Period
to

The median annual salary for a Developer was £60,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 4 2 2
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 35,847 25,149 26,339
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 21.82% 27.27% 28.54%
As % of the Job Titles category 23.59% 29.48% 29.96%
Number of salaries quoted 20,084 20,581 22,525
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £53,750 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +11.63% +2.38% +5.00%
75th Percentile £81,250 £71,250 £70,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,779 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.56% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 151,982 85,295 87,912
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.53% 92.50% 95.25%
Number of salaries quoted 82,544 65,076 71,375
10th Percentile £32,456 £31,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 29,616 £60,250 +9.55% 4,655
Work from Home -1 18,855 £60,000 +14.29% 2,421
London -4 15,880 £75,000 +7.14% 2,188
UK excluding London -1 14,911 £52,779 +11.11% 2,734
South East -2 4,351 £55,000 +10.00% 544
North of England -2 3,759 £52,500 +16.67% 799
Midlands -2 2,214 £50,000 +11.11% 517
South West 0 1,917 £52,500 +16.67% 299
North West -2 1,796 £55,000 +15.79% 433
Yorkshire -1 1,601 £52,500 +16.67% 277
West Midlands -2 1,492 £52,500 +16.67% 313
Scotland -2 1,231 £55,000 +15.79% 196
East of England -8 931 £50,000 - 280
East Midlands -3 699 £50,000 +17.65% 203
North East 0 364 £45,000 +5.88% 92
Wales -3 349 £50,000 +16.28% 54
Northern Ireland 0 230 £47,500 +18.75% 48
Channel Islands -6 1 £85,000 -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, Developer job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 16,264 (45.37%) Agile
2 15,868 (44.27%) JavaScript
3 11,577 (32.30%) React
4 9,965 (27.80%) C#
5 9,314 (25.98%) HTML
6 9,177 (25.60%) .NET
7 9,076 (25.32%) SQL
8 8,975 (25.04%) CSS
9 8,653 (24.14%) Java
10 7,981 (22.26%) AWS
11 7,555 (21.08%) Azure
12 7,497 (20.91%) Full Stack Development
13 7,305 (20.38%) Git (software)
14 7,271 (20.28%) Finance
15 6,363 (17.75%) DevOps
16 6,317 (17.62%) Docker
17 6,277 (17.51%) TypeScript
18 6,195 (17.28%) Python
19 6,144 (17.14%) Social Skills
20 6,088 (16.98%) Software Engineering
21 5,944 (16.58%) AngularJS
22 5,893 (16.44%) CI/CD
23 5,799 (16.18%) Node.js
24 5,552 (15.49%) TDD
25 5,477 (15.28%) Microservices
26 5,425 (15.13%) Front End Development
27 4,962 (13.84%) SQL Server
28 4,918 (13.72%) Kubernetes
29 4,746 (13.24%) Scrum
30 4,606 (12.85%) Microsoft

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,056 (2.95%) CMS
2 900 (2.51%) Elasticsearch
3 702 (1.96%) WordPress
4 636 (1.77%) Confluence
5 429 (1.20%) Apache
6 392 (1.09%) SharePoint
7 318 (0.89%) IIS
8 230 (0.64%) Umbraco
9 229 (0.64%) nginx
10 193 (0.54%) Drupal
11 191 (0.53%) Apache Solr
12 170 (0.47%) Ethereum
13 143 (0.40%) Apache Spark
14 129 (0.36%) Tomcat
15 99 (0.28%) Headless CMS
16 93 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
16 93 (0.26%) Sitecore CMS
17 84 (0.23%) BizTalk Server
18 76 (0.21%) Tornado
19 63 (0.18%) Jetty
Applications
1 349 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 225 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 139 (0.39%) Photoshop
4 122 (0.34%) Sketch
