Period
to 22 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
22 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 10 12 14
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 11,175 13,860 13,876
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 13.62% 14.04% 14.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.50% 24.79% 25.67%
Number of salaries quoted 8,684 11,378 11,614
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £30,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,825 55,919 54,052
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 53.39% 56.63% 55.50%
Number of salaries quoted 35,165 47,073 45,797
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £61,250
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.37%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 22 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +3 3,829 £55,000 +10.00% 312
North of England -2 2,374 £50,000 +5.26% 334
North West -3 1,305 £52,500 +7.14% 160
South West -3 1,290 £50,000 - 144
Midlands -3 1,248 £47,750 +0.53% 162
Scotland -1 1,065 £47,500 -5.00% 102
East of England -2 980 £55,000 +10.00% 149
Yorkshire -1 858 £45,000 -5.26% 146
East Midlands +5 665 £50,000 +5.26% 68
West Midlands -9 586 £46,746 +1.17% 94
Wales +8 250 £40,000 - 30
North East 0 207 £45,000 - 28
Northern Ireland -3 187 £42,500 +6.25% 37
Isle of Man - 3 - -
Channel Islands +1 1 £75,000 +7.14% 2
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 5,776 (51.69%) Agile Software Development
2 3,527 (31.56%) JavaScript
3 3,471 (31.06%) Software Engineering
4 2,955 (26.44%) SQL
5 2,814 (25.18%) Spring
6 2,673 (23.92%) Python
7 2,628 (23.52%) C#
8 2,126 (19.02%) Linux
9 2,092 (18.72%) C++
10 2,039 (18.25%) TDD
11 1,989 (17.80%) Test Automation
12 1,953 (17.48%) Amazon AWS
13 1,883 (16.85%) Degree
14 1,863 (16.67%) DevOps
15 1,861 (16.65%) Git (software)
16 1,854 (16.59%) HTML
17 1,701 (15.22%) Scrum
18 1,560 (13.96%) OO
19 1,520 (13.60%) AngularJS
20 1,517 (13.57%) CSS
21 1,490 (13.33%) Finance
22 1,475 (13.20%) Continuous Integration
23 1,447 (12.95%) Jenkins
24 1,422 (12.72%) Web Services
25 1,418 (12.69%) Docker
26 1,416 (12.67%) Microservices
27 1,336 (11.96%) Oracle
28 1,334 (11.94%) .NET
29 1,208 (10.81%) Problem-Solving
30 1,165 (10.43%) Computer Science

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 500 (4.47%) Tomcat
2 434 (3.88%) Apache
3 402 (3.60%) Confluence
4 374 (3.35%) JBoss
5 327 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
6 316 (2.83%) Apache Spark
7 164 (1.47%) WebLogic
8 155 (1.39%) WebSphere
9 121 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 94 (0.84%) IIS
11 84 (0.75%) SAS
12 77 (0.69%) nginx
13 57 (0.51%) SharePoint
14 56 (0.50%) CMS
15 53 (0.47%) Jetty
16 51 (0.46%) Oracle Workflow
17 46 (0.41%) Apache Solr
17 46 (0.41%) OpenStack
18 45 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
19 43 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 115 (1.03%) Microsoft Office
2 70 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 27 (0.24%) Chatbot
5 15 (0.13%) Fireworks
6 14 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 11 (0.098%) Weka
8 8 (0.072%) Photoshop
9 6 (0.054%) Acrobat
9 6 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
9 6 (0.054%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.054%) Simulink
9 6 (0.054%) SOLIDWORKS
10 5 (0.045%) HipChat
11 3 (0.027%) CPLEX
11 3 (0.027%) EngageOne
