Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 177 157 97
Rank change year-on-year -20 -60 +27
Contract jobs citing Selenium 296 460 1,173
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.48% 1.66% 2.72%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.06% 8.69% 12.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 267 353 836
Median daily rate £450 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +1.05% +4.40%
10th Percentile £325 £342 £350
90th Percentile £588 £638 £589
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 4
Median hourly rate £42.00 - £36.00
England median hourly rate £58.00 £51.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +13.73% +41.67% -28.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 3,674 5,292 9,727
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.38% 19.05% 22.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,583 3,858 7,210
Median daily rate £505 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.90% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £360 £375 £371
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £488 £500
% change year-on-year -2.56% -2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 33 27
Median hourly rate £62.75 £55.00 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.09% +49.99% -13.72%
10th Percentile £42.95 £34.43 £28.45
90th Percentile £68.36 £78.75 £54.85
Median hourly rate £45.50 £47.50 £44.25
% change year-on-year -4.21% +7.34% -1.67%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +18 37 £425 -5.56% 21
South London +38 18 £411 -2.66%
West London +36 4 £581 +45.31% 7
East London +30 1 - - 4
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 186 (62.84%) Test Automation
2 163 (55.07%) Agile Software Development
3 151 (51.01%) Java
4 104 (35.14%) Cucumber
5 101 (34.12%) Jenkins
6 89 (30.07%) BDD
7 85 (28.72%) DevOps
8 83 (28.04%) TDD
9 78 (26.35%) QA
10 77 (26.01%) Azure
11 72 (24.32%) JavaScript
12 66 (22.30%) JIRA
13 65 (21.96%) C#
13 65 (21.96%) SQL
14 57 (19.26%) Git (software)
15 56 (18.92%) Scrum
16 51 (17.23%) AWS
16 51 (17.23%) REST
17 48 (16.22%) Python
18 47 (15.88%) .NET
18 47 (15.88%) Security Cleared
18 47 (15.88%) Docker
19 43 (14.53%) SOAP
19 43 (14.53%) Postman
20 42 (14.19%) Microservices
20 42 (14.19%) AngularJS
21 40 (13.51%) SC Cleared
22 39 (13.18%) SoapUI
22 39 (13.18%) SDET
23 38 (12.84%) JMeter

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (8.11%) Confluence
2 15 (5.07%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (3.38%) Apache Spark
4 5 (1.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 5 (1.69%) Apache
4 5 (1.69%) SharePoint
5 4 (1.35%) CMS
5 4 (1.35%) JBoss
6 3 (1.01%) WebLogic
7 2 (0.68%) Anypoint
7 2 (0.68%) Mule
7 2 (0.68%) nginx
7 2 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.68%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.34%) IIS
8 1 (0.34%) NServiceBus
8 1 (0.34%) Red Hat Fuse
8 1 (0.34%) WebSphere
Applications
1 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
1 2 (0.68%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 4 (1.35%) Sentinel
2 3 (1.01%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.34%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 77 (26.01%) Azure
2 51 (17.23%) AWS
3 27 (9.12%) GitHub
4 10 (3.38%) Serverless
5 9 (3.04%) PaaS
6 8 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
6 8 (2.70%) GCP
6 8 (2.70%) IaaS
7 7 (2.36%) Dynamics 365
8 6 (2.03%) Amazon EC2
