Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 110 166 171
Rank change year-on-year +56 +5 +50
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,293 540 1,433
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.29% 1.62% 1.70%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.52% 5.16% 5.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 859 361 953
10th Percentile £406 £413 £413
25th Percentile £463 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £530
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +3.77% +1.92%
75th Percentile £638 £613 £625
90th Percentile £700 £700 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 2 12
10th Percentile £14.00 £62.15 £48.00
25th Percentile £40.75 £62.38 £69.38
Median hourly rate £60.00 £64.00 £76.25
Median % change year-on-year -6.25% -16.07% +38.64%
75th Percentile £63.63 £65.63 £83.75
90th Percentile £75.25 £65.85 £85.10
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £64.00 £72.50
% change year-on-year -6.25% -11.72% +31.82%

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 19,823 10,466 24,564
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.08% 31.35% 29.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,219 7,528 17,194
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
25th Percentile £419 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £608 £600 £588
90th Percentile £694 £688 £662
UK median daily rate £517 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +3.40% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 330 143 298
10th Percentile £11.59 £13.32 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.00 £16.50 £15.06
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
75th Percentile £39.50 £36.75 £40.00
90th Percentile £65.03 £54.75 £60.38
UK median hourly rate £21.03 £20.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +5.13% -2.44% +17.14%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in England

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in England

PaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +36 707 £550 - 227
North of England +58 163 £525 -3.67% 80
South East +13 144 £505 -8.18% 60
North West +31 79 £513 +2.45% 41
Midlands -25 78 £475 -5.00% 60
Yorkshire +20 59 £525 -4.55% 28
West Midlands -39 55 £513 +7.89% 43
South West +18 50 £525 +5.00% 29
North East +14 25 £565 +5.12% 11
East Midlands +2 23 £475 -5.00% 16
East of England -13 19 £550 - 18
PaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PaaS.

1 868 (67.13%) Azure
2 795 (61.48%) IaaS
3 629 (48.65%) DevOps
4 434 (33.57%) AWS
5 430 (33.26%) SaaS
6 388 (30.01%) Agile Software Development
7 373 (28.85%) Terraform
8 330 (25.52%) Microsoft
9 278 (21.50%) Infrastructure as Code
10 260 (20.11%) Kubernetes
11 240 (18.56%) Linux
12 239 (18.48%) Microservices
13 234 (18.10%) PowerShell
14 224 (17.32%) Docker
14 224 (17.32%) SQL
15 217 (16.78%) Windows
15 217 (16.78%) Python
16 213 (16.47%) Social Skills
17 201 (15.55%) Serverless
18 188 (14.54%) Finance
19 179 (13.84%) Ansible
20 175 (13.53%) Migration
21 166 (12.84%) Java
22 158 (12.22%) .NET
23 145 (11.21%) Active Directory
24 140 (10.83%) Public Cloud
25 134 (10.36%) Security Cleared
26 131 (10.13%) Jenkins
27 127 (9.82%) Oracle
28 125 (9.67%) Git (software)

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (6.42%) SharePoint
2 27 (2.09%) Tomcat
3 24 (1.86%) Cloud Foundry
4 22 (1.70%) Confluence
5 20 (1.55%) Apache Spark
