Period
to 10 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for User Stories skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited User Stories over the 6 months to 10 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

User Story
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 118 113 113
Rank change year-on-year -5 0 +38
Contract jobs citing User Stories 1,653 2,444 2,292
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.05% 2.33% 2.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.40% 2.67% 2.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,074 1,590 1,567
UK median daily rate £450 £462 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.65% +2.72% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £350 £325
90th Percentile £600 £600 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +0.57% +2.94% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 9
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +14.29% -6.67%
10th Percentile £23.05 £34.00 £29.20
90th Percentile £53.00 £51.58 £41.94
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £37.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +26.67% +4.17% -4.00%

User Stories is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,975 91,469 88,334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.71% 87.06% 86.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 45,063 60,585 58,887
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £288 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.35% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,275 2,347 2,078
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.82% -8.33% +6.67%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.04 £49.21
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £20.62 £24.00
% change year-on-year +9.10% -14.07% +6.67%

User Stories
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing User Stories as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing User Stories.

Contractor daily rate trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing User Stories over the 6 months to 10 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing User Stories.

Contractor hourly rate trend for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing User Stories over the 6 months to 10 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for User Stories in the UK

User Stories
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing User Stories within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 1,511 £450 -3.74% 286
UK excluding London -24 886 £440 +0.57% 195
London +10 730 £500 - 105
South East -27 248 £450 -1.10% 54
North of England -4 208 £425 +6.25% 49
South West +9 136 £450 +5.88% 28
Midlands -32 108 £461 +2.50% 37
Yorkshire +11 102 £425 +6.25% 20
North West -3 81 £410 -0.61% 24
Scotland +32 79 £425 +3.03% 3
West Midlands -15 79 £450 -2.44% 21
East of England -28 70 £431 -4.17% 13
Wales -10 33 £406 -14.47% 7
East Midlands -9 29 £500 +11.11% 16
North East +14 25 £425 +7.94% 5
Northern Ireland +8 2 £390 +30.00% 4
Channel Islands - 2 £450 -

For the 6 months to 10 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing User Stories also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for User Stories.

1 1,275 (77.13%) Agile Software Development
2 627 (37.93%) Scrum
3 416 (25.17%) JIRA
4 323 (19.54%) Acceptance Criteria
5 295 (17.85%) Business Analysis
6 284 (17.18%) Finance
7 253 (15.31%) TDD
8 244 (14.76%) Problem-Solving
9 229 (13.85%) Confluence
10 228 (13.79%) Java
11 221 (13.37%) Test Automation
12 215 (13.01%) User Experience
13 214 (12.95%) Kanban
14 205 (12.40%) BDD
15 201 (12.16%) Stakeholder Management
16 194 (11.74%) DevOps
17 184 (11.13%) Public Sector
18 182 (11.01%) JavaScript
19 180 (10.89%) Analytical Skills
20 179 (10.83%) Continuous Integration
20 179 (10.83%) Security Cleared
21 178 (10.77%) SQL
22 175 (10.59%) Epics
23 166 (10.04%) Analytics
24 153 (9.26%) Azure
25 152 (9.20%) AWS
26 150 (9.07%) HTML
27 149 (9.01%) Microsoft
28 141 (8.53%) Use Case
29 138 (8.35%) Git (software)

