The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for T-SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited T-SQL over the 3 months to 23 May 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Transact-SQL
UK
3 months to
23 May 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 76 78 69
Rank change year-on-year +2 -9  
Permanent jobs citing T-SQL 3053 3424 4386
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.58% 3.48% 4.05%
As % of the Programming Languages category 6.38% 6.64% 7.89%
Number of salaries quoted 2700 3036 3825
Median salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.88%  
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £31,500 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £67,500 £62,500 £60,000
UK excluding London median salary £40,525 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.31% -  

T-SQL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Programming Language Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 47871 51556 55557
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 56.20% 52.34% 51.35%
Number of salaries quoted 40527 44598 47285
Median salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.55%  
90% offered a salary of more than £31,000 £30,000 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £75,000 £68,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.40% +3.75%  

T-SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing T-SQL as a proportion of all permanent or contract IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for T-SQL in the UK

T-SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing T-SQL.

Salary trend for T-SQL in the UK

T-SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing T-SQL over the 3 months to 23 May 2017.

Salary histogram for T-SQL in the UK

T-SQL
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing T-SQL within the UK over the 3 months to 23 May 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 2915 £45,000 - 443
London +7 1205 £57,500 +9.52% 140
South East +29 474 £42,500 -4.49% 68
City of London +32 313 £59,500 +13.33% 40
North West -15 302 £37,500 -3.84% 58
Yorkshire -1 251 £42,500 +6.25% 50
West Midlands +12 211 £41,500 +9.21% 34
West Yorkshire +10 194 £42,500 +6.25% 36
East of England -19 176 £45,000 - 38
South West -8 169 £39,500 +5.33% 32
Manchester -37 152 £38,500 -3.75% 29
Leeds +4 128 £42,500 +6.25% 23
East Midlands -2 116 £40,000 -5.88% 17
Hampshire +11 101 £40,000 - 18
Surrey +29 87 £53,000 +16.48% 14
Birmingham +42 78 £44,500 -1.11% 13
Berkshire +23 76 £48,500 +14.11% 9
Scotland +22 74 £40,000 -11.11% 9
Cheshire -14 70 £37,500 - 15
Hertfordshire +7 62 £45,000 - 14
Kent +49 54 £35,000 -3.44% 7
Bradford +29 54 £45,000 +9.09% 10
Bristol -28 52 £42,500 +6.25% 11
Nottinghamshire -14 49 £37,500 -6.25% 7
Lancashire +16 48 £35,000 - 8
Nottingham -6 44 £37,500 -14.77% 6
Buckinghamshire -4 43 £41,500 -2.35% 5
Essex +13 41 £55,000 -4.34% 6
Oxfordshire +5 38 £35,000 -22.22% 4
East Sussex -17 36 £50,000 +13.63% 7

For the 6 months to 23 May 2017, IT jobs citing T-SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for T-SQL.

1 5776 (95.16%) SQL
2 4623 (76.16%) SQL Server
3 2959 (48.75%) C#
4 2957 (48.71%) .NET
5 2551 (42.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 2438 (40.16%) Microsoft
7 2356 (38.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 1978 (32.59%) Agile Software Development
9 1940 (31.96%) Business Intelligence
10 1785 (29.41%) ASP.NET
11 1753 (28.88%) JavaScript
12 1656 (27.28%) MVC
13 1571 (25.88%) HTML
14 1564 (25.77%) Finance
15 1463 (24.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 1412 (23.26%) Data Warehouse
17 1372 (22.60%) CSS
18 1157 (19.06%) ETL
19 968 (15.95%) ASP.NET MVC
20 958 (15.78%) jQuery
21 899 (14.81%) SQL Server 2008
22 882 (14.53%) WCF
23 839 (13.82%) .NET Framework
24 821 (13.53%) Windows
25 786 (12.95%) XML
26 781 (12.87%) SQL Server 2012
27 775 (12.77%) Web Services
28 705 (11.61%) Degree
29 686 (11.30%) Scrum
30 669 (11.02%) Microsoft Azure

