Period
to 22 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 22 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 332 299 259
Rank change year-on-year -33 -40 +4
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 755 802 1,028
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.76% 0.84% 0.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.90% 1.00% 1.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 472 492 626
UK median daily rate £411 £378 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.74% +7.86% -6.67%
10th Percentile £266 £230 £250
90th Percentile £586 £550 £526
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £338 £339
% change year-on-year +3.70% -0.37% +3.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 10 23
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.94 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.50% +2.34% +32.23%
10th Percentile £15.04 £26.65 £32.85
90th Percentile £54.15 £44.98 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £38.44 £40.00
% change year-on-year -8.94% -3.91% +24.89%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,205 79,866 88,986
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.54% 83.78% 82.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,381 52,904 57,748
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,967 2,230 2,728
UK median hourly rate £23.38 £24.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.59% +2.08% +20.00%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year -2.04% -2.00% +25.00%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 22 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 22 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 680 £415 +3.75% 215
London +3 410 £446 +4.94% 80
UK excluding London -52 333 £350 +3.70% 152
South East -39 116 £373 +8.44% 33
Midlands -59 42 £350 -12.50% 17
East of England -18 38 £400 +23.08% 25
North of England -13 36 £350 +7.69% 49
West Midlands -17 36 £350 -12.50% 9
South West +2 34 £405 +24.62% 11
Scotland -26 30 £300 - 6
Northern Ireland -2 24 £313 +11.61% 3
Yorkshire -5 24 £350 +3.70% 24
Wales +9 13 £385 +32.76% 8
North West -20 10 £400 +23.08% 23
East Midlands -32 6 £310 -22.74% 8
North East +40 2 £300 -3.23% 2

For the 6 months to 22 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 375 (49.67%) Agile Software Development
2 355 (47.02%) Test Automation
3 196 (25.96%) Finance
4 193 (25.56%) JIRA
4 193 (25.56%) User Acceptance Testing
5 174 (23.05%) Non-Functional Testing
6 165 (21.85%) Test Scripting
7 163 (21.59%) Java
8 162 (21.46%) Selenium
9 159 (21.06%) QA
9 159 (21.06%) SQL
10 155 (20.53%) BDD
11 132 (17.48%) Scrum
12 128 (16.95%) TDD
13 121 (16.03%) Cucumber
14 117 (15.50%) Banking
15 114 (15.10%) JavaScript
16 111 (14.70%) Jenkins
17 105 (13.91%) Web Services
18 98 (12.98%) Scenario Testing
19 97 (12.85%) Regression Testing
20 88 (11.66%) Continuous Integration
21 84 (11.13%) ISTQB
22 82 (10.86%) Git (software)
23 80 (10.60%) Software Testing
24 78 (10.33%) Security Cleared
25 73 (9.67%) XML
26 70 (9.27%) Integration Testing
26 70 (9.27%) Manual Testing
27 69 (9.14%) System Integration Testing

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (9.01%) Confluence
2 25 (3.31%) CMS
3 17 (2.25%) SharePoint
4 13 (1.72%) SAS
5 10 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
6 9 (1.19%) WebSphere
7 8 (1.06%) WordPress
8 7 (0.93%) MS Exchange
8 7 (0.93%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.53%) Documentum
9 4 (0.53%) NetWeaver
9 4 (0.53%) SharePoint 2010
10 3 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.40%) SharePoint 2013
11 2 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 2 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2010
11 2 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2013
11 2 (0.26%) IIS
11 2 (0.26%) Oracle Service Bus
11 2 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 29 (3.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.46%) MS Visio
4 10 (1.32%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.26%) Mingle
7 1 (0.13%) Simulink
7 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.93%) SAP CO
2 7 (0.93%) SAP FI
2 7 (0.93%) SAP FI/CO
3 5 (0.66%) Actimize
4 4 (0.53%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.53%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.53%) Maximo
