Period
to 25 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 25 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
25 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 14 14 9
Rank change year-on-year 0 -5 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 3,640 8,890 12,919
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.91% 11.55% 14.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.44% 21.90% 26.40%
Number of salaries quoted 3,649 7,460 10,877
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £36,250 £31,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £73,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,805 40,596 48,928
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 58.25% 52.73% 54.46%
Number of salaries quoted 15,200 33,274 40,611
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,305 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £67,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 25 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 25 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +1 1,094 £60,000 +12.15% 210
North of England -4 882 £52,500 +5.00% 270
South West +2 578 £50,000 +2.04% 115
Yorkshire +3 445 £52,500 +5.00% 87
Scotland 0 401 £52,500 +5.00% 105
North West -14 318 £52,500 - 142
Midlands -10 305 £52,500 +8.47% 100
East of England +1 242 £56,250 +2.27% 84
West Midlands +7 204 £52,500 +16.67% 60
North East +8 118 £50,000 - 41
East Midlands -20 98 £51,500 +3.00% 39
Northern Ireland +2 76 £50,000 +11.11% 18
Wales -19 62 £50,000 +17.65% 21
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 25 November 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,667 (45.80%) Agile Software Development
2 1,269 (34.86%) JavaScript
3 1,065 (29.26%) SQL
4 983 (27.01%) Python
5 913 (25.08%) Spring
6 891 (24.48%) Software Engineering
7 831 (22.83%) AWS
8 791 (21.73%) DevOps
9 788 (21.65%) C#
10 685 (18.82%) Microservices
11 622 (17.09%) Scrum
12 580 (15.93%) TDD
13 572 (15.71%) Test Automation
14 563 (15.47%) Docker
15 552 (15.16%) Linux
16 550 (15.11%) Azure
17 534 (14.67%) AngularJS
18 529 (14.53%) Jenkins
19 519 (14.26%) Git (software)
20 512 (14.07%) HTML
21 511 (14.04%) Degree
22 497 (13.65%) C++
23 447 (12.28%) Kubernetes
24 443 (12.17%) CSS
25 441 (12.12%) OO
26 435 (11.95%) .NET
27 425 (11.68%) Spring Boot
28 408 (11.21%) Continuous Integration
29 405 (11.13%) Finance
30 376 (10.33%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (4.40%) Elasticsearch
2 132 (3.63%) Apache
3 131 (3.60%) Confluence
4 123 (3.38%) Apache Spark
5 117 (3.21%) Tomcat
6 57 (1.57%) WebSphere
7 54 (1.48%) JBoss
8 43 (1.18%) nginx
9 27 (0.74%) WebLogic
10 26 (0.71%) Mule
11 23 (0.63%) IIS
12 20 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 19 (0.52%) SAS
14 15 (0.41%) WordPress
15 13 (0.36%) CMS
16 11 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
16 11 (0.30%) Apache Solr
16 11 (0.30%) GlassFish
16 11 (0.30%) Luigi
17 10 (0.27%) Joomla!
Applications
1 11 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.082%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.082%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (0.055%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.055%) S-PLUS
4 1 (0.027%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.027%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 13 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
2 12 (0.33%) SAP GTS
3 11 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
4 8 (0.22%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 8 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.16%) Magento
5 6 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
6 5 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 4 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.055%) Actimize
8 2 (0.055%) JDE EnterpriseOne
8 2 (0.055%) JDE OneWorld
8 2 (0.055%) SAP FI-CA
8 2 (0.055%) SAP PSCD
9 1 (0.027%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.027%) Maximo
9 1 (0.027%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.027%) Primavera
9 1 (0.027%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.027%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 831 (22.83%) AWS
2 550 (15.11%) Azure
3 245 (6.73%) GCP
4 233 (6.40%) SaaS
5 107 (2.94%) GitHub
6 94 (2.58%) Serverless
7 91 (2.50%) Amazon EC2
8 64 (1.76%) AWS CloudFormation
9 63 (1.73%) AWS Lambda
10 61 (1.68%) PaaS
