Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 92 93 81
Rank change year-on-year +1 -12 +60
Contract jobs citing Open Source 2,532 2,428 2,857
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.69% 2.66% 2.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.12% 3.10% 3.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,656 1,755 1,976
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £368 £369 £338
90th Percentile £691 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 12 7
England median hourly rate £42.50 £38.75 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.68% -9.88% -4.44%
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.16 £34.00
90th Percentile £73.75 £48.75 £56.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £38.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +9.68% -8.82% -5.56%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,260 78,348 83,621
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.22% 85.90% 85.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,227 52,340 55,746
England median daily rate £470 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £282 £263
90th Percentile £645 £630 £605
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,201 1,876 2,205
England median hourly rate £21.00 £24.99 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.97% +11.07% +3.52%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +11.11% +3.45%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 1,473 £550 +4.76% 370
South East +21 377 £500 +5.26% 96
North of England -16 343 £495 +4.16% 126
Midlands -1 174 £455 -4.21% 47
West Midlands -12 129 £445 -8.79% 28
Yorkshire -34 129 £475 - 32
North West -15 121 £575 +9.52% 82
North East +9 99 £450 -9.09% 12
East of England +6 92 £525 +5.00% 61
South West -50 70 £455 +7.06% 81
East Midlands +5 43 £500 +8.70% 19
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,456 (57.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,154 (45.58%) Java
3 820 (32.39%) DevOps
4 765 (30.21%) Linux
5 745 (29.42%) Python
6 737 (29.11%) Jenkins
7 651 (25.71%) Amazon AWS
8 633 (25.00%) JavaScript
9 611 (24.13%) Test Automation
10 584 (23.06%) Git (software)
11 565 (22.31%) Continuous Integration
12 549 (21.68%) Docker
13 525 (20.73%) Scrum
14 476 (18.80%) Puppet
15 475 (18.76%) Microservices
16 470 (18.56%) TDD
17 438 (17.30%) SQL
18 423 (16.71%) Web Services
19 419 (16.55%) Ansible
20 387 (15.28%) Configuration Management
21 380 (15.01%) Node.js
22 371 (14.65%) Spring
23 356 (14.06%) Security Cleared
24 348 (13.74%) Opscode Chef
25 344 (13.59%) Kubernetes
26 333 (13.15%) HTML
27 332 (13.11%) Finance
28 326 (12.88%) CSS
29 321 (12.68%) NoSQL
29 321 (12.68%) BDD

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (7.31%) Confluence
2 157 (6.20%) Apache Spark
3 138 (5.45%) Tomcat
4 134 (5.29%) Apache
5 131 (5.17%) nginx
6 122 (4.82%) Elasticsearch
7 57 (2.25%) Cloud Foundry
7 57 (2.25%) CMS
8 54 (2.13%) JBoss
9 44 (1.74%) OpenStack
10 41 (1.62%) Apache Solr
11 34 (1.34%) Jetty
12 27 (1.07%) WebLogic
13 25 (0.99%) WebSphere
14 21 (0.83%) IIS
15 20 (0.79%) Apache Pig
16 18 (0.71%) SharePoint
17 16 (0.63%) Mongrel
18 15 (0.59%) WordPress
19 11 (0.43%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 17 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.20%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.079%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.079%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.079%) Snapchat
5 1 (0.039%) HipChat
5 1 (0.039%) InVision
5 1 (0.039%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.039%) Shockwave
5 1 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.039%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 9 (0.36%) ION MarketView
2 7 (0.28%) Magento
3 5 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.039%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.039%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.039%) Exchequer
5 1 (0.039%) Exstream
5 1 (0.039%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.039%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.039%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.039%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
Cloud Services
1 651 (25.71%) Amazon AWS
2 316 (12.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 152 (6.00%) GitHub
4 143 (5.65%) PaaS
5 110 (4.34%) npm
