Period
to 29 May 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 29 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
29 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 659 840 779
Rank change year-on-year +181 -61 +116
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 228 255 440
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.25% 0.18% 0.26%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.65% 0.45% 0.66%
Number of salaries quoted 192 197 317
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% -4.35% +15.00%
10th Percentile £45,000 £35,000 £36,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £95,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% - +21.50%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34,862 56,309 66,861
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.85% 39.15% 38.76%
Number of salaries quoted 26,886 42,017 51,555
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 29 May 2020.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 29 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +167 203 £57,500 - 10
UK excluding London +164 194 £57,500 +4.55% 7
South East +85 86 £60,000 -7.69% 4
North of England +138 61 £57,500 +53.33% 2
Yorkshire +125 35 £46,000 -15.60%
London +130 33 £55,000 -2.22% 4
North West +62 25 £60,000 +60.00% 2
Scotland +66 15 £82,500 +106.25%
Midlands +61 14 £48,500 +38.57%
Work from Home +48 9 £55,000 -26.67% 1
Wales +13 9 £55,000 +18.28% 1
West Midlands +63 8 £70,000 +100.00%
East Midlands +45 6 £25,000 -30.07%
East of England +86 5 £55,000 +1.85%
South West +90 4 - -
North East +16 1 - -

For the 6 months to 29 May 2020, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 87 (38.16%) Java
1 87 (38.16%) IBM
2 79 (34.65%) COBOL
3 75 (32.89%) DB2
4 65 (28.51%) Agile Software Development
5 63 (27.63%) SQL
6 61 (26.75%) Finance
7 57 (25.00%) Software Engineering
8 50 (21.93%) JIRA
9 49 (21.49%) Analytical Skills
10 47 (20.61%) DevOps
10 47 (20.61%) CICS
11 46 (20.18%) Oracle
12 45 (19.74%) Linux
13 44 (19.30%) Banking
14 43 (18.86%) Test Automation
15 42 (18.42%) IBM Mainframe
15 42 (18.42%) Scrum
16 39 (17.11%) Windows
16 39 (17.11%) WebSphere
17 36 (15.79%) Continuous Improvement
17 36 (15.79%) Python
17 36 (15.79%) Retail
18 34 (14.91%) Jenkins
19 32 (14.04%) ITIL
20 30 (13.16%) JCL
21 29 (12.72%) Middleware
21 29 (12.72%) SDLC
22 27 (11.84%) QA
22 27 (11.84%) Unit Testing

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (20.61%) CICS
2 39 (17.11%) WebSphere
3 23 (10.09%) Confluence
4 13 (5.70%) MQSeries
5 10 (4.39%) WebSphere Application Server
6 6 (2.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 5 (2.19%) Apache
8 4 (1.75%) SAS
8 4 (1.75%) Tomcat
9 3 (1.32%) JBoss
10 2 (0.88%) Anypoint
10 2 (0.88%) MS Exchange
10 2 (0.88%) Mule
10 2 (0.88%) Mule ESB
11 1 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
11 1 (0.44%) IIS
11 1 (0.44%) Oracle Workflow
11 1 (0.44%) WebLogic
Applications
1 5 (2.19%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.44%) FrameMaker
3 1 (0.44%) MadCap Flare
Business Applications
1 4 (1.75%) Markit EDM
1 4 (1.75%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 4 (1.75%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
1 4 (1.75%) thinkFolio
2 1 (0.44%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 23 (10.09%) AWS
