Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 77 72 64
Rank change year-on-year -5 -8 -15
Permanent jobs citing OO 2,856 4,666 6,366
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.79% 3.85% 4.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.09% 4.18% 4.59%
Number of salaries quoted 2,650 4,061 5,517
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.40% +1.11% -

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 69,801 111,605 138,829
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.60% 92.03% 92.33%
Number of salaries quoted 54,676 89,461 111,007
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.80% +1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO.

Salary trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 2,501 £55,000 - 669
UK excluding London +1 1,631 £47,500 +4.40% 500
London -8 1,131 £70,000 +3.70% 242
Work from Home -28 482 £55,000 +10.00% 152
North of England +17 458 £47,500 -5.00% 135
South East +15 404 £52,500 +5.00% 114
Scotland +32 232 £47,500 +7.95% 48
North West -5 210 £45,000 -10.00% 77
South West -31 206 £45,000 - 62
Yorkshire +30 192 £50,000 +4.17% 40
Midlands -43 167 £45,000 - 63
East of England +21 107 £55,000 +25.00% 53
West Midlands -56 94 £45,000 - 40
East Midlands -14 73 £47,500 +11.76% 23
North East +19 56 £48,750 +21.88% 18
Northern Ireland +21 32 £40,000 -20.00% 9
Wales -4 14 £30,000 -25.00% 15
Isle of Man -3 11 - - 1

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,369 (47.93%) JavaScript
2 1,315 (46.04%) Agile Software Development
3 1,183 (41.42%) C#
4 1,104 (38.66%) Java
5 1,009 (35.33%) SQL
6 928 (32.49%) CSS
7 915 (32.04%) HTML
8 851 (29.80%) .NET
9 824 (28.85%) Software Engineering
10 793 (27.77%) OOP
11 657 (23.00%) Git (software)
12 633 (22.16%) TDD
13 616 (21.57%) Azure
14 611 (21.39%) Finance
15 605 (21.18%) DevOps
16 569 (19.92%) Python
17 547 (19.15%) AWS
18 539 (18.87%) Microservices
19 532 (18.63%) React
20 512 (17.93%) Degree
21 489 (17.12%) MVC
22 479 (16.77%) Microsoft
23 460 (16.11%) SQL Server
24 457 (16.00%) Test Automation
25 449 (15.72%) HTML5
26 444 (15.55%) PHP
27 427 (14.95%) Docker
28 423 (14.81%) AngularJS
29 405 (14.18%) OOD
30 397 (13.90%) C++

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (3.54%) SharePoint
2 77 (2.70%) Elasticsearch
3 65 (2.28%) Confluence
4 60 (2.10%) Apache
5 52 (1.82%) nginx
6 50 (1.75%) Apache Spark
7 47 (1.65%) CMS
8 30 (1.05%) WordPress
9 29 (1.02%) Tomcat
10 26 (0.91%) IIS
11 24 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 21 (0.74%) ColdFusion
13 16 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
13 16 (0.56%) Luigi
13 16 (0.56%) Umbraco
14 14 (0.49%) Moodle
15 10 (0.35%) EPiServer
15 10 (0.35%) NServiceBus
16 9 (0.32%) Headless CMS
17 7 (0.25%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 34 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.32%) InVision
3 9 (0.32%) Sketch
4 8 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 7 (0.25%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.18%) Adobe XD
7 5 (0.18%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.070%) AutoCAD
9 2 (0.070%) Simulink
10 1 (0.035%) Figma
10 1 (0.035%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 1 (0.035%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 150 (5.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 40 (1.40%) Magento
3 25 (0.88%) Dynamics AX
4 16 (0.56%) Shopify
5 14 (0.49%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 3 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.070%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.070%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.070%) SAP CO
7 2 (0.070%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.070%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.070%) SAP FI/CO
7 2 (0.070%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.035%) Elite 3E
8 1 (0.035%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.035%) nopCommerce
8 1 (0.035%) ProductWriter
8 1 (0.035%) Radian6
8 1 (0.035%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 616 (21.57%) Azure
2 547 (19.15%) AWS
3 155 (5.43%) SaaS
4 137 (4.80%) GCP
5 118 (4.13%) Serverless
6 102 (3.57%) Dynamics 365
7 85 (2.98%) PaaS
8 76 (2.66%) Power Platform
9 75 (2.63%) GitHub
