Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 140 106 91
Rank change year-on-year -34 -15 -16
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 4,908 3,515 2,729
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.73% 3.29% 3.46%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.74% 8.08% 8.78%
Number of salaries quoted 2,243 2,392 2,286
10th Percentile £39,779 £35,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £82,400
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +13.40% +2.11% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 72,841 43,526 31,093
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.55% 40.72% 39.39%
Number of salaries quoted 30,351 29,906 25,862
10th Percentile £38,000 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £64,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.17% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -51 4,035 £60,000 +9.09% 335
London -34 2,326 £67,500 -4.88% 145
Work from Home -34 2,246 £59,526 +13.38% 154
UK excluding London -63 1,750 £55,000 +13.40% 204
South East -67 568 £58,454 +16.91% 49
North of England -80 319 £52,500 +8.25% 55
Midlands -18 301 £52,500 +16.67% 48
South West -56 228 £52,500 +5.00% 20
East of England -16 187 £50,000 -9.09% 15
West Midlands -39 182 £50,000 +20.48% 31
North West -44 153 £52,500 +5.00% 30
Yorkshire -81 143 £52,500 +12.30% 17
Scotland -46 112 £57,500 +27.78% 13
East Midlands -15 102 £55,000 +18.92% 17
Wales -27 47 £60,000 +35.49% 3
North East -15 23 £50,000 +10.27% 8

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,777 (56.58%) Agile
2 2,166 (44.13%) JavaScript
3 1,880 (38.30%) Java
4 1,484 (30.24%) REST
5 1,455 (29.65%) Git (software)
6 1,443 (29.40%) SQL
7 1,431 (29.16%) Software Engineering
8 1,370 (27.91%) HTML
9 1,355 (27.61%) AWS
10 1,310 (26.69%) CSS
11 1,276 (26.00%) RESTful
12 1,260 (25.67%) DevOps
13 1,221 (24.88%) Azure
14 1,203 (24.51%) C#
15 1,190 (24.25%) Social Skills
16 1,130 (23.02%) CI/CD
17 1,077 (21.94%) Scrum
18 1,072 (21.84%) React
19 1,069 (21.78%) Finance
20 1,068 (21.76%) .NET
21 959 (19.54%) Degree
22 950 (19.36%) Test Automation
23 949 (19.34%) TDD
24 944 (19.23%) Docker
25 935 (19.05%) Problem-Solving
26 924 (18.83%) Python
27 882 (17.97%) Jenkins
28 862 (17.56%) SQL Server
29 858 (17.48%) Node.js
30 851 (17.34%) Microservices

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (3.02%) Confluence
2 129 (2.63%) IIS
3 123 (2.51%) Apache Spark
4 81 (1.65%) CMS
5 74 (1.51%) Tomcat
6 72 (1.47%) Apache
7 49 (1.00%) SharePoint
8 48 (0.98%) Oracle Workflow
9 45 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
10 42 (0.86%) Jetty
11 41 (0.84%) nginx
12 37 (0.75%) Sitecore CMS
13 36 (0.73%) Apache Solr
14 23 (0.47%) Umbraco
15 22 (0.45%) WordPress
16 20 (0.41%) ColdFusion
17 18 (0.37%) WebSphere
18 17 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 16 (0.33%) IBM Domino
19 16 (0.33%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 39 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (0.65%) Sketch
3 23 (0.47%) InVision
4 22 (0.45%) OmniGraffle
5 16 (0.33%) Chatbot
6 15 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
7 12 (0.24%) Photoshop
8 11 (0.22%) InDesign
9 9 (0.18%) AutoCAD
10 8 (0.16%) MS Visio
11 7 (0.14%) FileZilla
11 7 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 6 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 6 (0.12%) SketchUp
12 6 (0.12%) Zeplin
13 5 (0.10%) Marvel
