Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 169 176 221
Rank change year-on-year +7 +45 -22
Contract jobs citing VPN 843 1,440 1,174
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.51% 1.63% 1.26%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.25% 12.91% 9.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 519 931 772
Median daily rate £400 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -5.33%
10th Percentile £163 £173 £150
90th Percentile £600 £599 £600
UK median daily rate £400 £425 £400
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 87 75
Median hourly rate £18.25 £17.50 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.29% +16.67% -11.76%
10th Percentile £13.38 £12.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £49.88 £47.50 £34.15
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £15.00
% change year-on-year +5.71% +16.67% -9.09%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,491 11,153 12,314
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.39% 12.66% 13.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,465 6,863 7,630
Median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £180 £205 £200
90th Percentile £603 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +1.48%
Number of hourly rates quoted 431 496 656
Median hourly rate £21.00 £18.70 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.30% -6.50% -6.98%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.00 £11.94
90th Percentile £51.25 £49.13 £47.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £19.02
% change year-on-year +20.32% -1.66% -11.56%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 327 £425 -5.56% 99
South East +1 156 £375 +1.90% 62
North of England +23 129 £400 -5.94% 59
Midlands +36 92 £425 -4.49% 28
East of England +31 87 £359 -13.09% 25
West Midlands +37 71 £500 +14.94% 23
North West 0 52 £450 +5.88% 32
South West -13 52 £375 +2.04% 27
Yorkshire +32 47 £325 -23.53% 19
North East +33 31 £375 +20.00% 8
East Midlands +18 20 £261 -38.53% 4
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 378 (44.84%) Firewall
2 377 (44.72%) Windows
3 364 (43.18%) Cisco
4 291 (34.52%) Active Directory
5 253 (30.01%) WAN
6 224 (26.57%) LAN
7 205 (24.32%) Microsoft
8 200 (23.72%) Cisco Certification
9 198 (23.49%) Azure
10 184 (21.83%) DNS
11 183 (21.71%) Office 365
12 178 (21.12%) TCP/IP
13 164 (19.45%) MPLS
13 164 (19.45%) BGP
14 158 (18.74%) OSPF
15 154 (18.27%) Juniper
16 152 (18.03%) CCNP
16 152 (18.03%) Microsoft Office
17 150 (17.79%) Security Cleared
18 139 (16.49%) Windows Server
19 138 (16.37%) Data Centre
20 135 (16.01%) Internet
21 128 (15.18%) DHCP
21 128 (15.18%) AWS
22 127 (15.07%) VMware
23 126 (14.95%) Windows 10
24 125 (14.83%) Linux
25 114 (13.52%) Wireless
26 107 (12.69%) SC Cleared
27 105 (12.46%) Migration

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (9.37%) MS Exchange
2 34 (4.03%) SharePoint
3 32 (3.80%) Skype for Business
4 25 (2.97%) Exchange Server 2003
5 23 (2.73%) Exchange Server 2010
6 22 (2.61%) Exchange Server 2007
7 20 (2.37%) IIS
8 14 (1.66%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 11 (1.30%) Exchange Server 2013
10 9 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
