Period
to 13 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 13 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
13 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 139 95 98
Rank change year-on-year -44 +3 -12
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1,396 2,542 2,435
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.92% 2.64% 2.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.23% 3.03% 2.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 936 1,670 1,829
England median daily rate £550 £525 £503
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +4.48% +4.69%
10th Percentile £394 £375 £363
90th Percentile £713 £700 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £503
% change year-on-year +4.76% +4.48% +5.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 8 13
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,510 83,768 82,133
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.93% 87.12% 86.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 41,320 56,171 55,281
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £294 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £465 £450
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,961 2,094 1,899
England median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.82% -12.00% +8.70%
10th Percentile £11.90 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.00 £50.25 £49.80
UK median hourly rate £23.56 £22.20 £24.00
% change year-on-year +6.16% -7.52% +6.67%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 13 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -25 805 £573 +4.09% 236
North of England +4 227 £515 -1.90% 50
South East -81 149 £463 -7.50% 66
Yorkshire +27 99 £515 +3.00% 19
Midlands -26 86 £498 +2.05% 38
South West -5 77 £550 +17.65% 36
West Midlands -8 76 £498 +10.56% 31
North West -28 72 £550 -15.38% 27
North East +9 58 £499 +2.31% 4
East of England -9 49 £438 -16.67% 19
East Midlands -4 12 £650 +30.00% 7
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 13 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 774 (55.44%) Agile Software Development
2 611 (43.77%) Java
3 492 (35.24%) AWS
4 489 (35.03%) DevOps
5 447 (32.02%) Python
6 411 (29.44%) JavaScript
7 396 (28.37%) Linux
8 379 (27.15%) Git (software)
9 378 (27.08%) Jenkins
10 333 (23.85%) Continuous Integration
11 306 (21.92%) Security Cleared
12 298 (21.35%) Microservices
13 294 (21.06%) Docker
14 288 (20.63%) Azure
15 273 (19.56%) Web Services
16 271 (19.41%) TDD
17 264 (18.91%) Test Automation
18 240 (17.19%) AngularJS
19 230 (16.48%) Spring
20 228 (16.33%) SQL
21 223 (15.97%) Ansible
22 218 (15.62%) Scrum
23 217 (15.54%) SC Cleared
24 214 (15.33%) Node.js
25 200 (14.33%) Configuration Management
26 198 (14.18%) Kubernetes
27 196 (14.04%) CSS
28 192 (13.75%) HTML
29 183 (13.11%) Software Engineering
30 174 (12.46%) Ruby

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (6.52%) Confluence
2 78 (5.59%) Apache
3 73 (5.23%) Apache Spark
4 66 (4.73%) Tomcat
5 59 (4.23%) nginx
6 45 (3.22%) Elasticsearch
7 41 (2.94%) IIS
8 34 (2.44%) Drupal
9 29 (2.08%) WebSphere
10 28 (2.01%) Jetty
11 25 (1.79%) WebLogic
12 24 (1.72%) Mongrel
13 22 (1.58%) CMS
14 21 (1.50%) ArcGIS
14 21 (1.50%) SharePoint
15 20 (1.43%) JBoss
16 17 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
16 17 (1.22%) OpenStack
17 14 (1.00%) GeoServer
18 12 (0.86%) SAS
Applications
1 41 (2.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (1.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 21 (1.50%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.57%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.50%) SPSS
6 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.072%) Adobe Captivate
7 1 (0.072%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 24 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.64%) FINCAD Analytics
2 9 (0.64%) Magento
3 3 (0.21%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.14%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.072%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.072%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.072%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.072%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 492 (35.24%) AWS
2 288 (20.63%) Azure
3 154 (11.03%) GitHub
4 144 (10.32%) GCP
5 112 (8.02%) Amazon EC2
6 92 (6.59%) Serverless
7 66 (4.73%) PaaS
8 63 (4.51%) Amazon SQS
9 48 (3.44%) AWS Lambda
