Period
to 17 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 17 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 298 283 256
Rank change year-on-year -15 -27 -6
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 806 934 1073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 0.88% 0.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.96% 1.04% 1.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 481 599 658
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -5.41%
10th Percentile £260 £225 £235
90th Percentile £575 £525 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £350 £330
% change year-on-year +3.57% +6.06% +1.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 11 15
UK median hourly rate £32.75 £39.37 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.81% +4.99% +72.41%
10th Percentile £11.85 £21.25 £20.19
90th Percentile £45.88 £44.00 £41.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £39.37 £37.50
% change year-on-year -11.10% +4.99% +82.93%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83883 89445 92288
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.51% 83.87% 81.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 55638 59202 59805
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1990 2331 2670
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £24.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% +12.82%
10th Percentile £11.53 £11.30 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +12.50%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 744 £410 +9.40% 93
UK excluding London -28 399 £363 +3.57% 52
London -1 398 £434 +8.44% 47
South East -19 150 £375 -3.23% 12
Midlands -5 56 £350 +3.32% 3
South West -2 50 £350 +7.69% 8
East of England -9 46 £410 +26.15% 7
North of England +7 41 £365 +10.61% 16
West Midlands +9 39 £350 +12.00% 2
Scotland -10 36 £273 -12.10% 6
North West +9 29 £363 +3.57% 12
East Midlands -6 17 £350 - 1
Northern Ireland - 12 £315 -
Yorkshire -1 10 £383 +9.29% 2
Wales +7 8 £325 -10.34%
North East +43 2 £390 +20.00% 2

For the 6 months to 17 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 363 (45.04%) Test Automation
2 358 (44.42%) Agile Software Development
3 206 (25.56%) JIRA
4 183 (22.70%) SQL
5 177 (21.96%) Java
6 175 (21.71%) Finance
7 172 (21.34%) Test Scripting
8 171 (21.22%) Non-Functional Testing
9 169 (20.97%) User Acceptance Testing
10 162 (20.10%) TDD
11 157 (19.48%) QA
12 139 (17.25%) Regression Testing
13 137 (17.00%) Scrum
13 137 (17.00%) Banking
14 126 (15.63%) BDD
15 112 (13.90%) Selenium
16 110 (13.65%) Continuous Integration
17 106 (13.15%) Cucumber
18 99 (12.28%) Jenkins
19 93 (11.54%) JavaScript
20 86 (10.67%) Git (software)
20 86 (10.67%) Scenario Testing
21 84 (10.42%) ISTQB
22 82 (10.17%) Software Testing
22 82 (10.17%) Web Services
22 82 (10.17%) Mobile App
23 80 (9.93%) Degree
24 78 (9.68%) Linux
24 78 (9.68%) Integration Testing
25 77 (9.55%) Manual Testing

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (8.68%) Confluence
2 19 (2.36%) Tomcat
3 15 (1.86%) Apache Spark
4 13 (1.61%) Apache
4 13 (1.61%) CMS
4 13 (1.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 12 (1.49%) SharePoint
6 11 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
6 11 (1.36%) GlassFish
6 11 (1.36%) JBoss
6 11 (1.36%) WildFly
7 10 (1.24%) WebSphere
8 8 (0.99%) SAS
9 5 (0.62%) IIS
10 4 (0.50%) Documentum
10 4 (0.50%) NetWeaver
11 3 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.37%) ColdFusion
11 3 (0.37%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.37%) nginx
Applications
1 29 (3.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (3.47%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (2.11%) MS Visio
4 15 (1.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.74%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.25%) Mingle
6 2 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.12%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 20 (2.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (1.61%) Dynamics AX
3 10 (1.24%) Actimize
4 8 (0.99%) Maximo
5 7 (0.87%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.74%) Dynamics NAV
7 5 (0.62%) SAP CO
7 5 (0.62%) SAP FI
7 5 (0.62%) SAP FI/CO
7 5 (0.62%) SAP MM
8 3 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.37%) SunGard Martini
9 2 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.25%) SAP PM
9 2 (0.25%) Temenos T24
9 2 (0.25%) thinkFolio
