Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 223 244 204
Rank change year-on-year +21 -40 -3
Contract jobs citing VPN 888 579 496
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.22% 1.10% 1.34%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.54% 9.60% 10.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 640 365 298
10th Percentile £177 £173 £177
25th Percentile £344 £313 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £425 £438
Median % change year-on-year +11.76% -2.86% +2.94%
75th Percentile £588 £513 £548
90th Percentile £675 £600 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +17.65% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 37 38
10th Percentile £16.00 £14.22 £13.95
25th Percentile £17.56 £15.04 £14.50
Median hourly rate £20.51 £19.00 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +7.95% - +10.14%
75th Percentile £46.50 £30.00 £20.00
90th Percentile £60.18 £54.90 £38.36
UK median hourly rate £21.26 £20.00 £19.38
% change year-on-year +6.28% +3.23% +10.71%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 8,425 6,034 4,891
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.61% 11.44% 13.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,621 3,894 3,039
10th Percentile £230 £225 £200
25th Percentile £388 £350 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £441
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +2.04% +2.20%
75th Percentile £625 £545 £538
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +11.11% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 334 293 227
10th Percentile £15.25 £12.00 £13.46
25th Percentile £16.50 £15.04 £16.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £23.63 £21.88
Median % change year-on-year +5.82% +8.00% +9.38%
75th Percentile £50.58 £50.00 £44.00
90th Percentile £68.09 £61.60 £52.05
UK median hourly rate £29.06 £25.00 £25.03
% change year-on-year +16.24% -0.12% +19.19%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +42 414 £525 +16.67% 84
South East -23 137 £463 +8.82% 54
North of England +15 132 £413 -2.94% 58
North West +10 78 £295 -30.59% 24
South West -3 54 £400 +6.67% 31
Midlands -40 53 £375 +1.90% 34
East of England -2 52 £400 +2.56% 12
Yorkshire -10 41 £450 +5.88% 27
West Midlands -47 33 £375 - 31
East Midlands -11 20 £294 -19.96% 3
North East +5 15 £550 +22.22% 7
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 440 (49.55%) Firewall
2 361 (40.65%) Windows
3 327 (36.82%) Cisco
4 287 (32.32%) WAN
5 280 (31.53%) Microsoft
6 265 (29.84%) Azure
7 227 (25.56%) LAN
8 225 (25.34%) Active Directory
9 204 (22.97%) AWS
9 204 (22.97%) Microsoft 365
10 184 (20.72%) Linux
11 178 (20.05%) DNS
12 164 (18.47%) BGP
13 163 (18.36%) Security Cleared
14 157 (17.68%) Cisco Certification
15 156 (17.57%) VMware
16 151 (17.00%) MPLS
17 149 (16.78%) Windows 10
18 141 (15.88%) Network Security
19 132 (14.86%) TCP/IP
20 130 (14.64%) OSPF
21 128 (14.41%) DevOps
22 124 (13.96%) SC Cleared
22 124 (13.96%) IPsec
23 120 (13.51%) Social Skills
24 118 (13.29%) Microsoft Office
25 114 (12.84%) Wi-Fi
26 112 (12.61%) Juniper
26 112 (12.61%) Terraform
27 108 (12.16%) Palo Alto

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (5.97%) SharePoint
2 35 (3.94%) Confluence
3 22 (2.48%) MS Exchange
4 18 (2.03%) OpenStack
5 14 (1.58%) WebSphere
