Period
to 26 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Workflow skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Workflow over the 6 months to 26 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Workflow
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 154 146 146
Rank change year-on-year -8 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Workflow 1,117 470 1,512
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.75% 1.84% 1.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.96% 2.10% 2.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 723 302 1,000
10th Percentile £350 £325 £300
25th Percentile £425 £410 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £556
90th Percentile £738 £650 £644
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £473
% change year-on-year +10.53% +0.53% -0.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 7 27
10th Percentile £11.97 £15.15 £15.65
25th Percentile £15.50 £16.38 £21.25
Median hourly rate £25.00 £20.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +25.00% -11.11% +2.83%
75th Percentile £36.88 £21.50 £34.00
90th Percentile £56.50 £28.30 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £20.13 £22.50
% change year-on-year +24.22% -10.56% +2.27%

Workflow is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 56,903 22,421 70,597
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.25% 87.58% 87.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,764 15,318 47,729
10th Percentile £315 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £390 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.89% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £614 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,488 629 1,920
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.02 £11.47
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.88 £14.38
Median hourly rate £24.29 £26.50 £22.93
Median % change year-on-year -8.36% +15.57% +17.59%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.00 £46.50
90th Percentile £62.76 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.65 £25.67 £22.80
% change year-on-year -3.97% +12.57% +17.62%

Workflow
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Workflow as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Workflow in England

Workflow
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Workflow in England.

Daily rate trend for Workflow in England

Workflow
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Workflow in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Workflow in England

Workflow
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Workflow in England.

Hourly rate trend for Workflow in England

Workflow
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Workflow in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Workflow in England

Workflow
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Workflow within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 685 £575 +13.58% 146
South East -20 137 £475 +5.56% 50
North of England -25 81 £425 - 69
South West -36 55 £450 -5.26% 17
Midlands -53 52 £481 +16.67% 43
West Midlands -48 45 £475 +13.43% 31
East of England -18 41 £500 +2.56% 18
Yorkshire -17 39 £425 -11.18% 19
North West -35 36 £475 +84.47% 42
North East -15 7 £400 -25.23% 8
East Midlands -40 6 £540 +39.35% 12
Workflow
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Workflow also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Workflow.

1 390 (34.91%) Agile Software Development
2 309 (27.66%) Finance
2 309 (27.66%) Social Skills
3 228 (20.41%) SQL
4 180 (16.11%) Java
5 166 (14.86%) Azure
6 157 (14.06%) Problem-Solving
7 151 (13.52%) Banking
8 147 (13.16%) Python
9 143 (12.80%) JIRA
10 141 (12.62%) DevOps
11 138 (12.35%) JavaScript
12 135 (12.09%) Microsoft
13 128 (11.46%) Analytical Skills
14 127 (11.37%) Degree
15 120 (10.74%) AWS
16 118 (10.56%) Analytics
17 114 (10.21%) Scrum
18 111 (9.94%) Oracle
19 108 (9.67%) Test Automation
20 103 (9.22%) Project Management
21 100 (8.95%) Stakeholder Management
22 97 (8.68%) C#
22 97 (8.68%) User Experience
23 95 (8.50%) Git (software)
24 94 (8.42%) Security Cleared
25 93 (8.33%) Jenkins
26 91 (8.15%) Migration
27 90 (8.06%) SQL Server
28 87 (7.79%) Relational Database

