Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 143 160 161
Rank change year-on-year +17 +1 +59
Contract jobs citing PaaS 611 1,083 1,569
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.78% 1.65% 1.75%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.40% 5.44% 6.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 507 700 1,138
Median daily rate £525 £538 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.33% -2.27% +10.00%
10th Percentile £405 £400 £400
90th Percentile £675 £700 £700
UK median daily rate £525 £530 £550
% change year-on-year -0.94% -3.64% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 16 2
Median hourly rate £14.00 £80.00 £62.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -82.50% +27.15% -
UK median hourly rate £14.00 £80.00 £62.92
% change year-on-year -82.50% +27.15% -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,314 19,896 23,119
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.91% 30.25% 25.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,068 14,018 16,408
Median daily rate £488 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £303 £281 £305
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £495
% change year-on-year +1.01% - +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 198 290 275
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £74.05 £42.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +44 365 £550 -2.44% 100
South East -24 74 £500 -6.98% 36
North of England +23 71 £500 +5.54% 38
Yorkshire +17 34 £450 -17.43% 10
North West +36 33 £525 +16.67% 25
South West +62 31 £500 - 20
Midlands +2 26 £525 +2.44% 31
East of England +59 13 £498 -7.44% 19
East Midlands +42 11 £438 -17.06% 17
West Midlands -23 11 £525 +5.00% 14
North East +21 3 £300 -29.41% 4
PaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 382 (62.52%) Azure
2 354 (57.94%) IaaS
3 265 (43.37%) DevOps
4 203 (33.22%) SaaS
5 197 (32.24%) AWS
6 196 (32.08%) Agile Software Development
7 147 (24.06%) Microsoft
8 143 (23.40%) Terraform
9 126 (20.62%) Finance
10 124 (20.29%) Windows
11 113 (18.49%) Java
12 108 (17.68%) Python
12 108 (17.68%) Security Cleared
12 108 (17.68%) Kubernetes
13 106 (17.35%) Jenkins
14 102 (16.69%) Microservices
14 102 (16.69%) Linux
15 101 (16.53%) SQL
16 100 (16.37%) Docker
17 95 (15.55%) PowerShell
18 93 (15.22%) Test Automation
19 89 (14.57%) SC Cleared
20 83 (13.58%) Infrastructure as Code
21 82 (13.42%) Git (software)
22 81 (13.26%) .NET
22 81 (13.26%) Active Directory
22 81 (13.26%) GCP
23 80 (13.09%) Continuous Integration
24 78 (12.77%) REST
25 75 (12.27%) Firewall

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (6.71%) Cloud Foundry
2 40 (6.55%) Confluence
3 27 (4.42%) Mule
4 21 (3.44%) SharePoint
5 9 (1.47%) JBoss
6 8 (1.31%) nginx
7 7 (1.15%) BizTalk Server
7 7 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.15%) Skype for Business
8 6 (0.98%) NetWeaver
8 6 (0.98%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 5 (0.82%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.65%) Apache Spark
10 4 (0.65%) CMS
10 4 (0.65%) WordPress
11 3 (0.49%) SAS
11 3 (0.49%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.33%) Apache
12 2 (0.33%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 8 (1.31%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.33%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.33%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.65%) Dynamics AX
1 4 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.49%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.33%) Oracle Assets
3 2 (0.33%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.33%) Oracle Payables
3 2 (0.33%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle iRecruitment
4 1 (0.16%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 382 (62.52%) Azure
2 354 (57.94%) IaaS
3 203 (33.22%) SaaS
4 197 (32.24%) AWS
5 81 (13.26%) GCP
6 63 (10.31%) Serverless
7 55 (9.00%) GitHub
8 54 (8.84%) Office 365
9 44 (7.20%) Cloud Computing
10 30 (4.91%) Azure Active Directory
11 28 (4.58%) Slack
12 23 (3.76%) Azure Functions
13 21 (3.44%) OpenShift
14 18 (2.95%) AWS CloudFormation
15 14 (2.29%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 14 (2.29%) Power Platform
16 11 (1.80%) Amazon ECS
