Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 122 95 94
Rank change year-on-year -27 -1 -13
Contract jobs citing Open Source 1,721 2,536 2,428
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.11% 2.70% 2.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.43% 3.10% 3.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,111 1,681 1,704
England median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £400 £374 £375
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 12 15
England median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% - -5.56%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% - +9.68%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 70,947 81,785 77,720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.85% 86.92% 86.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,125 54,494 51,549
England median daily rate £475 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,010 2,234 1,909
England median hourly rate £25.00 £20.50 £23.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.95% -11.41% -1.53%
10th Percentile £11.88 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.20 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £20.50 £24.00
% change year-on-year +19.51% -14.58% +4.35%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -11 1,098 £563 +2.27% 204
North of England -8 245 £500 +11.11% 87
South East -82 166 £494 +3.95% 76
North West +8 104 £539 +2.62% 51
Yorkshire -10 90 £495 +10.00% 22
Midlands -29 83 £475 -2.56% 41
South West -7 73 £539 +7.80% 39
West Midlands -9 71 £475 +5.56% 31
East of England -20 53 £450 -14.29% 28
North East 0 51 £450 +7.14% 14
East Midlands 0 14 £650 +30.00% 10
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 908 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
2 749 (43.52%) Java
3 685 (39.80%) DevOps
4 610 (35.44%) AWS
5 582 (33.82%) Python
6 509 (29.58%) Jenkins
7 499 (28.99%) JavaScript
8 466 (27.08%) Linux
9 435 (25.28%) Docker
10 403 (23.42%) Continuous Integration
11 366 (21.27%) Git (software)
12 330 (19.17%) TDD
13 312 (18.13%) Ansible
14 310 (18.01%) Microservices
15 305 (17.72%) Web Services
16 297 (17.26%) AngularJS
17 296 (17.20%) Kubernetes
18 290 (16.85%) Finance
18 290 (16.85%) Test Automation
19 288 (16.73%) Security Cleared
20 287 (16.68%) SQL
21 281 (16.33%) Scrum
22 273 (15.86%) Azure
23 237 (13.77%) Terraform
24 234 (13.60%) Node.js
25 230 (13.36%) Configuration Management
26 216 (12.55%) MySQL
27 212 (12.32%) CSS
28 211 (12.26%) HTML
28 211 (12.26%) SC Cleared

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (5.98%) Confluence
2 86 (5.00%) Apache
3 84 (4.88%) Apache Spark
4 77 (4.47%) Elasticsearch
5 65 (3.78%) nginx
6 53 (3.08%) Tomcat
7 36 (2.09%) IIS
8 35 (2.03%) Drupal
9 27 (1.57%) WebSphere
10 22 (1.28%) JBoss
10 22 (1.28%) Jetty
11 21 (1.22%) Apache Airflow
11 21 (1.22%) SAS
11 21 (1.22%) WordPress
12 20 (1.16%) ArcGIS
12 20 (1.16%) CMS
13 18 (1.05%) GeoServer
14 17 (0.99%) OpenStack
15 16 (0.93%) Cloud Foundry
16 15 (0.87%) WebLogic
Applications
1 27 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.64%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.41%) SPSS
4 5 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.12%) InVision
5 2 (0.12%) Sketch
6 1 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 10 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
1 10 (0.58%) R3 Corda
2 9 (0.52%) Magento
3 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.058%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.058%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.058%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.058%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 610 (35.44%) AWS
2 273 (15.86%) Azure
3 187 (10.87%) GitHub
4 168 (9.76%) Amazon EC2
5 144 (8.37%) Serverless
6 140 (8.13%) GCP
7 119 (6.91%) Amazon S3
8 100 (5.81%) Amazon SQS
9 92 (5.35%) AWS CloudFormation
10 88 (5.11%) OpenShift
11 87 (5.06%) AWS Lambda
12 69 (4.01%) PaaS
13 54 (3.14%) npm
14 49 (2.85%) Cloud Computing
15 44 (2.56%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 38 (2.21%) SaaS
