Period
to 27 October 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of IBM products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IBM over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

The figures below represent the IT labour market in general and are not representative of salaries within the International Business Machines Corporation.

IBM
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 368 301 272
Rank change year-on-year -67 -29 +29
Permanent jobs citing IBM 1,087 529 1,680
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 1.07% 1.24%
As % of the Vendors category 2.19% 2.74% 2.94%
Number of salaries quoted 731 398 1,360
10th Percentile £33,750 £37,500 £31,400
25th Percentile £42,500 £45,875 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £62,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -8.00% +13.64% -4.35%
75th Percentile £82,500 £76,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year -2.20% +2.04% -2.00%

IBM is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 49,573 19,313 57,122
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.03% 39.00% 41.99%
Number of salaries quoted 32,820 15,445 44,089
10th Percentile £30,000 £31,250 £27,000
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £36,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% -

IBM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IBM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Salary trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IBM within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -90 921 £60,000 -4.00% 159
UK excluding London -54 604 £48,900 -2.20% 101
London -117 384 £72,500 +3.57% 65
Work from Home -109 253 £60,000 +9.09% 23
North of England -26 172 £47,500 +5.56% 22
South East -88 157 £60,000 -7.69% 28
North West -64 92 £46,500 +3.33% 6
East of England -57 75 £60,000 -7.69% 16
Midlands -135 73 £45,000 -5.26% 16
Yorkshire -39 69 £62,500 +66.67% 12
Wales -5 55 £44,403 +0.05% 4
South West -82 44 £47,500 -5.00% 11
West Midlands -109 41 £53,750 -2.27% 12
East Midlands -53 31 £35,000 +7.69% 4
Scotland -72 29 £45,000 -14.29% 4
North East - 11 £45,345 - 4
Northern Ireland - 1 £89,500 -

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT jobs citing IBM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for IBM.

1 375 (34.50%) Agile Software Development
2 302 (27.78%) AWS
3 298 (27.41%) Azure
4 292 (26.86%) Social Skills
5 275 (25.30%) Microsoft
6 224 (20.61%) Java
7 217 (19.96%) Linux
8 215 (19.78%) SQL
9 200 (18.40%) Windows
10 183 (16.84%) Oracle
11 182 (16.74%) Python
11 182 (16.74%) Analytics
12 181 (16.65%) Finance
13 158 (14.54%) Degree
14 149 (13.71%) DevOps
15 148 (13.62%) SAP
15 148 (13.62%) VMware
15 148 (13.62%) Kubernetes
16 146 (13.43%) Docker
17 142 (13.06%) Jenkins
18 133 (12.24%) GCP
19 129 (11.87%) JavaScript
20 127 (11.68%) Google
21 126 (11.59%) Problem-Solving
22 122 (11.22%) VMware Infrastructure
23 121 (11.13%) Software Engineering
24 118 (10.86%) Scrum
25 115 (10.58%) SaaS
26 114 (10.49%) IBM Cloud
27 110 (10.12%) Analytical Skills

