Period
to 29 September 2020

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 2 2
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 14,775 37,692 49,032
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 30.49% 27.24% 29.64%
As % of the Job Titles category 32.16% 28.46% 30.88%
Number of salaries quoted 14,903 34,770 45,051
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,375 £31,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +8.43%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 45,947 132,457 158,805
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.83% 95.73% 96.01%
Number of salaries quoted 37,646 105,479 127,987
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13,517 £55,000 +8.91% 4,084
UK excluding London +1 8,372 £47,500 +5.56% 2,889
London -1 5,932 £70,000 +7.69% 1,454
South East 0 2,532 £51,000 +7.37% 567
Work from Home 0 2,308 £55,000 +10.00% 817
North of England +1 2,300 £47,500 +9.20% 900
North West +1 1,302 £50,000 +11.11% 509
Midlands 0 1,059 £45,000 +5.88% 502
South West 0 1,013 £45,000 - 379
Yorkshire 0 750 £45,000 +5.88% 265
West Midlands -1 629 £47,500 +11.76% 284
Scotland +1 526 £47,500 +5.56% 170
East of England +1 521 £47,500 -5.00% 270
East Midlands 0 426 £42,500 - 215
Wales +1 272 £45,000 +5.88% 77
North East +2 247 £43,000 +1.18% 126
Northern Ireland 0 147 £45,000 - 28
Isle of Man +1 6 £52,500 -4.55%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 6,811 (46.10%) JavaScript
2 5,761 (38.99%) Agile Software Development
3 4,557 (30.84%) C#
4 4,434 (30.01%) .NET
5 4,099 (27.74%) HTML
6 3,931 (26.61%) CSS
7 3,823 (25.87%) SQL
8 3,554 (24.05%) Java
9 3,122 (21.13%) AngularJS
10 3,056 (20.68%) React
11 2,801 (18.96%) Azure
12 2,789 (18.88%) SQL Server
13 2,678 (18.13%) Finance
14 2,465 (16.68%) TDD
15 2,369 (16.03%) Git (software)
16 2,328 (15.76%) AWS
17 2,288 (15.49%) MVC
18 2,268 (15.35%) Python
19 2,182 (14.77%) DevOps
20 2,118 (14.34%) Microservices
21 1,941 (13.14%) ASP.NET
22 1,887 (12.77%) Node.js
23 1,858 (12.58%) Software Engineering
24 1,788 (12.10%) Microsoft
25 1,755 (11.88%) PHP
26 1,672 (11.32%) Docker
27 1,668 (11.29%) .NET Core
28 1,663 (11.26%) Front End Development
29 1,611 (10.90%) Scrum
30 1,594 (10.79%) Web Services

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 406 (2.75%) CMS
2 398 (2.69%) Elasticsearch
3 323 (2.19%) Apache
4 242 (1.64%) WordPress
5 228 (1.54%) Confluence
6 198 (1.34%) SharePoint
7 190 (1.29%) Apache Spark
8 138 (0.93%) IIS
9 107 (0.72%) Tomcat
10 95 (0.64%) NServiceBus
11 86 (0.58%) Umbraco
12 74 (0.50%) nginx
13 69 (0.47%) Drupal
14 68 (0.46%) WebSphere
15 49 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
16 43 (0.29%) EPiServer
17 37 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
18 35 (0.24%) Kentico
18 35 (0.24%) Moodle
19 33 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 189 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 75 (0.51%) Photoshop
3 50 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 34 (0.23%) Sketch
5 32 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
6 29 (0.20%) Zeplin
7 28 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 26 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 22 (0.15%) Figma
10 20 (0.14%) Chatbot
11 15 (0.10%) Adobe XD
12 12 (0.081%) MS Visio
13 10 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 9 (0.061%) InVision
15 3 (0.020%) 3ds Max
15 3 (0.020%) Moqups
16 2 (0.014%) Fireworks
16 2 (0.014%) InDesign
16 2 (0.014%) Inkscape
16 2 (0.014%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 227 (1.54%) Magento
2 192 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 76 (0.51%) Shopify
4 46 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 42 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
6 39 (0.26%) R3 Corda
7 29 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
8 27 (0.18%) NetSuite
9 19 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
9 19 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
10 18 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 15 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
12 14 (0.095%) SAP BPC
13 13 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
14 12 (0.081%) Visualfiles
15 11 (0.074%) SAP HR
15 11 (0.074%) SAP PSCD
16 10 (0.068%) Maximo
16 10 (0.068%) Unica
17 8 (0.054%) Odoo
Cloud Services
1 2,801 (18.96%) Azure
2 2,328 (15.76%) AWS
3 582 (3.94%) SaaS
4 551 (3.73%) GCP
5 532 (3.60%) Power Platform
