Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 207 173 178
Rank change year-on-year -34 +5 +46
Contract jobs citing VPN 502 817 1,434
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.21% 1.52% 1.62%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.57% 11.33% 12.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 307 509 953
10th Percentile £160 £163 £175
25th Percentile £313 £270 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £425 £400 £425
Median % change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% +6.25%
75th Percentile £500 £525 £525
90th Percentile £600 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £425
% change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 57 83
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.08 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.50 £13.50 £12.88
Median hourly rate £19.00 £14.80 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year +28.38% -10.30% +10.00%
75th Percentile £22.50 £20.00 £28.13
90th Percentile £34.00 £47.16 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £17.20 £18.25 £17.00
% change year-on-year -5.75% +7.35% +19.30%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,750 7,211 11,154
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.44% 13.45% 12.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,059 4,485 7,061
10th Percentile £213 £181 £205
25th Percentile £330 £313 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £430 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +1.18% - -
75th Percentile £525 £525 £538
90th Percentile £613 £613 £613
UK median daily rate £442 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +2.47%
Number of hourly rates quoted 235 401 478
10th Percentile £12.95 £13.00 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.85 £15.25 £14.03
Median hourly rate £25.00 £19.50 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +28.21% +8.33% -5.26%
75th Percentile £48.63 £43.75 £40.56
90th Percentile £56.50 £51.75 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £21.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +26.19% +16.67% -3.74%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -46 200 £450 +2.86% 85
South East +56 115 £398 +6.16% 43
Midlands -1 57 £375 -21.42% 39
North of England -11 50 £350 -6.60% 35
West Midlands -16 42 £344 -31.25% 30
East of England -10 36 £358 -0.28% 5
South West +41 28 £375 +7.14% 25
North West +2 25 £350 -12.50% 15
Yorkshire +7 19 £388 +19.31% 15
East Midlands +27 16 £419 +60.29% 9
North East +7 6 £220 -40.94% 5
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 245 (48.80%) Firewall
2 229 (45.62%) Windows
3 207 (41.24%) Cisco
4 192 (38.25%) Microsoft
5 177 (35.26%) WAN
6 166 (33.07%) Active Directory
7 145 (28.88%) Azure
8 124 (24.70%) Microsoft 365
8 124 (24.70%) LAN
9 111 (22.11%) DNS
10 101 (20.12%) VMware
11 100 (19.92%) Wireless
12 95 (18.92%) Cisco Certification
13 89 (17.73%) TCP/IP
14 83 (16.53%) Linux
15 82 (16.33%) Security Cleared
16 78 (15.54%) MPLS
16 78 (15.54%) Windows Server
17 77 (15.34%) Microsoft Office
18 76 (15.14%) DHCP
19 75 (14.94%) VMware Infrastructure
20 73 (14.54%) Windows 10
21 72 (14.34%) BGP
22 70 (13.94%) Network Security
23 66 (13.15%) CCNP
24 65 (12.95%) AWS
25 64 (12.75%) OSPF
26 62 (12.35%) Internet
26 62 (12.35%) VLAN
