Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for YAML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited YAML over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

YAML
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 499 426 740
Rank change year-on-year -73 +314 +36
Contract jobs citing YAML 251 66 66
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.38% 0.25% 0.085%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.28% 0.78% 0.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 155 42 39
10th Percentile £438 £346 £338
25th Percentile £500 £422 £403
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £510
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -1.96% +4.62%
75th Percentile £638 £592 £591
90th Percentile £700 £638 £694
UK median daily rate £550 £520 £510
% change year-on-year +5.77% +1.96% +4.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £52.50 - -
UK median hourly rate £52.50 - -

YAML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,676 8,481 24,408
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.56% 31.93% 31.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,356 6,110 17,385
10th Percentile £363 £315 £340
25th Percentile £438 £405 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £685 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 208 63 215
10th Percentile £18.57 £21.90 £16.72
25th Percentile £31.25 £30.00 £33.63
Median hourly rate £49.00 £40.00 £46.50
Median % change year-on-year +22.50% -13.98% +11.97%
75th Percentile £63.25 £54.34 £53.75
90th Percentile £72.15 £61.25 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.39%

YAML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing YAML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for YAML in England

YAML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing YAML in England.

Daily rate trend for YAML in England

YAML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing YAML in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for YAML in England

YAML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing YAML within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -96 147 £550 - 29
South East -56 34 £563 +36.36% 4
North of England -79 23 £540 +9.64% 15
North West -55 18 £540 +9.64% 7
South West - 10 £525 - 4
Midlands -76 9 £488 +43.38% 6
East of England -40 7 £575 -8.00% 3
West Midlands -65 7 £495 - 5
Yorkshire - 4 £708 - 5
North East -11 3 £538 +10.03% 3
East Midlands -41 1 £465 +36.76% 1
YAML
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing YAML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for YAML.

1 194 (77.29%) DevOps
2 152 (60.56%) Azure
3 98 (39.04%) Python
4 94 (37.45%) JSON
5 93 (37.05%) Agile Software Development
5 93 (37.05%) Git (software)
6 91 (36.25%) Terraform
7 89 (35.46%) PowerShell
8 85 (33.86%) Jenkins
9 81 (32.27%) AWS
10 79 (31.47%) Linux
10 79 (31.47%) Ansible
11 78 (31.08%) Kubernetes
12 70 (27.89%) Docker
12 70 (27.89%) Windows
13 64 (25.50%) Java
14 62 (24.70%) SQL
15 60 (23.90%) GitHub
16 48 (19.12%) Infrastructure as Code
17 47 (18.73%) Bash Shell
18 46 (18.33%) PaaS
19 40 (15.94%) IaaS
20 36 (14.34%) VMware
20 36 (14.34%) Test Automation
21 35 (13.94%) JavaScript
22 34 (13.55%) XML
22 34 (13.55%) JIRA
23 31 (12.35%) Puppet
23 31 (12.35%) Finance
23 31 (12.35%) Serverless

