Period
to 5 December 2020

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 2 2
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 17,384 37,936 47,629
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 30.78% 28.08% 29.26%
As % of the Job Titles category 32.36% 29.36% 30.52%
Number of salaries quoted 18,344 35,236 44,064
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 53,728 129,213 156,070
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.12% 95.65% 95.86%
Number of salaries quoted 44,748 103,521 125,582
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +3.09%
10th Percentile £32,250 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 15,709 £55,000 +4.76% 4,485
UK excluding London +1 9,976 £47,500 +5.56% 3,094
London 0 6,657 £70,000 +7.69% 1,714
Work from Home 0 3,405 £52,500 +5.00% 1,058
South East 0 2,877 £52,500 +10.53% 617
North of England +1 2,595 £45,000 - 974
North West +1 1,437 £50,000 +11.11% 556
South West +1 1,368 £45,000 - 391
Midlands 0 1,358 £45,000 +5.88% 513
Yorkshire 0 858 £45,000 +5.88% 296
West Midlands 0 793 £45,000 +5.88% 297
Scotland +1 766 £47,500 +5.56% 198
East of England +1 603 £47,500 -5.00% 262
East Midlands 0 563 £45,000 +5.88% 216
North East +2 299 £45,000 +9.76% 122
Wales +1 272 £45,000 +5.88% 81
Northern Ireland 0 136 £42,500 -6.08% 63
Isle of Man -1 10 £52,500 +7.69%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 5 December 2020, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 8,093 (46.55%) JavaScript
2 6,684 (38.45%) Agile Software Development
3 5,250 (30.20%) C#
4 5,131 (29.52%) .NET
5 4,920 (28.30%) HTML
6 4,721 (27.16%) CSS
7 4,705 (27.07%) SQL
8 4,144 (23.84%) Java
9 3,579 (20.59%) React
10 3,524 (20.27%) Azure
11 3,478 (20.01%) AngularJS
12 3,093 (17.79%) Finance
13 2,948 (16.96%) SQL Server
14 2,789 (16.04%) Git (software)
15 2,745 (15.79%) AWS
16 2,708 (15.58%) TDD
17 2,697 (15.51%) DevOps
18 2,692 (15.49%) Python
19 2,414 (13.89%) Microservices
20 2,410 (13.86%) MVC
21 2,278 (13.10%) Node.js
22 2,099 (12.07%) .NET Core
23 2,060 (11.85%) Software Engineering
24 2,049 (11.79%) PHP
25 2,025 (11.65%) Front End Development
26 2,024 (11.64%) ASP.NET
27 1,969 (11.33%) Docker
28 1,899 (10.92%) Scrum
29 1,892 (10.88%) Microsoft
30 1,827 (10.51%) TypeScript

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 524 (3.01%) CMS
2 388 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
3 371 (2.13%) WordPress
4 350 (2.01%) Apache
5 248 (1.43%) Confluence
5 248 (1.43%) SharePoint
6 211 (1.21%) Apache Spark
7 125 (0.72%) IIS
7 125 (0.72%) NServiceBus
8 116 (0.67%) Tomcat
9 107 (0.62%) Drupal
10 97 (0.56%) Umbraco
11 91 (0.52%) nginx
12 80 (0.46%) WebSphere
13 60 (0.35%) JBoss
14 54 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
15 46 (0.26%) BizTalk Server
16 45 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
17 41 (0.24%) Joomla!