12 2 (0.018%) Maple
12 2 (0.018%) Maya
12 2 (0.018%) Spreadsheet
12 2 (0.018%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 54 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
2 37 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
3 35 (0.31%) Oracle EBS R12
4 34 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 30 (0.27%) Summit
6 20 (0.18%) Magento
7 17 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
7 17 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
7 17 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
8 16 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
9 15 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
9 15 (0.13%) SAP IS-U
10 14 (0.13%) Sage X3
10 14 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 9 (0.081%) SAP FI
11 9 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
12 8 (0.072%) SAP ERP
13 7 (0.063%) Ripple
13 7 (0.063%) SAP CO
13 7 (0.063%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 1,953 (17.48%) Amazon AWS
2 1,023 (9.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 492 (4.40%) SaaS
4 343 (3.07%) Google Cloud Platform
5 288 (2.58%) GitHub
6 210 (1.88%) Serverless
7 195 (1.74%) Cloud Computing
8 129 (1.15%) Amazon EC2
9 124 (1.11%) OpenShift
10 114 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
11 113 (1.01%) Amazon S3
12 105 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
12 105 (0.94%) PaaS
13 80 (0.72%) IaaS
14 76 (0.68%) npm
15 58 (0.52%) IBM Cloud
16 50 (0.45%) Amazon EMR
17 46 (0.41%) Power Platform
18 44 (0.39%) Amazon SQS
18 44 (0.39%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 208 (1.86%) HTTP
1 208 (1.86%) Internet
2 195 (1.74%) TCP/IP
3 104 (0.93%) Firewall
4 85 (0.76%) DNS
5 72 (0.64%) Wireless
6 69 (0.62%) Broadband
7 68 (0.61%) Bluetooth
8 66 (0.59%) Network Security
9 61 (0.55%) SSL
10 40 (0.36%) VPN
11 37 (0.33%) SSH
12 33 (0.30%) DHCP
12 33 (0.30%) HTTPS
13 29 (0.26%) Modbus
13 29 (0.26%) RS-485
14 24 (0.21%) WAN
15 23 (0.21%) AMQP
16 22 (0.20%) Ethernet
16 22 (0.20%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 895 (8.01%) NoSQL
2 869 (7.78%) MySQL
3 865 (7.74%) SQL Server
4 783 (7.01%) Big Data
5 728 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
5 728 (6.51%) Relational Database
6 710 (6.35%) MongoDB
7 482 (4.31%) Hadoop
8 295 (2.64%) RDBMS
9 266 (2.38%) Apache Cassandra
10 250 (2.24%) Oracle Database
11 214 (1.91%) Redis
12 153 (1.37%) DB2
13 120 (1.07%) Neo4j
14 115 (1.03%) Apache Hive
15 105 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
16 99 (0.89%) Oracle Reports
17 96 (0.86%) GIS
18 94 (0.84%) Amazon RDS
19 88 (0.79%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,861 (16.65%) Git (software)
2 1,447 (12.95%) Jenkins
3 1,103 (9.87%) JIRA
4 1,086 (9.72%) Selenium
5 1,056 (9.45%) Maven
6 710 (6.35%) Cucumber
7 691 (6.18%) JUnit
8 420 (3.76%) Subversion
9 338 (3.02%) Gradle
10 326 (2.92%) WebDriver
11 295 (2.64%) Eclipse
12 262 (2.34%) SoapUI
13 248 (2.22%) JMeter
14 242 (2.17%) Bitbucket
15 218 (1.95%) Visual Studio
16 181 (1.62%) TeamCity
17 179 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 172 (1.54%) Team Foundation Server
19 170 (1.52%) Mockito
20 143 (1.28%) gulp
General
1 1,490 (13.33%) Finance
2 438 (3.92%) Retail
3 352 (3.15%) Banking
4 332 (2.97%) Telecoms
5 318 (2.85%) Marketing
6 280 (2.51%) Manufacturing
7 185 (1.66%) Games
8 182 (1.63%) Electronics
9 135 (1.21%) Military
10 123 (1.10%) Legal
