Period
to 20 November 2019

The median annual salary for a Developer was £50,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 38,096 47,920 54,921
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.92% 29.37% 30.52%
As % of the Job Titles category 29.21% 30.64% 31.80%
Number of salaries quoted 32,744 41,608 47,261
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £31,750 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £41,500
% change year-on-year - +8.43% +3.75%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 130,415 156,401 172,724
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.59% 95.87% 96.00%
Number of salaries quoted 104,392 125,963 138,601
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 35,201 £52,500 +5.00% 7,688
UK excluding London 0 21,981 £45,000 - 5,431
London 0 15,402 £65,000 +4.00% 2,803
South East 0 7,272 £47,500 +5.56% 1,243
North of England 0 5,105 £45,000 +5.88% 1,513
North West +1 3,148 £45,000 +3.45% 870
Midlands 0 3,045 £42,500 +3.66% 883
South West 0 2,683 £45,000 +12.50% 705
Yorkshire 0 1,721 £42,500 - 483
West Midlands +1 1,717 £42,500 +6.25% 517
East of England -1 1,678 £50,000 +9.89% 546
Scotland 0 1,472 £45,000 -1.73% 340
East Midlands 0 1,315 £42,500 - 366
Wales 0 562 £42,500 +9.33% 151
North East 0 239 £40,000 - 160
Northern Ireland 0 228 £47,500 +18.75% 56
Channel Islands +11 6 £52,500 +16.67% 2
Isle of Man +4 3 £55,000 -18.52%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 16,556 (43.46%) JavaScript
2 15,722 (41.27%) Agile Software Development
3 14,566 (38.23%) C#
4 13,444 (35.29%) .NET
5 11,227 (29.47%) SQL
6 10,974 (28.81%) HTML
7 10,371 (27.22%) CSS
8 9,534 (25.03%) Java
9 8,644 (22.69%) SQL Server
10 7,721 (20.27%) AngularJS
11 7,436 (19.52%) MVC
12 6,778 (17.79%) ASP.NET
13 6,526 (17.13%) Finance
14 6,150 (16.14%) TDD
15 5,932 (15.57%) Azure
16 5,675 (14.90%) React
17 5,607 (14.72%) Git (software)
18 4,986 (13.09%) Microsoft
19 4,786 (12.56%) AWS
20 4,536 (11.91%) Python
21 4,523 (11.87%) Microservices
22 4,480 (11.76%) Scrum
23 4,289 (11.26%) Software Engineering
24 4,279 (11.23%) PHP
25 4,222 (11.08%) Web Development
26 4,124 (10.83%) Front End Development
27 4,093 (10.74%) jQuery
28 3,982 (10.45%) Web Services
29 3,941 (10.34%) Degree
30 3,779 (9.92%) DevOps

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 913 (2.40%) CMS
2 813 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
3 705 (1.85%) WordPress
4 608 (1.60%) SharePoint
5 508 (1.33%) Confluence
6 463 (1.22%) Apache
7 456 (1.20%) Apache Spark
8 433 (1.14%) Tomcat
9 399 (1.05%) IIS
10 346 (0.91%) Umbraco
11 290 (0.76%) Drupal
12 221 (0.58%) nginx
13 176 (0.46%) JBoss
14 161 (0.42%) WebSphere
15 143 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
16 130 (0.34%) EPiServer
17 124 (0.33%) Apache Solr
18 109 (0.29%) BizTalk Server
19 108 (0.28%) WebLogic
20 106 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 465 (1.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 265 (0.70%) Photoshop
3 198 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
4 128 (0.34%) Adobe Illustrator
5 70 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 69 (0.18%) Sketch
7 57 (0.15%) Adobe XD
8 48 (0.13%) Chatbot
9 42 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 31 (0.081%) MS Visio
