Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 174 249 262
Rank change year-on-year +75 +13 +34
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 1,405 618 496
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.59% 1.07% 1.02%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.05% 3.50% 3.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 905 397 335
10th Percentile £433 £411 £413
25th Percentile £513 £469 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £545 £540
Median % change year-on-year +10.09% +0.93% +2.86%
75th Percentile £705 £638 £638
90th Percentile £813 £700 £750
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 3
10th Percentile £44.20 £48.75 £50.75
25th Percentile £50.50 £52.31 £51.88
Median hourly rate £60.25 £58.75 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year +2.55% +2.17% -4.17%
75th Percentile £72.94 £60.00 £77.50
90th Percentile £78.68 £68.13 £87.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £60.00 £87.50
% change year-on-year - -31.43% -

Public Cloud is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 27,827 17,635 14,485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.52% 30.44% 29.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,530 11,848 9,395
10th Percentile £313 £299 £250
25th Percentile £425 £400 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £763 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 725 655 624
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.25 £12.61
25th Percentile £17.13 £16.00 £16.20
Median hourly rate £27.00 £26.00 £22.91
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +13.49% +10.41%
75th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £46.43
90th Percentile £66.00 £60.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.13 £24.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year -11.98% +17.07% +7.89%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +65 1,103 £600 +11.63% 173
Work from Home +47 681 £600 +9.09% 89
London +70 675 £625 +13.64% 70
UK excluding London +33 386 £550 +4.76% 101
North of England -19 107 £550 +7.95% 39
South East -2 100 £525 - 13
North West -15 59 £575 +15.00% 21
Midlands -14 55 £631 +32.89% 20
Scotland +23 50 £568 +13.50% 5
West Midlands -18 47 £650 +36.55% 13
Yorkshire -10 39 £525 -10.64% 11
East of England -5 34 £552 +19.35% 7
South West -38 27 £575 -14.69% 13
North East -4 14 £580 +7.41% 7
Wales -5 13 £513 -2.38% 3
East Midlands -24 8 £613 +28.95% 7
Northern Ireland -7 1 £550 -4.35% 2

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 883 (62.85%) Azure
2 751 (53.45%) AWS
3 550 (39.15%) DevOps
4 522 (37.15%) Agile
5 432 (30.75%) Terraform
6 375 (26.69%) CI/CD
7 359 (25.55%) Microsoft
8 341 (24.27%) Social Skills
9 334 (23.77%) Finance
10 330 (23.49%) Kubernetes
11 317 (22.56%) GCP
12 310 (22.06%) Migration
13 294 (20.93%) Python
14 287 (20.43%) Docker
15 254 (18.08%) Infrastructure as Code
16 234 (16.65%) Java
17 219 (15.59%) Ansible
18 214 (15.23%) PaaS
19 211 (15.02%) Linux
20 205 (14.59%) Jenkins
21 188 (13.38%) Data Centre
22 187 (13.31%) Security Cleared
23 183 (13.02%) Microservices
24 182 (12.95%) Windows
25 179 (12.74%) PowerShell
26 175 (12.46%) IaaS
27 163 (11.60%) Banking
27 163 (11.60%) SC Cleared
28 152 (10.82%) Google
29 148 (10.53%) Scrum

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (6.69%) Confluence
2 50 (3.56%) Apache
3 44 (3.13%) Apache Spark
