Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 91 71 79
Rank change year-on-year -20 +8 -18
Permanent jobs citing OO 4,438 2,042 5,041
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.49% 4.11% 3.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.71% 4.42% 3.97%
Number of salaries quoted 2,622 1,684 4,124
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,188 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £70,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,875 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 119,742 46,190 126,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.19% 93.06% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 79,117 38,578 101,498
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,077
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO.

Salary trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 3,953 £60,000 +9.09% 679
UK excluding London -22 2,321 £50,000 +5.26% 465
London -15 1,781 £75,000 +7.14% 283
Work from Home -25 965 £52,500 -4.55% 177
South East +16 897 £50,000 - 110
North of England -31 566 £52,500 +10.53% 124
North West -35 287 £52,500 +5.00% 75
South West -9 276 £46,125 +2.50% 43
Midlands -33 235 £52,500 +23.53% 76
West Midlands -5 187 £47,500 +5.56% 50
Yorkshire -55 187 £50,000 - 37
East of England -55 131 £62,500 +19.05% 41
Scotland -63 129 £48,750 +8.33% 47
North East +11 98 £52,000 +20.93% 12
East Midlands -71 48 £58,750 +38.24% 26
Northern Ireland -13 47 £37,500 -11.76% 8
Wales -29 44 £40,000 +10.34% 17
Isle of Man - 9 - -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 2,423 (54.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,852 (41.73%) Java
3 1,784 (40.20%) JavaScript
4 1,638 (36.91%) Software Engineering
5 1,525 (34.36%) OOP
6 1,317 (29.68%) C#
7 1,184 (26.68%) SQL
8 1,178 (26.54%) AWS
9 1,143 (25.75%) Social Skills
10 1,122 (25.28%) DevOps
11 1,118 (25.19%) Git (software)
12 1,103 (24.85%) React
13 1,078 (24.29%) TDD
14 1,064 (23.97%) Azure
15 1,059 (23.86%) Python
16 1,051 (23.68%) HTML
17 1,050 (23.66%) CSS
18 1,024 (23.07%) .NET
19 1,018 (22.94%) Microservices
20 950 (21.41%) Full Stack Development
21 918 (20.68%) Finance
22 913 (20.57%) Degree
23 858 (19.33%) Linux
24 852 (19.20%) Computer Science
25 792 (17.85%) Docker
26 790 (17.80%) OOD
27 753 (16.97%) C++
28 744 (16.76%) Web Services
29 736 (16.58%) PHP
30 732 (16.49%) Jenkins

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 253 (5.70%) Apache Spark
2 227 (5.11%) Apache
3 209 (4.71%) Elasticsearch
4 147 (3.31%) Confluence
5 128 (2.88%) GemFire
6 96 (2.16%) CMS
6 96 (2.16%) Tomcat
7 84 (1.89%) WordPress
8 82 (1.85%) nginx
9 56 (1.26%) JBoss
10 39 (0.88%) IIS
11 34 (0.77%) Apache Airflow
12 25 (0.56%) SharePoint
13 24 (0.54%) Drupal
13 24 (0.54%) WebLogic
14 23 (0.52%) Apache Solr
15 20 (0.45%) Mule
16 19 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
17 16 (0.36%) Umbraco
18 14 (0.32%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 24 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.45%) Simulink
3 9 (0.20%) Sketch
4 7 (0.16%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.11%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.090%) MS Visio
8 2 (0.045%) Adobe XD