YAML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (6.77%) Confluence
2 15 (5.98%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (4.78%) OpenStack
4 11 (4.38%) Apache Spark
5 10 (3.98%) Apache
5 10 (3.98%) nginx
5 10 (3.98%) Tomcat
6 4 (1.59%) CMS
6 4 (1.59%) Headless CMS
6 4 (1.59%) Magnolia
6 4 (1.59%) Mattermost
7 3 (1.20%) Documentum
8 2 (0.80%) Anypoint
8 2 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (0.80%) Liferay
8 2 (0.80%) Luigi
8 2 (0.80%) Mule
8 2 (0.80%) Mule ESB
8 2 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.80%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 152 (60.56%) Azure
2 81 (32.27%) AWS
3 60 (23.90%) GitHub
4 46 (18.33%) PaaS
5 40 (15.94%) IaaS
6 31 (12.35%) Serverless
7 30 (11.95%) AWS Lambda
8 25 (9.96%) AWS CloudFormation
8 25 (9.96%) Azure Pipelines
9 19 (7.57%) OpenShift
10 16 (6.37%) Amazon EC2
10 16 (6.37%) Azure Active Directory
10 16 (6.37%) Azure App Service
10 16 (6.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 15 (5.98%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 14 (5.58%) Azure Sentinel
12 14 (5.58%) SaaS
13 13 (5.18%) GCP
14 12 (4.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 11 (4.38%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 13 (5.18%) DNS
2 9 (3.59%) SSL
3 8 (3.19%) 3GPP
3 8 (3.19%) SGSN
3 8 (3.19%) Software-Defined Networking
4 7 (2.79%) VLAN
4 7 (2.79%) WAN
5 6 (2.39%) Internet
6 4 (1.59%) Firewall
6 4 (1.59%) FTP
6 4 (1.59%) HTTP
7 1 (0.40%) Extranet
7 1 (0.40%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.40%) LAN
7 1 (0.40%) Network Security
7 1 (0.40%) SSH
7 1 (0.40%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (7.97%) MySQL
2 17 (6.77%) Big Data
3 14 (5.58%) SQL Server
4 13 (5.18%) Relational Database
5 12 (4.78%) NoSQL
5 12 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
6 11 (4.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 10 (3.98%) Hadoop
8 9 (3.59%) Data Warehouse
9 7 (2.79%) Apache Hive
9 7 (2.79%) HBase
10 5 (1.99%) Amazon Aurora
10 5 (1.99%) Azure SQL Database
10 5 (1.99%) Oracle Database
10 5 (1.99%) Power BI
11 4 (1.59%) Data Lake
11 4 (1.59%) Data Vault
11 4 (1.59%) MongoDB
11 4 (1.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 3 (1.20%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 93 (37.05%) Git (software)
2 85 (33.86%) Jenkins
3 34 (13.55%) JIRA
4 30 (11.95%) Maven
5 24 (9.56%) GitLab
6 18 (7.17%) Bitbucket
7 15 (5.98%) JUnit
7 15 (5.98%) Selenium
7 15 (5.98%) Sonatype Nexus
8 14 (5.58%) Gradle
8 14 (5.58%) SonarQube
9 9 (3.59%) Cucumber
10 8 (3.19%) Visual Studio
11 7 (2.79%) Mockito
12 6 (2.39%) Visual Studio Code
13 5 (1.99%) CircleCI
14 4 (1.59%) Artifactory
14 4 (1.59%) Cypress.io
14 4 (1.59%) Gerrit
14 4 (1.59%) PyCharm
General
1 31 (12.35%) Finance
2 30 (11.95%) Social Skills
3 8 (3.19%) Banking
4 6 (2.39%) Telecoms
5 5 (1.99%) Music Industry
5 5 (1.99%) Public Sector
6 3 (1.20%) Electronics
6 3 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
7 2 (0.80%) Law
8 1 (0.40%) Documentation Skills
8 1 (0.40%) Games
8 1 (0.40%) Retail
Job Titles
1 115 (45.82%) DevOps Engineer
2 50 (19.92%) Azure DevOps
3 45 (17.93%) Azure Engineer
4 44 (17.53%) Developer
5 38 (15.14%) Azure DevOps Engineer
6 22 (8.76%) Cloud Engineer
7 19 (7.57%) AWS Engineer
8 16 (6.37%) Architect
8 16 (6.37%) Kubernetes Engineer
9 13 (5.18%) Consultant
10 12 (4.78%) AWS DevOps
10 12 (4.78%) Azure Consultant
11 11 (4.38%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 11 (4.38%) Data Engineer
11 11 (4.38%) Java Developer
12 8 (3.19%) DevOps Consultant
13 7 (2.79%) Azure Developer
13 7 (2.79%) C# Developer
13 7 (2.79%) Senior DevOps
14 6 (2.39%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (37.45%) JSON
2 34 (13.55%) XML
3 29 (11.55%) Node.js
4 27 (10.76%) REST
5 24 (9.56%) SOAP
6 21 (8.37%) Spring
6 21 (8.37%) Web Services
7 17 (6.77%) React
8 14 (5.58%) HTML
8 14 (5.58%) JDBC
8 14 (5.58%) Kafka
9 13 (5.18%) ARM Templates
10 12 (4.78%) RESTful
11 11 (4.38%) .NET
