Period
to 15 June 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 11 8
Rank change year-on-year -4 -3 +12
Permanent jobs citing Java 2,513 893 1,276
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 12.78% 15.64% 16.07%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.26% 25.31% 28.48%
Number of salaries quoted 1,962 814 1,139
10th Percentile £41,913 £39,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% -3.85% +18.18%
75th Percentile £83,750 £78,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £90,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,820 3,528 4,481
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 60.10% 61.78% 56.43%
Number of salaries quoted 9,769 3,120 4,083
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Java trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java.

Java salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Java over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Java salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, Java job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Java.

1 1,301 (51.77%) Agile Software Development
2 829 (32.99%) AWS
3 810 (32.23%) Microservices
4 790 (31.44%) JavaScript
5 736 (29.29%) SQL
6 716 (28.49%) Software Engineering
7 683 (27.18%) Python
8 662 (26.34%) Spring
9 601 (23.92%) DevOps
10 542 (21.57%) Docker
11 517 (20.57%) Kubernetes
12 495 (19.70%) Scrum
13 460 (18.30%) Azure
14 454 (18.07%) Jenkins
15 437 (17.39%) TDD
16 429 (17.07%) Social Skills
17 418 (16.63%) Spring Boot
18 416 (16.55%) Finance
19 365 (14.52%) Linux
20 361 (14.37%) Test Automation
21 350 (13.93%) React
22 344 (13.69%) C#
23 343 (13.65%) AngularJS
24 325 (12.93%) HTML
25 312 (12.42%) REST
26 309 (12.30%) GCP
27 302 (12.02%) Git (software)
28 299 (11.90%) OO
29 295 (11.74%) RESTful
30 276 (10.98%) TypeScript

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (4.62%) Elasticsearch
2 106 (4.22%) Apache Spark
3 89 (3.54%) Apache
4 67 (2.67%) Confluence
5 64 (2.55%) Tomcat
6 55 (2.19%) CMS
7 31 (1.23%) Apache Airflow
7 31 (1.23%) SAS
8 26 (1.03%) nginx
9 21 (0.84%) SharePoint
10 17 (0.68%) JBoss
11 15 (0.60%) WebLogic
12 13 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 12 (0.48%) Apache Solr
14 11 (0.44%) Mule
14 11 (0.44%) Mule ESB
15 10 (0.40%) Red Hat Fuse
16 8 (0.32%) Luigi
17 7 (0.28%) Apache Pulsar
18 6 (0.24%) WebSphere
Applications
1 9 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.20%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.20%) Sketch
3 4 (0.16%) Figma
3 4 (0.16%) Zeplin
4 3 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.080%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.080%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.080%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.040%) 3ds Max
6 1 (0.040%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.040%) Maya
6 1 (0.040%) PrintSoft PReS
6 1 (0.040%) Quicktime
6 1 (0.040%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 22 (0.88%) Payment Gateway
2 18 (0.72%) Shopify
3 11 (0.44%) Oracle Applications
4 7 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.080%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.080%) Magento
8 2 (0.080%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.080%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.040%) Adaptiv
9 1 (0.040%) JDE EnterpriseOne
9 1 (0.040%) SDL Web 8
9 1 (0.040%) Sentinel
9 1 (0.040%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.040%) StreamServe
9 1 (0.040%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 829 (32.99%) AWS
2 460 (18.30%) Azure
3 309 (12.30%) GCP
4 151 (6.01%) Serverless
5 150 (5.97%) SaaS
6 85 (3.38%) AWS Lambda
7 79 (3.14%) Amazon EC2
8 72 (2.87%) GitHub
9 55 (2.19%) Amazon S3
10 54 (2.15%) PaaS
11 39 (1.55%) AWS CloudFormation
12 36 (1.43%) OpenShift
13 33 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
14 32 (1.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 27 (1.07%) Datadog
16 25 (0.99%) IaaS
17 21 (0.84%) Amazon ECS
18 19 (0.76%) Amazon SQS
18 19 (0.76%) npm
19 18 (0.72%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 65 (2.59%) HTTP
2 29 (1.15%) Internet
3 17 (0.68%) TCP/IP
4 15 (0.60%) Firewall
5 7 (0.28%) DNS
6 6 (0.24%) Bluetooth