10 47 (3.37%) AWS CloudFormation
11 42 (3.01%) SaaS
12 41 (2.94%) Google Analytics
13 39 (2.79%) OpenShift
14 38 (2.72%) Amazon S3
15 29 (2.08%) Google App Engine
16 28 (2.01%) Azure Functions
17 27 (1.93%) Azure Active Directory
17 27 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
18 26 (1.86%) npm
18 26 (1.86%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 115 (8.24%) HTTP
2 103 (7.38%) TCP/IP
3 85 (6.09%) SSL
4 47 (3.37%) DNS
5 40 (2.87%) DHCP
6 38 (2.72%) FTP
7 31 (2.22%) IPsec
8 28 (2.01%) Internet
9 20 (1.43%) Firewall
10 18 (1.29%) VPN
11 17 (1.22%) Kerberos
12 8 (0.57%) VoIP
13 7 (0.50%) BGP
13 7 (0.50%) Network Security
14 6 (0.43%) HTTPS
14 6 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
15 5 (0.36%) AMQP
15 5 (0.36%) WAN
15 5 (0.36%) Wireless
15 5 (0.36%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 148 (10.60%) PostgreSQL
2 109 (7.81%) NoSQL
3 108 (7.74%) MySQL
4 96 (6.88%) MongoDB
5 92 (6.59%) SQL Server
6 85 (6.09%) Big Data
7 84 (6.02%) Hadoop
8 73 (5.23%) Amazon RDS
9 58 (4.15%) Relational Database
10 33 (2.36%) Amazon Redshift
11 26 (1.86%) Power BI
12 24 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
13 23 (1.65%) Oracle Database
13 23 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 22 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
15 21 (1.50%) GIS
16 19 (1.36%) Oracle Database 12c
17 18 (1.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 16 (1.15%) Geospatial Data
18 16 (1.15%) QGIS
Development Applications
1 379 (27.15%) Git (software)
2 378 (27.08%) Jenkins
3 149 (10.67%) Maven
4 145 (10.39%) JUnit
5 129 (9.24%) JIRA
6 110 (7.88%) Selenium
7 94 (6.73%) Mockito
8 93 (6.66%) Cucumber
8 93 (6.66%) SonarQube
9 65 (4.66%) jMock
10 62 (4.44%) DbUnit
11 60 (4.30%) Gatling
12 47 (3.37%) Subversion
13 46 (3.30%) Gradle
14 45 (3.22%) Travis CI
15 38 (2.72%) Visual Studio
16 32 (2.29%) gulp
17 31 (2.22%) Artifactory
17 31 (2.22%) GitLab
18 30 (2.15%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 168 (12.03%) Finance
2 153 (10.96%) Public Sector
3 65 (4.66%) Front Office
4 47 (3.37%) Banking
5 31 (2.22%) Marketing
6 22 (1.58%) Games
6 22 (1.58%) Telecoms
7 18 (1.29%) Legal
8 17 (1.22%) Pharmaceutical
9 16 (1.15%) Manufacturing
10 15 (1.07%) Investment Banking
11 13 (0.93%) Retail
12 12 (0.86%) Electronics
13 11 (0.79%) Publishing
14 10 (0.72%) Law
14 10 (0.72%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.21%) Automotive
15 3 (0.21%) Financial Institution
16 2 (0.14%) Local Government
16 2 (0.14%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 546 (39.11%) Developer
2 193 (13.83%) Architect
3 189 (13.54%) DevOps Engineer
4 186 (13.32%) Java Developer
5 76 (5.44%) React Developer
6 74 (5.30%) Technical Architect
7 67 (4.80%) JavaScript Developer
8 66 (4.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 66 (4.73%) Senior Developer
9 65 (4.66%) Software Engineer
10 63 (4.51%) Full Stack Developer
11 50 (3.58%) Analyst
12 44 (3.15%) Solutions Architect
13 42 (3.01%) AWS Engineer
14 41 (2.94%) Data Engineer
15 39 (2.79%) Data Scientist
16 35 (2.51%) Python Developer
17 34 (2.44%) Senior DevOps
17 34 (2.44%) Software Developer
18 32 (2.29%) Java Developer - Fintech
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 273 (19.56%) Web Services
2 240 (17.19%) AngularJS
3 230 (16.48%) Spring
4 214 (15.33%) Node.js
5 196 (14.04%) CSS
6 192 (13.75%) HTML
7 171 (12.25%) REST
8 167 (11.96%) RESTful
9 156 (11.17%) React
10 122 (8.74%) JSON
11 108 (7.74%) .NET
11 108 (7.74%) SOAP
12 104 (7.45%) XML
13 95 (6.81%) Spring Boot
14 93 (6.66%) Kafka
15 91 (6.52%) HTML5
16 80 (5.73%) J2EE
17 62 (4.44%) PowerMock
18 60 (4.30%) CSS3
19 57 (4.08%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 135 (9.67%) Greenfield Project
2 79 (5.66%) User Experience
3 70 (5.01%) Analytical Skills
4 63 (4.51%) Blog
5 56 (4.01%) Fixed Income
6 53 (3.80%) Public Cloud
7 48 (3.44%) Algorithms
8 47 (3.37%) Derivative
9 36 (2.58%) Data Centre
10 34 (2.44%) Equities
11 31 (2.22%) Data Structures
12 29 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 25 (1.79%) Hedge funds
14 22 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
15 19 (1.36%) Management Information System
16 16 (1.15%) Cloud Native
16 16 (1.15%) Private Cloud
17 14 (1.00%) Mobile App
18 13 (0.93%) PKI
19 11 (0.79%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 396 (28.37%) Linux
2 133 (9.53%) Unix
3 104 (7.45%) Windows
