Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 88 78 78
Rank change year-on-year -10 0 -1
Contract jobs citing CSS3 2688 3131 2942
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.71% 2.97% 2.58%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.44% 9.88% 9.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 2015 2292 2258
UK median daily rate £425 £410 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +9.33% -
10th Percentile £289 £288 £255
90th Percentile £575 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £375 £338
% change year-on-year -2.67% +11.11% +3.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 14 29
UK median hourly rate £33.44 £43.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.23% +95.45% -20.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £25.76 £13.00
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £17.50
% change year-on-year +3.03% +135.71% -12.50%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31841 31700 31907
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.05% 30.07% 27.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 22355 22058 21760
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £299 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 364 369 529
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.15 £13.50 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.10 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £36.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% -4.00% +10.29%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 2523 £425 +3.03% 384
London -34 1392 £463 +8.82% 153
UK excluding London +20 1257 £365 -2.67% 238
South East +4 347 £375 - 47
North of England +25 318 £375 -6.02% 68
Midlands +52 285 £340 -2.86% 67
North West +29 155 £375 - 35
East Midlands +21 154 £340 -9.33% 37
Yorkshire 0 142 £375 -11.76% 28
West Midlands +49 126 £350 +7.69% 30
Scotland +30 102 £375 -4.76% 5
East of England +4 97 £360 +1.41% 32
South West -17 78 £338 - 17
Wales +20 38 £315 -16.00% 2
North East +43 19 £450 +1.41% 5

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 2688 (100.00%) CSS
2 2607 (96.99%) HTML
3 2498 (92.93%) HTML5
4 2273 (84.56%) JavaScript
5 1221 (45.42%) Agile Software Development
6 1157 (43.04%) AngularJS
7 1071 (39.84%) Front End Development
8 876 (32.59%) jQuery
9 835 (31.06%) Git (software)
10 811 (30.17%) React
11 769 (28.61%) Node.js
12 720 (26.79%) TDD
13 687 (25.56%) Sass
14 547 (20.35%) User Experience
15 485 (18.04%) Java
16 482 (17.93%) MVC
17 474 (17.63%) Web Development
18 470 (17.49%) Scrum
19 465 (17.30%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 435 (16.18%) Responsive Web Design
21 407 (15.14%) .NET
22 402 (14.96%) JSON
23 393 (14.62%) Finance
24 392 (14.58%) OO
25 389 (14.47%) REST
26 385 (14.32%) C#
27 359 (13.36%) Ajax
27 359 (13.36%) gulp
28 350 (13.02%) RESTful
29 341 (12.69%) Web Services

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (6.58%) CMS
2 159 (5.92%) Confluence
3 80 (2.98%) Drupal
4 79 (2.94%) WordPress
5 62 (2.31%) Apache
6 43 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
7 42 (1.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 41 (1.53%) nginx
9 39 (1.45%) Umbraco
10 37 (1.38%) WebSphere
11 33 (1.23%) JBoss
12 28 (1.04%) IIS
12 28 (1.04%) SharePoint
13 26 (0.97%) Tomcat
14 25 (0.93%) Sitecore CMS
15 22 (0.82%) EPiServer
16 18 (0.67%) Apache Solr
17 12 (0.45%) SAS
18 10 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 9 (0.33%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 160 (5.95%) Photoshop
2 85 (3.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 57 (2.12%) Adobe Illustrator
4 20 (0.74%) OmniGraffle
5 18 (0.67%) MS Visio
6 16 (0.60%) InVision
7 10 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
7 10 (0.37%) UXPin
8 9 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
9 8 (0.30%) GIMP
10 6 (0.22%) InDesign
11 5 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 4 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
12 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
13 3 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
13 3 (0.11%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.074%) HipChat
14 2 (0.074%) InfoPath
15 1 (0.037%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 47 (1.75%) Magento
