Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 77 83 74
Rank change year-on-year +6 -9 -10
Permanent jobs citing OO 4,899 2,400 4,809
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.83% 3.79% 3.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.07% 4.07% 4.13%
Number of salaries quoted 2,417 1,971 3,863
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,100
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,375 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,106 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +9.70% +5.56% -

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,414 58,914 116,525
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.03% 93.10% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 78,049 48,002 93,468
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £89,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +6.52% +2.22%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO.

Salary trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +3 4,140 £60,000 +9.09% 677
UK excluding London +7 2,563 £52,106 +9.70% 459
London -16 1,783 £75,000 +3.45% 278
Work from Home -18 984 £50,000 -9.09% 185
North of England +3 764 £52,500 +10.53% 107
South East +21 738 £55,000 +10.00% 94
North West -6 346 £55,000 +15.79% 60
Midlands +20 339 £52,500 +16.67% 63
Yorkshire +1 319 £50,000 - 37
South West +14 279 £47,500 +11.11% 68
Scotland -29 201 £45,000 - 45
West Midlands +12 193 £50,000 +11.11% 31
East Midlands +9 146 £55,000 +22.22% 31
East of England -40 138 £55,000 +4.76% 62
North East +20 99 £55,000 +22.22% 10
Wales +8 77 £41,250 +37.50% 14
Northern Ireland -2 51 £40,000 - 6

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 2,366 (48.30%) Agile Software Development
2 2,294 (46.83%) Java
3 2,290 (46.74%) JavaScript
4 2,150 (43.89%) OOP
5 1,851 (37.78%) C#
6 1,717 (35.05%) Software Engineering
7 1,710 (34.91%) Python
8 1,573 (32.11%) HTML
9 1,495 (30.52%) CSS
10 1,206 (24.62%) SQL
11 1,186 (24.21%) Social Skills
12 1,137 (23.21%) AWS
13 1,108 (22.62%) Git (software)
14 1,087 (22.19%) TDD
15 1,046 (21.35%) React
16 989 (20.19%) .NET
16 989 (20.19%) Microsoft
17 988 (20.17%) Azure
18 975 (19.90%) DevOps
19 939 (19.17%) Data Structures
20 937 (19.13%) Degree
21 928 (18.94%) HTML5
22 904 (18.45%) Full Stack Development
23 843 (17.21%) CI/CD
24 826 (16.86%) Computer Science
25 819 (16.72%) Finance
26 812 (16.57%) Microservices
27 781 (15.94%) PHP
28 779 (15.90%) Docker
29 778 (15.88%) OOD

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (3.90%) Apache Spark
2 166 (3.39%) Elasticsearch
3 149 (3.04%) Confluence
4 138 (2.82%) Apache
5 88 (1.80%) WordPress
6 83 (1.69%) CMS
7 63 (1.29%) Tomcat
8 56 (1.14%) Apache Airflow
9 42 (0.86%) JBoss
10 37 (0.76%) GemFire
11 36 (0.73%) WebLogic
12 32 (0.65%) nginx
13 27 (0.55%) IIS
14 25 (0.51%) Drupal
15 19 (0.39%) SharePoint
16 17 (0.35%) Luigi
16 17 (0.35%) Mule
17 16 (0.33%) Apache Solr
17 16 (0.33%) Ethereum
18 13 (0.27%) Umbraco
Applications
1 43 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (0.43%) Sketch
3 9 (0.18%) Simulink
4 8 (0.16%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 6 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.10%) Zeplin
7 3 (0.061%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.020%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.020%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 61 (1.25%) SAP Business ByDesign
2 58 (1.18%) NetSuite
3 35 (0.71%) Magento
4 16 (0.33%) Shopify
5 14 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
7 9 (0.18%) WebTrends
8 5 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
8 5 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.082%) Dynamics CRM
9 4 (0.082%) Dynamics NAV
10 3 (0.061%) Loan IQ
11 2 (0.041%) SAP IBP
11 2 (0.041%) Tesseract
11 2 (0.041%) Workday HCM
12 1 (0.020%) SAP Retail
12 1 (0.020%) Summit
12 1 (0.020%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,137 (23.21%) AWS
2 988 (20.17%) Azure
3 398 (8.12%) GCP
4 397 (8.10%) GitHub
5 355 (7.25%) Serverless
6 259 (5.29%) SaaS
7 152 (3.10%) AWS Lambda
8 138 (2.82%) Amazon S3
9 128 (2.61%) npm
10 107 (2.18%) Amazon Kinesis
11 101 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
12 98 (2.00%) AWS CloudFormation
13 74 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
14 72 (1.47%) Azure Functions
15 63 (1.29%) PaaS
16 59 (1.20%) Power Platform
