Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 111 102 82
Rank change year-on-year -9 -20 -15
Permanent jobs citing Web Services 4,028 2,034 4,597
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.13% 3.21% 3.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.11% 7.55% 9.52%
Number of salaries quoted 2,496 1,573 3,623
10th Percentile £35,806 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £44,421 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +20.00% -4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 49,655 26,955 48,300
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.53% 42.48% 38.28%
Number of salaries quoted 30,591 23,144 39,977
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,500 £50,000 £45,500
% change year-on-year +9.00% +9.89% +1.11%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Salary trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -4 3,475 £60,000 - 481
UK excluding London -4 1,851 £50,000 - 310
London -12 1,695 £72,500 +3.57% 199
Work from Home -2 1,064 £60,000 - 117
South East -2 573 £56,500 +13.00% 66
North of England -16 427 £50,000 - 86
Midlands -16 288 £47,500 -5.00% 52
South West +1 237 £50,000 - 41
North West -27 199 £55,000 +7.84% 53
Yorkshire +12 197 £45,000 +12.50% 26
West Midlands -1 195 £40,000 -5.88% 31
East of England -36 156 £55,000 - 30
Scotland -33 90 £52,500 +16.67% 21
Wales +22 86 £53,525 +30.55% 13
East Midlands -60 69 £55,000 +10.00% 19
North East -16 31 £50,000 +18.34% 7
Northern Ireland -42 7 £45,000 +12.50% 1

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,156 (53.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,831 (45.46%) JavaScript
3 1,342 (33.32%) Java
4 1,249 (31.01%) SQL
5 1,134 (28.15%) C#
6 1,121 (27.83%) .NET
7 1,109 (27.53%) HTML
8 1,090 (27.06%) Azure
9 1,087 (26.99%) REST
10 1,081 (26.84%) CSS
11 1,053 (26.14%) Social Skills
12 1,024 (25.42%) Software Engineering
13 1,023 (25.40%) Git (software)
14 982 (24.38%) RESTful
15 957 (23.76%) DevOps
16 910 (22.59%) SQL Server
17 841 (20.88%) TDD
18 836 (20.75%) AWS
19 833 (20.68%) Degree
20 803 (19.94%) React
21 764 (18.97%) XML
22 745 (18.50%) Problem-Solving
23 744 (18.47%) AngularJS
24 728 (18.07%) SOAP
25 724 (17.97%) Finance
26 710 (17.63%) Docker
27 707 (17.55%) Scrum
28 690 (17.13%) Full Stack Development
29 689 (17.11%) CI/CD
30 684 (16.98%) MVC

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 178 (4.42%) Elasticsearch
2 165 (4.10%) CMS
3 154 (3.82%) Confluence
4 94 (2.33%) SharePoint
4 94 (2.33%) Tomcat
5 88 (2.18%) IIS
6 68 (1.69%) Mule
7 54 (1.34%) Apache Spark
8 47 (1.17%) Apache
9 43 (1.07%) Anypoint
9 43 (1.07%) EPiServer
9 43 (1.07%) Mule ESB
10 35 (0.87%) WordPress
11 24 (0.60%) JBoss
11 24 (0.60%) Jetty
11 24 (0.60%) OpenEdge
12 23 (0.57%) Jupyter
13 21 (0.52%) Drupal
14 20 (0.50%) nginx
14 20 (0.50%) WebLogic
Applications
1 57 (1.42%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.37%) Sketch
4 14 (0.35%) InVision
5 13 (0.32%) MS Visio
6 12 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 11 (0.27%) OmniGraffle
8 9 (0.22%) Simulink
9 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 6 (0.15%) Photoshop
9 6 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
10 5 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.099%) Adobe XD
12 2 (0.050%) FileZilla
13 1 (0.025%) MadCap Flare
