Period
to 20 January 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 814 820 640
Rank change year-on-year +6 -180 -30
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 352 368 779
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.21% 0.37%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.48% 0.51% 0.88%
Number of salaries quoted 239 271 520
UK median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £52,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +0.96% -5.45%
10th Percentile £33,375 £30,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £97,800 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +15.00% +11.11% -10.00%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 72,839 72,174 88,089
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.07% 40.77% 42.22%
Number of salaries quoted 56,453 59,225 70,942
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +5.00%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 296 £57,500 +9.52% 55
UK excluding London +5 231 £57,500 +15.00% 58
North of England +20 90 £50,000 +33.33% 15
London -34 88 £70,000 -5.08% 11
South East +23 80 £57,500 +9.52% 13
North West +19 71 £45,000 +20.00% 11
East of England +9 20 £80,200 +60.40% 2
Scotland -35 20 £52,500 +29.63% 13
Yorkshire +5 19 £82,000 +102.47% 3
Midlands +16 15 £55,000 +4.76% 7
East Midlands +19 10 £51,500 -1.90% 3
South West -1 7 £45,000 +20.00% 7
West Midlands +19 4 £65,000 - 4
Northern Ireland - 3 £50,000 -

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 159 (45.17%) Finance
2 104 (29.55%) Unix
3 79 (22.44%) IBM
4 76 (21.59%) COBOL
5 75 (21.31%) Java
6 72 (20.45%) SQL
7 69 (19.60%) Oracle
8 66 (18.75%) Middleware
8 66 (18.75%) Agile Software Development
9 61 (17.33%) DB2
10 52 (14.77%) Banking
11 49 (13.92%) Windows
12 47 (13.35%) TOGAF
13 46 (13.07%) Migration
14 45 (12.78%) Data Centre
14 45 (12.78%) SDLC
15 43 (12.22%) Stakeholder Management
15 43 (12.22%) Information Security
16 42 (11.93%) Linux
16 42 (11.93%) Microsoft
17 40 (11.36%) CICS
17 40 (11.36%) ITIL
18 38 (10.80%) IBM Mainframe
18 38 (10.80%) IT Strategy
19 37 (10.51%) DevOps
19 37 (10.51%) Amazon AWS
19 37 (10.51%) PaaS
19 37 (10.51%) Service Management
20 36 (10.23%) JavaScript
20 36 (10.23%) Hybrid Cloud

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (11.36%) CICS
2 24 (6.82%) SAS
2 24 (6.82%) WebSphere
3 13 (3.69%) Confluence
4 11 (3.13%) JBoss
5 10 (2.84%) WebLogic
6 9 (2.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 7 (1.99%) Apache Pig
7 7 (1.99%) SharePoint
8 6 (1.70%) IBM Notes
8 6 (1.70%) IIS
8 6 (1.70%) Tomcat
8 6 (1.70%) WebSphere Application Server
9 5 (1.42%) Oracle Service Bus
10 4 (1.14%) Apache
11 3 (0.85%) iPlanet
12 2 (0.57%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 2 (0.57%) MQSeries
13 1 (0.28%) Elasticsearch
13 1 (0.28%) MS Project Server
Applications
1 21 (5.97%) MS Visio
2 14 (3.98%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (2.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (2.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (2.56%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.28%) Actimize
2 1 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 37 (10.51%) Amazon AWS
1 37 (10.51%) PaaS
2 35 (9.94%) IaaS
2 35 (9.94%) SaaS
3 33 (9.38%) Microsoft Azure
4 26 (7.39%) Cloud Computing
5 10 (2.84%) Slack
6 8 (2.27%) SuccessFactors
7 7 (1.99%) Bluemix
7 7 (1.99%) IBM Cloud
8 3 (0.85%) OpenShift
9 2 (0.57%) GitHub
10 1 (0.28%) Amazon EC2
10 1 (0.28%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
10 1 (0.28%) Google Analytics
10 1 (0.28%) Google Cloud Platform
10 1 (0.28%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 17 (4.83%) SAN
