Period
to 18 September 2019

The median annual salary for a Developer was £50,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 2 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 38,622 49,784 54,447
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.28% 29.68% 30.87%
As % of the Job Titles category 28.48% 30.89% 32.15%
Number of salaries quoted 33,038 43,114 46,745
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.27% +10.00% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 135,628 161,148 169,376
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.78% 96.07% 96.03%
Number of salaries quoted 107,968 129,896 135,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 35,638 £50,000 - 7,796
UK excluding London -1 22,459 £45,000 +2.27% 5,405
London +1 15,401 £65,000 +4.00% 2,905
South East 0 7,428 £47,500 +5.56% 1,225
North of England 0 5,302 £42,500 - 1,495
North West 0 3,163 £45,000 +5.88% 886
Midlands 0 3,114 £42,500 +6.25% 885
South West 0 2,645 £45,000 +12.50% 677
Yorkshire 0 1,873 £42,500 - 479
West Midlands 0 1,796 £42,500 +6.25% 480
East of England -1 1,684 £48,000 +6.67% 610
Scotland 0 1,508 £45,000 - 338
East Midlands 0 1,304 £42,500 +2.41% 402
Wales 0 596 £42,500 +6.25% 130
North East -2 269 £42,000 +5.00% 130
Northern Ireland 0 210 £45,000 +20.00% 46
Channel Islands +11 9 £52,500 -19.23% 1
Isle of Man +2 4 £55,000 +37.50%

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 16,708 (43.26%) JavaScript
2 16,017 (41.47%) Agile Software Development
3 14,473 (37.47%) C#
4 13,243 (34.29%) .NET
5 11,765 (30.46%) SQL
6 11,201 (29.00%) HTML
7 10,538 (27.28%) CSS
8 9,986 (25.86%) Java
9 8,618 (22.31%) SQL Server
10 7,626 (19.75%) AngularJS
11 7,465 (19.33%) MVC
12 6,750 (17.48%) ASP.NET
13 6,532 (16.91%) Finance
14 6,136 (15.89%) TDD
15 5,841 (15.12%) Git (software)
16 5,625 (14.56%) Azure
17 5,557 (14.39%) React
18 5,197 (13.46%) Microsoft
19 4,631 (11.99%) Python
20 4,627 (11.98%) Software Engineering
21 4,573 (11.84%) AWS
22 4,547 (11.77%) Scrum
23 4,384 (11.35%) PHP
24 4,254 (11.01%) Web Development
25 4,249 (11.00%) Microservices
26 4,237 (10.97%) jQuery
27 4,128 (10.69%) Degree
28 4,067 (10.53%) Front End Development
29 3,835 (9.93%) Web Services
30 3,767 (9.75%) DevOps

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 929 (2.41%) CMS
2 866 (2.24%) Elasticsearch
3 735 (1.90%) WordPress
4 615 (1.59%) SharePoint
5 543 (1.41%) Confluence
6 535 (1.39%) Apache
7 483 (1.25%) Apache Spark
8 438 (1.13%) Tomcat
9 433 (1.12%) IIS
10 379 (0.98%) Umbraco
11 332 (0.86%) Drupal
12 210 (0.54%) nginx
13 203 (0.53%) WebSphere
14 201 (0.52%) JBoss
15 156 (0.40%) Apache Solr
16 141 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
17 126 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 107 (0.28%) WebLogic
19 106 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
20 100 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 438 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 299 (0.77%) Photoshop
3 201 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
4 108 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
5 99 (0.26%) Sketch
6 66 (0.17%) Adobe XD
7 60 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 42 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
9 40 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 31 (0.080%) MS Visio
11 30 (0.078%) Chatbot
