Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 218 178 150
Rank change year-on-year -40 -28 -60
Contract jobs citing Selenium 474 246 533
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.28% 1.44% 1.76%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.57% 7.97% 9.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 366 185 395
10th Percentile £369 £325 £363
25th Percentile £431 £375 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £450 £495
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -9.09% +4.21%
75th Percentile £625 £538 £559
90th Percentile £700 £608 £648
England median daily rate £480 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +6.67% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 1
Median hourly rate - £42.00 £73.00
Median % change year-on-year - -42.47% +102.78%
England median hourly rate £49.50 £58.00 £42.25
% change year-on-year -14.66% +37.28% +19.86%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,216 3,088 5,642
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.48% 18.12% 18.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,223 2,206 4,122
10th Percentile £413 £350 £375
25th Percentile £490 £419 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £660 £675
England median daily rate £550 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +15.79% - -2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 61 10 27
10th Percentile " £40.30 £18.32
25th Percentile £39.75 £52.13 £44.09
Median hourly rate £50.50 £55.00 £49.28
Median % change year-on-year -8.18% +11.62% +34.37%
75th Percentile £71.35 £67.63 £78.75
90th Percentile £80.50 £69.08 "
England median hourly rate £53.13 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +18.06% - +2.86%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -21 61 £525 +24.63% 41
South London -8 23 £400 -11.11% 9
West London -29 3 £675 +50.00% 8
East London -9 1 £375 - 16
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 321 (67.72%) Test Automation
2 262 (55.27%) Java
3 255 (53.80%) Agile Software Development
4 249 (52.53%) Cucumber
5 165 (34.81%) Jenkins
6 162 (34.18%) DevOps
7 130 (27.43%) Azure
8 127 (26.79%) Finance
9 123 (25.95%) BDD
10 118 (24.89%) Scrum
11 117 (24.68%) TDD
12 113 (23.84%) QA
13 111 (23.42%) C#
13 111 (23.42%) Git (software)
14 110 (23.21%) JIRA
15 109 (23.00%) Microservices
16 107 (22.57%) JavaScript
17 97 (20.46%) Banking
18 95 (20.04%) Software Testing
19 94 (19.83%) SQL
20 93 (19.62%) Docker
21 82 (17.30%) SDET
22 81 (17.09%) Kubernetes
22 81 (17.09%) Continuous Integration
23 79 (16.67%) Microsoft
24 73 (15.40%) Ansible
25 71 (14.98%) Linux
25 71 (14.98%) Social Skills
26 69 (14.56%) Python
27 65 (13.71%) .NET

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (6.75%) Confluence
2 31 (6.54%) IIS
3 14 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
4 9 (1.90%) Appian
5 8 (1.69%) Apache
6 6 (1.27%) SharePoint
7 5 (1.05%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.84%) Ethereum
8 4 (0.84%) Mattermost
8 4 (0.84%) nginx
8 4 (0.84%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
9 3 (0.63%) JBoss
9 3 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.42%) Jetty
10 2 (0.42%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.21%) CMS
11 1 (0.21%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 3 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.84%) Oracle Cash Management
2 3 (0.63%) Endur
3 2 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.42%) Magento
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle CRM
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 130 (27.43%) Azure
2 58 (12.24%) AWS
3 55 (11.60%) GitHub
4 43 (9.07%) IaaS
5 38 (8.02%) PaaS
6 32 (6.75%) SaaS
7 21 (4.43%) OpenShift
