Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 330 320 286
Rank change year-on-year -10 -34 -14
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 811 763 977
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 0.80% 0.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.92% 0.93% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 506 441 622
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £288 £250 £235
90th Percentile £575 £544 £524
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 11 12
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -12.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £14.10 £11.40 £15.63
90th Percentile £44.15 £52.50 £45.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -6.67% -6.25% +3.23%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,010 81,989 92,052
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.19% 85.54% 84.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,032 53,704 60,739
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,377 2,066 2,306
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.00% +6.38% +9.05%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.44 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.08 £47.91
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% +4.17% +11.14%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 726 £425 +6.25% 154
UK excluding London +8 451 £400 +14.29% 113
London -14 354 £450 +5.88% 57
South East -39 135 £400 +14.29% 20
South West +12 70 £423 +28.03% 21
North of England +1 65 £400 +10.34% 27
Scotland -3 56 £350 +21.74% 11
Midlands -36 54 £400 +14.29% 18
East of England +9 48 £475 +8.57% 11
West Midlands -23 45 £369 +22.92% 11
Yorkshire +3 31 £363 -0.68% 10
North West -17 30 £413 +13.86% 16
Wales -6 19 £400 +23.08% 4
East Midlands -33 8 £453 +13.13% 7
Northern Ireland +28 4 £375 +2.74% 1
North East +2 4 £310 -20.51% 1

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 442 (54.50%) Agile Software Development
2 387 (47.72%) Test Automation
3 227 (27.99%) Java
4 201 (24.78%) Selenium
5 184 (22.69%) Finance
5 184 (22.69%) Test Scripting
5 184 (22.69%) Non-Functional Testing
6 174 (21.45%) JIRA
7 169 (20.84%) Scrum
8 162 (19.98%) SQL
9 159 (19.61%) QA
10 154 (18.99%) User Acceptance Testing
11 135 (16.65%) BDD
12 127 (15.66%) Jenkins
13 126 (15.54%) JavaScript
14 119 (14.67%) Regression Testing
14 119 (14.67%) TDD
15 108 (13.32%) Continuous Integration
16 107 (13.19%) Oracle
17 100 (12.33%) ISTQB
17 100 (12.33%) Test Strategy
18 96 (11.84%) ISEB
19 93 (11.47%) DevOps
20 92 (11.34%) Cucumber
21 90 (11.10%) Performance Testing
22 87 (10.73%) Git (software)
23 85 (10.48%) Web Services
24 84 (10.36%) C#
24 84 (10.36%) Banking
25 82 (10.11%) HTML

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (7.40%) Confluence
2 18 (2.22%) SharePoint
3 15 (1.85%) CMS
4 8 (0.99%) OpenStack
4 8 (0.99%) SharePoint Server
5 6 (0.74%) Tomcat
6 4 (0.49%) Apache Spark
6 4 (0.49%) CICS
6 4 (0.49%) GlassFish
7 3 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 3 (0.37%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
7 3 (0.37%) Umbraco
7 3 (0.37%) WebSphere
7 3 (0.37%) WordPress
8 2 (0.25%) Apache
8 2 (0.25%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.12%) GemFire
9 1 (0.12%) MTS
9 1 (0.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 24 (2.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (2.84%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (1.23%) Fireworks
4 10 (1.23%) Microsoft Project
4 10 (1.23%) Photoshop
5 9 (1.11%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.25%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 12 (1.48%) Oracle Payables
2 11 (1.36%) Oracle EBS
2 11 (1.36%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 10 (1.23%) Oracle EBS R12
4 9 (1.11%) Oracle Financials
5 7 (0.86%) Oracle ERP
5 7 (0.86%) Oracle Receivables
6 6 (0.74%) Oracle Assets
6 6 (0.74%) SAP S/4HANA
7 5 (0.62%) Oracle General Ledger
8 4 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.49%) HFM
8 4 (0.49%) Oracle Internet Expenses
8 4 (0.49%) SAP PSCD
9 3 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
9 3 (0.37%) Dynamics GP
9 3 (0.37%) Oracle iProcurement
9 3 (0.37%) SAP FI
9 3 (0.37%) SAP SD
