Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 327 293 273
Rank change year-on-year -34 -20 +7
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 753 755 987
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.74% 0.82% 0.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.87% 0.97% 1.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 490 459 625
UK median daily rate £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - -
10th Percentile £270 £213 £250
90th Percentile £575 £538 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £369 £320 £350
% change year-on-year +15.23% -8.57% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 21
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.75% - +14.29%
10th Percentile £26.50 £13.88 £21.25
90th Percentile £91.00 £52.75 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% -12.50% +14.29%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,549 77,649 88,673
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.61% 84.40% 83.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,159 51,086 57,973
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £270 £263
90th Percentile £638 £620 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.91% +4.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,222 2,114 2,429
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% - +20.34%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.38 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.25 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.33 £25.00 £25.50
% change year-on-year -14.70% -1.96% +15.91%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 662 £423 +5.63% 156
London -21 378 £436 +2.65% 51
UK excluding London -36 362 £369 +15.23% 123
South East -28 130 £375 +19.43% 24
North of England -9 57 £375 +17.19% 43
Midlands -77 38 £358 -10.63% 12
Scotland -16 37 £286 -4.58% 8
West Midlands -29 33 £358 -4.67% 8
Yorkshire -16 32 £375 +16.28% 10
South West +2 29 £388 +37.78% 16
East of England -2 28 £425 +21.43% 10
Wales +8 23 £380 +26.67% 5
North West -9 23 £425 +31.78% 28
Northern Ireland +15 20 £319 +6.42% 3
East Midlands -39 5 £359 -10.59% 3
North East +19 2 £300 +9.09% 5

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 395 (52.46%) Agile Software Development
2 361 (47.94%) Test Automation
3 207 (27.49%) Selenium
4 196 (26.03%) Java
5 193 (25.63%) Non-Functional Testing
6 191 (25.37%) User Acceptance Testing
7 180 (23.90%) SQL
8 173 (22.97%) Finance
9 163 (21.65%) Scrum
10 156 (20.72%) JIRA
11 148 (19.65%) QA
12 146 (19.39%) JavaScript
12 146 (19.39%) Test Scripting
13 141 (18.73%) BDD
14 120 (15.94%) TDD
15 117 (15.54%) Jenkins
16 103 (13.68%) Regression Testing
17 97 (12.88%) Cucumber
18 96 (12.75%) Continuous Integration
19 95 (12.62%) Web Services
20 89 (11.82%) ISTQB
21 85 (11.29%) Security Cleared
22 82 (10.89%) Performance Testing
23 79 (10.49%) XML
24 77 (10.23%) ISEB
24 77 (10.23%) Banking
25 76 (10.09%) Test Strategy
26 74 (9.83%) Software Testing
27 72 (9.56%) Scenario Testing
28 70 (9.30%) HP

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (6.91%) Confluence
2 26 (3.45%) CMS
3 24 (3.19%) SharePoint
4 9 (1.20%) WordPress
5 7 (0.93%) Elasticsearch
5 7 (0.93%) MS Exchange
6 5 (0.66%) SharePoint Server
7 4 (0.53%) Apache
7 4 (0.53%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.53%) SAS
7 4 (0.53%) SharePoint 2010
8 3 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.40%) SharePoint 2013
8 3 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
8 3 (0.40%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.40%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.40%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.27%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.27%) ColdFusion
9 2 (0.27%) MQSeries
Applications
1 26 (3.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (2.39%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.46%) MS Visio
4 10 (1.33%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.13%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 12 (1.59%) Dynamics CRM
1 12 (1.59%) Dynamics NAV
2 4 (0.53%) Dynamics AX
2 4 (0.53%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.40%) SAP CO
3 3 (0.40%) SAP FI
3 3 (0.40%) SAP FI/CO
3 3 (0.40%) SAP HCM
3 3 (0.40%) Workday HCM
4 2 (0.27%) Actimize
4 2 (0.27%) Magento