User Stories
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 229 (13.85%) Confluence
2 46 (2.78%) SharePoint
3 31 (1.88%) Apache
3 31 (1.88%) Tomcat
4 23 (1.39%) CMS
5 19 (1.15%) SAS
6 18 (1.09%) WebSphere
7 16 (0.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 15 (0.91%) JBoss
9 14 (0.85%) Elasticsearch
10 12 (0.73%) Apache Spark
11 11 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 11 (0.67%) IIS
11 11 (0.67%) WebLogic
12 7 (0.42%) nginx
12 7 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (0.30%) Jetty
13 5 (0.30%) Mongrel
14 4 (0.24%) Drupal
14 4 (0.24%) Jupyter
Applications
1 63 (3.81%) MS Visio
2 52 (3.15%) Microsoft Office
3 51 (3.09%) Microsoft Excel
4 27 (1.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 24 (1.45%) Microsoft Project
6 13 (0.79%) InVision
7 11 (0.67%) Photoshop
8 10 (0.60%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 10 (0.60%) Adobe XD
9 9 (0.54%) Spreadsheet
10 8 (0.48%) Figma
11 6 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
11 6 (0.36%) Sketch
12 5 (0.30%) InDesign
12 5 (0.30%) SketchUp
13 4 (0.24%) SPSS
14 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
15 1 (0.060%) OmniGraffle
15 1 (0.060%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 35 (2.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.67%) SessionCam
3 10 (0.60%) Temenos T24
4 9 (0.54%) Remedy ITSM
5 7 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
6 5 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 4 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.24%) thinkFolio
8 3 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.18%) Magento
8 3 (0.18%) SAP HR
9 2 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.12%) SAP PLM
10 1 (0.060%) Dynamics GP
10 1 (0.060%) Maximo
10 1 (0.060%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.060%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.060%) SAP EWM
10 1 (0.060%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 153 (9.26%) Azure
2 152 (9.20%) AWS
3 33 (2.00%) Power Platform
4 30 (1.81%) Office 365
5 28 (1.69%) Dynamics 365
5 28 (1.69%) GitHub
6 26 (1.57%) Amazon S3
6 26 (1.57%) SaaS
7 24 (1.45%) PaaS
8 23 (1.39%) GCP
9 21 (1.27%) Google Analytics
10 19 (1.15%) Serverless
11 18 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
12 17 (1.03%) IaaS
13 16 (0.97%) Amazon EC2
14 13 (0.79%) Azure Active Directory
14 13 (0.79%) PowerApps
15 11 (0.67%) Amazon SQS
15 11 (0.67%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.51%) HTTP
2 13 (0.79%) Internet
2 13 (0.79%) TCP/IP
3 11 (0.67%) SSL
4 10 (0.60%) Firewall
5 8 (0.48%) Intranet
5 8 (0.48%) Skype
5 8 (0.48%) VPN
6 7 (0.42%) DNS
6 7 (0.42%) DSL
7 6 (0.36%) DHCP
7 6 (0.36%) FTP
8 5 (0.30%) IPsec
8 5 (0.30%) WAN
9 4 (0.24%) Kerberos
9 4 (0.24%) LAN
9 4 (0.24%) OpenLDAP
9 4 (0.24%) VoIP
10 3 (0.18%) NaaS
11 2 (0.12%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (4.48%) SQL Server
2 51 (3.09%) PostgreSQL
3 48 (2.90%) Big Data
4 40 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
5 35 (2.12%) Relational Database
6 29 (1.75%) MongoDB
7 27 (1.63%) MySQL
8 26 (1.57%) Power BI
9 25 (1.51%) Hadoop
10 21 (1.27%) NoSQL
11 20 (1.21%) Oracle Database
12 14 (0.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 12 (0.73%) Apache Hive
14 11 (0.67%) DB2
15 9 (0.54%) HBase
15 9 (0.54%) Jackrabbit
16 8 (0.48%) Impala
16 8 (0.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 7 (0.42%) Azure SQL Database
17 7 (0.42%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 416 (25.17%) JIRA
2 138 (8.35%) Git (software)