12 26 (0.067%) Zeplin
13 16 (0.041%) InfoPath
13 16 (0.041%) S-PLUS
14 14 (0.036%) InDesign
15 13 (0.034%) GIMP
16 12 (0.031%) SPSS
17 11 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
18 10 (0.026%) InVision
19 9 (0.023%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 457 (1.18%) Magento
2 427 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 122 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 97 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
5 96 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
6 78 (0.20%) NetSuite
7 75 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
8 72 (0.19%) Shopify
9 43 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
10 42 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
11 41 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
12 38 (0.098%) SAP ERP
13 35 (0.091%) SAP Hybris
14 33 (0.085%) Markit EDM
15 29 (0.075%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 26 (0.067%) Cognos Business Intelligence
16 26 (0.067%) thinkFolio
17 25 (0.065%) Distributed Ledger
18 24 (0.062%) Front Arena
18 24 (0.062%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 5,625 (14.56%) Azure
2 4,573 (11.84%) AWS
3 1,487 (3.85%) Power Platform
4 1,325 (3.43%) SaaS
5 999 (2.59%) Serverless
6 936 (2.42%) GCP
7 887 (2.30%) GitHub
8 544 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
9 448 (1.16%) npm
10 417 (1.08%) Amazon S3
11 407 (1.05%) Amazon EC2
12 353 (0.91%) Dynamics 365
13 333 (0.86%) PaaS
14 250 (0.65%) Amazon SQS
15 227 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
16 200 (0.52%) Office 365
17 171 (0.44%) Azure Data Factory
18 165 (0.43%) OpenShift
19 145 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
20 140 (0.36%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 494 (1.28%) HTTP
2 486 (1.26%) Internet
3 145 (0.38%) Broadband
4 127 (0.33%) TCP/IP
5 89 (0.23%) Intranet
6 72 (0.19%) Network Security
7 71 (0.18%) DNS
8 63 (0.16%) Firewall
9 59 (0.15%) WAN
10 57 (0.15%) FTP
10 57 (0.15%) SMTP
11 54 (0.14%) SSH
12 53 (0.14%) Bluetooth
13 46 (0.12%) HTTPS
14 44 (0.11%) Skype
15 42 (0.11%) SSL
16 41 (0.11%) VPN
17 40 (0.10%) RIP
18 38 (0.098%) Cisco Nexus
19 37 (0.096%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8,618 (22.31%) SQL Server
2 3,524 (9.12%) MySQL
3 2,250 (5.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,977 (5.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,953 (5.06%) NoSQL
6 1,813 (4.69%) Data Warehouse
7 1,683 (4.36%) Relational Database
8 1,541 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
9 1,449 (3.75%) MongoDB
10 1,438 (3.72%) Power BI
11 1,284 (3.32%) Big Data
12 1,247 (3.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 773 (2.00%) SQL Server 2016
14 621 (1.61%) Redis
15 483 (1.25%) SQL Server 2012
16 463 (1.20%) Hadoop
17 427 (1.11%) RDBMS
18 425 (1.10%) Oracle Database
19 359 (0.93%) SQL Server 2008
20 334 (0.86%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 5,841 (15.12%) Git (software)
2 1,907 (4.94%) Jenkins
3 1,676 (4.34%) JIRA
4 1,604 (4.15%) Visual Studio
5 1,076 (2.79%) Team Foundation Server
6 963 (2.49%) Maven
7 955 (2.47%) webpack
8 883 (2.29%) Selenium
9 799 (2.07%) JUnit
10 797 (2.06%) Subversion
11 631 (1.63%) TeamCity
12 581 (1.50%) Bitbucket
13 546 (1.41%) gulp
14 523 (1.35%) Cucumber
15 498 (1.29%) NUnit
16 403 (1.04%) Grunt
