Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 92 85 91
Rank change year-on-year -7 +6 +54
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,501 2,375 2,389
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.72% 2.82% 2.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.16% 3.33% 2.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,745 1,656 1,571
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +10.47%
10th Percentile £363 £360 £325
90th Percentile £650 £638 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 28 6
England median hourly rate £35.00 £47.00 £33.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.53% +39.26% -25.00%
10th Percentile £20.55 £36.25 £22.50
90th Percentile £50.50 £51.25 £48.13
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -25.53% +44.62% -27.78%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,090 71,350 81,920
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.88% 84.79% 84.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,510 47,088 54,574
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,096 1,886 2,105
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.50 £23.62
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.73% +7.98% +12.45%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.62 £11.68
90th Percentile £50.00 £51.50 £50.45
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.31 £25.00
% change year-on-year -13.08% +1.24% +19.05%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 1,430 £540 +2.86% 399
North of England -14 415 £450 - 118
South East -3 322 £475 - 111
Yorkshire -6 193 £475 - 43
Midlands -10 147 £500 +5.26% 48
North West 0 140 £475 +5.56% 55
West Midlands -22 107 £520 +9.47% 34
South West -10 93 £500 +23.08% 70
East of England -14 93 £525 +0.38% 40
North East -10 89 £400 - 20
East Midlands +26 40 £475 -9.52% 14
South Coast - 2 - -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,438 (57.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,080 (43.18%) Java
3 859 (34.35%) DevOps
4 838 (33.51%) Linux
5 724 (28.95%) Python
6 650 (25.99%) Jenkins
7 633 (25.31%) Amazon AWS
8 599 (23.95%) Git (software)
9 595 (23.79%) JavaScript
10 569 (22.75%) Continuous Integration
11 558 (22.31%) TDD
12 531 (21.23%) Test Automation
13 521 (20.83%) Docker
14 511 (20.43%) Microservices
15 467 (18.67%) Scrum
16 465 (18.59%) Puppet
17 438 (17.51%) Configuration Management
18 408 (16.31%) HTML
19 405 (16.19%) Finance
20 387 (15.47%) Ruby
21 371 (14.83%) CSS
22 368 (14.71%) Security Cleared
22 368 (14.71%) Ansible
23 364 (14.55%) SQL
24 335 (13.39%) Web Services
25 334 (13.35%) REST
26 325 (12.99%) Spring
27 317 (12.67%) Node.js
28 314 (12.55%) MySQL
29 312 (12.48%) Microsoft Azure

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (7.76%) Confluence
2 173 (6.92%) Apache
3 133 (5.32%) nginx
4 127 (5.08%) Apache Spark
5 120 (4.80%) Tomcat
6 115 (4.60%) Elasticsearch
7 62 (2.48%) JBoss
8 54 (2.16%) Cloud Foundry
9 49 (1.96%) Apache Pig
10 43 (1.72%) WebSphere
11 34 (1.36%) OpenStack
12 31 (1.24%) WebLogic
13 28 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 27 (1.08%) Jetty
15 26 (1.04%) SAS
16 20 (0.80%) IIS
16 20 (0.80%) WildFly
17 19 (0.76%) CMS
18 18 (0.72%) Jupyter
19 17 (0.68%) Mongrel
Applications
1 15 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.56%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.32%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.040%) ProjectWise
6 1 (0.040%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 17 (0.68%) Magento
2 8 (0.32%) Summit
3 7 (0.28%) ION MarketView
4 5 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.080%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.080%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
7 1 (0.040%) Global One
7 1 (0.040%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.040%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.040%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.040%) R3 Corda
7 1 (0.040%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 633 (25.31%) Amazon AWS
2 312 (12.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 149 (5.96%) GitHub
4 132 (5.28%) PaaS
5 100 (4.00%) SaaS
6 96 (3.84%) IaaS
7 74 (2.96%) AWS CloudFormation
8 73 (2.92%) Amazon EC2
9 67 (2.68%) Google Cloud Platform
10 64 (2.56%) Serverless
11 58 (2.32%) npm
12 56 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