16 11 (1.80%) Amazon Kinesis
17 10 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
18 8 (1.31%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 75 (12.27%) Firewall
2 53 (8.67%) DNS
3 38 (6.22%) VPN
3 38 (6.22%) WAN
4 29 (4.75%) Internet
5 20 (3.27%) Wireless
6 18 (2.95%) LAN
7 16 (2.62%) DHCP
8 15 (2.45%) Network Security
8 15 (2.45%) Skype
9 14 (2.29%) DMZ
9 14 (2.29%) TCP/IP
10 12 (1.96%) HTTP
11 10 (1.64%) Intranet
11 10 (1.64%) Multicast
11 10 (1.64%) VoIP
12 9 (1.47%) Intrusion Detection
12 9 (1.47%) SSL
13 8 (1.31%) Kerberos
13 8 (1.31%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (8.18%) SQL Server
2 48 (7.86%) Azure SQL Database
3 42 (6.87%) Cosmos DB
4 28 (4.58%) Big Data
5 22 (3.60%) NoSQL
6 20 (3.27%) Relational Database
7 18 (2.95%) Data Lake
8 16 (2.62%) PostgreSQL
9 13 (2.13%) RDBMS
10 12 (1.96%) MongoDB
11 11 (1.80%) Hadoop
12 10 (1.64%) MySQL
12 10 (1.64%) Power BI
12 10 (1.64%) Redis
13 9 (1.47%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (1.47%) HDInsight
14 8 (1.31%) BigQuery
15 6 (0.98%) DB2
15 6 (0.98%) SAP HANA
16 5 (0.82%) GIS
Development Applications
1 106 (17.35%) Jenkins
2 82 (13.42%) Git (software)
3 42 (6.87%) JIRA
4 39 (6.38%) Maven
5 35 (5.73%) JUnit
6 31 (5.07%) IntelliJ
7 30 (4.91%) Android Studio
8 29 (4.75%) Sonatype Nexus
9 28 (4.58%) Mockito
10 27 (4.42%) CocoaPods
10 27 (4.42%) Xcode
11 20 (3.27%) Bitbucket
12 16 (2.62%) TeamCity
13 15 (2.45%) GitLab
13 15 (2.45%) ReSharper
14 14 (2.29%) Gradle
14 14 (2.29%) Octopus Deploy
15 12 (1.96%) Subversion
16 10 (1.64%) gulp
17 9 (1.47%) Travis CI
General
1 126 (20.62%) Finance
2 60 (9.82%) Banking
3 53 (8.67%) Public Sector
4 18 (2.95%) Retail
5 11 (1.80%) Manufacturing
6 10 (1.64%) Pharmaceutical
7 7 (1.15%) Marketing
8 6 (0.98%) Billing
8 6 (0.98%) Law
9 5 (0.82%) Investment Banking
9 5 (0.82%) Retail Finance
10 4 (0.65%) Back Office
10 4 (0.65%) Financial Institution
10 4 (0.65%) Games
10 4 (0.65%) Retail Banking
10 4 (0.65%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.49%) Electronics
11 3 (0.49%) German Language
11 3 (0.49%) Italian Language
11 3 (0.49%) Legal
Job Titles
1 205 (33.55%) Architect
2 85 (13.91%) Developer
3 81 (13.26%) DevOps Engineer
4 71 (11.62%) Azure Engineer
5 51 (8.35%) Azure Architect
6 47 (7.69%) Solutions Architect
7 39 (6.38%) Cloud Architect
8 37 (6.06%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 35 (5.73%) Consultant
10 30 (4.91%) Cloud Engineer
11 29 (4.75%) Technical Architect
12 28 (4.58%) Enterprise Architect
13 26 (4.26%) Azure DevOps
14 22 (3.60%) Data Architect
14 22 (3.60%) Java Developer
15 20 (3.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 19 (3.11%) AWS Architect
17 16 (2.62%) Security Architect
18 14 (2.29%) Lead Architect
18 14 (2.29%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (13.26%) .NET
2 78 (12.77%) REST
3 57 (9.33%) Node.js
4 54 (8.84%) JSON
4 54 (8.84%) Spring
5 49 (8.02%) React
6 42 (6.87%) Spring Boot
7 36 (5.89%) CSS
8 35 (5.73%) .NET Framework
9 33 (5.40%) HTML
10 32 (5.24%) Web Services
11 31 (5.07%) .NET Core
11 31 (5.07%) RESTful
12 27 (4.42%) WireMock
13 17 (2.78%) Kafka
13 17 (2.78%) Middleware
14 15 (2.45%) LDAP
14 15 (2.45%) Oracle Fusion
14 15 (2.45%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 14 (2.29%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 73 (11.95%) Public Cloud
2 44 (7.20%) Hybrid Cloud
3 38 (6.22%) Data Centre
4 36 (5.89%) Analytical Skills
5 33 (5.40%) Cloud Native
5 33 (5.40%) Mobile App
6 26 (4.26%) Enterprise Cloud
7 24 (3.93%) Self-Motivation
8 22 (3.60%) PKI
9 21 (3.44%) Clustering
10 19 (3.11%) Enterprise Software
11 17 (2.78%) Private Cloud
12 16 (2.62%) Credit Risk
13 15 (2.45%) Management Information System
13 15 (2.45%) User Experience
14 13 (2.13%) iPad
14 13 (2.13%) N-Tier
15 9 (1.47%) Algorithms
16 8 (1.31%) Data Structures
16 8 (1.31%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 124 (20.29%) Windows
2 102 (16.69%) Linux
3 42 (6.87%) Windows Server
4 31 (5.07%) Android
5 28 (4.58%) Apple iOS
6 23 (3.76%) Unix
7 16 (2.62%) Windows Server 2008
7 16 (2.62%) Windows Server 2012
8 14 (2.29%) Windows Server 2016
8 14 (2.29%) Windows Server 2019
9 11 (1.80%) Solaris
