Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 266 209 144
Rank change year-on-year -57 -65 -38
Contract jobs citing CSS3 408 919 1,851
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.95% 1.28% 1.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.13% 4.28% 5.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 368 675 1,379
Median daily rate £450 £425 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £283 £307
90th Percentile £550 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +0.63% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 11 8
Median hourly rate £25.50 £50.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -49.00% +56.25% -26.86%
10th Percentile £23.53 £6.00 £13.50
90th Percentile £43.25 £53.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.50 £29.00 £15.00
% change year-on-year -12.07% +93.33% -65.71%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,034 21,492 33,500
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.42% 30.05% 34.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,160 15,107 23,892
Median daily rate £480 £495 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% +3.78%
10th Percentile £317 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 158 194 271
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +9.52% +5.00%
10th Percentile £25.00 £17.33 £17.50
90th Percentile £63.40 £78.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.85
% change year-on-year - +7.54% +4.61%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -51 345 £450 +5.88% 350
London -21 206 £500 +11.11% 106
UK excluding London -35 149 £403 +0.63% 262
Work from Home -120 124 £475 +11.76% 92
South East +83 49 £350 -10.26% 41
North of England -7 30 £423 +5.63% 89
Midlands +11 23 £425 +3.03% 58
Scotland +22 18 £405 +4.52% 11
South West +36 15 £450 +16.13% 31
North West +9 15 £470 +17.50% 51
East Midlands +22 11 £508 +25.31% 27
West Midlands +11 10 £281 -33.82% 31
North East +19 8 £378 +8.07% 11
Wales +17 7 £363 -14.71% 11
Yorkshire +14 7 £413 +3.13% 27
Northern Ireland +8 5 £447 -18.68%
East of England +28 2 - - 21

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 408 (100.00%) CSS
2 402 (98.53%) HTML
3 394 (96.57%) HTML5
4 348 (85.29%) JavaScript
5 198 (48.53%) Agile Software Development
6 155 (37.99%) Git (software)
6 155 (37.99%) Front End Development
7 152 (37.25%) AngularJS
8 136 (33.33%) React
9 126 (30.88%) Sass
10 103 (25.25%) Node.js
11 100 (24.51%) TDD
12 98 (24.02%) DevOps
13 97 (23.77%) Azure
14 90 (22.06%) User Experience
15 83 (20.34%) Web Development
16 81 (19.85%) REST
17 78 (19.12%) TypeScript
17 78 (19.12%) Jenkins
18 76 (18.63%) PHP
19 75 (18.38%) Java
20 72 (17.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 67 (16.42%) Redux
22 64 (15.69%) AWS
23 62 (15.20%) MVC
23 62 (15.20%) Vue.js
24 60 (14.71%) Web Services
25 59 (14.46%) SQL
26 58 (14.22%) jQuery
26 58 (14.22%) LESS

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (5.64%) CMS
2 16 (3.92%) Confluence
3 15 (3.68%) WordPress
4 13 (3.19%) Jadu
5 10 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (1.96%) Apache Solr
6 8 (1.96%) Drupal
7 6 (1.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 6 (1.47%) Apache
8 4 (0.98%) BizTalk Server
8 4 (0.98%) JBoss
9 3 (0.74%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.49%) Anypoint
10 2 (0.49%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.49%) ArcGIS
10 2 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.49%) nginx
10 2 (0.49%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.49%) Tornado
11 1 (0.25%) GeoServer
Applications
1 12 (2.94%) Chatbot
2 11 (2.70%) Photoshop
3 7 (1.72%) Figma
4 5 (1.23%) Sketch
