Period
to 19 October 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 17 11 10
Rank change year-on-year -6 -1 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 3,260 966 1,163
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 11.83% 15.60% 15.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.66% 24.34% 25.95%
Number of salaries quoted 2,493 866 1,042
10th Percentile £41,500 £40,000 £40,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -7.69% +13.04%
75th Percentile £88,750 £76,250 £81,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £88,125 £92,500
UK median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +8.70%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 15,780 3,969 4,481
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 57.29% 64.09% 58.74%
Number of salaries quoted 12,563 3,613 4,051
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £70,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £83,950 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Java trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java.

Java salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Java over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Java salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, Java job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Java.

1 1,548 (47.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1,149 (35.25%) AWS
3 1,120 (34.36%) Microservices
4 1,021 (31.32%) Software Engineering
5 981 (30.09%) Python
6 957 (29.36%) JavaScript
7 904 (27.73%) SQL
8 816 (25.03%) Spring
9 800 (24.54%) DevOps
10 766 (23.50%) Docker
11 753 (23.10%) Finance
12 695 (21.32%) React
13 669 (20.52%) Azure
14 655 (20.09%) Kubernetes
15 607 (18.62%) Social Skills
16 497 (15.25%) Scrum
16 497 (15.25%) Spring Boot
17 491 (15.06%) Full Stack Development
18 489 (15.00%) Jenkins
19 466 (14.29%) C#
20 462 (14.17%) TDD
20 462 (14.17%) Test Automation
21 455 (13.96%) Git (software)
22 454 (13.93%) Kotlin
23 442 (13.56%) Terraform
24 441 (13.53%) GCP
25 424 (13.01%) REST
26 408 (12.52%) AngularJS
27 398 (12.21%) Web Services
28 396 (12.15%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 154 (4.72%) Elasticsearch
2 123 (3.77%) Apache Spark
3 117 (3.59%) Apache
4 93 (2.85%) Confluence
5 63 (1.93%) Tomcat
6 50 (1.53%) Apache Airflow
7 46 (1.41%) CMS
8 27 (0.83%) JBoss
9 22 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 20 (0.61%) nginx
10 20 (0.61%) SharePoint
11 18 (0.55%) WebLogic
11 18 (0.55%) WebSphere
12 12 (0.37%) IIS
13 11 (0.34%) Apache Solr
13 11 (0.34%) SAS
14 9 (0.28%) Luigi
14 9 (0.28%) OpenStack
15 8 (0.25%) Apache Pulsar
16 7 (0.21%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.21%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.15%) InVision
4 3 (0.092%) Figma
4 3 (0.092%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.092%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.092%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.092%) Oracle Smart View
5 2 (0.061%) 3ds Max
5 2 (0.061%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.061%) CPLEX
5 2 (0.061%) Maya
5 2 (0.061%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.061%) ZBrush
6 1 (0.031%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 29 (0.89%) Payment Gateway
2 21 (0.64%) Shopify
3 16 (0.49%) Oracle Applications
3 16 (0.49%) Oracle EBS
4 15 (0.46%) Oracle ERP
5 13 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
6 12 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
7 8 (0.25%) Magento
8 3 (0.092%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.092%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.092%) Summit
9 2 (0.061%) Adobe Campaign
9 2 (0.061%) Oracle iRecruitment
9 2 (0.061%) osCommerce
9 2 (0.061%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 2 (0.061%) SDL Web 8
9 2 (0.061%) Unit4 Business World
10 1 (0.031%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,149 (35.25%) AWS
2 669 (20.52%) Azure
3 441 (13.53%) GCP
4 265 (8.13%) Serverless
5 175 (5.37%) SaaS
6 159 (4.88%) AWS Lambda
7 135 (4.14%) GitHub
8 111 (3.40%) Amazon EC2
9 107 (3.28%) Amazon S3
10 90 (2.76%) PaaS
11 71 (2.18%) Datadog
12 61 (1.87%) AWS CloudFormation
13 54 (1.66%) OpenShift
14 39 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
14 39 (1.20%) IaaS
15 38 (1.17%) Power Platform
