Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 120 153 180
Rank change year-on-year +33 +27 +32
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,492 489 1,190
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.20% 1.79% 1.55%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.19% 5.58% 5.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,037 339 735
10th Percentile £425 £408 £400
25th Percentile £480 £461 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £631
90th Percentile £750 £675 £713
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 26
10th Percentile £26.60 " £56.13
25th Percentile £47.50 " £71.25
Median hourly rate £61.50 £14.00 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year +339.29% -82.50% +33.70%
75th Percentile £70.13 " £82.50
90th Percentile £75.25 " £83.75
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £14.00 £80.00
% change year-on-year +328.57% -82.50% +33.70%

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,090 8,761 22,801
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.52% 32.04% 29.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,483 6,241 16,059
10th Percentile £320 £313 £298
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 423 116 318
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.63 £13.43
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.69 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%
75th Percentile £41.41 £41.06 £42.00
90th Percentile £65.20 £55.00 £71.48
UK median hourly rate £20.92 £21.86 £20.50
% change year-on-year -4.29% +6.63% +17.14%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +21 878 £575 +4.55% 219
North of England +22 180 £525 +2.94% 76
South East -28 137 £550 +2.33% 76
Midlands -20 83 £525 +20.00% 44
Yorkshire +1 78 £525 +7.69% 25
North West 0 78 £525 -4.55% 44
South West -2 63 £525 -8.70% 16
West Midlands -23 58 £525 +20.00% 28
North East +14 25 £565 +41.25% 7
East Midlands -29 25 £500 +14.29% 16
East of England -54 15 £475 +22.58% 21
PaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 957 (64.14%) Azure
2 891 (59.72%) IaaS
3 739 (49.53%) DevOps
4 519 (34.79%) SaaS
5 467 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
6 446 (29.89%) AWS
7 414 (27.75%) Terraform
8 379 (25.40%) Microsoft
9 351 (23.53%) Kubernetes
10 306 (20.51%) Infrastructure as Code
11 296 (19.84%) SQL
12 290 (19.44%) Docker
13 275 (18.43%) Social Skills
14 269 (18.03%) Windows
15 261 (17.49%) Linux
15 261 (17.49%) Serverless
16 257 (17.23%) PowerShell
17 256 (17.16%) Microservices
18 252 (16.89%) Finance
19 244 (16.35%) Migration
20 238 (15.95%) Python
21 205 (13.74%) Ansible
22 176 (11.80%) .NET
22 176 (11.80%) Active Directory
23 171 (11.46%) Jenkins
24 166 (11.13%) SQL Server
25 159 (10.66%) GitHub
26 157 (10.52%) Oracle
27 150 (10.05%) Security Cleared
28 149 (9.99%) Public Cloud

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (4.29%) SharePoint
2 32 (2.14%) Confluence
3 29 (1.94%) Apache Spark
4 27 (1.81%) IIS
4 27 (1.81%) Tomcat
5 24 (1.61%) Apache
6 23 (1.54%) Elasticsearch
7 21 (1.41%) OpenStack
8 18 (1.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 15 (1.01%) JBoss
10 14 (0.94%) nginx
11 12 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (0.74%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.60%) WebLogic
14 8 (0.54%) CMS
15 7 (0.47%) MS Exchange
16 5 (0.34%) NetWeaver
16 5 (0.34%) Skype for Business