8 6 (2.03%) OpenShift
8 6 (2.03%) SaaS
8 6 (2.03%) Slack
9 5 (1.69%) Azure Data Factory
10 4 (1.35%) Amazon EKS
10 4 (1.35%) npm
11 3 (1.01%) Amazon Cognito
11 3 (1.01%) BrowserStack
11 3 (1.01%) Power Platform
11 3 (1.01%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.70%) HTTP
2 6 (2.03%) DNS
3 3 (1.01%) DMARC
3 3 (1.01%) Internet
3 3 (1.01%) SMS
3 3 (1.01%) SMTP
3 3 (1.01%) SSL
3 3 (1.01%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.68%) SSH
5 1 (0.34%) FTP
5 1 (0.34%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (6.76%) SQL Server
2 18 (6.08%) PostgreSQL
3 16 (5.41%) MySQL
3 16 (5.41%) NoSQL
4 11 (3.72%) MongoDB
5 10 (3.38%) Hadoop
6 9 (3.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 8 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
8 6 (2.03%) Big Data
9 5 (1.69%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (1.69%) MS Access
10 3 (1.01%) CockroachDB
11 2 (0.68%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.68%) Power BI
11 2 (0.68%) PowerCenter
11 2 (0.68%) Redis
11 2 (0.68%) Relational Database
12 1 (0.34%) BigQuery
12 1 (0.34%) DB2
12 1 (0.34%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 104 (35.14%) Cucumber
2 101 (34.12%) Jenkins
3 66 (22.30%) JIRA
4 57 (19.26%) Git (software)
5 43 (14.53%) Postman
6 39 (13.18%) SoapUI
7 38 (12.84%) JMeter
8 37 (12.50%) JUnit
9 33 (11.15%) Cypress.io
9 33 (11.15%) WebDriver
10 32 (10.81%) Maven
11 31 (10.47%) SpecFlow
12 19 (6.42%) SonarQube
13 18 (6.08%) Appium
14 17 (5.74%) GitLab
15 14 (4.73%) LoadRunner
16 13 (4.39%) NUnit
17 12 (4.05%) Mocha
17 12 (4.05%) REST Assured
18 10 (3.38%) TeamCity
General
1 37 (12.50%) Banking
2 34 (11.49%) Finance
3 18 (6.08%) Public Sector
4 10 (3.38%) Investment Banking
5 6 (2.03%) Legal
6 5 (1.69%) Financial Institution
6 5 (1.69%) Law
7 4 (1.35%) Publishing
7 4 (1.35%) Retail Banking
8 3 (1.01%) Front Office
8 3 (1.01%) Marketing
9 2 (0.68%) Retail
10 1 (0.34%) Advertising
10 1 (0.34%) Back Office
10 1 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.34%) Spanish Language
10 1 (0.34%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 82 (27.70%) Developer
2 37 (12.50%) Tester
3 29 (9.80%) QA Engineer
4 24 (8.11%) Analyst
4 24 (8.11%) Test Engineer
5 23 (7.77%) Automation Tester
5 23 (7.77%) Java Developer
6 18 (6.08%) Test Analyst
7 15 (5.07%) Developer in Test
8 13 (4.39%) Architect
8 13 (4.39%) Automation Engineer
8 13 (4.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 13 (4.39%) QA Automation Engineer
8 13 (4.39%) Senior QA Engineer
9 12 (4.05%) Full Stack Developer
10 11 (3.72%) Angular Developer
11 10 (3.38%) Test Leader
12 9 (3.04%) Automation Test Analyst
12 9 (3.04%) DevOps Engineer
12 9 (3.04%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (17.23%) REST
2 47 (15.88%) .NET
3 43 (14.53%) SOAP
4 42 (14.19%) AngularJS
5 32 (10.81%) HTML
5 32 (10.81%) Web Services
6 30 (10.14%) React
7 28 (9.46%) CSS
8 26 (8.78%) Node.js
9 23 (7.77%) Spring
10 18 (6.08%) Jest
11 17 (5.74%) Gherkin
11 17 (5.74%) HTML5
11 17 (5.74%) JSON
12 16 (5.41%) Kafka
13 15 (5.07%) RESTful
14 14 (4.73%) .NET Core
15 10 (3.38%) .NET Framework
15 10 (3.38%) Redux
16 9 (3.04%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 22 (7.43%) Mobile App
2 15 (5.07%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (4.05%) Public Cloud
4 8 (2.70%) User Experience
5 7 (2.36%) NHS
5 7 (2.36%) Virtual Team
6 6 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
