Period
to 17 April 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 245 262 296
Rank change year-on-year +17 +34 +102
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 546 582 900
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 1.00% 0.94%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.10% 3.13% 2.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 346 389 610
10th Percentile £394 £404 £388
25th Percentile £450 £463 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £538 £534
Median % change year-on-year -2.33% +0.70% +1.67%
75th Percentile £610 £638 £624
90th Percentile £675 £713 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 2
10th Percentile £48.30 £50.75 £52.00
25th Percentile £51.00 £51.88 £55.00
Median hourly rate £57.50 £57.50 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year - -4.17% +58.37%
75th Percentile £60.00 £77.50 £65.00
90th Percentile £69.75 £87.25 £68.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.75 £87.50 -
% change year-on-year -32.86% - -

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 17,608 18,585 30,613
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.14% 32.04% 31.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,822 12,002 20,295
10th Percentile £275 £230 £278
25th Percentile £381 £363 £373
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £470 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.72% -1.05% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £669
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 721 843 956
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.61 £11.85
25th Percentile £16.00 £16.20 £14.50
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.75 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +9.89% +10.98% -2.38%
75th Percentile £46.00 £45.15 £43.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.60 £20.50 £19.25
% change year-on-year +15.12% +6.49% -2.53%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 450 £525 -4.55% 246
London +15 242 £525 -8.30% 100
UK excluding London -7 195 £525 - 158
Work from Home -114 177 £540 -10.00% 56
South East +58 65 £525 +10.24% 36
North of England -11 44 £500 -9.09% 46
North West +6 27 £500 -9.09% 25
Midlands +23 26 £427 -20.56% 37
South West 0 26 £675 +25.52% 16
West Midlands +24 18 £427 -27.13% 32
Scotland +10 18 £500 +21.21% 7
Yorkshire +23 11 £600 +21.83% 12
East Midlands +16 8 £575 +9.52% 5
East of England +42 6 £488 +6.56% 10
North East +2 6 £530 +17.78% 9
Wales - 6 £438 - 3
Northern Ireland +8 4 £650 - 4

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 319 (58.42%) Azure
2 300 (54.95%) AWS
3 246 (45.05%) DevOps
4 192 (35.16%) Agile Software Development
5 154 (28.21%) GCP
6 144 (26.37%) Terraform
7 133 (24.36%) Kubernetes
8 125 (22.89%) Python
9 123 (22.53%) Microsoft
10 116 (21.25%) PaaS
11 115 (21.06%) Linux
12 111 (20.33%) Finance
13 110 (20.15%) Ansible
14 103 (18.86%) Docker
15 102 (18.68%) Microservices
16 101 (18.50%) IaaS
17 91 (16.67%) Jenkins
18 90 (16.48%) Windows
19 87 (15.93%) Migration
19 87 (15.93%) VMware
19 87 (15.93%) Google
20 83 (15.20%) Infrastructure as Code
21 82 (15.02%) Java
22 74 (13.55%) Security Cleared
23 68 (12.45%) SQL
23 68 (12.45%) Data Centre
24 65 (11.90%) VMware Infrastructure
25 64 (11.72%) SaaS
