Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 86 76 75
Rank change year-on-year -10 -1 -20
Permanent jobs citing OO 4,220 2,693 5,596
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.73% 3.96% 3.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.98% 4.27% 4.21%
Number of salaries quoted 2,598 2,213 4,507
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £90,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,933 63,073 132,808
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.76% 92.77% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 72,165 51,056 105,945
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO.

Salary trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 3,769 £60,000 +9.09% 734
UK excluding London 0 2,288 £47,500 +5.56% 499
London -10 1,713 £72,500 +3.57% 299
Work from Home -9 793 £55,000 - 171
South East +6 747 £50,000 - 110
North of England -10 569 £50,000 +5.26% 131
South West -13 347 £45,000 -2.70% 75
North West -11 257 £50,000 - 73
Yorkshire -1 224 £50,000 +5.26% 36
Midlands -41 201 £47,500 +18.75% 70
Scotland -25 177 £50,000 +11.11% 41
East of England +4 145 £62,500 +25.00% 47
West Midlands -28 145 £45,000 +5.88% 46
North East +9 94 £50,000 +25.00% 22
Northern Ireland +8 61 £37,500 -11.76% 6
East Midlands -40 56 £47,500 +32.51% 24
Wales -12 32 £40,000 +23.08% 18
Isle of Man +2 16 - - 1

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 2,155 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,800 (42.65%) JavaScript
3 1,744 (41.33%) Java
4 1,544 (36.59%) Software Engineering
5 1,437 (34.05%) C#
6 1,394 (33.03%) OOP
7 1,197 (28.36%) SQL
8 1,176 (27.87%) CSS
9 1,117 (26.47%) HTML
10 1,116 (26.45%) React
11 1,083 (25.66%) AWS
12 1,068 (25.31%) Microservices
13 1,061 (25.14%) DevOps
14 1,033 (24.48%) Azure
15 1,028 (24.36%) Git (software)
16 1,003 (23.77%) .NET
17 983 (23.29%) TDD
18 931 (22.06%) Python
19 927 (21.97%) Social Skills
20 840 (19.91%) Degree
21 835 (19.79%) Full Stack Development
22 826 (19.57%) Finance
23 782 (18.53%) Linux
24 762 (18.06%) Docker
25 740 (17.54%) Computer Science
26 703 (16.66%) AngularJS
27 696 (16.49%) MVC
28 690 (16.35%) SQL Server
29 686 (16.26%) Node.js
30 679 (16.09%) Web Services

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 223 (5.28%) Apache Spark
2 209 (4.95%) Apache
3 164 (3.89%) Elasticsearch
4 123 (2.91%) Confluence
5 117 (2.77%) GemFire
6 113 (2.68%) nginx
7 97 (2.30%) CMS
8 78 (1.85%) SharePoint
9 75 (1.78%) Tomcat
10 56 (1.33%) WordPress
11 51 (1.21%) IIS
12 35 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
13 31 (0.73%) Apache Airflow
14 29 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 25 (0.59%) ColdFusion
16 24 (0.57%) Drupal
17 23 (0.55%) JBoss
18 19 (0.45%) Apache Solr
19 18 (0.43%) EPiServer
20 15 (0.36%) Umbraco
Applications
1 35 (0.83%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (0.36%) Simulink
3 7 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.17%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
5 5 (0.12%) Fireworks
6 4 (0.095%) MS Visio
7 3 (0.071%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.024%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.024%) Figma
8 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 68 (1.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (1.07%) Magento
3 23 (0.55%) Shopify
4 14 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
5 10 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 9 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
7 8 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.19%) R3 Corda
8 7 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 5 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
10 4 (0.095%) NetSuite
11 3 (0.071%) Workday HCM
12 2 (0.047%) SAP ERP
12 2 (0.047%) WebTrends
13 1 (0.024%) Oracle Applications
13 1 (0.024%) SAP FI
13 1 (0.024%) SAP MM
13 1 (0.024%) SAP SD
13 1 (0.024%) Sentinel
13 1 (0.024%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,083 (25.66%) AWS
2 1,033 (24.48%) Azure
3 349 (8.27%) GitHub
4 327 (7.75%) GCP
5 297 (7.04%) Serverless
6 188 (4.45%) SaaS
7 158 (3.74%) AWS Lambda
8 154 (3.65%) Amazon Kinesis
9 125 (2.96%) Cloud Computing
10 116 (2.75%) PaaS
11 112 (2.65%) Amazon S3
12 106 (2.51%) Amazon EC2
13 102 (2.42%) AWS CloudFormation
14 101 (2.39%) Azure Functions
14 101 (2.39%) Azure Service Bus
15 71 (1.68%) Amazon ECS
