Period
to 24 September 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 789 915 799
Rank change year-on-year +126 -116 -179
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 386 280 486
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.16% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.53% 0.36% 0.59%
Number of salaries quoted 249 178 338
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% -
10th Percentile £32,844 £26,000 £32,183
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £48,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +13.40% -3.00% +5.26%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 72,974 77,686 82,280
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.83% 44.50% 42.69%
Number of salaries quoted 56,413 58,483 67,466
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +138 340 £60,000 +20.00% 42
UK excluding London +139 283 £55,000 +13.40% 35
South East +79 95 £70,000 +16.67% 10
London +10 95 £89,500 +55.65% 8
North of England +48 82 £37,500 -25.00% 12
North West +20 58 £40,500 -19.00% 5
East of England +33 38 £38,500 -8.33% 3
Scotland +10 38 £52,500 +5.00% 1
Midlands +27 29 £47,500 +82.69% 9
East Midlands +22 24 £43,000 +7.50% 8
Yorkshire +44 18 £37,500 +7.14% 6
North East - 7 £37,500 - 1
West Midlands +13 6 £37,500 +44.23% 1
South West -6 2 - -
Wales +6 1 £95,000 +155.03%

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 149 (38.60%) Finance
2 128 (33.16%) Agile Software Development
3 108 (27.98%) IBM
4 104 (26.94%) Java
5 81 (20.98%) Banking
6 72 (18.65%) Microsoft Azure
7 71 (18.39%) SQL
7 71 (18.39%) Oracle
8 69 (17.88%) Unix
9 68 (17.62%) DevOps
10 66 (17.10%) Windows
11 64 (16.58%) Amazon AWS
12 62 (16.06%) Problem-Solving
13 57 (14.77%) Linux
14 56 (14.51%) DB2
14 56 (14.51%) IBM Mainframe
15 53 (13.73%) Middleware
15 53 (13.73%) JavaScript
16 50 (12.95%) Data Centre
16 50 (12.95%) IT Strategy
17 49 (12.69%) Web Services
18 48 (12.44%) Microsoft
19 45 (11.66%) COBOL
20 44 (11.40%) .NET
21 41 (10.62%) C#
21 41 (10.62%) TDD
21 41 (10.62%) Analytics
22 40 (10.36%) Service Management
23 39 (10.10%) Test Automation
24 38 (9.84%) Enterprise Architecture

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (9.07%) WebSphere
2 24 (6.22%) CICS
3 20 (5.18%) Confluence
4 18 (4.66%) SAS
5 14 (3.63%) JBoss
6 12 (3.11%) Apache
7 11 (2.85%) SharePoint
8 10 (2.59%) Apache Spark
8 10 (2.59%) WebSphere Application Server
9 8 (2.07%) WebLogic
10 7 (1.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (1.55%) Oracle Service Bus
12 4 (1.04%) Tomcat
13 3 (0.78%) MS Exchange
14 2 (0.52%) CMS
15 1 (0.26%) Apache Pig
15 1 (0.26%) BizTalk Server
15 1 (0.26%) IBM Notes
15 1 (0.26%) IIS
Applications
1 18 (4.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (1.81%) MS Visio
3 4 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (3.11%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 72 (18.65%) Microsoft Azure
2 64 (16.58%) Amazon AWS
3 16 (4.15%) GitHub
4 9 (2.33%) IBM Cloud
5 7 (1.81%) Google Cloud Platform
5 7 (1.81%) OpenShift
6 6 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
6 6 (1.55%) PaaS
7 3 (0.78%) IaaS
7 3 (0.78%) Office 365
7 3 (0.78%) SaaS
8 2 (0.52%) Boomi
8 2 (0.52%) Force.com
8 2 (0.52%) Google App Engine
8 2 (0.52%) Rackspace Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 24 (6.22%) LAN
2 12 (3.11%) WAN
3 10 (2.59%) DNS
3 10 (2.59%) SAN
4 8 (2.07%) Firewall
4 8 (2.07%) NAS
5 7 (1.81%) Ethernet
5 7 (1.81%) SNMP
5 7 (1.81%) VPN
6 5 (1.30%) DHCP
6 5 (1.30%) HTTP
6 5 (1.30%) MPLS
7 4 (1.04%) Internet
8 3 (0.78%) PABX
