Period
to 18 July 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Public Cloud in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Public Cloud over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public Cloud
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 268 410 486
Rank change year-on-year +142 +76 +91
Contract jobs citing Public Cloud 894 594 391
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.97% 0.57% 0.41%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.99% 1.77% 1.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 565 419 247
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £391 £400 £413
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £496
% change year-on-year +5.00% +0.78% +7.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 3
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £65.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £65.00

Public Cloud is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 29,878 33,482 31,410
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.25% 32.35% 33.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,247 21,593 20,295
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £275 £270 £263
90th Percentile £668 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,057 1,075 1,072
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £21.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.75% +8.75% -4.76%
10th Percentile £11.34 £11.83 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.15 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.70 £21.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -10.96% +10.53% -5.00%

Public Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Public Cloud as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Public Cloud.

Contractor daily rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Public Cloud over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Public Cloud in the UK

Public Cloud
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Public Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +109 786 £550 - 242
UK excluding London +167 486 £525 +5.00% 164
London +74 393 £575 +4.55% 88
South East +119 164 £525 - 54
North of England +69 127 £500 - 45
North West +58 89 £465 -11.43% 33
Scotland +74 71 £525 +16.67% 4
Midlands +11 55 £513 +2.50% 28
West Midlands 0 38 £535 +7.00% 18
Yorkshire +15 29 £550 +15.79% 9
South West +4 27 £250 -48.72% 16
Wales +27 22 £500 +11.11% 4
East of England +18 19 £550 +7.32% 11
East Midlands +26 16 £494 -5.95% 10
North East +20 9 £463 -7.50% 3
Northern Ireland +9 2 £600 +11.63% 1
Channel Islands - 1 £500 - 1

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Public Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Public Cloud.

1 605 (67.67%) Amazon AWS
2 521 (58.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 367 (41.05%) DevOps
4 340 (38.03%) Agile Software Development
5 239 (26.73%) Linux
6 215 (24.05%) Python
7 206 (23.04%) Microsoft
8 190 (21.25%) Terraform
9 178 (19.91%) Migration
10 169 (18.90%) Google Cloud Platform
11 168 (18.79%) Ansible
12 167 (18.68%) Windows
13 155 (17.34%) PaaS
14 153 (17.11%) Jenkins
14 153 (17.11%) Java
15 144 (16.11%) Kubernetes
16 141 (15.77%) IaaS
17 136 (15.21%) Docker
18 133 (14.88%) Data Centre
18 133 (14.88%) Finance
19 132 (14.77%) PowerShell
20 122 (13.65%) Git (software)
21 120 (13.42%) Web Services
21 120 (13.42%) Active Directory
22 118 (13.20%) SQL
23 116 (12.98%) VMware
23 116 (12.98%) Google
24 114 (12.75%) Firewall
25 111 (12.42%) Microservices
26 108 (12.08%) Infrastructure as Code