5 110 (0.31%) Camtasia
6 94 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 89 (0.25%) Adobe XD
8 59 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 58 (0.16%) InVision
10 52 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
11 47 (0.13%) Chatbot
12 44 (0.12%) Campfire
13 41 (0.11%) MS Visio
14 30 (0.084%) Spreadsheet
15 25 (0.070%) OmniGraffle
16 21 (0.059%) Maya
17 12 (0.033%) Zeplin
18 11 (0.031%) InDesign
19 6 (0.017%) Maple
20 5 (0.014%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 284 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 175 (0.49%) Magento
3 155 (0.43%) Shopify
4 135 (0.38%) Distributed Ledger
5 101 (0.28%) NetSuite
6 73 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 52 (0.15%) R3 Corda
8 42 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 39 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
10 38 (0.11%) SAP Business ByDesign
11 34 (0.095%) Dynamics AX
12 28 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
13 27 (0.075%) WebTrends
14 20 (0.056%) Oracle ERP
14 20 (0.056%) SAP S/4HANA
15 19 (0.053%) Oracle EBS
16 16 (0.045%) Summit
17 15 (0.042%) Academy Housing
17 15 (0.042%) SAP Hybris
18 14 (0.039%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 7,981 (22.26%) AWS
2 7,555 (21.08%) Azure
3 2,465 (6.88%) SaaS
4 2,408 (6.72%) GCP
5 2,139 (5.97%) GitHub
6 1,924 (5.37%) Serverless
7 1,508 (4.21%) Power Platform
8 984 (2.74%) AWS Lambda
9 848 (2.37%) npm
10 685 (1.91%) Amazon S3
11 548 (1.53%) PaaS
12 474 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
13 473 (1.32%) Firebase
14 468 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
15 396 (1.10%) Dynamics 365
16 354 (0.99%) Slack
17 345 (0.96%) Amazon SQS
18 342 (0.95%) PowerApps
19 309 (0.86%) Amazon ECS
20 306 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 750 (2.09%) HTTP
2 644 (1.80%) Internet
3 476 (1.33%) Broadband
4 160 (0.45%) VoIP
5 119 (0.33%) TCP/IP
6 94 (0.26%) DNS
7 78 (0.22%) Intranet
8 72 (0.20%) 5G
9 59 (0.16%) SSL
10 54 (0.15%) MQTT
11 52 (0.15%) AMQP
12 43 (0.12%) WebEx
13 38 (0.11%) HTTPS
14 37 (0.10%) NFC
15 35 (0.098%) Firewall
15 35 (0.098%) Network Security
16 33 (0.092%) SSH
17 32 (0.089%) Bluetooth
18 30 (0.084%) Wireless
19 26 (0.073%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,962 (13.84%) SQL Server
2 3,206 (8.94%) MySQL
3 2,643 (7.37%) PostgreSQL
4 2,300 (6.42%) NoSQL
5 2,244 (6.26%) Relational Database
6 1,681 (4.69%) MongoDB
7 1,202 (3.35%) Power BI
8 1,106 (3.09%) Redis
9 993 (2.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 924 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
11 806 (2.25%) Big Data
12 752 (2.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 674 (1.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 526 (1.47%) RDBMS
15 375 (1.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 333 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
17 319 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
18 296 (0.83%) Tableau
19 273 (0.76%) Apache Cassandra
20 246 (0.69%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 7,305 (20.38%) Git (software)
2 2,159 (6.02%) Jenkins
3 1,920 (5.36%) JIRA
4 1,286 (3.59%) webpack
5 893 (2.49%) Visual Studio
6 865 (2.41%) Cypress.io
7 819 (2.28%) GitLab
8 717 (2.00%) Maven
9 674 (1.88%) Bitbucket
10 633 (1.77%) JUnit