8 3 (0.78%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.78%) VoIP
9 2 (0.52%) CTI
9 2 (0.52%) MQTT
9 2 (0.52%) Skype
9 2 (0.52%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (14.51%) DB2
2 20 (5.18%) Relational Database
3 19 (4.92%) Data Warehouse
4 18 (4.66%) Big Data
4 18 (4.66%) SQL Server
5 13 (3.37%) MySQL
6 12 (3.11%) Apache Cassandra
7 11 (2.85%) Power BI
7 11 (2.85%) SAS Data Integration Studio
7 11 (2.85%) SAS Visual Analytics
7 11 (2.85%) Star Schema
8 10 (2.59%) SAS EBI
8 10 (2.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 10 (2.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 7 (1.81%) Hadoop
10 6 (1.55%) Blockchain
10 6 (1.55%) NoSQL
10 6 (1.55%) Oracle Database
10 6 (1.55%) Oracle Exadata
11 5 (1.30%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 35 (9.07%) JIRA
2 21 (5.44%) Jenkins
3 17 (4.40%) Team Foundation Server
4 9 (2.33%) JUnit
5 8 (2.07%) Maven
6 7 (1.81%) Git (software)
6 7 (1.81%) Selenium
7 6 (1.55%) Ant
7 6 (1.55%) Bitbucket
7 6 (1.55%) Gradle
7 6 (1.55%) TeamCity
8 5 (1.30%) Cucumber
8 5 (1.30%) VersionOne
9 4 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 4 (1.04%) CA Release Automation
9 4 (1.04%) Subversion
10 3 (0.78%) Hudson
10 3 (0.78%) Mockito
11 2 (0.52%) Mocha
11 2 (0.52%) RSpec
General
1 149 (38.60%) Finance
2 81 (20.98%) Banking
3 30 (7.77%) Law
4 28 (7.25%) Retail
5 27 (6.99%) Investment Banking
6 16 (4.15%) Financial Institution
6 16 (4.15%) Retail Banking
7 8 (2.07%) Front Office
7 8 (2.07%) Legal
8 7 (1.81%) Telecoms
9 5 (1.30%) Manufacturing
9 5 (1.30%) Marketing
10 4 (1.04%) Back Office
11 2 (0.52%) Games
11 2 (0.52%) Publishing
12 1 (0.26%) Billing
12 1 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.26%) Electronics
12 1 (0.26%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 84 (21.76%) Architect
2 56 (14.51%) Developer
3 55 (14.25%) Solutions Architect
4 33 (8.55%) Analyst
5 24 (6.22%) Administrator
6 21 (5.44%) Consultant
7 19 (4.92%) Digital Architect
7 19 (4.92%) Digital Solutions Architect
8 18 (4.66%) Service Manager
9 16 (4.15%) Technical Architect
10 15 (3.89%) Java Developer
11 13 (3.37%) C# Developer
12 12 (3.11%) Head of Development
12 12 (3.11%) Head of Software Development
12 12 (3.11%) Project Manager
12 12 (3.11%) Senior Architect
13 11 (2.85%) SAS Consultant
13 11 (2.85%) Senior Solutions Architect
14 10 (2.59%) DBA
14 10 (2.59%) Senior Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (13.73%) Middleware
2 49 (12.69%) Web Services
3 44 (11.40%) .NET
4 31 (8.03%) REST
5 30 (7.77%) SOAP
6 23 (5.96%) AngularJS
6 23 (5.96%) XML
7 20 (5.18%) HTML
8 19 (4.92%) J2EE
9 18 (4.66%) Kafka
9 18 (4.66%) React
9 18 (4.66%) Spring
10 17 (4.40%) CSS
10 17 (4.40%) ISPF
11 14 (3.63%) RESTful
12 13 (3.37%) Java EE
13 12 (3.11%) Akka
13 12 (3.11%) ASP.NET
13 12 (3.11%) Hibernate
13 12 (3.11%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 56 (14.51%) IBM Mainframe
2 50 (12.95%) Data Centre
3 36 (9.33%) Analytical Skills
4 33 (8.55%) Management Information System
5 25 (6.48%) iSeries
6 22 (5.70%) User Experience
7 16 (4.15%) Self-Motivation
8 15 (3.89%) Computer Science
9 14 (3.63%) Wiki
10 13 (3.37%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (3.11%) Mobile App
12 11 (2.85%) Arduino
12 11 (2.85%) Greenfield Project
13 10 (2.59%) CMDB
14 9 (2.33%) Public Cloud
15 8 (2.07%) Hedge funds
16 7 (1.81%) Fat Client
16 7 (1.81%) Thin Client
17 6 (1.55%) Security Operations Centre
18 5 (1.30%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 69 (17.88%) Unix
2 66 (17.10%) Windows
3 57 (14.77%) Linux
4 21 (5.44%) zOS
