Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 84 74 66
Rank change year-on-year -10 -8 -15
Permanent jobs citing OO 3,186 3,885 6,084
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.63% 3.88% 4.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.92% 4.21% 4.49%
Number of salaries quoted 2,329 3,170 4,824
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,750 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,311 92,352 135,522
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.68% 92.28% 92.35%
Number of salaries quoted 61,265 74,181 107,297
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

OO
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO.

Salary trend for OO in the UK

OO
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in the UK

OO
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the UK over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 2,817 £57,500 +4.55% 600
UK excluding London -7 1,756 £47,500 +5.56% 485
London -9 1,286 £72,500 +3.57% 199
Work from Home -21 586 £55,000 +10.00% 144
North of England +1 475 £50,000 +3.09% 133
South East +5 466 £50,000 +5.26% 105
South West -30 258 £45,000 - 56
North West -17 206 £48,000 -4.00% 81
Scotland +4 194 £50,000 +11.11% 60
Yorkshire +9 187 £50,000 +3.09% 38
Midlands -46 165 £45,000 +7.14% 77
East of England +38 128 £55,000 +29.41% 29
West Midlands -34 95 £45,000 +5.88% 48
North East +14 82 £55,000 +41.94% 14
East Midlands -21 70 £47,500 +18.75% 28
Northern Ireland +12 41 £35,000 -30.00% 12
Isle of Man -2 16 - -
Wales -6 13 £40,750 +1.88% 14

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OO.

1 1,505 (47.24%) JavaScript
2 1,467 (46.05%) Agile Software Development
3 1,275 (40.02%) C#
4 1,269 (39.83%) Java
5 1,078 (33.84%) SQL
6 1,028 (32.27%) Software Engineering
7 1,024 (32.14%) CSS
8 997 (31.29%) OOP
9 992 (31.14%) HTML
10 830 (26.05%) .NET
11 771 (24.20%) Azure
12 759 (23.82%) Git (software)
13 749 (23.51%) DevOps
14 729 (22.88%) AWS
15 719 (22.57%) Microservices
16 697 (21.88%) TDD
17 651 (20.43%) React
18 649 (20.37%) Python
19 629 (19.74%) Degree
20 606 (19.02%) Social Skills
21 581 (18.24%) Finance
22 562 (17.64%) MVC
23 559 (17.55%) Docker
24 528 (16.57%) SQL Server
24 528 (16.57%) PHP
25 513 (16.10%) HTML5
26 494 (15.51%) Test Automation
27 484 (15.19%) Microsoft
28 472 (14.81%) AngularJS
29 455 (14.28%) Linux