2 16 (4.55%) Firewall
3 14 (3.98%) LAN
3 14 (3.98%) WAN
4 10 (2.84%) DNS
5 5 (1.42%) DHCP
5 5 (1.42%) HTTP
5 5 (1.42%) TCP/IP
6 4 (1.14%) ATM
6 4 (1.14%) CTI
6 4 (1.14%) Intrusion Detection
6 4 (1.14%) Structured Cabling
6 4 (1.14%) VPN
7 3 (0.85%) SNA
7 3 (0.85%) SSL
8 2 (0.57%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.57%) Internet
8 2 (0.57%) MPLS
8 2 (0.57%) Telnet
8 2 (0.57%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (17.33%) DB2
2 25 (7.10%) Data Warehouse
3 16 (4.55%) SQL Server
4 13 (3.69%) IMS/DB
5 12 (3.41%) Big Data
5 12 (3.41%) Hadoop
6 9 (2.56%) Star Schema
7 7 (1.99%) Pentaho
7 7 (1.99%) QlikView
8 6 (1.70%) BusinessObjects
9 5 (1.42%) OLTP
9 5 (1.42%) Relational Database
9 5 (1.42%) SAS Data Integration Studio
9 5 (1.42%) SAS Enterprise Guide
10 3 (0.85%) Blockchain
10 3 (0.85%) Easytrieve
10 3 (0.85%) MongoDB
10 3 (0.85%) NoSQL
11 2 (0.57%) GIS
11 2 (0.57%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 24 (6.82%) JIRA
2 23 (6.53%) Jenkins
3 15 (4.26%) Selenium
4 14 (3.98%) HP UFT
4 14 (3.98%) Maven
5 12 (3.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 12 (3.41%) Team Foundation Server
5 12 (3.41%) WebDriver
6 11 (3.13%) Cucumber
6 11 (3.13%) JMeter
7 10 (2.84%) Gatling
7 10 (2.84%) GitLab
7 10 (2.84%) Jasmine
7 10 (2.84%) LoadRunner
7 10 (2.84%) Mockito
7 10 (2.84%) Robot Framework
7 10 (2.84%) SoapUI
7 10 (2.84%) TestComplete
7 10 (2.84%) The Grinder
7 10 (2.84%) Zephyr
General
1 159 (45.17%) Finance
2 52 (14.77%) Banking
3 33 (9.38%) Investment Banking
4 26 (7.39%) Retail
5 22 (6.25%) Law
6 14 (3.98%) Back Office
7 13 (3.69%) Manufacturing
7 13 (3.69%) Retail Banking
8 10 (2.84%) Legal
9 6 (1.70%) Financial Institution
9 6 (1.70%) Front Office
10 5 (1.42%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.57%) Advertising
11 2 (0.57%) Electronics
11 2 (0.57%) General Ledger
11 2 (0.57%) Marketing
11 2 (0.57%) Retail Finance
11 2 (0.57%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.28%) French Language
12 1 (0.28%) German Language
Job Titles
1 74 (21.02%) Architect
2 66 (18.75%) Analyst
3 43 (12.22%) Developer
4 36 (10.23%) Enterprise Architect
5 34 (9.66%) Cloud Architect
6 24 (6.82%) Tester
7 22 (6.25%) Analyst Developer
7 22 (6.25%) Programmer
8 18 (5.11%) IT Manager
8 18 (5.11%) Solutions Architect
9 17 (4.83%) Penetration Tester
10 16 (4.55%) COBOL Developer
11 14 (3.98%) Designer
11 14 (3.98%) Graduate
12 13 (3.69%) DB2 Programmer
12 13 (3.69%) Report Analyst
12 13 (3.69%) Report Developer
13 11 (3.13%) COBOL Programmer
13 11 (3.13%) IT Services Manager
13 11 (3.13%) Systems Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 66 (18.75%) Middleware
2 34 (9.66%) Web Services
3 32 (9.09%) .NET
4 17 (4.83%) JSON
5 16 (4.55%) XML
6 13 (3.69%) J2EE
7 12 (3.41%) REST
8 10 (2.84%) Gherkin
8 10 (2.84%) HTML
8 10 (2.84%) JSP
8 10 (2.84%) Nightwatchjs
8 10 (2.84%) Spring
9 8 (2.27%) Oracle Fusion
10 5 (1.42%) LDAP
10 5 (1.42%) WebSphere MQ
10 5 (1.42%) XSD
11 4 (1.14%) CSS
11 4 (1.14%) EJB
11 4 (1.14%) JMS
11 4 (1.14%) WSDL
Miscellaneous
1 45 (12.78%) Data Centre
2 38 (10.80%) IBM Mainframe
3 36 (10.23%) Hybrid Cloud
4 31 (8.81%) Analytical Skills
5 29 (8.24%) Enterprise Software
6 20 (5.68%) Mobile App
7 13 (3.69%) Management Information System
8 12 (3.41%) AS400
8 12 (3.41%) Computer Science
9 11 (3.13%) Fintech
10 10 (2.84%) Enterprise Storage
10 10 (2.84%) Private Cloud
10 10 (2.84%) Replication
11 9 (2.56%) Client/Server
11 9 (2.56%) Clustering
11 9 (2.56%) Pricing Data
11 9 (2.56%) Reference Data
12 8 (2.27%) Public Cloud
13 7 (1.99%) VSAM
14 5 (1.42%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 104 (29.55%) Unix
2 49 (13.92%) Windows
