Period
to 15 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 15 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 94 95 84
Rank change year-on-year +1 -11 +40
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,542 2,438 2,708
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.67% 2.57% 2.83%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.07% 2.98% 3.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,667 1,832 1,930
England median daily rate £525 £503 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.48% +4.69% +3.78%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £330
90th Percentile £700 £656 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £503 £475
% change year-on-year +4.48% +5.79% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 13 16
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -22.22% +9.09%
10th Percentile £32.50 £13.21 £33.75
90th Percentile £51.35 £49.90 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year - -20.45% +6.67%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 82,736 81,728 81,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.81% 86.04% 85.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,506 55,080 54,357
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £300 £283 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,073 1,882 2,264
England median hourly rate £22.20 £25.00 £23.10
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.22% +8.25% +4.98%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.35 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.70 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £22.47 £24.02 £22.67
% change year-on-year -6.47% +5.97% +3.03%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,455 £550 +1.38% 337
South East +33 405 £500 +5.26% 103
North of England -43 296 £525 +10.53% 93
Midlands +30 194 £488 +3.72% 34
West Midlands +8 145 £450 -5.26% 25
North West -16 124 £650 +18.18% 65
Yorkshire -54 105 £500 - 22
East of England +18 95 £525 +2.54% 56
South West -29 92 £475 -2.56% 63
North East -14 76 £488 +8.33% 6
East Midlands +12 45 £500 +11.11% 9
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,508 (59.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,182 (46.50%) Java
3 886 (34.85%) DevOps
4 847 (33.32%) Jenkins
5 797 (31.35%) Linux
6 785 (30.88%) Python
7 750 (29.50%) Amazon AWS
8 631 (24.82%) Test Automation
9 624 (24.55%) Docker
10 615 (24.19%) Git (software)
11 612 (24.08%) Continuous Integration
12 594 (23.37%) JavaScript
13 523 (20.57%) Scrum
14 485 (19.08%) TDD
15 472 (18.57%) Puppet
16 467 (18.37%) Microservices
17 449 (17.66%) SQL
18 427 (16.80%) Spring
19 422 (16.60%) Ansible
20 411 (16.17%) Configuration Management
21 402 (15.81%) Web Services
22 370 (14.56%) Security Cleared
23 352 (13.85%) RESTful
24 346 (13.61%) Microsoft Azure
24 346 (13.61%) JIRA
25 342 (13.45%) NoSQL
25 342 (13.45%) REST
26 339 (13.34%) Kubernetes
27 334 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
28 332 (13.06%) Node.js

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 236 (9.28%) Confluence
2 189 (7.44%) Apache
3 173 (6.81%) nginx
4 168 (6.61%) Apache Spark
5 155 (6.10%) Elasticsearch
6 151 (5.94%) Tomcat
7 72 (2.83%) Cloud Foundry
8 65 (2.56%) CMS
9 62 (2.44%) JBoss
10 54 (2.12%) WebSphere
11 53 (2.08%) OpenStack
12 49 (1.93%) Jetty
12 49 (1.93%) WebLogic
13 43 (1.69%) IIS
14 40 (1.57%) Mongrel
15 38 (1.49%) Apache Solr
16 21 (0.83%) Documentum
17 18 (0.71%) SharePoint
17 18 (0.71%) WordPress
18 15 (0.59%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 27 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.20%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.12%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.079%) HipChat
5 2 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.079%) Snapchat
6 1 (0.039%) InVision
6 1 (0.039%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.16%) Magento
2 4 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.12%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.079%) CiviCRM
4 2 (0.079%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.039%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.039%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.039%) Exstream
5 1 (0.039%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
Cloud Services
1 750 (29.50%) Amazon AWS
2 346 (13.61%) Microsoft Azure
3 174 (6.85%) GitHub
4 166 (6.53%) Amazon EC2
5 148 (5.82%) PaaS
6 122 (4.80%) SaaS
7 114 (4.48%) Google Cloud Platform
8 99 (3.89%) npm
