Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 222 214 172
Rank change year-on-year -8 -42 +30
Contract jobs citing VPN 864 449 1,064
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.25% 1.31% 1.61%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.23% 10.51% 11.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 583 264 656
10th Percentile £157 £136 £153
25th Percentile £223 £303 £263
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £400
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -3.03%
75th Percentile £575 £503 £525
90th Percentile £660 £580 £600
UK median daily rate £465 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +9.41% +6.25% -3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 27 68
10th Percentile £15.52 £14.60 £12.62
25th Percentile £16.02 £16.02 £13.50
Median hourly rate £19.61 £19.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +3.20% +8.57% +9.38%
75th Percentile £25.50 £23.38 £44.57
90th Percentile £36.90 £35.35 £82.50
UK median hourly rate £19.22 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +6.75% +2.86% +6.06%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,697 4,271 9,073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.15% 12.43% 13.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,087 2,722 5,667
10th Percentile £205 £200 £183
25th Percentile £363 £315 £308
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £425 £410
Median % change year-on-year +17.65% +3.66% -3.53%
75th Percentile £600 £525 £515
90th Percentile £700 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £438 £411
% change year-on-year +14.29% +6.45% -3.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 301 221 476
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.98 £13.25
25th Percentile £15.38 £16.23 £16.00
Median hourly rate £21.50 £32.50 £21.38
Median % change year-on-year -33.85% +52.05% +18.75%
75th Percentile £46.71 £50.00 £46.69
90th Percentile £63.00 £58.00 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £32.75 £21.53
% change year-on-year -32.82% +52.15% +19.58%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -57 351 £525 +10.18% 123
South East -29 134 £413 +3.13% 64
Midlands +10 126 £300 -11.11% 49
North of England -6 112 £325 -2.26% 93
West Midlands -12 66 £300 +2.13% 30
North West -5 63 £250 -28.57% 43
East Midlands +13 59 £300 -25.00% 19
South West -25 57 £400 +6.67% 26
East of England -26 45 £275 +59.42% 37
Yorkshire -18 39 £360 +2.71% 34
North East +1 10 £470 +121.18% 16
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 427 (49.42%) Windows
2 359 (41.55%) Firewall
3 335 (38.77%) Active Directory
4 300 (34.72%) Microsoft
5 276 (31.94%) Cisco
6 255 (29.51%) Azure
7 246 (28.47%) Microsoft 365
8 225 (26.04%) WAN
9 199 (23.03%) VMware
10 189 (21.88%) DNS
11 188 (21.76%) LAN
12 179 (20.72%) Windows 10
13 153 (17.71%) Linux
14 150 (17.36%) AWS
15 134 (15.51%) Social Skills
16 123 (14.24%) DHCP
17 121 (14.00%) ITIL
17 121 (14.00%) Migration
18 115 (13.31%) DevOps
19 114 (13.19%) PowerShell
19 114 (13.19%) Microsoft Office
20 113 (13.08%) Cisco Certification
21 109 (12.62%) Windows Server
22 108 (12.50%) Data Centre
23 106 (12.27%) TCP/IP
24 105 (12.15%) VMware Infrastructure
25 102 (11.81%) BGP
25 102 (11.81%) Wireless
26 99 (11.46%) MPLS
27 97 (11.23%) Terraform

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (6.02%) SharePoint
2 41 (4.75%) MS Exchange