2 18 (7.89%) Azure
3 9 (3.95%) BlazeMeter
4 8 (3.51%) Sauce Labs
5 3 (1.32%) GitHub
5 3 (1.32%) PaaS
5 3 (1.32%) SaaS
6 2 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.44%) GCP
7 1 (0.44%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.51%) SSL
2 7 (3.07%) LAN
3 4 (1.75%) Network Security
4 3 (1.32%) CTI
4 3 (1.32%) Firewall
4 3 (1.32%) Unified Communications
5 2 (0.88%) ATM
5 2 (0.88%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.88%) WAN
6 1 (0.44%) Internet
6 1 (0.44%) Intrusion Detection
6 1 (0.44%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (32.89%) DB2
2 15 (6.58%) SQL Server
3 12 (5.26%) Relational Database
4 9 (3.95%) PostgreSQL
5 6 (2.63%) NoSQL
6 5 (2.19%) MySQL
7 4 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 4 (1.75%) Amazon RDS
8 3 (1.32%) Hadoop
9 2 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.88%) MongoDB
9 2 (0.88%) Snowflake Schema
10 1 (0.44%) IBM InfoSphere
10 1 (0.44%) IDMS
Development Applications
1 50 (21.93%) JIRA
2 34 (14.91%) Jenkins
3 23 (10.09%) Selenium
4 22 (9.65%) Git (software)
5 17 (7.46%) JMeter
6 11 (4.82%) HP UFT
6 11 (4.82%) JUnit
7 9 (3.95%) LoadRunner
7 9 (3.95%) Team Foundation Server
8 8 (3.51%) Cucumber
9 6 (2.63%) Eclipse
10 5 (2.19%) Appium
11 4 (1.75%) IBM UrbanCode
11 4 (1.75%) JIRA Agile
11 4 (1.75%) SoapUI
12 3 (1.32%) eggPlant
12 3 (1.32%) Maven
13 2 (0.88%) Subversion
13 2 (0.88%) TeamCity
13 2 (0.88%) WebDriver
General
1 61 (26.75%) Finance
2 44 (19.30%) Banking
3 36 (15.79%) Retail
4 12 (5.26%) Manufacturing
5 8 (3.51%) Retail Banking
6 3 (1.32%) Back Office
6 3 (1.32%) Marketing
6 3 (1.32%) Retail Finance
7 2 (0.88%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.44%) Legal
8 1 (0.44%) Public Sector
8 1 (0.44%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 39 (17.11%) Developer
2 33 (14.47%) Programmer
3 32 (14.04%) Analyst
4 24 (10.53%) Software Engineer
5 23 (10.09%) COBOL Programmer
6 21 (9.21%) Analyst Programmer
6 21 (9.21%) COBOL Analyst
6 21 (9.21%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
6 21 (9.21%) COBOL Developer
7 18 (7.89%) Architect
8 15 (6.58%) Java Analyst Programmer
8 15 (6.58%) Java Programmer
9 13 (5.70%) Solutions Architect
10 12 (5.26%) IT Manager
10 12 (5.26%) QA Engineer
10 12 (5.26%) Test Engineer
11 10 (4.39%) Mainframe Programmer
11 10 (4.39%) QA Test Engineer
11 10 (4.39%) Supply Chain Analyst
11 10 (4.39%) Supply Chain Analyst Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (12.72%) Middleware
2 21 (9.21%) WebSphere MQ
3 20 (8.77%) .NET
4 16 (7.02%) REST
5 15 (6.58%) Web Services
6 12 (5.26%) SOAP
7 9 (3.95%) J2EE
7 9 (3.95%) Java EE
7 9 (3.95%) Spring
8 8 (3.51%) HTML
9 6 (2.63%) Hibernate
9 6 (2.63%) Struts
10 5 (2.19%) AngularJS
10 5 (2.19%) CSS
10 5 (2.19%) HTML5
10 5 (2.19%) React
11 4 (1.75%) IBM Integration Bus
11 4 (1.75%) LAMP
11 4 (1.75%) Node.js
11 4 (1.75%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 49 (21.49%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (18.42%) IBM Mainframe
3 26 (11.40%) Self-Motivation
4 15 (6.58%) AS400
5 14 (6.14%) Linux Command Line
6 12 (5.26%) Data Centre
6 12 (5.26%) User Experience
7 9 (3.95%) Tandem
8 8 (3.51%) Client/Server
8 8 (3.51%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (3.51%) Management Information System
