Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 118 124 95
Rank change year-on-year +6 -29 +3
Contract jobs citing Open Source 553 1,649 2,512
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.16% 2.05% 2.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.49% 2.35% 3.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 402 1,076 1,708
Median daily rate £521 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.27% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £338 £400 £373
90th Percentile £675 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 15 12
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% +9.68%
10th Percentile £22.50 £20.45 £15.26
90th Percentile £56.53 £35.00 £71.45
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -17.65% +9.68%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 22,233 70,119 81,751
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.84% 87.16% 87.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,240 46,512 54,577
Median daily rate £475 £475 £468
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.60% +3.89%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 781 2,010 2,219
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £20.65
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% +21.09% -12.07%
10th Percentile £12.63 £11.88 £11.18
90th Percentile £54.69 £53.75 £50.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +42.86% +19.51% -14.58%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Open Source in England.

Daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Open Source in England.

Hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 365 £533 -6.17% 130
South East +100 54 £478 -2.05% 28
South West +82 49 £525 -0.57% 29
North of England -40 34 £445 -11.00% 39
East of England +53 18 £425 -5.56% 23
Midlands +47 17 £315 -35.22% 25
North West -1 15 £440 -18.52% 18
West Midlands +32 12 £450 -5.26% 17
Yorkshire +5 10 £429 -13.38% 14
North East 0 8 £525 +23.24% 7
East Midlands +62 5 £315 -51.54% 8
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 310 (56.06%) Agile Software Development
2 240 (43.40%) AWS
3 214 (38.70%) Java
4 204 (36.89%) Python
5 191 (34.54%) DevOps
6 178 (32.19%) Azure
7 168 (30.38%) JavaScript
8 145 (26.22%) Microservices
9 133 (24.05%) Docker
10 130 (23.51%) Git (software)
10 130 (23.51%) Scrum
10 130 (23.51%) Security Cleared
11 127 (22.97%) Jenkins
12 123 (22.24%) Linux
13 110 (19.89%) AngularJS
14 104 (18.81%) SQL
15 103 (18.63%) Finance
16 102 (18.44%) Test Automation
17 100 (18.08%) Node.js
17 100 (18.08%) SC Cleared
18 98 (17.72%) Web Services
19 96 (17.36%) REST
20 92 (16.64%) Kubernetes
21 91 (16.46%) Software Engineering
22 90 (16.27%) Terraform
23 88 (15.91%) TDD
24 87 (15.73%) HTML
25 84 (15.19%) GCP
26 79 (14.29%) Analytics
27 77 (13.92%) Continuous Integration

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (10.49%) Confluence
2 23 (4.16%) Tomcat
3 22 (3.98%) Apache
4 19 (3.44%) JBoss
5 17 (3.07%) WebSphere
6 15 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
6 15 (2.71%) WebSphere Application Server
7 14 (2.53%) Apache Spark
8 13 (2.35%) Apache Geronimo
8 13 (2.35%) Apache TomEE
9 10 (1.81%) CMS
10 7 (1.27%) BizTalk Server
10 7 (1.27%) GeoServer
11 6 (1.08%) nginx
11 6 (1.08%) OpenStack
12 5 (0.90%) ArcGIS
12 5 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.90%) Headless CMS
13 4 (0.72%) Red Hat Fuse
13 4 (0.72%) SharePoint
Applications
1 11 (1.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.72%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.72%) Dynamics AX
2 4 (0.72%) Magento
3 3 (0.54%) Shopify
4 2 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.18%) FINCAD Analytics
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle iRecruitment
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 240 (43.40%) AWS
2 178 (32.19%) Azure
3 84 (15.19%) GCP
4 55 (9.95%) Serverless
5 38 (6.87%) AWS Lambda
6 35 (6.33%) SaaS
7 27 (4.88%) GitHub
8 24 (4.34%) Azure Functions
9 21 (3.80%) IaaS
9 21 (3.80%) OpenShift
9 21 (3.80%) PaaS
10 17 (3.07%) Amazon EC2
11 16 (2.89%) Cloud Computing
12 15 (2.71%) Amazon ECS
13 14 (2.53%) Amazon S3
13 14 (2.53%) Amazon SQS
14 11 (1.99%) npm
15 10 (1.81%) Azure Stack