3 113 (6.84%) Jenkins
3 113 (6.84%) Selenium
4 89 (5.38%) Cucumber
5 47 (2.84%) Team Foundation Server
6 38 (2.30%) JUnit
6 38 (2.30%) Visual Studio Team System
7 30 (1.81%) Maven
7 30 (1.81%) SoapUI
8 22 (1.33%) Eclipse
9 21 (1.27%) Visual Studio
10 20 (1.21%) REST Assured
10 20 (1.21%) WebDriver
11 19 (1.15%) Postman
11 19 (1.15%) Sonatype Nexus
11 19 (1.15%) Travis CI
12 17 (1.03%) GitLab
12 17 (1.03%) IntelliJ
12 17 (1.03%) SpecFlow
General
1 284 (17.18%) Finance
2 184 (11.13%) Public Sector
3 90 (5.44%) Marketing
4 67 (4.05%) Banking
5 63 (3.81%) Retail
6 45 (2.72%) Telecoms
7 40 (2.42%) Games
8 36 (2.18%) Manufacturing
9 22 (1.33%) Legal
10 18 (1.09%) Electronics
11 16 (0.97%) Advertising
12 15 (0.91%) Publishing
13 13 (0.79%) Front Office
14 12 (0.73%) Law
15 10 (0.60%) Local Government
16 9 (0.54%) Military
16 9 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
17 8 (0.48%) Back Office
17 8 (0.48%) Billing
18 6 (0.36%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 636 (38.48%) Analyst
2 528 (31.94%) Business Analyst
3 257 (15.55%) Developer
4 128 (7.74%) Product Owner
5 121 (7.32%) Agile Business Analyst
6 97 (5.87%) Product Manager
7 64 (3.87%) Designer
8 62 (3.75%) User Researcher
9 59 (3.57%) Architect
9 59 (3.57%) Java Developer
9 59 (3.57%) Scrum Master
10 58 (3.51%) Technical Analyst
11 57 (3.45%) Test Analyst
12 46 (2.78%) Technical Business Analyst
13 41 (2.48%) Data Business Analyst
14 40 (2.42%) Agile Product Owner
15 39 (2.36%) Digital Analyst
16 37 (2.24%) Digital Business Analyst
17 35 (2.12%) Delivery Manager
18 34 (2.06%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 150 (9.07%) HTML
2 137 (8.29%) Web Services
3 125 (7.56%) CSS
4 94 (5.69%) .NET
5 87 (5.26%) RESTful
6 77 (4.66%) XML
7 74 (4.48%) JSON
8 73 (4.42%) Node.js
9 68 (4.11%) AngularJS
10 67 (4.05%) REST
11 61 (3.69%) Spring
12 47 (2.84%) Gherkin
13 45 (2.72%) React
14 43 (2.60%) SOAP
15 39 (2.36%) HTML5
16 30 (1.81%) .NET Core
17 29 (1.75%) Ruby on Rails
18 28 (1.69%) Middleware
19 26 (1.57%) ASP.NET
20 25 (1.51%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 215 (13.01%) User Experience
2 180 (10.89%) Analytical Skills
3 57 (3.45%) Management Information System
4 40 (2.42%) Mobile App
5 33 (2.00%) Self-Motivation
6 27 (1.63%) Data Structures
7 24 (1.45%) Greenfield Project
8 19 (1.15%) NHS
9 17 (1.03%) Robotics
9 17 (1.03%) Virtual Team
10 16 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 14 (0.85%) Derivative
12 13 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (0.60%) Learning Management System
14 9 (0.54%) BYOD
14 9 (0.54%) Credit Risk
14 9 (0.54%) Video\Live Streaming
15 7 (0.42%) Client/Server
15 7 (0.42%) Enterprise Software
15 7 (0.42%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 94 (5.69%) Linux
2 51 (3.09%) Windows
3 44 (2.66%) Unix
4 39 (2.36%) Android
5 31 (1.88%) Apple iOS
6 25 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.42%) CentOS
7 7 (0.42%) Oracle Linux
8 6 (0.36%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.24%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.24%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.18%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.12%) Android TV
11 2 (0.12%) tvOS
11 2 (0.12%) VME
12 1 (0.060%) HPUX
12 1 (0.060%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.060%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,275 (77.13%) Agile Software Development
2 627 (37.93%) Scrum
3 323 (19.54%) Acceptance Criteria
4 295 (17.85%) Business Analysis
5 253 (15.31%) TDD
