Period
to 26 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 26 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
26 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 89 91 84
Rank change year-on-year +2 -7 +8
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,166 2,522 2,376
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.61% 2.72% 2.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.99% 3.14% 3.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,370 1,762 1,658
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £360
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 22 28
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -25.53% +39.26%
10th Percentile £22.38 £20.55 £36.25
90th Percentile £54.50 £50.50 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £47.00
% change year-on-year - -25.53% +44.62%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,443 80,374 71,908
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.23% 86.63% 85.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,245 53,378 47,441
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,870 2,129 1,907
England median hourly rate £24.91 £22.00 £25.12
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.23% -12.42% +8.28%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.18 £11.60
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £51.35
UK median hourly rate £24.91 £22.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +13.23% -12.00% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 26 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 26 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 26 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 1,282 £550 +1.85% 100
North of England -13 318 £500 +11.11% 40
South East -12 246 £475 - 28
Yorkshire -8 153 £500 +5.26% 14
South West -2 120 £500 - 13
Midlands -10 120 £500 - 17
North West -2 112 £500 +5.26% 20
West Midlands +5 105 £494 -3.89% 9
East of England 0 76 £450 -14.20% 13
North East -17 53 £475 +18.75% 6
East Midlands -4 15 £525 +10.53% 8
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 26 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,166 (53.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,013 (46.77%) Java
3 849 (39.20%) DevOps
4 802 (37.03%) Amazon AWS
5 730 (33.70%) Python
6 676 (31.21%) Jenkins
7 625 (28.86%) Linux
8 623 (28.76%) JavaScript
9 544 (25.12%) Continuous Integration
10 516 (23.82%) Docker
11 505 (23.31%) Git (software)
12 498 (22.99%) Test Automation
13 432 (19.94%) TDD
14 413 (19.07%) Microservices
15 387 (17.87%) SQL
16 347 (16.02%) Web Services
16 347 (16.02%) Microsoft Azure
17 344 (15.88%) Puppet
17 344 (15.88%) Scrum
18 343 (15.84%) Node.js
19 336 (15.51%) Configuration Management
20 323 (14.91%) Ansible
20 323 (14.91%) Kubernetes
21 319 (14.73%) Finance
22 313 (14.45%) HTML
23 308 (14.22%) Spring
23 308 (14.22%) JIRA
24 302 (13.94%) NoSQL
25 301 (13.90%) AngularJS
26 295 (13.62%) CSS

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (8.91%) Confluence
2 156 (7.20%) Apache
3 149 (6.88%) nginx
4 118 (5.45%) Tomcat
5 117 (5.40%) Apache Spark
6 101 (4.66%) Elasticsearch
7 90 (4.16%) WebSphere
8 62 (2.86%) IIS
9 51 (2.35%) Cloud Foundry
9 51 (2.35%) Jetty
10 47 (2.17%) JBoss
11 44 (2.03%) Mongrel
12 40 (1.85%) WebLogic
13 31 (1.43%) WordPress
14 27 (1.25%) CMS
15 26 (1.20%) Drupal
16 22 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
17 21 (0.97%) OpenStack
18 18 (0.83%) Ethereum
18 18 (0.83%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 34 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.23%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.092%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.092%) Adobe XD
6 2 (0.092%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.092%) InVision
6 2 (0.092%) Sketch
6 2 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 16 (0.74%) Distributed Ledger
2 11 (0.51%) R3 Corda
3 9 (0.42%) Magento
4 4 (0.18%) SAP ERP
4 4 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.14%) CiviCRM
6 2 (0.092%) MultiChain
6 2 (0.092%) Quorum
6 2 (0.092%) Workday HCM
7 1 (0.046%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.046%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.046%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 802 (37.03%) Amazon AWS
2 347 (16.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 203 (9.37%) Google Cloud Platform
