Period
to 14 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 14 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
14 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 13 12 11
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Java 4,825 10,750 14,386
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.54% 12.85% 14.17%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.13% 24.27% 25.18%
Number of salaries quoted 4,271 8,897 12,136
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £75,000 £75,850 £72,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +0.92%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,835 44,293 57,126
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 54.61% 52.96% 56.26%
Number of salaries quoted 18,781 35,590 47,991
Median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 14 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 14 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -4 1,530 £60,000 +9.09% 123
North of England -3 1,142 £50,000 - 166
South West +4 702 £50,000 - 81
Yorkshire +8 567 £50,000 +11.11% 47
North West -6 504 £52,500 - 94
Midlands -3 493 £50,000 - 52
Scotland +2 457 £50,000 +7.53% 50
East of England -5 301 £50,000 -9.09% 52
West Midlands +1 285 £47,500 - 27
East Midlands -5 203 £50,000 - 24
Wales -5 157 £42,500 +6.25% 16
Northern Ireland -5 73 £45,000 +12.50% 16
North East -8 72 £45,000 -5.26% 25
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 14 July 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 2,311 (47.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1,562 (32.37%) JavaScript
3 1,343 (27.83%) Python
4 1,292 (26.78%) Software Engineering
5 1,194 (24.75%) Spring
6 1,157 (23.98%) SQL
7 1,107 (22.94%) C#
8 1,069 (22.16%) AWS
9 1,035 (21.45%) DevOps
10 874 (18.11%) Docker
11 840 (17.41%) Test Automation
12 787 (16.31%) Microservices
13 781 (16.19%) Git (software)
14 780 (16.17%) Jenkins
15 769 (15.94%) TDD
16 745 (15.44%) Linux
17 737 (15.27%) Scrum
18 717 (14.86%) HTML
19 703 (14.57%) Degree
20 691 (14.32%) AngularJS
21 687 (14.24%) Web Services
22 680 (14.09%) C++
23 627 (12.99%) Azure
24 623 (12.91%) OO
25 597 (12.37%) .NET
26 595 (12.33%) Problem-Solving
27 580 (12.02%) Continuous Integration
28 576 (11.94%) CSS
29 566 (11.73%) Finance
30 553 (11.46%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 227 (4.70%) Tomcat
2 195 (4.04%) Apache
3 169 (3.50%) Confluence
4 164 (3.40%) Apache Spark
5 115 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
6 86 (1.78%) WebSphere
7 55 (1.14%) JBoss
8 54 (1.12%) CMS
9 46 (0.95%) nginx
10 43 (0.89%) IIS
11 33 (0.68%) SAS
12 32 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
13 25 (0.52%) SharePoint
13 25 (0.52%) WebLogic
14 23 (0.48%) OpenStack
15 21 (0.44%) Apache Solr
15 21 (0.44%) WebSphere Application Server
16 18 (0.37%) Mule
17 16 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 16 (0.33%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 20 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 6 (0.12%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.12%) S-PLUS
6 3 (0.062%) Sketch
7 2 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.021%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.021%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 17 (0.35%) Remedy ITSM
2 16 (0.33%) Magento
3 13 (0.27%) SAP GTS
3 13 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
4 9 (0.19%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 8 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
6 7 (0.15%) SAP CRM
7 6 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 4 (0.083%) Oracle Applications
8 4 (0.083%) Shopify
9 3 (0.062%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.041%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.041%) Summit
11 1 (0.021%) ENOVIA
11 1 (0.021%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.021%) SAP FI-CA
11 1 (0.021%) SAP IS-U
11 1 (0.021%) SAP Payroll
11 1 (0.021%) SAP SRM
11 1 (0.021%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,069 (22.16%) AWS
2 627 (12.99%) Azure
3 213 (4.41%) SaaS
4 191 (3.96%) GCP
5 156 (3.23%) Serverless
6 136 (2.82%) Amazon EC2
7 126 (2.61%) GitHub
8 99 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
9 80 (1.66%) PaaS
10 68 (1.41%) AWS CloudFormation
10 68 (1.41%) OpenShift
11 64 (1.33%) Amazon S3
12 62 (1.28%) IaaS
13 55 (1.14%) Power Platform
14 47 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