5 12 (3.11%) Android
5 12 (3.11%) Apple iOS
6 10 (2.59%) Solaris
7 9 (2.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (2.33%) Windows Server
8 6 (1.55%) HPUX
9 4 (1.04%) AIX
9 4 (1.04%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (1.04%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.78%) OpenVMS
11 2 (0.52%) Kali Linux
11 2 (0.52%) VME
12 1 (0.26%) MVS
12 1 (0.26%) OS/390
12 1 (0.26%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (33.16%) Agile Software Development
2 68 (17.62%) DevOps
3 62 (16.06%) Problem-Solving
4 50 (12.95%) IT Strategy
5 41 (10.62%) Analytics
5 41 (10.62%) TDD
6 40 (10.36%) Service Management
7 39 (10.10%) Test Automation
8 38 (9.84%) Enterprise Architecture
8 38 (9.84%) Scrum
8 38 (9.84%) Stakeholder Management
9 37 (9.59%) Migration
9 37 (9.59%) TOGAF
10 36 (9.33%) Wealth Management
11 34 (8.81%) ITIL
11 34 (8.81%) Risk Management
12 31 (8.03%) Open Source
12 31 (8.03%) SDLC
13 28 (7.25%) Microservices
13 28 (7.25%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 104 (26.94%) Java
2 71 (18.39%) SQL
3 53 (13.73%) JavaScript
4 45 (11.66%) COBOL
5 41 (10.62%) C#
6 34 (8.81%) JCL
7 28 (7.25%) REXX
8 20 (5.18%) Shell Script
9 18 (4.66%) C
9 18 (4.66%) Perl
10 17 (4.40%) Java 8
11 14 (3.63%) Python
12 11 (2.85%) TypeScript
13 8 (2.07%) Assembly Language
13 8 (2.07%) C++
14 6 (1.55%) PHP
14 6 (1.55%) PL/1
14 6 (1.55%) PL/SQL
15 5 (1.30%) Bash Shell
16 4 (1.04%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 29 (7.51%) Degree
2 13 (3.37%) Security Cleared
3 11 (2.85%) OCPJP
4 9 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.07%) Microsoft Certification
5 8 (2.07%) PMI Certification
6 6 (1.55%) Master's Degree
6 6 (1.55%) MCSE
7 5 (1.30%) SC Cleared
8 4 (1.04%) CISSP
8 4 (1.04%) ISTQB
8 4 (1.04%) OCP
8 4 (1.04%) Oracle Certification
9 3 (0.78%) CTC Cleared
9 3 (0.78%) ISEB
9 3 (0.78%) PMP
10 2 (0.52%) CEH
10 2 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.52%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.15%) PMO
2 11 (2.85%) SLA
3 10 (2.59%) QA
4 4 (1.04%) COBIT
4 4 (1.04%) PMBOK
System Software
1 22 (5.70%) Docker
2 18 (4.66%) RACF
3 14 (3.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (3.37%) Time Sharing Option
5 10 (2.59%) ACF2
5 10 (2.59%) Active Directory
6 7 (1.81%) Firmware
7 5 (1.30%) Hyper-V
7 5 (1.30%) NFS
7 5 (1.30%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (1.30%) VMware NSX
8 4 (1.04%) XenApp
8 4 (1.04%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.52%) HDFS
9 2 (0.52%) Job Entry Subsystem
9 2 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 12 (3.11%) Opscode Chef
2 10 (2.59%) Puppet
3 9 (2.33%) Kubernetes
4 8 (2.07%) Ansible
5 7 (1.81%) WSUS
6 6 (1.55%) zSecure
7 5 (1.30%) CA Endevor
7 5 (1.30%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 5 (1.30%) vCenter Server
8 4 (1.04%) Automic
8 4 (1.04%) CA Single Sign-On
8 4 (1.04%) SCCM
9 3 (0.78%) HP ALM
9 3 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
9 3 (0.78%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 3 (0.78%) Red Hat Satellite
9 3 (0.78%) Tivoli
10 2 (0.52%) HP SIM
10 2 (0.52%) Nagios
10 2 (0.52%) Terraform
Vendors
1 108 (27.98%) IBM
2 71 (18.39%) Oracle
3 48 (12.44%) Microsoft
4 23 (5.96%) SAP
5 18 (4.66%) Salesforce.com
5 18 (4.66%) VMware
6 14 (3.63%) Cognizant
7 13 (3.37%) EMC
8 12 (3.11%) CA
8 12 (3.11%) Chordiant
9 11 (2.85%) Citrix
9 11 (2.85%) HP
9 11 (2.85%) ServiceNow
10 10 (2.59%) Red Hat
11 7 (1.81%) BMC
11 7 (1.81%) Google
11 7 (1.81%) Nortel
12 6 (1.55%) Ab Initio
12 6 (1.55%) AppDynamics
12 6 (1.55%) CA Agile Central