13 5 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
14 4 (0.081%) Acrobat
14 4 (0.081%) FrameMaker
14 4 (0.081%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 42 (0.86%) NetSuite
2 35 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
3 31 (0.63%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 24 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
5 21 (0.43%) Academy Housing
6 20 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
7 19 (0.39%) Magento
7 19 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
8 14 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
8 14 (0.29%) SAP ERP
9 12 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
9 12 (0.24%) SAP Retail
10 10 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 9 (0.18%) OpenText VIM for SAP
11 9 (0.18%) SAP BPC
11 9 (0.18%) SAP FI
12 8 (0.16%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
12 8 (0.16%) R3 Corda
12 8 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
13 6 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 1,355 (27.61%) AWS
2 1,221 (24.88%) Azure
3 507 (10.33%) GCP
4 385 (7.84%) SaaS
5 331 (6.74%) Serverless
6 304 (6.19%) GitHub
7 279 (5.68%) Azure DevOps
8 197 (4.01%) Amazon S3
9 188 (3.83%) AWS Lambda
10 166 (3.38%) AWS CloudFormation
11 134 (2.73%) OpenShift
12 123 (2.51%) Amazon ECS
13 122 (2.49%) PaaS
14 104 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
15 102 (2.08%) Power Platform
16 101 (2.06%) Google Play
17 99 (2.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 93 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
19 89 (1.81%) Amazon Kinesis
20 82 (1.67%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 333 (6.78%) HTTP
2 127 (2.59%) Internet
3 83 (1.69%) TCP/IP
4 76 (1.55%) Kerberos
5 71 (1.45%) VoIP
6 59 (1.20%) SSL
7 56 (1.14%) DNS
8 47 (0.96%) VPN
9 43 (0.88%) Firewall
10 37 (0.75%) WAN
11 35 (0.71%) SSH
12 31 (0.63%) HTTPS
13 27 (0.55%) LAN
14 26 (0.53%) NFC
14 26 (0.53%) WebEx
15 24 (0.49%) Broadband
16 17 (0.35%) FTP
17 16 (0.33%) Network Security
18 13 (0.26%) DHCP
18 13 (0.26%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 862 (17.56%) SQL Server
2 645 (13.14%) Relational Database
3 621 (12.65%) NoSQL
4 482 (9.82%) MySQL
5 454 (9.25%) PostgreSQL
6 339 (6.91%) MongoDB
7 287 (5.85%) Elasticsearch
8 263 (5.36%) Big Data
9 223 (4.54%) DynamoDB
10 182 (3.71%) Redis
11 165 (3.36%) Hadoop
12 109 (2.22%) RDBMS
13 108 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
14 100 (2.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 80 (1.63%) Amazon Athena
16 72 (1.47%) Data Lake
17 71 (1.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 68 (1.39%) Power BI
19 60 (1.22%) Oracle Database
20 56 (1.14%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 1,455 (29.65%) Git (software)
2 882 (17.97%) Jenkins
3 421 (8.58%) JIRA
4 383 (7.80%) JUnit
5 343 (6.99%) Selenium
6 288 (5.87%) Maven
7 222 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
8 210 (4.28%) Cucumber
9 192 (3.91%) Mocha
10 191 (3.89%) Mockito
11 188 (3.83%) Bitbucket
12 176 (3.59%) GitLab
13 150 (3.06%) Subversion
14 145 (2.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 138 (2.81%) Visual Studio
16 129 (2.63%) JMeter
17 128 (2.61%) TeamCity
18 110 (2.24%) WebDriver
19 108 (2.20%) Postman
20 107 (2.18%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,190 (24.25%) Social Skills
2 1,069 (21.78%) Finance
3 470 (9.58%) Banking
4 421 (8.58%) Retail
5 410 (8.35%) Analytical Skills