11 91 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
12 85 (0.76%) Aerospace
13 78 (0.70%) Automotive
14 74 (0.66%) Law
15 66 (0.59%) Publishing
16 46 (0.41%) Financial Institution
17 36 (0.32%) Advertising
18 34 (0.30%) Retail Banking
19 31 (0.28%) Back Office
19 31 (0.28%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 5,616 (50.26%) Developer
2 3,345 (29.93%) Java Developer
3 1,885 (16.87%) Software Engineer
4 1,133 (10.14%) Senior Developer
5 981 (8.78%) Java Engineer
6 883 (7.90%) Software Developer
7 776 (6.94%) Senior Java Developer
8 709 (6.34%) Java Software Engineer
9 581 (5.20%) Architect
10 559 (5.00%) Analyst
11 484 (4.33%) Junior
12 462 (4.13%) Graduate
13 444 (3.97%) Senior Software Engineer
14 396 (3.54%) Test Engineer
15 340 (3.04%) Junior Developer
16 334 (2.99%) Tester
17 324 (2.90%) DevOps Engineer
18 291 (2.60%) Lead Developer
19 285 (2.55%) Graduate Developer
20 283 (2.53%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,814 (25.18%) Spring
2 1,854 (16.59%) HTML
3 1,520 (13.60%) AngularJS
4 1,517 (13.57%) CSS
5 1,422 (12.72%) Web Services
6 1,334 (11.94%) .NET
7 1,111 (9.94%) RESTful
8 1,039 (9.30%) Hibernate
9 974 (8.72%) REST
10 970 (8.68%) Node.js
11 913 (8.17%) React
12 899 (8.04%) Spring Boot
13 766 (6.85%) XML
14 693 (6.20%) J2EE
15 661 (5.91%) JSON
16 637 (5.70%) SOAP
17 615 (5.50%) HTML5
18 492 (4.40%) jQuery
19 461 (4.13%) Kafka
20 393 (3.52%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 700 (6.26%) Analytical Skills
2 676 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
3 502 (4.49%) Fintech
4 486 (4.35%) User Experience
5 471 (4.21%) Algorithms
6 334 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
7 314 (2.81%) Self-Motivation
8 303 (2.71%) Mobile App
9 176 (1.57%) Robotics
10 161 (1.44%) Data Structures
10 161 (1.44%) Public Cloud
11 101 (0.90%) Management Information System
12 98 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
13 93 (0.83%) Client/Server
14 92 (0.82%) Internet of Things
15 90 (0.81%) Data Centre
16 89 (0.80%) Mainframe
17 80 (0.72%) Virtual Team
18 66 (0.59%) Cloud Native
19 65 (0.58%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 2,126 (19.02%) Linux
2 887 (7.94%) Windows
3 659 (5.90%) Unix
4 652 (5.83%) Android
5 407 (3.64%) Apple iOS
6 153 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 90 (0.81%) Windows Server
8 87 (0.78%) CentOS
9 78 (0.70%) Ubuntu
10 62 (0.55%) Mac OS
11 33 (0.30%) FreeRTOS
11 33 (0.30%) Windows 10
11 33 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
12 31 (0.28%) Solaris
13 29 (0.26%) Windows 7
14 26 (0.23%) AIX
14 26 (0.23%) Debian
14 26 (0.23%) Mac OS X
15 18 (0.16%) MVS
16 17 (0.15%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,776 (51.69%) Agile Software Development
2 3,471 (31.06%) Software Engineering
3 2,039 (18.25%) TDD
4 1,989 (17.80%) Test Automation
5 1,863 (16.67%) DevOps
6 1,701 (15.22%) Scrum
7 1,560 (13.96%) OO
8 1,475 (13.20%) Continuous Integration
9 1,416 (12.67%) Microservices
10 1,208 (10.81%) Problem-Solving
11 1,165 (10.43%) Computer Science
12 1,093 (9.78%) SDLC
13 1,039 (9.30%) BDD
14 1,013 (9.06%) Mentoring
15 825 (7.38%) Open Source
16 677 (6.06%) Analytics
17 673 (6.02%) MVC
18 663 (5.93%) Machine Learning
19 627 (5.61%) Mathematics
20 601 (5.38%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,527 (31.56%) JavaScript
2 2,955 (26.44%) SQL
3 2,673 (23.92%) Python
4 2,628 (23.52%) C#
