Period
to 14 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for User Stories skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited User Stories over the 6 months to 14 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

User Story
UK
6 months to
14 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 94 137 106
Rank change year-on-year +43 -31 +15
Contract jobs citing User Stories 1,567 815 2,141
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.55% 1.88% 2.36%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.90% 2.18% 2.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,004 551 1,454
10th Percentile £325 £344 £356
25th Percentile £406 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £475 £475
75th Percentile £550 £538 £550
90th Percentile £631 £594 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 5 8
10th Percentile £24.00 £33.00 £20.48
25th Percentile £30.50 £50.00 £23.25
Median hourly rate £50.00 £57.50 £40.22
Median % change year-on-year -13.04% +42.98% -15.34%
75th Percentile £53.64 £65.25 £62.81
90th Percentile £64.14 £65.42 £72.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.43 £24.10 £24.00
% change year-on-year +63.59% +0.42% -43.53%

User Stories is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 53,989 37,315 79,165
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.84% 85.89% 87.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,858 24,907 52,890
10th Percentile £313 £300 £303
25th Percentile £400 £388 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,528 1,087 2,051
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.50 £11.80
25th Percentile £15.14 £16.10 £14.25
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +12.50%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £44.19
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £20.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year +7.32% -8.89% +18.42%

User Stories
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing User Stories as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing User Stories.

Daily rate trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing User Stories over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing User Stories.

Hourly rate trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing User Stories over the 6 months to 14 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing User Stories within the UK over the 6 months to 14 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +52 1,243 £475 - 252
London +38 657 £500 +0.25% 112
UK excluding London +41 607 £450 - 156
Work from Home -4 456 £490 +3.16% 60
South East +32 171 £450 +2.27% 31
North of England +61 134 £475 +11.76% 58
Scotland +7 104 £413 -2.94% 15
Midlands +21 103 £441 -4.59% 24
North West +45 77 £500 +30.72% 35
West Midlands +8 73 £450 -3.49% 18
South West +24 55 £475 - 16
Yorkshire +30 44 £450 +12.50% 21
East Midlands +19 30 £388 -10.92% 6
East of England -23 27 £425 -10.53% 8
Wales +10 14 £400 -18.78% 2
North East +7 13 £469 -0.27% 2
Northern Ireland -3 1 £450 - 2

For the 6 months to 14 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing User Stories also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for User Stories.

1 1,197 (76.39%) Agile Software Development
2 518 (33.06%) Scrum
3 430 (27.44%) Social Skills
4 328 (20.93%) Acceptance Criteria
5 327 (20.87%) JIRA
6 300 (19.14%) Finance
7 242 (15.44%) DevOps
8 233 (14.87%) Business Analysis
9 232 (14.81%) Requirements Gathering
10 231 (14.74%) Problem-Solving
11 215 (13.72%) User Experience
12 209 (13.34%) Stakeholder Management
13 203 (12.95%) Epics
13 203 (12.95%) Public Sector
14 202 (12.89%) SQL
15 201 (12.83%) Azure
16 197 (12.57%) Workshop Facilitation
17 190 (12.13%) Test Automation
18 176 (11.23%) Confluence
19 174 (11.10%) Analytical Skills
20 172 (10.98%) TDD
21 164 (10.47%) Backlog Management
22 157 (10.02%) BDD
23 150 (9.57%) Product Backlog
24 143 (9.13%) Java
25 138 (8.81%) Use Case
25 138 (8.81%) Analytics
26 135 (8.62%) Salesforce.com
27 131 (8.36%) Prototyping
28 127 (8.10%) Kanban

