Period
to 15 November 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Mainframe in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mainframe over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Mainframes
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 809 886 815
Rank change year-on-year +77 -71 -162
Permanent jobs citing Mainframe 337 318 449
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.21% 0.18% 0.23%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.47% 0.40% 0.56%
Number of salaries quoted 205 208 337
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
10th Percentile £32,797 £26,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £91,275 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.70%

Mainframe is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 72,072 80,037 80,762
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.22% 44.33% 42.26%
Number of salaries quoted 55,990 60,387 66,353
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Mainframe
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mainframe as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Mainframe.

Salary trend for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Mainframe over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Mainframe in the UK

Mainframe
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mainframe within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +74 298 £55,750 +6.19% 52
UK excluding London +101 257 £55,000 +10.00% 40
North of England +51 90 £37,500 -25.00% 14
South East +66 83 £70,000 +12.00% 8
London +6 76 £65,250 +4.40% 16
North West +37 62 £50,000 - 7
Scotland +9 34 £52,500 +5.00% 2
East of England +44 30 £38,500 -26.67% 4
Yorkshire +45 25 £37,500 +7.14% 7
Midlands +14 16 £45,500 +75.00% 8
East Midlands +12 12 £42,500 -20.93% 6
West Midlands +22 4 £77,500 +198.08% 2
North East - 3 £35,100 -
South West +6 2 - - 2
Wales +5 2 £71,250 +319.12% 1

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT jobs citing Mainframe also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mainframe.

1 140 (41.54%) Finance
2 112 (33.23%) Agile Software Development
3 94 (27.89%) Java
4 89 (26.41%) Banking
5 81 (24.04%) IBM
6 78 (23.15%) DevOps
7 77 (22.85%) SQL
8 69 (20.47%) DB2
8 69 (20.47%) Problem-Solving
9 66 (19.58%) Windows
10 65 (19.29%) Unix
11 58 (17.21%) COBOL
11 58 (17.21%) Microsoft Azure
12 56 (16.62%) Oracle
12 56 (16.62%) Linux
13 52 (15.43%) Amazon AWS
14 50 (14.84%) Analytical Skills
15 43 (12.76%) IT Strategy
16 42 (12.46%) IBM Mainframe
17 40 (11.87%) Middleware
17 40 (11.87%) JavaScript
18 39 (11.57%) Degree
18 39 (11.57%) Data Centre
19 38 (11.28%) TDD
19 38 (11.28%) Test Automation
19 38 (11.28%) JCL
19 38 (11.28%) Risk Management
20 37 (10.98%) ITIL
21 36 (10.68%) Wealth Management
22 34 (10.09%) C#