5 2,092 (18.72%) C++
6 1,056 (9.45%) Java 8
7 992 (8.88%) C
8 665 (5.95%) Ruby
9 653 (5.84%) PHP
10 622 (5.57%) Scala
11 374 (3.35%) PL/SQL
12 364 (3.26%) TypeScript
13 350 (3.13%) Go
14 331 (2.96%) Bash Shell
15 303 (2.71%) Kotlin
16 239 (2.14%) Perl
17 222 (1.99%) Objective-C
18 218 (1.95%) Shell Script
19 198 (1.77%) R
20 194 (1.74%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,883 (16.85%) Degree
2 846 (7.57%) Security Cleared
3 594 (5.32%) Computer Science Degree
4 476 (4.26%) SC Cleared
5 337 (3.02%) DV Cleared
6 234 (2.09%) ISTQB
7 220 (1.97%) PhD
8 140 (1.25%) Numerate Degree
9 129 (1.15%) ISEB
10 64 (0.57%) Master's Degree
11 60 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 58 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
13 43 (0.38%) CISSP
14 42 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
15 39 (0.35%) AWS Certification
16 34 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
17 31 (0.28%) OCP
18 30 (0.27%) Postgraduate
19 27 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
19 27 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 842 (7.53%) QA
2 98 (0.88%) SLA
3 88 (0.79%) GDPR
4 53 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 44 (0.39%) Data Quality
6 36 (0.32%) PSD2
7 30 (0.27%) WAI
8 19 (0.17%) PCI DSS
9 15 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 14 (0.13%) COBIT
10 14 (0.13%) HMG Infosec
10 14 (0.13%) JSP 440
11 13 (0.12%) ISO 9001
12 10 (0.089%) GAMP
12 10 (0.089%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 7 (0.063%) HL7
13 7 (0.063%) ISAE 3402
13 7 (0.063%) ISO 13485
13 7 (0.063%) ISO 22301
13 7 (0.063%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 1,418 (12.69%) Docker
2 138 (1.23%) Active Directory
3 100 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 89 (0.80%) Firmware
5 56 (0.50%) HDFS
6 46 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 46 (0.41%) vSphere
7 38 (0.34%) Apache Flume
8 37 (0.33%) Hyper-V
8 37 (0.33%) VirtualBox
9 31 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 27 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
11 17 (0.15%) XenApp
12 11 (0.098%) Squid
13 9 (0.081%) etcd
13 9 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
14 7 (0.063%) ISA Server
15 6 (0.054%) Tivoli Directory Server
16 5 (0.045%) Postfix
16 5 (0.045%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 716 (6.41%) Kubernetes
2 586 (5.24%) Ansible
3 389 (3.48%) Puppet
4 321 (2.87%) Opscode Chef
5 310 (2.77%) Terraform
6 76 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
7 67 (0.60%) Kibana
8 61 (0.55%) Prometheus
9 53 (0.47%) HP ALM
10 52 (0.47%) Mesos
11 40 (0.36%) Marathon
11 40 (0.36%) Salt
12 39 (0.35%) Consul
12 39 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
13 36 (0.32%) logstash
14 33 (0.30%) Grafana
15 31 (0.28%) Packer
16 27 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
17 25 (0.22%) Oozie
18 24 (0.21%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 1,336 (11.96%) Oracle
2 720 (6.44%) Microsoft
3 354 (3.17%) Google
4 281 (2.51%) SAP
5 243 (2.17%) IBM
6 138 (1.23%) Red Hat
7 136 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
8 124 (1.11%) Atlassian
8 124 (1.11%) VMware
9 114 (1.02%) WorldPay
10 93 (0.83%) Splunk
11 85 (0.76%) Adobe
12 80 (0.72%) Tableau
13 69 (0.62%) HP
14 61 (0.55%) Cloudera
15 55 (0.49%) Xamarin
16 45 (0.40%) Pega
17 42 (0.38%) MuleSoft
18 39 (0.35%) Informatica
19 38 (0.34%) Hortonworks