Period
to 11 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 11 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
11 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 94 81 123
Rank change year-on-year -13 +42 +5
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2445 2679 1974
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.57% 2.81% 1.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.04% 3.33% 2.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 1835 1901 1509
England median daily rate £503 £480 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.69% +6.67% +5.88%
10th Percentile £365 £331 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 13 14
England median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +9.09% -2.94%
10th Percentile £13.21 £33.00 £35.94
90th Percentile £49.90 £53.50 £72.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year -18.60% +4.24% -41.90%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80495 80390 85393
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.70% 84.21% 82.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 54277 53538 56368
England median daily rate £450 £428 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.14% +0.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £418
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.80% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1843 2142 2541
England median hourly rate £25.00 £24.36 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.65% +10.70% +15.79%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.00 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £24.02 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +0.08% +6.67% +15.38%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 11 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1437 £540 +8.00% 243
North of England -5 388 £475 +5.56% 68
South East -5 309 £475 +5.56% 52
Yorkshire +17 174 £500 +5.26% 28
Midlands -15 141 £475 -2.06% 17
North West -15 136 £550 +29.41% 37
West Midlands -6 100 £475 -4.04% 7
South West -17 98 £500 +12.36% 16
North East +9 96 £454 +6.71% 3
East of England -63 70 £500 +19.76% 15
East Midlands -14 40 £450 +5.88% 10
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 11 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1469 (60.08%) Agile Software Development
2 1170 (47.85%) Java
3 820 (33.54%) DevOps
4 747 (30.55%) Linux
5 647 (26.46%) Python
6 624 (25.52%) Amazon AWS
6 624 (25.52%) Jenkins
7 594 (24.29%) TDD
8 563 (23.03%) Scrum
9 559 (22.86%) Continuous Integration
10 528 (21.60%) Git (software)
11 523 (21.39%) JavaScript
12 454 (18.57%) Test Automation
13 444 (18.16%) Microservices
14 433 (17.71%) Puppet
15 431 (17.63%) Docker
16 380 (15.54%) Web Services
17 378 (15.46%) Finance
18 371 (15.17%) Configuration Management
19 368 (15.05%) HTML
20 364 (14.89%) Scala
21 361 (14.76%) Ansible
22 355 (14.52%) BDD
22 355 (14.52%) SQL
23 353 (14.44%) MongoDB
24 351 (14.36%) REST
25 348 (14.23%) Spring
26 327 (13.37%) CSS
27 323 (13.21%) Node.js
28 313 (12.80%) JIRA

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 229 (9.37%) Confluence
2 190 (7.77%) Apache Spark
3 176 (7.20%) Apache
4 128 (5.24%) Tomcat
5 116 (4.74%) nginx
6 108 (4.42%) Elasticsearch
7 87 (3.56%) OpenStack
8 85 (3.48%) JBoss