17 54 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
17 54 (1.10%) Linode
18 45 (0.92%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 42 (0.86%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 111 (2.27%) HTTP
2 89 (1.82%) Broadband
3 83 (1.69%) Internet
4 56 (1.14%) TCP/IP
5 33 (0.67%) DNS
6 19 (0.39%) PPP
7 18 (0.37%) Firewall
8 17 (0.35%) 5G
8 17 (0.35%) SSH
9 13 (0.27%) MQTT
10 10 (0.20%) FTP
10 10 (0.20%) SMTP
11 9 (0.18%) SSL
12 7 (0.14%) DHCP
12 7 (0.14%) NFC
12 7 (0.14%) WebEx
13 6 (0.12%) Ethernet
14 5 (0.10%) SMS
14 5 (0.10%) Wi-Fi
15 4 (0.082%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 628 (12.82%) MySQL
2 619 (12.64%) SQL Server
3 543 (11.08%) Relational Database
4 526 (10.74%) NoSQL
5 328 (6.70%) PostgreSQL
6 246 (5.02%) Redis
7 213 (4.35%) Big Data
7 213 (4.35%) MongoDB
8 89 (1.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 89 (1.82%) RDBMS
9 88 (1.80%) Data Warehouse
10 75 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
11 67 (1.37%) Hadoop
12 65 (1.33%) MariaDB
13 61 (1.25%) Blockchain
14 60 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
15 58 (1.18%) Data Lake
16 56 (1.14%) Metadata
17 48 (0.98%) Amazon Redshift
17 48 (0.98%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,108 (22.62%) Git (software)
2 564 (11.51%) Jenkins
3 350 (7.14%) JIRA
4 167 (3.41%) JUnit
5 160 (3.27%) Subversion
6 152 (3.10%) Cucumber
7 151 (3.08%) Maven
8 145 (2.96%) PHPUnit
8 145 (2.96%) Selenium
9 143 (2.92%) GitLab
10 132 (2.69%) Visual Studio
11 119 (2.43%) TeamCity
12 112 (2.29%) webpack
13 110 (2.25%) Gradle
14 107 (2.18%) Bitbucket
14 107 (2.18%) Mercurial
15 103 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
16 99 (2.02%) Octopus Deploy
17 82 (1.67%) Cypress.io
18 81 (1.65%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,186 (24.21%) Social Skills
2 819 (16.72%) Finance
3 348 (7.10%) Analytical Skills
4 238 (4.86%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 219 (4.47%) Retail
6 213 (4.35%) Games
7 186 (3.80%) Marketing
8 184 (3.76%) Banking
9 123 (2.51%) Advertising
10 121 (2.47%) Public Sector
11 106 (2.16%) Law
12 65 (1.33%) Manufacturing
13 58 (1.18%) Telecoms
14 53 (1.08%) Legal
15 49 (1.00%) Presentation Skills
16 48 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
17 43 (0.88%) Front Office
18 41 (0.84%) Electronics
19 31 (0.63%) Automotive
20 30 (0.61%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,769 (56.52%) Developer
2 1,087 (22.19%) Software Engineer
3 931 (19.00%) Software Developer
4 541 (11.04%) Trainee
4 541 (11.04%) Trainee Developer
4 541 (11.04%) Trainee Software Developer
5 463 (9.45%) Senior Developer
6 438 (8.94%) Senior Software Engineer
7 355 (7.25%) PHP Developer
8 346 (7.06%) Java Developer
9 316 (6.45%) .NET Developer
10 259 (5.29%) C# Developer
11 256 (5.23%) Full Stack Developer
12 217 (4.43%) Java Engineer
13 187 (3.82%) Java Software Engineer
14 141 (2.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 135 (2.76%) Architect
16 130 (2.65%) C# .NET Developer
17 112 (2.29%) Data Engineer
18 104 (2.12%) Salesforce Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,573 (32.11%) HTML
2 1,495 (30.52%) CSS
3 1,046 (21.35%) React
4 989 (20.19%) .NET
5 928 (18.94%) HTML5
6 742 (15.15%) CSS3
7 635 (12.96%) REST
8 603 (12.31%) Web Services
9 580 (11.84%) RESTful
10 552 (11.27%) Java SE
11 551 (11.25%) AngularJS
12 535 (10.92%) Node.js
13 495 (10.10%) Spring
14 387 (7.90%) jQuery
15 361 (7.37%) .NET Framework
16 360 (7.35%) Kafka
17 311 (6.35%) Laravel
18 310 (6.33%) ASP.NET
19 301 (6.14%) .NET Core
19 301 (6.14%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 939 (19.17%) Data Structures
2 497 (10.14%) Algorithms
3 438 (8.94%) User Experience
4 289 (5.90%) Self-Motivation
5 242 (4.94%) Mobile App
6 227 (4.63%) Greenfield Project
7 164 (3.35%) Enterprise Software
8 142 (2.90%) Cloud Native
9 133 (2.71%) Legacy Code
10 72 (1.47%) Renewable Energy
11 64 (1.31%) Public Cloud
12 61 (1.25%) Virtual Team
13 56 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
13 56 (1.14%) Social Media
14 51 (1.04%) Management Information System
15 49 (1.00%) Embedded Systems
16 45 (0.92%) STB
17 41 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 41 (0.84%) iPad
18 33 (0.67%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 659 (13.45%) Linux
2 274 (5.59%) Windows
3 247 (5.04%) Apple iOS
4 235 (4.80%) Android
5 149 (3.04%) Unix