IBM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (9.11%) WebSphere
2 45 (4.14%) Confluence
3 36 (3.31%) Apache Spark
4 34 (3.13%) SharePoint
5 24 (2.21%) Cloud Foundry
6 22 (2.02%) SAS
7 18 (1.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 17 (1.56%) IIS
9 15 (1.38%) Apache
10 13 (1.20%) CICS
10 13 (1.20%) Tomcat
11 12 (1.10%) WebSphere Application Server
12 11 (1.01%) JBoss
13 10 (0.92%) CMS
13 10 (0.92%) WebLogic
14 9 (0.83%) GlassFish
14 9 (0.83%) MQSeries
14 9 (0.83%) MS Exchange
15 8 (0.74%) nginx
16 7 (0.64%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 51 (4.69%) Simulink
2 36 (3.31%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (2.85%) MS Visio
4 29 (2.67%) Microsoft Excel
5 14 (1.29%) Chatbot
6 12 (1.10%) InVision
7 11 (1.01%) Sketch
8 9 (0.83%) Adobe XD
8 9 (0.83%) Figma
8 9 (0.83%) Marvel
9 4 (0.37%) Stateflow
10 3 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.28%) SPSS
11 2 (0.18%) Photoshop
11 2 (0.18%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 33 (3.04%) FastStats
2 32 (2.94%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 14 (1.29%) Maximo
4 10 (0.92%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 10 (0.92%) SAP S/4HANA
5 7 (0.64%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 7 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.64%) Unica
6 4 (0.37%) Cognos Controller
6 4 (0.37%) Magento
7 3 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
7 3 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.28%) SAP BPC
7 3 (0.28%) Summit
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle CRM
8 2 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.18%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.18%) SAP IBP
8 2 (0.18%) SAP MDG
9 1 (0.092%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 302 (27.78%) AWS
2 298 (27.41%) Azure
3 133 (12.24%) GCP
4 115 (10.58%) SaaS
5 114 (10.49%) IBM Cloud
6 78 (7.18%) Power Platform
7 73 (6.72%) IaaS
8 59 (5.43%) PaaS
9 45 (4.14%) OpenShift
10 40 (3.68%) Cloud Computing
11 36 (3.31%) Amazon EKS
12 34 (3.13%) Microsoft 365
13 32 (2.94%) GitHub
14 28 (2.58%) Serverless
15 23 (2.12%) Snowflake
16 21 (1.93%) Amazon EMR
16 21 (1.93%) Azure Active Directory
17 19 (1.75%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 17 (1.56%) AWS CloudFormation
19 14 (1.29%) Cohesity
Communications & Networking
1 64 (5.89%) SAN
2 59 (5.43%) Firewall
3 38 (3.50%) DNS
4 36 (3.31%) HTTP
5 34 (3.13%) FTP
6 33 (3.04%) DHCP
7 31 (2.85%) LAN
8 30 (2.76%) WAN
9 29 (2.67%) HTTPS
10 25 (2.30%) TCP/IP
11 23 (2.12%) VPN
12 22 (2.02%) Internet
13 21 (1.93%) Cisco ASA
14 16 (1.47%) VLAN
15 15 (1.38%) Fibre Channel
15 15 (1.38%) VSAN
16 14 (1.29%) Cisco IOS
16 14 (1.29%) SSL
17 11 (1.01%) Cisco Firepower
17 11 (1.01%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (10.12%) SQL Server
2 74 (6.81%) Power BI
3 70 (6.44%) NoSQL
4 65 (5.98%) Big Data
5 63 (5.80%) Tableau
6 61 (5.61%) Data Warehouse
7 55 (5.06%) Relational Database
8 52 (4.78%) DB2
9 42 (3.86%) Hadoop
9 42 (3.86%) MySQL
10 34 (3.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 33 (3.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 30 (2.76%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 28 (2.58%) MongoDB
13 28 (2.58%) PostgreSQL
14 25 (2.30%) Amazon Redshift
15 22 (2.02%) IBM InfoSphere
15 22 (2.02%) Neo4j
15 22 (2.02%) RDBMS
16 21 (1.93%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 142 (13.06%) Jenkins
2 91 (8.37%) Rational Rhapsody
3 68 (6.26%) GitLab
4 56 (5.15%) Git (software)
5 54 (4.97%) JIRA
6 33 (3.04%) Rational DOORS
7 32 (2.94%) Vagrant
8 31 (2.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 29 (2.67%) Artifactory
