Period
to 17 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 171 98 78
Rank change year-on-year -73 -20 0
Contract jobs citing CSS3 1,487 2,610 2,814
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.60% 2.52% 2.96%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.00% 7.43% 9.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,060 1,897 1,977
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £310 £295 £279
90th Percentile £600 £575 £540
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £388 £365
% change year-on-year +7.10% +6.16% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 14 18
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +12.50% +344.44%
10th Percentile £21.95 £19.28 £13.38
90th Percentile £122.50 £49.25 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.25 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -35.88% +6.25% +344.44%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,757 35,115 30,535
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.05% 33.88% 32.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,819 24,695 21,098
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £318 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 327 367 385
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.68 £15.00 £15.05
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +9.33%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -76 1,368 £450 +5.88% 728
London -56 757 £480 +1.05% 221
UK excluding London -82 697 £415 +7.10% 547
South East -77 215 £425 +6.25% 114
North of England -65 149 £385 -0.65% 167
Midlands -42 123 £400 +6.67% 98
North West -44 84 £375 -6.25% 100
West Midlands -23 72 £431 +21.05% 48
South West -53 69 £425 +6.25% 76
East Midlands -22 50 £360 -4.00% 50
East of England -32 47 £373 -5.10% 52
Yorkshire -46 42 £375 -1.70% 55
Scotland -33 40 £400 - 22
Wales +20 35 £384 -4.06% 14
Northern Ireland +30 23 £463 +87.82% 3
North East +24 23 £425 +21.43% 12

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 1,487 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,459 (98.12%) HTML
3 1,360 (91.46%) HTML5
4 1,218 (81.91%) JavaScript
5 748 (50.30%) Agile Software Development
6 662 (44.52%) AngularJS
7 630 (42.37%) Front End Development
8 511 (34.36%) React
9 457 (30.73%) Git (software)
10 436 (29.32%) Node.js
11 385 (25.89%) Sass
12 367 (24.68%) TDD
13 364 (24.48%) jQuery
14 360 (24.21%) Java
15 318 (21.39%) User Experience
16 298 (20.04%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 293 (19.70%) Scrum
18 289 (19.44%) .NET
19 283 (19.03%) Web Development
20 258 (17.35%) C#
20 258 (17.35%) ES6
21 257 (17.28%) TypeScript
22 231 (15.53%) MVC
23 213 (14.32%) Redux
24 198 (13.32%) REST
25 197 (13.25%) Spring
26 196 (13.18%) Finance
27 187 (12.58%) SQL
27 187 (12.58%) JSON
27 187 (12.58%) Test Automation

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (8.41%) CMS
2 58 (3.90%) Drupal
3 50 (3.36%) Confluence
4 46 (3.09%) WordPress
5 35 (2.35%) Apache
6 32 (2.15%) JBoss
7 30 (2.02%) Apache Solr
8 29 (1.95%) Elasticsearch
9 24 (1.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 22 (1.48%) WebSphere
11 21 (1.41%) SharePoint
12 20 (1.34%) IIS
12 20 (1.34%) Magnolia
12 20 (1.34%) Umbraco
13 15 (1.01%) Tomcat
14 13 (0.87%) WebLogic
15 10 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
16 9 (0.61%) nginx
17 8 (0.54%) EPiServer
17 8 (0.54%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 97 (6.52%) Photoshop
2 39 (2.62%) Adobe Illustrator
3 24 (1.61%) Sketch
4 13 (0.87%) GIMP
5 12 (0.81%) InVision
6 7 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 7 (0.47%) Fireworks
7 5 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
7 5 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.34%) UXPin
8 4 (0.27%) OmniGraffle
8 4 (0.27%) Zeplin
9 3 (0.20%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.20%) MS Visio
10 2 (0.13%) Marvel
10 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
11 1 (0.067%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 16 (1.08%) Magento
2 4 (0.27%) Revive Adserver
3 3 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.20%) Shopify