10 9 (1.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (1.15%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.82%) AIX
12 5 (0.82%) VMS
13 3 (0.49%) CoreOS
13 3 (0.49%) Debian
14 2 (0.33%) CentOS
14 2 (0.33%) Ubuntu
15 1 (0.16%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 265 (43.37%) DevOps
2 196 (32.08%) Agile Software Development
3 102 (16.69%) Microservices
4 93 (15.22%) Test Automation
5 83 (13.58%) Infrastructure as Code
6 80 (13.09%) Continuous Integration
7 68 (11.13%) Migration
8 62 (10.15%) Scrum
9 61 (9.98%) TDD
10 53 (8.67%) High Availability
11 52 (8.51%) TOGAF
12 51 (8.35%) Software Engineering
13 49 (8.02%) Kanban
13 49 (8.02%) Stakeholder Management
14 43 (7.04%) Analytics
15 40 (6.55%) Business Intelligence
15 40 (6.55%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 38 (6.22%) Configuration Management
16 38 (6.22%) Deployment Automation
16 38 (6.22%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 113 (18.49%) Java
2 108 (17.68%) Python
3 101 (16.53%) SQL
4 95 (15.55%) PowerShell
5 61 (9.98%) C#
6 52 (8.51%) JavaScript
7 41 (6.71%) Kotlin
8 28 (4.58%) Bash Shell
8 28 (4.58%) Java 8
9 27 (4.42%) Apple Swift
10 19 (3.11%) Ruby
11 16 (2.62%) TypeScript
12 14 (2.29%) Go
13 13 (2.13%) PHP
13 13 (2.13%) Scala
14 12 (1.96%) Groovy
15 9 (1.47%) PL/SQL
16 6 (0.98%) Perl
17 5 (0.82%) R
17 5 (0.82%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 108 (17.68%) Security Cleared
2 89 (14.57%) SC Cleared
3 22 (3.60%) Microsoft Certification
4 20 (3.27%) CISSP
4 20 (3.27%) Degree
5 12 (1.96%) TOGAF Certification
6 11 (1.80%) CISM
7 10 (1.64%) AWS Certification
7 10 (1.64%) CESG Certified Professional
7 10 (1.64%) CRISC
8 8 (1.31%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.31%) PMI Certification
9 6 (0.98%) Computer Science Degree
9 6 (0.98%) MCSE
10 5 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.65%) CISA
11 4 (0.65%) MCSA
11 4 (0.65%) PMP
11 4 (0.65%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 3 (0.49%) CAPM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (5.24%) NIST
2 16 (2.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (1.80%) Cyber Essentials
3 11 (1.80%) GDPR
4 9 (1.47%) JSP 440
4 9 (1.47%) NCSC
4 9 (1.47%) PCI DSS
5 8 (1.31%) QA
6 7 (1.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 6 (0.98%) COBIT
8 4 (0.65%) SLA
9 3 (0.49%) Basel III
9 3 (0.49%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.49%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.16%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.16%) PMO
11 1 (0.16%) PSD2
11 1 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 100 (16.37%) Docker
2 81 (13.26%) Active Directory
3 33 (5.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (4.42%) Virtual Machines
5 25 (4.09%) Hyper-V
6 8 (1.31%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.98%) Xen
8 5 (0.82%) KVM
9 4 (0.65%) Microsoft App-V
10 3 (0.49%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.33%) ProxySG
11 2 (0.33%) Snort
11 2 (0.33%) vSphere
12 1 (0.16%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 1 (0.16%) DFS Replication
12 1 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.16%) Terminal Server
12 1 (0.16%) UAG
12 1 (0.16%) VMware Workstation
12 1 (0.16%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 143 (23.40%) Terraform
2 108 (17.68%) Kubernetes
3 70 (11.46%) Ansible
4 32 (5.24%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (3.27%) Puppet
6 15 (2.45%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (2.29%) Microsoft Intune
7 14 (2.29%) SCCM
8 11 (1.80%) Grafana
8 11 (1.80%) Kibana
9 9 (1.47%) CASB
9 9 (1.47%) Consul
10 8 (1.31%) Argo
10 8 (1.31%) Nessus
11 7 (1.15%) Microsoft Clustering
12 5 (0.82%) logstash
13 4 (0.65%) BladeLogic
14 3 (0.49%) ITRS Geneos
14 3 (0.49%) Norton AntiVirus
14 3 (0.49%) WSUS
Vendors
1 147 (24.06%) Microsoft
2 73 (11.95%) Oracle
3 53 (8.67%) Splunk
4 52 (8.51%) Google
5 37 (6.06%) VMware
6 33 (5.40%) Red Hat
7 31 (5.07%) Cisco
8 28 (4.58%) AppDynamics
9 21 (3.44%) Databricks
9 21 (3.44%) ServiceNow
10 16 (2.62%) Palo Alto
11 14 (2.29%) SAP
12 12 (1.96%) Atlassian
13 11 (1.80%) Fortinet
14 9 (1.47%) Citrix
15 8 (1.31%) Dell
15 8 (1.31%) MuleSoft
15 8 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
16 7 (1.15%) New Relic
16 7 (1.15%) SolarWinds