Period
to 16 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 900 609 851
Rank change year-on-year -291 +242 -15
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 132 76 233
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.16% 0.17%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.26% 0.45% 0.48%
Number of salaries quoted 78 36 187
10th Percentile £49,338 £36,478 £35,020
25th Percentile £60,000 £45,750 £46,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,075 £54,738 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +40.81% -4.80% +0.88%
75th Percentile £96,875 £79,375 £68,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £95,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £62,500 £51,250 £57,500
% change year-on-year +21.95% -10.87% +4.55%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 50,410 16,974 48,396
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.46% 35.39% 35.21%
Number of salaries quoted 30,283 14,012 37,091
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £54,111
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +6.26% +3.07%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £90,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 11 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -256 117 £80,000 +30.61% 19
London -192 65 £85,000 +13.33% 11
UK excluding London -251 59 £62,500 +21.95% 11
Work from Home -239 36 £80,000 +23.08% 1
North West -62 34 £73,325 +57.69% 2
North of England -112 34 £73,325 -3.84% 4
Scotland -93 10 £54,250 +17.30% 3
South East -164 10 £68,750 +30.95% 2
South West -96 3 £52,850 -
West Midlands -101 2 £72,500 - 2
Midlands -126 2 £72,500 +202.08% 2

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 51 (38.64%) Agile Software Development
2 49 (37.12%) Test Automation
2 49 (37.12%) Social Skills
3 48 (36.36%) IBM
4 44 (33.33%) COBOL
5 39 (29.55%) Java
6 35 (26.52%) Banking
7 33 (25.00%) SDLC
8 32 (24.24%) Windows
9 31 (23.48%) Problem-Solving
10 28 (21.21%) zOS
11 26 (19.70%) Finance
12 25 (18.94%) Scrum
12 25 (18.94%) Assembly Language
12 25 (18.94%) Degree
12 25 (18.94%) Test Strategy
13 22 (16.67%) Self-Motivation
14 21 (15.91%) Virtual Machines
14 21 (15.91%) Retail
14 21 (15.91%) Selenium
15 20 (15.15%) JavaScript
15 20 (15.15%) Middleware
16 19 (14.39%) TDD
16 19 (14.39%) JIRA
17 18 (13.64%) Client/Server
17 18 (13.64%) Jenkins
18 17 (12.88%) Linux
18 17 (12.88%) Project Management
19 16 (12.12%) Software Engineering
20 15 (11.36%) Information Security

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (11.36%) CICS
1 15 (11.36%) Confluence
2 8 (6.06%) WebSphere
3 6 (4.55%) MQSeries
4 4 (3.03%) Apache
4 4 (3.03%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.76%) IIS
5 1 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.76%) SAS
5 1 (0.76%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.76%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 2 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.76%) BASE24
Cloud Services
1 13 (9.85%) Azure
2 10 (7.58%) AWS
3 4 (3.03%) Collibra
3 4 (3.03%) GCP
3 4 (3.03%) GitHub
4 2 (1.52%) PaaS
5 1 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 1 (0.76%) IaaS
5 1 (0.76%) IBM Cloud
5 1 (0.76%) Microsoft 365
5 1 (0.76%) SaaS
5 1 (0.76%) Sauce Labs