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (3.36%) SharePoint
2 93 (2.92%) Confluence
3 78 (2.45%) Apache Spark
4 77 (2.42%) nginx
5 72 (2.26%) Apache
6 71 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
7 62 (1.95%) CMS
8 48 (1.51%) Tomcat
9 41 (1.29%) IIS
10 36 (1.13%) ColdFusion
11 34 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 32 (1.00%) WordPress
13 21 (0.66%) Apache Airflow
13 21 (0.66%) Luigi
14 20 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
15 16 (0.50%) EPiServer
15 16 (0.50%) GemFire
16 15 (0.47%) Drupal
16 15 (0.47%) Headless CMS
17 14 (0.44%) Umbraco
Applications
1 35 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.16%) InVision
3 5 (0.16%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.16%) Sketch
4 4 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 4 (0.13%) Adobe XD
4 4 (0.13%) Simulink
5 2 (0.063%) AutoCAD
5 2 (0.063%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.031%) Figma
6 1 (0.031%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 130 (4.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (1.04%) Magento
3 15 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
4 14 (0.44%) Shopify
5 7 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 2 (0.063%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.063%) SAP BPC
6 2 (0.063%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.031%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.031%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.031%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.031%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.031%) Radian6
7 1 (0.031%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.031%) SunGard Martini
7 1 (0.031%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.031%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 771 (24.20%) Azure
2 729 (22.88%) AWS
3 203 (6.37%) Serverless
4 185 (5.81%) GCP
5 161 (5.05%) SaaS
6 132 (4.14%) GitHub
7 131 (4.11%) Azure Service Bus
8 118 (3.70%) PaaS
9 114 (3.58%) Azure App Service
10 96 (3.01%) AWS Lambda
11 94 (2.95%) Azure Service Fabric
12 83 (2.61%) Azure Functions
13 76 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
14 71 (2.23%) Amazon S3
15 69 (2.17%) Azure Storage
16 68 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
17 65 (2.04%) Azure Active Directory
18 64 (2.01%) AWS CloudFormation
18 64 (2.01%) Azure Key Vault
19 63 (1.98%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 79 (2.48%) HTTP
2 61 (1.91%) Internet
3 28 (0.88%) TCP/IP
4 16 (0.50%) SSH
5 13 (0.41%) Broadband
6 12 (0.38%) FTP
7 10 (0.31%) DNS
7 10 (0.31%) Network Security
7 10 (0.31%) SMTP
8 8 (0.25%) Tactical Data Link
9 7 (0.22%) H.323
9 7 (0.22%) Intranet
9 7 (0.22%) SNMP
10 6 (0.19%) Wireless
10 6 (0.19%) Wireshark
11 5 (0.16%) AMQP
11 5 (0.16%) SSL
12 4 (0.13%) Skype
12 4 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
13 3 (0.094%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 528 (16.57%) SQL Server
2 444 (13.94%) MySQL
3 421 (13.21%) NoSQL
4 272 (8.54%) Relational Database
5 201 (6.31%) PostgreSQL
6 158 (4.96%) MongoDB
7 152 (4.77%) Big Data
8 145 (4.55%) Redis
9 71 (2.23%) Amazon RDS
10 69 (2.17%) RDBMS
11 64 (2.01%) Hadoop
12 63 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
13 62 (1.95%) Azure SQL Database
14 61 (1.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 61 (1.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 39 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
16 31 (0.97%) SQL Server 2019
17 27 (0.85%) SQL Server 2014
18 25 (0.78%) Apache Hive
18 25 (0.78%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 759 (23.82%) Git (software)
2 402 (12.62%) Jenkins
3 212 (6.65%) JIRA
4 167 (5.24%) Selenium
5 151 (4.74%) Subversion
6 138 (4.33%) JUnit
7 132 (4.14%) Maven
8 114 (3.58%) Mercurial
9 111 (3.48%) Visual Studio
10 109 (3.42%) Visual Studio Team System
11 102 (3.20%) Team Foundation Server
12 97 (3.04%) Cypress.io
13 94 (2.95%) Cucumber
14 78 (2.45%) TeamCity
14 78 (2.45%) webpack
15 68 (2.13%) GitLab
16 67 (2.10%) PHPUnit
17 53 (1.66%) Bitbucket
18 50 (1.57%) Eclipse
18 50 (1.57%) Storybook
General
1 606 (19.02%) Social Skills
2 581 (18.24%) Finance
3 243 (7.63%) Analytical Skills
4 238 (7.47%) Banking
5 190 (5.96%) Games
6 128 (4.02%) Marketing
7 117 (3.67%) Retail
8 111 (3.48%) Public Sector
9 69 (2.17%) Manufacturing
10 67 (2.10%) Automotive
11 66 (2.07%) Advertising
12 45 (1.41%) Front Office
12 45 (1.41%) Legal
13 42 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
14 41 (1.29%) Law
15 39 (1.22%) Electronics
16 33 (1.04%) Telecoms
17 32 (1.00%) Wearables
18 31 (0.97%) Organisational Skills
19 30 (0.94%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1,791 (56.21%) Developer
2 593 (18.61%) Software Engineer
3 438 (13.75%) Senior Developer
4 294 (9.23%) C# Developer
5 280 (8.79%) .NET Developer
6 274 (8.60%) Software Developer
7 273 (8.57%) PHP Developer
8 264 (8.29%) Java Developer
9 250 (7.85%) Full Stack Developer
10 177 (5.56%) Senior Software Engineer
11 164 (5.15%) C# .NET Developer
12 153 (4.80%) Java Engineer
13 129 (4.05%) Java Software Engineer
14 125 (3.92%) Tester
15 124 (3.89%) JavaScript Developer
16 117 (3.67%) Senior C# Developer
17 111 (3.48%) Trainee
18 108 (3.39%) Games Tester
18 108 (3.39%) Software Tester
18 108 (3.39%) Trainee Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,024 (32.14%) CSS
