Period
to 19 November 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 264 354 467
Rank change year-on-year +90 +113 +15
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 844 750 478
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.01% 0.73% 0.47%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.22% 2.24% 1.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 481 542 310
UK median daily rate £550 £546 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.69% +4.05% -
10th Percentile £375 £400 £385
90th Percentile £700 £675 £676
UK excluding London median daily rate £538 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +7.60% - +9.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 3
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -22.22% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,193 33,447 33,537
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.25% 32.39% 33.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,618 21,845 22,054
UK median daily rate £470 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £261 £275 £263
90th Percentile £670 £655 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,054 1,046 1,011
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% - -
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.07 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.34 £19.00 £19.44
% change year-on-year +17.55% -2.26% -2.80%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Public Cloud.

Contractor daily rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +89 771 £550 - 206
UK excluding London +82 421 £538 +7.60% 131
London +80 404 £600 +9.09% 95
North of England +55 118 £550 +10.00% 36
South East +51 117 £545 +3.81% 25
North West +63 90 £550 +15.79% 16
South West +40 61 £544 +11.59% 12
Midlands +21 47 £513 +9.04% 30
Scotland +36 46 £525 +35.31% 10
West Midlands +3 28 £513 +5.13% 17
East of England +38 20 £495 +16.47% 8
East Midlands +31 19 £506 +44.64% 13
North East +25 15 £463 -2.12% 10
Yorkshire -14 13 £493 -6.19% 10
Wales +31 11 £450 -36.84% 6
Northern Ireland +6 2 - - 4

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 582 (68.96%) AWS
2 559 (66.23%) Azure
3 347 (41.11%) Agile Software Development
4 297 (35.19%) DevOps
5 215 (25.47%) Microsoft
6 183 (21.68%) Linux
7 180 (21.33%) GCP
8 173 (20.50%) Ansible
8 173 (20.50%) Python
9 172 (20.38%) Terraform
10 156 (18.48%) Java
11 152 (18.01%) Kubernetes
12 149 (17.65%) Windows
13 146 (17.30%) Docker
14 144 (17.06%) Finance
15 143 (16.94%) VMware
16 138 (16.35%) PowerShell
17 133 (15.76%) Security Cleared
17 133 (15.76%) Data Centre
18 129 (15.28%) PaaS
19 127 (15.05%) Microservices
20 126 (14.93%) SQL
21 123 (14.57%) Migration
21 123 (14.57%) Jenkins
22 114 (13.51%) IaaS
22 114 (13.51%) VMware Infrastructure
23 104 (12.32%) Google
24 103 (12.20%) SC Cleared
25 101 (11.97%) Opscode Chef
26 100 (11.85%) Active Directory

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (3.55%) Apache
2 22 (2.61%) OpenStack
3 20 (2.37%) Apache Spark
4 18 (2.13%) Confluence
5 17 (2.01%) SharePoint
6 16 (1.90%) Elasticsearch
7 13 (1.54%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.95%) Skype for Business
9 5 (0.59%) Anypoint
9 5 (0.59%) NetWeaver
10 4 (0.47%) Jupyter
11 3 (0.36%) Apache Qpid
11 3 (0.36%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.36%) nginx
12 2 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2010
12 2 (0.24%) SAS
12 2 (0.24%) SharePoint 2013
13 1 (0.12%) Apache Pig
13 1 (0.12%) Cloud Foundry
13 1 (0.12%) SAP Portal
Applications
1 22 (2.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (2.01%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (1.18%) Microsoft Project
4 7 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.36%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 15 (1.78%) FINCAD Analytics
2 3 (0.36%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.24%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.24%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 582 (68.96%) AWS
2 559 (66.23%) Azure
3 180 (21.33%) GCP
4 129 (15.28%) PaaS
5 114 (13.51%) IaaS
6 81 (9.60%) Office 365
7 67 (7.94%) SaaS
8 49 (5.81%) Azure Active Directory
8 49 (5.81%) Serverless
9 45 (5.33%) AWS CloudFormation
9 45 (5.33%) OpenShift
10 41 (4.86%) GitHub
11 39 (4.62%) Apigee
12 29 (3.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 25 (2.96%) Cloud Computing