Mainframe
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (6.82%) CICS
2 22 (6.53%) WebSphere
3 18 (5.34%) Confluence
4 12 (3.56%) SAS
5 11 (3.26%) JBoss
6 9 (2.67%) WebSphere Application Server
7 8 (2.37%) SharePoint
8 7 (2.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (1.78%) WebLogic
10 4 (1.19%) Apache
10 4 (1.19%) Apache Spark
10 4 (1.19%) MS Exchange
10 4 (1.19%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.30%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
11 1 (0.30%) CMS
11 1 (0.30%) IIS
11 1 (0.30%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 8 (2.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.78%) MS Visio
3 5 (1.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (1.48%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (3.26%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 58 (17.21%) Microsoft Azure
2 52 (15.43%) Amazon AWS
3 12 (3.56%) GitHub
4 8 (2.37%) Cloud Computing
4 8 (2.37%) Google Cloud Platform
5 7 (2.08%) OpenShift
6 5 (1.48%) Office 365
6 5 (1.48%) PaaS
7 4 (1.19%) IBM Cloud
8 2 (0.59%) IaaS
8 2 (0.59%) SaaS
9 1 (0.30%) Apigee
9 1 (0.30%) BlazeMeter
9 1 (0.30%) Force.com
9 1 (0.30%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 22 (6.53%) LAN
2 10 (2.97%) WAN
3 9 (2.67%) NAS
4 8 (2.37%) VPN
5 7 (2.08%) Ethernet
5 7 (2.08%) SNMP
6 6 (1.78%) SAN
7 5 (1.48%) ATM
7 5 (1.48%) MPLS
8 4 (1.19%) Firewall
8 4 (1.19%) PABX
8 4 (1.19%) VoIP
9 3 (0.89%) Internet
10 2 (0.59%) CTI
10 2 (0.59%) MQTT
10 2 (0.59%) Skype
10 2 (0.59%) TCP/IP
11 1 (0.30%) DNS
11 1 (0.30%) SNA
11 1 (0.30%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (20.47%) DB2
2 24 (7.12%) SQL Server
3 20 (5.93%) Relational Database
4 18 (5.34%) Data Warehouse
5 12 (3.56%) Big Data
6 11 (3.26%) Power BI
7 10 (2.97%) Hadoop
7 10 (2.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 10 (2.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 8 (2.37%) NoSQL
9 7 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
9 7 (2.08%) MySQL
9 7 (2.08%) SAS Data Integration Studio
9 7 (2.08%) SAS EBI
9 7 (2.08%) SAS Visual Analytics
9 7 (2.08%) Star Schema
10 6 (1.78%) Blockchain
10 6 (1.78%) IMS/DB
10 6 (1.78%) Oracle Exadata
10 6 (1.78%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 33 (9.79%) JIRA
2 18 (5.34%) Jenkins
3 14 (4.15%) Team Foundation Server
4 10 (2.97%) Git (software)
5 9 (2.67%) Selenium
5 9 (2.67%) TeamCity
6 8 (2.37%) Maven
6 8 (2.37%) Subversion
7 7 (2.08%) Cucumber
8 6 (1.78%) JUnit
9 4 (1.19%) Ant
9 4 (1.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 4 (1.19%) Bitbucket
9 4 (1.19%) CA Release Automation
9 4 (1.19%) ChangeMan
9 4 (1.19%) Eclipse
9 4 (1.19%) FindBugs
9 4 (1.19%) Gradle
9 4 (1.19%) IntelliJ
10 3 (0.89%) VersionOne
General
1 140 (41.54%) Finance
2 89 (26.41%) Banking
3 30 (8.90%) Law
4 26 (7.72%) Investment Banking
5 18 (5.34%) Retail
6 16 (4.75%) Retail Banking
7 10 (2.97%) Marketing
8 8 (2.37%) Financial Institution
8 8 (2.37%) Legal
8 8 (2.37%) Telecoms
9 5 (1.48%) Advertising
10 4 (1.19%) Back Office
10 4 (1.19%) Front Office
11 3 (0.89%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.30%) Billing
12 1 (0.30%) Electronics
12 1 (0.30%) Games
12 1 (0.30%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 61 (18.10%) Architect
2 50 (14.84%) Developer
3 32 (9.50%) Analyst
4 30 (8.90%) Solutions Architect
5 26 (7.72%) Administrator
6 21 (6.23%) Technical Architect
7 17 (5.04%) DBA
7 17 (5.04%) Mainframe Developer
8 16 (4.75%) Service Manager
9 14 (4.15%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 14 (4.15%) Java Developer
9 14 (4.15%) Senior Architect
10 13 (3.86%) C# Developer
10 13 (3.86%) COBOL Developer
10 13 (3.86%) Consultant
11 11 (3.26%) Senior Solutions Architect
12 8 (2.37%) Applications Support
12 8 (2.37%) DB2 DBA
12 8 (2.37%) IT Engineer
12 8 (2.37%) IT Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (11.87%) Middleware
2 32 (9.50%) .NET
3 22 (6.53%) Web Services
4 20 (5.93%) ISPF
4 20 (5.93%) REST
5 18 (5.34%) SOAP
6 15 (4.45%) Spring
7 14 (4.15%) AngularJS
7 14 (4.15%) CSS
7 14 (4.15%) HTML
7 14 (4.15%) XML
8 13 (3.86%) J2EE
8 13 (3.86%) Java EE
9 11 (3.26%) ASP.NET
9 11 (3.26%) React
9 11 (3.26%) RESTful
9 11 (3.26%) WPF
10 10 (2.97%) ASP.NET Web Forms