6 493 (3.34%) Serverless
7 381 (2.58%) GitHub
8 307 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
9 225 (1.52%) Dynamics 365
10 195 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
11 194 (1.31%) npm
12 145 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
13 143 (0.97%) Amazon S3
14 127 (0.86%) PaaS
15 111 (0.75%) Office 365
16 76 (0.51%) IaaS
16 76 (0.51%) PowerApps
17 69 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
17 69 (0.47%) OpenShift
18 66 (0.45%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 238 (1.61%) HTTP
2 156 (1.06%) Internet
3 138 (0.93%) Skype
4 48 (0.32%) TCP/IP
5 35 (0.24%) FTP
6 30 (0.20%) SSH
7 29 (0.20%) Network Security
8 25 (0.17%) Broadband
9 23 (0.16%) Intranet
10 22 (0.15%) Bluetooth
11 19 (0.13%) SSL
12 18 (0.12%) DNS
13 17 (0.12%) Firewall
14 14 (0.095%) Wi-Fi
15 11 (0.074%) VoIP
16 10 (0.068%) WebEx
17 9 (0.061%) AMQP
18 8 (0.054%) SMTP
18 8 (0.054%) Wireless
19 6 (0.041%) WEP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,789 (18.88%) SQL Server
2 1,282 (8.68%) MySQL
3 889 (6.02%) NoSQL
4 833 (5.64%) MongoDB
5 639 (4.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 596 (4.03%) Relational Database
7 577 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
8 563 (3.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 488 (3.30%) Data Warehouse
10 466 (3.15%) Power BI
11 394 (2.67%) Big Data
12 303 (2.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 244 (1.65%) Redis
14 202 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 172 (1.16%) Hadoop
16 171 (1.16%) Apache Cassandra
17 167 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
18 154 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
19 127 (0.86%) SQL Server 2019
20 124 (0.84%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,369 (16.03%) Git (software)
2 653 (4.42%) JIRA
3 616 (4.17%) Jenkins
4 416 (2.82%) Visual Studio
5 360 (2.44%) webpack
6 346 (2.34%) Selenium
7 313 (2.12%) Team Foundation Server
8 264 (1.79%) JUnit
9 257 (1.74%) TeamCity
10 251 (1.70%) Maven
11 191 (1.29%) Bitbucket
12 172 (1.16%) Subversion
13 163 (1.10%) gulp
14 159 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
15 151 (1.02%) NUnit
16 148 (1.00%) Cucumber
17 134 (0.91%) Gradle
18 133 (0.90%) Mockito
19 125 (0.85%) Jasmine
20 118 (0.80%) Grunt
General
1 2,678 (18.13%) Finance
2 620 (4.20%) Banking
3 569 (3.85%) Front Office
4 479 (3.24%) Marketing
5 437 (2.96%) Retail
6 371 (2.51%) Public Sector
7 361 (2.44%) Games
8 252 (1.71%) Investment Banking
9 247 (1.67%) Law
10 160 (1.08%) Manufacturing
11 125 (0.85%) Advertising
12 118 (0.80%) Telecoms
13 117 (0.79%) Legal
14 94 (0.64%) Electronics
15 88 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 74 (0.50%) Back Office
17 44 (0.30%) Publishing
18 41 (0.28%) Local Government
19 35 (0.24%) Automotive
20 33 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,434 (30.01%) .NET
2 4,099 (27.74%) HTML
3 3,931 (26.61%) CSS
4 3,122 (21.13%) AngularJS
5 3,056 (20.68%) React
6 1,941 (13.14%) ASP.NET
7 1,887 (12.77%) Node.js
8 1,668 (11.29%) .NET Core
9 1,594 (10.79%) Web Services
10 1,509 (10.21%) Vue.js
11 1,479 (10.01%) REST
12 1,344 (9.10%) jQuery
13 1,262 (8.54%) RESTful
14 1,261 (8.53%) HTML5
15 1,214 (8.22%) .NET Framework
16 1,161 (7.86%) Spring
17 979 (6.63%) ASP.NET MVC
18 976 (6.61%) ASP.NET Web API
19 779 (5.27%) CSS3
20 696 (4.71%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,179 (7.98%) Greenfield Project
2 978 (6.62%) User Experience
3 724 (4.90%) Mobile App
4 633 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
5 468 (3.17%) Hedge funds
6 423 (2.86%) Derivative
7 422 (2.86%) Fixed Income
8 339 (2.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 324 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
10 299 (2.02%) Algorithms
11 271 (1.83%) Equities
12 208 (1.41%) Data Structures
13 177 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
14 123 (0.83%) Virtual Team
15 101 (0.68%) Cloud Native
16 86 (0.58%) Blog
17 80 (0.54%) Social Media
18 77 (0.52%) NHS
19 67 (0.45%) Management Information System
20 59 (0.40%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,013 (6.86%) Linux
2 656 (4.44%) Android
3 512 (3.47%) Apple iOS
4 492 (3.33%) Windows
5 195 (1.32%) Unix
6 63 (0.43%) Ubuntu
7 56 (0.38%) Windows Server
8 46 (0.31%) CentOS
9 26 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 15 (0.10%) VMS
11 13 (0.088%) Mac OS X
11 13 (0.088%) Oracle Linux
