The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 3 months to 23 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK / England
3 months to
23 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 81 90 152
Rank change year-on-year +9 +62  
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1181 1280 780
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.72% 2.49% 1.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.25% 2.99% 1.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 810 815 560
Median daily rate £500 £480 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.16% +12.94%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £383 £348 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £620 £650 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £438 £400
% change year-on-year +8.57% +9.37%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 5 5
Median hourly rate £44.75 £32.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +37.69% -27.77%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £34.25 £24.50 £32.54
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.80 £41.00 £45.36
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £30.00 £39.90
% change year-on-year +33.33% -24.81%  

Open Source is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 36358 42746 40848
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 83.68% 83.01% 80.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 24052 28650 25799
Median daily rate £450 £443 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.69% +4.73%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £283
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +3.12% +1.26%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 931 960 1207
Median hourly rate £35.00 £32.50 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +12.06%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £12.72 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £48.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £37.50 £31.00
% change year-on-year -4.00% +20.96%  

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Open Source as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 3 months to 23 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 3 months to 23 April 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 3 months to 23 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 644 £539 +7.75% 187
South East -15 153 £475 +13.09% 42
Yorkshire +5 78 £430 -17.30% 33
North West +10 65 £453 - 31
North East +9 61 £450 -2.17% 6
West Midlands +14 54 £470 +17.50% 14
South West +11 52 £410 +13.10% 26
East of England +4 46 £544 +52.09% 23
Midlands +13 9 £525 +5.00%
East Midlands -30 6 £498 -28.92% 4
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1387 (59.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1115 (47.71%) Java
3 848 (36.29%) Linux
4 724 (30.98%) DevOps
5 622 (26.62%) Python
6 586 (25.07%) Jenkins
7 538 (23.02%) Continuous Integration
8 510 (21.82%) Git (software)
9 443 (18.96%) TDD
10 441 (18.87%) Amazon AWS
11 440 (18.83%) JavaScript
12 439 (18.78%) Puppet
13 409 (17.50%) Scrum
14 408 (17.46%) MongoDB
15 404 (17.29%) HTML
16 392 (16.77%) Configuration Management
17 361 (15.45%) CSS
18 360 (15.40%) Ruby
19 358 (15.32%) Spring
20 349 (14.93%) Docker
21 348 (14.89%) Unix
22 344 (14.72%) Security Cleared
23 341 (14.59%) REST
24 334 (14.29%) Microservices
25 330 (14.12%) Web Services
26 326 (13.95%) Scala
27 322 (13.78%) Finance
28 321 (13.74%) SQL
29 303 (12.97%) NoSQL
30 296 (12.67%) Ansible

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 226 (9.67%) Apache
2 205 (8.77%) Confluence
3 163 (6.97%) Tomcat
4 126 (5.39%) Apache Spark
5 125 (5.35%) WebSphere
6 123 (5.26%) nginx
7 114 (4.88%) JBoss
8 93 (3.98%) WebLogic
9 76 (3.25%) Elasticsearch
10 72 (3.08%) Cloud Foundry
11 59 (2.52%) OpenStack
12 47 (2.01%) Apache Pig
13 42 (1.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 36 (1.54%) CMS
15 30 (1.28%) IIS
15 30 (1.28%) SAS
16 27 (1.16%) Apache Solr