T-SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 319 (5.26%) IIS
2 254 (4.18%) SharePoint
3 125 (2.06%) CMS
4 97 (1.60%) BizTalk Server
5 85 (1.40%) Confluence
6 58 (0.96%) SAS
7 54 (0.89%) Tomcat
8 51 (0.84%) JBoss
9 42 (0.69%) Umbraco
10 37 (0.61%) Apache Spark
10 37 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 35 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
12 32 (0.53%) SharePoint 2013
13 31 (0.51%) Apache
14 30 (0.49%) GlassFish
15 24 (0.40%) NServiceBus
16 21 (0.35%) WebSphere
17 19 (0.31%) Apache Pig
18 16 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 16 (0.26%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 450 (7.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 121 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 24 (0.40%) MS Visio
5 14 (0.23%) FileZilla
5 14 (0.23%) Photoshop
5 14 (0.23%) SPSS
6 9 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
7 6 (0.099%) InfoPath
8 5 (0.082%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.066%) Weka
10 3 (0.049%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.016%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 120 (1.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 58 (0.96%) Dynamics AX
3 39 (0.64%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 34 (0.56%) Markit EDM
5 27 (0.44%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 24 (0.40%) Dynamics NAV
7 16 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
7 16 (0.26%) thinkFolio
8 13 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 9 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
9 9 (0.15%) Dynamics GP
10 8 (0.13%) SAP CO
10 8 (0.13%) SAP FI
10 8 (0.13%) SAP FI/CO
10 8 (0.13%) SAP FSCM
10 8 (0.13%) SAP MM
10 8 (0.13%) SAP PS
10 8 (0.13%) SAP SD
11 6 (0.099%) Cognos Planning
12 4 (0.066%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 669 (11.02%) Microsoft Azure
2 187 (3.08%) Amazon AWS
3 131 (2.16%) SaaS
4 38 (0.63%) Office 365
5 26 (0.43%) Cloud Computing
6 22 (0.36%) Google Play
7 21 (0.35%) Google Cloud Platform
8 20 (0.33%) PaaS
9 18 (0.30%) IaaS
10 16 (0.26%) Adobe Analytics
10 16 (0.26%) GitHub
10 16 (0.26%) OpenShift
11 15 (0.25%) Boomi
12 12 (0.20%) Google Analytics
12 12 (0.20%) iPaaS
13 9 (0.15%) Azure Machine Learning
14 8 (0.13%) Dynamics 365
15 7 (0.12%) BrowserStack
16 6 (0.099%) Data Lake Analytics
16 6 (0.099%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 98 (1.61%) Internet
2 65 (1.07%) Intranet
3 41 (0.68%) FTP
4 36 (0.59%) Firewall
5 29 (0.48%) SAN
6 25 (0.41%) DNS
7 20 (0.33%) Network Security
8 18 (0.30%) HTTP
8 18 (0.30%) SMTP
9 17 (0.28%) Kerberos
10 14 (0.23%) TCP/IP
11 13 (0.21%) WAN
12 11 (0.18%) SSL
13 10 (0.16%) Broadband
14 9 (0.15%) DHCP
15 7 (0.12%) ATM
15 7 (0.12%) Extranet
15 7 (0.12%) LAN
15 7 (0.12%) MVNO
16 6 (0.099%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4623 (76.16%) SQL Server
2 2551 (42.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2356 (38.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 1463 (24.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
5 1412 (23.26%) Data Warehouse
6 899 (14.81%) SQL Server 2008
7 781 (12.87%) SQL Server 2012
8 583 (9.60%) SQL Server 2014
9 558 (9.19%) Power BI
10 506 (8.34%) Relational Database
11 370 (6.10%) SQL Server 2016
12 281 (4.63%) Microsoft Analysis Services
13 268 (4.42%) Big Data
14 266 (4.38%) SQL Server 2005
15 257 (4.23%) MySQL
16 244 (4.02%) QlikView
17 241 (3.97%) OLAP
18 207 (3.41%) NoSQL
19 186 (3.06%) RDBMS
20 157 (2.59%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 654 (10.77%) Visual Studio
