Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for User Stories skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited User Stories over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

User Story
UK
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 87 94 135
Rank change year-on-year +7 +41 -24
Contract jobs citing User Stories 2,476 1,678 778
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.80% 2.59% 1.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.13% 2.92% 2.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,747 1,093 522
10th Percentile £400 £331 £347
25th Percentile £431 £411 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £508 £475 £471
Median % change year-on-year +6.84% +0.80% -0.79%
75th Percentile £588 £550 £538
90th Percentile £650 £625 £593
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £448
% change year-on-year +5.56% +0.56% -0.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 5
10th Percentile £37.05 £34.40 £33.00
25th Percentile - - £50.00
Median hourly rate £42.00 £50.00 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year -16.00% -13.04% +8.49%
75th Percentile £46.06 £54.85 £65.25
90th Percentile £57.13 £66.00 £65.42
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £54.85 £24.10
% change year-on-year -23.43% +127.59% -53.88%

User Stories is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,125 57,556 35,679
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.58% 88.91% 86.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,655 39,443 23,857
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
25th Percentile £443 £403 £391
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £545 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £594 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,732 1,590 1,013
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.00 £12.50
25th Percentile £16.75 £15.18 £16.13
Median hourly rate £29.06 £24.80 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +17.17% +7.82% +0.31%
75th Percentile £53.88 £47.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £67.35 £60.00 £56.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £21.84 £20.95
% change year-on-year +9.89% +4.25% -8.91%

User Stories
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing User Stories as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing User Stories.

Daily rate trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing User Stories over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing User Stories.

Hourly rate trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing User Stories over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing User Stories within the UK over the 6 months to 29 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 1,911 £525 +10.53% 291
Work from Home +14 1,284 £500 +5.26% 146
London +4 1,024 £539 +7.75% 139
UK excluding London -1 891 £475 +5.56% 166
South East -4 227 £481 +6.94% 33
Midlands +10 179 £500 +12.36% 24
North of England -20 171 £475 - 48
Scotland +17 155 £425 +2.72% 12
West Midlands +9 146 £500 +11.11% 9
Yorkshire +3 83 £463 -2.63% 15
South West 0 77 £475 - 29
East of England +23 75 £500 +13.31% 15
North West -42 71 £475 -3.65% 27
East Midlands -22 28 £475 +20.18% 15
North East -4 18 £600 +18.23% 6
Wales -7 16 £475 +11.76% 4
Northern Ireland +5 2 £488 +8.33% 1

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing User Stories also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for User Stories.

1 1,839 (74.27%) Agile
2 796 (32.15%) Scrum
3 736 (29.73%) Social Skills
4 542 (21.89%) Finance
5 516 (20.84%) Acceptance Criteria
6 509 (20.56%) Business Analysis
7 507 (20.48%) JIRA
8 471 (19.02%) DevOps
9 384 (15.51%) Stakeholder Management
10 372 (15.02%) Problem-Solving
11 360 (14.54%) Workshop Facilitation
12 342 (13.81%) Requirements Gathering
13 320 (12.92%) Public Sector
14 318 (12.84%) Azure
15 317 (12.80%) User Experience
16 311 (12.56%) SQL
17 307 (12.40%) Test Automation
18 303 (12.24%) Analytical Skills
19 293 (11.83%) Epics
20 291 (11.75%) Confluence
21 285 (11.51%) QA
22 252 (10.18%) Microsoft
23 245 (9.89%) TDD
24 240 (9.69%) User Research
25 230 (9.29%) Coaching
26 227 (9.17%) Product Backlog
27 222 (8.97%) CI/CD
28 208 (8.40%) Backlog Management
29 201 (8.12%) Security Cleared
30 195 (7.88%) User Acceptance Testing