6 6 (0.24%) SSH
7 5 (0.20%) LAN
7 5 (0.20%) WAN
7 5 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.16%) VPN
9 3 (0.12%) DAB
9 3 (0.12%) DLNA
9 3 (0.12%) DSL
9 3 (0.12%) IPv4
9 3 (0.12%) SAN
9 3 (0.12%) SMS
9 3 (0.12%) UPnP
10 2 (0.080%) AMQP
10 2 (0.080%) Modbus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 245 (9.75%) NoSQL
2 203 (8.08%) PostgreSQL
3 179 (7.12%) MongoDB
4 176 (7.00%) MySQL
5 136 (5.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 124 (4.93%) Relational Database
7 119 (4.74%) Big Data
8 110 (4.38%) SQL Server
9 105 (4.18%) Hadoop
10 90 (3.58%) Redis
11 63 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
12 46 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
13 44 (1.75%) BigQuery
14 35 (1.39%) Blockchain
15 34 (1.35%) RDBMS
16 31 (1.23%) Neo4j
17 28 (1.11%) Amazon Aurora
18 27 (1.07%) Amazon Redshift
19 25 (0.99%) Apache Hive
19 25 (0.99%) Apache Ignite
Development Applications
1 454 (18.07%) Jenkins
2 302 (12.02%) Git (software)
3 232 (9.23%) Maven
4 196 (7.80%) JIRA
5 170 (6.76%) JUnit
6 141 (5.61%) Selenium
7 139 (5.53%) Cucumber
8 95 (3.78%) Gradle
9 76 (3.02%) GitLab
10 53 (2.11%) IntelliJ
11 46 (1.83%) JMeter
12 38 (1.51%) Postman
13 36 (1.43%) Subversion
13 36 (1.43%) WebDriver
14 26 (1.03%) CircleCI
14 26 (1.03%) Cypress.io
15 24 (0.96%) Bitbucket
16 22 (0.88%) SoapUI
17 21 (0.84%) Appium
18 20 (0.80%) REST Assured
General
1 429 (17.07%) Social Skills
2 416 (16.55%) Finance
3 161 (6.41%) Banking
4 150 (5.97%) Retail
5 132 (5.25%) Analytical Skills
6 119 (4.74%) Marketing
7 79 (3.14%) Games
8 70 (2.79%) Public Sector
9 58 (2.31%) Front Office
10 50 (1.99%) Electronics
11 48 (1.91%) Law
12 46 (1.83%) Manufacturing
13 43 (1.71%) Presentation Skills
14 38 (1.51%) Telecoms
15 34 (1.35%) Back Office
16 23 (0.92%) Advertising
17 21 (0.84%) Publishing
18 17 (0.68%) Legal
19 12 (0.48%) Investment Banking
19 12 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,325 (52.73%) Developer
2 793 (31.56%) Java Developer
3 377 (15.00%) Software Engineer
4 282 (11.22%) Senior Developer
5 253 (10.07%) Java Engineer
6 219 (8.71%) Senior Java Developer
7 144 (5.73%) Java Software Engineer
8 132 (5.25%) Lead Developer
9 111 (4.42%) Architect
10 107 (4.26%) Full Stack Developer
10 107 (4.26%) Software Developer
11 100 (3.98%) Senior Software Engineer
12 94 (3.74%) Angular Developer
13 93 (3.70%) JavaScript Developer
14 84 (3.34%) Lead Java Developer
15 81 (3.22%) React Developer
15 81 (3.22%) Senior Java Engineer
16 72 (2.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 69 (2.75%) Data Engineer
17 69 (2.75%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 662 (26.34%) Spring
2 418 (16.63%) Spring Boot
3 350 (13.93%) React
4 343 (13.65%) AngularJS
5 325 (12.93%) HTML
6 312 (12.42%) REST
7 295 (11.74%) RESTful
8 274 (10.90%) Kafka
9 252 (10.03%) CSS
10 239 (9.51%) Web Services
11 233 (9.27%) Node.js
12 205 (8.16%) .NET
13 200 (7.96%) Hibernate
14 121 (4.81%) Vue.js
15 106 (4.22%) XML
16 91 (3.62%) HTML5
17 89 (3.54%) RabbitMQ
18 84 (3.34%) JSON
19 83 (3.30%) GraphQL
20 81 (3.22%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 116 (4.62%) Greenfield Project
2 103 (4.10%) Algorithms
2 103 (4.10%) Mobile App
3 100 (3.98%) Data Structures
4 94 (3.74%) User Experience
5 93 (3.70%) Virtual Team
6 88 (3.50%) iPad
7 72 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
8 51 (2.03%) Fixed Income
9 48 (1.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 39 (1.55%) Equities
10 39 (1.55%) Video\Live Streaming
11 37 (1.47%) Derivative
12 36 (1.43%) Cloud Native
12 36 (1.43%) Hedge funds
13 32 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
14 31 (1.23%) NHS
15 23 (0.92%) Public Cloud
16 21 (0.84%) Contract for Difference
17 20 (0.80%) LIMS
Operating Systems
1 365 (14.52%) Linux
2 176 (7.00%) Android
3 95 (3.78%) Unix
4 77 (3.06%) Windows
5 45 (1.79%) Apple iOS
6 20 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 16 (0.64%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.36%) Windows Server
9 8 (0.32%) CentOS
10 7 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
11 5 (0.20%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.080%) Debian
12 2 (0.080%) SUSE
