Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 12 11 14
Rank change year-on-year -1 +3 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 9,812 13,253 13,866
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 12.18% 14.23% 14.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.23% 25.77% 25.32%
Number of salaries quoted 7,595 10,720 11,432
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.38% +1.08%
10th Percentile £30,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
UK median annual salary £61,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +6.09% +4.55% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,240 51,422 54,767
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 52.42% 55.21% 56.23%
Number of salaries quoted 34,019 43,121 46,197
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £67,500 £66,000 £62,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +1 3,250 £55,000 +4.76% 391
North of England -3 2,129 £50,000 +6.38% 377
South West -7 1,240 £50,000 +5.26% 219
North West -1 1,226 £52,500 +7.14% 182
Scotland -1 963 £46,500 -7.00% 179
Midlands -6 962 £47,500 -5.00% 210
East of England -3 791 £55,000 +7.32% 227
Yorkshire -8 756 £47,500 +5.56% 149
East Midlands -1 498 £47,500 -9.52% 70
West Midlands -18 456 £47,500 - 139
Wales 0 347 £42,250 +1.81% 48
North East -7 147 £47,500 +5.56% 46
Northern Ireland +2 146 £42,500 - 24
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 4,977 (50.72%) Agile Software Development
2 3,022 (30.80%) JavaScript
3 2,711 (27.63%) Software Engineering
4 2,562 (26.11%) SQL
5 2,561 (26.10%) Spring
6 2,376 (24.22%) Python
7 2,318 (23.62%) C#
8 1,875 (19.11%) DevOps
9 1,814 (18.49%) Git (software)
10 1,813 (18.48%) Test Automation
11 1,797 (18.31%) Linux
12 1,731 (17.64%) AWS
13 1,597 (16.28%) C++
14 1,585 (16.15%) Scrum
15 1,560 (15.90%) TDD
16 1,467 (14.95%) Degree
17 1,436 (14.64%) Microservices
18 1,407 (14.34%) HTML
19 1,388 (14.15%) Jenkins
20 1,363 (13.89%) Docker
21 1,304 (13.29%) AngularJS
22 1,268 (12.92%) Web Services
23 1,253 (12.77%) .NET
24 1,240 (12.64%) Finance
25 1,193 (12.16%) CSS
26 1,185 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
27 1,164 (11.86%) Oracle
28 1,108 (11.29%) OO
29 1,021 (10.41%) Selenium
30 1,019 (10.39%) Problem-Solving

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 449 (4.58%) Confluence
2 447 (4.56%) Tomcat
3 308 (3.14%) JBoss
4 265 (2.70%) Apache Spark
5 250 (2.55%) Apache
6 225 (2.29%) Elasticsearch
7 147 (1.50%) WebSphere
8 124 (1.26%) WebLogic
9 120 (1.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 78 (0.79%) CMS
11 70 (0.71%) Oracle Workflow
12 64 (0.65%) nginx
13 54 (0.55%) IIS
14 48 (0.49%) SAS
15 47 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
16 46 (0.47%) Apache Solr
17 44 (0.45%) Jetty
18 43 (0.44%) SharePoint
19 41 (0.42%) CICS
20 39 (0.40%) OpenStack
Applications
1 57 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 18 (0.18%) Simulink
6 14 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 10 (0.10%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.092%) Adobe Illustrator
9 5 (0.051%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.051%) Stateflow
10 4 (0.041%) FileZilla
11 3 (0.031%) EngageOne
11 3 (0.031%) InDesign
11 3 (0.031%) Maya
12 2 (0.020%) Fireworks
12 2 (0.020%) SPSS
12 2 (0.020%) Windchill
13 1 (0.010%) CPLEX