16 28 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
17 26 (0.80%) npm
18 24 (0.74%) Slack
19 23 (0.71%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 89 (2.73%) HTTP
2 25 (0.77%) Firewall
3 21 (0.64%) Internet
4 20 (0.61%) Broadband
4 20 (0.61%) DNS
5 16 (0.49%) SSH
6 11 (0.34%) SMS
7 7 (0.21%) TCP/IP
7 7 (0.21%) tcpdump
7 7 (0.21%) VPN
8 6 (0.18%) Network Security
8 6 (0.18%) WAN
9 5 (0.15%) IPv4
9 5 (0.15%) LAN
9 5 (0.15%) SSL
10 4 (0.12%) FTP
10 4 (0.12%) IPv6
10 4 (0.12%) RTSP
10 4 (0.12%) UPnP
10 4 (0.12%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 338 (10.37%) NoSQL
2 245 (7.52%) PostgreSQL
3 242 (7.42%) MongoDB
4 221 (6.78%) MySQL
5 192 (5.89%) Relational Database
6 181 (5.55%) Big Data
7 179 (5.49%) SQL Server
8 159 (4.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 150 (4.60%) Hadoop
10 120 (3.68%) Redis
11 93 (2.85%) Amazon Aurora
12 63 (1.93%) Apache Cassandra
12 63 (1.93%) Data Warehouse
12 63 (1.93%) RDBMS
13 52 (1.60%) Amazon Athena
13 52 (1.60%) Apache Ignite
14 45 (1.38%) Blockchain
15 40 (1.23%) Data Lake
16 38 (1.17%) Amazon RDS
17 36 (1.10%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 489 (15.00%) Jenkins
2 455 (13.96%) Git (software)
3 217 (6.66%) JIRA
4 212 (6.50%) Maven
5 206 (6.32%) JUnit
6 171 (5.25%) Selenium
7 112 (3.44%) Cucumber
8 88 (2.70%) GitLab
8 88 (2.70%) Gradle
9 83 (2.55%) Bitbucket
10 59 (1.81%) JMeter
11 47 (1.44%) Mockito
11 47 (1.44%) Postman
12 40 (1.23%) Cypress.io
13 38 (1.17%) WebDriver
14 37 (1.13%) Subversion
15 34 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 31 (0.95%) Appium
17 30 (0.92%) REST Assured
18 28 (0.86%) CircleCI
General
1 753 (23.10%) Finance
2 607 (18.62%) Social Skills
3 213 (6.53%) Banking
4 192 (5.89%) Retail
5 157 (4.82%) Marketing
6 153 (4.69%) Analytical Skills
7 119 (3.65%) Front Office
8 96 (2.94%) Public Sector
9 91 (2.79%) Games
10 72 (2.21%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 62 (1.90%) Telecoms
12 55 (1.69%) Billing
13 45 (1.38%) Law
14 40 (1.23%) Manufacturing
15 39 (1.20%) Advertising
16 35 (1.07%) Presentation Skills
17 33 (1.01%) Legal
18 32 (0.98%) Back Office
19 30 (0.92%) Electronics
20 29 (0.89%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 1,600 (49.08%) Developer
2 948 (29.08%) Java Developer
3 523 (16.04%) Software Engineer
4 406 (12.45%) Senior Developer
5 318 (9.75%) Java Engineer
6 300 (9.20%) Senior Java Developer
7 241 (7.39%) Architect
8 177 (5.43%) Senior Software Engineer
9 175 (5.37%) Java Software Engineer
10 169 (5.18%) Software Developer
11 140 (4.29%) Lead Developer
12 121 (3.71%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 109 (3.34%) Technical Architect
14 101 (3.10%) Full Stack Developer
15 100 (3.07%) Senior Java Engineer
16 98 (3.01%) DevOps Engineer
17 97 (2.98%) Python Developer
18 94 (2.88%) Python Engineer
19 86 (2.64%) Data Engineer
20 83 (2.55%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 816 (25.03%) Spring
2 695 (21.32%) React
3 497 (15.25%) Spring Boot
4 424 (13.01%) REST
5 408 (12.52%) AngularJS
6 398 (12.21%) Web Services
7 396 (12.15%) Node.js
8 365 (11.20%) Kafka
9 357 (10.95%) HTML
10 325 (9.97%) RESTful
11 302 (9.26%) CSS
12 299 (9.17%) .NET
13 249 (7.64%) Vue.js
14 174 (5.34%) Hibernate
15 173 (5.31%) JSON
16 154 (4.72%) XML
17 118 (3.62%) RabbitMQ
18 116 (3.56%) GraphQL
19 110 (3.37%) SOAP
20 99 (3.04%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 251 (7.70%) Greenfield Project
2 143 (4.39%) Mobile App
3 135 (4.14%) User Experience
4 120 (3.68%) Fixed Income
5 116 (3.56%) Algorithms
6 110 (3.37%) Self-Motivation
7 107 (3.28%) Virtual Team
8 102 (3.13%) Derivative
9 92 (2.82%) Data Structures
10 88 (2.70%) Hedge funds
11 86 (2.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 80 (2.45%) Cloud Native
13 78 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
14 77 (2.36%) Equities
15 74 (2.27%) iPad
16 62 (1.90%) Public Cloud
17 41 (1.26%) Management Information System
18 30 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
19 26 (0.80%) Blog
20 25 (0.77%) Contract for Difference
Operating Systems
1 367 (11.26%) Linux
2 183 (5.61%) Android
3 141 (4.33%) Windows
4 110 (3.37%) Unix
5 67 (2.06%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.43%) Windows Server
7 12 (0.37%) Mac OS
8 10 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (0.25%) Mac OS X