17 4 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
17 4 (0.27%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 20 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.67%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (0.80%) Oracle ERP
2 10 (0.67%) Oracle Applications
3 9 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.54%) Sentinel
5 6 (0.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 5 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.27%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 1 (0.067%) Cerner Millennium
9 1 (0.067%) iTrent
9 1 (0.067%) Magento
9 1 (0.067%) Oracle General Ledger
9 1 (0.067%) Primavera
9 1 (0.067%) Remedy ITSM
9 1 (0.067%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.067%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.067%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 957 (64.14%) Azure
2 891 (59.72%) IaaS
3 519 (34.79%) SaaS
4 446 (29.89%) AWS
5 261 (17.49%) Serverless
6 159 (10.66%) GitHub
7 128 (8.58%) GCP
8 127 (8.51%) Azure Functions
9 113 (7.57%) Microsoft 365
10 108 (7.24%) Azure Active Directory
11 95 (6.37%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 81 (5.43%) AWS CloudFormation
13 76 (5.09%) AWS Lambda
14 69 (4.62%) Azure Service Bus
15 59 (3.95%) Cloud Computing
16 52 (3.49%) Azure Logic Apps
17 48 (3.22%) Azure App Service
18 47 (3.15%) Azure Data Factory
18 47 (3.15%) Azure Storage
19 42 (2.82%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 138 (9.25%) Firewall
2 65 (4.36%) DNS
3 59 (3.95%) WAN
4 53 (3.55%) Network Security
5 48 (3.22%) SSL
6 46 (3.08%) VPN
7 40 (2.68%) Internet
8 35 (2.35%) LAN
9 30 (2.01%) TCP/IP
10 23 (1.54%) HTTP
11 22 (1.47%) IPsec
12 21 (1.41%) Wireless
13 19 (1.27%) DHCP
13 19 (1.27%) Kerberos
14 13 (0.87%) IKE
14 13 (0.87%) SAN
15 11 (0.74%) BGP
15 11 (0.74%) Intranet
16 10 (0.67%) Skype
17 9 (0.60%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 166 (11.13%) SQL Server
2 106 (7.10%) Azure SQL Database
3 102 (6.84%) NoSQL
4 84 (5.63%) Big Data
5 67 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
6 61 (4.09%) Data Lake
7 47 (3.15%) MongoDB
8 38 (2.55%) MySQL
8 38 (2.55%) Relational Database
9 35 (2.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 34 (2.28%) Hadoop
11 33 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
12 26 (1.74%) Power BI
13 22 (1.47%) DB2
14 21 (1.41%) BigQuery
15 18 (1.21%) Amazon RDS
15 18 (1.21%) Redis
16 17 (1.14%) RDBMS
16 17 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 17 (1.14%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 171 (11.46%) Jenkins
2 143 (9.58%) Git (software)
3 59 (3.95%) JIRA
4 52 (3.49%) Maven
5 47 (3.15%) TeamCity
6 45 (3.02%) GitLab
7 42 (2.82%) SonarQube
8 32 (2.14%) Selenium
8 32 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
9 30 (2.01%) Cucumber
10 28 (1.88%) Bitbucket
10 28 (1.88%) Gradle
10 28 (1.88%) Postman
11 27 (1.81%) Subversion
12 20 (1.34%) Artifactory
13 15 (1.01%) JUnit
13 15 (1.01%) Visual Studio
14 14 (0.94%) Octopus Deploy
15 11 (0.74%) Robot Framework
15 11 (0.74%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 275 (18.43%) Social Skills
2 252 (16.89%) Finance
3 98 (6.57%) Public Sector
4 69 (4.62%) Analytical Skills
5 55 (3.69%) Telecoms
6 52 (3.49%) Banking
7 47 (3.15%) Marketing
8 43 (2.88%) Retail
9 38 (2.55%) Legal
10 34 (2.28%) Manufacturing
11 31 (2.08%) Electronics
11 31 (2.08%) Presentation Skills
12 27 (1.81%) Games
