Period
to 23 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for YAML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited YAML over the 6 months to 23 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

YAML
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 465 497 732
Rank change year-on-year +32 +235 +52
Contract jobs citing YAML 238 48 92
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.42% 0.14% 0.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.39% 0.46% 0.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 142 32 53
10th Percentile £390 £319 £388
25th Percentile £470 £412 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £470 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.38% -6.00% -3.38%
75th Percentile £613 £589 £575
90th Percentile £700 £671 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £473 £500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £52.50 - -
UK median hourly rate £52.50 - -

YAML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,091 10,473 27,015
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.20% 31.13% 32.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,375 7,556 19,275
10th Percentile £356 £338 £345
25th Percentile £425 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.50% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £619 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 168 89 240
10th Percentile £15.45 £20.71 £17.49
25th Percentile £27.50 £30.86 £27.19
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00
75th Percentile £56.56 £61.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £66.15 £66.55 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.74
% change year-on-year - +0.58% +7.77%

YAML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing YAML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for YAML in England

YAML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing YAML in England.

Daily rate trend for YAML in England

YAML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing YAML in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for YAML in England

YAML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing YAML within the England region over the 6 months to 23 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 145 £500 - 24
South East +6 40 £488 +8.33% 2
North of England -21 16 £540 +20.00% 9
East of England -5 15 £575 -8.00%
North West -15 13 £540 +20.00% 6
Midlands -32 10 £488 -2.50% 1
West Midlands -34 9 £491 -1.75% 1
South West - 4 £550 -
North East -3 3 £613 +22.87% 1
East Midlands - 1 £465 -
YAML
UK

For the 6 months to 23 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing YAML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for YAML.

1 163 (68.49%) DevOps
2 141 (59.24%) Azure
3 109 (45.80%) JSON
4 93 (39.08%) PowerShell
4 93 (39.08%) Python
5 91 (38.24%) Kubernetes
6 86 (36.13%) Ansible
7 78 (32.77%) Git (software)
8 76 (31.93%) Docker
9 74 (31.09%) Linux
10 71 (29.83%) Terraform
11 65 (27.31%) Windows
12 60 (25.21%) Agile Software Development
13 58 (24.37%) AWS
14 50 (21.01%) Jenkins
14 50 (21.01%) Java
14 50 (21.01%) SQL
15 49 (20.59%) Bash Shell
16 48 (20.17%) Finance
17 47 (19.75%) GitHub
18 46 (19.33%) PaaS
19 43 (18.07%) Infrastructure as Code
20 41 (17.23%) Red Hat
21 39 (16.39%) IaaS
22 37 (15.55%) Cisco
22 37 (15.55%) XML
23 34 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
24 32 (13.45%) VMware
24 32 (13.45%) Puppet
25 31 (13.03%) JavaScript

