Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 209 227 205
Rank change year-on-year +18 -22 +9
Contract jobs citing VPN 1,268 1,132 1,313
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.33% 1.20% 1.34%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.07% 8.70% 8.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 799 684 839
England median daily rate £400 £400 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -3.03% +6.45%
10th Percentile £150 £150 £180
90th Percentile £588 £550 £588
UK median daily rate £400 £398 £409
% change year-on-year +0.63% -2.81% +7.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 75 57
England median hourly rate £18.70 £18.10 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.31% -9.50% +14.29%
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.75 £11.25
90th Percentile £46.25 £43.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.10 £20.00
% change year-on-year +2.21% -9.50% +17.65%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 12,588 13,014 14,934
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.20% 13.74% 15.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,625 8,008 9,128
England median daily rate £425 £408 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.29% +1.88% +2.56%
10th Percentile £200 £192 £220
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 582 679 750
England median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.95% -16.89% +12.50%
10th Percentile £12.26 £11.45 £11.71
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.30 £46.05
UK median hourly rate £19.39 £19.32 £22.50
% change year-on-year +0.36% -14.16% +9.76%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +33 569 £415 +0.48% 113
South East -6 238 £370 -0.67% 74
North of England -8 159 £388 -3.13% 82
Midlands -14 120 £400 - 39
East of England +48 92 £338 +28.57% 24
South West -5 90 £375 +15.38% 43
North West -16 77 £381 +3.74% 43
West Midlands -68 63 £400 - 25
Yorkshire -16 62 £413 -10.71% 34
East Midlands +51 53 £423 +43.83% 14
North East +14 20 £283 -40.84% 5
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 645 (50.87%) Firewall
2 524 (41.32%) Windows
3 478 (37.70%) Cisco
4 380 (29.97%) WAN
5 370 (29.18%) Active Directory
6 366 (28.86%) Microsoft
7 351 (27.68%) LAN
8 314 (24.76%) DNS
9 313 (24.68%) TCP/IP
10 265 (20.90%) Microsoft Azure
11 253 (19.95%) MPLS
11 253 (19.95%) VMware
12 243 (19.16%) Cisco Certification
13 231 (18.22%) Amazon AWS
14 228 (17.98%) Wireless
15 223 (17.59%) Linux
16 211 (16.64%) BGP
17 203 (16.01%) OSPF
18 202 (15.93%) Office 365
19 200 (15.77%) ITIL
20 195 (15.38%) CheckPoint
21 189 (14.91%) Security Cleared
22 187 (14.75%) Network Security
23 179 (14.12%) Citrix
24 173 (13.64%) Finance
25 172 (13.56%) Microsoft Office
26 169 (13.33%) CCNP
26 169 (13.33%) Windows Server
27 168 (13.25%) DHCP
28 161 (12.70%) Juniper

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (7.81%) MS Exchange
2 59 (4.65%) Skype for Business
3 41 (3.23%) SharePoint
4 36 (2.84%) Exchange Server 2010
5 33 (2.60%) Exchange Server 2013
6 25 (1.97%) Apache
6 25 (1.97%) IIS
6 25 (1.97%) OpenStack
7 21 (1.66%) Confluence
8 18 (1.42%) nginx
9 17 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
10 14 (1.10%) Apache Spark