13 1 (0.010%) Microsoft Project
13 1 (0.010%) Weka
Business Applications
1 63 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
3 27 (0.28%) Magento
4 24 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
4 24 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 22 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
5 22 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
6 20 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
7 14 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
8 13 (0.13%) Summit
9 12 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
10 7 (0.071%) Sage X3
10 7 (0.071%) SAP Hybris
10 7 (0.071%) SAP PSCD
10 7 (0.071%) SAP S/4HANA
11 6 (0.061%) BusinessWorks
11 6 (0.061%) SAP ERP
12 4 (0.041%) SAP Business One
13 3 (0.031%) Dynamics NAV
13 3 (0.031%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,731 (17.64%) AWS
2 937 (9.55%) Azure
3 511 (5.21%) SaaS
4 401 (4.09%) GCP
5 266 (2.71%) GitHub
6 217 (2.21%) Serverless
7 165 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
8 133 (1.36%) Amazon S3
9 121 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
10 115 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
11 105 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
12 92 (0.94%) PaaS
13 80 (0.82%) OpenShift
14 77 (0.78%) IaaS
15 46 (0.47%) Amazon ECS
15 46 (0.47%) npm
16 40 (0.41%) Amazon ELB
17 39 (0.40%) Dynamics 365
18 38 (0.39%) Amazon EMR
19 36 (0.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 187 (1.91%) HTTP
2 135 (1.38%) Internet
3 134 (1.37%) TCP/IP
4 101 (1.03%) Firewall
5 71 (0.72%) Broadband
6 58 (0.59%) HTTPS
7 43 (0.44%) SSL
8 42 (0.43%) DNS
9 39 (0.40%) Bluetooth
10 30 (0.31%) SSH
11 29 (0.30%) WAN
12 28 (0.29%) Network Security
13 27 (0.28%) Wireless
14 25 (0.25%) VPN
15 24 (0.24%) Ethernet
15 24 (0.24%) SAN
15 24 (0.24%) Wireshark
16 16 (0.16%) RFID
17 15 (0.15%) 5G
17 15 (0.15%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 757 (7.72%) MySQL
2 747 (7.61%) SQL Server
3 627 (6.39%) PostgreSQL
4 626 (6.38%) Big Data
5 615 (6.27%) MongoDB
6 581 (5.92%) Relational Database
7 561 (5.72%) NoSQL
8 364 (3.71%) Hadoop
9 229 (2.33%) RDBMS
10 189 (1.93%) Redis
11 181 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
12 174 (1.77%) Oracle Database
13 142 (1.45%) DB2
14 120 (1.22%) GIS
15 110 (1.12%) Apache Hive
16 93 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
17 85 (0.87%) HBase
18 83 (0.85%) Amazon RDS
19 72 (0.73%) Neo4j
20 69 (0.70%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,814 (18.49%) Git (software)
2 1,388 (14.15%) Jenkins
3 1,021 (10.41%) Selenium
4 977 (9.96%) Maven
5 970 (9.89%) JIRA
6 690 (7.03%) JUnit
7 672 (6.85%) Cucumber
8 362 (3.69%) Subversion
9 311 (3.17%) Eclipse
10 301 (3.07%) WebDriver
11 276 (2.81%) Gradle
12 257 (2.62%) Bitbucket
13 198 (2.02%) SoapUI
14 193 (1.97%) TeamCity
15 183 (1.87%) Visual Studio
16 171 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 171 (1.74%) JMeter
17 169 (1.72%) Team Foundation Server
18 157 (1.60%) SpecFlow
19 152 (1.55%) IntelliJ
General
1 1,240 (12.64%) Finance
2 481 (4.90%) Retail
3 341 (3.48%) Public Sector
4 333 (3.39%) Banking
5 311 (3.17%) Telecoms
6 244 (2.49%) Marketing
7 230 (2.34%) Manufacturing
8 182 (1.85%) Games
9 171 (1.74%) Electronics
10 117 (1.19%) Law
11 98 (1.00%) Automotive
12 86 (0.88%) Military
13 77 (0.78%) Aerospace
14 65 (0.66%) Legal
