Period
to 19 February 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 19 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 871 845 860
Rank change year-on-year -26 +15 -210
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 248 366 337
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.21% 0.19%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.39% 0.52% 0.49%
Number of salaries quoted 144 250 245
UK median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,288 £31,100
90th Percentile £87,500 £94,325 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.35% +15.00% +11.11%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 63,490 70,603 68,494
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.90% 40.21% 39.49%
Number of salaries quoted 48,613 55,235 55,737
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £80,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 231 £55,000 -4.35% 62
UK excluding London +17 196 £55,000 -4.35% 46
South East +7 77 £72,500 +26.09% 12
North of England +26 70 £37,500 -25.00% 18
London +3 51 £56,250 -16.67% 18
North West -3 41 £37,500 -16.67% 8
Yorkshire +58 28 £37,500 -54.27% 8
Midlands +33 19 £42,500 -17.48% 10
East Midlands +30 19 £42,500 -17.48% 8
Scotland +4 15 £50,000 -4.76% 2
East of England +43 11 £55,000 -32.93% 1
South West +18 4 £43,750 -2.78% 3
Wales - 1 £47,500 -
North East - 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 99 (39.92%) Agile Software Development
2 84 (33.87%) Java
3 77 (31.05%) SQL
3 77 (31.05%) Finance
4 70 (28.23%) IBM
5 65 (26.21%) DB2
6 64 (25.81%) Banking
6 64 (25.81%) Problem-Solving
7 61 (24.60%) Analytical Skills
8 57 (22.98%) COBOL
9 56 (22.58%) DevOps
10 52 (20.97%) Test Automation
11 47 (18.95%) Windows
12 46 (18.55%) Unix
13 38 (15.32%) QA
14 37 (14.92%) Linux
15 35 (14.11%) JCL
16 34 (13.71%) Microsoft Azure
17 33 (13.31%) Amazon AWS
18 31 (12.50%) E-Commerce
19 30 (12.10%) Retail
20 29 (11.69%) Degree
21 27 (10.89%) IBM Mainframe
22 26 (10.48%) IT Strategy
23 25 (10.08%) CRM
23 25 (10.08%) Oracle
24 24 (9.68%) Middleware
24 24 (9.68%) C#
24 24 (9.68%) Stakeholder Management
24 24 (9.68%) JIRA

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (8.06%) CICS
2 18 (7.26%) WebSphere
3 7 (2.82%) Confluence
3 7 (2.82%) JBoss
4 4 (1.61%) SAS
5 3 (1.21%) MS Exchange
6 2 (0.81%) Apache Spark
6 2 (0.81%) NetWeaver
7 1 (0.40%) Apache
7 1 (0.40%) IBM Notes
7 1 (0.40%) MQSeries
7 1 (0.40%) StreamWeaver
7 1 (0.40%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 8 (3.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 8 (3.23%) MS Visio
2 7 (2.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (1.61%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (1.21%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (1.61%) SAP IS-U
2 3 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (1.21%) Oracle Retail
3 2 (0.81%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.40%) Exstream
Cloud Services
1 34 (13.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 33 (13.31%) Amazon AWS
3 15 (6.05%) GitHub
4 9 (3.63%) Cloud Computing
5 8 (3.23%) Google Cloud Platform
6 5 (2.02%) IaaS
6 5 (2.02%) PaaS
6 5 (2.02%) SaaS
7 3 (1.21%) Office 365
7 3 (1.21%) OpenShift
8 2 (0.81%) Google App Engine
8 2 (0.81%) IBM Cloud
8 2 (0.81%) Rackspace Cloud
9 1 (0.40%) Apigee
9 1 (0.40%) BlazeMeter