13 47 (1.88%) Slack
14 44 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
15 39 (1.56%) Datadog
16 37 (1.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 32 (1.28%) Amazon S3
18 28 (1.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 26 (1.04%) Amazon Kinesis
20 24 (0.96%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 237 (9.48%) HTTP
2 197 (7.88%) TCP/IP
3 156 (6.24%) SSL
4 128 (5.12%) DNS
5 102 (4.08%) Firewall
6 85 (3.40%) Internet
7 72 (2.88%) DHCP
8 61 (2.44%) FTP
9 50 (2.00%) IPsec
10 34 (1.36%) SMS
11 24 (0.96%) Network Security
12 20 (0.80%) VPN
13 15 (0.60%) WAN
14 14 (0.56%) Kerberos
15 12 (0.48%) Intrusion Detection
15 12 (0.48%) SSH
16 10 (0.40%) AMQP
17 9 (0.36%) Intranet
17 9 (0.36%) LAN
17 9 (0.36%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 314 (12.55%) MySQL
2 310 (12.40%) MongoDB
3 292 (11.68%) PostgreSQL
4 290 (11.60%) NoSQL
5 236 (9.44%) Big Data
6 228 (9.12%) Relational Database
7 200 (8.00%) Hadoop
8 114 (4.56%) Apache Cassandra
9 110 (4.40%) SQL Server
10 86 (3.44%) Apache Hive
10 86 (3.44%) RDBMS
11 66 (2.64%) Data Warehouse
12 64 (2.56%) Redis
13 59 (2.36%) Amazon Redshift
14 46 (1.84%) Data Mining
15 34 (1.36%) HBase
16 27 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
16 27 (1.08%) Flink
17 24 (0.96%) Neo4j
17 24 (0.96%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 650 (25.99%) Jenkins
2 599 (23.95%) Git (software)
3 240 (9.60%) JIRA
4 210 (8.40%) JUnit
5 182 (7.28%) Selenium
6 179 (7.16%) Cucumber
7 135 (5.40%) Maven
8 132 (5.28%) Subversion
9 94 (3.76%) Artifactory
10 79 (3.16%) Travis CI
11 77 (3.08%) TeamCity
12 74 (2.96%) Jasmine
13 70 (2.80%) gulp
14 68 (2.72%) Gradle
15 67 (2.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 63 (2.52%) WebDriver
17 51 (2.04%) webpack
18 49 (1.96%) SoapUI
19 48 (1.92%) Hudson
20 45 (1.80%) Vagrant
General
1 405 (16.19%) Finance
2 220 (8.80%) Banking
3 121 (4.84%) Retail
4 61 (2.44%) Marketing
5 60 (2.40%) Telecoms
6 49 (1.96%) Games
7 43 (1.72%) Investment Banking
8 28 (1.12%) Manufacturing
9 26 (1.04%) Electronics
10 25 (1.00%) Back Office
11 22 (0.88%) Front Office
11 22 (0.88%) Publishing
12 19 (0.76%) Law
12 19 (0.76%) Legal
13 18 (0.72%) Financial Institution
14 12 (0.48%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.24%) Automotive
16 5 (0.20%) Advertising
16 5 (0.20%) Billing
16 5 (0.20%) French Language
Job Titles
1 828 (33.11%) Developer
2 372 (14.87%) DevOps Engineer
3 339 (13.55%) Architect
4 291 (11.64%) Java Developer
5 143 (5.72%) Analyst
6 112 (4.48%) Senior Developer
7 106 (4.24%) AWS Engineer
8 97 (3.88%) JavaScript Developer
8 97 (3.88%) Solutions Architect
9 96 (3.84%) Technical Architect
10 89 (3.56%) AWS DevOps
11 88 (3.52%) Software Engineer
12 82 (3.28%) React Developer
13 77 (3.08%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 77 (3.08%) Linux Engineer
14 76 (3.04%) Consultant
15 75 (3.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 71 (2.84%) Scala Developer
17 66 (2.64%) Cloud Engineer
18 65 (2.60%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 408 (16.31%) HTML
2 371 (14.83%) CSS
3 335 (13.39%) Web Services
4 334 (13.35%) REST
5 325 (12.99%) Spring
6 317 (12.67%) Node.js
7 279 (11.16%) RESTful
8 261 (10.44%) AngularJS
9 213 (8.52%) .NET
10 212 (8.48%) React
11 204 (8.16%) HTML5
12 171 (6.84%) Kafka
13 165 (6.60%) JSON
14 163 (6.52%) SOAP
15 132 (5.28%) XML
16 128 (5.12%) Elastic Stack
17 127 (5.08%) CSS3
18 122 (4.88%) Spring Boot
19 102 (4.08%) Hibernate
20 96 (3.84%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 192 (7.68%) Analytical Skills
2 155 (6.20%) User Experience
3 113 (4.52%) Computer Science
4 97 (3.88%) Management Information System
5 90 (3.60%) Greenfield Project
6 82 (3.28%) Algorithms
7 74 (2.96%) Mobile App
8 64 (2.56%) Linux Command Line
9 63 (2.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 62 (2.48%) Data Centre
11 57 (2.28%) Public Cloud
12 53 (2.12%) Fintech
13 48 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
14 47 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
15 45 (1.80%) Online Banking
16 43 (1.72%) Data Structures
17 25 (1.00%) Cloud Native
18 24 (0.96%) CESG
19 22 (0.88%) Blog
19 22 (0.88%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 838 (33.51%) Linux
2 279 (11.16%) Unix
3 232 (9.28%) Windows
4 158 (6.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 70 (2.80%) CentOS