16 69 (1.64%) Azure App Service
17 68 (1.61%) Azure Service Fabric
18 55 (1.30%) npm
19 54 (1.28%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 117 (2.77%) HTTP
2 112 (2.65%) Internet
3 61 (1.45%) Broadband
4 24 (0.57%) FTP
5 23 (0.55%) SSH
6 15 (0.36%) DNS
7 13 (0.31%) Network Security
7 13 (0.31%) SMTP
8 12 (0.28%) WebEx
9 11 (0.26%) Tactical Data Link
9 11 (0.26%) TCP/IP
10 10 (0.24%) Wireless
11 9 (0.21%) Wireshark
12 8 (0.19%) Intranet
12 8 (0.19%) SSL
13 7 (0.17%) AMQP
13 7 (0.17%) SNMP
14 6 (0.14%) SWIFTNet
14 6 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
15 4 (0.095%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 690 (16.35%) SQL Server
2 607 (14.38%) MySQL
3 604 (14.31%) NoSQL
4 550 (13.03%) Relational Database
5 401 (9.50%) PostgreSQL
6 315 (7.46%) Redis
7 247 (5.85%) MongoDB
8 237 (5.62%) Big Data
9 159 (3.77%) MariaDB
10 111 (2.63%) HBase
11 108 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
12 106 (2.51%) RDBMS
13 94 (2.23%) Data Warehouse
14 76 (1.80%) Hadoop
15 71 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 69 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
17 62 (1.47%) Azure SQL Database
18 42 (1.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 39 (0.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 38 (0.90%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,028 (24.36%) Git (software)
2 672 (15.92%) Jenkins
3 339 (8.03%) JIRA
4 310 (7.35%) JUnit
5 195 (4.62%) Cucumber
6 175 (4.15%) Cypress.io
7 171 (4.05%) Selenium
8 170 (4.03%) Subversion
9 160 (3.79%) Gradle
9 160 (3.79%) Mockito
10 158 (3.74%) Maven
11 137 (3.25%) Artifactory
12 133 (3.15%) Eclipse
13 131 (3.10%) IntelliJ
14 130 (3.08%) Storybook
15 128 (3.03%) Mercurial
15 128 (3.03%) Protractor
16 124 (2.94%) PHPUnit
16 124 (2.94%) TeamCity
17 122 (2.89%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 927 (21.97%) Social Skills
2 826 (19.57%) Finance
3 359 (8.51%) Banking
4 289 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
5 267 (6.33%) Games
6 202 (4.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 201 (4.76%) Retail
8 166 (3.93%) Law
9 155 (3.67%) Marketing
10 124 (2.94%) Public Sector
11 97 (2.30%) Advertising
12 89 (2.11%) Manufacturing
13 88 (2.09%) Legal
14 81 (1.92%) Automotive
15 67 (1.59%) Presentation Skills
16 56 (1.33%) Electronics
17 52 (1.23%) Front Office
18 50 (1.18%) Telecoms
19 37 (0.88%) Aerospace
19 37 (0.88%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,246 (53.22%) Developer
2 904 (21.42%) Software Engineer
3 538 (12.75%) Senior Developer
4 395 (9.36%) Java Developer
5 344 (8.15%) Software Developer
6 328 (7.77%) Full Stack Developer
7 326 (7.73%) PHP Developer
8 295 (6.99%) C# Developer
9 293 (6.94%) .NET Developer
10 261 (6.18%) Senior Software Engineer
11 171 (4.05%) Java Engineer
12 151 (3.58%) Java Software Engineer
13 147 (3.48%) C# .NET Developer
14 125 (2.96%) Architect
14 125 (2.96%) Senior Java Developer
15 122 (2.89%) Backend Developer
16 115 (2.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 114 (2.70%) Lead Developer
18 110 (2.61%) JavaScript Developer
19 109 (2.58%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,176 (27.87%) CSS
2 1,117 (26.47%) HTML
3 1,116 (26.45%) React
4 1,003 (23.77%) .NET
5 703 (16.66%) AngularJS
6 686 (16.26%) Node.js
7 679 (16.09%) Web Services
8 663 (15.71%) RESTful
9 592 (14.03%) Spring
10 589 (13.96%) REST
11 496 (11.75%) HTML5
12 414 (9.81%) Kafka
13 395 (9.36%) JSON
14 363 (8.60%) .NET Framework
15 348 (8.25%) .NET Core
16 340 (8.06%) CSS3
17 320 (7.58%) ASP.NET
18 307 (7.27%) jQuery
19 298 (7.06%) Laravel
20 292 (6.92%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 337 (7.99%) Data Structures
2 331 (7.84%) User Experience
3 303 (7.18%) Algorithms
4 232 (5.50%) Mobile App
5 227 (5.38%) Greenfield Project
6 160 (3.79%) Self-Motivation
7 148 (3.51%) Linux Command Line
8 133 (3.15%) Enterprise Software
9 131 (3.10%) Legacy Systems
10 69 (1.64%) Legacy Code
11 66 (1.56%) N-Tier
12 56 (1.33%) Social Media
13 49 (1.16%) Cloud Native
14 47 (1.11%) Management Information System
15 45 (1.07%) Embedded Systems
16 44 (1.04%) Client/Server
17 43 (1.02%) Derivative
18 38 (0.90%) iPhone
18 38 (0.90%) Video\Live Streaming
19 36 (0.85%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 782 (18.53%) Linux
2 274 (6.49%) Android
3 254 (6.02%) Windows
4 239 (5.66%) Unix
