Period
to 19 October 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 19 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 838 814 914
Rank change year-on-year -24 +100 -98
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 234 359 301
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.17% 0.22% 0.17%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.44% 0.55% 0.43%
Number of salaries quoted 186 226 202
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +14.00% -5.21%
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,809 £26,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £97,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 52,968 65,118 70,555
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.88% 39.52% 40.36%
Number of salaries quoted 39,944 49,880 52,395
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £29,565 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 19 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 228 £60,000 +4.35% 23
UK excluding London -17 175 £57,500 +4.55% 21
South East +45 100 £62,500 -10.71% 9
London +71 58 £65,000 -18.75% 4
North of England -14 43 £54,500 +45.33% 8
North West +11 35 £54,486 +30.50% 2
Midlands +43 22 £33,750 -22.41% 1
East Midlands +26 13 £28,250 -33.53% 1
West Midlands +43 9 £35,000 -6.67%
Yorkshire -9 7 £55,000 +46.67% 3
South West +24 5 - - 1
Scotland -14 5 £175,000 +233.33% 1
North East +12 1 £54,500 +45.33% 3

For the 6 months to 19 October 2019, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 114 (48.72%) IBM
2 90 (38.46%) Java
3 75 (32.05%) DB2
4 69 (29.49%) Finance
5 67 (28.63%) Agile Software Development
6 60 (25.64%) SQL
7 54 (23.08%) Unix
8 51 (21.79%) Linux
8 51 (21.79%) COBOL
8 51 (21.79%) CICS
9 45 (19.23%) Retail
10 42 (17.95%) Banking
11 40 (17.09%) DevOps
12 39 (16.67%) zOS
13 38 (16.24%) JCL
13 38 (16.24%) Oracle
14 35 (14.96%) AWS
15 34 (14.53%) ITIL
16 33 (14.10%) WebSphere
17 32 (13.68%) Service Management
17 32 (13.68%) Microsoft
18 31 (13.25%) Windows
18 31 (13.25%) IBM Mainframe
19 30 (12.82%) Azure
20 29 (12.39%) SDLC
21 28 (11.97%) MVS
21 28 (11.97%) WebSphere Application Server
21 28 (11.97%) Hadoop
22 27 (11.54%) Test Automation
22 27 (11.54%) Analytical Skills

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (21.79%) CICS
2 33 (14.10%) WebSphere
3 28 (11.97%) WebSphere Application Server
4 13 (5.56%) MQSeries
5 6 (2.56%) Apache Spark
6 4 (1.71%) IBM Notes
6 4 (1.71%) SAS
7 3 (1.28%) Apache
7 3 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.85%) Anypoint
8 2 (0.85%) Confluence
8 2 (0.85%) Mule
8 2 (0.85%) Mule ESB
8 2 (0.85%) Tomcat
8 2 (0.85%) WordPress
9 1 (0.43%) IBM HTTP Server
9 1 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
9 1 (0.43%) SharePoint
Applications
1 6 (2.56%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (1.28%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.43%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 35 (14.96%) AWS
2 30 (12.82%) Azure
3 16 (6.84%) GitHub
4 5 (2.14%) Office 365
5 4 (1.71%) Power Platform
5 4 (1.71%) SaaS
6 3 (1.28%) GCP
6 3 (1.28%) Google Sheets
7 2 (0.85%) IaaS
7 2 (0.85%) PaaS
8 1 (0.43%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.85%) Firewall
2 7 (2.99%) LAN
2 7 (2.99%) SAN
3 6 (2.56%) WAN
4 5 (2.14%) FTP
5 4 (1.71%) ATM
6 2 (0.85%) Network Security
7 1 (0.43%) CTI
7 1 (0.43%) HTTP
7 1 (0.43%) Internet
7 1 (0.43%) Intrusion Detection
