Period
to 30 July 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of IBM products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IBM over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

The figures below represent the IT labour market in general and are not representative of salaries within the International Business Machines Corporation.

IBM
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 350 275 275
Rank change year-on-year -75 0 +24
Permanent jobs citing IBM 1,000 782 1,754
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 1.14% 1.22%
As % of the Vendors category 2.29% 2.82% 2.92%
Number of salaries quoted 680 593 1,384
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,855 £32,068
25th Percentile £42,502 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £53,450
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +2.90% -10.92%
75th Percentile £85,000 £74,750 £68,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year -2.20% +2.04% -2.00%

IBM is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 43,649 27,715 60,093
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.43% 40.40% 41.75%
Number of salaries quoted 29,478 21,528 46,648
10th Percentile £30,750 £30,500 £27,500
25th Percentile £39,000 £39,471 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £54,136 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.12% +5.00% +1.01%
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -2.13% +4.44% +2.27%

IBM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IBM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Salary trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Salary histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IBM within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -70 890 £60,000 +4.35% 145
UK excluding London -76 537 £48,900 -2.20% 102
London -63 416 £75,000 +15.38% 56
Work from Home -112 208 £62,500 +25.00% 20
South East -76 146 £62,500 +8.70% 28
North of England -56 114 £45,345 +0.77% 22
East of England -13 92 £60,000 -4.00% 7
Midlands -69 65 £43,750 -16.67% 18
North West -58 57 £55,000 +22.22% 8
South West -56 51 £52,500 +5.00% 11
Yorkshire -46 48 £45,345 -0.34% 12
Wales -38 39 £47,000 +17.50% 7
West Midlands -74 34 £45,000 -18.18% 14
East Midlands -47 30 £42,500 +17.24% 4
Scotland -72 28 £45,000 -37.93% 9
North East -11 9 £45,345 +24.23% 2
Northern Ireland - 4 £30,000 -

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT jobs citing IBM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for IBM.

1 404 (40.40%) Agile Software Development
2 331 (33.10%) Azure
3 323 (32.30%) AWS
4 305 (30.50%) Social Skills
5 287 (28.70%) SQL
6 262 (26.20%) Microsoft
7 238 (23.80%) Java
8 232 (23.20%) Python
9 227 (22.70%) Kubernetes
10 215 (21.50%) Analytics
11 212 (21.20%) Jenkins
11 212 (21.20%) Docker
12 205 (20.50%) Oracle
13 198 (19.80%) Linux
14 190 (19.00%) Finance
15 171 (17.10%) Google
16 170 (17.00%) Software Engineering
17 165 (16.50%) Windows
18 164 (16.40%) DevOps
18 164 (16.40%) GCP
19 162 (16.20%) IBM Cloud
20 156 (15.60%) Ansible
21 143 (14.30%) Degree
22 142 (14.20%) Continuous Integration
23 127 (12.70%) ETL
24 125 (12.50%) VMware
25 124 (12.40%) SQL Server
25 124 (12.40%) Configuration Management
26 123 (12.30%) Microservices
27 121 (12.10%) Project Management

