Period
to 21 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 114 91 93
Rank change year-on-year -23 +2 -9
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1,294 2,425 2,427
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.09% 2.67% 2.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.45% 3.05% 3.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 893 1,603 1,833
England median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £391 £375 £363
90th Percentile £725 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 20 20
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
10th Percentile £26.89 £27.23 £13.56
90th Percentile £58.25 £53.75 £50.05
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,834 79,460 80,686
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.24% 87.54% 86.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 34,603 53,140 54,351
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £290 £305 £288
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,694 1,992 1,969
England median hourly rate £23.00 £24.04 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.33% +0.17% -2.04%
10th Percentile £12.42 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.25
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -2.08% +2.13% -3.73%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -14 735 £575 +4.55% 212
North of England -15 200 £538 +3.97% 90
South East -56 124 £450 -5.26% 76
South West +4 91 £550 +15.79% 33
Midlands -20 80 £498 -0.45% 37
Yorkshire -12 75 £550 +10.00% 34
West Midlands -11 71 £498 +2.68% 30
North West -11 71 £550 +1.85% 47
East of England +12 60 £450 -10.00% 31
North East +13 56 £475 -5.00% 9
East Midlands +8 9 £350 -30.00% 7
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 689 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 568 (43.89%) Java
3 492 (38.02%) AWS
4 436 (33.69%) DevOps
5 376 (29.06%) Python
6 343 (26.51%) JavaScript
7 312 (24.11%) Linux
8 307 (23.72%) Jenkins
9 306 (23.65%) Git (software)
10 295 (22.80%) Security Cleared
11 293 (22.64%) Microservices
12 289 (22.33%) Web Services
13 285 (22.02%) Continuous Integration
14 281 (21.72%) Docker
15 275 (21.25%) Test Automation
16 272 (21.02%) Azure
17 242 (18.70%) TDD
18 226 (17.47%) Node.js
19 223 (17.23%) AngularJS
20 222 (17.16%) Scrum
21 221 (17.08%) SC Cleared
22 209 (16.15%) Kubernetes
23 207 (16.00%) Spring
24 201 (15.53%) SQL
25 192 (14.84%) Ansible
26 184 (14.22%) RESTful
27 181 (13.99%) Software Engineering
28 179 (13.83%) Terraform
29 166 (12.83%) REST
30 163 (12.60%) CSS

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (6.03%) Confluence
2 67 (5.18%) Elasticsearch
3 64 (4.95%) Apache Spark
4 60 (4.64%) Apache
5 58 (4.48%) Tomcat
6 47 (3.63%) nginx
7 38 (2.94%) IIS
8 34 (2.63%) WebSphere
9 28 (2.16%) WebLogic
10 25 (1.93%) Jetty
10 25 (1.93%) SharePoint
11 21 (1.62%) JBoss
12 20 (1.55%) Mongrel
13 17 (1.31%) CMS
14 16 (1.24%) Drupal
15 14 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
16 13 (1.00%) OpenStack
17 11 (0.85%) Red Hat Fuse
18 7 (0.54%) Apache ServiceMix
19 6 (0.46%) DNN
Applications
1 39 (3.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (2.16%) MS Visio
3 27 (2.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.23%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.077%) Adobe Captivate
6 1 (0.077%) MicroStation
6 1 (0.077%) PlantUML
6 1 (0.077%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 31 (2.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.93%) Magento
3 9 (0.70%) FINCAD Analytics
4 3 (0.23%) NetSuite
4 3 (0.23%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.15%) Hyperion Planning
6 1 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.077%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.077%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.077%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.077%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.077%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 492 (38.02%) AWS
2 272 (21.02%) Azure
3 159 (12.29%) GCP
4 158 (12.21%) GitHub
5 101 (7.81%) Amazon EC2
6 94 (7.26%) Serverless
7 72 (5.56%) Amazon SQS
8 55 (4.25%) PaaS
9 53 (4.10%) AWS Lambda
10 50 (3.86%) SaaS
11 42 (3.25%) OpenShift
12 32 (2.47%) AWS CloudFormation
12 32 (2.47%) Azure Active Directory
