Period
to 13 April 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 23,307 32,685 42,052
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 28.06% 28.71% 28.25%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.13% 30.10% 29.42%
Number of salaries quoted 19,758 28,039 36,115
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £39,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £71,250 £68,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 77,346 108,572 142,944
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.13% 95.37% 96.02%
Number of salaries quoted 60,849 88,179 115,251
10th Percentile £31,500 £29,750 £28,500
25th Percentile £40,750 £37,750 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 20,748 £55,000 +4.76% 5,601
UK excluding London 0 13,143 £47,500 +5.56% 3,770
London 0 8,727 £70,000 +3.70% 2,241
Work from Home 0 5,619 £55,000 +4.76% 1,462
South East 0 3,860 £52,500 +5.00% 755
North of England 0 3,095 £45,000 - 1,168
South West 0 1,961 £45,000 +5.88% 413
Midlands 0 1,926 £45,000 +5.88% 703
North West 0 1,643 £46,500 +3.33% 670
Yorkshire 0 1,163 £43,500 -1.14% 364
West Midlands 0 1,136 £45,000 - 424
Scotland 0 1,049 £47,500 +5.56% 240
East Midlands 0 782 £42,500 - 275
East of England 0 775 £50,000 +5.26% 310
Wales 0 302 £44,250 +4.12% 128
North East 0 291 £42,500 +2.41% 134
Northern Ireland 0 169 £40,000 -11.11% 57
Isle of Man -2 27 £49,500 +4.21%
Channel Islands +2 1 - -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 11,156 (47.87%) JavaScript
2 8,934 (38.33%) Agile Software Development
3 7,233 (31.03%) C#
4 6,941 (29.78%) .NET
5 6,467 (27.75%) SQL
6 6,460 (27.72%) HTML
7 6,282 (26.95%) CSS
8 5,233 (22.45%) Java
9 5,221 (22.40%) React
10 4,961 (21.29%) Azure
11 4,393 (18.85%) AngularJS
12 4,129 (17.72%) Finance
13 3,902 (16.74%) AWS
14 3,781 (16.22%) Git (software)
15 3,735 (16.03%) SQL Server
16 3,473 (14.90%) DevOps
17 3,358 (14.41%) Python
18 3,307 (14.19%) Software Engineering
19 3,288 (14.11%) Microservices
20 3,221 (13.82%) Docker
21 3,210 (13.77%) TDD
22 3,171 (13.61%) MVC
23 3,057 (13.12%) PHP
24 2,946 (12.64%) Front End Development
25 2,890 (12.40%) .NET Core
26 2,885 (12.38%) Node.js
27 2,781 (11.93%) TypeScript
28 2,509 (10.77%) Scrum
29 2,457 (10.54%) ASP.NET
30 2,396 (10.28%) Web Development

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 739 (3.17%) CMS
2 523 (2.24%) WordPress
3 447 (1.92%) Elasticsearch
4 416 (1.78%) SharePoint
5 333 (1.43%) Apache
6 313 (1.34%) Confluence
7 239 (1.03%) Apache Spark
8 219 (0.94%) IIS
9 194 (0.83%) Umbraco
10 171 (0.73%) Tomcat
11 166 (0.71%) Drupal
12 137 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
13 117 (0.50%) EPiServer
14 108 (0.46%) nginx
15 87 (0.37%) NServiceBus
16 74 (0.32%) JBoss
17 69 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
17 69 (0.30%) WebSphere
18 68 (0.29%) Kentico
19 53 (0.23%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 197 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 139 (0.60%) Photoshop
3 111 (0.48%) Sketch
4 110 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
5 88 (0.38%) Adobe Illustrator
6 86 (0.37%) Figma
7 78 (0.33%) Adobe XD
8 53 (0.23%) InVision
9 51 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 35 (0.15%) Chatbot
