Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 90 81 119
Rank change year-on-year -9 +38 +9
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,372 2,598 1,975
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.57% 2.89% 2.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.04% 3.44% 2.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,800 1,882 1,491
England median daily rate £503 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.79% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £363 £328 £319
90th Percentile £660 £630 £650
UK median daily rate £503 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.79% +2.70% +10.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 24 8
England median hourly rate £43.50 £45.00 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.33% -4.26% +10.59%
10th Percentile £13.26 £35.38 £32.64
90th Percentile £49.85 £52.13 £72.50
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £45.00 £47.00
% change year-on-year -3.33% -4.26% -33.80%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,092 75,472 81,223
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.58% 84.10% 82.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,823 50,375 53,433
England median daily rate £450 £433 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.05% +1.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £293 £269 £263
90th Percentile £638 £614 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,787 2,042 2,478
England median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +8.70% +15.00%
10th Percentile £11.43 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £48.88
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £24.43 £23.43
% change year-on-year -2.78% +4.29% +17.13%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 1,416 £550 +10.00% 456
North of England -11 373 £463 +3.93% 98
South East -18 297 £475 +5.56% 139
Yorkshire +6 150 £495 +4.21% 29
North West -16 138 £550 +29.41% 57
Midlands -25 119 £460 -3.16% 50
North East -3 101 £438 +9.38% 12
South West 0 99 £500 +15.74% 43
West Midlands -7 90 £465 -2.11% 28
East of England -44 70 £513 +22.02% 48
East Midlands -13 30 £450 +2.86% 22
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,424 (60.03%) Agile Software Development
2 1,122 (47.30%) Java
3 798 (33.64%) DevOps
4 711 (29.97%) Linux
5 633 (26.69%) Python
6 617 (26.01%) TDD
7 596 (25.13%) Amazon AWS
8 581 (24.49%) Jenkins
9 546 (23.02%) Scrum
10 531 (22.39%) Continuous Integration
11 501 (21.12%) JavaScript
12 492 (20.74%) Git (software)
13 460 (19.39%) Test Automation
14 438 (18.47%) Microservices
14 438 (18.47%) Docker
15 396 (16.69%) Finance
16 381 (16.06%) Puppet
17 380 (16.02%) BDD
18 361 (15.22%) Web Services
19 347 (14.63%) HTML
20 342 (14.42%) Scala
21 325 (13.70%) REST
22 324 (13.66%) Ansible
23 322 (13.58%) SQL
24 320 (13.49%) Node.js
24 320 (13.49%) MongoDB
25 318 (13.41%) Ruby
26 313 (13.20%) Spring
27 312 (13.15%) Configuration Management
28 311 (13.11%) JIRA

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 236 (9.95%) Confluence
2 171 (7.21%) Apache Spark
3 150 (6.32%) Apache
4 115 (4.85%) Tomcat
5 113 (4.76%) Elasticsearch
6 96 (4.05%) nginx
7 77 (3.25%) JBoss
8 65 (2.74%) OpenStack
9 51 (2.15%) Cloud Foundry
