Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
19 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 18 16 17
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 -4
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,143 6,710 3,874
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.83% 11.17% 11.57%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.33% 22.19% 20.70%
Number of salaries quoted 4,142 4,309 3,138
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,464 30,236 18,716
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 44.49% 50.35% 55.88%
Number of salaries quoted 20,902 22,103 15,574
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,500 £37,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £69,035 £62,500 £60,000
90th Percentile £82,970 £75,000 £70,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 19 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 19 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
North of England -3 2,088 £56,456 +2.65% 264
South East -5 2,000 £62,500 +4.17% 158
Midlands +7 1,191 £57,500 +7.02% 122
South West +3 1,163 £57,500 +9.52% 132
North West +5 1,144 £57,500 +4.55% 145
Scotland -4 879 £62,500 +25.00% 83
Yorkshire -4 836 £55,000 - 76
West Midlands +11 796 £57,500 +4.55% 82
East of England -3 579 £55,000 -4.35% 75
East Midlands +12 375 £55,000 +10.00% 40
Northern Ireland -1 234 £65,000 +30.00% 17
Wales -29 119 £50,000 - 14
North East -8 110 £53,000 +6.00% 44
Isle of Man +14 5 £60,000 +60.00%
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2022, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 4,448 (54.62%) Agile
2 3,730 (45.81%) Software Engineering
3 3,127 (38.40%) JavaScript
4 3,111 (38.20%) Python
5 3,105 (38.13%) AWS
6 2,320 (28.49%) Azure
7 2,248 (27.61%) Docker
8 2,236 (27.46%) DevOps
9 2,161 (26.54%) SQL
10 1,906 (23.41%) Social Skills
11 1,884 (23.14%) Spring
12 1,828 (22.45%) Git (software)
13 1,792 (22.01%) Finance
14 1,762 (21.64%) CI/CD
15 1,640 (20.14%) C#
16 1,630 (20.02%) Kubernetes
17 1,626 (19.97%) .NET
18 1,566 (19.23%) Mentoring
19 1,510 (18.54%) Microservices
20 1,463 (17.97%) Degree
21 1,458 (17.90%) HTML
22 1,457 (17.89%) React
23 1,448 (17.78%) Test Automation
24 1,436 (17.63%) Node.js
25 1,419 (17.43%) AngularJS
26 1,390 (17.07%) TDD
27 1,320 (16.21%) CSS
28 1,222 (15.01%) Linux
29 1,219 (14.97%) Go
30 1,214 (14.91%) Full Stack Development

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 280 (3.44%) Confluence
2 192 (2.36%) Apache
3 180 (2.21%) Apache Spark
4 154 (1.89%) Apache Solr
5 88 (1.08%) Tomcat
6 76 (0.93%) WebSphere
7 74 (0.91%) CMS
8 67 (0.82%) JBoss
9 66 (0.81%) WebLogic
10 64 (0.79%) SharePoint
11 51 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
12 35 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
13 33 (0.41%) GemFire
13 33 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 27 (0.33%) nginx
15 20 (0.25%) Oracle Service Bus
16 19 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
16 19 (0.23%) Umbraco
17 17 (0.21%) GlassFish
17 17 (0.21%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 100 (1.23%) Microsoft Office
2 41 (0.50%) CATIA
3 26 (0.32%) Simulink
4 23 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
5 11 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 8 (0.098%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.074%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.074%) Sketch
