Period
to 2 March 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £53,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 1 2 2
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 22,117 34,378 43,334
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 29.34% 28.35% 28.82%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.27% 29.70% 30.03%
Number of salaries quoted 23,717 32,094 40,373
Median annual salary £53,000 £50,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.95% +1.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 70,726 115,762 144,287
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.82% 95.46% 95.96%
Number of salaries quoted 56,470 93,770 116,923
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,875 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £84,672
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 19,780 £55,000 +4.76% 5,620
UK excluding London 0 12,702 £47,500 +5.56% 3,831
London 0 8,188 £70,000 +7.69% 2,149
Work from Home 0 5,118 £53,000 +6.00% 1,435
South East 0 3,653 £52,500 +5.00% 812
North of England +1 3,068 £45,000 - 1,184
Midlands 0 1,913 £45,000 +3.45% 679
South West +1 1,861 £45,000 +1.12% 426
North West +1 1,686 £47,500 +5.56% 689
West Midlands -1 1,114 £45,000 - 411
Yorkshire 0 1,064 £44,000 -2.22% 371
Scotland 0 1,003 £47,500 +5.56% 227
East Midlands 0 795 £42,500 - 263
East of England +1 724 £50,000 - 341
North East +1 318 £47,500 +11.76% 124
Wales 0 318 £45,000 +5.88% 112
Northern Ireland 0 154 £40,000 -11.11% 53
Isle of Man -2 26 £49,500 +4.21% 1

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 10,593 (47.90%) JavaScript
2 8,526 (38.55%) Agile Software Development
3 6,937 (31.37%) C#
4 6,637 (30.01%) .NET
5 6,288 (28.43%) HTML
6 6,146 (27.79%) SQL
7 6,065 (27.42%) CSS
8 5,064 (22.90%) Java
9 4,790 (21.66%) React
10 4,637 (20.97%) Azure
11 4,291 (19.40%) AngularJS
12 3,935 (17.79%) Finance
13 3,646 (16.49%) AWS
14 3,526 (15.94%) SQL Server
15 3,441 (15.56%) Git (software)
16 3,350 (15.15%) Python
17 3,288 (14.87%) DevOps
18 3,172 (14.34%) TDD
19 3,068 (13.87%) MVC
20 3,066 (13.86%) Microservices
21 2,986 (13.50%) Software Engineering
22 2,815 (12.73%) PHP
23 2,812 (12.71%) Docker
24 2,791 (12.62%) .NET Core
25 2,739 (12.38%) Node.js
26 2,686 (12.14%) Front End Development
27 2,556 (11.56%) TypeScript
28 2,443 (11.05%) ASP.NET
29 2,353 (10.64%) Scrum
30 2,288 (10.34%) Web Development

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 686 (3.10%) CMS
2 480 (2.17%) WordPress
3 439 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
4 362 (1.64%) SharePoint
5 325 (1.47%) Apache
6 304 (1.37%) Confluence
7 239 (1.08%) Apache Spark
8 185 (0.84%) IIS
9 180 (0.81%) Umbraco
10 160 (0.72%) Drupal
11 145 (0.66%) Tomcat
12 121 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
13 103 (0.47%) NServiceBus
14 96 (0.43%) EPiServer
15 89 (0.40%) nginx
16 70 (0.32%) JBoss
17 68 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
18 64 (0.29%) WebSphere
19 59 (0.27%) Kentico
20 53 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 190 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 145 (0.66%) Photoshop
3 107 (0.48%) Sketch
4 103 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
5 87 (0.39%) Adobe XD
6 83 (0.38%) Figma