15 31 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
16 30 (0.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 26 (0.54%) Amazon EMR
18 23 (0.48%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 23 (0.48%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 110 (2.28%) HTTP
2 73 (1.51%) Internet
3 56 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 35 (0.73%) FTP
5 26 (0.54%) SSL
6 24 (0.50%) Firewall
7 23 (0.48%) DNS
8 17 (0.35%) Bluetooth
8 17 (0.35%) Broadband
9 15 (0.31%) SSH
10 14 (0.29%) MQTT
10 14 (0.29%) Tactical Data Link
11 11 (0.23%) DAB
11 11 (0.23%) Skype
11 11 (0.23%) VPN
12 8 (0.17%) AMQP
12 8 (0.17%) Wireless
13 6 (0.12%) DHCP
13 6 (0.12%) Network Security
14 5 (0.10%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 417 (8.64%) MySQL
2 373 (7.73%) NoSQL
3 369 (7.65%) SQL Server
4 325 (6.74%) Big Data
5 274 (5.68%) Relational Database
6 258 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
7 228 (4.73%) MongoDB
8 200 (4.15%) Hadoop
9 87 (1.80%) Oracle Database
10 85 (1.76%) Apache Cassandra
11 84 (1.74%) RDBMS
12 75 (1.55%) DB2
13 61 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
14 60 (1.24%) Redis
15 58 (1.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 51 (1.06%) Amazon Redshift
16 51 (1.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 50 (1.04%) Power BI
18 43 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
19 38 (0.79%) GIS
Development Applications
1 781 (16.19%) Git (software)
2 780 (16.17%) Jenkins
3 518 (10.74%) Selenium
4 473 (9.80%) Maven
5 429 (8.89%) JIRA
6 322 (6.67%) Cucumber
7 318 (6.59%) JUnit
8 172 (3.56%) Subversion
9 130 (2.69%) Eclipse
9 130 (2.69%) WebDriver
10 119 (2.47%) Gradle
11 108 (2.24%) JMeter
12 104 (2.16%) SoapUI
13 103 (2.13%) Team Foundation Server
14 91 (1.89%) SonarQube
15 85 (1.76%) Bitbucket
16 83 (1.72%) Sonatype Nexus
17 79 (1.64%) Mockito
18 78 (1.62%) SpecFlow
19 74 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 566 (11.73%) Finance
2 208 (4.31%) Banking
3 168 (3.48%) Retail
4 120 (2.49%) Games
5 98 (2.03%) Public Sector
6 86 (1.78%) Law
7 57 (1.18%) Marketing
8 54 (1.12%) Manufacturing
9 46 (0.95%) Aerospace
10 45 (0.93%) Telecoms
11 38 (0.79%) Financial Institution
12 33 (0.68%) Advertising
12 33 (0.68%) Electronics
13 32 (0.66%) Legal
14 30 (0.62%) Back Office
15 29 (0.60%) Military
16 25 (0.52%) Investment Banking
17 24 (0.50%) Publishing
18 21 (0.44%) Police
19 18 (0.37%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,333 (48.35%) Developer
2 1,319 (27.34%) Java Developer
3 699 (14.49%) Software Engineer
4 497 (10.30%) Senior Developer
5 385 (7.98%) Java Engineer
6 368 (7.63%) Software Developer
7 359 (7.44%) Senior Java Developer
8 255 (5.28%) Architect
9 244 (5.06%) Java Software Engineer
10 194 (4.02%) DevOps Engineer
11 193 (4.00%) Analyst
12 182 (3.77%) Junior
13 164 (3.40%) Senior Software Engineer
14 158 (3.27%) Tester
15 154 (3.19%) Test Engineer
16 141 (2.92%) Full Stack Developer
17 136 (2.82%) Junior Developer
18 135 (2.80%) Lead Developer
19 132 (2.74%) Java Software Developer
20 125 (2.59%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,194 (24.75%) Spring
2 717 (14.86%) HTML
3 691 (14.32%) AngularJS
4 687 (14.24%) Web Services
5 597 (12.37%) .NET
6 576 (11.94%) CSS
7 553 (11.46%) Node.js
8 549 (11.38%) Spring Boot
9 536 (11.11%) RESTful
10 525 (10.88%) React
11 494 (10.24%) REST
12 361 (7.48%) Hibernate
13 319 (6.61%) XML
14 316 (6.55%) SOAP
15 223 (4.62%) JSON
16 209 (4.33%) Kafka
17 205 (4.25%) HTML5
18 189 (3.92%) J2EE
19 184 (3.81%) jQuery
20 143 (2.96%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 280 (5.80%) Analytical Skills
2 251 (5.20%) Greenfield Project
3 220 (4.56%) Mobile App
4 167 (3.46%) User Experience
5 119 (2.47%) Enterprise Software
6 111 (2.30%) Algorithms
7 105 (2.18%) Self-Motivation
8 104 (2.16%) Data Structures
9 74 (1.53%) Public Cloud
10 72 (1.49%) Cloud Native
11 58 (1.20%) Management Information System
12 50 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
13 43 (0.89%) Client/Server
14 38 (0.79%) Mainframe
15 35 (0.73%) Data Centre
16 33 (0.68%) NHS
17 27 (0.56%) N-Tier
18 25 (0.52%) Life Science
19 23 (0.48%) Virtual Team
20 22 (0.46%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 745 (15.44%) Linux
2 343 (7.11%) Android
3 322 (6.67%) Windows
4 276 (5.72%) Unix
5 220 (4.56%) Apple iOS
6 59 (1.22%) Windows Server
7 51 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 49 (1.02%) CentOS