5 3 (0.74%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.49%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.49%) InVision
6 2 (0.49%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.25%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.25%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.25%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.25%) CINEMA 4D
7 1 (0.25%) Final Cut Pro
7 1 (0.25%) GIMP
7 1 (0.25%) InDesign
7 1 (0.25%) Maya
7 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
7 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 9 (2.21%) Magento
2 8 (1.96%) Shopify
3 2 (0.49%) Dynamics NAV
3 2 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.49%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 97 (23.77%) Azure
2 64 (15.69%) AWS
3 19 (4.66%) GitHub
4 14 (3.43%) npm
5 12 (2.94%) Google Analytics
6 11 (2.70%) GCP
7 7 (1.72%) Adobe Analytics
7 7 (1.72%) Serverless
8 6 (1.47%) Apigee
9 4 (0.98%) Logic Apps
9 4 (0.98%) PaaS
10 3 (0.74%) Azure Functions
10 3 (0.74%) Cloudflare
10 3 (0.74%) IaaS
10 3 (0.74%) Power Platform
10 3 (0.74%) PowerApps
11 2 (0.49%) Amazon S3
11 2 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
11 2 (0.49%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.49%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.19%) HTTP
2 10 (2.45%) SSL
3 9 (2.21%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.47%) Skype
5 4 (0.98%) DSL
5 4 (0.98%) Internet
6 3 (0.74%) DNS
7 1 (0.25%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (6.37%) MySQL
2 24 (5.88%) SQL Server
3 19 (4.66%) PostgreSQL
4 13 (3.19%) NoSQL
5 12 (2.94%) Relational Database
6 11 (2.70%) MongoDB
7 6 (1.47%) Big Data
7 6 (1.47%) RDBMS
8 4 (0.98%) SQL Server 2012
9 3 (0.74%) Couchbase
9 3 (0.74%) SQL Server 2008
10 2 (0.49%) Apache Hive
10 2 (0.49%) Geospatial Data
10 2 (0.49%) SQL Server 2019
11 1 (0.25%) Amazon Aurora
11 1 (0.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 1 (0.25%) Oracle Database
11 1 (0.25%) Power BI
11 1 (0.25%) Redis
11 1 (0.25%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 155 (37.99%) Git (software)
2 78 (19.12%) Jenkins
3 44 (10.78%) webpack
4 40 (9.80%) gulp
5 35 (8.58%) Grunt
6 30 (7.35%) JIRA
7 28 (6.86%) Jasmine
8 27 (6.62%) Maven
9 25 (6.13%) Karma Test Runner
9 25 (6.13%) SonarQube
10 20 (4.90%) Selenium
11 17 (4.17%) GitLab
12 16 (3.92%) Protractor
13 15 (3.68%) Sonatype Nexus
14 14 (3.43%) Team Foundation Server
15 13 (3.19%) CircleCI
16 12 (2.94%) Artifactory
16 12 (2.94%) Cucumber
16 12 (2.94%) Cypress.io
17 11 (2.70%) JUnit
General
1 57 (13.97%) Finance
2 26 (6.37%) Public Sector
3 17 (4.17%) Banking
4 14 (3.43%) Marketing
5 12 (2.94%) Law
5 12 (2.94%) Retail
6 11 (2.70%) Local Government
7 4 (0.98%) Investment Banking
7 4 (0.98%) Manufacturing
7 4 (0.98%) Retail Banking
7 4 (0.98%) Telecoms
8 3 (0.74%) Legal
8 3 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
8 3 (0.74%) Welsh Language
9 2 (0.49%) Advertising
9 2 (0.49%) Back Office
9 2 (0.49%) Electronics
9 2 (0.49%) French Language
10 1 (0.25%) Automotive
10 1 (0.25%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 352 (86.27%) Developer
2 130 (31.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 68 (16.67%) React Developer
4 49 (12.01%) Angular Developer
5 46 (11.27%) Full Stack Developer
6 31 (7.60%) PHP Developer
7 30 (7.35%) Web Developer
8 29 (7.11%) JavaScript Developer
9 27 (6.62%) Senior Developer
10 25 (6.13%) .NET Developer
11 22 (5.39%) UI Developer
12 21 (5.15%) Backend Developer
13 20 (4.90%) HTML CSS Developer
13 20 (4.90%) HTML Developer
14 19 (4.66%) Java Developer
15 13 (3.19%) Architect
15 13 (3.19%) Azure Developer
16 10 (2.45%) Senior Full Stack Developer
17 9 (2.21%) Applications Developer
17 9 (2.21%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 408 (100.00%) CSS