7 73 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
8 52 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 48 (0.22%) InVision
10 31 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
11 30 (0.14%) Chatbot
12 26 (0.12%) Zeplin
13 15 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 8 (0.036%) GIMP
14 8 (0.036%) MS Visio
15 7 (0.032%) AutoCAD
16 4 (0.018%) InDesign
17 3 (0.014%) InfoPath
18 2 (0.009%) Adobe After Effects
18 2 (0.009%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 305 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 287 (1.30%) Magento
3 128 (0.58%) Shopify
4 71 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 58 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
6 56 (0.25%) NetSuite
7 46 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
8 26 (0.12%) OpenCart
9 22 (0.099%) nopCommerce
10 19 (0.086%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 18 (0.081%) SAP Business One
11 18 (0.081%) Visualfiles
12 16 (0.072%) Sentinel
13 15 (0.068%) R3 Corda
14 14 (0.063%) Summit
15 11 (0.050%) Oracle EBS
16 10 (0.045%) FINCAD Analytics
16 10 (0.045%) Infor M3
16 10 (0.045%) Maximo
17 8 (0.036%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 4,637 (20.97%) Azure
2 3,646 (16.49%) AWS
3 1,127 (5.10%) SaaS
4 1,037 (4.69%) GCP
5 914 (4.13%) Serverless
6 799 (3.61%) Power Platform
7 454 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
8 447 (2.02%) GitHub
9 290 (1.31%) PaaS
10 283 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
11 278 (1.26%) Dynamics 365
12 231 (1.04%) npm
13 230 (1.04%) Amazon S3
14 181 (0.82%) Azure Functions
15 172 (0.78%) Microsoft 365
16 134 (0.61%) PowerApps
17 128 (0.58%) IaaS
18 127 (0.57%) Amazon ECS
19 124 (0.56%) Azure Data Factory
20 118 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 296 (1.34%) HTTP
2 184 (0.83%) Internet
3 113 (0.51%) Skype
4 66 (0.30%) TCP/IP
5 45 (0.20%) Intranet
6 32 (0.14%) FTP
7 31 (0.14%) Network Security
8 27 (0.12%) SSL
9 26 (0.12%) Firewall
10 20 (0.090%) Bluetooth
10 20 (0.090%) SSH
11 19 (0.086%) AMQP
12 18 (0.081%) Wireless
13 15 (0.068%) DNS
14 14 (0.063%) Broadband
14 14 (0.063%) Wi-Fi
15 12 (0.054%) RTP
15 12 (0.054%) VoIP
16 10 (0.045%) DAB
16 10 (0.045%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,526 (15.94%) SQL Server
2 2,117 (9.57%) MySQL
3 1,162 (5.25%) NoSQL
4 1,095 (4.95%) MongoDB
5 1,049 (4.74%) PostgreSQL
6 1,019 (4.61%) Relational Database
7 727 (3.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 710 (3.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 666 (3.01%) Power BI
10 611 (2.76%) Data Warehouse
11 395 (1.79%) Big Data
12 364 (1.65%) Redis
13 325 (1.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 261 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 222 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
16 197 (0.89%) RDBMS
17 186 (0.84%) Hadoop
18 178 (0.80%) Tableau
19 137 (0.62%) SQL Server 2012
20 133 (0.60%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 3,441 (15.56%) Git (software)
2 862 (3.90%) Jenkins
3 834 (3.77%) JIRA
4 621 (2.81%) Visual Studio
5 446 (2.02%) Selenium
6 420 (1.90%) webpack
7 411 (1.86%) Team Foundation Server
8 365 (1.65%) Maven
9 330 (1.49%) JUnit
10 292 (1.32%) TeamCity
11 253 (1.14%) gulp
12 240 (1.09%) Bitbucket