7 1 (0.43%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (32.05%) DB2
2 28 (11.97%) Hadoop
3 23 (9.83%) IBM InfoSphere
3 23 (9.83%) Oracle Database
4 21 (8.97%) SQL Server
5 17 (7.26%) Relational Database
6 16 (6.84%) Data Warehouse
6 16 (6.84%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (5.98%) Big Data
8 12 (5.13%) NoSQL
9 11 (4.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 11 (4.70%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (4.70%) Apache Hive
9 11 (4.70%) Couchbase
9 11 (4.70%) MongoDB
9 11 (4.70%) Neo4j
10 9 (3.85%) SAP HANA
11 6 (2.56%) IDMS
11 6 (2.56%) RDBMS
12 4 (1.71%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 20 (8.55%) Jenkins
2 19 (8.12%) JIRA
3 18 (7.69%) Selenium
3 18 (7.69%) TeamCity
4 16 (6.84%) Maven
5 14 (5.98%) Ant
5 14 (5.98%) ClearCase
5 14 (5.98%) Eclipse
5 14 (5.98%) PVCS
5 14 (5.98%) SonarQube
6 12 (5.13%) Team Foundation Server
7 11 (4.70%) IBM UrbanCode
8 7 (2.99%) Subversion
9 4 (1.71%) Bugzilla
9 4 (1.71%) Cucumber
9 4 (1.71%) Git (software)
9 4 (1.71%) HP UFT
9 4 (1.71%) SoapUI
9 4 (1.71%) Visual Studio
10 2 (0.85%) XPEDITER
General
1 69 (29.49%) Finance
2 45 (19.23%) Retail
3 42 (17.95%) Banking
4 13 (5.56%) Public Sector
5 9 (3.85%) Legal
6 8 (3.42%) Marketing
7 5 (2.14%) Aerospace
7 5 (2.14%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.71%) Music Industry
8 4 (1.71%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (1.71%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.85%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.43%) Advertising
10 1 (0.43%) Law
Job Titles
1 63 (26.92%) Developer
2 45 (19.23%) Architect
3 33 (14.10%) Programmer
4 29 (12.39%) Analyst
5 28 (11.97%) COBOL Developer
6 20 (8.55%) Technical Architect
7 17 (7.26%) Technical Leader
8 16 (6.84%) DevOps Engineer
8 16 (6.84%) Systems Programmer
9 15 (6.41%) Java Developer
10 13 (5.56%) COBOL Analyst
11 12 (5.13%) Analyst Programmer
12 11 (4.70%) Analyst Developer
12 11 (4.70%) COBOL Analyst Programmer
12 11 (4.70%) COBOL Programmer
12 11 (4.70%) Developer Analyst
13 10 (4.27%) Data Architect
13 10 (4.27%) Mainframe Programmer
13 10 (4.27%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
14 9 (3.85%) Lead Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (9.40%) Web Services
2 17 (7.26%) SOAP
3 15 (6.41%) Middleware
3 15 (6.41%) WebSphere MQ
4 14 (5.98%) J2EE
5 13 (5.56%) Struts
6 10 (4.27%) .NET
6 10 (4.27%) Apache Flex
7 8 (3.42%) HTML
8 6 (2.56%) CSS
9 5 (2.14%) REST
10 4 (1.71%) Gherkin
10 4 (1.71%) ISPF
10 4 (1.71%) OAuth
10 4 (1.71%) SAML
10 4 (1.71%) Spring
11 3 (1.28%) AngularJS
11 3 (1.28%) ASP.NET
11 3 (1.28%) ASP.NET Web Forms
11 3 (1.28%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 31 (13.25%) IBM Mainframe
2 27 (11.54%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (8.12%) User Experience
4 16 (6.84%) Management Information System
5 15 (6.41%) VSAM
6 14 (5.98%) Replication
7 12 (5.13%) Data Centre
8 9 (3.85%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (3.42%) FMCG
10 7 (2.99%) Client/Server
10 7 (2.99%) iSeries
11 6 (2.56%) Clustering
12 5 (2.14%) AS400
12 5 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
13 4 (1.71%) Equities
13 4 (1.71%) Linux Command Line
13 4 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
14 3 (1.28%) Algorithms
14 3 (1.28%) Derivative
14 3 (1.28%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 54 (23.08%) Unix