10 14 (1.10%) Tomcat
11 13 (1.03%) WebSphere
12 10 (0.79%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 10 (0.79%) Exchange Server 2003
13 8 (0.63%) CMS
13 8 (0.63%) IBM Notes
14 6 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 4 (0.32%) WordPress
Applications
1 172 (13.56%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (2.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (1.66%) MS Visio
4 16 (1.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.24%) Mozilla Thunderbird
6 2 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.079%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 6 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.47%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.079%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.079%) Eikon
2 1 (0.079%) Sage 200
2 1 (0.079%) Sage 50
2 1 (0.079%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 265 (20.90%) Microsoft Azure
2 231 (18.22%) Amazon AWS
3 202 (15.93%) Office 365
4 76 (5.99%) SaaS
5 74 (5.84%) IaaS
6 61 (4.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 57 (4.50%) PaaS
8 46 (3.63%) Azure Active Directory
9 37 (2.92%) Amazon EC2
9 37 (2.92%) Amazon S3
10 34 (2.68%) Google Cloud Platform
11 27 (2.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 25 (1.97%) Serverless
13 24 (1.89%) AWS CloudFormation
14 21 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
15 20 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
16 19 (1.50%) Route 53
17 14 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
17 14 (1.10%) GitHub
18 11 (0.87%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 645 (50.87%) Firewall
2 380 (29.97%) WAN
3 351 (27.68%) LAN
4 314 (24.76%) DNS
5 313 (24.68%) TCP/IP
6 253 (19.95%) MPLS
7 228 (17.98%) Wireless
8 211 (16.64%) BGP
9 203 (16.01%) OSPF
10 187 (14.75%) Network Security
11 168 (13.25%) DHCP
12 161 (12.70%) IPsec
13 148 (11.67%) Cisco ASA
14 140 (11.04%) SSL
15 133 (10.49%) Internet
15 133 (10.49%) VoIP
16 109 (8.60%) Cisco Nexus
17 104 (8.20%) VLAN
18 86 (6.78%) EIGRP
19 85 (6.70%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (4.97%) SQL Server
2 31 (2.44%) MySQL
3 29 (2.29%) Amazon RDS
3 29 (2.29%) Relational Database
4 25 (1.97%) PostgreSQL
5 23 (1.81%) Big Data
6 19 (1.50%) Hadoop
7 16 (1.26%) NoSQL
8 15 (1.18%) HBase
9 13 (1.03%) Apache Hive
9 13 (1.03%) Redis
10 12 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 12 (0.95%) SQL Server 2012
11 11 (0.87%) SQL Server 2008
12 10 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
12 10 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
13 9 (0.71%) Data Warehouse
14 8 (0.63%) Amazon Redshift
14 8 (0.63%) RDBMS
14 8 (0.63%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 60 (4.73%) Jenkins
2 28 (2.21%) JIRA
3 26 (2.05%) Git (software)
4 15 (1.18%) GitLab
5 13 (1.03%) Octopus Deploy
5 13 (1.03%) VSS/SourceSafe
6 12 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
6 12 (0.95%) Visual Studio Team System
7 11 (0.87%) Burp Suite
7 11 (0.87%) Metasploit
8 7 (0.55%) CircleCI
8 7 (0.55%) Maven
9 5 (0.39%) Artifactory
10 4 (0.32%) SonarQube
10 4 (0.32%) Sonatype Nexus
11 3 (0.24%) Bitbucket
11 3 (0.24%) Robot Framework
12 2 (0.16%) FishEye
12 2 (0.16%) Gradle
12 2 (0.16%) Vagrant