11 29 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
12 22 (0.094%) Zeplin
13 15 (0.064%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 11 (0.047%) GIMP
15 7 (0.030%) AutoCAD
15 7 (0.030%) MS Visio
16 6 (0.026%) Adobe After Effects
16 6 (0.026%) Fireworks
17 5 (0.021%) InfoPath
17 5 (0.021%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 302 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 239 (1.03%) Magento
3 133 (0.57%) Shopify
4 72 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 64 (0.27%) NetSuite
6 56 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
7 39 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
8 28 (0.12%) OpenCart
9 23 (0.099%) nopCommerce
10 21 (0.090%) Visualfiles
11 18 (0.077%) SAP Business One
12 15 (0.064%) R3 Corda
13 14 (0.060%) Sentinel
13 14 (0.060%) Summit
14 13 (0.056%) Infor M3
14 13 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 11 (0.047%) FINCAD Analytics
15 11 (0.047%) Oracle Applications
15 11 (0.047%) Oracle EBS
16 8 (0.034%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 4,961 (21.29%) Azure
2 3,902 (16.74%) AWS
3 1,250 (5.36%) SaaS
4 1,152 (4.94%) GCP
5 996 (4.27%) Serverless
6 916 (3.93%) Power Platform
7 524 (2.25%) GitHub
8 478 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
9 322 (1.38%) PaaS
10 282 (1.21%) Dynamics 365
11 281 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
12 280 (1.20%) npm
13 251 (1.08%) Amazon S3
14 223 (0.96%) Azure Functions
15 192 (0.82%) Microsoft 365
16 176 (0.76%) PowerApps
17 159 (0.68%) Amazon ECS
18 151 (0.65%) Amazon SQS
19 144 (0.62%) Azure Active Directory
20 140 (0.60%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 276 (1.18%) HTTP
2 220 (0.94%) Internet
3 85 (0.36%) Skype
4 68 (0.29%) TCP/IP
5 58 (0.25%) Intranet
6 52 (0.22%) FTP
7 43 (0.18%) Network Security
8 41 (0.18%) SSH
9 33 (0.14%) Broadband
9 33 (0.14%) SSL
10 29 (0.12%) Wireless
11 26 (0.11%) Firewall
12 24 (0.10%) AMQP
13 23 (0.099%) Bluetooth
14 22 (0.094%) DNS
15 17 (0.073%) SMTP
16 16 (0.069%) VoIP
17 12 (0.051%) HTTPS
18 11 (0.047%) Ethernet
19 10 (0.043%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,735 (16.03%) SQL Server
2 2,284 (9.80%) MySQL
3 1,170 (5.02%) NoSQL
4 1,133 (4.86%) MongoDB
5 1,118 (4.80%) PostgreSQL
6 1,054 (4.52%) Relational Database
7 769 (3.30%) Power BI
8 709 (3.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 696 (2.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 625 (2.68%) Data Warehouse
11 401 (1.72%) Redis
12 399 (1.71%) Big Data
13 316 (1.36%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 262 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 256 (1.10%) RDBMS
16 245 (1.05%) Azure SQL Database
17 196 (0.84%) Tableau
18 193 (0.83%) Hadoop
19 147 (0.63%) Amazon RDS
20 134 (0.57%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 3,781 (16.22%) Git (software)
2 1,012 (4.34%) Jenkins
3 892 (3.83%) JIRA
4 671 (2.88%) Visual Studio
5 485 (2.08%) webpack
6 458 (1.97%) Maven
7 435 (1.87%) Team Foundation Server
8 414 (1.78%) Selenium
9 360 (1.54%) JUnit
10 303 (1.30%) TeamCity
11 282 (1.21%) gulp
12 270 (1.16%) Subversion
13 254 (1.09%) Cucumber
14 253 (1.09%) Bitbucket
15 252 (1.08%) Cypress.io
16 214 (0.92%) GitLab
17 207 (0.89%) Gradle