2 545 (8.98%) Team Foundation Server
3 280 (4.61%) Subversion
4 268 (4.42%) NUnit
5 257 (4.23%) Git (software)
6 181 (2.98%) JIRA
7 157 (2.59%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 145 (2.39%) TeamCity
9 100 (1.65%) MSTest
10 98 (1.61%) Rhino Mocks
11 78 (1.29%) Selenium
12 74 (1.22%) Jenkins
13 67 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
14 44 (0.72%) Ant
15 41 (0.68%) Bitbucket
15 41 (0.68%) SpecFlow
16 36 (0.59%) Maven
17 35 (0.58%) SoapUI
18 33 (0.54%) MSBuild
19 32 (0.53%) NuGet
General
1 1564 (25.77%) Finance
2 342 (5.63%) Banking
3 281 (4.63%) Retail
4 233 (3.84%) Legal
5 223 (3.67%) Marketing
6 180 (2.97%) Advertising
7 102 (1.68%) Manufacturing
8 87 (1.43%) Investment Banking
9 80 (1.32%) Front Office
10 79 (1.30%) Back Office
11 77 (1.27%) Law
12 76 (1.25%) Telecoms
13 64 (1.05%) Financial Institution
14 59 (0.97%) Games
15 48 (0.79%) Electronics
16 31 (0.51%) Publishing
17 30 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
18 28 (0.46%) Automotive
19 25 (0.41%) Billing
20 22 (0.36%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 3960 (65.24%) Developer
2 1419 (23.38%) SQL Developer
3 1378 (22.70%) .NET Developer
4 1191 (19.62%) C# Developer
5 824 (13.57%) C# .NET Developer
6 696 (11.47%) Analyst
7 683 (11.25%) Business Intelligence Developer
8 670 (11.04%) DBA
9 648 (10.68%) Senior Developer
10 599 (9.87%) SQL DBA
11 488 (8.04%) SQL Server Developer
12 458 (7.55%) ASP.NET Developer
13 408 (6.72%) SSIS Developer
14 384 (6.33%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 373 (6.14%) Software Developer
16 371 (6.11%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
17 359 (5.91%) T-SQL Developer
18 348 (5.73%) SQL BI Developer
19 295 (4.86%) SQL Server DBA
20 287 (4.73%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2957 (48.71%) .NET
2 1785 (29.41%) ASP.NET
3 1571 (25.88%) HTML
4 1372 (22.60%) CSS
5 968 (15.95%) ASP.NET MVC
6 958 (15.78%) jQuery
7 882 (14.53%) WCF
8 839 (13.82%) .NET Framework
9 786 (12.95%) XML
10 775 (12.77%) Web Services
11 577 (9.51%) AngularJS
12 530 (8.73%) ASP.NET Web API
13 525 (8.65%) HTML5
14 519 (8.55%) WPF
15 493 (8.12%) Entity Framework
16 412 (6.79%) Ajax
17 378 (6.23%) LINQ
18 356 (5.86%) SOAP
19 336 (5.54%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 309 (5.09%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 562 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
2 282 (4.65%) Computer Science
3 278 (4.58%) Greenfield Project
4 248 (4.09%) Replication
5 237 (3.90%) Clustering
6 167 (2.75%) Management Information System
7 145 (2.39%) Mobile App
8 131 (2.16%) User Experience
9 96 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
10 87 (1.43%) iPad
11 86 (1.42%) Fintech
12 66 (1.09%) N-Tier
13 62 (1.02%) Client/Server
14 52 (0.86%) Equities
15 51 (0.84%) NHS
16 46 (0.76%) Data Structures
17 41 (0.68%) Hedge funds
18 32 (0.53%) Algorithms
19 27 (0.44%) iPhone
20 26 (0.43%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 821 (13.53%) Windows
2 231 (3.81%) Windows Server
3 195 (3.21%) Linux
4 102 (1.68%) Windows Server 2012
5 95 (1.57%) Windows Server 2008
6 63 (1.04%) Unix
7 49 (0.81%) Android
8 21 (0.35%) AIX
9 18 (0.30%) Apple iOS
10 15 (0.25%) Windows Server 2003
11 12 (0.20%) CentOS
11 12 (0.20%) Windows 7
12 10 (0.16%) Windows 10
13 7 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
13 7 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 7 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
14 6 (0.099%) Windows Phone
15 5 (0.082%) Windows 8
16 4 (0.066%) MVS