IBM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (8.50%) Apache Spark
2 69 (6.90%) WebSphere
3 61 (6.10%) Confluence
4 35 (3.50%) SharePoint
5 30 (3.00%) Cloud Foundry
6 23 (2.30%) Apache
7 21 (2.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 19 (1.90%) Tomcat
9 17 (1.70%) SAS
10 15 (1.50%) Skype for Business
11 13 (1.30%) CICS
12 12 (1.20%) IIS
12 12 (1.20%) WebSphere Application Server
13 11 (1.10%) JBoss
13 11 (1.10%) MS Exchange
14 9 (0.90%) Elasticsearch
15 8 (0.80%) GlassFish
16 7 (0.70%) Appian
16 7 (0.70%) nginx
17 6 (0.60%) IBM Transformation Extender
Applications
1 50 (5.00%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (3.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 29 (2.90%) Simulink
4 17 (1.70%) InVision
5 12 (1.20%) Chatbot
6 10 (1.00%) Adobe XD
6 10 (1.00%) Figma
6 10 (1.00%) Marvel
6 10 (1.00%) Sketch
7 6 (0.60%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.30%) SPSS
9 1 (0.10%) EngageOne
9 1 (0.10%) PrintSoft PReS
9 1 (0.10%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 37 (3.70%) FastStats
2 24 (2.40%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 10 (1.00%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 10 (1.00%) SAP S/4HANA
4 9 (0.90%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.90%) Maximo
5 6 (0.60%) Remedy ITSM
5 6 (0.60%) Unica
6 5 (0.50%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 4 (0.40%) Magento
8 3 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.30%) SAP BPC
9 2 (0.20%) Cognos Controller
9 2 (0.20%) FLEXCUBE
9 2 (0.20%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.20%) Oracle CRM
9 2 (0.20%) SAP IBP
10 1 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
10 1 (0.10%) BASE24
10 1 (0.10%) PlanetPress Connect
Cloud Services
1 331 (33.10%) Azure
2 323 (32.30%) AWS
3 164 (16.40%) GCP
4 162 (16.20%) IBM Cloud
5 73 (7.30%) SaaS
6 72 (7.20%) Amazon EMR
7 71 (7.10%) PaaS
7 71 (7.10%) Power Platform
8 62 (6.20%) OpenShift
9 61 (6.10%) IaaS
10 52 (5.20%) Microsoft 365
11 48 (4.80%) Snowflake
12 46 (4.60%) Serverless
13 39 (3.90%) Amazon EKS
14 38 (3.80%) Cloud Computing
15 32 (3.20%) GitHub
16 29 (2.90%) Cloud Functions
16 29 (2.90%) Google App Engine
16 29 (2.90%) Google Compute Engine
16 29 (2.90%) Google Container Engine
Communications & Networking
1 76 (7.60%) SAN
2 44 (4.40%) DNS
2 44 (4.40%) Firewall
3 38 (3.80%) DHCP
4 23 (2.30%) VPN
5 18 (1.80%) LAN
5 18 (1.80%) WAN
6 17 (1.70%) Internet
7 16 (1.60%) Skype
8 15 (1.50%) Cisco Firepower
9 14 (1.40%) Fibre Channel
9 14 (1.40%) HTTP
9 14 (1.40%) TCP/IP
10 12 (1.20%) SSL
11 11 (1.10%) Cisco ASA
11 11 (1.10%) FTP
11 11 (1.10%) IPv4
11 11 (1.10%) Network Security
12 10 (1.00%) SD-WAN
13 9 (0.90%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (12.40%) SQL Server
2 112 (11.20%) NoSQL
3 92 (9.20%) Big Data
4 86 (8.60%) Hadoop
5 71 (7.10%) Tableau
6 70 (7.00%) Amazon Redshift
7 69 (6.90%) Neo4j
8 68 (6.80%) Amazon Athena
8 68 (6.80%) Power BI
9 67 (6.70%) Relational Database
10 66 (6.60%) Electronic Patient Records
11 48 (4.80%) DB2
12 43 (4.30%) Data Warehouse
13 42 (4.20%) MySQL
14 39 (3.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 36 (3.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 35 (3.50%) MongoDB
17 31 (3.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 29 (2.90%) PostgreSQL
19 23 (2.30%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 212 (21.20%) Jenkins
2 80 (8.00%) GitLab
3 79 (7.90%) Vagrant
4 78 (7.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 69 (6.90%) Rational Rhapsody