4 32 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (2.06%) SharePoint
6 21 (1.49%) OpenStack
7 20 (1.42%) Tomcat
8 17 (1.21%) MS Exchange
9 16 (1.14%) WebLogic
10 15 (1.07%) Cloud Foundry
10 15 (1.07%) WebSphere
11 11 (0.78%) Exchange Server 2010
11 11 (0.78%) WebSphere Application Server
12 10 (0.71%) Apache Airflow
13 8 (0.57%) Skype for Business
14 7 (0.50%) CMS
14 7 (0.50%) JBoss
15 6 (0.43%) IIS
15 6 (0.43%) WildFly
16 5 (0.36%) nginx
Applications
1 35 (2.49%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.71%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.071%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 13 (0.93%) SAP S/4HANA
2 11 (0.78%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (0.43%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.21%) Maximo
5 2 (0.14%) Magento
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle FAH
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.14%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 2 (0.14%) SAP IS-U
5 2 (0.14%) SAP MM
5 2 (0.14%) SAP SD
5 2 (0.14%) Shopify
6 1 (0.071%) SAP GRC
6 1 (0.071%) SAP SM
Cloud Services
1 883 (62.85%) Azure
2 751 (53.45%) AWS
3 317 (22.56%) GCP
4 214 (15.23%) PaaS
5 175 (12.46%) IaaS
6 121 (8.61%) SaaS
7 111 (7.90%) GitHub
8 99 (7.05%) AWS CloudFormation
9 90 (6.41%) Microsoft 365
10 83 (5.91%) Serverless
11 49 (3.49%) Azure Active Directory
11 49 (3.49%) Azure Monitor
12 42 (2.99%) OpenShift
13 40 (2.85%) Cloud Computing
14 34 (2.42%) Amazon S3
15 26 (1.85%) Amazon EKS
15 26 (1.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 25 (1.78%) Azure Sentinel
17 24 (1.71%) AWS Lambda
18 20 (1.42%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 119 (8.47%) Firewall
2 110 (7.83%) DNS
3 79 (5.62%) WAN
4 66 (4.70%) Internet
5 59 (4.20%) Network Security
5 59 (4.20%) VPN
6 53 (3.77%) DHCP
7 52 (3.70%) LAN
8 44 (3.13%) SD-WAN
9 36 (2.56%) IPsec
10 35 (2.49%) Wireless
11 34 (2.42%) BGP
12 33 (2.35%) MPLS
13 26 (1.85%) SSL
14 20 (1.42%) IPv6
15 17 (1.21%) OSPF
16 16 (1.14%) Cisco ISE
16 16 (1.14%) Ethernet
17 15 (1.07%) WLAN
18 13 (0.93%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (5.20%) SQL Server
2 72 (5.12%) Relational Database
3 48 (3.42%) NoSQL
4 45 (3.20%) MongoDB
5 41 (2.92%) Big Data
6 38 (2.70%) MySQL
7 34 (2.42%) Data Lake
7 34 (2.42%) Oracle Database
8 28 (1.99%) PostgreSQL
9 25 (1.78%) Amazon RDS
9 25 (1.78%) RDBMS
10 24 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
11 23 (1.64%) Hadoop
12 20 (1.42%) DB2
13 13 (0.93%) Power BI
14 12 (0.85%) Azure SQL Database
14 12 (0.85%) Flink
14 12 (0.85%) Tableau
15 11 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (0.71%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 205 (14.59%) Jenkins
2 145 (10.32%) Git (software)
3 125 (8.90%) GitLab
4 109 (7.76%) JIRA
5 72 (5.12%) TeamCity
6 64 (4.56%) Maven
7 55 (3.91%) Gradle
8 29 (2.06%) Bitbucket
9 21 (1.49%) SonarQube
9 21 (1.49%) Subversion
10 16 (1.14%) Artifactory
11 15 (1.07%) Sonatype Nexus
12 13 (0.93%) CircleCI
12 13 (0.93%) Postman
13 11 (0.78%) ClearCase
13 11 (0.78%) ClearQuest
13 11 (0.78%) git-flow
14 9 (0.64%) webpack
15 8 (0.57%) Oracle APEX
15 8 (0.57%) Spinnaker
General
1 341 (24.27%) Social Skills
2 334 (23.77%) Finance
3 163 (11.60%) Banking
4 105 (7.47%) Public Sector
5 69 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
6 52 (3.70%) Presentation Skills
7 42 (2.99%) Retail
8 33 (2.35%) Telecoms
