Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 253 235 159
Rank change year-on-year -18 -76 -19
Contract jobs citing Selenium 415 320 303
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.05% 1.17% 1.73%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.44% 6.03% 8.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 315 235 229
10th Percentile £400 £325 £350
25th Percentile £431 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £460 £450
Median % change year-on-year +19.57% +2.22% -
75th Percentile £600 £538 £525
90th Percentile £683 £625 £673
England median daily rate £500 £448 £435
% change year-on-year +11.73% +2.87% -0.57%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,632 5,309 3,712
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.27% 19.33% 21.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,501 3,690 2,734
10th Percentile £413 £388 £383
25th Percentile £500 £455 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £536 £525
Median % change year-on-year +11.89% +2.14% -
75th Percentile £700 £638 £625
90th Percentile £800 £713 £700
England median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 17 23
10th Percentile £16.43 £27.50 £32.55
25th Percentile £38.40 £37.50 £45.13
Median hourly rate £44.50 £59.00 £51.00
Median % change year-on-year -24.58% +15.69% +13.55%
75th Percentile £53.75 £68.00 £63.75
90th Percentile £74.90 £68.62 £64.95
England median hourly rate £52.50 £50.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -19 60 £525 +10.53% 32
South London -19 5 £470 +7.74% 3
East London -9 1 £425 +6.25% 4
West London -13 1 £575 +1.10% 8
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 312 (75.18%) Test Automation
2 220 (53.01%) Agile
3 193 (46.51%) Java
4 189 (45.54%) Cucumber
5 162 (39.04%) QA
6 139 (33.49%) C#
7 124 (29.88%) DevOps
8 122 (29.40%) Finance
9 114 (27.47%) JavaScript
10 108 (26.02%) CI/CD
11 107 (25.78%) Azure
12 103 (24.82%) BDD
13 99 (23.86%) SQL
14 90 (21.69%) Jenkins
15 82 (19.76%) JMeter
16 81 (19.52%) REST
17 80 (19.28%) Continuous Integration
18 79 (19.04%) TDD
18 79 (19.04%) Git (software)
19 78 (18.80%) SpecFlow
19 78 (18.80%) Postman
20 77 (18.55%) Scrum
21 76 (18.31%) Microservices
22 75 (18.07%) .NET
23 74 (17.83%) API Testing
24 73 (17.59%) JIRA
25 68 (16.39%) Banking
26 66 (15.90%) Software Testing
26 66 (15.90%) Social Skills
27 65 (15.66%) Python

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (7.23%) Confluence
2 10 (2.41%) Apache
3 8 (1.93%) IIS
4 6 (1.45%) Alfresco
4 6 (1.45%) Apache Solr
5 3 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 3 (0.72%) Jupyter
5 3 (0.72%) SharePoint
6 2 (0.48%) Ethereum
6 2 (0.48%) nginx
6 2 (0.48%) Tomcat
6 2 (0.48%) WebSphere
7 1 (0.24%) Mattermost
7 1 (0.24%) Mendix
7 1 (0.24%) SAS
7 1 (0.24%) Tornado
7 1 (0.24%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.24%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 11 (2.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.24%) InVision
3 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.24%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 2 (0.48%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.24%) Magento
2 1 (0.24%) Oracle Retail
2 1 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.24%) Shopify
2 1 (0.24%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 107 (25.78%) Azure
2 53 (12.77%) Azure DevOps
3 43 (10.36%) AWS
4 38 (9.16%) BrowserStack
5 31 (7.47%) Sauce Labs
6 16 (3.86%) GitHub
7 15 (3.61%) GCP
8 14 (3.37%) PaaS
9 12 (2.89%) Serverless
10 11 (2.65%) IaaS
11 8 (1.93%) OpenShift
12 7 (1.69%) SaaS
12 7 (1.69%) Tricentis Tosca