10 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
10 1 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
10 1 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 23 (2.85%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (1.86%) GitHub
3 14 (1.74%) Microsoft Azure
4 9 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
5 6 (0.74%) Sauce Labs
6 5 (0.62%) Force.com
6 5 (0.62%) npm
7 4 (0.50%) BrowserStack
8 3 (0.37%) BlazeMeter
8 3 (0.37%) Google Cloud Platform
8 3 (0.37%) Office 365
8 3 (0.37%) OpenShift
8 3 (0.37%) PaaS
8 3 (0.37%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 2 (0.25%) Amazon EC2
9 2 (0.25%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (0.25%) Cloud Computing
9 2 (0.25%) Google Play
9 2 (0.25%) iPaaS
10 1 (0.12%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 25 (3.10%) Internet
2 18 (2.23%) HTTP
3 10 (1.24%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.62%) Firewall
5 4 (0.50%) DNS
5 4 (0.50%) IP Telephony
5 4 (0.50%) Wi-Fi
6 3 (0.37%) DSL
6 3 (0.37%) PBX
6 3 (0.37%) SMS
6 3 (0.37%) SSL
6 3 (0.37%) VoIP
6 3 (0.37%) Wireless
7 2 (0.25%) DHCP
7 2 (0.25%) VPN
7 2 (0.25%) WAAS
7 2 (0.25%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.12%) DVB
8 1 (0.12%) Skype
8 1 (0.12%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (6.45%) SQL Server
2 39 (4.84%) Big Data
3 33 (4.09%) Hadoop
4 30 (3.72%) Relational Database
5 25 (3.10%) MySQL
5 25 (3.10%) PostgreSQL
6 24 (2.98%) NoSQL
7 20 (2.48%) MongoDB
8 19 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
8 19 (2.36%) Redis
9 15 (1.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 12 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 10 (1.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 9 (1.12%) MariaDB
13 8 (0.99%) Apache Hive
14 7 (0.87%) Oracle Database
15 5 (0.62%) SAP HANA
16 4 (0.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 4 (0.50%) Base SAS
Development Applications
1 206 (25.56%) JIRA
2 112 (13.90%) Selenium
3 106 (13.15%) Cucumber
4 99 (12.28%) Jenkins
5 86 (10.67%) Git (software)
6 54 (6.70%) Appium
7 52 (6.45%) TeamCity
8 51 (6.33%) WebDriver
9 44 (5.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 37 (4.59%) Calabash
11 34 (4.22%) Maven
12 33 (4.09%) SoapUI
13 32 (3.97%) JUnit
14 30 (3.72%) JMeter
15 27 (3.35%) Team Foundation Server
16 25 (3.10%) JBehave
16 25 (3.10%) SpecFlow
16 25 (3.10%) Zephyr
17 23 (2.85%) Xcode
18 22 (2.73%) HP UFT
General
1 175 (21.71%) Finance
2 137 (17.00%) Banking
3 64 (7.94%) Retail
4 40 (4.96%) Front Office
5 37 (4.59%) Investment Banking
6 28 (3.47%) Back Office
7 19 (2.36%) Retail Banking
8 18 (2.23%) Telecoms
9 15 (1.86%) Corporate Banking
10 9 (1.12%) Legal
10 9 (1.12%) Manufacturing
11 8 (0.99%) Marketing
12 7 (0.87%) Law
12 7 (0.87%) Local Government
13 6 (0.74%) Advertising
14 5 (0.62%) Billing
14 5 (0.62%) Multimedia
15 4 (0.50%) Electronics
15 4 (0.50%) Financial Institution
16 3 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 263 (32.63%) Analyst
2 196 (24.32%) Test Analyst
3 171 (21.22%) Tester
4 153 (18.98%) Developer
5 59 (7.32%) Automation Tester
6 54 (6.70%) Java Developer
7 53 (6.58%) Test Manager
8 44 (5.46%) Business Analyst
9 43 (5.33%) Developer in Test
10 41 (5.09%) QA Tester
11 32 (3.97%) Test Engineer
12 30 (3.72%) Senior Developer
13 29 (3.60%) Functional Tester
14 28 (3.47%) Automation Test Analyst
15 26 (3.23%) Consultant
16 24 (2.98%) QA Engineer
17 23 (2.85%) Senior Analyst
18 22 (2.73%) Test Leader
19 21 (2.61%) Manual Tester
20 20 (2.48%) Functional Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (10.17%) Web Services
2 68 (8.44%) JSON
2 68 (8.44%) RESTful
3 62 (7.69%) XML
4 59 (7.32%) SOAP
5 53 (6.58%) REST
6 47 (5.83%) HTML
7 44 (5.46%) Gherkin
8 42 (5.21%) Spring
9 37 (4.59%) CSS
10 36 (4.47%) .NET
11 29 (3.60%) AngularJS
12 26 (3.23%) Node.js
13 24 (2.98%) React
14 23 (2.85%) Hibernate
14 23 (2.85%) HTML5
15 22 (2.73%) Sass
16 21 (2.61%) JAX-RS
17 20 (2.48%) CSS3
18 17 (2.11%) Semantic HTML
Miscellaneous
1 82 (10.17%) Mobile App
2 52 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
3 32 (3.97%) Equities
4 29 (3.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 29 (3.60%) User Experience
5 18 (2.23%) Derivative
6 17 (2.11%) Computer Science
6 17 (2.11%) Management Information System
7 13 (1.61%) Fintech
7 13 (1.61%) Fixed Income
8 11 (1.36%) STB
8 11 (1.36%) Video on Demand