Public Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (2.91%) Apache Spark
2 24 (2.68%) Apache
3 18 (2.01%) OpenStack
3 18 (2.01%) Skype for Business
4 15 (1.68%) Confluence
5 14 (1.57%) Tomcat
6 13 (1.45%) IIS
6 13 (1.45%) SharePoint
7 12 (1.34%) Cloud Foundry
7 12 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (0.78%) Anypoint
9 7 (0.78%) MS Exchange
9 7 (0.78%) WebLogic
10 5 (0.56%) nginx
11 3 (0.34%) Apache Qpid
11 3 (0.34%) DataSynapse
11 3 (0.34%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.22%) Jetty
12 2 (0.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 27 (3.02%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.67%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.45%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 3 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.22%) Actimize
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.22%) SAP CO
3 2 (0.22%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.11%) SAP FI
4 1 (0.11%) SAP FI/CO
4 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 605 (67.67%) Amazon AWS
2 521 (58.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 169 (18.90%) Google Cloud Platform
4 155 (17.34%) PaaS
5 141 (15.77%) IaaS
6 100 (11.19%) SaaS
7 69 (7.72%) Office 365
8 58 (6.49%) AWS CloudFormation
9 57 (6.38%) Azure Active Directory
10 50 (5.59%) GitHub
11 46 (5.15%) Serverless
12 43 (4.81%) OpenShift
13 29 (3.24%) Apigee
14 25 (2.80%) AWS Lambda
15 21 (2.35%) Amazon S3
15 21 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
16 20 (2.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 20 (2.24%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 19 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
18 13 (1.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 114 (12.75%) Firewall
2 74 (8.28%) DNS
3 56 (6.26%) WAN
4 45 (5.03%) SAN
5 42 (4.70%) DHCP
6 37 (4.14%) LAN
6 37 (4.14%) TCP/IP
7 34 (3.80%) VPN
8 33 (3.69%) Internet
9 30 (3.36%) Skype
10 19 (2.13%) Network Security
11 18 (2.01%) HTTP
12 14 (1.57%) MPLS
13 13 (1.45%) BGP
13 13 (1.45%) Software-Defined Networking
13 13 (1.45%) Unified Communications
13 13 (1.45%) Wireless
14 12 (1.34%) OSPF
15 11 (1.23%) NAS
16 10 (1.12%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (7.05%) SQL Server
2 55 (6.15%) Big Data
3 48 (5.37%) NoSQL
4 45 (5.03%) Relational Database
5 43 (4.81%) MySQL
6 30 (3.36%) RDBMS
7 25 (2.80%) Hadoop
8 22 (2.46%) Amazon RDS
9 19 (2.13%) Azure SQL Database
10 16 (1.79%) MariaDB
10 16 (1.79%) Oracle Database
11 13 (1.45%) MongoDB
12 12 (1.34%) PostgreSQL
13 10 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 10 (1.12%) BigQuery
13 10 (1.12%) Data Lake
14 8 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
14 8 (0.89%) Redis
15 7 (0.78%) Amazon Redshift
15 7 (0.78%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 153 (17.11%) Jenkins
2 122 (13.65%) Git (software)
3 31 (3.47%) Visual Studio Team System
4 26 (2.91%) JIRA
5 25 (2.80%) GitLab
6 18 (2.01%) TeamCity
7 17 (1.90%) Artifactory
7 17 (1.90%) Bitbucket
7 17 (1.90%) Maven
8 16 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
9 13 (1.45%) IntelliJ
9 13 (1.45%) Sonatype Nexus
10 11 (1.23%) Visual Studio
11 10 (1.12%) Gradle
12 9 (1.01%) CF BOSH
12 9 (1.01%) Travis CI
13 8 (0.89%) Selenium
13 8 (0.89%) SonarQube
14 6 (0.67%) GoCD
15 5 (0.56%) JMeter
General
1 133 (14.88%) Finance
2 60 (6.71%) Banking
3 48 (5.37%) Telecoms
4 21 (2.35%) Legal
5 20 (2.24%) Financial Institution
5 20 (2.24%) Marketing
6 13 (1.45%) Manufacturing
7 11 (1.23%) Billing
7 11 (1.23%) Electronics
7 11 (1.23%) Investment Banking
8 10 (1.12%) Retail
9 9 (1.01%) Retail Banking
10 6 (0.67%) Multimedia
11 5 (0.56%) Advertising
11 5 (0.56%) Back Office
12 3 (0.34%) Law
13 2 (0.22%) Automotive
13 2 (0.22%) French Language
13 2 (0.22%) Front Office
14 1 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 268 (29.98%) Architect
2 144 (16.11%) DevOps Engineer
3 138 (15.44%) Cloud Engineer
4 99 (11.07%) Cloud Architect
5 91 (10.18%) AWS Engineer
6 87 (9.73%) Developer
7 60 (6.71%) Azure Engineer
8 58 (6.49%) Solutions Architect
9 52 (5.82%) Security Architect
10 51 (5.70%) Consultant
11 46 (5.15%) AWS DevOps
12 41 (4.59%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 40 (4.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 38 (4.25%) Azure Architect
15 34 (3.80%) Infrastructure Architect
16 33 (3.69%) Java Developer
17 32 (3.58%) AWS Architect
18 31 (3.47%) Technical Architect
19 27 (3.02%) Project Manager
20 23 (2.57%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (13.42%) Web Services
2 53 (5.93%) RESTful
3 49 (5.48%) Node.js
4 37 (4.14%) REST
4 37 (4.14%) Spring
5 34 (3.80%) Kafka
6 30 (3.36%) .NET
7 28 (3.13%) SOAP
8 24 (2.68%) OAuth
8 24 (2.68%) Spring Boot
9 23 (2.57%) SAML
10 22 (2.46%) OpenID
11 20 (2.24%) Middleware
11 20 (2.24%) RabbitMQ
12 18 (2.01%) Swagger
13 17 (1.90%) HTML
14 16 (1.79%) React
15 15 (1.68%) AngularJS
16 13 (1.45%) CSS
16 13 (1.45%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 133 (14.88%) Data Centre
2 67 (7.49%) Hybrid Cloud
3 54 (6.04%) Private Cloud
4 50 (5.59%) Cloud Native