10 46 (1.94%) WebLogic
11 37 (1.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 32 (1.35%) WebSphere
13 28 (1.18%) Apache Pig
14 25 (1.05%) IIS
15 24 (1.01%) Apache Solr
15 24 (1.01%) Jetty
16 18 (0.76%) SAS
17 17 (0.72%) Drupal
18 16 (0.67%) CMS
19 14 (0.59%) WildFly
Applications
1 13 (0.55%) Chatbot
2 12 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.46%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.38%) SPSS
5 6 (0.25%) HipChat
5 6 (0.25%) InVision
6 4 (0.17%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.042%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.042%) ProjectWise
8 1 (0.042%) Stata
Business Applications
1 19 (0.80%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 17 (0.72%) Magento
3 9 (0.38%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
6 3 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.13%) Summit
7 2 (0.084%) MetaTrader
7 2 (0.084%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.084%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
8 1 (0.042%) Global One
8 1 (0.042%) Odoo
8 1 (0.042%) OpenText Process Suite
Cloud Services
1 596 (25.13%) Amazon AWS
2 181 (7.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 146 (6.16%) PaaS
4 113 (4.76%) GitHub
5 80 (3.37%) IaaS
6 76 (3.20%) Amazon EC2
7 73 (3.08%) SaaS
8 62 (2.61%) npm
9 58 (2.45%) AWS CloudFormation
10 56 (2.36%) Slack
11 47 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
11 47 (1.98%) Google Cloud Platform
12 42 (1.77%) Serverless
13 39 (1.64%) Amazon S3
14 35 (1.48%) Bluemix
14 35 (1.48%) IBM Cloud
15 34 (1.43%) AWS Lambda
16 25 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 22 (0.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 20 (0.84%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 145 (6.11%) HTTP
2 121 (5.10%) TCP/IP
3 114 (4.81%) Firewall
4 106 (4.47%) DNS
5 91 (3.84%) SSL
6 79 (3.33%) Internet
7 62 (2.61%) DHCP
8 40 (1.69%) SAN
9 39 (1.64%) WAN
10 37 (1.56%) LAN
11 31 (1.31%) FTP
12 29 (1.22%) Network Security
12 29 (1.22%) VPN
13 25 (1.05%) SMS
14 21 (0.89%) IPsec
15 20 (0.84%) Intranet
16 18 (0.76%) LDAP
16 18 (0.76%) VoIP
17 16 (0.67%) Intrusion Detection
18 15 (0.63%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 320 (13.49%) MongoDB
2 268 (11.30%) PostgreSQL
3 267 (11.26%) MySQL
4 265 (11.17%) NoSQL
5 237 (9.99%) Big Data
6 214 (9.02%) Hadoop
7 182 (7.67%) Relational Database
8 114 (4.81%) Apache Cassandra
9 103 (4.34%) Apache Hive
10 92 (3.88%) SQL Server
11 78 (3.29%) RDBMS
12 65 (2.74%) Redis
13 60 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
13 60 (2.53%) Oracle Database
14 40 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 40 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
15 37 (1.56%) Sqoop
16 35 (1.48%) HBase
17 32 (1.35%) Data Mining
18 30 (1.26%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 581 (24.49%) Jenkins
2 492 (20.74%) Git (software)
3 311 (13.11%) JIRA
4 231 (9.74%) Cucumber
5 189 (7.97%) Selenium
6 152 (6.41%) JUnit
7 136 (5.73%) Maven
8 117 (4.93%) Subversion
9 94 (3.96%) TeamCity
10 84 (3.54%) WebDriver
11 76 (3.20%) gulp
12 68 (2.87%) Jasmine
13 66 (2.78%) IntelliJ
14 63 (2.66%) Artifactory
15 62 (2.61%) webpack
16 58 (2.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 51 (2.15%) Mockito
