Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 98 78 78
Rank change year-on-year -20 0 +9
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,610 2,814 3,055
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.52% 2.96% 2.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.43% 9.20% 9.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,897 1,977 2,280
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +9.59%
10th Percentile £295 £279 £263
90th Percentile £575 £540 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £365 £350
% change year-on-year +6.16% +4.29% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 18 7
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £9.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +344.44% -55.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £9.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% +344.44% -77.50%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,130 30,579 31,601
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.89% 32.19% 28.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,719 21,114 22,097
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £315 £305 £289
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 368 385 404
UK median hourly rate £41.21 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.01% +6.67% +4.17%
10th Percentile £15.00 £15.05 £13.50
90th Percentile £59.13 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -2.44% +9.33% +2.04%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 2,456 £425 +3.03% 907
UK excluding London -27 1,326 £388 +6.16% 627
London -22 1,248 £475 +5.56% 327
South East -13 445 £400 +8.11% 161
North of England -21 325 £388 +3.33% 172
Midlands -25 234 £375 +7.14% 112
North West +2 185 £400 +6.67% 93
West Midlands -16 125 £356 -5.00% 68
Yorkshire -34 121 £382 +1.06% 65
East Midlands -19 109 £375 +11.11% 44
South West -1 106 £400 +14.29% 79
Scotland -34 105 £400 +6.67% 30
East of England +9 90 £393 +18.94% 56
Wales -42 22 £400 +26.98% 9
North East -39 21 £350 -13.26% 14
Northern Ireland +15 2 £246 -29.64% 8

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,610 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,535 (97.13%) HTML
3 2,416 (92.57%) HTML5
4 2,270 (86.97%) JavaScript
5 1,212 (46.44%) Agile Software Development
6 1,076 (41.23%) AngularJS
7 1,033 (39.58%) Front End Development
8 970 (37.16%) React
9 750 (28.74%) jQuery
10 738 (28.28%) Node.js
11 721 (27.62%) Git (software)
12 716 (27.43%) TDD
13 674 (25.82%) Sass
14 523 (20.04%) User Experience
15 470 (18.01%) Web Development
16 456 (17.47%) MVC
17 424 (16.25%) Scrum
18 415 (15.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 405 (15.52%) Redux
20 376 (14.41%) ES6
21 373 (14.29%) C#
22 372 (14.25%) .NET
23 360 (13.79%) Java
24 350 (13.41%) RESTful
25 326 (12.49%) Unit Testing
26 315 (12.07%) JSON
27 313 (11.99%) LESS
28 312 (11.95%) REST
29 307 (11.76%) BDD
30 299 (11.46%) Test Automation

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 159 (6.09%) CMS
2 109 (4.18%) Confluence
3 83 (3.18%) WordPress
4 65 (2.49%) Drupal
5 44 (1.69%) Umbraco
6 35 (1.34%) Apache
7 28 (1.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 28 (1.07%) EPiServer
8 27 (1.03%) Tomcat
8 27 (1.03%) WebSphere
9 25 (0.96%) SharePoint
10 23 (0.88%) Sitecore CMS
11 21 (0.80%) IIS
12 19 (0.73%) nginx
13 17 (0.65%) Elasticsearch
14 12 (0.46%) Kentico
15 11 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.38%) Liferay
17 9 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
18 8 (0.31%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 129 (4.94%) Photoshop
2 37 (1.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 34 (1.30%) Adobe Illustrator
3 34 (1.30%) InVision
4 25 (0.96%) OmniGraffle
5 24 (0.92%) GIMP
6 11 (0.42%) Fireworks
6 11 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
6 11 (0.42%) UXPin
7 9 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
8 6 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
8 6 (0.23%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.11%) InDesign
9 3 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 2 (0.077%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.038%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.038%) Lectora
11 1 (0.038%) SketchUp
Business Applications
1 30 (1.15%) Magento