14 23 (2.73%) AWS Lambda
15 21 (2.49%) Amazon S3
16 20 (2.37%) AWS Step Functions
17 19 (2.25%) Azure ExpressRoute
18 18 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 92 (10.90%) Firewall
2 76 (9.00%) DNS
3 43 (5.09%) WAN
4 36 (4.27%) VPN
5 35 (4.15%) TCP/IP
6 34 (4.03%) Internet
7 29 (3.44%) DHCP
7 29 (3.44%) LAN
8 19 (2.25%) Network Security
9 18 (2.13%) SAN
10 17 (2.01%) Skype
10 17 (2.01%) Wireless
11 10 (1.18%) BGP
11 10 (1.18%) Software-Defined Networking
12 8 (0.95%) MPLS
12 8 (0.95%) Radio Access Network
13 7 (0.83%) Cisco ASA
13 7 (0.83%) IPsec
13 7 (0.83%) iSCSI
13 7 (0.83%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (7.70%) SQL Server
2 56 (6.64%) NoSQL
3 43 (5.09%) MySQL
4 33 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
5 26 (3.08%) MongoDB
6 25 (2.96%) Relational Database
7 24 (2.84%) Big Data
8 23 (2.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 20 (2.37%) Azure SQL Database
10 19 (2.25%) Amazon RDS
11 17 (2.01%) Data Lake
12 16 (1.90%) Amazon Athena
12 16 (1.90%) Amazon Aurora
12 16 (1.90%) MariaDB
13 15 (1.78%) RDBMS
14 14 (1.66%) Oracle Database
15 11 (1.30%) Apache Cassandra
15 11 (1.30%) BigQuery
15 11 (1.30%) Hadoop
15 11 (1.30%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 123 (14.57%) Jenkins
2 77 (9.12%) Git (software)
3 37 (4.38%) Team Foundation Server
4 30 (3.55%) JIRA
5 21 (2.49%) Visual Studio Team System
6 20 (2.37%) Visual Studio
7 17 (2.01%) Bitbucket
7 17 (2.01%) TeamCity
8 16 (1.90%) Selenium
9 15 (1.78%) Artifactory
10 14 (1.66%) Sonatype Nexus
11 13 (1.54%) Maven
12 11 (1.30%) Bitbucket Server
13 6 (0.71%) Cucumber
13 6 (0.71%) Subversion
14 5 (0.59%) GitLab
15 4 (0.47%) Gradle
16 3 (0.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 3 (0.36%) CircleCI
16 3 (0.36%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 144 (17.06%) Finance
2 74 (8.77%) Public Sector
3 66 (7.82%) Banking
4 33 (3.91%) Telecoms
5 23 (2.73%) Marketing
6 21 (2.49%) Investment Banking
7 18 (2.13%) Front Office
8 14 (1.66%) Billing
8 14 (1.66%) Legal
9 11 (1.30%) Retail
10 9 (1.07%) Manufacturing
11 7 (0.83%) Electronics
11 7 (0.83%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.71%) Law
13 5 (0.59%) Advertising
14 3 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.36%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.24%) Automotive
15 2 (0.24%) Publishing
16 1 (0.12%) Games
Job Titles
1 230 (27.25%) Architect
2 142 (16.82%) DevOps Engineer
3 96 (11.37%) Developer
4 90 (10.66%) Cloud Architect
4 90 (10.66%) Cloud Engineer
5 61 (7.23%) Azure Architect
6 58 (6.87%) Azure Engineer
6 58 (6.87%) Solutions Architect
7 52 (6.16%) AWS Engineer
8 36 (4.27%) Consultant
9 33 (3.91%) Senior Architect
10 31 (3.67%) AWS Architect
10 31 (3.67%) Project Manager
11 28 (3.32%) AWS DevOps
11 28 (3.32%) Senior DevOps
12 27 (3.20%) Analyst
12 27 (3.20%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 27 (3.20%) Security Architect
12 27 (3.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 26 (3.08%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 84 (9.95%) Web Services
2 46 (5.45%) .NET
3 36 (4.27%) RESTful
4 35 (4.15%) Spring
5 33 (3.91%) Kafka
5 33 (3.91%) Node.js
6 28 (3.32%) RabbitMQ
7 26 (3.08%) SAML
7 26 (3.08%) Spring Boot
8 25 (2.96%) REST
8 25 (2.96%) SOAP
9 24 (2.84%) OAuth
10 23 (2.73%) OpenID
11 21 (2.49%) HTML
12 19 (2.25%) CSS
13 17 (2.01%) J2EE
13 17 (2.01%) LAMP
13 17 (2.01%) React
14 12 (1.42%) Swagger
15 11 (1.30%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 133 (15.76%) Data Centre
2 70 (8.29%) Hybrid Cloud
3 51 (6.04%) Private Cloud
4 43 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
5 23 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
5 23 (2.73%) Greenfield Project
6 20 (2.37%) User Experience
7 18 (2.13%) Fixed Income
8 17 (2.01%) Cloud Native
8 17 (2.01%) Replication
9 16 (1.90%) Clustering
9 16 (1.90%) Derivative
9 16 (1.90%) Equities
9 16 (1.90%) Equity Derivative
9 16 (1.90%) Hedge funds
9 16 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
10 15 (1.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 15 (1.78%) Management Information System
11 13 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
11 13 (1.54%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 183 (21.68%) Linux
2 149 (17.65%) Windows
3 77 (9.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 63 (7.46%) Windows Server
