Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 14 10
Rank change year-on-year -1 -4 +2
Permanent jobs citing Java 5,277 6,792 11,729
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.14% 11.28% 13.96%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.94% 21.01% 26.11%
Number of salaries quoted 4,229 5,524 9,176
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,000 £29,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £66,250 £63,941 £63,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 25,203 32,330 44,913
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 53.21% 53.67% 53.46%
Number of salaries quoted 20,509 26,940 36,484
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £46,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.53% +3.33% +1.12%
75th Percentile £61,250 £58,750 £57,500
90th Percentile £71,250 £68,750 £67,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -2 1,407 £57,500 +4.55% 303
North of England -4 1,212 £55,000 +10.00% 304
South West +3 979 £52,500 +5.00% 125
Yorkshire -3 594 £55,000 +10.00% 105
Scotland +2 576 £50,000 - 114
Midlands -5 554 £50,000 - 147
North West -5 471 £55,000 +4.76% 160
West Midlands -3 346 £55,000 +15.79% 113
East of England +5 341 £60,000 +20.00% 114
East Midlands -11 204 £50,000 -4.76% 34
North East +24 147 £50,000 +11.11% 39
Wales -1 112 £45,000 +5.88% 33
Northern Ireland 0 104 £43,750 -2.78% 26
Isle of Man - 2 £40,000 -
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,545 (48.23%) Agile Software Development
2 2,001 (37.92%) JavaScript
3 1,685 (31.93%) Python
4 1,671 (31.67%) Software Engineering
5 1,428 (27.06%) SQL
6 1,326 (25.13%) AWS
7 1,235 (23.40%) Spring
8 1,226 (23.23%) C#
9 1,206 (22.85%) DevOps
10 1,046 (19.82%) Docker
11 990 (18.76%) Microservices
12 919 (17.42%) HTML
13 868 (16.45%) Scrum
14 862 (16.34%) Linux
15 852 (16.15%) Azure
16 845 (16.01%) TDD
17 832 (15.77%) CSS
18 811 (15.37%) Kubernetes
19 808 (15.31%) Jenkins
20 766 (14.52%) C++
21 764 (14.48%) OO
22 738 (13.99%) Test Automation
23 722 (13.68%) AngularJS
24 717 (13.59%) Degree
25 701 (13.28%) Git (software)
26 641 (12.15%) Finance
27 617 (11.69%) Oracle
28 586 (11.10%) Spring Boot
29 554 (10.50%) Problem-Solving
30 547 (10.37%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 218 (4.13%) Elasticsearch
2 169 (3.20%) Confluence
3 156 (2.96%) Apache
4 146 (2.77%) Tomcat
5 118 (2.24%) Apache Spark
6 80 (1.52%) JBoss
7 73 (1.38%) nginx
8 61 (1.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 44 (0.83%) WebSphere
10 38 (0.72%) WebLogic
11 33 (0.63%) Apache Solr
12 32 (0.61%) Mule
13 27 (0.51%) CMS
14 24 (0.45%) GemFire
14 24 (0.45%) Red Hat Fuse
15 22 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 19 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
16 19 (0.36%) SharePoint
17 18 (0.34%) Mule ESB
18 16 (0.30%) IIS
Applications
1 37 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
3 8 (0.15%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.15%) Simulink
4 7 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 6 (0.11%) Adobe XD
5 6 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.076%) Sketch
7 3 (0.057%) Zeplin
8 2 (0.038%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 2 (0.038%) EngageOne
8 2 (0.038%) PrintSoft PReS
9 1 (0.019%) Figma
9 1 (0.019%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 15 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
2 13 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.095%) SAP Business One
6 4 (0.076%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.076%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.057%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.038%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.019%) Actimize
9 1 (0.019%) Infor SunSystems
9 1 (0.019%) Magento
9 1 (0.019%) Oracle Receivables
9 1 (0.019%) PlanetPress Connect
9 1 (0.019%) Postilion
9 1 (0.019%) SAP GTS
9 1 (0.019%) Shopify
9 1 (0.019%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,326 (25.13%) AWS
2 852 (16.15%) Azure
3 372 (7.05%) GCP
4 314 (5.95%) SaaS
5 157 (2.98%) AWS CloudFormation
6 148 (2.80%) Serverless
7 126 (2.39%) GitHub
8 89 (1.69%) PaaS
9 79 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
10 76 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
11 68 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 65 (1.23%) OpenShift
13 63 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
14 60 (1.14%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 60 (1.14%) IaaS
