Period
to 24 November 2020

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with an option to work from home (WFH) and a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > Work from Home
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 8 14
Rank change year-on-year -1 +6 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 1,345 1,210 1,034
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 16.24% 15.78% 13.41%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.41% 26.32% 22.63%
Number of salaries quoted 2,392 2,153 1,822
Median annual salary £60,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.69% +8.33% +9.09%
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,700 £37,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £98,750 £82,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a WFH option and a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Work from Home
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 5,294 4,598 4,569
As % of all permanent jobs with a WFH option 63.92% 59.96% 59.25%
Number of salaries quoted 4,793 4,062 4,122
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,775 £32,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £86,250 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Java
Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

Job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Java trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Trend for Jobs with a WFH Option

3-month moving average salary quoted in job vacancies with a work from home option citing Java.

Java salary trend for jobs with a WFH option

Java
Salary Histogram for Jobs with a WFH Option

Salary distribution for jobs with a work from home option citing Java over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Java salary histogram for jobs with a WFH option

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, Java job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent jobs with a WFH option and a requirement for Java.

1 605 (44.98%) Agile Software Development
2 401 (29.81%) Python
3 379 (28.18%) AWS
4 372 (27.66%) JavaScript
5 355 (26.39%) Microservices
6 340 (25.28%) SQL
6 340 (25.28%) Software Engineering
7 328 (24.39%) Spring
8 303 (22.53%) DevOps
9 268 (19.93%) C#
10 260 (19.33%) Docker
11 238 (17.70%) TDD
12 220 (16.36%) Kubernetes
13 204 (15.17%) Spring Boot
14 202 (15.02%) Scrum
15 198 (14.72%) Web Services
16 194 (14.42%) Node.js
17 190 (14.13%) Kotlin
18 189 (14.05%) AngularJS
19 173 (12.86%) Finance
20 164 (12.19%) Azure
21 160 (11.90%) Git (software)
22 159 (11.82%) React
23 157 (11.67%) C++
24 156 (11.60%) .NET
25 153 (11.38%) Linux
26 149 (11.08%) Jenkins
27 148 (11.00%) NoSQL
28 145 (10.78%) PostgreSQL
29 144 (10.71%) Kafka