4 4 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (0.53%) SAP MM
5 3 (0.40%) SAP HCM
6 2 (0.26%) Minerva
6 2 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.26%) SAP CRM for Utilities
6 2 (0.26%) SAP IS-U
6 2 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.13%) SAP Retail
7 1 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 34 (4.50%) Amazon AWS
2 21 (2.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 14 (1.85%) GitHub
4 9 (1.19%) BrowserStack
4 9 (1.19%) Dynamics 365
5 8 (1.06%) Google Play
5 8 (1.06%) Office 365
6 7 (0.93%) BlazeMeter
6 7 (0.93%) Salesforce Service Cloud
7 5 (0.66%) Sauce Labs
8 4 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
8 4 (0.53%) PaaS
9 3 (0.40%) OpenShift
10 2 (0.26%) Amazon Kinesis
10 2 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.26%) Google Cloud Platform
10 2 (0.26%) iPaaS
10 2 (0.26%) npm
10 2 (0.26%) Serverless
11 1 (0.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.84%) Internet
2 13 (1.72%) HTTP
3 9 (1.19%) Firewall
3 9 (1.19%) SMS
4 5 (0.66%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.53%) Wi-Fi
6 3 (0.40%) BGP
6 3 (0.40%) OSPF
6 3 (0.40%) RIP
6 3 (0.40%) SSL
6 3 (0.40%) Wireless
7 2 (0.26%) DHCP
7 2 (0.26%) DNS
7 2 (0.26%) PBX
7 2 (0.26%) VoIP
8 1 (0.13%) BIG-IP
8 1 (0.13%) DSL
8 1 (0.13%) DVB
8 1 (0.13%) VLAN
8 1 (0.13%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (3.44%) SQL Server
2 22 (2.91%) Big Data
3 20 (2.65%) Relational Database
4 16 (2.12%) Redis
5 13 (1.72%) Hadoop
6 12 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 11 (1.46%) PostgreSQL
8 10 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
8 10 (1.32%) MySQL
8 10 (1.32%) NoSQL
9 9 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
9 9 (1.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 8 (1.06%) JanusGraph
10 8 (1.06%) MongoDB
10 8 (1.06%) Neo4j
11 6 (0.79%) Base SAS
11 6 (0.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 5 (0.66%) SQL Server 2012
13 4 (0.53%) Apache Hive
13 4 (0.53%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 193 (25.56%) JIRA
2 162 (21.46%) Selenium
3 121 (16.03%) Cucumber
4 111 (14.70%) Jenkins
5 82 (10.86%) Git (software)
6 55 (7.28%) Appium
7 54 (7.15%) JMeter
8 52 (6.89%) WebDriver
9 51 (6.75%) SoapUI
10 44 (5.83%) Zephyr
11 35 (4.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 31 (4.11%) Calabash
13 30 (3.97%) Maven
14 26 (3.44%) TeamCity
15 24 (3.18%) HP UFT
15 24 (3.18%) Xcode
16 23 (3.05%) SpecFlow
17 22 (2.91%) Team Foundation Server
18 17 (2.25%) Bitbucket
18 17 (2.25%) Visual Studio
General
1 196 (25.96%) Finance
2 117 (15.50%) Banking
3 49 (6.49%) Retail
4 27 (3.58%) Investment Banking
5 25 (3.31%) Retail Banking
6 23 (3.05%) Front Office
7 13 (1.72%) Law
8 12 (1.59%) Publishing
9 11 (1.46%) Telecoms
10 9 (1.19%) Legal
10 9 (1.19%) Marketing
11 8 (1.06%) Back Office
11 8 (1.06%) Corporate Banking
12 6 (0.79%) Advertising
12 6 (0.79%) Games
13 4 (0.53%) Billing
13 4 (0.53%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.53%) Manufacturing
14 3 (0.40%) Automotive
15 2 (0.26%) Military
Job Titles
1 287 (38.01%) Analyst
2 193 (25.56%) Test Analyst
3 153 (20.26%) Tester
4 104 (13.77%) Developer
5 61 (8.08%) Business Analyst
6 60 (7.95%) Automation Tester
7 55 (7.28%) Test Manager
8 39 (5.17%) Automation Test Analyst
8 39 (5.17%) Developer in Test
9 36 (4.77%) Test Engineer
10 34 (4.50%) QA Tester
11 30 (3.97%) Test Leader
12 29 (3.84%) Senior Analyst
13 27 (3.58%) Consultant
14 26 (3.44%) Java Developer
15 23 (3.05%) Software Tester
16 22 (2.91%) QA Engineer
17 21 (2.78%) Financial Analyst
17 21 (2.78%) QA Analyst
18 20 (2.65%) QA Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 105 (13.91%) Web Services
2 73 (9.67%) XML
3 68 (9.01%) REST
4 60 (7.95%) SOAP
5 59 (7.81%) RESTful
6 57 (7.55%) Gherkin
7 56 (7.42%) JSON
8 43 (5.70%) HTML
9 35 (4.64%) .NET
10 31 (4.11%) AngularJS
10 31 (4.11%) Spring
11 28 (3.71%) CSS
11 28 (3.71%) React
12 21 (2.78%) HTML5
13 19 (2.52%) CSS3
13 19 (2.52%) Sass
14 17 (2.25%) Redux
15 15 (1.99%) Velocity
16 14 (1.85%) Node.js
16 14 (1.85%) RESTEasy
Miscellaneous
1 56 (7.42%) Mobile App
2 45 (5.96%) Analytical Skills
3 41 (5.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 24 (3.18%) User Experience
5 17 (2.25%) Video on Demand
6 16 (2.12%) Equities
6 16 (2.12%) Fintech
6 16 (2.12%) Management Information System
7 14 (1.85%) Derivative
