Period
to 25 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 223 254 270
Rank change year-on-year +31 +16 +98
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 1,018 316 821
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.20% 0.99% 0.97%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.03% 3.15% 3.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 700 215 479
10th Percentile £435 £413 £375
25th Percentile £513 £463 £468
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +7.27% - -
75th Percentile £689 £624 £638
90th Percentile £750 £723 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £535 £531 £538
% change year-on-year +0.75% -1.30% +7.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 1
10th Percentile £45.00 " "
25th Percentile £60.00 £36.75 £48.50
Median hourly rate £72.50 £37.50 £52.00
Median % change year-on-year +93.33% -27.88% -
75th Percentile £81.25 £38.25 £55.50
90th Percentile " " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £77.50 - -

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 25,271 10,029 24,267
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.79% 31.49% 28.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,774 6,842 15,984
10th Percentile £303 £263 £265
25th Percentile £413 £368 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.38% +1.05% -
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £725 £713 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £421 £425
% change year-on-year +7.02% -1.06% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 695 326 867
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.01 £11.78
25th Percentile £15.02 £16.00 £14.28
Median hourly rate £24.08 £26.11 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -7.77% +27.37% +2.50%
75th Percentile £49.38 £45.00 £46.00
90th Percentile £64.90 £58.13 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £23.00 £19.03
% change year-on-year -13.04% +20.86% +0.16%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Daily rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Public Cloud.

Hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 780 £592 +7.55% 370
London +1 455 £600 +9.09% 207
UK excluding London -21 317 £535 +0.75% 188
Work from Home -36 311 £586 +11.52% 85
North of England +3 108 £550 +4.76% 61
South East -92 60 £530 -3.64% 39
Yorkshire -2 52 £650 +18.18% 15
Scotland -33 49 £500 +18.34% 17
North West -20 48 £525 - 37
Midlands -62 38 £500 +17.10% 27
South West -31 33 £550 -0.90% 10
West Midlands -62 24 £425 -0.47% 18
East of England -43 17 £513 +5.13% 26
East Midlands -34 14 £625 +25.00% 9
North East +4 13 £575 -17.27% 9
Wales -22 13 £498 +4.74% 7
Northern Ireland - 1 £375 - 1

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 609 (59.82%) Azure
2 529 (51.96%) AWS
3 438 (43.03%) DevOps
4 392 (38.51%) Agile Software Development
5 294 (28.88%) GCP
6 278 (27.31%) Terraform
7 239 (23.48%) Finance
8 234 (22.99%) Kubernetes
9 217 (21.32%) PaaS
10 212 (20.83%) Social Skills
11 202 (19.84%) Jenkins
12 199 (19.55%) Linux
13 195 (19.16%) Python
13 195 (19.16%) Microservices
14 190 (18.66%) Ansible
15 181 (17.78%) Infrastructure as Code
16 180 (17.68%) Microsoft
17 176 (17.29%) Docker
17 176 (17.29%) IaaS
18 172 (16.90%) Java
19 168 (16.50%) Migration
20 154 (15.13%) Windows
21 152 (14.93%) Google
22 141 (13.85%) SQL
23 122 (11.98%) Public Sector
24 121 (11.89%) Security Cleared
25 111 (10.90%) Bash Shell