15 58 (1.10%) Datadog
16 51 (0.97%) Pulumi
17 41 (0.78%) Power Platform
18 33 (0.63%) Google Play
19 32 (0.61%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 113 (2.14%) Internet
2 96 (1.82%) HTTP
3 47 (0.89%) Firewall
4 38 (0.72%) TCP/IP
5 23 (0.44%) DNS
6 18 (0.34%) Wireless
7 17 (0.32%) HTTPS
8 13 (0.25%) FTP
8 13 (0.25%) SNMP
9 12 (0.23%) SSL
10 11 (0.21%) AMQP
11 10 (0.19%) Network Security
11 10 (0.19%) VPN
12 9 (0.17%) LAN
13 8 (0.15%) Bluetooth
13 8 (0.15%) DAB
13 8 (0.15%) Software-Defined Radio
13 8 (0.15%) WAN
14 7 (0.13%) Broadband
14 7 (0.13%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 467 (8.85%) NoSQL
2 416 (7.88%) MySQL
3 387 (7.33%) PostgreSQL
4 345 (6.54%) SQL Server
5 313 (5.93%) MongoDB
6 304 (5.76%) Big Data
7 259 (4.91%) Relational Database
8 168 (3.18%) Redis
9 120 (2.27%) Hadoop
10 98 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 88 (1.67%) Apache Cassandra
12 81 (1.53%) MariaDB
13 72 (1.36%) Azure SQL Database
14 62 (1.17%) Oracle Database
15 45 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
16 40 (0.76%) Power BI
16 40 (0.76%) RDBMS
17 36 (0.68%) Amazon RDS
18 33 (0.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 32 (0.61%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 808 (15.31%) Jenkins
2 701 (13.28%) Git (software)
3 378 (7.16%) JIRA
4 334 (6.33%) Maven
5 331 (6.27%) Selenium
6 273 (5.17%) JUnit
7 253 (4.79%) Cucumber
8 166 (3.15%) Subversion
9 130 (2.46%) Gradle
10 116 (2.20%) IntelliJ
11 104 (1.97%) Eclipse
12 99 (1.88%) Mercurial
13 98 (1.86%) JMeter
14 93 (1.76%) WebDriver
15 90 (1.71%) GitLab
16 88 (1.67%) Postman
17 76 (1.44%) Bitbucket
18 72 (1.36%) Mockito
19 57 (1.08%) SoapUI
19 57 (1.08%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 641 (12.15%) Finance
2 289 (5.48%) Public Sector
3 185 (3.51%) Games
4 160 (3.03%) Marketing
5 150 (2.84%) Law
6 145 (2.75%) Banking
7 124 (2.35%) Retail
8 116 (2.20%) Manufacturing
9 115 (2.18%) Electronics
10 109 (2.07%) Telecoms
11 76 (1.44%) Multimedia
12 62 (1.17%) Legal
13 45 (0.85%) Financial Institution
14 42 (0.80%) Automotive
14 42 (0.80%) Publishing
15 27 (0.51%) Advertising
16 23 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
17 21 (0.40%) Billing
18 20 (0.38%) Aerospace
18 20 (0.38%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,462 (46.66%) Developer
2 1,312 (24.86%) Java Developer
3 1,008 (19.10%) Software Engineer
4 582 (11.03%) Senior Developer
5 458 (8.68%) Java Engineer
6 410 (7.77%) Senior Java Developer
7 373 (7.07%) Software Developer
8 307 (5.82%) Java Software Engineer
9 273 (5.17%) Senior Software Engineer
10 228 (4.32%) Full Stack Developer
11 206 (3.90%) Tester
12 202 (3.83%) Architect
13 200 (3.79%) DevOps Engineer
14 172 (3.26%) Lead Developer
15 137 (2.60%) Senior Java Engineer
16 135 (2.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 133 (2.52%) Web Developer
18 121 (2.29%) Analyst
19 117 (2.22%) Software Tester
20 113 (2.14%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,235 (23.40%) Spring
2 919 (17.42%) HTML
3 832 (15.77%) CSS
4 722 (13.68%) AngularJS
5 586 (11.10%) Spring Boot
6 547 (10.37%) Node.js
7 542 (10.27%) React
8 494 (9.36%) REST
9 471 (8.93%) Web Services
10 466 (8.83%) .NET
11 444 (8.41%) RESTful
12 393 (7.45%) Hibernate
13 370 (7.01%) HTML5
13 370 (7.01%) Kafka
14 252 (4.78%) SOAP
15 238 (4.51%) XML
16 230 (4.36%) CSS3
17 204 (3.87%) JSON
18 182 (3.45%) J2EE
19 181 (3.43%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 329 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
2 309 (5.86%) Data Structures
3 258 (4.89%) Mobile App
4 246 (4.66%) Greenfield Project
5 219 (4.15%) Algorithms
6 203 (3.85%) User Experience
7 166 (3.15%) Enterprise Software
8 106 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
9 91 (1.72%) NHS
10 89 (1.69%) Linux Command Line
11 65 (1.23%) Data Centre
11 65 (1.23%) Management Information System
12 53 (1.00%) Cloud Native
13 48 (0.91%) Renewable Energy
14 44 (0.83%) Public Cloud
15 41 (0.78%) Cyberattack
16 36 (0.68%) Virtual Team
17 25 (0.47%) Cyberthreat
17 25 (0.47%) N-Tier
17 25 (0.47%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 862 (16.34%) Linux
2 353 (6.69%) Windows
3 327 (6.20%) Android
4 215 (4.07%) Unix
5 187 (3.54%) Apple iOS
6 98 (1.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 56 (1.06%) CentOS
8 45 (0.85%) Ubuntu
9 32 (0.61%) Windows Server
10 15 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