5 20 (1.55%) JBoss
6 19 (1.47%) Apache
6 19 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
7 16 (1.24%) IIS
8 14 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 14 (1.08%) WebSphere
9 9 (0.70%) WebLogic
10 8 (0.62%) nginx
11 6 (0.46%) CMS
11 6 (0.46%) Mule
11 6 (0.46%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.46%) Oracle Application Server
12 5 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.39%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.31%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 21 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
1 9 (0.70%) Oracle ERP
2 6 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
2 6 (0.46%) SAP ERP
3 5 (0.39%) Remedy ITSM
4 4 (0.31%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.31%) Sentinel
4 4 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.23%) Primavera
6 2 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.077%) iTrent
7 1 (0.077%) Magento
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.077%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.077%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.077%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 868 (67.13%) Azure
2 795 (61.48%) IaaS
3 434 (33.57%) AWS
4 430 (33.26%) SaaS
5 201 (15.55%) Serverless
6 124 (9.59%) GitHub
7 121 (9.36%) GCP
7 121 (9.36%) Microsoft 365
8 100 (7.73%) Azure Functions
9 92 (7.12%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 91 (7.04%) Azure Active Directory
11 52 (4.02%) Cloud Computing
12 51 (3.94%) AWS Lambda
12 51 (3.94%) OpenShift
13 48 (3.71%) Power Platform
14 46 (3.56%) AWS CloudFormation
15 43 (3.33%) Azure Service Bus
16 41 (3.17%) Azure Logic Apps
17 40 (3.09%) Azure Data Factory
18 32 (2.47%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 107 (8.28%) Firewall
2 54 (4.18%) WAN
3 47 (3.63%) DNS
4 37 (2.86%) Network Security
5 33 (2.55%) LAN
6 29 (2.24%) Internet
7 28 (2.17%) Wireless
8 24 (1.86%) VPN
9 22 (1.70%) TCP/IP
10 21 (1.62%) DHCP
11 19 (1.47%) Kerberos
12 15 (1.16%) SAN
12 15 (1.16%) SSL
13 11 (0.85%) NAS
14 10 (0.77%) VLAN
14 10 (0.77%) VoIP
15 9 (0.70%) SD-WAN
16 8 (0.62%) HTTP
16 8 (0.62%) Intranet
16 8 (0.62%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 120 (9.28%) SQL Server
2 82 (6.34%) Big Data
3 71 (5.49%) Azure SQL Database
4 64 (4.95%) NoSQL
5 61 (4.72%) Data Lake
6 42 (3.25%) PostgreSQL
7 35 (2.71%) Hadoop
8 32 (2.47%) Power BI
9 31 (2.40%) MongoDB
10 29 (2.24%) Data Warehouse
11 25 (1.93%) MySQL
12 21 (1.62%) Metadata
13 20 (1.55%) BigQuery
14 17 (1.31%) Oracle Database
15 14 (1.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 13 (1.01%) DB2
16 13 (1.01%) SQL Server 2012
17 12 (0.93%) Relational Database
17 12 (0.93%) SQL Server 2016
17 12 (0.93%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 131 (10.13%) Jenkins
2 125 (9.67%) Git (software)
3 47 (3.63%) JIRA
4 39 (3.02%) Maven
5 32 (2.47%) TeamCity
6 31 (2.40%) SonarQube
7 29 (2.24%) GitLab
7 29 (2.24%) Postman
8 27 (2.09%) Visual Studio
9 23 (1.78%) Gradle
10 22 (1.70%) Cucumber
11 19 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
11 19 (1.47%) Sonatype Nexus
12 16 (1.24%) Selenium
13 15 (1.16%) Bitbucket
13 15 (1.16%) JUnit
14 12 (0.93%) Visual Studio Team System
15 11 (0.85%) IntelliJ
15 11 (0.85%) PowerDesigner
16 10 (0.77%) Eclipse
General
1 213 (16.47%) Social Skills
2 188 (14.54%) Finance
3 116 (8.97%) Public Sector
4 57 (4.41%) Marketing
5 56 (4.33%) Banking