2 10 (0.37%) SDL Web 8
3 4 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.15%) WebTrends
4 3 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
4 3 (0.11%) Eloqua
5 2 (0.074%) Unica
6 1 (0.037%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.037%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.037%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.037%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.037%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 149 (5.54%) npm
2 138 (5.13%) Amazon AWS
3 118 (4.39%) Microsoft Azure
4 77 (2.86%) GitHub
5 50 (1.86%) SaaS
6 27 (1.00%) Serverless
7 19 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
8 17 (0.63%) Google Analytics
9 13 (0.48%) Firebase
9 13 (0.48%) Trello
10 12 (0.45%) Office 365
11 11 (0.41%) Yarn
12 9 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 9 (0.33%) Amazon S3
13 8 (0.30%) Adobe Analytics
13 8 (0.30%) OpenShift
14 7 (0.26%) Amazon EC2
14 7 (0.26%) Bluemix
14 7 (0.26%) IBM Cloud
14 7 (0.26%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 103 (3.83%) HTTP
2 43 (1.60%) Internet
3 14 (0.52%) Intranet
3 14 (0.52%) SMS
4 9 (0.33%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.26%) DNS
6 6 (0.22%) ATM
7 3 (0.11%) Network Security
7 3 (0.11%) SSL
8 2 (0.074%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.074%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.074%) NFC
8 2 (0.074%) Skype
8 2 (0.074%) SSH
8 2 (0.074%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.074%) VPLS
9 1 (0.037%) CTI
9 1 (0.037%) Extranet
9 1 (0.037%) RTP
9 1 (0.037%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 213 (7.92%) SQL Server
2 197 (7.33%) MySQL
3 119 (4.43%) MongoDB
4 108 (4.02%) Relational Database
5 96 (3.57%) NoSQL
6 77 (2.86%) PostgreSQL
7 57 (2.12%) Big Data
8 30 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
9 27 (1.00%) Hadoop
10 22 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
11 19 (0.71%) HBase
11 19 (0.71%) Oracle Database
11 19 (0.71%) SQL Server 2014
12 18 (0.67%) RDBMS
12 18 (0.67%) Redis
13 14 (0.52%) SQL Server 2005
13 14 (0.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 13 (0.48%) SQL Server 2008
15 9 (0.33%) Power BI
16 8 (0.30%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 835 (31.06%) Git (software)
2 359 (13.36%) gulp
3 326 (12.13%) Grunt
4 252 (9.38%) Jenkins
5 244 (9.08%) JIRA
6 231 (8.59%) Jasmine
7 211 (7.85%) Subversion
8 188 (6.99%) webpack
9 137 (5.10%) Karma Test Runner
10 120 (4.46%) Selenium
11 105 (3.91%) Mocha
12 98 (3.65%) JUnit
13 78 (2.90%) Visual Studio
14 77 (2.86%) Cucumber
15 74 (2.75%) Bower
16 61 (2.27%) Maven
17 55 (2.05%) Bitbucket
18 54 (2.01%) Axure RP
19 51 (1.90%) Team Foundation Server
20 48 (1.79%) WebDriver
General
1 393 (14.62%) Finance
2 170 (6.32%) Banking
3 142 (5.28%) Marketing
4 135 (5.02%) Retail
5 60 (2.23%) Telecoms
6 46 (1.71%) Games
7 39 (1.45%) Publishing
8 38 (1.41%) Investment Banking
9 25 (0.93%) Advertising
10 24 (0.89%) Manufacturing
11 21 (0.78%) Front Office
12 19 (0.71%) Electronics
13 17 (0.63%) Retail Banking
14 14 (0.52%) Automotive
15 11 (0.41%) Financial Institution
15 11 (0.41%) Legal
16 7 (0.26%) Interactive Media
16 7 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
17 6 (0.22%) Law
18 4 (0.15%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2371 (88.21%) Developer
2 893 (33.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 606 (22.54%) JavaScript Developer
4 299 (11.12%) Angular Developer
5 294 (10.94%) HTML Developer
6 237 (8.82%) UI Developer
7 229 (8.52%) Senior Developer
8 220 (8.18%) HTML CSS Developer
9 189 (7.03%) Java Developer
10 157 (5.84%) .NET Developer
10 157 (5.84%) Full Stack Developer
11 146 (5.43%) Node.js Developer
12 139 (5.17%) Web Developer
13 104 (3.87%) Designer
14 95 (3.53%) C# Developer
14 95 (3.53%) PHP Developer
15 77 (2.86%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 73 (2.72%) Architect
17 67 (2.49%) UX Designer
18 65 (2.42%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2688 (100.00%) CSS
2 2607 (96.99%) HTML
3 2498 (92.93%) HTML5
4 1157 (43.04%) AngularJS
5 876 (32.59%) jQuery
6 811 (30.17%) React
7 769 (28.61%) Node.js
8 687 (25.56%) Sass
9 465 (17.30%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 407 (15.14%) .NET