18 205 (0.88%) Visual Studio Team System
19 203 (0.87%) Octopus Deploy
20 191 (0.82%) NUnit
General
1 4,129 (17.72%) Finance
2 994 (4.26%) Banking
3 888 (3.81%) Marketing
4 859 (3.69%) Front Office
5 759 (3.26%) Retail
6 691 (2.96%) Public Sector
7 684 (2.93%) Games
8 438 (1.88%) Manufacturing
9 371 (1.59%) Telecoms
10 327 (1.40%) Law
11 285 (1.22%) Electronics
12 228 (0.98%) Investment Banking
13 227 (0.97%) Advertising
14 193 (0.83%) Automotive
15 188 (0.81%) Legal
16 177 (0.76%) Back Office
17 115 (0.49%) Financial Institution
18 110 (0.47%) Publishing
19 105 (0.45%) Multimedia
20 83 (0.36%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,941 (29.78%) .NET
2 6,460 (27.72%) HTML
3 6,282 (26.95%) CSS
4 5,221 (22.40%) React
5 4,393 (18.85%) AngularJS
6 2,890 (12.40%) .NET Core
7 2,885 (12.38%) Node.js
8 2,457 (10.54%) ASP.NET
9 2,337 (10.03%) REST
10 2,331 (10.00%) Web Services
11 2,232 (9.58%) Vue.js
12 2,134 (9.16%) HTML5
13 1,958 (8.40%) jQuery
14 1,825 (7.83%) RESTful
15 1,808 (7.76%) Spring
16 1,586 (6.80%) .NET Framework
17 1,327 (5.69%) CSS3
18 1,263 (5.42%) Laravel
19 1,127 (4.84%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,067 (4.58%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 1,882 (8.07%) User Experience
2 1,800 (7.72%) Greenfield Project
3 1,250 (5.36%) Mobile App
4 1,216 (5.22%) Analytical Skills
5 545 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
6 502 (2.15%) Hedge funds
7 445 (1.91%) Fixed Income
8 433 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 431 (1.85%) Derivative
10 427 (1.83%) Equities
11 394 (1.69%) Algorithms
12 383 (1.64%) Data Structures
13 350 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
14 249 (1.07%) Virtual Team
15 205 (0.88%) NHS
16 188 (0.81%) N-Tier
17 166 (0.71%) Cloud Native
18 164 (0.70%) Blog
19 150 (0.64%) Linux Command Line
20 143 (0.61%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,662 (7.13%) Linux
2 946 (4.06%) Android
3 900 (3.86%) Apple iOS
4 676 (2.90%) Windows
5 364 (1.56%) Unix
6 134 (0.57%) Windows Server
7 89 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 42 (0.18%) CentOS
8 42 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 32 (0.14%) Debian
10 24 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
11 14 (0.060%) Mac OS
12 13 (0.056%) Embedded Linux
12 13 (0.056%) Solaris
13 11 (0.047%) Windows 10
14 10 (0.043%) Windows Server 2012
15 9 (0.039%) VMS
15 9 (0.039%) Windows Server 2019
16 7 (0.030%) Mac OS X
16 7 (0.030%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,934 (38.33%) Agile Software Development
2 3,473 (14.90%) DevOps
3 3,307 (14.19%) Software Engineering
4 3,288 (14.11%) Microservices
5 3,210 (13.77%) TDD
6 3,171 (13.61%) MVC
7 2,946 (12.64%) Front End Development
8 2,509 (10.77%) Scrum
9 2,396 (10.28%) Web Development
10 2,015 (8.65%) Problem-Solving
11 1,911 (8.20%) Fintech
12 1,728 (7.41%) OO
13 1,642 (7.05%) Computer Science
14 1,567 (6.72%) Mentoring
15 1,558 (6.68%) Test Automation
16 1,446 (6.20%) Unit Testing
17 1,434 (6.15%) Continuous Integration
18 1,396 (5.99%) Business Intelligence
19 1,267 (5.44%) SDLC
20 1,222 (5.24%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 11,156 (47.87%) JavaScript
2 7,233 (31.03%) C#
3 6,467 (27.75%) SQL