6 49 (1.00%) Ubuntu
7 42 (0.86%) CentOS
8 28 (0.57%) Mac OS
9 23 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
10 22 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 20 (0.41%) Windows Server
12 15 (0.31%) Debian
12 15 (0.31%) Mesosphere
13 11 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
14 7 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
14 7 (0.14%) Windows 10
14 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.082%) VMS
16 1 (0.020%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.020%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,366 (48.30%) Agile Software Development
2 2,150 (43.89%) OOP
3 1,717 (35.05%) Software Engineering
4 1,087 (22.19%) TDD
5 975 (19.90%) DevOps
6 904 (18.45%) Full Stack Development
7 843 (17.21%) CI/CD
8 826 (16.86%) Computer Science
9 812 (16.57%) Microservices
10 778 (15.88%) OOD
11 767 (15.66%) Test Automation
12 733 (14.96%) Functional Programming
13 729 (14.88%) Problem-Solving
14 682 (13.92%) Scrum
15 679 (13.86%) Continuous Integration
16 630 (12.86%) Mentoring
17 629 (12.84%) MVC
18 580 (11.84%) Unit Testing
19 498 (10.17%) SDLC
20 456 (9.31%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 2,294 (46.83%) Java
2 2,290 (46.74%) JavaScript
3 1,851 (37.78%) C#
4 1,710 (34.91%) Python
5 1,206 (24.62%) SQL
6 781 (15.94%) PHP
7 741 (15.13%) C++
8 708 (14.45%) Java 8
9 438 (8.94%) TypeScript
10 283 (5.78%) C
11 261 (5.33%) Go
12 249 (5.08%) Scala
13 207 (4.23%) Kotlin
14 190 (3.88%) Ruby
15 156 (3.18%) T-SQL
16 142 (2.90%) Apple Swift
17 140 (2.86%) PHP 7
18 120 (2.45%) Objective-C
19 94 (1.92%) Bash
19 94 (1.92%) Perl
Qualifications
1 937 (19.13%) Degree
2 582 (11.88%) Oracle Certification
3 581 (11.86%) OCP
4 542 (11.06%) OCA
5 541 (11.04%) CIW
6 329 (6.72%) Computer Science Degree
7 198 (4.04%) Security Cleared
8 177 (3.61%) SC Cleared
9 73 (1.49%) PhD
10 66 (1.35%) Master's Degree
11 55 (1.12%) HND
12 25 (0.51%) DV Cleared
13 19 (0.39%) ISEB
13 19 (0.39%) PMI Certification
14 18 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
15 14 (0.29%) DBS Check
15 14 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
16 13 (0.27%) AWS Certification
17 11 (0.22%) IIBA
18 9 (0.18%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 383 (7.82%) QA
2 70 (1.43%) Accessibility
3 29 (0.59%) Data Quality
4 15 (0.31%) ISO 9001
5 12 (0.24%) IEC 62304
5 12 (0.24%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.22%) ISO 13485
7 10 (0.20%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 10 (0.20%) GDPR
7 10 (0.20%) GxP
8 7 (0.14%) Def Stans
8 7 (0.14%) MISRA
9 4 (0.082%) WCAG
10 3 (0.061%) IEC 61131
10 3 (0.061%) SLA
11 2 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 14443
12 1 (0.020%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.020%) MiFID
System Software
1 779 (15.90%) Docker
2 46 (0.94%) HDFS
3 34 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.39%) Firmware
5 16 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 14 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.27%) Active Directory
8 6 (0.12%) Terminal Services
9 4 (0.082%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.082%) Varnish
9 4 (0.082%) vCloud
10 2 (0.041%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.020%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.020%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 591 (12.06%) Kubernetes
2 285 (5.82%) Terraform
3 123 (2.51%) Ansible
4 73 (1.49%) Puppet
5 31 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (0.55%) Prometheus
7 22 (0.45%) Kibana
8 15 (0.31%) Automic
9 13 (0.27%) Grafana
9 13 (0.27%) Rancher
9 13 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
10 12 (0.24%) Consul
10 12 (0.24%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 9 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
12 8 (0.16%) Kustomize
13 7 (0.14%) logstash
13 7 (0.14%) Oozie
14 6 (0.12%) HP Fortify
15 5 (0.10%) Kubeflow
16 4 (0.082%) Nagios
Vendors
1 989 (20.19%) Microsoft
2 755 (15.41%) Oracle
3 247 (5.04%) Google
4 176 (3.59%) Salesforce.com
5 125 (2.55%) SAP
6 58 (1.18%) Apple
7 57 (1.16%) Zend
8 50 (1.02%) WooCommerce
9 49 (1.00%) Red Hat
10 41 (0.84%) Spotify
11 40 (0.82%) LexisNexis
11 40 (0.82%) VMware
12 39 (0.80%) Okta
13 35 (0.71%) IBM
14 33 (0.67%) Databricks
15 31 (0.63%) Xamarin
16 27 (0.55%) Conga
16 27 (0.55%) DocuSign
17 24 (0.49%) Atlassian
18 22 (0.45%) Talend