17 25 (1.07%) Jetty
18 24 (1.03%) Mule
19 22 (0.94%) GlassFish
Applications
1 57 (2.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (2.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 11 (0.47%) SPSS
4 7 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.13%) HipChat
5 3 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.086%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.043%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.043%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.043%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.043%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.043%) Stata
Business Applications
1 39 (1.67%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 11 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.39%) Adobe Campaign
4 7 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.26%) Fredhopper
6 5 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.17%) Magento
7 4 (0.17%) SAP HCM
8 3 (0.13%) ION MarketView
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.086%) Oracle Applications
10 1 (0.043%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.043%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 441 (18.87%) Amazon AWS
2 198 (8.47%) PaaS
3 169 (7.23%) Microsoft Azure
4 126 (5.39%) SaaS
5 115 (4.92%) IaaS
6 102 (4.36%) GitHub
7 45 (1.93%) Amazon EC2
8 37 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
8 37 (1.58%) Google Cloud Platform
9 31 (1.33%) Trello
10 24 (1.03%) Office 365
11 21 (0.90%) Datadog
11 21 (0.90%) Google Analytics
11 21 (0.90%) Google App Engine
11 21 (0.90%) Slack
12 20 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
13 18 (0.77%) OpenShift
14 12 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
15 11 (0.47%) AWS Lambda
16 10 (0.43%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 264 (11.30%) HTTP
2 200 (8.56%) TCP/IP
3 147 (6.29%) SSL
4 85 (3.64%) DNS
5 74 (3.17%) Internet
6 54 (2.31%) Firewall
7 50 (2.14%) LDAP
8 41 (1.75%) DHCP
9 30 (1.28%) Intrusion Detection
9 30 (1.28%) LAN
9 30 (1.28%) VPN
9 30 (1.28%) WAN
10 29 (1.24%) Kerberos
11 27 (1.16%) FTP
12 24 (1.03%) IPsec
12 24 (1.03%) Network Security
13 21 (0.90%) SSH
14 18 (0.77%) VoIP
15 16 (0.68%) SNMP
16 15 (0.64%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 408 (17.46%) MongoDB
2 303 (12.97%) NoSQL
3 248 (10.61%) PostgreSQL
4 246 (10.53%) Big Data
5 195 (8.34%) Hadoop
5 195 (8.34%) Relational Database
6 192 (8.22%) MySQL
7 130 (5.56%) Apache Cassandra
8 92 (3.94%) SQL Server
9 69 (2.95%) Redis
10 67 (2.87%) Apache Hive
11 53 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
12 46 (1.97%) RDBMS
13 41 (1.75%) HBase
14 34 (1.45%) Oracle Database
15 31 (1.33%) BusinessObjects
16 22 (0.94%) Neo4j
17 20 (0.86%) Impala
18 19 (0.81%) DB2
19 18 (0.77%) Riak
Development Applications
1 586 (25.07%) Jenkins
2 510 (21.82%) Git (software)
3 273 (11.68%) JIRA
4 198 (8.47%) Selenium
5 174 (7.45%) JUnit
6 170 (7.27%) Subversion
7 162 (6.93%) Cucumber
8 122 (5.22%) Maven
9 83 (3.55%) IntelliJ
10 74 (3.17%) Gradle
11 66 (2.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 61 (2.61%) TeamCity
13 57 (2.44%) Sonatype Nexus
14 55 (2.35%) gulp
15 53 (2.27%) Ant
16 52 (2.23%) Travis CI
17 49 (2.10%) GitLab
18 44 (1.88%) WebDriver
19 43 (1.84%) Eclipse
20 42 (1.80%) Hudson
General
1 322 (13.78%) Finance
2 157 (6.72%) Banking
3 70 (3.00%) Marketing
4 59 (2.52%) Telecoms
5 43 (1.84%) Electronics
5 43 (1.84%) Investment Banking
6 42 (1.80%) Manufacturing
6 42 (1.80%) Retail
7 26 (1.11%) Front Office
7 26 (1.11%) Legal
8 21 (0.90%) Games
9 13 (0.56%) Advertising
9 13 (0.56%) Publishing
10 7 (0.30%) Billing
11 6 (0.26%) Financial Institution
12 4 (0.17%) Back Office
12 4 (0.17%) Law
13 3 (0.13%) Automotive
13 3 (0.13%) Corporate Banking
13 3 (0.13%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 826 (35.34%) Developer
2 382 (16.35%) Architect
3 301 (12.88%) Java Developer
4 288 (12.32%) DevOps Engineer
5 139 (5.95%) Analyst
6 136 (5.82%) Scala Developer