11 59 (1.62%) IaaS
12 55 (1.51%) Stackdriver
13 43 (1.18%) Cloud Computing
14 41 (1.13%) OpenShift
15 28 (0.77%) Amazon EKS
16 27 (0.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 27 (0.74%) Amazon S3
17 25 (0.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 23 (0.63%) Amazon ECS
19 22 (0.60%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 77 (2.12%) HTTP
2 34 (0.93%) TCP/IP
3 23 (0.63%) Firewall
3 23 (0.63%) Internet
4 17 (0.47%) DNS
5 15 (0.41%) SSL
6 14 (0.38%) AMQP
6 14 (0.38%) SSH
6 14 (0.38%) Wireless
7 13 (0.36%) FTP
8 11 (0.30%) Broadband
9 9 (0.25%) Bluetooth
9 9 (0.25%) VPN
10 8 (0.22%) HTTPS
11 7 (0.19%) Network Security
11 7 (0.19%) SNMP
12 6 (0.16%) DAB
12 6 (0.16%) DHCP
13 5 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
14 4 (0.11%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 342 (9.40%) NoSQL
2 311 (8.54%) MySQL
3 303 (8.32%) PostgreSQL
4 251 (6.90%) Big Data
5 245 (6.73%) SQL Server
6 211 (5.80%) Relational Database
7 175 (4.81%) MongoDB
8 99 (2.72%) Hadoop
9 87 (2.39%) Redis
10 84 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
11 56 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
12 47 (1.29%) DB2
13 40 (1.10%) Data Lake
14 35 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 34 (0.93%) BigQuery
16 32 (0.88%) Amazon RDS
17 30 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 29 (0.80%) Oracle Database
19 28 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
19 28 (0.77%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 529 (14.53%) Jenkins
2 519 (14.26%) Git (software)
3 309 (8.49%) Selenium
4 283 (7.77%) JIRA
5 258 (7.09%) Maven
6 251 (6.90%) JUnit
7 148 (4.07%) Cucumber
8 128 (3.52%) Subversion
9 122 (3.35%) Gradle
10 95 (2.61%) Mockito
11 92 (2.53%) Mercurial
12 82 (2.25%) Eclipse
13 78 (2.14%) WebDriver
14 71 (1.95%) Team Foundation Server
15 67 (1.84%) SoapUI
16 55 (1.51%) GitLab
17 54 (1.48%) IntelliJ
18 52 (1.43%) Bitbucket
19 49 (1.35%) SpecFlow
20 46 (1.26%) Appium
General
1 405 (11.13%) Finance
2 221 (6.07%) Public Sector
3 82 (2.25%) Banking
3 82 (2.25%) Retail
4 70 (1.92%) Telecoms
5 54 (1.48%) Marketing
6 50 (1.37%) Games
7 48 (1.32%) Electronics
8 47 (1.29%) Manufacturing
9 45 (1.24%) Law
10 14 (0.38%) Advertising
10 14 (0.38%) Financial Institution
10 14 (0.38%) Investment Banking
10 14 (0.38%) Publishing
11 12 (0.33%) Legal
12 11 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
13 10 (0.27%) Back Office
14 8 (0.22%) Aerospace
15 7 (0.19%) Automotive
16 5 (0.14%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 1,852 (50.88%) Developer
2 1,003 (27.55%) Java Developer
3 549 (15.08%) Software Engineer
4 410 (11.26%) Senior Developer
5 325 (8.93%) Java Engineer
6 258 (7.09%) Senior Java Developer
7 257 (7.06%) Software Developer
8 197 (5.41%) Java Software Engineer
9 175 (4.81%) Architect
10 161 (4.42%) Full Stack Developer
11 158 (4.34%) DevOps Engineer
12 129 (3.54%) Lead Developer
13 125 (3.43%) Senior Software Engineer
14 113 (3.10%) Test Engineer
15 106 (2.91%) Analyst
16 101 (2.77%) Android Developer
16 101 (2.77%) Junior
17 95 (2.61%) Tester
18 94 (2.58%) Lead Java Developer
19 89 (2.45%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 913 (25.08%) Spring
2 534 (14.67%) AngularJS
3 512 (14.07%) HTML
4 443 (12.17%) CSS
5 435 (11.95%) .NET
6 425 (11.68%) Spring Boot
7 376 (10.33%) Node.js
8 354 (9.73%) RESTful
9 345 (9.48%) React
10 331 (9.09%) REST
11 325 (8.93%) Web Services
12 202 (5.55%) SOAP
13 193 (5.30%) Hibernate
14 185 (5.08%) J2EE
15 179 (4.92%) Kafka
16 161 (4.42%) JSON
17 159 (4.37%) RabbitMQ
18 156 (4.29%) XML
19 137 (3.76%) Vue.js
20 122 (3.35%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 197 (5.41%) Mobile App
2 180 (4.95%) Analytical Skills
2 180 (4.95%) Data Structures
3 172 (4.73%) Algorithms
4 165 (4.53%) Greenfield Project
5 111 (3.05%) Enterprise Software
6 109 (2.99%) User Experience
7 74 (2.03%) Management Information System
8 71 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
9 57 (1.57%) NHS
9 57 (1.57%) Public Cloud
10 49 (1.35%) Cloud Native
11 40 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
12 33 (0.91%) Data Centre
12 33 (0.91%) LIMS
13 25 (0.69%) Cyberthreat
14 23 (0.63%) Client/Server
15 22 (0.60%) Virtual Team
16 19 (0.52%) Mainframe
17 16 (0.44%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 552 (15.16%) Linux
2 274 (7.53%) Android
3 181 (4.97%) Windows
4 168 (4.62%) Unix
