Period
to 2 December 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £57,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 3 1 2
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 31,379 17,138 37,654
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 24.32% 30.78% 28.04%
As % of the Job Titles category 26.63% 32.36% 29.31%
Number of salaries quoted 22,673 15,067 32,488
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £71,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 117,834 52,965 128,448
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.34% 95.13% 95.64%
Number of salaries quoted 82,218 44,577 104,174
10th Percentile £32,000 £32,071 £28,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 27,526 £60,000 +9.09% 6,233
UK excluding London -2 15,277 £50,000 +5.26% 3,818
London -1 13,436 £72,500 +3.57% 2,748
Work from Home 0 9,752 £60,000 +14.29% 1,649
South East -1 4,733 £52,500 - 713
North of England -2 3,623 £49,500 +10.00% 1,220
Midlands -2 2,553 £50,000 +11.11% 752
North West -2 1,870 £50,000 +5.26% 699
South West -1 1,795 £50,000 +9.89% 427
West Midlands -1 1,753 £50,000 +11.11% 486
Yorkshire -1 1,422 £47,500 +6.74% 355
Scotland -1 1,181 £50,000 +5.26% 262
East of England -5 903 £52,500 +16.67% 331
East Midlands -2 775 £45,000 +5.88% 257
Wales -4 341 £45,000 - 75
North East -1 335 £42,500 -1.16% 166
Northern Ireland -1 217 £41,500 -7.78% 42
Isle of Man -5 1 £40,000 -23.81%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 13,789 (43.94%) JavaScript
2 12,897 (41.10%) Agile Software Development
3 9,314 (29.68%) React
4 8,752 (27.89%) C#
5 8,513 (27.13%) SQL
6 8,463 (26.97%) .NET
7 7,940 (25.30%) HTML
8 7,462 (23.78%) CSS
9 7,173 (22.86%) Java
10 6,863 (21.87%) Azure
11 6,459 (20.58%) Full Stack Development
12 6,169 (19.66%) AWS
13 5,878 (18.73%) Finance
14 5,641 (17.98%) AngularJS
15 5,550 (17.69%) Social Skills
16 5,266 (16.78%) Software Engineering
17 5,156 (16.43%) Git (software)
18 4,974 (15.85%) Python
19 4,878 (15.55%) DevOps
20 4,862 (15.49%) Docker
21 4,814 (15.34%) TDD
22 4,718 (15.04%) TypeScript
23 4,671 (14.89%) SQL Server
24 4,582 (14.60%) Node.js
25 4,562 (14.54%) Microservices
26 4,480 (14.28%) Front End Development
27 3,805 (12.13%) Problem-Solving
28 3,788 (12.07%) Scrum
29 3,657 (11.65%) REST
30 3,563 (11.35%) PHP

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,068 (3.40%) CMS
2 863 (2.75%) WordPress
3 752 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
4 553 (1.76%) Apache
5 438 (1.40%) Confluence
6 417 (1.33%) SharePoint
7 306 (0.98%) Umbraco
8 247 (0.79%) IIS
9 220 (0.70%) Apache Spark
10 219 (0.70%) nginx
11 215 (0.69%) Drupal
12 192 (0.61%) Apache Solr
13 165 (0.53%) Tomcat
14 150 (0.48%) EPiServer
15 141 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
16 125 (0.40%) Kentico
17 123 (0.39%) Headless CMS
18 90 (0.29%) WebLogic
19 70 (0.22%) JBoss
20 64 (0.20%) uWSGI
Applications
1 322 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 231 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 188 (0.60%) Figma
4 146 (0.47%) Photoshop
5 136 (0.43%) Sketch
6 135 (0.43%) Adobe XD
7 75 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
8 56 (0.18%) InVision
9 53 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
10 39 (0.12%) MS Visio