18 36 (0.21%) EPiServer
Applications
1 190 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 105 (0.60%) Photoshop
3 72 (0.41%) Sketch
4 58 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
5 57 (0.33%) Figma
6 48 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
7 45 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 45 (0.26%) Adobe XD
8 35 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
9 30 (0.17%) Zeplin
10 26 (0.15%) InVision
11 24 (0.14%) Chatbot
12 13 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 13 (0.075%) MS Visio
13 4 (0.023%) Fireworks
13 4 (0.023%) GIMP
13 4 (0.023%) Inkscape
14 3 (0.017%) Moqups
15 2 (0.012%) AutoCAD
15 2 (0.012%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 284 (1.63%) Magento
2 233 (1.34%) Dynamics CRM
3 94 (0.54%) Shopify
4 58 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
5 34 (0.20%) R3 Corda
6 33 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 30 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
8 24 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 23 (0.13%) NetSuite
10 20 (0.12%) OpenCart
11 19 (0.11%) Visualfiles
12 17 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
13 16 (0.092%) Remedy ITSM
13 16 (0.092%) Sentinel
14 13 (0.075%) Adobe Campaign
15 12 (0.069%) SAP HR
15 12 (0.069%) SAP S/4HANA
16 11 (0.063%) Maximo
17 10 (0.058%) Odoo
17 10 (0.058%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 3,524 (20.27%) Azure
2 2,745 (15.79%) AWS
3 715 (4.11%) GCP
4 709 (4.08%) SaaS
5 699 (4.02%) Serverless
6 563 (3.24%) Power Platform
7 420 (2.42%) GitHub
8 403 (2.32%) AWS Lambda
9 251 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
10 237 (1.36%) Dynamics 365
11 236 (1.36%) npm
12 210 (1.21%) Amazon S3
13 198 (1.14%) PaaS
14 117 (0.67%) IaaS
15 115 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
16 114 (0.66%) Office 365
17 105 (0.60%) Azure Data Factory
17 105 (0.60%) Azure Functions
18 92 (0.53%) Salesforce Service Cloud
19 90 (0.52%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 300 (1.73%) HTTP
2 154 (0.89%) Internet
3 138 (0.79%) Skype
4 63 (0.36%) TCP/IP
5 31 (0.18%) Intranet
5 31 (0.18%) SSH
6 28 (0.16%) FTP
7 26 (0.15%) Broadband
7 26 (0.15%) Network Security
8 23 (0.13%) Bluetooth
9 22 (0.13%) Firewall
10 19 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
11 16 (0.092%) DNS
11 16 (0.092%) SSL
12 11 (0.063%) WEP
13 9 (0.052%) RTP
14 8 (0.046%) AMQP
14 8 (0.046%) Wireless
15 7 (0.040%) DAB
16 5 (0.029%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,948 (16.96%) SQL Server
2 1,597 (9.19%) MySQL
3 1,042 (5.99%) NoSQL
4 893 (5.14%) MongoDB
5 832 (4.79%) PostgreSQL
6 795 (4.57%) Relational Database
7 623 (3.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 561 (3.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 509 (2.93%) Data Warehouse
10 472 (2.72%) Power BI
11 415 (2.39%) Big Data
12 344 (1.98%) Redis
13 269 (1.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 258 (1.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 171 (0.98%) Azure SQL Database
16 157 (0.90%) Hadoop
17 151 (0.87%) Tableau
18 150 (0.86%) Apache Cassandra
19 146 (0.84%) SQL Server 2012
20 138 (0.79%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,789 (16.04%) Git (software)
2 737 (4.24%) JIRA
3 685 (3.94%) Jenkins
4 459 (2.64%) Visual Studio
5 426 (2.45%) Selenium