10 61 (2.14%) Azure Functions
11 52 (1.82%) AWS Lambda
12 51 (1.79%) Azure Active Directory
13 49 (1.72%) npm
14 45 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
14 45 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
15 37 (1.30%) Logic Apps
16 32 (1.12%) Amazon EC2
17 30 (1.05%) Firebase
18 29 (1.02%) Cloud Functions
19 28 (0.98%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 65 (2.28%) HTTP
2 37 (1.30%) Internet
3 30 (1.05%) TCP/IP
4 8 (0.28%) H.323
5 7 (0.25%) Intranet
5 7 (0.25%) Network Security
6 6 (0.21%) Wireshark
7 5 (0.18%) Skype
7 5 (0.18%) SSL
8 4 (0.14%) Broadband
8 4 (0.14%) SMTP
8 4 (0.14%) SNMP
8 4 (0.14%) SSH
8 4 (0.14%) Tactical Data Link
9 3 (0.11%) DNS
9 3 (0.11%) Multicast
10 2 (0.070%) AMQP
10 2 (0.070%) DSL
10 2 (0.070%) PBX
10 2 (0.070%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 460 (16.11%) SQL Server
2 373 (13.06%) MySQL
3 355 (12.43%) NoSQL
4 237 (8.30%) Relational Database
5 146 (5.11%) PostgreSQL
6 136 (4.76%) MongoDB
7 128 (4.48%) Big Data
8 111 (3.89%) Redis
9 85 (2.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 83 (2.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 56 (1.96%) Hadoop
12 49 (1.72%) RDBMS
13 43 (1.51%) Data Warehouse
14 33 (1.16%) Azure SQL Database
15 32 (1.12%) SQL Server 2019
16 30 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
17 28 (0.98%) SQL Server 2008
18 26 (0.91%) SQL Server 2005
18 26 (0.91%) SQL Server 2014
19 25 (0.88%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 657 (23.00%) Git (software)
2 277 (9.70%) Jenkins
3 159 (5.57%) Selenium
4 144 (5.04%) Visual Studio
5 143 (5.01%) JIRA
6 126 (4.41%) Subversion
7 107 (3.75%) Mercurial
8 103 (3.61%) Maven
9 102 (3.57%) Team Foundation Server
10 93 (3.26%) Visual Studio Team System
11 86 (3.01%) JUnit
12 74 (2.59%) TeamCity
13 71 (2.49%) Cucumber
14 68 (2.38%) webpack
15 55 (1.93%) Cypress.io
16 49 (1.72%) Octopus Deploy
17 48 (1.68%) PHPUnit
18 46 (1.61%) SpecFlow
19 44 (1.54%) Eclipse
20 42 (1.47%) Grunt
General
1 611 (21.39%) Finance
2 248 (8.68%) Banking
3 124 (4.34%) Games
4 116 (4.06%) Public Sector
5 107 (3.75%) Retail
6 103 (3.61%) Marketing
7 74 (2.59%) Manufacturing
8 55 (1.93%) Advertising
8 55 (1.93%) Front Office
9 52 (1.82%) Automotive
10 47 (1.65%) Private Banking
11 39 (1.37%) Telecoms
12 30 (1.05%) Electronics
13 28 (0.98%) Back Office
14 25 (0.88%) Investment Banking
15 22 (0.77%) Law
16 20 (0.70%) Legal
17 15 (0.53%) Financial Institution
18 14 (0.49%) Aerospace
19 13 (0.46%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,659 (58.09%) Developer
2 498 (17.44%) Software Engineer
3 406 (14.22%) Senior Developer
4 310 (10.85%) C# Developer
5 281 (9.84%) .NET Developer
6 249 (8.72%) Software Developer
7 245 (8.58%) PHP Developer
8 219 (7.67%) Full Stack Developer
9 200 (7.00%) Java Developer
10 164 (5.74%) C# .NET Developer
11 154 (5.39%) Java Engineer
12 137 (4.80%) Senior Software Engineer
13 112 (3.92%) JavaScript Developer
14 111 (3.89%) Java Software Engineer
14 111 (3.89%) Senior C# Developer
15 103 (3.61%) Senior .NET Developer
16 97 (3.40%) Tester
17 92 (3.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 87 (3.05%) Python Engineer
19 82 (2.87%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 928 (32.49%) CSS
2 915 (32.04%) HTML
3 851 (29.80%) .NET
4 532 (18.63%) React
5 449 (15.72%) HTML5
6 423 (14.81%) AngularJS
7 342 (11.97%) Web Services
8 336 (11.76%) .NET Core
9 335 (11.73%) CSS3
10 333 (11.66%) RESTful
11 314 (10.99%) .NET Framework
12 286 (10.01%) REST
13 272 (9.52%) jQuery
14 270 (9.45%) Node.js
15 258 (9.03%) ASP.NET
16 254 (8.89%) XML
17 221 (7.74%) Laravel
18 219 (7.67%) Spring
19 203 (7.11%) JSON
20 190 (6.65%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 255 (8.93%) Data Structures
2 206 (7.21%) Mobile App
3 205 (7.18%) Analytical Skills
4 197 (6.90%) Greenfield Project
5 190 (6.65%) Algorithms
6 170 (5.95%) User Experience
7 106 (3.71%) N-Tier
8 93 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
9 84 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
10 54 (1.89%) Reinsurance
11 50 (1.75%) Fixed Income
12 49 (1.72%) Cloud Native
13 36 (1.26%) Derivative
14 31 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 29 (1.02%) Hedge funds
16 24 (0.84%) Social Network
17 23 (0.81%) EPoS
