Period
to 18 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
18 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 16 12 11
Rank change year-on-year -4 -1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Java 3,267 9,978 13,467
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.68% 12.23% 14.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.24% 23.30% 25.73%
Number of salaries quoted 3,037 8,183 11,392
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +6.38%
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £75,000 £76,250 £72,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,138 42,830 52,335
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 57.69% 52.48% 55.30%
Number of salaries quoted 13,476 34,474 43,892
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,371 £28,125 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,225
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 18 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -1 1,044 £60,000 +9.09% 188
North of England -3 810 £50,000 - 219
South West +5 489 £50,000 - 111
Yorkshire +9 406 £50,000 +5.26% 63
Scotland +3 333 £50,000 +5.26% 76
North West -11 330 £52,500 - 119
Midlands -18 238 £50,250 +5.79% 75
East of England -10 190 £55,000 - 69
West Midlands -6 148 £50,000 +5.26% 50
Wales -9 94 £45,000 +9.76% 18
East Midlands -18 85 £52,500 +10.53% 25
Northern Ireland -3 77 £50,000 +17.65% 20
North East -2 73 £47,500 - 37
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 1,479 (45.27%) Agile Software Development
2 1,064 (32.57%) JavaScript
3 896 (27.43%) Python
4 820 (25.10%) SQL
5 818 (25.04%) Spring
6 807 (24.70%) Software Engineering
7 758 (23.20%) AWS
8 718 (21.98%) DevOps
9 660 (20.20%) C#
10 551 (16.87%) Microservices
11 525 (16.07%) Test Automation
12 511 (15.64%) Docker
13 502 (15.37%) Linux
14 487 (14.91%) Scrum
15 485 (14.85%) Git (software)
16 477 (14.60%) Jenkins
17 471 (14.42%) TDD
18 442 (13.53%) Degree
19 437 (13.38%) HTML
20 427 (13.07%) Azure
21 426 (13.04%) AngularJS
22 419 (12.83%) C++
23 412 (12.61%) .NET
24 378 (11.57%) Web Services
25 372 (11.39%) Spring Boot
26 369 (11.29%) Finance
27 366 (11.20%) Continuous Integration
28 363 (11.11%) OO
29 356 (10.90%) CSS
30 354 (10.84%) Kubernetes

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (4.56%) Apache Spark
2 138 (4.22%) Apache
3 118 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
3 118 (3.61%) Tomcat
4 111 (3.40%) Confluence
5 48 (1.47%) WebSphere
6 36 (1.10%) IIS
6 36 (1.10%) JBoss
7 31 (0.95%) nginx
8 25 (0.77%) CMS
8 25 (0.77%) WebLogic
9 24 (0.73%) SAS
10 19 (0.58%) WordPress
11 14 (0.43%) GlassFish
11 14 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (0.40%) Mule
13 11 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
13 11 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
13 11 (0.34%) Luigi
14 10 (0.31%) OpenStack
Applications
1 11 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.092%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (0.061%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.061%) S-PLUS
4 1 (0.031%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.031%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.031%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 15 (0.46%) Remedy ITSM
1 15 (0.46%) SAP GTS
2 13 (0.40%) SAP S/4HANA
3 8 (0.24%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 7 (0.21%) Magento
4 7 (0.21%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 6 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
5 6 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.061%) Actimize
7 2 (0.061%) JDE EnterpriseOne
7 2 (0.061%) JDE OneWorld
8 1 (0.031%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.031%) Primavera
8 1 (0.031%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.031%) SAP FI
8 1 (0.031%) SAP FI-CA
8 1 (0.031%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.031%) SAP IS-U
8 1 (0.031%) SAP SRM
Cloud Services
1 758 (23.20%) AWS
2 427 (13.07%) Azure
3 189 (5.79%) GCP
4 157 (4.81%) SaaS
5 115 (3.52%) GitHub
6 100 (3.06%) Serverless
7 96 (2.94%) Amazon EC2
8 65 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
9 58 (1.78%) PaaS
10 53 (1.62%) AWS CloudFormation
11 52 (1.59%) IaaS
12 46 (1.41%) Stackdriver
13 43 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
14 40 (1.22%) Power Platform