11 29 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
12 21 (0.055%) HipChat
12 21 (0.055%) Zeplin
13 20 (0.052%) InfoPath
14 17 (0.045%) InVision
14 17 (0.045%) S-PLUS
15 12 (0.031%) Fireworks
15 12 (0.031%) InDesign
16 10 (0.026%) GIMP
16 10 (0.026%) Steinberg Cubase
Business Applications
1 428 (1.12%) Magento
2 419 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
3 111 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
4 98 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 87 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
6 77 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
7 73 (0.19%) NetSuite
8 67 (0.18%) Shopify
9 43 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
10 38 (0.100%) Oracle Applications
11 36 (0.094%) SAP Hybris
12 30 (0.079%) Markit EDM
12 30 (0.079%) SAP ERP
13 29 (0.076%) Distributed Ledger
13 29 (0.076%) Oracle EBS R12
14 24 (0.063%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 23 (0.060%) thinkFolio
16 22 (0.058%) Front Arena
17 21 (0.055%) R3 Corda
18 20 (0.052%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 5,932 (15.57%) Azure
2 4,786 (12.56%) AWS
3 1,379 (3.62%) Power Platform
4 1,284 (3.37%) SaaS
5 984 (2.58%) Serverless
6 904 (2.37%) GCP
6 904 (2.37%) GitHub
7 536 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
8 483 (1.27%) npm
9 433 (1.14%) Amazon EC2
10 402 (1.06%) Amazon S3
11 363 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
12 329 (0.86%) PaaS
13 250 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
14 227 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
15 207 (0.54%) Office 365
16 177 (0.46%) Amazon ECS
17 172 (0.45%) OpenShift
18 156 (0.41%) Azure Data Factory
19 139 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 513 (1.35%) Internet
2 454 (1.19%) HTTP
3 120 (0.31%) TCP/IP
4 93 (0.24%) Intranet
5 81 (0.21%) Broadband
6 51 (0.13%) HTTPS
7 50 (0.13%) SSH
8 42 (0.11%) FTP
8 42 (0.11%) Wireless
9 41 (0.11%) SSL
10 40 (0.10%) Extranet
11 37 (0.097%) DNS
12 36 (0.094%) AMQP
12 36 (0.094%) Network Security
13 32 (0.084%) Bluetooth
14 24 (0.063%) Skype
15 21 (0.055%) Firewall
15 21 (0.055%) SMS
15 21 (0.055%) WAN
16 20 (0.052%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8,644 (22.69%) SQL Server
2 3,398 (8.92%) MySQL
3 2,016 (5.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,886 (4.95%) NoSQL
5 1,783 (4.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,614 (4.24%) Relational Database
7 1,543 (4.05%) Data Warehouse
8 1,494 (3.92%) PostgreSQL
9 1,319 (3.46%) MongoDB
10 1,308 (3.43%) Power BI
11 1,185 (3.11%) Big Data
12 1,001 (2.63%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 886 (2.33%) SQL Server 2016
14 511 (1.34%) Redis
15 409 (1.07%) RDBMS
15 409 (1.07%) SQL Server 2012
16 406 (1.07%) Hadoop
17 388 (1.02%) Oracle Database
18 334 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
19 320 (0.84%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 5,607 (14.72%) Git (software)
2 1,798 (4.72%) Jenkins
3 1,510 (3.96%) Visual Studio
4 1,506 (3.95%) JIRA
5 980 (2.57%) Team Foundation Server
6 933 (2.45%) webpack
7 865 (2.27%) Maven
8 784 (2.06%) Selenium
9 732 (1.92%) Subversion
10 705 (1.85%) JUnit
11 580 (1.52%) Bitbucket
12 567 (1.49%) TeamCity
13 555 (1.46%) gulp
14 467 (1.23%) NUnit