13 22 (1.47%) Financial Institution
14 21 (1.41%) Documentation Skills
14 21 (1.41%) Influencing Skills
15 16 (1.07%) Law
16 8 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
17 7 (0.47%) Front Office
18 6 (0.40%) Billing
Job Titles
1 466 (31.23%) Architect
2 251 (16.82%) Azure Engineer
3 190 (12.73%) DevOps Engineer
4 173 (11.60%) Developer
5 161 (10.79%) Solutions Architect
6 157 (10.52%) Azure Architect
7 124 (8.31%) Cloud Architect
8 97 (6.50%) Cloud Engineer
9 92 (6.17%) AWS Engineer
10 73 (4.89%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 72 (4.83%) Azure DevOps
12 64 (4.29%) Azure Developer
13 62 (4.16%) Consultant
14 53 (3.55%) AWS Architect
15 46 (3.08%) Cloud Solutions Architect
15 46 (3.08%) Senior Architect
16 45 (3.02%) Technical Architect
17 42 (2.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 41 (2.75%) .NET Developer
19 39 (2.61%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 176 (11.80%) .NET
2 123 (8.24%) Web Services
3 90 (6.03%) REST
4 74 (4.96%) ASP.NET
5 72 (4.83%) ARM Templates
6 68 (4.56%) JSON
7 64 (4.29%) Kafka
8 58 (3.89%) React
9 56 (3.75%) OAuth
10 53 (3.55%) .NET Core
11 52 (3.49%) CSS
12 51 (3.42%) Node.js
13 49 (3.28%) .NET Framework
13 49 (3.28%) RESTful
14 47 (3.15%) HTML
15 45 (3.02%) ASP.NET Web API
16 43 (2.88%) AngularJS
17 40 (2.68%) Spring Boot
17 40 (2.68%) YAML
18 38 (2.55%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 149 (9.99%) Public Cloud
2 94 (6.30%) Cloud Native
3 89 (5.97%) Data Centre
4 75 (5.03%) Data Protection Act
5 73 (4.89%) Hybrid Cloud
6 48 (3.22%) Management Information System
7 41 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
7 41 (2.75%) Private Cloud
8 27 (1.81%) PKI
9 26 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
10 25 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
11 24 (1.61%) Enterprise Cloud
12 22 (1.47%) Hedge funds
12 22 (1.47%) User Experience
13 21 (1.41%) Mobile App
14 20 (1.34%) Data Structures
14 20 (1.34%) Legacy Applications
15 19 (1.27%) Replication
16 16 (1.07%) Legacy Systems
17 15 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 269 (18.03%) Windows
2 261 (17.49%) Linux
3 74 (4.96%) Windows Server
4 55 (3.69%) Unix
5 20 (1.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (1.21%) Windows Server 2016
7 15 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
8 12 (0.80%) VMS
9 9 (0.60%) AIX
9 9 (0.60%) Windows Server 2019
10 7 (0.47%) Android
10 7 (0.47%) Apple iOS
10 7 (0.47%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.40%) CentOS
11 6 (0.40%) Debian
11 6 (0.40%) Solaris
11 6 (0.40%) Windows 10
11 6 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.27%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.13%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 739 (49.53%) DevOps
2 467 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
3 306 (20.51%) Infrastructure as Code
4 256 (17.16%) Microservices
5 244 (16.35%) Migration
6 130 (8.71%) Analytics
7 122 (8.18%) Data Protection
8 118 (7.91%) Scrum
9 112 (7.51%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 109 (7.31%) Continuous Integration
11 102 (6.84%) Problem-Solving
12 96 (6.43%) Test Automation
13 94 (6.30%) Stakeholder Management
14 92 (6.17%) ITIL
15 90 (6.03%) Continuous Delivery
16 88 (5.90%) Enterprise Architecture
16 88 (5.90%) Open Source
17 85 (5.70%) Business Intelligence
18 79 (5.29%) SOA
19 76 (5.09%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 296 (19.84%) SQL