8 19 (4.01%) Datadog
9 18 (3.80%) Azure Active Directory
10 16 (3.38%) npm
10 16 (3.38%) NuGet
10 16 (3.38%) Yarn
11 11 (2.32%) Azure Monitor
11 11 (2.32%) BrowserStack
11 11 (2.32%) Serverless
12 10 (2.11%) GitHub Actions
13 8 (1.69%) Apigee
14 7 (1.48%) Sauce Labs
14 7 (1.48%) Tricentis Tosca
15 6 (1.27%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.74%) HTTP
2 9 (1.90%) Firewall
3 2 (0.42%) DSL
3 2 (0.42%) FTP
4 1 (0.21%) 2G
4 1 (0.21%) DNS
4 1 (0.21%) Network Security
4 1 (0.21%) VPN
4 1 (0.21%) WAAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (9.70%) SQL Server
2 21 (4.43%) PostgreSQL
3 16 (3.38%) Data Warehouse
4 11 (2.32%) MongoDB
5 7 (1.48%) MySQL
6 6 (1.27%) Relational Database
6 6 (1.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 5 (1.05%) Power BI
8 4 (0.84%) Big Data
8 4 (0.84%) Blockchain
8 4 (0.84%) BusinessObjects
8 4 (0.84%) Data Lake
8 4 (0.84%) NoSQL
9 3 (0.63%) Crystal Reports
9 3 (0.63%) Data Mart
10 2 (0.42%) Apache Cassandra
10 2 (0.42%) DB2
10 2 (0.42%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 1 (0.21%) Oracle BI EE
11 1 (0.21%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 249 (52.53%) Cucumber
2 165 (34.81%) Jenkins
3 111 (23.42%) Git (software)
4 110 (23.21%) JIRA
5 63 (13.29%) WebDriver
6 58 (12.24%) JMeter
6 58 (12.24%) SpecFlow
7 53 (11.18%) Maven
7 53 (11.18%) Postman
8 49 (10.34%) SoapUI
9 41 (8.65%) Sonatype Nexus
10 40 (8.44%) SonarQube
11 38 (8.02%) Bitbucket
11 38 (8.02%) JUnit
12 37 (7.81%) Cypress.io
13 33 (6.96%) TeamCity
14 28 (5.91%) REST Assured
14 28 (5.91%) Zephyr
15 26 (5.49%) Mocha
15 26 (5.49%) Robot Framework
General
1 127 (26.79%) Finance
2 97 (20.46%) Banking
3 71 (14.98%) Social Skills
4 44 (9.28%) Investment Banking
5 33 (6.96%) Front Office
6 23 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
6 23 (4.85%) Public Sector
7 11 (2.32%) Back Office
8 9 (1.90%) Documentation Skills
9 6 (1.27%) Retail
10 5 (1.05%) Legal
10 5 (1.05%) Marketing
10 5 (1.05%) Presentation Skills
11 4 (0.84%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
11 4 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.63%) Law
12 3 (0.63%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.63%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.63%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 125 (26.37%) Developer
2 82 (17.30%) Tester
3 60 (12.66%) Automation Tester
4 57 (12.03%) Test Engineer
5 44 (9.28%) Test Automation Engineer
6 43 (9.07%) DevOps Engineer
7 39 (8.23%) Developer in Test
8 33 (6.96%) Senior Developer
9 32 (6.75%) Java Developer
10 30 (6.33%) Analyst
11 26 (5.49%) Test Analyst
12 25 (5.27%) Software Developer
13 24 (5.06%) QA Engineer
14 23 (4.85%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 23 (4.85%) JavaScript Developer
15 18 (3.80%) Angular Developer
16 17 (3.59%) Automation Engineer
16 17 (3.59%) Senior Java Developer
17 16 (3.38%) HTML Developer
17 16 (3.38%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (13.71%) .NET
2 61 (12.87%) HTML
2 61 (12.87%) RESTful
3 55 (11.60%) CSS
4 53 (11.18%) Gherkin
5 52 (10.97%) Node.js
6 51 (10.76%) REST
7 37 (7.81%) AngularJS
7 37 (7.81%) React
8 34 (7.17%) Web Services
9 33 (6.96%) Spring
10 32 (6.75%) SOAP
11 31 (6.54%) JSON
12 25 (5.27%) Jest
12 25 (5.27%) Spring Boot
13 22 (4.64%) Swagger
13 22 (4.64%) XML
14 17 (3.59%) DOM
15 16 (3.38%) .NET Framework
15 16 (3.38%) Electron Framework
Miscellaneous
1 26 (5.49%) User Experience
2 24 (5.06%) Cloud Native
3 17 (3.59%) Equities
4 16 (3.38%) Greenfield Project
4 16 (3.38%) Mobile App
5 14 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
6 13 (2.74%) Data Structures
7 5 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
7 5 (1.05%) Video on Demand
