Period
to 27 September 2020

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 2 2
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 14,497 38,244 49,236
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 30.45% 27.25% 29.63%
As % of the Job Titles category 32.11% 28.46% 30.86%
Number of salaries quoted 14,593 35,255 45,250
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,375 £31,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.09%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 45,145 134,374 159,542
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.82% 95.75% 96.01%
Number of salaries quoted 36,952 106,977 128,579
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13,270 £55,000 +8.91% 4,192
UK excluding London +1 8,201 £47,500 +5.56% 2,984
London -1 5,836 £70,000 +7.69% 1,475
South East 0 2,479 £51,000 +7.37% 595
North of England +1 2,262 £47,500 +9.20% 915
Work from Home 0 2,252 £55,000 +10.00% 823
North West +1 1,287 £50,000 +11.11% 514
Midlands 0 1,026 £45,000 +5.88% 497
South West 0 992 £45,000 - 416
Yorkshire 0 737 £45,000 +5.88% 284
West Midlands -1 612 £47,000 +10.59% 276
East of England +1 518 £47,500 -5.00% 277
Scotland +1 507 £47,500 +5.56% 178
East Midlands 0 410 £42,500 - 219
Wales +1 269 £45,000 +5.88% 78
North East +2 237 £43,000 +1.18% 117
Northern Ireland 0 147 £45,000 - 32
Isle of Man +1 5 £52,500 -4.55% 1

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 6,667 (45.99%) JavaScript
2 5,651 (38.98%) Agile Software Development
3 4,482 (30.92%) C#
4 4,357 (30.05%) .NET
5 3,997 (27.57%) HTML
6 3,831 (26.43%) CSS
7 3,745 (25.83%) SQL
8 3,498 (24.13%) Java
9 3,051 (21.05%) AngularJS
10 3,004 (20.72%) React
11 2,761 (19.05%) Azure
12 2,751 (18.98%) SQL Server
13 2,630 (18.14%) Finance
14 2,423 (16.71%) TDD
15 2,337 (16.12%) Git (software)
16 2,287 (15.78%) AWS
17 2,260 (15.59%) MVC
18 2,217 (15.29%) Python
19 2,153 (14.85%) DevOps
20 2,093 (14.44%) Microservices
21 1,912 (13.19%) ASP.NET
22 1,858 (12.82%) Node.js
23 1,815 (12.52%) Software Engineering
24 1,759 (12.13%) Microsoft
25 1,717 (11.84%) PHP
26 1,645 (11.35%) Docker
27 1,637 (11.29%) .NET Core
28 1,615 (11.14%) Front End Development
29 1,596 (11.01%) Scrum
30 1,568 (10.82%) Web Services

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 395 (2.72%) CMS
2 394 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
3 317 (2.19%) Apache
4 235 (1.62%) WordPress
5 226 (1.56%) Confluence
6 198 (1.37%) SharePoint
7 189 (1.30%) Apache Spark
8 136 (0.94%) IIS
9 104 (0.72%) Tomcat
10 95 (0.66%) NServiceBus
11 81 (0.56%) Umbraco
12 73 (0.50%) nginx
13 68 (0.47%) WebSphere
14 64 (0.44%) Drupal
15 48 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
16 43 (0.30%) EPiServer
17 37 (0.26%) BizTalk Server
18 35 (0.24%) Moodle
19 34 (0.23%) Kentico
20 32 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 186 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (0.48%) Photoshop
3 50 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 32 (0.22%) Sketch
5 31 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
6 28 (0.19%) Zeplin
7 27 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 25 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 22 (0.15%) Figma
10 20 (0.14%) Chatbot
11 12 (0.083%) Adobe XD
11 12 (0.083%) MS Visio
12 10 (0.069%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 8 (0.055%) InVision
14 3 (0.021%) 3ds Max
14 3 (0.021%) Moqups
15 2 (0.014%) Fireworks
15 2 (0.014%) InDesign
15 2 (0.014%) Inkscape
15 2 (0.014%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 217 (1.50%) Magento
2 188 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 74 (0.51%) Shopify
4 45 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 42 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
6 39 (0.27%) R3 Corda
7 29 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
8 27 (0.19%) NetSuite
9 19 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
9 19 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
10 16 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 15 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
12 14 (0.097%) SAP BPC
13 13 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
14 12 (0.083%) Visualfiles
15 11 (0.076%) SAP HR
15 11 (0.076%) SAP PSCD
16 10 (0.069%) Maximo
16 10 (0.069%) Unica
17 7 (0.048%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 2,761 (19.05%) Azure