15 38 (1.16%) OpenShift
16 27 (0.83%) Amazon S3
17 23 (0.70%) Amazon EMR
18 22 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 20 (0.61%) Amazon ECS
20 18 (0.55%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 60 (1.84%) HTTP
2 29 (0.89%) FTP
3 24 (0.73%) Internet
4 18 (0.55%) SSL
5 17 (0.52%) Firewall
5 17 (0.52%) TCP/IP
6 15 (0.46%) Broadband
7 14 (0.43%) AMQP
7 14 (0.43%) DNS
8 12 (0.37%) Bluetooth
9 10 (0.31%) Skype
9 10 (0.31%) SSH
9 10 (0.31%) Wireless
10 9 (0.28%) VPN
11 6 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
12 5 (0.15%) SNMP
13 4 (0.12%) IPv6
13 4 (0.12%) Network Security
14 3 (0.092%) MQTT
14 3 (0.092%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 288 (8.82%) MySQL
2 287 (8.78%) NoSQL
3 271 (8.30%) Big Data
4 225 (6.89%) SQL Server
5 207 (6.34%) PostgreSQL
6 152 (4.65%) Relational Database
7 130 (3.98%) MongoDB
8 126 (3.86%) Hadoop
9 72 (2.20%) Apache Cassandra
10 52 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
11 50 (1.53%) Oracle Database
12 48 (1.47%) DB2
13 42 (1.29%) Redis
14 36 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
14 36 (1.10%) Amazon Redshift
15 35 (1.07%) Power BI
16 31 (0.95%) Data Lake
17 30 (0.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 29 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 28 (0.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 485 (14.85%) Git (software)
2 477 (14.60%) Jenkins
3 277 (8.48%) Selenium
4 267 (8.17%) JIRA
5 253 (7.74%) Maven
6 208 (6.37%) JUnit
7 149 (4.56%) Cucumber
8 112 (3.43%) Gradle
9 104 (3.18%) Subversion
10 81 (2.48%) Mockito
11 73 (2.23%) Eclipse
12 64 (1.96%) SoapUI
12 64 (1.96%) WebDriver
13 61 (1.87%) Team Foundation Server
14 60 (1.84%) GitLab
15 51 (1.56%) Sonatype Nexus
16 46 (1.41%) Mercurial
16 46 (1.41%) SonarQube
16 46 (1.41%) TeamCity
17 44 (1.35%) Bitbucket
General
1 369 (11.29%) Finance
2 144 (4.41%) Public Sector
3 126 (3.86%) Banking
4 88 (2.69%) Retail
5 65 (1.99%) Games
6 50 (1.53%) Law
7 49 (1.50%) Manufacturing
8 46 (1.41%) Telecoms
9 36 (1.10%) Marketing
10 27 (0.83%) Electronics
11 21 (0.64%) Investment Banking
12 17 (0.52%) Publishing
13 16 (0.49%) Financial Institution
13 16 (0.49%) Legal
14 13 (0.40%) Back Office
15 12 (0.37%) Advertising
15 12 (0.37%) Aerospace
15 12 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
16 11 (0.34%) Local Government
16 11 (0.34%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,610 (49.28%) Developer
2 892 (27.30%) Java Developer
3 469 (14.36%) Software Engineer
4 319 (9.76%) Senior Developer
5 285 (8.72%) Java Engineer
6 203 (6.21%) Software Developer
7 199 (6.09%) Senior Java Developer
8 187 (5.72%) Architect
9 179 (5.48%) Java Software Engineer
10 153 (4.68%) DevOps Engineer
11 115 (3.52%) Android Developer
12 108 (3.31%) Test Engineer
13 106 (3.24%) Full Stack Developer
13 106 (3.24%) Senior Software Engineer
14 95 (2.91%) Analyst
14 95 (2.91%) Junior
15 94 (2.88%) Tester
16 93 (2.85%) Lead Developer
17 84 (2.57%) Automation Tester
18 83 (2.54%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 818 (25.04%) Spring
2 437 (13.38%) HTML
3 426 (13.04%) AngularJS
4 412 (12.61%) .NET
5 378 (11.57%) Web Services
6 372 (11.39%) Spring Boot
7 356 (10.90%) CSS
8 342 (10.47%) Node.js
9 335 (10.25%) REST
10 334 (10.22%) React
11 320 (9.79%) RESTful
12 217 (6.64%) SOAP
13 185 (5.66%) Hibernate
14 178 (5.45%) XML
15 155 (4.74%) JSON
16 145 (4.44%) Kafka
17 141 (4.32%) J2EE
18 132 (4.04%) jQuery
19 128 (3.92%) RabbitMQ
20 104 (3.18%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 162 (4.96%) Mobile App
2 161 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
3 158 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
4 120 (3.67%) Algorithms
4 120 (3.67%) Data Structures
5 83 (2.54%) User Experience
6 67 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
7 58 (1.78%) Public Cloud
8 57 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
9 52 (1.59%) Management Information System
10 51 (1.56%) Cloud Native
11 44 (1.35%) NHS
12 37 (1.13%) Data Centre
13 27 (0.83%) Client/Server
14 26 (0.80%) Virtual Team
15 25 (0.77%) Linux Command Line
16 23 (0.70%) Mainframe
17 21 (0.64%) Life Science
18 16 (0.49%) Social Media
18 16 (0.49%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 502 (15.37%) Linux
2 283 (8.66%) Android
3 163 (4.99%) Windows