9 4 (0.049%) Adobe Premiere
10 3 (0.037%) Doxygen
11 2 (0.025%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.025%) Maple
11 2 (0.025%) Pipeline Pilot
Business Applications
1 33 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
2 26 (0.32%) Teamcenter
3 15 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
4 14 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 11 (0.14%) ResourceLink
6 9 (0.11%) Primavera
7 7 (0.086%) Distributed Ledger
7 7 (0.086%) SAP HCM
8 6 (0.074%) DELMIA
8 6 (0.074%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 5 (0.061%) BusinessWorks
10 3 (0.037%) Dynamics AX
10 3 (0.037%) VisionPLUS
11 2 (0.025%) MIS ActiveH
11 2 (0.025%) NetSuite
11 2 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
11 2 (0.025%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.025%) SAP Hybris
12 1 (0.012%) SAP S/4HANA
12 1 (0.012%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 3,105 (38.13%) AWS
2 2,320 (28.49%) Azure
3 1,194 (14.66%) GCP
4 612 (7.52%) Serverless
5 411 (5.05%) GitHub
6 342 (4.20%) OpenShift
7 308 (3.78%) Azure DevOps
8 290 (3.56%) SaaS
9 252 (3.09%) AWS Lambda
10 180 (2.21%) PaaS
11 153 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
12 148 (1.82%) AWS CloudFormation
13 124 (1.52%) Cloud Functions
14 119 (1.46%) Amazon SQS
15 110 (1.35%) Azure AKS
16 108 (1.33%) Amazon EC2
17 106 (1.30%) Amazon S3
18 94 (1.15%) IaaS
19 93 (1.14%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 89 (1.09%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 696 (8.55%) HTTP
2 592 (7.27%) SSL
3 189 (2.32%) Internet
4 111 (1.36%) Broadband
5 103 (1.26%) DNS
6 74 (0.91%) TCP/IP
7 59 (0.72%) Kerberos
8 51 (0.63%) Firewall
9 50 (0.61%) AMQP
10 45 (0.55%) MQTT
11 43 (0.53%) HTTPS
12 42 (0.52%) Wireless
13 39 (0.48%) Network Security
14 34 (0.42%) FTP
15 32 (0.39%) VoIP
16 30 (0.37%) 5G
16 30 (0.37%) SSH
17 24 (0.29%) 4G
17 24 (0.29%) SNA
18 22 (0.27%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,140 (14.00%) NoSQL
2 728 (8.94%) Big Data
3 669 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
4 546 (6.71%) MySQL
5 461 (5.66%) MongoDB
6 436 (5.35%) SQL Server
7 434 (5.33%) Relational Database
8 210 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
9 201 (2.47%) Redis
10 144 (1.77%) DynamoDB
11 126 (1.55%) Hadoop
12 113 (1.39%) Apache Cassandra
12 113 (1.39%) RDBMS
13 90 (1.11%) Data Lake
14 87 (1.07%) Oracle Database
15 86 (1.06%) Flink
16 76 (0.93%) BigQuery
17 72 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
18 49 (0.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 44 (0.54%) Cloud Spanner
Development Applications
1 1,828 (22.45%) Git (software)
2 1,129 (13.86%) Jenkins
3 774 (9.51%) JIRA
4 522 (6.41%) Selenium
5 453 (5.56%) Maven
6 319 (3.92%) Cucumber
7 313 (3.84%) JUnit
8 304 (3.73%) GitLab
9 261 (3.21%) Gradle
10 198 (2.43%) Postman
11 164 (2.01%) Subversion
12 159 (1.95%) Bitbucket
13 135 (1.66%) Cypress.io
14 123 (1.51%) Mockito
15 118 (1.45%) JMeter
16 110 (1.35%) Ant
17 98 (1.20%) Android Studio
18 81 (0.99%) SoapUI
18 81 (0.99%) SpecFlow
19 75 (0.92%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,906 (23.41%) Social Skills
2 1,792 (22.01%) Finance
3 805 (9.89%) Marketing
4 727 (8.93%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 581 (7.13%) Games
6 428 (5.26%) Law
7 424 (5.21%) Analytical Skills
8 380 (4.67%) Manufacturing
9 368 (4.52%) Banking
10 350 (4.30%) Public Sector