7 127 (5.43%) Technical Architect
8 104 (4.45%) Senior Developer
9 89 (3.81%) JavaScript Developer
10 77 (3.29%) Software Engineer
11 72 (3.08%) Linux Engineer
12 69 (2.95%) AWS DevOps
13 65 (2.78%) Business Analyst
14 63 (2.70%) AWS Engineer
15 62 (2.65%) Tester
16 59 (2.52%) Consultant
17 58 (2.48%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 57 (2.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 56 (2.40%) Solutions Architect
20 55 (2.35%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 404 (17.29%) HTML
2 361 (15.45%) CSS
3 358 (15.32%) Spring
4 341 (14.59%) REST
5 330 (14.12%) Web Services
6 287 (12.28%) JSON
7 258 (11.04%) Node.js
8 241 (10.31%) HTML5
9 239 (10.23%) RESTful
10 214 (9.16%) XML
11 208 (8.90%) AngularJS
12 192 (8.22%) .NET
13 177 (7.57%) Play Framework
14 170 (7.27%) CSS3
15 145 (6.20%) J2EE
16 140 (5.99%) SOAP
17 125 (5.35%) Hibernate
18 119 (5.09%) Django
19 105 (4.49%) Ajax
19 105 (4.49%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 154 (6.59%) User Experience
2 153 (6.55%) Analytical Skills
3 129 (5.52%) Greenfield Project
4 90 (3.85%) Computer Science
5 46 (1.97%) Management Information System
6 44 (1.88%) Mobile App
7 39 (1.67%) Algorithms
7 39 (1.67%) Virtual Team
8 37 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
9 29 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
10 23 (0.98%) Data Centre
11 22 (0.94%) Client/Server
11 22 (0.94%) Data Structures
11 22 (0.94%) Public Cloud
11 22 (0.94%) Tandem
12 20 (0.86%) NHS
12 20 (0.86%) Social Media
13 19 (0.81%) RIA
14 17 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 17 (0.73%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 848 (36.29%) Linux
2 348 (14.89%) Unix
3 248 (10.61%) Windows
4 165 (7.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 72 (3.08%) AIX
6 55 (2.35%) CentOS
7 48 (2.05%) Android
7 48 (2.05%) Ubuntu
8 44 (1.88%) Windows Server
9 40 (1.71%) Windows 2000
9 40 (1.71%) Windows XP
10 31 (1.33%) Apple iOS
11 18 (0.77%) Mac OS X
12 17 (0.73%) CoreOS
12 17 (0.73%) Debian
13 14 (0.60%) Solaris
13 14 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
14 13 (0.56%) FreeBSD
15 10 (0.43%) Windows 10
16 9 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1387 (59.35%) Agile Software Development
2 724 (30.98%) DevOps
3 538 (23.02%) Continuous Integration
4 443 (18.96%) TDD
5 409 (17.50%) Scrum
6 392 (16.77%) Configuration Management
7 334 (14.29%) Microservices
8 247 (10.57%) Continuous Delivery
9 221 (9.46%) BDD
10 190 (8.13%) OO
11 187 (8.00%) Software Engineering
12 179 (7.66%) Automated Testing
13 171 (7.32%) High Availability
14 166 (7.10%) Kanban
15 161 (6.89%) Mentoring
16 132 (5.65%) Analytics
17 131 (5.61%) Continuous Improvement
17 131 (5.61%) SOA
18 117 (5.01%) MVC
18 117 (5.01%) Service Design
Programming Languages
1 1115 (47.71%) Java
2 622 (26.62%) Python
3 440 (18.83%) JavaScript
4 360 (15.40%) Ruby
5 326 (13.95%) Scala
6 321 (13.74%) SQL
7 163 (6.97%) Perl
8 151 (6.46%) C#
9 133 (5.69%) Bash Shell
10 99 (4.24%) PHP
11 96 (4.11%) Groovy
12 93 (3.98%) C
13 85 (3.64%) Shell Script
14 80 (3.42%) Go
15 62 (2.65%) R
16 60 (2.57%) PowerShell
17 53 (2.27%) C++
18 19 (0.81%) Haskell
19 16 (0.68%) TypeScript
20 13 (0.56%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 344 (14.72%) Security Cleared
2 256 (10.95%) SC Cleared
3 160 (6.85%) Degree
4 47 (2.01%) BPSS Clearance
5 34 (1.45%) DV Cleared
6 25 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 22 (0.94%) CISSP
8 18 (0.77%) ISEB
9 15 (0.64%) CESG Certified Professional
9 15 (0.64%) PhD
10 12 (0.51%) SANS
11 10 (0.43%) SSCP
12 9 (0.39%) OCPJP
13 8 (0.34%) Sun Certification
14 7 (0.30%) RHCE
15 6 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
15 6 (0.26%) RHCA
16 5 (0.21%) CISA
16 5 (0.21%) CISM
16 5 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 176 (7.53%) QA
2 45 (1.93%) Disclosure Scotland
3 36 (1.54%) SLA
4 12 (0.51%) Data Quality
5 9 (0.39%) SDET
6 8 (0.34%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.21%) RMADS