6 105 (4.15%) Amazon EC2
7 91 (3.59%) SaaS
8 89 (3.52%) IaaS
9 65 (2.57%) Amazon S3
10 58 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
11 57 (2.25%) Google Cloud Platform
12 56 (2.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 55 (2.17%) AWS CloudFormation
14 54 (2.13%) Amazon EMR
15 48 (1.90%) Serverless
16 45 (1.78%) Google Analytics
17 35 (1.38%) Datadog
18 34 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
19 33 (1.30%) OpenShift
20 32 (1.26%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 239 (9.44%) HTTP
2 159 (6.28%) TCP/IP
3 136 (5.37%) SSL
4 93 (3.67%) DNS
5 83 (3.28%) Firewall
6 60 (2.37%) Internet
7 48 (1.90%) DHCP
8 34 (1.34%) VPN
9 32 (1.26%) FTP
9 32 (1.26%) IPsec
10 28 (1.11%) AMQP
11 21 (0.83%) Kerberos
12 20 (0.79%) HTTPS
13 19 (0.75%) Network Security
14 18 (0.71%) LAN
14 18 (0.71%) SSH
15 16 (0.63%) WAN
16 14 (0.55%) ICMP
17 12 (0.47%) MPLS
18 10 (0.39%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 321 (12.68%) NoSQL
2 273 (10.78%) MongoDB
3 272 (10.74%) Relational Database
4 254 (10.03%) Big Data
5 247 (9.76%) PostgreSQL
6 241 (9.52%) MySQL
7 173 (6.83%) Hadoop
8 138 (5.45%) SQL Server
9 114 (4.50%) Apache Cassandra
10 88 (3.48%) RDBMS
11 83 (3.28%) Apache Hive
12 76 (3.00%) Redis
13 67 (2.65%) Amazon Redshift
14 60 (2.37%) Data Warehouse
15 45 (1.78%) HBase
16 32 (1.26%) Amazon Aurora
16 32 (1.26%) Flink
17 31 (1.22%) Neo4j
18 28 (1.11%) Data Lake
19 25 (0.99%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 737 (29.11%) Jenkins
2 584 (23.06%) Git (software)
3 264 (10.43%) Selenium
4 255 (10.07%) JIRA
5 221 (8.73%) Cucumber
6 215 (8.49%) Maven
7 194 (7.66%) JUnit
8 114 (4.50%) Gradle
8 114 (4.50%) Subversion
9 109 (4.30%) gulp
10 90 (3.55%) Gatling
11 81 (3.20%) GitLab
12 80 (3.16%) Travis CI
13 76 (3.00%) Karma Test Runner
14 74 (2.92%) SoapUI
15 72 (2.84%) SonarQube
16 71 (2.80%) Sonatype Nexus
17 61 (2.41%) WebDriver
18 60 (2.37%) Ant
19 59 (2.33%) Mocha
General
1 332 (13.11%) Finance
2 178 (7.03%) Banking
3 114 (4.50%) Retail
4 55 (2.17%) Telecoms
5 54 (2.13%) Marketing
6 51 (2.01%) Legal
7 42 (1.66%) Front Office
8 37 (1.46%) Publishing
9 36 (1.42%) Manufacturing
10 35 (1.38%) Investment Banking
11 34 (1.34%) Electronics
12 23 (0.91%) Back Office
12 23 (0.91%) Games
13 22 (0.87%) Advertising
14 20 (0.79%) Financial Institution
15 14 (0.55%) Law
16 6 (0.24%) Billing
16 6 (0.24%) Prime Brokerage
16 6 (0.24%) Retail Banking
17 5 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 942 (37.20%) Developer
2 361 (14.26%) DevOps Engineer
3 341 (13.47%) Java Developer
4 305 (12.05%) Architect
5 117 (4.62%) Analyst
6 111 (4.38%) AWS Engineer
7 107 (4.23%) Scala Developer
8 91 (3.59%) Tester
9 88 (3.48%) Technical Architect
10 85 (3.36%) AWS DevOps
11 84 (3.32%) Senior Developer
12 77 (3.04%) Software Engineer
13 76 (3.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 75 (2.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 73 (2.88%) Solutions Architect
16 71 (2.80%) Data Engineer
17 70 (2.76%) Java Engineer
17 70 (2.76%) React Developer
18 69 (2.73%) Python Developer
19 67 (2.65%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 423 (16.71%) Web Services
2 380 (15.01%) Node.js
3 371 (14.65%) Spring
4 333 (13.15%) HTML
5 326 (12.88%) CSS
6 316 (12.48%) REST
7 312 (12.32%) RESTful
8 304 (12.01%) AngularJS
9 228 (9.00%) JSON
10 199 (7.86%) .NET
11 194 (7.66%) HTML5
12 186 (7.35%) SOAP
13 183 (7.23%) React
14 163 (6.44%) Kafka
15 158 (6.24%) Spring Boot
16 150 (5.92%) XML
17 126 (4.98%) CSS3
18 118 (4.66%) Gherkin
19 115 (4.54%) J2EE
20 111 (4.38%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 178 (7.03%) Analytical Skills
2 139 (5.49%) User Experience
3 124 (4.90%) Greenfield Project
4 106 (4.19%) Computer Science
5 76 (3.00%) Data Centre
6 68 (2.69%) Mobile App
7 54 (2.13%) Management Information System
7 54 (2.13%) Public Cloud
8 53 (2.09%) Algorithms
8 53 (2.09%) Fintech
9 44 (1.74%) Linux Command Line
9 44 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
10 38 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
11 36 (1.42%) Fixed Income
12 34 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 32 (1.26%) NHS
14 25 (0.99%) Data Structures
15 24 (0.95%) Blog
16 21 (0.83%) Private Cloud
16 21 (0.83%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 765 (30.21%) Linux
2 239 (9.44%) Windows
3 226 (8.93%) Unix
