Period
to 3 August 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public Cloud
UK
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 219 240 269
Rank change year-on-year +21 +29 +118
Permanent jobs citing Public Cloud 1,777 959 1,801
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.57% 1.42% 1.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.99% 4.01% 3.55%
Number of salaries quoted 1,217 686 1,349
10th Percentile £43,750 £43,750 £40,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £51,200
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.57% +7.69% -
75th Percentile £88,750 £90,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £102,050 £107,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year -4.00% +4.17% -

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 44,534 23,938 50,666
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.28% 35.55% 35.15%
Number of salaries quoted 27,021 19,050 38,750
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +0.95%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £97,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Salary trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 1,527 £68,000 -2.86% 348
UK excluding London +12 841 £60,000 -4.00% 203
London -37 695 £82,500 +3.13% 168
Work from Home -35 396 £70,000 - 70
South East -18 213 £62,500 -3.85% 28
North of England +36 204 £57,500 +4.55% 67
Midlands -36 138 £62,500 - 49
North West +39 123 £60,000 -4.00% 35
West Midlands -12 121 £62,500 +11.28% 37
South West +10 110 £57,500 - 18
East of England -15 90 £45,000 -47.06% 14
Scotland -23 78 £56,750 +3.18% 20
Yorkshire -24 77 £55,000 +1.85% 26
East Midlands -65 16 £75,000 +11.11% 12
Wales -32 9 £45,000 -2.70% 3
North East -35 6 £53,750 +16.85% 6
Northern Ireland -31 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 1,203 (67.70%) Azure
2 1,077 (60.61%) AWS
3 775 (43.61%) DevOps
4 626 (35.23%) Agile Software Development
5 597 (33.60%) Microsoft
6 526 (29.60%) GCP
7 511 (28.76%) Kubernetes
8 441 (24.82%) Docker
9 433 (24.37%) Linux
10 425 (23.92%) PaaS
11 420 (23.64%) Python
12 401 (22.57%) Social Skills
13 359 (20.20%) Terraform
14 354 (19.92%) SaaS
15 353 (19.86%) IaaS
16 343 (19.30%) Ansible
17 333 (18.74%) VMware
18 329 (18.51%) Infrastructure as Code
19 328 (18.46%) PowerShell
20 324 (18.23%) Windows
21 317 (17.84%) Data Centre
22 296 (16.66%) Finance
23 262 (14.74%) VMware Infrastructure
24 255 (14.35%) Microservices
25 248 (13.96%) Migration
26 243 (13.67%) Puppet
27 235 (13.22%) SQL
28 234 (13.17%) Google
29 233 (13.11%) Bash Shell
29 233 (13.11%) Jenkins

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (5.12%) Confluence
2 55 (3.10%) SharePoint
3 38 (2.14%) IIS
4 27 (1.52%) Apache
5 20 (1.13%) OpenStack
6 18 (1.01%) Apache Spark
7 13 (0.73%) WebSphere
8 12 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
8 12 (0.68%) nginx
9 11 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 9 (0.51%) Drupal
11 8 (0.45%) MS Exchange
11 8 (0.45%) WordPress
12 7 (0.39%) Tomcat
12 7 (0.39%) WebSphere Application Server
13 6 (0.34%) Elasticsearch
14 4 (0.23%) Apache Pig
14 4 (0.23%) Apache Solr
15 3 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
15 3 (0.17%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 18 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.23%) Figma
