Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 103 87 76
Rank change year-on-year -16 -11 +4
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2,457 2,484 2,879
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.43% 2.68% 2.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.44% 8.48% 9.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,813 1,692 2,196
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £290 £285 £263
90th Percentile £581 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £385 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +6.21% +3.57% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 14 15
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +33.33% +9.35%
10th Percentile £12.75 £18.28 £9.00
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.20 £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% +29.03% +12.73%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,007 29,279 30,525
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.63% 31.58% 28.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,267 20,209 21,179
UK median daily rate £475 £435 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.20% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 333 367 476
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.50 £38.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.23% +4.85% +10.36%
10th Percentile £17.05 £15.75 £14.88
90th Percentile £59.75 £52.50 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.90% +6.94%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 2,322 £425 +4.94% 1,345
UK excluding London -8 1,265 £385 +6.21% 1,052
London -22 1,156 £475 +6.74% 375
South East -17 401 £413 +10.74% 249
North of England +5 385 £380 +1.33% 277
North West +31 233 £391 +11.58% 151
Midlands +7 231 £350 - 213
Yorkshire -16 141 £375 -3.23% 93
West Midlands +25 120 £325 -13.33% 110
East Midlands +7 111 £375 +15.38% 103
South West -22 80 £378 +0.67% 114
Scotland -27 79 £400 +7.38% 53
East of England -12 63 £400 +22.14% 117
Wales -19 31 £451 +32.72% 22
North East -17 13 £375 -6.66% 33
Northern Ireland -8 3 £313 -10.71% 7

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2,457 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,381 (96.91%) HTML
3 2,288 (93.12%) HTML5
4 2,088 (84.98%) JavaScript
5 1,133 (46.11%) Agile Software Development
6 1,026 (41.76%) AngularJS
7 964 (39.23%) Front End Development
8 856 (34.84%) React
9 746 (30.36%) jQuery
10 704 (28.65%) Node.js
11 699 (28.45%) TDD
12 698 (28.41%) Git (software)
13 585 (23.81%) Sass
14 449 (18.27%) Web Development
15 441 (17.95%) User Experience
16 424 (17.26%) MVC
17 407 (16.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 400 (16.28%) RESTful
19 399 (16.24%) .NET
20 377 (15.34%) BDD
21 361 (14.69%) Scrum
22 359 (14.61%) C#
23 357 (14.53%) Java
24 348 (14.16%) Redux
25 343 (13.96%) Web Services
26 337 (13.72%) ES6
27 333 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
28 312 (12.70%) Test Automation
29 305 (12.41%) Unit Testing
30 301 (12.25%) Responsive Web Design

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 154 (6.27%) CMS
2 91 (3.70%) Confluence
3 68 (2.77%) Drupal
4 66 (2.69%) WordPress
5 44 (1.79%) Umbraco
6 39 (1.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 34 (1.38%) Apache
8 29 (1.18%) WebSphere
9 23 (0.94%) EPiServer
10 21 (0.85%) SharePoint
11 19 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
12 18 (0.73%) nginx
13 14 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
14 12 (0.49%) Joomla!
15 11 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
15 11 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.41%) Apache Solr
16 10 (0.41%) Kentico
16 10 (0.41%) Tomcat
17 9 (0.37%) IIS
Applications
1 110 (4.48%) Photoshop
2 51 (2.08%) Adobe Illustrator
3 47 (1.91%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 43 (1.75%) InVision
5 22 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
5 22 (0.90%) OmniGraffle
6 17 (0.69%) GIMP
7 13 (0.53%) UXPin
8 9 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
9 7 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
10 5 (0.20%) MS Visio
11 2 (0.081%) Fireworks
12 1 (0.041%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.041%) InDesign
12 1 (0.041%) Lectora
Business Applications
1 30 (1.22%) Magento
2 9 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.24%) Shopify