16 9 (1.63%) AWS Step Functions
17 8 (1.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 36 (6.51%) HTTP
2 25 (4.52%) TCP/IP
3 22 (3.98%) SSL
4 18 (3.25%) DNS
5 17 (3.07%) Firewall
6 12 (2.17%) DHCP
6 12 (2.17%) Internet
7 8 (1.45%) Kerberos
8 6 (1.08%) Anycast
8 6 (1.08%) BGP
8 6 (1.08%) VRRP
9 5 (0.90%) VPN
10 4 (0.72%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.72%) Network Security
10 4 (0.72%) Software-Defined Networking
10 4 (0.72%) WLAN
11 3 (0.54%) Skype
11 3 (0.54%) UPnP
11 3 (0.54%) Wireshark
11 3 (0.54%) WPA2
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (7.96%) NoSQL
2 41 (7.41%) PostgreSQL
3 39 (7.05%) Relational Database
4 35 (6.33%) Big Data
5 34 (6.15%) MySQL
6 30 (5.42%) MongoDB
6 30 (5.42%) SQL Server
7 25 (4.52%) Hadoop
8 15 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
9 12 (2.17%) Apache Accumulo
9 12 (2.17%) Oracle Database
9 12 (2.17%) RDBMS
10 11 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
10 11 (1.99%) Data Lake
10 11 (1.99%) Spotfire
11 8 (1.45%) Data Mining
11 8 (1.45%) GIS
12 7 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
12 7 (1.27%) Power BI
13 6 (1.08%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 130 (23.51%) Git (software)
2 127 (22.97%) Jenkins
3 68 (12.30%) JIRA
4 47 (8.50%) Maven
5 39 (7.05%) Cucumber
6 38 (6.87%) GitLab
7 33 (5.97%) JUnit
8 32 (5.79%) Bitbucket
9 31 (5.61%) Gradle
9 31 (5.61%) Selenium
10 28 (5.06%) SonarQube
11 24 (4.34%) JMeter
11 24 (4.34%) WebDriver
12 23 (4.16%) Jasmine
13 21 (3.80%) Mockito
14 20 (3.62%) Sonatype Nexus
15 19 (3.44%) Artifactory
15 19 (3.44%) Gatling
16 18 (3.25%) Cypress.io
17 17 (3.07%) NeoLoad
General
1 103 (18.63%) Finance
2 72 (13.02%) Public Sector
3 48 (8.68%) Banking
4 42 (7.59%) Front Office
5 26 (4.70%) Investment Banking
6 13 (2.35%) Aerospace
6 13 (2.35%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.81%) Manufacturing
8 8 (1.45%) Marketing
9 7 (1.27%) Law
9 7 (1.27%) Retail
10 5 (0.90%) Electronics
10 5 (0.90%) Legal
11 4 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.54%) Games
12 3 (0.54%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.36%) Local Government
13 2 (0.36%) Police
14 1 (0.18%) General Ledger
14 1 (0.18%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 222 (40.14%) Developer
2 48 (8.68%) DevOps Engineer
2 48 (8.68%) Java Developer
3 46 (8.32%) Architect
4 37 (6.69%) Python Developer
5 36 (6.51%) Full Stack Developer
6 33 (5.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 33 (5.97%) JavaScript Developer
7 25 (4.52%) Angular Developer
8 23 (4.16%) React Developer
9 22 (3.98%) Test Engineer
10 21 (3.80%) Solutions Architect
11 20 (3.62%) Administrator
12 19 (3.44%) Analyst
12 19 (3.44%) Front Office Developer
13 17 (3.07%) Software Engineer
14 16 (2.89%) AWS Engineer
14 16 (2.89%) Cloud Engineer
14 16 (2.89%) Tester
15 15 (2.71%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 110 (19.89%) AngularJS
2 100 (18.08%) Node.js
3 98 (17.72%) Web Services
4 96 (17.36%) REST
5 87 (15.73%) HTML
6 70 (12.66%) React
7 68 (12.30%) CSS
8 59 (10.67%) Spring
9 54 (9.76%) .NET
10 52 (9.40%) Kafka
11 49 (8.86%) RESTful
12 41 (7.41%) SOAP
13 34 (6.15%) Spring Boot
14 33 (5.97%) HTML5
15 26 (4.70%) Gherkin
16 25 (4.52%) Redux
16 25 (4.52%) XML
17 20 (3.62%) CSS3
17 20 (3.62%) Hibernate
17 20 (3.62%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 65 (11.75%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (7.96%) Blog
3 39 (7.05%) Derivative
4 36 (6.51%) Fixed Income
5 34 (6.15%) Hedge funds
6 29 (5.24%) Equities
7 26 (4.70%) Private Cloud
7 26 (4.70%) Public Cloud
7 26 (4.70%) User Experience
8 22 (3.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 21 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
10 20 (3.62%) Cloud Native
10 20 (3.62%) Data Centre
11 18 (3.25%) Mobile App
12 16 (2.89%) Linux Command Line
13 15 (2.71%) Hybrid Cloud
14 14 (2.53%) PKI
15 12 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
16 10 (1.81%) Algorithms
17 9 (1.63%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 123 (22.24%) Linux
2 39 (7.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 37 (6.69%) Windows
4 35 (6.33%) Unix
5 21 (3.80%) Android
6 13 (2.35%) Apple iOS
6 13 (2.35%) CentOS