6 256 (5.22%) Public Sector
7 218 (4.44%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 158 (3.22%) Marketing
9 156 (3.18%) Games
10 145 (2.95%) Advertising
11 141 (2.87%) Legal
12 95 (1.94%) Publishing
13 84 (1.71%) Manufacturing
14 83 (1.69%) Law
15 74 (1.51%) Local Government
16 71 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
17 70 (1.43%) Telecoms
18 61 (1.24%) Presentation Skills
19 59 (1.20%) Organisational Skills
20 43 (0.88%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,547 (51.89%) Developer
2 730 (14.87%) Software Engineer
3 594 (12.10%) Senior Developer
4 415 (8.46%) Java Developer
5 399 (8.13%) .NET Developer
6 327 (6.66%) Full Stack Developer
7 315 (6.42%) Software Developer
8 238 (4.85%) Senior Software Engineer
9 227 (4.63%) Architect
10 225 (4.58%) C# Developer
11 195 (3.97%) Backend Developer
12 164 (3.34%) Analyst
12 164 (3.34%) Java Engineer
13 150 (3.06%) DevOps Engineer
14 149 (3.04%) C# .NET Developer
15 148 (3.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 148 (3.02%) Lead Developer
16 145 (2.95%) Senior Java Developer
17 144 (2.93%) Consultant
18 108 (2.20%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,484 (30.24%) REST
2 1,370 (27.91%) HTML
3 1,310 (26.69%) CSS
4 1,276 (26.00%) RESTful
5 1,072 (21.84%) React
6 1,068 (21.76%) .NET
7 858 (17.48%) Node.js
8 834 (16.99%) AngularJS
9 737 (15.02%) Spring
10 713 (14.53%) JSON
11 712 (14.51%) XML
12 693 (14.12%) SOAP
13 508 (10.35%) HTML5
14 479 (9.76%) .NET Framework
15 463 (9.43%) jQuery
16 457 (9.31%) Spring Boot
17 399 (8.13%) ASP.NET
18 364 (7.42%) ASP.NET Web API
19 360 (7.33%) .NET Core
20 335 (6.83%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 551 (11.23%) User Experience
2 438 (8.92%) Mobile App
3 241 (4.91%) Self-Motivation
4 228 (4.65%) Greenfield Project
5 198 (4.03%) Enterprise Software
6 183 (3.73%) Data Structures
7 162 (3.30%) Algorithms
8 157 (3.20%) Virtual Team
9 139 (2.83%) Cloud Native
10 114 (2.32%) Social Media
10 114 (2.32%) Social Network
11 112 (2.28%) Hackathon
12 99 (2.02%) FMCG
13 90 (1.83%) Legacy Systems
14 80 (1.63%) Blog
15 79 (1.61%) Management Information System
16 72 (1.47%) Video\Live Streaming
17 70 (1.43%) Client/Server
18 64 (1.30%) Digital Media
19 60 (1.22%) Blockchain
Operating Systems
1 750 (15.28%) Linux
2 484 (9.86%) Windows
3 356 (7.25%) Android
4 260 (5.30%) Unix
5 224 (4.56%) Apple iOS
6 94 (1.92%) Windows Server
7 77 (1.57%) Mesosphere
8 47 (0.96%) Mac OS
9 25 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
10 23 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
11 20 (0.41%) Ubuntu
12 19 (0.39%) Windows 10
13 16 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
14 13 (0.26%) AIX
15 12 (0.24%) Debian
15 12 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 12 (0.24%) Windows 7
15 12 (0.24%) Windows 8
16 11 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
17 8 (0.16%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,777 (56.58%) Agile
2 1,431 (29.16%) Software Engineering
3 1,260 (25.67%) DevOps
4 1,130 (23.02%) CI/CD
5 1,077 (21.94%) Scrum
6 950 (19.36%) Test Automation
7 949 (19.34%) TDD
8 935 (19.05%) Problem-Solving
9 851 (17.34%) Microservices
10 836 (17.03%) OO
11 821 (16.73%) Unit Testing
12 785 (15.99%) Continuous Integration
13 783 (15.95%) Full Stack Development
14 720 (14.67%) Mentoring
15 675 (13.75%) Computer Science
16 674 (13.73%) MVC
17 554 (11.29%) SDLC
18 491 (10.00%) OOP
19 490 (9.98%) BDD