5 1 (0.76%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 9 (6.82%) Internet
2 7 (5.30%) LAN
2 7 (5.30%) WAN
3 4 (3.03%) Firewall
3 4 (3.03%) PBX
4 3 (2.27%) SAN
4 3 (2.27%) TCP/IP
5 2 (1.52%) ATM
6 1 (0.76%) HTTP
6 1 (0.76%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.76%) Intrusion Detection
6 1 (0.76%) IPsec
6 1 (0.76%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.76%) Network Security
6 1 (0.76%) NNTP
6 1 (0.76%) OSPF
6 1 (0.76%) SSL
6 1 (0.76%) VPN
6 1 (0.76%) Wireless
6 1 (0.76%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (10.61%) DB2
2 8 (6.06%) Relational Database
3 7 (5.30%) DataStage
4 5 (3.79%) Hadoop
4 5 (3.79%) IBM InfoSphere
4 5 (3.79%) PostgreSQL
5 4 (3.03%) Apache Cassandra
5 4 (3.03%) HBase
5 4 (3.03%) Metadata
5 4 (3.03%) NoSQL
6 3 (2.27%) SQL Server
7 2 (1.52%) Big Data
7 2 (1.52%) WebFOCUS
8 1 (0.76%) Blockchain
8 1 (0.76%) Data Vault
8 1 (0.76%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.76%) MariaDB
8 1 (0.76%) MySQL
8 1 (0.76%) NuoDB
8 1 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 21 (15.91%) Selenium
2 19 (14.39%) JIRA
3 18 (13.64%) Jenkins
4 13 (9.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 13 (9.85%) Jasmine
4 13 (9.85%) JUnit
4 13 (9.85%) Protractor
5 6 (4.55%) JIRA Agile
6 5 (3.79%) HP UFT
6 5 (3.79%) Postman
6 5 (3.79%) TeamCity
7 4 (3.03%) Appium
7 4 (3.03%) GitLab
7 4 (3.03%) IBM UrbanCode
8 3 (2.27%) SoapUI
9 2 (1.52%) Git (software)
9 2 (1.52%) ProC
9 2 (1.52%) Team Foundation Server
10 1 (0.76%) Introscope
10 1 (0.76%) JMeter
General
1 49 (37.12%) Social Skills
2 35 (26.52%) Banking
3 26 (19.70%) Finance
4 21 (15.91%) Retail
5 11 (8.33%) Marketing
5 11 (8.33%) Music Industry
6 9 (6.82%) Analytical Skills
6 9 (6.82%) Influencing Skills
7 7 (5.30%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 3 (2.27%) Presentation Skills
9 2 (1.52%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.76%) Back Office
10 1 (0.76%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.76%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.76%) Law
10 1 (0.76%) Organisational Skills
10 1 (0.76%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 39 (29.55%) Developer
2 15 (11.36%) Architect
2 15 (11.36%) Lead Developer
3 13 (9.85%) Senior Developer
4 11 (8.33%) COBOL Developer
4 11 (8.33%) Senior COBOL Developer
5 7 (5.30%) Java Developer
5 7 (5.30%) Software Engineer
6 6 (4.55%) Analyst
6 6 (4.55%) Java Engineer
6 6 (4.55%) Java Software Engineer
6 6 (4.55%) Solutions Architect
6 6 (4.55%) Test Manager
6 6 (4.55%) UI Developer
7 5 (3.79%) Mainframe Architect
7 5 (3.79%) Test Analyst
8 4 (3.03%) Cloud Architect
8 4 (3.03%) Network Engineer
8 4 (3.03%) Quality Engineer
8 4 (3.03%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (15.15%) Middleware
2 14 (10.61%) AngularJS
3 11 (8.33%) Java EE
4 10 (7.58%) Hibernate
4 10 (7.58%) Spring
5 9 (6.82%) React
6 7 (5.30%) Kafka
7 5 (3.79%) .NET
7 5 (3.79%) CSS
7 5 (3.79%) HTML
7 5 (3.79%) Node.js
7 5 (3.79%) REST
7 5 (3.79%) RESTful
7 5 (3.79%) Spring Boot
8 4 (3.03%) Apache Camel
8 4 (3.03%) Apache Flex
8 4 (3.03%) Spring MVC
9 3 (2.27%) Web Services
10 2 (1.52%) .NET Core
10 2 (1.52%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 22 (16.67%) Self-Motivation
2 18 (13.64%) Client/Server
3 13 (9.85%) AS400
4 11 (8.33%) iSeries
