Period
to 14 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 14 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
14 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 10 14
Rank change year-on-year -4 +4 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,630 12,703 14,178
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 11.51% 14.32% 14.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.79% 26.49% 24.90%
Number of salaries quoted 6,811 10,147 11,747
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,607 47,946 56,940
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 52.85% 54.05% 56.24%
Number of salaries quoted 32,489 39,552 48,103
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
10th Percentile £28,500 £27,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £67,500 £67,500 £62,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £51,312 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.32% +2.62% +5.26%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK excluding London

Java
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 14 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -5 2,870 £52,500 - 389
North of England -1 1,927 £50,000 +5.26% 367
South West -4 1,156 £47,500 -5.00% 224
North West 0 1,105 £52,500 +5.00% 170
Midlands -9 849 £49,362 -1.28% 221
Scotland -3 741 £50,000 - 153
Yorkshire -1 714 £50,000 +11.11% 143
East of England -8 702 £55,000 +4.76% 165
East Midlands -6 430 £50,000 -4.76% 84
West Midlands -20 413 £46,750 -1.58% 137
Wales -7 289 £42,500 +6.25% 54
Northern Ireland 0 116 £45,000 +5.88% 32
North East -13 108 £50,000 +11.11% 54
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 14 December 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Java.

1 4,273 (49.51%) Agile Software Development
2 2,679 (31.04%) JavaScript
3 2,337 (27.08%) Software Engineering
4 2,213 (25.64%) SQL
5 2,095 (24.28%) Python
6 2,090 (24.22%) C#
7 2,036 (23.59%) Spring
8 1,604 (18.59%) Test Automation
9 1,536 (17.80%) DevOps
10 1,519 (17.60%) AWS
11 1,472 (17.06%) Linux
12 1,426 (16.52%) Git (software)
13 1,424 (16.50%) Scrum
14 1,361 (15.77%) C++
15 1,333 (15.45%) Microservices
16 1,326 (15.37%) TDD
17 1,304 (15.11%) Degree
18 1,231 (14.26%) HTML
19 1,212 (14.04%) AngularJS
20 1,204 (13.95%) Jenkins
21 1,193 (13.82%) Docker
22 1,150 (13.33%) Finance
23 1,120 (12.98%) .NET
24 1,111 (12.87%) CSS
25 1,083 (12.55%) Web Services
26 989 (11.46%) Oracle
27 951 (11.02%) Computer Science
28 946 (10.96%) Continuous Integration
29 944 (10.94%) Selenium
30 934 (10.82%) Problem-Solving

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 421 (4.88%) Tomcat
2 388 (4.50%) Confluence
3 266 (3.08%) Apache Spark
4 240 (2.78%) JBoss
5 176 (2.04%) Apache
6 154 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
7 125 (1.45%) WebSphere
8 94 (1.09%) WebLogic
9 78 (0.90%) Oracle Workflow
10 71 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 58 (0.67%) IIS
12 51 (0.59%) CMS
13 44 (0.51%) WebSphere Application Server
14 38 (0.44%) SAS
15 36 (0.42%) OpenStack
16 31 (0.36%) Cloud Foundry
17 30 (0.35%) Apache Solr
17 30 (0.35%) nginx
18 28 (0.32%) Drupal
19 25 (0.29%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 53 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (0.34%) MS Visio
3 24 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
5 19 (0.22%) Chatbot
6 14 (0.16%) Simulink
7 11 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