11 295 (3.62%) Retail
12 286 (3.51%) Legal
13 264 (3.24%) Automotive
14 161 (1.98%) Telecoms
15 141 (1.73%) Financial Institution
16 123 (1.51%) Electronics
17 114 (1.40%) Advertising
18 69 (0.85%) Organisational Skills
19 66 (0.81%) Aerospace
20 52 (0.64%) Social Housing
Job Titles
1 2,596 (31.88%) Developer
2 2,313 (28.40%) Software Engineer
3 1,472 (18.08%) Java Developer
4 764 (9.38%) Senior Developer
5 528 (6.48%) Senior Java Developer
6 468 (5.75%) Java Engineer
7 449 (5.51%) Graduate
8 408 (5.01%) Software Developer
9 362 (4.45%) Trainee
10 357 (4.38%) Senior Software Engineer
11 246 (3.02%) Analyst
12 223 (2.74%) Principal Engineer
13 222 (2.73%) DevOps Engineer
14 217 (2.66%) Architect
15 215 (2.64%) Java Software Engineer
16 203 (2.49%) Graduate Software Engineer
17 191 (2.35%) Senior Java Engineer
18 189 (2.32%) Lead Software Engineer
19 184 (2.26%) Test Engineer
20 174 (2.14%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,884 (23.14%) Spring
2 1,626 (19.97%) .NET
3 1,458 (17.90%) HTML
4 1,457 (17.89%) React
5 1,436 (17.63%) Node.js
6 1,419 (17.43%) AngularJS
7 1,320 (16.21%) CSS
8 826 (10.14%) Spring Boot
9 765 (9.39%) RESTful
10 707 (8.68%) ASP.NET
11 706 (8.67%) Kafka
12 632 (7.76%) REST
13 591 (7.26%) Ruby on Rails
14 571 (7.01%) Angular 2
15 568 (6.98%) Web Services
16 350 (4.30%) XML
17 342 (4.20%) Vue.js
18 333 (4.09%) JSON
19 307 (3.77%) HTML5
20 303 (3.72%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 723 (8.88%) Algorithms
2 420 (5.16%) Cloud Native
3 352 (4.32%) Data Structures
4 317 (3.89%) User Experience
5 299 (3.67%) Mobile App
6 256 (3.14%) Life Science
7 250 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
8 244 (3.00%) Cyberattack
9 221 (2.71%) Social Media
10 204 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
10 204 (2.51%) Greenfield Project
11 195 (2.39%) Public Cloud
12 169 (2.08%) Data Protection Act
13 165 (2.03%) Cyber Defence
14 137 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
15 127 (1.56%) Virtual Team
16 107 (1.31%) Management Information System
17 95 (1.17%) Blog
18 82 (1.01%) Mobile Payment
19 79 (0.97%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,222 (15.01%) Linux
2 587 (7.21%) Windows
3 551 (6.77%) Unix
4 423 (5.19%) Android
5 224 (2.75%) Apple iOS
6 45 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 42 (0.52%) CentOS
8 34 (0.42%) Mac OS
9 33 (0.41%) Windows Server
10 32 (0.39%) AIX
11 29 (0.36%) Ubuntu
12 25 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
13 19 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
14 16 (0.20%) Mesosphere
14 16 (0.20%) Solaris
15 15 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
15 15 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
16 13 (0.16%) Windows Phone
17 12 (0.15%) Windows 10
18 9 (0.11%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,448 (54.62%) Agile
2 3,730 (45.81%) Software Engineering
3 2,236 (27.46%) DevOps
4 1,762 (21.64%) CI/CD
5 1,566 (19.23%) Mentoring
6 1,510 (18.54%) Microservices
7 1,448 (17.78%) Test Automation
8 1,390 (17.07%) TDD
9 1,214 (14.91%) Full Stack Development
10 1,199 (14.72%) Scrum
11 1,139 (13.99%) Problem-Solving
12 1,109 (13.62%) Computer Science
13 954 (11.72%) Continuous Integration
14 844 (10.36%) Web Development
15 837 (10.28%) MVC
16 778 (9.55%) SDLC
17 765 (9.39%) Analytics
18 728 (8.94%) Software Testing
19 681 (8.36%) Machine Learning