5 202 (4.79%) Apple iOS
6 37 (0.88%) CentOS
6 37 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 33 (0.78%) Embedded Linux
8 23 (0.55%) Mesosphere
9 15 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
10 12 (0.28%) Windows Server
11 9 (0.21%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.14%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.095%) FreeBSD
13 4 (0.095%) Tizen
13 4 (0.095%) webOS
14 3 (0.071%) Robot Operating System
14 3 (0.071%) VxWorks
14 3 (0.071%) Windows Phone
15 2 (0.047%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,155 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,544 (36.59%) Software Engineering
3 1,394 (33.03%) OOP
4 1,068 (25.31%) Microservices
5 1,061 (25.14%) DevOps
6 983 (23.29%) TDD
7 835 (19.79%) Full Stack Development
8 740 (17.54%) Computer Science
9 696 (16.49%) MVC
10 665 (15.76%) OOD
11 658 (15.59%) Scrum
12 654 (15.50%) Test Automation
13 580 (13.74%) Continuous Integration
14 562 (13.32%) Problem-Solving
15 537 (12.73%) Unit Testing
16 521 (12.35%) SOLID
17 504 (11.94%) Software Testing
18 482 (11.42%) Mentoring
19 471 (11.16%) BDD
20 431 (10.21%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 1,800 (42.65%) JavaScript
2 1,744 (41.33%) Java
3 1,437 (34.05%) C#
4 1,197 (28.36%) SQL
5 931 (22.06%) Python
6 642 (15.21%) PHP
7 583 (13.82%) C++
8 392 (9.29%) TypeScript
9 219 (5.19%) Java 8
10 186 (4.41%) C
11 169 (4.00%) ES6
12 162 (3.84%) T-SQL
13 157 (3.72%) Go
14 146 (3.46%) Groovy
15 144 (3.41%) Ruby
16 143 (3.39%) Scala
17 134 (3.18%) Shell Script
18 133 (3.15%) Kotlin
19 94 (2.23%) PHP 7
20 84 (1.99%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 840 (19.91%) Degree
2 355 (8.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 189 (4.48%) OCP
3 189 (4.48%) Oracle Certification
4 144 (3.41%) Security Cleared
5 109 (2.58%) SC Cleared
6 79 (1.87%) CIW
6 79 (1.87%) OCA
7 46 (1.09%) Master's Degree
8 27 (0.64%) ISTQB
8 27 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
8 27 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
9 17 (0.40%) DV Cleared
10 11 (0.26%) PhD
11 9 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 8 (0.19%) HND
13 6 (0.14%) HNC
14 4 (0.095%) AWS Certification
15 3 (0.071%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.071%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 281 (6.66%) QA
2 73 (1.73%) Accessibility
3 26 (0.62%) Data Quality
4 17 (0.40%) PCI DSS
5 14 (0.33%) GDPR
6 11 (0.26%) Def Stans
6 11 (0.26%) MISRA
7 10 (0.24%) ISO 9001
8 9 (0.21%) ISO 20022
8 9 (0.21%) WCAG
9 8 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.14%) ISO 15022
11 5 (0.12%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 5 (0.12%) SOC 2
12 4 (0.095%) GxP
12 4 (0.095%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.095%) SLA
13 1 (0.024%) HL7
13 1 (0.024%) MiFID
System Software
1 762 (18.06%) Docker
2 109 (2.58%) HDFS
3 93 (2.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.50%) Firmware
5 8 (0.19%) KVM
6 7 (0.17%) Ceph
7 5 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.095%) LXC
9 3 (0.071%) vSphere
10 2 (0.047%) Active Directory
10 2 (0.047%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.047%) vCloud
10 2 (0.047%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.024%) GridGain
11 1 (0.024%) Platform Symphony
11 1 (0.024%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 582 (13.79%) Kubernetes
2 311 (7.37%) Terraform
3 287 (6.80%) Ansible
4 111 (2.63%) Opscode Chef
5 85 (2.01%) Puppet
6 27 (0.64%) Kibana
7 26 (0.62%) Prometheus
8 23 (0.55%) Automic
9 19 (0.45%) logstash
10 17 (0.40%) Consul
10 17 (0.40%) Grafana
11 15 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
12 12 (0.28%) Istio
13 9 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
14 8 (0.19%) Graphite
14 8 (0.19%) ZABBIX
15 7 (0.17%) Fortio
15 7 (0.17%) Galera Cluster
15 7 (0.17%) Kiali
16 5 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 514 (12.18%) Microsoft
2 325 (7.70%) Oracle
3 141 (3.34%) Google
4 133 (3.15%) VMware
5 120 (2.84%) Okta
6 100 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
7 71 (1.68%) Zend
8 59 (1.40%) SAP
9 53 (1.26%) Red Hat
10 42 (1.00%) Nintex
11 39 (0.92%) Bloomberg
12 37 (0.88%) Splunk
13 35 (0.83%) ANSYS
14 34 (0.81%) IBM
15 24 (0.57%) Apple
16 22 (0.52%) BT
17 20 (0.47%) Greenplum
18 19 (0.45%) Atlassian
19 18 (0.43%) PayPal
20 17 (0.40%) Xamarin