5 4 (0.23%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.056%) Weka
Business Applications
1 13 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.68%) Sentinel
3 11 (0.62%) Magento
4 3 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.17%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.11%) SAP BPC
5 2 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.056%) Cloudability
6 1 (0.056%) Infor LN
6 1 (0.056%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.056%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.056%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 1,203 (67.70%) Azure
2 1,077 (60.61%) AWS
3 526 (29.60%) GCP
4 425 (23.92%) PaaS
5 354 (19.92%) SaaS
6 353 (19.86%) IaaS
7 177 (9.96%) Microsoft 365
8 149 (8.38%) Serverless
9 100 (5.63%) Azure Active Directory
10 94 (5.29%) AWS CloudFormation
11 83 (4.67%) GitHub
12 72 (4.05%) Amazon EKS
13 65 (3.66%) OpenShift
14 61 (3.43%) Cloud Computing
15 37 (2.08%) Power Platform
16 35 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
17 34 (1.91%) Azure Service Bus
18 32 (1.80%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 28 (1.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 27 (1.52%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 230 (12.94%) Firewall
2 110 (6.19%) VPN
3 89 (5.01%) WAN
4 87 (4.90%) DNS
5 67 (3.77%) IPv4
6 62 (3.49%) LAN
7 60 (3.38%) Network Security
7 60 (3.38%) TCP/IP
7 60 (3.38%) VLAN
8 55 (3.10%) HTTP
9 54 (3.04%) OSPF
10 48 (2.70%) Internet
10 48 (2.70%) SAN
10 48 (2.70%) SD-WAN
11 34 (1.91%) Unified Communications
12 32 (1.80%) Cisco Nexus
13 25 (1.41%) SSL
14 19 (1.07%) NAS
15 18 (1.01%) Wireless
16 17 (0.96%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 126 (7.09%) SQL Server
2 89 (5.01%) NoSQL
3 86 (4.84%) Big Data
4 59 (3.32%) MySQL
5 44 (2.48%) Azure SQL Database
6 33 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
7 32 (1.80%) BigQuery
8 26 (1.46%) Tableau
9 25 (1.41%) MongoDB
10 24 (1.35%) PostgreSQL
10 24 (1.35%) Relational Database
11 23 (1.29%) Data Lake
11 23 (1.29%) Power BI
12 22 (1.24%) Amazon Redshift
13 20 (1.13%) Blockchain
14 19 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
14 19 (1.07%) Hadoop
15 8 (0.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 8 (0.45%) Tableau Server
16 7 (0.39%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 233 (13.11%) Jenkins
2 179 (10.07%) Git (software)
3 121 (6.81%) GitLab
4 104 (5.85%) JIRA
5 66 (3.71%) Subversion
6 58 (3.26%) TeamCity
7 55 (3.10%) Octopus Deploy
8 43 (2.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 42 (2.36%) Sonatype Nexus
10 40 (2.25%) Bitbucket
11 24 (1.35%) Maven
12 18 (1.01%) CircleCI
13 16 (0.90%) Vagrant
14 15 (0.84%) Selenium
15 13 (0.73%) Visual Studio
16 12 (0.68%) webpack
17 10 (0.56%) Team Foundation Server
18 8 (0.45%) Cucumber
18 8 (0.45%) IBM UrbanCode
19 7 (0.39%) Artifactory
General
1 401 (22.57%) Social Skills
2 296 (16.66%) Finance
3 124 (6.98%) Analytical Skills
4 107 (6.02%) Banking
5 79 (4.45%) Presentation Skills
6 72 (4.05%) Retail
7 60 (3.38%) Public Sector
8 55 (3.10%) Marketing
9 42 (2.36%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 39 (2.19%) Documentation Skills
11 37 (2.08%) Billing