User Stories
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 176 (11.23%) Confluence
2 27 (1.72%) CMS
3 26 (1.66%) SharePoint
4 15 (0.96%) Apache
5 11 (0.70%) WebSphere
6 10 (0.64%) Apache Spark
7 7 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 5 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.19%) Anypoint
9 3 (0.19%) Elasticsearch
9 3 (0.19%) EPiServer
9 3 (0.19%) Headless CMS
9 3 (0.19%) IBM Domino
9 3 (0.19%) JBoss
10 2 (0.13%) Camunda
10 2 (0.13%) IIS
10 2 (0.13%) NServiceBus
10 2 (0.13%) TPMS
10 2 (0.13%) WordPress
11 1 (0.064%) Mule
Applications
1 30 (1.91%) Sketch
2 28 (1.79%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 28 (1.79%) Figma
2 28 (1.79%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (1.72%) InVision
4 26 (1.66%) MS Visio
5 25 (1.60%) Microsoft Excel
6 23 (1.47%) Adobe XD
7 15 (0.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 15 (0.96%) Zeplin
8 14 (0.89%) Photoshop
9 13 (0.83%) Adobe Illustrator
10 7 (0.45%) Chatbot
11 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.13%) InDesign
13 1 (0.064%) Marvel
13 1 (0.064%) UserZoom
13 1 (0.064%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 27 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.64%) Magento
3 9 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
4 8 (0.51%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 7 (0.45%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle Assets
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle E-Business Tax
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle FAH
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle Financials
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle iProcurement
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
6 6 (0.38%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 6 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.19%) iTrent
8 3 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.13%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 201 (12.83%) Azure
2 98 (6.25%) AWS
3 63 (4.02%) Power Platform
4 45 (2.87%) SaaS
5 43 (2.74%) Salesforce Service Cloud
6 29 (1.85%) Dynamics 365
7 27 (1.72%) GitHub
7 27 (1.72%) Serverless
8 26 (1.66%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
9 23 (1.47%) IaaS
10 20 (1.28%) GCP
11 17 (1.08%) Microsoft 365
12 13 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
12 13 (0.83%) Force.com
13 12 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
13 12 (0.77%) npm
13 12 (0.77%) PaaS
14 9 (0.57%) Azure Data Factory
14 9 (0.57%) PowerApps
14 9 (0.57%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 23 (1.47%) HTTP
2 14 (0.89%) WAN
3 12 (0.77%) Firewall
3 12 (0.77%) VPN
4 10 (0.64%) DNS
4 10 (0.64%) Internet
5 9 (0.57%) LAN
6 7 (0.45%) Network Security
6 7 (0.45%) SD-WAN
7 6 (0.38%) BGP
8 5 (0.32%) VLAN
9 4 (0.26%) Broadband
9 4 (0.26%) DHCP
9 4 (0.26%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.26%) IPv4
9 4 (0.26%) IPv6
9 4 (0.26%) MPLS
9 4 (0.26%) OSPF
9 4 (0.26%) Unified Communications
9 4 (0.26%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (3.45%) SQL Server
2 52 (3.32%) Power BI
3 47 (3.00%) Data Warehouse
4 35 (2.23%) Tableau
5 29 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
6 28 (1.79%) Relational Database
7 26 (1.66%) Big Data
8 22 (1.40%) MySQL
9 21 (1.34%) Tableau Desktop
9 21 (1.34%) Tableau Server
10 19 (1.21%) MongoDB
11 17 (1.08%) Data Lake
11 17 (1.08%) NoSQL