26 108 (10.61%) SaaS
27 103 (10.12%) Git (software)
28 102 (10.02%) Open Source

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (2.85%) SharePoint
2 25 (2.46%) Tomcat
3 22 (2.16%) Apache Spark
3 22 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
4 21 (2.06%) Confluence
5 16 (1.57%) Apache
6 13 (1.28%) OpenStack
7 12 (1.18%) IIS
8 9 (0.88%) MS Exchange
8 9 (0.88%) WebSphere
9 7 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 7 (0.69%) SharePoint 2010
9 7 (0.69%) SharePoint 2013
10 6 (0.59%) IBM Domino
10 6 (0.59%) NetWeaver
11 5 (0.49%) JBoss
11 5 (0.49%) nginx
12 3 (0.29%) CMS
12 3 (0.29%) SAS
13 2 (0.20%) WebLogic
Applications
1 12 (1.18%) MS Visio
2 10 (0.98%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (0.98%) Oracle ERP
2 6 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.29%) Cloudability
4 3 (0.29%) Magento
4 3 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.20%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.098%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.098%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.098%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.098%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.098%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 609 (59.82%) Azure
2 529 (51.96%) AWS
3 294 (28.88%) GCP
4 217 (21.32%) PaaS
5 176 (17.29%) IaaS
6 108 (10.61%) SaaS
7 93 (9.14%) GitHub
8 86 (8.45%) AWS CloudFormation
9 63 (6.19%) Serverless
10 56 (5.50%) OpenShift
11 46 (4.52%) Microsoft 365
12 27 (2.65%) Azure Active Directory
13 26 (2.55%) Cloud Computing
14 21 (2.06%) Amazon EKS
15 20 (1.96%) Amazon S3
15 20 (1.96%) Azure ExpressRoute
16 18 (1.77%) Azure Data Factory
17 17 (1.67%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 16 (1.57%) GitHub Actions
19 15 (1.47%) Azure App Service
Communications & Networking
1 90 (8.84%) Firewall
2 67 (6.58%) DNS
3 65 (6.39%) WAN
4 47 (4.62%) Network Security
5 36 (3.54%) VPN
6 32 (3.14%) Internet
7 31 (3.05%) DHCP
7 31 (3.05%) LAN
8 24 (2.36%) BGP
9 20 (1.96%) HTTP
9 20 (1.96%) TCP/IP
10 18 (1.77%) SD-WAN
10 18 (1.77%) Wireless
11 17 (1.67%) Software-Defined Networking
11 17 (1.67%) SSL
12 15 (1.47%) MPLS
13 14 (1.38%) OSPF
14 13 (1.28%) SAN
15 11 (1.08%) Ethernet
15 11 (1.08%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (5.89%) Big Data
2 56 (5.50%) SQL Server
3 48 (4.72%) MongoDB
4 33 (3.24%) PostgreSQL
5 30 (2.95%) NoSQL
6 27 (2.65%) Azure SQL Database
6 27 (2.65%) MySQL
7 25 (2.46%) Hadoop
7 25 (2.46%) Metadata
8 24 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
9 23 (2.26%) Relational Database
10 19 (1.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 16 (1.57%) Data Lake
12 14 (1.38%) Tableau
13 11 (1.08%) BigQuery
14 10 (0.98%) DB2
14 10 (0.98%) Oracle Database
15 8 (0.79%) Power BI
15 8 (0.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 7 (0.69%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 202 (19.84%) Jenkins
2 103 (10.12%) Git (software)
3 58 (5.70%) Maven
4 43 (4.22%) TeamCity
5 42 (4.13%) JIRA
6 39 (3.83%) Artifactory
7 34 (3.34%) Gradle
8 30 (2.95%) Postman
9 25 (2.46%) GitLab
10 24 (2.36%) Sonatype Nexus
11 20 (1.96%) Bitbucket
12 16 (1.57%) Cucumber
13 15 (1.47%) JUnit
13 15 (1.47%) SonarQube
14 14 (1.38%) CircleCI
15 11 (1.08%) SoapUI
16 8 (0.79%) Visual Studio
17 7 (0.69%) Selenium
18 6 (0.59%) Vagrant
19 4 (0.39%) Jasmine
General
1 239 (23.48%) Finance
2 212 (20.83%) Social Skills
3 122 (11.98%) Public Sector
