Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 169 114 135
Rank change year-on-year -55 +21 -38
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1,116 604 1,499
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.64% 2.18% 1.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.83% 2.49% 2.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 768 418 1,006
10th Percentile £400 £338 £400
25th Percentile £460 £425 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £666 £625 £638
90th Percentile £744 £675 £713
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 10 10
Median hourly rate £8.00 £30.00 £27.00
Median % change year-on-year -73.33% +11.11% -40.00%
UK median hourly rate £9.00 £30.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year -70.00% -11.76% -24.44%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,925 24,238 67,281
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.31% 87.39% 87.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,901 16,727 45,647
10th Percentile £318 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £381 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - +1.50%
75th Percentile £625 £584 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,508 700 1,906
10th Percentile £12.24 £11.75 £11.55
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.47 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.18 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.30% +11.11% +12.50%
75th Percentile £49.25 £45.00 £46.30
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.79 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -0.84% +11.11% +12.50%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Open Source in England.

Daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Open Source in England.

Hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -45 715 £600 +9.09% 221
North of England -17 98 £475 +5.56% 74
South East -54 89 £500 - 62
Yorkshire -17 51 £475 +8.57% 17
South West -40 51 £509 -3.14% 25
East of England -20 49 £540 +24.14% 19
North West -27 44 £525 +16.60% 50
Midlands -68 40 £411 +26.54% 34
West Midlands -54 30 £403 +5.57% 18
East Midlands -34 9 £483 +48.46% 16
North East -13 3 £450 -14.29% 7
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 535 (47.94%) Agile Software Development
2 370 (33.15%) AWS
3 364 (32.62%) Java
4 336 (30.11%) DevOps
5 297 (26.61%) Python
6 294 (26.34%) Docker
7 291 (26.08%) Kubernetes
8 277 (24.82%) Social Skills
9 273 (24.46%) Microservices
10 269 (24.10%) Azure
11 239 (21.42%) Jenkins
12 236 (21.15%) SQL
13 225 (20.16%) JavaScript
14 218 (19.53%) Terraform
15 210 (18.82%) Test Automation
16 205 (18.37%) Linux
17 192 (17.20%) Git (software)
18 186 (16.67%) Finance
19 179 (16.04%) Software Engineering
20 178 (15.95%) Security Cleared
21 165 (14.78%) Scrum
22 153 (13.71%) GCP
23 152 (13.62%) Ansible
24 138 (12.37%) Analytics
24 138 (12.37%) Microsoft
25 135 (12.10%) TDD
25 135 (12.10%) SC Cleared
26 134 (12.01%) Node.js
27 130 (11.65%) Kafka
27 130 (11.65%) Spring

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (7.89%) Apache Spark
2 53 (4.75%) Apache
3 46 (4.12%) Confluence
4 29 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
4 29 (2.60%) OpenStack
5 21 (1.88%) nginx
6 19 (1.70%) Apache Airflow
6 19 (1.70%) CMS
7 14 (1.25%) Tomcat
8 11 (0.99%) ArcGIS
9 10 (0.90%) JBoss
10 8 (0.72%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.63%) Mule
12 6 (0.54%) Jupyter
13 5 (0.45%) Camunda
13 5 (0.45%) IIS
13 5 (0.45%) Mule ESB
13 5 (0.45%) Red Hat Fuse
13 5 (0.45%) WebLogic
13 5 (0.45%) WebSphere
Applications
1 13 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.090%) Adobe XD
4 1 (0.090%) CPLEX
4 1 (0.090%) Figma
4 1 (0.090%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.090%) Sketch
4 1 (0.090%) SPSS
4 1 (0.090%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 15 (1.34%) SAP HCM
2 3 (0.27%) Sprinklr
3 2 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.18%) Workfront
4 1 (0.090%) Cognos Business Intelligence
4 1 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.090%) Magento
4 1 (0.090%) nopCommerce
4 1 (0.090%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 370 (33.15%) AWS
2 269 (24.10%) Azure
3 153 (13.71%) GCP
4 94 (8.42%) GitHub
5 90 (8.06%) PaaS
6 72 (6.45%) AWS CloudFormation
6 72 (6.45%) IaaS
7 65 (5.82%) SaaS
8 64 (5.73%) Serverless
9 38 (3.41%) npm
