Period
to 20 September 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 1 2
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 30,633 14,904 38,576
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 25.30% 30.34% 27.29%
As % of the Job Titles category 27.68% 32.00% 28.49%
Number of salaries quoted 22,094 12,893 33,195
10th Percentile £34,835 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% +1.12%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 110,654 46,569 135,380
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.40% 94.80% 95.78%
Number of salaries quoted 76,947 38,517 109,051
10th Percentile £31,875 £32,500 £28,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 27,190 £57,500 +4.55% 6,143
UK excluding London -1 15,125 £48,500 +2.11% 3,736
London +1 13,264 £70,000 - 2,722
Work from Home 0 8,605 £57,500 +4.55% 1,545
South East -1 4,794 £50,000 - 717
North of England -2 3,430 £47,500 +4.40% 1,189
Midlands -1 2,377 £45,000 - 736
South West 0 1,878 £47,500 +5.56% 379
North West -2 1,757 £50,000 - 674
West Midlands 0 1,588 £47,500 +1.06% 487
Yorkshire -2 1,319 £45,000 - 355
Scotland -1 1,179 £48,000 +1.05% 242
East of England -2 974 £50,000 +11.11% 372
East Midlands -2 772 £42,500 +1.19% 248
North East -1 356 £42,500 - 160
Wales -4 334 £45,000 - 73
Northern Ireland -1 201 £40,000 -13.04% 32
Isle of Man -10 2 £40,000 -23.81% 1
Channel Islands - 1 - -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 13,873 (45.29%) JavaScript
2 12,599 (41.13%) Agile Software Development
3 9,233 (30.14%) React
4 8,675 (28.32%) C#
5 8,573 (27.99%) SQL
6 8,443 (27.56%) .NET
7 7,709 (25.17%) HTML
8 7,467 (24.38%) CSS
9 7,053 (23.02%) Java
10 6,569 (21.44%) Azure
11 6,281 (20.50%) Full Stack Development
12 5,832 (19.04%) AngularJS
13 5,782 (18.88%) AWS
14 5,643 (18.42%) Finance
15 5,405 (17.64%) Git (software)
16 5,258 (17.16%) Social Skills
17 4,911 (16.03%) Software Engineering
18 4,804 (15.68%) Docker
19 4,754 (15.52%) TDD
20 4,722 (15.41%) SQL Server
21 4,637 (15.14%) Python
22 4,604 (15.03%) Microservices
23 4,585 (14.97%) TypeScript
24 4,458 (14.55%) Node.js
25 4,444 (14.51%) DevOps
26 4,344 (14.18%) Front End Development
27 3,840 (12.54%) REST
28 3,820 (12.47%) Scrum
29 3,679 (12.01%) MVC
30 3,468 (11.32%) PHP

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,094 (3.57%) CMS
2 826 (2.70%) WordPress
3 698 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
4 541 (1.77%) Apache
5 429 (1.40%) SharePoint
6 412 (1.34%) Confluence
7 324 (1.06%) Umbraco
8 284 (0.93%) IIS
9 268 (0.87%) Apache Spark
10 264 (0.86%) nginx
11 208 (0.68%) Drupal
12 177 (0.58%) Tomcat
13 150 (0.49%) Apache Solr
14 148 (0.48%) EPiServer
15 121 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
16 110 (0.36%) Headless CMS
17 107 (0.35%) Kentico
18 91 (0.30%) WebLogic
19 66 (0.22%) BizTalk Server
20 58 (0.19%) JBoss
Applications
1 282 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 206 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
3 145 (0.47%) Photoshop
4 144 (0.47%) Figma
5 115 (0.38%) Sketch
6 91 (0.30%) Adobe XD
7 77 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
8 43 (0.14%) MS Visio
9 41 (0.13%) InVision
10 34 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
11 33 (0.11%) GIMP
