Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 240 194 206
Rank change year-on-year -46 +12 +31
Contract jobs citing VPN 732 347 1,127
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.13% 1.36% 1.42%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.91% 10.00% 10.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 481 217 702
10th Percentile £163 £180 £155
25th Percentile £300 £363 £275
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £425 £450 £400
Median % change year-on-year -5.56% +12.50% -
75th Percentile £538 £550 £525
90th Percentile £600 £580 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £400
% change year-on-year - +12.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 63 24 55
10th Percentile £13.01 £13.93 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.38 £16.63 £13.31
Median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% -5.41%
75th Percentile £25.75 £19.50 £49.38
90th Percentile £52.20 £38.35 £82.50
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% +2.94%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,384 3,471 10,481
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.38% 13.56% 13.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,799 2,214 6,582
10th Percentile £225 £210 £200
25th Percentile £356 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £473 £440 £425
Median % change year-on-year +7.39% +3.53% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £525
90th Percentile £663 £630 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 346 160 497
10th Percentile £12.00 £13.23 £12.50
25th Percentile £14.00 £17.50 £15.87
Median hourly rate £20.95 £31.25 £23.75
Median % change year-on-year -32.98% +31.58% +23.75%
75th Percentile £48.34 £46.61 £46.40
90th Percentile £64.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £31.00 £25.06
% change year-on-year -29.03% +23.70% +31.89%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Daily rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in England.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in England

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in England

VPN
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -116 286 £500 +1.01% 106
North of England -1 119 £427 +35.56% 71
South East -27 115 £425 - 83
Midlands -33 89 £340 -20.00% 60
North West +1 70 £425 +21.43% 43
South West -6 65 £350 -17.65% 39
West Midlands -35 56 £173 -58.18% 38
Yorkshire -17 36 £375 +19.05% 18
East Midlands -20 33 £374 -25.20% 21
East of England -34 32 £300 +36.36% 24
North East -4 13 £465 +342.86% 10
VPN
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for VPN.

1 336 (45.90%) Windows
2 332 (45.36%) Firewall
3 274 (37.43%) Active Directory
4 240 (32.79%) Cisco
5 224 (30.60%) Microsoft
6 216 (29.51%) Microsoft 365
7 184 (25.14%) Azure
8 177 (24.18%) WAN
8 177 (24.18%) VMware
9 172 (23.50%) DNS
10 141 (19.26%) LAN
11 137 (18.72%) Social Skills
12 126 (17.21%) Windows 10
13 120 (16.39%) Cisco Certification
13 120 (16.39%) Windows Server
14 119 (16.26%) Linux
15 110 (15.03%) ITIL
16 109 (14.89%) DHCP
17 104 (14.21%) Network Security
18 102 (13.93%) VMware Infrastructure
19 95 (12.98%) AWS
19 95 (12.98%) Microsoft Office
20 94 (12.84%) PowerShell
21 89 (12.16%) TCP/IP
22 84 (11.48%) Wireless
23 83 (11.34%) Migration
24 82 (11.20%) Citrix
25 77 (10.52%) MPLS
25 77 (10.52%) Palo Alto
25 77 (10.52%) Data Centre

