Period
to 24 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 24 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
24 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 122 112 124
Rank change year-on-year -10 +12 +49
Contract jobs citing Selenium 927 1,094 853
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 2.29% 2.40% 2.16%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.77% 11.63% 12.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 646 789 557
London median daily rate £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £358 £325 £313
90th Percentile £588 £588 £563
England median daily rate £438 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% +5.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 0
London median hourly rate £23.75 £115.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -79.35% - -
England median hourly rate £34.50 £50.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -31.00% - +25.00%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 8,608 9,404 7,019
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 21.24% 20.62% 17.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,123 7,051 5,162
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £364 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £638 £625
England median daily rate £490 £475 £430
% change year-on-year +3.16% +10.47% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 29 25
London median hourly rate £35.50 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.11% +12.50% -8.05%
10th Percentile £23.25 £25.00 £19.82
90th Percentile £55.15 £165.00 £57.50
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year +2.35% +0.59% -0.47%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 24 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -25 189 £495 +5.32% 18
South London +22 60 £450 -5.26% 8
West London +33 46 £425 -5.56% 12
East London -28 20 £375 -24.59% 2
North London - 4 £400 -
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 24 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 678 (73.14%) Test Automation
2 569 (61.38%) Agile Software Development
3 441 (47.57%) Java
4 397 (42.83%) Cucumber
5 351 (37.86%) Jenkins
6 317 (34.20%) BDD
7 304 (32.79%) JavaScript
8 276 (29.77%) QA
9 244 (26.32%) TDD
10 237 (25.57%) Scrum
11 234 (25.24%) SQL
12 222 (23.95%) C#
13 221 (23.84%) Git (software)
14 199 (21.47%) DevOps
15 183 (19.74%) WebDriver
16 166 (17.91%) JIRA
17 162 (17.48%) Docker
17 162 (17.48%) SDET
18 159 (17.15%) Continuous Integration
18 159 (17.15%) HTML
19 158 (17.04%) Web Services
20 148 (15.97%) Python
21 141 (15.21%) SpecFlow
22 138 (14.89%) .NET
22 138 (14.89%) Finance
23 135 (14.56%) Microsoft Azure
24 131 (14.13%) CSS
25 126 (13.59%) REST
26 120 (12.94%) Test Strategy
27 118 (12.73%) Microservices

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (6.04%) Confluence
2 45 (4.85%) Elasticsearch
3 37 (3.99%) Apache
4 25 (2.70%) CMS
5 16 (1.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 14 (1.51%) Apache Solr
7 12 (1.29%) JBoss
7 12 (1.29%) nginx
7 12 (1.29%) Tomcat
8 10 (1.08%) IIS
9 9 (0.97%) Magnolia
10 8 (0.86%) WebLogic
11 7 (0.76%) Gunicorn
12 6 (0.65%) Apache Spark
12 6 (0.65%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.43%) Drupal
13 4 (0.43%) Umbraco
14 3 (0.32%) Alfresco
14 3 (0.32%) WebSphere
15 2 (0.22%) Jetty
Applications
1 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 9 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.86%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.54%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.22%) Magento
4 2 (0.22%) Orchard Housing
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 135 (14.56%) Microsoft Azure
2 114 (12.30%) Amazon AWS
3 49 (5.29%) Sauce Labs
4 47 (5.07%) Serverless
5 37 (3.99%) BrowserStack