12 29 (0.095%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 28 (0.091%) Campfire
14 27 (0.088%) Chatbot
15 18 (0.059%) Simulink
16 17 (0.055%) Microsoft PowerPoint
16 17 (0.055%) Zeplin
17 15 (0.049%) InDesign
18 10 (0.033%) Microsoft Project
19 7 (0.023%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 255 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 241 (0.79%) Magento
3 154 (0.50%) Shopify
4 113 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
5 69 (0.23%) NetSuite
6 66 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
7 48 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
8 26 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 25 (0.082%) Distributed Ledger
10 22 (0.072%) MetaTrader
10 22 (0.072%) Oracle EBS
10 22 (0.072%) Visualfiles
11 21 (0.069%) WebTrends
12 20 (0.065%) Oracle BPM
13 15 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
13 15 (0.049%) SAP S/4HANA
13 15 (0.049%) Sentinel
14 14 (0.046%) nopCommerce
14 14 (0.046%) SAP Business ByDesign
15 12 (0.039%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 6,569 (21.44%) Azure
2 5,782 (18.88%) AWS
3 1,995 (6.51%) Serverless
4 1,788 (5.84%) GCP
5 1,769 (5.77%) SaaS
6 1,384 (4.52%) Power Platform
7 1,321 (4.31%) GitHub
8 1,086 (3.55%) AWS Lambda
9 752 (2.45%) Amazon S3
10 599 (1.96%) npm
11 540 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
12 446 (1.46%) Dynamics 365
13 343 (1.12%) Amazon SQS
14 335 (1.09%) PaaS
15 313 (1.02%) PowerApps
16 308 (1.01%) Azure Functions
17 305 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
18 299 (0.98%) Azure Service Bus
19 256 (0.84%) Microsoft 365
20 253 (0.83%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 471 (1.54%) HTTP
2 351 (1.15%) Broadband
3 319 (1.04%) Internet
4 132 (0.43%) DNS
5 94 (0.31%) AMQP
6 76 (0.25%) SSL
7 74 (0.24%) TCP/IP
8 59 (0.19%) Intranet
9 51 (0.17%) FTP
10 49 (0.16%) SSH
11 46 (0.15%) Bluetooth
12 44 (0.14%) SMTP
13 43 (0.14%) Ethernet
14 40 (0.13%) Network Security
15 36 (0.12%) 5G
15 36 (0.12%) MQTT
16 35 (0.11%) Firewall
17 33 (0.11%) Wireless
18 29 (0.095%) VPN
19 23 (0.075%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,722 (15.41%) SQL Server
2 2,750 (8.98%) MySQL
3 1,789 (5.84%) NoSQL
4 1,589 (5.19%) MongoDB
5 1,553 (5.07%) Relational Database
6 1,550 (5.06%) PostgreSQL
7 1,194 (3.90%) Power BI
8 985 (3.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 914 (2.98%) Data Warehouse
10 888 (2.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 869 (2.84%) Big Data
12 767 (2.50%) Redis
13 664 (2.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 458 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
15 430 (1.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 418 (1.36%) RDBMS
17 330 (1.08%) Tableau
18 306 (1.00%) Oracle Database
19 286 (0.93%) Hadoop
20 278 (0.91%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 5,405 (17.64%) Git (software)
2 1,884 (6.15%) Jenkins
3 1,310 (4.28%) JIRA
4 958 (3.13%) webpack
5 859 (2.80%) Visual Studio
6 650 (2.12%) Maven
7 531 (1.73%) Team Foundation Server
8 530 (1.73%) JUnit
9 494 (1.61%) Selenium
10 447 (1.46%) GitLab
11 443 (1.45%) Bitbucket
12 439 (1.43%) Cypress.io
13 433 (1.41%) TeamCity
14 370 (1.21%) Octopus Deploy
15 356 (1.16%) gulp
16 322 (1.05%) Gradle
17 312 (1.02%) NUnit
18 306 (1.00%) Cucumber
19 290 (0.95%) Subversion
