Period
to 16 July 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 16 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 780 855 710
Rank change year-on-year +75 -145 -123
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 428 344 639
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.19% 0.31%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.56% 0.45% 0.72%
Number of salaries quoted 298 220 413
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% - -4.76%
10th Percentile £35,000 £26,000 £26,990
90th Percentile £100,000 £89,100 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £45,269 £47,500
% change year-on-year +15.97% -4.70% -2.06%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 76,508 77,202 88,902
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.47% 43.49% 43.71%
Number of salaries quoted 59,093 60,405 72,199
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% -2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% -1.18% +6.25%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +121 385 £57,500 +15.00% 36
UK excluding London +98 302 £52,500 +15.97% 35
South East +103 141 £57,500 -11.54% 8
London +4 112 £89,500 +49.17% 11
North of England +29 73 £39,000 -22.00% 9
North West +10 60 £40,250 -19.50% 3
Midlands +5 31 £47,500 +82.69% 4
Scotland -22 29 £52,500 +7.14% 10
East of England +24 25 £38,500 -18.95% 3
East Midlands +5 25 £45,500 - 1
Yorkshire +16 8 £55,000 +129.17% 5
West Midlands +12 7 £37,500 +44.23% 3
North East - 6 £37,500 - 1
South West -23 4 £45,000 -0.59% 1
Wales -28 1 £95,000 +109.86%

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 166 (38.79%) Finance
2 136 (31.78%) IBM
3 130 (30.37%) Agile Software Development
4 110 (25.70%) Java
5 89 (20.79%) Oracle
6 82 (19.16%) SQL
6 82 (19.16%) IBM Mainframe
7 74 (17.29%) Banking
8 73 (17.06%) COBOL
9 72 (16.82%) Unix
10 71 (16.59%) Windows
11 70 (16.36%) DB2
11 70 (16.36%) Microsoft Azure
12 66 (15.42%) DevOps
13 65 (15.19%) Problem-Solving
13 65 (15.19%) Linux
14 57 (13.32%) Microsoft
15 56 (13.08%) Middleware
15 56 (13.08%) Amazon AWS
16 54 (12.62%) SDLC
16 54 (12.62%) Web Services
16 54 (12.62%) Test Automation
17 51 (11.92%) Scrum
18 48 (11.21%) ITIL
18 48 (11.21%) JavaScript
19 47 (10.98%) Degree
19 47 (10.98%) Analytical Skills
20 46 (10.75%) Data Centre
20 46 (10.75%) TOGAF
20 46 (10.75%) Migration

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (8.64%) WebSphere
2 29 (6.78%) CICS
2 29 (6.78%) SAS
3 19 (4.44%) Confluence
4 18 (4.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 15 (3.50%) Oracle Service Bus
6 10 (2.34%) Apache
6 10 (2.34%) WebSphere Application Server
7 9 (2.10%) JBoss
8 8 (1.87%) Apache Spark
9 7 (1.64%) WebLogic
10 6 (1.40%) SharePoint
11 5 (1.17%) BizTalk Server
12 4 (0.93%) IIS
13 3 (0.70%) CMS
14 2 (0.47%) Mule
14 2 (0.47%) Mule ESB
14 2 (0.47%) Tomcat
15 1 (0.23%) Apache Pig
15 1 (0.23%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 15 (3.50%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (3.04%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (2.10%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 7 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.70%) Actimize
2 3 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 70 (16.36%) Microsoft Azure
2 56 (13.08%) Amazon AWS
3 17 (3.97%) IBM Cloud
4 10 (2.34%) GitHub
5 9 (2.10%) OpenShift
6 6 (1.40%) PaaS
7 5 (1.17%) Cloud Computing
7 5 (1.17%) Google Cloud Platform
8 4 (0.93%) Force.com
9 3 (0.70%) Boomi
9 3 (0.70%) IaaS
9 3 (0.70%) SaaS
9 3 (0.70%) Slack
9 3 (0.70%) SuccessFactors
10 2 (0.47%) Google App Engine
10 2 (0.47%) Rackspace Cloud
11 1 (0.23%) Amazon EC2
11 1 (0.23%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.23%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 27 (6.31%) LAN
