Period
to 28 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for CSS3 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS3 over the 6 months to 28 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS 3
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 214 155 102
Rank change year-on-year -59 -53 -17
Contract jobs citing CSS3 829 1,780 2,422
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.23% 1.80% 2.38%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.08% 5.37% 7.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 579 1,279 1,816
UK median daily rate £425 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £300 £312 £288
90th Percentile £575 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £403 £375
% change year-on-year -0.68% +7.40% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 10 11
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £26.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +88.68% -41.11% +12.50%
10th Percentile £30.90 £13.50 £12.75
90th Percentile £52.70 £53.75 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.00 £18.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +54.67% -58.33% +12.50%

CSS3 is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 20,297 33,178 32,483
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.05% 33.55% 31.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,847 23,365 23,133
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +4.86% +8.82%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £443 £428 £400
% change year-on-year +3.51% +6.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 245 295 343
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £41.85 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.41% +2.06% +2.50%
10th Percentile £22.10 £18.50 £20.10
90th Percentile £73.75 £60.00 £57.12
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.77 £42.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year -6.42% +0.59% +5.63%

CSS3
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CSS3 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS3 over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS3 in the UK

CSS3
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS3 within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -58 749 £425 -5.56% 595
UK excluding London -45 413 £400 -0.68% 471
London -50 386 £450 -7.69% 178
North of England 0 111 £400 - 157
South East -60 83 £400 -5.88% 80
South West +1 67 £375 -11.76% 54
Midlands -7 65 £413 +3.13% 65
North West -9 49 £450 +20.00% 92
Yorkshire +21 41 £400 -2.44% 54
Scotland -14 40 £400 - 33
West Midlands +20 36 £425 +6.25% 33
East of England +23 32 £350 -17.65% 61
East Midlands +1 29 £410 +2.50% 32
North East +27 21 £338 -28.57% 11
Wales +2 10 £359 -15.09% 18
Northern Ireland +9 4 £550 +29.41% 3
Channel Islands - 1 £425 - 1

For the 6 months to 28 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS3 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for CSS3.

1 829 (100.00%) CSS
2 819 (98.79%) HTML
3 762 (91.92%) HTML5
4 653 (78.77%) JavaScript
5 397 (47.89%) Agile Software Development
6 321 (38.72%) Front End Development
7 261 (31.48%) Git (software)
8 235 (28.35%) AngularJS
9 227 (27.38%) React
10 223 (26.90%) Node.js
11 190 (22.92%) Sass
12 169 (20.39%) jQuery
12 169 (20.39%) User Experience
13 146 (17.61%) REST
14 141 (17.01%) Redux
15 139 (16.77%) Scrum
16 136 (16.41%) Web Development
17 135 (16.28%) TDD
18 130 (15.68%) RESTful
19 126 (15.20%) JSON
20 121 (14.60%) Java
21 120 (14.48%) Test Automation
22 118 (14.23%) Continuous Integration
23 113 (13.63%) MVC
24 111 (13.39%) ES6
25 108 (13.03%) TypeScript
26 101 (12.18%) .NET
27 94 (11.34%) E-Commerce
28 93 (11.22%) SQL Server
29 90 (10.86%) PHP