11 17 (1.08%) Oracle Database
12 13 (0.83%) Hadoop
13 10 (0.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 8 (0.51%) DB2
14 8 (0.51%) HBase
15 7 (0.45%) OLAP
15 7 (0.45%) Redis
Development Applications
1 327 (20.87%) JIRA
2 124 (7.91%) Git (software)
3 79 (5.04%) Jenkins
4 44 (2.81%) Cucumber
5 42 (2.68%) Selenium
6 30 (1.91%) Maven
7 23 (1.47%) JUnit
8 22 (1.40%) Axure RP
9 21 (1.34%) Octopus Deploy
10 19 (1.21%) Team Foundation Server
10 19 (1.21%) Visual Studio Team System
11 17 (1.08%) Postman
11 17 (1.08%) Subversion
12 15 (0.96%) JMeter
12 15 (0.96%) REST Assured
13 14 (0.89%) IntelliJ
13 14 (0.89%) SpecFlow
14 13 (0.83%) Eclipse
14 13 (0.83%) Mockito
14 13 (0.83%) Visual Studio
General
1 430 (27.44%) Social Skills
2 300 (19.14%) Finance
3 203 (12.95%) Public Sector
4 174 (11.10%) Analytical Skills
5 125 (7.98%) Banking
6 110 (7.02%) Marketing
7 82 (5.23%) Retail
8 65 (4.15%) Telecoms
9 57 (3.64%) Presentation Skills
10 55 (3.51%) Influencing Skills
11 41 (2.62%) Manufacturing
12 35 (2.23%) Investment Banking
13 29 (1.85%) Documentation Skills
13 29 (1.85%) Electronics
14 21 (1.34%) Legal
15 20 (1.28%) Games
15 20 (1.28%) Retail Banking
16 19 (1.21%) Front Office
17 18 (1.15%) Organisational Skills
18 15 (0.96%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 568 (36.25%) Analyst
2 465 (29.67%) Business Analyst
3 254 (16.21%) Developer
4 134 (8.55%) Designer
5 87 (5.55%) Product Owner
6 74 (4.72%) Product Manager
7 71 (4.53%) Agile Business Analyst
8 65 (4.15%) Scrum Master
9 57 (3.64%) Architect
10 55 (3.51%) User Researcher
11 53 (3.38%) Technical Analyst
12 52 (3.32%) Java Developer
13 46 (2.94%) UX Designer
14 45 (2.87%) Consultant
14 45 (2.87%) Senior Analyst
15 44 (2.81%) Data Business Analyst
16 42 (2.68%) Data Analyst
16 42 (2.68%) Senior Business Analyst
17 41 (2.62%) Technical Business Analyst
18 38 (2.43%) Senior Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (5.74%) HTML
2 86 (5.49%) .NET
3 73 (4.66%) CSS
4 63 (4.02%) AngularJS
5 51 (3.25%) Node.js
5 51 (3.25%) REST
6 43 (2.74%) React
7 42 (2.68%) Spring
8 40 (2.55%) Web Services
9 33 (2.11%) RESTful
10 31 (1.98%) Spring Boot
11 29 (1.85%) JSON
12 28 (1.79%) Gherkin
13 27 (1.72%) XML
14 26 (1.66%) HTML5
15 21 (1.34%) ASP.NET
15 21 (1.34%) Kafka
16 17 (1.08%) .NET Framework
17 16 (1.02%) .NET Core
17 16 (1.02%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 215 (13.72%) User Experience
2 56 (3.57%) Self-Motivation
3 54 (3.45%) Mobile App
4 49 (3.13%) Management Information System
5 35 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
6 31 (1.98%) Fixed Income
7 21 (1.34%) Data Structures
8 18 (1.15%) Analytical Mindset
9 16 (1.02%) Virtual Team
10 15 (0.96%) Hybrid Cloud
10 15 (0.96%) Mobile Banking
11 14 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
11 14 (0.89%) NHS
12 12 (0.77%) CMDB
12 12 (0.77%) Online Banking
13 9 (0.57%) Public Cloud
13 9 (0.57%) Tandem
14 6 (0.38%) Equities
14 6 (0.38%) Mobile Payment
15 5 (0.32%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 33 (2.11%) Android
2 30 (1.91%) Linux
3 27 (1.72%) Windows
4 21 (1.34%) Apple iOS
5 13 (0.83%) Unix
6 10 (0.64%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.26%) AIX
8 4 (0.26%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.19%) CentOS
9 3 (0.19%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.064%) Tizen
10 1 (0.064%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,197 (76.39%) Agile Software Development