9 1 (0.40%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.82%) LAN
2 6 (2.42%) ATM
2 6 (2.42%) WAN
3 5 (2.02%) Internet
4 3 (1.21%) Firewall
5 2 (0.81%) NAS
5 2 (0.81%) PABX
5 2 (0.81%) SAN
5 2 (0.81%) VoIP
5 2 (0.81%) VPN
6 1 (0.40%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (26.21%) DB2
2 21 (8.47%) SQL Server
3 14 (5.65%) Relational Database
4 12 (4.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 10 (4.03%) IMS/DB
6 9 (3.63%) Big Data
6 9 (3.63%) SQL Server 2008
7 7 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
8 6 (2.42%) Blockchain
8 6 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
8 6 (2.42%) MariaDB
8 6 (2.42%) NoSQL
9 5 (2.02%) MongoDB
9 5 (2.02%) RDBMS
10 4 (1.61%) Hadoop
11 3 (1.21%) DB2 UDB
11 3 (1.21%) OLTP
11 3 (1.21%) Oracle Database
11 3 (1.21%) PostgreSQL
11 3 (1.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 24 (9.68%) JIRA
2 23 (9.27%) Team Foundation Server
3 21 (8.47%) Cucumber
4 19 (7.66%) Subversion
5 18 (7.26%) Jenkins
6 17 (6.85%) TeamCity
7 16 (6.45%) Selenium
8 13 (5.24%) Git (software)
8 13 (5.24%) SoapUI
9 11 (4.44%) Bugzilla
9 11 (4.44%) HP UFT
10 8 (3.23%) Vagrant
11 5 (2.02%) JUnit
12 4 (1.61%) Ant
12 4 (1.61%) Maven
13 3 (1.21%) Appium
13 3 (1.21%) ChangeMan
13 3 (1.21%) Hudson
13 3 (1.21%) Zephyr
14 2 (0.81%) FindBugs
General
1 77 (31.05%) Finance
2 64 (25.81%) Banking
3 30 (12.10%) Retail
4 12 (4.84%) Law
5 10 (4.03%) Marketing
5 10 (4.03%) Retail Banking
6 8 (3.23%) Investment Banking
6 8 (3.23%) Telecoms
7 6 (2.42%) Financial Institution
8 5 (2.02%) Advertising
9 4 (1.61%) Arabic Language
9 4 (1.61%) Billing
9 4 (1.61%) Front Office
9 4 (1.61%) Legal
9 4 (1.61%) Multimedia
10 2 (0.81%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.40%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 45 (18.15%) Developer
2 31 (12.50%) Architect
3 29 (11.69%) Mainframe Developer
4 25 (10.08%) Analyst
5 20 (8.06%) DBA
6 14 (5.65%) COBOL Developer
7 13 (5.24%) Solutions Architect
7 13 (5.24%) Technical Architect
8 12 (4.84%) Senior Developer
8 12 (4.84%) Tester
9 11 (4.44%) Administrator
9 11 (4.44%) DB2 DBA
9 11 (4.44%) Senior Mainframe Developer
10 10 (4.03%) Automation Tester
10 10 (4.03%) Java Developer
10 10 (4.03%) Lead Developer
11 9 (3.63%) Business Analyst
11 9 (3.63%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 9 (3.63%) Senior Architect
12 8 (3.23%) Web Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (9.68%) Middleware
2 20 (8.06%) .NET
3 14 (5.65%) ISPF
3 14 (5.65%) WebSphere MQ
4 12 (4.84%) ASP.NET
4 12 (4.84%) CSS
4 12 (4.84%) HTML
5 11 (4.44%) Gherkin
6 10 (4.03%) REST
6 10 (4.03%) SOAP
7 9 (3.63%) .NET Framework
7 9 (3.63%) CSS3
7 9 (3.63%) HTML5
8 8 (3.23%) Kafka
8 8 (3.23%) XML
9 7 (2.82%) Apache Flex
9 7 (2.82%) Web Services
10 6 (2.42%) J2EE
10 6 (2.42%) Java EE
10 6 (2.42%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 61 (24.60%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (10.89%) IBM Mainframe
3 22 (8.87%) Data Centre
4 20 (8.06%) Management Information System
5 18 (7.26%) Self-Motivation
6 12 (4.84%) User Experience
7 11 (4.44%) iSeries
8 8 (3.23%) VSAM
9 6 (2.42%) Fintech
10 5 (2.02%) Client/Server
10 5 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (1.61%) Credit Risk
11 4 (1.61%) Market Risk
11 4 (1.61%) Mobile App
11 4 (1.61%) Wiki
12 3 (1.21%) Enterprise Storage