2 25 (5.84%) SAN
3 21 (4.91%) DNS
4 18 (4.21%) WAN
5 17 (3.97%) Firewall
6 14 (3.27%) DHCP
7 7 (1.64%) Ethernet
7 7 (1.64%) HTTP
7 7 (1.64%) NAS
7 7 (1.64%) SNMP
8 6 (1.40%) Internet
8 6 (1.40%) MPLS
9 4 (0.93%) CTI
9 4 (0.93%) VPN
10 3 (0.70%) Network Security
10 3 (0.70%) TCP/IP
10 3 (0.70%) Wireless
11 2 (0.47%) Kerberos
11 2 (0.47%) SSH
11 2 (0.47%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (16.36%) DB2
2 25 (5.84%) Data Warehouse
3 24 (5.61%) Relational Database
4 21 (4.91%) SQL Server
5 20 (4.67%) Big Data
6 13 (3.04%) SAS Data Integration Studio
6 13 (3.04%) SAS Visual Analytics
6 13 (3.04%) Star Schema
7 12 (2.80%) SAS EBI
8 11 (2.57%) MySQL
9 10 (2.34%) BusinessObjects
10 8 (1.87%) OLTP
11 7 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
12 6 (1.40%) NoSQL
12 6 (1.40%) Oracle Database
12 6 (1.40%) Oracle Exadata
12 6 (1.40%) Power BI
13 5 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 5 (1.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 4 (0.93%) IMS/DB
Development Applications
1 32 (7.48%) JIRA
2 28 (6.54%) Jenkins
3 17 (3.97%) Team Foundation Server
4 12 (2.80%) Selenium
5 11 (2.57%) JUnit
6 9 (2.10%) Cucumber
6 9 (2.10%) Maven
7 8 (1.87%) Eclipse
8 7 (1.64%) Git (software)
8 7 (1.64%) JMeter
8 7 (1.64%) SoapUI
9 6 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 6 (1.40%) LoadRunner
9 6 (1.40%) Mockito
9 6 (1.40%) VersionOne
10 5 (1.17%) Ant
10 5 (1.17%) Bitbucket
10 5 (1.17%) Gradle
10 5 (1.17%) Subversion
10 5 (1.17%) TeamCity
General
1 166 (38.79%) Finance
2 74 (17.29%) Banking
3 25 (5.84%) Law
3 25 (5.84%) Retail
4 24 (5.61%) Investment Banking
5 14 (3.27%) Retail Banking
6 13 (3.04%) Financial Institution
7 11 (2.57%) Legal
8 8 (1.87%) Front Office
8 8 (1.87%) Games
9 7 (1.64%) Telecoms
10 6 (1.40%) Manufacturing
11 5 (1.17%) Marketing
12 4 (0.93%) Back Office
13 3 (0.70%) Spanish Language
14 2 (0.47%) Publishing
14 2 (0.47%) Retail Finance
15 1 (0.23%) Billing
15 1 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
15 1 (0.23%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 90 (21.03%) Architect
2 59 (13.79%) Analyst
2 59 (13.79%) Developer
3 51 (11.92%) Solutions Architect
4 27 (6.31%) Consultant
5 18 (4.21%) Service Manager
6 17 (3.97%) Digital Architect
7 16 (3.74%) Digital Solutions Architect
8 15 (3.50%) Administrator
9 14 (3.27%) Data Centre Architect
9 14 (3.27%) Infrastructure Architect
9 14 (3.27%) Virtualisation Architect
10 13 (3.04%) SAS Consultant
10 13 (3.04%) Test Engineer
11 12 (2.80%) Designer
11 12 (2.80%) Java Developer
11 12 (2.80%) Programmer
11 12 (2.80%) Project Manager
12 10 (2.34%) Linux Engineer
12 10 (2.34%) Senior Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (13.08%) Middleware
2 54 (12.62%) Web Services
3 37 (8.64%) .NET
4 33 (7.71%) XML
5 30 (7.01%) REST
6 26 (6.07%) SOAP
7 20 (4.67%) AngularJS
7 20 (4.67%) HTML
7 20 (4.67%) Spring
8 16 (3.74%) J2EE
9 14 (3.27%) CSS
9 14 (3.27%) React
10 13 (3.04%) Kafka
10 13 (3.04%) LDAP
11 11 (2.57%) JSON
12 10 (2.34%) Hibernate
13 9 (2.10%) Java EE
13 9 (2.10%) JMS
13 9 (2.10%) RESTful
14 8 (1.87%) ATL
Miscellaneous
1 82 (19.16%) IBM Mainframe
2 47 (10.98%) Analytical Skills
3 46 (10.75%) Data Centre
4 26 (6.07%) Management Information System
5 25 (5.84%) Computer Science
6 20 (4.67%) iSeries
6 20 (4.67%) Public Cloud
7 19 (4.44%) Enterprise Software
8 17 (3.97%) Self-Motivation
9 13 (3.04%) Mobile App
10 11 (2.57%) User Experience
11 8 (1.87%) CMDB
11 8 (1.87%) Hedge funds
11 8 (1.87%) VSAM
12 7 (1.64%) Fat Client
12 7 (1.64%) Thin Client
12 7 (1.64%) Virtual Team
12 7 (1.64%) Wiki
13 6 (1.40%) Arduino
13 6 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 72 (16.82%) Unix
2 71 (16.59%) Windows
3 65 (15.19%) Linux
