Period
to 3 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 3 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
3 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 263 168 100
Rank change year-on-year -95 -68 -17
Contract jobs citing CSS3 427 1,508 2,531
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.94% 1.68% 2.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.11% 5.14% 7.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 311 1,128 1,917
Median daily rate £425 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £308 £300 £292
90th Percentile £575 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £413 £390
% change year-on-year -3.03% +5.77% +6.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 14 12
Median hourly rate £35.75 £32.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.85% -28.33% +12.50%
10th Percentile £24.10 £13.50 £16.25
90th Percentile £49.40 £101.88 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £19.80 £45.00
% change year-on-year +152.59% -56.01% +12.50%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,732 29,342 33,285
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.38% 32.63% 32.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,260 20,509 23,396
Median daily rate £500 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +8.57%
10th Percentile £330 £331 £313
90th Percentile £675 £648 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £445 £413
% change year-on-year +1.12% +7.88% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 204 308 340
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +0.56% +4.36%
10th Percentile £22.21 £18.09 £16.93
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.23 £65.23
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.75
% change year-on-year -17.65% +4.29% +1.88%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS3.

Hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 3 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -106 367 £425 -5.56% 210
UK excluding London -69 212 £400 -3.03% 169
London -73 191 £450 -5.26% 55
South East -17 49 £425 - 23
North of England -6 47 £400 +6.67% 50
Scotland +26 33 £400 -5.88% 4
Midlands 0 30 £400 - 38
South West +14 29 £375 -11.76% 31
North West +12 24 £410 +9.33% 25
Work from Home -31 22 £425 +13.33% 32
Yorkshire +26 18 £400 +6.67% 15
East Midlands +3 16 £380 -5.00% 19
East of England +24 14 £375 -11.76% 14
West Midlands +17 14 £400 -3.03% 19
North East +12 5 £350 -15.15% 10
Wales -10 5 £413 +3.13% 9
Northern Ireland +1 4 £300 -29.41% 1
Channel Islands - 1 £425 -

For the 6 months to 3 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 427 (100.00%) CSS
2 424 (99.30%) HTML
3 392 (91.80%) HTML5
4 344 (80.56%) JavaScript
5 209 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
6 172 (40.28%) Front End Development
7 135 (31.62%) Git (software)
8 121 (28.34%) React
9 106 (24.82%) Sass
9 106 (24.82%) AngularJS
10 105 (24.59%) Node.js
11 81 (18.97%) TDD
12 79 (18.50%) User Experience
13 77 (18.03%) jQuery
14 73 (17.10%) Scrum
14 73 (17.10%) Redux
15 64 (14.99%) ES6
16 63 (14.75%) Java
17 62 (14.52%) DevOps
18 61 (14.29%) C#
19 60 (14.05%) TypeScript
19 60 (14.05%) Test Automation
20 57 (13.35%) PHP
21 55 (12.88%) Web Development
21 55 (12.88%) REST
22 50 (11.71%) .NET
23 49 (11.48%) SQL
24 47 (11.01%) OO
25 46 (10.77%) SQL Server
26 45 (10.54%) Unit Testing

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (7.03%) CMS
2 18 (4.22%) Drupal
3 15 (3.51%) WordPress
4 12 (2.81%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (2.81%) SharePoint
5 8 (1.87%) Confluence
6 6 (1.41%) Headless CMS
7 5 (1.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 5 (1.17%) Umbraco
8 4 (0.94%) Apache Solr
8 4 (0.94%) Apache Spark