15 464 (1.22%) Cucumber
16 415 (1.09%) Grunt
17 365 (0.96%) Jasmine
18 364 (0.96%) Octopus Deploy
19 363 (0.95%) Gradle
20 284 (0.75%) Eclipse
General
1 6,526 (17.13%) Finance
2 1,716 (4.50%) Retail
3 1,709 (4.49%) Banking
4 1,445 (3.79%) Marketing
5 1,052 (2.76%) Games
6 1,003 (2.63%) Front Office
7 655 (1.72%) Public Sector
8 514 (1.35%) Manufacturing
9 471 (1.24%) Telecoms
10 415 (1.09%) Investment Banking
11 397 (1.04%) Law
12 376 (0.99%) Advertising
13 282 (0.74%) Legal
14 278 (0.73%) Electronics
15 249 (0.65%) Automotive
16 239 (0.63%) Financial Institution
17 213 (0.56%) Back Office
18 145 (0.38%) Publishing
19 81 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
20 77 (0.20%) Aerospace
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13,444 (35.29%) .NET
2 10,974 (28.81%) HTML
3 10,371 (27.22%) CSS
4 7,721 (20.27%) AngularJS
5 6,778 (17.79%) ASP.NET
6 5,675 (14.90%) React
7 4,093 (10.74%) jQuery
8 3,982 (10.45%) Web Services
9 3,747 (9.84%) Node.js
10 3,566 (9.36%) ASP.NET MVC
11 3,498 (9.18%) HTML5
12 3,367 (8.84%) REST
13 3,321 (8.72%) Spring
14 3,113 (8.17%) RESTful
15 2,993 (7.86%) .NET Framework
16 2,903 (7.62%) ASP.NET Web API
17 2,841 (7.46%) .NET Core
18 2,080 (5.46%) CSS3
19 1,991 (5.23%) Vue.js
20 1,918 (5.03%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 3,160 (8.29%) Greenfield Project
2 2,541 (6.67%) User Experience
3 1,811 (4.75%) Analytical Skills
4 1,625 (4.27%) Mobile App
5 1,054 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
6 788 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
7 761 (2.00%) Algorithms
8 591 (1.55%) Data Structures
9 589 (1.55%) Fixed Income
10 524 (1.38%) Hedge funds
11 509 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 462 (1.21%) Derivative
13 446 (1.17%) Equities
14 263 (0.69%) Management Information System
15 212 (0.56%) Cloud Native
16 192 (0.50%) Linux Command Line
16 192 (0.50%) Virtual Team
17 178 (0.47%) Social Media
18 174 (0.46%) iPad
19 151 (0.40%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 2,654 (6.97%) Linux
2 1,574 (4.13%) Android
3 1,510 (3.96%) Windows
4 1,370 (3.60%) Apple iOS
5 803 (2.11%) Unix
6 180 (0.47%) Windows Server
7 116 (0.30%) CentOS
8 96 (0.25%) Ubuntu
9 80 (0.21%) Mac OS
10 61 (0.16%) Debian
11 49 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 48 (0.13%) Windows 10
13 38 (0.100%) AIX
13 38 (0.100%) Windows Server 2012
14 29 (0.076%) Mac OS X
15 23 (0.060%) Windows 7
16 20 (0.052%) MVS
17 18 (0.047%) VMS
18 17 (0.045%) Embedded Linux
19 15 (0.039%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 15,722 (41.27%) Agile Software Development
2 7,436 (19.52%) MVC
3 6,150 (16.14%) TDD
4 4,523 (11.87%) Microservices
5 4,480 (11.76%) Scrum
6 4,289 (11.26%) Software Engineering
7 4,222 (11.08%) Web Development
8 4,124 (10.83%) Front End Development
9 3,779 (9.92%) DevOps
10 3,420 (8.98%) OO
11 3,228 (8.47%) Problem-Solving
12 3,151 (8.27%) Computer Science
13 2,725 (7.15%) Continuous Integration
14 2,696 (7.08%) Business Intelligence
15 2,582 (6.78%) BDD
16 2,415 (6.34%) Unit Testing
17 2,377 (6.24%) Test Automation
18 2,343 (6.15%) SDLC
19 2,320 (6.09%) Mentoring
20 2,292 (6.02%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 16,556 (43.46%) JavaScript
2 14,566 (38.23%) C#
3 11,227 (29.47%) SQL
