Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 309 299 250
Rank change year-on-year -10 -49 +8
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 826 874 1088
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 0.84% 0.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.96% 1.00% 1.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 490 533 663
UK median daily rate £411 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.47% +7.14% -6.67%
10th Percentile £263 £225 £250
90th Percentile £588 £550 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £339 £330
% change year-on-year +3.32% +2.65% +1.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 14
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.76% +6.25% +32.78%
10th Percentile £16.55 £33.78 £27.40
90th Percentile £55.13 £48.33 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -11.76% +6.25% +26.76%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86424 87276 93513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.51% 83.91% 81.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 57570 57725 60596
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2044 2323 2749
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.44 £11.26 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -2.04% +3.16% +18.75%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in the UK

Functional Testing
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 746 £425 +13.33% 56
London +18 426 £450 +9.09% 22
UK excluding London -27 390 £350 +3.32% 39
South East -22 134 £375 +7.14% 7
Midlands -8 63 £350 -9.09% 6
West Midlands +11 45 £350 -1.75% 3
South West +2 44 £375 +15.38% 3
East of England -4 42 £400 +23.08% 1
Scotland -26 40 £265 -13.98% 2
North of England -19 33 £363 +9.85% 17
Northern Ireland - 24 £315 -
North West +4 21 £363 +11.54% 14
East Midlands -7 18 £350 -23.08% 3
Yorkshire -22 11 £365 -8.75% 3
Wales +14 10 £363 -0.68% 3
North East +37 1 - -

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 380 (46.00%) Test Automation
2 376 (45.52%) Agile Software Development
3 213 (25.79%) JIRA
4 207 (25.06%) Finance
5 192 (23.24%) Java
6 191 (23.12%) SQL
6 191 (23.12%) Non-Functional Testing
7 190 (23.00%) User Acceptance Testing
8 178 (21.55%) Test Scripting
9 171 (20.70%) QA
10 153 (18.52%) Scrum
11 152 (18.40%) Banking
12 148 (17.92%) TDD
13 141 (17.07%) Selenium
14 140 (16.95%) BDD
15 139 (16.83%) Regression Testing
16 130 (15.74%) Cucumber
17 124 (15.01%) Jenkins
18 110 (13.32%) JavaScript
19 101 (12.23%) Continuous Integration
20 94 (11.38%) Scenario Testing
21 92 (11.14%) Web Services
22 89 (10.77%) ISTQB
23 86 (10.41%) Software Testing
23 86 (10.41%) Mobile App
24 85 (10.29%) Git (software)
25 78 (9.44%) Integration Testing
26 77 (9.32%) Manual Testing
27 76 (9.20%) Degree
28 75 (9.08%) HP Quality Center

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (8.35%) Confluence
2 17 (2.06%) CMS
2 17 (2.06%) Elasticsearch
2 17 (2.06%) Tomcat
3 15 (1.82%) Apache Spark
4 13 (1.57%) Apache
4 13 (1.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 12 (1.45%) SAS
6 11 (1.33%) GlassFish
6 11 (1.33%) JBoss
6 11 (1.33%) SharePoint
6 11 (1.33%) WebSphere
6 11 (1.33%) WildFly
7 5 (0.61%) IIS
8 4 (0.48%) Documentum
8 4 (0.48%) MS Exchange
8 4 (0.48%) NetWeaver
9 3 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.36%) nginx
10 2 (0.24%) K2 blackpearl
Applications
1 33 (4.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (3.15%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (2.30%) MS Visio
4 15 (1.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (1.09%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.24%) Mingle
6 2 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.12%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 11 (1.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (1.21%) Actimize
3 7 (0.85%) Maximo
4 5 (0.61%) SAP CO
4 5 (0.61%) SAP FI
4 5 (0.61%) SAP FI/CO
4 5 (0.61%) SAP MM
5 4 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.36%) SAP HCM
6 3 (0.36%) SunGard Martini
7 2 (0.24%) Minerva
7 2 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.24%) Temenos T24
7 2 (0.24%) thinkFolio
8 1 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.12%) PeopleSoft CRM