27 61 (12.15%) Data Centre

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (4.98%) SharePoint
2 17 (3.39%) Confluence
3 13 (2.59%) Skype for Business
3 13 (2.59%) WebSphere
4 8 (1.59%) MS Exchange
5 6 (1.20%) WebLogic
6 4 (0.80%) JBoss
6 4 (0.80%) NetWeaver
7 3 (0.60%) IIS
7 3 (0.60%) Oracle Service Bus
8 2 (0.40%) Apache
8 2 (0.40%) Apache Spark
8 2 (0.40%) Apache Synapse
8 2 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2003
8 2 (0.40%) IBM Notes
8 2 (0.40%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.20%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 1 (0.20%) Exchange Server 2007
9 1 (0.20%) IBM Domino
9 1 (0.20%) Tomcat
Applications
1 77 (15.34%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (6.77%) MS Visio
3 28 (5.58%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.80%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.40%) Acrobat
6 2 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 1 (0.20%) assyst
1 1 (0.20%) Magento
1 1 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
1 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 145 (28.88%) Azure
2 124 (24.70%) Microsoft 365
3 65 (12.95%) AWS
4 47 (9.36%) Azure Active Directory
5 37 (7.37%) PaaS
6 35 (6.97%) IaaS
7 34 (6.77%) SaaS
8 25 (4.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 18 (3.59%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 15 (2.99%) GCP
11 12 (2.39%) Serverless
12 11 (2.19%) AWS Lambda
12 11 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (2.19%) GitHub
13 9 (1.79%) OneDrive
13 9 (1.79%) Route 53
14 8 (1.59%) Amazon S3
14 8 (1.59%) AWS Direct Connect
15 7 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
15 7 (1.39%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 245 (48.80%) Firewall
2 177 (35.26%) WAN
3 124 (24.70%) LAN
4 111 (22.11%) DNS
5 100 (19.92%) Wireless
6 89 (17.73%) TCP/IP
7 78 (15.54%) MPLS
8 76 (15.14%) DHCP
9 72 (14.34%) BGP
10 70 (13.94%) Network Security
11 64 (12.75%) OSPF
12 62 (12.35%) Internet
12 62 (12.35%) VLAN
13 58 (11.55%) IPsec
14 57 (11.35%) SSL
15 50 (9.96%) Wi-Fi
16 44 (8.76%) SD-WAN
17 37 (7.37%) VoIP
18 30 (5.98%) Cisco Nexus
19 28 (5.58%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (4.58%) SQL Server
2 13 (2.59%) DB2
3 9 (1.79%) Azure SQL Database
4 8 (1.59%) MySQL
5 7 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
6 6 (1.20%) Relational Database
7 5 (1.00%) Cosmos DB
7 5 (1.00%) NoSQL
7 5 (1.00%) Oracle Database
7 5 (1.00%) SQL Server 2012
7 5 (1.00%) SQL Server 2016
8 4 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 4 (0.80%) SAP HANA
9 3 (0.60%) Apache Cassandra
9 3 (0.60%) Big Data
9 3 (0.60%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (0.40%) Apache Hive
10 2 (0.40%) Hadoop
10 2 (0.40%) Power BI
11 1 (0.20%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 37 (7.37%) JIRA
2 16 (3.19%) Jenkins
3 10 (1.99%) GitLab
4 8 (1.59%) Git (software)
5 7 (1.39%) Selenium
5 7 (1.39%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (0.80%) Maven
7 3 (0.60%) JMeter
7 3 (0.60%) MSI
7 3 (0.60%) Sonatype Nexus
8 2 (0.40%) CocoaPods
8 2 (0.40%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.40%) JUnit
8 2 (0.40%) Postman
8 2 (0.40%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 1 (0.20%) Artifactory
9 1 (0.20%) Bitbucket
9 1 (0.20%) Bitbucket Server