YAML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (9.24%) OpenStack
2 13 (5.46%) Elasticsearch
3 11 (4.62%) Apache Spark
4 5 (2.10%) Tomcat
5 4 (1.68%) Apache
6 3 (1.26%) CMS
6 3 (1.26%) Confluence
6 3 (1.26%) Headless CMS
6 3 (1.26%) nginx
7 2 (0.84%) Anypoint
7 2 (0.84%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (0.84%) Liferay
7 2 (0.84%) Luigi
7 2 (0.84%) Mule
7 2 (0.84%) Mule ESB
7 2 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.42%) SAS
8 1 (0.42%) SharePoint
Applications
1 4 (1.68%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 141 (59.24%) Azure
2 58 (24.37%) AWS
3 47 (19.75%) GitHub
4 46 (19.33%) PaaS
5 39 (16.39%) IaaS
6 28 (11.76%) OpenShift
7 27 (11.34%) AWS CloudFormation
8 25 (10.50%) AWS Lambda
8 25 (10.50%) Serverless
9 17 (7.14%) Azure Pipelines
10 15 (6.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 15 (6.30%) Azure Active Directory
11 14 (5.88%) Amazon EC2
12 13 (5.46%) Amazon ELB
12 13 (5.46%) AWS Direct Connect
12 13 (5.46%) GCP
12 13 (5.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 11 (4.62%) Azure Service Bus
14 10 (4.20%) Azure Functions
15 9 (3.78%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 19 (7.98%) 3GPP
1 19 (7.98%) SGSN
1 19 (7.98%) Software-Defined Networking
2 17 (7.14%) Firewall
3 10 (4.20%) DNS
4 6 (2.52%) WAN
5 5 (2.10%) Network Security
6 4 (1.68%) SSH
6 4 (1.68%) VLAN
7 3 (1.26%) Cisco Nexus
7 3 (1.26%) Internet
7 3 (1.26%) SSL
7 3 (1.26%) Wireless
8 2 (0.84%) BGP
8 2 (0.84%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
8 2 (0.84%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 2 (0.84%) Multicast
8 2 (0.84%) TCP/IP
8 2 (0.84%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.84%) VXLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
2 12 (5.04%) Big Data
2 12 (5.04%) Data Lake
2 12 (5.04%) Hadoop
3 10 (4.20%) Azure SQL Database
3 10 (4.20%) Data Warehouse
4 9 (3.78%) SQL Server
5 8 (3.36%) MySQL
6 7 (2.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 7 (2.94%) Apache Hive
6 7 (2.94%) NoSQL
6 7 (2.94%) Power BI
7 6 (2.52%) HBase
7 6 (2.52%) MongoDB
8 5 (2.10%) Parquet
8 5 (2.10%) Relational Database
8 5 (2.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 4 (1.68%) HDInsight
9 4 (1.68%) Impala
9 4 (1.68%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 78 (32.77%) Git (software)
2 50 (21.01%) Jenkins
3 27 (11.34%) GitLab
4 19 (7.98%) JIRA
5 16 (6.72%) Gradle
6 15 (6.30%) Sonatype Nexus
7 14 (5.88%) Maven
8 12 (5.04%) Bitbucket
8 12 (5.04%) Team Foundation Server
8 12 (5.04%) Visual Studio
9 10 (4.20%) JUnit
9 10 (4.20%) SonarQube
10 8 (3.36%) Visual Studio Team System
11 7 (2.94%) Selenium
12 6 (2.52%) Artifactory
13 5 (2.10%) Eclipse
13 5 (2.10%) Gerrit
13 5 (2.10%) git-flow
13 5 (2.10%) Mockito
13 5 (2.10%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 48 (20.17%) Finance
2 17 (7.14%) Social Skills
3 11 (4.62%) Banking
4 9 (3.78%) Telecoms
5 6 (2.52%) Investment Banking
5 6 (2.52%) Presentation Skills
6 5 (2.10%) Financial Institution
6 5 (2.10%) Public Sector
7 4 (1.68%) Documentation Skills
7 4 (1.68%) Music Industry
8 3 (1.26%) Electronics
9 2 (0.84%) Publishing
10 1 (0.42%) Analytical Skills
10 1 (0.42%) Front Office
10 1 (0.42%) Games
10 1 (0.42%) Law
Job Titles
1 95 (39.92%) DevOps Engineer
2 49 (20.59%) Azure Engineer
3 41 (17.23%) Azure DevOps
4 40 (16.81%) Azure DevOps Engineer
4 40 (16.81%) Cloud Engineer
5 29 (12.18%) Architect
6 24 (10.08%) Developer
6 24 (10.08%) Kubernetes Engineer
7 20 (8.40%) AWS Engineer
8 13 (5.46%) AWS DevOps
8 13 (5.46%) Data Engineer
9 12 (5.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 9 (3.78%) Senior DevOps
10 9 (3.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 8 (3.36%) Administrator
11 8 (3.36%) Consultant
11 8 (3.36%) Linux Administrator
11 8 (3.36%) Linux Systems Administrator
12 7 (2.94%) Azure Architect
12 7 (2.94%) Azure Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (45.80%) JSON
2 37 (15.55%) XML
3 19 (7.98%) Spine.js
3 19 (7.98%) Web Services
4 18 (7.56%) Node.js
5 17 (7.14%) React
6 16 (6.72%) Swagger
7 15 (6.30%) .NET
7 15 (6.30%) Kafka
8 14 (5.88%) REST
9 13 (5.46%) SOAP
10 12 (5.04%) HTML
