Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 13 18 10
Rank change year-on-year +5 -8 -1
Permanent jobs citing Java 11,772 4,734 1,448
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 15.12% 12.80% 16.36%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.65% 20.64% 25.19%
Number of salaries quoted 5,439 3,584 1,326
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% -3.85%
75th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £97,500 £95,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,892 22,939 5,749
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 58.95% 62.02% 64.97%
Number of salaries quoted 24,661 17,813 5,055
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £34,850
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - -
75th Percentile £82,500 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £86,250
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%

Java
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Java trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java.

Java salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Java over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Java salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, Java job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Java.

1 5,897 (50.09%) Agile
2 5,181 (44.01%) Software Engineering
3 4,488 (38.12%) AWS
4 4,151 (35.26%) JavaScript
5 4,057 (34.46%) Docker
6 3,989 (33.89%) Python
7 3,566 (30.29%) Finance
8 3,234 (27.47%) Kubernetes
9 3,204 (27.22%) SQL
10 3,152 (26.78%) CI/CD
11 2,910 (24.72%) Microservices
12 2,856 (24.26%) Social Skills
13 2,802 (23.80%) Spring
14 2,789 (23.69%) Azure
15 2,729 (23.18%) DevOps
16 2,521 (21.42%) React
17 2,406 (20.44%) Git (software)
18 2,225 (18.90%) Test Automation
19 2,219 (18.85%) Node.js
20 2,210 (18.77%) TDD
21 2,011 (17.08%) Kafka
22 1,990 (16.90%) C#
23 1,978 (16.80%) Jenkins
24 1,965 (16.69%) AngularJS
25 1,924 (16.34%) Scrum
26 1,868 (15.87%) .NET
27 1,805 (15.33%) Go
28 1,778 (15.10%) Spring Boot
29 1,775 (15.08%) Full Stack Development
30 1,773 (15.06%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 374 (3.18%) Confluence
2 348 (2.96%) Apache Spark
3 326 (2.77%) Apache
4 226 (1.92%) Apache Airflow
5 194 (1.65%) Apache Solr
6 136 (1.16%) CMS
7 122 (1.04%) Tomcat
8 116 (0.99%) Cloud Foundry
9 78 (0.66%) Ethereum
10 72 (0.61%) WebSphere
11 62 (0.53%) SharePoint
12 60 (0.51%) nginx
13 57 (0.48%) JBoss
14 42 (0.36%) Jupyter
15 38 (0.32%) IIS
16 36 (0.31%) Jetty
16 36 (0.31%) OpenStack
17 33 (0.28%) Hyperledger
18 30 (0.25%) MQSeries
19 26 (0.22%) WebLogic
Applications
1 58 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.10%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.093%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.085%) Sketch
7 7 (0.059%) Maple
8 6 (0.051%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 5 (0.042%) Photoshop
10 4 (0.034%) Adobe After Effects
11 3 (0.025%) InVision
12 2 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
12 2 (0.017%) Adobe XD
12 2 (0.017%) Simulink
13 1 (0.008%) Acrobat
13 1 (0.008%) Adobe Captivate
13 1 (0.008%) CATIA
13 1 (0.008%) FrameMaker
13 1 (0.008%) Microsoft Project
13 1 (0.008%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 89 (0.76%) Distributed Ledger