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills with a WFH Option by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (9.14%) Elasticsearch
2 59 (4.39%) Apache Spark
3 41 (3.05%) Apache
4 26 (1.93%) Confluence
5 25 (1.86%) Tomcat
6 17 (1.26%) nginx
7 15 (1.12%) Tornado
7 15 (1.12%) WebSphere
8 14 (1.04%) IBM Domino
9 11 (0.82%) SAS
10 10 (0.74%) MS Exchange
11 8 (0.59%) Mule
11 8 (0.59%) Red Hat Fuse
12 7 (0.52%) CMS
12 7 (0.52%) JBoss
13 6 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
13 6 (0.45%) Mule ESB
14 5 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
14 5 (0.37%) GlassFish
14 5 (0.37%) Luigi
Applications
1 6 (0.45%) Adobe XD
1 6 (0.45%) Figma
1 6 (0.45%) Sketch
2 5 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.074%) Simulink
5 1 (0.074%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 36 (2.68%) R3 Corda
2 35 (2.60%) Distributed Ledger
3 16 (1.19%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.30%) Magento
5 4 (0.30%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.15%) JDE EnterpriseOne
6 2 (0.15%) JDE OneWorld
6 2 (0.15%) Shopify
6 2 (0.15%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.074%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.074%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.074%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.074%) SAP CS
Cloud Services
1 379 (28.18%) AWS
2 164 (12.19%) Azure
3 122 (9.07%) GCP
4 84 (6.25%) SaaS
5 69 (5.13%) Serverless
6 57 (4.24%) Amazon EC2
7 56 (4.16%) AWS Lambda
8 38 (2.83%) Amazon S3
9 37 (2.75%) PaaS
10 29 (2.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 28 (2.08%) GitHub
12 27 (2.01%) IaaS
13 18 (1.34%) Akamai
14 17 (1.26%) Amazon Kinesis
15 13 (0.97%) OpenShift
16 12 (0.89%) AWS CloudFormation
16 12 (0.89%) Stackdriver
17 11 (0.82%) Amazon ECS
17 11 (0.82%) Office 365
18 10 (0.74%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.01%) HTTP
2 24 (1.78%) DNS
3 19 (1.41%) TCP/IP
4 12 (0.89%) HTTPS
4 12 (0.89%) Internet
5 6 (0.45%) Bluetooth
5 6 (0.45%) SMTP
6 5 (0.37%) Broadband
6 5 (0.37%) SNMP
7 4 (0.30%) Firewall
7 4 (0.30%) Skype
8 3 (0.22%) Kerberos
8 3 (0.22%) LAN
9 2 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.074%) AMQP
10 1 (0.074%) DAB
10 1 (0.074%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.074%) IPFS
10 1 (0.074%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
10 1 (0.074%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 148 (11.00%) NoSQL
2 145 (10.78%) PostgreSQL
3 137 (10.19%) MongoDB
4 134 (9.96%) Big Data
5 114 (8.48%) MySQL
6 94 (6.99%) SQL Server
7 81 (6.02%) Relational Database
8 71 (5.28%) Apache Cassandra
9 65 (4.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 63 (4.68%) Hadoop
11 60 (4.46%) Redis
12 44 (3.27%) Blockchain
13 24 (1.78%) Amazon Redshift
14 20 (1.49%) Tableau
15 19 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
15 19 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
16 18 (1.34%) QlikView
17 11 (0.82%) BigQuery
17 11 (0.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 10 (0.74%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 160 (11.90%) Git (software)
2 149 (11.08%) Jenkins
3 84 (6.25%) JIRA
4 75 (5.58%) Maven
5 70 (5.20%) Selenium
6 51 (3.79%) Cucumber
7 49 (3.64%) JUnit
8 36 (2.68%) Subversion
9 30 (2.23%) Mercurial
10 27 (2.01%) Gradle
11 23 (1.71%) IntelliJ
12 19 (1.41%) Postman
13 15 (1.12%) SoapUI
14 14 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 14 (1.04%) Bitbucket
14 14 (1.04%) Capybara
15 13 (0.97%) GitLab
15 13 (0.97%) Liquibase
15 13 (0.97%) minitest
15 13 (0.97%) RSpec
General
1 173 (12.86%) Finance
2 76 (5.65%) Banking
3 63 (4.68%) Public Sector
4 53 (3.94%) Telecoms
5 49 (3.64%) Retail
6 42 (3.12%) Games
7 36 (2.68%) Marketing
8 35 (2.60%) Front Office
9 21 (1.56%) Electronics
10 20 (1.49%) Manufacturing
11 17 (1.26%) Investment Banking
12 15 (1.12%) Law
13 11 (0.82%) Advertising
13 11 (0.82%) German Language
14 9 (0.67%) Back Office
15 4 (0.30%) Aerospace
16 3 (0.22%) Financial Institution
16 3 (0.22%) Online Betting
17 2 (0.15%) Billing
17 2 (0.15%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 748 (55.61%) Developer
2 390 (29.00%) Java Developer
3 188 (13.98%) Software Engineer
4 158 (11.75%) Senior Developer
5 116 (8.62%) Java Engineer
6 89 (6.62%) Senior Java Developer
7 85 (6.32%) Software Developer
8 84 (6.25%) Architect
9 79 (5.87%) DevOps Engineer
10 55 (4.09%) Android Developer
10 55 (4.09%) Full Stack Developer
11 54 (4.01%) Python Engineer
12 53 (3.94%) Java Software Engineer
13 50 (3.72%) Senior Software Engineer
14 49 (3.64%) JavaScript Developer
15 43 (3.20%) Python Developer
16 41 (3.05%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 41 (3.05%) Junior
16 41 (3.05%) Lead Developer
16 41 (3.05%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 328 (24.39%) Spring
2 204 (15.17%) Spring Boot
3 198 (14.72%) Web Services
4 194 (14.42%) Node.js
5 189 (14.05%) AngularJS