20 271 (0.88%) Mockito
General
1 5,643 (18.42%) Finance
2 5,258 (17.16%) Social Skills
3 1,497 (4.89%) Analytical Skills
4 1,302 (4.25%) Banking
5 1,258 (4.11%) Marketing
6 1,107 (3.61%) Retail
7 1,018 (3.32%) Games
8 915 (2.99%) Front Office
9 749 (2.45%) Public Sector
10 514 (1.68%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 499 (1.63%) Law
12 471 (1.54%) Organisational Skills
13 431 (1.41%) Manufacturing
14 429 (1.40%) Advertising
15 380 (1.24%) Legal
16 335 (1.09%) Investment Banking
17 273 (0.89%) Telecoms
18 253 (0.83%) Automotive
19 242 (0.79%) Back Office
20 240 (0.78%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,233 (30.14%) React
2 8,443 (27.56%) .NET
3 7,709 (25.17%) HTML
4 7,467 (24.38%) CSS
5 5,832 (19.04%) AngularJS
6 4,458 (14.55%) Node.js
7 3,840 (12.54%) REST
8 3,325 (10.85%) Web Services
9 3,256 (10.63%) .NET Core
10 2,841 (9.27%) Spring
11 2,758 (9.00%) ASP.NET
12 2,693 (8.79%) RESTful
13 2,630 (8.59%) Vue.js
14 2,396 (7.82%) HTML5
15 2,225 (7.26%) jQuery
16 1,985 (6.48%) .NET Framework
17 1,561 (5.10%) Redux
18 1,503 (4.91%) Sass
19 1,460 (4.77%) GraphQL
20 1,408 (4.60%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 2,944 (9.61%) User Experience
2 2,574 (8.40%) Greenfield Project
3 1,594 (5.20%) Mobile App
4 888 (2.90%) Self-Motivation
5 639 (2.09%) Algorithms
6 550 (1.80%) Derivative
6 550 (1.80%) Hedge funds
7 528 (1.72%) Equities
8 519 (1.69%) Data Structures
9 488 (1.59%) Fixed Income
10 466 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 455 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
12 433 (1.41%) Virtual Team
13 396 (1.29%) Social Media
14 344 (1.12%) Cloud Native
15 289 (0.94%) Legacy Systems
16 259 (0.85%) NHS
17 214 (0.70%) Management Information System
18 207 (0.68%) Blog
19 190 (0.62%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 2,217 (7.24%) Linux
2 1,350 (4.41%) Android
3 1,233 (4.03%) Apple iOS
4 1,073 (3.50%) Windows
5 604 (1.97%) Unix
6 129 (0.42%) Windows Server
7 117 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 69 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 68 (0.22%) Mac OS
10 53 (0.17%) CentOS
11 44 (0.14%) VMS
12 37 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
13 34 (0.11%) Windows 10
14 25 (0.082%) Embedded Linux
14 25 (0.082%) Mesosphere
15 23 (0.075%) Alpine Linux
16 21 (0.069%) Windows 7
16 21 (0.069%) Windows Server 2012
17 20 (0.065%) Fedora
18 18 (0.059%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,599 (41.13%) Agile Software Development
2 6,281 (20.50%) Full Stack Development
3 4,911 (16.03%) Software Engineering
4 4,754 (15.52%) TDD
5 4,604 (15.03%) Microservices
6 4,444 (14.51%) DevOps
7 4,344 (14.18%) Front End Development
8 3,820 (12.47%) Scrum
9 3,679 (12.01%) MVC
10 3,417 (11.15%) Problem-Solving
11 2,834 (9.25%) Web Development
12 2,593 (8.46%) Mentoring
13 2,442 (7.97%) Continuous Integration
14 2,348 (7.66%) Fintech
15 2,325 (7.59%) OO
16 2,262 (7.38%) Test Automation
17 2,217 (7.24%) Unit Testing
18 2,178 (7.11%) Computer Science
19 2,058 (6.72%) Analytics
20 2,010 (6.56%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 13,873 (45.29%) JavaScript
2 8,675 (28.32%) C#
3 8,573 (27.99%) SQL
4 7,053 (23.02%) Java
5 4,637 (15.14%) Python
6 4,585 (14.97%) TypeScript
7 3,468 (11.32%) PHP
8 1,401 (4.57%) T-SQL
