Period
to 28 January 2022

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 18 14 9
Rank change year-on-year -4 -5 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 3,334 1,627 1,212
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 11.24% 14.45% 16.53%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.15% 23.24% 27.73%
Number of salaries quoted 2,438 1,447 1,044
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £48,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% -3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £92,500 £77,500 £83,125
90th Percentile £112,500 £90,000 £105,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +8.70%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,549 7,002 4,371
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 55.82% 62.21% 59.62%
Number of salaries quoted 13,044 6,372 3,853
10th Percentile £37,750 £35,000 £34,910
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - -
75th Percentile £81,250 £71,250 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £85,000 £89,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Java
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Java trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java.

Java salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Java over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Java salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, Java job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Java.

1 1,635 (49.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,378 (41.33%) AWS
3 1,219 (36.56%) Software Engineering
4 1,077 (32.30%) Python
5 1,068 (32.03%) JavaScript
6 960 (28.79%) CI/CD
7 951 (28.52%) Microservices
8 908 (27.23%) DevOps
9 906 (27.17%) Finance
10 868 (26.03%) SQL
11 867 (26.00%) Spring
12 829 (24.87%) Docker
13 750 (22.50%) Azure
14 734 (22.02%) Kubernetes
15 714 (21.42%) React
16 693 (20.79%) C#
17 667 (20.01%) Social Skills
18 572 (17.16%) Scrum
19 560 (16.80%) Full Stack Development
20 553 (16.59%) Git (software)
21 543 (16.29%) Node.js
22 534 (16.02%) TDD
23 532 (15.96%) GCP
24 525 (15.75%) Spring Boot
25 524 (15.72%) Test Automation
26 522 (15.66%) Jenkins
27 458 (13.74%) Kafka
28 456 (13.68%) Kotlin
29 426 (12.78%) NoSQL
30 424 (12.72%) TypeScript

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 189 (5.67%) Elasticsearch
2 122 (3.66%) Confluence
3 102 (3.06%) Apache Spark
4 82 (2.46%) Apache
5 58 (1.74%) Apache Solr
6 56 (1.68%) Tomcat
7 29 (0.87%) JBoss
8 25 (0.75%) Apache Airflow
9 21 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
10 19 (0.57%) WebLogic
11 18 (0.54%) WebSphere
12 17 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 16 (0.48%) nginx
14 15 (0.45%) CMS
15 14 (0.42%) OpenStack
16 12 (0.36%) IIS
17 10 (0.30%) SharePoint
18 9 (0.27%) Appian
18 9 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
19 8 (0.24%) OnBase
Applications
1 12 (0.36%) InVision
2 7 (0.21%) Sketch
3 4 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.090%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.090%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.090%) Oracle Smart View
5 2 (0.060%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.060%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.060%) CPLEX
5 2 (0.060%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.060%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.030%) EngageOne
6 1 (0.030%) InDesign
6 1 (0.030%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.030%) Weka
Business Applications
1 16 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
3 11 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
3 11 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
3 11 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
4 10 (0.30%) Summit
5 9 (0.27%) Shopify
6 7 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.12%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 3 (0.090%) Magento
8 3 (0.090%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.090%) Oracle EBS R12
8 3 (0.090%) Oracle Financials
8 3 (0.090%) Oracle General Ledger
8 3 (0.090%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.090%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 3 (0.090%) Oracle Receivables
8 3 (0.090%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.060%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 1,378 (41.33%) AWS
2 750 (22.50%) Azure
3 532 (15.96%) GCP