8 8 (3.51%) Virtual Team
9 7 (3.07%) CMDB
10 5 (2.19%) Mobile App
11 4 (1.75%) VSAM
12 3 (1.32%) Cloud Native
13 2 (0.88%) Life Science
13 2 (0.88%) Private Cloud
14 1 (0.44%) iSeries
14 1 (0.44%) SCADA
Operating Systems
1 45 (19.74%) Linux
2 39 (17.11%) Windows
3 25 (10.96%) zOS
4 24 (10.53%) Unix
5 12 (5.26%) AIX
6 11 (4.82%) Windows Server
7 8 (3.51%) Android
7 8 (3.51%) Apple iOS
7 8 (3.51%) Solaris
8 5 (2.19%) MVS
9 1 (0.44%) OS/400
9 1 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (28.51%) Agile Software Development
2 57 (25.00%) Software Engineering
3 47 (20.61%) DevOps
4 43 (18.86%) Test Automation
5 42 (18.42%) Scrum
6 36 (15.79%) Continuous Improvement
7 32 (14.04%) ITIL
8 29 (12.72%) SDLC
9 27 (11.84%) Unit Testing
10 26 (11.40%) Waterfall
11 25 (10.96%) Service Management
12 23 (10.09%) Continuous Delivery
13 21 (9.21%) Migration
14 20 (8.77%) Test Scripting
15 19 (8.33%) Incident Management
15 19 (8.33%) Kanban
16 18 (7.89%) Epics
16 18 (7.89%) Problem-Solving
17 17 (7.46%) Service Delivery
18 16 (7.02%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 87 (38.16%) Java
2 79 (34.65%) COBOL
3 63 (27.63%) SQL
4 36 (15.79%) Python
5 30 (13.16%) JCL
6 26 (11.40%) C#
7 22 (9.65%) Assembly Language
7 22 (9.65%) JavaScript
8 21 (9.21%) C
8 21 (9.21%) REXX
9 19 (8.33%) Bash Shell
10 17 (7.46%) C++
10 17 (7.46%) Perl
11 15 (6.58%) PL/1
12 13 (5.70%) VB
13 11 (4.82%) PL/SQL
14 9 (3.95%) Shell Script
15 8 (3.51%) HLASM
16 7 (3.07%) Ruby
17 4 (1.75%) Scala
Qualifications
1 19 (8.33%) ISTQB
2 13 (5.70%) ISEB
3 12 (5.26%) Degree
4 10 (4.39%) PMI Certification
4 10 (4.39%) PMP
5 9 (3.95%) ITIL Certification
6 6 (2.63%) Security Cleared
7 5 (2.19%) MCP
7 5 (2.19%) SC Cleared
8 4 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
9 3 (1.32%) ISEB Practitioner
9 3 (1.32%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 2 (0.88%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (0.88%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.88%) MCSA
10 2 (0.88%) MCSE
10 2 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.88%) SAFe Agilist
11 1 (0.44%) CISSP
11 1 (0.44%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (11.84%) QA
2 6 (2.63%) COBIT
3 4 (1.75%) GDPR
3 4 (1.75%) NIST
4 2 (0.88%) SLA
System Software
1 15 (6.58%) RACF
2 14 (6.14%) ACF2
3 11 (4.82%) Docker
4 5 (2.19%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
4 5 (2.19%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (1.75%) Time Sharing Option
6 2 (0.88%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.44%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 13 (5.70%) Tivoli
2 9 (3.95%) CA Service Virtualization
3 4 (1.75%) Puppet
4 2 (0.88%) CloudHub
4 2 (0.88%) RSA Archer
4 2 (0.88%) SCOM
5 1 (0.44%) Ansible
5 1 (0.44%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 87 (38.16%) IBM
2 46 (20.18%) Oracle
3 18 (7.89%) HP
3 18 (7.89%) Unisys
4 13 (5.70%) Microsoft
5 10 (4.39%) Workday
6 9 (3.95%) CA
7 6 (2.63%) Ab Initio
7 6 (2.63%) PeopleSoft
8 5 (2.19%) Dynatrace
8 5 (2.19%) Perfecto Mobile
8 5 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (1.75%) Bloomberg
9 4 (1.75%) Compuware
9 4 (1.75%) FactSet
9 4 (1.75%) hybris
9 4 (1.75%) MuleSoft
9 4 (1.75%) Red Hat
9 4 (1.75%) Sparx
9 4 (1.75%) Syncsort