3 24 (2.78%) OpenStack
4 18 (2.08%) Confluence
5 13 (1.50%) WebSphere
6 12 (1.39%) JBoss
7 11 (1.27%) Skype for Business
8 10 (1.16%) IIS
9 9 (1.04%) Apache
9 9 (1.04%) NetWeaver
10 8 (0.93%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
12 6 (0.69%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (0.69%) Exchange Server 2013
13 5 (0.58%) IBM Notes
14 4 (0.46%) Apache Spark
15 3 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2010
15 3 (0.35%) Jupyter
16 2 (0.23%) CMS
16 2 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2003
Applications
1 114 (13.19%) Microsoft Office
2 31 (3.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.27%) MS Visio
4 10 (1.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.12%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.12%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.12%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 8 (0.93%) RMDS
2 6 (0.69%) assyst
3 4 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.46%) Primavera
3 4 (0.46%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.35%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.23%) Elite 3E
5 2 (0.23%) Maximo
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.12%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 255 (29.51%) Azure
2 246 (28.47%) Microsoft 365
3 150 (17.36%) AWS
4 69 (7.99%) Azure Active Directory
5 67 (7.75%) PaaS
6 62 (7.18%) IaaS
7 54 (6.25%) SaaS
8 49 (5.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 45 (5.21%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 30 (3.47%) GCP
11 29 (3.36%) OneDrive
12 21 (2.43%) Route 53
13 20 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
13 20 (2.31%) Serverless
14 19 (2.20%) Amazon S3
14 19 (2.20%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 17 (1.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 16 (1.85%) GitHub
17 15 (1.74%) AWS Direct Connect
18 14 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 359 (41.55%) Firewall
2 225 (26.04%) WAN
3 189 (21.88%) DNS
4 188 (21.76%) LAN
5 123 (14.24%) DHCP
6 106 (12.27%) TCP/IP
7 102 (11.81%) BGP
7 102 (11.81%) Wireless
8 99 (11.46%) MPLS
9 96 (11.11%) IPsec
10 86 (9.95%) Network Security
10 86 (9.95%) SSL
11 85 (9.84%) Wi-Fi
12 76 (8.80%) OSPF
13 74 (8.56%) VLAN
14 57 (6.60%) SD-WAN
15 55 (6.37%) Internet
16 51 (5.90%) VoIP
17 41 (4.75%) Cisco ASA
18 39 (4.51%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (5.44%) SQL Server
2 24 (2.78%) Azure SQL Database
3 18 (2.08%) MySQL
4 15 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
5 13 (1.50%) DB2
6 10 (1.16%) Relational Database
7 9 (1.04%) SAP HANA
8 8 (0.93%) NoSQL
9 6 (0.69%) Oracle Database
10 5 (0.58%) Amazon Athena
11 4 (0.46%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.46%) PostgreSQL
12 3 (0.35%) Apache Hive
12 3 (0.35%) Big Data
12 3 (0.35%) MongoDB
13 2 (0.23%) Amazon Redshift
13 2 (0.23%) GIS
13 2 (0.23%) Oracle Database 11g
13 2 (0.23%) Power BI
13 2 (0.23%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 21 (2.43%) Jenkins
1 21 (2.43%) JIRA
2 17 (1.97%) Git (software)
3 15 (1.74%) GitLab
4 12 (1.39%) Sonatype Nexus
5 8 (0.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 8 (0.93%) Terragrunt
6 7 (0.81%) Bitbucket
6 7 (0.81%) Maven
7 5 (0.58%) Subversion
7 5 (0.58%) VSS/SourceSafe
8 4 (0.46%) Artifactory
8 4 (0.46%) Burp Suite
9 3 (0.35%) GoCD
10 2 (0.23%) Arsenale Dataplane