13 236 (1.07%) Subversion
14 234 (1.06%) Cucumber
15 204 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
16 203 (0.92%) Gradle
17 195 (0.88%) Cypress.io
17 195 (0.88%) NUnit
18 178 (0.80%) Visual Studio Team System
19 171 (0.77%) Grunt
General
1 3,935 (17.79%) Finance
2 902 (4.08%) Banking
3 869 (3.93%) Front Office
4 815 (3.68%) Marketing
5 688 (3.11%) Retail
6 662 (2.99%) Public Sector
7 616 (2.79%) Games
8 411 (1.86%) Manufacturing
9 366 (1.65%) Telecoms
10 270 (1.22%) Law
11 259 (1.17%) Electronics
12 210 (0.95%) Investment Banking
13 181 (0.82%) Advertising
14 164 (0.74%) Automotive
15 155 (0.70%) Back Office
16 154 (0.70%) Legal
17 103 (0.47%) Multimedia
18 96 (0.43%) Financial Institution
19 92 (0.42%) Publishing
20 83 (0.38%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,637 (30.01%) .NET
2 6,288 (28.43%) HTML
3 6,065 (27.42%) CSS
4 4,790 (21.66%) React
5 4,291 (19.40%) AngularJS
6 2,791 (12.62%) .NET Core
7 2,739 (12.38%) Node.js
8 2,443 (11.05%) ASP.NET
9 2,204 (9.97%) Vue.js
10 2,112 (9.55%) Web Services
11 2,105 (9.52%) REST
12 2,074 (9.38%) HTML5
13 1,866 (8.44%) jQuery
14 1,738 (7.86%) RESTful
15 1,729 (7.82%) Spring
16 1,634 (7.39%) .NET Framework
17 1,266 (5.72%) CSS3
18 1,191 (5.38%) Laravel
19 1,120 (5.06%) ASP.NET Web API
20 992 (4.49%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 1,743 (7.88%) Greenfield Project
2 1,730 (7.82%) User Experience
3 1,163 (5.26%) Mobile App
4 1,158 (5.24%) Analytical Skills
5 532 (2.41%) Hedge funds
6 504 (2.28%) Fixed Income
7 486 (2.20%) Derivative
7 486 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
8 459 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 439 (1.98%) Equities
10 396 (1.79%) Algorithms
11 354 (1.60%) Data Structures
12 326 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
13 240 (1.09%) Virtual Team
14 174 (0.79%) Blog
15 160 (0.72%) Cloud Native
16 154 (0.70%) N-Tier
17 148 (0.67%) NHS
18 124 (0.56%) Social Media
19 122 (0.55%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,488 (6.73%) Linux
2 877 (3.97%) Android
3 818 (3.70%) Apple iOS
4 653 (2.95%) Windows
5 305 (1.38%) Unix
6 111 (0.50%) Windows Server
7 89 (0.40%) Ubuntu
8 43 (0.19%) CentOS
9 36 (0.16%) Debian
10 27 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 17 (0.077%) Mac OS
12 13 (0.059%) Solaris
13 11 (0.050%) Embedded Linux
14 10 (0.045%) Windows Server 2016
15 7 (0.032%) AIX
15 7 (0.032%) Mac OS X
16 6 (0.027%) VMS
16 6 (0.027%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.027%) Windows Server 2012
17 4 (0.018%) Android TV
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,526 (38.55%) Agile Software Development
2 3,288 (14.87%) DevOps
3 3,172 (14.34%) TDD
4 3,068 (13.87%) MVC
5 3,066 (13.86%) Microservices
6 2,986 (13.50%) Software Engineering
7 2,686 (12.14%) Front End Development
8 2,353 (10.64%) Scrum
9 2,288 (10.34%) Web Development
10 1,734 (7.84%) Fintech
11 1,719 (7.77%) Problem-Solving
12 1,659 (7.50%) OO
13 1,505 (6.80%) Test Automation
14 1,472 (6.66%) Mentoring
15 1,453 (6.57%) Computer Science
16 1,394 (6.30%) Unit Testing
17 1,321 (5.97%) Continuous Integration
18 1,272 (5.75%) Business Intelligence
19 1,152 (5.21%) SDLC
20 1,121 (5.07%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 10,593 (47.90%) JavaScript