6 393 (2.26%) webpack
7 349 (2.01%) Team Foundation Server
8 306 (1.76%) JUnit
9 289 (1.66%) Maven
10 279 (1.60%) TeamCity
11 206 (1.18%) gulp
12 203 (1.17%) Bitbucket
13 185 (1.06%) Subversion
14 184 (1.06%) Cucumber
14 184 (1.06%) NUnit
15 173 (1.00%) Octopus Deploy
16 147 (0.85%) Grunt
17 146 (0.84%) Mockito
18 142 (0.82%) Gradle
19 136 (0.78%) Jasmine
General
1 3,093 (17.79%) Finance
2 694 (3.99%) Banking
3 662 (3.81%) Front Office
4 594 (3.42%) Marketing
5 534 (3.07%) Public Sector
6 471 (2.71%) Retail
7 409 (2.35%) Games
8 269 (1.55%) Manufacturing
9 247 (1.42%) Law
10 219 (1.26%) Investment Banking
11 205 (1.18%) Telecoms
12 146 (0.84%) Advertising
13 145 (0.83%) Electronics
14 123 (0.71%) Legal
15 101 (0.58%) Back Office
16 76 (0.44%) Automotive
17 72 (0.41%) Publishing
18 71 (0.41%) Financial Institution
19 59 (0.34%) Local Government
20 30 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,131 (29.52%) .NET
2 4,920 (28.30%) HTML
3 4,721 (27.16%) CSS
4 3,579 (20.59%) React
5 3,478 (20.01%) AngularJS
6 2,278 (13.10%) Node.js
7 2,099 (12.07%) .NET Core
8 2,024 (11.64%) ASP.NET
9 1,760 (10.12%) Web Services
10 1,723 (9.91%) Vue.js
11 1,677 (9.65%) REST
12 1,531 (8.81%) HTML5
13 1,503 (8.65%) RESTful
14 1,425 (8.20%) jQuery
15 1,380 (7.94%) Spring
16 1,353 (7.78%) .NET Framework
17 965 (5.55%) ASP.NET Web API
18 921 (5.30%) ASP.NET MVC
18 921 (5.30%) CSS3
19 818 (4.71%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 1,294 (7.44%) Greenfield Project
2 1,263 (7.27%) User Experience
3 817 (4.70%) Mobile App
4 816 (4.69%) Analytical Skills
5 477 (2.74%) Fixed Income
5 477 (2.74%) Hedge funds
6 439 (2.53%) Derivative
7 406 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
8 371 (2.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 336 (1.93%) Equities
10 335 (1.93%) Algorithms
11 252 (1.45%) Data Structures
12 205 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
13 158 (0.91%) Virtual Team
14 140 (0.81%) Blog
15 133 (0.77%) Cloud Native
16 96 (0.55%) NHS
17 75 (0.43%) N-Tier
18 68 (0.39%) Management Information System
18 68 (0.39%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,140 (6.56%) Linux
2 759 (4.37%) Android
3 617 (3.55%) Apple iOS
4 523 (3.01%) Windows
5 231 (1.33%) Unix
6 85 (0.49%) Ubuntu
7 60 (0.35%) Windows Server
8 55 (0.32%) CentOS
9 23 (0.13%) Debian
10 16 (0.092%) Mac OS
10 16 (0.092%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 11 (0.063%) Mac OS X
11 11 (0.063%) VMS
11 11 (0.063%) Windows Server 2016
12 10 (0.058%) Oracle Linux
12 10 (0.058%) Solaris
13 8 (0.046%) Amazon Linux
14 6 (0.035%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.029%) AIX
15 5 (0.029%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,684 (38.45%) Agile Software Development
2 2,708 (15.58%) TDD
3 2,697 (15.51%) DevOps
4 2,414 (13.89%) Microservices
5 2,410 (13.86%) MVC
6 2,060 (11.85%) Software Engineering
7 2,025 (11.65%) Front End Development
8 1,899 (10.92%) Scrum
9 1,748 (10.06%) Web Development
10 1,389 (7.99%) OO
11 1,253 (7.21%) Fintech
12 1,206 (6.94%) Problem-Solving
13 1,181 (6.79%) Unit Testing
14 1,172 (6.74%) Test Automation
15 1,162 (6.68%) Mentoring
16 1,155 (6.64%) Continuous Integration
17 1,012 (5.82%) Business Intelligence
18 997 (5.74%) BDD
19 982 (5.65%) Computer Science
20 871 (5.01%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 8,093 (46.55%) JavaScript