User Stories
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 291 (11.75%) Confluence
2 58 (2.34%) SharePoint
3 48 (1.94%) CMS
4 18 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
5 17 (0.69%) SAS
6 8 (0.32%) EPiServer
6 8 (0.32%) Tomcat
7 7 (0.28%) Apache
8 6 (0.24%) Apache Spark
8 6 (0.24%) Camunda
8 6 (0.24%) Drupal
9 5 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.16%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.12%) Appian
11 3 (0.12%) Headless CMS
11 3 (0.12%) Umbraco
12 2 (0.081%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.081%) IIS
13 1 (0.040%) IBM HTTP Server
13 1 (0.040%) LiveLink
Applications
1 80 (3.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (2.50%) MS Visio
3 56 (2.26%) Microsoft Office
4 50 (2.02%) Sketch
5 46 (1.86%) InVision
6 40 (1.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 38 (1.53%) Zeplin
8 26 (1.05%) Adobe XD
8 26 (1.05%) Microsoft Project
9 14 (0.57%) Photoshop
10 11 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
11 8 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 6 (0.24%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
14 2 (0.081%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 46 (1.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.69%) NetSuite
3 9 (0.36%) Misys Midas
4 8 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 7 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
5 7 (0.28%) Workday HCM
6 6 (0.24%) Maximo
6 6 (0.24%) SAP IS-U
6 6 (0.24%) Shopify
7 5 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 5 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
9 3 (0.12%) Kondor
9 3 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 3 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.081%) Markit EDM
10 2 (0.081%) Unit4 Business World
11 1 (0.040%) BPCS
11 1 (0.040%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 318 (12.84%) Azure
2 178 (7.19%) Azure DevOps
3 143 (5.78%) AWS
4 130 (5.25%) Power Platform
5 67 (2.71%) GitHub
6 64 (2.58%) Dynamics 365
7 47 (1.90%) SaaS
7 47 (1.90%) Serverless
8 46 (1.86%) Figma
9 40 (1.62%) GCP
9 40 (1.62%) Microsoft 365
10 26 (1.05%) PowerApps
11 23 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
12 22 (0.89%) Power Automate
13 21 (0.85%) Commercetools
14 20 (0.81%) BigCommerce
15 19 (0.77%) Amazon S3
15 19 (0.77%) SAP Commerce Cloud
16 17 (0.69%) Amazon EC2
16 17 (0.69%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 10 (0.40%) HTTP
1 10 (0.40%) Internet
2 9 (0.36%) Broadband
3 7 (0.28%) Firewall
4 6 (0.24%) SSL
5 5 (0.20%) DNS
6 4 (0.16%) Wireless
7 3 (0.12%) Network Security
8 2 (0.081%) DHCP
8 2 (0.081%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.081%) VPN
8 2 (0.081%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.040%) Cisco IOS
9 1 (0.040%) Intranet
9 1 (0.040%) LAN
9 1 (0.040%) Radio Access Network
9 1 (0.040%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.040%) VSAN
9 1 (0.040%) WAN
9 1 (0.040%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (4.32%) Power BI
2 97 (3.92%) SQL Server
3 76 (3.07%) Data Warehouse
4 51 (2.06%) Relational Database
5 39 (1.58%) MySQL
6 37 (1.49%) NoSQL
7 33 (1.33%) Amazon RDS
8 32 (1.29%) MongoDB
9 30 (1.21%) PostgreSQL
10 23 (0.93%) Metadata
11 21 (0.85%) Big Data
12 20 (0.81%) Pentaho
13 17 (0.69%) Amazon Redshift
13 17 (0.69%) BusinessObjects
14 16 (0.65%) DynamoDB
15 13 (0.53%) Oracle Reports
15 13 (0.53%) Tableau
16 12 (0.48%) Geospatial Data
17 11 (0.44%) BigQuery
17 11 (0.44%) Impala