2 77 (0.65%) R3 Corda
3 41 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
4 23 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
5 19 (0.16%) Shopify
6 17 (0.14%) NetSuite
7 15 (0.13%) Magento
8 14 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
9 13 (0.11%) Ripple
9 13 (0.11%) Ripple XRP
9 13 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
10 8 (0.068%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
10 8 (0.068%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 8 (0.068%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 8 (0.068%) SAP HCM
11 7 (0.059%) ResourceLink
12 6 (0.051%) Oracle EBS
13 5 (0.042%) BusinessWorks
13 5 (0.042%) Summit
14 4 (0.034%) DELMIA
Cloud Services
1 4,488 (38.12%) AWS
2 2,789 (23.69%) Azure
3 1,773 (15.06%) GCP
4 934 (7.93%) Serverless
5 718 (6.10%) GitHub
6 595 (5.05%) AWS Lambda
7 543 (4.61%) SaaS
8 527 (4.48%) Amazon S3
9 418 (3.55%) Cloud Computing
10 346 (2.94%) AWS CloudFormation
11 316 (2.68%) Azure DevOps
12 306 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
13 292 (2.48%) OpenShift
14 266 (2.26%) Datadog
15 197 (1.67%) Amazon Kinesis
16 182 (1.55%) Amazon SQS
17 165 (1.40%) Amazon ECS
18 163 (1.38%) Amazon EKS
19 158 (1.34%) Slack
20 147 (1.25%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 813 (6.91%) HTTP
2 574 (4.88%) SSL
3 185 (1.57%) Internet
4 134 (1.14%) Broadband
5 102 (0.87%) Network Security
6 86 (0.73%) DNS
7 85 (0.72%) Kerberos
8 82 (0.70%) Firewall
9 74 (0.63%) VoIP
10 72 (0.61%) MQTT
11 61 (0.52%) TCP/IP
12 54 (0.46%) AMQP
13 51 (0.43%) HTTPS
14 39 (0.33%) Wireless
15 38 (0.32%) SNA
16 34 (0.29%) PPP
17 30 (0.25%) DSL
18 29 (0.25%) VPN
19 24 (0.20%) SSH
20 21 (0.18%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,692 (14.37%) NoSQL
2 1,386 (11.77%) PostgreSQL
3 887 (7.53%) MySQL
4 746 (6.34%) Relational Database
5 717 (6.09%) MongoDB
6 686 (5.83%) Big Data
7 493 (4.19%) Redis
8 489 (4.15%) Elasticsearch
9 416 (3.53%) SQL Server
10 389 (3.30%) Hadoop
11 340 (2.89%) DynamoDB
12 293 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
13 264 (2.24%) Amazon Aurora
14 205 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
15 187 (1.59%) Data Lake
16 163 (1.38%) Amazon Athena
17 161 (1.37%) BigQuery
18 160 (1.36%) RDBMS
19 157 (1.33%) Amazon Redshift
20 143 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 2,406 (20.44%) Git (software)
2 1,978 (16.80%) Jenkins
3 893 (7.59%) JIRA
4 853 (7.25%) Selenium
5 734 (6.24%) Maven
6 573 (4.87%) Cucumber
7 543 (4.61%) JUnit
8 503 (4.27%) GitLab
9 348 (2.96%) Postman
10 333 (2.83%) Gradle
11 318 (2.70%) Cypress.io
12 221 (1.88%) Mockito
13 214 (1.82%) Bitbucket
14 202 (1.72%) Appium
15 191 (1.62%) CircleCI
16 169 (1.44%) REST Assured
17 159 (1.35%) TeamCity
18 151 (1.28%) WebDriver
19 146 (1.24%) JMeter
20 141 (1.20%) SonarQube
General
1 3,566 (30.29%) Finance
2 2,856 (24.26%) Social Skills
3 1,260 (10.70%) Banking
4 1,087 (9.23%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 987 (8.38%) Marketing
6 796 (6.76%) Retail
7 717 (6.09%) Analytical Skills
8 627 (5.33%) Public Sector
9 571 (4.85%) Games
10 303 (2.57%) Advertising
11 288 (2.45%) Law
12 278 (2.36%) Legal
13 249 (2.12%) Telecoms
14 215 (1.83%) Financial Institution
15 196 (1.66%) Front Office
16 150 (1.27%) Manufacturing