9 1 (0.20%) Terragrunt
9 1 (0.20%) Visual Studio
General
1 54 (10.76%) Finance
2 49 (9.76%) Telecoms
3 35 (6.97%) Public Sector
4 25 (4.98%) Banking
5 17 (3.39%) Manufacturing
6 13 (2.59%) Marketing
7 11 (2.19%) Electronics
8 9 (1.79%) Publishing
9 6 (1.20%) Billing
10 5 (1.00%) Retail
11 4 (0.80%) Law
11 4 (0.80%) Legal
12 3 (0.60%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.20%) Games
13 1 (0.20%) German Language
13 1 (0.20%) Local Government
13 1 (0.20%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.20%) Police
13 1 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 79 (15.74%) Network Engineer
2 71 (14.14%) Architect
3 46 (9.16%) Support Engineer
4 42 (8.37%) Analyst
5 36 (7.17%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 33 (6.57%) Consultant
7 32 (6.37%) Network Architect
8 29 (5.78%) Security Engineer
9 27 (5.38%) Azure Engineer
10 24 (4.78%) Office 365 Engineer
11 18 (3.59%) Designer
12 17 (3.39%) Cloud Engineer
12 17 (3.39%) Solutions Architect
13 16 (3.19%) DevOps Engineer
13 16 (3.19%) Service Desk Engineer
14 14 (2.79%) IT Support
15 13 (2.59%) 2nd Line Support
15 13 (2.59%) Build Engineer
15 13 (2.59%) IT Engineer
15 13 (2.59%) Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (6.97%) 802.1X
2 11 (2.19%) Web Services
3 9 (1.79%) WebSphere MQ
4 8 (1.59%) Middleware
5 7 (1.39%) CSS
5 7 (1.39%) Express
6 6 (1.20%) REST
7 4 (0.80%) .NET
7 4 (0.80%) HTML
7 4 (0.80%) Kafka
7 4 (0.80%) LAMP
7 4 (0.80%) Node.js
7 4 (0.80%) Oracle GoldenGate
7 4 (0.80%) RESTful
7 4 (0.80%) SAP Basis
8 3 (0.60%) .NET Framework
8 3 (0.60%) Java EE
8 3 (0.60%) JSON
8 3 (0.60%) SAML
8 3 (0.60%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 61 (12.15%) Data Centre
2 42 (8.37%) PKI
3 29 (5.78%) Management Information System
4 27 (5.38%) Self-Motivation
5 20 (3.98%) Public Cloud
6 15 (2.99%) Analytical Skills
7 13 (2.59%) Mobile App
8 12 (2.39%) Hybrid Cloud
9 9 (1.79%) Social Media
10 7 (1.39%) Virtual Team
11 6 (1.20%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 6 (1.20%) Internet of Things
11 6 (1.20%) NHS
12 4 (0.80%) Data Protection Act
12 4 (0.80%) Private Cloud
12 4 (0.80%) Smartphone
13 3 (0.60%) BYOD
13 3 (0.60%) Cyber Defence
13 3 (0.60%) Cyber Kill Chain
13 3 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 229 (45.62%) Windows
2 83 (16.53%) Linux
3 78 (15.54%) Windows Server
4 73 (14.54%) Windows 10
5 44 (8.76%) Windows 7
6 25 (4.98%) Android
7 20 (3.98%) Unix
7 20 (3.98%) Windows Mobile
8 18 (3.59%) Apple iOS
8 18 (3.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 18 (3.59%) Windows Server 2012
9 15 (2.99%) Windows Server 2008
10 11 (2.19%) Windows Server 2016
10 11 (2.19%) Windows Server 2019
11 9 (1.79%) Mac OS
12 7 (1.39%) CentOS
12 7 (1.39%) Windows XP
13 6 (1.20%) Windows 8
14 5 (1.00%) Windows Server 2003
15 4 (0.80%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 60 (11.95%) DevOps
2 57 (11.35%) Agile Software Development
2 57 (11.35%) Migration
3 50 (9.96%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 49 (9.76%) ITIL
5 46 (9.16%) Load Balancing
6 40 (7.97%) Kalman Filter
7 38 (7.57%) SIEM
8 34 (6.77%) Network Design
9 33 (6.57%) Problem-Solving
10 29 (5.78%) Change Management
11 28 (5.58%) Web Filtering
12 27 (5.38%) Network Management
13 26 (5.18%) Mentoring
14 25 (4.98%) Analytics