8 10 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 7 (0.081%) Stateflow
10 5 (0.058%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.046%) SPSS
12 3 (0.035%) InDesign
13 2 (0.023%) Acrobat
13 2 (0.023%) Adobe XD
13 2 (0.023%) FileZilla
13 2 (0.023%) InVision
13 2 (0.023%) Sketch
14 1 (0.012%) HipChat
14 1 (0.012%) Maya
14 1 (0.012%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 54 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 35 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
3 33 (0.38%) Oracle ERP
4 31 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
5 22 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
6 16 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
7 14 (0.16%) Magento
8 10 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 8 (0.093%) BusinessWorks
10 7 (0.081%) SAP PSCD
11 6 (0.070%) SAP CRM
11 6 (0.070%) SAP ERP
12 5 (0.058%) SAP Hybris
12 5 (0.058%) SAP S/4HANA
12 5 (0.058%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
13 4 (0.046%) Remedy ITSM
13 4 (0.046%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 3 (0.035%) Shopify
14 3 (0.035%) Summit
15 2 (0.023%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,519 (17.60%) AWS
2 851 (9.86%) Azure
3 359 (4.16%) GCP
4 357 (4.14%) SaaS
5 276 (3.20%) GitHub
6 208 (2.41%) Serverless
7 143 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
8 129 (1.49%) Amazon S3
9 110 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
10 95 (1.10%) PaaS
11 76 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
12 62 (0.72%) IaaS
13 54 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
14 51 (0.59%) Amazon ECS
15 48 (0.56%) OpenShift
16 41 (0.48%) Slack
17 30 (0.35%) Boomi
18 29 (0.34%) Power Platform
18 29 (0.34%) Sage Pay
19 28 (0.32%) Amazon Cognito
Communications & Networking
1 146 (1.69%) HTTP
2 116 (1.34%) Internet
3 97 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 63 (0.73%) Firewall
5 42 (0.49%) SSL
6 39 (0.45%) DNS
7 26 (0.30%) HTTPS
8 22 (0.25%) SAN
8 22 (0.25%) Wireshark
9 21 (0.24%) Broadband
9 21 (0.24%) Wireless
9 21 (0.24%) X.509
10 19 (0.22%) SSH
11 17 (0.20%) WAN
12 16 (0.19%) DHCP
12 16 (0.19%) Ethernet
12 16 (0.19%) VoIP
13 14 (0.16%) Network Security
13 14 (0.16%) VPN
14 13 (0.15%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 689 (7.98%) MySQL
2 629 (7.29%) SQL Server
3 543 (6.29%) Big Data
4 501 (5.81%) NoSQL
5 498 (5.77%) Relational Database
6 497 (5.76%) MongoDB
7 494 (5.72%) PostgreSQL
8 345 (4.00%) Hadoop
9 169 (1.96%) RDBMS
10 135 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
10 135 (1.56%) DB2
10 135 (1.56%) Redis
11 134 (1.55%) Oracle Database
12 130 (1.51%) Apache Hive
13 103 (1.19%) HBase
14 94 (1.09%) Impala
15 84 (0.97%) GIS
16 82 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
17 76 (0.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 62 (0.72%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,426 (16.52%) Git (software)
2 1,204 (13.95%) Jenkins
3 944 (10.94%) Selenium
4 843 (9.77%) JIRA
5 816 (9.46%) Maven
6 612 (7.09%) Cucumber
7 573 (6.64%) JUnit
8 326 (3.78%) Subversion
9 314 (3.64%) Eclipse
10 291 (3.37%) WebDriver
11 257 (2.98%) Gradle
12 208 (2.41%) Bitbucket
13 165 (1.91%) Visual Studio
14 159 (1.84%) SoapUI
14 159 (1.84%) SpecFlow
15 156 (1.81%) Team Foundation Server
16 149 (1.73%) TeamCity
17 148 (1.71%) Ant
18 141 (1.63%) JMeter
19 136 (1.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1,150 (13.33%) Finance