17 51 (2.15%) Sonatype Nexus
18 50 (2.11%) Gradle
19 47 (1.98%) Travis CI
General
1 396 (16.69%) Finance
2 234 (9.87%) Banking
3 83 (3.50%) Retail
4 79 (3.33%) Telecoms
5 76 (3.20%) Marketing
6 72 (3.04%) Investment Banking
7 47 (1.98%) Games
8 41 (1.73%) Electronics
9 40 (1.69%) Manufacturing
10 33 (1.39%) Front Office
11 24 (1.01%) Retail Banking
12 22 (0.93%) Back Office
13 17 (0.72%) Publishing
14 15 (0.63%) Legal
15 10 (0.42%) Billing
16 9 (0.38%) Advertising
17 7 (0.30%) Financial Institution
18 6 (0.25%) Law
19 5 (0.21%) Corporate Banking
19 5 (0.21%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 825 (34.78%) Developer
2 335 (14.12%) Java Developer
3 323 (13.62%) Architect
4 307 (12.94%) DevOps Engineer
5 162 (6.83%) Analyst
6 141 (5.94%) Scala Developer
7 103 (4.34%) AWS Engineer
8 102 (4.30%) Technical Architect
9 91 (3.84%) JavaScript Developer
10 88 (3.71%) AWS DevOps
10 88 (3.71%) Senior Developer
11 86 (3.63%) Software Engineer
12 77 (3.25%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 76 (3.20%) Consultant
14 75 (3.16%) Linux Engineer
15 74 (3.12%) Agile Developer
16 73 (3.08%) Business Analyst
17 67 (2.82%) Solutions Architect
18 64 (2.70%) Data Engineer
18 64 (2.70%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 361 (15.22%) Web Services
2 347 (14.63%) HTML
3 325 (13.70%) REST
4 320 (13.49%) Node.js
5 313 (13.20%) Spring
6 300 (12.65%) CSS
7 269 (11.34%) RESTful
8 242 (10.20%) AngularJS
9 217 (9.15%) JSON
10 214 (9.02%) HTML5
11 188 (7.93%) React
12 163 (6.87%) Kafka
13 151 (6.37%) .NET
14 141 (5.94%) XML
15 133 (5.61%) CSS3
16 124 (5.23%) Hibernate
17 116 (4.89%) Play Framework
18 105 (4.43%) SOAP
19 93 (3.92%) J2EE
20 86 (3.63%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 168 (7.08%) Analytical Skills
2 151 (6.37%) User Experience
3 99 (4.17%) Computer Science
4 88 (3.71%) Greenfield Project
4 88 (3.71%) Management Information System
5 84 (3.54%) Mobile App
6 69 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
7 60 (2.53%) Fintech
8 56 (2.36%) Data Centre
9 50 (2.11%) Public Cloud
10 41 (1.73%) Virtual Team
11 40 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 38 (1.60%) Algorithms
13 36 (1.52%) Fixed Income
14 31 (1.31%) Data Structures
15 24 (1.01%) Clustering
16 22 (0.93%) N-Tier
16 22 (0.93%) Online Banking
16 22 (0.93%) Replication
17 20 (0.84%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 711 (29.97%) Linux
2 224 (9.44%) Unix
3 187 (7.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 186 (7.84%) Windows
5 84 (3.54%) Windows Server
6 59 (2.49%) CentOS
7 55 (2.32%) Android
8 46 (1.94%) Ubuntu
9 44 (1.85%) Apple iOS
10 33 (1.39%) Windows Server 2003
10 33 (1.39%) Windows Server 2012
11 32 (1.35%) Mac OS X
12 31 (1.31%) Solaris
13 22 (0.93%) AIX
14 15 (0.63%) VMS
15 14 (0.59%) CoreOS
16 12 (0.51%) HPUX
17 11 (0.46%) MVS
17 11 (0.46%) Windows 2000 Server
18 10 (0.42%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,424 (60.03%) Agile Software Development
2 798 (33.64%) DevOps
3 617 (26.01%) TDD
4 546 (23.02%) Scrum
5 531 (22.39%) Continuous Integration
6 460 (19.39%) Test Automation
7 438 (18.47%) Microservices
8 380 (16.02%) BDD
9 312 (13.15%) Configuration Management
10 273 (11.51%) Continuous Delivery