4 187 (8.63%) GitHub
5 181 (8.36%) Amazon EC2
6 123 (5.68%) Serverless
7 122 (5.63%) PaaS
8 112 (5.17%) Amazon S3
9 92 (4.25%) AWS CloudFormation
10 91 (4.20%) AWS Lambda
11 86 (3.97%) SaaS
12 80 (3.69%) npm
13 72 (3.32%) Amazon SQS
13 72 (3.32%) OpenShift
14 65 (3.00%) Google App Engine
15 50 (2.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 46 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
17 41 (1.89%) IaaS
18 37 (1.71%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 35 (1.62%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 227 (10.48%) HTTP
2 195 (9.00%) TCP/IP
3 159 (7.34%) SSL
4 139 (6.42%) DNS
5 109 (5.03%) FTP
6 104 (4.80%) DHCP
7 101 (4.66%) IPsec
8 85 (3.92%) Firewall
9 52 (2.40%) WAN
10 42 (1.94%) LAN
11 38 (1.75%) VoIP
12 37 (1.71%) Internet
13 34 (1.57%) Intrusion Detection
13 34 (1.57%) VPN
14 28 (1.29%) Network Security
15 15 (0.69%) SMTP
16 14 (0.65%) AMQP
17 13 (0.60%) Cisco ASA
17 13 (0.60%) SAN
18 11 (0.51%) Cisco PIX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 302 (13.94%) NoSQL
2 278 (12.83%) MySQL
3 275 (12.70%) MongoDB
4 208 (9.60%) Relational Database
5 189 (8.73%) Big Data
6 182 (8.40%) PostgreSQL
7 177 (8.17%) SQL Server
8 125 (5.77%) Hadoop
9 111 (5.12%) Apache Cassandra
10 105 (4.85%) Amazon RDS
11 87 (4.02%) Amazon Redshift
11 87 (4.02%) RDBMS
12 71 (3.28%) Redis
13 60 (2.77%) Data Warehouse
14 39 (1.80%) Blockchain
15 34 (1.57%) Data Lake
15 34 (1.57%) Power BI
16 32 (1.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 24 (1.11%) Oracle Database
17 24 (1.11%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 676 (31.21%) Jenkins
2 505 (23.31%) Git (software)
3 308 (14.22%) JIRA
4 218 (10.06%) Maven
5 189 (8.73%) JUnit
6 142 (6.56%) Travis CI
7 137 (6.33%) Selenium
8 133 (6.14%) gulp
9 120 (5.54%) Cucumber
10 116 (5.36%) SonarQube
11 98 (4.52%) Bitbucket
12 96 (4.43%) Subversion
13 91 (4.20%) GitLab
14 89 (4.11%) Artifactory
15 81 (3.74%) Gradle
16 79 (3.65%) Sonatype Nexus
17 69 (3.19%) Karma Test Runner
18 66 (3.05%) Jasmine
19 56 (2.59%) Grunt
20 54 (2.49%) Mockito
General
1 319 (14.73%) Finance
2 173 (7.99%) Banking
3 62 (2.86%) Front Office
4 57 (2.63%) Retail
5 39 (1.80%) Marketing
6 33 (1.52%) Pharmaceutical
7 30 (1.39%) Telecoms
8 29 (1.34%) Games
8 29 (1.34%) Law
9 27 (1.25%) Legal
10 24 (1.11%) Financial Institution
11 22 (1.02%) Advertising
12 20 (0.92%) Investment Banking
13 18 (0.83%) Manufacturing
13 18 (0.83%) Publishing
14 14 (0.65%) Electronics
15 6 (0.28%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.23%) Billing
17 4 (0.18%) Back Office
18 2 (0.092%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 917 (42.34%) Developer
2 351 (16.20%) DevOps Engineer
3 236 (10.90%) Java Developer
4 223 (10.30%) Architect
5 125 (5.77%) Python Developer
6 111 (5.12%) Senior Developer
7 106 (4.89%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 99 (4.57%) AWS Engineer
9 91 (4.20%) AWS Developer
10 89 (4.11%) JavaScript Developer
11 88 (4.06%) Analyst
12 78 (3.60%) Data Engineer
13 77 (3.55%) AWS DevOps
14 75 (3.46%) Full Stack Developer
15 73 (3.37%) Angular Developer
16 66 (3.05%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 60 (2.77%) Solutions Architect
18 59 (2.72%) Scala Developer
19 58 (2.68%) React Developer
19 58 (2.68%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 347 (16.02%) Web Services
2 343 (15.84%) Node.js
3 313 (14.45%) HTML
4 308 (14.22%) Spring
5 301 (13.90%) AngularJS
6 295 (13.62%) CSS
7 284 (13.11%) RESTful
8 240 (11.08%) REST
9 239 (11.03%) React
10 187 (8.63%) .NET
11 172 (7.94%) J2EE
12 160 (7.39%) SOAP
13 159 (7.34%) HTML5
14 156 (7.20%) Kafka
15 142 (6.56%) JSON
16 129 (5.96%) Spring Boot
17 115 (5.31%) Elastic Stack
18 98 (4.52%) Hibernate
19 90 (4.16%) XML
20 85 (3.92%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 109 (5.03%) Greenfield Project
2 103 (4.76%) Algorithms
3 96 (4.43%) Analytical Skills
4 67 (3.09%) User Experience
5 62 (2.86%) Data Centre
6 59 (2.72%) Data Structures
6 59 (2.72%) Mobile App
7 57 (2.63%) Fintech
7 57 (2.63%) Public Cloud
8 42 (1.94%) Management Information System
9 40 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
10 38 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
11 36 (1.66%) Cloud Native
12 35 (1.62%) Blog
13 30 (1.39%) NHS
14 29 (1.34%) Cyberattack
15 25 (1.15%) Bitcoin
16 23 (1.06%) Hedge funds
17 21 (0.97%) Virtual Team
18 20 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 625 (28.86%) Linux