6 9 (1.01%) Skype for Business
7 6 (0.68%) Drupal
8 5 (0.56%) IIS
9 4 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.34%) nginx
11 2 (0.23%) CMS
11 2 (0.23%) JBoss
11 2 (0.23%) MQSeries
12 1 (0.11%) Apache
12 1 (0.11%) Exchange Server 2010
12 1 (0.11%) NetWeaver
12 1 (0.11%) SAS
12 1 (0.11%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.11%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.11%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 118 (13.29%) Microsoft Office
2 31 (3.49%) MS Visio
3 13 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
4 12 (1.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (0.79%) RMDS
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle ERP
3 3 (0.34%) assyst
3 3 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.23%) Elite 3E
4 2 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.11%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.11%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 265 (29.84%) Azure
2 204 (22.97%) AWS
2 204 (22.97%) Microsoft 365
3 60 (6.76%) SaaS
4 55 (6.19%) GCP
4 55 (6.19%) PaaS
5 53 (5.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 51 (5.74%) Azure Active Directory
7 46 (5.18%) IaaS
8 38 (4.28%) OneDrive
9 35 (3.94%) AWS Direct Connect
10 33 (3.72%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 32 (3.60%) Azure DevOps
12 21 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
13 20 (2.25%) Azure AKS
14 19 (2.14%) Mimecast
15 18 (2.03%) AWS CloudFormation
16 16 (1.80%) Serverless
17 14 (1.58%) Amazon S3
17 14 (1.58%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 440 (49.55%) Firewall
2 287 (32.32%) WAN
3 227 (25.56%) LAN
4 178 (20.05%) DNS
5 164 (18.47%) BGP
6 151 (17.00%) MPLS
7 141 (15.88%) Network Security
8 132 (14.86%) TCP/IP
9 130 (14.64%) OSPF
10 124 (13.96%) IPsec
11 114 (12.84%) Wi-Fi
12 108 (12.16%) Wireless
13 106 (11.94%) SD-WAN
14 99 (11.15%) DHCP
15 77 (8.67%) Cisco ASA
16 76 (8.56%) SSL
17 74 (8.33%) Internet
18 69 (7.77%) VLAN
19 58 (6.53%) Cisco Nexus
20 49 (5.52%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (3.38%) SQL Server
2 27 (3.04%) Relational Database
3 14 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
4 12 (1.35%) DB2
4 12 (1.35%) Power BI
5 11 (1.24%) DynamoDB
5 11 (1.24%) MySQL
5 11 (1.24%) PostgreSQL
6 10 (1.13%) MariaDB
7 7 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
8 6 (0.68%) Amazon Aurora
8 6 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
8 6 (0.68%) NoSQL
9 5 (0.56%) Amazon Athena
9 5 (0.56%) Amazon Redshift
9 5 (0.56%) BigQuery
9 5 (0.56%) DocumentDB
9 5 (0.56%) SimpleDB
10 4 (0.45%) Data Lake
11 3 (0.34%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 47 (5.29%) Jenkins
2 40 (4.50%) JIRA
3 27 (3.04%) Git (software)
4 23 (2.59%) GitLab
5 8 (0.90%) Arsenale Dataplane
5 8 (0.90%) Sonatype Nexus
5 8 (0.90%) TestRail
6 5 (0.56%) Postman
6 5 (0.56%) SoapUI
7 4 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 4 (0.45%) Selenium
7 4 (0.45%) Subversion
8 3 (0.34%) Appium
8 3 (0.34%) GoCD
8 3 (0.34%) SonarQube
8 3 (0.34%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 2 (0.23%) Fiddler
9 2 (0.23%) TeamCity
10 1 (0.11%) Mercurial
10 1 (0.11%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 120 (13.51%) Social Skills
2 102 (11.49%) Finance
3 85 (9.57%) Public Sector