2 992 (31.14%) HTML
3 830 (26.05%) .NET
4 651 (20.43%) React
5 513 (16.10%) HTML5
6 472 (14.81%) AngularJS
7 452 (14.19%) Web Services
8 440 (13.81%) RESTful
9 393 (12.34%) REST
10 387 (12.15%) CSS3
11 373 (11.71%) Node.js
12 369 (11.58%) .NET Core
13 327 (10.26%) .NET Framework
14 317 (9.95%) Spring
15 268 (8.41%) ASP.NET
16 265 (8.32%) jQuery
17 247 (7.75%) Laravel
18 226 (7.09%) Vue.js
18 226 (7.09%) XML
19 215 (6.75%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 264 (8.29%) Data Structures
2 217 (6.81%) Mobile App
3 201 (6.31%) Greenfield Project
4 195 (6.12%) User Experience
5 181 (5.68%) Algorithms
6 108 (3.39%) Self-Motivation
7 99 (3.11%) N-Tier
8 83 (2.61%) Enterprise Software
9 57 (1.79%) Reinsurance
10 44 (1.38%) Cloud Native
11 39 (1.22%) EPoS
12 34 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
13 31 (0.97%) Fixed Income
14 30 (0.94%) Renewable Energy
15 29 (0.91%) Derivative
15 29 (0.91%) Video\Live Streaming
16 28 (0.88%) Client/Server
17 25 (0.78%) Blog
18 24 (0.75%) NHS
19 22 (0.69%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 455 (14.28%) Linux
2 221 (6.94%) Android
3 156 (4.90%) Apple iOS
4 154 (4.83%) Windows
5 90 (2.82%) Unix
6 30 (0.94%) CentOS
6 30 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (0.63%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
8 14 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
9 11 (0.35%) Mac OS
10 8 (0.25%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.19%) VxWorks
12 3 (0.094%) Debian
12 3 (0.094%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.063%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.063%) Fedora
13 2 (0.063%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.063%) Robot Operating System
14 1 (0.031%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,467 (46.05%) Agile Software Development
2 1,028 (32.27%) Software Engineering
3 997 (31.29%) OOP
4 749 (23.51%) DevOps
5 719 (22.57%) Microservices
6 697 (21.88%) TDD
7 562 (17.64%) MVC
8 494 (15.51%) Test Automation
9 447 (14.03%) Scrum
10 439 (13.78%) Continuous Integration
11 428 (13.43%) Computer Science
12 418 (13.12%) OOD
13 385 (12.08%) Problem-Solving
14 382 (11.99%) BDD
15 363 (11.39%) SOLID
16 346 (10.86%) Mentoring
17 333 (10.45%) Unit Testing
18 331 (10.39%) Software Testing
19 307 (9.64%) Web Development
20 252 (7.91%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,505 (47.24%) JavaScript
2 1,275 (40.02%) C#
3 1,269 (39.83%) Java
4 1,078 (33.84%) SQL
5 649 (20.37%) Python
6 528 (16.57%) PHP
7 391 (12.27%) C++
8 261 (8.19%) TypeScript
9 205 (6.43%) Java 8
10 156 (4.90%) T-SQL
11 124 (3.89%) ES6
12 121 (3.80%) Scala
13 95 (2.98%) PowerShell
14 93 (2.92%) C
15 84 (2.64%) Kotlin
16 83 (2.61%) Go
17 76 (2.39%) Ruby
18 67 (2.10%) Apple Swift
19 65 (2.04%) PHP 7
20 60 (1.88%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 629 (19.74%) Degree
2 228 (7.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 117 (3.67%) OCP
3 117 (3.67%) Oracle Certification
4 108 (3.39%) CIW
4 108 (3.39%) OCA
5 73 (2.29%) Security Cleared
6 48 (1.51%) SC Cleared
7 36 (1.13%) Master's Degree
8 24 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
9 18 (0.56%) DV Cleared
9 18 (0.56%) ISTQB
10 16 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
11 13 (0.41%) PhD
12 12 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 7 (0.22%) DBS Check
13 7 (0.22%) HND
14 6 (0.19%) HNC
15 4 (0.13%) AWS Certification
15 4 (0.13%) MCDBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 237 (7.44%) QA
2 9 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 8 (0.25%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.16%) SOC 2
5 4 (0.13%) GDPR
5 4 (0.13%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.13%) SLA
6 3 (0.094%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.094%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.063%) WCAG
8 1 (0.031%) Def Stans
8 1 (0.031%) MiFID
System Software
1 559 (17.55%) Docker
2 29 (0.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (0.35%) KVM
4 9 (0.28%) HDFS
5 6 (0.19%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.094%) Ceph
7 2 (0.063%) Firmware
8 1 (0.031%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.031%) GridGain
8 1 (0.031%) LXC
8 1 (0.031%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.031%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 422 (13.25%) Kubernetes
2 271 (8.51%) Terraform
3 148 (4.65%) Ansible
4 106 (3.33%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (1.54%) Puppet
6 17 (0.53%) Fortio
6 17 (0.53%) Istio
6 17 (0.53%) Kiali
7 6 (0.19%) Rancher
8 3 (0.094%) Argo
8 3 (0.094%) Galera Cluster
8 3 (0.094%) Grafana
8 3 (0.094%) MIIS
8 3 (0.094%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.063%) Nagios
9 2 (0.063%) Oozie
9 2 (0.063%) Packer
9 2 (0.063%) Salt
9 2 (0.063%) SCCM
9 2 (0.063%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 484 (15.19%) Microsoft
2 310 (9.73%) Oracle
3 103 (3.23%) Google
4 81 (2.54%) Salesforce.com
5 79 (2.48%) Nintex
6 63 (1.98%) Zend
7 38 (1.19%) Xamarin
8 30 (0.94%) Red Hat
8 30 (0.94%) VMware
9 29 (0.91%) ANSYS
9 29 (0.91%) Bloomberg
10 28 (0.88%) Apple
11 27 (0.85%) SAP
12 22 (0.69%) Atlassian
13 18 (0.56%) IBM
14 16 (0.50%) Okta
15 15 (0.47%) PayPal
16 13 (0.41%) Solace
17 10 (0.31%) Sitecore
18 9 (0.28%) Adobe