Period
to 25 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 233 254 289
Rank change year-on-year +21 +35 +129
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 820 384 883
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.16% 1.02% 0.96%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.88% 3.35% 3.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 556 270 554
10th Percentile £413 £413 £400
25th Percentile £477 £463 £457
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £553 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +0.45% - -
75th Percentile £675 £638 £630
90th Percentile £725 £775 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £550 £513
% change year-on-year -4.55% +7.32% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 2
10th Percentile £40.75 £39.40 £52.00
25th Percentile £47.63 £43.38 £55.00
Median hourly rate £55.50 £50.00 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.00% -16.67% +118.18%
75th Percentile £60.00 £55.63 £65.00
90th Percentile £68.13 £59.00 £68.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 - -

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 21,109 11,464 26,840
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.83% 30.55% 29.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,386 7,581 17,655
10th Percentile £306 £263 £283
25th Percentile £406 £381 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% -
75th Percentile £615 £600 £575
90th Percentile £706 £719 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +1.71% +2.94% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 704 419 905
10th Percentile £11.75 £12.42 £11.80
25th Percentile £15.04 £16.38 £14.00
Median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.00% +25.00% -13.04%
75th Percentile £47.63 £46.25 £45.00
90th Percentile £61.59 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.48 £21.54 £18.50
% change year-on-year -4.92% +16.41% -18.03%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 624 £550 - 342
London +4 338 £590 +7.27% 154
UK excluding London -14 297 £525 -4.55% 205
Work from Home -67 283 £563 +2.36% 67
North of England +5 89 £525 -10.13% 74
South East -29 66 £550 -1.12% 29
Scotland -23 45 £500 +53.85% 11
North West -16 41 £500 -9.09% 40
South West -20 40 £653 +18.64% 17
Yorkshire +7 33 £588 -2.08% 23
Midlands -40 31 £445 -15.24% 50
West Midlands -24 23 £425 -22.73% 39
North East +1 15 £550 +10.00% 11
East of England -4 15 £463 +2.21% 13
Wales -3 8 £498 +4.74% 6
East Midlands -23 8 £575 +9.52% 11
Northern Ireland -1 3 £650 - 5

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 506 (61.71%) Azure
2 468 (57.07%) AWS
3 385 (46.95%) DevOps
4 298 (36.34%) Agile Software Development
5 240 (29.27%) Terraform
6 214 (26.10%) GCP
6 214 (26.10%) Kubernetes
7 198 (24.15%) PaaS
8 194 (23.66%) Finance
9 192 (23.41%) Ansible
10 185 (22.56%) Social Skills
11 181 (22.07%) IaaS
12 179 (21.83%) Linux
13 172 (20.98%) Python
14 170 (20.73%) Microsoft
15 162 (19.76%) Jenkins
16 154 (18.78%) Docker
17 147 (17.93%) Infrastructure as Code
18 143 (17.44%) Microservices
19 141 (17.20%) Windows
20 136 (16.59%) Java
21 130 (15.85%) Google
22 126 (15.37%) Migration
23 116 (14.15%) VMware
24 100 (12.20%) SQL
25 99 (12.07%) Data Centre
26 98 (11.95%) SaaS
26 98 (11.95%) PowerShell
27 97 (11.83%) Security Cleared
28 95 (11.59%) Git (software)