7 4 (1.35%) Fixed Income
7 4 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (1.01%) Management Information System
8 3 (1.01%) Marketing Technology
8 3 (1.01%) PlayStation
9 2 (0.68%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.68%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.68%) Derivative
9 2 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (0.68%) Private Cloud
10 1 (0.34%) Data Centre
10 1 (0.34%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 21 (7.09%) Android
2 17 (5.74%) Apple iOS
2 17 (5.74%) Linux
3 12 (4.05%) Windows
4 7 (2.36%) Unix
5 3 (1.01%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.34%) CentOS
6 1 (0.34%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.34%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 186 (62.84%) Test Automation
2 163 (55.07%) Agile Software Development
3 89 (30.07%) BDD
4 85 (28.72%) DevOps
5 83 (28.04%) TDD
6 56 (18.92%) Scrum
7 42 (14.19%) Microservices
8 39 (13.18%) SDET
9 36 (12.16%) Continuous Integration
10 28 (9.46%) Open Source
11 25 (8.45%) Regression Testing
11 25 (8.45%) Unit Testing
12 24 (8.11%) Performance Testing
13 23 (7.77%) SDLC
14 21 (7.09%) Continuous Delivery
14 21 (7.09%) Migration
15 20 (6.76%) Non-Functional Testing
16 18 (6.08%) Functional Testing
16 18 (6.08%) Integration Testing
16 18 (6.08%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 151 (51.01%) Java
2 72 (24.32%) JavaScript
3 65 (21.96%) C#
3 65 (21.96%) SQL
4 48 (16.22%) Python
5 24 (8.11%) TypeScript
6 21 (7.09%) Java 8
7 10 (3.38%) ES6
7 10 (3.38%) Kotlin
8 9 (3.04%) Perl
8 9 (3.04%) Scala
9 8 (2.70%) Shell Script
10 6 (2.03%) Groovy
10 6 (2.03%) PL/SQL
10 6 (2.03%) Ruby
11 5 (1.69%) C
12 3 (1.01%) Bash Shell
12 3 (1.01%) C++
12 3 (1.01%) PHP
13 2 (0.68%) Go
Qualifications
1 47 (15.88%) Security Cleared
2 40 (13.51%) SC Cleared
3 17 (5.74%) ISTQB
4 16 (5.41%) DV Cleared
5 8 (2.70%) ISEB
6 7 (2.36%) TOGAF Certification
7 6 (2.03%) Degree
8 5 (1.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (1.01%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
10 2 (0.68%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.34%) HNC
11 1 (0.34%) MCP
11 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (26.35%) QA
2 3 (1.01%) Data Quality
2 3 (1.01%) GDPR
3 2 (0.68%) WCAG
4 1 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.34%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.34%) NIST
4 1 (0.34%) SEPA
4 1 (0.34%) TARGET2
System Software
1 47 (15.88%) Docker
2 3 (1.01%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 29 (9.80%) Kubernetes
2 18 (6.08%) Terraform
3 12 (4.05%) Puppet
4 8 (2.70%) Ansible
5 6 (2.03%) HP Fortify
6 5 (1.69%) Rancher
6 5 (1.69%) Rundeck
7 3 (1.01%) HP ALM
7 3 (1.01%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.68%) Grafana
8 2 (0.68%) Kibana
9 1 (0.34%) Consul
9 1 (0.34%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.34%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.34%) Packer
9 1 (0.34%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 26 (8.78%) Oracle
2 13 (4.39%) Splunk
3 11 (3.72%) Microsoft
4 8 (2.70%) Adobe
4 8 (2.70%) Google
4 8 (2.70%) HP
4 8 (2.70%) MuleSoft
5 7 (2.36%) Dynatrace
6 5 (1.69%) IBM
7 4 (1.35%) iManage
7 4 (1.35%) TIBCO
8 3 (1.01%) Perfecto Mobile
8 3 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (1.01%) ServiceNow
8 3 (1.01%) webMethods
9 2 (0.68%) Dell
9 2 (0.68%) Informatica
9 2 (0.68%) JDA
9 2 (0.68%) Trayport
9 2 (0.68%) Xamarin