17 379 (0.98%) Jasmine
18 378 (0.98%) Gradle
19 374 (0.97%) Octopus Deploy
20 344 (0.89%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 6,532 (16.91%) Finance
2 1,795 (4.65%) Banking
3 1,790 (4.63%) Retail
4 1,463 (3.79%) Marketing
5 1,044 (2.70%) Games
6 868 (2.25%) Front Office
7 700 (1.81%) Public Sector
8 560 (1.45%) Manufacturing
9 514 (1.33%) Telecoms
10 392 (1.01%) Investment Banking
10 392 (1.01%) Law
11 338 (0.88%) Advertising
12 276 (0.71%) Legal
13 272 (0.70%) Electronics
14 251 (0.65%) Financial Institution
15 218 (0.56%) Automotive
16 204 (0.53%) Back Office
17 130 (0.34%) Publishing
18 117 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
19 65 (0.17%) Aerospace
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13,243 (34.29%) .NET
2 11,201 (29.00%) HTML
3 10,538 (27.28%) CSS
4 7,626 (19.75%) AngularJS
5 6,750 (17.48%) ASP.NET
6 5,557 (14.39%) React
7 4,237 (10.97%) jQuery
8 3,835 (9.93%) Web Services
9 3,699 (9.58%) Node.js
10 3,649 (9.45%) HTML5
11 3,562 (9.22%) Spring
12 3,358 (8.69%) REST
13 3,344 (8.66%) ASP.NET MVC
14 3,134 (8.11%) RESTful
15 2,895 (7.50%) .NET Framework
16 2,751 (7.12%) ASP.NET Web API
17 2,563 (6.64%) .NET Core
18 2,149 (5.56%) CSS3
19 2,068 (5.35%) XML
20 1,858 (4.81%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 2,995 (7.75%) Greenfield Project
2 2,486 (6.44%) User Experience
3 1,886 (4.88%) Analytical Skills
4 1,576 (4.08%) Mobile App
5 1,043 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
6 835 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
7 791 (2.05%) Algorithms
8 599 (1.55%) Data Structures
9 528 (1.37%) Hedge funds
10 498 (1.29%) Fixed Income
11 463 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 384 (0.99%) Derivative
13 377 (0.98%) Equities
14 279 (0.72%) Management Information System
15 225 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
16 194 (0.50%) Robotics
17 191 (0.49%) Virtual Team
18 190 (0.49%) Client/Server
18 190 (0.49%) Cloud Native
19 160 (0.41%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 2,968 (7.68%) Linux
2 1,574 (4.08%) Android
3 1,570 (4.07%) Windows
4 1,371 (3.55%) Apple iOS
5 846 (2.19%) Unix
6 184 (0.48%) Windows Server
7 107 (0.28%) CentOS
8 97 (0.25%) Ubuntu
9 73 (0.19%) Debian
10 72 (0.19%) Mac OS
11 61 (0.16%) Windows 10
12 57 (0.15%) AIX
13 40 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 39 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
15 34 (0.088%) MVS
16 30 (0.078%) Windows 7
17 21 (0.054%) Mac OS X
18 19 (0.049%) Windows Mobile
19 14 (0.036%) ThreadX
20 12 (0.031%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 16,017 (41.47%) Agile Software Development
2 7,465 (19.33%) MVC
3 6,136 (15.89%) TDD
4 4,627 (11.98%) Software Engineering
5 4,547 (11.77%) Scrum
6 4,254 (11.01%) Web Development
7 4,249 (11.00%) Microservices
8 4,067 (10.53%) Front End Development
9 3,767 (9.75%) DevOps
10 3,554 (9.20%) OO
11 3,249 (8.41%) Problem-Solving
12 3,115 (8.07%) Computer Science
13 3,000 (7.77%) Business Intelligence
14 2,841 (7.36%) Continuous Integration
15 2,724 (7.05%) Test Automation
16 2,576 (6.67%) SDLC
17 2,563 (6.64%) BDD
18 2,559 (6.63%) Unit Testing
19 2,404 (6.22%) Mentoring
20 2,305 (5.97%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 16,708 (43.26%) JavaScript
2 14,473 (37.47%) C#
3 11,765 (30.46%) SQL
4 9,986 (25.86%) Java