6 67 (6.70%) JIRA
7 64 (6.40%) Git (software)
8 55 (5.50%) Artifactory
9 36 (3.60%) Maven
10 25 (2.50%) JUnit
10 25 (2.50%) Rational Team Concert
10 25 (2.50%) SonarQube
11 21 (2.10%) Mockito
12 20 (2.00%) Bitbucket
12 20 (2.00%) Rational DOORS
13 19 (1.90%) Selenium
14 18 (1.80%) ClearQuest
14 18 (1.80%) Grunt
14 18 (1.80%) gulp
14 18 (1.80%) webpack
General
1 305 (30.50%) Social Skills
2 190 (19.00%) Finance
3 99 (9.90%) Analytical Skills
4 79 (7.90%) Banking
5 65 (6.50%) Presentation Skills
6 56 (5.60%) Marketing
7 45 (4.50%) Retail
8 36 (3.60%) Electronics
9 30 (3.00%) Telecoms
10 25 (2.50%) Public Sector
11 24 (2.40%) Influencing Skills
12 21 (2.10%) Organisational Skills
13 18 (1.80%) Manufacturing
14 17 (1.70%) Military
15 16 (1.60%) Games
15 16 (1.60%) Legal
16 15 (1.50%) Advertising
16 15 (1.50%) Avionics
17 11 (1.10%) Aerospace
18 10 (1.00%) Law
Job Titles
1 144 (14.40%) Architect
1 144 (14.40%) Developer
2 103 (10.30%) Analyst
3 99 (9.90%) Consultant
4 55 (5.50%) Data Architect
5 51 (5.10%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 47 (4.70%) Java Developer
7 46 (4.60%) Data Engineer
7 46 (4.60%) Platform Engineer
8 43 (4.30%) Solutions Architect
9 42 (4.20%) Software Engineer
10 34 (3.40%) Platform Architect
11 32 (3.20%) Design Engineer
12 31 (3.10%) DevOps Engineer
13 29 (2.90%) Administrator
13 29 (2.90%) Embedded Engineer
14 27 (2.70%) Development Engineer
14 27 (2.70%) Linux Engineer
14 27 (2.70%) Software Development Engineer
15 26 (2.60%) Software Design Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 92 (9.20%) Web Services
2 90 (9.00%) Node.js
3 85 (8.50%) React
4 83 (8.30%) Spring
5 78 (7.80%) Kafka
6 68 (6.80%) Spark Streaming
7 67 (6.70%) REST
8 62 (6.20%) Middleware
9 60 (6.00%) .NET
9 60 (6.00%) AngularJS
10 55 (5.50%) SOAP
11 52 (5.20%) HTML
12 49 (4.90%) CSS
13 43 (4.30%) Java EE
13 43 (4.30%) Spring Boot
14 42 (4.20%) RESTful
15 40 (4.00%) XML
16 39 (3.90%) RabbitMQ
17 32 (3.20%) Vue.js
18 31 (3.10%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 86 (8.60%) Data Centre
2 62 (6.20%) User Experience
3 52 (5.20%) Public Cloud
4 51 (5.10%) Self-Motivation
5 38 (3.80%) Cloud Native
5 38 (3.80%) Management Information System
6 37 (3.70%) iSeries
7 35 (3.50%) Acoustics
8 34 (3.40%) Mainframe
9 33 (3.30%) Enterprise Software
10 30 (3.00%) AS400
11 25 (2.50%) Mobile App
12 22 (2.20%) Virtual Team
13 20 (2.00%) Enterprise Storage
14 19 (1.90%) Replication
15 18 (1.80%) Marketing Technology
15 18 (1.80%) N-Tier
16 15 (1.50%) Blog
16 15 (1.50%) Clustering
16 15 (1.50%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 198 (19.80%) Linux
2 165 (16.50%) Windows
3 106 (10.60%) Unix
4 76 (7.60%) Windows Server
5 27 (2.70%) AIX
5 27 (2.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 22 (2.20%) Windows Server 2012
7 20 (2.00%) Oracle Linux
8 17 (1.70%) Windows Server 2016
9 14 (1.40%) Solaris
9 14 (1.40%) zOS
10 11 (1.10%) SUSE
11 10 (1.00%) CentOS
11 10 (1.00%) HPUX
11 10 (1.00%) OS/400
12 9 (0.90%) Windows Server 2019
13 8 (0.80%) Windows 10
13 8 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.70%) Ubuntu
15 5 (0.50%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 404 (40.40%) Agile Software Development
2 215 (21.50%) Analytics
3 170 (17.00%) Software Engineering
4 164 (16.40%) DevOps
5 142 (14.20%) Continuous Integration
6 127 (12.70%) ETL
7 124 (12.40%) Configuration Management
8 123 (12.30%) Microservices
9 121 (12.10%) Project Management
9 121 (12.10%) Scrum