2 393 (4.55%) Retail
3 317 (3.67%) Banking
4 286 (3.31%) Public Sector
5 269 (3.12%) Telecoms
6 236 (2.73%) Marketing
7 222 (2.57%) Manufacturing
8 180 (2.09%) Electronics
9 138 (1.60%) Games
10 126 (1.46%) Law
11 109 (1.26%) Automotive
12 76 (0.88%) Aerospace
12 76 (0.88%) Back Office
13 67 (0.78%) Military
14 54 (0.63%) Legal
15 52 (0.60%) Advertising
16 51 (0.59%) Financial Institution
17 16 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
18 15 (0.17%) Publishing
19 12 (0.14%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 4,392 (50.89%) Developer
2 2,510 (29.08%) Java Developer
3 1,302 (15.09%) Software Engineer
4 1,125 (13.04%) Senior Developer
5 767 (8.89%) Senior Java Developer
6 682 (7.90%) Software Developer
7 680 (7.88%) Java Engineer
8 472 (5.47%) Java Software Engineer
9 385 (4.46%) Junior
10 378 (4.38%) Senior Software Engineer
11 365 (4.23%) Analyst
12 327 (3.79%) Graduate
13 320 (3.71%) DevOps Engineer
14 308 (3.57%) Test Engineer
15 304 (3.52%) Architect
16 303 (3.51%) Junior Developer
17 240 (2.78%) Full Stack Developer
18 230 (2.67%) Java Software Developer
19 223 (2.58%) Senior Java Engineer
20 220 (2.55%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,036 (23.59%) Spring
2 1,231 (14.26%) HTML
3 1,212 (14.04%) AngularJS
4 1,120 (12.98%) .NET
5 1,111 (12.87%) CSS
6 1,083 (12.55%) Web Services
7 827 (9.58%) REST
8 795 (9.21%) Hibernate
9 792 (9.18%) RESTful
10 757 (8.77%) React
11 724 (8.39%) Spring Boot
12 688 (7.97%) Node.js
13 638 (7.39%) XML
14 562 (6.51%) SOAP
15 498 (5.77%) JSON
16 432 (5.01%) J2EE
17 421 (4.88%) jQuery
18 355 (4.11%) Kafka
19 338 (3.92%) Java EE
20 282 (3.27%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 483 (5.60%) Analytical Skills
2 448 (5.19%) Greenfield Project
3 366 (4.24%) Mobile App
4 361 (4.18%) User Experience
5 244 (2.83%) Enterprise Software
6 217 (2.51%) Algorithms
7 208 (2.41%) Self-Motivation
8 157 (1.82%) Public Cloud
9 117 (1.36%) Robotics
10 109 (1.26%) Management Information System
11 100 (1.16%) Data Structures
12 93 (1.08%) Client/Server
13 83 (0.96%) Cloud Native
14 78 (0.90%) Embedded Systems
15 75 (0.87%) Cyberthreat
16 68 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
16 68 (0.79%) Virtual Team
17 66 (0.76%) Mainframe
18 61 (0.71%) Private Cloud
19 48 (0.56%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 1,472 (17.06%) Linux
2 602 (6.98%) Android
3 582 (6.74%) Windows
4 531 (6.15%) Unix
5 418 (4.84%) Apple iOS
6 94 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 81 (0.94%) Windows Server
8 72 (0.83%) CentOS
9 48 (0.56%) Ubuntu
10 32 (0.37%) Mac OS
11 30 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
12 29 (0.34%) Mac OS X
13 27 (0.31%) AIX
14 24 (0.28%) Debian
15 21 (0.24%) Windows 7
16 18 (0.21%) Windows 10
17 16 (0.19%) MVS
18 14 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
19 11 (0.13%) SUSE
20 10 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,273 (49.51%) Agile Software Development
2 2,337 (27.08%) Software Engineering
3 1,604 (18.59%) Test Automation
4 1,536 (17.80%) DevOps
5 1,424 (16.50%) Scrum
6 1,333 (15.45%) Microservices
7 1,326 (15.37%) TDD
8 951 (11.02%) Computer Science
9 946 (10.96%) Continuous Integration
10 934 (10.82%) Problem-Solving
11 915 (10.60%) OO
12 840 (9.73%) Mentoring
13 712 (8.25%) SDLC
14 670 (7.76%) BDD
15 493 (5.71%) Unit Testing
16 449 (5.20%) Analytics
17 438 (5.08%) Open Source
18 434 (5.03%) Web Development