2 402 (98.53%) HTML
3 394 (96.57%) HTML5
4 152 (37.25%) AngularJS
5 136 (33.33%) React
6 126 (30.88%) Sass
7 103 (25.25%) Node.js
8 81 (19.85%) REST
9 72 (17.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 67 (16.42%) Redux
11 62 (15.20%) Vue.js
12 60 (14.71%) Web Services
13 58 (14.22%) jQuery
13 58 (14.22%) LESS
14 54 (13.24%) .NET
15 50 (12.25%) JSON
16 49 (12.01%) Spring
17 40 (9.80%) RESTful
18 37 (9.07%) Laravel
19 34 (8.33%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 90 (22.06%) User Experience
2 17 (4.17%) Cloud Native
3 13 (3.19%) Analytical Skills
3 13 (3.19%) Greenfield Project
3 13 (3.19%) Mobile App
4 12 (2.94%) Self-Motivation
5 11 (2.70%) Enterprise Software
5 11 (2.70%) Social Media
6 10 (2.45%) Public Cloud
7 7 (1.72%) Acoustics
8 6 (1.47%) N-Tier
9 5 (1.23%) Data Centre
10 4 (0.98%) Animation
10 4 (0.98%) Data Structures
10 4 (0.98%) Graphic Design
10 4 (0.98%) W3C
11 3 (0.74%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.74%) Derivative
11 3 (0.74%) Management Information System
11 3 (0.74%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 15 (3.68%) Apple iOS
2 14 (3.43%) Android
3 9 (2.21%) Windows
4 7 (1.72%) Linux
5 6 (1.47%) Windows Server 2012
5 6 (1.47%) Windows Server 2016
6 3 (0.74%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.25%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.25%) Tizen
7 1 (0.25%) tvOS
7 1 (0.25%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (48.53%) Agile Software Development
2 155 (37.99%) Front End Development
3 100 (24.51%) TDD
4 98 (24.02%) DevOps
5 83 (20.34%) Web Development
6 62 (15.20%) MVC
7 54 (13.24%) Unit Testing
8 53 (12.99%) Microservices
9 51 (12.50%) OO
10 49 (12.01%) Test Automation
11 48 (11.76%) Continuous Integration
11 48 (11.76%) Software Engineering
12 35 (8.58%) BDD
13 33 (8.09%) Scrum
14 32 (7.84%) Responsive Web Design
15 29 (7.11%) OOP
16 27 (6.62%) Analytics
17 24 (5.88%) E-Commerce
17 24 (5.88%) Problem-Solving
17 24 (5.88%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 348 (85.29%) JavaScript
2 78 (19.12%) TypeScript
3 76 (18.63%) PHP
4 75 (18.38%) Java
5 59 (14.46%) SQL
6 50 (12.25%) ES6
7 48 (11.76%) C#
8 36 (8.82%) Python
9 17 (4.17%) Scala
10 13 (3.19%) Go
10 13 (3.19%) Java 8
11 10 (2.45%) C
11 10 (2.45%) Groovy
12 7 (1.72%) Ruby
13 6 (1.47%) ES7
13 6 (1.47%) Kotlin
13 6 (1.47%) PowerShell
14 5 (1.23%) Objective-C
15 4 (0.98%) Apple Swift
15 4 (0.98%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 47 (11.52%) Security Cleared
2 44 (10.78%) SC Cleared
3 20 (4.90%) Degree
4 4 (0.98%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (0.74%) DV Cleared
5 3 (0.74%) Master's Degree
5 3 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (6.13%) WCAG
2 19 (4.66%) QA
3 15 (3.68%) GDPR
4 2 (0.49%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.25%) WAI
System Software
1 43 (10.54%) Docker
2 6 (1.47%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.23%) VMware NSX
4 1 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 29 (7.11%) Kubernetes
2 15 (3.68%) Terraform
3 14 (3.43%) Kibana
4 11 (2.70%) Ansible
5 8 (1.96%) Grafana
6 6 (1.47%) PowerCLI
7 2 (0.49%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.49%) Puppet
8 1 (0.25%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.25%) MIIS
Vendors
1 45 (11.03%) Microsoft
2 29 (7.11%) Google
3 18 (4.41%) Adobe
4 10 (2.45%) SAP
5 9 (2.21%) VMware
6 7 (1.72%) MEDITECH
7 6 (1.47%) Cloudera
7 6 (1.47%) hybris
7 6 (1.47%) MuleSoft
7 6 (1.47%) Optimizely
8 4 (0.98%) Apple
8 4 (0.98%) Splunk
9 3 (0.74%) Ariba
9 3 (0.74%) Atlassian
9 3 (0.74%) Oracle
9 3 (0.74%) ServiceNow
9 3 (0.74%) Xamarin
10 2 (0.49%) Hortonworks
10 2 (0.49%) SendGrid
10 2 (0.49%) Twitter