7 5 (1.05%) Video\Live Streaming
8 4 (0.84%) Data Centre
8 4 (0.84%) Data Protection Act
8 4 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (0.84%) Private Cloud
9 3 (0.63%) Client/Server
9 3 (0.63%) Hedge funds
9 3 (0.63%) N-Tier
9 3 (0.63%) Public Cloud
10 2 (0.42%) iPad
10 2 (0.42%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 71 (14.98%) Linux
2 60 (12.66%) Unix
3 23 (4.85%) Windows
4 15 (3.16%) Apple iOS
4 15 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (2.74%) Ubuntu
5 13 (2.74%) Windows Server
6 10 (2.11%) Android
7 5 (1.05%) tvOS
8 3 (0.63%) AIX
8 3 (0.63%) Solaris
9 2 (0.42%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.21%) CentOS
10 1 (0.21%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 321 (67.72%) Test Automation
2 255 (53.80%) Agile Software Development
3 162 (34.18%) DevOps
4 123 (25.95%) BDD
5 118 (24.89%) Scrum
6 117 (24.68%) TDD
7 109 (23.00%) Microservices
8 95 (20.04%) Software Testing
9 82 (17.30%) SDET
10 81 (17.09%) Continuous Integration
11 61 (12.87%) API Testing
12 56 (11.81%) Kanban
13 52 (10.97%) SDLC
14 50 (10.55%) Test Scripting
15 49 (10.34%) Regression Testing
16 46 (9.70%) Performance Testing
17 44 (9.28%) Problem-Solving
17 44 (9.28%) Scenario Testing
18 42 (8.86%) Test Strategy
19 39 (8.23%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 262 (55.27%) Java
2 111 (23.42%) C#
3 107 (22.57%) JavaScript
4 94 (19.83%) SQL
5 69 (14.56%) Python
6 39 (8.23%) TypeScript
7 20 (4.22%) Java 8
8 16 (3.38%) ES6
9 14 (2.95%) Ruby
9 14 (2.95%) VB
10 13 (2.74%) Bash
11 12 (2.53%) PHP
12 11 (2.32%) PowerShell
13 10 (2.11%) Scala
13 10 (2.11%) Shell Script
14 9 (1.90%) Groovy
15 8 (1.69%) Go
16 6 (1.27%) Perl
16 6 (1.27%) VBScript
17 5 (1.05%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 56 (11.81%) Security Cleared
2 52 (10.97%) SC Cleared
3 33 (6.96%) ISTQB
4 30 (6.33%) Degree
5 19 (4.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (4.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 17 (3.59%) ISEB
7 7 (1.48%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.42%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 1 (0.21%) CFA
10 1 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (23.84%) QA
2 19 (4.01%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.63%) GDPR
4 2 (0.42%) IFRS
4 2 (0.42%) WCAG
5 1 (0.21%) GxP
5 1 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.21%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.21%) PSD2
5 1 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.21%) SOC 1
5 1 (0.21%) SOC 2
5 1 (0.21%) Solvency II
System Software
1 93 (19.62%) Docker
2 20 (4.22%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.84%) vSphere
4 2 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 81 (17.09%) Kubernetes
2 73 (15.40%) Ansible
3 48 (10.13%) Terraform
4 36 (7.59%) Puppet
5 17 (3.59%) Netcool
6 16 (3.38%) Kibana
7 12 (2.53%) Grafana
7 12 (2.53%) HP Quality Center
8 11 (2.32%) Argo
8 11 (2.32%) Nagios
9 10 (2.11%) Prometheus
10 9 (1.90%) Opscode Chef
11 6 (1.27%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.84%) logstash
12 4 (0.84%) vCenter Server
13 3 (0.63%) HP Fortify
13 3 (0.63%) ZABBIX
14 2 (0.42%) CA Service Virtualization
14 2 (0.42%) SELinux
15 1 (0.21%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 79 (16.67%) Microsoft
2 36 (7.59%) Splunk
3 31 (6.54%) Oracle
4 27 (5.70%) AppDynamics
5 19 (4.01%) New Relic
6 14 (2.95%) Google
6 14 (2.95%) HP
7 13 (2.74%) Micro Focus
8 12 (2.53%) Atlassian
8 12 (2.53%) IBM
8 12 (2.53%) MuleSoft
9 7 (1.48%) Apple
10 4 (0.84%) Cadence
10 4 (0.84%) Red Hat
10 4 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
10 4 (0.84%) SAP
10 4 (0.84%) VMware
11 3 (0.63%) Alteryx
11 3 (0.63%) Avaloq
11 3 (0.63%) Perfecto Mobile