13 31 (2.40%) Amazon ECS
14 30 (2.32%) Azure Functions
14 30 (2.32%) Dynamics 365
14 30 (2.32%) Google Analytics
14 30 (2.32%) Power Platform
15 26 (2.01%) Amazon S3
15 26 (2.01%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 110 (8.50%) HTTP
2 75 (5.80%) TCP/IP
3 67 (5.18%) SSL
4 47 (3.63%) DNS
5 42 (3.25%) Firewall
6 31 (2.40%) DHCP
7 30 (2.32%) Internet
8 27 (2.09%) FTP
9 26 (2.01%) IPsec
10 23 (1.78%) Kerberos
11 21 (1.62%) VPN
12 15 (1.16%) Wireshark
13 14 (1.08%) IPv6
13 14 (1.08%) Wireless
14 12 (0.93%) HTTPS
15 10 (0.77%) Ethernet
15 10 (0.77%) IPv4
15 10 (0.77%) UPnP
16 9 (0.70%) WLAN
17 8 (0.62%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 117 (9.04%) PostgreSQL
2 99 (7.65%) MySQL
3 94 (7.26%) NoSQL
3 94 (7.26%) SQL Server
4 87 (6.72%) Big Data
5 79 (6.11%) Hadoop
6 66 (5.10%) Amazon RDS
7 55 (4.25%) Relational Database
8 53 (4.10%) MongoDB
9 35 (2.70%) Amazon Redshift
10 34 (2.63%) Data Warehouse
11 30 (2.32%) Power BI
12 23 (1.78%) Oracle Database
13 20 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
14 19 (1.47%) Apache Hive
15 18 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 18 (1.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 16 (1.24%) Flink
16 16 (1.24%) Oracle Database 12c
17 15 (1.16%) HBase
Development Applications
1 307 (23.72%) Jenkins
2 306 (23.65%) Git (software)
3 156 (12.06%) JUnit
4 150 (11.59%) Maven
5 112 (8.66%) Selenium
6 108 (8.35%) JIRA
7 107 (8.27%) Mockito
8 84 (6.49%) SonarQube
9 73 (5.64%) Cucumber
10 61 (4.71%) jMock
11 59 (4.56%) Gradle
12 58 (4.48%) DbUnit
13 48 (3.71%) Gatling
14 45 (3.48%) Visual Studio
15 44 (3.40%) Travis CI
16 36 (2.78%) Artifactory
17 33 (2.55%) GitLab
18 30 (2.32%) Ant
19 25 (1.93%) Subversion
20 24 (1.85%) Jasmine
General
1 160 (12.36%) Finance
2 157 (12.13%) Public Sector
3 76 (5.87%) Front Office
4 41 (3.17%) Banking
5 25 (1.93%) Investment Banking
5 25 (1.93%) Marketing
6 24 (1.85%) Games
6 24 (1.85%) Telecoms
7 18 (1.39%) Legal
8 17 (1.31%) Manufacturing
9 16 (1.24%) Publishing
10 15 (1.16%) Electronics
11 12 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
11 12 (0.93%) Retail
12 7 (0.54%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.31%) Advertising
13 4 (0.31%) Law
14 3 (0.23%) Back Office
15 2 (0.15%) Automotive
15 2 (0.15%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 511 (39.49%) Developer
2 200 (15.46%) Architect
3 190 (14.68%) Java Developer
4 154 (11.90%) DevOps Engineer
5 67 (5.18%) Technical Architect
6 66 (5.10%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 65 (5.02%) AWS Engineer
8 56 (4.33%) Software Engineer
9 55 (4.25%) Senior Developer
10 54 (4.17%) React Developer
11 51 (3.94%) JavaScript Developer
12 48 (3.71%) Full Stack Developer
13 39 (3.01%) Analyst
13 39 (3.01%) AWS DevOps
14 38 (2.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 38 (2.94%) Cloud Engineer
14 38 (2.94%) Software Developer
14 38 (2.94%) Solutions Architect
15 37 (2.86%) Kubernetes Engineer
16 33 (2.55%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 289 (22.33%) Web Services
2 226 (17.47%) Node.js
3 223 (17.23%) AngularJS
4 207 (16.00%) Spring
5 184 (14.22%) RESTful
6 166 (12.83%) REST
7 163 (12.60%) CSS
8 162 (12.52%) HTML
9 152 (11.75%) React
10 113 (8.73%) SOAP
11 100 (7.73%) XML
12 98 (7.57%) .NET
13 89 (6.88%) JSON
14 85 (6.57%) Spring Boot
15 84 (6.49%) Kafka
16 73 (5.64%) HTML5
17 63 (4.87%) J2EE
18 58 (4.48%) PowerMock
19 53 (4.10%) ActiveMQ
20 49 (3.79%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 131 (10.12%) Greenfield Project
2 86 (6.65%) Blog
3 71 (5.49%) Fixed Income
4 66 (5.10%) Derivative
5 63 (4.87%) Public Cloud
6 60 (4.64%) Analytical Skills
7 58 (4.48%) Equities
8 53 (4.10%) User Experience
9 50 (3.86%) Hedge funds
10 44 (3.40%) Mobile App
11 43 (3.32%) Data Centre
12 41 (3.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 40 (3.09%) Algorithms
14 37 (2.86%) Data Structures
15 27 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
15 27 (2.09%) Management Information System
16 24 (1.85%) PKI
17 20 (1.55%) Private Cloud
18 17 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
19 15 (1.16%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 312 (24.11%) Linux
2 106 (8.19%) Unix
3 80 (6.18%) Windows
4 59 (4.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 48 (3.71%) Ubuntu