CSS3
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (7.00%) CMS
2 33 (3.98%) WordPress
3 26 (3.14%) Drupal
4 25 (3.02%) Confluence
5 14 (1.69%) Umbraco
6 13 (1.57%) SharePoint
7 11 (1.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 11 (1.33%) Apache
8 10 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
9 6 (0.72%) Sitecore CMS
10 5 (0.60%) SharePoint 2013
10 5 (0.60%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.48%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.48%) Headless CMS
11 4 (0.48%) nginx
12 3 (0.36%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.36%) Hyperledger
12 3 (0.36%) JBoss
12 3 (0.36%) Mendix
Applications
1 38 (4.58%) Photoshop
2 27 (3.26%) Sketch
3 19 (2.29%) InVision
4 11 (1.33%) Adobe Illustrator
4 11 (1.33%) GIMP
5 8 (0.97%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
6 3 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.24%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.24%) UserZoom
8 1 (0.12%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.12%) Figma
Business Applications
1 24 (2.90%) Magento
2 10 (1.21%) Shopify
3 4 (0.48%) osCommerce
4 3 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.36%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 61 (7.36%) AWS
2 57 (6.88%) GitHub
3 50 (6.03%) Azure
4 24 (2.90%) Google Analytics
5 23 (2.77%) npm
6 13 (1.57%) Serverless
7 12 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (0.97%) Amazon S3
9 6 (0.72%) Yarn
10 5 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
10 5 (0.60%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 5 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
10 5 (0.60%) CloudFront
10 5 (0.60%) Force.com
10 5 (0.60%) GCP
11 4 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
11 4 (0.48%) IBM Cloud
11 4 (0.48%) PaaS
11 4 (0.48%) SaaS
12 3 (0.36%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 58 (7.00%) HTTP
2 23 (2.77%) SSL
2 23 (2.77%) TCP/IP
3 17 (2.05%) DSL
4 6 (0.72%) Internet
4 6 (0.72%) SSH
5 3 (0.36%) Intranet
5 3 (0.36%) Network Security
6 2 (0.24%) DNS
6 2 (0.24%) Skype
7 1 (0.12%) AMQP
7 1 (0.12%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (11.22%) SQL Server
2 69 (8.32%) Relational Database
3 57 (6.88%) MySQL
4 43 (5.19%) MongoDB
5 18 (2.17%) NoSQL
6 12 (1.45%) RDBMS
7 11 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
7 11 (1.33%) PostgreSQL
8 7 (0.84%) Blockchain
8 7 (0.84%) GIS
8 7 (0.84%) Redis
8 7 (0.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 6 (0.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 6 (0.72%) SQL Server 2008
9 6 (0.72%) SQL Server 2016
10 5 (0.60%) MariaDB
11 4 (0.48%) CouchDB
11 4 (0.48%) SQL Server 2012
12 3 (0.36%) Amazon RDS
12 3 (0.36%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 261 (31.48%) Git (software)
2 78 (9.41%) Jenkins
3 56 (6.76%) webpack
4 54 (6.51%) JIRA
5 48 (5.79%) Grunt
6 44 (5.31%) gulp
7 39 (4.70%) JUnit
8 38 (4.58%) Selenium
9 34 (4.10%) Team Foundation Server
10 31 (3.74%) Cucumber
11 30 (3.62%) Visual Studio
12 23 (2.77%) Gatling
12 23 (2.77%) Jasmine
13 21 (2.53%) Mocha
14 19 (2.29%) Subversion
15 17 (2.05%) Bitbucket
16 16 (1.93%) Vagrant
17 15 (1.81%) Mercurial
18 12 (1.45%) git-flow
19 11 (1.33%) GitLab
General
1 52 (6.27%) Finance
1 52 (6.27%) Public Sector
2 39 (4.70%) Retail
3 36 (4.34%) Marketing
4 22 (2.65%) Banking
5 19 (2.29%) Law
6 14 (1.69%) Front Office
6 14 (1.69%) Telecoms
7 13 (1.57%) Electronics
8 12 (1.45%) Games
9 10 (1.21%) Manufacturing
10 9 (1.09%) Investment Banking
11 5 (0.60%) Advertising
11 5 (0.60%) Publishing
12 3 (0.36%) Automotive
12 3 (0.36%) Back Office
13 2 (0.24%) Financial Institution
14 1 (0.12%) French Language
14 1 (0.12%) Legal
14 1 (0.12%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 738 (89.02%) Developer
2 252 (30.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 128 (15.44%) React Developer
4 70 (8.44%) JavaScript Developer
5 67 (8.08%) Full Stack Developer
6 57 (6.88%) Angular Developer
7 52 (6.27%) HTML Developer
7 52 (6.27%) UI Developer
8 46 (5.55%) Web Developer
9 42 (5.07%) HTML CSS Developer