12 2 (0.080%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.080%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.040%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.040%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,301 (51.77%) Agile Software Development
2 810 (32.23%) Microservices
3 716 (28.49%) Software Engineering
4 601 (23.92%) DevOps
5 495 (19.70%) Scrum
6 437 (17.39%) TDD
7 361 (14.37%) Test Automation
8 299 (11.90%) OO
9 272 (10.82%) BDD
10 271 (10.78%) Computer Science
11 265 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
11 265 (10.55%) Problem-Solving
12 231 (9.19%) Mentoring
13 226 (8.99%) Fintech
14 174 (6.92%) Analytics
15 152 (6.05%) Front End Development
15 152 (6.05%) SDLC
16 150 (5.97%) OOP
17 135 (5.37%) Open Source
18 134 (5.33%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 790 (31.44%) JavaScript
2 736 (29.29%) SQL
3 683 (27.18%) Python
4 344 (13.69%) C#
5 276 (10.98%) Kotlin
5 276 (10.98%) TypeScript
6 234 (9.31%) C++
7 232 (9.23%) Scala
8 204 (8.12%) Java 8
9 166 (6.61%) Go
10 133 (5.29%) C
11 89 (3.54%) PHP
12 86 (3.42%) Ruby
13 75 (2.98%) Groovy
14 55 (2.19%) Bash Shell
15 52 (2.07%) ES6
16 51 (2.03%) R
17 45 (1.79%) PL/SQL
18 42 (1.67%) Clojure
19 34 (1.35%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 255 (10.15%) Degree
2 164 (6.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 99 (3.94%) Security Cleared
4 88 (3.50%) SC Cleared
5 35 (1.39%) BPSS Clearance
6 18 (0.72%) PhD
7 16 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (0.60%) MCSD
9 10 (0.40%) DBS Check
9 10 (0.40%) ISTQB
10 9 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 7 (0.28%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.20%) ISEB
13 4 (0.16%) Master's Degree
14 3 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
14 3 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
15 2 (0.080%) CFA
15 2 (0.080%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 2 (0.080%) MBA
15 2 (0.080%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 163 (6.49%) QA
2 32 (1.27%) Accessibility
3 18 (0.72%) SLA
4 13 (0.52%) Data Quality
4 13 (0.52%) GDPR
4 13 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.32%) WCAG
6 7 (0.28%) NCSC
7 6 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 6 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 5 (0.20%) NIST
9 3 (0.12%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.080%) CDISC
10 2 (0.080%) COBIT
10 2 (0.080%) GxP
10 2 (0.080%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.080%) IEC 61131
11 1 (0.040%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 542 (21.57%) Docker
2 9 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
3 8 (0.32%) Firmware
4 7 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (0.20%) Gluster
5 5 (0.20%) HDFS
6 4 (0.16%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.080%) Ceph
8 2 (0.080%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.080%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.040%) Active Directory
9 1 (0.040%) Forefront TMG
9 1 (0.040%) Varnish
9 1 (0.040%) vSphere
9 1 (0.040%) Xen
Systems Management
1 517 (20.57%) Kubernetes
2 200 (7.96%) Terraform
3 147 (5.85%) Ansible
4 66 (2.63%) Puppet
5 65 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
6 21 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
6 21 (0.84%) Prometheus
7 19 (0.76%) Kibana
8 17 (0.68%) Packer
9 15 (0.60%) Grafana
10 12 (0.48%) logstash
11 10 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
11 10 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
12 9 (0.36%) Nagios
13 6 (0.24%) FlexNet
14 5 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
14 5 (0.20%) ZABBIX
15 4 (0.16%) Graphite
15 4 (0.16%) Salt
16 3 (0.12%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 256 (10.19%) Oracle
2 159 (6.33%) Google
3 122 (4.85%) Microsoft
4 43 (1.71%) SAP
5 31 (1.23%) IBM
6 26 (1.03%) Adobe
7 22 (0.88%) Atlassian
8 20 (0.80%) Apple
8 20 (0.80%) Elastic Path
8 20 (0.80%) Red Hat
8 20 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
9 17 (0.68%) Talend
10 16 (0.64%) AppDynamics
11 15 (0.60%) Mercator
11 15 (0.60%) MuleSoft
12 14 (0.56%) Aquila
13 13 (0.52%) JDA
13 13 (0.52%) Splunk
14 12 (0.48%) Qubit
14 12 (0.48%) Xamarin