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (6.28%) MS Exchange
2 34 (4.64%) SharePoint
3 19 (2.60%) Confluence
4 16 (2.19%) Skype for Business
5 11 (1.50%) IIS
6 10 (1.37%) OpenStack
7 9 (1.23%) IBM Notes
7 9 (1.23%) Tomcat
8 8 (1.09%) Apache
8 8 (1.09%) Exchange Server 2010
8 8 (1.09%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.68%) Exchange Server 2013
10 4 (0.55%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.55%) JBoss
10 4 (0.55%) NetWeaver
11 2 (0.27%) nginx
11 2 (0.27%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.14%) Apache Spark
12 1 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2003
12 1 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2007
Applications
1 95 (12.98%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (3.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (2.05%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.82%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.68%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.14%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.14%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 3 (0.41%) assyst
1 3 (0.41%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.14%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 216 (29.51%) Microsoft 365
2 184 (25.14%) Azure
3 95 (12.98%) AWS
4 60 (8.20%) Azure Active Directory
5 39 (5.33%) SaaS
6 34 (4.64%) IaaS
7 31 (4.23%) PaaS
7 31 (4.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 27 (3.69%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 19 (2.60%) Route 53
10 18 (2.46%) Amazon EC2
10 18 (2.46%) Amazon S3
10 18 (2.46%) OneDrive
11 17 (2.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 17 (2.32%) GitHub
12 15 (2.05%) GCP
13 13 (1.78%) Azure Key Vault
14 12 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
14 12 (1.64%) Serverless
15 11 (1.50%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 332 (45.36%) Firewall
2 177 (24.18%) WAN
3 172 (23.50%) DNS
4 141 (19.26%) LAN
5 109 (14.89%) DHCP
6 104 (14.21%) Network Security
7 89 (12.16%) TCP/IP
8 84 (11.48%) Wireless
9 77 (10.52%) MPLS
10 76 (10.38%) BGP
11 75 (10.25%) IPsec
11 75 (10.25%) SSL
12 65 (8.88%) Wi-Fi
13 64 (8.74%) VLAN
14 63 (8.61%) OSPF
15 57 (7.79%) VoIP
16 52 (7.10%) Cisco ASA
17 46 (6.28%) Internet
18 45 (6.15%) Ethernet
19 43 (5.87%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (6.42%) SQL Server
2 15 (2.05%) Azure SQL Database
2 15 (2.05%) MySQL
3 14 (1.91%) SQL Server 2012
4 13 (1.78%) Amazon RDS
4 13 (1.78%) Relational Database
4 13 (1.78%) SQL Server 2016
5 8 (1.09%) DB2
5 8 (1.09%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (0.55%) Oracle Database
6 4 (0.55%) SAP HANA
7 3 (0.41%) Apache Cassandra
7 3 (0.41%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (0.41%) MongoDB
8 2 (0.27%) Amazon Athena
8 2 (0.27%) MariaDB
8 2 (0.27%) NoSQL
8 2 (0.27%) SQL Server 2019
9 1 (0.14%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.14%) Data Vault
Development Applications
1 23 (3.14%) JIRA
2 21 (2.87%) Git (software)
3 20 (2.73%) Jenkins
4 14 (1.91%) GitLab
5 10 (1.37%) Artifactory
5 10 (1.37%) Burp Suite
5 10 (1.37%) Sonatype Nexus
6 7 (0.96%) Maven
6 7 (0.96%) SonarQube
7 6 (0.82%) Bitbucket
8 5 (0.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (0.68%) Chocolatey
9 4 (0.55%) Arsenale Dataplane
9 4 (0.55%) TestRail
9 4 (0.55%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 3 (0.41%) Selenium
