Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 134 163 135
Rank change year-on-year +29 -28 +57
Contract jobs citing PaaS 811 863 1,768
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.95% 1.60% 2.00%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.69% 5.21% 7.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 520 556 1,226
10th Percentile £400 £394 £411
25th Percentile £450 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £526 £530
Median % change year-on-year -1.09% -0.80% +0.95%
75th Percentile £625 £625 £625
90th Percentile £684 £702 £700
UK median daily rate £520 £525 £530
% change year-on-year -0.95% -0.94% +0.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 1
Median hourly rate £53.50 £64.00 £66.00
Median % change year-on-year -16.41% -3.03% +20.00%
UK median hourly rate £59.50 £64.00 £58.00
% change year-on-year -7.03% +10.34% +5.45%

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,252 16,574 24,680
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.19% 30.78% 27.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,268 11,783 17,434
10th Percentile £313 £288 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £673 £675 £656
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 256 244
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.50 £11.08
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.50 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.25% +14.29% -5.72%
75th Percentile £38.66 £39.31 £25.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £61.13 £48.40
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -0.17%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +33 454 £525 -4.55% 169
South East +26 101 £470 -10.05% 48
North of England +13 72 £500 +1.01% 71
Midlands -2 54 £525 +3.70% 43
South West +55 47 £489 +2.36% 24
North West +13 41 £500 +5.82% 45
West Midlands -22 35 £550 +7.32% 30
Yorkshire +18 28 £475 -5.00% 20
East Midlands +40 15 £475 -5.00% 13
East of England +20 15 £550 - 23
North East +15 3 £500 - 6
PaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 543 (66.95%) Azure
2 440 (54.25%) IaaS
3 351 (43.28%) DevOps
4 280 (34.53%) AWS
5 270 (33.29%) SaaS
6 248 (30.58%) Agile Software Development
7 211 (26.02%) Microsoft
8 209 (25.77%) Terraform
9 164 (20.22%) PowerShell
10 159 (19.61%) Microservices
10 159 (19.61%) Kubernetes
11 150 (18.50%) Docker
12 146 (18.00%) Linux
13 143 (17.63%) Windows
14 141 (17.39%) .NET
15 140 (17.26%) Security Cleared
16 139 (17.14%) Infrastructure as Code
17 136 (16.77%) SQL
17 136 (16.77%) Java
18 135 (16.65%) Finance
19 131 (16.15%) Python
20 116 (14.30%) SC Cleared
21 112 (13.81%) Ansible
22 104 (12.82%) Active Directory
23 101 (12.45%) Jenkins
24 97 (11.96%) C#
25 96 (11.84%) Public Cloud
26 94 (11.59%) Git (software)
26 94 (11.59%) Test Automation
27 92 (11.34%) Firewall

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (5.80%) SharePoint
2 31 (3.82%) Cloud Foundry
3 26 (3.21%) Confluence
4 16 (1.97%) Elasticsearch
5 13 (1.60%) JBoss
6 9 (1.11%) nginx
6 9 (1.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 9 (1.11%) WebSphere
7 8 (0.99%) Mule
8 7 (0.86%) Apache
8 7 (0.86%) CMS