4 302 (9.06%) Serverless
5 207 (6.21%) SaaS
6 189 (5.67%) AWS Lambda
7 163 (4.89%) GitHub
8 108 (3.24%) Amazon S3
9 90 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
10 76 (2.28%) AWS CloudFormation
11 69 (2.07%) OpenShift
12 61 (1.83%) PaaS
13 57 (1.71%) Datadog
14 51 (1.53%) Amazon Kinesis
14 51 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
15 41 (1.23%) Amazon SQS
15 41 (1.23%) IaaS
16 36 (1.08%) Slack
17 34 (1.02%) Google Play
18 31 (0.93%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 94 (2.82%) HTTP
2 35 (1.05%) Internet
3 22 (0.66%) VoIP
4 21 (0.63%) DNS
5 20 (0.60%) Firewall
6 14 (0.42%) TCP/IP
7 13 (0.39%) SSH
8 12 (0.36%) HTTPS
9 10 (0.30%) Broadband
9 10 (0.30%) MQTT
10 9 (0.27%) Network Security
10 9 (0.27%) PPP
11 8 (0.24%) UPnP
11 8 (0.24%) VPN
12 7 (0.21%) IPv6
12 7 (0.21%) RTSP
13 6 (0.18%) tcpdump
14 5 (0.15%) FTP
15 4 (0.12%) PBX
15 4 (0.12%) PSTN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 426 (12.78%) NoSQL
2 346 (10.38%) PostgreSQL
3 319 (9.57%) MongoDB
4 315 (9.45%) MySQL
5 250 (7.50%) Relational Database
6 217 (6.51%) Big Data
7 181 (5.43%) SQL Server
8 179 (5.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 162 (4.86%) Redis
10 141 (4.23%) Hadoop
11 98 (2.94%) Apache Cassandra
12 78 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
13 76 (2.28%) RDBMS
14 53 (1.59%) Amazon Aurora
15 50 (1.50%) Data Lake
16 47 (1.41%) Blockchain
17 41 (1.23%) Amazon RDS
18 35 (1.05%) BigQuery
19 28 (0.84%) Amazon Athena
19 28 (0.84%) Flink
Development Applications
1 553 (16.59%) Git (software)
2 522 (15.66%) Jenkins
3 235 (7.05%) JIRA
4 193 (5.79%) Selenium
5 164 (4.92%) Maven
6 138 (4.14%) JUnit
7 137 (4.11%) GitLab
8 120 (3.60%) Cucumber
9 103 (3.09%) Bitbucket
10 84 (2.52%) Subversion
11 73 (2.19%) Cypress.io
12 62 (1.86%) JMeter
13 58 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 58 (1.74%) Gradle
14 52 (1.56%) TeamCity
15 45 (1.35%) Eclipse
16 40 (1.20%) Mockito
17 36 (1.08%) Postman
18 35 (1.05%) CircleCI
19 34 (1.02%) SonarQube
General
1 906 (27.17%) Finance
2 667 (20.01%) Social Skills
3 233 (6.99%) Retail
4 214 (6.42%) Banking
5 157 (4.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 124 (3.72%) Public Sector
7 123 (3.69%) Front Office
8 104 (3.12%) Telecoms
9 99 (2.97%) Analytical Skills
10 93 (2.79%) Marketing
11 74 (2.22%) Games
12 55 (1.65%) Billing
13 48 (1.44%) Advertising
14 47 (1.41%) Law
15 45 (1.35%) Manufacturing
16 43 (1.29%) Automotive
17 41 (1.23%) Publishing
18 33 (0.99%) Electronics
19 26 (0.78%) Investment Banking
20 22 (0.66%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,459 (43.76%) Developer
2 903 (27.08%) Java Developer
3 597 (17.91%) Software Engineer
4 414 (12.42%) Senior Developer
5 378 (11.34%) Java Engineer
6 286 (8.58%) Senior Java Developer
7 244 (7.32%) Java Software Engineer
8 204 (6.12%) Architect
9 198 (5.94%) Senior Software Engineer
10 185 (5.55%) Software Developer
11 127 (3.81%) DevOps Engineer
12 125 (3.75%) Senior Java Engineer
13 123 (3.69%) Full Stack Developer
14 112 (3.36%) AWS Engineer
15 111 (3.33%) Java Software Developer
16 108 (3.24%) Cloud Developer
17 106 (3.18%) Cloud Engineer
18 105 (3.15%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 101 (3.03%) Data Engineer
20 93 (2.79%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 867 (26.00%) Spring
2 714 (21.42%) React
3 543 (16.29%) Node.js
4 525 (15.75%) Spring Boot
5 458 (13.74%) Kafka
6 423 (12.69%) REST
7 412 (12.36%) HTML
8 398 (11.94%) CSS
9 376 (11.28%) .NET
10 369 (11.07%) AngularJS
11 351 (10.53%) RESTful
12 253 (7.59%) Web Services
13 227 (6.81%) JSON
14 190 (5.70%) Hibernate
15 189 (5.67%) Vue.js
16 183 (5.49%) XML
17 172 (5.16%) HTML5
18 125 (3.75%) GraphQL
18 125 (3.75%) SOAP
19 105 (3.15%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 226 (6.78%) Greenfield Project
2 190 (5.70%) User Experience
3 140 (4.20%) Mobile App
4 139 (4.17%) Enterprise Software
5 138 (4.14%) Cloud Native
6 134 (4.02%) Fixed Income
7 126 (3.78%) Derivative
7 126 (3.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 118 (3.54%) Self-Motivation
9 105 (3.15%) Equities
10 99 (2.97%) Public Cloud
11 97 (2.91%) Hedge funds
12 87 (2.61%) Algorithms
13 68 (2.04%) Data Structures
14 65 (1.95%) iPad
15 50 (1.50%) Social Media
16 49 (1.47%) Virtual Team
17 44 (1.32%) Management Information System
18 32 (0.96%) Video\Live Streaming
19 31 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 383 (11.49%) Linux
