Period
to 20 April 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 788 843 659
Rank change year-on-year +55 -184 -40
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 439 334 761
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.25% 0.19% 0.37%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.58% 0.46% 0.85%
Number of salaries quoted 299 229 479
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% - -9.91%
10th Percentile £37,250 £31,650 £24,000
90th Percentile £99,400 £75,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £45,269 £45,000
% change year-on-year +27.02% +0.60% -10.00%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 75,758 73,134 89,928
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.68% 42.39% 43.94%
Number of salaries quoted 59,722 59,501 72,576
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £48,570
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% -2.20% +7.93%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £41,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +8.43% -2.35% +6.25%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +88 377 £57,500 +9.52% 52
UK excluding London +41 297 £57,500 +27.02% 47
South East +78 131 £57,500 +9.52% 15
London 0 103 £77,000 +14.07% 17
North of England +15 86 £50,000 +14.29% 10
North West +7 66 £42,500 -9.09% 6
Midlands +3 28 £50,000 +17.65% 5
East of England +11 26 £82,000 +64.00% 2
East Midlands +4 24 £50,000 +17.65% 3
Scotland -41 21 £52,500 +25.00% 11
Yorkshire +19 17 £82,000 +234.69%
South West -29 7 £45,000 -0.59% 3
West Midlands -6 4 £47,000 - 2
North East - 3 £37,500 - 4
Northern Ireland - 2 £50,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 168 (38.27%) Finance
2 107 (24.37%) IBM
3 106 (24.15%) Agile Software Development
4 102 (23.23%) Java
5 95 (21.64%) Oracle
6 93 (21.18%) Unix
7 91 (20.73%) COBOL
8 90 (20.50%) SQL
9 80 (18.22%) Middleware
10 77 (17.54%) DB2
11 66 (15.03%) IBM Mainframe
12 63 (14.35%) TOGAF
13 62 (14.12%) Microsoft Azure
14 60 (13.67%) Linux
14 60 (13.67%) Data Centre
15 59 (13.44%) DevOps
15 59 (13.44%) Windows
15 59 (13.44%) Banking
16 58 (13.21%) Test Automation
17 54 (12.30%) Microsoft
17 54 (12.30%) Migration
17 54 (12.30%) Problem-Solving
18 52 (11.85%) SDLC
19 50 (11.39%) Web Services
20 49 (11.16%) Amazon AWS
20 49 (11.16%) Analytical Skills
20 49 (11.16%) Analytics
21 48 (10.93%) Information Security
22 45 (10.25%) Degree
22 45 (10.25%) ITIL

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (10.02%) CICS
2 36 (8.20%) SAS
3 27 (6.15%) WebSphere
4 18 (4.10%) Oracle Service Bus
5 17 (3.87%) Confluence
6 16 (3.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 12 (2.73%) JBoss
8 11 (2.51%) Apache
8 11 (2.51%) WebLogic
9 9 (2.05%) IIS
10 7 (1.59%) Apache Spark
10 7 (1.59%) WebSphere Application Server
11 5 (1.14%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.91%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.91%) BizTalk Server
12 4 (0.91%) Tomcat
13 3 (0.68%) iPlanet
14 2 (0.46%) CMS
14 2 (0.46%) Mule
14 2 (0.46%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 19 (4.33%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (2.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (2.96%) MS Visio
3 5 (1.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (1.82%) Oracle EBS
2 4 (0.91%) Actimize
3 1 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 62 (14.12%) Microsoft Azure
2 49 (11.16%) Amazon AWS
3 34 (7.74%) SaaS
4 33 (7.52%) IaaS
4 33 (7.52%) PaaS
5 27 (6.15%) Cloud Computing
6 18 (4.10%) Bluemix
6 18 (4.10%) IBM Cloud
7 10 (2.28%) Slack
8 8 (1.82%) SuccessFactors
9 7 (1.59%) GitHub
10 5 (1.14%) OpenShift
11 4 (0.91%) Google Cloud Platform
12 3 (0.68%) Boomi
13 2 (0.46%) Force.com
14 1 (0.23%) Amazon EC2