4 80 (7.86%) Banking
5 55 (5.40%) Retail
6 36 (3.54%) Analytical Skills
7 30 (2.95%) Presentation Skills
8 27 (2.65%) Telecoms
9 25 (2.46%) Marketing
10 23 (2.26%) Manufacturing
11 21 (2.06%) Legal
12 19 (1.87%) Billing
12 19 (1.87%) Electronics
12 19 (1.87%) Investment Banking
13 13 (1.28%) Financial Institution
14 10 (0.98%) Automotive
15 9 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
15 9 (0.88%) Military
16 8 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
17 7 (0.69%) Police
Job Titles
1 387 (38.02%) Architect
2 122 (11.98%) Solutions Architect
3 114 (11.20%) DevOps Engineer
4 113 (11.10%) Cloud Architect
5 93 (9.14%) Technical Architect
6 85 (8.35%) Developer
7 84 (8.25%) Cloud Engineer
8 82 (8.06%) Azure Engineer
9 73 (7.17%) Azure Architect
10 54 (5.30%) Consultant
11 49 (4.81%) AWS Engineer
12 46 (4.52%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 44 (4.32%) Infrastructure Architect
14 42 (4.13%) AWS Architect
15 35 (3.44%) Azure DevOps
16 32 (3.14%) Data Architect
17 28 (2.75%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 27 (2.65%) AWS DevOps
19 25 (2.46%) Cloud Solutions Architect
19 25 (2.46%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (6.88%) Web Services
2 62 (6.09%) JSON
3 56 (5.50%) Kafka
4 47 (4.62%) REST
5 44 (4.32%) Node.js
6 41 (4.03%) Spring
7 37 (3.63%) RESTful
8 36 (3.54%) .NET
9 33 (3.24%) React
10 27 (2.65%) Spring Boot
11 24 (2.36%) YAML
12 23 (2.26%) OAuth
12 23 (2.26%) SOAP
13 21 (2.06%) CSS
13 21 (2.06%) HTML
14 18 (1.77%) AngularJS
14 18 (1.77%) SAML
15 16 (1.57%) OpenID
15 16 (1.57%) Swagger
15 16 (1.57%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 97 (9.53%) Data Centre
2 93 (9.14%) Cloud Native
3 57 (5.60%) Hybrid Cloud
4 51 (5.01%) Private Cloud
5 36 (3.54%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (2.46%) Clustering
7 24 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
8 21 (2.06%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 19 (1.87%) Data Protection Act
10 17 (1.67%) Legacy Applications
10 17 (1.67%) Mobile App
11 16 (1.57%) Virtual Team
12 14 (1.38%) PKI
13 13 (1.28%) CMDB
14 12 (1.18%) Management Information System
15 11 (1.08%) Hedge funds
15 11 (1.08%) NHS
16 10 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
16 10 (0.98%) User Experience
17 9 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 199 (19.55%) Linux
2 154 (15.13%) Windows
3 48 (4.72%) Unix
4 34 (3.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (2.55%) VMS
6 24 (2.36%) Windows Server
7 14 (1.38%) CoreOS
7 14 (1.38%) Windows 10
7 14 (1.38%) Windows Server 2016
8 13 (1.28%) Windows Server 2019
9 9 (0.88%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.79%) AIX
11 7 (0.69%) CentOS
12 5 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.29%) Android
14 2 (0.20%) Debian
15 1 (0.098%) Apple iOS
15 1 (0.098%) Mac OS X
15 1 (0.098%) SUSE
15 1 (0.098%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 438 (43.03%) DevOps
2 392 (38.51%) Agile Software Development
3 195 (19.16%) Microservices
4 181 (17.78%) Infrastructure as Code
5 168 (16.50%) Migration
6 102 (10.02%) Open Source
7 89 (8.74%) Analytics
7 89 (8.74%) Scrum
8 79 (7.76%) Cybersecurity
9 75 (7.37%) Problem-Solving
10 68 (6.68%) Configuration Management
11 67 (6.58%) Continuous Integration
12 66 (6.48%) ITIL
13 65 (6.39%) Stakeholder Management
14 62 (6.09%) SDLC
15 60 (5.89%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 58 (5.70%) Collaborative Working