2 257 (17.23%) PowerShell
3 238 (15.95%) Python
4 148 (9.92%) Java
5 141 (9.45%) C#
6 129 (8.65%) Bash Shell
7 124 (8.31%) JavaScript
8 44 (2.95%) Go
9 38 (2.55%) Ruby
10 28 (1.88%) Groovy
11 26 (1.74%) PHP
12 24 (1.61%) T-SQL
13 18 (1.21%) PL/SQL
14 17 (1.14%) C
15 15 (1.01%) Perl
15 15 (1.01%) TypeScript
16 14 (0.94%) C++
17 13 (0.87%) Shell Script
18 10 (0.67%) Java 8
19 8 (0.54%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 150 (10.05%) Security Cleared
2 118 (7.91%) SC Cleared
3 54 (3.62%) Degree
4 22 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.41%) Microsoft Certification
6 19 (1.27%) TOGAF Certification
7 18 (1.21%) CISSP
8 16 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
8 16 (1.07%) DV Cleared
9 14 (0.94%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.87%) Cisco Certification
11 8 (0.54%) APMP
11 8 (0.54%) MCSE
12 7 (0.47%) ISTQB
13 6 (0.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 6 (0.40%) CCIE
13 6 (0.40%) CISM
13 6 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
14 5 (0.34%) CESG Certified Professional
14 5 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (3.82%) GDPR
2 46 (3.08%) QA
3 25 (1.68%) SLA
4 22 (1.47%) Data Quality
5 21 (1.41%) NIST
6 20 (1.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 15 (1.01%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.67%) COBIT
8 10 (0.67%) GAAP
8 10 (0.67%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.54%) SOC 2
10 7 (0.47%) NCSC
11 6 (0.40%) ISO 22301
12 5 (0.34%) Accessibility
12 5 (0.34%) FedRAMP
13 4 (0.27%) GRC
13 4 (0.27%) PMO
14 3 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
14 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 3 (0.20%) NIST 800
System Software
1 290 (19.44%) Docker
2 176 (11.80%) Active Directory
3 78 (5.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (2.55%) Virtual Machines
5 27 (1.81%) Hyper-V
6 21 (1.41%) vCloud
7 17 (1.14%) VMware ESXi
7 17 (1.14%) VMware Workstation
8 13 (0.87%) Virtual Desktop
9 10 (0.67%) VMware NSX
10 7 (0.47%) RACF
11 4 (0.27%) NFS
11 4 (0.27%) Veritas File System
11 4 (0.27%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 4 (0.27%) vSphere
12 2 (0.13%) KVM
12 2 (0.13%) LXC
12 2 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.13%) XenApp
12 2 (0.13%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 414 (27.75%) Terraform
2 351 (23.53%) Kubernetes
3 205 (13.74%) Ansible
4 44 (2.95%) Puppet
5 29 (1.94%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (1.34%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 19 (1.27%) Single Sign-On
8 18 (1.21%) SCCM
9 15 (1.01%) Grafana
10 14 (0.94%) BladeLogic
10 14 (0.94%) Prometheus
11 13 (0.87%) ITRS Geneos
12 11 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
12 11 (0.74%) Netcool
13 9 (0.60%) QRadar
14 8 (0.54%) Control-M
14 8 (0.54%) EMC NetWorker
14 8 (0.54%) Tivoli
14 8 (0.54%) Tivoli Storage Manager
14 8 (0.54%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 379 (25.40%) Microsoft
2 157 (10.52%) Oracle
3 136 (9.12%) VMware
4 82 (5.50%) Google
5 74 (4.96%) Databricks
6 67 (4.49%) Splunk
7 63 (4.22%) SAP
8 41 (2.75%) Cisco
9 39 (2.61%) Red Hat
10 38 (2.55%) ServiceNow
11 34 (2.28%) IBM
12 32 (2.14%) CyberArk
13 29 (1.94%) Salesforce.com
14 28 (1.88%) Citrix
15 20 (1.34%) CA
16 19 (1.27%) AppDynamics
17 18 (1.21%) MuleSoft
18 13 (0.87%) BiZZdesign
19 12 (0.80%) Palo Alto
20 11 (0.74%) Qualys