26 61 (11.17%) PowerShell
26 61 (11.17%) Git (software)

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (6.04%) Confluence
2 17 (3.11%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (1.47%) SharePoint
4 7 (1.28%) CMS
5 6 (1.10%) WebSphere
5 6 (1.10%) WordPress
6 5 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
6 5 (0.92%) JBoss
6 5 (0.92%) NetWeaver
7 4 (0.73%) Apache Spark
7 4 (0.73%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.55%) Apache Synapse
8 3 (0.55%) WildFly
9 2 (0.37%) Apache
9 2 (0.37%) Camunda
9 2 (0.37%) Oracle Workflow
9 2 (0.37%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.18%) IBM HTTP Server
10 1 (0.18%) nginx
10 1 (0.18%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 4 (0.73%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.37%) Figma
2 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 6 (1.10%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.37%) Oracle Payables
2 2 (0.37%) Shopify
3 1 (0.18%) Magento
3 1 (0.18%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 319 (58.42%) Azure
2 300 (54.95%) AWS
3 154 (28.21%) GCP
4 116 (21.25%) PaaS
5 101 (18.50%) IaaS
6 64 (11.72%) SaaS
7 36 (6.59%) GitHub
8 35 (6.41%) AWS CloudFormation
9 33 (6.04%) Serverless
10 31 (5.68%) OpenShift
11 25 (4.58%) Microsoft 365
12 19 (3.48%) Azure Active Directory
13 18 (3.30%) Amazon S3
14 16 (2.93%) AWS Lambda
15 15 (2.75%) Cloud Computing
16 14 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
16 14 (2.56%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 11 (2.01%) Amazon EKS
18 9 (1.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 7 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 30 (5.49%) Internet
2 28 (5.13%) DNS
2 28 (5.13%) Firewall
3 23 (4.21%) WAN
4 22 (4.03%) VPN
5 16 (2.93%) DHCP
5 16 (2.93%) Network Security
6 12 (2.20%) OSPF
7 11 (2.01%) LAN
7 11 (2.01%) SD-WAN
7 11 (2.01%) TCP/IP
8 10 (1.83%) MPLS
8 10 (1.83%) Multicast
8 10 (1.83%) Wireless
9 9 (1.65%) BGP
9 9 (1.65%) SAN
10 7 (1.28%) HTTP
10 7 (1.28%) VLAN
11 6 (1.10%) Fibre Channel
11 6 (1.10%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (5.13%) SQL Server
2 21 (3.85%) NoSQL
2 21 (3.85%) Relational Database
3 19 (3.48%) Tableau
4 17 (3.11%) MySQL
5 15 (2.75%) Big Data
6 14 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (2.38%) Tableau Server
8 10 (1.83%) SAP HANA
9 9 (1.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 9 (1.65%) Cosmos DB
9 9 (1.65%) RDBMS
10 8 (1.47%) Azure SQL Database
10 8 (1.47%) MongoDB
11 6 (1.10%) Amazon Athena
11 6 (1.10%) Data Lake
11 6 (1.10%) Hadoop
12 5 (0.92%) Amazon RDS
12 5 (0.92%) Data Warehouse
12 5 (0.92%) DB2
Development Applications
1 91 (16.67%) Jenkins
2 61 (11.17%) Git (software)
3 45 (8.24%) JIRA
4 33 (6.04%) Bitbucket
5 24 (4.40%) GitLab
6 20 (3.66%) Visual Studio
7 13 (2.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 12 (2.20%) JUnit
9 10 (1.83%) IntelliJ
9 10 (1.83%) Maven
9 10 (1.83%) PyCharm
9 10 (1.83%) Sonatype Nexus
9 10 (1.83%) Visual Studio Code
10 8 (1.47%) Gatling
10 8 (1.47%) LoadRunner
11 7 (1.28%) TeamCity
12 6 (1.10%) CircleCI
12 6 (1.10%) Cucumber
13 5 (0.92%) SonarQube
13 5 (0.92%) Subversion
General
1 111 (20.33%) Finance
2 54 (9.89%) Public Sector
3 46 (8.42%) Banking
4 20 (3.66%) Telecoms
5 15 (2.75%) Marketing