4 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.067%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.067%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.067%) Visualfiles
5 1 (0.067%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 185 (12.44%) Microsoft Azure
2 101 (6.79%) npm
3 94 (6.32%) Amazon AWS
4 58 (3.90%) GitHub
5 40 (2.69%) Google Analytics
6 38 (2.56%) PaaS
7 34 (2.29%) SaaS
8 22 (1.48%) Serverless
9 17 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
10 16 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
10 16 (1.08%) IaaS
10 16 (1.08%) Power Platform
11 15 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
12 13 (0.87%) OpenShift
13 12 (0.81%) Adobe Analytics
13 12 (0.81%) Amazon ECS
13 12 (0.81%) Amazon S3
14 11 (0.74%) Azure Active Directory
15 9 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
15 9 (0.61%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.42%) HTTP
2 7 (0.47%) Network Security
3 5 (0.34%) Internet
4 4 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
5 3 (0.20%) NFC
5 3 (0.20%) Skype
5 3 (0.20%) SSL
6 2 (0.13%) Intranet
6 2 (0.13%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.067%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.067%) POP3
7 1 (0.067%) SMTP
7 1 (0.067%) SNMP
7 1 (0.067%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (10.49%) SQL Server
2 102 (6.86%) MySQL
3 83 (5.58%) MongoDB
4 82 (5.51%) NoSQL
5 42 (2.82%) Relational Database
6 38 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
7 30 (2.02%) Redis
8 29 (1.95%) Apache Cassandra
9 18 (1.21%) DB2
10 15 (1.01%) Big Data
11 14 (0.94%) Azure SQL Database
11 14 (0.94%) RDBMS
11 14 (0.94%) SQL Server 2012
12 13 (0.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 11 (0.74%) Hadoop
14 10 (0.67%) SQL Server 2016
15 8 (0.54%) Couchbase
15 8 (0.54%) HBase
16 7 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
16 7 (0.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 457 (30.73%) Git (software)
2 150 (10.09%) Jenkins
3 137 (9.21%) Grunt
4 135 (9.08%) gulp
5 119 (8.00%) webpack
6 111 (7.46%) Jasmine
7 100 (6.72%) JIRA
8 95 (6.39%) Maven
9 73 (4.91%) Visual Studio
10 70 (4.71%) Karma Test Runner
11 67 (4.51%) Selenium
12 58 (3.90%) Subversion
13 49 (3.30%) Cucumber
14 45 (3.03%) SonarQube
15 44 (2.96%) Bitbucket
16 40 (2.69%) Team Foundation Server
17 39 (2.62%) JUnit
18 38 (2.56%) GitLab
18 38 (2.56%) Mocha
19 36 (2.42%) Gradle
General
1 196 (13.18%) Finance
2 87 (5.85%) Marketing
3 67 (4.51%) Banking
4 63 (4.24%) Retail
5 23 (1.55%) Telecoms
6 18 (1.21%) Front Office
6 18 (1.21%) Pharmaceutical
7 16 (1.08%) Law
8 13 (0.87%) Manufacturing
9 12 (0.81%) Legal
9 12 (0.81%) Publishing
10 10 (0.67%) Games
11 8 (0.54%) Advertising
11 8 (0.54%) Electronics
12 7 (0.47%) French Language
13 6 (0.40%) Investment Banking
14 4 (0.27%) Multimedia
15 2 (0.13%) Local Government
16 1 (0.067%) Interactive Media
16 1 (0.067%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 1,364 (91.73%) Developer
2 461 (31.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 241 (16.21%) React Developer
4 213 (14.32%) JavaScript Developer
5 210 (14.12%) Full Stack Developer
6 178 (11.97%) Angular Developer
7 134 (9.01%) .NET Developer
8 109 (7.33%) Java Developer
9 90 (6.05%) UI Developer
10 88 (5.92%) Senior Developer
11 81 (5.45%) Web Developer
12 75 (5.04%) HTML Developer
13 66 (4.44%) HTML CSS Developer
14 52 (3.50%) C# Developer
15 47 (3.16%) Node.js Developer
16 34 (2.29%) C# .NET Developer
16 34 (2.29%) Designer
17 31 (2.08%) PHP Developer
18 28 (1.88%) Senior Java Developer
19 26 (1.75%) UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,487 (100.00%) CSS
2 1,459 (98.12%) HTML
3 1,360 (91.46%) HTML5
4 662 (44.52%) AngularJS
5 511 (34.36%) React
6 436 (29.32%) Node.js
7 385 (25.89%) Sass
8 364 (24.48%) jQuery
9 298 (20.04%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 289 (19.44%) .NET
11 213 (14.32%) Redux
12 198 (13.32%) REST
13 197 (13.25%) Spring
14 187 (12.58%) JSON
15 176 (11.84%) RESTful
16 169 (11.37%) Web Services
17 152 (10.22%) LESS
18 150 (10.09%) ASP.NET
19 142 (9.55%) Ajax
20 133 (8.94%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 318 (21.39%) User Experience