2 5,250 (30.20%) C#
3 4,705 (27.07%) SQL
4 4,144 (23.84%) Java
5 2,692 (15.49%) Python
6 2,049 (11.79%) PHP
7 1,827 (10.51%) TypeScript
8 808 (4.65%) C++
9 721 (4.15%) T-SQL
10 640 (3.68%) Kotlin
11 552 (3.18%) Java 8
12 451 (2.59%) Scala
13 403 (2.32%) ES6
14 347 (2.00%) Ruby
15 319 (1.84%) Go
16 257 (1.48%) Apple Swift
17 256 (1.47%) C
18 243 (1.40%) Apex Code
19 220 (1.27%) VB.NET
20 202 (1.16%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,342 (7.72%) Degree
2 553 (3.18%) Security Cleared
3 520 (2.99%) Computer Science Degree
4 406 (2.34%) SC Cleared
5 92 (0.53%) DV Cleared
6 67 (0.39%) PhD
7 62 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
8 58 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
9 55 (0.32%) Master's Degree
10 23 (0.13%) ISTQB
11 18 (0.10%) Postgraduate
12 15 (0.086%) DBS Check
13 12 (0.069%) ISEB
14 11 (0.063%) CTC Cleared
15 9 (0.052%) AWS Certification
15 9 (0.052%) HND
15 9 (0.052%) PMI Certification
16 6 (0.035%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 5 (0.029%) MCSD
18 4 (0.023%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 582 (3.35%) QA
2 88 (0.51%) Data Quality
3 41 (0.24%) GDPR
4 28 (0.16%) NIST
5 24 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 24 (0.14%) SLA
6 21 (0.12%) WCAG
7 17 (0.098%) ISO 9001
8 12 (0.069%) ISO 13485
8 12 (0.069%) MiFID
9 11 (0.063%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.052%) Dodd-Frank
10 9 (0.052%) EMIR
11 8 (0.046%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.023%) JTAG
12 4 (0.023%) PSD2
13 3 (0.017%) HL7
14 2 (0.012%) HIPAA
14 2 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 2 (0.012%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,969 (11.33%) Docker
2 80 (0.46%) Active Directory
3 28 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 21 (0.12%) HDFS
6 15 (0.086%) Firmware
6 15 (0.086%) vSphere
7 12 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.063%) NDS
9 10 (0.058%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 10 (0.058%) Postfix
10 9 (0.052%) LXC
11 8 (0.046%) Hyper-V
12 6 (0.035%) Ceph
12 6 (0.035%) Xen
13 5 (0.029%) Varnish
14 4 (0.023%) KVM
15 2 (0.012%) Squid
16 1 (0.006%) Terminal Services
16 1 (0.006%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 1,316 (7.57%) Kubernetes
2 418 (2.40%) Terraform
3 186 (1.07%) Ansible
4 88 (0.51%) Grafana
5 87 (0.50%) Puppet
6 65 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
7 40 (0.23%) Kibana
8 27 (0.16%) Prometheus
9 22 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
10 21 (0.12%) logstash
11 20 (0.12%) MIIS
12 17 (0.098%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 16 (0.092%) cPanel
14 15 (0.086%) Hadoop YARN
14 15 (0.086%) Istio
15 14 (0.081%) Rancher
16 13 (0.075%) Marathon
16 13 (0.075%) Mesos
17 9 (0.052%) Docker Swarm
17 9 (0.052%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,892 (10.88%) Microsoft
2 639 (3.68%) Google
3 594 (3.42%) Oracle
4 426 (2.45%) Salesforce.com
5 242 (1.39%) Xamarin
6 232 (1.33%) SAP
7 176 (1.01%) Adobe
8 168 (0.97%) Zend
9 141 (0.81%) IBM
10 140 (0.81%) ServiceNow
11 103 (0.59%) Splunk
12 101 (0.58%) Apple
13 87 (0.50%) Atlassian
14 81 (0.47%) MuleSoft
15 77 (0.44%) Databricks
16 66 (0.38%) Sitecore
17 65 (0.37%) VMware
18 47 (0.27%) Facebook
18 47 (0.27%) Red Hat
19 38 (0.22%) Solace