12 3 (1.21%) Greenfield Project
12 3 (1.21%) NHS
12 3 (1.21%) Virtual Team
13 2 (0.81%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 47 (18.95%) Windows
2 46 (18.55%) Unix
3 37 (14.92%) Linux
4 23 (9.27%) zOS
5 7 (2.82%) MVS
6 6 (2.42%) Windows NT
6 6 (2.42%) Windows Server
7 5 (2.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (1.61%) Android
8 4 (1.61%) Apple iOS
9 3 (1.21%) HPUX
10 2 (0.81%) AIX
10 2 (0.81%) Kali Linux
10 2 (0.81%) Solaris
10 2 (0.81%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 99 (39.92%) Agile Software Development
2 64 (25.81%) Problem-Solving
3 56 (22.58%) DevOps
4 52 (20.97%) Test Automation
5 31 (12.50%) E-Commerce
6 26 (10.48%) IT Strategy
7 25 (10.08%) CRM
8 24 (9.68%) Stakeholder Management
9 23 (9.27%) Continuous Improvement
10 22 (8.87%) SDLC
10 22 (8.87%) Waterfall
11 21 (8.47%) Due Diligence
11 21 (8.47%) ITIL
11 21 (8.47%) Open Source
11 21 (8.47%) Service Management
11 21 (8.47%) Test Scripting
12 18 (7.26%) TDD
13 17 (6.85%) Performance Tuning
13 17 (6.85%) Project Management
13 17 (6.85%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 84 (33.87%) Java
2 77 (31.05%) SQL
3 57 (22.98%) COBOL
4 35 (14.11%) JCL
5 24 (9.68%) C#
6 17 (6.85%) Python
7 15 (6.05%) PowerShell
8 13 (5.24%) Groovy
9 12 (4.84%) C
9 12 (4.84%) Perl
10 11 (4.44%) JavaScript
10 11 (4.44%) REXX
11 10 (4.03%) Assembly Language
12 9 (3.63%) PL/SQL
12 9 (3.63%) VBScript
13 7 (2.82%) Shell Script
14 5 (2.02%) Java 8
15 3 (1.21%) C++
15 3 (1.21%) PL/1
16 2 (0.81%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 29 (11.69%) Degree
2 12 (4.84%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (2.82%) Security Cleared
4 5 (2.02%) CTC Cleared
5 4 (1.61%) CFA
6 3 (1.21%) CISSP
6 3 (1.21%) ITIL Certification
7 2 (0.81%) CCNA
7 2 (0.81%) CCNP
7 2 (0.81%) CEH
7 2 (0.81%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.81%) CISM
7 2 (0.81%) GIAC
7 2 (0.81%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.81%) MCSA
7 2 (0.81%) MCSE
7 2 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.81%) OCPJP
7 2 (0.81%) SC Cleared
8 1 (0.40%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (15.32%) QA
2 9 (3.63%) PMO
3 7 (2.82%) SLA
4 4 (1.61%) Basel III
4 4 (1.61%) Data Quality
4 4 (1.61%) GDPR
System Software
1 22 (8.87%) Time Sharing Option
2 20 (8.06%) Docker
3 2 (0.81%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.81%) HDFS
4 1 (0.40%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 9 (3.63%) MAINVIEW
2 8 (3.23%) Grafana
2 8 (3.23%) Graphite
3 7 (2.82%) Ansible
3 7 (2.82%) CA Endevor
4 6 (2.42%) Control-M
5 4 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (1.61%) Puppet
6 3 (1.21%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.81%) Automic
7 2 (0.81%) HP ALM
7 2 (0.81%) HP SIM
7 2 (0.81%) Kubernetes
7 2 (0.81%) Nagios
7 2 (0.81%) OMEGAMON
8 1 (0.40%) CA Service Virtualization
8 1 (0.40%) Istio
Vendors
1 70 (28.23%) IBM
2 25 (10.08%) Oracle
3 23 (9.27%) Microsoft
4 13 (5.24%) CA Agile Central
5 10 (4.03%) BMC
6 9 (3.63%) EMC
6 9 (3.63%) NetApp
7 8 (3.23%) CA
7 8 (3.23%) Cognizant
7 8 (3.23%) Dynatrace
7 8 (3.23%) Google
7 8 (3.23%) MKS
7 8 (3.23%) New Relic
8 6 (2.42%) Chordiant
8 6 (2.42%) Remedy
8 6 (2.42%) SAP
9 5 (2.02%) HP
9 5 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (1.21%) Ab Initio
10 3 (1.21%) Unisys