11 588 (1.64%) Selenium
12 551 (1.54%) TeamCity
13 525 (1.46%) Team Foundation Server
14 451 (1.26%) Octopus Deploy
15 424 (1.18%) Gradle
16 423 (1.18%) gulp
17 383 (1.07%) Mocha
18 366 (1.02%) NUnit
19 364 (1.02%) Subversion
20 345 (0.96%) Jasmine
General
1 7,271 (20.28%) Finance
2 6,144 (17.14%) Social Skills
3 2,513 (7.01%) Analytical Skills
4 1,865 (5.20%) Games
5 1,690 (4.71%) Marketing
6 1,583 (4.42%) Banking
7 1,559 (4.35%) Retail
8 1,320 (3.68%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 1,174 (3.28%) Public Sector
10 924 (2.58%) Front Office
11 830 (2.32%) Manufacturing
12 752 (2.10%) Advertising
13 514 (1.43%) Legal
14 488 (1.36%) Publishing
15 477 (1.33%) Telecoms
16 425 (1.19%) Organisational Skills
17 420 (1.17%) Law
18 379 (1.06%) Automotive
19 299 (0.83%) Back Office
20 284 (0.79%) Investment Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11,577 (32.30%) React
2 9,314 (25.98%) HTML
3 9,177 (25.60%) .NET
4 8,975 (25.04%) CSS
5 5,944 (16.58%) AngularJS
6 5,799 (16.18%) Node.js
7 4,353 (12.14%) REST
8 3,673 (10.25%) .NET Core
9 3,666 (10.23%) RESTful
10 3,527 (9.84%) HTML5
11 3,167 (8.83%) Vue.js
12 3,124 (8.71%) Spring
13 2,981 (8.32%) ASP.NET
14 2,598 (7.25%) Web Services
15 2,501 (6.98%) .NET Framework
16 2,313 (6.45%) Sass
17 2,304 (6.43%) jQuery
18 2,220 (6.19%) CSS3
19 2,191 (6.11%) Redux
20 1,971 (5.50%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 4,291 (11.97%) User Experience
2 2,763 (7.71%) Greenfield Project
3 2,196 (6.13%) Mobile App
4 1,397 (3.90%) Self-Motivation
5 1,344 (3.75%) Data Structures
6 1,099 (3.07%) Virtual Team
7 886 (2.47%) Algorithms
8 835 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
9 784 (2.19%) Cloud Native
10 693 (1.93%) Social Media
11 677 (1.89%) Blockchain
11 677 (1.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 661 (1.84%) Derivative
13 660 (1.84%) Equities
14 598 (1.67%) Hedge funds
15 556 (1.55%) Fixed Income
16 420 (1.17%) Blog
17 368 (1.03%) IoT
18 349 (0.97%) NHS
19 318 (0.89%) Sports Betting
Operating Systems
1 2,823 (7.88%) Linux
2 2,054 (5.73%) Android
3 1,931 (5.39%) Apple iOS
4 1,246 (3.48%) Windows
5 684 (1.91%) Unix
6 193 (0.54%) Ubuntu
7 93 (0.26%) Mac OS
8 86 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 79 (0.22%) Debian
10 65 (0.18%) Mac OS X
11 53 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
12 48 (0.13%) Mesosphere
13 40 (0.11%) CentOS
14 28 (0.078%) VMS
15 26 (0.073%) Windows Server 2016
16 23 (0.064%) Windows Phone
17 20 (0.056%) tvOS
18 19 (0.053%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 11 (0.031%) Alpine Linux
20 10 (0.028%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 16,264 (45.37%) Agile
2 7,497 (20.91%) Full Stack Development
3 6,363 (17.75%) DevOps
4 6,088 (16.98%) Software Engineering
5 5,893 (16.44%) CI/CD
6 5,552 (15.49%) TDD
7 5,477 (15.28%) Microservices
8 5,425 (15.13%) Front End Development
9 4,746 (13.24%) Scrum
10 4,589 (12.80%) Problem-Solving
11 3,740 (10.43%) Test Automation
12 3,562 (9.94%) OO
13 3,518 (9.81%) MVC
14 3,507 (9.78%) Mentoring
15 3,323 (9.27%) Web Development
16 2,981 (8.32%) Analytics
17 2,880 (8.03%) Unit Testing
18 2,876 (8.02%) Computer Science
19 2,853 (7.96%) Continuous Integration
20 2,681 (7.48%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 15,868 (44.27%) JavaScript
