Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for YAML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited YAML over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

YAML
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 420 547 717
Rank change year-on-year +127 +170 +54
Contract jobs citing YAML 199 56 116
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.44% 0.13% 0.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.44% 0.41% 0.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 122 36 71
10th Percentile £375 £344 £425
25th Percentile £425 £444 £469
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £575 £606 £575
90th Percentile £650 £631 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £525
% change year-on-year - -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £52.50 - -
UK median hourly rate £52.50 - -

YAML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,856 13,495 27,743
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.43% 30.46% 33.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,016 9,680 19,913
10th Percentile £347 £340 £338
25th Percentile £413 £413 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 139 121 236
10th Percentile £21.93 £20.50 £17.75
25th Percentile £31.88 £32.75 £30.38
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.50 £44.92
Median % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.53% +6.31%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.63 £66.00 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.41 £44.18
% change year-on-year -3.03% +5.04% +5.19%

YAML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing YAML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for YAML in England

YAML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing YAML in England.

Daily rate trend for YAML in England

YAML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing YAML in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for YAML in England

YAML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing YAML within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +49 117 £500 -14.89% 13
South East +54 30 £450 - 12
East of England +41 16 £575 -8.00% 1
North of England +38 16 £520 +15.56% 9
North West +23 13 £498 +10.56% 6
Midlands +9 10 £470 -6.00% 2
West Midlands +11 9 £475 -5.00% 1
South West +45 3 £425 -10.53%
North East +23 3 £613 +44.12% 3
East Midlands +8 1 £465 - 1
YAML
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing YAML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for YAML.

1 129 (64.82%) DevOps
2 120 (60.30%) Azure
3 102 (51.26%) JSON
4 81 (40.70%) Ansible
5 76 (38.19%) Kubernetes
6 73 (36.68%) PowerShell
7 70 (35.18%) Docker
8 69 (34.67%) Python
9 64 (32.16%) Git (software)
10 63 (31.66%) Terraform
11 58 (29.15%) Linux
12 55 (27.64%) Windows
13 50 (25.13%) Red Hat
14 48 (24.12%) Agile Software Development
15 43 (21.61%) GitHub
16 42 (21.11%) AWS
16 42 (21.11%) PaaS
17 40 (20.10%) Bash Shell
18 38 (19.10%) Cisco
19 36 (18.09%) Continuous Integration
19 36 (18.09%) IaaS
20 35 (17.59%) Jenkins
20 35 (17.59%) Finance
21 34 (17.09%) Grafana
22 33 (16.58%) XML
23 31 (15.58%) Microservices
24 30 (15.08%) GitLab
24 30 (15.08%) Java
25 29 (14.57%) Infrastructure as Code
26 28 (14.07%) OpenShift