8 2 (0.045%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.023%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.023%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.023%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 33 (0.74%) NetSuite
1 33 (0.74%) SAP Business ByDesign
2 32 (0.72%) Magento
3 17 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
4 15 (0.34%) Shopify
5 11 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
6 9 (0.20%) WebTrends
7 8 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.18%) R3 Corda
8 7 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
9 5 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
10 4 (0.090%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 4 (0.090%) Workday HCM
11 2 (0.045%) SAP ERP
11 2 (0.045%) SAP IBP
11 2 (0.045%) SAP Retail
12 1 (0.023%) Dynamics AX
12 1 (0.023%) Oracle Applications
12 1 (0.023%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,178 (26.54%) AWS
2 1,064 (23.97%) Azure
3 419 (9.44%) GitHub
4 396 (8.92%) GCP
5 312 (7.03%) Serverless
6 199 (4.48%) SaaS
7 192 (4.33%) Amazon Kinesis
8 162 (3.65%) AWS Lambda
9 113 (2.55%) Amazon S3
10 105 (2.37%) Cloud Computing
11 99 (2.23%) AWS CloudFormation
12 92 (2.07%) Amazon EC2
13 86 (1.94%) npm
14 77 (1.74%) Azure Functions
15 76 (1.71%) PaaS
16 68 (1.53%) Power Platform
17 66 (1.49%) Amazon ECS
18 58 (1.31%) Amazon SQS
19 49 (1.10%) OpenShift
20 43 (0.97%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 141 (3.18%) HTTP
2 118 (2.66%) Internet
3 99 (2.23%) Broadband
4 43 (0.97%) TCP/IP
5 30 (0.68%) DNS
6 24 (0.54%) SSH
7 22 (0.50%) FTP
8 18 (0.41%) Firewall
9 16 (0.36%) WebEx
10 13 (0.29%) 5G
11 12 (0.27%) SMTP
12 10 (0.23%) SSL
13 9 (0.20%) Network Security
14 7 (0.16%) Wireless
15 6 (0.14%) 4G
15 6 (0.14%) Intranet
15 6 (0.14%) SWIFTNet
15 6 (0.14%) Tactical Data Link
15 6 (0.14%) Wireshark
16 5 (0.11%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 667 (15.03%) SQL Server
2 632 (14.24%) MySQL
3 617 (13.90%) Relational Database
4 608 (13.70%) NoSQL
5 398 (8.97%) PostgreSQL
6 340 (7.66%) Redis
7 266 (5.99%) MongoDB
8 244 (5.50%) Big Data
9 175 (3.94%) MariaDB
10 126 (2.84%) HBase
11 94 (2.12%) Amazon RDS
12 93 (2.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 90 (2.03%) Data Warehouse
14 89 (2.01%) RDBMS
15 74 (1.67%) Hadoop
16 59 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
17 53 (1.19%) Power BI
18 45 (1.01%) Data Lake
19 42 (0.95%) Oracle Database
20 38 (0.86%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 1,118 (25.19%) Git (software)
2 732 (16.49%) Jenkins
3 366 (8.25%) JIRA
4 321 (7.23%) JUnit
5 215 (4.84%) Cucumber
6 183 (4.12%) Gradle
7 182 (4.10%) Selenium
8 170 (3.83%) Mockito
9 166 (3.74%) Maven
10 163 (3.67%) Cypress.io
11 161 (3.63%) Artifactory
12 157 (3.54%) Subversion
13 156 (3.52%) PHPUnit
13 156 (3.52%) Sonatype Nexus
14 155 (3.49%) IntelliJ
15 150 (3.38%) TeamCity
16 146 (3.29%) Eclipse
17 141 (3.18%) Visual Studio
18 134 (3.02%) Octopus Deploy
19 133 (3.00%) Storybook
General
1 1,143 (25.75%) Social Skills
2 918 (20.68%) Finance
3 306 (6.89%) Banking
4 282 (6.35%) Analytical Skills
5 275 (6.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 229 (5.16%) Retail
7 223 (5.02%) Games
8 192 (4.33%) Law