2 163 (4.89%) Android
3 140 (4.20%) Unix
4 130 (3.90%) Windows
5 88 (2.64%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.57%) Ubuntu
7 17 (0.51%) CentOS
8 16 (0.48%) Debian
9 12 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 11 (0.33%) Mac OS
10 11 (0.33%) Solaris
11 10 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
11 10 (0.30%) Windows Server
12 7 (0.21%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.060%) VMS
14 1 (0.030%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.030%) Mesosphere
14 1 (0.030%) Robot Operating System
14 1 (0.030%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,635 (49.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,219 (36.56%) Software Engineering
3 960 (28.79%) CI/CD
4 951 (28.52%) Microservices
5 908 (27.23%) DevOps
6 572 (17.16%) Scrum
7 560 (16.80%) Full Stack Development
8 534 (16.02%) TDD
9 524 (15.72%) Test Automation
10 402 (12.06%) Mentoring
11 401 (12.03%) Continuous Integration
12 381 (11.43%) Problem-Solving
13 334 (10.02%) BDD
14 320 (9.60%) Computer Science
15 313 (9.39%) OO
16 270 (8.10%) Open Source
17 252 (7.56%) SDLC
18 247 (7.41%) Analytics
19 231 (6.93%) Fintech
20 197 (5.91%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,077 (32.30%) Python
2 1,068 (32.03%) JavaScript
3 868 (26.03%) SQL
4 693 (20.79%) C#
5 456 (13.68%) Kotlin
6 424 (12.72%) TypeScript
7 321 (9.63%) C++
8 303 (9.09%) Go
9 282 (8.46%) Scala
10 243 (7.29%) Java 8
11 163 (4.89%) Ruby
12 128 (3.84%) C
13 105 (3.15%) Bash
14 101 (3.03%) PHP
15 83 (2.49%) Java 11
16 76 (2.28%) ES6
17 69 (2.07%) Groovy
18 55 (1.65%) Shell Script
19 54 (1.62%) Objective-C
19 54 (1.62%) Perl
Qualifications
1 401 (12.03%) Degree
2 260 (7.80%) Security Cleared
3 196 (5.88%) SC Cleared
4 188 (5.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.02%) Master's Degree
6 31 (0.93%) ISTQB
7 27 (0.81%) AWS Certification
8 13 (0.39%) CREST Certified
9 12 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (0.36%) CISM
9 12 (0.36%) CISSP
9 12 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 12 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
10 10 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
11 9 (0.27%) PhD
12 8 (0.24%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 8 (0.24%) CCSP
12 8 (0.24%) CISA
12 8 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
12 8 (0.24%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 323 (9.69%) QA
2 49 (1.47%) Accessibility
3 28 (0.84%) Data Quality
4 26 (0.78%) SLA
5 19 (0.57%) GDPR
6 15 (0.45%) PCI DSS
7 11 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 8 (0.24%) GRC
9 8 (0.24%) ISAE 3402
9 8 (0.24%) ISO 31000
9 8 (0.24%) ISO 9001
9 8 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 8 (0.24%) NIST
10 7 (0.21%) WCAG
11 5 (0.15%) SNOMED CT
12 4 (0.12%) PSD2
13 2 (0.060%) COREP
13 2 (0.060%) HL7
14 1 (0.030%) MiFID
System Software
1 829 (24.87%) Docker
2 17 (0.51%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 8 (0.24%) ISA Server
5 7 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.15%) Firmware
8 4 (0.12%) Ceph
9 3 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.060%) HDFS
11 1 (0.030%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.030%) NDS
11 1 (0.030%) NFS
11 1 (0.030%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 734 (22.02%) Kubernetes
2 382 (11.46%) Terraform
3 209 (6.27%) Ansible
4 97 (2.91%) Prometheus
5 62 (1.86%) Grafana
6 53 (1.59%) Opscode Chef
7 52 (1.56%) Puppet
8 38 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
9 35 (1.05%) Kibana
10 17 (0.51%) Amdocs OSS
11 16 (0.48%) logstash
12 14 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
13 13 (0.39%) HP ALM
13 13 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
14 12 (0.36%) ZABBIX
15 10 (0.30%) Nagios
15 10 (0.30%) Nessus
16 8 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
16 8 (0.24%) Trend Micro Deep Security
17 6 (0.18%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 363 (10.89%) Oracle
2 279 (8.37%) Google
3 242 (7.26%) Microsoft
4 55 (1.65%) Salesforce.com
5 51 (1.53%) Splunk
6 43 (1.29%) BISAM
7 42 (1.26%) SAP
7 42 (1.26%) Twitter
8 31 (0.93%) Red Hat
8 31 (0.93%) Xamarin
9 28 (0.84%) Adobe
10 25 (0.75%) Dynatrace
11 24 (0.72%) AppDynamics
12 23 (0.69%) IBM
13 21 (0.63%) Atlassian
14 19 (0.57%) Okta
15 18 (0.54%) Elastic Path
15 18 (0.54%) ServiceNow
16 17 (0.51%) Amdocs
16 17 (0.51%) New Relic