17 37 (2.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 35 (2.03%) IaaS
19 33 (1.92%) Amazon ECS
20 31 (1.80%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 117 (6.80%) HTTP
2 96 (5.58%) TCP/IP
3 88 (5.11%) SSL
4 70 (4.07%) DNS
5 64 (3.72%) FTP
6 53 (3.08%) DHCP
7 47 (2.73%) IPsec
8 44 (2.56%) Firewall
9 41 (2.38%) Internet
10 36 (2.09%) Network Security
11 20 (1.16%) WAN
12 18 (1.05%) Intrusion Detection
13 15 (0.87%) SMTP
13 15 (0.87%) VPN
14 13 (0.76%) AMQP
14 13 (0.76%) Cisco ASA
15 12 (0.70%) NAS
15 12 (0.70%) SAN
15 12 (0.70%) SNMP
16 11 (0.64%) Cisco PIX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 216 (12.55%) MySQL
2 192 (11.16%) PostgreSQL
3 164 (9.53%) MongoDB
3 164 (9.53%) NoSQL
4 136 (7.90%) Amazon RDS
5 130 (7.55%) Relational Database
6 123 (7.15%) SQL Server
7 116 (6.74%) Big Data
8 97 (5.64%) Amazon Redshift
9 90 (5.23%) Hadoop
10 57 (3.31%) RDBMS
11 56 (3.25%) Apache Cassandra
12 52 (3.02%) Data Warehouse
13 36 (2.09%) Blockchain
14 31 (1.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 29 (1.69%) Oracle Database
16 23 (1.34%) Data Lake
16 23 (1.34%) Geospatial Data
16 23 (1.34%) Redis
17 19 (1.10%) DB2
Development Applications
1 509 (29.58%) Jenkins
2 366 (21.27%) Git (software)
3 168 (9.76%) JIRA
4 137 (7.96%) Maven
5 103 (5.98%) Cucumber
6 98 (5.69%) Selenium
7 91 (5.29%) JUnit
8 90 (5.23%) SonarQube
9 87 (5.06%) Travis CI
10 86 (5.00%) Artifactory
11 76 (4.42%) GitLab
12 62 (3.60%) gulp
13 60 (3.49%) Bitbucket
14 54 (3.14%) Jasmine
15 53 (3.08%) Karma Test Runner
16 52 (3.02%) Mockito
16 52 (3.02%) Subversion
17 49 (2.85%) Sonatype Nexus
18 47 (2.73%) Gradle
19 41 (2.38%) jMock
General
1 290 (16.85%) Finance
2 154 (8.95%) Public Sector
3 94 (5.46%) Banking
4 70 (4.07%) Front Office
5 42 (2.44%) Marketing
6 35 (2.03%) Law
7 26 (1.51%) Pharmaceutical
8 22 (1.28%) Publishing
9 19 (1.10%) Financial Institution
9 19 (1.10%) Retail
10 18 (1.05%) Games
10 18 (1.05%) Telecoms
11 17 (0.99%) Advertising
12 14 (0.81%) Manufacturing
13 13 (0.76%) Investment Banking
14 10 (0.58%) Legal
14 10 (0.58%) Retail Banking
15 8 (0.46%) Electronics
16 5 (0.29%) Police
17 3 (0.17%) Billing
Job Titles
1 708 (41.14%) Developer
2 250 (14.53%) DevOps Engineer
3 196 (11.39%) Architect
4 177 (10.28%) Java Developer
5 110 (6.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 105 (6.10%) React Developer
7 102 (5.93%) JavaScript Developer
8 96 (5.58%) Angular Developer
9 93 (5.40%) Full Stack Developer
10 91 (5.29%) AWS Developer
11 81 (4.71%) AWS Engineer
12 79 (4.59%) Senior Developer
13 73 (4.24%) Data Engineer
14 69 (4.01%) Python Developer
15 67 (3.89%) Tester
16 61 (3.54%) Lead Developer
17 56 (3.25%) UI Developer
18 55 (3.20%) Analyst
19 53 (3.08%) AWS DevOps
20 51 (2.96%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 305 (17.72%) Web Services
2 297 (17.26%) AngularJS
3 234 (13.60%) Node.js
4 212 (12.32%) CSS
5 211 (12.26%) HTML
6 192 (11.16%) React
7 191 (11.10%) Spring
8 166 (9.65%) RESTful
9 151 (8.77%) REST
10 128 (7.44%) JSON
11 118 (6.86%) Kafka
12 117 (6.80%) .NET
13 105 (6.10%) J2EE
14 104 (6.04%) HTML5
15 99 (5.75%) SOAP
16 81 (4.71%) XML
17 73 (4.24%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 69 (4.01%) Spring Boot
19 60 (3.49%) CSS3
20 57 (3.31%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 117 (6.80%) Greenfield Project
2 94 (5.46%) User Experience
3 72 (4.18%) Analytical Skills
4 63 (3.66%) Algorithms
5 59 (3.43%) Public Cloud
6 56 (3.25%) Data Centre
7 43 (2.50%) Blog
8 34 (1.98%) Data Structures
9 28 (1.63%) Mobile App
10 27 (1.57%) Fixed Income
11 23 (1.34%) Bitcoin
12 21 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
12 21 (1.22%) NHS
13 20 (1.16%) Management Information System
14 19 (1.10%) Clustering
14 19 (1.10%) Enterprise Cloud
15 18 (1.05%) Replication
15 18 (1.05%) Virtual Team
16 17 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
17 15 (0.87%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 466 (27.08%) Linux
2 151 (8.77%) Windows
3 111 (6.45%) Unix