4 9,534 (25.03%) Java
5 4,536 (11.91%) Python
6 4,279 (11.23%) PHP
7 2,331 (6.12%) T-SQL
8 2,076 (5.45%) TypeScript
9 1,693 (4.44%) C++
10 1,578 (4.14%) Java 8
11 1,160 (3.04%) ES6
12 1,022 (2.68%) VB.NET
13 974 (2.56%) Ruby
14 844 (2.22%) Scala
15 733 (1.92%) Kotlin
16 700 (1.84%) C
17 627 (1.65%) PL/SQL
18 543 (1.43%) R
19 497 (1.30%) Apple Swift
20 493 (1.29%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 3,941 (10.34%) Degree
2 1,586 (4.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 575 (1.51%) Security Cleared
4 300 (0.79%) SC Cleared
5 202 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
6 174 (0.46%) DV Cleared
7 129 (0.34%) Master's Degree
8 91 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
9 63 (0.17%) HND
10 47 (0.12%) PhD
11 37 (0.097%) MCP
12 34 (0.089%) Postgraduate
13 33 (0.087%) DBS Check
14 30 (0.079%) AWS Certification
15 28 (0.073%) MCSD
16 26 (0.068%) ISTQB
17 25 (0.066%) Oracle Certification
18 24 (0.063%) MCSE
19 23 (0.060%) ISEB
20 21 (0.055%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,193 (3.13%) QA
2 182 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 117 (0.31%) GDPR
4 46 (0.12%) SLA
5 41 (0.11%) PCI DSS
6 39 (0.10%) WCAG
7 35 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 30 (0.079%) WAI
9 26 (0.068%) DICOM
10 23 (0.060%) PMO
11 18 (0.047%) ISO 9001
12 11 (0.029%) MiFID
13 10 (0.026%) Solvency II
14 9 (0.024%) EMIR
14 9 (0.024%) PSD2
15 8 (0.021%) PA-DSS
15 8 (0.021%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 7 (0.018%) Cyber Essentials
17 6 (0.016%) Dodd-Frank
17 6 (0.016%) TickIT
System Software
1 3,337 (8.76%) Docker
2 103 (0.27%) Active Directory
3 59 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
4 55 (0.14%) Firmware
5 40 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
6 28 (0.073%) Varnish
7 22 (0.058%) vCloud
8 18 (0.047%) HDFS
9 17 (0.045%) vSphere
10 15 (0.039%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 13 (0.034%) Apache Flume
12 12 (0.031%) Hyper-V
12 12 (0.031%) LXC
13 11 (0.029%) Job Entry Subsystem
13 11 (0.029%) Oracle RAC
14 6 (0.016%) Cronacle
15 4 (0.010%) Postfix
15 4 (0.010%) Terminal Server
15 4 (0.010%) VirtualBox
16 3 (0.008%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 1,715 (4.50%) Kubernetes
2 390 (1.02%) Terraform
3 372 (0.98%) Ansible
4 209 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
5 192 (0.50%) Puppet
6 114 (0.30%) Kibana
7 54 (0.14%) SQL Sentry
8 50 (0.13%) Grafana
9 45 (0.12%) Mesos
10 39 (0.10%) Docker Swarm
10 39 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
11 38 (0.100%) logstash
12 37 (0.097%) Rancher
13 35 (0.092%) Marathon
14 31 (0.081%) BMC PATROL
14 31 (0.081%) Prometheus
15 28 (0.073%) Control-M
16 24 (0.063%) Hadoop YARN
16 24 (0.063%) Istio
17 21 (0.055%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 4,986 (13.09%) Microsoft
2 2,087 (5.48%) Oracle
3 1,017 (2.67%) Google
4 620 (1.63%) SAP
5 614 (1.61%) Tableau
6 602 (1.58%) Salesforce.com
7 469 (1.23%) Xamarin
8 389 (1.02%) Zend
9 355 (0.93%) Adobe
10 279 (0.73%) IBM
11 224 (0.59%) Sitecore
12 220 (0.58%) Atlassian
13 179 (0.47%) Apple
14 161 (0.42%) ServiceNow
15 155 (0.41%) Facebook
16 152 (0.40%) Informatica
17 142 (0.37%) MuleSoft
18 123 (0.32%) Sybase
19 122 (0.32%) Cognos
20 121 (0.32%) TIBCO