10 12 (5.04%) Spring
11 11 (4.62%) .NET Core
12 8 (3.36%) Jest
13 7 (2.94%) CSS
13 7 (2.94%) pytest
13 7 (2.94%) RESTful
13 7 (2.94%) Spring Boot
14 5 (2.10%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 29 (12.18%) Data Centre
2 24 (10.08%) Derivative
2 24 (10.08%) Public Cloud
3 22 (9.24%) Linux Command Line
4 15 (6.30%) Cloud Native
5 12 (5.04%) iPad
6 7 (2.94%) Algorithms
7 5 (2.10%) Augmented Reality
7 5 (2.10%) Private Cloud
8 4 (1.68%) Data Structures
8 4 (1.68%) Wiki
9 3 (1.26%) Data Protection Act
9 3 (1.26%) Equities
9 3 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (1.26%) User Experience
10 2 (0.84%) AS400
10 2 (0.84%) N-Tier
11 1 (0.42%) FlexPod
11 1 (0.42%) Market Risk
11 1 (0.42%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 74 (31.09%) Linux
2 65 (27.31%) Windows
3 16 (6.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 13 (5.46%) CentOS
5 10 (4.20%) Windows Server
6 8 (3.36%) Android
6 8 (3.36%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
7 5 (2.10%) Unix
8 4 (1.68%) VMS
9 2 (0.84%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.42%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 163 (68.49%) DevOps
2 60 (25.21%) Agile Software Development
3 43 (18.07%) Infrastructure as Code
4 34 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
5 30 (12.61%) Microservices
6 29 (12.18%) Change Management
7 28 (11.76%) ITIL
8 27 (11.34%) Test Automation
9 26 (10.92%) Infrastructure Automation
10 24 (10.08%) Service Management
11 22 (9.24%) Open Source
12 19 (7.98%) Problem-Solving
13 18 (7.56%) Disaster Recovery
14 17 (7.14%) Configuration Management
15 16 (6.72%) Analytics
16 15 (6.30%) Deployment Automation
16 15 (6.30%) DevSecOps
17 14 (5.88%) E-Commerce
18 13 (5.46%) Business Continuity
18 13 (5.46%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 93 (39.08%) PowerShell
1 93 (39.08%) Python
2 50 (21.01%) Java
2 50 (21.01%) SQL
3 49 (20.59%) Bash Shell
4 31 (13.03%) JavaScript
5 24 (10.08%) Shell Script
6 21 (8.82%) C#
7 12 (5.04%) C++
8 11 (4.62%) Groovy
9 6 (2.52%) Perl
10 5 (2.10%) ES6
10 5 (2.10%) Go
10 5 (2.10%) Ruby
10 5 (2.10%) TypeScript
11 4 (1.68%) C
11 4 (1.68%) Scala
11 4 (1.68%) T-SQL
12 3 (1.26%) Cypher
13 2 (0.84%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 18 (7.56%) Security Cleared
2 11 (4.62%) SC Cleared
3 9 (3.78%) Degree
4 7 (2.94%) Master's Degree
5 3 (1.26%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.42%) CCDE
6 1 (0.42%) CCIE
6 1 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.42%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (7.98%) OASIS TOSCA
2 6 (2.52%) QA
3 3 (1.26%) Accessibility
4 2 (0.84%) NCSC
5 1 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.42%) GDPR
5 1 (0.42%) NIST
System Software
1 76 (31.93%) Docker
2 22 (9.24%) VMware ESXi
3 21 (8.82%) KVM
3 21 (8.82%) LXC
4 15 (6.30%) Active Directory
4 15 (6.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (3.36%) iptables
6 6 (2.52%) HDFS
7 5 (2.10%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (1.26%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.84%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 2 (0.84%) vCloud
9 2 (0.84%) vSphere
10 1 (0.42%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 91 (38.24%) Kubernetes
2 86 (36.13%) Ansible
3 71 (29.83%) Terraform
4 32 (13.45%) Puppet
5 29 (12.18%) Grafana
6 28 (11.76%) Opscode Chef
7 23 (9.66%) Prometheus
8 19 (7.98%) Cloudify
8 19 (7.98%) Docker Swarm
8 19 (7.98%) Juju
9 6 (2.52%) Ambari
9 6 (2.52%) Nagios
10 5 (2.10%) Graylog
11 3 (1.26%) Istio
12 2 (0.84%) Kibana
12 2 (0.84%) logstash
12 2 (0.84%) vRealize
12 2 (0.84%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 1 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.42%) Packer
Vendors
1 41 (17.23%) Red Hat
2 37 (15.55%) Cisco
3 32 (13.45%) VMware
4 28 (11.76%) Microsoft
5 19 (7.98%) Ericsson
5 19 (7.98%) Juniper
5 19 (7.98%) Mirantis
5 19 (7.98%) SolarWinds
6 12 (5.04%) Google
6 12 (5.04%) New Relic
7 8 (3.36%) Databricks
7 8 (3.36%) Remedy
7 8 (3.36%) SaltStack
8 7 (2.94%) F5
8 7 (2.94%) SAP
9 5 (2.10%) IBM
9 5 (2.10%) NetApp
9 5 (2.10%) Oracle
9 5 (2.10%) ServiceNow
10 4 (1.68%) Palo Alto