11 32 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 27 (0.086%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 26 (0.083%) Chatbot
14 23 (0.073%) GIMP
15 17 (0.054%) Simulink
16 16 (0.051%) Campfire
17 15 (0.048%) InDesign
18 10 (0.032%) Zeplin
19 9 (0.029%) InfoPath
20 6 (0.019%) Lectora
Business Applications
1 211 (0.67%) Magento
2 191 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 119 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
4 114 (0.36%) Shopify
5 96 (0.31%) NetSuite
6 64 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
7 41 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
8 40 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
9 37 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 34 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
11 31 (0.099%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 21 (0.067%) Visualfiles
13 18 (0.057%) Summit
14 16 (0.051%) SAP Business One
14 16 (0.051%) WebTrends
15 15 (0.048%) MetaTrader
16 14 (0.045%) Oracle Applications
16 14 (0.045%) SAP Hybris
17 13 (0.041%) Oracle BPM
17 13 (0.041%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 6,863 (21.87%) Azure
2 6,169 (19.66%) AWS
3 2,155 (6.87%) SaaS
4 1,961 (6.25%) Serverless
5 1,816 (5.79%) GCP
6 1,482 (4.72%) GitHub
7 1,399 (4.46%) Power Platform
8 1,021 (3.25%) AWS Lambda
9 727 (2.32%) Amazon S3
10 607 (1.93%) npm
11 480 (1.53%) Amazon EC2
12 408 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
13 376 (1.20%) Dynamics 365
14 345 (1.10%) PaaS
15 308 (0.98%) Amazon SQS
16 299 (0.95%) Azure Functions
17 292 (0.93%) Amazon ECS
18 282 (0.90%) Azure Service Bus
19 278 (0.89%) OpenShift
20 272 (0.87%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 599 (1.91%) HTTP
2 365 (1.16%) Broadband
3 305 (0.97%) Internet
4 134 (0.43%) DNS
5 96 (0.31%) AMQP
6 91 (0.29%) TCP/IP
7 59 (0.19%) Intranet
8 58 (0.18%) Bluetooth
9 56 (0.18%) SSL
10 40 (0.13%) MQTT
11 38 (0.12%) Firewall
12 34 (0.11%) DVB
13 32 (0.10%) Network Security
14 31 (0.099%) FTP
14 31 (0.099%) SMTP
15 28 (0.089%) Ethernet
16 25 (0.080%) SSH
17 24 (0.076%) 5G
18 23 (0.073%) NFC
18 23 (0.073%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,671 (14.89%) SQL Server
2 2,766 (8.81%) MySQL
3 1,643 (5.24%) NoSQL
4 1,584 (5.05%) Relational Database
5 1,578 (5.03%) PostgreSQL
6 1,522 (4.85%) MongoDB
7 1,222 (3.89%) Power BI
8 1,065 (3.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1,008 (3.21%) Data Warehouse
10 957 (3.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 878 (2.80%) Redis
12 841 (2.68%) Big Data
13 710 (2.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 479 (1.53%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 430 (1.37%) Tableau
16 402 (1.28%) Amazon RDS
17 398 (1.27%) RDBMS
18 316 (1.01%) Oracle Database
19 285 (0.91%) Azure SQL Database
20 282 (0.90%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 5,156 (16.43%) Git (software)
2 1,969 (6.27%) Jenkins
3 1,254 (4.00%) JIRA
4 980 (3.12%) webpack
5 875 (2.79%) Visual Studio
6 615 (1.96%) Maven
7 562 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
8 547 (1.74%) JUnit
9 522 (1.66%) Selenium
10 474 (1.51%) Bitbucket
11 423 (1.35%) TeamCity
12 416 (1.33%) GitLab
13 395 (1.26%) Cypress.io
14 386 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