2 2,287 (15.78%) AWS
3 569 (3.92%) SaaS
4 539 (3.72%) GCP
5 524 (3.61%) Power Platform
6 480 (3.31%) Serverless
7 375 (2.59%) GitHub
8 297 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
9 222 (1.53%) Dynamics 365
10 189 (1.30%) npm
11 186 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
12 143 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
13 135 (0.93%) Amazon S3
14 126 (0.87%) PaaS
15 111 (0.77%) Office 365
16 76 (0.52%) PowerApps
17 75 (0.52%) IaaS
18 68 (0.47%) OpenShift
19 66 (0.46%) Amazon SQS
20 65 (0.45%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 235 (1.62%) HTTP
2 156 (1.08%) Internet
3 138 (0.95%) Skype
4 48 (0.33%) TCP/IP
5 35 (0.24%) FTP
6 30 (0.21%) SSH
7 29 (0.20%) Network Security
8 25 (0.17%) Broadband
9 22 (0.15%) Bluetooth
10 21 (0.14%) Intranet
11 19 (0.13%) SSL
12 18 (0.12%) DNS
13 17 (0.12%) Firewall
14 14 (0.097%) Wi-Fi
15 11 (0.076%) VoIP
16 10 (0.069%) WebEx
17 9 (0.062%) AMQP
18 8 (0.055%) Wireless
19 7 (0.048%) SMTP
20 6 (0.041%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,751 (18.98%) SQL Server
2 1,252 (8.64%) MySQL
3 879 (6.06%) NoSQL
4 822 (5.67%) MongoDB
5 622 (4.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 585 (4.04%) Relational Database
7 564 (3.89%) PostgreSQL
8 546 (3.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 480 (3.31%) Data Warehouse
10 459 (3.17%) Power BI
11 391 (2.70%) Big Data
12 294 (2.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 242 (1.67%) Redis
14 195 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 171 (1.18%) Hadoop
16 170 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
17 168 (1.16%) Azure SQL Database
18 155 (1.07%) SQL Server 2012
19 126 (0.87%) SQL Server 2019
20 122 (0.84%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,337 (16.12%) Git (software)
2 644 (4.44%) JIRA
3 603 (4.16%) Jenkins
4 405 (2.79%) Visual Studio
5 355 (2.45%) webpack
6 340 (2.35%) Selenium
7 310 (2.14%) Team Foundation Server
8 260 (1.79%) JUnit
9 251 (1.73%) TeamCity
10 247 (1.70%) Maven
11 188 (1.30%) Bitbucket
12 167 (1.15%) Subversion
13 159 (1.10%) gulp
14 156 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
15 148 (1.02%) NUnit
16 142 (0.98%) Cucumber
17 133 (0.92%) Mockito
18 132 (0.91%) Gradle
19 122 (0.84%) Jasmine
20 112 (0.77%) Grunt
General
1 2,630 (18.14%) Finance
2 612 (4.22%) Banking
3 562 (3.88%) Front Office
4 463 (3.19%) Marketing
5 431 (2.97%) Retail
6 362 (2.50%) Public Sector
7 354 (2.44%) Games
8 252 (1.74%) Investment Banking
9 240 (1.66%) Law
10 155 (1.07%) Manufacturing
11 122 (0.84%) Advertising
12 116 (0.80%) Legal
13 114 (0.79%) Telecoms
14 90 (0.62%) Electronics
15 87 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 74 (0.51%) Back Office
17 44 (0.30%) Publishing
18 41 (0.28%) Local Government
19 34 (0.23%) Automotive
20 33 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,357 (30.05%) .NET
2 3,997 (27.57%) HTML
3 3,831 (26.43%) CSS
4 3,051 (21.05%) AngularJS
5 3,004 (20.72%) React
6 1,912 (13.19%) ASP.NET
7 1,858 (12.82%) Node.js
8 1,637 (11.29%) .NET Core
9 1,568 (10.82%) Web Services
10 1,470 (10.14%) Vue.js
11 1,457 (10.05%) REST
12 1,318 (9.09%) jQuery
13 1,245 (8.59%) RESTful
14 1,231 (8.49%) HTML5
15 1,194 (8.24%) .NET Framework
16 1,147 (7.91%) Spring
17 969 (6.68%) ASP.NET MVC
18 965 (6.66%) ASP.NET Web API
19 759 (5.24%) CSS3
20 684 (4.72%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,153 (7.95%) Greenfield Project
2 951 (6.56%) User Experience
3 705 (4.86%) Mobile App
4 621 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
5 464 (3.20%) Hedge funds
6 415 (2.86%) Derivative
7 413 (2.85%) Fixed Income
8 332 (2.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 322 (2.22%) Self-Motivation
10 292 (2.01%) Algorithms
11 260 (1.79%) Equities
12 204 (1.41%) Data Structures
13 171 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
14 117 (0.81%) Virtual Team
15 101 (0.70%) Cloud Native
16 84 (0.58%) Blog
17 80 (0.55%) Social Media
18 75 (0.52%) NHS
19 68 (0.47%) Management Information System
20 58 (0.40%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 986 (6.80%) Linux
2 649 (4.48%) Android
3 504 (3.48%) Apple iOS
4 484 (3.34%) Windows
5 189 (1.30%) Unix
6 63 (0.43%) Ubuntu
7 55 (0.38%) Windows Server
8 46 (0.32%) CentOS
9 25 (0.17%) Mac OS
10 15 (0.10%) VMS
11 13 (0.090%) Mac OS X