5 59 (6.99%) CentOS
6 41 (4.86%) Ubuntu
7 22 (2.61%) Windows 10
8 18 (2.13%) Unix
9 16 (1.90%) Windows Server 2008
9 16 (1.90%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (1.07%) VMS
11 7 (0.83%) AIX
11 7 (0.83%) Windows Server 2003
12 4 (0.47%) Android
12 4 (0.47%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.24%) DC/OS
13 2 (0.24%) Debian
13 2 (0.24%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.12%) Solaris
14 1 (0.12%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 347 (41.11%) Agile Software Development
2 297 (35.19%) DevOps
3 127 (15.05%) Microservices
4 123 (14.57%) Migration
5 99 (11.73%) Configuration Management
6 96 (11.37%) Scrum
7 90 (10.66%) Infrastructure as Code
8 81 (9.60%) Continuous Integration
9 75 (8.89%) Analytics
10 72 (8.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 71 (8.41%) Stakeholder Management
12 60 (7.11%) Open Source
13 54 (6.40%) Technical Leadership
14 53 (6.28%) Mentoring
14 53 (6.28%) Software Engineering
15 46 (5.45%) ITIL
15 46 (5.45%) Project Delivery
15 46 (5.45%) TDD
16 44 (5.21%) Information Security
17 43 (5.09%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 173 (20.50%) Python
2 156 (18.48%) Java
3 138 (16.35%) PowerShell
4 126 (14.93%) SQL
5 84 (9.95%) Bash Shell
6 67 (7.94%) JavaScript
7 40 (4.74%) C#
8 30 (3.55%) C++
9 29 (3.44%) Shell Script
10 26 (3.08%) Perl
11 24 (2.84%) Go
12 23 (2.73%) Ruby
13 22 (2.61%) PHP
14 21 (2.49%) TypeScript
15 13 (1.54%) Scala
16 11 (1.30%) C
17 10 (1.18%) Groovy
17 10 (1.18%) R
18 5 (0.59%) F#
18 5 (0.59%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 133 (15.76%) Security Cleared
2 103 (12.20%) SC Cleared
3 62 (7.35%) Degree
4 34 (4.03%) Cisco Certification
5 20 (2.37%) Microsoft Certification
6 17 (2.01%) MCSE
7 15 (1.78%) CCNA
7 15 (1.78%) CISSP
8 12 (1.42%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 12 (1.42%) CCIE
8 12 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (1.42%) DV Cleared
9 11 (1.30%) CCSP
9 11 (1.30%) SANS
10 10 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (1.18%) CISM
11 9 (1.07%) ISEB
12 8 (0.95%) CCNP
12 8 (0.95%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 6 (0.71%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (3.91%) QA
2 30 (3.55%) NCSC
3 17 (2.01%) NIST
4 15 (1.78%) GDPR
5 13 (1.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (1.30%) PCI DSS
6 11 (1.30%) PMO
7 10 (1.18%) Cyber Essentials
8 9 (1.07%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 8 (0.95%) HIPAA
10 5 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 4 (0.47%) Data Quality
11 4 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.36%) COBIT
12 3 (0.36%) SLA
13 2 (0.24%) PSD2
14 1 (0.12%) GAMP
14 1 (0.12%) ISO 22301
14 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 146 (17.30%) Docker
2 114 (13.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 100 (11.85%) Active Directory
4 65 (7.70%) Hyper-V
5 18 (2.13%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (1.07%) VMware ESXi
6 9 (1.07%) VMware NSX
6 9 (1.07%) XenDesktop
7 7 (0.83%) Virtual Desktop
8 5 (0.59%) KVM
9 4 (0.47%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.47%) vSphere
9 4 (0.47%) XenApp
10 3 (0.36%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 3 (0.36%) oVirt
11 2 (0.24%) Ceph
11 2 (0.24%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.12%) HDFS
12 1 (0.12%) LXC
12 1 (0.12%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 173 (20.50%) Ansible
2 172 (20.38%) Terraform
3 152 (18.01%) Kubernetes
4 101 (11.97%) Opscode Chef
5 73 (8.65%) Puppet
6 50 (5.92%) SCCM
7 32 (3.79%) Nagios
8 25 (2.96%) Grafana
8 25 (2.96%) Prometheus
9 22 (2.61%) SCOM
10 15 (1.78%) Microsoft Intune
11 14 (1.66%) Salt
12 12 (1.42%) WSUS
13 11 (1.30%) Kibana
14 10 (1.18%) HAProxy
15 8 (0.95%) logstash
16 7 (0.83%) AirWatch
17 5 (0.59%) BMC PATROL
17 5 (0.59%) collectd
17 5 (0.59%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 215 (25.47%) Microsoft
2 143 (16.94%) VMware
3 104 (12.32%) Google
4 65 (7.70%) Cisco
5 54 (6.40%) Oracle
6 44 (5.21%) Citrix
7 40 (4.74%) Red Hat
8 37 (4.38%) Splunk
9 29 (3.44%) SAP
10 22 (2.61%) CA
11 21 (2.49%) Palo Alto
12 20 (2.37%) CheckPoint
12 20 (2.37%) ServiceNow
13 18 (2.13%) HP
14 16 (1.90%) Tableau
15 14 (1.66%) Juniper
15 14 (1.66%) NetApp
16 13 (1.54%) Dell
17 11 (1.30%) Fortinet
17 11 (1.30%) IBM