6 47 (3.63%) Analytical Skills
6 47 (3.63%) Telecoms
7 46 (3.56%) Manufacturing
8 39 (3.02%) Electronics
9 29 (2.24%) Presentation Skills
10 28 (2.17%) Influencing Skills
10 28 (2.17%) Retail
11 21 (1.62%) Documentation Skills
12 8 (0.62%) Law
12 8 (0.62%) Organisational Skills
13 7 (0.54%) Legal
14 5 (0.39%) Billing
14 5 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.23%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.23%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 403 (31.17%) Architect
2 235 (18.17%) Azure Engineer
3 170 (13.15%) DevOps Engineer
4 169 (13.07%) Developer
5 146 (11.29%) Azure Architect
6 145 (11.21%) Solutions Architect
7 130 (10.05%) Cloud Architect
8 104 (8.04%) Cloud Engineer
9 90 (6.96%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 87 (6.73%) AWS Engineer
11 60 (4.64%) Azure DevOps
12 52 (4.02%) Consultant
13 49 (3.79%) Azure Developer
14 48 (3.71%) AWS Architect
15 44 (3.40%) Data Architect
16 42 (3.25%) AWS DevOps
17 37 (2.86%) .NET Developer
17 37 (2.86%) Technical Architect
18 36 (2.78%) Infrastructure Engineer
19 35 (2.71%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 158 (12.22%) .NET
2 121 (9.36%) Web Services
3 93 (7.19%) REST
4 66 (5.10%) JSON
5 61 (4.72%) .NET Core
6 58 (4.49%) Node.js
7 56 (4.33%) React
8 52 (4.02%) Spring Boot
9 49 (3.79%) AngularJS
10 48 (3.71%) HTML
10 48 (3.71%) YAML
11 44 (3.40%) Spring
12 42 (3.25%) CSS
12 42 (3.25%) Kafka
13 36 (2.78%) ASP.NET
13 36 (2.78%) OAuth
14 32 (2.47%) RESTful
15 30 (2.32%) ASP.NET Web API
15 30 (2.32%) XML
16 25 (1.93%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 140 (10.83%) Public Cloud
2 96 (7.42%) Cloud Native
3 71 (5.49%) Data Centre
4 70 (5.41%) Hybrid Cloud
5 56 (4.33%) Data Protection Act
6 44 (3.40%) Management Information System
7 27 (2.09%) Enterprise Cloud
8 26 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
9 23 (1.78%) User Experience
10 21 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
11 20 (1.55%) Greenfield Project
11 20 (1.55%) Legacy Applications
12 18 (1.39%) Clustering
13 17 (1.31%) Data Structures
14 15 (1.16%) Mobile App
14 15 (1.16%) PKI
14 15 (1.16%) Replication
15 14 (1.08%) Legacy Systems
16 13 (1.01%) iPad
16 13 (1.01%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 240 (18.56%) Linux
2 217 (16.78%) Windows
3 57 (4.41%) Windows Server
4 27 (2.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 25 (1.93%) Unix
6 18 (1.39%) Windows Server 2012
7 16 (1.24%) Windows Server 2016
8 15 (1.16%) Solaris
9 8 (0.62%) VMS
9 8 (0.62%) Windows 10
10 6 (0.46%) AIX
10 6 (0.46%) Android
10 6 (0.46%) Apple iOS
10 6 (0.46%) CentOS
10 6 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
11 5 (0.39%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.31%) Debian
13 2 (0.15%) SUSE
13 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 629 (48.65%) DevOps
2 388 (30.01%) Agile Software Development
3 278 (21.50%) Infrastructure as Code
4 239 (18.48%) Microservices
5 175 (13.53%) Migration
6 116 (8.97%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 103 (7.97%) Continuous Integration
8 99 (7.66%) Scrum
9 88 (6.81%) Problem-Solving
10 87 (6.73%) Analytics
10 87 (6.73%) Business Intelligence
11 84 (6.50%) Continuous Delivery
11 84 (6.50%) Test Automation
12 80 (6.19%) Enterprise Architecture
12 80 (6.19%) TOGAF
13 79 (6.11%) SOA
14 73 (5.65%) Data Protection
15 69 (5.34%) ITIL
15 69 (5.34%) Software Engineering