7 14 (1.85%) Video\Live Streaming
8 13 (1.72%) Client/Server
9 12 (1.59%) Computer Science
10 11 (1.46%) STB
11 10 (1.32%) Data Structures
12 9 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
13 8 (1.06%) Data Centre
13 8 (1.06%) Greenfield Project
13 8 (1.06%) Reference Data
14 7 (0.93%) Fixed Income
14 7 (0.93%) MPEG
Operating Systems
1 45 (5.96%) Windows
2 44 (5.83%) Unix
3 39 (5.17%) Linux
4 30 (3.97%) Android
5 27 (3.58%) Apple iOS
6 9 (1.19%) Windows 10
7 8 (1.06%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.53%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.26%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.13%) CentOS
10 1 (0.13%) Solaris
10 1 (0.13%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 375 (49.67%) Agile Software Development
2 355 (47.02%) Test Automation
3 193 (25.56%) User Acceptance Testing
4 174 (23.05%) Non-Functional Testing
5 165 (21.85%) Test Scripting
6 155 (20.53%) BDD
7 132 (17.48%) Scrum
8 128 (16.95%) TDD
9 98 (12.98%) Scenario Testing
10 97 (12.85%) Regression Testing
11 88 (11.66%) Continuous Integration
12 80 (10.60%) Software Testing
13 70 (9.27%) Integration Testing
13 70 (9.27%) Manual Testing
14 69 (9.14%) System Integration Testing
15 67 (8.87%) Defect Management
15 67 (8.87%) SDLC
15 67 (8.87%) Test Strategy
16 64 (8.48%) Performance Testing
17 62 (8.21%) System Testing
Programming Languages
1 163 (21.59%) Java
2 159 (21.06%) SQL
3 114 (15.10%) JavaScript
4 53 (7.02%) Ruby
5 50 (6.62%) C#
5 50 (6.62%) Python
6 31 (4.11%) Apple Swift
7 19 (2.52%) C
8 17 (2.25%) ES6
8 17 (2.25%) Shell Script
9 14 (1.85%) C++
10 12 (1.59%) Groovy
10 12 (1.59%) Perl
10 12 (1.59%) PHP
11 10 (1.32%) Bash Shell
11 10 (1.32%) Objective-C
12 8 (1.06%) GraphQL
12 8 (1.06%) Korn
12 8 (1.06%) VBScript
13 7 (0.93%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 84 (11.13%) ISTQB
2 78 (10.33%) Security Cleared
3 66 (8.74%) Degree
3 66 (8.74%) ISEB
4 61 (8.08%) SC Cleared
5 31 (4.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 14 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (1.32%) Master's Degree
8 8 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (1.06%) CTC Cleared
8 8 (1.06%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.66%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 3 (0.40%) CCNA
10 3 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.13%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.13%) MBA
11 1 (0.13%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.13%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 159 (21.06%) QA
2 18 (2.38%) MiFID
3 6 (0.79%) IFRS
3 6 (0.79%) IFRS 9
4 4 (0.53%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.53%) EMIR
4 4 (0.53%) GDPR
5 3 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.40%) Dodd-Frank
5 3 (0.40%) GxP
5 3 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.26%) COSO
6 2 (0.26%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.26%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.13%) HL7
7 1 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 15288
7 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.13%) SEPA
7 1 (0.13%) WCAG
System Software
1 17 (2.25%) Docker
2 6 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.13%) BitLocker
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (0.13%) Samba
4 1 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
4 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 62 (8.21%) HP Quality Center
2 16 (2.12%) Ansible
3 12 (1.59%) Puppet
4 6 (0.79%) SCCM
5 5 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (0.40%) Data Guard
6 3 (0.40%) Kibana
6 3 (0.40%) logstash
7 2 (0.26%) Grafana
7 2 (0.26%) Salt
8 1 (0.13%) Capistrano
8 1 (0.13%) HAProxy
8 1 (0.13%) Kubernetes
8 1 (0.13%) Marathon
8 1 (0.13%) Mesos
8 1 (0.13%) NSN NetAct
8 1 (0.13%) Packer
8 1 (0.13%) Rancher
8 1 (0.13%) Terraform
8 1 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 65 (8.61%) Microsoft
2 63 (8.34%) HP
3 51 (6.75%) Oracle
4 37 (4.90%) SAP
5 27 (3.58%) Atlassian
6 19 (2.52%) Salesforce.com
7 17 (2.25%) ServiceNow
8 15 (1.99%) Google
9 13 (1.72%) Apple
10 9 (1.19%) Workday
10 9 (1.19%) Xamarin
11 6 (0.79%) Citrix
12 5 (0.66%) Charles River
13 4 (0.53%) Concur
13 4 (0.53%) Guidewire
13 4 (0.53%) Informatica
14 3 (0.40%) Adobe
14 3 (0.40%) Splunk
14 3 (0.40%) Tektronix
15 2 (0.26%) Murex