8 7 (0.86%) Tomcat
9 6 (0.74%) Apache Spark
9 6 (0.74%) Oracle Application Server
9 6 (0.74%) WordPress
10 5 (0.62%) IIS
10 5 (0.62%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.49%) MS Exchange
11 4 (0.49%) NetWeaver
11 4 (0.49%) OpenStack
Applications
1 9 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.25%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.49%) Oracle Applications
1 4 (0.49%) Oracle ERP
1 4 (0.49%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.25%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 543 (66.95%) Azure
2 440 (54.25%) IaaS
3 280 (34.53%) AWS
4 270 (33.29%) SaaS
5 86 (10.60%) Serverless
6 84 (10.36%) GCP
7 77 (9.49%) Microsoft 365
8 54 (6.66%) Azure Active Directory
9 49 (6.04%) Cloud Computing
10 48 (5.92%) GitHub
11 34 (4.19%) OpenShift
12 31 (3.82%) AWS CloudFormation
13 29 (3.58%) Azure Functions
14 25 (3.08%) Power Platform
15 23 (2.84%) Amazon ECS
15 23 (2.84%) Boomi
16 21 (2.59%) Azure Data Factory
17 20 (2.47%) AWS Lambda
18 18 (2.22%) Logic Apps
19 15 (1.85%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 92 (11.34%) Firewall
2 50 (6.17%) WAN
3 47 (5.80%) DNS
4 37 (4.56%) VPN
5 33 (4.07%) Internet
6 31 (3.82%) Network Security
7 29 (3.58%) Wireless
8 28 (3.45%) LAN
9 18 (2.22%) TCP/IP
10 17 (2.10%) DHCP
11 13 (1.60%) Intranet
12 12 (1.48%) DMZ
12 12 (1.48%) VoIP
13 11 (1.36%) Multicast
13 11 (1.36%) VLAN
14 10 (1.23%) HTTP
14 10 (1.23%) SD-WAN
15 9 (1.11%) Intrusion Detection
16 8 (0.99%) MPLS
16 8 (0.99%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (9.99%) SQL Server
2 56 (6.91%) Cosmos DB
3 54 (6.66%) Azure SQL Database
4 32 (3.95%) NoSQL
5 30 (3.70%) Data Lake
6 28 (3.45%) Big Data
7 22 (2.71%) MongoDB
7 22 (2.71%) PostgreSQL
8 21 (2.59%) Hadoop
9 20 (2.47%) Relational Database
10 19 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
11 18 (2.22%) Power BI
12 13 (1.60%) Oracle Database
13 12 (1.48%) BigQuery
14 11 (1.36%) RDBMS
15 9 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 9 (1.11%) MySQL
15 9 (1.11%) Redis
15 9 (1.11%) SQL Server 2012
16 8 (0.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 101 (12.45%) Jenkins
2 94 (11.59%) Git (software)
3 37 (4.56%) JIRA
4 29 (3.58%) Visual Studio
5 25 (3.08%) Maven
6 22 (2.71%) GitLab
7 17 (2.10%) IntelliJ
7 17 (2.10%) JUnit
7 17 (2.10%) TeamCity
8 16 (1.97%) Gradle
8 16 (1.97%) Sonatype Nexus
9 14 (1.73%) Bitbucket
9 14 (1.73%) Octopus Deploy
10 13 (1.60%) Oracle APEX
10 13 (1.60%) SonarQube
11 12 (1.48%) gulp
11 12 (1.48%) ReSharper
12 11 (1.36%) JMeter
12 11 (1.36%) Visual Studio Code
13 10 (1.23%) Android Studio
General
1 135 (16.65%) Finance
2 88 (10.85%) Public Sector
3 58 (7.15%) Banking
4 29 (3.58%) Manufacturing
5 28 (3.45%) Marketing
6 23 (2.84%) Telecoms
7 19 (2.34%) Electronics
8 15 (1.85%) Retail
9 12 (1.48%) Law
10 6 (0.74%) Billing
10 6 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
11 4 (0.49%) Back Office
12 3 (0.37%) Legal
12 3 (0.37%) Local Government
13 2 (0.25%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.25%) Games
13 2 (0.25%) International Banking
13 2 (0.25%) Italian Language