6 36 (3.88%) GitHub
7 35 (3.78%) Google Cloud Platform
8 30 (3.24%) AWS Lambda
9 15 (1.62%) SaaS
10 14 (1.51%) Amazon EC2
10 14 (1.51%) Amazon S3
11 13 (1.40%) AdWords
11 13 (1.40%) Amazon SQS
11 13 (1.40%) Google App Engine
11 13 (1.40%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 12 (1.29%) PaaS
13 10 (1.08%) Dynamics 365
14 9 (0.97%) npm
15 8 (0.86%) Azure Functions
16 7 (0.76%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.48%) HTTP
2 14 (1.51%) Internet
3 13 (1.40%) AMQP
4 10 (1.08%) TCP/IP
5 9 (0.97%) SSL
6 3 (0.32%) DNS
6 3 (0.32%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.22%) Intranet
7 2 (0.22%) SSH
8 1 (0.11%) BIG-IP
8 1 (0.11%) Firewall
8 1 (0.11%) ICMP
8 1 (0.11%) Skype
8 1 (0.11%) SMTP
8 1 (0.11%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (7.87%) SQL Server
2 68 (7.34%) MongoDB
3 48 (5.18%) MySQL
4 39 (4.21%) Data Warehouse
5 37 (3.99%) Relational Database
6 35 (3.78%) NoSQL
6 35 (3.78%) PostgreSQL
7 23 (2.48%) Redis
8 22 (2.37%) Big Data
9 15 (1.62%) Cosmos DB
10 10 (1.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 10 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
10 10 (1.08%) Couchbase
10 10 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
11 7 (0.76%) Hadoop
12 6 (0.65%) Blockchain
12 6 (0.65%) Oracle Database
12 6 (0.65%) RDBMS
12 6 (0.65%) SQL Server 2008
13 5 (0.54%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 397 (42.83%) Cucumber
2 351 (37.86%) Jenkins
3 221 (23.84%) Git (software)
4 183 (19.74%) WebDriver
5 166 (17.91%) JIRA
6 141 (15.21%) SpecFlow
7 101 (10.90%) Maven
8 83 (8.95%) Appium
9 70 (7.55%) SoapUI
10 69 (7.44%) JMeter
11 65 (7.01%) TeamCity
12 63 (6.80%) JUnit
13 57 (6.15%) Visual Studio Team System
14 48 (5.18%) Visual Studio
15 41 (4.42%) NUnit
16 39 (4.21%) Team Foundation Server
17 37 (3.99%) Mocha
18 34 (3.67%) Protractor
19 33 (3.56%) Bitbucket
19 33 (3.56%) Gatling
General
1 138 (14.89%) Finance
2 77 (8.31%) Banking
3 53 (5.72%) Retail
4 29 (3.13%) Marketing
5 17 (1.83%) Advertising
6 15 (1.62%) Financial Institution
7 13 (1.40%) Back Office
8 12 (1.29%) Front Office
8 12 (1.29%) Investment Banking
9 10 (1.08%) Telecoms
10 9 (0.97%) Electronics
11 8 (0.86%) Law
12 7 (0.76%) Manufacturing
13 6 (0.65%) Games
14 4 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.22%) Automotive
15 2 (0.22%) French Language
15 2 (0.22%) International Banking
16 1 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 298 (32.15%) Developer
2 250 (26.97%) Tester
3 178 (19.20%) Automation Tester
4 95 (10.25%) Analyst
5 90 (9.71%) Developer in Test
6 86 (9.28%) Test Analyst
7 82 (8.85%) Test Engineer
8 60 (6.47%) Java Developer
9 51 (5.50%) Full Stack Developer
10 47 (5.07%) QA Engineer
11 46 (4.96%) Software Developer
12 44 (4.75%) Automation Engineer
13 43 (4.64%) Automation Test Analyst
13 43 (4.64%) Test Automation Engineer
14 42 (4.53%) Test Automation Developer
15 37 (3.99%) Java Engineer
16 36 (3.88%) QA Tester
17 32 (3.45%) Java Automation Tester
17 32 (3.45%) Selenium Tester
18 31 (3.34%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 159 (17.15%) HTML
2 158 (17.04%) Web Services
3 138 (14.89%) .NET
4 131 (14.13%) CSS
5 126 (13.59%) REST
6 113 (12.19%) Node.js
7 111 (11.97%) AngularJS
8 98 (10.57%) RESTful
9 90 (9.71%) Gherkin
10 87 (9.39%) Spring
11 85 (9.17%) React
12 72 (7.77%) HTML5
13 70 (7.55%) SOAP
14 59 (6.36%) JSON
15 58 (6.26%) XML
16 53 (5.72%) Redux
17 48 (5.18%) Spring Boot
18 47 (5.07%) jQuery
19 40 (4.31%) CSS3
20 39 (4.21%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 73 (7.87%) Analytical Skills
2 69 (7.44%) Mobile App
3 64 (6.90%) User Experience
4 40 (4.31%) Greenfield Project
5 37 (3.99%) Fintech
6 17 (1.83%) Video on Demand
7 16 (1.73%) Algorithms
7 16 (1.73%) Virtual Team
8 11 (1.19%) Wiki
