Period
to 20 August 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 819 747 600
Rank change year-on-year -72 -147 +52
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 367 557 919
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.21% 0.28% 0.42%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.49% 0.68% 1.03%
Number of salaries quoted 234 369 661
UK median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.76% - +2.44%
10th Percentile £26,000 £31,250 £33,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £77,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,269 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year -8.55% +4.21% -

Mainframe is in the generic IT skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 75212 82134 89411
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 42.81% 41.66% 41.23%
Number of salaries quoted 57354 67191 71239
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 August 2017.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -106 290 £50,000 -4.76% 21
UK excluding London -76 217 £45,269 -8.55% 14
London +4 127 £60,000 -7.69% 8
North of England -24 72 £50,000 +23.46% 6
North West 0 62 £50,000 +11.11% 4
Midlands +17 32 £26,000 -52.73% 2
Wales +43 28 £45,269 +29.53%
South East -64 28 £57,500 +4.55% 3
Scotland -5 26 £50,000 +25.00% 1
South West +6 18 £45,269 +29.34% 2
West Midlands +35 16 £26,000 -60.00%
East Midlands +7 15 - - 2
East of England -7 13 £47,500 +25.00%
Yorkshire +6 10 £24,000 -21.31% 1

For the 6 months to 20 August 2017, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 134 (36.51%) Java
2 132 (35.97%) Finance
3 118 (32.15%) Agile Software Development
4 101 (27.52%) Banking
5 97 (26.43%) IBM
6 74 (20.16%) Oracle
6 74 (20.16%) Windows
7 72 (19.62%) .NET
8 71 (19.35%) Unix
9 69 (18.80%) Middleware
10 68 (18.53%) Hibernate
11 67 (18.26%) Subversion
12 66 (17.98%) Web Services
13 65 (17.71%) ITIL
14 63 (17.17%) Maven
15 62 (16.89%) Spring
15 62 (16.89%) TDD
15 62 (16.89%) REST
15 62 (16.89%) SOAP
16 61 (16.62%) Retail
17 60 (16.35%) Test Automation
18 59 (16.08%) C#
18 59 (16.08%) Service Management
19 58 (15.80%) SQL Server
19 58 (15.80%) WebSphere
20 57 (15.53%) Linux
21 55 (14.99%) EJB
21 55 (14.99%) Software Engineering
21 55 (14.99%) Process Improvement
22 54 (14.71%) Asset Management

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (15.80%) WebSphere
2 40 (10.90%) Tomcat
3 36 (9.81%) IIS
4 26 (7.08%) Anypoint
4 26 (7.08%) Mule
4 26 (7.08%) Mule ESB
4 26 (7.08%) Oracle Service Bus
4 26 (7.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 24 (6.54%) CICS
6 17 (4.63%) IBM Notes
7 15 (4.09%) WebLogic
8 13 (3.54%) JBoss
9 12 (3.27%) SAS
10 3 (0.82%) MQSeries
10 3 (0.82%) MS Project Server
10 3 (0.82%) Tuxedo
11 2 (0.54%) Apache
11 2 (0.54%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 2 (0.54%) Exstream Dialogue
11 2 (0.54%) StreamWeaver
Applications
1 20 (5.45%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (5.18%) MS Visio
3 11 (3.00%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (3.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.36%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (1.09%) BusinessWorks
1 4 (1.09%) Oracle EBS
1 4 (1.09%) Oracle EBS R12
2 3 (0.82%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.54%) Exstream
3 2 (0.54%) Oracle E-Business Tax
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle FAH
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle Internet Expenses
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 27 (7.36%) GitHub
1 27 (7.36%) SaaS
2 7 (1.91%) PaaS
3 6 (1.63%) Amazon AWS
4 3 (0.82%) IaaS
4 3 (0.82%) Microsoft Azure
5 2 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.27%) Bluemix
6 1 (0.27%) Google Analytics
6 1 (0.27%) Google App Engine