11 13 (0.090%) Oracle Linux
11 13 (0.090%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 13 (0.090%) Windows Server 2016
12 12 (0.083%) Debian
13 8 (0.055%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.048%) Amazon Linux
15 6 (0.041%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.041%) Windows XP
16 5 (0.034%) Android TV
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,651 (38.98%) Agile Software Development
2 2,423 (16.71%) TDD
3 2,260 (15.59%) MVC
4 2,153 (14.85%) DevOps
5 2,093 (14.44%) Microservices
6 1,815 (12.52%) Software Engineering
7 1,615 (11.14%) Front End Development
8 1,596 (11.01%) Scrum
9 1,471 (10.15%) Web Development
10 1,271 (8.77%) OO
11 1,060 (7.31%) Fintech
12 1,032 (7.12%) Problem-Solving
13 1,024 (7.06%) Continuous Integration
14 1,014 (6.99%) Test Automation
15 993 (6.85%) BDD
16 919 (6.34%) Mentoring
17 894 (6.17%) Business Intelligence
18 882 (6.08%) Unit Testing
19 829 (5.72%) Computer Science
20 795 (5.48%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 6,667 (45.99%) JavaScript
2 4,482 (30.92%) C#
3 3,745 (25.83%) SQL
4 3,498 (24.13%) Java
5 2,217 (15.29%) Python
6 1,717 (11.84%) PHP
7 1,355 (9.35%) TypeScript
8 662 (4.57%) T-SQL
9 650 (4.48%) C++
10 563 (3.88%) Kotlin
11 514 (3.55%) Java 8
12 375 (2.59%) ES6
13 373 (2.57%) Scala
14 331 (2.28%) Ruby
15 250 (1.72%) Go
16 220 (1.52%) VB.NET
17 213 (1.47%) Apple Swift
18 208 (1.43%) C
19 186 (1.28%) Apex Code
20 165 (1.14%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,155 (7.97%) Degree
2 517 (3.57%) Security Cleared
3 448 (3.09%) Computer Science Degree
4 379 (2.61%) SC Cleared
5 79 (0.54%) DV Cleared
6 70 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
7 53 (0.37%) Master's Degree
8 52 (0.36%) PhD
9 41 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
10 16 (0.11%) Postgraduate
11 14 (0.097%) ISTQB
12 12 (0.083%) DBS Check
12 12 (0.083%) MCPD
13 11 (0.076%) MCITP
14 10 (0.069%) AWS Certification
15 8 (0.055%) HND
16 7 (0.048%) ISEB
17 6 (0.041%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 4 (0.028%) HNC
19 3 (0.021%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 483 (3.33%) QA
2 78 (0.54%) Data Quality
3 49 (0.34%) GDPR
4 18 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.12%) SLA
6 15 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 14 (0.097%) MiFID
8 13 (0.090%) PCI DSS
9 11 (0.076%) ISO 9001
10 9 (0.062%) Dodd-Frank
10 9 (0.062%) EMIR
10 9 (0.062%) NIST
11 7 (0.048%) WCAG
12 4 (0.028%) HL7
12 4 (0.028%) JTAG
13 3 (0.021%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 3 (0.021%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.021%) SEPA
13 3 (0.021%) UCITS
14 2 (0.014%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,645 (11.35%) Docker
2 72 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 24 (0.17%) vSphere
6 22 (0.15%) HDFS
7 15 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.076%) Postfix
9 10 (0.069%) LXC
9 10 (0.069%) NDS
9 10 (0.069%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 7 (0.048%) Firmware
10 7 (0.048%) Squid
11 4 (0.028%) Ceph
11 4 (0.028%) Xen
12 3 (0.021%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.014%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.014%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 2 (0.014%) Varnish
14 1 (0.007%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 1,124 (7.75%) Kubernetes
2 331 (2.28%) Terraform
3 181 (1.25%) Ansible
4 72 (0.50%) Grafana
4 72 (0.50%) Puppet
5 60 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
6 43 (0.30%) Kibana
7 25 (0.17%) logstash
8 21 (0.14%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 17 (0.12%) Istio
10 16 (0.11%) cPanel
10 16 (0.11%) Mesos
11 13 (0.090%) Marathon
11 13 (0.090%) Prometheus
11 13 (0.090%) Single Sign-On
12 11 (0.076%) Hadoop YARN
12 11 (0.076%) MIIS
13 9 (0.062%) Rancher
13 9 (0.062%) Tivoli
14 7 (0.048%) vRealize
Vendors
1 1,759 (12.13%) Microsoft
2 556 (3.84%) Oracle
3 518 (3.57%) Google
4 295 (2.03%) Salesforce.com
5 197 (1.36%) SAP
6 188 (1.30%) Zend
7 172 (1.19%) Xamarin
8 158 (1.09%) Tableau
9 152 (1.05%) ServiceNow
10 131 (0.90%) IBM
11 101 (0.70%) Adobe
12 83 (0.57%) Splunk
13 75 (0.52%) Atlassian
14 71 (0.49%) Apple
15 63 (0.43%) MuleSoft
16 58 (0.40%) Sitecore
17 56 (0.39%) VMware
18 51 (0.35%) Databricks
19 34 (0.23%) Informatica
20 31 (0.21%) Pardot