16 68 (5.26%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 234 (18.10%) PowerShell
2 224 (17.32%) SQL
3 217 (16.78%) Python
4 166 (12.84%) Java
5 118 (9.13%) Bash Shell
6 108 (8.35%) JavaScript
7 106 (8.20%) C#
8 41 (3.17%) Ruby
9 36 (2.78%) Go
10 32 (2.47%) TypeScript
11 30 (2.32%) PHP
12 22 (1.70%) Perl
13 20 (1.55%) C
14 18 (1.39%) Java 8
15 12 (0.93%) PL/SQL
15 12 (0.93%) T-SQL
16 11 (0.85%) C++
16 11 (0.85%) Shell Script
17 9 (0.70%) Kotlin
18 8 (0.62%) Scala
Qualifications
1 134 (10.36%) Security Cleared
2 109 (8.43%) SC Cleared
3 50 (3.87%) Degree
4 22 (1.70%) CISSP
5 20 (1.55%) Microsoft Certification
6 18 (1.39%) AWS Certification
6 18 (1.39%) DV Cleared
6 18 (1.39%) TOGAF Certification
7 16 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (1.08%) Cisco Certification
9 12 (0.93%) CISM
9 12 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
10 8 (0.62%) APMP
11 7 (0.54%) MCSE
12 6 (0.46%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 6 (0.46%) CESG Certified Professional
12 6 (0.46%) ISTQB
12 6 (0.46%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (0.39%) CCIE
13 5 (0.39%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (3.40%) QA
2 28 (2.17%) GDPR
3 24 (1.86%) NIST
4 21 (1.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (1.55%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.93%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 10 (0.77%) COBIT
8 9 (0.70%) NCSC
8 9 (0.70%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.62%) Accessibility
10 6 (0.46%) SLA
10 6 (0.46%) SOC 2
11 5 (0.39%) HIPAA
11 5 (0.39%) ISO 22301
11 5 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.23%) FedRAMP
12 3 (0.23%) GRC
12 3 (0.23%) NIST 800
12 3 (0.23%) PMO
System Software
1 224 (17.32%) Docker
2 145 (11.21%) Active Directory
3 82 (6.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 41 (3.17%) Hyper-V
5 23 (1.78%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (1.24%) VMware ESXi
7 13 (1.01%) Virtual Desktop
8 10 (0.77%) VMware NSX
9 7 (0.54%) NFS
9 7 (0.54%) RACF
10 6 (0.46%) vSphere
11 5 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
11 5 (0.39%) VMware Workstation
11 5 (0.39%) XenApp
11 5 (0.39%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.31%) KVM
12 4 (0.31%) Veritas File System
12 4 (0.31%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 3 (0.23%) HDFS
13 3 (0.23%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 373 (28.85%) Terraform
2 260 (20.11%) Kubernetes
3 179 (13.84%) Ansible
4 47 (3.63%) Puppet
5 37 (2.86%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (2.01%) SCCM
7 23 (1.78%) Microsoft Intune
8 21 (1.62%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 16 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.85%) SCOM
11 9 (0.70%) Grafana
11 9 (0.70%) Kibana
11 9 (0.70%) QRadar
12 8 (0.62%) CASB
12 8 (0.62%) Control-M
12 8 (0.62%) EMC NetWorker
12 8 (0.62%) Prometheus
12 8 (0.62%) Tivoli
12 8 (0.62%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 6 (0.46%) Packer
Vendors
1 330 (25.52%) Microsoft
2 127 (9.82%) Oracle
3 120 (9.28%) VMware
4 77 (5.96%) Google
5 75 (5.80%) SAP
6 52 (4.02%) Databricks
7 45 (3.48%) Cisco
8 39 (3.02%) IBM
9 36 (2.78%) Red Hat
10 32 (2.47%) Splunk
11 31 (2.40%) Citrix
12 30 (2.32%) Dell
13 28 (2.17%) ServiceNow
14 24 (1.86%) Salesforce.com
15 21 (1.62%) MuleSoft
16 15 (1.16%) BiZZdesign
16 15 (1.16%) BMC
16 15 (1.16%) NetApp
17 14 (1.08%) EMC
18 12 (0.93%) CyberArk