17 2 (0.033%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1978 (32.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1940 (31.96%) Business Intelligence
3 1656 (27.28%) MVC
4 1157 (19.06%) ETL
5 686 (11.30%) Scrum
6 650 (10.71%) TDD
7 619 (10.20%) Performance Tuning
8 542 (8.93%) OO
9 486 (8.01%) Continuous Integration
10 484 (7.97%) SDLC
11 481 (7.92%) Web Development
12 413 (6.80%) Software Engineering
13 388 (6.39%) Data Modelling
14 365 (6.01%) Unit Testing
15 341 (5.62%) Analytics
16 301 (4.96%) Mentoring
17 283 (4.66%) Test Automation
18 261 (4.30%) Kimball Methodology
19 252 (4.15%) CRM
20 251 (4.14%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 5776 (95.16%) SQL
2 2959 (48.75%) C#
3 1753 (28.88%) JavaScript
4 418 (6.89%) Java
5 389 (6.41%) VB.NET
6 309 (5.09%) PowerShell
7 302 (4.98%) PL/SQL
8 180 (2.97%) VB
9 171 (2.82%) VBA
10 165 (2.72%) C++
11 148 (2.44%) Python
12 112 (1.85%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 93 (1.53%) TypeScript
14 82 (1.35%) PHP
15 79 (1.30%) R
16 62 (1.02%) C
17 58 (0.96%) XPath
18 54 (0.89%) VB6
19 44 (0.72%) VBScript
20 36 (0.59%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 705 (11.61%) Degree
2 202 (3.33%) Microsoft Certification
3 39 (0.64%) Security Cleared
4 34 (0.56%) ISEB
4 34 (0.56%) MCSA
5 32 (0.53%) MCSE
6 29 (0.48%) ISTQB
7 24 (0.40%) SC Cleared
8 20 (0.33%) HND
9 15 (0.25%) MCP
10 14 (0.23%) PMI Certification
11 11 (0.18%) MCITP
11 11 (0.18%) MCTS
12 10 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
12 10 (0.16%) PMP
13 6 (0.099%) HNC
14 5 (0.082%) MCPD
15 4 (0.066%) MCDBA
15 4 (0.066%) MCSD
16 3 (0.049%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 227 (3.74%) QA
2 189 (3.11%) Data Quality
3 69 (1.14%) SLA
4 28 (0.46%) PCI DSS
5 15 (0.25%) ISO 9001
6 12 (0.20%) ISO 14001
7 9 (0.15%) SEPA
8 7 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.099%) ISO 8583
10 5 (0.082%) PMO
11 4 (0.066%) SNOMED CT
11 4 (0.066%) Solvency II
12 3 (0.049%) GDPR
12 3 (0.049%) IFRS
12 3 (0.049%) IFRS 9
12 3 (0.049%) MiFID
13 2 (0.033%) HL7
14 1 (0.016%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 133 (2.19%) Active Directory
2 26 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (0.35%) Docker
4 16 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.13%) HDFS
6 7 (0.12%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (0.066%) NFS
8 3 (0.049%) Cronacle
8 3 (0.049%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.049%) vSphere
9 2 (0.033%) Firmware
9 2 (0.033%) ISA Server
9 2 (0.033%) Terminal Services
9 2 (0.033%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.033%) VMware Workstation
10 1 (0.016%) iptables
10 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.016%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 56 (0.92%) Opsview
2 44 (0.72%) Failover Clustering
3 30 (0.49%) Nagios
4 27 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
5 23 (0.38%) Puppet
5 23 (0.38%) SCOM
6 22 (0.36%) Control-M
7 16 (0.26%) Ansible
8 14 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 13 (0.21%) SCCM
10 10 (0.16%) Microsoft Clustering
11 8 (0.13%) SQL Sentry
12 7 (0.12%) Oracle RMAN
13 6 (0.099%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
13 6 (0.099%) SCOrch
14 5 (0.082%) Oozie
14 5 (0.082%) Perfmon
15 4 (0.066%) HP Fortify
15 4 (0.066%) NetBackup
15 4 (0.066%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2438 (40.16%) Microsoft
2 495 (8.15%) Oracle
3 373 (6.14%) Tableau
4 160 (2.64%) SAP
5 99 (1.63%) Sybase
6 96 (1.58%) Cognos
7 74 (1.22%) Google
8 63 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