12 10 (3.98%) Jest
12 10 (3.98%) Spring Boot
12 10 (3.98%) Swagger
13 9 (3.59%) Apache Camel
13 9 (3.59%) CSS
14 8 (3.19%) Spine.js
Miscellaneous
1 20 (7.97%) Data Centre
1 20 (7.97%) Linux Command Line
2 16 (6.37%) Wiki
3 13 (5.18%) Public Cloud
4 11 (4.38%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (3.98%) Data Protection Act
5 10 (3.98%) Private Cloud
6 9 (3.59%) Cloud Native
7 8 (3.19%) Derivative
7 8 (3.19%) iPad
8 6 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (1.20%) Algorithms
9 3 (1.20%) Augmented Reality
10 2 (0.80%) AS400
10 2 (0.80%) N-Tier
11 1 (0.40%) Data Structures
11 1 (0.40%) Equities
11 1 (0.40%) Greenfield Project
11 1 (0.40%) PKI
11 1 (0.40%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 79 (31.47%) Linux
2 70 (27.89%) Windows
3 14 (5.58%) Windows Server
4 8 (3.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (2.39%) CentOS
6 3 (1.20%) Android
6 3 (1.20%) VMS
7 2 (0.80%) Unix
8 1 (0.40%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.40%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 194 (77.29%) DevOps
2 93 (37.05%) Agile Software Development
3 48 (19.12%) Infrastructure as Code
4 36 (14.34%) Test Automation
5 30 (11.95%) Problem-Solving
6 28 (11.16%) Continuous Integration
7 26 (10.36%) Microservices
8 24 (9.56%) Scrum
9 23 (9.16%) Infrastructure Automation
10 22 (8.76%) Runbook
11 21 (8.37%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 20 (7.97%) Analytics
12 20 (7.97%) E-Commerce
12 20 (7.97%) ITIL
12 20 (7.97%) Service Management
13 19 (7.57%) Change Management
14 18 (7.17%) DevSecOps
15 17 (6.77%) BDD
15 17 (6.77%) TDD
16 16 (6.37%) Customer-Centricity
Programming Languages
1 98 (39.04%) Python
2 89 (35.46%) PowerShell
3 64 (25.50%) Java
4 62 (24.70%) SQL
5 47 (18.73%) Bash Shell
6 35 (13.94%) JavaScript
7 30 (11.95%) Shell Script
8 18 (7.17%) Groovy
9 16 (6.37%) C#
10 13 (5.18%) Java 8
11 11 (4.38%) TypeScript
12 10 (3.98%) Java 11
13 8 (3.19%) Ruby
14 7 (2.79%) ES6
15 6 (2.39%) T-SQL
16 5 (1.99%) Perl
16 5 (1.99%) Scala
17 4 (1.59%) C++
18 3 (1.20%) C
18 3 (1.20%) PHP
Qualifications
1 17 (6.77%) Security Cleared
2 8 (3.19%) SC Cleared
3 6 (2.39%) Degree
4 4 (1.59%) Master's Degree
5 3 (1.20%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.40%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.40%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.59%) QA
2 8 (3.19%) OASIS TOSCA
3 2 (0.80%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.80%) NCSC
4 1 (0.40%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.40%) GDPR
System Software
1 70 (27.89%) Docker
2 20 (7.97%) Active Directory
3 13 (5.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (4.38%) KVM
4 11 (4.38%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (3.98%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (3.19%) LXC
7 7 (2.79%) HDFS
7 7 (2.79%) vSphere
8 4 (1.59%) Hyper-V
9 3 (1.20%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 3 (1.20%) vCloud
10 1 (0.40%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 91 (36.25%) Terraform
2 79 (31.47%) Ansible
3 78 (31.08%) Kubernetes
4 31 (12.35%) Puppet
5 26 (10.36%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (7.17%) Grafana
7 11 (4.38%) Docker Swarm
7 11 (4.38%) Nagios
7 11 (4.38%) Prometheus
8 8 (3.19%) Cloudify
8 8 (3.19%) Juju
9 7 (2.79%) Graylog
9 7 (2.79%) Kibana
10 6 (2.39%) Ambari
11 4 (1.59%) Marathon
11 4 (1.59%) Mesos
11 4 (1.59%) vCenter Server
12 3 (1.20%) vRealize
12 3 (1.20%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 3 (1.20%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 36 (14.34%) VMware
2 18 (7.17%) Microsoft
3 17 (6.77%) SolarWinds
4 16 (6.37%) Red Hat
5 14 (5.58%) Cisco
5 14 (5.58%) New Relic
6 12 (4.78%) Oracle
7 11 (4.38%) Databricks
8 10 (3.98%) SAP
9 8 (3.19%) Ericsson
9 8 (3.19%) F5
9 8 (3.19%) Juniper
9 8 (3.19%) Mirantis
9 8 (3.19%) NetApp
10 7 (2.79%) Salesforce.com
11 6 (2.39%) ServiceNow
12 5 (1.99%) Dynatrace
12 5 (1.99%) IBM
12 5 (1.99%) Informatica
12 5 (1.99%) Splunk