13 1 (0.025%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 90 (2.23%) NetSuite
2 83 (2.06%) Dynamics CRM
3 54 (1.34%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 28 (0.70%) Payment Gateway
5 23 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
5 23 (0.57%) SAP Business One
6 18 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
7 16 (0.40%) Magento
8 14 (0.35%) Shopify
9 10 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
9 10 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 8 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
11 5 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
11 5 (0.12%) Elite 3E
12 4 (0.099%) Oracle EBS
12 4 (0.099%) SAP CRM
13 3 (0.074%) Infor M3
13 3 (0.074%) Oracle Applications
13 3 (0.074%) SAP ERP
13 3 (0.074%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,090 (27.06%) Azure
2 836 (20.75%) AWS
3 347 (8.61%) GitHub
4 297 (7.37%) SaaS
5 195 (4.84%) Serverless
6 185 (4.59%) GCP
7 170 (4.22%) OpenShift
8 129 (3.20%) AWS Lambda
9 118 (2.93%) Power Platform
10 84 (2.09%) PaaS
11 83 (2.06%) AWS CloudFormation
12 81 (2.01%) Amazon EC2
13 76 (1.89%) npm
14 66 (1.64%) Amazon S3
14 66 (1.64%) Microsoft 365
15 60 (1.49%) Azure Service Bus
16 55 (1.37%) Google Play
17 54 (1.34%) Linode
18 51 (1.27%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
19 50 (1.24%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 198 (4.92%) HTTP
2 118 (2.93%) Kerberos
3 90 (2.23%) Internet
4 51 (1.27%) Firewall
5 44 (1.09%) Broadband
6 43 (1.07%) SSL
7 32 (0.79%) VoIP
7 32 (0.79%) VPN
8 30 (0.74%) Skype
8 30 (0.74%) TCP/IP
9 29 (0.72%) DNS
10 28 (0.70%) NFC
11 21 (0.52%) FTP
12 20 (0.50%) MQTT
12 20 (0.50%) WAN
13 19 (0.47%) SAN
14 14 (0.35%) LAN
15 13 (0.32%) PPP
16 12 (0.30%) 5G
16 12 (0.30%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 910 (22.59%) SQL Server
2 493 (12.24%) Relational Database
3 416 (10.33%) MySQL
4 400 (9.93%) NoSQL
5 308 (7.65%) MongoDB
6 213 (5.29%) PostgreSQL
7 128 (3.18%) Big Data
8 123 (3.05%) Azure SQL Database
9 106 (2.63%) Power BI
9 106 (2.63%) Redis
10 104 (2.58%) RDBMS
11 92 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 89 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 81 (2.01%) Apache Cassandra
14 67 (1.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 65 (1.61%) Hadoop
16 64 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
17 58 (1.44%) Amazon RDS
17 58 (1.44%) MariaDB
18 57 (1.42%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,023 (25.40%) Git (software)
2 672 (16.68%) Jenkins
3 384 (9.53%) JIRA
4 264 (6.55%) Maven
5 203 (5.04%) Selenium
6 162 (4.02%) Subversion
7 160 (3.97%) JUnit
8 152 (3.77%) Team Foundation Server
9 129 (3.20%) Visual Studio
10 121 (3.00%) Cucumber
11 99 (2.46%) GitLab
12 96 (2.38%) Mockito
13 93 (2.31%) JMeter
14 89 (2.21%) TeamCity
15 88 (2.18%) Postman
16 82 (2.04%) Bitbucket
17 77 (1.91%) Eclipse
18 76 (1.89%) Octopus Deploy
19 69 (1.71%) Mocha
20 67 (1.66%) webpack
General
1 1,053 (26.14%) Social Skills
2 724 (17.97%) Finance
3 300 (7.45%) Analytical Skills
4 226 (5.61%) Retail
5 221 (5.49%) Banking
6 172 (4.27%) Marketing
7 143 (3.55%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 106 (2.63%) Law
9 103 (2.56%) Public Sector
10 91 (2.26%) Advertising
11 81 (2.01%) Telecoms
12 78 (1.94%) Games
13 77 (1.91%) Presentation Skills
14 57 (1.42%) Investment Banking