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (3.05%) Confluence
2 23 (2.80%) SharePoint
3 20 (2.44%) Tomcat
4 19 (2.32%) Apache Spark
4 19 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (1.34%) Apache
6 8 (0.98%) IBM Domino
6 8 (0.98%) OpenStack
6 8 (0.98%) WebSphere
7 7 (0.85%) SharePoint 2010
7 7 (0.85%) SharePoint 2013
8 6 (0.73%) IIS
8 6 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 5 (0.61%) NetWeaver
10 4 (0.49%) JBoss
10 4 (0.49%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.37%) CMS
11 3 (0.37%) nginx
11 3 (0.37%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.24%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.49%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.24%) Figma
4 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (0.73%) Oracle EBS
1 6 (0.73%) Sentinel
2 5 (0.61%) Oracle ERP
3 4 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.37%) Cloudability
5 2 (0.24%) Magento
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.24%) Shopify
6 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.12%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.12%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.12%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 506 (61.71%) Azure
2 468 (57.07%) AWS
3 214 (26.10%) GCP
4 198 (24.15%) PaaS
5 181 (22.07%) IaaS
6 98 (11.95%) SaaS
7 67 (8.17%) AWS CloudFormation
7 67 (8.17%) OpenShift
8 53 (6.46%) Serverless
9 51 (6.22%) GitHub
10 35 (4.27%) Microsoft 365
11 26 (3.17%) Azure Active Directory
12 25 (3.05%) Amazon S3
13 22 (2.68%) Amazon EKS
14 20 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
15 19 (2.32%) AWS Lambda
16 18 (2.20%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 16 (1.95%) Azure Data Factory
18 15 (1.83%) Amazon EC2
19 13 (1.59%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 51 (6.22%) Firewall
2 44 (5.37%) DNS
3 36 (4.39%) WAN
4 30 (3.66%) Network Security
5 26 (3.17%) Internet
5 26 (3.17%) VPN
6 24 (2.93%) DHCP
7 21 (2.56%) LAN
8 17 (2.07%) TCP/IP
9 14 (1.71%) OSPF
9 14 (1.71%) SAN
10 13 (1.59%) HTTP
10 13 (1.59%) Wireless
11 11 (1.34%) BGP
11 11 (1.34%) SSL
12 10 (1.22%) MPLS
13 9 (1.10%) IPv4
13 9 (1.10%) SD-WAN
14 8 (0.98%) VLAN
15 7 (0.85%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (5.73%) Big Data
2 40 (4.88%) SQL Server
3 39 (4.76%) MongoDB
4 34 (4.15%) PostgreSQL
5 27 (3.29%) MySQL
6 26 (3.17%) NoSQL
7 22 (2.68%) Hadoop
8 18 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
9 16 (1.95%) Azure SQL Database
10 15 (1.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 15 (1.83%) Tableau
11 14 (1.71%) Data Lake
12 12 (1.46%) Relational Database
13 11 (1.34%) Metadata
14 9 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
15 8 (0.98%) Apache Cassandra
15 8 (0.98%) SAP HANA
16 7 (0.85%) BigQuery
16 7 (0.85%) Tableau Server
17 6 (0.73%) Tableau Desktop
Development Applications
1 162 (19.76%) Jenkins
2 95 (11.59%) Git (software)
3 46 (5.61%) JIRA
4 40 (4.88%) Maven
5 38 (4.63%) Artifactory
6 35 (4.27%) GitLab
7 30 (3.66%) Bitbucket
8 28 (3.41%) TeamCity
9 19 (2.32%) Sonatype Nexus
10 18 (2.20%) Gradle
11 16 (1.95%) SonarQube
12 15 (1.83%) Cucumber
12 15 (1.83%) JUnit
12 15 (1.83%) Postman
13 11 (1.34%) Visual Studio
14 9 (1.10%) CircleCI
15 8 (0.98%) Vagrant
16 6 (0.73%) SoapUI
16 6 (0.73%) Spinnaker
17 5 (0.61%) Selenium
General
1 194 (23.66%) Finance
2 185 (22.56%) Social Skills