8 4 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.17%) WCAG
9 3 (0.13%) FedRAMP
10 2 (0.086%) GCP
10 2 (0.086%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.043%) HL7
11 1 (0.043%) MiFID
System Software
1 349 (14.93%) Docker
2 81 (3.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 62 (2.65%) Active Directory
4 31 (1.33%) Xen
5 28 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
6 27 (1.16%) HDFS
7 18 (0.77%) Snort
8 14 (0.60%) Apache Flume
8 14 (0.60%) vCloud
9 11 (0.47%) Samba
10 10 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.43%) vSphere
11 9 (0.39%) Hyper-V
11 9 (0.39%) KVM
11 9 (0.39%) NFS
12 8 (0.34%) XenServer
13 7 (0.30%) Squid
14 6 (0.26%) Ceph
14 6 (0.26%) VMware ESX
15 5 (0.21%) etcd
Systems Management
1 439 (18.78%) Puppet
2 296 (12.67%) Ansible
3 257 (11.00%) Opscode Chef
4 95 (4.07%) Kubernetes
5 72 (3.08%) Terraform
6 66 (2.82%) Salt
7 65 (2.78%) Kibana
8 59 (2.52%) logstash
9 48 (2.05%) Nagios
10 39 (1.67%) Hadoop YARN
11 37 (1.58%) Grafana
12 34 (1.45%) Graphite
13 24 (1.03%) Dollar Universe
14 17 (0.73%) Mesos
15 16 (0.68%) Consul
16 14 (0.60%) Oracle ZFS
17 12 (0.51%) HAProxy
17 12 (0.51%) QRadar
17 12 (0.51%) SELinux
18 11 (0.47%) SmokePing
Vendors
1 244 (10.44%) Oracle
2 169 (7.23%) Microsoft
3 167 (7.15%) Google
4 139 (5.95%) Red Hat
5 125 (5.35%) VMware
6 92 (3.94%) IBM
7 60 (2.57%) Atlassian
8 54 (2.31%) Splunk
9 52 (2.23%) SAP
10 40 (1.71%) TIBCO
11 29 (1.24%) HP
12 28 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
13 27 (1.16%) Adobe
14 26 (1.11%) Cloudera
14 26 (1.11%) Hortonworks
15 25 (1.07%) SaltStack
16 23 (0.98%) hybris
17 22 (0.94%) Citrix
18 21 (0.90%) WSO2
19 20 (0.86%) Talend
Leeds, West Yorkshire
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West Midlands
Pearson Frank
Rate: £200 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Reed Professional Services
Rate: £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Telford, Shropshire
Experis Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Montash
Rate: £500 - £600 per day + negotiable
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 2 days ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Talent International
Rate: £500 - £550 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £440.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Coventry
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £400 to £460 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Shipley, West Yorkshire
Experis Ltd
Posted: 5 days ago
Cambridge
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Wenham Carter
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day TBC
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Sopra Steria Recruitment Limited
Rate: Competitive Day Rate
Posted: 5 days ago
Central London / West End
Sopra Steria Recruitment
Rate: Competitive Day Rate
Posted: 5 days ago
Telford, Shropshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £480.00 - £520.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Southend-On-Sea, Essex
Experis Ltd
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £350 - £550 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
London
People Source Consulting
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 - £500 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £600 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
IQ Public Sector
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
LA International
Rate: £500 - £635 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Southampton, Hampshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £620 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Cambridgeshire
The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
Rate: £38989 - £49602 per annum + excellent benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Worthing, West Sussex
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £465 - £511.50 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Venturi
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 5 days ago