6 13 (2.38%) Retail Banking
7 12 (2.20%) Manufacturing
8 10 (1.83%) Electronics
9 7 (1.28%) Automotive
9 7 (1.28%) Retail
10 6 (1.10%) Billing
10 6 (1.10%) Legal
11 4 (0.73%) Law
12 2 (0.37%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.37%) Publishing
13 1 (0.18%) Back Office
13 1 (0.18%) Danish Language
13 1 (0.18%) Front Office
13 1 (0.18%) German Language
Job Titles
1 188 (34.43%) Architect
2 98 (17.95%) Developer
3 78 (14.29%) DevOps Engineer
4 74 (13.55%) Cloud Architect
5 53 (9.71%) Cloud Engineer
6 40 (7.33%) Solutions Architect
7 32 (5.86%) Technical Architect
8 31 (5.68%) AWS Engineer
9 28 (5.13%) AWS DevOps
10 27 (4.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 25 (4.58%) Infrastructure Architect
12 24 (4.40%) Azure Architect
12 24 (4.40%) Consultant
12 24 (4.40%) Security Architect
13 23 (4.21%) Enterprise Architect
14 22 (4.03%) AWS Architect
15 20 (3.66%) Java Developer
16 19 (3.48%) Azure Engineer
16 19 (3.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 18 (3.30%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (7.33%) Web Services
2 39 (7.14%) .NET
2 39 (7.14%) Node.js
3 27 (4.95%) JSON
3 27 (4.95%) Kafka
3 27 (4.95%) REST
4 24 (4.40%) CSS
4 24 (4.40%) Spring
5 22 (4.03%) React
6 21 (3.85%) Middleware
7 20 (3.66%) AngularJS
7 20 (3.66%) HTML
8 17 (3.11%) YAML
9 13 (2.38%) Elastic Stack
9 13 (2.38%) HTML5
10 11 (2.01%) Spring Boot
11 10 (1.83%) OAuth
11 10 (1.83%) RESTful
12 9 (1.65%) CSS3
12 9 (1.65%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 68 (12.45%) Data Centre
2 54 (9.89%) Private Cloud
3 39 (7.14%) Hybrid Cloud
4 35 (6.41%) Cloud Native
5 28 (5.13%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (2.38%) Self-Motivation
7 11 (2.01%) Mainframe
7 11 (2.01%) PKI
7 11 (2.01%) User Experience
8 8 (1.47%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (1.47%) iPad
8 8 (1.47%) Management Information System
9 7 (1.28%) Enterprise Cloud
10 6 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.10%) Virtual Team
11 5 (0.92%) Algorithms
11 5 (0.92%) Internet of Things
11 5 (0.92%) NHS
11 5 (0.92%) Replication
12 4 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 115 (21.06%) Linux
2 90 (16.48%) Windows
3 32 (5.86%) Windows Server
4 20 (3.66%) Unix
5 17 (3.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (2.01%) VMS
6 11 (2.01%) Windows Server 2008
7 7 (1.28%) CoreOS
8 6 (1.10%) Debian
8 6 (1.10%) Windows Server 2016
9 5 (0.92%) AIX
9 5 (0.92%) Android
9 5 (0.92%) Apple iOS
9 5 (0.92%) Windows 2000
9 5 (0.92%) Windows Server 2003
10 3 (0.55%) CentOS
10 3 (0.55%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
11 2 (0.37%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.18%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 246 (45.05%) DevOps
2 192 (35.16%) Agile Software Development
3 102 (18.68%) Microservices
4 87 (15.93%) Migration
5 83 (15.20%) Infrastructure as Code
6 52 (9.52%) Scrum
7 50 (9.16%) Continuous Integration
8 47 (8.61%) Test Automation
9 45 (8.24%) Configuration Management
10 43 (7.88%) Open Source
11 41 (7.51%) Software Engineering
12 37 (6.78%) Project Delivery
13 34 (6.23%) Stakeholder Management
14 32 (5.86%) SDLC
15 31 (5.68%) Cybersecurity
15 31 (5.68%) Data Modelling
15 31 (5.68%) Decision-Making
15 31 (5.68%) TDD