10 25 (2.30%) Rational Team Concert
11 22 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
12 17 (1.56%) Bitbucket
13 16 (1.47%) ClearQuest
13 16 (1.47%) Mockito
14 15 (1.38%) ClearCase
14 15 (1.38%) JUnit
14 15 (1.38%) Selenium
14 15 (1.38%) SonarQube
15 13 (1.20%) Maven
16 10 (0.92%) TeamCity
General
1 292 (26.86%) Social Skills
2 181 (16.65%) Finance
3 110 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
4 95 (8.74%) Marketing
5 66 (6.07%) Banking
6 62 (5.70%) Games
7 54 (4.97%) Retail
8 52 (4.78%) Electronics
9 47 (4.32%) Presentation Skills
10 27 (2.48%) Military
11 26 (2.39%) Public Sector
12 22 (2.02%) Legal
13 21 (1.93%) Avionics
14 19 (1.75%) Advertising
14 19 (1.75%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 19 (1.75%) Telecoms
15 18 (1.66%) Organisational Skills
16 17 (1.56%) Influencing Skills
17 15 (1.38%) Manufacturing
18 14 (1.29%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 149 (13.71%) Developer
2 142 (13.06%) Architect
3 108 (9.94%) Consultant
4 104 (9.57%) Analyst
5 52 (4.78%) Software Engineer
6 49 (4.51%) Systems Engineer
7 46 (4.23%) Embedded Engineer
8 43 (3.96%) Design Engineer
9 39 (3.59%) Development Engineer
9 39 (3.59%) Solutions Architect
10 38 (3.50%) Data Architect
11 36 (3.31%) Embedded Software Design Engineer
11 36 (3.31%) Software Design Engineer
11 36 (3.31%) Software Development Engineer
12 33 (3.04%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 32 (2.94%) Java Developer
13 32 (2.94%) Linux Engineer
14 29 (2.67%) Customer Engineer
15 26 (2.39%) Data Analyst
15 26 (2.39%) Senior Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (8.37%) REST
2 88 (8.10%) Web Services
3 84 (7.73%) Middleware
4 83 (7.64%) Node.js
5 80 (7.36%) Kafka
6 79 (7.27%) React
7 68 (6.26%) Spring
8 59 (5.43%) HTML
9 54 (4.97%) CSS
9 54 (4.97%) WebSphere MQ
10 52 (4.78%) .NET
10 52 (4.78%) AngularJS
11 49 (4.51%) SOAP
12 46 (4.23%) RabbitMQ
13 41 (3.77%) XML
14 38 (3.50%) Spring Boot
15 36 (3.31%) Java EE
16 31 (2.85%) JSON
17 25 (2.30%) RESTful
18 23 (2.12%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 108 (9.94%) Data Centre
2 59 (5.43%) Management Information System
2 59 (5.43%) Self-Motivation
3 55 (5.06%) User Experience
4 50 (4.60%) Mainframe
4 50 (4.60%) Public Cloud
5 41 (3.77%) Enterprise Storage
6 34 (3.13%) Acoustics
6 34 (3.13%) EFT
7 33 (3.04%) Marketing Technology
8 30 (2.76%) Cloud Native
8 30 (2.76%) iSeries
9 28 (2.58%) Enterprise Software
9 28 (2.58%) Legacy Applications
10 27 (2.48%) Data Structures
11 24 (2.21%) Mobile App
12 22 (2.02%) Virtual Team
13 20 (1.84%) Algorithms
14 19 (1.75%) AS400
14 19 (1.75%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 217 (19.96%) Linux
2 200 (18.40%) Windows
3 108 (9.94%) Unix
4 58 (5.34%) AIX
5 42 (3.86%) Windows Server
6 24 (2.21%) zOS
7 20 (1.84%) Windows Server 2012
8 19 (1.75%) Solaris
9 16 (1.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 15 (1.38%) HPUX
11 12 (1.10%) Windows Server 2016
12 11 (1.01%) Windows Server 2019
13 10 (0.92%) Android
13 10 (0.92%) Oracle Linux
13 10 (0.92%) VMS
14 9 (0.83%) CentOS
14 9 (0.83%) OS/400
14 9 (0.83%) SUSE
14 9 (0.83%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.46%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 375 (34.50%) Agile Software Development
2 182 (16.74%) Analytics
3 149 (13.71%) DevOps
4 126 (11.59%) Problem-Solving
5 121 (11.13%) Software Engineering
6 118 (10.86%) Scrum
7 110 (10.12%) Microservices
8 109 (10.03%) Test Automation
9 106 (9.75%) ETL
10 102 (9.38%) Continuous Integration
11 100 (9.20%) Business Intelligence
12 99 (9.11%) Computer Science
12 99 (9.11%) ITIL