13 2 (0.25%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.25%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 252 (31.07%) Architect
2 135 (16.65%) Developer
3 109 (13.44%) DevOps Engineer
4 106 (13.07%) Azure Engineer
5 84 (10.36%) Solutions Architect
6 78 (9.62%) Cloud Engineer
7 77 (9.49%) Azure Architect
8 64 (7.89%) Cloud Architect
9 46 (5.67%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 46 (5.67%) Consultant
10 33 (4.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 31 (3.82%) Java Developer
12 30 (3.70%) .NET Developer
12 30 (3.70%) AWS Engineer
12 30 (3.70%) Technical Architect
13 29 (3.58%) AWS Architect
13 29 (3.58%) Azure Developer
14 25 (3.08%) Azure DevOps
15 24 (2.96%) Security Engineer
16 23 (2.84%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (17.39%) .NET
2 89 (10.97%) REST
3 67 (8.26%) Web Services
4 62 (7.64%) .NET Core
5 58 (7.15%) HTML
6 55 (6.78%) CSS
7 51 (6.29%) JSON
8 48 (5.92%) Node.js
9 46 (5.67%) Spring
10 43 (5.30%) .NET Framework
11 39 (4.81%) Spring Boot
12 38 (4.69%) React
13 33 (4.07%) AngularJS
14 26 (3.21%) YAML
15 25 (3.08%) XML
16 22 (2.71%) ASP.NET
17 21 (2.59%) HTML5
18 20 (2.47%) GraphQL
18 20 (2.47%) jQuery
19 19 (2.34%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 96 (11.84%) Public Cloud
2 61 (7.52%) Cloud Native
3 42 (5.18%) Data Centre
4 38 (4.69%) Hybrid Cloud
5 34 (4.19%) Analytical Skills
6 31 (3.82%) Self-Motivation
7 27 (3.33%) Enterprise Cloud
8 26 (3.21%) Enterprise Software
9 24 (2.96%) Management Information System
10 23 (2.84%) Clustering
10 23 (2.84%) Private Cloud
11 18 (2.22%) User Experience
12 17 (2.10%) PKI
13 15 (1.85%) Mobile App
14 13 (1.60%) iPad
14 13 (1.60%) N-Tier
15 11 (1.36%) Data Structures
16 10 (1.23%) Replication
17 8 (0.99%) Cybercrime
18 7 (0.86%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 146 (18.00%) Linux
2 143 (17.63%) Windows
3 35 (4.32%) Windows Server
4 22 (2.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (2.34%) Unix
6 13 (1.60%) Android
6 13 (1.60%) Windows Server 2012
7 12 (1.48%) Solaris
7 12 (1.48%) Windows Server 2016
8 10 (1.23%) Apple iOS
9 8 (0.99%) VMS
10 7 (0.86%) Debian
11 6 (0.74%) AIX
11 6 (0.74%) CentOS
11 6 (0.74%) Windows 10
11 6 (0.74%) Windows Server 2008
11 6 (0.74%) Windows Server 2019
12 4 (0.49%) CoreOS
12 4 (0.49%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.37%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 351 (43.28%) DevOps
2 248 (30.58%) Agile Software Development
3 159 (19.61%) Microservices
4 139 (17.14%) Infrastructure as Code
5 94 (11.59%) Test Automation
6 92 (11.34%) Continuous Integration
7 90 (11.10%) Migration
8 79 (9.74%) Scrum
9 69 (8.51%) Software Engineering
10 64 (7.89%) TOGAF
11 60 (7.40%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 58 (7.15%) TDD
13 55 (6.78%) Analytics
14 51 (6.29%) Deployment Automation
15 50 (6.17%) High Availability
15 50 (6.17%) SOA
16 49 (6.04%) Configuration Management
16 49 (6.04%) Problem-Solving
16 49 (6.04%) Stakeholder Management
17 44 (5.43%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 164 (20.22%) PowerShell
2 136 (16.77%) Java
2 136 (16.77%) SQL
3 131 (16.15%) Python
4 97 (11.96%) C#
5 78 (9.62%) JavaScript
6 59 (7.27%) Bash Shell
