Period
to 13 August 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 13 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
13 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 618 836 793
Rank change year-on-year +218 -43 +57
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 148 262 414
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.18% 0.24%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.60% 0.47% 0.62%
Number of salaries quoted 98 218 285
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% - +15.00%
10th Percentile £45,000 £35,000 £32,797
90th Percentile £91,250 £96,250 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +15.97%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 24,631 55,392 66,482
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.23% 38.93% 39.17%
Number of salaries quoted 19,094 41,507 50,922
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £51,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.94% +2.00%
10th Percentile £31,500 £29,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 13 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 13 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +204 126 £60,000 +4.35% 5
UK excluding London +191 120 £60,000 +9.09% 4
North of England +157 49 £60,000 +11.11% 1
South East +129 32 £57,500 -11.54%
Yorkshire +146 30 £60,000 +9.09% 1
London +182 27 £70,000 +7.69% 1
North West +103 18 £60,000 +20.00%
Wales +54 14 £55,000 +18.28%
South West +116 12 - - 1
Scotland +87 7 £50,000 +25.00%
Midlands +87 4 £70,000 +100.00% 1
Work from Home +47 4 £55,000 -37.14%
West Midlands +85 3 £70,000 +100.00%
East of England +108 2 - - 1
East Midlands +64 1 £48,500 +71.68% 1
North East +27 1 - -

For the 6 months to 13 August 2020, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 62 (41.89%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (29.05%) JIRA
2 43 (29.05%) Java
3 39 (26.35%) SQL
3 39 (26.35%) Test Automation
4 38 (25.68%) Software Engineering
4 38 (25.68%) IBM
4 38 (25.68%) Finance
5 37 (25.00%) COBOL
6 36 (24.32%) Banking
7 35 (23.65%) Waterfall
7 35 (23.65%) DevOps
8 34 (22.97%) SDLC
9 32 (21.62%) Scrum
10 29 (19.59%) Python
11 28 (18.92%) JavaScript
12 26 (17.57%) Windows
13 25 (16.89%) Service Management
14 24 (16.22%) C#
14 24 (16.22%) Oracle
14 24 (16.22%) Retail
14 24 (16.22%) QA
15 23 (15.54%) DB2
15 23 (15.54%) ITIL
16 22 (14.86%) Selenium
16 22 (14.86%) Analytical Skills
17 21 (14.19%) ISTQB
17 21 (14.19%) Git (software)
17 21 (14.19%) Middleware
18 20 (13.51%) CICS

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (13.51%) CICS
2 17 (11.49%) Confluence
3 8 (5.41%) WebSphere
4 5 (3.38%) MQSeries
5 2 (1.35%) Anypoint
5 2 (1.35%) JBoss
5 2 (1.35%) Mule
5 2 (1.35%) Mule ESB
5 2 (1.35%) WebSphere Application Server
6 1 (0.68%) Apache
6 1 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.68%) IIS
6 1 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.68%) SAS
6 1 (0.68%) WebLogic
Applications
1 6 (4.05%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (3.38%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.68%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 18 (12.16%) Sauce Labs
2 10 (6.76%) AWS
3 8 (5.41%) Azure
4 7 (4.73%) BlazeMeter
5 5 (3.38%) GCP
5 5 (3.38%) IaaS
6 3 (2.03%) PaaS
6 3 (2.03%) SaaS
7 2 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (1.35%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.70%) SSL
2 3 (2.03%) Firewall
2 3 (2.03%) Network Security
2 3 (2.03%) Unified Communications
3 2 (1.35%) LAN
3 2 (1.35%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.68%) ATM
4 1 (0.68%) CTI
4 1 (0.68%) Intrusion Detection
4 1 (0.68%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (15.54%) DB2
2 9 (6.08%) SQL Server
3 6 (4.05%) NoSQL
3 6 (4.05%) Relational Database
4 5 (3.38%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (2.03%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (2.03%) MongoDB
5 3 (2.03%) Snowflake Schema
6 2 (1.35%) Big Data
7 1 (0.68%) IDMS
7 1 (0.68%) MySQL
7 1 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (0.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 43 (29.05%) JIRA
2 22 (14.86%) Selenium
3 21 (14.19%) Git (software)
4 18 (12.16%) Cucumber
5 17 (11.49%) Jenkins
6 14 (9.46%) SoapUI
7 13 (8.78%) eggPlant
7 13 (8.78%) Team Foundation Server
8 8 (5.41%) JMeter
9 5 (3.38%) Appium
10 4 (2.70%) HP UFT
11 3 (2.03%) IBM UrbanCode
12 2 (1.35%) JUnit
12 2 (1.35%) LoadRunner
12 2 (1.35%) Maven
12 2 (1.35%) Subversion
12 2 (1.35%) WebDriver
13 1 (0.68%) TeamCity
13 1 (0.68%) TestDirector
13 1 (0.68%) TestNG
General
1 38 (25.68%) Finance
2 36 (24.32%) Banking
3 24 (16.22%) Retail
4 9 (6.08%) Manufacturing