13 93 (8.56%) TDD
14 90 (8.28%) Presales
15 82 (7.54%) Stakeholder Management
16 80 (7.36%) Project Management
17 79 (7.27%) Configuration Management
17 79 (7.27%) Data Science
18 75 (6.90%) SysML
Programming Languages
1 224 (20.61%) Java
2 215 (19.78%) SQL
3 182 (16.74%) Python
4 129 (11.87%) JavaScript
5 105 (9.66%) PowerShell
6 95 (8.74%) C
7 75 (6.90%) C#
8 63 (5.80%) Bash Shell
9 61 (5.61%) Go
10 53 (4.88%) C++
11 51 (4.69%) MATLAB
12 35 (3.22%) COBOL
13 33 (3.04%) Java 8
14 31 (2.85%) TypeScript
15 30 (2.76%) Ruby
15 30 (2.76%) Scala
16 28 (2.58%) Assembly Language
16 28 (2.58%) PHP
17 27 (2.48%) Embedded C
17 27 (2.48%) Perl
Qualifications
1 158 (14.54%) Degree
2 71 (6.53%) Security Cleared
3 38 (3.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 34 (3.13%) SC Cleared
5 29 (2.67%) Microsoft Certification
6 22 (2.02%) PhD
7 19 (1.75%) ITIL Certification
8 16 (1.47%) Master's Degree
9 14 (1.29%) MCSA
10 13 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
11 12 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
11 12 (1.10%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 10 (0.92%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.92%) MCSE
13 9 (0.83%) RHCE
14 8 (0.74%) AWS Certification
14 8 (0.74%) MCP
14 8 (0.74%) RHCSA
15 7 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
15 7 (0.64%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (4.88%) Data Quality
2 46 (4.23%) MISRA
3 42 (3.86%) Def Stans
4 40 (3.68%) QA
5 35 (3.22%) SLA
6 32 (2.94%) GDPR
7 10 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 15288
8 9 (0.83%) Accessibility
8 9 (0.83%) ISO 26262
9 8 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 8 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.55%) DO-178B
11 5 (0.46%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
12 4 (0.37%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.28%) ISO 15022
14 2 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
14 2 (0.18%) Good Clinical Practice
14 2 (0.18%) WCAG
15 1 (0.092%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 146 (13.43%) Docker
2 122 (11.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 59 (5.43%) Active Directory
4 51 (4.69%) Firmware
5 34 (3.13%) Virtual Machines
6 26 (2.39%) VMware ESXi
7 22 (2.02%) vSphere
8 21 (1.93%) VirtualBox
9 17 (1.56%) KVM
10 12 (1.10%) Hyper-V
10 12 (1.10%) iptables
11 10 (0.92%) NFS
12 9 (0.83%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 8 (0.74%) XenApp
14 7 (0.64%) Ceph
14 7 (0.64%) Microsoft App-V
15 5 (0.46%) BitLocker
15 5 (0.46%) XenDesktop
16 4 (0.37%) Apache Flume
16 4 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 148 (13.62%) Kubernetes
2 92 (8.46%) Ansible
3 63 (5.80%) Terraform
4 44 (4.05%) Opscode Chef
5 33 (3.04%) Puppet
6 30 (2.76%) SCCM
7 21 (1.93%) Docker Swarm
7 21 (1.93%) PTC Integrity
8 14 (1.29%) vCenter Server
9 10 (0.92%) HP Quality Center
9 10 (0.92%) NetBackup
9 10 (0.92%) Salt
10 9 (0.83%) Prometheus
11 8 (0.74%) Microsoft Clustering
11 8 (0.74%) Nagios
11 8 (0.74%) QRadar
12 7 (0.64%) FortiGate
12 7 (0.64%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
12 7 (0.64%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 7 (0.64%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 275 (25.30%) Microsoft
2 183 (16.84%) Oracle
3 148 (13.62%) SAP
3 148 (13.62%) VMware
4 127 (11.68%) Google
5 109 (10.03%) Cisco
6 102 (9.38%) Dell
7 76 (6.99%) HP
8 67 (6.16%) EMC
9 65 (5.98%) Adobe
10 64 (5.89%) NetApp
11 56 (5.15%) Informatica
12 51 (4.69%) Salesforce.com
13 48 (4.42%) Red Hat
14 44 (4.05%) Cognos
15 41 (3.77%) Pega
15 41 (3.77%) Veritas
16 40 (3.68%) Talend
17 36 (3.31%) Citrix
18 31 (2.85%) Aruba