7 32 (3.95%) TypeScript
8 28 (3.45%) Ruby
9 26 (3.21%) Kotlin
10 22 (2.71%) PHP
11 18 (2.22%) Perl
12 16 (1.97%) Go
13 15 (1.85%) Java 8
14 9 (1.11%) C
15 8 (0.99%) PL/SQL
15 8 (0.99%) Scala
15 8 (0.99%) T-SQL
16 7 (0.86%) Apple Swift
17 6 (0.74%) Ada
Qualifications
1 140 (17.26%) Security Cleared
2 116 (14.30%) SC Cleared
3 32 (3.95%) Degree
4 20 (2.47%) CISSP
5 18 (2.22%) CISM
6 16 (1.97%) Microsoft Certification
7 14 (1.73%) BPSS Clearance
8 13 (1.60%) CESG Certified Professional
9 11 (1.36%) AWS Certification
10 10 (1.23%) CRISC
11 9 (1.11%) DV Cleared
12 8 (0.99%) Cisco Certification
13 7 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
14 5 (0.62%) CCNA
14 5 (0.62%) CCNP
14 5 (0.62%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 4 (0.49%) MCSE
15 4 (0.49%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
16 3 (0.37%) CLAS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.58%) QA
2 25 (3.08%) NIST
3 22 (2.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 16 (1.97%) GDPR
5 12 (1.48%) Data Quality
5 12 (1.48%) NCSC
6 11 (1.36%) Cyber Essentials
7 9 (1.11%) JSP 440
8 8 (0.99%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.86%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 6 (0.74%) COBIT
11 5 (0.62%) HIPAA
11 5 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 4 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
12 4 (0.49%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.25%) Basel III
13 2 (0.25%) NIST 800
13 2 (0.25%) SLA
14 1 (0.12%) PMO
14 1 (0.12%) PSD2
System Software
1 150 (18.50%) Docker
2 104 (12.82%) Active Directory
3 57 (7.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (4.81%) Hyper-V
5 20 (2.47%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (1.11%) Virtual Desktop
7 7 (0.86%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.74%) Xen
9 5 (0.62%) KVM
9 5 (0.62%) NFS
9 5 (0.62%) vSphere
10 4 (0.49%) ProxySG
10 4 (0.49%) Snort
11 3 (0.37%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.37%) SRDF
11 3 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.37%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.37%) VMware Workstation
12 2 (0.25%) XenApp
12 2 (0.25%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 209 (25.77%) Terraform
2 159 (19.61%) Kubernetes
3 112 (13.81%) Ansible
4 43 (5.30%) Opscode Chef
5 36 (4.44%) Puppet
6 19 (2.34%) Microsoft Intune
7 16 (1.97%) Single Sign-On
8 15 (1.85%) SCCM
9 11 (1.36%) SCOM
10 8 (0.99%) CASB
11 7 (0.86%) Grafana
11 7 (0.86%) Kibana
12 6 (0.74%) Argo
12 6 (0.74%) Consul
12 6 (0.74%) logstash
13 5 (0.62%) Packer
13 5 (0.62%) SCSM
14 4 (0.49%) Norton AntiVirus
14 4 (0.49%) Suricata
14 4 (0.49%) Trend Micro Deep Security
Vendors
1 211 (26.02%) Microsoft
2 88 (10.85%) Oracle
3 68 (8.38%) VMware
4 51 (6.29%) Google
5 42 (5.18%) Cisco
6 39 (4.81%) Red Hat
7 37 (4.56%) SAP
8 28 (3.45%) Dell
9 22 (2.71%) Splunk
10 19 (2.34%) Databricks
11 17 (2.10%) IBM
11 17 (2.10%) MuleSoft
12 13 (1.60%) ServiceNow
13 11 (1.36%) Atlassian
13 11 (1.36%) BiZZdesign
13 11 (1.36%) Citrix
13 11 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
14 10 (1.23%) New Relic
15 9 (1.11%) AppDynamics
15 9 (1.11%) BMC