20 658 (8.08%) OO
Programming Languages
1 3,127 (38.40%) JavaScript
2 3,111 (38.20%) Python
3 2,161 (26.54%) SQL
4 1,640 (20.14%) C#
5 1,219 (14.97%) Go
6 1,105 (13.57%) C++
7 969 (11.90%) Ruby
8 650 (7.98%) TypeScript
9 580 (7.12%) C
10 473 (5.81%) Kotlin
11 362 (4.45%) Scala
12 321 (3.94%) Bash
13 313 (3.84%) PowerShell
14 287 (3.52%) PHP
15 219 (2.69%) Shell Script
16 217 (2.66%) Perl
17 161 (1.98%) Objective-C
18 141 (1.73%) ES6
19 118 (1.45%) Groovy
19 118 (1.45%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,463 (17.97%) Degree
2 875 (10.75%) Security Cleared
3 540 (6.63%) Computer Science Degree
4 430 (5.28%) AWS Certification
5 414 (5.08%) Azure Certification
6 411 (5.05%) SC Cleared
7 107 (1.31%) ISTQB
8 106 (1.30%) Master's Degree
9 98 (1.20%) PhD
10 87 (1.07%) DV Cleared
11 78 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
12 37 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 32 (0.39%) ISEB
14 27 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
15 23 (0.28%) PMI Certification
16 19 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
17 17 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
17 17 (0.21%) CISSP
17 17 (0.21%) DBS Check
18 16 (0.20%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 873 (10.72%) QA
2 207 (2.54%) Accessibility
3 57 (0.70%) Data Quality
4 32 (0.39%) Automotive SPICE
4 32 (0.39%) MISRA
5 28 (0.34%) SLA
6 22 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 12 (0.15%) GDPR
8 12 (0.15%) NIST
9 10 (0.12%) PMO
10 8 (0.098%) GLP
11 7 (0.086%) NIST 800
12 5 (0.061%) Actionable Recommendations
12 5 (0.061%) Def Stans
12 5 (0.061%) IEC 61508
12 5 (0.061%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.049%) GMP
13 4 (0.049%) ISO 8583
13 4 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 2,248 (27.61%) Docker
2 59 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 54 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
4 34 (0.42%) Firmware
5 25 (0.31%) Active Directory
6 19 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
8 10 (0.12%) vSphere
9 9 (0.11%) Hyper-V
10 7 (0.086%) Samba
11 6 (0.074%) Apache Flume
11 6 (0.074%) VirtualBox
12 5 (0.061%) Embedded Firmware
12 5 (0.061%) etcd
12 5 (0.061%) HDFS
12 5 (0.061%) NFS
12 5 (0.061%) Postfix
13 4 (0.049%) IAG
13 4 (0.049%) Oracle RAC
14 3 (0.037%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,630 (20.02%) Kubernetes
2 508 (6.24%) Terraform
3 437 (5.37%) Ansible
4 114 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
4 114 (1.40%) Puppet
5 98 (1.20%) Prometheus
6 71 (0.87%) Grafana
7 47 (0.58%) Kibana
8 25 (0.31%) Istio
9 21 (0.26%) Consul
10 20 (0.25%) Packer
11 18 (0.22%) ZABBIX
12 15 (0.18%) Automic
13 14 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
14 13 (0.16%) Control-M
14 13 (0.16%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 12 (0.15%) HAProxy
15 12 (0.15%) logstash
15 12 (0.15%) Network Intrusion Detection System
16 9 (0.11%) MOM
Vendors
1 819 (10.06%) Microsoft
2 639 (7.85%) Oracle
3 569 (6.99%) Google
4 140 (1.72%) Twitter
5 117 (1.44%) SAP
6 109 (1.34%) Atlassian
7 99 (1.22%) IBM
8 92 (1.13%) Red Hat
9 76 (0.93%) Databricks
10 75 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
11 69 (0.85%) FIS
12 67 (0.82%) VMware
13 59 (0.72%) Sony
13 59 (0.72%) Sun
14 51 (0.63%) Splunk
15 48 (0.59%) Palantir
16 47 (0.58%) Apple
16 47 (0.58%) MuleSoft
17 42 (0.52%) Hitachi
18 30 (0.37%) AppDynamics