4 162 (4.96%) Apple iOS
5 156 (4.78%) Unix
6 47 (1.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 43 (1.32%) CentOS
8 31 (0.95%) Ubuntu
9 29 (0.89%) Windows Server
10 21 (0.64%) AIX
11 14 (0.43%) Debian
11 14 (0.43%) Mac OS
12 12 (0.37%) Mac OS X
13 8 (0.24%) Mesosphere
14 7 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.18%) CoreOS
15 6 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
16 4 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
17 3 (0.092%) Windows 10
17 3 (0.092%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,479 (45.27%) Agile Software Development
2 807 (24.70%) Software Engineering
3 718 (21.98%) DevOps
4 551 (16.87%) Microservices
5 525 (16.07%) Test Automation
6 487 (14.91%) Scrum
7 471 (14.42%) TDD
8 366 (11.20%) Continuous Integration
9 363 (11.11%) OO
10 335 (10.25%) Problem-Solving
11 281 (8.60%) Computer Science
12 221 (6.76%) SDLC
13 217 (6.64%) Mentoring
14 213 (6.52%) BDD
15 204 (6.24%) MVC
16 195 (5.97%) Android Development
17 181 (5.54%) Open Source
18 165 (5.05%) Machine Learning
19 162 (4.96%) Unit Testing
20 153 (4.68%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,064 (32.57%) JavaScript
2 896 (27.43%) Python
3 820 (25.10%) SQL
4 660 (20.20%) C#
5 419 (12.83%) C++
6 262 (8.02%) Java 8
7 217 (6.64%) Scala
8 203 (6.21%) PHP
9 169 (5.17%) Go
10 164 (5.02%) C
11 157 (4.81%) TypeScript
12 152 (4.65%) Kotlin
13 144 (4.41%) Ruby
14 123 (3.76%) Bash Shell
15 97 (2.97%) Apple Swift
16 95 (2.91%) Objective-C
17 85 (2.60%) PowerShell
18 64 (1.96%) Perl
19 61 (1.87%) PL/SQL
20 54 (1.65%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 442 (13.53%) Degree
2 336 (10.28%) Security Cleared
3 205 (6.27%) SC Cleared
4 137 (4.19%) DV Cleared
5 123 (3.76%) Computer Science Degree
6 62 (1.90%) ISTQB
7 40 (1.22%) ISEB
8 32 (0.98%) PhD
9 22 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
10 16 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
11 15 (0.46%) Master's Degree
12 14 (0.43%) ISEB Practitioner
13 13 (0.40%) AWS Certification
14 11 (0.34%) HND
15 8 (0.24%) CISM
15 8 (0.24%) CISSP
15 8 (0.24%) DBS Check
15 8 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
16 7 (0.21%) CSSLP
17 5 (0.15%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 167 (5.11%) QA
2 28 (0.86%) SLA
3 22 (0.67%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.67%) NIST
4 19 (0.58%) GDPR
5 16 (0.49%) COBIT
6 7 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.092%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.061%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.061%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.061%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.031%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.031%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.031%) PMO
System Software
1 511 (15.64%) Docker
2 49 (1.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (0.98%) Active Directory
4 31 (0.95%) vSphere
5 24 (0.73%) HDFS
6 15 (0.46%) Hyper-V
7 13 (0.40%) NFS
8 12 (0.37%) XenApp
9 11 (0.34%) Firmware
10 9 (0.28%) VirtualBox
11 8 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
12 6 (0.18%) GlusterFS
12 6 (0.18%) NDS
12 6 (0.18%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 3 (0.092%) BitLocker
14 3 (0.092%) Squid
15 2 (0.061%) Lustre
15 2 (0.061%) Postfix
15 2 (0.061%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 354 (10.84%) Kubernetes
2 226 (6.92%) Terraform
3 199 (6.09%) Ansible
4 88 (2.69%) Opscode Chef
5 84 (2.57%) Puppet
6 57 (1.74%) Grafana
7 26 (0.80%) Kibana
8 22 (0.67%) Prometheus
9 20 (0.61%) Data Guard
9 20 (0.61%) Oracle RMAN
10 19 (0.58%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 16 (0.49%) Packer
12 11 (0.34%) vCenter Server
13 10 (0.31%) Consul
14 9 (0.28%) Nagios
15 8 (0.24%) Automic
15 8 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
15 8 (0.24%) SCCM
16 6 (0.18%) HP ALM
16 6 (0.18%) logstash
Vendors
1 303 (9.27%) Oracle
2 167 (5.11%) Microsoft
3 151 (4.62%) Google
4 91 (2.79%) SAP
5 86 (2.63%) Splunk
6 71 (2.17%) ServiceNow
7 63 (1.93%) IBM
8 54 (1.65%) VMware
9 52 (1.59%) Red Hat
10 47 (1.44%) Salesforce.com
11 31 (0.95%) Xamarin
12 29 (0.89%) MuleSoft
13 27 (0.83%) Atlassian
14 26 (0.80%) HP
15 23 (0.70%) Zend
16 22 (0.67%) Remedy
17 21 (0.64%) NetIQ
18 20 (0.61%) Apple
19 16 (0.49%) CA
20 15 (0.46%) Hyperion