Workflow
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (5.82%) SharePoint
2 57 (5.10%) Oracle Workflow
3 45 (4.03%) Apache Spark
4 41 (3.67%) Apache Airflow
5 36 (3.22%) Confluence
6 30 (2.69%) Luigi
7 20 (1.79%) Apache
8 17 (1.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 17 (1.52%) CMS
9 13 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
10 10 (0.90%) Appian
10 10 (0.90%) SharePoint 2010
10 10 (0.90%) Tomcat
11 9 (0.81%) OpenStack
11 9 (0.81%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.63%) FileNet
13 6 (0.54%) Camunda
13 6 (0.54%) IIS
14 5 (0.45%) Anypoint
14 5 (0.45%) SAS
Applications
1 62 (5.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 49 (4.39%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (2.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 26 (2.33%) MS Visio
4 15 (1.34%) Photoshop
5 13 (1.16%) Adobe Illustrator
6 12 (1.07%) Sketch
7 10 (0.90%) Chatbot
7 10 (0.90%) InfoPath
8 9 (0.81%) Spreadsheet
9 8 (0.72%) InVision
10 7 (0.63%) Figma
11 6 (0.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 3 (0.27%) Adobe XD
12 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.18%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 27 (2.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (1.61%) SunGard Martini
3 11 (0.98%) Remedy ITSM
3 11 (0.98%) SAP S/4HANA
4 10 (0.90%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 9 (0.81%) Remedy AR System
6 7 (0.63%) Oracle General Ledger
6 7 (0.63%) SAP FSCM
7 5 (0.45%) Markit EDM
7 5 (0.45%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 5 (0.45%) Workfront
8 4 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.36%) Oracle FAH
8 4 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.36%) Unit4 Business World
8 4 (0.36%) VisionPLUS
8 4 (0.36%) Workday HCM
9 3 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.27%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 166 (14.86%) Azure
2 120 (10.74%) AWS
3 69 (6.18%) Power Platform
4 64 (5.73%) GCP
5 57 (5.10%) Serverless
6 48 (4.30%) GitHub
7 37 (3.31%) Dynamics 365
8 33 (2.95%) Microsoft 365
9 31 (2.78%) OpenShift
10 24 (2.15%) SaaS
11 22 (1.97%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 22 (1.97%) Azure Functions
12 21 (1.88%) Power Automate
13 20 (1.79%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
14 19 (1.70%) Amazon EC2
15 18 (1.61%) PowerApps
16 14 (1.25%) Azure Active Directory
17 13 (1.16%) AWS Lambda
17 13 (1.16%) Salesforce Service Cloud
17 13 (1.16%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.06%) TCP/IP
2 14 (1.25%) FIX Connectivity
2 14 (1.25%) SAN
3 13 (1.16%) Internet
4 12 (1.07%) NAS
5 7 (0.63%) ATM
5 7 (0.63%) Firewall
5 7 (0.63%) Radio Access Network
5 7 (0.63%) RTMP
5 7 (0.63%) Wireless
6 5 (0.45%) DNS
6 5 (0.45%) HTTP
6 5 (0.45%) Intranet
6 5 (0.45%) SMS
7 3 (0.27%) SMTP
7 3 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
8 2 (0.18%) 4G
8 2 (0.18%) 5G
8 2 (0.18%) Broadband
8 2 (0.18%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (8.06%) SQL Server
2 87 (7.79%) Relational Database
3 70 (6.27%) NoSQL
4 52 (4.66%) PostgreSQL
5 50 (4.48%) Big Data
5 50 (4.48%) Power BI
6 38 (3.40%) Metadata
6 38 (3.40%) Oracle Database
7 32 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
7 32 (2.86%) Hadoop
7 32 (2.86%) Tableau
8 27 (2.42%) Oracle Database 12c
9 26 (2.33%) Azkaban
9 26 (2.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 24 (2.15%) MongoDB
11 23 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
12 22 (1.97%) MySQL
12 22 (1.97%) RDBMS
13 18 (1.61%) Spark SQL