Cloud Services
1 34 (4.12%) Amazon AWS
2 17 (2.06%) GitHub
3 13 (1.57%) Microsoft Azure
4 9 (1.09%) Sauce Labs
5 8 (0.97%) Google Play
6 7 (0.85%) Salesforce Service Cloud
7 6 (0.73%) BlazeMeter
8 5 (0.61%) Force.com
9 4 (0.48%) BrowserStack
9 4 (0.48%) Office 365
9 4 (0.48%) PaaS
10 2 (0.24%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.24%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (0.24%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
10 2 (0.24%) iPaaS
10 2 (0.24%) npm
10 2 (0.24%) OpenShift
11 1 (0.12%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 30 (3.63%) Internet
2 18 (2.18%) HTTP
3 7 (0.85%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.61%) Firewall
5 4 (0.48%) IP Telephony
5 4 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
6 3 (0.36%) DSL
6 3 (0.36%) PBX
6 3 (0.36%) SMS
6 3 (0.36%) VoIP
6 3 (0.36%) Wireless
7 2 (0.24%) DHCP
7 2 (0.24%) DNS
7 2 (0.24%) VPN
7 2 (0.24%) WAAS
8 1 (0.12%) DVB
8 1 (0.12%) Skype
8 1 (0.12%) SSL
8 1 (0.12%) VLAN
8 1 (0.12%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (5.08%) Big Data
2 41 (4.96%) SQL Server
3 33 (4.00%) Hadoop
4 29 (3.51%) Relational Database
5 26 (3.15%) PostgreSQL
6 25 (3.03%) Apache Cassandra
6 25 (3.03%) MySQL
6 25 (3.03%) NoSQL
6 25 (3.03%) Redis
7 23 (2.78%) MongoDB
8 14 (1.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 11 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
9 11 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 10 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 8 (0.97%) Apache Hive
11 8 (0.97%) Neo4j
11 8 (0.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 7 (0.85%) MariaDB
13 6 (0.73%) Base SAS
13 6 (0.73%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 213 (25.79%) JIRA
2 141 (17.07%) Selenium
3 130 (15.74%) Cucumber
4 124 (15.01%) Jenkins
5 85 (10.29%) Git (software)
6 63 (7.63%) Appium
7 50 (6.05%) TeamCity
7 50 (6.05%) WebDriver
8 47 (5.69%) JMeter
9 44 (5.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 41 (4.96%) SoapUI
11 38 (4.60%) Maven
12 37 (4.48%) Calabash
13 36 (4.36%) JUnit
14 32 (3.87%) Zephyr
15 29 (3.51%) HP UFT
16 27 (3.27%) SpecFlow
17 26 (3.15%) Hudson
18 25 (3.03%) JBehave
19 23 (2.78%) Xcode
General
1 207 (25.06%) Finance
2 152 (18.40%) Banking
3 52 (6.30%) Retail
4 43 (5.21%) Front Office
5 39 (4.72%) Investment Banking
6 28 (3.39%) Retail Banking
7 23 (2.78%) Back Office
8 17 (2.06%) Telecoms
9 12 (1.45%) Corporate Banking
10 11 (1.33%) Publishing
11 9 (1.09%) Legal
11 9 (1.09%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.97%) Law
13 7 (0.85%) Advertising
14 5 (0.61%) Marketing
14 5 (0.61%) Multimedia
15 4 (0.48%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.36%) Military
17 2 (0.24%) Games
Job Titles
1 296 (35.84%) Analyst
2 216 (26.15%) Test Analyst
3 166 (20.10%) Tester
4 147 (17.80%) Developer
5 68 (8.23%) Automation Tester
6 57 (6.90%) Java Developer
7 53 (6.42%) Test Manager
8 51 (6.17%) Business Analyst
9 44 (5.33%) Automation Test Analyst
10 43 (5.21%) Developer in Test
11 37 (4.48%) QA Tester
12 36 (4.36%) Senior Developer
13 32 (3.87%) Test Engineer
14 25 (3.03%) Test Leader
15 24 (2.91%) Consultant
15 24 (2.91%) Functional Tester
15 24 (2.91%) Senior Analyst
16 22 (2.66%) Manual Tester
17 20 (2.42%) QA Engineer
18 18 (2.18%) Senior Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 92 (11.14%) Web Services
2 72 (8.72%) RESTful
3 69 (8.35%) XML
4 68 (8.23%) JSON
5 61 (7.38%) SOAP
6 57 (6.90%) REST
7 47 (5.69%) HTML
8 45 (5.45%) Gherkin
8 45 (5.45%) Spring
9 40 (4.84%) .NET
10 31 (3.75%) AngularJS
11 30 (3.63%) CSS
12 25 (3.03%) React
12 25 (3.03%) RESTEasy
13 24 (2.91%) Spring Boot
14 23 (2.78%) Hibernate
15 22 (2.66%) Node.js
16 21 (2.54%) JAX-RS
16 21 (2.54%) Kafka
16 21 (2.54%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 86 (10.41%) Mobile App
2 51 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
3 41 (4.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 31 (3.75%) Equities
5 30 (3.63%) User Experience
6 18 (2.18%) Derivative
6 18 (2.18%) Management Information System
7 17 (2.06%) Fintech
8 13 (1.57%) Fixed Income
9 11 (1.33%) Computer Science
9 11 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
