Period
to 18 June 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 June 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 28,036 23,524 39,513
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 27.30% 28.61% 27.55%
As % of the Job Titles category 29.71% 30.07% 28.71%
Number of salaries quoted 21,103 20,118 33,885
10th Percentile £33,142 £32,500 £31,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 94,376 78,221 137,615
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.90% 95.14% 95.94%
Number of salaries quoted 67,976 63,510 110,783
10th Percentile £31,750 £30,776 £28,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £39,883 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £54,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.92% +9.00% -
75th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 18 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 25,064 £55,000 - 6,240
UK excluding London -1 15,321 £47,500 +5.56% 4,127
London +1 11,026 £70,000 +3.70% 2,482
Work from Home 0 6,972 £55,000 - 1,661
South East 0 4,625 £50,000 - 795
North of England 0 3,483 £45,000 - 1,388
Midlands 0 2,371 £45,000 - 713
South West 0 2,204 £45,000 - 469
North West -1 1,767 £47,500 - 809
West Midlands +1 1,433 £45,000 - 445
Yorkshire 0 1,384 £45,000 - 434
Scotland -1 1,140 £47,500 +5.56% 247
East Midlands 0 929 £42,500 - 265
East of England 0 924 £50,000 +6.77% 381
Wales -1 378 £42,500 +0.98% 90
North East +1 334 £42,500 +3.66% 145
Northern Ireland 0 230 £40,000 -15.79% 44
Isle of Man -3 23 £46,000 -3.16% 1
Channel Islands +2 1 - - 1

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 June 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 13,073 (46.63%) JavaScript
2 10,770 (38.41%) Agile Software Development
3 8,540 (30.46%) C#
4 8,256 (29.45%) HTML
5 8,079 (28.82%) CSS
6 7,986 (28.48%) SQL
7 7,959 (28.39%) .NET
8 6,842 (24.40%) Java
9 6,559 (23.39%) React
10 5,668 (20.22%) Azure
11 5,331 (19.01%) AngularJS
12 4,970 (17.73%) Finance
13 4,794 (17.10%) AWS
14 4,694 (16.74%) Git (software)
15 4,303 (15.35%) SQL Server
16 4,254 (15.17%) Software Engineering
17 4,168 (14.87%) Social Skills
18 4,078 (14.55%) Docker
19 3,964 (14.14%) Microservices
20 3,915 (13.96%) Python
21 3,855 (13.75%) DevOps
22 3,825 (13.64%) TDD
23 3,811 (13.59%) TypeScript
24 3,773 (13.46%) Front End Development
25 3,733 (13.32%) Microsoft
26 3,629 (12.94%) Node.js
27 3,618 (12.90%) MVC
28 3,591 (12.81%) Web Development
29 3,353 (11.96%) PHP
30 3,282 (11.71%) HTML5

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 901 (3.21%) CMS
2 610 (2.18%) WordPress
3 546 (1.95%) Elasticsearch
4 432 (1.54%) SharePoint
5 386 (1.38%) Apache
6 361 (1.29%) Confluence
7 293 (1.05%) IIS
8 285 (1.02%) Apache Spark
9 257 (0.92%) Umbraco
10 191 (0.68%) Tomcat
11 184 (0.66%) Drupal
12 180 (0.64%) nginx
13 153 (0.55%) EPiServer
13 153 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
14 97 (0.35%) Apache Solr
15 93 (0.33%) Kentico
16 70 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
16 70 (0.25%) NServiceBus
17 61 (0.22%) Headless CMS
18 54 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 246 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 149 (0.53%) Photoshop
3 131 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
4 94 (0.34%) Sketch
5 83 (0.30%) Figma
6 76 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