General
1 173 (13.64%) Finance
2 89 (7.02%) Telecoms
3 47 (3.71%) Retail
4 43 (3.39%) Law
5 33 (2.60%) Legal
6 29 (2.29%) Banking
7 16 (1.26%) Manufacturing
8 13 (1.03%) Financial Institution
9 12 (0.95%) Advertising
10 10 (0.79%) Billing
11 9 (0.71%) Multimedia
12 8 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.55%) Back Office
14 6 (0.47%) Marketing
15 5 (0.39%) Automotive
15 5 (0.39%) Games
16 4 (0.32%) Spanish Language
17 3 (0.24%) Aerospace
17 3 (0.24%) Electronics
17 3 (0.24%) Portuguese Language
Job Titles
1 256 (20.19%) Network Engineer
2 181 (14.27%) Analyst
3 135 (10.65%) Architect
4 79 (6.23%) Security Engineer
5 76 (5.99%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 76 (5.99%) Support Engineer
6 74 (5.84%) Consultant
7 71 (5.60%) Service Analyst
8 70 (5.52%) DevOps Engineer
9 69 (5.44%) Service Desk Analyst
10 61 (4.81%) Desktop Support
11 53 (4.18%) Support Analyst
12 49 (3.86%) AWS Engineer
13 47 (3.71%) Cisco Engineer
13 47 (3.71%) Cloud Engineer
13 47 (3.71%) IT Support
13 47 (3.71%) Network Architect
14 44 (3.47%) Network Security Engineer
15 41 (3.23%) Cisco Network Engineer
16 40 (3.15%) 2nd Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (5.28%) 802.1X
2 59 (4.65%) Web Services
3 45 (3.55%) JSON
4 30 (2.37%) SAML
5 28 (2.21%) LDAP
6 22 (1.74%) XML
7 21 (1.66%) Elastic Stack
7 21 (1.66%) Middleware
7 21 (1.66%) OAuth
8 20 (1.58%) REST
9 19 (1.50%) LAMP
10 11 (0.87%) OpenID
11 10 (0.79%) Node.js
11 10 (0.79%) Spring
12 9 (0.71%) .NET
12 9 (0.71%) HTML
12 9 (0.71%) Kafka
12 9 (0.71%) SOAP
13 8 (0.63%) LEMP Stack
14 6 (0.47%) Sensu
Miscellaneous
1 161 (12.70%) Data Centre
2 71 (5.60%) Analytical Skills
3 58 (4.57%) PKI
3 58 (4.57%) Public Cloud
4 43 (3.39%) Blackberry
5 42 (3.31%) Computer Science
5 42 (3.31%) Management Information System
6 37 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
7 30 (2.37%) Replication
8 29 (2.29%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 25 (1.97%) Smartphone
10 23 (1.81%) Cyberthreat
11 22 (1.74%) Mobile App
12 19 (1.50%) iPhone
13 17 (1.34%) Wiki
14 16 (1.26%) Driving Licence
15 15 (1.18%) Video Conferencing
16 14 (1.10%) Microsoft Licensing
17 13 (1.03%) Hybrid Cloud
17 13 (1.03%) RSA SecurID
Operating Systems
1 524 (41.32%) Windows
2 223 (17.59%) Linux
3 169 (13.33%) Windows Server
4 159 (12.54%) Windows 10
5 121 (9.54%) Windows 7
6 76 (5.99%) Windows Server 2012
7 75 (5.91%) Unix
8 69 (5.44%) Windows Server 2008
9 58 (4.57%) Android
10 50 (3.94%) Windows XP
11 43 (3.39%) Apple iOS
12 34 (2.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 26 (2.05%) Windows Server 2003
14 24 (1.89%) Ubuntu
15 21 (1.66%) CentOS
15 21 (1.66%) Mac OS X
16 17 (1.34%) Mac OS
17 13 (1.03%) Windows 8
18 11 (0.87%) Kali Linux
19 10 (0.79%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 200 (15.77%) ITIL
2 136 (10.73%) DevOps
3 132 (10.41%) Load Balancing
4 98 (7.73%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 84 (6.62%) Migration
6 83 (6.55%) Problem-Solving
7 79 (6.23%) Service Management
8 77 (6.07%) Information Security
9 73 (5.76%) Configuration Management
10 70 (5.52%) Service Delivery
11 68 (5.36%) Agile Software Development
12 65 (5.13%) Change Management
13 64 (5.05%) Network Design