10 2 (0.23%) Selenium
10 2 (0.23%) SonarQube
10 2 (0.23%) TeamCity
10 2 (0.23%) TestRail
11 1 (0.12%) Chocolatey
General
1 134 (15.51%) Social Skills
2 90 (10.42%) Finance
3 58 (6.71%) Telecoms
4 49 (5.67%) Public Sector
5 37 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
6 23 (2.66%) Banking
7 17 (1.97%) Documentation Skills
7 17 (1.97%) Games
8 16 (1.85%) Legal
8 16 (1.85%) Retail
9 12 (1.39%) Law
10 11 (1.27%) Financial Institution
11 10 (1.16%) French Language
11 10 (1.16%) Presentation Skills
12 9 (1.04%) German Language
12 9 (1.04%) Italian Language
13 7 (0.81%) Billing
13 7 (0.81%) Organisational Skills
14 5 (0.58%) Manufacturing
15 4 (0.46%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 151 (17.48%) Network Engineer
2 122 (14.12%) Architect
3 79 (9.14%) Support Engineer
4 76 (8.80%) Analyst
5 60 (6.94%) Desktop Support
6 57 (6.60%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 50 (5.79%) IT Engineer
8 45 (5.21%) Desktop Engineer
8 45 (5.21%) Security Engineer
9 42 (4.86%) Cloud Engineer
10 39 (4.51%) 2nd Line Support
11 38 (4.40%) Azure Engineer
12 37 (4.28%) Service Analyst
13 36 (4.17%) DevOps Engineer
13 36 (4.17%) IT Support
13 36 (4.17%) Security Architect
13 36 (4.17%) Service Desk Analyst
14 30 (3.47%) Network Architect
15 29 (3.36%) 2nd Line Engineer
15 29 (3.36%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (4.63%) OAuth
2 33 (3.82%) OAuth2
3 26 (3.01%) XMPP
4 17 (1.97%) ARM Templates
4 17 (1.97%) SAML
5 16 (1.85%) 802.1X
6 15 (1.74%) LDAP
7 12 (1.39%) Middleware
8 11 (1.27%) Azure Blueprints
9 10 (1.16%) SAP Basis
10 9 (1.04%) JSON
10 9 (1.04%) REST
11 8 (0.93%) CSS
11 8 (0.93%) FIX Protocol
12 7 (0.81%) HTML
12 7 (0.81%) RESTful
12 7 (0.81%) Spring
12 7 (0.81%) Spring Boot
12 7 (0.81%) XML
13 6 (0.69%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 108 (12.50%) Data Centre
2 63 (7.29%) PKI
3 40 (4.63%) Public Cloud
4 26 (3.01%) Private Cloud
5 20 (2.31%) Hybrid Cloud
5 20 (2.31%) Management Information System
6 19 (2.20%) NHS
7 18 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
8 12 (1.39%) BYOD
8 12 (1.39%) Data Protection Act
8 12 (1.39%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 12 (1.39%) Mobile App
8 12 (1.39%) Video Conferencing
9 11 (1.27%) Cloud Native
9 11 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
9 11 (1.27%) iPhone
10 9 (1.04%) Hedge funds
10 9 (1.04%) iPad
10 9 (1.04%) Life Science
10 9 (1.04%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 427 (49.42%) Windows
2 179 (20.72%) Windows 10
3 153 (17.71%) Linux
4 109 (12.62%) Windows Server
5 75 (8.68%) Windows 7
6 51 (5.90%) Apple iOS
7 39 (4.51%) Android
8 37 (4.28%) Unix
9 27 (3.13%) Windows Server 2008
10 25 (2.89%) Windows Server 2012
10 25 (2.89%) Windows Server 2019
11 22 (2.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 22 (2.55%) Windows Server 2016
12 20 (2.31%) Mac OS
13 19 (2.20%) Ubuntu
14 11 (1.27%) AIX
15 8 (0.93%) Windows XP
16 7 (0.81%) Windows 8
17 5 (0.58%) HPUX
17 5 (0.58%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 121 (14.00%) ITIL
1 121 (14.00%) Migration
2 115 (13.31%) DevOps
3 87 (10.07%) Problem-Solving
4 71 (8.22%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 69 (7.99%) Agile Software Development
6 63 (7.29%) CI/CD
7 56 (6.48%) Service Management
8 52 (6.02%) Change Management
8 52 (6.02%) Network Design
9 51 (5.90%) Cybersecurity