6 1 (0.27%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (0.27%) IBM Cloud
6 1 (0.27%) Rackspace Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 16 (4.36%) Wireless
2 13 (3.54%) Firewall
3 10 (2.72%) WAN
4 9 (2.45%) LAN
4 9 (2.45%) Network Security
5 6 (1.63%) TCP/IP
5 6 (1.63%) VPN
6 5 (1.36%) SSH
6 5 (1.36%) Telepresence
7 3 (0.82%) HTTP
7 3 (0.82%) Internet
7 3 (0.82%) SSL
7 3 (0.82%) WebEx
8 2 (0.54%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.54%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.27%) DNS
9 1 (0.27%) NAS
9 1 (0.27%) SAN
9 1 (0.27%) Structured Cabling
9 1 (0.27%) X.25
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (15.80%) SQL Server
2 48 (13.08%) DB2
3 36 (9.81%) SQL Server 2012
4 15 (4.09%) MongoDB
4 15 (4.09%) MySQL
5 8 (2.18%) IMS/DB
6 4 (1.09%) Adabas
6 4 (1.09%) Relational Database
7 3 (0.82%) Big Data
7 3 (0.82%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (0.82%) GIS
7 3 (0.82%) Oracle Database
7 3 (0.82%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (0.82%) RDBMS
8 2 (0.54%) Hadoop
8 2 (0.54%) SAS Data Integration Studio
8 2 (0.54%) SAS Enterprise Guide
8 2 (0.54%) SQL Server 2000
8 2 (0.54%) SQL Server 2005
8 2 (0.54%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 67 (18.26%) Subversion
2 63 (17.17%) Maven
3 35 (9.54%) Eclipse
4 34 (9.26%) Visual Studio
5 14 (3.81%) JIRA
6 9 (2.45%) Jenkins
7 7 (1.91%) ClearCase
8 5 (1.36%) VersionOne
9 4 (1.09%) Selenium
10 3 (0.82%) HP UFT
10 3 (0.82%) Hudson
10 3 (0.82%) LoadRunner
11 2 (0.54%) Git (software)
11 2 (0.54%) Mercurial
11 2 (0.54%) SoapUI
11 2 (0.54%) Team Foundation Server
11 2 (0.54%) TeamCity
11 2 (0.54%) TestNG
11 2 (0.54%) WebDriver
11 2 (0.54%) XPEDITER
General
1 132 (35.97%) Finance
2 101 (27.52%) Banking
3 61 (16.62%) Retail
4 52 (14.17%) Investment Banking
5 46 (12.53%) Retail Banking
6 42 (11.44%) Back Office
7 33 (8.99%) Marketing
8 15 (4.09%) Front Office
9 11 (3.00%) Manufacturing
10 6 (1.63%) Advertising
10 6 (1.63%) Telecoms
11 5 (1.36%) Electronics
12 3 (0.82%) Legal
13 2 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.27%) Law
Job Titles
1 53 (14.44%) Developer
2 48 (13.08%) IT Manager
3 47 (12.81%) Software Engineer
4 45 (12.26%) Analyst
5 42 (11.44%) IT Services Manager
5 42 (11.44%) Service Manager
6 39 (10.63%) Product Manager
7 33 (8.99%) Architect
8 27 (7.36%) Consultant
9 23 (6.27%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
10 21 (5.72%) Software Developer
11 18 (4.90%) .NET Software Engineer
11 18 (4.90%) C# Software Engineer
11 18 (4.90%) Integration Engineer
11 18 (4.90%) Java Engineer
11 18 (4.90%) Java Software Engineer
11 18 (4.90%) Support Analyst
12 17 (4.63%) Tester
13 16 (4.36%) Penetration Tester
14 15 (4.09%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 72 (19.62%) .NET
2 69 (18.80%) Middleware
3 68 (18.53%) Hibernate
4 66 (17.98%) Web Services
5 62 (16.89%) REST
5 62 (16.89%) SOAP
5 62 (16.89%) Spring
6 55 (14.99%) EJB
7 47 (12.81%) JMS
8 36 (9.81%) ASP.NET
8 36 (9.81%) ASP.NET MVC
9 35 (9.54%) .NET Framework
10 34 (9.26%) ASP.NET Web API
10 34 (9.26%) Java SE
10 34 (9.26%) RESTful
11 27 (7.36%) Java EE
12 26 (7.08%) OAuth
12 26 (7.08%) SAML
13 23 (6.27%) XSD
14 21 (5.72%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 41 (11.17%) Reference Data
2 39 (10.63%) Pricing Data
2 39 (10.63%) User Experience
3 34 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
4 32 (8.72%) Enterprise Software
4 32 (8.72%) IBM Mainframe
5 29 (7.90%) Management Information System
6 18 (4.90%) Client/Server
7 17 (4.63%) AS400
8 11 (3.00%) Data Centre
9 7 (1.91%) DataPower
10 6 (1.63%) PMI
11 5 (1.36%) CMDB
11 5 (1.36%) PKI
11 5 (1.36%) Social Media
12 4 (1.09%) Fintech
13 3 (0.82%) Computer Science
13 3 (0.82%) Credit Risk
