Period
to 5 March 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 9 8
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 +12
Permanent jobs citing Java 1,986 1,190 1,268
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 14.17% 15.89% 16.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 22.98% 26.69% 28.17%
Number of salaries quoted 3,362 2,113 2,235
Median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.85% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £40,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £100,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £59,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +5.04% +8.18%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 8,641 4,459 4,501
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 61.63% 59.56% 57.83%
Number of salaries quoted 7,615 3,918 4,115
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £90,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Java
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Java trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java.

Java salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Java over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Java salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, Java job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Java.

1 1,025 (51.61%) Agile Software Development
2 620 (31.22%) AWS
3 612 (30.82%) Python
4 611 (30.77%) JavaScript
5 550 (27.69%) Microservices
6 522 (26.28%) SQL
7 516 (25.98%) Spring
8 515 (25.93%) Software Engineering
9 500 (25.18%) DevOps
10 428 (21.55%) Docker
11 381 (19.18%) TDD
12 377 (18.98%) Kubernetes
13 362 (18.23%) Scrum
14 347 (17.47%) C#
15 340 (17.12%) Jenkins
16 302 (15.21%) Spring Boot
17 286 (14.40%) AngularJS
18 277 (13.95%) Linux
19 276 (13.90%) Finance
20 275 (13.85%) Azure
21 248 (12.49%) Node.js
22 244 (12.29%) Test Automation
23 238 (11.98%) React
24 232 (11.68%) Git (software)
25 226 (11.38%) BDD
26 221 (11.13%) Kafka
26 221 (11.13%) GCP
27 213 (10.73%) RESTful
28 211 (10.62%) Continuous Integration
29 210 (10.57%) PostgreSQL

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (6.14%) Elasticsearch
2 70 (3.52%) Apache Spark
3 66 (3.32%) Apache
4 61 (3.07%) Confluence
5 58 (2.92%) Tomcat
6 36 (1.81%) SAS
7 28 (1.41%) CMS
8 19 (0.96%) JBoss
9 17 (0.86%) Mule
9 17 (0.86%) Tornado
10 15 (0.76%) Red Hat Fuse
11 14 (0.70%) nginx
11 14 (0.70%) WebSphere
12 13 (0.65%) Mule ESB
13 12 (0.60%) IBM Domino
14 10 (0.50%) MS Exchange
15 9 (0.45%) WebLogic
16 6 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 6 (0.30%) Liferay
17 5 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 12 (0.60%) Figma
2 10 (0.50%) Adobe XD
3 9 (0.45%) Sketch
4 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.050%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.050%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.050%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.050%) PrintSoft PReS
6 1 (0.050%) Quicktime
6 1 (0.050%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 18 (0.91%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.70%) Shopify
3 11 (0.55%) SAP Hybris
4 6 (0.30%) SAP CRM
5 5 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.10%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.050%) Adaptiv
8 1 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.050%) Magento
8 1 (0.050%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.050%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.050%) R3 Corda
8 1 (0.050%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.050%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 620 (31.22%) AWS
2 275 (13.85%) Azure
3 221 (11.13%) GCP
4 148 (7.45%) SaaS
5 88 (4.43%) Serverless
6 66 (3.32%) AWS Lambda
7 61 (3.07%) Amazon EC2
8 48 (2.42%) PaaS
9 46 (2.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 46 (2.32%) Amazon S3
10 33 (1.66%) GitHub
11 30 (1.51%) IaaS
12 20 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
12 20 (1.01%) AWS CloudFormation
13 16 (0.81%) OpenShift
14 14 (0.70%) Amazon Kinesis
14 14 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