9 151 (3.40%) Marketing
10 106 (2.39%) Advertising
11 100 (2.25%) Public Sector
12 89 (2.01%) Legal
13 83 (1.87%) Manufacturing
14 59 (1.33%) Electronics
15 56 (1.26%) Telecoms
16 54 (1.22%) Presentation Skills
17 53 (1.19%) Automotive
17 53 (1.19%) Front Office
18 34 (0.77%) Aerospace
19 32 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,320 (52.28%) Developer
2 1,007 (22.69%) Software Engineer
3 552 (12.44%) Senior Developer
4 416 (9.37%) Java Developer
5 363 (8.18%) Software Developer
6 352 (7.93%) PHP Developer
7 337 (7.59%) Senior Software Engineer
8 308 (6.94%) Full Stack Developer
9 291 (6.56%) .NET Developer
10 269 (6.06%) C# Developer
11 186 (4.19%) Java Engineer
12 159 (3.58%) Java Software Engineer
13 158 (3.56%) Architect
14 143 (3.22%) Senior Java Developer
15 131 (2.95%) C# .NET Developer
16 123 (2.77%) Backend Developer
17 121 (2.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 119 (2.68%) Lead Developer
19 111 (2.50%) Principal Engineer
20 104 (2.34%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,103 (24.85%) React
2 1,051 (23.68%) HTML
3 1,050 (23.66%) CSS
4 1,024 (23.07%) .NET
5 744 (16.76%) Web Services
6 699 (15.75%) AngularJS
7 685 (15.43%) RESTful
8 683 (15.39%) Node.js
9 680 (15.32%) REST
10 633 (14.26%) Spring
11 474 (10.68%) Kafka
12 434 (9.78%) JSON
13 382 (8.61%) HTML5
14 354 (7.98%) .NET Framework
15 344 (7.75%) jQuery
16 321 (7.23%) ASP.NET
17 303 (6.83%) Laravel
17 303 (6.83%) Spring Boot
18 299 (6.74%) .NET Core
19 298 (6.71%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 427 (9.62%) Algorithms
2 411 (9.26%) User Experience
3 367 (8.27%) Data Structures
4 248 (5.59%) Self-Motivation
5 219 (4.93%) Greenfield Project
6 196 (4.42%) Mobile App
7 170 (3.83%) Enterprise Software
8 151 (3.40%) Linux Command Line
9 94 (2.12%) Legacy Code
10 83 (1.87%) Cloud Native
11 69 (1.55%) Legacy Systems
12 68 (1.53%) Social Media
13 61 (1.37%) Management Information System
14 59 (1.33%) Embedded Systems
15 42 (0.95%) Client/Server
16 37 (0.83%) Derivative
17 36 (0.81%) iPhone
18 35 (0.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 35 (0.79%) iPad
18 35 (0.79%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 858 (19.33%) Linux
2 283 (6.38%) Windows
3 281 (6.33%) Unix
4 254 (5.72%) Android
5 235 (5.30%) Apple iOS
6 39 (0.88%) CentOS
7 35 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 34 (0.77%) Mesosphere
9 26 (0.59%) Embedded Linux
10 21 (0.47%) Mac OS
11 15 (0.34%) Ubuntu
12 9 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
13 6 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
14 5 (0.11%) Debian
14 5 (0.11%) VMS
15 4 (0.090%) Tizen
15 4 (0.090%) webOS
15 4 (0.090%) Windows Server
16 3 (0.068%) FreeBSD
16 3 (0.068%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,423 (54.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,638 (36.91%) Software Engineering
3 1,525 (34.36%) OOP
4 1,122 (25.28%) DevOps
5 1,078 (24.29%) TDD
6 1,018 (22.94%) Microservices
7 950 (21.41%) Full Stack Development
8 852 (19.20%) Computer Science
9 790 (17.80%) OOD
10 722 (16.27%) Test Automation
11 718 (16.18%) MVC
12 696 (15.68%) Scrum
13 670 (15.10%) Continuous Integration
14 642 (14.47%) Unit Testing
15 610 (13.74%) Problem-Solving