2 9,965 (27.80%) C#
3 9,076 (25.32%) SQL
4 8,653 (24.14%) Java
5 6,277 (17.51%) TypeScript
6 6,195 (17.28%) Python
7 3,486 (9.72%) PHP
8 1,860 (5.19%) Go
9 1,786 (4.98%) T-SQL
10 1,582 (4.41%) Kotlin
11 1,388 (3.87%) C++
12 1,381 (3.85%) ES6
13 973 (2.71%) Ruby
14 916 (2.56%) Apple Swift
15 727 (2.03%) C
16 574 (1.60%) Scala
17 543 (1.51%) PowerShell
18 422 (1.18%) Objective-C
19 361 (1.01%) Bash
20 352 (0.98%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 3,906 (10.90%) Degree
2 1,533 (4.28%) Computer Science Degree
3 678 (1.89%) Security Cleared
4 551 (1.54%) SC Cleared
5 550 (1.53%) Oracle Certification
6 543 (1.51%) OCP
7 541 (1.51%) CIW
7 541 (1.51%) OCA
8 273 (0.76%) Master's Degree
9 243 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
10 149 (0.42%) PhD
11 118 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
12 107 (0.30%) DBS Check
13 66 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
14 53 (0.15%) PMI Certification
15 45 (0.13%) AWS Certification
16 43 (0.12%) DV Cleared
17 38 (0.11%) Postgraduate
18 27 (0.075%) ITIL Certification
19 24 (0.067%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,200 (6.14%) QA
2 937 (2.61%) Accessibility
3 212 (0.59%) Data Quality
4 163 (0.45%) WCAG
5 145 (0.40%) GDPR
6 49 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 47 (0.13%) MiFID
8 45 (0.13%) SLA
9 37 (0.10%) EMIR
9 37 (0.10%) HL7
10 31 (0.086%) GRC
11 30 (0.084%) WAI
12 25 (0.070%) PCI DSS
13 24 (0.067%) ISO 9001
14 22 (0.061%) FATCA
15 18 (0.050%) PSD2
16 16 (0.045%) PMO
17 15 (0.042%) IFRS
17 15 (0.042%) IFRS 9
18 10 (0.028%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 6,317 (17.62%) Docker
2 117 (0.33%) Active Directory
3 95 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 66 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 34 (0.095%) Firmware
7 20 (0.056%) Varnish
8 17 (0.047%) Virtual Servers
9 16 (0.045%) Kamailio
9 16 (0.045%) OpenSIPS
10 15 (0.042%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 13 (0.036%) VirtualBox
12 9 (0.025%) ISA Server
12 9 (0.025%) KVM
12 9 (0.025%) LXC
13 8 (0.022%) Ceph
13 8 (0.022%) GridGain
13 8 (0.022%) iptables
14 7 (0.020%) zsh
15 6 (0.017%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 4,918 (13.72%) Kubernetes
2 1,283 (3.58%) Terraform
3 452 (1.26%) Ansible
4 198 (0.55%) Kibana
5 178 (0.50%) Puppet
6 175 (0.49%) Prometheus
7 160 (0.45%) Grafana
7 160 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
8 109 (0.30%) logstash
9 82 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
10 62 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
11 59 (0.16%) Bugsnag
12 55 (0.15%) Consul
13 54 (0.15%) MIIS
14 48 (0.13%) Automic
15 42 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
16 40 (0.11%) ZABBIX
17 37 (0.10%) Opsgenie
18 32 (0.089%) Istio
19 30 (0.084%) Rancher
Vendors
1 4,606 (12.85%) Microsoft
2 2,045 (5.70%) Google
3 1,707 (4.76%) Oracle
4 649 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
5 436 (1.22%) Apple
6 364 (1.02%) SAP
7 333 (0.93%) Adobe
8 277 (0.77%) Xamarin
9 209 (0.58%) Zend
10 186 (0.52%) Twitter
11 175 (0.49%) Sitecore
12 166 (0.46%) Splunk
13 156 (0.44%) Snapchat
14 148 (0.41%) Facebook
15 142 (0.40%) Atlassian
16 125 (0.35%) ServiceNow
17 121 (0.34%) IBM
17 121 (0.34%) Northgate
18 120 (0.33%) NEC
19 111 (0.31%) MuleSoft