15 13 (0.65%) Boomi
15 13 (0.65%) CloudFront
15 13 (0.65%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 57 (2.87%) HTTP
2 35 (1.76%) TCP/IP
3 27 (1.36%) Internet
4 18 (0.91%) DNS
5 15 (0.76%) Bluetooth
6 9 (0.45%) HTTPS
7 6 (0.30%) SMTP
8 5 (0.25%) SNMP
9 4 (0.20%) DAB
9 4 (0.20%) Firewall
9 4 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.15%) DSL
10 3 (0.15%) SSH
11 2 (0.10%) DLNA
11 2 (0.10%) LAN
11 2 (0.10%) Modbus
11 2 (0.10%) Skype
11 2 (0.10%) UPnP
11 2 (0.10%) WAN
11 2 (0.10%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 210 (10.57%) PostgreSQL
2 182 (9.16%) MySQL
3 175 (8.81%) NoSQL
4 161 (8.11%) MongoDB
5 135 (6.80%) Big Data
6 124 (6.24%) SQL Server
7 105 (5.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 103 (5.19%) Relational Database
9 75 (3.78%) Hadoop
10 69 (3.47%) Redis
11 68 (3.42%) Apache Cassandra
12 34 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
13 32 (1.61%) Blockchain
14 29 (1.46%) Amazon Redshift
14 29 (1.46%) Tableau
15 26 (1.31%) BigQuery
16 22 (1.11%) QlikView
17 21 (1.06%) Neo4j
18 14 (0.70%) RDBMS
19 13 (0.65%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 340 (17.12%) Jenkins
2 232 (11.68%) Git (software)
3 183 (9.21%) Maven
4 165 (8.31%) JIRA
5 122 (6.14%) Cucumber
6 109 (5.49%) Selenium
7 99 (4.98%) JUnit
8 72 (3.63%) Gradle
9 47 (2.37%) Subversion
10 46 (2.32%) IntelliJ
11 35 (1.76%) GitLab
12 32 (1.61%) WebDriver
13 31 (1.56%) Postman
14 30 (1.51%) JMeter
15 25 (1.26%) SoapUI
16 23 (1.16%) Mercurial
17 22 (1.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 21 (1.06%) Appium
19 18 (0.91%) Bitbucket
20 17 (0.86%) CircleCI
General
1 276 (13.90%) Finance
2 126 (6.34%) Banking
3 94 (4.73%) Retail
4 89 (4.48%) Games
5 74 (3.73%) Public Sector
6 67 (3.37%) Telecoms
7 64 (3.22%) Marketing
8 43 (2.17%) Electronics
8 43 (2.17%) Front Office
9 29 (1.46%) Back Office
9 29 (1.46%) Manufacturing
10 18 (0.91%) Law
11 14 (0.70%) Advertising
12 11 (0.55%) Investment Banking
13 10 (0.50%) German Language
14 8 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (0.35%) Publishing
16 6 (0.30%) Financial Institution
16 6 (0.30%) Online Betting
17 5 (0.25%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,087 (54.73%) Developer
2 644 (32.43%) Java Developer
3 261 (13.14%) Senior Developer
3 261 (13.14%) Software Engineer
4 208 (10.47%) Java Engineer
5 158 (7.96%) Senior Java Developer
6 115 (5.79%) Full Stack Developer
7 99 (4.98%) Java Software Engineer
8 96 (4.83%) Software Developer
9 92 (4.63%) Lead Developer
10 88 (4.43%) Architect
10 88 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer
11 79 (3.98%) JavaScript Developer
12 75 (3.78%) Python Developer
13 74 (3.73%) React Developer
14 64 (3.22%) Lead Java Developer
15 62 (3.12%) Senior Software Engineer
16 56 (2.82%) Android Developer
17 55 (2.77%) Angular Developer
17 55 (2.77%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 516 (25.98%) Spring
2 302 (15.21%) Spring Boot
3 286 (14.40%) AngularJS
4 248 (12.49%) Node.js
5 238 (11.98%) React
6 221 (11.13%) Kafka
7 213 (10.73%) RESTful
8 208 (10.47%) Web Services
9 192 (9.67%) HTML
10 181 (9.11%) REST
11 171 (8.61%) CSS
12 167 (8.41%) .NET
13 153 (7.70%) Hibernate
14 99 (4.98%) Vue.js
15 84 (4.23%) SOAP
16 70 (3.52%) RabbitMQ
16 70 (3.52%) XML
17 66 (3.32%) HTML5
17 66 (3.32%) JSON
18 60 (3.02%) Apache Flex
Miscellaneous
1 102 (5.14%) Greenfield Project
2 86 (4.33%) Data Structures
3 80 (4.03%) Algorithms
4 78 (3.93%) Analytical Skills
5 69 (3.47%) Mobile App
6 63 (3.17%) Self-Motivation
7 59 (2.97%) User Experience
8 45 (2.27%) Cloud Native
9 44 (2.22%) iPad
10 42 (2.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 42 (2.11%) NHS
11 40 (2.01%) Virtual Team
12 32 (1.61%) Derivative
12 32 (1.61%) Fixed Income
13 31 (1.56%) Equities
14 28 (1.41%) Hedge funds
15 26 (1.31%) LIMS
16 24 (1.21%) Client/Server
17 23 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
18 21 (1.06%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 277 (13.95%) Linux
2 143 (7.20%) Android
3 64 (3.22%) Apple iOS
4 61 (3.07%) Unix
5 57 (2.87%) Windows