4 3 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.12%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.041%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.041%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.041%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.041%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.041%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.041%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.041%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 178 (7.24%) Amazon AWS
2 118 (4.80%) npm
3 115 (4.68%) Microsoft Azure
4 66 (2.69%) Serverless
5 57 (2.32%) GitHub
6 30 (1.22%) Google Analytics
7 28 (1.14%) SaaS
8 26 (1.06%) OpenShift
9 16 (0.65%) Office 365
10 15 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
11 13 (0.53%) Amazon S3
12 12 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
13 9 (0.37%) Adobe Analytics
14 8 (0.33%) AWS CloudFormation
14 8 (0.33%) Google Tag Manager
14 8 (0.33%) IaaS
15 7 (0.28%) PaaS
15 7 (0.28%) Yarn
16 6 (0.24%) Basecamp
16 6 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 68 (2.77%) HTTP
2 29 (1.18%) Internet
3 18 (0.73%) SMS
4 10 (0.41%) SMTP
4 10 (0.41%) SSL
5 6 (0.24%) AMQP
6 5 (0.20%) Intranet
6 5 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.16%) FTP
7 4 (0.16%) Skype
7 4 (0.16%) SSH
8 3 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.081%) DNS
9 2 (0.081%) DSL
10 1 (0.041%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.041%) IPsec
10 1 (0.041%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (8.91%) SQL Server
2 212 (8.63%) MySQL
3 86 (3.50%) MongoDB
3 86 (3.50%) Relational Database
4 78 (3.17%) NoSQL
5 53 (2.16%) PostgreSQL
6 27 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 27 (1.10%) Redis
7 26 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
8 24 (0.98%) SQL Server 2008
9 23 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
9 23 (0.94%) SQL Server 2014
10 21 (0.85%) Big Data
11 20 (0.81%) RDBMS
12 15 (0.61%) DB2
13 14 (0.57%) Blockchain
14 13 (0.53%) RavenDB
15 12 (0.49%) Oracle Database
16 10 (0.41%) Cloud Spanner
16 10 (0.41%) NewSQL
Development Applications
1 698 (28.41%) Git (software)
2 266 (10.83%) gulp
3 260 (10.58%) Jenkins
4 256 (10.42%) webpack
5 218 (8.87%) Grunt
6 160 (6.51%) JIRA
7 149 (6.06%) Jasmine
8 138 (5.62%) Mocha
9 133 (5.41%) Selenium
10 112 (4.56%) Visual Studio
11 106 (4.31%) Subversion
12 88 (3.58%) Karma Test Runner
13 84 (3.42%) Babel
14 73 (2.97%) Cucumber
15 64 (2.60%) Maven
16 62 (2.52%) Sinon.JS
17 59 (2.40%) Axure RP
18 47 (1.91%) Gerrit
19 44 (1.79%) NUnit
20 42 (1.71%) JUnit
General
1 248 (10.09%) Finance
2 145 (5.90%) Banking
3 121 (4.92%) Retail
4 82 (3.34%) Marketing
5 38 (1.55%) Telecoms
6 25 (1.02%) Games
7 21 (0.85%) Multimedia
8 17 (0.69%) Investment Banking
9 16 (0.65%) Law
9 16 (0.65%) Publishing
10 12 (0.49%) Front Office
11 10 (0.41%) Manufacturing
12 9 (0.37%) Back Office
12 9 (0.37%) Legal
13 8 (0.33%) Advertising
13 8 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.20%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.16%) Electronics
15 4 (0.16%) Music Industry
15 4 (0.16%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,134 (86.85%) Developer
2 808 (32.89%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 459 (18.68%) JavaScript Developer
4 400 (16.28%) React Developer
5 273 (11.11%) Angular Developer
6 230 (9.36%) Full Stack Developer
7 215 (8.75%) HTML Developer
8 176 (7.16%) UI Developer
9 174 (7.08%) Senior Developer
10 170 (6.92%) .NET Developer
11 164 (6.67%) HTML CSS Developer
12 141 (5.74%) Node.js Developer
13 130 (5.29%) PHP Developer
14 129 (5.25%) Java Developer
14 129 (5.25%) Web Developer
15 98 (3.99%) C# Developer
16 83 (3.38%) Designer
17 72 (2.93%) C# .NET Developer
18 68 (2.77%) Senior Front-End Developer
19 55 (2.24%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,457 (100.00%) CSS
2 2,381 (96.91%) HTML
3 2,288 (93.12%) HTML5
4 1,026 (41.76%) AngularJS
5 856 (34.84%) React
6 746 (30.36%) jQuery
7 704 (28.65%) Node.js
8 585 (23.81%) Sass
9 407 (16.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 400 (16.28%) RESTful
11 399 (16.24%) .NET
12 348 (14.16%) Redux
13 343 (13.96%) Web Services
14 295 (12.01%) LESS
15 280 (11.40%) JSON
16 276 (11.23%) REST
17 274 (11.15%) ASP.NET
18 206 (8.38%) Angular 2
19 190 (7.73%) Ajax
20 173 (7.04%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 441 (17.95%) User Experience
2 198 (8.06%) Greenfield Project
