Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 201 165 194
Rank change year-on-year -36 +29 +38
Contract jobs citing VPN 444 1,058 1,353
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.30% 1.62% 1.50%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.45% 11.79% 11.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 304 675 901
Median daily rate £430 £400 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% -2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £135 £153 £173
90th Percentile £579 £613 £613
UK median daily rate £430 £400 £410
% change year-on-year +7.50% -2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 73 68
Median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £16.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +15.08% -4.41%
10th Percentile £14.60 £12.92 £12.25
90th Percentile £35.35 £82.50 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £16.66
% change year-on-year -3.74% +12.28% -2.03%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,250 8,974 11,688
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.43% 13.75% 12.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,686 5,608 7,219
Median daily rate £425 £410 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% -3.53% +3.66%
10th Percentile £200 £183 £200
90th Percentile £613 £600 £613
UK median daily rate £438 £410 £425
% change year-on-year +6.71% -3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 216 479 519
Median hourly rate £31.25 £21.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.35% +19.44% -0.55%
10th Percentile £12.98 £13.25 £12.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £32.50 £22.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +44.44% +25.00% -0.58%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -38 193 £488 +14.71% 60
South East +13 86 £375 -11.76% 39
North of England +12 52 £315 -13.10% 50
Midlands -5 42 £344 -3.51% 37
South West +52 31 £375 - 15
North West +28 28 £375 +7.14% 25
West Midlands -1 27 £338 -8.47% 30
East of England +25 25 £185 -43.08% 6
Yorkshire +30 16 £307 -12.36% 18
East Midlands +18 12 £450 +35.85% 7
North East +16 8 £213 -42.57% 7
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 226 (50.90%) Firewall
2 200 (45.05%) Windows
3 187 (42.12%) Cisco
4 158 (35.59%) WAN
5 149 (33.56%) Microsoft
6 142 (31.98%) Active Directory
7 114 (25.68%) LAN
8 111 (25.00%) Azure
9 104 (23.42%) Office 365
10 100 (22.52%) Security Cleared
11 96 (21.62%) DNS
12 94 (21.17%) Wireless
13 86 (19.37%) Cisco Certification
14 80 (18.02%) SC Cleared
15 78 (17.57%) VMware
16 76 (17.12%) Linux
17 73 (16.44%) TCP/IP
18 72 (16.22%) Windows 10
19 69 (15.54%) MPLS
20 66 (14.86%) DHCP
21 65 (14.64%) Windows Server
22 61 (13.74%) Network Security
23 58 (13.06%) CCNP
23 58 (13.06%) AWS
24 57 (12.84%) BGP
25 55 (12.39%) CCNA
25 55 (12.39%) Juniper
25 55 (12.39%) Data Centre
26 54 (12.16%) Microsoft Office
26 54 (12.16%) IPsec

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (4.50%) SharePoint
2 19 (4.28%) Skype for Business
3 15 (3.38%) WebSphere
4 9 (2.03%) MS Exchange
5 6 (1.35%) Confluence
5 6 (1.35%) JBoss
5 6 (1.35%) NetWeaver
6 5 (1.13%) Jupyter
7 4 (0.90%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.68%) OpenStack
8 3 (0.68%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.45%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 2 (0.45%) Exchange Server 2003
10 1 (0.23%) Apache
10 1 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2007
10 1 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2013
10 1 (0.23%) IBM Domino
10 1 (0.23%) nginx
10 1 (0.23%) Tomcat
Applications
1 54 (12.16%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (4.73%) MS Visio
3 20 (4.50%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (1.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.23%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.23%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 1 (0.23%) Magento
1 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
1 1 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
1 1 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 111 (25.00%) Azure
2 104 (23.42%) Office 365
3 58 (13.06%) AWS
4 42 (9.46%) Azure Active Directory
5 38 (8.56%) IaaS
6 35 (7.88%) PaaS
7 25 (5.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 19 (4.28%) SaaS