9 62 (1.02%) Xamarin
10 52 (0.86%) IBM
10 52 (0.86%) VMware
11 51 (0.84%) Splunk
12 44 (0.72%) Alteryx
13 41 (0.68%) Facebook
13 41 (0.68%) Sitecore
14 38 (0.63%) Teradata
15 37 (0.61%) Informatica
16 33 (0.54%) Bloomberg
17 32 (0.53%) Talend
17 32 (0.53%) Telerik
Leeds, West Yorkshire
4it Recruitment Ltd
Salary: Up to £45,000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
CPS Group UK
Salary: £36000 per annum
Posted: 3 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £38000 - £45000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Venturi
Salary: £50000 - £55000.00 per annum + company benefits
Posted: 2 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Salary: Unspecified Pension, Life Assurance
Posted: 2 hours ago
Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: up to 50k + excellent benefits
Posted: 1 hour ago
Lincolnshire
Rullion
Salary: £30000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 2 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Redrock Consulting Ltd
Salary: £20000 - £40000 per annum + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Lorien Resourcing
Salary: £40000 - £48000 per annum
Posted: 2 hours ago
Gloucester, Gloucestershire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 30,000 - 45,000
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Greywood Associates Limited
Salary: £32000 - £40000 per annum + bens
Posted: 23 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Salary: £25000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
NHS England
Salary: From £47,092 to £58,217 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Stonehouse, Gloucestershire
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 30,000 - 45,000 + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Solutions Recruitment
Salary: From £22,000 to £22,000 per annum
Posted: 20 hours ago
York, North Yorkshire
Mortimer Spinks
Salary: £45000 - £55000 per annum + Bonus and benefits!
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
Computer Recruiter Ltd
Salary: To £35K
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Adria Solutions Ltd
Salary: £45000 - £55000 per annum + Flexitime
Posted: 21 hours ago
Dunstable, Bedfordshire
Exposed Solutions
Salary: £40000 - £60000 per annum
Posted: 23 hours ago
City, London
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 45,000 - 55,000
Posted: 20 hours ago
Bradford, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Salary: £40000 - £50000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Xist4 IT Recruitment
Salary: Competitive
Posted: 19 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Stratospherec
Salary: From £40,000 to £60,000 per annum plus excellent company benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Warrington, Cheshire
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £30000 - £50000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Adria Solutions Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 18 hours ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
CPS Group UK
Salary: £35000 - £42000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Bradford, West Yorkshire
4it Recruitment Ltd
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum plus excellent additional benefits
Posted: 19 hours ago
Blackpool, Lancashire
Dawson & Walsh
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Bonus + Pension + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Liverpool, Merseyside
Applause IT Innovation
Salary: £40000 - £50000 per annum + + Great Benefits
Posted: 20 hours ago