15 55 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
16 47 (1.17%) Manufacturing
17 37 (0.92%) Automotive
18 36 (0.89%) Financial Institution
19 35 (0.87%) Back Office
19 35 (0.87%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,248 (55.81%) Developer
2 513 (12.74%) Software Engineer
3 447 (11.10%) Senior Developer
4 403 (10.00%) .NET Developer
5 378 (9.38%) Java Developer
6 342 (8.49%) Software Developer
7 296 (7.35%) Full Stack Developer
8 266 (6.60%) Architect
9 238 (5.91%) Senior Software Engineer
10 198 (4.92%) C# Developer
11 182 (4.52%) Lead Developer
12 146 (3.62%) Consultant
13 137 (3.40%) PHP Developer
14 128 (3.18%) Analyst
15 120 (2.98%) C# .NET Developer
16 117 (2.90%) Backend Developer
17 112 (2.78%) Java Engineer
18 108 (2.68%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 100 (2.48%) Solutions Architect
20 98 (2.43%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,121 (27.83%) .NET
2 1,109 (27.53%) HTML
3 1,087 (26.99%) REST
4 1,081 (26.84%) CSS
5 982 (24.38%) RESTful
6 803 (19.94%) React
7 764 (18.97%) XML
8 744 (18.47%) AngularJS
9 728 (18.07%) SOAP
10 627 (15.57%) JSON
11 549 (13.63%) Spring
12 547 (13.58%) jQuery
13 503 (12.49%) Node.js
14 472 (11.72%) ASP.NET
15 422 (10.48%) .NET Framework
16 393 (9.76%) Spring Boot
17 367 (9.11%) HTML5
18 325 (8.07%) ASP.NET Web API
19 305 (7.57%) .NET Core
20 271 (6.73%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 307 (7.62%) User Experience
2 252 (6.26%) Enterprise Software
3 236 (5.86%) Algorithms
4 229 (5.69%) Self-Motivation
5 219 (5.44%) Mobile App
6 158 (3.92%) Greenfield Project
7 138 (3.43%) Data Structures
8 121 (3.00%) Cloud Native
9 88 (2.18%) Blog
10 74 (1.84%) Client/Server
11 57 (1.42%) Social Media
12 50 (1.24%) Virtual Team
13 49 (1.22%) FMCG
14 48 (1.19%) Life Science
14 48 (1.19%) Management Information System
15 41 (1.02%) Clustering
15 41 (1.02%) Legacy Systems
16 34 (0.84%) e-Health
17 33 (0.82%) Legacy Code
18 31 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 398 (9.88%) Linux
2 338 (8.39%) Windows
3 201 (4.99%) Android
4 160 (3.97%) Apple iOS
5 146 (3.62%) Unix
6 88 (2.18%) Windows Server
7 22 (0.55%) Mac OS
7 22 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
8 20 (0.50%) Windows Server 2012
9 17 (0.42%) Ubuntu
10 16 (0.40%) Mesosphere
11 15 (0.37%) Windows 10
12 14 (0.35%) Debian
13 10 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
14 8 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
15 7 (0.17%) VMS
16 6 (0.15%) CentOS
16 6 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 2 (0.050%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 2 (0.050%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,156 (53.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,024 (25.42%) Software Engineering
3 957 (23.76%) DevOps
4 841 (20.88%) TDD
5 745 (18.50%) Problem-Solving
6 707 (17.55%) Scrum
7 690 (17.13%) Full Stack Development
8 689 (17.11%) CI/CD
9 684 (16.98%) MVC
10 640 (15.89%) Microservices
11 633 (15.71%) Test Automation
12 610 (15.14%) OO
13 548 (13.60%) Computer Science
14 514 (12.76%) Continuous Integration
15 474 (11.77%) Unit Testing
16 454 (11.27%) Mentoring
17 427 (10.60%) SDLC
18 370 (9.19%) OOP
19 363 (9.01%) Continuous Improvement
20 356 (8.84%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,831 (45.46%) JavaScript
2 1,342 (33.32%) Java
3 1,249 (31.01%) SQL
4 1,134 (28.15%) C#
