Period
to 3 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 3 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
3 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 190 195 229
Rank change year-on-year +5 +34 -22
Contract jobs citing VPN 432 1,217 1,153
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.35% 1.45% 1.22%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.17% 11.29% 9.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 280 790 724
Median daily rate £445 £413 £416
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.82% -0.90% +4.06%
10th Percentile £180 £156 £145
90th Percentile £620 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £438 £413 £413
% change year-on-year +6.06% - +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 58 81
Median hourly rate £19.50 £17.25 £18.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.04% -6.76% +2.78%
10th Percentile £15.47 £11.77 £12.00
90th Percentile £40.74 £52.25 £35.70
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £16.16
% change year-on-year +14.29% +8.33% -10.75%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,246 10,783 12,674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.27% 12.87% 13.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,466 6,675 7,816
Median daily rate £438 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% - +2.41%
10th Percentile £200 £200 £205
90th Percentile £638 £610 £610
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 502 706
Median hourly rate £34.90 £22.68 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +53.86% +13.40% +10.50%
10th Percentile £14.50 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £47.83
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +48.94% +17.50% +5.26%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 3 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 179 £485 +7.78% 28
South East +11 70 £425 +16.44% 30
North of England +39 66 £315 -13.10% 22
Midlands +53 56 £513 +32.26% 13
West Midlands +43 43 £550 +41.03% 11
East of England +50 34 £340 -25.68% 5
Yorkshire +72 32 £299 -25.38% 8
North West +18 28 £363 +1.75% 13
South West +34 24 £425 +29.77% 19
East Midlands +43 12 £355 -2.07% 2
North East +30 6 £290 -15.33% 1
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 225 (52.08%) Firewall
2 192 (44.44%) Windows
3 176 (40.74%) Cisco
4 164 (37.96%) WAN
5 142 (32.87%) Active Directory
6 132 (30.56%) Azure
7 121 (28.01%) DNS
8 114 (26.39%) LAN
9 107 (24.77%) Security Cleared
10 104 (24.07%) Cisco Certification
11 103 (23.84%) Microsoft
12 89 (20.60%) TCP/IP
13 87 (20.14%) BGP
13 87 (20.14%) Office 365
14 85 (19.68%) Linux
15 84 (19.44%) OSPF
16 81 (18.75%) CCNP
17 79 (18.29%) Juniper
18 74 (17.13%) MPLS
19 72 (16.67%) Internet
20 70 (16.20%) SC Cleared
21 68 (15.74%) PaaS
21 68 (15.74%) Data Centre
22 67 (15.51%) Wireless
23 59 (13.66%) CCNA
23 59 (13.66%) Network Security
24 58 (13.43%) VoIP
25 57 (13.19%) AWS
26 56 (12.96%) Oracle
27 55 (12.73%) DHCP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (4.63%) MS Exchange
2 16 (3.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 16 (3.70%) Skype for Business
3 15 (3.47%) WebLogic
4 12 (2.78%) SharePoint
5 7 (1.62%) Exchange Server 2003
5 7 (1.62%) Exchange Server 2010
5 7 (1.62%) OpenStack
6 6 (1.39%) Exchange Server 2007
7 5 (1.16%) JBoss
7 5 (1.16%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.93%) Apache
9 3 (0.69%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 3 (0.69%) NetWeaver
9 3 (0.69%) nginx
9 3 (0.69%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.46%) CMS
10 2 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2013
10 2 (0.46%) IIS
Applications
1 46 (10.65%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (3.24%) MS Visio
3 11 (2.55%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (1.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (1.16%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.93%) Acrobat
7 3 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (1.16%) Remedy ITSM
2 2 (0.46%) assyst
2 2 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.23%) Actimize
3 1 (0.23%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.23%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 132 (30.56%) Azure
2 87 (20.14%) Office 365
3 68 (15.74%) PaaS
4 57 (13.19%) AWS
5 49 (11.34%) SaaS
6 48 (11.11%) IaaS