2 51 (21.79%) Linux
3 39 (16.67%) zOS
4 31 (13.25%) Windows
5 28 (11.97%) MVS
6 14 (5.98%) AIX
7 10 (4.27%) VME
8 5 (2.14%) Windows Server
9 3 (1.28%) OS/2
9 3 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.43%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (28.63%) Agile Software Development
2 40 (17.09%) DevOps
3 34 (14.53%) ITIL
4 32 (13.68%) Service Management
5 29 (12.39%) SDLC
6 27 (11.54%) Test Automation
7 25 (10.68%) Capacity Planning
8 24 (10.26%) Service Delivery
8 24 (10.26%) Unit Testing
9 23 (9.83%) Continuous Integration
10 22 (9.40%) Incident Management
11 20 (8.55%) Continuous Delivery
11 20 (8.55%) Mentoring
12 19 (8.12%) Analytics
13 18 (7.69%) Coaching
13 18 (7.69%) Continuous Improvement
13 18 (7.69%) Microservices
13 18 (7.69%) Problem Management
13 18 (7.69%) Scrum
14 17 (7.26%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 90 (38.46%) Java
2 60 (25.64%) SQL
3 51 (21.79%) COBOL
4 38 (16.24%) JCL
5 23 (9.83%) JavaScript
6 15 (6.41%) C
7 12 (5.13%) C#
8 11 (4.70%) REXX
9 9 (3.85%) Assembly Language
10 6 (2.56%) Python
11 4 (1.71%) Bash Shell
11 4 (1.71%) Ruby
11 4 (1.71%) VB
12 3 (1.28%) C++
12 3 (1.28%) MATLAB
12 3 (1.28%) Perl
12 3 (1.28%) PL/SQL
12 3 (1.28%) R
12 3 (1.28%) Scala
13 2 (0.85%) PHP
Qualifications
1 15 (6.41%) Degree
2 14 (5.98%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
3 12 (5.13%) Security Cleared
4 8 (3.42%) CISSP
5 6 (2.56%) CISM
5 6 (2.56%) DBS Check
5 6 (2.56%) SC Cleared
6 5 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (1.71%) CISA
7 4 (1.71%) ISSAP
8 3 (1.28%) DV Cleared
8 3 (1.28%) ITIL Certification
8 3 (1.28%) TOGAF Certification
9 2 (0.85%) APMP
9 2 (0.85%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 2 (0.85%) SAFe Agilist
10 1 (0.43%) CEH
10 1 (0.43%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.43%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (5.56%) QA
2 9 (3.85%) SLA
3 6 (2.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (2.14%) NIST
5 4 (1.71%) COBIT
5 4 (1.71%) COSO
6 3 (1.28%) Actionable Recommendations
7 2 (0.85%) GDPR
7 2 (0.85%) PMO
8 1 (0.43%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 25 (10.68%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 14 (5.98%) Docker
3 11 (4.70%) Active Directory
4 10 (4.27%) RACF
4 10 (4.27%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (4.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (2.14%) Time Sharing Option
6 3 (1.28%) vSphere
7 1 (0.43%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 9 (3.85%) MAINVIEW
2 8 (3.42%) Tivoli
3 7 (2.99%) SCCM
4 4 (1.71%) OpenView
5 3 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (1.28%) Puppet
5 3 (1.28%) Salt
5 3 (1.28%) vCenter Server
6 2 (0.85%) CloudHub
6 2 (0.85%) ServiceCenter
7 1 (0.43%) Ansible
7 1 (0.43%) BMC PATROL
7 1 (0.43%) CA Endevor
7 1 (0.43%) Grafana
7 1 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
7 1 (0.43%) Nagios
7 1 (0.43%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 114 (48.72%) IBM
2 38 (16.24%) Oracle
3 32 (13.68%) Microsoft
4 17 (7.26%) CA
5 15 (6.41%) SAP
5 15 (6.41%) VMware
6 14 (5.98%) Teradata
7 13 (5.56%) ServiceNow
8 12 (5.13%) Red Hat
9 10 (4.27%) Cisco
10 9 (3.85%) BMC
10 9 (3.85%) Hortonworks
11 7 (2.99%) Citrix
12 6 (2.56%) Paxata
12 6 (2.56%) Tableau
12 6 (2.56%) Talend
13 4 (1.71%) CA Agile Central
13 4 (1.71%) HP
13 4 (1.71%) Lotus
13 4 (1.71%) TIBCO