9 10 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
10 8 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (0.74%) Client/Server
11 6 (0.74%) Data Centre
11 6 (0.74%) Digital TV
11 6 (0.74%) Mainframe
12 5 (0.62%) EPoS
12 5 (0.62%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 78 (9.68%) Linux
2 51 (6.33%) Unix
3 49 (6.08%) Windows
4 40 (4.96%) Android
5 36 (4.47%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.49%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.99%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.74%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.62%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.25%) Windows 8
11 1 (0.12%) CentOS
11 1 (0.12%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Vista
11 1 (0.12%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 363 (45.04%) Test Automation
2 358 (44.42%) Agile Software Development
3 172 (21.34%) Test Scripting
4 171 (21.22%) Non-Functional Testing
5 169 (20.97%) User Acceptance Testing
6 162 (20.10%) TDD
7 139 (17.25%) Regression Testing
8 137 (17.00%) Scrum
9 126 (15.63%) BDD
10 110 (13.65%) Continuous Integration
11 86 (10.67%) Scenario Testing
12 82 (10.17%) Software Testing
13 78 (9.68%) Integration Testing
14 77 (9.55%) Manual Testing
15 76 (9.43%) Test Strategy
16 68 (8.44%) Performance Testing
17 67 (8.31%) Exploratory Testing
17 67 (8.31%) Waterfall
18 64 (7.94%) SDLC
19 62 (7.69%) Defect Management
Programming Languages
1 183 (22.70%) SQL
2 177 (21.96%) Java
3 93 (11.54%) JavaScript
4 62 (7.69%) Python
5 55 (6.82%) C#
6 49 (6.08%) Ruby
7 34 (4.22%) Apple Swift
8 25 (3.10%) C++
9 24 (2.98%) Shell Script
10 21 (2.61%) Scala
11 19 (2.36%) C
12 18 (2.23%) Perl
13 14 (1.74%) Bash Shell
14 9 (1.12%) Korn
15 8 (0.99%) Groovy
16 7 (0.87%) ABAP
16 7 (0.87%) PHP
17 5 (0.62%) PowerShell
17 5 (0.62%) VB.NET
17 5 (0.62%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 84 (10.42%) ISTQB
2 80 (9.93%) Degree
3 73 (9.06%) ISEB
4 63 (7.82%) Security Cleared
5 44 (5.46%) SC Cleared
6 39 (4.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 13 (1.61%) Master's Degree
8 10 (1.24%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (1.24%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.37%) PMP
9 3 (0.37%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 2 (0.25%) CCNA
10 2 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.25%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.25%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.12%) ACCA
11 1 (0.12%) CIMA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 157 (19.48%) QA
2 33 (4.09%) MiFID
3 6 (0.74%) EMIR
4 5 (0.62%) Dodd-Frank
4 5 (0.62%) GxP
5 4 (0.50%) IFRS
5 4 (0.50%) IFRS 9
5 4 (0.50%) SLA
6 3 (0.37%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.37%) PMO
7 2 (0.25%) COSO
7 2 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.25%) WCAG
8 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.12%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.12%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.12%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 15288
8 1 (0.12%) SEPA
8 1 (0.12%) TickIT
System Software
1 41 (5.09%) Docker
2 4 (0.50%) Active Directory
2 4 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.37%) Varnish
3 3 (0.37%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.12%) BitLocker
4 1 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.12%) Samba
Systems Management
1 71 (8.81%) HP Quality Center
2 13 (1.61%) Ansible
3 8 (0.99%) Puppet
4 6 (0.74%) SCCM
5 4 (0.50%) ITRS Geneos
6 3 (0.37%) Data Guard
6 3 (0.37%) Kibana
6 3 (0.37%) Terraform
7 2 (0.25%) Cisco IPCC
7 2 (0.25%) Consul
7 2 (0.25%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 2 (0.25%) HockeyApp
7 2 (0.25%) Kubernetes
7 2 (0.25%) logstash
7 2 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.25%) Salt
7 2 (0.25%) Tivoli
8 1 (0.12%) BladeLogic
8 1 (0.12%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 1 (0.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 74 (9.18%) Oracle
2 69 (8.56%) HP
2 69 (8.56%) Microsoft
3 29 (3.60%) SAP
4 23 (2.85%) Atlassian
5 15 (1.86%) Salesforce.com
6 13 (1.61%) IBM
7 11 (1.36%) ServiceNow
7 11 (1.36%) Xamarin
8 10 (1.24%) Remedy
9 7 (0.87%) Google
10 6 (0.74%) Charles River
10 6 (0.74%) Citrix
10 6 (0.74%) Huawei
11 5 (0.62%) Apple
12 3 (0.37%) Alcatel-Lucent
12 3 (0.37%) Siebel
12 3 (0.37%) SunGard
12 3 (0.37%) VMware
13 2 (0.25%) Cisco