10 2 (0.25%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 60 (7.40%) Amazon AWS
2 56 (6.91%) Microsoft Azure
3 18 (2.22%) SaaS
4 17 (2.10%) Office 365
5 16 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
5 16 (1.97%) Serverless
6 15 (1.85%) GitHub
7 14 (1.73%) Amazon SQS
8 13 (1.60%) Google Cloud Platform
9 11 (1.36%) BrowserStack
10 10 (1.23%) Dynamics 365
11 9 (1.11%) BlazeMeter
11 9 (1.11%) Sauce Labs
12 8 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (0.99%) Amazon Kinesis
13 7 (0.86%) Akamai
13 7 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (0.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 5 (0.62%) npm
14 5 (0.62%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.95%) Internet
2 18 (2.22%) SMS
3 15 (1.85%) HTTP
4 8 (0.99%) DVB
5 5 (0.62%) DNS
6 4 (0.49%) Value-Added Service
7 3 (0.37%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.37%) LAN
7 3 (0.37%) VLAN
7 3 (0.37%) VSAN
7 3 (0.37%) WAN
8 2 (0.25%) Network Security
8 2 (0.25%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.25%) WLAN
9 1 (0.12%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.12%) FlexRay
9 1 (0.12%) FTP
9 1 (0.12%) Skype
9 1 (0.12%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.12%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (4.81%) MySQL
1 39 (4.81%) Relational Database
1 39 (4.81%) SQL Server
2 29 (3.58%) NoSQL
3 28 (3.45%) MongoDB
4 26 (3.21%) RDBMS
5 22 (2.71%) Apache Cassandra
6 21 (2.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 21 (2.59%) Data Warehouse
7 19 (2.34%) Big Data
8 17 (2.10%) Oracle Database
9 12 (1.48%) PostgreSQL
10 10 (1.23%) MOLAP
10 10 (1.23%) ROLAP
11 9 (1.11%) Amazon RDS
11 9 (1.11%) Impala
11 9 (1.11%) Pentaho
12 8 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 7 (0.86%) Hazelcast
14 6 (0.74%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 201 (24.78%) Selenium
2 174 (21.45%) JIRA
3 127 (15.66%) Jenkins
4 92 (11.34%) Cucumber
5 87 (10.73%) Git (software)
6 70 (8.63%) WebDriver
7 55 (6.78%) SoapUI
8 48 (5.92%) JMeter
9 40 (4.93%) SpecFlow
10 38 (4.69%) Visual Studio
11 33 (4.07%) Team Foundation Server
12 29 (3.58%) JUnit
12 29 (3.58%) Maven
12 29 (3.58%) TeamCity
13 28 (3.45%) LoadRunner
14 26 (3.21%) Zephyr
15 19 (2.34%) HP UFT
15 19 (2.34%) Visual Studio Team System
16 14 (1.73%) Eclipse
17 13 (1.60%) Gatling
General
1 184 (22.69%) Finance
2 84 (10.36%) Banking
3 39 (4.81%) Retail
4 18 (2.22%) Manufacturing
5 17 (2.10%) Telecoms
6 16 (1.97%) Investment Banking
7 12 (1.48%) Marketing
8 11 (1.36%) Front Office
8 11 (1.36%) Law
9 10 (1.23%) Back Office
9 10 (1.23%) Legal
10 8 (0.99%) Retail Banking
11 7 (0.86%) Automotive
11 7 (0.86%) Electronics
12 6 (0.74%) German Language
12 6 (0.74%) Military
12 6 (0.74%) Publishing
13 5 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.49%) Advertising
14 4 (0.49%) Games
Job Titles
1 234 (28.85%) Analyst
2 182 (22.44%) Test Analyst
3 167 (20.59%) Tester
4 137 (16.89%) Developer
5 66 (8.14%) Automation Tester
6 55 (6.78%) Test Engineer
7 54 (6.66%) Test Manager
8 53 (6.54%) Test Leader
9 48 (5.92%) Functional Tester
10 33 (4.07%) Java Developer
11 31 (3.82%) React Developer
12 29 (3.58%) Business Analyst
13 27 (3.33%) Test Automation Engineer
14 25 (3.08%) Automation Test Analyst
15 23 (2.84%) QA Tester
16 21 (2.59%) Developer in Test
16 21 (2.59%) Senior Analyst
17 20 (2.47%) Architect
17 20 (2.47%) Consultant
17 20 (2.47%) Functional Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (10.48%) Web Services
2 82 (10.11%) HTML
3 73 (9.00%) REST
4 68 (8.38%) CSS
4 68 (8.38%) XML
5 61 (7.52%) Node.js
5 61 (7.52%) RESTful
6 53 (6.54%) HTML5
7 51 (6.29%) AngularJS
7 51 (6.29%) CSS3
8 49 (6.04%) .NET
9 48 (5.92%) React
10 38 (4.69%) Gherkin
11 37 (4.56%) SOAP
12 34 (4.19%) JSON
13 32 (3.95%) Spring
14 29 (3.58%) Sass
15 26 (3.21%) LESS
16 24 (2.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 19 (2.34%) MEAN Stack
Miscellaneous
1 59 (7.27%) Analytical Skills
2 46 (5.67%) User Experience
3 45 (5.55%) Mobile App
4 23 (2.84%) Greenfield Project
5 20 (2.47%) Data Centre
6 18 (2.22%) Client/Server
6 18 (2.22%) Self-Motivation
7 17 (2.10%) Fintech
8 14 (1.73%) Linux Command Line
9 12 (1.48%) Fixed Income