YAML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (11.06%) OpenStack
2 11 (5.53%) DNN
3 7 (3.52%) CMS
4 6 (3.02%) Confluence
5 5 (2.51%) Elasticsearch
6 4 (2.01%) Apache Spark
7 3 (1.51%) Headless CMS
8 1 (0.50%) Apache
8 1 (0.50%) Tomcat
Applications
1 4 (2.01%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 120 (60.30%) Azure
2 43 (21.61%) GitHub
3 42 (21.11%) AWS
3 42 (21.11%) PaaS
4 36 (18.09%) IaaS
5 28 (14.07%) OpenShift
6 17 (8.54%) Serverless
7 15 (7.54%) AWS CloudFormation
8 12 (6.03%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 12 (6.03%) Azure Active Directory
8 12 (6.03%) GCP
9 11 (5.53%) AWS Lambda
10 10 (5.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 9 (4.52%) Amazon EC2
11 9 (4.52%) Azure Service Bus
12 8 (4.02%) Amazon ELB
12 8 (4.02%) AWS Direct Connect
12 8 (4.02%) Azure Functions
13 7 (3.52%) Azure Service Fabric
14 6 (3.02%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 22 (11.06%) 3GPP
1 22 (11.06%) SGSN
1 22 (11.06%) Software-Defined Networking
2 17 (8.54%) Firewall
3 5 (2.51%) DNS
3 5 (2.51%) Network Security
3 5 (2.51%) SSH
3 5 (2.51%) WAN
4 4 (2.01%) LAN
4 4 (2.01%) TCP/IP
5 3 (1.51%) Cisco Nexus
5 3 (1.51%) FTP
5 3 (1.51%) HTTP
5 3 (1.51%) Unified Communications
5 3 (1.51%) Wireless
6 2 (1.01%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
6 2 (1.01%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
6 2 (1.01%) Multicast
6 2 (1.01%) OSPF
6 2 (1.01%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (5.53%) Data Lake
2 6 (3.02%) Azure SQL Database
2 6 (3.02%) PostgreSQL
3 5 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
3 5 (2.51%) Hadoop
3 5 (2.51%) MongoDB
3 5 (2.51%) Neo4j
3 5 (2.51%) Power BI
4 4 (2.01%) Big Data
4 4 (2.01%) MySQL
4 4 (2.01%) Spark SQL
4 4 (2.01%) SQL Server
5 3 (1.51%) NoSQL
5 3 (1.51%) Parquet
6 2 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 2 (1.01%) Apache Hive
6 2 (1.01%) HDInsight
6 2 (1.01%) Impala
6 2 (1.01%) Redis
6 2 (1.01%) SSDT
Development Applications
1 64 (32.16%) Git (software)
2 35 (17.59%) Jenkins
3 30 (15.08%) GitLab
4 16 (8.04%) JIRA
5 13 (6.53%) Gradle
6 11 (5.53%) JUnit
6 11 (5.53%) Visual Studio
7 10 (5.03%) Bitbucket
7 10 (5.03%) CMake
7 10 (5.03%) Sonatype Nexus
8 9 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
9 8 (4.02%) Visual Studio Team System
10 7 (3.52%) SonarQube
11 6 (3.02%) Artifactory
12 5 (2.51%) Gerrit
12 5 (2.51%) git-flow
12 5 (2.51%) Selenium
12 5 (2.51%) TeamCity
13 4 (2.01%) Cucumber
13 4 (2.01%) Maven
General
1 35 (17.59%) Finance
2 19 (9.55%) Social Skills
3 12 (6.03%) Banking
3 12 (6.03%) Presentation Skills
4 8 (4.02%) Telecoms
5 6 (3.02%) Investment Banking
6 5 (2.51%) Financial Institution
6 5 (2.51%) Public Sector
7 3 (1.51%) Documentation Skills
8 2 (1.01%) Publishing
9 1 (0.50%) Analytical Skills
9 1 (0.50%) Front Office
9 1 (0.50%) Games
9 1 (0.50%) Law
Job Titles
1 75 (37.69%) DevOps Engineer
2 45 (22.61%) Azure Engineer
3 40 (20.10%) Cloud Engineer
4 36 (18.09%) Azure DevOps Engineer
5 33 (16.58%) Azure DevOps
6 26 (13.07%) Architect
7 17 (8.54%) Developer
8 16 (8.04%) Kubernetes Engineer
9 12 (6.03%) Administrator
9 12 (6.03%) AWS Engineer
10 10 (5.03%) Linux Administrator
10 10 (5.03%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 9 (4.52%) AWS DevOps
12 8 (4.02%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 7 (3.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 6 (3.02%) DevSecOps Architect
14 6 (3.02%) Linux Engineer
14 6 (3.02%) Linux Systems Engineer
14 6 (3.02%) Senior DevOps
14 6 (3.02%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (51.26%) JSON
2 33 (16.58%) XML
3 22 (11.06%) Spine.js
4 13 (6.53%) .NET
5 11 (5.53%) REST
6 10 (5.03%) HTML
6 10 (5.03%) Swagger
7 9 (4.52%) .NET Core
7 9 (4.52%) Node.js
7 9 (4.52%) Web Services
8 7 (3.52%) CSS
8 7 (3.52%) GatsbyJS
8 7 (3.52%) GraphQL
9 6 (3.02%) React