14 1 (0.23%) Amazon S3
14 1 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
14 1 (0.23%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 28 (6.38%) SAN
2 26 (5.92%) Firewall
3 23 (5.24%) DNS
4 22 (5.01%) LAN
5 21 (4.78%) WAN
6 17 (3.87%) DHCP
7 6 (1.37%) CTI
7 6 (1.37%) HTTP
7 6 (1.37%) Internet
8 4 (0.91%) Intrusion Detection
8 4 (0.91%) TCP/IP
9 3 (0.68%) ATM
9 3 (0.68%) FTP
9 3 (0.68%) Network Security
9 3 (0.68%) SSL
10 2 (0.46%) NAS
10 2 (0.46%) SMTP
10 2 (0.46%) SNA
10 2 (0.46%) SNMP
10 2 (0.46%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (17.54%) DB2
2 31 (7.06%) Data Warehouse
3 26 (5.92%) Big Data
4 19 (4.33%) Relational Database
5 16 (3.64%) SQL Server
6 15 (3.42%) Star Schema
7 12 (2.73%) SAS Data Integration Studio
8 11 (2.51%) IMS/DB
8 11 (2.51%) SAS Visual Analytics
9 10 (2.28%) SAS EBI
10 9 (2.05%) BusinessObjects
10 9 (2.05%) Hadoop
11 7 (1.59%) OLTP
12 6 (1.37%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (1.37%) NoSQL
13 5 (1.14%) Easytrieve
14 4 (0.91%) MongoDB
14 4 (0.91%) Pentaho
14 4 (0.91%) PostgreSQL
14 4 (0.91%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 30 (6.83%) JIRA
2 27 (6.15%) Jenkins
3 17 (3.87%) Team Foundation Server
4 16 (3.64%) Selenium
5 13 (2.96%) HP UFT
5 13 (2.96%) JMeter
5 13 (2.96%) Maven
6 12 (2.73%) Cucumber
6 12 (2.73%) SoapUI
7 11 (2.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 11 (2.51%) LoadRunner
8 10 (2.28%) Gatling
8 10 (2.28%) GitLab
8 10 (2.28%) Jasmine
8 10 (2.28%) Mockito
8 10 (2.28%) Protractor
8 10 (2.28%) Robot Framework
8 10 (2.28%) TestComplete
8 10 (2.28%) WebDriver
8 10 (2.28%) Zephyr
General
1 168 (38.27%) Finance
2 59 (13.44%) Banking
3 36 (8.20%) Retail
4 25 (5.69%) Investment Banking
5 24 (5.47%) Law
6 15 (3.42%) Financial Institution
7 9 (2.05%) Legal
7 9 (2.05%) Retail Banking
8 7 (1.59%) Front Office
8 7 (1.59%) Games
9 5 (1.14%) Spanish Language
10 2 (0.46%) Back Office
10 2 (0.46%) General Ledger
10 2 (0.46%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.46%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.23%) French Language
11 1 (0.23%) German Language
11 1 (0.23%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.23%) Portuguese Language
11 1 (0.23%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 104 (23.69%) Architect
2 74 (16.86%) Analyst
3 64 (14.58%) Developer
4 39 (8.88%) Enterprise Architect
5 32 (7.29%) Cloud Architect
6 30 (6.83%) Solutions Architect
6 30 (6.83%) Tester
7 28 (6.38%) Analyst Developer
8 21 (4.78%) Penetration Tester
8 21 (4.78%) Programmer
9 19 (4.33%) Designer
9 19 (4.33%) Report Analyst
9 19 (4.33%) Report Developer
10 18 (4.10%) Consultant
11 17 (3.87%) Data Centre Architect
11 17 (3.87%) Infrastructure Architect
11 17 (3.87%) Test Engineer
11 17 (3.87%) Virtualisation Architect
12 15 (3.42%) Analyst Programmer
12 15 (3.42%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (18.22%) Middleware
2 50 (11.39%) Web Services
3 32 (7.29%) .NET
4 31 (7.06%) XML
5 20 (4.56%) REST
6 17 (3.87%) HTML
6 17 (3.87%) Spring
7 16 (3.64%) JSON
8 14 (3.19%) J2EE
9 12 (2.73%) JSP
10 11 (2.51%) LDAP
11 10 (2.28%) AngularJS
11 10 (2.28%) Gherkin
11 10 (2.28%) Kafka
11 10 (2.28%) Nightwatchjs
11 10 (2.28%) SOAP
12 9 (2.05%) JMS
13 8 (1.82%) Hibernate
13 8 (1.82%) Oracle Fusion
14 6 (1.37%) React
Miscellaneous
1 66 (15.03%) IBM Mainframe
2 60 (13.67%) Data Centre
3 49 (11.16%) Analytical Skills
4 38 (8.66%) Enterprise Software
5 36 (8.20%) Hybrid Cloud
6 28 (6.38%) Computer Science
7 26 (5.92%) Mobile App
8 19 (4.33%) Public Cloud
9 18 (4.10%) Management Information System
10 14 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
11 12 (2.73%) VSAM
12 10 (2.28%) Enterprise Storage
12 10 (2.28%) Fintech
12 10 (2.28%) Private Cloud
13 9 (2.05%) Replication