10 27 (2.42%) Amazon ECS
10 27 (2.42%) Power Platform
11 22 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
11 22 (1.97%) Azure Functions
12 21 (1.88%) Amazon S3
13 20 (1.79%) AWS Lambda
14 19 (1.70%) Azure Active Directory
15 17 (1.52%) Azure Synapse Analytics
16 16 (1.43%) OpenShift
16 16 (1.43%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 36 (3.23%) Firewall
2 30 (2.69%) WAN
3 29 (2.60%) HTTP
4 28 (2.51%) Internet
5 26 (2.33%) DNS
6 18 (1.61%) SSL
6 18 (1.61%) TCP/IP
7 15 (1.34%) Network Security
8 14 (1.25%) Multicast
9 13 (1.16%) Wireshark
10 12 (1.08%) Wireless
11 11 (0.99%) Wi-Fi
12 10 (0.90%) tcpdump
13 9 (0.81%) IPv4
13 9 (0.81%) Software-Defined Networking
13 9 (0.81%) VPN
14 8 (0.72%) 3GPP
14 8 (0.72%) DHCP
15 7 (0.63%) IPv6
15 7 (0.63%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (9.41%) Big Data
2 91 (8.15%) MySQL
3 86 (7.71%) NoSQL
4 83 (7.44%) PostgreSQL
5 69 (6.18%) SQL Server
6 67 (6.00%) Hadoop
7 66 (5.91%) Relational Database
8 62 (5.56%) MongoDB
9 52 (4.66%) Data Warehouse
10 41 (3.67%) Tableau
11 38 (3.41%) Apache Cassandra
12 27 (2.42%) BigQuery
13 26 (2.33%) Data Lake
13 26 (2.33%) Power BI
14 23 (2.06%) Redis
15 21 (1.88%) HBase
16 20 (1.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 19 (1.70%) Flink
18 18 (1.61%) Apache Hive
18 18 (1.61%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 239 (21.42%) Jenkins
2 192 (17.20%) Git (software)
3 112 (10.04%) Maven
4 107 (9.59%) JIRA
5 76 (6.81%) Selenium
6 73 (6.54%) Gradle
7 61 (5.47%) Cucumber
8 54 (4.84%) GitLab
9 51 (4.57%) Gatling
10 39 (3.49%) JUnit
11 36 (3.23%) TeamCity
12 32 (2.87%) CircleCI
13 31 (2.78%) gulp
13 31 (2.78%) SonarQube
14 27 (2.42%) JMeter
15 26 (2.33%) Bitbucket
15 26 (2.33%) Sonatype Nexus
15 26 (2.33%) Travis CI
16 24 (2.15%) Cypress.io
17 19 (1.70%) Mocha
General
1 277 (24.82%) Social Skills
2 186 (16.67%) Finance
3 126 (11.29%) Public Sector
4 122 (10.93%) Analytical Skills
5 84 (7.53%) Banking
6 54 (4.84%) Investment Banking
7 46 (4.12%) Presentation Skills
8 43 (3.85%) Influencing Skills
9 38 (3.41%) Telecoms
10 31 (2.78%) Marketing
11 20 (1.79%) Front Office
11 20 (1.79%) Retail
12 15 (1.34%) Electronics
13 12 (1.08%) Legal
14 10 (0.90%) Organisational Skills
15 9 (0.81%) Financial Institution
16 8 (0.72%) Documentation Skills
16 8 (0.72%) Games
16 8 (0.72%) Law
16 8 (0.72%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 308 (27.60%) Developer
2 185 (16.58%) Architect
3 108 (9.68%) Java Developer
4 97 (8.69%) DevOps Engineer
5 70 (6.27%) Solutions Architect
6 54 (4.84%) Senior Developer
7 53 (4.75%) Data Engineer
8 49 (4.39%) Analyst
9 47 (4.21%) Azure Architect
10 45 (4.03%) Cloud Architect
11 43 (3.85%) Software Engineer
12 40 (3.58%) Data Architect
13 38 (3.41%) Consultant
14 37 (3.32%) Data Scientist
15 36 (3.23%) Tester
16 30 (2.69%) Test Engineer
17 29 (2.60%) AWS Engineer
17 29 (2.60%) Python Developer
18 27 (2.42%) Infrastructure Engineer
19 26 (2.33%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (12.01%) Node.js
2 130 (11.65%) Kafka
2 130 (11.65%) Spring
3 101 (9.05%) HTML
4 99 (8.87%) React
5 98 (8.78%) CSS
6 96 (8.60%) REST
7 67 (6.00%) RESTful
8 66 (5.91%) Web Services
9 63 (5.65%) Spring Boot
10 61 (5.47%) .NET
11 57 (5.11%) Hibernate
12 54 (4.84%) XML
13 53 (4.75%) AngularJS
13 53 (4.75%) GraphQL
14 42 (3.76%) J2SE
15 39 (3.49%) JSON
16 38 (3.41%) HTML5
17 34 (3.05%) Redux
18 28 (2.51%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 99 (8.87%) Public Cloud
2 68 (6.09%) Cloud Native
3 42 (3.76%) User Experience
4 40 (3.58%) Algorithms
5 37 (3.32%) Linux Command Line
5 37 (3.32%) Virtual Team
6 30 (2.69%) Data Centre
7 27 (2.42%) Data Structures
8 24 (2.15%) Management Information System
9 20 (1.79%) Hybrid Cloud
10 19 (1.70%) Greenfield Project
11 16 (1.43%) Data Protection Act
12 15 (1.34%) Mobile App
13 13 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
14 12 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 11 (0.99%) Derivative
15 11 (0.99%) Embedded Systems
15 11 (0.99%) PKI
16 10 (0.90%) Hedge funds
16 10 (0.90%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 205 (18.37%) Linux
2 122 (10.93%) Windows
3 84 (7.53%) Unix
4 43 (3.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 23 (2.06%) Android
6 17 (1.52%) Apple iOS
7 16 (1.43%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.90%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.81%) Windows 10