15 62 (0.63%) Back Office
16 59 (0.60%) Financial Institution
17 41 (0.42%) Advertising
18 34 (0.35%) Publishing
19 31 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
20 20 (0.20%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 5,005 (51.01%) Developer
2 2,889 (29.44%) Java Developer
3 1,463 (14.91%) Software Engineer
4 1,205 (12.28%) Senior Developer
5 805 (8.20%) Senior Java Developer
6 777 (7.92%) Java Engineer
7 695 (7.08%) Software Developer
8 523 (5.33%) Java Software Engineer
9 437 (4.45%) Junior
10 431 (4.39%) DevOps Engineer
11 423 (4.31%) Analyst
12 398 (4.06%) Architect
13 394 (4.02%) Senior Software Engineer
14 361 (3.68%) Test Engineer
15 350 (3.57%) Graduate
16 338 (3.44%) Junior Developer
17 241 (2.46%) Java Software Developer
18 235 (2.40%) Senior Java Engineer
19 229 (2.33%) Tester
20 228 (2.32%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,561 (26.10%) Spring
2 1,407 (14.34%) HTML
3 1,304 (13.29%) AngularJS
4 1,268 (12.92%) Web Services
5 1,253 (12.77%) .NET
6 1,193 (12.16%) CSS
7 952 (9.70%) Hibernate
8 894 (9.11%) RESTful
9 890 (9.07%) REST
10 840 (8.56%) Spring Boot
11 818 (8.34%) React
12 758 (7.73%) Node.js
13 687 (7.00%) XML
14 642 (6.54%) SOAP
15 576 (5.87%) JSON
16 530 (5.40%) J2EE
17 447 (4.56%) jQuery
18 403 (4.11%) Kafka
19 378 (3.85%) HTML5
20 375 (3.82%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 608 (6.20%) Analytical Skills
2 491 (5.00%) Greenfield Project
3 441 (4.49%) User Experience
4 351 (3.58%) Mobile App
5 297 (3.03%) Algorithms
6 290 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
7 220 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
8 159 (1.62%) Robotics
9 149 (1.52%) Public Cloud
10 129 (1.31%) Data Structures
11 127 (1.29%) Management Information System
12 115 (1.17%) Client/Server
13 99 (1.01%) Smartphone
14 89 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
15 86 (0.88%) Mainframe
16 76 (0.77%) Private Cloud
17 73 (0.74%) Embedded Systems
18 71 (0.72%) Virtual Team
19 69 (0.70%) Cloud Native
19 69 (0.70%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 1,797 (18.31%) Linux
2 659 (6.72%) Windows
3 593 (6.04%) Unix
4 581 (5.92%) Android
5 385 (3.92%) Apple iOS
6 133 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 97 (0.99%) CentOS
8 74 (0.75%) Windows Server
9 72 (0.73%) Ubuntu
10 43 (0.44%) Mac OS
11 40 (0.41%) AIX
12 31 (0.32%) MVS
13 29 (0.30%) Windows 10
14 28 (0.29%) Windows 7
15 23 (0.23%) Debian
16 22 (0.22%) SUSE
17 17 (0.17%) Fedora
17 17 (0.17%) Mac OS X
17 17 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
18 15 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,977 (50.72%) Agile Software Development
2 2,711 (27.63%) Software Engineering
3 1,875 (19.11%) DevOps
4 1,813 (18.48%) Test Automation
5 1,585 (16.15%) Scrum
6 1,560 (15.90%) TDD
7 1,436 (14.64%) Microservices
8 1,185 (12.08%) Continuous Integration
9 1,108 (11.29%) OO
10 1,019 (10.39%) Problem-Solving
11 968 (9.87%) Computer Science
12 950 (9.68%) Mentoring
13 936 (9.54%) SDLC
14 797 (8.12%) BDD
15 568 (5.79%) Open Source
16 523 (5.33%) Unit Testing
17 491 (5.00%) MVC
18 489 (4.98%) Web Development
19 477 (4.86%) Analytics
20 465 (4.74%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 3,022 (30.80%) JavaScript
2 2,562 (26.11%) SQL
3 2,376 (24.22%) Python
4 2,318 (23.62%) C#
5 1,597 (16.28%) C++
6 895 (9.12%) Java 8