16 527 (11.87%) SOLID
17 519 (11.69%) Mentoring
18 449 (10.12%) Clean Code
19 411 (9.26%) SDLC
20 407 (9.17%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,852 (41.73%) Java
2 1,784 (40.20%) JavaScript
3 1,317 (29.68%) C#
4 1,184 (26.68%) SQL
5 1,059 (23.86%) Python
6 753 (16.97%) C++
7 736 (16.58%) PHP
8 422 (9.51%) TypeScript
9 305 (6.87%) C
10 238 (5.36%) Go
11 194 (4.37%) Ruby
12 190 (4.28%) Scala
13 163 (3.67%) Groovy
14 158 (3.56%) Shell Script
15 157 (3.54%) Kotlin
16 140 (3.15%) Java 8
17 134 (3.02%) T-SQL
18 119 (2.68%) ES6
19 116 (2.61%) PHP 7
20 103 (2.32%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 913 (20.57%) Degree
2 332 (7.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 132 (2.97%) Security Cleared
4 127 (2.86%) OCP
4 127 (2.86%) Oracle Certification
5 102 (2.30%) SC Cleared
6 57 (1.28%) Master's Degree
7 50 (1.13%) HND
8 27 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
9 22 (0.50%) PhD
10 17 (0.38%) DV Cleared
11 15 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
12 13 (0.29%) ISEB
12 13 (0.29%) ISTQB
13 11 (0.25%) IIBA
14 7 (0.16%) CBAP
15 6 (0.14%) DBS Check
16 5 (0.11%) AWS Certification
16 5 (0.11%) PMI Certification
17 4 (0.090%) A+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 331 (7.46%) QA
2 94 (2.12%) Accessibility
3 33 (0.74%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.43%) ISO 9001
5 17 (0.38%) Def Stans
5 17 (0.38%) MISRA
5 17 (0.38%) PCI DSS
6 16 (0.36%) GDPR
7 13 (0.29%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 13 (0.29%) WCAG
8 12 (0.27%) GxP
9 7 (0.16%) ISO 20022
10 6 (0.14%) ISO 15022
11 5 (0.11%) IEC 62304
11 5 (0.11%) ISO 13485
12 4 (0.090%) HIPAA
13 3 (0.068%) SLA
14 1 (0.023%) HL7
System Software
1 792 (17.85%) Docker
2 127 (2.86%) HDFS
3 99 (2.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.70%) Firmware
5 10 (0.23%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.11%) Ceph
8 4 (0.090%) KVM
9 3 (0.068%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.068%) LXC
9 3 (0.068%) vSphere
10 2 (0.045%) Varnish
10 2 (0.045%) vCloud
10 2 (0.045%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.023%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 554 (12.48%) Kubernetes
2 291 (6.56%) Ansible
3 289 (6.51%) Terraform
4 100 (2.25%) Puppet
5 74 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (1.08%) Prometheus
7 40 (0.90%) Kibana
8 34 (0.77%) Automic
9 27 (0.61%) Grafana
10 25 (0.56%) Consul
11 24 (0.54%) logstash
12 17 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
13 15 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.18%) Graphite
14 8 (0.18%) ZABBIX
15 5 (0.11%) Galera Cluster
15 5 (0.11%) Istio
15 5 (0.11%) Kubeflow
15 5 (0.11%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 4 (0.090%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 429 (9.67%) Microsoft
2 264 (5.95%) Oracle
3 193 (4.35%) Google
4 157 (3.54%) Salesforce.com
5 140 (3.15%) VMware
6 134 (3.02%) Okta
7 103 (2.32%) SAP
8 62 (1.40%) Red Hat
9 56 (1.26%) Zend
10 52 (1.17%) Splunk
11 43 (0.97%) Apple
12 39 (0.88%) IBM
12 39 (0.88%) WooCommerce
13 31 (0.70%) Conga
13 31 (0.70%) DocuSign
14 26 (0.59%) Talend
15 24 (0.54%) Xamarin
16 22 (0.50%) Atlassian
16 22 (0.50%) BT
17 20 (0.45%) Spotify