9 42 (0.87%) Ubuntu
10 27 (0.56%) Mac OS
11 26 (0.54%) Debian
12 23 (0.48%) AIX
13 22 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
14 20 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
15 11 (0.23%) CoreOS
16 10 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
17 8 (0.17%) Mac OS X
18 7 (0.15%) Mesosphere
18 7 (0.15%) Solaris
19 6 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,311 (47.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1,292 (26.78%) Software Engineering
3 1,035 (21.45%) DevOps
4 840 (17.41%) Test Automation
5 787 (16.31%) Microservices
6 769 (15.94%) TDD
7 737 (15.27%) Scrum
8 623 (12.91%) OO
9 595 (12.33%) Problem-Solving
10 580 (12.02%) Continuous Integration
11 482 (9.99%) BDD
12 388 (8.04%) Computer Science
13 355 (7.36%) SDLC
14 347 (7.19%) Mentoring
15 289 (5.99%) Open Source
16 266 (5.51%) Machine Learning
17 259 (5.37%) MVC
18 241 (4.99%) Unit Testing
19 232 (4.81%) Web Development
20 227 (4.70%) Android Development
Programming Languages
1 1,562 (32.37%) JavaScript
2 1,343 (27.83%) Python
3 1,157 (23.98%) SQL
4 1,107 (22.94%) C#
5 680 (14.09%) C++
6 415 (8.60%) Java 8
7 321 (6.65%) PHP
8 313 (6.49%) Scala
9 309 (6.40%) C
10 272 (5.64%) Go
10 272 (5.64%) Ruby
11 227 (4.70%) Kotlin
12 226 (4.68%) TypeScript
13 187 (3.88%) Bash Shell
14 154 (3.19%) Objective-C
15 137 (2.84%) Apple Swift
16 112 (2.32%) PL/SQL
17 108 (2.24%) PowerShell
18 100 (2.07%) Perl
19 89 (1.84%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 703 (14.57%) Degree
2 391 (8.10%) Security Cleared
3 191 (3.96%) Computer Science Degree
4 183 (3.79%) SC Cleared
5 179 (3.71%) DV Cleared
6 112 (2.32%) ISTQB
7 77 (1.60%) ISEB
8 39 (0.81%) AWS Certification
9 35 (0.73%) PhD
10 27 (0.56%) Master's Degree
11 22 (0.46%) HND
12 18 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
12 18 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
13 12 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
14 10 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 9 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
16 8 (0.17%) CEH
16 8 (0.17%) DBS Check
17 7 (0.15%) PMI Certification
17 7 (0.15%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 319 (6.61%) QA
2 27 (0.56%) GDPR
3 21 (0.44%) SLA
4 15 (0.31%) NIST
5 14 (0.29%) COBIT
5 14 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.27%) Data Quality
7 12 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 5 (0.10%) ISO 15022
9 5 (0.10%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.062%) GxP
10 3 (0.062%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.041%) PMO
11 2 (0.041%) SEPA
12 1 (0.021%) Def Stans
12 1 (0.021%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.021%) MISRA
12 1 (0.021%) MISRA C
12 1 (0.021%) NCSC
System Software
1 874 (18.11%) Docker
2 57 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 46 (0.95%) Active Directory
4 38 (0.79%) vSphere
5 30 (0.62%) HDFS
6 29 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
7 21 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 18 (0.37%) Firmware
9 14 (0.29%) Hyper-V
10 13 (0.27%) NFS
10 13 (0.27%) VirtualBox
11 11 (0.23%) GlusterFS
12 6 (0.12%) Postfix
13 5 (0.10%) ACF2
13 5 (0.10%) RACF
14 4 (0.083%) GPFS
14 4 (0.083%) Lustre
14 4 (0.083%) NDS
14 4 (0.083%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 4 (0.083%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 508 (10.53%) Kubernetes
2 245 (5.08%) Ansible
3 234 (4.85%) Terraform
4 126 (2.61%) Puppet
5 101 (2.09%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (0.77%) Kibana
7 23 (0.48%) Prometheus
8 21 (0.44%) Data Guard
9 20 (0.41%) Oracle RMAN
9 20 (0.41%) Packer
10 19 (0.39%) Grafana
10 19 (0.39%) logstash
11 18 (0.37%) Nagios
11 18 (0.37%) Salt
12 17 (0.35%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 14 (0.29%) Consul
14 13 (0.27%) HP ALM
14 13 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
15 10 (0.21%) Rancher
15 10 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 502 (10.40%) Oracle
2 193 (4.00%) Microsoft
3 144 (2.98%) Google
4 118 (2.45%) SAP
5 97 (2.01%) IBM
6 79 (1.64%) Red Hat
7 69 (1.43%) Atlassian
8 67 (1.39%) VMware
9 49 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
10 43 (0.89%) Splunk
11 40 (0.83%) HP
12 39 (0.81%) MuleSoft
13 26 (0.54%) ServiceNow
13 26 (0.54%) Talend
14 25 (0.52%) CA
15 23 (0.48%) Xamarin
16 22 (0.46%) Tableau
16 22 (0.46%) Zend
17 20 (0.41%) New Relic
18 19 (0.39%) NetIQ