16 58 (5.70%) Enterprise Architecture
17 57 (5.60%) Software Engineering
18 50 (4.91%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 195 (19.16%) Python
2 172 (16.90%) Java
3 141 (13.85%) SQL
4 111 (10.90%) Bash Shell
5 100 (9.82%) PowerShell
6 86 (8.45%) JavaScript
7 48 (4.72%) Go
8 41 (4.03%) Ruby
9 35 (3.44%) C#
10 30 (2.95%) Scala
11 23 (2.26%) C
11 23 (2.26%) Groovy
12 22 (2.16%) Java 8
13 19 (1.87%) TypeScript
14 15 (1.47%) PL/SQL
15 12 (1.18%) Perl
15 12 (1.18%) Shell Script
16 11 (1.08%) C++
17 9 (0.88%) Kotlin
17 9 (0.88%) R
Qualifications
1 121 (11.89%) Security Cleared
2 87 (8.55%) SC Cleared
3 52 (5.11%) Degree
4 40 (3.93%) Cisco Certification
5 27 (2.65%) CCNP
5 27 (2.65%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (2.26%) CISSP
7 21 (2.06%) DV Cleared
8 17 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (1.38%) AWS Certification
9 14 (1.38%) CCIE
10 10 (0.98%) CRISC
11 9 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.79%) CISA
13 7 (0.69%) CCNA
13 7 (0.69%) CEH
13 7 (0.69%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.49%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 5 (0.49%) ISTQB
15 4 (0.39%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.83%) QA
2 38 (3.73%) GDPR
3 24 (2.36%) PCI DSS
4 21 (2.06%) GRC
5 19 (1.87%) NIST
6 11 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.98%) Accessibility
7 10 (0.98%) SLA
8 9 (0.88%) Disclosure Scotland
9 8 (0.79%) WCAG
10 7 (0.69%) COBIT
11 4 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials
11 4 (0.39%) Data Quality
12 2 (0.20%) PMBOK
13 1 (0.098%) GxP
13 1 (0.098%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.098%) ISO 20022
13 1 (0.098%) ISO 9000
13 1 (0.098%) ISO 9001
13 1 (0.098%) TARGET2
System Software
1 176 (17.29%) Docker
2 75 (7.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 74 (7.27%) Active Directory
4 31 (3.05%) VMware NSX
5 27 (2.65%) vSphere
6 25 (2.46%) Virtual Machines
7 24 (2.36%) Hyper-V
8 21 (2.06%) NFS
9 9 (0.88%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.79%) Virtual Desktop
11 6 (0.59%) Microsoft App-V
12 5 (0.49%) KVM
13 4 (0.39%) RACF
13 4 (0.39%) VMFS
14 3 (0.29%) HDFS
14 3 (0.29%) Slurm Workload Manager
15 2 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 2 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
16 1 (0.098%) LXC
16 1 (0.098%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 278 (27.31%) Terraform
2 234 (22.99%) Kubernetes
3 190 (18.66%) Ansible
4 60 (5.89%) Opscode Chef
5 59 (5.80%) Puppet
6 57 (5.60%) Prometheus
7 43 (4.22%) Grafana
8 28 (2.75%) Packer
9 20 (1.96%) Nagios
10 17 (1.67%) vRealize
11 16 (1.57%) SCCM
12 15 (1.47%) FortiGate
13 14 (1.38%) Consul
13 14 (1.38%) Kibana
14 12 (1.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 12 (1.18%) Microsoft Intune
14 12 (1.18%) Single Sign-On
14 12 (1.18%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 11 (1.08%) Mesos
15 11 (1.08%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 180 (17.68%) Microsoft
2 152 (14.93%) Google
3 98 (9.63%) VMware
4 77 (7.56%) Oracle
5 64 (6.29%) Cisco
6 54 (5.30%) Red Hat
7 38 (3.73%) SAP
8 34 (3.34%) Palo Alto
9 33 (3.24%) IBM
10 28 (2.75%) Databricks
11 27 (2.65%) Citrix
12 25 (2.46%) Splunk
13 24 (2.36%) Fortinet
14 21 (2.06%) F5
15 20 (1.96%) CheckPoint
15 20 (1.96%) NetApp
16 18 (1.77%) ServiceNow
17 15 (1.47%) Qualys
18 10 (0.98%) Dynatrace
18 10 (0.98%) EMC