2 16 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.11%) Shopify
5 2 (0.077%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.077%) Unica
6 1 (0.038%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.038%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.038%) LatentZero
6 1 (0.038%) Minerva
6 1 (0.038%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.038%) OpenCart
6 1 (0.038%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.038%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.038%) Tesseract
6 1 (0.038%) thinkFolio
6 1 (0.038%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 196 (7.51%) Amazon AWS
2 156 (5.98%) npm
3 136 (5.21%) Microsoft Azure
4 68 (2.61%) GitHub
5 60 (2.30%) Serverless
6 33 (1.26%) SaaS
7 22 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
8 21 (0.80%) Amazon EC2
8 21 (0.80%) Google Analytics
9 18 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
10 15 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
11 13 (0.50%) Adobe Analytics
11 13 (0.50%) OpenShift
12 12 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
13 11 (0.42%) BrowserStack
14 10 (0.38%) Amazon S3
15 9 (0.34%) Office 365
15 9 (0.34%) Yarn
16 8 (0.31%) IaaS
17 7 (0.27%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 78 (2.99%) HTTP
2 41 (1.57%) Internet
3 15 (0.57%) SMS
4 11 (0.42%) Reverse Proxy
5 5 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
6 4 (0.15%) FTP
6 4 (0.15%) SMTP
6 4 (0.15%) SSL
7 3 (0.11%) AMQP
7 3 (0.11%) DSL
7 3 (0.11%) SSH
8 2 (0.077%) Intranet
9 1 (0.038%) Broadband
9 1 (0.038%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.038%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 245 (9.39%) MySQL
2 225 (8.62%) SQL Server
3 105 (4.02%) MongoDB
3 105 (4.02%) NoSQL
4 94 (3.60%) Relational Database
5 49 (1.88%) PostgreSQL
6 47 (1.80%) Apache Cassandra
7 41 (1.57%) SQL Server 2012
8 33 (1.26%) RDBMS
9 26 (1.00%) SQL Server 2008
10 23 (0.88%) Redis
11 21 (0.80%) SQL Server 2014
12 20 (0.77%) Big Data
13 16 (0.61%) Blockchain
14 13 (0.50%) DB2
14 13 (0.50%) Oracle Database
14 13 (0.50%) RavenDB
15 10 (0.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 10 (0.38%) Data Warehouse
16 9 (0.34%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 721 (27.62%) Git (software)
2 287 (11.00%) webpack
3 280 (10.73%) gulp
4 232 (8.89%) Grunt
5 208 (7.97%) Jenkins
6 183 (7.01%) JIRA
7 167 (6.40%) Jasmine
8 139 (5.33%) Selenium
9 122 (4.67%) Mocha
10 116 (4.44%) Visual Studio
11 109 (4.18%) Subversion
12 105 (4.02%) Karma Test Runner
13 88 (3.37%) Babel
14 76 (2.91%) Axure RP
15 63 (2.41%) Maven
16 61 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
17 59 (2.26%) TeamCity
18 53 (2.03%) Protractor
18 53 (2.03%) Sinon.JS
19 46 (1.76%) Cucumber
General
1 289 (11.07%) Finance
2 177 (6.78%) Retail
3 175 (6.70%) Banking
4 87 (3.33%) Marketing
5 32 (1.23%) Telecoms
6 26 (1.00%) Games
6 26 (1.00%) Investment Banking
7 17 (0.65%) Publishing
8 16 (0.61%) Advertising
9 15 (0.57%) Law
9 15 (0.57%) Legal
10 10 (0.38%) Interactive Media
11 9 (0.34%) Back Office
12 8 (0.31%) Front Office
12 8 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.27%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.23%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.23%) Multimedia
14 6 (0.23%) Music Industry
14 6 (0.23%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,286 (87.59%) Developer
2 857 (32.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 458 (17.55%) React Developer
4 447 (17.13%) JavaScript Developer
5 284 (10.88%) Angular Developer
6 247 (9.46%) Full Stack Developer
7 242 (9.27%) UI Developer
8 201 (7.70%) HTML Developer
9 196 (7.51%) Senior Developer
10 174 (6.67%) .NET Developer
11 165 (6.32%) HTML CSS Developer
12 158 (6.05%) Web Developer
13 132 (5.06%) PHP Developer
14 122 (4.67%) Java Developer
14 122 (4.67%) Node.js Developer
15 118 (4.52%) C# Developer
16 86 (3.30%) C# .NET Developer
17 79 (3.03%) Designer
18 75 (2.87%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 65 (2.49%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,610 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,535 (97.13%) HTML
3 2,416 (92.57%) HTML5
4 1,076 (41.23%) AngularJS
5 970 (37.16%) React
6 750 (28.74%) jQuery
7 738 (28.28%) Node.js
8 674 (25.82%) Sass
9 415 (15.90%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 405 (15.52%) Redux