12 33 (1.86%) Financial Institution
12 33 (1.86%) Telecoms
13 29 (1.63%) Law
14 28 (1.58%) Influencing Skills
15 21 (1.18%) Public Speaking
16 20 (1.13%) Legal
17 16 (0.90%) Automotive
18 15 (0.84%) Organisational Skills
19 14 (0.79%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 507 (28.53%) Architect
2 216 (12.16%) Cloud Engineer
3 191 (10.75%) Cloud Architect
4 173 (9.74%) DevOps Engineer
5 172 (9.68%) Consultant
6 166 (9.34%) Solutions Architect
7 140 (7.88%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 99 (5.57%) Developer
9 93 (5.23%) Azure Engineer
10 88 (4.95%) Platform Engineer
11 86 (4.84%) AWS Engineer
12 85 (4.78%) Cloud Consultant
13 77 (4.33%) Azure Architect
14 61 (3.43%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
15 55 (3.10%) Software Engineer
16 52 (2.93%) AWS DevOps
17 51 (2.87%) Infrastructure Architect
18 47 (2.64%) Senior Architect
19 44 (2.48%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 43 (2.42%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (10.86%) Web Services
2 119 (6.70%) Node.js
3 105 (5.91%) React
4 85 (4.78%) .NET
5 67 (3.77%) Spring
6 62 (3.49%) ARM Templates
7 58 (3.26%) RESTful
8 52 (2.93%) REST
9 50 (2.81%) JSON
10 47 (2.64%) Spring Boot
11 43 (2.42%) Kafka
12 42 (2.36%) OAuth
13 39 (2.19%) AngularJS
14 34 (1.91%) Middleware
15 32 (1.80%) XML
16 31 (1.74%) CSS
17 26 (1.46%) GraphQL
18 25 (1.41%) SAML
19 23 (1.29%) .NET Core
19 23 (1.29%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 317 (17.84%) Data Centre
2 179 (10.07%) Cloud Native
3 153 (8.61%) Hybrid Cloud
4 107 (6.02%) Private Cloud
5 41 (2.31%) Virtual Team
6 40 (2.25%) Management Information System
6 40 (2.25%) User Experience
7 38 (2.14%) Algorithms
7 38 (2.14%) Mobile App
8 36 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
9 32 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
9 32 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
10 30 (1.69%) Replication
11 29 (1.63%) Data Structures
12 26 (1.46%) Clustering
13 25 (1.41%) Enterprise Cloud
14 23 (1.29%) PKI
15 21 (1.18%) Security Operations Centre
16 20 (1.13%) EPoS
16 20 (1.13%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 433 (24.37%) Linux
2 324 (18.23%) Windows
3 152 (8.55%) Windows Server
4 139 (7.82%) Unix
5 42 (2.36%) CentOS
6 39 (2.19%) Ubuntu
7 36 (2.03%) Windows Server 2016
8 28 (1.58%) Windows 10
9 27 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 17 (0.96%) Windows Server 2019
11 13 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
13 8 (0.45%) Android
13 8 (0.45%) VMS
14 7 (0.39%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.28%) Apple iOS
15 5 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
16 3 (0.17%) Debian
16 3 (0.17%) SUSE
17 1 (0.056%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 775 (43.61%) DevOps
2 626 (35.23%) Agile Software Development
3 329 (18.51%) Infrastructure as Code
4 255 (14.35%) Microservices
5 248 (13.96%) Migration
6 217 (12.21%) Configuration Management
7 209 (11.76%) Presales
8 181 (10.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 175 (9.85%) Computer Science
10 174 (9.79%) ITIL
11 162 (9.12%) Scrum
12 153 (8.61%) Problem-Solving
13 150 (8.44%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 147 (8.27%) Cybersecurity