5 161 (4.42%) Apple iOS
6 59 (1.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 56 (1.54%) CentOS
8 36 (0.99%) Ubuntu
9 22 (0.60%) Windows Server
10 18 (0.49%) AIX
11 8 (0.22%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.22%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.22%) Mesosphere
12 6 (0.16%) CoreOS
13 4 (0.11%) Debian
13 4 (0.11%) Solaris
14 3 (0.082%) Data ONTAP
14 3 (0.082%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.055%) VMS
15 2 (0.055%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,667 (45.80%) Agile Software Development
2 891 (24.48%) Software Engineering
3 791 (21.73%) DevOps
4 685 (18.82%) Microservices
5 622 (17.09%) Scrum
6 580 (15.93%) TDD
7 572 (15.71%) Test Automation
8 441 (12.12%) OO
9 408 (11.21%) Continuous Integration
10 313 (8.60%) Problem-Solving
11 290 (7.97%) Computer Science
12 285 (7.83%) BDD
13 250 (6.87%) SDLC
14 230 (6.32%) Mentoring
15 216 (5.93%) Unit Testing
16 203 (5.58%) MVC
17 188 (5.16%) Analytics
18 181 (4.97%) Android Development
19 170 (4.67%) Configuration Management
20 165 (4.53%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,269 (34.86%) JavaScript
2 1,065 (29.26%) SQL
3 983 (27.01%) Python
4 788 (21.65%) C#
5 497 (13.65%) C++
6 293 (8.05%) Java 8
7 235 (6.46%) TypeScript
8 214 (5.88%) Go
9 192 (5.27%) PHP
10 176 (4.84%) Scala
11 172 (4.73%) C
12 160 (4.40%) Ruby
13 150 (4.12%) Kotlin
14 132 (3.63%) Bash Shell
15 95 (2.61%) Perl
16 91 (2.50%) Apple Swift
16 91 (2.50%) PowerShell
17 85 (2.34%) Objective-C
18 60 (1.65%) PL/SQL
19 51 (1.40%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 511 (14.04%) Degree
2 334 (9.18%) Security Cleared
3 219 (6.02%) SC Cleared
4 124 (3.41%) DV Cleared
5 113 (3.10%) Computer Science Degree
6 85 (2.34%) ISTQB
7 55 (1.51%) Numerate Degree
8 47 (1.29%) ISEB
9 34 (0.93%) PhD
10 17 (0.47%) ISEB Practitioner
11 16 (0.44%) HND
12 15 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 14 (0.38%) CFA
14 11 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
15 8 (0.22%) AWS Certification
15 8 (0.22%) CISM
15 8 (0.22%) CISSP
15 8 (0.22%) CSSLP
16 5 (0.14%) HNC
16 5 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 237 (6.51%) QA
2 37 (1.02%) SLA
3 24 (0.66%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.66%) NIST
4 12 (0.33%) COBIT
4 12 (0.33%) GDPR
5 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.16%) PMO
6 4 (0.11%) NCSC
7 3 (0.082%) IEC 62304
7 3 (0.082%) ISO 13485
7 3 (0.082%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.055%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 2 (0.055%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.027%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.027%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 563 (15.47%) Docker
2 48 (1.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 40 (1.10%) Active Directory
4 20 (0.55%) vSphere
5 15 (0.41%) Firmware
6 14 (0.38%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.33%) XenApp
8 11 (0.30%) NFS
9 10 (0.27%) VirtualBox
10 9 (0.25%) BitLocker
11 8 (0.22%) HDFS
11 8 (0.22%) NDS
11 8 (0.22%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 7 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 6 (0.16%) GlusterFS
14 5 (0.14%) LXC
15 4 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
16 3 (0.082%) GPFS
17 2 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
18 1 (0.027%) KVM
Systems Management
1 447 (12.28%) Kubernetes
2 276 (7.58%) Terraform
3 251 (6.90%) Ansible
4 95 (2.61%) Puppet
5 91 (2.50%) Opscode Chef
6 84 (2.31%) Grafana
7 47 (1.29%) Prometheus
8 17 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
8 17 (0.47%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 17 (0.47%) ZABBIX
9 16 (0.44%) Data Guard
9 16 (0.44%) Kibana
9 16 (0.44%) Oracle RMAN
10 14 (0.38%) SCCM
11 13 (0.36%) Nagios
11 13 (0.36%) Norton AntiVirus
11 13 (0.36%) Packer
12 12 (0.33%) Consul
13 10 (0.27%) vCenter Server
14 9 (0.25%) Graphite
Vendors
1 291 (7.99%) Oracle
2 205 (5.63%) Microsoft
3 160 (4.40%) Google
4 106 (2.91%) Splunk
5 75 (2.06%) SAP
6 73 (2.01%) Red Hat
7 72 (1.98%) IBM
8 71 (1.95%) ServiceNow
9 57 (1.57%) VMware
10 48 (1.32%) Atlassian
11 40 (1.10%) New Relic
12 39 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
13 37 (1.02%) Xamarin
14 35 (0.96%) MuleSoft
15 31 (0.85%) Ceridian
16 29 (0.80%) Apple
17 20 (0.55%) Remedy
17 20 (0.55%) SaltStack
18 18 (0.49%) NetIQ
19 17 (0.47%) HP