7 65 (0.23%) Adobe XD
8 45 (0.16%) InVision
9 42 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 39 (0.14%) Chatbot
11 30 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
12 29 (0.10%) MS Visio
13 24 (0.086%) GIMP
14 22 (0.078%) Campfire
15 19 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 19 (0.068%) Zeplin
16 13 (0.046%) InDesign
17 12 (0.043%) Microsoft Project
18 9 (0.032%) Simulink
18 9 (0.032%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 320 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 239 (0.85%) Magento
3 151 (0.54%) Shopify
4 87 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
5 79 (0.28%) NetSuite
6 63 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
7 46 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
8 24 (0.086%) Distributed Ledger
9 20 (0.071%) SAP Business One
10 18 (0.064%) Visualfiles
11 17 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
11 17 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 16 (0.057%) Oracle Applications
13 15 (0.054%) nopCommerce
14 14 (0.050%) Sentinel
15 13 (0.046%) Infor M3
15 13 (0.046%) OpenCart
16 11 (0.039%) MetaTrader
16 11 (0.039%) Summit
17 10 (0.036%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 5,668 (20.22%) Azure
2 4,794 (17.10%) AWS
3 1,448 (5.16%) SaaS
4 1,440 (5.14%) Serverless
5 1,420 (5.06%) GCP
6 1,209 (4.31%) Power Platform
7 904 (3.22%) GitHub
8 722 (2.58%) AWS Lambda
9 469 (1.67%) Amazon S3
10 451 (1.61%) npm
11 433 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
12 381 (1.36%) Dynamics 365
13 308 (1.10%) Azure Service Bus
14 307 (1.10%) PaaS
15 268 (0.96%) PowerApps
16 266 (0.95%) Azure Functions
17 251 (0.90%) Amazon SQS
18 216 (0.77%) Power Automate
19 211 (0.75%) Microsoft 365
20 191 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 333 (1.19%) HTTP
2 284 (1.01%) Internet
3 148 (0.53%) Broadband
4 68 (0.24%) FTP
5 63 (0.22%) DNS
5 63 (0.22%) Intranet
6 56 (0.20%) Skype
6 56 (0.20%) SSL
7 52 (0.19%) AMQP
8 45 (0.16%) SSH
8 45 (0.16%) TCP/IP
9 38 (0.14%) Network Security
10 36 (0.13%) SMTP
11 34 (0.12%) Wireless
12 31 (0.11%) Firewall
13 27 (0.096%) Ethernet
14 25 (0.089%) VoIP
15 24 (0.086%) VPN
16 21 (0.075%) Bluetooth
17 20 (0.071%) Extranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,303 (15.35%) SQL Server
2 2,585 (9.22%) MySQL
3 1,526 (5.44%) NoSQL
4 1,385 (4.94%) MongoDB
5 1,291 (4.60%) PostgreSQL
6 1,251 (4.46%) Relational Database
7 1,029 (3.67%) Power BI
8 844 (3.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 811 (2.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 746 (2.66%) Data Warehouse
11 639 (2.28%) Big Data
12 518 (1.85%) Redis
13 403 (1.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 370 (1.32%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 328 (1.17%) RDBMS
16 298 (1.06%) Amazon RDS
17 285 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
18 248 (0.88%) Hadoop
19 240 (0.86%) Tableau
20 210 (0.75%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 4,694 (16.74%) Git (software)
2 1,338 (4.77%) Jenkins
3 1,131 (4.03%) JIRA
4 814 (2.90%) Visual Studio
5 684 (2.44%) webpack
6 565 (2.02%) Maven
7 479 (1.71%) Team Foundation Server
8 421 (1.50%) JUnit
9 403 (1.44%) TeamCity
10 375 (1.34%) Selenium
11 339 (1.21%) Bitbucket
12 334 (1.19%) Cypress.io
13 329 (1.17%) gulp
14 314 (1.12%) GitLab