2 6,937 (31.37%) C#
3 6,146 (27.79%) SQL
4 5,064 (22.90%) Java
5 3,350 (15.15%) Python
6 2,815 (12.73%) PHP
7 2,556 (11.56%) TypeScript
8 1,011 (4.57%) C++
9 953 (4.31%) T-SQL
10 682 (3.08%) Java 8
11 671 (3.03%) Kotlin
12 588 (2.66%) ES6
13 486 (2.20%) Go
14 469 (2.12%) Scala
15 463 (2.09%) Ruby
16 344 (1.56%) Apple Swift
17 340 (1.54%) C
18 306 (1.38%) VB.NET
19 273 (1.23%) PowerShell
20 237 (1.07%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,909 (8.63%) Degree
2 774 (3.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 528 (2.39%) Security Cleared
4 408 (1.84%) SC Cleared
5 132 (0.60%) Master's Degree
6 88 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
7 78 (0.35%) DV Cleared
8 65 (0.29%) PhD
9 61 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
10 22 (0.099%) ISTQB
11 19 (0.086%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 18 (0.081%) AWS Certification
13 16 (0.072%) DBS Check
13 16 (0.072%) SANS
14 15 (0.068%) ISEB
15 14 (0.063%) HNC
16 12 (0.054%) BPSS Clearance
16 12 (0.054%) PMI Certification
17 11 (0.050%) HND
18 10 (0.045%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 782 (3.54%) QA
2 98 (0.44%) Data Quality
3 47 (0.21%) GDPR
4 45 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 45 (0.20%) SLA
4 45 (0.20%) WCAG
5 22 (0.099%) NIST
6 15 (0.068%) MiFID
6 15 (0.068%) WAI
7 13 (0.059%) ISO 9001
8 12 (0.054%) PCI DSS
9 11 (0.050%) Dodd-Frank
9 11 (0.050%) EMIR
9 11 (0.050%) ISO 13485
10 5 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.018%) PSD2
12 3 (0.014%) JTAG
12 3 (0.014%) PMO
13 2 (0.009%) HIPAA
13 2 (0.009%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 2,812 (12.71%) Docker
2 82 (0.37%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.086%) Firmware
5 17 (0.077%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 15 (0.068%) HDFS
7 13 (0.059%) Hyper-V
8 12 (0.054%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (0.041%) KVM
9 9 (0.041%) Postfix
10 8 (0.036%) Varnish
11 6 (0.027%) vSphere
12 5 (0.023%) LXC
13 4 (0.018%) Ceph
13 4 (0.018%) NDS
13 4 (0.018%) Xen
14 3 (0.014%) Kamailio
14 3 (0.014%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 3 (0.014%) OpenSIPS
15 1 (0.005%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,801 (8.14%) Kubernetes
2 548 (2.48%) Terraform
3 193 (0.87%) Ansible
4 114 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
5 110 (0.50%) Puppet
6 50 (0.23%) Grafana
7 35 (0.16%) Kibana
8 33 (0.15%) Prometheus
9 30 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
10 28 (0.13%) Packer
11 26 (0.12%) MIIS
12 17 (0.077%) Docker Swarm
13 14 (0.063%) Rancher
14 10 (0.045%) Hadoop YARN
15 9 (0.041%) Consul
16 7 (0.032%) logstash
17 6 (0.027%) FlexNet
17 6 (0.027%) Marathon
18 5 (0.023%) Mesos
19 4 (0.018%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 2,276 (10.29%) Microsoft
2 781 (3.53%) Google
3 766 (3.46%) Oracle
4 513 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
5 317 (1.43%) SAP
6 294 (1.33%) Xamarin
7 275 (1.24%) Adobe
8 227 (1.03%) Zend
9 165 (0.75%) Apple
10 159 (0.72%) Sitecore
11 133 (0.60%) IBM
12 109 (0.49%) MuleSoft
13 101 (0.46%) Atlassian
14 99 (0.45%) ServiceNow
15 79 (0.36%) Databricks
16 71 (0.32%) Nintex
17 68 (0.31%) Splunk
18 60 (0.27%) VMware
19 57 (0.26%) Red Hat
20 54 (0.24%) Sybase