15 131 (7.37%) Software Engineering
16 120 (6.75%) Data Science
17 116 (6.53%) Analytics
18 109 (6.13%) Service Management
19 107 (6.02%) Mentoring
20 102 (5.74%) DevSecOps
Programming Languages
1 420 (23.64%) Python
2 328 (18.46%) PowerShell
3 235 (13.22%) SQL
4 233 (13.11%) Bash Shell
5 178 (10.02%) Java
6 115 (6.47%) C#
7 101 (5.68%) JavaScript
8 93 (5.23%) Go
9 75 (4.22%) Perl
10 48 (2.70%) C
11 44 (2.48%) TypeScript
12 42 (2.36%) C++
12 42 (2.36%) Ruby
13 40 (2.25%) PHP
14 32 (1.80%) Shell Script
15 19 (1.07%) Groovy
16 14 (0.79%) Scala
17 13 (0.73%) VB.NET
18 11 (0.62%) Java 8
18 11 (0.62%) VB
Qualifications
1 223 (12.55%) Degree
2 213 (11.99%) Security Cleared
3 187 (10.52%) SC Cleared
4 83 (4.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 67 (3.77%) Cisco Certification
6 48 (2.70%) Oracle Certification
7 45 (2.53%) AWS Certification
7 45 (2.53%) OCP
8 40 (2.25%) Master's Degree
9 38 (2.14%) Microsoft Certification
10 30 (1.69%) GIAC
11 29 (1.63%) CCNA
12 28 (1.58%) RHCE
13 27 (1.52%) CCNP
14 25 (1.41%) CISSP
15 23 (1.29%) MCSE
16 17 (0.96%) CISM
17 15 (0.84%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 14 (0.79%) MCSA
19 13 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (4.16%) GDPR
2 62 (3.49%) PCI DSS
3 50 (2.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 46 (2.59%) NIST
5 45 (2.53%) SLA
6 26 (1.46%) QA
7 12 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials
8 11 (0.62%) SOC 2
9 9 (0.51%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 9 (0.51%) GRC
10 6 (0.34%) Accessibility
11 4 (0.23%) Basel III
11 4 (0.23%) NCSC
12 3 (0.17%) COBIT
13 2 (0.11%) Data Quality
13 2 (0.11%) IASME
13 2 (0.11%) ISO 22301
13 2 (0.11%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 2 (0.11%) Solvency II
System Software
1 441 (24.82%) Docker
2 262 (14.74%) VMware Infrastructure
3 223 (12.55%) Active Directory
4 107 (6.02%) Hyper-V
5 93 (5.23%) VMware ESXi
6 40 (2.25%) Virtual Machines
7 33 (1.86%) VMware NSX
8 26 (1.46%) Virtual Desktop
9 21 (1.18%) vSphere
10 11 (0.62%) Virtual Servers
11 10 (0.56%) KVM
11 10 (0.56%) XenApp
12 9 (0.51%) Ceph
13 8 (0.45%) XenDesktop
14 6 (0.34%) Xen
15 5 (0.28%) vCloud
16 4 (0.23%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 3 (0.17%) DFS Replication
17 3 (0.17%) Firmware
17 3 (0.17%) NetIQ eDirectory
Systems Management
1 511 (28.76%) Kubernetes
2 359 (20.20%) Terraform
3 343 (19.30%) Ansible
4 243 (13.67%) Puppet
5 167 (9.40%) Opscode Chef
6 133 (7.48%) SCCM
7 65 (3.66%) Microsoft Intune
8 44 (2.48%) Prometheus
9 41 (2.31%) Single Sign-On
10 33 (1.86%) CFEngine
11 31 (1.74%) SCOM
12 30 (1.69%) ZABBIX
13 23 (1.29%) Grafana
14 21 (1.18%) Packer
15 17 (0.96%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 17 (0.96%) CASB
15 17 (0.96%) Salt
16 16 (0.90%) Failover Clustering
17 15 (0.84%) Nagios
17 15 (0.84%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 597 (33.60%) Microsoft
2 333 (18.74%) VMware
3 234 (13.17%) Google
4 126 (7.09%) Oracle
5 121 (6.81%) Cisco
6 83 (4.67%) Citrix
7 74 (4.16%) Red Hat
8 52 (2.93%) IBM
9 49 (2.76%) NetApp
10 44 (2.48%) Splunk
11 39 (2.19%) SAP
12 33 (1.86%) EMC
13 25 (1.41%) Aruba
14 24 (1.35%) Fortinet
15 23 (1.29%) PagerDuty
16 22 (1.24%) Adobe
16 22 (1.24%) Veeam
17 21 (1.18%) HP
18 20 (1.13%) Juniper
19 19 (1.07%) Dell