15 302 (1.08%) Subversion
16 278 (0.99%) Octopus Deploy
17 276 (0.98%) Gradle
18 263 (0.94%) Cucumber
19 221 (0.79%) NUnit
20 198 (0.71%) Mockito
General
1 4,970 (17.73%) Finance
2 4,168 (14.87%) Social Skills
3 1,275 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
4 1,253 (4.47%) Banking
5 1,072 (3.82%) Marketing
6 988 (3.52%) Retail
7 920 (3.28%) Front Office
8 919 (3.28%) Games
9 704 (2.51%) Public Sector
10 459 (1.64%) Manufacturing
11 422 (1.51%) Law
12 347 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
13 344 (1.23%) Advertising
14 334 (1.19%) Telecoms
15 313 (1.12%) Legal
16 305 (1.09%) Investment Banking
17 268 (0.96%) Electronics
18 257 (0.92%) Automotive
19 229 (0.82%) Back Office
20 192 (0.68%) Financial Institution
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,256 (29.45%) HTML
2 8,079 (28.82%) CSS
3 7,959 (28.39%) .NET
4 6,559 (23.39%) React
5 5,331 (19.01%) AngularJS
6 3,629 (12.94%) Node.js
7 3,282 (11.71%) HTML5
8 3,165 (11.29%) .NET Core
9 3,128 (11.16%) REST
10 2,836 (10.12%) Web Services
11 2,767 (9.87%) ASP.NET
12 2,585 (9.22%) Vue.js
13 2,250 (8.03%) Spring
14 2,238 (7.98%) RESTful
15 2,178 (7.77%) jQuery
16 1,784 (6.36%) .NET Framework
17 1,597 (5.70%) CSS3
18 1,382 (4.93%) Sass
19 1,376 (4.91%) Laravel
20 1,341 (4.78%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 2,445 (8.72%) User Experience
2 2,123 (7.57%) Greenfield Project
3 1,450 (5.17%) Mobile App
4 686 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
5 536 (1.91%) Hedge funds
6 535 (1.91%) Derivative
7 520 (1.85%) Equities
8 500 (1.78%) Fixed Income
9 478 (1.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 469 (1.67%) Algorithms
11 428 (1.53%) Data Structures
12 393 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
13 328 (1.17%) Virtual Team
14 266 (0.95%) NHS
15 212 (0.76%) Social Media
16 210 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
17 187 (0.67%) Blog
18 186 (0.66%) Cloud Native
19 164 (0.58%) Management Information System
20 162 (0.58%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 1,952 (6.96%) Linux
2 1,150 (4.10%) Android
3 1,067 (3.81%) Apple iOS
4 894 (3.19%) Windows
5 509 (1.82%) Unix
6 147 (0.52%) Windows Server
7 98 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 57 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 48 (0.17%) CentOS
10 40 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
11 35 (0.12%) Windows 10
12 24 (0.086%) Embedded Linux
12 24 (0.086%) VMS
13 22 (0.078%) Debian
13 22 (0.078%) Windows 7
14 21 (0.075%) Windows Server 2012
15 13 (0.046%) Windows Server 2019
16 11 (0.039%) Solaris
17 10 (0.036%) Fedora
17 10 (0.036%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,770 (38.41%) Agile Software Development
2 4,254 (15.17%) Software Engineering
3 3,964 (14.14%) Microservices
4 3,855 (13.75%) DevOps
5 3,825 (13.64%) TDD
6 3,773 (13.46%) Front End Development
7 3,618 (12.90%) MVC
8 3,591 (12.81%) Web Development
9 3,136 (11.19%) Scrum
10 2,626 (9.37%) Problem-Solving
11 2,189 (7.81%) Fintech
12 2,018 (7.20%) OO
13 1,983 (7.07%) Computer Science
14 1,954 (6.97%) Mentoring
15 1,928 (6.88%) Test Automation
16 1,879 (6.70%) Continuous Integration
17 1,739 (6.20%) Unit Testing
18 1,683 (6.00%) SDLC
19 1,681 (6.00%) Business Intelligence
20 1,592 (5.68%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 13,073 (46.63%) JavaScript