9 18 (4.05%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 13 (2.93%) Amazon S3
11 12 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
12 11 (2.48%) GCP
13 10 (2.25%) OneDrive
14 8 (1.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 8 (1.80%) Amazon EKS
14 8 (1.80%) AWS CloudFormation
14 8 (1.80%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (1.80%) Route 53
15 6 (1.35%) Power Automate
15 6 (1.35%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 226 (50.90%) Firewall
2 158 (35.59%) WAN
3 114 (25.68%) LAN
4 96 (21.62%) DNS
5 94 (21.17%) Wireless
6 73 (16.44%) TCP/IP
7 69 (15.54%) MPLS
8 66 (14.86%) DHCP
9 61 (13.74%) Network Security
10 57 (12.84%) BGP
11 54 (12.16%) IPsec
12 53 (11.94%) OSPF
13 49 (11.04%) Internet
13 49 (11.04%) Wi-Fi
14 48 (10.81%) VLAN
15 42 (9.46%) SSL
16 38 (8.56%) Cisco ASA
17 32 (7.21%) SNMP
18 30 (6.76%) VoIP
19 28 (6.31%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (3.38%) SQL Server
2 14 (3.15%) DB2
3 10 (2.25%) Azure SQL Database
3 10 (2.25%) Relational Database
4 9 (2.03%) MySQL
5 8 (1.80%) Cosmos DB
6 6 (1.35%) SAP HANA
7 5 (1.13%) Big Data
7 5 (1.13%) NoSQL
7 5 (1.13%) SQL Server 2012
7 5 (1.13%) SQL Server 2016
8 4 (0.90%) Apache Hive
8 4 (0.90%) Hadoop
9 3 (0.68%) Amazon RDS
9 3 (0.68%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (0.68%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (0.68%) Redis
10 1 (0.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 1 (0.23%) Amazon Redshift
10 1 (0.23%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 27 (6.08%) JIRA
2 18 (4.05%) Jenkins
3 15 (3.38%) GitLab
4 6 (1.35%) Terragrunt
5 5 (1.13%) Git (software)
6 3 (0.68%) Bitbucket
7 2 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (0.23%) CircleCI
8 1 (0.23%) JMeter
8 1 (0.23%) Selenium
8 1 (0.23%) Sonatype Nexus
8 1 (0.23%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.23%) TeamCity
8 1 (0.23%) Visual Studio
8 1 (0.23%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 41 (9.23%) Finance
2 39 (8.78%) Telecoms
3 37 (8.33%) Public Sector
4 15 (3.38%) Banking
5 6 (1.35%) Manufacturing
5 6 (1.35%) Pharmaceutical
6 5 (1.13%) Electronics
6 5 (1.13%) Marketing
7 4 (0.90%) German Language
7 4 (0.90%) Law
7 4 (0.90%) Publishing
8 3 (0.68%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.68%) Retail
9 2 (0.45%) Legal
9 2 (0.45%) Police
10 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.23%) French Language
10 1 (0.23%) Games
10 1 (0.23%) Italian Language
10 1 (0.23%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 84 (18.92%) Network Engineer
2 57 (12.84%) Architect
3 46 (10.36%) Analyst
4 25 (5.63%) Network Architect
5 22 (4.95%) DevOps Engineer
6 21 (4.73%) Azure Engineer
6 21 (4.73%) Consultant
6 21 (4.73%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 20 (4.50%) Security Engineer
8 19 (4.28%) Support Engineer
9 17 (3.83%) Cisco Engineer
9 17 (3.83%) Office 365 Engineer
10 16 (3.60%) Service Desk Engineer
11 15 (3.38%) Cisco Network Engineer
12 13 (2.93%) Infrastructure Architect
13 12 (2.70%) Developer
13 12 (2.70%) Security Specialist
13 12 (2.70%) Senior Network Engineer
13 12 (2.70%) Support Analyst
14 11 (2.48%) Build Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (5.41%) 802.1X
2 7 (1.58%) Middleware
2 7 (1.58%) Oracle Fusion
3 6 (1.35%) .NET
3 6 (1.35%) SAP Basis
3 6 (1.35%) WebSphere MQ
4 4 (0.90%) LDAP
4 4 (0.90%) Web Services
5 3 (0.68%) RESTful
6 2 (0.45%) .NET Framework
6 2 (0.45%) Elastic Stack
6 2 (0.45%) JMS
6 2 (0.45%) REST
6 2 (0.45%) XML
6 2 (0.45%) XSD
6 2 (0.45%) XSLT
6 2 (0.45%) YAML
7 1 (0.23%) CSS
7 1 (0.23%) FIX Protocol
7 1 (0.23%) Windows SharePoint Services
Miscellaneous
1 55 (12.39%) Data Centre
2 33 (7.43%) PKI
3 26 (5.86%) Public Cloud
4 18 (4.05%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (4.05%) Management Information System
5 16 (3.60%) Self-Motivation
6 12 (2.70%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 12 (2.70%) Mobile App
7 10 (2.25%) Hybrid Cloud
8 7 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
8 7 (1.58%) Replication
9 6 (1.35%) Internet of Things
9 6 (1.35%) RSA SecurID
10 5 (1.13%) NHS
10 5 (1.13%) Smartphone
11 4 (0.90%) Social Media
12 3 (0.68%) BYOD
12 3 (0.68%) Cyber Kill Chain
12 3 (0.68%) Private Cloud