10 50 (5.79%) Infrastructure as Code
11 45 (5.21%) Load Balancing
12 40 (4.63%) ITSM
13 39 (4.51%) Application Security
13 39 (4.51%) Network Virtualisation
13 39 (4.51%) Vulnerability Management
14 37 (4.28%) Incident Management
15 34 (3.94%) Configuration Management
15 34 (3.94%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 114 (13.19%) PowerShell
2 60 (6.94%) Python
3 57 (6.60%) SQL
4 37 (4.28%) Bash
5 25 (2.89%) Java
6 15 (1.74%) JavaScript
6 15 (1.74%) Shell Script
6 15 (1.74%) VB
6 15 (1.74%) VBScript
7 13 (1.50%) C
8 9 (1.04%) C#
9 7 (0.81%) Go
10 6 (0.69%) Perl
11 5 (0.58%) Ruby
12 3 (0.35%) PL/SQL
12 3 (0.35%) R
13 2 (0.23%) C++
13 2 (0.23%) Rust
14 1 (0.12%) PHP
14 1 (0.12%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 113 (13.08%) Cisco Certification
2 84 (9.72%) Security Cleared
3 60 (6.94%) SC Cleared
4 56 (6.48%) CCNA
5 55 (6.37%) CCNP
6 45 (5.21%) Microsoft Certification
7 42 (4.86%) Degree
8 30 (3.47%) CCIE
9 26 (3.01%) MCP
10 24 (2.78%) MCSE
11 20 (2.31%) CISSP
12 15 (1.74%) DV Cleared
13 13 (1.50%) BPSS Clearance
14 11 (1.27%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 10 (1.16%) CEH
15 10 (1.16%) ITIL Certification
15 10 (1.16%) JNCIA
16 9 (1.04%) JNCIS
17 8 (0.93%) JNCIP
17 8 (0.93%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 77 (8.91%) SLA
2 19 (2.20%) GDPR
2 19 (2.20%) PCI DSS
3 18 (2.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (1.16%) NIST
5 9 (1.04%) COBIT
6 6 (0.69%) JSP 440
7 5 (0.58%) NIST 800
8 4 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.35%) QA
9 3 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.35%) SOC 2
10 2 (0.23%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.12%) Accessibility
11 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.12%) PMO
11 1 (0.12%) SOC 1
System Software
1 335 (38.77%) Active Directory
2 105 (12.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (7.87%) Docker
4 27 (3.13%) VMware Workstation
5 26 (3.01%) BitLocker
6 25 (2.89%) Virtual Machines
7 24 (2.78%) VMware ESXi
8 21 (2.43%) Virtual Desktop
8 21 (2.43%) vSphere
9 20 (2.31%) vCloud
10 19 (2.20%) Hyper-V
11 18 (2.08%) VMware NSX
12 8 (0.93%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.69%) Terminal Services
13 6 (0.69%) XenApp
14 4 (0.46%) KVM
14 4 (0.46%) ProxySG
15 3 (0.35%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
15 3 (0.35%) NFS
15 3 (0.35%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 97 (11.23%) Terraform
2 90 (10.42%) SCCM
3 79 (9.14%) Microsoft Intune
4 78 (9.03%) Kubernetes
5 66 (7.64%) Ansible
6 27 (3.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 21 (2.43%) Prometheus
8 20 (2.31%) Nagios
9 17 (1.97%) FortiGate
10 16 (1.85%) Puppet
11 15 (1.74%) AppManager
11 15 (1.74%) Single Sign-On
12 13 (1.50%) ZABBIX
13 11 (1.27%) Jamf Pro
14 10 (1.16%) AirWatch
14 10 (1.16%) Istio
15 8 (0.93%) BladeLogic
15 8 (0.93%) ITRS Geneos
15 8 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
16 7 (0.81%) Grafana
Vendors
1 300 (34.72%) Microsoft
2 276 (31.94%) Cisco
3 199 (23.03%) VMware
4 96 (11.11%) Citrix
5 73 (8.45%) HP
6 70 (8.10%) Juniper
7 66 (7.64%) Palo Alto
8 54 (6.25%) F5
9 49 (5.67%) Apple
10 48 (5.56%) Oracle
10 48 (5.56%) SolarWinds
11 45 (5.21%) Dell
12 42 (4.86%) ServiceNow
13 39 (4.51%) Aruba
14 36 (4.17%) Meraki
14 36 (4.17%) Veeam
15 35 (4.05%) CheckPoint
16 29 (3.36%) Red Hat
17 28 (3.24%) Splunk
18 25 (2.89%) Fortinet