9 58 (2.37%) Cloud Foundry
10 50 (2.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 43 (1.76%) WebSphere
12 41 (1.68%) WebLogic
13 39 (1.60%) IIS
14 30 (1.23%) Apache Solr
14 30 (1.23%) Drupal
14 30 (1.23%) Jetty
15 27 (1.10%) Apache Pig
16 26 (1.06%) CMS
17 17 (0.70%) Mongrel
18 16 (0.65%) SAS
Applications
1 13 (0.53%) Chatbot
2 9 (0.37%) MS Visio
2 9 (0.37%) SPSS
3 8 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.29%) HipChat
5 6 (0.25%) InVision
6 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
7 4 (0.16%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.041%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.041%) ProjectWise
8 1 (0.041%) Stata
Business Applications
1 24 (0.98%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 19 (0.78%) Magento
3 9 (0.37%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
5 3 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.082%) MetaTrader
6 2 (0.082%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.082%) SAP HCM
6 2 (0.082%) Summit
7 1 (0.041%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 1 (0.041%) Odoo
7 1 (0.041%) OpenText Process Suite
Cloud Services
1 624 (25.52%) Amazon AWS
2 177 (7.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 133 (5.44%) PaaS
4 128 (5.24%) GitHub
5 72 (2.94%) Amazon EC2
6 65 (2.66%) IaaS
7 63 (2.58%) npm
8 53 (2.17%) Google Cloud Platform
9 52 (2.13%) Cloud Computing
9 52 (2.13%) SaaS
10 51 (2.09%) AWS CloudFormation
10 51 (2.09%) Slack
11 38 (1.55%) Serverless
12 36 (1.47%) Bluemix
12 36 (1.47%) IBM Cloud
13 34 (1.39%) Amazon S3
14 29 (1.19%) AWS Lambda
15 25 (1.02%) OpenShift
16 24 (0.98%) Office 365
17 19 (0.78%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 169 (6.91%) HTTP
2 141 (5.77%) TCP/IP
3 123 (5.03%) DNS
4 120 (4.91%) Firewall
5 108 (4.42%) SSL
6 82 (3.35%) Internet
7 63 (2.58%) DHCP
8 51 (2.09%) LAN
8 51 (2.09%) WAN
9 42 (1.72%) SAN
9 42 (1.72%) VPN
10 33 (1.35%) Network Security
11 26 (1.06%) FTP
12 23 (0.94%) LDAP
13 22 (0.90%) IPsec
14 19 (0.78%) VoIP
15 15 (0.61%) Intranet
16 14 (0.57%) Kerberos
16 14 (0.57%) MPLS
17 13 (0.53%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 353 (14.44%) MongoDB
2 301 (12.31%) NoSQL
3 297 (12.15%) PostgreSQL
4 275 (11.25%) MySQL
5 245 (10.02%) Big Data
6 226 (9.24%) Hadoop
7 187 (7.65%) Relational Database
8 132 (5.40%) Apache Cassandra
9 123 (5.03%) Apache Hive
10 104 (4.25%) SQL Server
11 76 (3.11%) RDBMS
12 63 (2.58%) Oracle Database
13 62 (2.54%) Data Warehouse
13 62 (2.54%) Redis
14 57 (2.33%) Sqoop
15 55 (2.25%) HBase
16 44 (1.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 44 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
17 34 (1.39%) Impala
18 27 (1.10%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 624 (25.52%) Jenkins
2 528 (21.60%) Git (software)
3 313 (12.80%) JIRA
4 213 (8.71%) Cucumber
5 180 (7.36%) Selenium
6 158 (6.46%) JUnit
7 139 (5.69%) Maven
8 130 (5.32%) Subversion
9 103 (4.21%) TeamCity
10 80 (3.27%) gulp
11 78 (3.19%) IntelliJ
12 70 (2.86%) WebDriver
13 62 (2.54%) Artifactory
14 61 (2.49%) Sonatype Nexus
15 59 (2.41%) Jasmine
16 57 (2.33%) webpack
17 56 (2.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 49 (2.00%) Gradle
18 49 (2.00%) Travis CI
19 47 (1.92%) Mockito
General
1 378 (15.46%) Finance
2 253 (10.35%) Banking
3 84 (3.44%) Investment Banking
3 84 (3.44%) Telecoms
4 81 (3.31%) Marketing
5 68 (2.78%) Retail
6 47 (1.92%) Electronics
7 46 (1.88%) Manufacturing
8 39 (1.60%) Games
9 31 (1.27%) Front Office
10 25 (1.02%) Retail Banking
11 24 (0.98%) Back Office
11 24 (0.98%) Legal
12 17 (0.70%) Publishing
13 15 (0.61%) Billing
14 9 (0.37%) Advertising
14 9 (0.37%) Law
15 5 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
15 5 (0.20%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.20%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 898 (36.73%) Developer
2 352 (14.40%) Java Developer
3 345 (14.11%) DevOps Engineer
4 324 (13.25%) Architect
5 157 (6.42%) Scala Developer
6 134 (5.48%) Analyst
7 110 (4.50%) Technical Architect
8 106 (4.34%) AWS Engineer
9 93 (3.80%) JavaScript Developer
10 92 (3.76%) Agile Developer
11 91 (3.72%) AWS DevOps
12 86 (3.52%) Senior Developer
13 85 (3.48%) Linux Engineer
14 78 (3.19%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 77 (3.15%) Software Engineer
16 73 (2.99%) Consultant
17 71 (2.90%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 69 (2.82%) Business Analyst
19 68 (2.78%) Data Engineer
20 67 (2.74%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 380 (15.54%) Web Services
2 368 (15.05%) HTML
3 351 (14.36%) REST
4 348 (14.23%) Spring
5 327 (13.37%) CSS
6 323 (13.21%) Node.js
7 277 (11.33%) RESTful
8 252 (10.31%) JSON
9 250 (10.22%) AngularJS
10 230 (9.41%) HTML5
11 193 (7.89%) React
12 175 (7.16%) Kafka
13 168 (6.87%) XML
14 158 (6.46%) .NET
15 157 (6.42%) CSS3
16 143 (5.85%) Play Framework
17 132 (5.40%) Hibernate
18 123 (5.03%) SOAP
19 112 (4.58%) J2EE
20 86 (3.52%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 150 (6.13%) User Experience
2 134 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
3 102 (4.17%) Computer Science
3 102 (4.17%) Greenfield Project
4 96 (3.93%) Mobile App
5 70 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
6 62 (2.54%) Management Information System
7 55 (2.25%) Data Centre
8 53 (2.17%) Fintech
9 50 (2.04%) Virtual Team
10 48 (1.96%) Public Cloud
11 41 (1.68%) Fixed Income
11 41 (1.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 34 (1.39%) Algorithms
12 34 (1.39%) Data Structures
13 28 (1.15%) Cloud Native
13 28 (1.15%) Clustering
14 26 (1.06%) N-Tier
14 26 (1.06%) Replication
15 23 (0.94%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 747 (30.55%) Linux
2 231 (9.45%) Unix
3 192 (7.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 177 (7.24%) Windows
5 80 (3.27%) Windows Server
6 70 (2.86%) CentOS
7 68 (2.78%) Android
8 59 (2.41%) Apple iOS
9 50 (2.04%) Ubuntu
10 33 (1.35%) Windows Server 2003
10 33 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
11 26 (1.06%) Mac OS X
12 17 (0.70%) Solaris
13 15 (0.61%) CoreOS
14 8 (0.33%) Debian
15 7 (0.29%) AIX
16 6 (0.25%) FreeBSD
16 6 (0.25%) Windows 10
16 6 (0.25%) Windows Vista
17 5 (0.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1469 (60.08%) Agile Software Development
2 820 (33.54%) DevOps
3 594 (24.29%) TDD
4 563 (23.03%) Scrum
5 559 (22.86%) Continuous Integration
6 454 (18.57%) Test Automation
7 444 (18.16%) Microservices
8 371 (15.17%) Configuration Management
9 355 (14.52%) BDD
10 270 (11.04%) Software Engineering
11 269 (11.00%) Continuous Delivery