7 728 (7.42%) C
8 557 (5.68%) PHP
9 531 (5.41%) Ruby
10 449 (4.58%) Scala
11 363 (3.70%) Go
12 326 (3.32%) Kotlin
13 303 (3.09%) Bash Shell
14 285 (2.90%) TypeScript
15 264 (2.69%) Objective-C
16 261 (2.66%) PL/SQL
17 224 (2.28%) Shell Script
18 206 (2.10%) Perl
19 203 (2.07%) PowerShell
20 144 (1.47%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,467 (14.95%) Degree
2 724 (7.38%) Security Cleared
3 481 (4.90%) Computer Science Degree
4 359 (3.66%) SC Cleared
5 291 (2.97%) DV Cleared
6 175 (1.78%) ISTQB
7 122 (1.24%) Numerate Degree
8 104 (1.06%) PhD
9 103 (1.05%) ISEB
10 59 (0.60%) CISSP
11 53 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 36 (0.37%) Master's Degree
13 29 (0.30%) CEH
14 28 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
15 24 (0.24%) HND
15 24 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
16 23 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
16 23 (0.23%) HNC
17 22 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
18 21 (0.21%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 668 (6.81%) QA
2 60 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 50 (0.51%) GDPR
4 42 (0.43%) SLA
5 34 (0.35%) Data Quality
6 24 (0.24%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 23 (0.23%) HMG Infosec
7 23 (0.23%) JSP 440
8 21 (0.21%) COBIT
9 20 (0.20%) PSD2
10 15 (0.15%) ISO 9001
11 14 (0.14%) PCI DSS
12 13 (0.13%) WAI
13 10 (0.10%) IEC 61131
14 9 (0.092%) Basel II
14 9 (0.092%) CRD IV
14 9 (0.092%) IFRS
14 9 (0.092%) IFRS 9
15 8 (0.082%) Def Stans
15 8 (0.082%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1,363 (13.89%) Docker
2 78 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 59 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 52 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
5 46 (0.47%) Firmware
6 33 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 29 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
8 27 (0.28%) HDFS
9 23 (0.23%) vSphere
10 21 (0.21%) vCloud
11 15 (0.15%) Apache Flume
12 14 (0.14%) Hyper-V
13 11 (0.11%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 9 (0.092%) etcd
15 8 (0.082%) VMware ESXi
16 7 (0.071%) NFS
16 7 (0.071%) VirtualBox
17 6 (0.061%) ISA Server
17 6 (0.061%) KVM
17 6 (0.061%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 827 (8.43%) Kubernetes
2 496 (5.06%) Ansible
3 386 (3.93%) Puppet
4 357 (3.64%) Opscode Chef
5 321 (3.27%) Terraform
6 86 (0.88%) Mesos
7 75 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
8 74 (0.75%) Marathon
9 67 (0.68%) Kibana
10 66 (0.67%) Prometheus
11 60 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
12 41 (0.42%) Salt
13 33 (0.34%) Nagios
14 31 (0.32%) Grafana
15 30 (0.31%) HP ALM
15 30 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
16 29 (0.30%) logstash
17 25 (0.25%) Packer
18 23 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
19 22 (0.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,164 (11.86%) Oracle
2 604 (6.16%) Microsoft
3 348 (3.55%) Google
4 257 (2.62%) SAP
5 206 (2.10%) IBM
6 171 (1.74%) Salesforce.com
7 161 (1.64%) Red Hat
8 122 (1.24%) Atlassian
9 116 (1.18%) VMware
10 112 (1.14%) Splunk
11 102 (1.04%) Sage
12 101 (1.03%) WorldPay
13 91 (0.93%) Xamarin
14 68 (0.69%) ServiceNow
15 59 (0.60%) HP
16 54 (0.55%) MuleSoft
17 48 (0.49%) Adobe
17 48 (0.49%) Pega
18 43 (0.44%) Tableau
19 40 (0.41%) AppDynamics