Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 250 196 194
Rank change year-on-year -54 -2 +29
Contract jobs citing VPN 557 491 1,249
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.09% 1.33% 1.50%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.60% 10.01% 11.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 345 287 830
10th Percentile £175 £178 £175
25th Percentile £313 £313 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £425 £425 £425
75th Percentile £505 £540 £525
90th Percentile £600 £638 £607
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 39 57
10th Percentile £15.00 £14.01 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.04 £14.50 £12.25
Median hourly rate £19.50 £19.00 £17.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% +11.76% +13.33%
75th Percentile £34.75 £20.00 £28.75
90th Percentile £55.10 £37.08 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +2.56% +11.43% +25.00%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,803 4,906 10,520
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.40% 13.25% 12.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,722 3,045 6,634
10th Percentile £225 £200 £208
25th Percentile £350 £325 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £438 £438
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% - +2.94%
75th Percentile £540 £538 £538
90th Percentile £650 £638 £618
UK median daily rate £450 £427 £429
% change year-on-year +5.39% -0.47% +0.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 279 233 469
10th Percentile £12.00 £13.50 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.25 £14.75
Median hourly rate £24.80 £21.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.10% +5.00% +2.51%
75th Percentile £50.00 £44.25 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.20 £51.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £26.43 £25.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year +5.72% +19.05% +10.53%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -56 219 £450 - 71
South East +23 124 £425 - 56
North of England -18 60 £425 +21.43% 52
Midlands -23 51 £372 -32.45% 40
South West +28 43 £375 -11.76% 31
East of England -21 37 £358 +4.53% 17
West Midlands -30 37 £375 -31.82% 24
North West +6 34 £425 +6.38% 30
Yorkshire -3 25 £425 +36.00% 15
East Midlands +7 16 £368 +75.24% 16
North East -3 1 £450 +24.14% 7
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 267 (47.94%) Firewall
2 248 (44.52%) Windows
3 204 (36.62%) Cisco
4 187 (33.57%) Microsoft
5 185 (33.21%) Active Directory
6 155 (27.83%) WAN
7 153 (27.47%) Azure
8 146 (26.21%) Microsoft 365
9 134 (24.06%) DNS
10 131 (23.52%) VMware
11 113 (20.29%) Social Skills
12 106 (19.03%) LAN
13 102 (18.31%) Linux
14 100 (17.95%) Cisco Certification
15 99 (17.77%) VMware Infrastructure
16 94 (16.88%) Windows Server
17 93 (16.70%) TCP/IP
18 90 (16.16%) Network Security
19 84 (15.08%) DHCP
20 83 (14.90%) Wireless
21 82 (14.72%) Windows 10
22 79 (14.18%) Microsoft Office
23 76 (13.64%) MPLS
24 73 (13.11%) VLAN
24 73 (13.11%) Security Cleared
25 72 (12.93%) AWS
25 72 (12.93%) BGP
26 71 (12.75%) ITIL
26 71 (12.75%) Agile Software Development
27 70 (12.57%) OSPF

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (4.49%) Confluence
1 25 (4.49%) MS Exchange
2 24 (4.31%) SharePoint
3 11 (1.97%) Skype for Business
4 9 (1.62%) WebSphere
5 7 (1.26%) IIS
6 5 (0.90%) Apache
6 5 (0.90%) Exchange Server 2010
6 5 (0.90%) IBM Notes
7 4 (0.72%) JBoss
7 4 (0.72%) NetWeaver
7 4 (0.72%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.54%) Oracle Service Bus
8 3 (0.54%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2013
10 1 (0.18%) nginx
10 1 (0.18%) OpenStack
Applications
1 79 (14.18%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (4.67%) MS Visio
3 20 (3.59%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (1.08%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.36%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.18%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 1 (0.18%) assyst
1 1 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 153 (27.47%) Azure
2 146 (26.21%) Microsoft 365
3 72 (12.93%) AWS
4 44 (7.90%) Azure Active Directory
5 39 (7.00%) SaaS
6 31 (5.57%) IaaS
6 31 (5.57%) PaaS