4 85 (4.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 39 (2.27%) Ubuntu
6 32 (1.86%) Android
7 31 (1.80%) Windows Server
8 30 (1.74%) CentOS
9 27 (1.57%) Apple iOS
10 14 (0.81%) VMS
11 12 (0.70%) Kali Linux
12 9 (0.52%) Mac OS X
13 8 (0.46%) Mac OS
13 8 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.41%) Debian
15 6 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.29%) Solaris
16 5 (0.29%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 3 (0.17%) Mesosphere
17 3 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 908 (52.76%) Agile Software Development
2 685 (39.80%) DevOps
3 403 (23.42%) Continuous Integration
4 330 (19.17%) TDD
5 310 (18.01%) Microservices
6 290 (16.85%) Test Automation
7 281 (16.33%) Scrum
8 230 (13.36%) Configuration Management
9 200 (11.62%) Software Engineering
10 181 (10.52%) BDD
11 173 (10.05%) Analytics
12 172 (9.99%) OO
13 168 (9.76%) Continuous Delivery
14 160 (9.30%) Front End Development
15 130 (7.55%) Mentoring
16 125 (7.26%) Data Science
17 115 (6.68%) Deployment Automation
18 114 (6.62%) Kanban
19 111 (6.45%) Problem-Solving
20 108 (6.28%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 749 (43.52%) Java
2 582 (33.82%) Python
3 499 (28.99%) JavaScript
4 287 (16.68%) SQL
5 138 (8.02%) C#
6 134 (7.79%) Ruby
7 128 (7.44%) ES6
8 114 (6.62%) Scala
9 102 (5.93%) Bash Shell
10 98 (5.69%) Java 8
11 95 (5.52%) Perl
12 79 (4.59%) PHP
12 79 (4.59%) TypeScript
13 78 (4.53%) Shell Script
14 70 (4.07%) PowerShell
15 55 (3.20%) C++
16 54 (3.14%) Groovy
16 54 (3.14%) R
17 41 (2.38%) Go
18 21 (1.22%) C
Qualifications
1 288 (16.73%) Security Cleared
2 211 (12.26%) SC Cleared
3 111 (6.45%) Degree
4 42 (2.44%) BPSS Clearance
5 38 (2.21%) AWS Certification
6 29 (1.69%) ISTQB
7 27 (1.57%) ISEB
8 26 (1.51%) RHCE
9 22 (1.28%) Master's Degree
10 21 (1.22%) CISSP
11 20 (1.16%) PhD
12 19 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
13 18 (1.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 16 (0.93%) DBS Check
14 16 (0.93%) OSCP
15 14 (0.81%) SANS
16 10 (0.58%) CEH
16 10 (0.58%) DV Cleared
17 9 (0.52%) GPEN
17 9 (0.52%) OSCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (5.69%) QA
2 13 (0.76%) WCAG
3 10 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
4 9 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.41%) GDPR
6 5 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.17%) NCSC
7 3 (0.17%) NIST
8 2 (0.12%) HL7
8 2 (0.12%) PMO
8 2 (0.12%) SLA
9 1 (0.058%) RMADS
9 1 (0.058%) TARGET2
9 1 (0.058%) WAI
System Software
1 435 (25.28%) Docker
2 62 (3.60%) Virtual Machines
3 53 (3.08%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (1.34%) Postfix
5 15 (0.87%) Active Directory
5 15 (0.87%) vSphere
6 14 (0.81%) Hyper-V
7 13 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
8 12 (0.70%) Xen
9 10 (0.58%) HDFS
10 9 (0.52%) Apache Flume
11 5 (0.29%) KVM
11 5 (0.29%) Sendmail
11 5 (0.29%) Snort
11 5 (0.29%) vCloud
11 5 (0.29%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 5 (0.29%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 3 (0.17%) iptables
13 2 (0.12%) BitLocker
13 2 (0.12%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 312 (18.13%) Ansible
2 296 (17.20%) Kubernetes
3 237 (13.77%) Terraform
4 208 (12.09%) Puppet
5 160 (9.30%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (3.31%) Grafana
7 41 (2.38%) Kibana
8 37 (2.15%) Prometheus
9 32 (1.86%) Nessus
10 31 (1.80%) Nmap
11 21 (1.22%) Packer
12 20 (1.16%) Consul
12 20 (1.16%) Nagios
12 20 (1.16%) Salt
13 17 (0.99%) Suricata
14 14 (0.81%) Red Hat Satellite
14 14 (0.81%) WSUS
15 13 (0.76%) Data Guard
15 13 (0.76%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 10 (0.58%) SCCM
Vendors
1 142 (8.25%) Microsoft
2 130 (7.55%) Oracle
3 113 (6.57%) Google
4 56 (3.25%) VMware
5 52 (3.02%) Red Hat
6 43 (2.50%) HP
7 42 (2.44%) Splunk
8 34 (1.98%) IBM
9 33 (1.92%) MuleSoft
10 27 (1.57%) BMC
11 26 (1.51%) Cisco
12 24 (1.39%) TIBCO
13 20 (1.16%) Databricks
14 18 (1.05%) ESRI
15 17 (0.99%) Qualys
16 16 (0.93%) Adobe
16 16 (0.93%) Citrix
17 15 (0.87%) Cloudera
17 15 (0.87%) SAP
18 14 (0.81%) Apple