6 68 (2.72%) Windows Server
7 64 (2.56%) Ubuntu
8 57 (2.28%) Android
9 52 (2.08%) Mac OS X
10 42 (1.68%) Apple iOS
11 33 (1.32%) AIX
12 31 (1.24%) Solaris
13 25 (1.00%) VMS
14 17 (0.68%) CoreOS
14 17 (0.68%) HPUX
14 17 (0.68%) MVS
15 16 (0.64%) VME
15 16 (0.64%) Windows 2000 Server
16 15 (0.60%) DC/OS
17 14 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,438 (57.50%) Agile Software Development
2 859 (34.35%) DevOps
3 569 (22.75%) Continuous Integration
4 558 (22.31%) TDD
5 531 (21.23%) Test Automation
6 511 (20.43%) Microservices
7 467 (18.67%) Scrum
8 438 (17.51%) Configuration Management
9 311 (12.44%) BDD
10 296 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
11 283 (11.32%) Software Engineering
12 259 (10.36%) Continuous Delivery
13 221 (8.84%) Mentoring
14 212 (8.48%) Kanban
15 211 (8.44%) OO
16 207 (8.28%) Analytics
17 158 (6.32%) High Availability
18 145 (5.80%) MVC
19 142 (5.68%) SDLC
20 135 (5.40%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,080 (43.18%) Java
2 724 (28.95%) Python
3 595 (23.79%) JavaScript
4 387 (15.47%) Ruby
5 364 (14.55%) SQL
6 281 (11.24%) Scala
7 218 (8.72%) Bash Shell
8 212 (8.48%) C#
9 177 (7.08%) Perl
10 130 (5.20%) Java 8
11 125 (5.00%) PHP
12 118 (4.72%) C
13 116 (4.64%) Shell Script
14 113 (4.52%) PowerShell
15 109 (4.36%) C++
16 105 (4.20%) Groovy
17 67 (2.68%) R
18 53 (2.12%) ES6
19 50 (2.00%) Go
19 50 (2.00%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 368 (14.71%) Security Cleared
2 294 (11.76%) SC Cleared
3 220 (8.80%) Degree
4 71 (2.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 66 (2.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 33 (1.32%) CISSP
7 28 (1.12%) Master's Degree
8 26 (1.04%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 25 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
10 22 (0.88%) CCNP
11 21 (0.84%) CCDP
11 21 (0.84%) Chartered Engineer
11 21 (0.84%) CISM
12 15 (0.60%) DV Cleared
13 12 (0.48%) AWS Certification
13 12 (0.48%) CCIE
13 12 (0.48%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 9 (0.36%) ISEB
15 8 (0.32%) CHECK Team Member
15 8 (0.32%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (7.28%) QA
2 26 (1.04%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.88%) GCP
4 18 (0.72%) Disclosure Scotland
5 14 (0.56%) GDPR
5 14 (0.56%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 11 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.36%) PMO
8 8 (0.32%) CESG Infosec
8 8 (0.32%) HL7
9 5 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.20%) TickIT
10 4 (0.16%) SLA
11 2 (0.080%) PSD2
11 2 (0.080%) WAI
12 1 (0.040%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.040%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.040%) WCAG
System Software
1 521 (20.83%) Docker
2 87 (3.48%) Virtual Machines
3 74 (2.96%) Active Directory
4 56 (2.24%) VMware Infrastructure
5 32 (1.28%) Apache Flume
6 29 (1.16%) Hyper-V
7 17 (0.68%) etcd
7 17 (0.68%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 17 (0.68%) Xen
8 16 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 16 (0.64%) flannel
8 16 (0.64%) Job Entry Subsystem
9 15 (0.60%) HDFS
9 15 (0.60%) RACF
10 13 (0.52%) LXC
11 12 (0.48%) Firmware
11 12 (0.48%) VirtualBox
12 11 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
13 9 (0.36%) NFS
13 9 (0.36%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 465 (18.59%) Puppet
2 368 (14.71%) Ansible
3 302 (12.08%) Opscode Chef
4 241 (9.64%) Kubernetes
5 206 (8.24%) Terraform
6 66 (2.64%) Grafana
7 62 (2.48%) Kibana
7 62 (2.48%) Nagios
8 53 (2.12%) logstash
9 51 (2.04%) Packer
10 50 (2.00%) Salt
11 48 (1.92%) HAProxy
12 29 (1.16%) Prometheus
13 25 (1.00%) Consul
14 23 (0.92%) Oozie
15 22 (0.88%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 22 (0.88%) Mesos
15 22 (0.88%) Network Intrusion Detection System
16 21 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
17 20 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 159 (6.36%) Microsoft
2 147 (5.88%) Red Hat
3 146 (5.84%) Google
4 145 (5.80%) Oracle
5 80 (3.20%) Splunk
6 77 (3.08%) VMware
7 56 (2.24%) SAP
8 51 (2.04%) SaltStack
9 50 (2.00%) Atlassian
10 48 (1.92%) Cisco
11 41 (1.64%) New Relic
12 35 (1.40%) Tableau
13 33 (1.32%) ServiceNow
14 28 (1.12%) HP
15 23 (0.92%) Hortonworks
16 21 (0.84%) IBM
17 19 (0.76%) AppDynamics
17 19 (0.76%) Informatica
18 18 (0.72%) Alteryx
19 17 (0.68%) AlienVault