9 29 (2.06%) Legal
10 28 (1.99%) Influencing Skills
11 26 (1.85%) Investment Banking
11 26 (1.85%) Retail Banking
12 25 (1.78%) Documentation Skills
13 24 (1.71%) Financial Institution
14 18 (1.28%) Front Office
15 15 (1.07%) Marketing
16 13 (0.93%) Police
17 12 (0.85%) Military
18 11 (0.78%) Billing
18 11 (0.78%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 438 (31.17%) Architect
2 165 (11.74%) Solutions Architect
3 161 (11.46%) DevOps Engineer
4 157 (11.17%) Cloud Architect
5 136 (9.68%) Developer
6 119 (8.47%) Cloud Engineer
7 118 (8.40%) Azure Engineer
8 114 (8.11%) Azure Architect
9 73 (5.20%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 65 (4.63%) Consultant
11 60 (4.27%) Security Architect
12 59 (4.20%) Technical Architect
13 58 (4.13%) AWS Architect
14 57 (4.06%) Project Manager
15 52 (3.70%) AWS Engineer
16 47 (3.35%) Cloud Solutions Architect
16 47 (3.35%) Security Engineer
17 44 (3.13%) Azure DevOps Engineer
17 44 (3.13%) Data Engineer
18 43 (3.06%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (6.41%) Kafka
2 75 (5.34%) REST
3 71 (5.05%) Node.js
4 59 (4.20%) JSON
5 44 (3.13%) RESTful
6 37 (2.63%) .NET
6 37 (2.63%) Web Services
7 35 (2.49%) CSS
7 35 (2.49%) HTML
8 30 (2.14%) React
9 28 (1.99%) Spring
10 20 (1.42%) ARM Templates
10 20 (1.42%) Elastic Stack
11 19 (1.35%) SOAP
12 18 (1.28%) OAuth
13 16 (1.14%) Apache Camel
13 16 (1.14%) OAuth2
14 14 (1.00%) 802.1X
14 14 (1.00%) CSS3
14 14 (1.00%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 188 (13.38%) Data Centre
2 129 (9.18%) Private Cloud
3 88 (6.26%) Hybrid Cloud
4 79 (5.62%) Cloud Native
5 56 (3.99%) Self-Motivation
6 50 (3.56%) Data Protection Act
7 42 (2.99%) Greenfield Project
8 34 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
8 34 (2.42%) Management Information System
9 33 (2.35%) Virtual Team
10 31 (2.21%) Clustering
11 25 (1.78%) PKI
12 23 (1.64%) Enterprise Cloud
13 22 (1.57%) Hedge funds
14 21 (1.49%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 16 (1.14%) Cyberattack
16 15 (1.07%) User Experience
17 13 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
18 12 (0.85%) Security Operations Centre
19 9 (0.64%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 211 (15.02%) Linux
2 182 (12.95%) Windows
3 72 (5.12%) Unix
4 55 (3.91%) Windows Server
5 40 (2.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 22 (1.57%) Windows Server 2012
7 18 (1.28%) Solaris
8 17 (1.21%) Ubuntu
9 16 (1.14%) Windows Server 2016
10 15 (1.07%) Windows Server 2008
11 12 (0.85%) VMS
12 11 (0.78%) CentOS
13 9 (0.64%) Windows Server 2019
14 6 (0.43%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.36%) Amazon Linux
15 5 (0.36%) Debian
16 4 (0.28%) AIX
17 3 (0.21%) Alpine Linux
17 3 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
17 3 (0.21%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 550 (39.15%) DevOps
2 522 (37.15%) Agile
3 375 (26.69%) CI/CD
4 310 (22.06%) Migration
5 254 (18.08%) Infrastructure as Code
6 183 (13.02%) Microservices
7 148 (10.53%) Scrum
8 125 (8.90%) Stakeholder Management
9 124 (8.83%) Open Source
10 119 (8.47%) Problem-Solving
11 106 (7.54%) Configuration Management
12 96 (6.83%) ITIL
13 93 (6.62%) Test Automation
14 90 (6.41%) Collaborative Working
15 84 (5.98%) Data Protection
16 82 (5.84%) Analytics
16 82 (5.84%) High Availability
17 80 (5.69%) Infrastructure Automation