6 36 (2.78%) Android
7 33 (2.55%) CentOS
8 29 (2.24%) Apple iOS
9 17 (1.31%) Windows Server
10 16 (1.24%) Mac OS X
11 15 (1.16%) Debian
12 9 (0.70%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.39%) Kali Linux
13 5 (0.39%) Windows 10
14 4 (0.31%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 3 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
15 3 (0.23%) VMS
15 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
15 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 689 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 436 (33.69%) DevOps
3 293 (22.64%) Microservices
4 285 (22.02%) Continuous Integration
5 275 (21.25%) Test Automation
6 242 (18.70%) TDD
7 222 (17.16%) Scrum
8 181 (13.99%) Software Engineering
9 148 (11.44%) Configuration Management
10 125 (9.66%) BDD
11 101 (7.81%) Analytics
11 101 (7.81%) Mentoring
12 100 (7.73%) Computer Science
12 100 (7.73%) Continuous Delivery
13 97 (7.50%) Migration
14 90 (6.96%) Kanban
15 89 (6.88%) Front End Development
16 80 (6.18%) Pair Programming
17 77 (5.95%) OO
18 72 (5.56%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 568 (43.89%) Java
2 376 (29.06%) Python
3 343 (26.51%) JavaScript
4 201 (15.53%) SQL
5 149 (11.51%) C#
6 135 (10.43%) Ruby
7 98 (7.57%) C++
8 84 (6.49%) Bash Shell
8 84 (6.49%) Java 8
9 79 (6.11%) Scala
10 55 (4.25%) ES6
11 46 (3.55%) PowerShell
12 45 (3.48%) C
13 44 (3.40%) Kotlin
14 42 (3.25%) PHP
15 41 (3.17%) Go
15 41 (3.17%) R
16 37 (2.86%) Perl
17 35 (2.70%) Groovy
18 33 (2.55%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 295 (22.80%) Security Cleared
2 221 (17.08%) SC Cleared
3 99 (7.65%) Degree
4 47 (3.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 40 (3.09%) BPSS Clearance
6 30 (2.32%) ISTQB
7 28 (2.16%) PhD
8 27 (2.09%) ISEB
9 23 (1.78%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 19 (1.47%) DV Cleared
11 15 (1.16%) CISSP
12 11 (0.85%) Master's Degree
13 10 (0.77%) Cisco Certification
14 9 (0.70%) CCNP
14 9 (0.70%) DBS Check
15 6 (0.46%) AWS Certification
15 6 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
15 6 (0.46%) Postgraduate
15 6 (0.46%) SANS
16 5 (0.39%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (6.03%) QA
2 23 (1.78%) NCSC
2 23 (1.78%) WCAG
3 8 (0.62%) GDPR
4 6 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.23%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.23%) Government Security Classifications
6 3 (0.23%) HL7
6 3 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.23%) PMO
6 3 (0.23%) SLA
7 2 (0.15%) NIST
7 2 (0.15%) RMADS
8 1 (0.077%) COBIT
8 1 (0.077%) DICOM
8 1 (0.077%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.077%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 281 (21.72%) Docker
2 49 (3.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 45 (3.48%) Postfix
4 41 (3.17%) Active Directory
5 25 (1.93%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (1.55%) Xen
7 12 (0.93%) vSphere
8 9 (0.70%) Oracle RAC
9 8 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.54%) HDFS
10 7 (0.54%) KVM
11 5 (0.39%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.31%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.31%) iptables
13 3 (0.23%) NFS
14 2 (0.15%) BitLocker
14 2 (0.15%) Firmware
14 2 (0.15%) Kamailio
15 1 (0.077%) etcd
Systems Management
1 209 (16.15%) Kubernetes
2 192 (14.84%) Ansible
3 179 (13.83%) Terraform
4 107 (8.27%) Puppet
5 85 (6.57%) Opscode Chef
6 47 (3.63%) Grafana
7 39 (3.01%) Kibana
8 24 (1.85%) Nagios
9 20 (1.55%) Prometheus
10 15 (1.16%) Packer
11 13 (1.00%) logstash
12 12 (0.93%) Single Sign-On
13 11 (0.85%) Salt
14 9 (0.70%) Data Guard
14 9 (0.70%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 7 (0.54%) HP ALM
15 7 (0.54%) HP Quality Center
15 7 (0.54%) ZABBIX
16 6 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
16 6 (0.46%) Nessus
Vendors
1 121 (9.35%) Microsoft
2 97 (7.50%) Oracle
3 96 (7.42%) Google
4 50 (3.86%) VMware
5 36 (2.78%) Red Hat
6 32 (2.47%) Splunk
7 25 (1.93%) Sparx
8 22 (1.70%) New Relic
9 21 (1.62%) Cisco
10 17 (1.31%) Atlassian
11 16 (1.24%) HP
11 16 (1.24%) SAP
12 13 (1.00%) Cloudera
13 10 (0.77%) Bloomberg
13 10 (0.77%) Databricks
13 10 (0.77%) Hortonworks
13 10 (0.77%) Zend
14 9 (0.70%) IBM
15 8 (0.62%) hybris
15 8 (0.62%) Salesforce.com