8 4 (0.94%) SharePoint 2013
9 3 (0.70%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.70%) Tornado
10 2 (0.47%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.23%) Apache
11 1 (0.23%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.23%) Moodle
11 1 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.23%) Tomcat
Applications
1 22 (5.15%) Sketch
2 19 (4.45%) InVision
3 12 (2.81%) Photoshop
4 9 (2.11%) Zeplin
5 5 (1.17%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
7 2 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.23%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.23%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.23%) Figma
8 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.23%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 7 (1.64%) Magento
2 4 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.70%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.70%) Shopify
4 1 (0.23%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 41 (9.60%) Azure
2 40 (9.37%) AWS
3 13 (3.04%) npm
4 12 (2.81%) GitHub
5 8 (1.87%) Serverless
6 7 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
7 6 (1.41%) Office 365
7 6 (1.41%) SaaS
8 5 (1.17%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (1.17%) Power Platform
9 4 (0.94%) GCP
9 4 (0.94%) Yarn
10 3 (0.70%) Adobe Creative Cloud
10 3 (0.70%) Amazon ECS
10 3 (0.70%) Google Analytics
10 3 (0.70%) Logic Apps
10 3 (0.70%) prismic.io
10 3 (0.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 2 (0.47%) ShareGate
11 2 (0.47%) WhatsApp
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.04%) HTTP
2 5 (1.17%) DSL
2 5 (1.17%) SSL
2 5 (1.17%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.70%) Firewall
4 2 (0.47%) Skype
5 1 (0.23%) AMQP
5 1 (0.23%) IKE
5 1 (0.23%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (10.77%) SQL Server
2 27 (6.32%) MySQL
3 25 (5.85%) Relational Database
4 13 (3.04%) MongoDB
5 9 (2.11%) NoSQL
5 9 (2.11%) PostgreSQL
6 6 (1.41%) GIS
7 4 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
7 4 (0.94%) Big Data
8 3 (0.70%) Apache Hive
8 3 (0.70%) Blockchain
8 3 (0.70%) CouchDB
8 3 (0.70%) RDBMS
8 3 (0.70%) Redis
8 3 (0.70%) SQL Server 2017
9 2 (0.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 2 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
9 2 (0.47%) MariaDB
9 2 (0.47%) SQL Server 2016
9 2 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 135 (31.62%) Git (software)
2 31 (7.26%) Grunt
2 31 (7.26%) webpack
3 26 (6.09%) gulp
3 26 (6.09%) Jenkins
4 21 (4.92%) JIRA
5 17 (3.98%) Visual Studio
6 14 (3.28%) Subversion
7 13 (3.04%) git-flow
7 13 (3.04%) Jasmine
7 13 (3.04%) Selenium
8 11 (2.58%) Axure RP
8 11 (2.58%) JUnit
9 10 (2.34%) Maven
9 10 (2.34%) Mocha
10 9 (2.11%) GitLab
11 8 (1.87%) Bitbucket
11 8 (1.87%) Cypress.io
12 7 (1.64%) Cucumber
13 6 (1.41%) TeamCity
General
1 35 (8.20%) Finance
2 27 (6.32%) Public Sector
3 14 (3.28%) Banking
4 13 (3.04%) Retail
5 11 (2.58%) Law
6 9 (2.11%) Games
7 7 (1.64%) Marketing
8 6 (1.41%) Publishing
9 5 (1.17%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.70%) Advertising
10 3 (0.70%) Front Office
11 2 (0.47%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.23%) Back Office
12 1 (0.23%) French Language
12 1 (0.23%) Local Government
12 1 (0.23%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.23%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 362 (84.78%) Developer
2 123 (28.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 69 (16.16%) React Developer
4 38 (8.90%) Angular Developer
5 37 (8.67%) JavaScript Developer
6 36 (8.43%) Full Stack Developer
7 31 (7.26%) Web Developer
8 30 (7.03%) HTML Developer
9 29 (6.79%) Designer
9 29 (6.79%) UI Developer
10 24 (5.62%) Senior Developer
