developer
11 143 (5.58%) .NET Developer
12 120 (4.68%) Full Stack Developer
13 105 (4.10%) Architect
14 94 (3.67%) C# Developer
15 92 (3.59%) Node.js Developer
16 88 (3.43%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 87 (3.39%) Designer
18 71 (2.77%) Lead Developer
18 71 (2.77%) PHP Developer
19 69 (2.69%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2563 (100.00%) CSS
2 2457 (95.86%) HTML
3 2351 (91.73%) HTML5
4 1225 (47.80%) AngularJS
5 898 (35.04%) jQuery
6 664 (25.91%) React
7 572 (22.32%) Node.js
8 558 (21.77%) Sass
9 412 (16.07%) Ajax
10 395 (15.41%) JSON
11 382 (14.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 380 (14.83%) REST
13 311 (12.13%) .NET
14 273 (10.65%) LESS
15 272 (10.61%) RESTful
16 255 (9.95%) Spring
17 245 (9.56%) Web Services
18 188 (7.34%) XML
19 186 (7.26%) Backbone.js
20 172 (6.71%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 533 (20.80%) User Experience
2 110 (4.29%) Mobile App
3 92 (3.59%) Analytical Skills
4 68 (2.65%) Computer Science
5 54 (2.11%) W3C
6 50 (1.95%) Fintech
7 44 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
8 30 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 30 (1.17%) Virtual Team
9 20 (0.78%) Graphic Design
10 17 (0.66%) Equities
11 15 (0.59%) Client/Server
12 14 (0.55%) Animation
12 14 (0.55%) iPad
13 12 (0.47%) Digital Media
13 12 (0.47%) Online Banking
14 11 (0.43%) Management Information System
14 11 (0.43%) Social Media
15 10 (0.39%) Fixed Income
16 9 (0.35%) STB
Operating Systems
1 158 (6.16%) Linux
2 59 (2.30%) Unix
3 52 (2.03%) Apple iOS
4 46 (1.79%) Android
5 33 (1.29%) Windows
6 8 (0.31%) webOS
6 8 (0.31%) Windows Phone
6 8 (0.31%) Windows Phone 7
7 6 (0.23%) Mac OS
8 5 (0.20%) CoreOS
8 5 (0.20%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.039%) CentOS
10 1 (0.039%) Debian
10 1 (0.039%) Fedora
10 1 (0.039%) Solaris
10 1 (0.039%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.039%) VMS
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Mobile
10 1 (0.039%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1216 (47.44%) Agile Software Development
2 928 (36.21%) Front End Development
3 616 (24.03%) TDD
4 550 (21.46%) Web Development
5 443 (17.28%) Scrum
6 412 (16.07%) MVC
7 389 (15.18%) Responsive Web Design
8 368 (14.36%) OO
9 310 (12.10%) BDD
10 248 (9.68%) Continuous Integration
11 221 (8.62%) Web Design
12 201 (7.84%) Open Source
13 188 (7.34%) E-Commerce
14 165 (6.44%) Wireframes
15 155 (6.05%) Unit Testing
16 150 (5.85%) Software Engineering
17 119 (4.64%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
18 117 (4.56%) Microservices
19 116 (4.53%) Kanban
20 115 (4.49%) Prototyping
Programming Languages
1 2132 (83.18%) JavaScript
2 543 (21.19%) Java
3 365 (14.24%) C#
4 234 (9.13%) PHP
5 197 (7.69%) Ruby
6 181 (7.06%) SQL
7 179 (6.98%) ES6
8 162 (6.32%) Python
9 148 (5.77%) Scala
10 68 (2.65%) TypeScript
11 29 (1.13%) Shell Script
11 29 (1.13%) XPath
12 27 (1.05%) ECMAScript
13 23 (0.90%) Korn
13 23 (0.90%) Objective-C
14 18 (0.70%) Apple Swift
14 18 (0.70%) PowerShell
14 18 (0.70%) T-SQL
15 17 (0.66%) Groovy
16 11 (0.43%) X++
Qualifications
1 129 (5.03%) Degree
2 77 (3.00%) Security Cleared
3 64 (2.50%) SC Cleared
4 16 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
5 10 (0.39%) DV Cleared
6 9 (0.35%) BC Cleared
7 6 (0.23%) MBA
8 4 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
9 3 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.078%) CISA
10 2 (0.078%) CISM
10 2 (0.078%) CISSP
10 2 (0.078%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.039%) MCSD
11 1 (0.039%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (2.18%) QA
2 19 (0.74%) WCAG
3 17 (0.66%) WAI
4 16 (0.62%) FATCA
5 12 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.12%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.078%) FedRAMP
7 2 (0.078%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.078%) PMO
8 1 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.039%) EMIR
8 1 (0.039%) MiFID
8 1 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.039%) SDET
System Software
1 93 (3.63%) Docker
2 11 (0.43%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.35%) LXC
4 6 (0.23%) HDFS
4 6 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.20%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.12%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.039%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 38 (1.48%) Puppet
2 26 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
3 24 (0.94%) Ansible
4 16 (0.62%) Kubernetes
5 13 (0.51%) Nagios
6 10 (0.39%) Kibana
6 10 (0.39%) Salt
7 9 (0.35%) Terraform
8 8 (0.31%) ZABBIX
9 5 (0.20%) Capistrano
9 5 (0.20%) WMI
10 4 (0.16%) logstash
10 4 (0.16%) TeamSite
11 1 (0.039%) cPanel
11 1 (0.039%) Oozie
Vendors
1 144 (5.62%) Google
2 126 (4.92%) Adobe
3 89 (3.47%) Microsoft
4 83 (3.24%) Oracle
5 31 (1.21%) Twitter
6 28 (1.09%) Zend
7 25 (0.98%) Sitecore
8 24 (0.94%) SAP
9 23 (0.90%) Solace
10 19 (0.74%) MuleSoft
11 16 (0.62%) New Relic
11 16 (0.62%) Splunk
12 14 (0.55%) Apple
12 14 (0.55%) Hortonworks
12 14 (0.55%) ServiceNow
13 12 (0.47%) Perforce
14 11 (0.43%) ClickTale
15 10 (0.39%) Rackspace
15 10 (0.39%) SaltStack
16 8 (0.31%) AppDynamics
Southampton, Hampshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £370 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £330 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Northamptonshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per annum
Posted: 6 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £351 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
London
Talent International
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 51 minutes ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Sanderson
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Whitby Munn
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Ripley, Derbyshire
Syntax Consultancy Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £320 per day 300-320/day (DOE)
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £365 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £190 to £210 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
West Midlands
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Leicestershire
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: Market rate
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £400-£500 and £550-£600
Posted: 4 days ago
Midlands
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £325 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Northamptonshire
Oscar
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Rullion
Posted: 4 days ago
London
AMS contingency
Posted: 3 days ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Cathcart Associates Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Northamptonshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Luton, Bedfordshire
Salt
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Norwich, Norfolk
Tec Partners
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago