Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 93 92 86
Rank change year-on-year -1 -6 +65
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,519 2,417 2,731
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.70% 2.72% 2.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.13% 3.17% 3.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,654 1,659 1,797
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £368 £369 £350
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £522 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +4.40% +5.26% +7.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 16 8
England median hourly rate £35.00 £46.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.91% +5.14% -2.78%
10th Percentile £15.79 £35.00 £26.50
90th Percentile £66.85 £49.13 £55.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £46.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -23.91% +31.43% -22.22%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,569 76,256 85,382
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.30% 85.77% 85.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,615 50,302 56,978
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £264
90th Percentile £638 £625 £606
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,178 1,891 2,066
England median hourly rate £21.50 £24.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.42% +4.35% +6.73%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.68
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +6.38% +9.05%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 1,458 £550 +4.76% 358
North of England -7 387 £455 -4.21% 97
South East +16 359 £475 - 103
Yorkshire -12 170 £453 -4.74% 38
Midlands +4 154 £475 - 34
North West -9 130 £525 +2.44% 54
West Midlands -16 106 £463 -5.27% 22
East of England +11 104 £525 - 65
North East +1 93 £425 -11.46% 5
South West -67 54 £500 +21.95% 61
East Midlands +17 46 £500 +11.11% 12
South Coast - 2 - -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,417 (56.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,118 (44.38%) Java
3 819 (32.51%) Linux
4 809 (32.12%) DevOps
5 739 (29.34%) Jenkins
6 713 (28.30%) Python
7 665 (26.40%) JavaScript
8 647 (25.68%) Amazon AWS
9 620 (24.61%) Git (software)
10 571 (22.67%) Test Automation
11 569 (22.59%) Continuous Integration
12 540 (21.44%) Docker
13 497 (19.73%) Puppet
14 487 (19.33%) Microservices
15 474 (18.82%) TDD
16 457 (18.14%) Configuration Management
17 456 (18.10%) Scrum
18 439 (17.43%) SQL
19 432 (17.15%) Ansible
20 413 (16.40%) HTML
21 391 (15.52%) CSS
22 378 (15.01%) Node.js
23 371 (14.73%) Web Services
24 361 (14.33%) Finance
25 360 (14.29%) Security Cleared
26 357 (14.17%) Microsoft Azure
27 353 (14.01%) Spring
28 340 (13.50%) Opscode Chef
29 339 (13.46%) NoSQL
30 333 (13.22%) Ruby

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (7.03%) Apache
2 175 (6.95%) Confluence
3 165 (6.55%) nginx
4 148 (5.88%) Apache Spark
5 141 (5.60%) Tomcat
6 115 (4.57%) Elasticsearch
7 59 (2.34%) Cloud Foundry
7 59 (2.34%) JBoss
8 40 (1.59%) OpenStack
9 39 (1.55%) WebSphere
10 37 (1.47%) Apache Solr
11 35 (1.39%) Jetty
12 33 (1.31%) Apache Pig
13 32 (1.27%) IIS
14 31 (1.23%) CMS
15 27 (1.07%) WebLogic
16 25 (0.99%) Mongrel
17 20 (0.79%) SAS
18 18 (0.71%) WordPress
19 16 (0.64%) SharePoint
Applications
1 14 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.28%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.16%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.079%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.040%) Shockwave
5 1 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.040%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.71%) Magento
2 13 (0.52%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.24%) Summit
5 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.079%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.040%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.040%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.040%) Exchequer
7 1 (0.040%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.040%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.040%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.040%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 647 (25.68%) Amazon AWS
2 357 (14.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 174 (6.91%) GitHub
4 125 (4.96%) PaaS
5 90 (3.57%) npm
6 79 (3.14%) Google Cloud Platform
7 77 (3.06%) Amazon EC2
8 68 (2.70%) IaaS
9 63 (2.50%) SaaS
10 58 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
11 54 (2.14%) AWS CloudFormation
12 51 (2.02%) Serverless
13 50 (1.98%) Datadog
14 38 (1.51%) Amazon S3
14 38 (1.51%) Google Analytics
15 37 (1.47%) Amazon EMR
16 34 (1.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 32 (1.27%) OpenShift
18 29 (1.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 29 (1.15%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 263 (10.44%) HTTP
2 198 (7.86%) TCP/IP
3 172 (6.83%) SSL
4 128 (5.08%) DNS
5 92 (3.65%) Firewall
6 71 (2.82%) Internet
7 69 (2.74%) DHCP
8 51 (2.02%) FTP
9 50 (1.98%) IPsec
10 26 (1.03%) Network Security
10 26 (1.03%) VPN
11 21 (0.83%) AMQP
12 19 (0.75%) Kerberos
13 16 (0.64%) WAN
14 13 (0.52%) SMS
15 12 (0.48%) LAN
15 12 (0.48%) SSH
16 11 (0.44%) HTTPS
17 10 (0.40%) MPLS
18 9 (0.36%) ICMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (13.46%) NoSQL
2 313 (12.43%) MongoDB
3 307 (12.19%) MySQL
4 287 (11.39%) PostgreSQL
5 279 (11.08%) Relational Database
6 239 (9.49%) Big Data
7 184 (7.30%) Hadoop
8 133 (5.28%) SQL Server
9 108 (4.29%) Apache Cassandra
10 101 (4.01%) RDBMS
11 80 (3.18%) Apache Hive
12 70 (2.78%) Amazon Redshift
13 68 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
14 62 (2.46%) Redis
15 40 (1.59%) HBase
16 27 (1.07%) Data Mining
17 25 (0.99%) Data Lake
18 24 (0.95%) Neo4j
18 24 (0.95%) Oracle Database
19 23 (0.91%) Flink
Development Applications
1 739 (29.34%) Jenkins
2 620 (24.61%) Git (software)
3 234 (9.29%) JIRA
4 226 (8.97%) Selenium
5 213 (8.46%) JUnit
6 197 (7.82%) Cucumber
7 167 (6.63%) Maven
8 108 (4.29%) Subversion
9 100 (3.97%) gulp
10 91 (3.61%) Gradle
11 89 (3.53%) Travis CI
12 76 (3.02%) Artifactory
13 69 (2.74%) Gatling
14 68 (2.70%) TeamCity
15 65 (2.58%) SoapUI
16 62 (2.46%) Ant
16 62 (2.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 60 (2.38%) IntelliJ
18 54 (2.14%) Hudson
18 54 (2.14%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 361 (14.33%) Finance
2 207 (8.22%) Banking
3 133 (5.28%) Retail
4 64 (2.54%) Marketing
5 57 (2.26%) Telecoms
6 47 (1.87%) Investment Banking
7 40 (1.59%) Manufacturing
8 37 (1.47%) Front Office
8 37 (1.47%) Games
8 37 (1.47%) Legal
9 35 (1.39%) Back Office
9 35 (1.39%) Electronics
10 27 (1.07%) Publishing
11 16 (0.64%) Advertising
11 16 (0.64%) Financial Institution
12 14 (0.56%) Law
13 8 (0.32%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.28%) Automotive
15 6 (0.24%) Prime Brokerage
16 4 (0.16%) Billing
Job Titles
1 934 (37.08%) Developer
2 398 (15.80%) DevOps Engineer
3 317 (12.58%) Architect
4 309 (12.27%) Java Developer
5 111 (4.41%) AWS Engineer
6 98 (3.89%) Analyst
7 91 (3.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 91 (3.61%) Scala Developer
7 91 (3.61%) Technical Architect
8 89 (3.53%) React Developer
9 88 (3.49%) JavaScript Developer
10 86 (3.41%) Senior Developer
11 84 (3.33%) Software Engineer
12 81 (3.22%) AWS DevOps
13 80 (3.18%) Tester
14 74 (2.94%) Cloud Engineer
15 73 (2.90%) Solutions Architect
16 72 (2.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 72 (2.86%) Linux Engineer
17 69 (2.74%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 413 (16.40%) HTML
2 391 (15.52%) CSS
3 378 (15.01%) Node.js
4 371 (14.73%) Web Services
5 353 (14.01%) Spring
6 327 (12.98%) REST
7 294 (11.67%) AngularJS
8 275 (10.92%) RESTful
9 228 (9.05%) HTML5
10 215 (8.54%) .NET
11 214 (8.50%) JSON
12 210 (8.34%) React
13 189 (7.50%) SOAP
14 174 (6.91%) XML
15 169 (6.71%) Kafka
16 150 (5.95%) CSS3
16 150 (5.95%) Spring Boot
17 124 (4.92%) Elastic Stack
18 115 (4.57%) J2EE
19 107 (4.25%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 154 (6.11%) User Experience
2 149 (5.92%) Analytical Skills
3 100 (3.97%) Computer Science
3 100 (3.97%) Greenfield Project
4 87 (3.45%) Mobile App
5 81 (3.22%) Data Centre
6 76 (3.02%) Linux Command Line
7 72 (2.86%) Algorithms
8 56 (2.22%) Management Information System
9 53 (2.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 50 (1.98%) Public Cloud
11 44 (1.75%) Fintech
12 42 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
13 41 (1.63%) Data Structures
13 41 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
14 35 (1.39%) Fixed Income
15 31 (1.23%) NHS
16 24 (0.95%) HoloLens