12 3 (0.68%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 200 (45.05%) Windows
2 76 (17.12%) Linux
3 72 (16.22%) Windows 10
4 65 (14.64%) Windows Server
5 38 (8.56%) Windows 7
6 22 (4.95%) Unix
7 18 (4.05%) Android
8 17 (3.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (3.60%) Windows Mobile
10 14 (3.15%) Windows Server 2008
11 12 (2.70%) Windows Server 2019
12 11 (2.48%) Apple iOS
13 9 (2.03%) Solaris
14 8 (1.80%) Windows Server 2012
15 7 (1.58%) Windows Server 2016
16 6 (1.35%) AIX
16 6 (1.35%) Ubuntu
16 6 (1.35%) VMS
16 6 (1.35%) Windows 8
16 6 (1.35%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 53 (11.94%) DevOps
2 51 (11.49%) Migration
3 47 (10.59%) ITIL
4 38 (8.56%) Agile Software Development
4 38 (8.56%) SIEM
5 35 (7.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 34 (7.66%) Load Balancing
6 34 (7.66%) Network Design
6 34 (7.66%) Problem-Solving
7 27 (6.08%) Kalman Filter
8 26 (5.86%) Infrastructure as Code
8 26 (5.86%) Service Management
9 21 (4.73%) Analytics
9 21 (4.73%) Continuous Integration
9 21 (4.73%) Web Filtering
10 20 (4.50%) Vulnerability Management
11 19 (4.28%) Network Management
12 18 (4.05%) Scrum
13 17 (3.83%) Change Management
14 16 (3.60%) Network Monitoring
Programming Languages
1 40 (9.01%) Python
2 23 (5.18%) Bash Shell
3 21 (4.73%) PowerShell
4 19 (4.28%) SQL
5 12 (2.70%) Shell Script
6 10 (2.25%) Java
7 7 (1.58%) Perl
8 6 (1.35%) R
9 5 (1.13%) C
10 3 (0.68%) Ruby
11 2 (0.45%) Go
11 2 (0.45%) Groovy
11 2 (0.45%) PHP
11 2 (0.45%) XPath
12 1 (0.23%) C#
12 1 (0.23%) C++
12 1 (0.23%) JavaScript
12 1 (0.23%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 100 (22.52%) Security Cleared
2 86 (19.37%) Cisco Certification
3 80 (18.02%) SC Cleared
4 58 (13.06%) CCNP
5 55 (12.39%) CCNA
6 24 (5.41%) Microsoft Certification
7 23 (5.18%) Degree
8 21 (4.73%) DV Cleared
9 17 (3.83%) CISSP
10 14 (3.15%) CCIE
11 13 (2.93%) MCSE
12 12 (2.70%) CCDP
13 11 (2.48%) BPSS Clearance
14 8 (1.80%) ITIL Certification
15 6 (1.35%) AWS Certification
15 6 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
15 6 (1.35%) TOGAF Certification
16 5 (1.13%) BC Cleared
16 5 (1.13%) CCIP
16 5 (1.13%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.25%) COBIT
1 10 (2.25%) SLA
2 9 (2.03%) NIST
3 7 (1.58%) GDPR
3 7 (1.58%) PCI DSS
3 7 (1.58%) QA
4 4 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.45%) Government Security Classifications
5 2 (0.45%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 2 (0.45%) NCSC
6 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.23%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.23%) JSP 440
6 1 (0.23%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.23%) RMADS
6 1 (0.23%) SEPA
System Software
1 142 (31.98%) Active Directory
2 44 (9.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (5.63%) Docker
4 22 (4.95%) VMware ESXi
5 21 (4.73%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (3.60%) vSphere
7 11 (2.48%) Hyper-V
8 9 (2.03%) VMware NSX
9 7 (1.58%) Firmware
10 5 (1.13%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 4 (0.90%) XenApp
11 4 (0.90%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.68%) BitLocker
12 3 (0.68%) NFS
12 3 (0.68%) ProxySG
12 3 (0.68%) Virtual Desktop
12 3 (0.68%) VirtualBox
13 2 (0.45%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.45%) vCloud
13 2 (0.45%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 37 (8.33%) SCCM
2 34 (7.66%) Kubernetes
3 33 (7.43%) Terraform
4 31 (6.98%) Ansible
5 27 (6.08%) Microsoft Intune
6 11 (2.48%) Nessus
7 10 (2.25%) Cisco Prime
7 10 (2.25%) Prometheus
8 9 (2.03%) Istio
8 9 (2.03%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (1.80%) FortiGate
10 5 (1.13%) HAProxy
10 5 (1.13%) vCenter Server
11 4 (0.90%) AirWatch
11 4 (0.90%) QRadar
11 4 (0.90%) SCOM
11 4 (0.90%) SolarWinds Orion
11 4 (0.90%) vMotion
11 4 (0.90%) WSUS
12 3 (0.68%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 187 (42.12%) Cisco
2 149 (33.56%) Microsoft
3 78 (17.57%) VMware
4 55 (12.39%) Juniper
5 51 (11.49%) Palo Alto
6 43 (9.68%) Citrix
7 42 (9.46%) F5
8 37 (8.33%) CheckPoint
9 36 (8.11%) Oracle
10 28 (6.31%) Meraki
11 27 (6.08%) HP
12 24 (5.41%) Fortinet
12 24 (5.41%) SolarWinds
13 22 (4.95%) Red Hat
14 19 (4.28%) Blue Coat
15 18 (4.05%) Avaya
16 14 (3.15%) Apple
16 14 (3.15%) Splunk
17 12 (2.70%) Dell
17 12 (2.70%) SAP