2 8,540 (30.46%) C#
3 7,986 (28.48%) SQL
4 6,842 (24.40%) Java
5 3,915 (13.96%) Python
6 3,811 (13.59%) TypeScript
7 3,353 (11.96%) PHP
8 1,699 (6.06%) Java 8
9 1,330 (4.74%) T-SQL
10 1,044 (3.72%) C++
11 925 (3.30%) ES6
12 765 (2.73%) Kotlin
13 724 (2.58%) Go
14 569 (2.03%) Ruby
15 518 (1.85%) Scala
16 450 (1.61%) C
17 420 (1.50%) Apple Swift
18 405 (1.44%) PowerShell
19 365 (1.30%) VB.NET
20 339 (1.21%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 2,426 (8.65%) Degree
2 1,058 (3.77%) Computer Science Degree
3 843 (3.01%) Oracle Certification
4 816 (2.91%) CIW
4 816 (2.91%) OCA
4 816 (2.91%) OCAJ
5 735 (2.62%) Security Cleared
6 612 (2.18%) SC Cleared
7 221 (0.79%) Master's Degree
8 138 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
9 73 (0.26%) PhD
10 69 (0.25%) DV Cleared
11 66 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
12 59 (0.21%) AWS Certification
13 37 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
14 29 (0.10%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 26 (0.093%) DBS Check
15 26 (0.093%) SANS
16 25 (0.089%) MCSD
17 23 (0.082%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 895 (3.19%) QA
2 421 (1.50%) Accessibility
3 145 (0.52%) Data Quality
4 85 (0.30%) GDPR
5 73 (0.26%) SLA
5 73 (0.26%) WCAG
6 48 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 45 (0.16%) GRC
7 45 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 31 (0.11%) MiFID
9 25 (0.089%) EMIR
10 24 (0.086%) PMO
11 16 (0.057%) WAI
12 13 (0.046%) CRD IV
13 11 (0.039%) MISRA
14 10 (0.036%) ECSS
14 10 (0.036%) MISRA C
15 9 (0.032%) Basel II
16 8 (0.029%) ISO 13485
17 7 (0.025%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 4,078 (14.55%) Docker
2 115 (0.41%) Active Directory
3 55 (0.20%) Firmware
4 37 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
6 30 (0.11%) HDFS
6 30 (0.11%) NDS
6 30 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 24 (0.086%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 11 (0.039%) Hyper-V
9 8 (0.029%) ISA Server
9 8 (0.029%) KVM
9 8 (0.029%) Postfix
10 7 (0.025%) etcd
10 7 (0.025%) Varnish
11 6 (0.021%) Ceph
11 6 (0.021%) LXC
11 6 (0.021%) Time Sharing Option
12 4 (0.014%) Kamailio
12 4 (0.014%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 2,618 (9.34%) Kubernetes
2 890 (3.17%) Terraform
3 316 (1.13%) Ansible
4 146 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
5 97 (0.35%) Puppet
6 55 (0.20%) Prometheus
7 51 (0.18%) Grafana
8 48 (0.17%) Packer
9 47 (0.17%) Kibana
10 30 (0.11%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 26 (0.093%) Consul
12 25 (0.089%) Graphite
13 23 (0.082%) MIIS
13 23 (0.082%) Single Sign-On
14 21 (0.075%) Hadoop YARN
15 18 (0.064%) Rancher
16 16 (0.057%) Graylog
16 16 (0.057%) Opsgenie
17 15 (0.054%) HAProxy
18 14 (0.050%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 3,733 (13.32%) Microsoft
2 1,948 (6.95%) Oracle
3 989 (3.53%) Google
4 527 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
5 367 (1.31%) SAP
6 318 (1.13%) Zend
7 305 (1.09%) Adobe
8 243 (0.87%) Xamarin
9 195 (0.70%) Sitecore
10 179 (0.64%) Apple
11 135 (0.48%) Sybase
12 130 (0.46%) Atlassian
13 127 (0.45%) IBM
14 119 (0.42%) ServiceNow
15 84 (0.30%) Nintex
16 83 (0.30%) MuleSoft
17 82 (0.29%) VMware
18 81 (0.29%) WooCommerce
19 78 (0.28%) Databricks
20 69 (0.25%) Informatica