10 120 (12.00%) Data Science
10 120 (12.00%) Test Automation
11 110 (11.00%) Problem-Solving
12 107 (10.70%) ITIL
13 101 (10.10%) Unit Testing
14 99 (9.90%) Data Engineering
15 97 (9.70%) Computer Science
16 94 (9.40%) Artificial Intelligence
17 91 (9.10%) TDD
18 89 (8.90%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 287 (28.70%) SQL
2 238 (23.80%) Java
3 232 (23.20%) Python
4 121 (12.10%) JavaScript
5 95 (9.50%) C#
6 83 (8.30%) PowerShell
7 63 (6.30%) Go
8 61 (6.10%) C++
9 57 (5.70%) C
10 46 (4.60%) Java 8
11 37 (3.70%) T-SQL
12 31 (3.10%) Bash Shell
12 31 (3.10%) TypeScript
13 29 (2.90%) MATLAB
14 27 (2.70%) Ruby
15 25 (2.50%) Perl
16 23 (2.30%) PHP
16 23 (2.30%) VB
17 21 (2.10%) Scala
17 21 (2.10%) VBA
Qualifications
1 143 (14.30%) Degree
2 79 (7.90%) Security Cleared
3 54 (5.40%) SC Cleared
4 33 (3.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (2.80%) Microsoft Certification
6 25 (2.50%) PhD
7 17 (1.70%) ITIL Certification
8 16 (1.60%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 14 (1.40%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 13 (1.30%) Master's Degree
10 13 (1.30%) Numerate Degree
11 12 (1.20%) Cisco Certification
12 10 (1.00%) MCSA
13 9 (0.90%) PMI Certification
13 9 (0.90%) PMP
14 8 (0.80%) CCNP
14 8 (0.80%) MCP
14 8 (0.80%) RHCE
15 6 (0.60%) RHCSA
16 5 (0.50%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (4.10%) Data Quality
2 38 (3.80%) GDPR
3 31 (3.10%) QA
4 29 (2.90%) Def Stans
4 29 (2.90%) MISRA
5 28 (2.80%) SLA
6 9 (0.90%) COBIT
6 9 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (0.80%) ISO 20022
8 6 (0.60%) Accessibility
9 5 (0.50%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.30%) DO-178B
10 3 (0.30%) ISO 15022
10 3 (0.30%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.20%) HL7
11 2 (0.20%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.20%) NIST
11 2 (0.20%) SEPA
12 1 (0.10%) GRC
System Software
1 212 (21.20%) Docker
2 101 (10.10%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (6.80%) VirtualBox
4 67 (6.70%) Active Directory
5 42 (4.20%) Firmware
6 23 (2.30%) vSphere
7 16 (1.60%) Hyper-V
8 15 (1.50%) VMware ESXi
8 15 (1.50%) XenApp
9 14 (1.40%) Virtual Machines
10 13 (1.30%) XenDesktop
11 12 (1.20%) iptables
12 10 (1.00%) Virtual Servers
13 9 (0.90%) NFS
14 8 (0.80%) KVM
14 8 (0.80%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 8 (0.80%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 7 (0.70%) Ceph
16 3 (0.30%) RACF
16 3 (0.30%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 227 (22.70%) Kubernetes
2 156 (15.60%) Ansible
3 116 (11.60%) Terraform
4 68 (6.80%) Docker Swarm
5 38 (3.80%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (3.00%) Puppet
7 26 (2.60%) SCCM
8 15 (1.50%) PTC Integrity
9 11 (1.10%) Prometheus
10 10 (1.00%) IBM BigFix
10 10 (1.00%) NetBackup
10 10 (1.00%) Salt
10 10 (1.00%) Tivoli
11 9 (0.90%) Kibana
11 9 (0.90%) Microsoft Clustering
12 8 (0.80%) HAProxy
12 8 (0.80%) Nagios
12 8 (0.80%) vCenter Server
12 8 (0.80%) vRealize
13 7 (0.70%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 262 (26.20%) Microsoft
2 205 (20.50%) Oracle
3 171 (17.10%) Google
4 125 (12.50%) VMware
5 106 (10.60%) SAP
6 86 (8.60%) Informatica
7 83 (8.30%) Dell
8 77 (7.70%) Talend
9 71 (7.10%) Cisco
9 71 (7.10%) Cloudera
10 68 (6.80%) Hortonworks
10 68 (6.80%) Red Hat
11 63 (6.30%) HP
12 52 (5.20%) EMC
13 51 (5.10%) Adobe
14 46 (4.60%) ServiceNow
15 45 (4.50%) Salesforce.com
16 44 (4.40%) Pega
17 43 (4.30%) Citrix
17 43 (4.30%) NetApp