11 8 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (0.13%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.095%) Oracle Linux
13 5 (0.095%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.095%) Windows Server 2012
14 4 (0.076%) Debian
14 4 (0.076%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.057%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.038%) OpenVMS
16 2 (0.038%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,545 (48.23%) Agile Software Development
2 1,671 (31.67%) Software Engineering
3 1,206 (22.85%) DevOps
4 990 (18.76%) Microservices
5 868 (16.45%) Scrum
6 845 (16.01%) TDD
7 764 (14.48%) OO
8 738 (13.99%) Test Automation
9 554 (10.50%) Problem-Solving
10 516 (9.78%) Computer Science
11 446 (8.45%) Continuous Integration
12 437 (8.28%) Software Testing
13 426 (8.07%) BDD
14 406 (7.69%) OOP
15 393 (7.45%) Mentoring
16 374 (7.09%) SDLC
17 351 (6.65%) Analytics
18 283 (5.36%) Web Development
19 244 (4.62%) Machine Learning
20 237 (4.49%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,001 (37.92%) JavaScript
2 1,685 (31.93%) Python
3 1,428 (27.06%) SQL
4 1,226 (23.23%) C#
5 766 (14.52%) C++
6 462 (8.75%) TypeScript
7 430 (8.15%) Go
8 410 (7.77%) Java 8
9 344 (6.52%) PHP
10 322 (6.10%) Ruby
11 295 (5.59%) C
12 256 (4.85%) Kotlin
13 238 (4.51%) Scala
14 180 (3.41%) Bash Shell
15 131 (2.48%) PowerShell
16 121 (2.29%) Groovy
17 93 (1.76%) Objective-C
18 91 (1.72%) PL/SQL
19 83 (1.57%) Perl
20 74 (1.40%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 717 (13.59%) Degree
2 444 (8.41%) Security Cleared
3 349 (6.61%) SC Cleared
4 256 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 116 (2.20%) Oracle Certification
6 114 (2.16%) OCP
7 96 (1.82%) DV Cleared
8 94 (1.78%) CIW
8 94 (1.78%) OCA
9 90 (1.71%) Numerate Degree
10 74 (1.40%) ISTQB
11 40 (0.76%) PhD
12 38 (0.72%) Master's Degree
13 32 (0.61%) ISEB
14 25 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 19 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
16 18 (0.34%) HND
17 11 (0.21%) MCSD
18 10 (0.19%) AWS Certification
19 9 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 299 (5.67%) QA
2 31 (0.59%) Data Quality
2 31 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 29 (0.55%) SLA
4 11 (0.21%) GDPR
5 10 (0.19%) NCSC
6 9 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 9 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 7 (0.13%) Good Clinical Practice
7 7 (0.13%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.095%) SOC 2
9 4 (0.076%) CDISC
9 4 (0.076%) GRC
10 3 (0.057%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.057%) NIST
10 3 (0.057%) WCAG
11 2 (0.038%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.038%) Def Stans
11 2 (0.038%) GxP
11 2 (0.038%) IEC 61131
System Software
1 1,046 (19.82%) Docker
2 51 (0.97%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (0.83%) Active Directory
4 20 (0.38%) Firmware
5 19 (0.36%) KVM
5 19 (0.36%) NDS
5 19 (0.36%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 17 (0.32%) HDFS
7 9 (0.17%) Apache Flume
8 8 (0.15%) BitLocker
8 8 (0.15%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (0.15%) vSphere
9 6 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.095%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.076%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.038%) LXC
13 1 (0.019%) Gluster
13 1 (0.019%) Postfix
13 1 (0.019%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 811 (15.37%) Kubernetes
2 398 (7.54%) Ansible
3 390 (7.39%) Terraform
4 167 (3.16%) Opscode Chef
5 142 (2.69%) Puppet
6 94 (1.78%) Prometheus
7 77 (1.46%) Grafana
8 35 (0.66%) ZABBIX
9 29 (0.55%) Graphite
10 28 (0.53%) Packer
11 23 (0.44%) Kibana
12 21 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
13 20 (0.38%) Nagios
14 19 (0.36%) CFEngine
14 19 (0.36%) Demisto
14 19 (0.36%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 15 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
16 13 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
17 12 (0.23%) Consul
18 10 (0.19%) vRealize
Vendors
1 617 (11.69%) Oracle
2 402 (7.62%) Microsoft
3 179 (3.39%) Google
4 121 (2.29%) Red Hat
5 113 (2.14%) IBM
6 91 (1.72%) SAP
7 73 (1.38%) VMware
8 68 (1.29%) New Relic
9 63 (1.19%) Atlassian
10 58 (1.10%) Splunk
11 56 (1.06%) Apple
11 56 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
12 51 (0.97%) SaltStack
13 50 (0.95%) MuleSoft
14 39 (0.74%) Adobe
15 35 (0.66%) PagerDuty
16 28 (0.53%) ServiceNow
17 23 (0.44%) ANSYS
17 23 (0.44%) Bloomberg
18 22 (0.42%) ForgeRock