9 1,112 (3.63%) C++
10 1,094 (3.57%) Java 8
11 995 (3.25%) Go
12 987 (3.22%) Kotlin
13 975 (3.18%) ES6
14 641 (2.09%) Scala
15 582 (1.90%) Ruby
16 563 (1.84%) C
17 544 (1.78%) Apple Swift
18 482 (1.57%) PowerShell
19 407 (1.33%) PL/SQL
20 367 (1.20%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 2,648 (8.64%) Degree
2 1,090 (3.56%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,088 (3.55%) Security Cleared
4 930 (3.04%) SC Cleared
5 196 (0.64%) Master's Degree
6 139 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
7 123 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
8 83 (0.27%) DV Cleared
9 81 (0.26%) PhD
10 76 (0.25%) AWS Certification
11 46 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
12 44 (0.14%) OCP
13 43 (0.14%) DBS Check
14 37 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
15 28 (0.091%) HND
16 26 (0.085%) ISTQB
17 20 (0.065%) MCSD
18 19 (0.062%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
19 18 (0.059%) HNC
20 17 (0.055%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,224 (4.00%) QA
2 648 (2.12%) Accessibility
3 175 (0.57%) GDPR
4 159 (0.52%) Data Quality
5 97 (0.32%) WCAG
6 63 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 54 (0.18%) SLA
8 44 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 38 (0.12%) MiFID
10 35 (0.11%) EMIR
11 25 (0.082%) GRC
12 24 (0.078%) PMO
13 19 (0.062%) MISRA
14 18 (0.059%) ECSS
14 18 (0.059%) MISRA C
15 13 (0.042%) WAI
16 12 (0.039%) CRD IV
17 11 (0.036%) ISO 13485
17 11 (0.036%) ISO 20022
17 11 (0.036%) PSD2
System Software
1 4,804 (15.68%) Docker
2 142 (0.46%) Active Directory
3 59 (0.19%) Firmware
4 53 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
5 48 (0.16%) HDFS
6 40 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 32 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
8 27 (0.088%) NDS
8 27 (0.088%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 22 (0.072%) Postfix
10 18 (0.059%) ISA Server
11 16 (0.052%) Varnish
12 11 (0.036%) etcd
13 7 (0.023%) Ceph
13 7 (0.023%) Hyper-V
13 7 (0.023%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.010%) vSphere
15 2 (0.007%) Apache Flume
15 2 (0.007%) Time Sharing Option
15 2 (0.007%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 3,010 (9.83%) Kubernetes
2 1,325 (4.33%) Terraform
3 466 (1.52%) Ansible
4 166 (0.54%) Grafana
5 161 (0.53%) Opscode Chef
6 141 (0.46%) Puppet
7 131 (0.43%) Prometheus
8 112 (0.37%) Kibana
9 65 (0.21%) logstash
10 51 (0.17%) Consul
11 46 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
12 42 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
13 41 (0.13%) Opsgenie
14 40 (0.13%) Graphite
15 35 (0.11%) HAProxy
16 30 (0.098%) Graylog
17 29 (0.095%) Rancher
18 28 (0.091%) NetIQ Identity Manager
19 27 (0.088%) Istio
20 26 (0.085%) Automic
Vendors
1 3,420 (11.16%) Microsoft
2 1,432 (4.67%) Oracle
3 1,285 (4.19%) Google
4 600 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
5 358 (1.17%) SAP
6 343 (1.12%) Adobe
7 295 (0.96%) Zend
8 291 (0.95%) ServiceNow
9 249 (0.81%) Xamarin
10 222 (0.72%) Apple
11 172 (0.56%) Atlassian
12 165 (0.54%) Sitecore
13 156 (0.51%) IBM
14 138 (0.45%) MuleSoft
15 137 (0.45%) WooCommerce
16 121 (0.39%) Databricks
17 115 (0.38%) VMware
18 113 (0.37%) Sybase
19 109 (0.36%) Informatica
20 94 (0.31%) Splunk