14 17 (1.52%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 143 (12.80%) JIRA
2 95 (8.50%) Git (software)
3 93 (8.33%) Jenkins
4 38 (3.40%) Maven
5 32 (2.86%) TeamCity
6 31 (2.78%) Visual Studio
7 29 (2.60%) Artifactory
8 28 (2.51%) Oracle APEX
9 27 (2.42%) JUnit
10 26 (2.33%) GitLab
11 25 (2.24%) Bitbucket
12 22 (1.97%) Eclipse
13 21 (1.88%) Subversion
14 20 (1.79%) Axure RP
15 18 (1.61%) CppUnit
15 18 (1.61%) Robot Framework
16 14 (1.25%) Gradle
17 12 (1.07%) JMeter
17 12 (1.07%) Mockito
17 12 (1.07%) Postman
General
1 309 (27.66%) Finance
1 309 (27.66%) Social Skills
2 151 (13.52%) Banking
3 128 (11.46%) Analytical Skills
4 80 (7.16%) Investment Banking
5 70 (6.27%) Front Office
6 67 (6.00%) Presentation Skills
7 59 (5.28%) Public Sector
8 52 (4.66%) Marketing
9 32 (2.86%) Telecoms
10 29 (2.60%) Influencing Skills
10 29 (2.60%) Legal
11 26 (2.33%) Back Office
12 22 (1.97%) Documentation Skills
13 20 (1.79%) Retail
14 17 (1.52%) Organisational Skills
15 11 (0.98%) Retail Banking
16 10 (0.90%) Billing
16 10 (0.90%) Local Government
16 10 (0.90%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 334 (29.90%) Developer
2 153 (13.70%) Analyst
3 97 (8.68%) Business Analyst
4 82 (7.34%) Architect
5 74 (6.62%) Consultant
6 57 (5.10%) Java Developer
7 53 (4.74%) Data Engineer
8 47 (4.21%) Project Manager
9 41 (3.67%) Designer
10 38 (3.40%) Full Stack Developer
11 37 (3.31%) Front Office Developer
11 37 (3.31%) Solutions Architect
12 35 (3.13%) Senior Developer
13 32 (2.86%) Administrator
13 32 (2.86%) User Researcher
14 24 (2.15%) UX Designer
15 23 (2.06%) React Developer
16 22 (1.97%) C# Developer
17 20 (1.79%) Software Engineer
18 19 (1.70%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (7.70%) HTML
2 77 (6.89%) REST
3 73 (6.54%) JSON
4 72 (6.45%) .NET
5 71 (6.36%) Web Services
6 70 (6.27%) XML
7 68 (6.09%) React
8 66 (5.91%) AngularJS
9 59 (5.28%) CSS
10 54 (4.83%) Kafka
11 47 (4.21%) RESTful
11 47 (4.21%) Spring
12 36 (3.22%) Node.js
13 33 (2.95%) Visualforce
14 32 (2.86%) HTML5
15 31 (2.78%) FIX Protocol
16 26 (2.33%) Middleware
17 25 (2.24%) .NET Framework
17 25 (2.24%) gRPC
18 24 (2.15%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 97 (8.68%) User Experience
2 54 (4.83%) Management Information System
3 41 (3.67%) Data Protection Act
4 39 (3.49%) Fixed Income
5 37 (3.31%) Data Structures
6 30 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
7 29 (2.60%) Algorithms
8 28 (2.51%) Data Centre
9 22 (1.97%) Virtual Team
10 21 (1.88%) Life Science
10 21 (1.88%) NHS
11 18 (1.61%) Derivative
12 17 (1.52%) CMDB
13 16 (1.43%) Reference Data
14 12 (1.07%) Cyberattack
14 12 (1.07%) iPad
14 12 (1.07%) Legacy Applications
15 11 (0.98%) Client/Server
15 11 (0.98%) Enterprise Software
15 11 (0.98%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 73 (6.54%) Linux
2 68 (6.09%) Windows
3 34 (3.04%) Unix
4 11 (0.98%) Windows 10
5 10 (0.90%) Windows 7
6 9 (0.81%) Windows Server 2016
7 7 (0.63%) Windows 8
8 6 (0.54%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.45%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.27%) Android
10 3 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.18%) Apple iOS
11 2 (0.18%) CentOS
11 2 (0.18%) zOS
12 1 (0.090%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 390 (34.91%) Agile Software Development
2 157 (14.06%) Problem-Solving
3 141 (12.62%) DevOps
4 118 (10.56%) Analytics
5 114 (10.21%) Scrum
6 108 (9.67%) Test Automation
7 103 (9.22%) Project Management
8 100 (8.95%) Stakeholder Management
9 91 (8.15%) Migration