7 25 (5.79%) Azure Active Directory
8 20 (4.63%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 13 (3.01%) GCP
10 12 (2.78%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (2.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 9 (2.08%) Serverless
13 8 (1.85%) Azure Stack
13 8 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
14 7 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
14 7 (1.62%) Amazon EKS
14 7 (1.62%) iPaaS
14 7 (1.62%) OneDrive
14 7 (1.62%) OpenShift
15 5 (1.16%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 225 (52.08%) Firewall
2 164 (37.96%) WAN
3 121 (28.01%) DNS
4 114 (26.39%) LAN
5 89 (20.60%) TCP/IP
6 87 (20.14%) BGP
7 84 (19.44%) OSPF
8 74 (17.13%) MPLS
9 72 (16.67%) Internet
10 67 (15.51%) Wireless
11 59 (13.66%) Network Security
12 58 (13.43%) VoIP
13 55 (12.73%) DHCP
14 52 (12.04%) DMZ
15 48 (11.11%) IPsec
16 41 (9.49%) EIGRP
16 41 (9.49%) Wi-Fi
17 36 (8.33%) Cisco ASA
18 35 (8.10%) SNMP
19 34 (7.87%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (3.70%) SQL Server
2 15 (3.47%) Oracle ODI
3 10 (2.31%) MySQL
4 9 (2.08%) Azure SQL Database
4 9 (2.08%) Cosmos DB
5 7 (1.62%) DB2
6 5 (1.16%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (0.69%) BigQuery
7 3 (0.69%) Bigtable
7 3 (0.69%) NoSQL
7 3 (0.69%) Relational Database
7 3 (0.69%) SAP HANA
8 2 (0.46%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (0.46%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.46%) Data Lake
8 2 (0.46%) Geospatial Data
8 2 (0.46%) MongoDB
9 1 (0.23%) HBase
9 1 (0.23%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.23%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 8 (1.85%) Jenkins
1 8 (1.85%) JIRA
2 6 (1.39%) Git (software)
2 6 (1.39%) VSS/SourceSafe
3 5 (1.16%) Team Foundation Server
4 4 (0.93%) Terragrunt
5 3 (0.69%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (0.46%) Artifactory
6 2 (0.46%) GitLab
7 1 (0.23%) Bitbucket
7 1 (0.23%) Maven
7 1 (0.23%) Mocha
7 1 (0.23%) Selenium
7 1 (0.23%) SonarQube
General
1 37 (8.56%) Finance
2 33 (7.64%) Telecoms
3 27 (6.25%) Public Sector
4 9 (2.08%) Manufacturing
5 7 (1.62%) Legal
6 6 (1.39%) Banking
7 5 (1.16%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (0.93%) Electronics
8 4 (0.93%) Marketing
8 4 (0.93%) Retail
9 3 (0.69%) Automotive
10 2 (0.46%) Local Government
10 2 (0.46%) Publishing
11 1 (0.23%) Advertising
11 1 (0.23%) Back Office
11 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.23%) Games
11 1 (0.23%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.23%) Law
11 1 (0.23%) Military
Job Titles
1 120 (27.78%) Network Engineer
2 60 (13.89%) Architect
3 48 (11.11%) Analyst
4 36 (8.33%) Security Engineer
5 31 (7.18%) Support Engineer
6 25 (5.79%) Desktop Support
7 19 (4.40%) Developer
7 19 (4.40%) Solutions Architect
8 18 (4.17%) Network Security Engineer
9 17 (3.94%) Azure Engineer
9 17 (3.94%) Consultant
9 17 (3.94%) Network Architect
10 16 (3.70%) Service Analyst
11 15 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
11 15 (3.47%) Design Engineer
12 14 (3.24%) Desktop Engineer
12 14 (3.24%) Support Analyst
13 13 (3.01%) Cisco Engineer
13 13 (3.01%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 13 (3.01%) Service Desk Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (6.48%) .NET
1 28 (6.48%) Web Services
2 23 (5.32%) Oracle Fusion
3 21 (4.86%) SAML
4 11 (2.55%) Middleware
5 10 (2.31%) REST
6 8 (1.85%) 802.1X
7 6 (1.39%) XML
8 5 (1.16%) LDAP
8 5 (1.16%) RESTful
9 4 (0.93%) SOAP
10 3 (0.69%) ActiveMQ
10 3 (0.69%) HTML
10 3 (0.69%) OAuth
10 3 (0.69%) SAP Basis
11 2 (0.46%) HTML5
11 2 (0.46%) Java SE
11 2 (0.46%) JSON
11 2 (0.46%) OpenID
11 2 (0.46%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 68 (15.74%) Data Centre
2 38 (8.80%) PKI
3 25 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
4 20 (4.63%) Public Cloud
5 19 (4.40%) Management Information System
6 18 (4.17%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (3.47%) Mobile App
8 13 (3.01%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 13 (3.01%) NHS
9 9 (2.08%) Blackberry
9 9 (2.08%) Cyberthreat
10 8 (1.85%) Video Conferencing
11 7 (1.62%) Replication
11 7 (1.62%) RSA SecurID
11 7 (1.62%) User Experience
12 6 (1.39%) Client/Server
12 6 (1.39%) Clustering
13 5 (1.16%) CESG
13 5 (1.16%) Fibre Optics
14 4 (0.93%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 192 (44.44%) Windows