12 212 (8.67%) Kanban
13 207 (8.47%) Mentoring
14 188 (7.69%) User Stories
15 159 (6.50%) SDLC
16 151 (6.18%) High Availability
17 147 (6.01%) SOA
18 143 (5.85%) Analytics
19 133 (5.44%) OO
20 125 (5.11%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 1170 (47.85%) Java
2 647 (26.46%) Python
3 523 (21.39%) JavaScript
4 364 (14.89%) Scala
5 355 (14.52%) SQL
6 307 (12.56%) Ruby
7 181 (7.40%) C#
8 144 (5.89%) Bash Shell
9 127 (5.19%) Shell Script
10 111 (4.54%) Perl
10 111 (4.54%) PHP
11 96 (3.93%) Groovy
12 90 (3.68%) PowerShell
13 62 (2.54%) Go
14 59 (2.41%) C++
14 59 (2.41%) ES6
15 43 (1.76%) R
16 42 (1.72%) C
17 30 (1.23%) PL/SQL
18 26 (1.06%) ECMAScript
Qualifications
1 280 (11.45%) Security Cleared
2 211 (8.63%) SC Cleared
3 158 (6.46%) Degree
4 54 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 36 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 32 (1.31%) DV Cleared
7 27 (1.10%) CISSP
8 21 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
9 19 (0.78%) AWS Certification
10 17 (0.70%) RHCE
11 15 (0.61%) ISEB
12 14 (0.57%) CCNP
13 13 (0.53%) CISM
13 13 (0.53%) Master's Degree
14 10 (0.41%) ISTQB
15 9 (0.37%) CCIE
15 9 (0.37%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 8 (0.33%) CCDP
16 8 (0.33%) Chartered Engineer
16 8 (0.33%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (7.16%) QA
2 19 (0.78%) Data Quality
3 18 (0.74%) Disclosure Scotland
4 15 (0.61%) SLA
5 14 (0.57%) GDPR
6 7 (0.29%) HL7
7 5 (0.20%) GCP
8 4 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.16%) WCAG
9 3 (0.12%) CESG Infosec
9 3 (0.12%) COBIT
9 3 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 3 (0.12%) PSD2
10 1 (0.041%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.041%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.041%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 431 (17.63%) Docker
2 80 (3.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 76 (3.11%) Apache Flume
4 61 (2.49%) HDFS
5 41 (1.68%) Hyper-V
6 33 (1.35%) VMware ESXi
7 32 (1.31%) Active Directory
8 26 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
9 22 (0.90%) Xen
10 21 (0.86%) Samba
11 11 (0.45%) vSphere
12 10 (0.41%) iptables
12 10 (0.41%) KVM
13 9 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 9 (0.37%) NFS
13 9 (0.37%) vCloud
14 5 (0.20%) Firmware
14 5 (0.20%) LXC
14 5 (0.20%) OpenDJ
14 5 (0.20%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 433 (17.71%) Puppet
2 361 (14.76%) Ansible
3 253 (10.35%) Opscode Chef
4 154 (6.30%) Kubernetes
5 143 (5.85%) Terraform
6 68 (2.78%) Kibana
7 59 (2.41%) logstash
8 56 (2.29%) Ambari
9 53 (2.17%) Oozie
10 49 (2.00%) Grafana
11 45 (1.84%) Hadoop YARN
12 38 (1.55%) Nagios
13 32 (1.31%) Salt
14 30 (1.23%) ZABBIX
15 26 (1.06%) HAProxy
16 25 (1.02%) WMI
17 24 (0.98%) Mesos
18 22 (0.90%) Packer
19 17 (0.70%) Prometheus
20 15 (0.61%) SCCM
Vendors
1 220 (9.00%) Oracle
2 171 (6.99%) Microsoft
3 145 (5.93%) Red Hat
4 142 (5.81%) Google
5 131 (5.36%) VMware
6 99 (4.05%) IBM
6 99 (4.05%) Splunk
7 75 (3.07%) Cisco
8 54 (2.21%) Salesforce.com
9 53 (2.17%) SAP
10 51 (2.09%) Tableau
11 49 (2.00%) Atlassian
12 45 (1.84%) SaltStack
13 33 (1.35%) Citrix
14 30 (1.23%) SolarWinds
15 29 (1.19%) EMC
16 28 (1.15%) Informatica
17 25 (1.02%) Apple
18 24 (0.98%) HP
18 24 (0.98%) Twitter