10 10 (2.97%) Kafka
10 10 (2.97%) Razor View Engine
Miscellaneous
1 50 (14.84%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (12.46%) IBM Mainframe
3 39 (11.57%) Data Centre
4 33 (9.79%) Management Information System
5 29 (8.61%) iSeries
6 25 (7.42%) User Experience
7 19 (5.64%) Computer Science
8 13 (3.86%) Enterprise Software
8 13 (3.86%) Mobile App
8 13 (3.86%) Wiki
9 12 (3.56%) Self-Motivation
10 11 (3.26%) Greenfield Project
10 11 (3.26%) VSAM
11 10 (2.97%) Arduino
12 7 (2.08%) Fat Client
12 7 (2.08%) Thin Client
13 6 (1.78%) PMI
13 6 (1.78%) Security Operations Centre
14 5 (1.48%) NHS
15 4 (1.19%) AS400
Operating Systems
1 66 (19.58%) Windows
2 65 (19.29%) Unix
3 56 (16.62%) Linux
4 22 (6.53%) zOS
5 12 (3.56%) Android
5 12 (3.56%) Apple iOS
6 10 (2.97%) Windows Server
7 8 (2.37%) Solaris
8 6 (1.78%) HPUX
9 5 (1.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (1.19%) Windows Server 2008
10 4 (1.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.59%) Kali Linux
11 2 (0.59%) OpenVMS
11 2 (0.59%) VME
12 1 (0.30%) AIX
12 1 (0.30%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 112 (33.23%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (23.15%) DevOps
3 69 (20.47%) Problem-Solving
4 43 (12.76%) IT Strategy
5 38 (11.28%) Risk Management
5 38 (11.28%) TDD
5 38 (11.28%) Test Automation
6 37 (10.98%) ITIL
7 36 (10.68%) Wealth Management
8 34 (10.09%) Service Management
9 32 (9.50%) Analytics
9 32 (9.50%) CRM
9 32 (9.50%) TOGAF
10 31 (9.20%) Stakeholder Management
11 30 (8.90%) Project Management
12 29 (8.61%) Information Security
13 28 (8.31%) Enterprise Architecture
13 28 (8.31%) SDLC
14 27 (8.01%) OO
14 27 (8.01%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 94 (27.89%) Java
2 77 (22.85%) SQL
3 58 (17.21%) COBOL
4 40 (11.87%) JavaScript
5 38 (11.28%) JCL
6 34 (10.09%) C#
7 23 (6.82%) REXX
8 16 (4.75%) Perl
8 16 (4.75%) Shell Script
9 15 (4.45%) C
9 15 (4.45%) Python
10 13 (3.86%) Java 8
11 11 (3.26%) PL/SQL
12 10 (2.97%) TypeScript
13 9 (2.67%) Assembly Language
14 7 (2.08%) C++
15 6 (1.78%) PHP
15 6 (1.78%) PL/1
15 6 (1.78%) PowerShell
16 4 (1.19%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 39 (11.57%) Degree
2 11 (3.26%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (2.97%) OCPJP
4 8 (2.37%) PMI Certification
4 8 (2.37%) Security Cleared
5 5 (1.48%) Master's Degree
6 4 (1.19%) CFA
6 4 (1.19%) CISSP
6 4 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
6 4 (1.19%) SC Cleared
7 3 (0.89%) CTC Cleared
7 3 (0.89%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.89%) MCSE
8 2 (0.59%) CCNA
8 2 (0.59%) CCNP
8 2 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (0.59%) ISEB
8 2 (0.59%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.59%) MCSA
8 2 (0.59%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (5.34%) PMO
2 16 (4.75%) QA
3 10 (2.97%) SLA
4 4 (1.19%) Basel III
4 4 (1.19%) COBIT
4 4 (1.19%) Data Quality
4 4 (1.19%) PMBOK
System Software
1 25 (7.42%) Docker
2 20 (5.93%) Time Sharing Option
3 11 (3.26%) RACF
4 7 (2.08%) Firmware
4 7 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (1.48%) Active Directory
6 4 (1.19%) ACF2
6 4 (1.19%) HDFS
6 4 (1.19%) XenApp
6 4 (1.19%) XenDesktop
7 1 (0.30%) Job Entry Subsystem
7 1 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 9 (2.67%) CA Endevor
2 8 (2.37%) Opscode Chef
3 7 (2.08%) Puppet
3 7 (2.08%) WSUS
4 6 (1.78%) Ansible
4 6 (1.78%) Kubernetes
4 6 (1.78%) zSecure
5 4 (1.19%) Automic
5 4 (1.19%) CA Single Sign-On
5 4 (1.19%) SCCM
6 3 (0.89%) Grafana
6 3 (0.89%) Graphite
6 3 (0.89%) MAINVIEW
7 2 (0.59%) HP ALM
7 2 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.59%) HP SIM
7 2 (0.59%) Nagios
7 2 (0.59%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 2 (0.59%) Red Hat Satellite
7 2 (0.59%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 81 (24.04%) IBM
2 56 (16.62%) Oracle
3 31 (9.20%) Microsoft
4 16 (4.75%) EMC
5 14 (4.15%) BMC
5 14 (4.15%) Cognizant
6 12 (3.56%) CA
7 11 (3.26%) HP
7 11 (3.26%) Salesforce.com
8 10 (2.97%) Chordiant
8 10 (2.97%) NetApp
8 10 (2.97%) SAP
9 9 (2.67%) Citrix
10 8 (2.37%) Google
10 8 (2.37%) VMware
11 7 (2.08%) Ab Initio
11 7 (2.08%) CA Agile Central
11 7 (2.08%) Nortel
12 6 (1.78%) Unisys
13 5 (1.48%) Red Hat