6 20 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.45%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.40%) Windows Server
9 7 (0.35%) CentOS
9 7 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.10%) AIX
10 2 (0.10%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.10%) Solaris
10 2 (0.10%) VMS
11 1 (0.050%) Fedora
11 1 (0.050%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,025 (51.61%) Agile Software Development
2 550 (27.69%) Microservices
3 515 (25.93%) Software Engineering
4 500 (25.18%) DevOps
5 381 (19.18%) TDD
6 362 (18.23%) Scrum
7 244 (12.29%) Test Automation
8 226 (11.38%) BDD
9 211 (10.62%) Continuous Integration
10 205 (10.32%) Computer Science
11 198 (9.97%) OO
12 189 (9.52%) Fintech
13 185 (9.32%) Problem-Solving
14 140 (7.05%) Analytics
14 140 (7.05%) Mentoring
15 118 (5.94%) Multithreading
16 116 (5.84%) SDLC
17 104 (5.24%) Data Science
18 101 (5.09%) Machine Learning
19 96 (4.83%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 612 (30.82%) Python
2 611 (30.77%) JavaScript
3 522 (26.28%) SQL
4 347 (17.47%) C#
5 203 (10.22%) C++
6 191 (9.62%) Kotlin
7 177 (8.91%) Java 8
8 176 (8.86%) TypeScript
9 158 (7.96%) Go
10 138 (6.95%) Scala
11 95 (4.78%) C
12 78 (3.93%) Ruby
13 70 (3.52%) Bash Shell
14 63 (3.17%) PHP
15 62 (3.12%) R
16 45 (2.27%) Groovy
17 41 (2.06%) ES6
18 34 (1.71%) VB
19 30 (1.51%) Apple Swift
20 26 (1.31%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 188 (9.47%) Degree
2 104 (5.24%) Computer Science Degree
3 70 (3.52%) Security Cleared
4 60 (3.02%) SC Cleared
5 21 (1.06%) ISTQB
6 18 (0.91%) ISEB
7 14 (0.70%) PhD
8 11 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
10 7 (0.35%) Sun Certification
11 6 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
12 5 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 4 (0.20%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.20%) Master's Degree
14 2 (0.10%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.10%) CISSP
14 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.10%) OSCE
14 2 (0.10%) OSCP
14 2 (0.10%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 134 (6.75%) QA
2 20 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (0.65%) GDPR
4 9 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 9 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27005
4 9 (0.45%) NCSC
5 7 (0.35%) ISO 9001
5 7 (0.35%) SLA
6 6 (0.30%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.25%) NIST
8 2 (0.10%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.10%) IEC 61131
8 2 (0.10%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.10%) ISO 13485
8 2 (0.10%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.050%) PMO
9 1 (0.050%) WCAG
System Software
1 428 (21.55%) Docker
2 21 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.60%) Active Directory
5 6 (0.30%) Firmware
6 3 (0.15%) Xen
7 1 (0.050%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.050%) Gluster
7 1 (0.050%) Varnish
7 1 (0.050%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 377 (18.98%) Kubernetes
2 147 (7.40%) Ansible
3 128 (6.45%) Terraform
4 68 (3.42%) Puppet
5 65 (3.27%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (1.71%) Prometheus
7 30 (1.51%) ZABBIX
8 24 (1.21%) Graphite
9 17 (0.86%) Kibana
10 15 (0.76%) Packer
11 13 (0.65%) Grafana
12 11 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
13 10 (0.50%) logstash
14 9 (0.45%) Nagios
15 6 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
16 5 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
17 4 (0.20%) FlexNet
18 3 (0.15%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
18 3 (0.15%) ITRS Geneos
18 3 (0.15%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 172 (8.66%) Oracle
2 124 (6.24%) Google
3 71 (3.58%) Microsoft
4 46 (2.32%) SAP
5 32 (1.61%) Adobe
5 32 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
6 31 (1.56%) Apple
7 26 (1.31%) IBM
7 26 (1.31%) Red Hat
8 24 (1.21%) Talend
9 22 (1.11%) MuleSoft
9 22 (1.11%) VMware
10 19 (0.96%) Atlassian
11 17 (0.86%) New Relic
12 15 (0.76%) Elastic Path
12 15 (0.76%) TIBCO
13 14 (0.70%) Aquila
14 13 (0.65%) hybris
15 12 (0.60%) Splunk
16 11 (0.55%) Xamarin