13 6 (1.45%) Azure Functions
13 6 (1.45%) npm
14 5 (1.20%) Apigee
14 5 (1.20%) Azure Data Factory
14 5 (1.20%) Azure Service Bus
14 5 (1.20%) Azure Synapse Analytics
15 4 (0.96%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.45%) HTTP
2 4 (0.96%) Firewall
3 2 (0.48%) PuTTY
4 1 (0.24%) DNS
4 1 (0.24%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.24%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.24%) VPN
4 1 (0.24%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (6.02%) SQL Server
2 14 (3.37%) Relational Database
3 13 (3.13%) NoSQL
4 12 (2.89%) PostgreSQL
5 11 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (2.65%) MongoDB
6 10 (2.41%) MySQL
7 8 (1.93%) Data Warehouse
8 7 (1.69%) Big Data
8 7 (1.69%) RDBMS
9 6 (1.45%) Azure SQL Database
9 6 (1.45%) Data Mart
10 5 (1.20%) Data Lake
10 5 (1.20%) Oracle Database
11 4 (0.96%) Hazelcast
11 4 (0.96%) Parquet
12 3 (0.72%) DB2
12 3 (0.72%) SQLite
13 2 (0.48%) GIS
13 2 (0.48%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 189 (45.54%) Cucumber
2 90 (21.69%) Jenkins
3 82 (19.76%) JMeter
4 79 (19.04%) Git (software)
5 78 (18.80%) Postman
5 78 (18.80%) SpecFlow
6 73 (17.59%) JIRA
7 61 (14.70%) Cypress.io
8 46 (11.08%) WebDriver
9 43 (10.36%) SoapUI
10 39 (9.40%) Maven
11 38 (9.16%) Protractor
12 36 (8.67%) Gatling
13 34 (8.19%) REST Assured
14 32 (7.71%) JUnit
15 31 (7.47%) TestCafe
16 24 (5.78%) TeamCity
17 19 (4.58%) Robot Framework
18 16 (3.86%) Gradle
18 16 (3.86%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 122 (29.40%) Finance
2 68 (16.39%) Banking
3 66 (15.90%) Social Skills
4 26 (6.27%) Public Sector
5 22 (5.30%) Analytical Skills
6 17 (4.10%) Investment Banking
7 12 (2.89%) Front Office
8 9 (2.17%) Retail
9 8 (1.93%) Legal
9 8 (1.93%) Presentation Skills
9 8 (1.93%) Retail Banking
10 7 (1.69%) Back Office
10 7 (1.69%) Financial Institution
11 6 (1.45%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 5 (1.20%) Law
13 4 (0.96%) Documentation Skills
13 4 (0.96%) Influencing Skills
13 4 (0.96%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.96%) Marketing
14 3 (0.72%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 82 (19.76%) Tester
2 80 (19.28%) Developer
3 64 (15.42%) Test Engineer
4 61 (14.70%) QA Engineer
5 60 (14.46%) Automation Tester
6 39 (9.40%) Test Automation Engineer
7 31 (7.47%) Java Developer
8 28 (6.75%) Analyst
9 25 (6.02%) Senior Developer
10 23 (5.54%) Test Analyst
11 21 (5.06%) QA Automation Engineer
12 19 (4.58%) Senior Test Engineer
13 17 (4.10%) JavaScript Engineer
14 16 (3.86%) Developer in Test
14 16 (3.86%) Senior Java Developer
14 16 (3.86%) Software Developer
15 15 (3.61%) Automation Engineer
15 15 (3.61%) Test Leader
16 14 (3.37%) DevOps Engineer
17 13 (3.13%) Automation Test Lead
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (19.52%) REST
2 75 (18.07%) .NET
3 61 (14.70%) React
4 49 (11.81%) RESTful
5 48 (11.57%) AngularJS
6 43 (10.36%) HTML
7 41 (9.88%) Gherkin
8 40 (9.64%) CSS
9 36 (8.67%) SOAP
9 36 (8.67%) Swagger
10 34 (8.19%) Spring
11 32 (7.71%) Web Services
12 28 (6.75%) JSON
13 27 (6.51%) Spring Boot
14 24 (5.78%) Node.js
15 23 (5.54%) XML
16 16 (3.86%) HTML5
17 15 (3.61%) Jest
18 12 (2.89%) Sass
19 10 (2.41%) ADO
Miscellaneous
1 16 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
2 13 (3.13%) Cloud Native
2 13 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
3 10 (2.41%) User Experience
4 7 (1.69%) Virtual Team
5 6 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 6 (1.45%) Hedge funds
5 6 (1.45%) Mobile App
6 5 (1.20%) NHS
7 4 (0.96%) Data Protection Act
7 4 (0.96%) Fixed Income