13 3 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
14 2 (0.54%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 74 (20.16%) Windows
2 71 (19.35%) Unix
3 57 (15.53%) Linux
4 15 (4.09%) OS/390
5 10 (2.72%) zOS
6 6 (1.63%) AIX
6 6 (1.63%) MVS
6 6 (1.63%) Windows Server
7 5 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.82%) Windows NT
9 1 (0.27%) Android
9 1 (0.27%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.27%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.27%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 118 (32.15%) Agile Software Development
2 65 (17.71%) ITIL
3 62 (16.89%) TDD
4 60 (16.35%) Test Automation
5 59 (16.08%) Service Management
6 55 (14.99%) Process Improvement
6 55 (14.99%) Software Engineering
7 54 (14.71%) Asset Management
8 48 (13.08%) Wealth Management
9 47 (12.81%) BDD
10 45 (12.26%) SDLC
11 41 (11.17%) ITSM
12 40 (10.90%) Data Management
13 39 (10.63%) MVC
14 36 (9.81%) Digital Transformation Programme
14 36 (9.81%) Mentoring
15 34 (9.26%) Continuous Deployment
15 34 (9.26%) Customer Insight
15 34 (9.26%) Performance Optimisation
15 34 (9.26%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 134 (36.51%) Java
2 59 (16.08%) C#
3 51 (13.90%) SQL
4 40 (10.90%) COBOL
5 31 (8.45%) JavaScript
6 15 (4.09%) Assembly Language
6 15 (4.09%) C
7 14 (3.81%) JCL
8 12 (3.27%) R
8 12 (3.27%) REXX
9 10 (2.72%) C++
10 5 (1.36%) Shell Script
10 5 (1.36%) VB
11 4 (1.09%) Perl
12 3 (0.82%) Python
12 3 (0.82%) VBScript
13 2 (0.54%) CLIST
13 2 (0.54%) MATLAB
13 2 (0.54%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.54%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 29 (7.90%) Degree
2 16 (4.36%) CISM
2 16 (4.36%) CISSP
3 11 (3.00%) ITIL Certification
4 9 (2.45%) SSCP
5 7 (1.91%) PMI Certification
6 3 (0.82%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.27%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.27%) PMP
7 1 (0.27%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (13.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 39 (10.63%) QA
3 34 (9.26%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 13 (3.54%) SLA
5 12 (3.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (1.91%) COBIT
6 7 (1.91%) PCI DSS
7 6 (1.63%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.27%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.27%) IFRS
8 1 (0.27%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 15 (4.09%) Virtual Desktop
2 8 (2.18%) Time Sharing Option
3 7 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (1.09%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 4 (1.09%) RACF
5 2 (0.54%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.54%) Docker
5 2 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.54%) vSphere
6 1 (0.27%) ACF2
6 1 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 26 (7.08%) CloudHub
2 15 (4.09%) BMC PATROL
2 15 (4.09%) Tivoli
2 15 (4.09%) Tivoli NetView
3 9 (2.45%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (1.63%) Puppet
5 5 (1.36%) ServiceCenter
6 3 (0.82%) BladeLogic
6 3 (0.82%) CA Wily
6 3 (0.82%) Ganglia
6 3 (0.82%) Netcool
6 3 (0.82%) SCOM
6 3 (0.82%) zSecure
7 2 (0.54%) Ansible
7 2 (0.54%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
7 2 (0.54%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 1 (0.27%) CA Endevor
8 1 (0.27%) Control-M
8 1 (0.27%) Kubernetes
8 1 (0.27%) nmon
Vendors
1 97 (26.43%) IBM
2 74 (20.16%) Oracle
3 39 (10.63%) Microsoft
4 30 (8.17%) Cognizant
5 26 (7.08%) MuleSoft
6 17 (4.63%) Lotus
7 9 (2.45%) CA
7 9 (2.45%) SAP
7 9 (2.45%) VMware
8 7 (1.91%) Chordiant
8 7 (1.91%) HP
9 6 (1.63%) Cisco
10 5 (1.36%) CA Agile Central
10 5 (1.36%) Peregrine
10 5 (1.36%) Red Hat
10 5 (1.36%) Sun
11 4 (1.09%) TIBCO
12 3 (0.82%) BMC
12 3 (0.82%) Micro Focus
12 3 (0.82%) TOWER Software