7 27 (4.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 17 (3.05%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 15 (2.69%) GCP
10 10 (1.80%) Serverless
11 9 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (1.44%) Amazon ECS
12 8 (1.44%) Amazon S3
12 8 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
12 8 (1.44%) Mimecast
12 8 (1.44%) Route 53
13 7 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
13 7 (1.26%) AWS Direct Connect
13 7 (1.26%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 267 (47.94%) Firewall
2 155 (27.83%) WAN
3 134 (24.06%) DNS
4 106 (19.03%) LAN
5 93 (16.70%) TCP/IP
6 90 (16.16%) Network Security
7 84 (15.08%) DHCP
8 83 (14.90%) Wireless
9 76 (13.64%) MPLS
10 73 (13.11%) VLAN
11 72 (12.93%) BGP
12 70 (12.57%) OSPF
13 59 (10.59%) IPsec
14 56 (10.05%) SSL
15 48 (8.62%) Wi-Fi
16 44 (7.90%) VoIP
17 43 (7.72%) Internet
18 42 (7.54%) SD-WAN
19 38 (6.82%) Cisco ASA
20 30 (5.39%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (6.82%) SQL Server
2 15 (2.69%) SQL Server 2012
3 14 (2.51%) MySQL
4 12 (2.15%) SQL Server 2016
5 9 (1.62%) Azure SQL Database
5 9 (1.62%) DB2
6 7 (1.26%) Relational Database
7 6 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
7 6 (1.08%) PostgreSQL
8 5 (0.90%) Oracle Database
9 4 (0.72%) Apache Cassandra
9 4 (0.72%) SAP HANA
10 3 (0.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 3 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.54%) MongoDB
10 3 (0.54%) NoSQL
11 2 (0.36%) MariaDB
12 1 (0.18%) Amazon Redshift
12 1 (0.18%) Electronic Patient Records
12 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 37 (6.64%) JIRA
2 18 (3.23%) Jenkins
3 16 (2.87%) Git (software)
4 9 (1.62%) GitLab
5 7 (1.26%) Maven
6 6 (1.08%) Artifactory
6 6 (1.08%) Selenium
6 6 (1.08%) SonarQube
6 6 (1.08%) Team Foundation Server
7 5 (0.90%) VSS/SourceSafe
8 3 (0.54%) MSI
8 3 (0.54%) Postman
8 3 (0.54%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.36%) Arsenale Dataplane
9 2 (0.36%) Bitbucket
9 2 (0.36%) CocoaPods
9 2 (0.36%) Cucumber
9 2 (0.36%) JMeter
9 2 (0.36%) JUnit
9 2 (0.36%) TestRail
General
1 113 (20.29%) Social Skills
2 66 (11.85%) Finance
3 55 (9.87%) Telecoms
4 51 (9.16%) Public Sector
5 22 (3.95%) Manufacturing
5 22 (3.95%) Marketing
6 21 (3.77%) Analytical Skills
7 20 (3.59%) Banking
8 16 (2.87%) Documentation Skills
8 16 (2.87%) Electronics
9 15 (2.69%) Presentation Skills
10 10 (1.80%) Publishing
11 7 (1.26%) Retail
12 6 (1.08%) Billing
13 4 (0.72%) German Language
13 4 (0.72%) Influencing Skills
14 3 (0.54%) Law
14 3 (0.54%) Legal
14 3 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
14 3 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 92 (16.52%) Network Engineer
2 74 (13.29%) Architect
3 50 (8.98%) Support Engineer
4 48 (8.62%) Analyst
5 40 (7.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 29 (5.21%) Consultant
6 29 (5.21%) Security Engineer
7 26 (4.67%) Network Architect
8 22 (3.95%) Azure Engineer
9 21 (3.77%) 2nd Line Support
9 21 (3.77%) IT Support
10 20 (3.59%) 2nd Line Engineer
11 18 (3.23%) Cloud Engineer
11 18 (3.23%) Designer
12 17 (3.05%) DevOps Engineer
12 17 (3.05%) IT Engineer
12 17 (3.05%) Microsoft 365 Engineer
12 17 (3.05%) Solutions Architect
13 15 (2.69%) IT Support Engineer
13 15 (2.69%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (5.57%) 802.1X
2 19 (3.41%) LDAP
3 13 (2.33%) Web Services
4 9 (1.62%) SAML
5 8 (1.44%) CSS
5 8 (1.44%) Kafka
6 7 (1.26%) Express
6 7 (1.26%) Middleware
6 7 (1.26%) OAuth
7 6 (1.08%) REST
8 5 (0.90%) HTML
8 5 (0.90%) LAMP
8 5 (0.90%) WebSphere MQ
8 5 (0.90%) XMPP
9 4 (0.72%) JSON
9 4 (0.72%) Node.js
9 4 (0.72%) Oracle GoldenGate
9 4 (0.72%) SAP Basis
9 4 (0.72%) Sensu
9 4 (0.72%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 62 (11.13%) Data Centre
2 34 (6.10%) Management Information System
2 34 (6.10%) PKI
3 30 (5.39%) Self-Motivation
4 22 (3.95%) Public Cloud
5 14 (2.51%) Hybrid Cloud
6 12 (2.15%) NHS
7 10 (1.80%) Social Media
8 9 (1.62%) Mobile App
8 9 (1.62%) Virtual Team
9 6 (1.08%) Blackberry
9 6 (1.08%) Smartphone
10 5 (0.90%) Cloud Native
10 5 (0.90%) Clustering
10 5 (0.90%) Data Protection Act
10 5 (0.90%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 4 (0.72%) BYOD
11 4 (0.72%) iPhone
11 4 (0.72%) Replication