3 95 (11.59%) Public Sector
4 69 (8.41%) Banking
5 42 (5.12%) Retail
6 29 (3.54%) Analytical Skills
7 24 (2.93%) Manufacturing
7 24 (2.93%) Telecoms
8 23 (2.80%) Presentation Skills
9 21 (2.56%) Electronics
9 21 (2.56%) Marketing
10 17 (2.07%) Influencing Skills
11 11 (1.34%) Billing
11 11 (1.34%) Investment Banking
11 11 (1.34%) Retail Banking
12 9 (1.10%) Legal
13 8 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
14 7 (0.85%) Automotive
14 7 (0.85%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 6 (0.73%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 323 (39.39%) Architect
2 125 (15.24%) DevOps Engineer
3 121 (14.76%) Cloud Architect
4 86 (10.49%) Solutions Architect
5 69 (8.41%) Azure Engineer
6 68 (8.29%) Developer
7 66 (8.05%) Technical Architect
8 63 (7.68%) Cloud Engineer
9 58 (7.07%) Azure Architect
10 48 (5.85%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 46 (5.61%) AWS Engineer
12 45 (5.49%) Azure DevOps
12 45 (5.49%) Consultant
13 41 (5.00%) AWS Architect
14 39 (4.76%) Infrastructure Architect
15 30 (3.66%) Security Architect
16 29 (3.54%) Enterprise Architect
17 27 (3.29%) AWS DevOps
18 24 (2.93%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 24 (2.93%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (8.41%) JSON
2 56 (6.83%) Web Services
3 47 (5.73%) Kafka
4 46 (5.61%) .NET
4 46 (5.61%) YAML
5 36 (4.39%) Node.js
6 33 (4.02%) Spring
7 26 (3.17%) OAuth
7 26 (3.17%) React
8 25 (3.05%) RESTful
9 24 (2.93%) AngularJS
10 22 (2.68%) REST
11 19 (2.32%) Middleware
12 18 (2.20%) OpenID
12 18 (2.20%) SAML
13 17 (2.07%) Spring Boot
14 14 (1.71%) CSS
15 13 (1.59%) JPA
15 13 (1.59%) Swagger
16 11 (1.34%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 99 (12.07%) Data Centre
2 66 (8.05%) Cloud Native
3 52 (6.34%) Private Cloud
4 44 (5.37%) Hybrid Cloud
5 27 (3.29%) Self-Motivation
6 18 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
7 14 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
8 13 (1.59%) iPad
8 13 (1.59%) PKI
9 12 (1.46%) Legacy Applications
9 12 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (1.34%) Virtual Team
11 10 (1.22%) Algorithms
11 10 (1.22%) Management Information System
11 10 (1.22%) NHS
11 10 (1.22%) User Experience
12 9 (1.10%) Clustering
12 9 (1.10%) Data Protection Act
12 9 (1.10%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 8 (0.98%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 179 (21.83%) Linux
2 141 (17.20%) Windows
3 40 (4.88%) Windows Server
4 35 (4.27%) VMS
5 33 (4.02%) Unix
6 28 (3.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (2.56%) CoreOS
8 13 (1.59%) Windows Server 2016
9 11 (1.34%) Windows Server 2008
10 9 (1.10%) Ubuntu
11 7 (0.85%) Windows 10
12 6 (0.73%) AIX
12 6 (0.73%) CentOS
13 5 (0.61%) Debian
13 5 (0.61%) Windows 2000
13 5 (0.61%) Windows Server 2003
13 5 (0.61%) Windows Server 2019
14 3 (0.37%) Android
14 3 (0.37%) Apple iOS
15 2 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 385 (46.95%) DevOps
2 298 (36.34%) Agile Software Development
3 147 (17.93%) Infrastructure as Code
4 143 (17.44%) Microservices
5 126 (15.37%) Migration
6 79 (9.63%) Open Source
7 67 (8.17%) Scrum
8 66 (8.05%) Continuous Integration
9 62 (7.56%) Configuration Management
10 58 (7.07%) Project Delivery
11 54 (6.59%) Cybersecurity
12 48 (5.85%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 48 (5.85%) ITIL
13 47 (5.73%) Analytics