2 518 (33.06%) Scrum
3 328 (20.93%) Acceptance Criteria
4 242 (15.44%) DevOps
5 233 (14.87%) Business Analysis
6 232 (14.81%) Requirements Gathering
7 231 (14.74%) Problem-Solving
8 209 (13.34%) Stakeholder Management
9 203 (12.95%) Epics
10 197 (12.57%) Workshop Facilitation
11 190 (12.13%) Test Automation
12 172 (10.98%) TDD
13 164 (10.47%) Backlog Management
14 157 (10.02%) BDD
15 150 (9.57%) Product Backlog
16 138 (8.81%) Analytics
16 138 (8.81%) Use Case
17 131 (8.36%) Prototyping
18 127 (8.10%) Kanban
19 124 (7.91%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 202 (12.89%) SQL
2 143 (9.13%) Java
3 118 (7.53%) JavaScript
4 73 (4.66%) Python
5 72 (4.59%) C#
6 34 (2.17%) TypeScript
7 33 (2.11%) T-SQL
8 28 (1.79%) C
9 19 (1.21%) Apex Code
10 17 (1.08%) Ruby
11 16 (1.02%) Scala
12 14 (0.89%) Java 8
13 12 (0.77%) Kotlin
13 12 (0.77%) PowerShell
14 11 (0.70%) PHP
15 9 (0.57%) C++
16 8 (0.51%) Go
17 7 (0.45%) ES6
18 6 (0.38%) Bash Shell
19 5 (0.32%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 116 (7.40%) Degree
2 102 (6.51%) Security Cleared
3 74 (4.72%) SC Cleared
4 25 (1.60%) ISEB
5 24 (1.53%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (1.28%) Computer Science Degree
7 13 (0.83%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.57%) IIBA
8 9 (0.57%) ITIL Certification
8 9 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
9 8 (0.51%) MBA
9 8 (0.51%) OCPJP
9 8 (0.51%) Sun Certification
10 7 (0.45%) PMI Certification
11 6 (0.38%) ISTQB
12 5 (0.32%) CSPO
12 5 (0.32%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.32%) PMP
13 4 (0.26%) CBAP
13 4 (0.26%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 121 (7.72%) QA
2 38 (2.43%) Accessibility
3 19 (1.21%) GDPR
4 18 (1.15%) WCAG
5 14 (0.89%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.89%) Disclosure Scotland
6 10 (0.64%) PMO
7 7 (0.45%) MiFID
8 6 (0.38%) GRC
8 6 (0.38%) ISO 20022
8 6 (0.38%) SLA
9 4 (0.26%) PSD2
10 3 (0.19%) SEPA
11 2 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
11 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.13%) TARGET2
12 1 (0.064%) ISO 8583
12 1 (0.064%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.064%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 34 (2.17%) Docker
2 11 (0.70%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.32%) HDFS
4 5 (0.32%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 28 (1.79%) Kubernetes
2 21 (1.34%) Ansible
3 5 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
3 5 (0.32%) StackStorm
3 5 (0.32%) Terraform
3 5 (0.32%) vRealize
3 5 (0.32%) vRealize Orchestrator
4 4 (0.26%) SCCM
5 3 (0.19%) HP ALM
5 3 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (0.19%) Puppet
5 3 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.13%) HAProxy
6 2 (0.13%) Packer
7 1 (0.064%) Kibana
7 1 (0.064%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 1 (0.064%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 135 (8.62%) Salesforce.com
2 107 (6.83%) Microsoft
3 66 (4.21%) Oracle
4 57 (3.64%) Adobe
5 56 (3.57%) Atlassian
6 52 (3.32%) SAP
7 32 (2.04%) ServiceNow
8 21 (1.34%) Google
9 18 (1.15%) IBM
10 17 (1.08%) Databricks
11 14 (0.89%) hybris
11 14 (0.89%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
12 13 (0.83%) MuleSoft
12 13 (0.83%) Splunk
13 11 (0.70%) VMware
14 10 (0.64%) Alteryx
15 8 (0.51%) Informatica
15 8 (0.51%) Sun
15 8 (0.51%) Telerik
16 7 (0.45%) Cisco