16 30 (5.49%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 30 (5.49%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 125 (22.89%) Python
2 82 (15.02%) Java
3 68 (12.45%) SQL
4 61 (11.17%) PowerShell
5 54 (9.89%) Bash Shell
6 51 (9.34%) JavaScript
7 31 (5.68%) Go
8 29 (5.31%) C#
9 22 (4.03%) Ruby
10 15 (2.75%) TypeScript
11 13 (2.38%) Groovy
12 10 (1.83%) Java 8
13 8 (1.47%) ES6
13 8 (1.47%) PHP
13 8 (1.47%) R
13 8 (1.47%) Scala
14 6 (1.10%) Perl
15 2 (0.37%) C
15 2 (0.37%) Kotlin
15 2 (0.37%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 74 (13.55%) Security Cleared
2 50 (9.16%) SC Cleared
3 22 (4.03%) Degree
4 17 (3.11%) CISSP
5 13 (2.38%) AWS Certification
6 10 (1.83%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (1.83%) CISM
7 7 (1.28%) CCNA
7 7 (1.28%) CCNP
8 5 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
8 5 (0.92%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.92%) GIAC
8 5 (0.92%) Microsoft Certification
8 5 (0.92%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 4 (0.73%) CRISC
9 4 (0.73%) ITIL Certification
9 4 (0.73%) RHCE
10 3 (0.55%) CCIE
10 3 (0.55%) OCP
10 3 (0.55%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (2.93%) QA
2 15 (2.75%) NIST
3 10 (1.83%) GDPR
4 9 (1.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (1.28%) PCI DSS
6 6 (1.10%) COBIT
6 6 (1.10%) Cyber Essentials
6 6 (1.10%) NCSC
7 4 (0.73%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 4 (0.73%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.37%) GRC
8 2 (0.37%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.37%) RMADS
8 2 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.18%) FISMA
9 1 (0.18%) GLBA
9 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.18%) PMO
9 1 (0.18%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.18%) SOC 2
System Software
1 103 (18.86%) Docker
2 65 (11.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (7.51%) Active Directory
4 28 (5.13%) Hyper-V
5 14 (2.56%) vSphere
6 12 (2.20%) XenApp
7 9 (1.65%) Microsoft App-V
8 7 (1.28%) VMware NSX
9 6 (1.10%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (0.73%) KVM
10 4 (0.73%) Xen
11 3 (0.55%) vCloud
11 3 (0.55%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.18%) GlusterFS
12 1 (0.18%) NFS
12 1 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.18%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 144 (26.37%) Terraform
2 133 (24.36%) Kubernetes
3 110 (20.15%) Ansible
4 47 (8.61%) Opscode Chef
5 34 (6.23%) Puppet
6 28 (5.13%) Grafana
7 21 (3.85%) Prometheus
8 18 (3.30%) Nagios
9 14 (2.56%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 10 (1.83%) Consul
10 10 (1.83%) Kibana
11 9 (1.65%) logstash
11 9 (1.65%) Tivoli
11 9 (1.65%) vRealize
12 8 (1.47%) Single Sign-On
13 6 (1.10%) Packer
13 6 (1.10%) SCCM
14 5 (0.92%) Microsoft Intune
15 4 (0.73%) Capistrano
15 4 (0.73%) Istio
Vendors
1 123 (22.53%) Microsoft
2 87 (15.93%) Google
2 87 (15.93%) VMware
3 39 (7.14%) Oracle
4 38 (6.96%) Red Hat
5 27 (4.95%) SAP
6 21 (3.85%) Cisco
7 18 (3.30%) Atlassian
8 17 (3.11%) Citrix
9 16 (2.93%) IBM
9 16 (2.93%) Salesforce.com
10 12 (2.20%) Splunk
11 10 (1.83%) HP
12 9 (1.65%) BMC
12 9 (1.65%) CA
13 8 (1.47%) Confluent
13 8 (1.47%) ServiceNow
14 7 (1.28%) Palo Alto
15 6 (1.10%) Databricks
16 4 (0.73%) New Relic