17 138 (1.17%) Electronics
18 108 (0.92%) Publishing
19 107 (0.91%) Organisational Skills
20 101 (0.86%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 4,057 (34.46%) Developer
2 3,295 (27.99%) Software Engineer
3 2,286 (19.42%) Java Developer
4 1,250 (10.62%) Java Engineer
5 1,145 (9.73%) Senior Developer
6 814 (6.91%) Senior Software Engineer
7 731 (6.21%) Senior Java Developer
8 716 (6.08%) Java Software Engineer
9 497 (4.22%) DevOps Engineer
10 454 (3.86%) Software Developer
11 443 (3.76%) Data Engineer
12 374 (3.18%) Full Stack Developer
13 372 (3.16%) Senior Java Engineer
14 331 (2.81%) AWS Engineer
15 293 (2.49%) Graduate
16 290 (2.46%) Architect
17 283 (2.40%) QA Engineer
18 265 (2.25%) Java Software Developer
19 251 (2.13%) Test Engineer
20 238 (2.02%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,802 (23.80%) Spring
2 2,521 (21.42%) React
3 2,219 (18.85%) Node.js
4 2,011 (17.08%) Kafka
5 1,965 (16.69%) AngularJS
6 1,868 (15.87%) .NET
7 1,778 (15.10%) Spring Boot
8 1,666 (14.15%) HTML
9 1,534 (13.03%) CSS
10 1,366 (11.60%) RESTful
11 1,208 (10.26%) REST
12 765 (6.50%) Web Services
13 751 (6.38%) Ruby on Rails
14 637 (5.41%) ASP.NET
15 577 (4.90%) Angular 2
16 479 (4.07%) JSON
17 477 (4.05%) Vue.js
18 451 (3.83%) RabbitMQ
19 413 (3.51%) Hibernate
20 408 (3.47%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 740 (6.29%) Cloud Native
2 695 (5.90%) User Experience
3 631 (5.36%) Mobile App
4 577 (4.90%) Algorithms
5 527 (4.48%) Greenfield Project
6 450 (3.82%) Cyberattack
7 340 (2.89%) Blockchain
8 330 (2.80%) Data Structures
9 328 (2.79%) Public Cloud
10 319 (2.71%) Cyber Defence
11 308 (2.62%) Virtual Team
12 299 (2.54%) Self-Motivation
13 281 (2.39%) Blog
14 276 (2.34%) Hedge funds
15 251 (2.13%) Social Media
16 227 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
17 207 (1.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 206 (1.75%) Derivative
19 203 (1.72%) Fixed Income
20 181 (1.54%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 1,682 (14.29%) Linux
2 838 (7.12%) Android
3 586 (4.98%) Windows
4 497 (4.22%) Unix
5 473 (4.02%) Apple iOS
6 72 (0.61%) Ubuntu
7 62 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 56 (0.48%) CentOS
9 47 (0.40%) Windows Server
10 45 (0.38%) Mac OS
11 35 (0.30%) Debian
11 35 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
12 23 (0.20%) Mac OS X
13 22 (0.19%) Mesosphere
14 10 (0.085%) AIX
15 6 (0.051%) zOS
16 5 (0.042%) Amazon Linux
17 4 (0.034%) MVS
17 4 (0.034%) OpenWrt
17 4 (0.034%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,897 (50.09%) Agile
2 5,181 (44.01%) Software Engineering
3 3,152 (26.78%) CI/CD
4 2,910 (24.72%) Microservices
5 2,729 (23.18%) DevOps
6 2,225 (18.90%) Test Automation
7 2,210 (18.77%) TDD
8 1,924 (16.34%) Scrum
9 1,775 (15.08%) Full Stack Development
10 1,614 (13.71%) Problem-Solving
11 1,520 (12.91%) Mentoring
12 1,237 (10.51%) SDLC
13 1,189 (10.10%) Continuous Integration
14 1,144 (9.72%) Computer Science
15 1,113 (9.45%) OO
16 1,110 (9.43%) Fintech
17 979 (8.32%) Open Source
18 978 (8.31%) BDD
19 860 (7.31%) Coaching
20 841 (7.14%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 4,151 (35.26%) JavaScript
2 3,989 (33.89%) Python
3 3,204 (27.22%) SQL
4 1,990 (16.90%) C#
5 1,805 (15.33%) Go