5 4,631 (11.99%) Python
6 4,384 (11.35%) PHP
7 2,422 (6.27%) T-SQL
8 1,917 (4.96%) TypeScript
9 1,903 (4.93%) C++
10 1,673 (4.33%) Java 8
11 1,226 (3.17%) ES6
12 1,007 (2.61%) VB.NET
13 998 (2.58%) Ruby
14 855 (2.21%) Scala
15 735 (1.90%) C
16 705 (1.83%) PL/SQL
17 702 (1.82%) Kotlin
18 541 (1.40%) PowerShell
19 517 (1.34%) Objective-C
20 508 (1.32%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 4,128 (10.69%) Degree
2 1,508 (3.90%) Computer Science Degree
3 710 (1.84%) Security Cleared
4 390 (1.01%) SC Cleared
5 223 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
6 208 (0.54%) DV Cleared
7 132 (0.34%) Master's Degree
8 104 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
9 66 (0.17%) HND
10 49 (0.13%) PhD
11 46 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
12 44 (0.11%) DBS Check
13 36 (0.093%) AWS Certification
13 36 (0.093%) CCNP
14 33 (0.085%) ISEB
15 32 (0.083%) MCSD
16 31 (0.080%) MCSE
17 30 (0.078%) ISTQB
18 28 (0.072%) MCP
19 25 (0.065%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,318 (3.41%) QA
2 186 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 93 (0.24%) GDPR
4 55 (0.14%) WAI
5 52 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 48 (0.12%) SLA
7 45 (0.12%) ISO 9001
8 26 (0.067%) PMO
9 21 (0.054%) DICOM
10 19 (0.049%) WCAG
11 12 (0.031%) MiFID
12 11 (0.028%) PCI DSS
13 9 (0.023%) EMIR
13 9 (0.023%) NCSC
14 8 (0.021%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 7 (0.018%) Cyber Essentials
16 6 (0.016%) Solvency II
16 6 (0.016%) TickIT
17 5 (0.013%) ISO 8583
17 5 (0.013%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 3,378 (8.75%) Docker
2 139 (0.36%) Active Directory
3 60 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 48 (0.12%) Firmware
5 44 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
6 43 (0.11%) Varnish
7 39 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 39 (0.10%) vSphere
8 37 (0.096%) HDFS
9 17 (0.044%) Apache Flume
10 15 (0.039%) Hyper-V
11 13 (0.034%) vCloud
11 13 (0.034%) VirtualBox
12 12 (0.031%) Oracle RAC
13 11 (0.028%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 9 (0.023%) GridGain
15 7 (0.018%) LXC
16 5 (0.013%) Slurm Workload Manager
17 4 (0.010%) Cronacle
17 4 (0.010%) KVM
Systems Management
1 1,584 (4.10%) Kubernetes
2 456 (1.18%) Ansible
3 371 (0.96%) Terraform
4 264 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
5 198 (0.51%) Puppet
6 98 (0.25%) Kibana
7 65 (0.17%) Grafana
8 54 (0.14%) SQL Sentry
9 53 (0.14%) Rancher
10 49 (0.13%) Nagios
11 47 (0.12%) logstash
12 46 (0.12%) Mesos
13 45 (0.12%) Prometheus
14 44 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
15 40 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
15 40 (0.10%) Marathon
16 39 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
17 36 (0.093%) FortiGate
18 30 (0.078%) HP Quality Center
19 26 (0.067%) Istio
Vendors
1 5,197 (13.46%) Microsoft
2 2,289 (5.93%) Oracle
3 1,084 (2.81%) Google
4 658 (1.70%) SAP
5 594 (1.54%) Tableau
6 584 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
7 472 (1.22%) Xamarin
8 389 (1.01%) Zend
9 318 (0.82%) Adobe
10 315 (0.82%) IBM
11 207 (0.54%) Sitecore
12 202 (0.52%) Atlassian
13 188 (0.49%) ServiceNow
14 151 (0.39%) Apple
15 134 (0.35%) Informatica
16 133 (0.34%) Sage
17 125 (0.32%) Splunk
18 121 (0.31%) Databricks
18 121 (0.31%) Facebook
19 117 (0.30%) Cognos