11 13 (0.088%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 13 (0.088%) Windows Server 2016
12 12 (0.081%) Debian
13 8 (0.054%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.047%) Amazon Linux
15 6 (0.041%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.041%) Windows XP
16 5 (0.034%) Android TV
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,761 (38.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2,465 (16.68%) TDD
3 2,288 (15.49%) MVC
4 2,182 (14.77%) DevOps
5 2,118 (14.34%) Microservices
6 1,858 (12.58%) Software Engineering
7 1,663 (11.26%) Front End Development
8 1,611 (10.90%) Scrum
9 1,503 (10.17%) Web Development
10 1,285 (8.70%) OO
11 1,079 (7.30%) Fintech
12 1,048 (7.09%) Problem-Solving
13 1,035 (7.01%) Continuous Integration
14 1,025 (6.94%) Test Automation
15 1,006 (6.81%) BDD
16 942 (6.38%) Mentoring
17 911 (6.17%) Business Intelligence
18 891 (6.03%) Unit Testing
19 847 (5.73%) Computer Science
20 805 (5.45%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 6,811 (46.10%) JavaScript
2 4,557 (30.84%) C#
3 3,823 (25.87%) SQL
4 3,554 (24.05%) Java
5 2,268 (15.35%) Python
6 1,755 (11.88%) PHP
7 1,384 (9.37%) TypeScript
8 678 (4.59%) T-SQL
9 670 (4.53%) C++
10 576 (3.90%) Kotlin
11 523 (3.54%) Java 8
12 381 (2.58%) Scala
13 379 (2.57%) ES6
14 339 (2.29%) Ruby
15 254 (1.72%) Go
16 225 (1.52%) VB.NET
17 219 (1.48%) Apple Swift
18 216 (1.46%) C
19 192 (1.30%) Apex Code
20 169 (1.14%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,180 (7.99%) Degree
2 520 (3.52%) Security Cleared
3 460 (3.11%) Computer Science Degree
4 383 (2.59%) SC Cleared
5 78 (0.53%) DV Cleared
6 70 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
7 55 (0.37%) Master's Degree
8 54 (0.37%) PhD
9 43 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
10 17 (0.12%) Postgraduate
11 14 (0.095%) ISTQB
12 13 (0.088%) DBS Check
13 12 (0.081%) MCPD
14 11 (0.074%) MCITP
15 10 (0.068%) AWS Certification
16 8 (0.054%) HND
17 7 (0.047%) ISEB
18 6 (0.041%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
19 4 (0.027%) HNC
20 3 (0.020%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 491 (3.32%) QA
2 78 (0.53%) Data Quality
3 50 (0.34%) GDPR
4 18 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.12%) SLA
6 15 (0.10%) MiFID
6 15 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 13 (0.088%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.074%) ISO 9001
9 10 (0.068%) Dodd-Frank
9 10 (0.068%) EMIR
10 9 (0.061%) NIST
11 8 (0.054%) WCAG
12 4 (0.027%) HL7
12 4 (0.027%) JTAG
13 3 (0.020%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 3 (0.020%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.020%) SEPA
13 3 (0.020%) UCITS
14 2 (0.014%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,672 (11.32%) Docker
2 72 (0.49%) Active Directory
3 31 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 24 (0.16%) vSphere
6 23 (0.16%) HDFS
7 15 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.074%) Postfix
9 10 (0.068%) LXC
9 10 (0.068%) NDS
9 10 (0.068%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 7 (0.047%) Firmware
10 7 (0.047%) Squid
11 4 (0.027%) Ceph
11 4 (0.027%) Xen
12 3 (0.020%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.014%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.014%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 2 (0.014%) Varnish
14 1 (0.007%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 1,142 (7.73%) Kubernetes
2 335 (2.27%) Terraform
3 184 (1.25%) Ansible
4 74 (0.50%) Puppet
5 73 (0.49%) Grafana
6 60 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
7 42 (0.28%) Kibana
8 25 (0.17%) logstash
9 21 (0.14%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 18 (0.12%) Istio
11 16 (0.11%) cPanel
11 16 (0.11%) Mesos
12 15 (0.10%) Prometheus
13 13 (0.088%) Marathon
13 13 (0.088%) Single Sign-On
14 12 (0.081%) Hadoop YARN
15 11 (0.074%) MIIS
16 9 (0.061%) Rancher
16 9 (0.061%) Tivoli
17 7 (0.047%) vRealize
Vendors
1 1,788 (12.10%) Microsoft
2 564 (3.82%) Oracle
3 530 (3.59%) Google
4 307 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
5 201 (1.36%) SAP
6 190 (1.29%) Zend
7 177 (1.20%) Xamarin
8 162 (1.10%) Tableau
9 154 (1.04%) ServiceNow
10 132 (0.89%) IBM
11 106 (0.72%) Adobe
12 86 (0.58%) Splunk
13 77 (0.52%) Atlassian
14 76 (0.51%) Apple
15 63 (0.43%) MuleSoft
16 59 (0.40%) Sitecore
17 57 (0.39%) VMware
18 53 (0.36%) Databricks
19 35 (0.24%) Informatica
20 31 (0.21%) Pardot