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 2 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
4 2 (0.27%) SAP CRM for Utilities
4 2 (0.27%) SAP IS-U
4 2 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 52 (6.91%) Amazon AWS
2 47 (6.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (2.26%) Dynamics 365
4 16 (2.12%) Office 365
5 10 (1.33%) GitHub
6 9 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
6 9 (1.20%) Serverless
7 7 (0.93%) SaaS
8 6 (0.80%) BrowserStack
9 5 (0.66%) Amazon Kinesis
9 5 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
9 5 (0.66%) Google Play
9 5 (0.66%) SuccessFactors
10 4 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
10 4 (0.53%) BlazeMeter
10 4 (0.53%) Sauce Labs
11 3 (0.40%) OpenShift
11 3 (0.40%) PaaS
11 3 (0.40%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 2 (0.27%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.85%) Internet
2 19 (2.52%) SMS
3 14 (1.86%) HTTP
4 9 (1.20%) Firewall
5 4 (0.53%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.40%) BGP
6 3 (0.40%) DNS
6 3 (0.40%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.40%) LAN
6 3 (0.40%) OSPF
6 3 (0.40%) RIP
6 3 (0.40%) WAN
7 2 (0.27%) Network Security
7 2 (0.27%) SSL
7 2 (0.27%) VPN
7 2 (0.27%) Wireshark
7 2 (0.27%) WLAN
8 1 (0.13%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (0.13%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 1 (0.13%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (3.19%) SQL Server
2 23 (3.05%) Relational Database
3 21 (2.79%) MySQL
4 19 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
5 17 (2.26%) Big Data
6 16 (2.12%) Oracle Database
7 14 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 11 (1.46%) NoSQL
9 10 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
10 8 (1.06%) Data Lake
10 8 (1.06%) MongoDB
11 7 (0.93%) Redis
12 6 (0.80%) Power BI
12 6 (0.80%) RDBMS
13 5 (0.66%) Amazon RDS
13 5 (0.66%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (0.66%) JanusGraph
13 5 (0.66%) Neo4j
14 4 (0.53%) Hadoop
14 4 (0.53%) Impala
Development Applications
1 207 (27.49%) Selenium
2 156 (20.72%) JIRA
3 117 (15.54%) Jenkins
4 97 (12.88%) Cucumber
5 70 (9.30%) Git (software)
6 68 (9.03%) WebDriver
7 55 (7.30%) SoapUI
8 49 (6.51%) JMeter
9 36 (4.78%) Zephyr
10 32 (4.25%) Appium
11 27 (3.59%) JUnit
12 22 (2.92%) HP UFT
13 21 (2.79%) Team Foundation Server
13 21 (2.79%) Visual Studio
14 20 (2.66%) Protractor
14 20 (2.66%) SpecFlow
15 19 (2.52%) Maven
16 13 (1.73%) LoadRunner
16 13 (1.73%) NUnit
16 13 (1.73%) TestRail
General
1 173 (22.97%) Finance
2 77 (10.23%) Banking
3 44 (5.84%) Retail
4 17 (2.26%) Retail Banking
5 14 (1.86%) Legal
6 13 (1.73%) Marketing
6 13 (1.73%) Telecoms
7 12 (1.59%) Law
8 11 (1.46%) Front Office
8 11 (1.46%) Investment Banking
9 9 (1.20%) Back Office
10 8 (1.06%) Publishing
11 7 (0.93%) Games
11 7 (0.93%) Manufacturing
11 7 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (0.80%) Billing
12 6 (0.80%) German Language
13 5 (0.66%) Advertising
14 3 (0.40%) Automotive
14 3 (0.40%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 254 (33.73%) Analyst
2 182 (24.17%) Test Analyst
3 149 (19.79%) Tester
4 95 (12.62%) Developer
5 64 (8.50%) Automation Tester
6 60 (7.97%) Test Manager
7 50 (6.64%) Test Engineer
8 46 (6.11%) Business Analyst
8 46 (6.11%) Test Leader
9 33 (4.38%) Automation Test Analyst
10 28 (3.72%) QA Tester
10 28 (3.72%) Software Tester
11 27 (3.59%) Functional Tester
12 25 (3.32%) QA Engineer
13 22 (2.92%) Senior Analyst
13 22 (2.92%) Test Automation Engineer
14 21 (2.79%) Consultant
14 21 (2.79%) Developer in Test
15 19 (2.52%) QA Test Analyst
15 19 (2.52%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 95 (12.62%) Web Services
2 79 (10.49%) XML
3 68 (9.03%) REST
4 61 (8.10%) RESTful
5 59 (7.84%) HTML
6 50 (6.64%) JSON
7 44 (5.84%) Gherkin
7 44 (5.84%) SOAP
8 40 (5.31%) CSS
9 39 (5.18%) AngularJS
10 35 (4.65%) .NET
11 27 (3.59%) HTML5
12 24 (3.19%) Node.js
13 21 (2.79%) CSS3
14 20 (2.66%) React
15 18 (2.39%) Spring
16 17 (2.26%) Sass
17 15 (1.99%) J2EE
18 14 (1.86%) Redux
19 12 (1.59%) RESTEasy
Miscellaneous
1 46 (6.11%) Analytical Skills
2 41 (5.44%) Mobile App
3 31 (4.12%) User Experience
4 28 (3.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 20 (2.66%) Client/Server
6 17 (2.26%) Computer Science
7 15 (1.99%) Management Information System