17 23 (0.81%) Renewable Energy
18 22 (0.77%) Client/Server
18 22 (0.77%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 370 (12.96%) Linux
2 164 (5.74%) Android
3 148 (5.18%) Windows
4 139 (4.87%) Apple iOS
5 68 (2.38%) Unix
6 25 (0.88%) CentOS
7 22 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.77%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.42%) Ubuntu
9 11 (0.39%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (0.18%) VxWorks
11 5 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.14%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.11%) Debian
14 2 (0.070%) Fedora
14 2 (0.070%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.070%) Robot Operating System
14 2 (0.070%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.070%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,315 (46.04%) Agile Software Development
2 824 (28.85%) Software Engineering
3 793 (27.77%) OOP
4 633 (22.16%) TDD
5 605 (21.18%) DevOps
6 539 (18.87%) Microservices
7 489 (17.12%) MVC
8 457 (16.00%) Test Automation
9 405 (14.18%) OOD
10 396 (13.87%) Continuous Integration
11 377 (13.20%) Scrum
12 354 (12.39%) BDD
13 324 (11.34%) Computer Science
14 305 (10.68%) Mentoring
15 297 (10.40%) Problem-Solving
16 294 (10.29%) SDLC
17 292 (10.22%) Web Development
18 291 (10.19%) SOLID
19 281 (9.84%) Unit Testing
20 197 (6.90%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 1,369 (47.93%) JavaScript
2 1,183 (41.42%) C#
3 1,104 (38.66%) Java
4 1,009 (35.33%) SQL
5 569 (19.92%) Python
6 444 (15.55%) PHP
7 397 (13.90%) C++
8 215 (7.53%) TypeScript
9 179 (6.27%) Java 8
10 135 (4.73%) T-SQL
11 111 (3.89%) C
12 97 (3.40%) PowerShell
13 93 (3.26%) Scala
14 75 (2.63%) Apple Swift
15 72 (2.52%) ES6
16 66 (2.31%) Go
17 65 (2.28%) Objective-C
18 55 (1.93%) Kotlin
18 55 (1.93%) Ruby
19 47 (1.65%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 512 (17.93%) Degree
2 172 (6.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 78 (2.73%) CIW
4 77 (2.70%) OCA
4 77 (2.70%) OCP
4 77 (2.70%) Oracle Certification
5 63 (2.21%) Security Cleared
6 37 (1.30%) Master's Degree
7 31 (1.09%) SC Cleared
8 17 (0.60%) ISTQB
8 17 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
9 15 (0.53%) DV Cleared
9 15 (0.53%) PhD
10 14 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
11 9 (0.32%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 8 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
13 6 (0.21%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.14%) MCDBA
15 3 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
15 3 (0.11%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 234 (8.19%) QA
2 10 (0.35%) SLA
3 7 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.18%) ISO 9001
5 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.11%) GDPR
7 2 (0.070%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.035%) Def Stans
8 1 (0.035%) MiFID
8 1 (0.035%) NIST
8 1 (0.035%) WCAG
System Software
1 427 (14.95%) Docker
2 17 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (0.39%) KVM
4 7 (0.25%) Hyper-V
5 5 (0.18%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.14%) Firmware
7 1 (0.035%) GridGain
7 1 (0.035%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.035%) Varnish
7 1 (0.035%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 283 (9.91%) Kubernetes
2 235 (8.23%) Terraform
3 128 (4.48%) Ansible
4 92 (3.22%) Opscode Chef
5 54 (1.89%) Puppet
6 26 (0.91%) Istio
7 24 (0.84%) Fortio
7 24 (0.84%) Kiali
8 8 (0.28%) Grafana
9 7 (0.25%) Rancher
10 5 (0.18%) SCCM
11 4 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.11%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.070%) Argo
14 1 (0.035%) Failover Clustering
14 1 (0.035%) HP Quality Center
14 1 (0.035%) MIIS
14 1 (0.035%) Salt
14 1 (0.035%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 479 (16.77%) Microsoft
2 239 (8.37%) Oracle
3 109 (3.82%) Google
4 77 (2.70%) Nintex
5 58 (2.03%) Xamarin
5 58 (2.03%) Zend
6 52 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
7 43 (1.51%) Atlassian
8 32 (1.12%) Ceridian
9 30 (1.05%) Apple
10 26 (0.91%) SAP
11 21 (0.74%) Red Hat
12 17 (0.60%) VMware
13 15 (0.53%) Adobe
14 14 (0.49%) Sparx
15 13 (0.46%) Pega
16 12 (0.42%) IBM
16 12 (0.42%) Solace
17 11 (0.39%) Bloomberg
18 10 (0.35%) ANSYS