2 123 (8.27%) Mobile App
3 114 (7.67%) Greenfield Project
4 97 (6.52%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (2.08%) Social Media
6 30 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
7 26 (1.75%) Virtual Team
7 26 (1.75%) W3C
8 19 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
9 16 (1.08%) Robotics
10 11 (0.74%) Graphic Design
11 9 (0.61%) Algorithms
11 9 (0.61%) Data Structures
12 7 (0.47%) Management Information System
12 7 (0.47%) Music Streaming
12 7 (0.47%) RIA
13 6 (0.40%) Hedge funds
14 5 (0.34%) e-Learning
14 5 (0.34%) iPad
15 4 (0.27%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 81 (5.45%) Linux
2 31 (2.08%) Unix
3 25 (1.68%) Android
4 23 (1.55%) Apple iOS
5 18 (1.21%) Windows
6 14 (0.94%) Ubuntu
7 10 (0.67%) VMS
8 3 (0.20%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.13%) CentOS
9 2 (0.13%) Gentoo
9 2 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.13%) Solaris
10 1 (0.067%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.067%) tvOS
10 1 (0.067%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 748 (50.30%) Agile Software Development
2 630 (42.37%) Front End Development
3 367 (24.68%) TDD
4 293 (19.70%) Scrum
5 283 (19.03%) Web Development
6 231 (15.53%) MVC
7 187 (12.58%) Test Automation
8 171 (11.50%) Microservices
9 166 (11.16%) Responsive Web Design
10 165 (11.10%) BDD
11 155 (10.42%) DevOps
12 141 (9.48%) Unit Testing
13 113 (7.60%) Continuous Integration
14 111 (7.46%) OO
15 98 (6.59%) Analytics
16 96 (6.46%) E-Commerce
17 75 (5.04%) Web Design
18 69 (4.64%) Problem-Solving
19 68 (4.57%) Software Engineering
20 66 (4.44%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,218 (81.91%) JavaScript
2 360 (24.21%) Java
3 258 (17.35%) C#
3 258 (17.35%) ES6
4 257 (17.28%) TypeScript
5 187 (12.58%) SQL
6 100 (6.72%) PHP
7 53 (3.56%) Java 8
8 35 (2.35%) Ruby
9 34 (2.29%) ES7
9 34 (2.29%) Python
9 34 (2.29%) Scala
10 33 (2.22%) T-SQL
11 22 (1.48%) Perl
11 22 (1.48%) PL/SQL
12 21 (1.41%) PowerShell
13 16 (1.08%) Shell Script
14 10 (0.67%) Groovy
15 7 (0.47%) Bash Shell
16 5 (0.34%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 63 (4.24%) Degree
1 63 (4.24%) Security Cleared
2 45 (3.03%) SC Cleared
3 18 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
4 16 (1.08%) DBS Check
5 10 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.47%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (0.13%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.067%) HNC
9 1 (0.067%) HND
9 1 (0.067%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.067%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (3.36%) QA
2 24 (1.61%) WCAG
3 5 (0.34%) WAI
4 4 (0.27%) GDPR
5 1 (0.067%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.067%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 119 (8.00%) Docker
2 16 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.20%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.067%) Varnish
4 1 (0.067%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 51 (3.43%) Kubernetes
2 23 (1.55%) Puppet
3 7 (0.47%) Terraform
4 5 (0.34%) Ansible
5 3 (0.20%) Grafana
5 3 (0.20%) Kibana
6 2 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
6 2 (0.13%) HAProxy
6 2 (0.13%) Nagios
6 2 (0.13%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.13%) Packer
6 2 (0.13%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.067%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.067%) Graphite
7 1 (0.067%) HP Fortify
7 1 (0.067%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.067%) Tivoli
7 1 (0.067%) Tivoli NetView
7 1 (0.067%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 82 (5.51%) Oracle
2 78 (5.25%) Adobe
3 76 (5.11%) Microsoft
4 64 (4.30%) Google
5 32 (2.15%) Atlassian
6 15 (1.01%) Pega
7 14 (0.94%) Informatica
7 14 (0.94%) webMethods
8 13 (0.87%) BEA
9 12 (0.81%) Optimizely
9 12 (0.81%) Perforce
9 12 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
10 11 (0.74%) Apple
10 11 (0.74%) Sitecore
11 10 (0.67%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 10 (0.67%) Yahoo!
11 10 (0.67%) Zend
12 8 (0.54%) Hotjar
12 8 (0.54%) HubSpot
13 7 (0.47%) IBM