2 213 (9.83%) Windows
3 197 (9.10%) Unix
4 57 (2.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 52 (2.40%) Ubuntu
6 39 (1.80%) Android
7 30 (1.39%) Windows Server
8 28 (1.29%) CentOS
9 27 (1.25%) Apple iOS
10 12 (0.55%) VMS
11 11 (0.51%) Windows 10
12 10 (0.46%) Mac OS
12 10 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
13 9 (0.42%) Kali Linux
14 8 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
15 7 (0.32%) Mac OS X
16 5 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
16 5 (0.23%) Solaris
17 3 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
17 3 (0.14%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,166 (53.83%) Agile Software Development
2 849 (39.20%) DevOps
3 544 (25.12%) Continuous Integration
4 498 (22.99%) Test Automation
5 432 (19.94%) TDD
6 413 (19.07%) Microservices
7 344 (15.88%) Scrum
8 336 (15.51%) Configuration Management
9 253 (11.68%) BDD
10 228 (10.53%) OO
11 221 (10.20%) Analytics
12 220 (10.16%) Problem-Solving
13 183 (8.45%) Software Engineering
14 182 (8.40%) Continuous Delivery
15 171 (7.89%) Mentoring
16 162 (7.48%) Deployment Automation
17 159 (7.34%) Machine Learning
18 152 (7.02%) Front End Development
19 137 (6.33%) Kanban
20 131 (6.05%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,013 (46.77%) Java
2 730 (33.70%) Python
3 623 (28.76%) JavaScript
4 387 (17.87%) SQL
5 189 (8.73%) Ruby
5 189 (8.73%) Scala
6 169 (7.80%) C#
7 128 (5.91%) Bash Shell
8 125 (5.77%) ES6
9 116 (5.36%) Groovy
10 112 (5.17%) Java 8
11 108 (4.99%) PHP
12 96 (4.43%) TypeScript
13 91 (4.20%) Perl
14 85 (3.92%) Shell Script
15 69 (3.19%) C++
16 58 (2.68%) R
17 56 (2.59%) PowerShell
18 43 (1.99%) Go
19 26 (1.20%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 285 (13.16%) Security Cleared
2 201 (9.28%) SC Cleared
3 131 (6.05%) Degree
4 98 (4.52%) BPSS Clearance
5 40 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 34 (1.57%) DBS Check
7 24 (1.11%) ISTQB
8 22 (1.02%) ISEB
9 20 (0.92%) AWS Certification
10 17 (0.78%) CISSP
10 17 (0.78%) Master's Degree
11 14 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
11 14 (0.65%) SANS
11 14 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
12 13 (0.60%) DV Cleared
12 13 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 10 (0.46%) PhD
14 9 (0.42%) CTC Cleared
15 8 (0.37%) BC Cleared
15 8 (0.37%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 103 (4.76%) QA
2 26 (1.20%) Disclosure Scotland
3 18 (0.83%) GDPR
4 12 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.42%) SLA
6 8 (0.37%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.18%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.18%) PMO
8 3 (0.14%) GxP
8 3 (0.14%) HL7
8 3 (0.14%) JTAG
8 3 (0.14%) PSD2
9 2 (0.092%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.092%) WCAG
10 1 (0.046%) COBIT
10 1 (0.046%) Government Security Classifications
10 1 (0.046%) OASIS TOSCA
10 1 (0.046%) WAI
System Software
1 516 (23.82%) Docker
2 115 (5.31%) Virtual Machines
3 109 (5.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 44 (2.03%) Xen
5 34 (1.57%) vSphere
6 22 (1.02%) Active Directory
7 19 (0.88%) Apache Flume
8 16 (0.74%) HDFS
8 16 (0.74%) Hyper-V
9 11 (0.51%) KVM
10 8 (0.37%) Postfix
10 8 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 5 (0.23%) Sendmail
13 4 (0.18%) Firmware
13 4 (0.18%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 3 (0.14%) iptables
14 3 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 3 (0.14%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 344 (15.88%) Puppet
2 323 (14.91%) Ansible
2 323 (14.91%) Kubernetes
3 230 (10.62%) Terraform
4 182 (8.40%) Opscode Chef
5 71 (3.28%) Grafana
6 67 (3.09%) Kibana
7 25 (1.15%) Nmap
8 24 (1.11%) Consul
8 24 (1.11%) Nessus
9 22 (1.02%) Packer
9 22 (1.02%) ZABBIX
10 17 (0.78%) logstash
10 17 (0.78%) QRadar
11 15 (0.69%) CloudHub
11 15 (0.69%) SCCM
12 14 (0.65%) Prometheus
12 14 (0.65%) Red Hat Satellite
13 11 (0.51%) Istio
14 10 (0.46%) Graphite
Vendors
1 224 (10.34%) Microsoft
2 206 (9.51%) Google
3 136 (6.28%) Oracle
4 125 (5.77%) VMware
5 79 (3.65%) Splunk
6 67 (3.09%) Red Hat
7 62 (2.86%) IBM
8 50 (2.31%) MuleSoft
9 35 (1.62%) Databricks
10 33 (1.52%) Apple
10 33 (1.52%) Cisco
11 30 (1.39%) SAP
12 28 (1.29%) AlienVault
12 28 (1.29%) BMC
13 26 (1.20%) Adobe
14 23 (1.06%) HP
14 23 (1.06%) webMethods
15 22 (1.02%) Facebook
16 21 (0.97%) Atlassian
16 21 (0.97%) hybris