14 8 (1.82%) iSeries
15 7 (1.59%) CMDB
15 7 (1.59%) Hedge funds
16 6 (1.37%) Clustering
16 6 (1.37%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 93 (21.18%) Unix
2 60 (13.67%) Linux
3 59 (13.44%) Windows
4 27 (6.15%) zOS
5 13 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (2.05%) AIX
7 5 (1.14%) Solaris
8 4 (0.91%) MVS
8 4 (0.91%) VMS
9 1 (0.23%) HPUX
9 1 (0.23%) OpenVMS
9 1 (0.23%) OS/390
9 1 (0.23%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (24.15%) Agile Software Development
2 63 (14.35%) TOGAF
3 59 (13.44%) DevOps
4 58 (13.21%) Test Automation
5 54 (12.30%) Migration
5 54 (12.30%) Problem-Solving
6 52 (11.85%) SDLC
7 49 (11.16%) Analytics
8 48 (10.93%) Information Security
9 45 (10.25%) ITIL
10 43 (9.79%) IT Strategy
11 42 (9.57%) Stakeholder Management
11 42 (9.57%) Waterfall
12 35 (7.97%) Line Management
13 34 (7.74%) SOA
14 33 (7.52%) Scrum
15 32 (7.29%) High Availability
16 31 (7.06%) Open Source
16 31 (7.06%) Systems Analysis
17 30 (6.83%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 102 (23.23%) Java
2 91 (20.73%) COBOL
3 90 (20.50%) SQL
4 44 (10.02%) JavaScript
5 38 (8.66%) C#
6 28 (6.38%) Python
7 26 (5.92%) JCL
8 19 (4.33%) REXX
9 16 (3.64%) C++
10 14 (3.19%) Ruby
11 13 (2.96%) Perl
12 12 (2.73%) C
13 11 (2.51%) Java 8
13 11 (2.51%) PL/1
13 11 (2.51%) VB.NET
14 10 (2.28%) Assembly Language
14 10 (2.28%) Groovy
15 8 (1.82%) Pascal
15 8 (1.82%) Shell Script
16 4 (0.91%) PHP
Qualifications
1 45 (10.25%) Degree
2 40 (9.11%) CISSP
3 24 (5.47%) CEH
3 24 (5.47%) Computer Science Degree
3 24 (5.47%) OSCP
4 18 (4.10%) ISTQB
5 15 (3.42%) CISM
6 14 (3.19%) Security Cleared
7 12 (2.73%) Master's Degree
7 12 (2.73%) TOGAF Certification
8 11 (2.51%) SC Cleared
9 8 (1.82%) ISEB
9 8 (1.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 8 (1.82%) PMI Certification
9 8 (1.82%) PMP
10 5 (1.14%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.91%) MCP
12 3 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.68%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 3 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (6.61%) QA
2 10 (2.28%) COBIT
3 9 (2.05%) PCI DSS
4 8 (1.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (1.14%) SLA
6 4 (0.91%) Cyber Essentials
6 4 (0.91%) GCP
7 1 (0.23%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.23%) PMO
7 1 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 24 (5.47%) Active Directory
2 19 (4.33%) Docker
2 19 (4.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (3.87%) Hyper-V
3 17 (3.87%) NFS
3 17 (3.87%) VMware ESXi
3 17 (3.87%) VMware NSX
4 14 (3.19%) Time Sharing Option
5 12 (2.73%) RACF
6 11 (2.51%) ACF2
7 4 (0.91%) SRDF
8 2 (0.46%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.23%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 21 (4.78%) Opscode Chef
2 18 (4.10%) Kubernetes
3 17 (3.87%) Puppet
3 17 (3.87%) Tivoli Storage Manager
3 17 (3.87%) vCenter Server
4 14 (3.19%) HP ALM
5 9 (2.05%) HP Quality Center
6 6 (1.37%) Tivoli
7 5 (1.14%) CA Endevor
7 5 (1.14%) Terraform
8 4 (0.91%) Ansible
8 4 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.68%) BladeLogic
9 3 (0.68%) CA Wily
10 2 (0.46%) Automic
10 2 (0.46%) BMC PATROL
10 2 (0.46%) Netcool
10 2 (0.46%) SCOM
11 1 (0.23%) Control-M
11 1 (0.23%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 107 (24.37%) IBM
2 95 (21.64%) Oracle
3 54 (12.30%) Microsoft
4 22 (5.01%) HP
5 21 (4.78%) CA
5 21 (4.78%) VMware
6 19 (4.33%) Intel
6 19 (4.33%) RedPrairie
7 17 (3.87%) CommVault
7 17 (3.87%) Google
7 17 (3.87%) Veeam
8 15 (3.42%) Red Hat
8 15 (3.42%) SAP
9 14 (3.19%) CA Agile Central
10 13 (2.96%) Salesforce.com
11 12 (2.73%) Ab Initio
12 10 (2.28%) Micro Focus
13 9 (2.05%) Informatica
14 8 (1.82%) MuleSoft
15 7 (1.59%) ServiceNow