3 116 (4.72%) Mobile App
4 80 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
5 64 (2.60%) Fintech
6 36 (1.47%) W3C
7 33 (1.34%) Computer Science
8 31 (1.26%) Digital Media
9 30 (1.22%) Virtual Team
10 27 (1.10%) Clustering
11 25 (1.02%) e-Learning
12 19 (0.77%) Algorithms
12 19 (0.77%) Social Media
13 18 (0.73%) Enterprise Software
13 18 (0.73%) Fat Client
13 18 (0.73%) Thin Client
13 18 (0.73%) Video\Live Streaming
14 17 (0.69%) Self-Motivation
15 15 (0.61%) Data Structures
15 15 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 123 (5.01%) Linux
2 91 (3.70%) Apple iOS
3 85 (3.46%) Android
4 43 (1.75%) Windows
5 36 (1.47%) Unix
6 12 (0.49%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.33%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.16%) CentOS
9 3 (0.12%) VMS
10 2 (0.081%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.081%) Windows 8
10 2 (0.081%) Windows Phone
10 2 (0.081%) Windows Phone 8
11 1 (0.041%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.041%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.041%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.041%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.041%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.041%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,133 (46.11%) Agile Software Development
2 964 (39.23%) Front End Development
3 699 (28.45%) TDD
4 449 (18.27%) Web Development
5 424 (17.26%) MVC
6 377 (15.34%) BDD
7 361 (14.69%) Scrum
8 333 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
9 312 (12.70%) Test Automation
10 305 (12.41%) Unit Testing
11 301 (12.25%) Responsive Web Design
12 277 (11.27%) OO
13 221 (8.99%) E-Commerce
14 193 (7.86%) DevOps
15 191 (7.77%) Microservices
16 142 (5.78%) Continuous Delivery
17 129 (5.25%) Open Source
18 126 (5.13%) Software Engineering
19 125 (5.09%) Wireframes
20 122 (4.97%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,088 (84.98%) JavaScript
2 359 (14.61%) C#
3 357 (14.53%) Java
4 337 (13.72%) ES6
5 239 (9.73%) TypeScript
6 231 (9.40%) SQL
7 230 (9.36%) PHP
8 93 (3.79%) Scala
9 85 (3.46%) Python
10 74 (3.01%) Ruby
11 60 (2.44%) T-SQL
12 58 (2.36%) Java 8
13 46 (1.87%) ES7
14 23 (0.94%) C
14 23 (0.94%) Go
14 23 (0.94%) PL/SQL
15 19 (0.77%) PowerShell
16 18 (0.73%) C++
17 17 (0.69%) Groovy
18 15 (0.61%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 72 (2.93%) Degree
2 59 (2.40%) Security Cleared
3 34 (1.38%) SC Cleared
4 14 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
5 12 (0.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.16%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.16%) DBS Check
7 4 (0.16%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.081%) MCSD
8 2 (0.081%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.041%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.041%) HND
9 1 (0.041%) ISEB
9 1 (0.041%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.041%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (3.17%) QA
2 38 (1.55%) WCAG
3 8 (0.33%) WAI
4 4 (0.16%) PMO
5 1 (0.041%) GDPR
5 1 (0.041%) Section 508
System Software
1 213 (8.67%) Docker
2 7 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.20%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.12%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.081%) LXC
6 1 (0.041%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.041%) Firmware
6 1 (0.041%) HDFS
6 1 (0.041%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 47 (1.91%) Ansible
2 43 (1.75%) Puppet
3 36 (1.47%) Kubernetes
4 22 (0.90%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (0.73%) Terraform
6 3 (0.12%) Nagios
6 3 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
7 2 (0.081%) Capistrano
7 2 (0.081%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.081%) Rancher
7 2 (0.081%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 1 (0.041%) Kibana
8 1 (0.041%) Salt
8 1 (0.041%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 127 (5.17%) Adobe
2 118 (4.80%) Microsoft
3 60 (2.44%) Oracle
4 55 (2.24%) Google
5 41 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
6 37 (1.51%) Capita
7 23 (0.94%) Sitecore
8 22 (0.90%) Zend
9 21 (0.85%) Perforce
10 18 (0.73%) Splunk
11 15 (0.61%) Apple
12 12 (0.49%) Atlassian
12 12 (0.49%) SAP
13 10 (0.41%) IBM
13 10 (0.41%) Twitter
14 9 (0.37%) Cisco
15 8 (0.33%) New Relic
16 7 (0.28%) ClickTale
16 7 (0.28%) DevExpress
16 7 (0.28%) MuleSoft