11 372 (14.25%) .NET
12 350 (13.41%) RESTful
13 315 (12.07%) JSON
14 313 (11.99%) LESS
15 312 (11.95%) REST
16 292 (11.19%) Web Services
17 266 (10.19%) Ajax
18 257 (9.85%) ASP.NET
19 209 (8.01%) XML
20 194 (7.43%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 523 (20.04%) User Experience
2 225 (8.62%) Greenfield Project
3 138 (5.29%) Mobile App
4 71 (2.72%) Analytical Skills
5 66 (2.53%) Fintech
6 53 (2.03%) W3C
7 33 (1.26%) Computer Science
8 29 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
9 19 (0.73%) Algorithms
9 19 (0.73%) Data Structures
10 18 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
10 18 (0.69%) Self-Motivation
11 17 (0.65%) NHS
11 17 (0.65%) Social Media
11 17 (0.65%) Virtual Team
12 12 (0.46%) Clustering
12 12 (0.46%) Digital Media
13 11 (0.42%) iPad
13 11 (0.42%) Wiki
14 10 (0.38%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 129 (4.94%) Linux
2 101 (3.87%) Android
3 93 (3.56%) Apple iOS
4 45 (1.72%) Windows
5 34 (1.30%) Unix
6 5 (0.19%) CentOS
6 5 (0.19%) VMS
7 4 (0.15%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.11%) Windows Phone
8 3 (0.11%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.077%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.077%) Windows Phone 8
10 1 (0.038%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,212 (46.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1,033 (39.58%) Front End Development
3 716 (27.43%) TDD
4 470 (18.01%) Web Development
5 456 (17.47%) MVC
6 424 (16.25%) Scrum
7 326 (12.49%) Unit Testing
8 307 (11.76%) BDD
9 299 (11.46%) Test Automation
10 286 (10.96%) OO
11 279 (10.69%) Responsive Web Design
12 276 (10.57%) Continuous Integration
13 245 (9.39%) E-Commerce
14 238 (9.12%) Microservices
15 209 (8.01%) DevOps
16 156 (5.98%) Wireframes
17 148 (5.67%) Open Source
18 139 (5.33%) Problem-Solving
19 137 (5.25%) OOP
20 133 (5.10%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 2,270 (86.97%) JavaScript
2 376 (14.41%) ES6
3 373 (14.29%) C#
4 360 (13.79%) Java
5 270 (10.34%) TypeScript
6 265 (10.15%) SQL
7 228 (8.74%) PHP
8 96 (3.68%) Python
9 83 (3.18%) Scala
10 65 (2.49%) Ruby
11 58 (2.22%) T-SQL
12 54 (2.07%) ES7
13 40 (1.53%) Java 8
14 25 (0.96%) Go
15 21 (0.80%) C
15 21 (0.80%) C++
15 21 (0.80%) PL/SQL
16 18 (0.69%) Groovy
17 17 (0.65%) Apple Swift
17 17 (0.65%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 110 (4.21%) Security Cleared
2 83 (3.18%) SC Cleared
3 78 (2.99%) Degree
4 12 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
5 10 (0.38%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.31%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.19%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.15%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.11%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.077%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (3.10%) QA
2 24 (0.92%) WCAG
3 14 (0.54%) WAI
4 9 (0.34%) PMO
4 9 (0.34%) SLA
5 8 (0.31%) GDPR
6 5 (0.19%) GCP
7 2 (0.077%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.038%) Section 508
System Software
1 238 (9.12%) Docker
2 13 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
3 10 (0.38%) VirtualBox
4 6 (0.23%) LXC
5 1 (0.038%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.038%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.038%) Firmware
5 1 (0.038%) HDFS
5 1 (0.038%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 45 (1.72%) Kubernetes
2 39 (1.49%) Puppet
3 21 (0.80%) Ansible
4 19 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
5 10 (0.38%) HAProxy
6 9 (0.34%) Terraform
7 6 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
8 3 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 2 (0.077%) Mesos
10 1 (0.038%) Capistrano
10 1 (0.038%) cPanel
10 1 (0.038%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.038%) Kibana
10 1 (0.038%) Nagios
10 1 (0.038%) Plesk
10 1 (0.038%) Rancher
Vendors
1 139 (5.33%) Microsoft
2 137 (5.25%) Adobe
3 92 (3.52%) Oracle
4 49 (1.88%) Google
5 41 (1.57%) Capita
5 41 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
6 30 (1.15%) Sitecore
7 20 (0.77%) Perforce
8 17 (0.65%) Twitter
9 16 (0.61%) Zend
10 15 (0.57%) SAP
11 13 (0.50%) Atlassian
12 11 (0.42%) hybris
13 9 (0.34%) ClickTale
14 8 (0.31%) Apple
14 8 (0.31%) IBM
15 7 (0.27%) Rackspace
16 6 (0.23%) MuleSoft
16 6 (0.23%) Xamarin
17 5 (0.19%) New Relic