6 159 (11.82%) React
7 156 (11.60%) .NET
8 144 (10.71%) Kafka
9 120 (8.92%) CSS
10 119 (8.85%) HTML
11 115 (8.55%) RESTful
12 114 (8.48%) REST
13 80 (5.95%) RabbitMQ
14 72 (5.35%) Vue.js
15 69 (5.13%) Hibernate
16 63 (4.68%) JSON
17 48 (3.57%) SOAP
18 47 (3.49%) XML
19 38 (2.83%) ActiveMQ
19 38 (2.83%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 60 (4.46%) Data Structures
2 59 (4.39%) Algorithms
3 58 (4.31%) Greenfield Project
4 51 (3.79%) Analytical Skills
5 49 (3.64%) User Experience
6 46 (3.42%) Mobile App
7 43 (3.20%) Cloud Native
8 42 (3.12%) NHS
8 42 (3.12%) Self-Motivation
9 39 (2.90%) Fixed Income
10 37 (2.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 33 (2.45%) Derivative
12 30 (2.23%) Equities
13 27 (2.01%) Client/Server
14 24 (1.78%) Hedge funds
15 18 (1.34%) LIMS
16 17 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
16 17 (1.26%) N-Tier
16 17 (1.26%) Virtual Team
17 15 (1.12%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 153 (11.38%) Linux
2 128 (9.52%) Android
3 68 (5.06%) Apple iOS
4 46 (3.42%) Windows
5 20 (1.49%) Unix
6 15 (1.12%) Ubuntu
7 12 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.45%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.15%) AIX
9 2 (0.15%) CentOS
9 2 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
9 2 (0.15%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.15%) Solaris
9 2 (0.15%) VMS
10 1 (0.074%) Debian
10 1 (0.074%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.074%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 605 (44.98%) Agile Software Development
2 355 (26.39%) Microservices
3 340 (25.28%) Software Engineering
4 303 (22.53%) DevOps
5 238 (17.70%) TDD
6 202 (15.02%) Scrum
7 141 (10.48%) Continuous Integration
8 139 (10.33%) OO
9 126 (9.37%) Test Automation
10 103 (7.66%) Computer Science
10 103 (7.66%) Problem-Solving
11 102 (7.58%) BDD
12 97 (7.21%) Multithreading
13 94 (6.99%) Fintech
13 94 (6.99%) Mentoring
14 84 (6.25%) SDLC
15 80 (5.95%) Android Development
16 71 (5.28%) Unit Testing
17 69 (5.13%) B2B
17 69 (5.13%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 401 (29.81%) Python
2 372 (27.66%) JavaScript
3 340 (25.28%) SQL
4 268 (19.93%) C#
5 190 (14.13%) Kotlin
6 157 (11.67%) C++
7 118 (8.77%) Go
8 114 (8.48%) Java 8
8 114 (8.48%) Scala
9 77 (5.72%) TypeScript
10 75 (5.58%) Ruby
11 55 (4.09%) PHP
12 49 (3.64%) Bash Shell
13 42 (3.12%) Apex Code
14 38 (2.83%) C
15 33 (2.45%) Objective-C
16 31 (2.30%) Apple Swift
17 29 (2.16%) R
18 24 (1.78%) Perl
19 23 (1.71%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 114 (8.48%) Degree
2 58 (4.31%) Security Cleared
3 45 (3.35%) Computer Science Degree
4 40 (2.97%) SC Cleared
5 16 (1.19%) Numerate Degree
6 13 (0.97%) ISTQB
7 12 (0.89%) ISEB
8 10 (0.74%) PhD
9 9 (0.67%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.52%) Sun Certification
11 6 (0.45%) ISEB Practitioner
12 2 (0.15%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.15%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.15%) OSCE
12 2 (0.15%) OSCP
12 2 (0.15%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.15%) Postgraduate
13 1 (0.074%) CISSP
13 1 (0.074%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.074%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (6.17%) QA
2 12 (0.89%) NIST
3 8 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.52%) GDPR
5 4 (0.30%) SLA
6 3 (0.22%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.15%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.15%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.15%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 2 (0.15%) NCSC
7 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.074%) PMO
System Software
1 260 (19.33%) Docker
2 19 (1.41%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.22%) Firmware
5 3 (0.22%) Xen
6 1 (0.074%) Gluster
6 1 (0.074%) NFS
6 1 (0.074%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 220 (16.36%) Kubernetes
2 115 (8.55%) Ansible
3 108 (8.03%) Terraform
4 50 (3.72%) Puppet
5 34 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (1.34%) ZABBIX
7 16 (1.19%) Single Sign-On
8 14 (1.04%) Grafana
8 14 (1.04%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.97%) Kibana
10 10 (0.74%) Graphite
11 8 (0.59%) logstash
12 6 (0.45%) Packer
13 5 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
14 4 (0.30%) ITRS Geneos
14 4 (0.30%) Pingdom
14 4 (0.30%) Rancher
15 3 (0.22%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
15 3 (0.22%) Mesos
15 3 (0.22%) Nagios
Vendors
1 69 (5.13%) Oracle
2 65 (4.83%) Salesforce.com
3 64 (4.76%) Google
4 46 (3.42%) Microsoft
5 41 (3.05%) SAP
6 24 (1.78%) New Relic
7 23 (1.71%) Adobe
8 21 (1.56%) hybris
9 19 (1.41%) IBM
9 19 (1.41%) VMware
10 16 (1.19%) MuleSoft
10 16 (1.19%) Red Hat
11 15 (1.12%) Pega
12 14 (1.04%) ServiceNow
13 13 (0.97%) Apple
14 12 (0.89%) Splunk
15 11 (0.82%) Talend
16 9 (0.67%) Atlassian
17 8 (0.59%) TIBCO
17 8 (0.59%) Xamarin