14 46 (5.61%) Problem-Solving
15 45 (5.49%) SDLC
16 44 (5.37%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 43 (5.24%) Test Automation
18 39 (4.76%) Validation
19 38 (4.63%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 172 (20.98%) Python
2 136 (16.59%) Java
3 100 (12.20%) SQL
4 98 (11.95%) PowerShell
5 84 (10.24%) Bash Shell
6 61 (7.44%) JavaScript
7 40 (4.88%) Go
8 33 (4.02%) C#
9 32 (3.90%) Ruby
10 31 (3.78%) Scala
11 25 (3.05%) Groovy
12 24 (2.93%) TypeScript
13 19 (2.32%) Java 8
14 14 (1.71%) Perl
14 14 (1.71%) PHP
15 9 (1.10%) C
15 9 (1.10%) PL/SQL
16 8 (0.98%) Kotlin
16 8 (0.98%) R
17 7 (0.85%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 97 (11.83%) Security Cleared
2 66 (8.05%) SC Cleared
3 24 (2.93%) CISSP
4 21 (2.56%) AWS Certification
4 21 (2.56%) Cisco Certification
5 16 (1.95%) Degree
6 11 (1.34%) CCNP
7 10 (1.22%) CISM
7 10 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
8 9 (1.10%) CCIE
8 9 (1.10%) CRISC
8 9 (1.10%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (0.98%) Microsoft Certification
10 7 (0.85%) CCNA
10 7 (0.85%) OCP
10 7 (0.85%) Oracle Certification
11 5 (0.61%) GIAC
11 5 (0.61%) RHCE
11 5 (0.61%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (3.05%) GDPR
2 22 (2.68%) PCI DSS
3 21 (2.56%) NIST
4 17 (2.07%) QA
5 10 (1.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.98%) Cyber Essentials
7 7 (0.85%) SLA
8 4 (0.49%) COBIT
8 4 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.37%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (0.24%) PMBOK
11 1 (0.12%) Accessibility
11 1 (0.12%) GRC
11 1 (0.12%) IFRS
11 1 (0.12%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.12%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.12%) PMO
11 1 (0.12%) PSD2
11 1 (0.12%) TARGET2
System Software
1 154 (18.78%) Docker
2 84 (10.24%) VMware Infrastructure
3 55 (6.71%) Active Directory
4 38 (4.63%) Hyper-V
5 21 (2.56%) Virtual Machines
6 19 (2.32%) vSphere
7 18 (2.20%) VMware NSX
8 12 (1.46%) XenApp
9 9 (1.10%) Microsoft App-V
10 7 (0.85%) NFS
10 7 (0.85%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.49%) KVM
11 4 (0.49%) RACF
12 3 (0.37%) HDFS
12 3 (0.37%) vCloud
12 3 (0.37%) XenDesktop
13 2 (0.24%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 2 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.12%) GlusterFS
14 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 240 (29.27%) Terraform
2 214 (26.10%) Kubernetes
3 192 (23.41%) Ansible
4 59 (7.20%) Puppet
5 50 (6.10%) Opscode Chef
6 46 (5.61%) Grafana
7 45 (5.49%) Prometheus
8 30 (3.66%) Packer
9 22 (2.68%) Nagios
10 18 (2.20%) SCCM
11 15 (1.83%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 14 (1.71%) vRealize
13 13 (1.59%) Consul
14 12 (1.46%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 11 (1.34%) Kibana
15 11 (1.34%) Single Sign-On
16 10 (1.22%) Mesos
16 10 (1.22%) Tivoli
16 10 (1.22%) vCenter Server
17 8 (0.98%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 170 (20.73%) Microsoft
2 130 (15.85%) Google
3 116 (14.15%) VMware
4 70 (8.54%) Oracle
5 48 (5.85%) Red Hat
6 38 (4.63%) SAP
7 37 (4.51%) IBM
8 32 (3.90%) Cisco
9 24 (2.93%) Citrix
10 19 (2.32%) Palo Alto
10 19 (2.32%) ServiceNow
11 18 (2.20%) Databricks
11 18 (2.20%) Splunk
12 13 (1.59%) HP
12 13 (1.59%) Salesforce.com
13 12 (1.46%) F5
13 12 (1.46%) Fortinet
14 11 (1.34%) CA
15 10 (1.22%) BMC
16 8 (0.98%) NetApp