4 25 (5.84%) zOS
5 14 (3.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (1.87%) AIX
7 7 (1.64%) Solaris
8 5 (1.17%) Android
8 5 (1.17%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.93%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.70%) HPUX
10 3 (0.70%) OpenVMS
11 1 (0.23%) MVS
11 1 (0.23%) OS/390
11 1 (0.23%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 130 (30.37%) Agile Software Development
2 66 (15.42%) DevOps
3 65 (15.19%) Problem-Solving
4 54 (12.62%) SDLC
4 54 (12.62%) Test Automation
5 51 (11.92%) Scrum
6 48 (11.21%) ITIL
7 46 (10.75%) Migration
7 46 (10.75%) TOGAF
8 43 (10.05%) Analytics
9 39 (9.11%) IT Strategy
10 37 (8.64%) SOA
10 37 (8.64%) Stakeholder Management
11 36 (8.41%) TDD
12 35 (8.18%) Scaled Agile Framework
12 35 (8.18%) Waterfall
13 34 (7.94%) Enterprise Architecture
13 34 (7.94%) Project Management
13 34 (7.94%) Service Management
14 30 (7.01%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 110 (25.70%) Java
2 82 (19.16%) SQL
3 73 (17.06%) COBOL
4 48 (11.21%) JavaScript
5 43 (10.05%) C#
6 25 (5.84%) JCL
7 22 (5.14%) C
8 21 (4.91%) REXX
9 18 (4.21%) Python
10 17 (3.97%) Perl
11 14 (3.27%) C++
11 14 (3.27%) Java 8
11 14 (3.27%) Shell Script
12 11 (2.57%) PL/1
13 8 (1.87%) Assembly Language
13 8 (1.87%) PL/SQL
14 7 (1.64%) Ruby
15 6 (1.40%) TypeScript
16 5 (1.17%) Bash Shell
16 5 (1.17%) VB
Qualifications
1 47 (10.98%) Degree
2 19 (4.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 16 (3.74%) CISSP
4 15 (3.50%) Master's Degree
4 15 (3.50%) Security Cleared
5 13 (3.04%) ISTQB
6 9 (2.10%) CISM
6 9 (2.10%) PMI Certification
7 8 (1.87%) ISEB
8 7 (1.64%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (1.64%) SC Cleared
9 6 (1.40%) CEH
9 6 (1.40%) OCPJP
9 6 (1.40%) OSCP
9 6 (1.40%) PMP
10 5 (1.17%) MCSE
10 5 (1.17%) TOGAF Certification
11 4 (0.93%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.93%) OCP
11 4 (0.93%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (5.84%) QA
2 12 (2.80%) COBIT
2 12 (2.80%) SLA
3 6 (1.40%) PMO
4 4 (0.93%) PMBOK
5 3 (0.70%) GCP
5 3 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.70%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.23%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 25 (5.84%) Active Directory
2 23 (5.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (4.91%) Docker
4 16 (3.74%) RACF
5 14 (3.27%) ACF2
5 14 (3.27%) Hyper-V
5 14 (3.27%) NFS
5 14 (3.27%) VMware ESXi
5 14 (3.27%) VMware NSX
6 10 (2.34%) Time Sharing Option
7 7 (1.64%) Firmware
8 4 (0.93%) XenApp
8 4 (0.93%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.47%) Job Entry Subsystem
9 2 (0.47%) SRDF
9 2 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 20 (4.67%) Opscode Chef
2 16 (3.74%) Puppet
3 14 (3.27%) Kubernetes
3 14 (3.27%) Tivoli Storage Manager
3 14 (3.27%) vCenter Server
4 12 (2.80%) HP ALM
5 9 (2.10%) Ansible
6 8 (1.87%) HP Quality Center
7 7 (1.64%) WSUS
8 5 (1.17%) CA Endevor
8 5 (1.17%) Terraform
9 4 (0.93%) Automic
9 4 (0.93%) SCCM
9 4 (0.93%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.70%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 3 (0.70%) Red Hat Satellite
10 3 (0.70%) Tivoli
11 2 (0.47%) CA Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.23%) BMC PATROL
12 1 (0.23%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 136 (31.78%) IBM
2 89 (20.79%) Oracle
3 57 (13.32%) Microsoft
4 27 (6.31%) VMware
5 25 (5.84%) SAP
6 21 (4.91%) Salesforce.com
7 19 (4.44%) HP
8 16 (3.74%) Intel
9 15 (3.50%) Red Hat
10 14 (3.27%) CommVault
10 14 (3.27%) Veeam
11 12 (2.80%) Ab Initio
11 12 (2.80%) EMC
12 11 (2.57%) CA
13 10 (2.34%) CA Agile Central
13 10 (2.34%) Cognizant
14 9 (2.10%) Apigee
14 9 (2.10%) ServiceNow
15 8 (1.87%) Citrix
15 8 (1.87%) MuleSoft