5 8 (6.06%) Data Centre
6 7 (5.30%) User Experience
7 6 (4.55%) IBM Mainframe
8 5 (3.79%) Cloud Native
8 5 (3.79%) Clustering
8 5 (3.79%) Legacy Systems
8 5 (3.79%) Management Information System
9 4 (3.03%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (3.03%) Online Banking
9 4 (3.03%) VSAM
10 3 (2.27%) BYOD
10 3 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
11 2 (1.52%) Replication
11 2 (1.52%) Tandem
12 1 (0.76%) Data Protection Act
12 1 (0.76%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 32 (24.24%) Windows
2 28 (21.21%) zOS
3 17 (12.88%) Linux
4 14 (10.61%) Unix
5 4 (3.03%) AIX
6 3 (2.27%) Solaris
7 2 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.76%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (38.64%) Agile Software Development
2 49 (37.12%) Test Automation
3 33 (25.00%) SDLC
4 31 (23.48%) Problem-Solving
5 25 (18.94%) Scrum
5 25 (18.94%) Test Strategy
6 19 (14.39%) TDD
7 17 (12.88%) Project Management
8 16 (12.12%) Software Engineering
9 15 (11.36%) Information Security
9 15 (11.36%) Migration
9 15 (11.36%) Requirements Gathering
10 14 (10.61%) Change Control
10 14 (10.61%) Continuous Delivery
10 14 (10.61%) Systems Analysis
11 13 (9.85%) Asset Management
11 13 (9.85%) DevOps
11 13 (9.85%) Kanban
11 13 (9.85%) Prototyping
11 13 (9.85%) Requirements Analysis
Programming Languages
1 44 (33.33%) COBOL
2 39 (29.55%) Java
3 25 (18.94%) Assembly Language
4 20 (15.15%) JavaScript
5 12 (9.09%) C
5 12 (9.09%) SQL
6 8 (6.06%) REXX
7 7 (5.30%) Scala
8 6 (4.55%) PL/1
9 4 (3.03%) Bash Shell
9 4 (3.03%) C#
9 4 (3.03%) HLASM
9 4 (3.03%) Java 8
10 3 (2.27%) Python
11 1 (0.76%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 25 (18.94%) Degree
2 6 (4.55%) DBS Check
3 5 (3.79%) SC Cleared
3 5 (3.79%) Security Cleared
4 4 (3.03%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.52%) CISM
5 2 (1.52%) CISSP
5 2 (1.52%) IBM Certification
5 2 (1.52%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.76%) CISA
6 1 (0.76%) ISEB
6 1 (0.76%) ISEB Practitioner
6 1 (0.76%) LPIC
6 1 (0.76%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.27%) QA
2 1 (0.76%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.76%) GDPR
2 1 (0.76%) HIPAA
2 1 (0.76%) ISO 8583
2 1 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
2 1 (0.76%) NIST
System Software
1 21 (15.91%) Virtual Machines
2 4 (3.03%) Docker
3 3 (2.27%) RACF
4 1 (0.76%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.76%) OpenAM
4 1 (0.76%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 5 (3.79%) Kubernetes
2 4 (3.03%) Istio
3 2 (1.52%) HP ALM
3 2 (1.52%) zSecure
4 1 (0.76%) BladeLogic
4 1 (0.76%) CA Single Sign-On
4 1 (0.76%) Grafana
4 1 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
4 1 (0.76%) OMEGAMON
4 1 (0.76%) Oracle Identity Management
4 1 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
4 1 (0.76%) Terraform
Vendors
1 48 (36.36%) IBM
2 11 (8.33%) Sony
3 10 (7.58%) Oracle
4 8 (6.06%) Cognizant
5 7 (5.30%) VMware
6 6 (4.55%) Compuware
7 5 (3.79%) Ab Initio
7 5 (3.79%) Google
7 5 (3.79%) Microsoft
8 4 (3.03%) CA
8 4 (3.03%) Teradata
9 2 (1.52%) BMC
9 2 (1.52%) HP
9 2 (1.52%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.76%) Apple
10 1 (0.76%) Citrix
10 1 (0.76%) SAP
10 1 (0.76%) SolarWinds
10 1 (0.76%) Splunk
10 1 (0.76%) Unisys