10 9 (1.07%) OpenStack
11 8 (0.95%) Apache
12 7 (0.83%) Tomcat
13 6 (0.71%) Apache Spark
13 6 (0.71%) nginx
14 5 (0.59%) Confluence
15 3 (0.36%) JBoss
16 2 (0.24%) Office Communications Server
16 2 (0.24%) SharePoint 2013
16 2 (0.24%) WildFly
Applications
1 152 (18.03%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (4.03%) MS Visio
3 33 (3.91%) Microsoft Excel
4 28 (3.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 24 (2.85%) Microsoft Project
6 20 (2.37%) Acrobat
7 15 (1.78%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 23 (2.73%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.36%) assyst
3 2 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.24%) RMDS
4 1 (0.12%) Actimize
4 1 (0.12%) Elite 3E
4 1 (0.12%) Magento
4 1 (0.12%) Sage 1000
4 1 (0.12%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 198 (23.49%) Azure
2 183 (21.71%) Office 365
3 128 (15.18%) AWS
4 73 (8.66%) Azure Active Directory
5 56 (6.64%) PaaS
6 53 (6.29%) IaaS
7 44 (5.22%) Amazon EC2
8 38 (4.51%) SaaS
9 37 (4.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 31 (3.68%) AWS CloudFormation
11 29 (3.44%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 25 (2.97%) Serverless
13 24 (2.85%) Amazon S3
14 21 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
15 17 (2.02%) AWS Lambda
16 13 (1.54%) Amazon ECS
16 13 (1.54%) Amazon ELB
17 12 (1.42%) Amazon EKS
17 12 (1.42%) GCP
17 12 (1.42%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 378 (44.84%) Firewall
2 253 (30.01%) WAN
3 224 (26.57%) LAN
4 184 (21.83%) DNS
5 178 (21.12%) TCP/IP
6 164 (19.45%) BGP
6 164 (19.45%) MPLS
7 158 (18.74%) OSPF
8 135 (16.01%) Internet
9 128 (15.18%) DHCP
10 114 (13.52%) Wireless
11 97 (11.51%) Network Security
12 96 (11.39%) Cisco Nexus
13 88 (10.44%) VoIP
14 77 (9.13%) IPsec
15 76 (9.02%) Ethernet
16 73 (8.66%) Cisco IOS
16 73 (8.66%) Wi-Fi
17 72 (8.54%) Cisco ASA
18 69 (8.19%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (4.39%) SQL Server
2 32 (3.80%) Amazon RDS
3 25 (2.97%) PostgreSQL
4 17 (2.02%) MySQL
5 15 (1.78%) Azure SQL Database
6 8 (0.95%) NoSQL
7 6 (0.71%) Apache Cassandra
7 6 (0.71%) Apache Hive
7 6 (0.71%) Big Data
7 6 (0.71%) Hadoop
7 6 (0.71%) HBase
7 6 (0.71%) MongoDB
7 6 (0.71%) SQL Server 2012
7 6 (0.71%) SQL Server 2016
7 6 (0.71%) Sqoop
8 5 (0.59%) DB2
9 4 (0.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 4 (0.47%) Relational Database
10 3 (0.36%) Amazon Redshift
10 3 (0.36%) Electronic Patient Records
Development Applications
1 27 (3.20%) Git (software)
2 20 (2.37%) GitLab
2 20 (2.37%) Jenkins
3 19 (2.25%) Sonatype Nexus
4 13 (1.54%) JIRA
5 10 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
5 10 (1.19%) VSS/SourceSafe
6 7 (0.83%) Bitbucket
6 7 (0.83%) JMeter
6 7 (0.83%) Visual Studio Team System
7 6 (0.71%) Subversion
8 5 (0.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (0.59%) CircleCI
8 5 (0.59%) Octopus Deploy
8 5 (0.59%) SonarQube
9 4 (0.47%) Selenium
9 4 (0.47%) Terragrunt
10 2 (0.24%) Mocha
11 1 (0.12%) Fiddler
11 1 (0.12%) Maven
General
1 83 (9.85%) Finance
2 51 (6.05%) Telecoms
3 32 (3.80%) Banking
4 29 (3.44%) Public Sector
5 16 (1.90%) Automotive
5 16 (1.90%) Investment Banking
6 14 (1.66%) Front Office
7 12 (1.42%) Retail
8 10 (1.19%) Law