10 75 (6.71%) Workflow Management
11 74 (6.62%) Change Management
12 67 (6.00%) CRM
12 67 (6.00%) Microservices
13 64 (5.73%) User Research
14 63 (5.64%) Data Pipeline
14 63 (5.64%) ITIL
14 63 (5.64%) User Acceptance Testing
15 60 (5.37%) Business Intelligence
15 60 (5.37%) Computer Science
16 59 (5.28%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 228 (20.41%) SQL
2 180 (16.11%) Java
3 147 (13.16%) Python
4 138 (12.35%) JavaScript
5 97 (8.68%) C#
6 55 (4.92%) PowerShell
7 52 (4.66%) C++
7 52 (4.66%) TypeScript
8 40 (3.58%) Scala
9 24 (2.15%) Apex Code
10 23 (2.06%) C
11 17 (1.52%) Bash Shell
11 17 (1.52%) Ruby
12 16 (1.43%) VBA
13 14 (1.25%) PL/SQL
14 10 (0.90%) T-SQL
14 10 (0.90%) VB.NET
15 9 (0.81%) ABAP
15 9 (0.81%) Java 8
15 9 (0.81%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 127 (11.37%) Degree
2 94 (8.42%) Security Cleared
3 77 (6.89%) SC Cleared
4 35 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.34%) Master's Degree
6 7 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.45%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.45%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 4 (0.36%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.36%) MBA
8 4 (0.36%) MCSE
8 4 (0.36%) PMP
9 3 (0.27%) MCP
9 3 (0.27%) MOS
9 3 (0.27%) PMI Certification
9 3 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.18%) CIMA
10 2 (0.18%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (7.70%) QA
2 28 (2.51%) Accessibility
3 24 (2.15%) Data Quality
4 13 (1.16%) PMO
5 11 (0.98%) SLA
6 9 (0.81%) GDPR
7 4 (0.36%) COBIT
7 4 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
7 4 (0.36%) IFRS
8 3 (0.27%) GAAP
8 3 (0.27%) GRC
8 3 (0.27%) MiFID
8 3 (0.27%) UCITS
8 3 (0.27%) WCAG
9 2 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.18%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.18%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.090%) AIFMD
10 1 (0.090%) Dublin Core
10 1 (0.090%) HL7
System Software
1 75 (6.71%) Docker
2 49 (4.39%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 6 (0.54%) VMware NSX
6 5 (0.45%) Microsoft App-V
6 5 (0.45%) vSphere
7 4 (0.36%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.36%) NDS
7 4 (0.36%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 4 (0.36%) Varnish
7 4 (0.36%) vCloud
8 3 (0.27%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 3 (0.27%) HDFS
8 3 (0.27%) KVM
8 3 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.27%) XenApp
9 2 (0.18%) Postfix
9 2 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.090%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 85 (7.61%) Kubernetes
2 44 (3.94%) Terraform
3 32 (2.86%) Ansible
4 19 (1.70%) SCCM
5 18 (1.61%) BladeLogic
6 16 (1.43%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 15 (1.34%) vRealize
8 13 (1.16%) Control-M
9 9 (0.81%) Packer
9 9 (0.81%) Puppet
10 5 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (0.36%) Mesos
11 4 (0.36%) Oozie
12 3 (0.27%) CSIRT
12 3 (0.27%) Kibana
12 3 (0.27%) logstash
12 3 (0.27%) MIIS
12 3 (0.27%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 2 (0.18%) SCOM
Vendors
1 135 (12.09%) Microsoft
2 111 (9.94%) Oracle
3 58 (5.19%) Salesforce.com
4 56 (5.01%) ServiceNow
5 43 (3.85%) Adobe
5 43 (3.85%) SAP
6 41 (3.67%) Google
7 37 (3.31%) IBM
8 24 (2.15%) VMware
9 23 (2.06%) Databricks
10 19 (1.70%) FIS
11 18 (1.61%) SunGard
12 16 (1.43%) Blue Prism
12 16 (1.43%) Cadence
13 15 (1.34%) MuleSoft
14 14 (1.25%) ION Trading
15 12 (1.07%) Atlassian
15 12 (1.07%) Remedy
15 12 (1.07%) UiPath
16 11 (0.98%) Nintex