11 260 (10.96%) Software Engineering
12 213 (8.98%) Mentoring
13 206 (8.68%) Kanban
14 196 (8.26%) User Stories
15 149 (6.28%) High Availability
16 148 (6.24%) Analytics
17 144 (6.07%) SDLC
18 139 (5.86%) OO
19 121 (5.10%) Coaching
20 118 (4.97%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,122 (47.30%) Java
2 633 (26.69%) Python
3 501 (21.12%) JavaScript
4 342 (14.42%) Scala
5 322 (13.58%) SQL
6 318 (13.41%) Ruby
7 187 (7.88%) C#
8 145 (6.11%) Bash Shell
9 121 (5.10%) Shell Script
10 111 (4.68%) Perl
11 101 (4.26%) Groovy
12 99 (4.17%) PowerShell
13 95 (4.01%) PHP
14 65 (2.74%) C
15 61 (2.57%) C++
16 59 (2.49%) ES6
17 55 (2.32%) Go
18 49 (2.07%) R
19 33 (1.39%) ES7
20 29 (1.22%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 272 (11.47%) Security Cleared
2 192 (8.09%) SC Cleared
3 177 (7.46%) Degree
4 58 (2.45%) Computer Science Degree
5 42 (1.77%) BPSS Clearance
6 28 (1.18%) CISSP
7 23 (0.97%) DV Cleared
8 21 (0.89%) Cisco Certification
9 15 (0.63%) CCNP
10 14 (0.59%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.55%) ISEB
11 13 (0.55%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 12 (0.51%) AWS Certification
12 12 (0.51%) CISM
12 12 (0.51%) RHCE
13 10 (0.42%) CCIE
13 10 (0.42%) ISTQB
14 9 (0.38%) CCDP
14 9 (0.38%) Chartered Engineer
14 9 (0.38%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 201 (8.47%) QA
2 21 (0.89%) Disclosure Scotland
3 18 (0.76%) Data Quality
4 17 (0.72%) GDPR
5 9 (0.38%) CESG Infosec
5 9 (0.38%) HL7
5 9 (0.38%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 9 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.38%) SLA
6 8 (0.34%) GCP
7 3 (0.13%) PMO
7 3 (0.13%) PSD2
7 3 (0.13%) WCAG
8 1 (0.042%) Government Security Classifications
System Software
1 438 (18.47%) Docker
2 60 (2.53%) HDFS
3 58 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 57 (2.40%) Apache Flume
5 37 (1.56%) Hyper-V
6 35 (1.48%) Virtual Machines
7 33 (1.39%) Active Directory
8 31 (1.31%) VMware ESXi
9 21 (0.89%) Samba
10 13 (0.55%) Xen
11 12 (0.51%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 11 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 11 (0.46%) Job Entry Subsystem
13 10 (0.42%) iptables
13 10 (0.42%) NFS
13 10 (0.42%) RACF
13 10 (0.42%) vSphere
14 7 (0.30%) Firmware
14 7 (0.30%) KVM
14 7 (0.30%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 381 (16.06%) Puppet
2 324 (13.66%) Ansible
3 236 (9.95%) Opscode Chef
4 149 (6.28%) Kubernetes
5 123 (5.19%) Terraform
6 65 (2.74%) Kibana
7 57 (2.40%) Ambari
8 55 (2.32%) Grafana
9 53 (2.23%) Oozie
10 49 (2.07%) logstash
11 43 (1.81%) Hadoop YARN
12 39 (1.64%) Nagios
13 32 (1.35%) Salt
14 31 (1.31%) ZABBIX
15 25 (1.05%) HAProxy
15 25 (1.05%) WMI
16 24 (1.01%) Mesos
17 15 (0.63%) SCCM
18 13 (0.55%) Packer
18 13 (0.55%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 193 (8.14%) Oracle
2 151 (6.37%) Microsoft
3 142 (5.99%) Red Hat
4 134 (5.65%) Google
5 104 (4.38%) VMware
6 97 (4.09%) Splunk
7 78 (3.29%) IBM
8 69 (2.91%) Cisco
9 55 (2.32%) Tableau
10 50 (2.11%) SAP
11 49 (2.07%) Atlassian
12 43 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
13 42 (1.77%) SaltStack
14 37 (1.56%) Citrix
15 34 (1.43%) HP
16 31 (1.31%) SolarWinds
17 28 (1.18%) EMC
17 28 (1.18%) ServiceNow
18 27 (1.14%) Twitter
19 21 (0.89%) Adobe