4 98 (3.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 83 (3.28%) Ubuntu
6 70 (2.76%) CentOS
7 60 (2.37%) Android
8 48 (1.90%) Windows Server
9 34 (1.34%) Apple iOS
10 28 (1.11%) Mac OS X
11 13 (0.51%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.51%) VMS
11 13 (0.51%) Windows 8
12 12 (0.47%) Windows 7
12 12 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
13 10 (0.39%) Solaris
14 9 (0.36%) Debian
14 9 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
15 8 (0.32%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.28%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,456 (57.50%) Agile Software Development
2 820 (32.39%) DevOps
3 611 (24.13%) Test Automation
4 565 (22.31%) Continuous Integration
5 525 (20.73%) Scrum
6 475 (18.76%) Microservices
7 470 (18.56%) TDD
8 387 (15.28%) Configuration Management
9 321 (12.68%) BDD
10 300 (11.85%) Problem-Solving
11 270 (10.66%) Continuous Delivery
12 249 (9.83%) Analytics
13 227 (8.97%) Software Engineering
14 220 (8.69%) Kanban
14 220 (8.69%) OO
15 183 (7.23%) Mentoring
16 163 (6.44%) MVC
17 145 (5.73%) Continuous Improvement
18 139 (5.49%) Migration
19 135 (5.33%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 1,154 (45.58%) Java
2 745 (29.42%) Python
3 633 (25.00%) JavaScript
4 438 (17.30%) SQL
5 301 (11.89%) Ruby
6 296 (11.69%) Scala
7 218 (8.61%) C#
8 191 (7.54%) Bash Shell
9 187 (7.39%) Groovy
10 163 (6.44%) Perl
11 142 (5.61%) Java 8
12 135 (5.33%) Shell Script
13 92 (3.63%) C++
14 87 (3.44%) PHP
15 75 (2.96%) ES6
16 73 (2.88%) C
17 54 (2.13%) TypeScript
18 52 (2.05%) PowerShell
19 49 (1.94%) Go
20 48 (1.90%) R
Qualifications
1 356 (14.06%) Security Cleared
2 298 (11.77%) SC Cleared
3 160 (6.32%) Degree
4 78 (3.08%) BPSS Clearance
5 61 (2.41%) Computer Science Degree
6 35 (1.38%) ISTQB
7 28 (1.11%) ISEB
8 23 (0.91%) Master's Degree
9 16 (0.63%) CISSP
9 16 (0.63%) DV Cleared
10 14 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
11 12 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 11 (0.43%) BC Cleared
13 10 (0.39%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 10 (0.39%) TOGAF Certification
14 8 (0.32%) AWS Certification
15 7 (0.28%) CCNA
15 7 (0.28%) CCNP
16 6 (0.24%) CISM
17 5 (0.20%) CCDP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 207 (8.18%) QA
2 25 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.87%) GDPR
4 13 (0.51%) PMO
5 11 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
7 7 (0.28%) FedRAMP
8 5 (0.20%) HL7
9 4 (0.16%) Government Security Classifications
9 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.12%) WAI
11 2 (0.079%) OASIS TOSCA
11 2 (0.079%) SLA
11 2 (0.079%) WCAG
12 1 (0.039%) BS25999
12 1 (0.039%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 1 (0.039%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.039%) PSD2
System Software
1 549 (21.68%) Docker
2 102 (4.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 90 (3.55%) Virtual Machines
4 57 (2.25%) Active Directory
5 31 (1.22%) vSphere
6 30 (1.18%) HDFS
7 22 (0.87%) Apache Flume
8 21 (0.83%) Xen
9 17 (0.67%) etcd
10 16 (0.63%) flannel
11 14 (0.55%) Virtual Servers
12 13 (0.51%) Hyper-V
12 13 (0.51%) KVM
13 10 (0.39%) VirtualBox
14 9 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
15 7 (0.28%) NFS
15 7 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
16 6 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 6 (0.24%) Ceph
16 6 (0.24%) LXC
Systems Management
1 476 (18.80%) Puppet
2 419 (16.55%) Ansible
3 348 (13.74%) Opscode Chef
4 344 (13.59%) Kubernetes
5 254 (10.03%) Terraform
6 81 (3.20%) Kibana
7 75 (2.96%) Grafana
8 44 (1.74%) Packer
9 35 (1.38%) Nagios
10 34 (1.34%) Salt
11 30 (1.18%) logstash
11 30 (1.18%) Prometheus
12 29 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
13 26 (1.03%) ZABBIX
14 23 (0.91%) Oozie
15 16 (0.63%) rkt
16 15 (0.59%) Consul
16 15 (0.59%) Mesos
17 14 (0.55%) HAProxy
18 12 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 189 (7.46%) Microsoft
2 188 (7.42%) Google
3 158 (6.24%) Oracle
4 117 (4.62%) VMware
5 113 (4.46%) Red Hat
6 89 (3.52%) Splunk
7 64 (2.53%) SAP
8 34 (1.34%) Atlassian
8 34 (1.34%) New Relic
9 32 (1.26%) SaltStack
10 31 (1.22%) Black Duck
11 30 (1.18%) Adobe
11 30 (1.18%) IBM
12 29 (1.15%) Cisco
13 24 (0.95%) Cloudera
13 24 (0.95%) SOASTA, Inc
14 23 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
14 23 (0.91%) webMethods
15 22 (0.87%) AppDynamics
16 21 (0.83%) Tableau