10 11 (1.36%) Computer Science
10 11 (1.36%) Management Information System
10 11 (1.36%) Virtual Team
11 8 (0.99%) Embedded Systems
11 8 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (0.99%) IPTV
11 8 (0.99%) STB
11 8 (0.99%) SWIFT
12 7 (0.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 6 (0.74%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 43 (5.30%) Unix
2 42 (5.18%) Linux
3 41 (5.06%) Windows
4 28 (3.45%) Android
5 18 (2.22%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.73%) Windows Server
7 12 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
8 2 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.12%) CentOS
9 1 (0.12%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.12%) VME
9 1 (0.12%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 442 (54.50%) Agile Software Development
2 387 (47.72%) Test Automation
3 184 (22.69%) Non-Functional Testing
3 184 (22.69%) Test Scripting
4 169 (20.84%) Scrum
5 154 (18.99%) User Acceptance Testing
6 135 (16.65%) BDD
7 119 (14.67%) Regression Testing
7 119 (14.67%) TDD
8 108 (13.32%) Continuous Integration
9 100 (12.33%) Test Strategy
10 93 (11.47%) DevOps
11 90 (11.10%) Performance Testing
12 78 (9.62%) Migration
12 78 (9.62%) Test Management
13 77 (9.49%) Integration Testing
14 76 (9.37%) Defect Management
15 71 (8.75%) Software Testing
16 70 (8.63%) Kanban
16 70 (8.63%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 227 (27.99%) Java
2 162 (19.98%) SQL
3 126 (15.54%) JavaScript
4 84 (10.36%) C#
5 51 (6.29%) Python
6 21 (2.59%) ES6
7 20 (2.47%) Groovy
7 20 (2.47%) Ruby
8 16 (1.97%) PL/SQL
9 15 (1.85%) Perl
9 15 (1.85%) VB
10 14 (1.73%) Java 8
11 12 (1.48%) C++
12 11 (1.36%) PHP
12 11 (1.36%) Shell Script
13 10 (1.23%) C
14 9 (1.11%) PowerShell
15 8 (0.99%) Bash Shell
15 8 (0.99%) Scala
16 5 (0.62%) ES7
Qualifications
1 100 (12.33%) ISTQB
2 96 (11.84%) ISEB
3 76 (9.37%) Security Cleared
4 57 (7.03%) SC Cleared
5 33 (4.07%) Degree
6 27 (3.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (0.99%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 6 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.74%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.74%) ITIL Certification
9 5 (0.62%) ISEB Practitioner
10 4 (0.49%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.25%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.25%) IIBA
11 2 (0.25%) MBA
11 2 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.12%) VCAP
12 1 (0.12%) VCDX
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 159 (19.61%) QA
2 10 (1.23%) SLA
3 9 (1.11%) GDPR
4 7 (0.86%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.62%) EMIR
5 5 (0.62%) MiFID
5 5 (0.62%) SEPA
6 3 (0.37%) PMO
7 2 (0.25%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 2 (0.25%) GCP
7 2 (0.25%) GLP
7 2 (0.25%) GMP
7 2 (0.25%) GxP
7 2 (0.25%) WCAG
8 1 (0.12%) ARP4754
8 1 (0.12%) Basel III
8 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.12%) JTAG
System Software
1 38 (4.69%) Docker
2 9 (1.11%) Active Directory
2 9 (1.11%) XenDesktop
3 7 (0.86%) XenApp
4 6 (0.74%) Microsoft App-V
4 6 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.37%) vSphere
6 2 (0.25%) HDFS
7 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 45 (5.55%) HP Quality Center
2 42 (5.18%) HP ALM
3 26 (3.21%) Kubernetes
4 18 (2.22%) Ansible
5 13 (1.60%) Puppet
6 8 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.86%) Terraform
8 6 (0.74%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 6 (0.74%) SCCM
9 4 (0.49%) SCOM
10 3 (0.37%) Consul
11 2 (0.25%) Salt
12 1 (0.12%) CA Service Virtualization
12 1 (0.12%) Capistrano
12 1 (0.12%) logstash
12 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Intune
12 1 (0.12%) Nagios
12 1 (0.12%) Oozie
12 1 (0.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 107 (13.19%) Oracle
2 62 (7.64%) Microsoft
3 47 (5.80%) HP
4 30 (3.70%) SAP
5 24 (2.96%) Google
6 14 (1.73%) VMware
7 13 (1.60%) Adobe
7 13 (1.60%) Citrix
8 11 (1.36%) Hyperion
9 10 (1.23%) IBM
10 8 (0.99%) Nintex
11 7 (0.86%) Huawei
11 7 (0.86%) TIBCO
12 6 (0.74%) Concur
12 6 (0.74%) Workday
13 5 (0.62%) AppDynamics
13 5 (0.62%) Atlassian
13 5 (0.62%) FIS
13 5 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
13 5 (0.62%) Sitecore