14 61 (4.81%) SIEM
15 55 (4.34%) Open Source
16 54 (4.26%) Network Monitoring
17 53 (4.18%) Kalman Filter
18 49 (3.86%) Project Management
19 48 (3.79%) Incident Management
20 44 (3.47%) Network Management
Programming Languages
1 124 (9.78%) PowerShell
2 73 (5.76%) SQL
3 72 (5.68%) Python
4 71 (5.60%) Bash Shell
5 37 (2.92%) Java
6 35 (2.76%) Perl
7 34 (2.68%) C
8 31 (2.44%) Ruby
9 20 (1.58%) JavaScript
10 17 (1.34%) Shell Script
11 11 (0.87%) C#
11 11 (0.87%) Lua
12 9 (0.71%) Go
12 9 (0.71%) PHP
12 9 (0.71%) VB
13 7 (0.55%) VBA
14 5 (0.39%) C++
14 5 (0.39%) Scala
15 4 (0.32%) VBScript
16 3 (0.24%) Bourne shell
Qualifications
1 243 (19.16%) Cisco Certification
2 189 (14.91%) Security Cleared
3 169 (13.33%) CCNP
4 136 (10.73%) SC Cleared
5 112 (8.83%) CCNA
6 81 (6.39%) Degree
7 74 (5.84%) Microsoft Certification
8 61 (4.81%) CCIE
9 43 (3.39%) CISSP
10 41 (3.23%) DV Cleared
11 40 (3.15%) MCSE
12 33 (2.60%) MCSA
13 31 (2.44%) CISM
14 25 (1.97%) CCSE
14 25 (1.97%) JNCIS
15 23 (1.81%) CISA
16 22 (1.74%) JNCIP
16 22 (1.74%) MCP
17 20 (1.58%) CCDP
18 19 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 96 (7.57%) SLA
2 51 (4.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 37 (2.92%) PCI DSS
4 22 (1.74%) HIPAA
5 21 (1.66%) FedRAMP
6 16 (1.26%) GDPR
7 15 (1.18%) QA
8 13 (1.03%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 10 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 6 (0.47%) Data Quality
11 5 (0.39%) COBIT
11 5 (0.39%) NIST 800
12 4 (0.32%) JSP 440
12 4 (0.32%) RMADS
13 2 (0.16%) Government Security Classifications
13 2 (0.16%) PMO
14 1 (0.079%) Cyber Essentials
14 1 (0.079%) Disclosure Scotland
14 1 (0.079%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 1 (0.079%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 370 (29.18%) Active Directory
2 147 (11.59%) VMware Infrastructure
3 72 (5.68%) Hyper-V
4 69 (5.44%) Docker
5 44 (3.47%) vSphere
6 31 (2.44%) Virtual Machines
7 28 (2.21%) XenApp
8 27 (2.13%) BitLocker
9 24 (1.89%) VMware ESXi
10 20 (1.58%) Virtual Desktop
10 20 (1.58%) XenDesktop
11 19 (1.50%) NFS
12 18 (1.42%) VMware NSX
13 14 (1.10%) Microsoft App-V
14 13 (1.03%) Virtual Servers
15 12 (0.95%) Terminal Services
16 11 (0.87%) KVM
17 10 (0.79%) HDFS
17 10 (0.79%) VMware Server
18 9 (0.71%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 124 (9.78%) SCCM
2 75 (5.91%) Ansible
3 52 (4.10%) Terraform
4 41 (3.23%) Kubernetes
5 39 (3.08%) Opscode Chef
5 39 (3.08%) Puppet
6 35 (2.76%) Microsoft Intune
7 34 (2.68%) FortiGate
8 30 (2.37%) Single Sign-On
9 27 (2.13%) Nagios
9 27 (2.13%) WSUS
10 22 (1.74%) AirWatch
11 19 (1.50%) Cisco Prime
11 19 (1.50%) SCOM
12 17 (1.34%) Nessus
13 16 (1.26%) Backup Exec
14 15 (1.18%) Cacti
15 14 (1.10%) Norton AntiVirus
16 13 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
16 13 (1.03%) Kibana
Vendors
1 478 (37.70%) Cisco
2 366 (28.86%) Microsoft
3 253 (19.95%) VMware
4 195 (15.38%) CheckPoint
5 179 (14.12%) Citrix
6 161 (12.70%) Juniper
7 101 (7.97%) HP
8 92 (7.26%) F5
9 87 (6.86%) Palo Alto
10 77 (6.07%) SolarWinds
11 58 (4.57%) McAfee
11 58 (4.57%) Oracle
12 57 (4.50%) Aruba
13 49 (3.86%) Fortinet
14 43 (3.39%) Apple
15 42 (3.31%) Red Hat
16 40 (3.15%) Avaya
16 40 (3.15%) Meraki
17 38 (3.00%) Google
18 32 (2.52%) Sophos