4 5,233 (22.45%) Java
5 3,358 (14.41%) Python
6 3,057 (13.12%) PHP
7 2,781 (11.93%) TypeScript
8 1,075 (4.61%) T-SQL
9 991 (4.25%) C++
10 708 (3.04%) Java 8
11 675 (2.90%) ES6
12 626 (2.69%) Kotlin
13 541 (2.32%) Go
14 509 (2.18%) Ruby
15 433 (1.86%) Scala
16 378 (1.62%) Apple Swift
17 367 (1.57%) C
18 315 (1.35%) PowerShell
19 296 (1.27%) VB.NET
20 248 (1.06%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 2,124 (9.11%) Degree
2 884 (3.79%) Computer Science Degree
3 514 (2.21%) Security Cleared
4 408 (1.75%) SC Cleared
5 160 (0.69%) Master's Degree
6 109 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
7 71 (0.30%) DV Cleared
8 62 (0.27%) PhD
9 43 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
10 30 (0.13%) AWS Certification
11 24 (0.10%) BPSS Clearance
11 24 (0.10%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 22 (0.094%) SANS
13 20 (0.086%) MCSD
14 17 (0.073%) DBS Check
15 15 (0.064%) HNC
15 15 (0.064%) ISTQB
16 12 (0.051%) HND
16 12 (0.051%) Oracle Certification
17 10 (0.043%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 771 (3.31%) QA
2 104 (0.45%) Data Quality
3 56 (0.24%) SLA
4 52 (0.22%) GDPR
4 52 (0.22%) WCAG
5 48 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 33 (0.14%) GRC
7 22 (0.094%) PCI DSS
8 20 (0.086%) NIST
9 19 (0.082%) WAI
10 15 (0.064%) MiFID
11 11 (0.047%) EMIR
12 10 (0.043%) ISO 13485
13 9 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
14 7 (0.030%) ISO 9001
15 6 (0.026%) CRD IV
16 5 (0.021%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 4 (0.017%) Basel II
17 4 (0.017%) ISO 20022
18 3 (0.013%) SOC 2
System Software
1 3,221 (13.82%) Docker
2 103 (0.44%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.14%) Firmware
4 26 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 21 (0.090%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.073%) HDFS
7 15 (0.064%) NDS
8 14 (0.060%) Hyper-V
8 14 (0.060%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 13 (0.056%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.043%) KVM
11 9 (0.039%) Postfix
11 9 (0.039%) Varnish
12 6 (0.026%) LXC
12 6 (0.026%) Time Sharing Option
13 5 (0.021%) vSphere
14 4 (0.017%) Kamailio
14 4 (0.017%) OpenSIPS
15 2 (0.009%) Platform Symphony
16 1 (0.004%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 2,088 (8.96%) Kubernetes
2 591 (2.54%) Terraform
3 211 (0.91%) Ansible
4 134 (0.57%) Opscode Chef
5 93 (0.40%) Puppet
6 46 (0.20%) Prometheus
7 43 (0.18%) Packer
8 41 (0.18%) Grafana
9 39 (0.17%) Kibana
10 23 (0.099%) Single Sign-On
11 20 (0.086%) MIIS
12 19 (0.082%) Docker Swarm
13 18 (0.077%) Consul
14 15 (0.064%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 12 (0.051%) Rancher
16 11 (0.047%) Graphite
17 9 (0.039%) Opsview
18 8 (0.034%) FlexNet
19 6 (0.026%) HP Fortify
19 6 (0.026%) logstash
Vendors
1 2,332 (10.01%) Microsoft
2 873 (3.75%) Oracle
3 795 (3.41%) Google
4 531 (2.28%) Salesforce.com
5 328 (1.41%) SAP
6 286 (1.23%) Adobe
7 281 (1.21%) Xamarin
8 260 (1.12%) Zend
9 181 (0.78%) Sitecore
10 164 (0.70%) Apple
11 124 (0.53%) IBM
12 99 (0.42%) Atlassian
13 95 (0.41%) Nintex
14 94 (0.40%) Sybase
15 92 (0.39%) MuleSoft
16 68 (0.29%) ServiceNow
17 65 (0.28%) WooCommerce
18 64 (0.27%) Blue Prism
19 60 (0.26%) Databricks
19 60 (0.26%) Red Hat