3 42 (11.93%) Linux
4 17 (4.83%) zOS
5 8 (2.27%) AIX
5 8 (2.27%) Solaris
6 7 (1.99%) MVS
7 6 (1.70%) OS/390
8 5 (1.42%) Windows Server
9 4 (1.14%) VMS
10 3 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.28%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.28%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (18.75%) Agile Software Development
2 47 (13.35%) TOGAF
3 46 (13.07%) Migration
4 45 (12.78%) SDLC
5 43 (12.22%) Information Security
5 43 (12.22%) Stakeholder Management
6 40 (11.36%) ITIL
7 38 (10.80%) IT Strategy
8 37 (10.51%) DevOps
8 37 (10.51%) Service Management
9 33 (9.38%) Line Management
9 33 (9.38%) Wealth Management
10 30 (8.52%) Test Automation
11 29 (8.24%) Risk Management
12 28 (7.95%) High Availability
12 28 (7.95%) Waterfall
13 27 (7.67%) Business Intelligence
14 26 (7.39%) Supplier Management
15 24 (6.82%) Systems Analysis
16 23 (6.53%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 76 (21.59%) COBOL
2 75 (21.31%) Java
3 72 (20.45%) SQL
4 36 (10.23%) JavaScript
5 26 (7.39%) Python
6 25 (7.10%) JCL
7 23 (6.53%) C#
8 15 (4.26%) REXX
9 14 (3.98%) C++
10 13 (3.69%) Assembly Language
11 12 (3.41%) C
12 11 (3.13%) VB.NET
13 10 (2.84%) Groovy
13 10 (2.84%) Ruby
14 8 (2.27%) Pascal
14 8 (2.27%) Perl
14 8 (2.27%) PL/1
14 8 (2.27%) Shell Script
15 4 (1.14%) PHP
16 3 (0.85%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 31 (8.81%) Degree
2 30 (8.52%) CISSP
3 20 (5.68%) CEH
3 20 (5.68%) OSCP
4 12 (3.41%) ISTQB
5 11 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (3.13%) ITIL Certification
5 11 (3.13%) Security Cleared
6 10 (2.84%) CISM
7 9 (2.56%) SC Cleared
8 8 (2.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 6 (1.70%) PMI Certification
10 5 (1.42%) Master's Degree
11 4 (1.14%) MCP
11 4 (1.14%) PMP
12 2 (0.57%) ISEB
12 2 (0.57%) SSCP
12 2 (0.57%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.28%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.13%) QA
2 8 (2.27%) PCI DSS
3 7 (1.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (1.70%) SLA
5 4 (1.14%) Cyber Essentials
5 4 (1.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.57%) COBIT
6 2 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.28%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.28%) GCP
7 1 (0.28%) PMBOK
System Software
1 15 (4.26%) Docker
2 12 (3.41%) Time Sharing Option
3 11 (3.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (2.84%) Active Directory
5 7 (1.99%) Virtual Desktop
6 5 (1.42%) Hyper-V
6 5 (1.42%) NFS
6 5 (1.42%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (1.42%) VMware NSX
7 4 (1.14%) RACF
7 4 (1.14%) SRDF
8 3 (0.85%) ACF2
8 3 (0.85%) vSphere
9 1 (0.28%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 19 (5.40%) Opscode Chef
2 15 (4.26%) Puppet
3 14 (3.98%) Kubernetes
4 11 (3.13%) Tivoli
5 7 (1.99%) BMC PATROL
6 6 (1.70%) Tivoli NetView
7 5 (1.42%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 5 (1.42%) vCenter Server
8 4 (1.14%) BladeLogic
8 4 (1.14%) CA Wily
8 4 (1.14%) SCCM
9 3 (0.85%) Ansible
9 3 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.57%) CA Endevor
10 2 (0.57%) Netcool
10 2 (0.57%) SCOM
11 1 (0.28%) Control-M
11 1 (0.28%) Kibana
11 1 (0.28%) logstash
Vendors
1 79 (22.44%) IBM
2 69 (19.60%) Oracle
3 42 (11.93%) Microsoft
4 22 (6.25%) CA
5 15 (4.26%) CA Agile Central
5 15 (4.26%) Google
6 13 (3.69%) RedPrairie
7 12 (3.41%) Informatica
7 12 (3.41%) VMware
8 10 (2.84%) Ab Initio
8 10 (2.84%) HP
8 10 (2.84%) Micro Focus
8 10 (2.84%) SAP
9 8 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
10 7 (1.99%) Birst
10 7 (1.99%) Cognos
10 7 (1.99%) MicroStrategy
10 7 (1.99%) Tableau
11 6 (1.70%) Intel
11 6 (1.70%) Unisys