5 31 (3.47%) Analytical Skills
6 20 (2.24%) Clustering
6 20 (2.24%) Greenfield Project
6 20 (2.24%) Virtual Team
7 19 (2.13%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 18 (2.01%) User Experience
9 17 (1.90%) Management Information System
10 14 (1.57%) Replication
11 13 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
11 13 (1.45%) PKI
12 11 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
13 10 (1.12%) Enterprise Cloud
13 10 (1.12%) Linux Command Line
14 9 (1.01%) Data Protection Act
14 9 (1.01%) DataPower
15 6 (0.67%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 239 (26.73%) Linux
2 167 (18.68%) Windows
3 68 (7.61%) Windows Server
4 64 (7.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 35 (3.91%) CentOS
6 34 (3.80%) Unix
7 25 (2.80%) Ubuntu
8 18 (2.01%) Windows Server 2012
9 17 (1.90%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (1.34%) AIX
10 12 (1.34%) Windows 10
11 8 (0.89%) Solaris
12 7 (0.78%) Debian
13 5 (0.56%) Android
13 5 (0.56%) Apple iOS
13 5 (0.56%) VMS
13 5 (0.56%) Windows Server 2003
14 4 (0.45%) Kali Linux
14 4 (0.45%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.34%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 367 (41.05%) DevOps
2 340 (38.03%) Agile Software Development
3 178 (19.91%) Migration
4 111 (12.42%) Microservices
5 108 (12.08%) Infrastructure as Code
6 101 (11.30%) Continuous Integration
7 95 (10.63%) Configuration Management
8 74 (8.28%) TDD
9 73 (8.17%) Test Automation
10 69 (7.72%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 62 (6.94%) Continuous Delivery
11 62 (6.94%) ITIL
12 61 (6.82%) Disaster Recovery
13 59 (6.60%) Mentoring
14 57 (6.38%) Analytics
14 57 (6.38%) Software Engineering
15 53 (5.93%) Computer Science
15 53 (5.93%) Scrum
16 52 (5.82%) Open Source
17 50 (5.59%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 215 (24.05%) Python
2 153 (17.11%) Java
3 132 (14.77%) PowerShell
4 118 (13.20%) SQL
5 81 (9.06%) Bash Shell
6 66 (7.38%) JavaScript
7 34 (3.80%) Go
7 34 (3.80%) Shell Script
8 33 (3.69%) Ruby
9 26 (2.91%) Perl
10 23 (2.57%) Groovy
11 19 (2.13%) PHP
12 18 (2.01%) C#
12 18 (2.01%) C++
12 18 (2.01%) Scala
12 18 (2.01%) TypeScript
13 10 (1.12%) R
14 5 (0.56%) C
14 5 (0.56%) ES6
15 3 (0.34%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 96 (10.74%) Security Cleared
2 71 (7.94%) SC Cleared
3 64 (7.16%) Degree
4 34 (3.80%) Cisco Certification
5 28 (3.13%) CISSP
5 28 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
6 24 (2.68%) Microsoft Certification
7 21 (2.35%) MCSE
8 19 (2.13%) CCNA
9 17 (1.90%) CISM
10 15 (1.68%) CCIE
11 14 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
11 14 (1.57%) CCNP
12 12 (1.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 8 (0.89%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 8 (0.89%) BC Cleared
13 8 (0.89%) CCDA
13 8 (0.89%) CCDP
14 7 (0.78%) AWS Certification
14 7 (0.78%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (2.91%) QA
2 25 (2.80%) GDPR
3 22 (2.46%) NCSC
4 20 (2.24%) NIST
5 15 (1.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.89%) Cyber Essentials
7 7 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 6 (0.67%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 5 (0.56%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 5 (0.56%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.45%) ISO 22301
10 4 (0.45%) PMO
11 3 (0.34%) COBIT
11 3 (0.34%) ISAE 3402
11 3 (0.34%) ISO 31000
11 3 (0.34%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.22%) PSD2
12 2 (0.22%) SLA
13 1 (0.11%) GAMP
System Software
1 136 (15.21%) Docker
2 120 (13.42%) Active Directory
3 76 (8.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (6.60%) Hyper-V
5 20 (2.24%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (1.57%) XenApp
7 12 (1.34%) Microsoft App-V
7 12 (1.34%) vSphere
8 10 (1.12%) VMware ESXi
9 9 (1.01%) Virtual Desktop
10 8 (0.89%) VMware NSX
10 8 (0.89%) XenDesktop
11 7 (0.78%) Oracle RAC
12 6 (0.67%) Virtual Servers
13 3 (0.34%) ISA Server
13 3 (0.34%) KVM
13 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 3 (0.34%) Shibboleth
14 2 (0.22%) NFS
14 2 (0.22%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 190 (21.25%) Terraform
2 168 (18.79%) Ansible
3 144 (16.11%) Kubernetes
4 103 (11.52%) Opscode Chef
5 98 (10.96%) Puppet
6 37 (4.14%) SCCM
7 23 (2.57%) Salt
8 16 (1.79%) SCOM
9 14 (1.57%) Grafana
9 14 (1.57%) Prometheus
10 13 (1.45%) Nagios
11 12 (1.34%) Microsoft Intune
12 10 (1.12%) WSUS
13 7 (0.78%) Data Guard
13 7 (0.78%) Nessus
13 7 (0.78%) Packer
14 6 (0.67%) HAProxy
14 6 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
15 5 (0.56%) Istio
15 5 (0.56%) SCSM
Vendors
1 206 (23.04%) Microsoft
2 116 (12.98%) Google
2 116 (12.98%) VMware
3 63 (7.05%) Cisco
4 58 (6.49%) Oracle
5 53 (5.93%) Red Hat
6 34 (3.80%) Citrix
7 32 (3.58%) SAP
8 27 (3.02%) CheckPoint
9 22 (2.46%) Splunk
10 16 (1.79%) CA
10 16 (1.79%) IBM
10 16 (1.79%) NetApp
10 16 (1.79%) Qualys
11 15 (1.68%) Dell
11 15 (1.68%) MuleSoft
12 14 (1.57%) ServiceNow
13 13 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
14 12 (1.34%) Symantec
15 11 (1.23%) Palo Alto