4 43 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
5 41 (4.62%) Telecoms
6 33 (3.72%) Banking
7 27 (3.04%) Retail
8 17 (1.91%) Law
9 16 (1.80%) Documentation Skills
10 12 (1.35%) Military
10 12 (1.35%) Organisational Skills
11 11 (1.24%) Games
11 11 (1.24%) Investment Banking
12 9 (1.01%) Electronics
12 9 (1.01%) Manufacturing
12 9 (1.01%) Presentation Skills
13 7 (0.79%) Billing
14 6 (0.68%) Legal
15 5 (0.56%) Local Government
16 4 (0.45%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 213 (23.99%) Network Engineer
2 93 (10.47%) Architect
3 85 (9.57%) Support Engineer
4 74 (8.33%) Analyst
5 60 (6.76%) DevOps Engineer
6 47 (5.29%) 2nd Line Support
7 46 (5.18%) Desktop Support
7 46 (5.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 40 (4.50%) Security Engineer
9 39 (4.39%) Support Analyst
10 38 (4.28%) Network Architect
11 34 (3.83%) Desktop Engineer
12 33 (3.72%) Consultant
13 31 (3.49%) AWS Engineer
13 31 (3.49%) Cloud Engineer
14 26 (2.93%) 2nd Line Engineer
14 26 (2.93%) Desktop Support Engineer
14 26 (2.93%) IT Engineer
15 24 (2.70%) AWS DevOps
15 24 (2.70%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (2.59%) 802.1X
2 17 (1.91%) OAuth
2 17 (1.91%) OAuth2
3 13 (1.46%) RESTful
4 11 (1.24%) JSON
4 11 (1.24%) Software Packaging
4 11 (1.24%) WebSphere MQ
5 10 (1.13%) Web Services
6 9 (1.01%) LDAP
7 8 (0.90%) REST
7 8 (0.90%) SOAP
7 8 (0.90%) XML
8 7 (0.79%) FIX Protocol
9 6 (0.68%) XMPP
10 5 (0.56%) Azure Blueprints
10 5 (0.56%) Middleware
10 5 (0.56%) Oracle Fusion
10 5 (0.56%) XSLT
11 4 (0.45%) ARM Templates
11 4 (0.45%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 102 (11.49%) Data Centre
2 48 (5.41%) Public Cloud
3 41 (4.62%) Private Cloud
4 39 (4.39%) PKI
5 37 (4.17%) Management Information System
6 28 (3.15%) Hybrid Cloud
7 26 (2.93%) iPhone
8 25 (2.82%) iPad
9 21 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
10 17 (1.91%) Data Protection Act
10 17 (1.91%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 16 (1.80%) Fat Client
11 16 (1.80%) Smartphone
11 16 (1.80%) Thin Client
12 15 (1.69%) Algorithms
13 13 (1.46%) IoT
14 10 (1.13%) BYOD
14 10 (1.13%) Video Conferencing
15 9 (1.01%) Device Driver
15 9 (1.01%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 361 (40.65%) Windows
2 184 (20.72%) Linux
3 149 (16.78%) Windows 10
4 84 (9.46%) Windows Server
5 51 (5.74%) Unix
6 45 (5.07%) Apple iOS
7 40 (4.50%) Android
8 31 (3.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 29 (3.27%) Windows 7
9 29 (3.27%) Windows Server 2008
10 27 (3.04%) Windows Server 2019
11 25 (2.82%) Windows Server 2012
12 23 (2.59%) Windows Server 2016
13 20 (2.25%) Mac OS
14 11 (1.24%) HPUX
15 9 (1.01%) Windows 8
16 8 (0.90%) Embedded Linux
17 7 (0.79%) Windows Mobile
18 6 (0.68%) CentOS
19 5 (0.56%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (14.41%) DevOps
2 105 (11.82%) ITIL
3 96 (10.81%) Migration
4 92 (10.36%) Load Balancing
5 79 (8.90%) Agile
6 76 (8.56%) Problem-Solving
7 66 (7.43%) CI/CD
8 59 (6.64%) Infrastructure as Code
9 58 (6.53%) Cybersecurity
9 58 (6.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 47 (5.29%) Network Management
11 44 (4.95%) ITSM
12 43 (4.84%) Network Design
13 42 (4.73%) Change Management
14 39 (4.39%) Project Delivery
15 37 (4.17%) Data Loss Prevention
16 36 (4.05%) Service Delivery