Development Applications
1 507 (20.48%) JIRA
2 165 (6.66%) Git (software)
3 114 (4.60%) Jenkins
4 80 (3.23%) Selenium
5 68 (2.75%) Cucumber
6 53 (2.14%) GitLab
7 49 (1.98%) Axure RP
8 40 (1.62%) Bitbucket
9 27 (1.09%) JUnit
10 26 (1.05%) REST Assured
11 24 (0.97%) Postman
12 23 (0.93%) Zephyr
13 20 (0.81%) WebDriver
14 18 (0.73%) Gatling
14 18 (0.73%) Visual Studio
15 16 (0.65%) Team Foundation Server
16 15 (0.61%) Mocha
17 14 (0.57%) SonarQube
18 13 (0.53%) Cypress.io
18 13 (0.53%) Maven
General
1 736 (29.73%) Social Skills
2 542 (21.89%) Finance
3 320 (12.92%) Public Sector
4 303 (12.24%) Analytical Skills
5 161 (6.50%) Banking
6 147 (5.94%) Retail
7 114 (4.60%) Presentation Skills
8 94 (3.80%) Marketing
9 80 (3.23%) Legal
10 78 (3.15%) Telecoms
11 68 (2.75%) Influencing Skills
12 60 (2.42%) Games
13 51 (2.06%) Front Office
14 46 (1.86%) Documentation Skills
15 35 (1.41%) Back Office
16 33 (1.33%) Organisational Skills
17 32 (1.29%) Investment Banking
18 29 (1.17%) Manufacturing
19 28 (1.13%) Retail Banking
20 21 (0.85%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 1,035 (41.80%) Analyst
2 914 (36.91%) Business Analyst
3 370 (14.94%) Developer
4 135 (5.45%) Product Owner
5 132 (5.33%) Designer
6 126 (5.09%) Technical Analyst
7 110 (4.44%) Technical Business Analyst
8 98 (3.96%) Agile Business Analyst
8 98 (3.96%) Scrum Master
9 88 (3.55%) Senior Analyst
10 87 (3.51%) User Researcher
11 78 (3.15%) Product Manager
11 78 (3.15%) Senior Business Analyst
12 63 (2.54%) Data Business Analyst
13 59 (2.38%) UX Designer
14 55 (2.22%) Consultant
14 55 (2.22%) Digital Analyst
14 55 (2.22%) Java Developer
15 54 (2.18%) Agile Coach
16 50 (2.02%) Digital Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 147 (5.94%) HTML
2 123 (4.97%) CSS
3 120 (4.85%) .NET
4 107 (4.32%) React
5 101 (4.08%) RESTful
6 94 (3.80%) AngularJS
7 86 (3.47%) Node.js
8 77 (3.11%) JSON
9 63 (2.54%) Gherkin
10 58 (2.34%) XML
11 56 (2.26%) REST
11 56 (2.26%) Spring
12 55 (2.22%) Web Services
13 52 (2.10%) Play Framework
14 50 (2.02%) jQuery
15 49 (1.98%) .NET Framework
15 49 (1.98%) GraphQL
16 43 (1.74%) Spring Boot
17 42 (1.70%) Velocity
18 34 (1.37%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 317 (12.80%) User Experience
2 65 (2.63%) Management Information System
3 62 (2.50%) Mobile App
4 56 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
5 28 (1.13%) Virtual Team
6 27 (1.09%) Data Structures
6 27 (1.09%) Public Cloud
7 25 (1.01%) Renewable Energy
8 23 (0.93%) Data Protection Act
9 20 (0.81%) Life Science
10 19 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
10 19 (0.77%) iPad
11 18 (0.73%) Algorithms
12 17 (0.69%) Greenfield Project
13 16 (0.65%) NHS
14 15 (0.61%) Analytical Mindset
14 15 (0.61%) Derivative
15 14 (0.57%) CMDB
15 14 (0.57%) Legacy Systems
16 13 (0.53%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 32 (1.29%) Android
2 23 (0.93%) Apple iOS
2 23 (0.93%) Linux
3 18 (0.73%) Windows
4 17 (0.69%) Unix
5 3 (0.12%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.081%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.040%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,839 (74.27%) Agile
2 796 (32.15%) Scrum
3 516 (20.84%) Acceptance Criteria
4 509 (20.56%) Business Analysis
5 471 (19.02%) DevOps
6 384 (15.51%) Stakeholder Management
7 372 (15.02%) Problem-Solving
8 360 (14.54%) Workshop Facilitation
9 342 (13.81%) Requirements Gathering
10 307 (12.40%) Test Automation
11 293 (11.83%) Epics