10 3 (0.41%) Subversion
11 2 (0.27%) JMeter
11 2 (0.27%) Postman
11 2 (0.27%) SoapUI
General
1 137 (18.72%) Social Skills
2 74 (10.11%) Finance
3 64 (8.74%) Public Sector
4 61 (8.33%) Telecoms
5 32 (4.37%) Analytical Skills
6 19 (2.60%) Documentation Skills
6 19 (2.60%) Marketing
7 13 (1.78%) Manufacturing
8 12 (1.64%) Banking
8 12 (1.64%) Presentation Skills
9 11 (1.50%) Electronics
9 11 (1.50%) Retail
10 8 (1.09%) Games
10 8 (1.09%) German Language
10 8 (1.09%) Organisational Skills
11 7 (0.96%) French Language
12 6 (0.82%) Italian Language
12 6 (0.82%) Publishing
13 4 (0.55%) Dutch Language
13 4 (0.55%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 122 (16.67%) Network Engineer
2 76 (10.38%) Architect
3 70 (9.56%) Analyst
4 62 (8.47%) Support Engineer
5 56 (7.65%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 37 (5.05%) Security Engineer
7 35 (4.78%) IT Engineer
8 33 (4.51%) Azure Engineer
9 30 (4.10%) Cloud Engineer
10 29 (3.96%) 2nd Line Support
10 29 (3.96%) IT Support
11 28 (3.83%) Desktop Support
11 28 (3.83%) Service Analyst
12 27 (3.69%) Service Desk Analyst
13 24 (3.28%) Desktop Engineer
14 22 (3.01%) 2nd Line Engineer
14 22 (3.01%) DevOps Engineer
15 21 (2.87%) Cisco Engineer
15 21 (2.87%) Consultant
15 21 (2.87%) Network Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (3.69%) LDAP
2 24 (3.28%) OAuth
3 21 (2.87%) 802.1X
4 20 (2.73%) SAML
5 18 (2.46%) XMPP
6 17 (2.32%) OAuth2
6 17 (2.32%) Web Services
7 15 (2.05%) ARM Templates
8 14 (1.91%) REST
9 8 (1.09%) CSS
9 8 (1.09%) JSON
10 6 (0.82%) HTML
10 6 (0.82%) Kafka
10 6 (0.82%) LAMP
10 6 (0.82%) RESTful
10 6 (0.82%) SOAP
11 5 (0.68%) Elastic Stack
11 5 (0.68%) Keycloak
11 5 (0.68%) Middleware
11 5 (0.68%) OpenID
Miscellaneous
1 77 (10.52%) Data Centre
2 35 (4.78%) PKI
3 28 (3.83%) Management Information System
4 22 (3.01%) Public Cloud
4 22 (3.01%) Self-Motivation
5 19 (2.60%) BYOD
5 19 (2.60%) Hybrid Cloud
6 18 (2.46%) NHS
7 14 (1.91%) Client/Server
8 11 (1.50%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 11 (1.50%) iPhone
9 10 (1.37%) Mobile App
9 10 (1.37%) Private Cloud
9 10 (1.37%) Replication
10 9 (1.23%) Clustering
10 9 (1.23%) Data Protection Act
11 8 (1.09%) Fibre Optics
11 8 (1.09%) Greenfield Project
12 7 (0.96%) iPad
12 7 (0.96%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 336 (45.90%) Windows
2 126 (17.21%) Windows 10
3 120 (16.39%) Windows Server
4 119 (16.26%) Linux
5 62 (8.47%) Windows 7
6 46 (6.28%) Windows Server 2012
7 38 (5.19%) Windows Server 2019
8 34 (4.64%) Windows Server 2016
9 32 (4.37%) Android
10 29 (3.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 24 (3.28%) Windows Server 2008
12 20 (2.73%) Apple iOS
13 15 (2.05%) Ubuntu
13 15 (2.05%) Unix
14 9 (1.23%) Windows Mobile
15 8 (1.09%) Mac OS
15 8 (1.09%) Windows 8
15 8 (1.09%) Windows XP
16 7 (0.96%) Windows Server 2003
17 6 (0.82%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 110 (15.03%) ITIL
2 83 (11.34%) Migration
3 77 (10.52%) DevOps
4 68 (9.29%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 63 (8.61%) Agile Software Development
6 62 (8.47%) Problem-Solving
7 52 (7.10%) Cybersecurity
8 49 (6.69%) Network Design
9 42 (5.74%) Load Balancing
10 37 (5.05%) Infrastructure as Code
11 35 (4.78%) Security Architecture
11 35 (4.78%) Service Management
12 29 (3.96%) Incident Management
13 27 (3.69%) Network Virtualisation