17 35 (3.94%) Configuration Management
17 35 (3.94%) SIEM
17 35 (3.94%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 99 (11.15%) Python
2 92 (10.36%) PowerShell
3 51 (5.74%) Bash
4 48 (5.41%) SQL
5 34 (3.83%) Shell Script
6 32 (3.60%) Java
7 30 (3.38%) C
8 19 (2.14%) Go
8 19 (2.14%) Perl
9 15 (1.69%) JavaScript
10 12 (1.35%) Ruby
11 10 (1.13%) C#
11 10 (1.13%) C++
12 8 (0.90%) Rust
13 5 (0.56%) PL/SQL
14 4 (0.45%) VBScript
15 3 (0.34%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.34%) VB
16 2 (0.23%) Lisp
17 1 (0.11%) PHP
Qualifications
1 163 (18.36%) Security Cleared
2 157 (17.68%) Cisco Certification
3 124 (13.96%) SC Cleared
4 107 (12.05%) CCNP
5 54 (6.08%) Degree
6 51 (5.74%) CCIE
7 45 (5.07%) CCNA
8 25 (2.82%) DV Cleared
9 24 (2.70%) CCDP
10 20 (2.25%) JNCIS
11 18 (2.03%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (1.58%) MCSE
13 12 (1.35%) ITIL Certification
14 11 (1.24%) AWS Certification
15 9 (1.01%) JNCIA
15 9 (1.01%) TOGAF Certification
16 8 (0.90%) A+ Certification
16 8 (0.90%) CISSP
17 7 (0.79%) CCIP
17 7 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (5.97%) SLA
2 26 (2.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 17 (1.91%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 16 (1.80%) GDPR
5 13 (1.46%) QA
6 11 (1.24%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.90%) NIST
8 6 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials
8 6 (0.68%) JSP 440
9 5 (0.56%) NIST 800
10 4 (0.45%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 4 (0.45%) NCSC
11 3 (0.34%) DICOM
11 3 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 3 (0.34%) PSD2
12 2 (0.23%) COBIT
12 2 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.23%) HL7
13 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 225 (25.34%) Active Directory
2 108 (12.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 59 (6.64%) Docker
4 45 (5.07%) Virtual Machines
5 37 (4.17%) Hyper-V
6 26 (2.93%) VMware ESXi
7 25 (2.82%) vSphere
8 17 (1.91%) vCloud
8 17 (1.91%) VMware NSX
8 17 (1.91%) VMware Workstation
9 15 (1.69%) BitLocker
10 14 (1.58%) Virtual Desktop
11 11 (1.24%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 11 (1.24%) Microsoft App-V
12 10 (1.13%) iptables
13 9 (1.01%) Firmware
14 8 (0.90%) KVM
14 8 (0.90%) Xen
15 4 (0.45%) XenApp
16 3 (0.34%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 112 (12.61%) Terraform
2 101 (11.37%) Ansible
3 84 (9.46%) Microsoft Intune
4 79 (8.90%) Kubernetes
5 58 (6.53%) SCCM
6 36 (4.05%) FortiGate
7 26 (2.93%) Prometheus
8 21 (2.36%) Nagios
8 21 (2.36%) Puppet
9 19 (2.14%) Istio
10 16 (1.80%) Grafana
10 16 (1.80%) ZABBIX
11 15 (1.69%) AirWatch
12 14 (1.58%) Opscode Chef
13 13 (1.46%) CASB
14 11 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
15 9 (1.01%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 9 (1.01%) WSUS
16 8 (0.90%) McAfee ePO
16 8 (0.90%) Nessus
Vendors
1 327 (36.82%) Cisco
2 280 (31.53%) Microsoft
3 156 (17.57%) VMware
4 112 (12.61%) Juniper
5 108 (12.16%) Palo Alto
6 99 (11.15%) Citrix
7 78 (8.78%) CheckPoint
8 71 (8.00%) F5
8 71 (8.00%) Oracle
9 67 (7.55%) HP
10 63 (7.09%) Apple
11 59 (6.64%) Fortinet
12 54 (6.08%) Meraki
13 51 (5.74%) McAfee
14 48 (5.41%) SolarWinds
15 46 (5.18%) Google
16 35 (3.94%) Red Hat
17 33 (3.72%) Aruba
18 28 (3.15%) Zscaler
19 27 (3.04%) Forcepoint