19 398 (4.61%) Coaching
20 381 (4.41%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 2,679 (31.04%) JavaScript
2 2,213 (25.64%) SQL
3 2,095 (24.28%) Python
4 2,090 (24.22%) C#
5 1,361 (15.77%) C++
6 771 (8.93%) Java 8
7 591 (6.85%) C
8 562 (6.51%) PHP
9 420 (4.87%) Ruby
10 384 (4.45%) Scala
11 316 (3.66%) Go
12 285 (3.30%) Kotlin
13 245 (2.84%) Bash Shell
14 233 (2.70%) Objective-C
15 217 (2.51%) TypeScript
16 216 (2.50%) PL/SQL
17 186 (2.16%) Shell Script
18 168 (1.95%) PowerShell
19 163 (1.89%) Apple Swift
20 156 (1.81%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,304 (15.11%) Degree
2 576 (6.67%) Security Cleared
3 418 (4.84%) Computer Science Degree
4 267 (3.09%) SC Cleared
5 229 (2.65%) DV Cleared
6 128 (1.48%) ISTQB
7 102 (1.18%) ISEB
8 78 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
9 58 (0.67%) PhD
10 39 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 36 (0.42%) CISSP
12 34 (0.39%) Oracle Certification
13 33 (0.38%) Master's Degree
14 22 (0.25%) PMI Certification
15 21 (0.24%) HND
16 20 (0.23%) Postgraduate
17 16 (0.19%) AWS Certification
18 15 (0.17%) CISMP
18 15 (0.17%) HNC
19 13 (0.15%) IBM WebSphere Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 621 (7.20%) QA
2 33 (0.38%) Data Quality
3 30 (0.35%) GDPR
4 24 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.19%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.16%) SLA
7 12 (0.14%) Basel II
7 12 (0.14%) IFRS
7 12 (0.14%) IFRS 9
8 11 (0.13%) HMG Infosec
8 11 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 11 (0.13%) JSP 440
9 9 (0.10%) Def Stans
9 9 (0.10%) ISO 9001
10 8 (0.093%) IEC 61131
10 8 (0.093%) PSD2
11 7 (0.081%) PA-DSS
12 6 (0.070%) PMO
13 5 (0.058%) CRD IV
13 5 (0.058%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,193 (13.82%) Docker
2 86 (1.00%) Active Directory
3 59 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
4 50 (0.58%) Firmware
5 39 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
6 31 (0.36%) HDFS
7 30 (0.35%) vCloud
8 15 (0.17%) vSphere
9 14 (0.16%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
10 13 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 11 (0.13%) Job Entry Subsystem
12 7 (0.081%) NFS
13 6 (0.070%) IAG
14 5 (0.058%) ACF2
14 5 (0.058%) RACF
15 4 (0.046%) Apache Flume
16 3 (0.035%) iptables
16 3 (0.035%) Postfix
16 3 (0.035%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 723 (8.38%) Kubernetes
2 390 (4.52%) Ansible
3 290 (3.36%) Opscode Chef
4 282 (3.27%) Terraform
5 277 (3.21%) Puppet
6 58 (0.67%) Kibana
7 55 (0.64%) Mesos
8 51 (0.59%) Marathon
9 39 (0.45%) Salt
10 36 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
11 32 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
12 30 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
12 30 (0.35%) logstash
13 29 (0.34%) Prometheus
13 29 (0.34%) vCenter Server
14 20 (0.23%) Nagios
15 16 (0.19%) SCCM
16 15 (0.17%) Grafana
16 15 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
17 13 (0.15%) Packer
Vendors
1 989 (11.46%) Oracle
2 492 (5.70%) Microsoft
3 291 (3.37%) Google
4 250 (2.90%) SAP
5 151 (1.75%) IBM
6 129 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
7 115 (1.33%) Red Hat
7 115 (1.33%) WorldPay
8 105 (1.22%) VMware
9 102 (1.18%) Atlassian
10 94 (1.09%) Sage
11 90 (1.04%) Splunk
12 74 (0.86%) Xamarin
13 58 (0.67%) MuleSoft
14 57 (0.66%) Adobe
15 52 (0.60%) ServiceNow
16 46 (0.53%) FIS
17 38 (0.44%) Cloudera
18 37 (0.43%) HP
19 31 (0.36%) TIBCO