6 244 (14.76%) Problem-Solving
7 221 (13.37%) Test Automation
8 214 (12.95%) Kanban
9 205 (12.40%) BDD
10 201 (12.16%) Stakeholder Management
11 194 (11.74%) DevOps
12 179 (10.83%) Continuous Integration
13 175 (10.59%) Epics
14 166 (10.04%) Analytics
15 141 (8.53%) Use Case
16 136 (8.23%) Microservices
17 132 (7.99%) Project Management
18 123 (7.44%) E-Commerce
19 122 (7.38%) Workshop Facilitation
20 118 (7.14%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 228 (13.79%) Java
2 182 (11.01%) JavaScript
3 178 (10.77%) SQL
4 102 (6.17%) C#
5 85 (5.14%) C
6 77 (4.66%) Python
7 40 (2.42%) Ruby
8 31 (1.88%) Bash Shell
8 31 (1.88%) Java 8
8 31 (1.88%) TypeScript
9 29 (1.75%) Scala
10 26 (1.57%) Groovy
11 21 (1.27%) Shell Script
12 20 (1.21%) PHP
13 16 (0.97%) Korn
14 14 (0.85%) C++
15 12 (0.73%) Apex Code
15 12 (0.73%) Clojure
15 12 (0.73%) Perl
15 12 (0.73%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 179 (10.83%) Security Cleared
2 136 (8.23%) Degree
3 123 (7.44%) SC Cleared
4 46 (2.78%) ISEB
5 37 (2.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 26 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
7 24 (1.45%) ISTQB
8 17 (1.03%) IIBA
9 13 (0.79%) CISSP
10 12 (0.73%) CISM
11 9 (0.54%) BC Cleared
11 9 (0.54%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.54%) PMI Certification
12 8 (0.48%) RHCE
13 7 (0.42%) DV Cleared
14 6 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 6 (0.36%) PMP
15 5 (0.30%) CISA
15 5 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
15 5 (0.30%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (7.99%) QA
2 14 (0.85%) GDPR
3 12 (0.73%) WCAG
4 8 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
4 8 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.36%) MiFID
5 6 (0.36%) PMO
6 5 (0.30%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
7 4 (0.24%) HIPAA
7 4 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (0.12%) GxP
8 2 (0.12%) HL7
8 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.12%) NIST
8 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.12%) SLA
9 1 (0.060%) COBIT
System Software
1 48 (2.90%) Docker
2 17 (1.03%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.48%) HDFS
4 8 (0.48%) vSphere
5 5 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
5 5 (0.30%) Xen
6 3 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.12%) NDS
8 1 (0.060%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.060%) Firmware
8 1 (0.060%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 31 (1.88%) Kubernetes
2 17 (1.03%) HP Quality Center
2 17 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
3 16 (0.97%) Ansible
3 16 (0.97%) Puppet
4 15 (0.91%) NetIQ Identity Manager
5 11 (0.67%) Terraform
6 8 (0.48%) Suricata
7 6 (0.36%) Kibana
7 6 (0.36%) MIIS
8 5 (0.30%) Consul
8 5 (0.30%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 4 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.24%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.18%) HP ALM
10 3 (0.18%) logstash
10 3 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.12%) Nessus
11 2 (0.12%) SELinux
12 1 (0.060%) Control-M
Vendors
1 149 (9.01%) Microsoft
2 61 (3.69%) Oracle
3 54 (3.27%) Salesforce.com
4 47 (2.84%) Google
5 46 (2.78%) SAP
6 44 (2.66%) Atlassian
7 32 (1.94%) Adobe
8 27 (1.63%) ServiceNow
9 23 (1.39%) Red Hat
10 18 (1.09%) Tableau
11 17 (1.03%) IBM
12 15 (0.91%) NetIQ
13 14 (0.85%) hybris
14 13 (0.79%) Splunk
14 13 (0.79%) VMware
15 12 (0.73%) MuleSoft
16 11 (0.67%) ForgeRock
16 11 (0.67%) Hotjar
17 10 (0.60%) Dell
17 10 (0.60%) Temenos