9 85 (3.34%) Amazon S3
9 85 (3.34%) IaaS
10 67 (2.64%) AWS CloudFormation
11 65 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
12 61 (2.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 51 (2.01%) Google Analytics
14 50 (1.97%) Amazon EMR
15 49 (1.93%) Serverless
16 45 (1.77%) Google App Engine
17 41 (1.61%) AWS Lambda
18 33 (1.30%) Amazon Glacier
19 30 (1.18%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 284 (11.17%) HTTP
2 200 (7.87%) TCP/IP
3 144 (5.66%) SSL
4 128 (5.04%) DNS
5 79 (3.11%) Firewall
6 76 (2.99%) DHCP
7 63 (2.48%) FTP
7 63 (2.48%) IPsec
8 61 (2.40%) VPN
9 50 (1.97%) Internet
10 25 (0.98%) ICMP
11 24 (0.94%) HTTPS
12 21 (0.83%) SSH
13 18 (0.71%) AMQP
13 18 (0.71%) LAN
14 17 (0.67%) VoIP
15 15 (0.59%) Kerberos
15 15 (0.59%) WAN
16 13 (0.51%) SAN
16 13 (0.51%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 342 (13.45%) NoSQL
2 275 (10.82%) Relational Database
3 267 (10.50%) MongoDB
4 243 (9.56%) Big Data
5 225 (8.85%) MySQL
6 196 (7.71%) PostgreSQL
7 194 (7.63%) Hadoop
8 176 (6.92%) SQL Server
9 124 (4.88%) Apache Cassandra
10 99 (3.89%) RDBMS
11 98 (3.86%) Redis
12 80 (3.15%) Apache Hive
13 52 (2.05%) Data Warehouse
14 49 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
15 42 (1.65%) HBase
16 41 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
17 35 (1.38%) Amazon Aurora
18 30 (1.18%) Flink
18 30 (1.18%) Neo4j
18 30 (1.18%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 847 (33.32%) Jenkins
2 615 (24.19%) Git (software)
3 346 (13.61%) JIRA
4 272 (10.70%) Maven
5 236 (9.28%) JUnit
6 229 (9.01%) Selenium
7 197 (7.75%) Cucumber
8 144 (5.66%) Subversion
9 133 (5.23%) gulp
10 129 (5.07%) Gradle
11 126 (4.96%) Travis CI
12 114 (4.48%) GitLab
13 107 (4.21%) SonarQube
14 93 (3.66%) Gatling
15 87 (3.42%) Sonatype Nexus
16 80 (3.15%) Karma Test Runner
17 75 (2.95%) Hudson
18 72 (2.83%) IntelliJ
19 61 (2.40%) Mockito
19 61 (2.40%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 297 (11.68%) Finance
2 191 (7.51%) Banking
3 81 (3.19%) Retail
4 60 (2.36%) Legal
5 52 (2.05%) Marketing
6 51 (2.01%) Front Office
7 45 (1.77%) Telecoms
8 38 (1.49%) Investment Banking
9 31 (1.22%) Manufacturing
10 30 (1.18%) Electronics
11 27 (1.06%) Publishing
12 25 (0.98%) Games
13 19 (0.75%) Advertising
14 14 (0.55%) Back Office
14 14 (0.55%) Financial Institution
15 11 (0.43%) Law
15 11 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
16 10 (0.39%) Retail Banking
17 7 (0.28%) Automotive
18 4 (0.16%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 965 (37.96%) Developer
2 399 (15.70%) DevOps Engineer
3 367 (14.44%) Java Developer
4 254 (9.99%) Architect
5 121 (4.76%) Scala Developer
6 114 (4.48%) AWS Engineer
7 113 (4.45%) Tester
8 98 (3.86%) Analyst
9 87 (3.42%) Python Developer
10 86 (3.38%) Senior Developer
11 84 (3.30%) AWS DevOps
12 77 (3.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 77 (3.03%) Data Engineer
13 75 (2.95%) Software Engineer
14 71 (2.79%) Automation Tester
15 70 (2.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 67 (2.64%) Cloud Engineer
17 65 (2.56%) Agile Developer
18 62 (2.44%) Java Engineer
19 59 (2.32%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 427 (16.80%) Spring
2 402 (15.81%) Web Services
3 352 (13.85%) RESTful
4 342 (13.45%) REST
5 332 (13.06%) Node.js
6 296 (11.64%) HTML
7 290 (11.41%) CSS
8 266 (10.46%) AngularJS
9 233 (9.17%) JSON
10 194 (7.63%) HTML5
11 189 (7.44%) .NET
12 180 (7.08%) SOAP
13 176 (6.92%) Spring Boot
14 171 (6.73%) Kafka
15 163 (6.41%) React
16 161 (6.33%) J2EE
17 140 (5.51%) XML
18 135 (5.31%) Play Framework
19 132 (5.19%) Hibernate
20 120 (4.72%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 188 (7.40%) Analytical Skills
2 134 (5.27%) Greenfield Project
3 106 (4.17%) User Experience
4 72 (2.83%) Management Information System
5 69 (2.71%) Data Centre
5 69 (2.71%) Mobile App
5 69 (2.71%) Public Cloud
6 60 (2.36%) Algorithms
7 50 (1.97%) Fintech
8 49 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
9 45 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
10 43 (1.69%) Fixed Income
11 34 (1.34%) Blog
11 34 (1.34%) Cloud Native
12 33 (1.30%) Data Structures
13 30 (1.18%) NHS
14 28 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
15 21 (0.83%) Private Cloud
16 20 (0.79%) Wiki
17 19 (0.75%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 797 (31.35%) Linux
2 236 (9.28%) Unix
3 234 (9.21%) Windows
4 107 (4.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 89 (3.50%) Ubuntu
6 78 (3.07%) CentOS