11 23 (5.39%) HTML CSS Developer
12 22 (5.15%) PHP Developer
12 22 (5.15%) UI Designer
13 18 (4.22%) Java Developer
14 17 (3.98%) .NET Developer
15 13 (3.04%) C# Developer
16 12 (2.81%) Scala Developer
17 11 (2.58%) Salesforce Developer
18 10 (2.34%) Cloud Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 427 (100.00%) CSS
2 424 (99.30%) HTML
3 392 (91.80%) HTML5
4 121 (28.34%) React
5 106 (24.82%) AngularJS
5 106 (24.82%) Sass
6 105 (24.59%) Node.js
7 77 (18.03%) jQuery
8 73 (17.10%) Redux
9 55 (12.88%) REST
10 50 (11.71%) .NET
11 44 (10.30%) JSON
11 44 (10.30%) RESTful
12 42 (9.84%) Web Services
13 36 (8.43%) Vue.js
14 29 (6.79%) Ajax
15 28 (6.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 22 (5.15%) Jest
16 22 (5.15%) Spring
17 21 (4.92%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 79 (18.50%) User Experience
2 24 (5.62%) Mobile App
3 21 (4.92%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (3.28%) Analytical Skills
5 11 (2.58%) Data Structures
6 7 (1.64%) Reinsurance
6 7 (1.64%) W3C
7 5 (1.17%) Animation
8 4 (0.94%) Hedge funds
9 3 (0.70%) Credit Risk
9 3 (0.70%) Enterprise Software
10 2 (0.47%) Algorithms
10 2 (0.47%) Cloud Native
10 2 (0.47%) Graphic Design
10 2 (0.47%) Robotics
10 2 (0.47%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.47%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.47%) Web 2.0
11 1 (0.23%) Linux Command Line
11 1 (0.23%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 22 (5.15%) Linux
2 11 (2.58%) Apple iOS
3 9 (2.11%) Android
4 4 (0.94%) Unix
5 3 (0.70%) CentOS
5 3 (0.70%) VMS
6 2 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.23%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.23%) tvOS
7 1 (0.23%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 209 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
2 172 (40.28%) Front End Development
3 81 (18.97%) TDD
4 73 (17.10%) Scrum
5 62 (14.52%) DevOps
6 60 (14.05%) Test Automation
7 55 (12.88%) Web Development
8 47 (11.01%) OO
9 45 (10.54%) Unit Testing
10 42 (9.84%) E-Commerce
11 38 (8.90%) Continuous Integration
11 38 (8.90%) MVC
12 36 (8.43%) Responsive Web Design
13 32 (7.49%) BDD
14 31 (7.26%) Microservices
15 29 (6.79%) Wireframes
16 28 (6.56%) Problem-Solving
17 20 (4.68%) Kanban
17 20 (4.68%) Web Design
18 18 (4.22%) Web Accessibility
Programming Languages
1 344 (80.56%) JavaScript
2 64 (14.99%) ES6
3 63 (14.75%) Java
4 61 (14.29%) C#
5 60 (14.05%) TypeScript
6 57 (13.35%) PHP
7 49 (11.48%) SQL
8 32 (7.49%) Python
9 25 (5.85%) Scala
10 15 (3.51%) Java 8
11 13 (3.04%) T-SQL
12 12 (2.81%) Ruby
13 6 (1.41%) C
13 6 (1.41%) ES7
13 6 (1.41%) PHP 7
14 5 (1.17%) Go
14 5 (1.17%) Groovy
14 5 (1.17%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.94%) Perl
15 4 (0.94%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 32 (7.49%) Security Cleared
2 22 (5.15%) SC Cleared
3 11 (2.58%) Degree
4 4 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.47%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (7.96%) WCAG
2 16 (3.75%) QA
3 9 (2.11%) WAI
4 1 (0.23%) HL7
System Software
1 13 (3.04%) Docker
Systems Management
1 9 (2.11%) Kibana
2 7 (1.64%) Terraform
3 6 (1.41%) Ansible
4 5 (1.17%) Kubernetes
5 4 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.70%) Consul
6 3 (0.70%) Grafana
6 3 (0.70%) Packer
7 1 (0.23%) logstash
7 1 (0.23%) Puppet
Vendors
1 18 (4.22%) Adobe
2 16 (3.75%) Salesforce.com
3 14 (3.28%) Microsoft
4 12 (2.81%) Demandware
5 10 (2.34%) Oracle
6 9 (2.11%) Google
7 8 (1.87%) Atlassian
8 5 (1.17%) Splunk
9 4 (0.94%) Zend
10 3 (0.70%) Cloudera
10 3 (0.70%) Hortonworks
10 3 (0.70%) hybris
10 3 (0.70%) SAP
10 3 (0.70%) Sitecore
11 2 (0.47%) GrapeCity
11 2 (0.47%) Mapbox
11 2 (0.47%) MuleSoft
11 2 (0.47%) Qubit
11 2 (0.47%) WooCommerce
11 2 (0.47%) WSO2