10 6 (0.54%) OpenWrt
11 5 (0.45%) CentOS
11 5 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
12 4 (0.36%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.36%) Windows 7
13 3 (0.27%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.27%) Solaris
13 3 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.18%) Debian
15 1 (0.090%) AIX
15 1 (0.090%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 535 (47.94%) Agile Software Development
2 336 (30.11%) DevOps
3 273 (24.46%) Microservices
4 210 (18.82%) Test Automation
5 179 (16.04%) Software Engineering
6 165 (14.78%) Scrum
7 138 (12.37%) Analytics
8 135 (12.10%) TDD
9 129 (11.56%) Continuous Integration
10 124 (11.11%) Infrastructure as Code
11 118 (10.57%) Problem-Solving
12 88 (7.89%) SDLC
13 83 (7.44%) Migration
14 81 (7.26%) Kanban
15 77 (6.90%) Computer Science
16 75 (6.72%) Configuration Management
16 75 (6.72%) Mentoring
17 73 (6.54%) Data Science
18 72 (6.45%) Continuous Delivery
18 72 (6.45%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 364 (32.62%) Java
2 297 (26.61%) Python
3 236 (21.15%) SQL
4 225 (20.16%) JavaScript
5 104 (9.32%) Bash Shell
6 66 (5.91%) C#
7 63 (5.65%) PowerShell
8 50 (4.48%) Go
8 50 (4.48%) TypeScript
9 49 (4.39%) Scala
10 39 (3.49%) R
11 33 (2.96%) C++
12 30 (2.69%) Groovy
13 29 (2.60%) Java 8
14 28 (2.51%) C
15 27 (2.42%) Ruby
16 24 (2.15%) Perl
17 23 (2.06%) PHP
18 20 (1.79%) Shell Script
19 15 (1.34%) ES6
Qualifications
1 178 (15.95%) Security Cleared
2 135 (12.10%) SC Cleared
3 113 (10.13%) Degree
4 29 (2.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 28 (2.51%) ISEB
5 28 (2.51%) ISTQB
6 27 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
7 25 (2.24%) DV Cleared
8 12 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.99%) CISSP
9 11 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
10 7 (0.63%) AWS Certification
10 7 (0.63%) OCPJP
10 7 (0.63%) Sun Certification
11 6 (0.54%) CEH
11 6 (0.54%) CISA
11 6 (0.54%) GIAC
11 6 (0.54%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.45%) OSCP
13 4 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (8.33%) QA
2 33 (2.96%) GDPR
3 29 (2.60%) Accessibility
4 16 (1.43%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.63%) OASIS TOSCA
5 7 (0.63%) WCAG
6 6 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.54%) JTAG
7 5 (0.45%) SLA
8 4 (0.36%) NIST
9 3 (0.27%) COBIT
9 3 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.27%) NCSC
9 3 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.18%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.090%) Def Stans
11 1 (0.090%) HL7
11 1 (0.090%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.090%) SOC 1
11 1 (0.090%) SOC 2
System Software
1 294 (26.34%) Docker
2 29 (2.60%) Active Directory
2 29 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (1.79%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.90%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (0.81%) NFS
6 8 (0.72%) KVM
7 7 (0.63%) HDFS
7 7 (0.63%) LXC
8 6 (0.54%) vSphere
9 5 (0.45%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.27%) Firmware
10 3 (0.27%) iptables
10 3 (0.27%) Squid
11 2 (0.18%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.18%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.18%) Postfix
11 2 (0.18%) Xen
12 1 (0.090%) Ceph
12 1 (0.090%) Dovecot
Systems Management
1 291 (26.08%) Kubernetes
2 218 (19.53%) Terraform
3 152 (13.62%) Ansible
4 60 (5.38%) Opscode Chef
5 57 (5.11%) Grafana
6 52 (4.66%) Puppet
7 44 (3.94%) Prometheus
8 24 (2.15%) Nagios
9 15 (1.34%) Kibana
10 13 (1.16%) Packer
11 12 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
12 11 (0.99%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 9 (0.81%) Network Intrusion Detection System
14 8 (0.72%) HP Fortify
14 8 (0.72%) ITRS Geneos
14 8 (0.72%) Oozie
15 7 (0.63%) Cloudify
15 7 (0.63%) Juju
16 6 (0.54%) HP ALM
16 6 (0.54%) Istio
Vendors
1 138 (12.37%) Microsoft
2 104 (9.32%) Google
3 80 (7.17%) Oracle
4 52 (4.66%) SAP
5 46 (4.12%) Databricks
6 40 (3.58%) Red Hat
7 34 (3.05%) Splunk
8 32 (2.87%) VMware
9 26 (2.33%) IBM
10 21 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
11 18 (1.61%) AppDynamics
12 16 (1.43%) NetApp
13 15 (1.34%) BiZZdesign
13 15 (1.34%) Cisco
14 12 (1.08%) Dynatrace
15 11 (0.99%) Alteryx
15 11 (0.99%) New Relic
16 10 (0.90%) Zend
17 9 (0.81%) Cloudera
17 9 (0.81%) ServiceNow