15 24 (4.78%) Continuous Integration
15 24 (4.78%) Infrastructure as Code
16 23 (4.58%) Computer Science
16 23 (4.58%) High Availability
17 22 (4.38%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 40 (7.97%) Python
2 34 (6.77%) PowerShell
3 22 (4.38%) SQL
4 16 (3.19%) Java
4 16 (3.19%) Shell Script
5 13 (2.59%) Bash Shell
6 6 (1.20%) Perl
7 4 (0.80%) Java 8
8 3 (0.60%) Go
8 3 (0.60%) R
8 3 (0.60%) VBScript
9 2 (0.40%) Apple Swift
9 2 (0.40%) C
9 2 (0.40%) Groovy
9 2 (0.40%) JavaScript
9 2 (0.40%) PHP
9 2 (0.40%) Ruby
9 2 (0.40%) XPath
10 1 (0.20%) C#
10 1 (0.20%) C++
Qualifications
1 95 (18.92%) Cisco Certification
2 82 (16.33%) Security Cleared
3 66 (13.15%) CCNP
4 60 (11.95%) CCNA
5 52 (10.36%) SC Cleared
6 41 (8.17%) Degree
7 34 (6.77%) Microsoft Certification
8 22 (4.38%) CCIE
9 21 (4.18%) DV Cleared
10 19 (3.78%) CISSP
11 15 (2.99%) MCSE
12 12 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
13 11 (2.19%) CCDP
14 10 (1.99%) JNCIA
15 9 (1.79%) AWS Certification
16 8 (1.59%) BPSS Clearance
16 8 (1.59%) CISM
16 8 (1.59%) JNCIS
16 8 (1.59%) TOGAF Certification
17 7 (1.39%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (5.98%) SLA
2 10 (1.99%) QA
3 8 (1.59%) COBIT
3 8 (1.59%) GDPR
3 8 (1.59%) NIST
4 7 (1.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (1.39%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.40%) Government Security Classifications
5 2 (0.40%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 2 (0.40%) NCSC
5 2 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.40%) SEPA
6 1 (0.20%) BS25999
6 1 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.20%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.20%) NIST 800
System Software
1 166 (33.07%) Active Directory
2 75 (14.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (5.58%) Hyper-V
4 24 (4.78%) Docker
5 20 (3.98%) VMware ESXi
5 20 (3.98%) vSphere
6 13 (2.59%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (1.99%) ProxySG
8 9 (1.79%) VMware NSX
9 7 (1.39%) Firmware
10 5 (1.00%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.80%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.80%) Snort
12 2 (0.40%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 2 (0.40%) BitLocker
12 2 (0.40%) DFS Replication
12 2 (0.40%) KVM
12 2 (0.40%) Terminal Server
12 2 (0.40%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.40%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 42 (8.37%) SCCM
2 40 (7.97%) Ansible
3 35 (6.97%) Microsoft Intune
4 34 (6.77%) Terraform
5 26 (5.18%) Kubernetes
6 17 (3.39%) Single Sign-On
7 9 (1.79%) Puppet
8 8 (1.59%) Cisco Prime
8 8 (1.59%) FortiGate
8 8 (1.59%) HP NNM
8 8 (1.59%) WSUS
9 6 (1.20%) AirWatch
9 6 (1.20%) Prometheus
9 6 (1.20%) SCOM
9 6 (1.20%) SolarWinds Orion
10 5 (1.00%) Nagios
11 4 (0.80%) Nessus
11 4 (0.80%) Norton AntiVirus
11 4 (0.80%) Suricata
11 4 (0.80%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 207 (41.24%) Cisco
2 192 (38.25%) Microsoft
3 101 (20.12%) VMware
4 57 (11.35%) Juniper
5 45 (8.96%) Citrix
6 37 (7.37%) F5
7 36 (7.17%) HP
8 34 (6.77%) Meraki
8 34 (6.77%) Oracle
9 32 (6.37%) Palo Alto
10 27 (5.38%) CheckPoint
10 27 (5.38%) Red Hat
11 24 (4.78%) Blue Coat
12 23 (4.58%) Apple
12 23 (4.58%) Fortinet
12 23 (4.58%) SolarWinds
13 21 (4.18%) IBM
14 18 (3.59%) SAP
15 16 (3.19%) Dell
15 16 (3.19%) Ivanti