18 79 (5.62%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 78 (5.55%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 294 (20.93%) Python
2 234 (16.65%) Java
3 179 (12.74%) PowerShell
4 127 (9.04%) JavaScript
5 124 (8.83%) Bash
6 121 (8.61%) SQL
7 77 (5.48%) Go
8 56 (3.99%) Ruby
9 54 (3.84%) C#
10 47 (3.35%) Scala
11 36 (2.56%) Perl
12 32 (2.28%) C
13 31 (2.21%) C++
14 27 (1.92%) Shell Script
15 24 (1.71%) TypeScript
16 23 (1.64%) PL/SQL
17 13 (0.93%) ES6
17 13 (0.93%) PHP
18 11 (0.78%) Bicep
19 10 (0.71%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 187 (13.31%) Security Cleared
2 163 (11.60%) SC Cleared
3 58 (4.13%) Degree
4 54 (3.84%) AWS Certification
5 51 (3.63%) Cisco Certification
6 33 (2.35%) CCNP
7 25 (1.78%) ITIL Certification
8 24 (1.71%) CCNA
8 24 (1.71%) Microsoft Certification
9 22 (1.57%) CCIE
9 22 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
10 21 (1.49%) CISSP
11 18 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
12 11 (0.78%) RHCE
13 10 (0.71%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 10 (0.71%) CISM
14 8 (0.57%) CCIE Security
14 8 (0.57%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 7 (0.50%) CCA
15 7 (0.50%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (2.85%) GDPR
2 32 (2.28%) QA
3 22 (1.57%) NIST
4 20 (1.42%) Accessibility
5 18 (1.28%) NCSC
6 15 (1.07%) SLA
7 14 (1.00%) WCAG
8 11 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 11 (0.78%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.57%) Data Quality
10 6 (0.43%) NIST 800
11 5 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
12 4 (0.28%) COBIT
12 4 (0.28%) GRC
12 4 (0.28%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 4 (0.28%) OASIS TOSCA
13 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 1 (0.071%) FedRAMP
14 1 (0.071%) Government Security Classifications
14 1 (0.071%) SOC 2
System Software
1 287 (20.43%) Docker
2 108 (7.69%) Active Directory
2 108 (7.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (2.70%) Hyper-V
4 30 (2.14%) Virtual Machines
5 20 (1.42%) vSphere
6 17 (1.21%) KVM
7 13 (0.93%) vCloud
7 13 (0.93%) VMware NSX
8 11 (0.78%) Oracle RAC
8 11 (0.78%) VMware Workstation
9 8 (0.57%) Xen
10 6 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (0.36%) HDFS
11 5 (0.36%) NFS
12 4 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
13 3 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 2 (0.14%) XenApp
15 1 (0.071%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 432 (30.75%) Terraform
2 330 (23.49%) Kubernetes
3 219 (15.59%) Ansible
4 72 (5.12%) Puppet
5 55 (3.91%) Prometheus
6 43 (3.06%) Opscode Chef
7 33 (2.35%) Consul
8 31 (2.21%) Grafana
9 27 (1.92%) SCCM
10 24 (1.71%) Microsoft Intune
11 23 (1.64%) Kibana
12 20 (1.42%) Packer
13 19 (1.35%) Nagios
14 18 (1.28%) logstash
15 16 (1.14%) Microsoft Clustering
16 11 (0.78%) Icinga
16 11 (0.78%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
17 10 (0.71%) Data Guard
17 10 (0.71%) Nessus
17 10 (0.71%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 359 (25.55%) Microsoft
2 152 (10.82%) Google
3 132 (9.40%) Oracle
4 129 (9.18%) VMware
5 73 (5.20%) Cisco
5 73 (5.20%) Red Hat
6 46 (3.27%) IBM
7 39 (2.78%) SAP
8 36 (2.56%) ServiceNow
9 35 (2.49%) Databricks
10 31 (2.21%) Atlassian
11 27 (1.92%) F5
11 27 (1.92%) Palo Alto
12 26 (1.85%) Fortinet
13 20 (1.42%) Juniper
14 19 (1.35%) Citrix
15 18 (1.28%) SolarWinds
16 16 (1.14%) CA
16 16 (1.14%) CyberArk
17 14 (1.00%) Aruba