5 8 (5.41%) Retail Banking
6 3 (2.03%) Marketing
6 3 (2.03%) Public Sector
6 3 (2.03%) Retail Finance
7 2 (1.35%) Back Office
8 1 (0.68%) Legal
8 1 (0.68%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 23 (15.54%) Developer
1 23 (15.54%) Software Engineer
2 17 (11.49%) Test Engineer
3 12 (8.11%) Architect
3 12 (8.11%) Test Automation Engineer
4 10 (6.76%) Programmer
4 10 (6.76%) Tester
5 8 (5.41%) Applications Manager
5 8 (5.41%) Automation Tester
5 8 (5.41%) Business Manager
5 8 (5.41%) Business Systems Manager
5 8 (5.41%) COBOL Developer
5 8 (5.41%) QA Engineer
5 8 (5.41%) Systems Manager
6 7 (4.73%) Delivery Manager
6 7 (4.73%) IT Manager
6 7 (4.73%) QA Test Engineer
6 7 (4.73%) Service Delivery Manager
6 7 (4.73%) Service Manager
6 7 (4.73%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (14.19%) Middleware
2 15 (10.14%) .NET
2 15 (10.14%) SOAP
3 8 (5.41%) HTML
4 6 (4.05%) REST
4 6 (4.05%) WebSphere MQ
5 5 (3.38%) CSS
5 5 (3.38%) HTML5
5 5 (3.38%) Web Services
6 4 (2.70%) AngularJS
6 4 (2.70%) Java EE
6 4 (2.70%) Node.js
6 4 (2.70%) React
6 4 (2.70%) Spring
7 3 (2.03%) jQuery
7 3 (2.03%) Redux
7 3 (2.03%) TensorFlow
8 2 (1.35%) jBPM
8 2 (1.35%) JTA
8 2 (1.35%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 22 (14.86%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (12.16%) Self-Motivation
3 14 (9.46%) Client/Server
3 14 (9.46%) IBM Mainframe
4 9 (6.08%) Virtual Team
5 8 (5.41%) Data Centre
6 6 (4.05%) AS400
7 5 (3.38%) Enterprise Software
7 5 (3.38%) Linux Command Line
7 5 (3.38%) Mobile App
7 5 (3.38%) Tandem
8 4 (2.70%) Management Information System
8 4 (2.70%) VSAM
9 3 (2.03%) Cloud Native
9 3 (2.03%) CMDB
9 3 (2.03%) User Experience
10 2 (1.35%) Life Science
10 2 (1.35%) Private Cloud
11 1 (0.68%) LPAR
11 1 (0.68%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 26 (17.57%) Windows
2 19 (12.84%) Linux
3 13 (8.78%) Unix
4 11 (7.43%) Windows Server
5 10 (6.76%) zOS
6 8 (5.41%) Android
6 8 (5.41%) Apple iOS
7 4 (2.70%) AIX
7 4 (2.70%) Solaris
8 1 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 62 (41.89%) Agile Software Development
2 39 (26.35%) Test Automation
3 38 (25.68%) Software Engineering
4 35 (23.65%) DevOps
4 35 (23.65%) Waterfall
5 34 (22.97%) SDLC
6 32 (21.62%) Scrum
7 25 (16.89%) Service Management
8 23 (15.54%) ITIL
9 19 (12.84%) Continuous Improvement
10 17 (11.49%) Kanban
11 16 (10.81%) Non-Functional Testing
11 16 (10.81%) Technical Leadership
12 15 (10.14%) Incident Management
12 15 (10.14%) Migration
13 14 (9.46%) Continuous Integration
13 14 (9.46%) Decision-Making
14 13 (8.78%) Event-Driven Architecture
14 13 (8.78%) Mentoring
14 13 (8.78%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 43 (29.05%) Java
2 39 (26.35%) SQL
3 37 (25.00%) COBOL
4 29 (19.59%) Python
5 28 (18.92%) JavaScript
6 24 (16.22%) C#
7 17 (11.49%) JCL
8 14 (9.46%) TypeScript
9 10 (6.76%) REXX
10 9 (6.08%) C
11 7 (4.73%) C++
12 6 (4.05%) Bash Shell
13 5 (3.38%) Shell Script
14 4 (2.70%) Assembly Language
14 4 (2.70%) Perl
14 4 (2.70%) PL/SQL
14 4 (2.70%) VB
15 3 (2.03%) Groovy
15 3 (2.03%) MATLAB
15 3 (2.03%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 21 (14.19%) ISTQB
2 15 (10.14%) ISEB
3 13 (8.78%) ISEB Practitioner
4 7 (4.73%) ITIL Certification
5 4 (2.70%) Degree
5 4 (2.70%) MCP
5 4 (2.70%) Security Cleared
6 3 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (2.03%) SC Cleared
7 2 (1.35%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (1.35%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 2 (1.35%) PMI Certification
7 2 (1.35%) PMP
8 1 (0.68%) CISMP
8 1 (0.68%) CISSP
8 1 (0.68%) GCFA
8 1 (0.68%) GCIA
8 1 (0.68%) GCIH
8 1 (0.68%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 1 (0.68%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (16.22%) QA
2 6 (4.05%) COBIT
2 6 (4.05%) SLA
3 4 (2.70%) NIST
4 1 (0.68%) GDPR
System Software
1 4 (2.70%) Time Sharing Option
2 3 (2.03%) RACF
2 3 (2.03%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (1.35%) ACF2
3 2 (1.35%) Docker
4 1 (0.68%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 8 (5.41%) CA Service Virtualization
2 4 (2.70%) Tivoli
3 2 (1.35%) CloudHub
3 2 (1.35%) RSA Archer
4 1 (0.68%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 38 (25.68%) IBM
2 24 (16.22%) Oracle
3 18 (12.16%) Unisys
4 8 (5.41%) CA
5 7 (4.73%) HP
6 6 (4.05%) Microsoft
6 6 (4.05%) PeopleSoft
6 6 (4.05%) Workday
7 5 (3.38%) Perfecto Mobile
7 5 (3.38%) Syncsort
8 3 (2.03%) ServiceNow
9 2 (1.35%) Brocade
9 2 (1.35%) Cognizant
9 2 (1.35%) Dynatrace
9 2 (1.35%) MuleSoft
9 2 (1.35%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.68%) Micro Focus
10 1 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.68%) SAP
10 1 (0.68%) TIBCO