8 12 (1.59%) Data Centre
8 12 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
8 12 (1.59%) Video on Demand
9 10 (1.33%) Fintech
9 10 (1.33%) Video\Live Streaming
10 9 (1.20%) STB
11 7 (0.93%) Greenfield Project
11 7 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (0.93%) NHS
11 7 (0.93%) PDA
11 7 (0.93%) PlayStation
11 7 (0.93%) Reference Data
12 6 (0.80%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 51 (6.77%) Unix
2 37 (4.91%) Windows
3 35 (4.65%) Android
4 27 (3.59%) Linux
5 25 (3.32%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.93%) Windows 10
7 6 (0.80%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.40%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.27%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.13%) CentOS
10 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.13%) Solaris
10 1 (0.13%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.13%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 395 (52.46%) Agile Software Development
2 361 (47.94%) Test Automation
3 193 (25.63%) Non-Functional Testing
4 191 (25.37%) User Acceptance Testing
5 163 (21.65%) Scrum
6 146 (19.39%) Test Scripting
7 141 (18.73%) BDD
8 120 (15.94%) TDD
9 103 (13.68%) Regression Testing
10 96 (12.75%) Continuous Integration
11 82 (10.89%) Performance Testing
12 76 (10.09%) Test Strategy
13 74 (9.83%) Software Testing
14 72 (9.56%) Scenario Testing
15 67 (8.90%) Acceptance Criteria
15 67 (8.90%) Integration Testing
16 66 (8.76%) Waterfall
17 64 (8.50%) Defect Management
18 62 (8.23%) SDLC
19 61 (8.10%) System Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 196 (26.03%) Java
2 180 (23.90%) SQL
3 146 (19.39%) JavaScript
4 66 (8.76%) C#
5 63 (8.37%) Python
6 46 (6.11%) Ruby
7 16 (2.12%) C++
7 16 (2.12%) Groovy
7 16 (2.12%) PHP
8 15 (1.99%) ES6
9 13 (1.73%) Java 8
10 12 (1.59%) Apple Swift
10 12 (1.59%) PL/SQL
10 12 (1.59%) Scala
10 12 (1.59%) Shell Script
11 10 (1.33%) C
12 8 (1.06%) Perl
13 7 (0.93%) Apex Code
13 7 (0.93%) Objective-C
13 7 (0.93%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 89 (11.82%) ISTQB
2 85 (11.29%) Security Cleared
3 77 (10.23%) ISEB
4 66 (8.76%) SC Cleared
5 53 (7.04%) Degree
6 23 (3.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 14 (1.86%) BPSS Clearance
8 12 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
9 8 (1.06%) CTC Cleared
10 7 (0.93%) DV Cleared
11 6 (0.80%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.53%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.40%) IIBA
13 3 (0.40%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.27%) HND
14 2 (0.27%) ISEB Practitioner
14 2 (0.27%) MBA
14 2 (0.27%) PMI Certification
14 2 (0.27%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (19.65%) QA
2 12 (1.59%) GDPR
3 7 (0.93%) SLA
4 6 (0.80%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.53%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.27%) MiFID
6 2 (0.27%) WCAG
7 1 (0.13%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 1 (0.13%) EMIR
7 1 (0.13%) GCP
7 1 (0.13%) GLP
7 1 (0.13%) GMP
7 1 (0.13%) GxP
7 1 (0.13%) HL7
7 1 (0.13%) IFRS
7 1 (0.13%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 22 (2.92%) Docker
2 10 (1.33%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.27%) HDFS
4 2 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.13%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 66 (8.76%) HP ALM
2 49 (6.51%) HP Quality Center
3 13 (1.73%) Ansible
4 9 (1.20%) Puppet
5 8 (1.06%) Kubernetes
5 8 (1.06%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.66%) SCCM
7 4 (0.53%) logstash
7 4 (0.53%) Terraform
8 3 (0.40%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 3 (0.40%) Consul
9 2 (0.27%) Capistrano
9 2 (0.27%) Grafana
9 2 (0.27%) Kibana
9 2 (0.27%) Nagios
9 2 (0.27%) Rancher
9 2 (0.27%) SCOM
9 2 (0.27%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.13%) NSN NetAct
10 1 (0.13%) Salt
Vendors
1 70 (9.30%) HP
2 67 (8.90%) Microsoft
3 65 (8.63%) Oracle
4 33 (4.38%) SAP
5 22 (2.92%) Salesforce.com
6 13 (1.73%) Atlassian
6 13 (1.73%) Concur
6 13 (1.73%) Workday
7 12 (1.59%) Google
8 10 (1.33%) Apple
9 8 (1.06%) ServiceNow
10 6 (0.80%) Adobe
11 5 (0.66%) Nintex
11 5 (0.66%) VMware
11 5 (0.66%) Xamarin
12 4 (0.53%) Informatica
12 4 (0.53%) MuleSoft
12 4 (0.53%) Sitecore
13 3 (0.40%) Cisco
13 3 (0.40%) Citrix