9 9 (1.07%) Legal
10 5 (0.59%) Manufacturing
10 5 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.36%) Advertising
11 3 (0.36%) Games
11 3 (0.36%) Publishing
12 2 (0.24%) Electronics
12 2 (0.24%) Italian Language
12 2 (0.24%) Mandarin Language
12 2 (0.24%) Marketing
12 2 (0.24%) Military
Job Titles
1 231 (27.40%) Network Engineer
2 103 (12.22%) Analyst
3 66 (7.83%) Support Engineer
4 61 (7.24%) Architect
5 55 (6.52%) Service Analyst
6 50 (5.93%) Service Desk Analyst
7 45 (5.34%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 44 (5.22%) DevOps Engineer
9 42 (4.98%) Security Engineer
10 40 (4.74%) Cisco Engineer
11 38 (4.51%) Azure Engineer
12 37 (4.39%) Desktop Support
13 36 (4.27%) Cisco Network Engineer
14 32 (3.80%) Consultant
14 32 (3.80%) IT Support
15 28 (3.32%) 1st Line Support
15 28 (3.32%) Senior Network Engineer
16 27 (3.20%) Administrator
17 26 (3.08%) Network Architect
17 26 (3.08%) Network Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (4.03%) Web Services
2 30 (3.56%) 802.1X
3 26 (3.08%) Elastic Stack
4 22 (2.61%) SAML
5 16 (1.90%) LDAP
6 10 (1.19%) .NET
7 9 (1.07%) YAML
8 6 (0.71%) HTML
8 6 (0.71%) JSON
8 6 (0.71%) OAuth
9 5 (0.59%) FIX Protocol
9 5 (0.59%) Middleware
9 5 (0.59%) REST
9 5 (0.59%) XML
10 4 (0.47%) Jinja
10 4 (0.47%) LAMP
11 3 (0.36%) boto
11 3 (0.36%) LEMP Stack
11 3 (0.36%) Node.js
11 3 (0.36%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 138 (16.37%) Data Centre
2 44 (5.22%) Blackberry
3 34 (4.03%) iPhone
4 33 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (3.68%) Video Conferencing
6 30 (3.56%) PKI
7 26 (3.08%) Management Information System
8 22 (2.61%) Replication
9 21 (2.49%) PDA
10 20 (2.37%) Clustering
11 19 (2.25%) Public Cloud
12 17 (2.02%) Smartphone
13 15 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
14 13 (1.54%) Mobile App
14 13 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
15 12 (1.42%) iPad
16 10 (1.19%) Cyberthreat
16 10 (1.19%) Driving Licence
16 10 (1.19%) Fibre Optics
17 8 (0.95%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 377 (44.72%) Windows
2 139 (16.49%) Windows Server
3 126 (14.95%) Windows 10
4 125 (14.83%) Linux
5 101 (11.98%) Windows 7
6 73 (8.66%) Android
7 55 (6.52%) Windows Server 2008
8 53 (6.29%) Windows XP
9 33 (3.91%) Apple iOS
10 29 (3.44%) Windows Server 2003
11 28 (3.32%) Windows Server 2016
12 26 (3.08%) Windows Server 2012
13 23 (2.73%) Unix
14 22 (2.61%) Windows 2000
14 22 (2.61%) Windows Vista
15 16 (1.90%) Ubuntu
16 15 (1.78%) Mac OS
17 14 (1.66%) Windows Mobile
18 11 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 10 (1.19%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 105 (12.46%) Migration
2 99 (11.74%) ITIL
3 94 (11.15%) DevOps
4 73 (8.66%) Problem-Solving
5 69 (8.19%) Agile Software Development
6 68 (8.07%) Load Balancing
7 67 (7.95%) Network Design
8 66 (7.83%) Change Management
9 60 (7.12%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 44 (5.22%) Cybersecurity
11 39 (4.63%) Configuration Management
12 38 (4.51%) Incident Management
13 35 (4.15%) Service Delivery
14 32 (3.80%) Network Management
15 31 (3.68%) ITSM
16 29 (3.44%) Project Management
16 29 (3.44%) Service Management
17 26 (3.08%) High Availability