7 6 (1.08%) VMS
8 5 (0.90%) Solaris
9 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.36%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.36%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.18%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.18%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.18%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 310 (56.06%) Agile Software Development
2 191 (34.54%) DevOps
3 145 (26.22%) Microservices
4 130 (23.51%) Scrum
5 102 (18.44%) Test Automation
6 91 (16.46%) Software Engineering
7 88 (15.91%) TDD
8 79 (14.29%) Analytics
9 77 (13.92%) Continuous Integration
10 58 (10.49%) Machine Learning
11 54 (9.76%) Problem-Solving
12 53 (9.58%) BDD
13 44 (7.96%) Asset Management
14 43 (7.78%) Computer Science
14 43 (7.78%) Front End Development
14 43 (7.78%) Kanban
15 39 (7.05%) Data Science
15 39 (7.05%) Mentoring
16 37 (6.69%) Artificial Intelligence
17 33 (5.97%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 214 (38.70%) Java
2 204 (36.89%) Python
3 168 (30.38%) JavaScript
4 104 (18.81%) SQL
5 49 (8.86%) C#
6 33 (5.97%) Bash Shell
6 33 (5.97%) C++
7 28 (5.06%) Perl
8 27 (4.88%) Java 8
8 27 (4.88%) R
9 26 (4.70%) Shell Script
10 24 (4.34%) C
11 16 (2.89%) PHP
11 16 (2.89%) Scala
12 15 (2.71%) Ruby
13 13 (2.35%) PowerShell
13 13 (2.35%) VBA
14 11 (1.99%) Kotlin
14 11 (1.99%) TypeScript
15 10 (1.81%) ES6
Qualifications
1 130 (23.51%) Security Cleared
2 100 (18.08%) SC Cleared
3 51 (9.22%) Degree
4 44 (7.96%) DV Cleared
5 22 (3.98%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (1.63%) ISTQB
6 9 (1.63%) Master's Degree
7 8 (1.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 7 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (1.08%) CISSP
10 5 (0.90%) CISM
10 5 (0.90%) ISEB
10 5 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
10 5 (0.90%) PhD
11 4 (0.72%) CRISC
11 4 (0.72%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.54%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.54%) CESG Certified Professional
12 3 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.36%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (8.14%) QA
2 9 (1.63%) GDPR
3 8 (1.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 8 (1.45%) NIST
4 7 (1.27%) WCAG
5 3 (0.54%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.36%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.36%) NCSC
6 2 (0.36%) OASIS TOSCA
6 2 (0.36%) SLA
7 1 (0.18%) FedRAMP
7 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.18%) MiFID
7 1 (0.18%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 133 (24.05%) Docker
2 24 (4.34%) Active Directory
3 13 (2.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (1.27%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.90%) Postfix
5 5 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.54%) KVM
7 2 (0.36%) HDFS
7 2 (0.36%) LXC
7 2 (0.36%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 2 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.36%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.36%) Xen
8 1 (0.18%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.18%) Firmware
8 1 (0.18%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.18%) Kamailio
8 1 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 92 (16.64%) Kubernetes
2 90 (16.27%) Terraform
3 71 (12.84%) Ansible
4 40 (7.23%) Puppet
5 31 (5.61%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (3.44%) Grafana
7 15 (2.71%) Salt
8 13 (2.35%) Kibana
9 7 (1.27%) HP ALM
9 7 (1.27%) HP Fortify
10 6 (1.08%) SCOM
10 6 (1.08%) ZABBIX
11 5 (0.90%) Istio
11 5 (0.90%) Packer
12 4 (0.72%) Prometheus
13 3 (0.54%) Consul
13 3 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
14 2 (0.36%) Cloudify
14 2 (0.36%) PowerCLI
14 2 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 57 (10.31%) Microsoft
2 38 (6.87%) Red Hat
3 36 (6.51%) Oracle
4 33 (5.97%) Google
5 22 (3.98%) IBM
6 19 (3.44%) VMware
7 15 (2.71%) Splunk
8 14 (2.53%) Atlassian
9 11 (1.99%) Databricks
10 10 (1.81%) Micro Focus
11 9 (1.63%) Dynatrace
11 9 (1.63%) ServiceNow
12 7 (1.27%) AppDynamics
12 7 (1.27%) Black Duck
12 7 (1.27%) HP
12 7 (1.27%) Qualys
12 7 (1.27%) Sonatype
13 6 (1.08%) Cisco
13 6 (1.08%) Informatica
13 6 (1.08%) SAP