10 5 (2.51%) AngularJS
10 5 (2.51%) Kafka
10 5 (2.51%) pytest
11 4 (2.01%) jBPM
11 4 (2.01%) Jest
11 4 (2.01%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 27 (13.57%) Data Centre
1 27 (13.57%) Derivative
2 22 (11.06%) Public Cloud
3 17 (8.54%) Cloud Native
4 14 (7.04%) Linux Command Line
5 13 (6.53%) Algorithms
6 11 (5.53%) Augmented Reality
6 11 (5.53%) iPad
7 5 (2.51%) Private Cloud
8 4 (2.01%) Data Structures
8 4 (2.01%) Equities
8 4 (2.01%) User Experience
9 3 (1.51%) Greenfield Project
10 2 (1.01%) AS400
11 1 (0.50%) CMDB
11 1 (0.50%) Enterprise Cloud
11 1 (0.50%) FlexPod
11 1 (0.50%) Market Risk
11 1 (0.50%) PKI
11 1 (0.50%) TM Forum
Operating Systems
1 58 (29.15%) Linux
2 55 (27.64%) Windows
3 16 (8.04%) Android
4 15 (7.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (5.53%) CentOS
6 8 (4.02%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
7 6 (3.02%) VMS
8 4 (2.01%) CoreOS
8 4 (2.01%) Debian
8 4 (2.01%) Unix
8 4 (2.01%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (64.82%) DevOps
2 48 (24.12%) Agile Software Development
3 36 (18.09%) Continuous Integration
4 31 (15.58%) Microservices
5 29 (14.57%) Infrastructure as Code
6 24 (12.06%) Infrastructure Automation
7 23 (11.56%) Open Source
8 21 (10.55%) Change Management
9 20 (10.05%) ITIL
10 19 (9.55%) Configuration Management
11 18 (9.05%) Service Management
12 17 (8.54%) Test Automation
13 16 (8.04%) Problem-Solving
14 14 (7.04%) Computer Science
14 14 (7.04%) Digital Transformation Programme
14 14 (7.04%) Machine Learning
15 13 (6.53%) Data Pipeline
16 12 (6.03%) Data Science
16 12 (6.03%) MLOps
17 11 (5.53%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 73 (36.68%) PowerShell
2 69 (34.67%) Python
3 40 (20.10%) Bash Shell
4 30 (15.08%) Java
5 24 (12.06%) SQL
6 17 (8.54%) C#
7 16 (8.04%) C++
7 16 (8.04%) JavaScript
8 14 (7.04%) Shell Script
9 7 (3.52%) Perl
10 6 (3.02%) Go
11 5 (2.51%) Ruby
12 4 (2.01%) Cypher
12 4 (2.01%) Groovy
13 3 (1.51%) Scala
14 2 (1.01%) T-SQL
14 2 (1.01%) TypeScript
15 1 (0.50%) C
15 1 (0.50%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 1 (0.50%) ES6
Qualifications
1 17 (8.54%) SC Cleared
1 17 (8.54%) Security Cleared
2 15 (7.54%) Degree
3 14 (7.04%) Master's Degree
4 4 (2.01%) AWS Certification
5 2 (1.01%) CCIE
5 2 (1.01%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.50%) CCDE
6 1 (0.50%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (11.06%) OASIS TOSCA
2 4 (2.01%) QA
3 1 (0.50%) Cyber Essentials
3 1 (0.50%) GDPR
3 1 (0.50%) NIST
System Software
1 70 (35.18%) Docker
2 24 (12.06%) LXC
3 22 (11.06%) KVM
3 22 (11.06%) VMware ESXi
4 10 (5.03%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (4.02%) Active Directory
5 8 (4.02%) iptables
6 2 (1.01%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.50%) HDFS
7 1 (0.50%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.50%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 81 (40.70%) Ansible
2 76 (38.19%) Kubernetes
3 63 (31.66%) Terraform
4 34 (17.09%) Grafana
5 27 (13.57%) Puppet
6 26 (13.07%) Prometheus
7 22 (11.06%) Cloudify
7 22 (11.06%) Docker Swarm
7 22 (11.06%) Juju
7 22 (11.06%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (3.02%) Istio
9 3 (1.51%) Knative
9 3 (1.51%) Nagios
10 1 (0.50%) Ambari
10 1 (0.50%) BladeLogic
10 1 (0.50%) Cisco Prime
10 1 (0.50%) Control-M
10 1 (0.50%) Packer
10 1 (0.50%) Rancher
10 1 (0.50%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 50 (25.13%) Red Hat
2 38 (19.10%) Cisco
3 24 (12.06%) Microsoft
4 22 (11.06%) Ericsson
4 22 (11.06%) Juniper
4 22 (11.06%) Mirantis
4 22 (11.06%) VMware
5 14 (7.04%) Google
6 10 (5.03%) SolarWinds
7 8 (4.02%) Remedy
7 8 (4.02%) SaltStack
7 8 (4.02%) Splunk
8 7 (3.52%) New Relic
9 5 (2.51%) CheckPoint
10 4 (2.01%) Databricks
10 4 (2.01%) F5
10 4 (2.01%) Palo Alto
11 3 (1.51%) IBM
11 3 (1.51%) SAP
11 3 (1.51%) ServiceNow