6 1,568 (13.32%) Kotlin
7 1,328 (11.28%) Ruby
8 1,291 (10.97%) TypeScript
9 1,034 (8.78%) C++
10 957 (8.13%) Scala
11 465 (3.95%) Bash
12 446 (3.79%) C
13 360 (3.06%) PHP
14 268 (2.28%) Groovy
15 216 (1.83%) Shell Script
16 201 (1.71%) ES6
17 200 (1.70%) PowerShell
18 199 (1.69%) Rust
19 177 (1.50%) Perl
20 153 (1.30%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,263 (10.73%) Degree
2 794 (6.74%) Security Cleared
3 569 (4.83%) Computer Science Degree
4 479 (4.07%) SC Cleared
5 151 (1.28%) PhD
6 130 (1.10%) Master's Degree
7 90 (0.76%) ISTQB
8 64 (0.54%) ISEB
9 57 (0.48%) DV Cleared
10 55 (0.47%) AWS Certification
11 38 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
12 30 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
13 29 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 28 (0.24%) DBS Check
15 27 (0.23%) PMI Certification
16 22 (0.19%) Six Sigma Black Belt
17 18 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
17 18 (0.15%) CISSP
18 17 (0.14%) Sun Certification
19 12 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,369 (11.63%) QA
2 158 (1.34%) Accessibility
3 108 (0.92%) Data Quality
4 69 (0.59%) SLA
5 67 (0.57%) GDPR
6 19 (0.16%) SOC 2
7 18 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 15 (0.13%) HIPAA
9 14 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 13 (0.11%) NIST
11 11 (0.093%) GxP
12 10 (0.085%) HL7
13 8 (0.068%) FISMA
13 8 (0.068%) HITRUST
14 7 (0.059%) NCSC
15 4 (0.034%) COBIT
15 4 (0.034%) EMIR
15 4 (0.034%) PSD2
16 3 (0.025%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 3 (0.025%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 4,057 (34.46%) Docker
2 92 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 79 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
4 78 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
5 45 (0.38%) Apache Flume
6 38 (0.32%) Firmware
7 32 (0.27%) Hyper-V
8 25 (0.21%) KVM
9 24 (0.20%) HDFS
10 20 (0.17%) Active Directory
11 18 (0.15%) Xen
12 8 (0.068%) GridGain
12 8 (0.068%) iptables
13 7 (0.059%) etcd
14 6 (0.051%) Postfix
14 6 (0.051%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.051%) vSphere
15 5 (0.042%) NFS
15 5 (0.042%) VMware ESXi
16 4 (0.034%) Samba
Systems Management
1 3,234 (27.47%) Kubernetes
2 1,277 (10.85%) Terraform
3 729 (6.19%) Ansible
4 280 (2.38%) Puppet
5 274 (2.33%) Opscode Chef
6 235 (2.00%) Grafana
7 222 (1.89%) Prometheus
8 176 (1.50%) Docker Swarm
9 97 (0.82%) Kibana
10 72 (0.61%) Istio
11 59 (0.50%) Oozie
12 55 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
13 54 (0.46%) Argo
14 51 (0.43%) Packer
15 39 (0.33%) Consul
16 34 (0.29%) Rancher
17 33 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
18 29 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
19 28 (0.24%) Nagios
20 24 (0.20%) Graphite
Vendors
1 780 (6.63%) Google
2 710 (6.03%) Oracle
3 576 (4.89%) Microsoft
4 161 (1.37%) Twitter
5 158 (1.34%) SAP
6 142 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
7 132 (1.12%) IBM
8 126 (1.07%) Atlassian
9 122 (1.04%) VMware
10 121 (1.03%) Zopa
11 116 (0.99%) Databricks
12 114 (0.97%) Revolut
13 102 (0.87%) Red Hat
14 92 (0.78%) Splunk
15 72 (0.61%) TrueLayer
16 69 (0.59%) New Relic
17 60 (0.51%) Confluent
18 58 (0.49%) MuleSoft
19 50 (0.42%) BT
19 50 (0.42%) Dynatrace