20 449 (9.15%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,166 (44.13%) JavaScript
2 1,880 (38.30%) Java
3 1,443 (29.40%) SQL
4 1,203 (24.51%) C#
5 924 (18.83%) Python
6 691 (14.08%) TypeScript
7 330 (6.72%) PHP
8 325 (6.62%) T-SQL
9 308 (6.28%) Go
10 274 (5.58%) Kotlin
11 218 (4.44%) PowerShell
12 205 (4.18%) Bash
13 193 (3.93%) C++
14 140 (2.85%) Ruby
15 131 (2.67%) Groovy
16 124 (2.53%) Perl
17 119 (2.42%) Scala
18 113 (2.30%) ES6
19 88 (1.79%) C
20 77 (1.57%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 959 (19.54%) Degree
2 404 (8.23%) Computer Science Degree
3 209 (4.26%) Master's Degree
4 123 (2.51%) Security Cleared
5 110 (2.24%) SC Cleared
6 100 (2.04%) Microsoft Certification
7 41 (0.84%) PMI Certification
8 27 (0.55%) AWS Certification
9 26 (0.53%) PhD
10 23 (0.47%) ISTQB
11 22 (0.45%) Postgraduate
12 21 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
13 18 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 17 (0.35%) DBS Check
15 15 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
16 14 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
17 13 (0.26%) CISSP
18 12 (0.24%) CREST Certified
18 12 (0.24%) HND
18 12 (0.24%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 499 (10.17%) QA
2 102 (2.08%) Accessibility
3 63 (1.28%) Data Quality
4 56 (1.14%) SLA
5 35 (0.71%) HL7
6 32 (0.65%) GRC
7 21 (0.43%) GDPR
8 19 (0.39%) Def Stans
8 19 (0.39%) MISRA
9 14 (0.29%) NIST
10 13 (0.26%) PCI DSS
11 12 (0.24%) WCAG
12 10 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 7 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
13 7 (0.14%) NIST 800
14 4 (0.081%) Cyber Essentials
14 4 (0.081%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 4 (0.081%) Disclosure Scotland
14 4 (0.081%) ISO 9001
14 4 (0.081%) NCSC
System Software
1 944 (19.23%) Docker
2 76 (1.55%) Active Directory
3 53 (1.08%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 32 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (0.61%) Virtual Servers
6 23 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
7 13 (0.26%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
9 6 (0.12%) Firmware
10 5 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.081%) Apache Flume
11 4 (0.081%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.061%) Postfix
13 2 (0.041%) vCloud
13 2 (0.041%) VMware Workstation
13 2 (0.041%) vSphere
14 1 (0.020%) DFS Replication
14 1 (0.020%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 747 (15.22%) Kubernetes
2 510 (10.39%) Terraform
3 372 (7.58%) Ansible
4 152 (3.10%) Opscode Chef
5 126 (2.57%) Prometheus
6 114 (2.32%) Puppet
7 94 (1.92%) Kibana
8 81 (1.65%) logstash
9 78 (1.59%) Consul
10 76 (1.55%) Automic
11 35 (0.71%) Grafana
12 31 (0.63%) Argo
12 31 (0.63%) Istio
13 28 (0.57%) HP Quality Center
14 25 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
15 24 (0.49%) Packer
16 20 (0.41%) Kubeflow
17 19 (0.39%) SCCM
18 18 (0.37%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 18 (0.37%) SCOM
Vendors
1 638 (13.00%) Microsoft
2 447 (9.11%) Google
3 298 (6.07%) Oracle
4 127 (2.59%) Splunk
5 113 (2.30%) SAP
6 105 (2.14%) Facebook
7 101 (2.06%) Salesforce.com
8 94 (1.92%) Apple
9 83 (1.69%) ServiceNow
10 75 (1.53%) Atlassian
11 72 (1.47%) VMware
12 64 (1.30%) IBM
13 59 (1.20%) Northgate
14 58 (1.18%) NEC
15 55 (1.12%) Hitachi
16 52 (1.06%) Snapchat
16 52 (1.06%) Xamarin
17 48 (0.98%) Databricks
18 42 (0.86%) Dell
19 37 (0.75%) Sitecore