9 11 (1.33%) STB
9 11 (1.33%) Video on Demand
10 10 (1.21%) Video\Live Streaming
11 9 (1.09%) Data Structures
11 9 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
12 7 (0.85%) Client/Server
12 7 (0.85%) Data Centre
13 6 (0.73%) Device Driver
13 6 (0.73%) Digital TV
Operating Systems
1 74 (8.96%) Linux
2 61 (7.38%) Unix
3 48 (5.81%) Windows
4 43 (5.21%) Android
4 43 (5.21%) Apple iOS
5 12 (1.45%) Mac OS X
6 7 (0.85%) Windows 10
6 7 (0.85%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.61%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.12%) CentOS
8 1 (0.12%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 380 (46.00%) Test Automation
2 376 (45.52%) Agile Software Development
3 191 (23.12%) Non-Functional Testing
4 190 (23.00%) User Acceptance Testing
5 178 (21.55%) Test Scripting
6 153 (18.52%) Scrum
7 148 (17.92%) TDD
8 140 (16.95%) BDD
9 139 (16.83%) Regression Testing
10 101 (12.23%) Continuous Integration
11 94 (11.38%) Scenario Testing
12 86 (10.41%) Software Testing
13 78 (9.44%) Integration Testing
14 77 (9.32%) Manual Testing
15 72 (8.72%) Performance Testing
15 72 (8.72%) System Integration Testing
16 69 (8.35%) Test Strategy
17 67 (8.11%) System Testing
18 66 (7.99%) SDLC
19 65 (7.87%) Exploratory Testing
Programming Languages
1 192 (23.24%) Java
2 191 (23.12%) SQL
3 110 (13.32%) JavaScript
4 67 (8.11%) Python
5 55 (6.66%) Ruby
6 51 (6.17%) C#
7 34 (4.12%) Apple Swift
8 25 (3.03%) Shell Script
9 21 (2.54%) C
9 21 (2.54%) Scala
10 18 (2.18%) C++
11 16 (1.94%) Perl
12 12 (1.45%) Bash Shell
12 12 (1.45%) ES6
13 10 (1.21%) Objective-C
14 9 (1.09%) Groovy
14 9 (1.09%) Korn
15 8 (0.97%) GraphQL
15 8 (0.97%) VBScript
16 7 (0.85%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 89 (10.77%) ISTQB
2 76 (9.20%) Degree
3 70 (8.47%) ISEB
4 59 (7.14%) Security Cleared
5 45 (5.45%) SC Cleared
6 42 (5.08%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 10 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (1.21%) Master's Degree
8 9 (1.09%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.85%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.36%) PMP
11 2 (0.24%) CCNA
11 2 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.24%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.24%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
12 1 (0.12%) IISP
12 1 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 171 (20.70%) QA
2 32 (3.87%) MiFID
3 6 (0.73%) EMIR
3 6 (0.73%) IFRS
3 6 (0.73%) IFRS 9
4 5 (0.61%) Dodd-Frank
4 5 (0.61%) GxP
5 3 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.36%) PMO
6 2 (0.24%) COSO
6 2 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.24%) SLA
6 2 (0.24%) WCAG
7 1 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.12%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.12%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.12%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.12%) SEPA
7 1 (0.12%) TickIT
System Software
1 41 (4.96%) Docker
2 5 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.48%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.36%) Varnish
5 2 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.12%) BitLocker
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.12%) Samba
Systems Management
1 75 (9.08%) HP Quality Center
2 13 (1.57%) Ansible
3 8 (0.97%) Puppet
4 5 (0.61%) SCCM
5 4 (0.48%) ITRS Geneos
6 3 (0.36%) Data Guard
6 3 (0.36%) Kibana
6 3 (0.36%) Terraform
7 2 (0.24%) Consul
7 2 (0.24%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 2 (0.24%) logstash
7 2 (0.24%) Salt
8 1 (0.12%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 1 (0.12%) Grafana
8 1 (0.12%) HAProxy
8 1 (0.12%) Kubernetes
8 1 (0.12%) Marathon
8 1 (0.12%) Mesos
8 1 (0.12%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.12%) Packer
Vendors
1 72 (8.72%) HP
1 72 (8.72%) Oracle
2 63 (7.63%) Microsoft
3 33 (4.00%) SAP
4 24 (2.91%) Atlassian
5 17 (2.06%) Salesforce.com
6 13 (1.57%) Google
6 13 (1.57%) ServiceNow
7 12 (1.45%) Xamarin
8 10 (1.21%) Apple
9 9 (1.09%) IBM
9 9 (1.09%) Remedy
10 7 (0.85%) Charles River
10 7 (0.85%) Citrix
10 7 (0.85%) Workday
11 6 (0.73%) Huawei
12 5 (0.61%) Guidewire
13 4 (0.48%) Informatica
14 3 (0.36%) Alcatel-Lucent
14 3 (0.36%) SunGard