13 27 (3.69%) Service Delivery
13 27 (3.69%) SIEM
14 26 (3.55%) Configuration Management
14 26 (3.55%) ITSM
15 24 (3.28%) Network Architecture
16 23 (3.14%) Network Management
Programming Languages
1 94 (12.84%) PowerShell
2 55 (7.51%) Python
3 46 (6.28%) SQL
4 38 (5.19%) Bash Shell
5 17 (2.32%) Java
6 16 (2.19%) C
7 10 (1.37%) JavaScript
7 10 (1.37%) Shell Script
8 9 (1.23%) Go
9 6 (0.82%) C++
9 6 (0.82%) Perl
10 5 (0.68%) PL/SQL
11 4 (0.55%) Rust
12 3 (0.41%) Ruby
12 3 (0.41%) VB
13 2 (0.27%) PHP
13 2 (0.27%) VBScript
14 1 (0.14%) C#
14 1 (0.14%) Tcl
14 1 (0.14%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 120 (16.39%) Cisco Certification
2 73 (9.97%) Security Cleared
3 71 (9.70%) CCNA
4 63 (8.61%) CCNP
5 59 (8.06%) SC Cleared
6 31 (4.23%) Microsoft Certification
7 30 (4.10%) Degree
8 27 (3.69%) MCP
9 24 (3.28%) CCIE
10 22 (3.01%) MCSE
11 14 (1.91%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 13 (1.78%) JNCIS
13 12 (1.64%) CISSP
13 12 (1.64%) JNCIP
14 11 (1.50%) JNCIA
15 10 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
15 10 (1.37%) CCDP
16 9 (1.23%) CCDA
17 8 (1.09%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 6 (0.82%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (9.84%) SLA
2 17 (2.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (2.05%) PCI DSS
4 7 (0.96%) GDPR
4 7 (0.96%) NIST
4 7 (0.96%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 6 (0.82%) QA
6 4 (0.55%) COBIT
7 3 (0.41%) Accessibility
7 3 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 3 (0.41%) SOC 2
8 2 (0.27%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.27%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.14%) HL7
9 1 (0.14%) ISO 22301
9 1 (0.14%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.14%) PMO
9 1 (0.14%) SOC 1
System Software
1 274 (37.43%) Active Directory
2 102 (13.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 46 (6.28%) Docker
3 46 (6.28%) vSphere
4 26 (3.55%) VMware ESXi
5 22 (3.01%) Hyper-V
6 21 (2.87%) VMware NSX
7 14 (1.91%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (1.78%) Virtual Desktop
8 13 (1.78%) VMware Workstation
9 10 (1.37%) XenApp
10 7 (0.96%) iptables
10 7 (0.96%) KVM
10 7 (0.96%) vCloud
11 5 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.68%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.55%) Firmware
12 4 (0.55%) ProxySG
12 4 (0.55%) Xen
13 3 (0.41%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 70 (9.56%) Terraform
2 62 (8.47%) SCCM
3 53 (7.24%) Kubernetes
4 45 (6.15%) Ansible
5 43 (5.87%) Microsoft Intune
6 34 (4.64%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 21 (2.87%) Nagios
8 18 (2.46%) Prometheus
8 18 (2.46%) Single Sign-On
9 17 (2.32%) WSUS
10 16 (2.19%) FortiGate
11 12 (1.64%) Sysdig
12 11 (1.50%) Istio
13 10 (1.37%) Grafana
14 9 (1.23%) AirWatch
14 9 (1.23%) Jamf Pro
15 8 (1.09%) Tivoli Storage Manager
16 7 (0.96%) Cisco CUCM
16 7 (0.96%) Puppet
16 7 (0.96%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 240 (32.79%) Cisco
2 224 (30.60%) Microsoft
3 177 (24.18%) VMware
4 82 (11.20%) Citrix
5 77 (10.52%) Palo Alto
6 62 (8.47%) Juniper
7 58 (7.92%) F5
8 51 (6.97%) HP
9 47 (6.42%) Fortinet
10 44 (6.01%) CheckPoint
11 42 (5.74%) SolarWinds
12 39 (5.33%) ServiceNow
13 34 (4.64%) Dell
14 29 (3.96%) Aruba
15 28 (3.83%) Apple
16 27 (3.69%) Meraki
17 25 (3.42%) Oracle
17 25 (3.42%) Red Hat
18 20 (2.73%) SAP
18 20 (2.73%) Veeam