15 347 (1.11%) gulp
16 312 (0.99%) NUnit
17 300 (0.96%) Gradle
18 288 (0.92%) Cucumber
19 276 (0.88%) Subversion
20 253 (0.81%) Mockito
General
1 5,878 (18.73%) Finance
2 5,550 (17.69%) Social Skills
3 1,707 (5.44%) Analytical Skills
4 1,347 (4.29%) Marketing
5 1,333 (4.25%) Banking
6 1,109 (3.53%) Retail
7 998 (3.18%) Front Office
8 946 (3.01%) Games
9 718 (2.29%) Public Sector
10 688 (2.19%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 492 (1.57%) Manufacturing
12 472 (1.50%) Law
13 440 (1.40%) Advertising
14 396 (1.26%) Organisational Skills
15 344 (1.10%) Legal
16 323 (1.03%) Telecoms
17 318 (1.01%) Investment Banking
18 264 (0.84%) Automotive
19 254 (0.81%) Financial Institution
20 225 (0.72%) Back Office
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,314 (29.68%) React
2 8,463 (26.97%) .NET
3 7,940 (25.30%) HTML
4 7,462 (23.78%) CSS
5 5,641 (17.98%) AngularJS
6 4,582 (14.60%) Node.js
7 3,657 (11.65%) REST
8 3,342 (10.65%) .NET Core
9 3,332 (10.62%) Web Services
10 2,910 (9.27%) Spring
11 2,719 (8.67%) ASP.NET
12 2,695 (8.59%) RESTful
13 2,667 (8.50%) Vue.js
14 2,606 (8.30%) HTML5
15 2,259 (7.20%) jQuery
16 2,065 (6.58%) .NET Framework
17 1,520 (4.84%) Spring Boot
18 1,504 (4.79%) CSS3
19 1,487 (4.74%) Sass
20 1,485 (4.73%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 3,009 (9.59%) User Experience
2 2,704 (8.62%) Greenfield Project
3 1,576 (5.02%) Mobile App
4 992 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
5 686 (2.19%) Algorithms
6 622 (1.98%) Hedge funds
7 592 (1.89%) Equities
8 580 (1.85%) Data Structures
9 570 (1.82%) Virtual Team
10 562 (1.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 559 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
12 535 (1.70%) Derivative
13 505 (1.61%) Social Media
14 474 (1.51%) Fixed Income
15 396 (1.26%) Cloud Native
16 286 (0.91%) Management Information System
17 274 (0.87%) Data Protection Act
18 258 (0.82%) Legacy Systems
19 250 (0.80%) e-Learning
20 247 (0.79%) Legacy Code
Operating Systems
1 2,133 (6.80%) Linux
2 1,310 (4.17%) Android
3 1,279 (4.08%) Apple iOS
4 1,047 (3.34%) Windows
5 572 (1.82%) Unix
6 124 (0.40%) Windows Server
7 123 (0.39%) Ubuntu
8 90 (0.29%) Mac OS
9 67 (0.21%) CentOS
10 56 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 41 (0.13%) VMS
12 29 (0.092%) Debian
13 25 (0.080%) Mesosphere
14 24 (0.076%) Alpine Linux
15 20 (0.064%) Embedded Linux
16 18 (0.057%) Fedora
17 16 (0.051%) Windows 10
18 9 (0.029%) Windows Server 2016
19 8 (0.025%) Windows Server 2012
20 7 (0.022%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,897 (41.10%) Agile Software Development
2 6,459 (20.58%) Full Stack Development
3 5,266 (16.78%) Software Engineering
4 4,878 (15.55%) DevOps
5 4,814 (15.34%) TDD
6 4,562 (14.54%) Microservices
7 4,480 (14.28%) Front End Development
8 3,805 (12.13%) Problem-Solving
9 3,788 (12.07%) Scrum
10 3,509 (11.18%) MVC
11 2,896 (9.23%) Web Development
12 2,673 (8.52%) Mentoring
13 2,469 (7.87%) Fintech
14 2,426 (7.73%) Continuous Integration
15 2,340 (7.46%) Test Automation
16 2,326 (7.41%) Analytics
17 2,279 (7.26%) Unit Testing
18 2,273 (7.24%) Computer Science
19 2,258 (7.20%) OO
20 2,069 (6.59%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 13,789 (43.94%) JavaScript
2 8,752 (27.89%) C#
3 8,513 (27.13%) SQL