7 4 (0.96%) W3C
8 3 (0.72%) Management Information System
8 3 (0.72%) Public Cloud
8 3 (0.72%) Renewable Energy
9 2 (0.48%) Blockchain
9 2 (0.48%) Mainframe
10 1 (0.24%) PDA
10 1 (0.24%) SCORM
10 1 (0.24%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 20 (4.82%) Linux
1 20 (4.82%) Unix
2 12 (2.89%) Windows
3 6 (1.45%) Android
4 5 (1.20%) Apple iOS
4 5 (1.20%) Ubuntu
5 4 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (0.96%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.24%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 312 (75.18%) Test Automation
2 220 (53.01%) Agile
3 124 (29.88%) DevOps
4 108 (26.02%) CI/CD
5 103 (24.82%) BDD
6 80 (19.28%) Continuous Integration
7 79 (19.04%) TDD
8 77 (18.55%) Scrum
9 76 (18.31%) Microservices
10 74 (17.83%) API Testing
11 66 (15.90%) Software Testing
12 61 (14.70%) Regression Testing
13 58 (13.98%) SDLC
14 55 (13.25%) SDET
15 51 (12.29%) Test Strategy
16 50 (12.05%) Performance Testing
17 39 (9.40%) Analytics
18 37 (8.92%) Functional Testing
18 37 (8.92%) Open Source
19 36 (8.67%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 193 (46.51%) Java
2 139 (33.49%) C#
3 114 (27.47%) JavaScript
4 99 (23.86%) SQL
5 65 (15.66%) Python
6 59 (14.22%) TypeScript
7 16 (3.86%) PL/SQL
8 8 (1.93%) Groovy
8 8 (1.93%) Ruby
9 7 (1.69%) PowerShell
10 6 (1.45%) VBScript
11 5 (1.20%) Scala
12 3 (0.72%) ES6
12 3 (0.72%) Go
12 3 (0.72%) Perl
13 2 (0.48%) Apple Swift
13 2 (0.48%) Kotlin
13 2 (0.48%) Objective-C
13 2 (0.48%) PHP
13 2 (0.48%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 44 (10.60%) Security Cleared
2 41 (9.88%) SC Cleared
3 25 (6.02%) ISTQB
4 7 (1.69%) Degree
5 6 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (1.45%) ISEB
5 6 (1.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 3 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.48%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.48%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.48%) PMI Certification
7 2 (0.48%) PMP
8 1 (0.24%) CFA
8 1 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.24%) HP APS
8 1 (0.24%) HPE ATP
8 1 (0.24%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 1 (0.24%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.24%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 162 (39.04%) QA
2 20 (4.82%) Accessibility
3 6 (1.45%) GDPR
4 5 (1.20%) WCAG
5 3 (0.72%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.72%) GRC
6 2 (0.48%) PMO
7 1 (0.24%) GxP
7 1 (0.24%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 40 (9.64%) Docker
2 8 (1.93%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.96%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 33 (7.95%) Kubernetes
2 25 (6.02%) Ansible
3 17 (4.10%) Terraform
4 14 (3.37%) Puppet
5 8 (1.93%) Kibana
6 7 (1.69%) HP ALM
6 7 (1.69%) HP Quality Center
6 7 (1.69%) logstash
7 5 (1.20%) Netcool
8 4 (0.96%) Nagios
9 3 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.48%) HP SiteScope
10 2 (0.48%) ZABBIX
11 1 (0.24%) Consul
11 1 (0.24%) Fortio
11 1 (0.24%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.24%) Istio
11 1 (0.24%) Kiali
11 1 (0.24%) Kustomize
11 1 (0.24%) Salt
Vendors
1 50 (12.05%) Oracle
2 48 (11.57%) Microsoft
3 19 (4.58%) Splunk
4 15 (3.61%) Google
5 13 (3.13%) AppDynamics
6 8 (1.93%) HP
7 7 (1.69%) Databricks
7 7 (1.69%) Micro Focus
8 6 (1.45%) SAP
9 5 (1.20%) Atlassian
9 5 (1.20%) Sitecore
10 4 (0.96%) Adobe
10 4 (0.96%) New Relic
10 4 (0.96%) Solace
11 3 (0.72%) Apple
11 3 (0.72%) Guidewire
11 3 (0.72%) MuleSoft
11 3 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
12 2 (0.48%) Cadence
12 2 (0.48%) Dynatrace