10 7 (0.21%) Solaris
11 6 (0.18%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.12%) CentOS
13 3 (0.092%) Debian
14 1 (0.031%) AIX
14 1 (0.031%) Mesosphere
14 1 (0.031%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.031%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.031%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,548 (47.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1,120 (34.36%) Microservices
3 1,021 (31.32%) Software Engineering
4 800 (24.54%) DevOps
5 497 (15.25%) Scrum
6 491 (15.06%) Full Stack Development
7 462 (14.17%) TDD
7 462 (14.17%) Test Automation
8 354 (10.86%) Mentoring
9 350 (10.74%) Continuous Integration
10 327 (10.03%) Computer Science
11 324 (9.94%) OO
12 314 (9.63%) Problem-Solving
13 312 (9.57%) Open Source
14 278 (8.53%) BDD
15 259 (7.94%) Fintech
16 205 (6.29%) Analytics
17 196 (6.01%) SDLC
18 191 (5.86%) OOP
19 179 (5.49%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 981 (30.09%) Python
2 957 (29.36%) JavaScript
3 904 (27.73%) SQL
4 466 (14.29%) C#
5 454 (13.93%) Kotlin
6 355 (10.89%) TypeScript
7 338 (10.37%) Scala
8 305 (9.36%) Go
9 248 (7.61%) C++
10 237 (7.27%) Java 8
11 134 (4.11%) PHP
12 111 (3.40%) C
12 111 (3.40%) Groovy
13 108 (3.31%) Ruby
14 99 (3.04%) Clojure
15 81 (2.48%) Bash Shell
16 69 (2.12%) Java 11
17 52 (1.60%) PowerShell
18 45 (1.38%) PL/SQL
19 40 (1.23%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 351 (10.77%) Degree
2 189 (5.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 171 (5.25%) Security Cleared
4 142 (4.36%) SC Cleared
5 31 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
6 30 (0.92%) AWS Certification
7 26 (0.80%) ISTQB
7 26 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
8 23 (0.71%) Master's Degree
9 17 (0.52%) PhD
10 16 (0.49%) CREST Certified
11 15 (0.46%) CISSP
11 15 (0.46%) DBS Check
11 15 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 14 (0.43%) OSCP
13 13 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
14 12 (0.37%) HNC
14 12 (0.37%) MCSD
15 10 (0.31%) CISM
16 8 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 252 (7.73%) QA
2 54 (1.66%) Accessibility
3 28 (0.86%) GDPR
4 21 (0.64%) Data Quality
5 19 (0.58%) PCI DSS
6 18 (0.55%) SLA
7 14 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 11 (0.34%) NIST
9 7 (0.21%) GRC
9 7 (0.21%) ISAE 3402
9 7 (0.21%) ISO 31000
9 7 (0.21%) ISO 9001
9 7 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 7 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.12%) HIPAA
10 4 (0.12%) WCAG
11 3 (0.092%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.092%) NCSC
12 2 (0.061%) ISO 15022
12 2 (0.061%) PSD2
System Software
1 766 (23.50%) Docker
2 12 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 10 (0.31%) ISA Server
4 6 (0.18%) Firmware
4 6 (0.18%) HDFS
5 5 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.12%) Ceph
7 3 (0.092%) Gluster
7 3 (0.092%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.031%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.031%) Forefront TMG
8 1 (0.031%) iptables
8 1 (0.031%) Postfix
8 1 (0.031%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.031%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.031%) vSphere
8 1 (0.031%) Xen
Systems Management
1 655 (20.09%) Kubernetes
2 442 (13.56%) Terraform
3 283 (8.68%) Ansible
4 68 (2.09%) Opscode Chef
4 68 (2.09%) Puppet
5 37 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
6 34 (1.04%) Grafana
7 30 (0.92%) Prometheus
8 24 (0.74%) Kibana
9 19 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
9 19 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
10 17 (0.52%) logstash
11 14 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
12 12 (0.37%) HP ALM
13 11 (0.34%) Amdocs OSS
14 10 (0.31%) ITRS Geneos
15 9 (0.28%) Nessus
15 9 (0.28%) ZABBIX
16 8 (0.25%) Nagios
17 7 (0.21%) Trend Micro Deep Security
Vendors
1 338 (10.37%) Oracle
2 245 (7.52%) Google
3 215 (6.60%) Microsoft
4 52 (1.60%) IBM
5 44 (1.35%) SAP
6 37 (1.13%) Splunk
7 36 (1.10%) Adobe
8 33 (1.01%) Red Hat
9 29 (0.89%) Atlassian
10 23 (0.71%) Mercator
11 22 (0.67%) Elastic Path
12 20 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
12 20 (0.61%) ServiceNow
13 18 (0.55%) HP
14 16 (0.49%) AppDynamics
14 16 (0.49%) Guidewire
14 16 (0.49%) Xamarin
15 15 (0.46%) Dynatrace
15 15 (0.46%) Okta
16 14 (0.43%) Apple