9 42 (5.07%) PHP Developer
10 41 (4.95%) Designer
10 41 (4.95%) Senior Developer
11 40 (4.83%) Scala Developer
12 39 (4.70%) .NET Developer
13 30 (3.62%) Java Developer
14 28 (3.38%) UI Designer
15 25 (3.02%) Node.js Developer
15 25 (3.02%) Salesforce Developer
16 18 (2.17%) Cloud Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 829 (100.00%) CSS
2 819 (98.79%) HTML
3 762 (91.92%) HTML5
4 235 (28.35%) AngularJS
5 227 (27.38%) React
6 223 (26.90%) Node.js
7 190 (22.92%) Sass
8 169 (20.39%) jQuery
9 146 (17.61%) REST
10 141 (17.01%) Redux
11 130 (15.68%) RESTful
12 126 (15.20%) JSON
13 101 (12.18%) .NET
14 88 (10.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 81 (9.77%) Web Services
16 76 (9.17%) Vue.js
17 72 (8.69%) Ajax
18 71 (8.56%) Spring
19 69 (8.32%) LESS
20 63 (7.60%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 169 (20.39%) User Experience
2 52 (6.27%) Greenfield Project
2 52 (6.27%) Mobile App
3 28 (3.38%) W3C
4 20 (2.41%) Analytical Skills
5 11 (1.33%) Data Structures
6 9 (1.09%) Graphic Design
7 7 (0.84%) Animation
8 5 (0.60%) Algorithms
8 5 (0.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 5 (0.60%) Social Media
9 4 (0.48%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (0.48%) New Media
9 4 (0.48%) NHS
9 4 (0.48%) Robotics
9 4 (0.48%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (0.48%) Social Network
10 3 (0.36%) Cloud Native
10 3 (0.36%) Public Cloud
10 3 (0.36%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 40 (4.83%) Linux
2 13 (1.57%) Android
3 11 (1.33%) Apple iOS
4 5 (0.60%) CentOS
5 4 (0.48%) Unix
6 3 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.36%) VMS
7 2 (0.24%) Windows
8 1 (0.12%) Debian
8 1 (0.12%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 397 (47.89%) Agile Software Development
2 321 (38.72%) Front End Development
3 139 (16.77%) Scrum
4 136 (16.41%) Web Development
5 135 (16.28%) TDD
6 120 (14.48%) Test Automation
7 118 (14.23%) Continuous Integration
8 113 (13.63%) MVC
9 94 (11.34%) E-Commerce
10 69 (8.32%) Problem-Solving
10 69 (8.32%) Responsive Web Design
11 68 (8.20%) OO
12 66 (7.96%) Microservices
13 63 (7.60%) Unit Testing
14 61 (7.36%) DevOps
15 53 (6.39%) BDD
16 48 (5.79%) Wireframes
17 44 (5.31%) Mentoring
18 40 (4.83%) Open Source
19 38 (4.58%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 653 (78.77%) JavaScript
2 121 (14.60%) Java
3 111 (13.39%) ES6
4 108 (13.03%) TypeScript
5 90 (10.86%) PHP
6 87 (10.49%) SQL
7 85 (10.25%) C#
8 74 (8.93%) Scala
9 41 (4.95%) Ruby
10 31 (3.74%) Java 8
11 27 (3.26%) Python
12 25 (3.02%) T-SQL
13 20 (2.41%) ES7
14 17 (2.05%) Groovy
15 13 (1.57%) PHP 7
16 12 (1.45%) PL/SQL
17 10 (1.21%) Bash Shell
18 6 (0.72%) C++
18 6 (0.72%) VB.NET
19 5 (0.60%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 44 (5.31%) Security Cleared
2 31 (3.74%) Degree
3 28 (3.38%) SC Cleared
4 5 (0.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
6 2 (0.24%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.12%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.12%) MCSD
7 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (8.44%) WCAG
2 18 (2.17%) QA
3 11 (1.33%) WAI
4 2 (0.24%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 28 (3.38%) Docker
2 2 (0.24%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 42 (5.07%) Kibana
2 22 (2.65%) Grafana
3 11 (1.33%) Kubernetes
4 7 (0.84%) Terraform
5 3 (0.36%) MIIS
6 2 (0.24%) Ansible
6 2 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.12%) Consul
7 1 (0.12%) cPanel
7 1 (0.12%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.12%) Packer
7 1 (0.12%) Puppet
7 1 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 53 (6.39%) Google
2 35 (4.22%) Microsoft
3 29 (3.50%) Salesforce.com
4 25 (3.02%) Adobe
4 25 (3.02%) Demandware
5 19 (2.29%) Oracle
6 17 (2.05%) Splunk
7 13 (1.57%) SAP
8 9 (1.09%) Atlassian
8 9 (1.09%) IBM
8 9 (1.09%) Xamarin
9 8 (0.97%) hybris
10 7 (0.84%) Sitecore
11 5 (0.60%) WooCommerce
12 4 (0.48%) Mapbox
12 4 (0.48%) Red Hat
12 4 (0.48%) Zend
13 2 (0.24%) Blue Prism
13 2 (0.24%) Facebook
13 2 (0.24%) Twitter