5 500 (12.41%) Python
6 449 (11.15%) TypeScript
7 424 (10.53%) PHP
8 325 (8.07%) T-SQL
9 287 (7.13%) Java 8
10 124 (3.08%) PowerShell
11 120 (2.98%) Kotlin
12 108 (2.68%) C++
13 102 (2.53%) Go
14 98 (2.43%) VB.NET
15 97 (2.41%) Bash
16 93 (2.31%) Apex Code
17 64 (1.59%) Groovy
18 59 (1.46%) PL/SQL
19 58 (1.44%) Java 11
20 56 (1.39%) ES6
Qualifications
1 833 (20.68%) Degree
2 337 (8.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 111 (2.76%) Security Cleared
4 89 (2.21%) SC Cleared
5 60 (1.49%) Master's Degree
6 53 (1.32%) Numerate Degree
7 39 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
8 21 (0.52%) ISTQB
9 19 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
10 15 (0.37%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 15 (0.37%) PMI Certification
11 13 (0.32%) ISEB
12 11 (0.27%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.27%) DBS Check
13 10 (0.25%) HND
14 9 (0.22%) IIBA
15 8 (0.20%) CISSP
16 7 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 7 (0.17%) SAFe Agilist
17 6 (0.15%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 394 (9.78%) QA
2 71 (1.76%) SLA
3 55 (1.37%) Accessibility
4 43 (1.07%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.30%) GDPR
7 10 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.22%) GRC
9 8 (0.20%) Def Stans
9 8 (0.20%) MISRA
10 7 (0.17%) HL7
11 4 (0.099%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.074%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 2 (0.050%) DICOM
13 2 (0.050%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.025%) COBIT
14 1 (0.025%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.025%) IEC 62304
14 1 (0.025%) ISO 9001
14 1 (0.025%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 710 (17.63%) Docker
2 95 (2.36%) Active Directory
3 37 (0.92%) VMware ESXi
4 32 (0.79%) VMware Infrastructure
5 29 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 20 (0.50%) Hyper-V
7 18 (0.45%) Postfix
8 12 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
9 11 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
10 5 (0.12%) vSphere
11 3 (0.074%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.074%) HDFS
11 3 (0.074%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.050%) GridGain
12 2 (0.050%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.050%) NDS
12 2 (0.050%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.050%) Xen
13 1 (0.025%) LXC
13 1 (0.025%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 566 (14.05%) Kubernetes
2 280 (6.95%) Ansible
3 167 (4.15%) Terraform
4 66 (1.64%) Opscode Chef
5 40 (0.99%) Puppet
5 40 (0.99%) Single Sign-On
6 39 (0.97%) Kibana
7 37 (0.92%) Prometheus
8 32 (0.79%) Grafana
9 30 (0.74%) Microsoft Clustering
10 29 (0.72%) Istio
11 27 (0.67%) logstash
12 23 (0.57%) HP ALM
13 20 (0.50%) SCCM
14 17 (0.42%) Amdocs OSS
14 17 (0.42%) Apache Brooklyn
15 16 (0.40%) SCOM
15 16 (0.40%) SCVMM
16 14 (0.35%) Automic
16 14 (0.35%) Consul
Vendors
1 599 (14.87%) Microsoft
2 270 (6.70%) Oracle
3 250 (6.21%) Google
4 167 (4.15%) SAP
5 159 (3.95%) Salesforce.com
6 104 (2.58%) ServiceNow
7 86 (2.14%) Xamarin
8 85 (2.11%) MuleSoft
9 73 (1.81%) VMware
10 70 (1.74%) Apple
11 55 (1.37%) Dell
11 55 (1.37%) HP
12 51 (1.27%) Atlassian
13 50 (1.24%) Splunk
14 43 (1.07%) Cognizant
15 37 (0.92%) Sage
16 34 (0.84%) IBM
17 32 (0.79%) Adobe
17 32 (0.79%) BMC
18 30 (0.74%) Facebook