17 26 (3.08%) Information Security
17 26 (3.08%) Network Architecture
Programming Languages
1 83 (9.85%) Python
2 64 (7.59%) PowerShell
3 55 (6.52%) SQL
4 47 (5.58%) Bash Shell
5 27 (3.20%) Java
6 24 (2.85%) Perl
7 13 (1.54%) Ruby
8 10 (1.19%) C
9 7 (0.83%) C#
9 7 (0.83%) Shell Script
10 5 (0.59%) JavaScript
11 3 (0.36%) PL/SQL
11 3 (0.36%) VBScript
12 2 (0.24%) Go
12 2 (0.24%) VBA
13 1 (0.12%) Dart
13 1 (0.12%) VB
Qualifications
1 200 (23.72%) Cisco Certification
2 152 (18.03%) CCNP
3 150 (17.79%) Security Cleared
4 107 (12.69%) SC Cleared
5 99 (11.74%) CCNA
6 50 (5.93%) Degree
7 41 (4.86%) CCIE
8 34 (4.03%) DV Cleared
9 31 (3.68%) JNCIP
10 28 (3.32%) ITIL Certification
11 23 (2.73%) CCDP
12 21 (2.49%) CISSP
13 19 (2.25%) Microsoft Certification
14 16 (1.90%) BPSS Clearance
14 16 (1.90%) JNCIS
15 15 (1.78%) BC Cleared
15 15 (1.78%) JNCIA
16 13 (1.54%) MCP
17 11 (1.30%) CCIP
18 9 (1.07%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (4.27%) SLA
2 17 (2.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (1.54%) QA
4 10 (1.19%) GDPR
5 8 (0.95%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.47%) BS7799
6 4 (0.47%) PMO
7 3 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials
7 3 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 3 (0.36%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.36%) NIST
7 3 (0.36%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.24%) COBIT
8 2 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.12%) HL7
9 1 (0.12%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.12%) JSP 440
9 1 (0.12%) NCSC
9 1 (0.12%) SEPA
9 1 (0.12%) TARGET2
System Software
1 291 (34.52%) Active Directory
2 94 (11.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 52 (6.17%) Docker
4 44 (5.22%) Virtual Machines
5 40 (4.74%) Hyper-V
6 18 (2.14%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (1.66%) vSphere
8 13 (1.54%) VMware NSX
8 13 (1.54%) XenApp
9 7 (0.83%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (0.83%) XenDesktop
10 6 (0.71%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 6 (0.71%) HDFS
10 6 (0.71%) VMware Server
11 5 (0.59%) NFS
11 5 (0.59%) VMFS
12 4 (0.47%) BitLocker
13 3 (0.36%) ProxySG
13 3 (0.36%) vCloud
13 3 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 63 (7.47%) SCCM
2 59 (7.00%) Puppet
3 52 (6.17%) Ansible
4 51 (6.05%) Terraform
5 39 (4.63%) OpenView
6 38 (4.51%) Opscode Chef
7 37 (4.39%) Microsoft Intune
7 37 (4.39%) Nagios
8 30 (3.56%) Kubernetes
9 29 (3.44%) OVSD
9 29 (3.44%) Single Sign-On
10 26 (3.08%) FortiGate
11 24 (2.85%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 23 (2.73%) ServiceCenter
13 20 (2.37%) AirWatch
13 20 (2.37%) ZABBIX
14 18 (2.14%) Cisco Prime
15 16 (1.90%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 16 (1.90%) Statseeker
16 15 (1.78%) NetMRI
Vendors
1 364 (43.18%) Cisco
2 205 (24.32%) Microsoft
3 154 (18.27%) Juniper
4 127 (15.07%) VMware
5 85 (10.08%) Citrix
6 81 (9.61%) HP
7 73 (8.66%) CheckPoint
7 73 (8.66%) F5
8 67 (7.95%) Palo Alto
9 54 (6.41%) SolarWinds
10 50 (5.93%) Fortinet
11 32 (3.80%) Dell
11 32 (3.80%) Oracle
12 30 (3.56%) Meraki
12 30 (3.56%) ServiceNow
13 29 (3.44%) Google
13 29 (3.44%) Remedy
14 28 (3.32%) Adobe
15 25 (2.97%) Bomgar
16 22 (2.61%) Peregrine