17 23 (0.91%) Blog
18 22 (0.87%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 819 (32.51%) Linux
2 237 (9.41%) Windows
3 233 (9.25%) Unix
4 129 (5.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 89 (3.53%) Ubuntu
6 79 (3.14%) CentOS
7 53 (2.10%) Android
8 45 (1.79%) Windows Server
9 38 (1.51%) Apple iOS
10 21 (0.83%) Mac OS X
11 17 (0.67%) DC/OS
11 17 (0.67%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (0.60%) Debian
13 14 (0.56%) CoreOS
13 14 (0.56%) Solaris
14 12 (0.48%) AIX
15 7 (0.28%) VMS
16 6 (0.24%) Mac OS
16 6 (0.24%) Windows 10
16 6 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,417 (56.25%) Agile Software Development
2 809 (32.12%) DevOps
3 571 (22.67%) Test Automation
4 569 (22.59%) Continuous Integration
5 487 (19.33%) Microservices
6 474 (18.82%) TDD
7 457 (18.14%) Configuration Management
8 456 (18.10%) Scrum
9 306 (12.15%) BDD
10 292 (11.59%) Problem-Solving
11 246 (9.77%) OO
12 239 (9.49%) Analytics
13 235 (9.33%) Software Engineering
14 229 (9.09%) Continuous Delivery
15 192 (7.62%) Mentoring
16 183 (7.26%) Kanban
17 180 (7.15%) MVC
18 158 (6.27%) High Availability
19 157 (6.23%) SDLC
20 143 (5.68%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,118 (44.38%) Java
2 713 (28.30%) Python
3 665 (26.40%) JavaScript
4 439 (17.43%) SQL
5 333 (13.22%) Ruby
6 287 (11.39%) Scala
7 221 (8.77%) Bash Shell
8 218 (8.65%) C#
9 184 (7.30%) Perl
10 151 (5.99%) Groovy
11 134 (5.32%) Java 8
12 112 (4.45%) PHP
12 112 (4.45%) Shell Script
13 109 (4.33%) C++
14 88 (3.49%) C
15 86 (3.41%) PowerShell
16 76 (3.02%) ES6
17 68 (2.70%) TypeScript
18 60 (2.38%) Go
19 52 (2.06%) R
Qualifications
1 360 (14.29%) Security Cleared
2 306 (12.15%) SC Cleared
3 179 (7.11%) Degree
4 74 (2.94%) BPSS Clearance
5 73 (2.90%) Computer Science Degree
6 26 (1.03%) Cisco Certification
6 26 (1.03%) ISTQB
7 25 (0.99%) ISEB
8 23 (0.91%) CISSP
9 19 (0.75%) CCNP
9 19 (0.75%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 17 (0.67%) CCDP
10 17 (0.67%) Chartered Engineer
10 17 (0.67%) CISM
11 16 (0.64%) DV Cleared
12 15 (0.60%) Master's Degree
13 13 (0.52%) BC Cleared
14 11 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 8 (0.32%) CHECK Team Member
15 8 (0.32%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 176 (6.99%) QA
2 31 (1.23%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.87%) GCP
4 21 (0.83%) GDPR
5 12 (0.48%) PMO
6 9 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
6 9 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.28%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 5 (0.20%) HL7
8 5 (0.20%) TickIT
9 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.12%) SLA
10 3 (0.12%) WAI
11 2 (0.079%) FedRAMP
11 2 (0.079%) WCAG
12 1 (0.040%) BS25999
12 1 (0.040%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.040%) PSD2
System Software
1 540 (21.44%) Docker
2 103 (4.09%) Virtual Machines
3 94 (3.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (2.22%) Active Directory
5 30 (1.19%) Xen
6 29 (1.15%) Apache Flume
7 27 (1.07%) Hyper-V
8 25 (0.99%) HDFS
9 23 (0.91%) etcd
10 22 (0.87%) flannel
11 17 (0.67%) vSphere
12 16 (0.64%) LXC
13 15 (0.60%) VirtualBox
14 14 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 10 (0.40%) Virtual Servers
16 8 (0.32%) Ceph
16 8 (0.32%) Firmware
17 7 (0.28%) ProxySG
18 6 (0.24%) KVM
18 6 (0.24%) NFS
Systems Management
1 497 (19.73%) Puppet
2 432 (17.15%) Ansible
3 340 (13.50%) Opscode Chef
4 316 (12.54%) Kubernetes
5 252 (10.00%) Terraform
6 74 (2.94%) Grafana
6 74 (2.94%) Kibana
7 60 (2.38%) Packer
8 49 (1.95%) Nagios
9 44 (1.75%) logstash
10 40 (1.59%) HAProxy
11 35 (1.39%) Salt
12 32 (1.27%) Docker Swarm
13 30 (1.19%) Prometheus
14 24 (0.95%) Oozie
15 23 (0.91%) Consul
16 22 (0.87%) rkt
17 18 (0.71%) Host Intrusion Detection System
17 18 (0.71%) Network Intrusion Detection System
17 18 (0.71%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 190 (7.54%) Google
2 181 (7.19%) Microsoft
3 165 (6.55%) Oracle
4 119 (4.72%) Red Hat
5 108 (4.29%) VMware
6 93 (3.69%) Splunk
7 72 (2.86%) SAP
8 56 (2.22%) New Relic
9 48 (1.91%) Atlassian
10 40 (1.59%) Cisco
11 38 (1.51%) SaltStack
12 31 (1.23%) IBM
13 30 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
14 28 (1.11%) Tableau
15 25 (0.99%) Adobe
16 23 (0.91%) webMethods
17 21 (0.83%) Databricks
18 20 (0.79%) AppDynamics
18 20 (0.79%) Informatica
18 20 (0.79%) SOASTA, Inc