12 245 (9.89%) TDD
13 240 (9.69%) User Research
14 230 (9.29%) Coaching
15 227 (9.17%) Product Backlog
16 222 (8.97%) CI/CD
17 208 (8.40%) Backlog Management
18 195 (7.88%) User Acceptance Testing
19 190 (7.67%) Waterfall
20 188 (7.59%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 311 (12.56%) SQL
2 189 (7.63%) Java
3 162 (6.54%) JavaScript
4 120 (4.85%) C#
5 115 (4.64%) Python
6 73 (2.95%) TypeScript
7 70 (2.83%) Scala
8 28 (1.13%) C
9 23 (0.93%) Bash
9 23 (0.93%) Groovy
10 20 (0.81%) C++
11 18 (0.73%) PL/SQL
11 18 (0.73%) PowerShell
12 17 (0.69%) T-SQL
13 12 (0.48%) PHP
14 11 (0.44%) Kotlin
15 10 (0.40%) VBA
16 7 (0.28%) Apex Code
16 7 (0.28%) Perl
16 7 (0.28%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 201 (8.12%) Security Cleared
2 162 (6.54%) SC Cleared
3 102 (4.12%) Degree
4 36 (1.45%) ISEB
5 32 (1.29%) IIBA
6 30 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
7 24 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
8 23 (0.93%) ISTQB
9 22 (0.89%) DV Cleared
10 18 (0.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 14 (0.57%) APMP
11 14 (0.57%) ITIL Certification
12 8 (0.32%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 7 (0.28%) CSPO
13 7 (0.28%) PMP
14 6 (0.24%) CBAP
14 6 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 5 (0.20%) Master's Degree
15 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
16 4 (0.16%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 285 (11.51%) QA
2 124 (5.01%) Accessibility
3 48 (1.94%) WCAG
4 39 (1.58%) Data Quality
5 23 (0.93%) GDPR
6 16 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
6 16 (0.65%) PMO
7 14 (0.57%) MiFID
8 6 (0.24%) EMIR
8 6 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 5 (0.20%) ISO 20022
9 5 (0.20%) SEPA
10 4 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
10 4 (0.16%) GxP
10 4 (0.16%) SLA
11 3 (0.12%) Basel III
11 3 (0.12%) GRC
12 2 (0.081%) Actionable Recommendations
12 2 (0.081%) COBIT
12 2 (0.081%) IFRS
System Software
1 90 (3.63%) Docker
2 14 (0.57%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.12%) HDFS
4 3 (0.12%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.081%) BitLocker
6 1 (0.040%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.040%) OpenDJ
6 1 (0.040%) OpenIDM
6 1 (0.040%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.040%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.040%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 71 (2.87%) Kubernetes
2 45 (1.82%) Ansible
3 34 (1.37%) Terraform
4 8 (0.32%) Grafana
4 8 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
5 7 (0.28%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 5 (0.20%) Prometheus
7 4 (0.16%) Kibana
7 4 (0.16%) Puppet
8 3 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.12%) Istio
9 2 (0.081%) McAfee ePO
9 2 (0.081%) Microsoft Intune
9 2 (0.081%) MIIS
9 2 (0.081%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.081%) SCCM
10 1 (0.040%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.040%) OPNET
10 1 (0.040%) QRadar
10 1 (0.040%) RSA Archer
Vendors
1 252 (10.18%) Microsoft
2 118 (4.77%) Salesforce.com
3 94 (3.80%) Oracle
4 78 (3.15%) SAP
5 64 (2.58%) Atlassian
6 52 (2.10%) Google
6 52 (2.10%) ServiceNow
7 46 (1.86%) Adobe
8 40 (1.62%) Mercator
9 26 (1.05%) Informatica
10 16 (0.65%) MuleSoft
10 16 (0.65%) Talend
11 14 (0.57%) CA Agile Central
12 13 (0.53%) IBM
12 13 (0.53%) Remedy
12 13 (0.53%) Workday
13 10 (0.40%) BT
13 10 (0.40%) DevExpress
13 10 (0.40%) Pega
14 8 (0.32%) Guidewire