12 3 (0.54%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 248 (44.52%) Windows
2 102 (18.31%) Linux
3 94 (16.88%) Windows Server
4 82 (14.72%) Windows 10
5 48 (8.62%) Windows 7
6 37 (6.64%) Windows Server 2012
7 30 (5.39%) Windows Server 2016
8 27 (4.85%) Windows Server 2019
9 26 (4.67%) Android
10 18 (3.23%) Apple iOS
10 18 (3.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 17 (3.05%) Unix
11 17 (3.05%) Windows Mobile
12 15 (2.69%) Windows Server 2008
13 9 (1.62%) CentOS
14 8 (1.44%) Mac OS
14 8 (1.44%) Windows 8
15 7 (1.26%) Windows Server 2003
16 5 (0.90%) Windows XP
17 4 (0.72%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 71 (12.75%) Agile Software Development
1 71 (12.75%) ITIL
2 65 (11.67%) Migration
3 62 (11.13%) DevOps
4 53 (9.52%) Problem-Solving
5 50 (8.98%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 44 (7.90%) Load Balancing
7 35 (6.28%) Network Design
8 32 (5.75%) Kalman Filter
9 28 (5.03%) Change Management
10 27 (4.85%) Network Management
10 27 (4.85%) SIEM
11 25 (4.49%) Service Delivery
12 24 (4.31%) Cybersecurity
12 24 (4.31%) Mentoring
12 24 (4.31%) Security Architecture
12 24 (4.31%) Service Management
13 23 (4.13%) Computer Science
13 23 (4.13%) Infrastructure as Code
14 22 (3.95%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 58 (10.41%) PowerShell
2 40 (7.18%) Python
3 31 (5.57%) SQL
4 21 (3.77%) Bash Shell
5 19 (3.41%) Java
6 8 (1.44%) C
6 8 (1.44%) Perl
6 8 (1.44%) Shell Script
7 7 (1.26%) Go
8 4 (0.72%) C++
8 4 (0.72%) Java 8
9 3 (0.54%) Apple Swift
9 3 (0.54%) JavaScript
9 3 (0.54%) Ruby
9 3 (0.54%) VBScript
10 2 (0.36%) PHP
10 2 (0.36%) PL/SQL
10 2 (0.36%) Rust
Qualifications
1 100 (17.95%) Cisco Certification
2 73 (13.11%) Security Cleared
3 65 (11.67%) CCNP
4 61 (10.95%) CCNA
5 48 (8.62%) SC Cleared
6 44 (7.90%) Degree
7 38 (6.82%) Microsoft Certification
8 25 (4.49%) CCIE
9 24 (4.31%) MCSE
10 18 (3.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 15 (2.69%) DV Cleared
12 14 (2.51%) CISSP
13 11 (1.97%) Computer Science Degree
14 10 (1.80%) AWS Certification
15 9 (1.62%) JNCIA
15 9 (1.62%) JNCIS
16 8 (1.44%) CCDP
16 8 (1.44%) CISM
16 8 (1.44%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 7 (1.26%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (8.44%) SLA
2 9 (1.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 9 (1.62%) PCI DSS
2 9 (1.62%) QA
3 8 (1.44%) GDPR
4 5 (0.90%) COBIT
5 4 (0.72%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.18%) Accessibility
6 1 (0.18%) BS25999
6 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.18%) HL7
6 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.18%) NIST
6 1 (0.18%) SEPA
System Software
1 185 (33.21%) Active Directory
2 99 (17.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (6.64%) vSphere
4 31 (5.57%) Hyper-V
5 30 (5.39%) Docker
6 21 (3.77%) VMware ESXi
7 15 (2.69%) VMware NSX
8 12 (2.15%) ProxySG
8 12 (2.15%) Virtual Machines
9 8 (1.44%) XenApp
10 6 (1.08%) KVM
10 6 (1.08%) Virtual Desktop
11 5 (0.90%) iptables
11 5 (0.90%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.72%) Firmware
12 4 (0.72%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (0.72%) Snort
12 4 (0.72%) VirtualBox
13 3 (0.54%) Virtual Servers
14 2 (0.36%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 48 (8.62%) SCCM
2 40 (7.18%) Ansible
3 39 (7.00%) Terraform
4 37 (6.64%) Microsoft Intune
5 33 (5.92%) Kubernetes
6 26 (4.67%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 19 (3.41%) WSUS
8 18 (3.23%) Single Sign-On
9 14 (2.51%) FortiGate
10 11 (1.97%) Puppet
11 10 (1.80%) Nagios
12 8 (1.44%) HP NNM
12 8 (1.44%) Prometheus
12 8 (1.44%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 7 (1.26%) AirWatch
14 6 (1.08%) Cisco Prime
14 6 (1.08%) Grafana
15 5 (0.90%) Sysdig
15 5 (0.90%) ZABBIX
16 4 (0.72%) SolarWinds Orion
Vendors
1 204 (36.62%) Cisco
2 187 (33.57%) Microsoft
3 131 (23.52%) VMware
4 63 (11.31%) Juniper
5 54 (9.69%) Citrix
6 52 (9.34%) F5
7 48 (8.62%) CheckPoint
7 48 (8.62%) Palo Alto
8 46 (8.26%) Fortinet
9 35 (6.28%) HP
10 33 (5.92%) Meraki
11 24 (4.31%) Red Hat
11 24 (4.31%) SAP
12 23 (4.13%) SolarWinds
13 22 (3.95%) Apple
13 22 (3.95%) Oracle
14 21 (3.77%) Blue Coat
15 20 (3.59%) IBM
16 19 (3.41%) Dell
17 18 (3.23%) ServiceNow