4 7,173 (22.86%) Java
5 4,974 (15.85%) Python
6 4,718 (15.04%) TypeScript
7 3,563 (11.35%) PHP
8 1,481 (4.72%) T-SQL
9 1,258 (4.01%) Go
10 1,115 (3.55%) C++
11 1,091 (3.48%) Kotlin
12 1,053 (3.36%) Java 8
13 878 (2.80%) ES6
14 657 (2.09%) Apple Swift
15 638 (2.03%) C
16 632 (2.01%) Scala
17 587 (1.87%) Ruby
18 497 (1.58%) PowerShell
19 470 (1.50%) VB.NET
20 414 (1.32%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 2,781 (8.86%) Degree
2 1,097 (3.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,043 (3.32%) Security Cleared
4 883 (2.81%) SC Cleared
5 164 (0.52%) Master's Degree
6 140 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
7 127 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
8 89 (0.28%) PhD
9 78 (0.25%) DV Cleared
10 67 (0.21%) AWS Certification
11 51 (0.16%) DBS Check
12 44 (0.14%) HND
13 40 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
14 37 (0.12%) OCP
15 33 (0.11%) HNC
16 26 (0.083%) BPSS Clearance
17 24 (0.076%) ISTQB
18 17 (0.054%) ISEB
19 15 (0.048%) SANS
20 13 (0.041%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,484 (4.73%) QA
2 664 (2.12%) Accessibility
3 165 (0.53%) Data Quality
4 159 (0.51%) GDPR
5 93 (0.30%) WCAG
6 60 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 53 (0.17%) SLA
8 42 (0.13%) PCI DSS
9 35 (0.11%) PMO
10 28 (0.089%) MiFID
11 26 (0.083%) EMIR
12 18 (0.057%) ECSS
12 18 (0.057%) MISRA
12 18 (0.057%) MISRA C
13 13 (0.041%) Dodd-Frank
13 13 (0.041%) WAI
14 11 (0.035%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 10 (0.032%) GxP
15 10 (0.032%) ISO 20022
16 9 (0.029%) PSD2
System Software
1 4,862 (15.49%) Docker
2 125 (0.40%) Active Directory
3 63 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 44 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 41 (0.13%) HDFS
6 28 (0.089%) Virtual Machines
7 26 (0.083%) Firmware
8 25 (0.080%) Postfix
9 24 (0.076%) Varnish
10 14 (0.045%) ISA Server
11 10 (0.032%) KVM
12 9 (0.029%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (0.025%) etcd
14 7 (0.022%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 6 (0.019%) VMware ESXi
16 5 (0.016%) Hyper-V
17 4 (0.013%) Apache Flume
18 3 (0.010%) vSphere
19 2 (0.006%) Ceph
19 2 (0.006%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 3,127 (9.97%) Kubernetes
2 1,402 (4.47%) Terraform
3 478 (1.52%) Ansible
4 199 (0.63%) Grafana
5 141 (0.45%) Kibana
6 136 (0.43%) Puppet
7 133 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
8 130 (0.41%) Prometheus
9 95 (0.30%) logstash
10 59 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
11 54 (0.17%) Consul
12 42 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
13 38 (0.12%) Opsgenie
14 34 (0.11%) Rancher
15 31 (0.099%) HAProxy
16 26 (0.083%) Automic
16 26 (0.083%) Istio
17 24 (0.076%) MIIS
18 23 (0.073%) Graphite
19 22 (0.070%) Graylog
Vendors
1 3,559 (11.34%) Microsoft
2 1,419 (4.52%) Oracle
3 1,316 (4.19%) Google
4 641 (2.04%) Salesforce.com
5 415 (1.32%) SAP
6 374 (1.19%) Adobe
7 279 (0.89%) ServiceNow
8 262 (0.83%) Xamarin
9 248 (0.79%) Zend
10 239 (0.76%) Apple
11 190 (0.61%) MuleSoft
11 190 (0.61%) Sitecore
12 162 (0.52%) Atlassian
13 154 (0.49%) IBM
14 148 (0.47%) Databricks
15 139 (0.44%) WooCommerce
16 120 (0.38%) Informatica
17 114 (0.36%) Red Hat
18 101 (0.32%) VMware
19 86 (0.27%) Splunk