4 91 (6.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 55 (3.94%) Ubuntu
6 35 (2.51%) CentOS
7 26 (1.86%) Windows Server
8 24 (1.72%) Android
9 21 (1.50%) Apple iOS
10 15 (1.07%) Debian
11 14 (1.00%) Mac OS X
12 6 (0.43%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.43%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 5 (0.36%) VMS
13 5 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.29%) Kali Linux
15 3 (0.21%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
16 2 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
16 2 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 774 (55.44%) Agile Software Development
2 489 (35.03%) DevOps
3 333 (23.85%) Continuous Integration
4 298 (21.35%) Microservices
5 271 (19.41%) TDD
6 264 (18.91%) Test Automation
7 218 (15.62%) Scrum
8 200 (14.33%) Configuration Management
9 183 (13.11%) Software Engineering
10 150 (10.74%) BDD
11 123 (8.81%) Continuous Delivery
12 119 (8.52%) Analytics
13 109 (7.81%) Kanban
14 107 (7.66%) Front End Development
15 106 (7.59%) Mentoring
16 94 (6.73%) OO
17 92 (6.59%) Migration
18 90 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
19 89 (6.38%) Data Science
20 87 (6.23%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 611 (43.77%) Java
2 447 (32.02%) Python
3 411 (29.44%) JavaScript
4 228 (16.33%) SQL
5 174 (12.46%) Ruby
6 151 (10.82%) C#
7 102 (7.31%) Scala
8 100 (7.16%) Bash Shell
9 99 (7.09%) ES6
10 98 (7.02%) Java 8
11 83 (5.95%) C++
12 68 (4.87%) Perl
13 58 (4.15%) Shell Script
14 52 (3.72%) PHP
14 52 (3.72%) PowerShell
15 48 (3.44%) Go
16 45 (3.22%) R
17 43 (3.08%) TypeScript
18 36 (2.58%) Groovy
19 34 (2.44%) C
Qualifications
1 306 (21.92%) Security Cleared
2 217 (15.54%) SC Cleared
3 98 (7.02%) Degree
4 48 (3.44%) BPSS Clearance
5 36 (2.58%) ISTQB
6 35 (2.51%) ISEB
7 28 (2.01%) PhD
8 27 (1.93%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 26 (1.86%) RHCE
10 22 (1.58%) DV Cleared
11 21 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
12 20 (1.43%) AWS Certification
13 19 (1.36%) Master's Degree
14 18 (1.29%) CISSP
15 11 (0.79%) CEH
16 10 (0.72%) DBS Check
16 10 (0.72%) OSCP
17 6 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
17 6 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
17 6 (0.43%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (6.66%) QA
2 25 (1.79%) WCAG
3 15 (1.07%) NCSC
4 10 (0.72%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.43%) GDPR
6 5 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.29%) SLA
8 3 (0.21%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.21%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.14%) HL7
9 2 (0.14%) NIST
10 1 (0.072%) COBIT
10 1 (0.072%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.072%) PMO
10 1 (0.072%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 294 (21.06%) Docker
2 64 (4.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (2.94%) Postfix
4 31 (2.22%) Active Directory
5 28 (2.01%) Virtual Machines
6 25 (1.79%) Xen
7 21 (1.50%) vSphere
8 12 (0.86%) Oracle RAC
9 9 (0.64%) HDFS
10 6 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 6 (0.43%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.43%) KVM
11 4 (0.29%) NFS
12 3 (0.21%) BitLocker
12 3 (0.21%) iptables
12 3 (0.21%) vCloud
13 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.14%) Kamailio
13 2 (0.14%) PowerDNS
13 2 (0.14%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 223 (15.97%) Ansible
2 198 (14.18%) Kubernetes
3 157 (11.25%) Terraform
4 139 (9.96%) Puppet
5 132 (9.46%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (4.58%) Grafana
7 44 (3.15%) Kibana
8 34 (2.44%) Prometheus
9 25 (1.79%) Nagios
9 25 (1.79%) Salt
10 14 (1.00%) Suricata
11 13 (0.93%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 12 (0.86%) Data Guard
12 12 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (0.64%) logstash
14 8 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
15 7 (0.50%) Nessus
15 7 (0.50%) Packer
16 6 (0.43%) HP ALM
16 6 (0.43%) Nmap
Vendors
1 151 (10.82%) Microsoft
2 126 (9.03%) Oracle
3 124 (8.88%) Google
4 65 (4.66%) VMware
5 43 (3.08%) Splunk
6 42 (3.01%) Red Hat
7 22 (1.58%) HP
8 18 (1.29%) ESRI
8 18 (1.29%) Sparx
9 17 (1.22%) New Relic
10 16 (1.15%) Cisco
10 16 (1.15%) Qualys
10 16 (1.15%) ServiceNow
11 15 (1.07%) Cloudera
12 14 (1.00%) IBM
12 14 (1.00%) SAP
13 12 (0.86%) Adobe
13 12 (0.86%) Atlassian
14 11 (0.79%) webMethods
15 10 (0.72%) Bloomberg