7 63 (2.48%) Android
8 44 (1.73%) Windows Server
9 40 (1.57%) Apple iOS
10 22 (0.87%) Mac OS X
11 21 (0.83%) VMS
12 14 (0.55%) Kali Linux
12 14 (0.55%) Windows 8
13 13 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
13 13 (0.51%) Windows 7
14 12 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.31%) CoreOS
15 8 (0.31%) Mac OS
15 8 (0.31%) Windows 10
15 8 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,508 (59.32%) Agile Software Development
2 886 (34.85%) DevOps
3 631 (24.82%) Test Automation
4 612 (24.08%) Continuous Integration
5 523 (20.57%) Scrum
6 485 (19.08%) TDD
7 467 (18.37%) Microservices
8 411 (16.17%) Configuration Management
9 334 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
10 315 (12.39%) BDD
11 277 (10.90%) Continuous Delivery
12 256 (10.07%) Analytics
13 252 (9.91%) Kanban
14 230 (9.05%) Software Engineering
15 224 (8.81%) OO
16 185 (7.28%) Mentoring
17 166 (6.53%) MVC
18 148 (5.82%) Continuous Improvement
19 135 (5.31%) Migration
20 133 (5.23%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,182 (46.50%) Java
2 785 (30.88%) Python
3 594 (23.37%) JavaScript
4 449 (17.66%) SQL
5 301 (11.84%) Scala
6 283 (11.13%) Ruby
7 225 (8.85%) C#
8 191 (7.51%) Groovy
9 164 (6.45%) Bash Shell
10 150 (5.90%) Perl
11 141 (5.55%) Java 8
12 134 (5.27%) Shell Script
13 89 (3.50%) PHP
14 78 (3.07%) ES6
15 72 (2.83%) C++
16 62 (2.44%) C
17 61 (2.40%) R
18 55 (2.16%) Go
19 53 (2.08%) Haskell
20 46 (1.81%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 370 (14.56%) Security Cleared
2 291 (11.45%) SC Cleared
3 165 (6.49%) Degree
4 101 (3.97%) BPSS Clearance
5 62 (2.44%) Computer Science Degree
6 40 (1.57%) ISTQB
7 33 (1.30%) ISEB
8 22 (0.87%) Master's Degree
9 19 (0.75%) DV Cleared
10 14 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 14 (0.55%) OSCE
11 13 (0.51%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.43%) CISSP
13 9 (0.35%) CTC Cleared
13 9 (0.35%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 9 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
14 8 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
14 8 (0.31%) SANS
15 7 (0.28%) BC Cleared
16 6 (0.24%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (7.51%) QA
2 22 (0.87%) GDPR
3 19 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 16 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.31%) FedRAMP
5 8 (0.31%) PMO
6 5 (0.20%) ISO 9001
7 4 (0.16%) Government Security Classifications
7 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.16%) PSD2
7 4 (0.16%) WCAG
8 2 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.079%) OASIS TOSCA
9 1 (0.039%) BS25999
9 1 (0.039%) FISMA
9 1 (0.039%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.039%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.039%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.039%) JTAG
System Software
1 624 (24.55%) Docker
2 139 (5.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 96 (3.78%) Virtual Machines
4 47 (1.85%) Active Directory
5 45 (1.77%) vSphere
5 45 (1.77%) Xen
6 35 (1.38%) HDFS
7 20 (0.79%) Apache Flume
8 13 (0.51%) KVM
9 12 (0.47%) Virtual Servers
10 11 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.43%) Hyper-V
11 10 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
11 10 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
12 9 (0.35%) etcd
12 9 (0.35%) VirtualBox
13 8 (0.31%) flannel
14 4 (0.16%) SkyDNS
14 4 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
15 3 (0.12%) NFS
Systems Management
1 472 (18.57%) Puppet
2 422 (16.60%) Ansible
3 339 (13.34%) Kubernetes
4 316 (12.43%) Opscode Chef
5 253 (9.95%) Terraform
6 100 (3.93%) Kibana
7 79 (3.11%) Grafana
8 57 (2.24%) ZABBIX
9 37 (1.46%) logstash
10 34 (1.34%) Prometheus
11 26 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
12 23 (0.90%) Packer
13 22 (0.87%) Consul
14 20 (0.79%) Nessus
15 19 (0.75%) Oozie
16 18 (0.71%) Nagios
17 17 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
17 17 (0.67%) Nmap
18 16 (0.63%) Salt
18 16 (0.63%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 248 (9.76%) Google
2 246 (9.68%) Microsoft
3 177 (6.96%) Oracle
4 151 (5.94%) VMware
5 130 (5.11%) Red Hat
6 98 (3.86%) Splunk
7 51 (2.01%) SAP
8 38 (1.49%) Adobe
9 36 (1.42%) Atlassian
9 36 (1.42%) Black Duck
10 35 (1.38%) IBM
11 34 (1.34%) webMethods
12 29 (1.14%) Cloudera
13 24 (0.94%) Tableau
14 23 (0.90%) Databricks
14 23 (0.90%) SaltStack
15 22 (0.87%) Cisco
15 22 (0.87%) MuleSoft
15 22 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
16 21 (0.83%) Pega