2 85 (19.68%) Linux
3 55 (12.73%) Windows 10
3 55 (12.73%) Windows Server
4 30 (6.94%) Unix
5 24 (5.56%) Windows 7
6 17 (3.94%) Android
6 17 (3.94%) Windows Server 2008
7 14 (3.24%) Apple iOS
7 14 (3.24%) Windows Mobile
8 11 (2.55%) Windows Server 2016
9 10 (2.31%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (2.31%) Windows XP
10 9 (2.08%) Windows Server 2019
11 7 (1.62%) Mac OS
12 5 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (1.16%) Windows 2000
12 5 (1.16%) Windows Server 2003
12 5 (1.16%) Windows Vista
13 4 (0.93%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 48 (11.11%) Network Design
2 45 (10.42%) DevOps
3 40 (9.26%) Load Balancing
3 40 (9.26%) Problem-Solving
4 38 (8.80%) ITIL
5 35 (8.10%) Migration
6 33 (7.64%) Cybersecurity
7 32 (7.41%) SIEM
8 31 (7.18%) SOA
9 28 (6.48%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 27 (6.25%) Agile Software Development
11 25 (5.79%) Network Virtualisation
12 23 (5.32%) Dashboard Development
12 23 (5.32%) Service Management
13 22 (5.09%) Change Management
14 21 (4.86%) Multi-Factor Authentication
15 20 (4.63%) Product Roadmap
15 20 (4.63%) Service Delivery
16 19 (4.40%) Network Architecture
16 19 (4.40%) Two-Factor Authentication
Programming Languages
1 39 (9.03%) Java
1 39 (9.03%) Python
2 31 (7.18%) C
3 29 (6.71%) Shell Script
4 22 (5.09%) SQL
5 19 (4.40%) PowerShell
6 18 (4.17%) Bash Shell
7 6 (1.39%) Ruby
8 4 (0.93%) JavaScript
8 4 (0.93%) Perl
9 3 (0.69%) C#
9 3 (0.69%) VBScript
10 2 (0.46%) PHP
11 1 (0.23%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 107 (24.77%) Security Cleared
2 104 (24.07%) Cisco Certification
3 81 (18.75%) CCNP
4 70 (16.20%) SC Cleared
5 59 (13.66%) CCNA
6 41 (9.49%) DV Cleared
7 34 (7.87%) CCDP
8 31 (7.18%) Degree
9 30 (6.94%) CCIE
10 29 (6.71%) CISSP
11 14 (3.24%) JNCIA
12 13 (3.01%) JNCIP
13 12 (2.78%) CCIE Routing and Switching
14 11 (2.55%) JNCIS
14 11 (2.55%) Microsoft Certification
15 10 (2.31%) CCDA
16 8 (1.85%) BC Cleared
16 8 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
16 8 (1.85%) ITIL Certification
16 8 (1.85%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.55%) SLA
2 8 (1.85%) QA
3 7 (1.62%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.93%) COBIT
5 3 (0.69%) GDPR
6 2 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.46%) NIST
7 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.23%) FedRAMP
7 1 (0.23%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.23%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.23%) JSP 440
7 1 (0.23%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.23%) PMO
7 1 (0.23%) RMADS
7 1 (0.23%) SEPA
7 1 (0.23%) TARGET2
System Software
1 142 (32.87%) Active Directory
2 31 (7.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (6.48%) Virtual Machines
4 23 (5.32%) Docker
5 10 (2.31%) Hyper-V
6 8 (1.85%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (1.85%) VMware NSX
6 8 (1.85%) XenApp
7 6 (1.39%) BitLocker
8 5 (1.16%) ProxySG
8 5 (1.16%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.93%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 4 (0.93%) vCloud
9 4 (0.93%) vSphere
9 4 (0.93%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.46%) NFS
10 2 (0.46%) PowerDNS
10 2 (0.46%) Terminal Server
11 1 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.23%) Samba
Systems Management
1 26 (6.02%) Kubernetes
1 26 (6.02%) SCCM
2 25 (5.79%) Single Sign-On
3 19 (4.40%) Ansible
4 17 (3.94%) Microsoft Intune
4 17 (3.94%) Terraform
5 16 (3.70%) FortiGate
6 11 (2.55%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (2.08%) Puppet
8 7 (1.62%) Packer
9 6 (1.39%) Nessus
9 6 (1.39%) vMotion
10 5 (1.16%) Cisco CUCM
10 5 (1.16%) OpenView
10 5 (1.16%) OVSD
10 5 (1.16%) ServiceCenter
10 5 (1.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 4 (0.93%) Backup Exec
11 4 (0.93%) Cisco UCCX
11 4 (0.93%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 176 (40.74%) Cisco
2 103 (23.84%) Microsoft
3 79 (18.29%) Juniper
4 56 (12.96%) Oracle
5 54 (12.50%) CheckPoint
6 51 (11.81%) F5
7 50 (11.57%) VMware
8 46 (10.65%) Citrix
9 42 (9.72%) Palo Alto
10 33 (7.64%) SolarWinds
11 32 (7.41%) Splunk
12 31 (7.18%) HP
13 28 (6.48%) Fortinet
14 27 (6.25%) Dell
15 17 (3.94%) Google
15 17 (3.94%) Meraki
16 16 (3.70%) CyberArk
17 13 (3.01%) Aruba
18 12 (2.78%) ServiceNow
19 11 (2.55%) Blue Coat