9 10 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 10 (1.08%) Video\Live Streaming
10 9 (0.97%) Public Cloud
11 7 (0.76%) Cloud Native
11 7 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
11 7 (0.76%) Over-the-Top Content
12 6 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
12 6 (0.65%) Self-Motivation
13 4 (0.43%) Blog
13 4 (0.43%) Data Protection Act
13 4 (0.43%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 77 (8.31%) Linux
2 53 (5.72%) Unix
3 43 (4.64%) Apple iOS
3 43 (4.64%) Windows
4 41 (4.42%) Android
5 27 (2.91%) Ubuntu
6 9 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.76%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.43%) CentOS
8 4 (0.43%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.43%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.22%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
9 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.11%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 678 (73.14%) Test Automation
2 569 (61.38%) Agile Software Development
3 317 (34.20%) BDD
4 244 (26.32%) TDD
5 237 (25.57%) Scrum
6 199 (21.47%) DevOps
7 162 (17.48%) SDET
8 159 (17.15%) Continuous Integration
9 120 (12.94%) Test Strategy
10 118 (12.73%) Microservices
11 105 (11.33%) Test Scripting
12 86 (9.28%) Kanban
13 85 (9.17%) Continuous Delivery
13 85 (9.17%) Unit Testing
14 81 (8.74%) Manual Testing
15 74 (7.98%) API Testing
15 74 (7.98%) Regression Testing
16 70 (7.55%) Problem-Solving
17 67 (7.23%) E-Commerce
17 67 (7.23%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 441 (47.57%) Java
2 304 (32.79%) JavaScript
3 234 (25.24%) SQL
4 222 (23.95%) C#
5 148 (15.97%) Python
6 46 (4.96%) Java 8
7 45 (4.85%) Ruby
8 43 (4.64%) ES6
9 42 (4.53%) PowerShell
10 30 (3.24%) TypeScript
11 28 (3.02%) T-SQL
12 25 (2.70%) PL/SQL
13 22 (2.37%) PHP
14 15 (1.62%) Bash Shell
14 15 (1.62%) Go
14 15 (1.62%) Groovy
15 14 (1.51%) Scala
16 13 (1.40%) Perl
17 11 (1.19%) Apex Code
17 11 (1.19%) SOQL
Qualifications
1 67 (7.23%) Security Cleared
2 44 (4.75%) SC Cleared
3 34 (3.67%) Degree
4 32 (3.45%) ISTQB
5 21 (2.27%) ISEB
6 16 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 16 (1.73%) DV Cleared
7 10 (1.08%) CTC Cleared
8 4 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.22%) HP APS
11 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.11%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.11%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.11%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 276 (29.77%) QA
2 10 (1.08%) SEPA
3 3 (0.32%) GDPR
3 3 (0.32%) WCAG
4 2 (0.22%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.22%) MiFID
4 2 (0.22%) PSD2
5 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 162 (17.48%) Docker
2 6 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.22%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 61 (6.58%) Kubernetes
2 52 (5.61%) Ansible
3 34 (3.67%) Puppet
3 34 (3.67%) Terraform
4 28 (3.02%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (2.70%) Kibana
6 14 (1.51%) HP Quality Center
7 11 (1.19%) Nagios
8 10 (1.08%) Rundeck
9 9 (0.97%) HP ALM
10 8 (0.86%) Grafana
10 8 (0.86%) Marathon
10 8 (0.86%) Mesos
11 7 (0.76%) logstash
12 5 (0.54%) rkt
12 5 (0.54%) SCCM
13 4 (0.43%) Packer
13 4 (0.43%) Rancher
13 4 (0.43%) SCOrch
14 2 (0.22%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 65 (7.01%) Microsoft
2 61 (6.58%) Oracle
3 39 (4.21%) HP
4 36 (3.88%) Google
5 30 (3.24%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 30 (3.24%) Splunk
6 28 (3.02%) IBM
7 23 (2.48%) Adobe
8 20 (2.16%) Salesforce.com
9 18 (1.94%) MuleSoft
10 16 (1.73%) Twitter
11 15 (1.62%) Facebook
11 15 (1.62%) Netezza
12 14 (1.51%) Atlassian
13 12 (1.29%) New Relic
13 12 (1.29%) SAP
14 11 (1.19%) AppDynamics
14 11 (1.19%) Perfecto Mobile
15 9 (0.97%) Dynatrace
16 7 (0.76%) webMethods