11 402 (14.96%) JSON
12 389 (14.47%) REST
13 359 (13.36%) Ajax
14 350 (13.02%) RESTful
15 341 (12.69%) Web Services
16 323 (12.02%) LESS
17 267 (9.93%) Redux
18 243 (9.04%) Spring
19 240 (8.93%) Angular 2
20 230 (8.56%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 547 (20.35%) User Experience
2 158 (5.88%) Greenfield Project
3 119 (4.43%) Mobile App
4 97 (3.61%) Analytical Skills
5 62 (2.31%) Computer Science
5 62 (2.31%) Fintech
6 42 (1.56%) W3C
7 30 (1.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 26 (0.97%) Digital Media
9 23 (0.86%) Data Structures
10 22 (0.82%) Social Media
11 20 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
12 19 (0.71%) Animation
13 17 (0.63%) Enterprise Software
13 17 (0.63%) Management Information System
14 16 (0.60%) Algorithms
14 16 (0.60%) Video on Demand
15 15 (0.56%) Derivative
15 15 (0.56%) Fixed Income
15 15 (0.56%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 187 (6.96%) Linux
2 67 (2.49%) Android
3 57 (2.12%) Apple iOS
4 54 (2.01%) Unix
5 47 (1.75%) Windows
6 8 (0.30%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.22%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.19%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.15%) SUSE
10 3 (0.11%) Debian
10 3 (0.11%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1221 (45.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1071 (39.84%) Front End Development
3 720 (26.79%) TDD
4 482 (17.93%) MVC
5 474 (17.63%) Web Development
6 470 (17.49%) Scrum
7 435 (16.18%) Responsive Web Design
8 392 (14.58%) OO
9 332 (12.35%) Continuous Integration
10 311 (11.57%) Test Automation
11 295 (10.97%) BDD
12 214 (7.96%) Web Design
13 203 (7.55%) Unit Testing
14 200 (7.44%) E-Commerce
15 183 (6.81%) Open Source
16 149 (5.54%) Wireframes
17 136 (5.06%) OOP
18 127 (4.72%) Microservices
19 115 (4.28%) Kanban
20 112 (4.17%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 2273 (84.56%) JavaScript
2 485 (18.04%) Java
3 385 (14.32%) C#
4 313 (11.64%) ES6
5 233 (8.67%) PHP
6 204 (7.59%) SQL
7 172 (6.40%) Python
8 165 (6.14%) TypeScript
9 161 (5.99%) Ruby
10 158 (5.88%) Scala
11 60 (2.23%) ECMAScript
12 37 (1.38%) T-SQL
13 36 (1.34%) C++
14 27 (1.00%) Groovy
15 26 (0.97%) C
16 23 (0.86%) Shell Script
17 20 (0.74%) Bash Shell
18 18 (0.67%) PL/SQL
19 16 (0.60%) Clojure
19 16 (0.60%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 102 (3.79%) Degree
2 71 (2.64%) Security Cleared
3 53 (1.97%) SC Cleared
4 25 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.19%) BC Cleared
5 5 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.15%) DBS Check
6 4 (0.15%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.11%) CISA
7 3 (0.11%) CISM
7 3 (0.11%) CISSP
8 2 (0.074%) HND
8 2 (0.074%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.037%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.037%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.037%) ISEB
9 1 (0.037%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (1.34%) QA
2 23 (0.86%) WCAG
3 7 (0.26%) WAI
4 5 (0.19%) COBIT
5 4 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.11%) FedRAMP
6 3 (0.11%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.11%) SLA
7 2 (0.074%) FATCA
7 2 (0.074%) RosettaNet
System Software
1 140 (5.21%) Docker
2 8 (0.30%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.22%) LXC
4 5 (0.19%) UAG
5 4 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.11%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.074%) HDFS
7 2 (0.074%) Varnish
8 1 (0.037%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 39 (1.45%) Puppet
2 25 (0.93%) Kubernetes
3 22 (0.82%) Ansible
4 15 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (0.56%) Terraform
5 7 (0.26%) Kibana
6 6 (0.22%) Rancher
7 3 (0.11%) cPanel
7 3 (0.11%) logstash
7 3 (0.11%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 2 (0.074%) Nagios
Vendors
1 195 (7.25%) Adobe
2 138 (5.13%) Google
3 94 (3.50%) Oracle
4 89 (3.31%) Microsoft
5 30 (1.12%) Sitecore
6 26 (0.97%) SAP
7 22 (0.82%) Twitter
8 21 (0.78%) IBM
8 21 (0.78%) Perforce
9 17 (0.63%) Zend
10 14 (0.52%) Atlassian
11 13 (0.48%) Facebook
12 10 (0.37%) Salesforce.com
13 9 (0.33%) Solace
13 9 (0.33%) VMware
14 7 (0.26%) Apple
14 7 (0.26%) ClickTale
14 7 (0.26%) Optimizely
15 6 (0.22%) Demandware
15 6 (0.22%) MuleSoft