Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 154 85 128
Rank change year-on-year -69 +43 +30
Contract jobs citing Selenium 632 1,387 1,002
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.75% 2.98% 2.13%
As % of the Development Applications category 9.60% 13.18% 10.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 464 1,005 720
London median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £613 £600 £588
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 1
London median hourly rate £73.00 £35.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +108.57% -6.67% -19.35%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £33.75 £47.50
% change year-on-year +3.70% -28.95% -8.65%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,580 10,527 9,423
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.20% 22.64% 20.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,732 7,818 7,107
London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +8.11%
10th Percentile £363 £368 £350
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 17 29
London median hourly rate £50.00 £35.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% -6.67% -6.25%
10th Percentile £20.37 £16.70 £22.64
90th Percentile £87.38 £61.06 £48.66
England median hourly rate £43.25 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.76% - +3.66%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -46 126 £459 -3.42% 32
South London +3 48 £445 -3.78% 7
West London +11 25 £410 -3.53% 10
East London +14 13 £373 -21.47% 2
North London +11 6 £375 -37.50% 2
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 436 (68.99%) Test Automation
2 398 (62.97%) Agile Software Development
3 276 (43.67%) Java
4 261 (41.30%) Cucumber
5 223 (35.28%) Jenkins
6 208 (32.91%) JavaScript
7 201 (31.80%) BDD
8 198 (31.33%) QA
9 181 (28.64%) Scrum
10 170 (26.90%) DevOps
11 150 (23.73%) TDD
12 144 (22.78%) SQL
13 136 (21.52%) C#
14 129 (20.41%) JIRA
14 129 (20.41%) Git (software)
15 123 (19.46%) WebDriver
16 114 (18.04%) Continuous Integration
17 106 (16.77%) Finance
17 106 (16.77%) AngularJS
18 104 (16.46%) Azure
19 100 (15.82%) HTML
20 97 (15.35%) AWS
21 94 (14.87%) Docker
22 93 (14.72%) Kanban
23 91 (14.40%) Web Services
24 81 (12.82%) Node.js
24 81 (12.82%) CSS
25 79 (12.50%) JMeter
25 79 (12.50%) Security Cleared
25 79 (12.50%) Microservices

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (9.49%) Confluence
2 38 (6.01%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (2.53%) WebLogic
4 11 (1.74%) Apache
4 11 (1.74%) Tomcat
5 8 (1.27%) SharePoint
6 7 (1.11%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (1.11%) Apache Solr
6 7 (1.11%) Apache Spark
6 7 (1.11%) Jetty
6 7 (1.11%) Magnolia
7 6 (0.95%) JBoss
7 6 (0.95%) nginx
8 4 (0.63%) Oracle Self-Service HR
8 4 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (0.63%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.47%) CMS
9 3 (0.47%) IIS
9 3 (0.47%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 8 (1.27%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.16%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 13 (2.06%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 11 (1.74%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (1.27%) Oracle AML
4 4 (0.63%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.32%) Magento
5 2 (0.32%) SAP HR
6 1 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.16%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.16%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 104 (16.46%) Azure
2 97 (15.35%) AWS
3 56 (8.86%) GitHub
4 31 (4.91%) Sauce Labs
5 22 (3.48%) AWS Lambda
6 18 (2.85%) GCP
7 17 (2.69%) Serverless
8 16 (2.53%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 15 (2.37%) AWS CloudFormation
10 13 (2.06%) BrowserStack
11 10 (1.58%) Amazon EC2
11 10 (1.58%) Amazon SQS
11 10 (1.58%) Heroku
12 9 (1.42%) Amazon ECS
12 9 (1.42%) Amazon S3
13 8 (1.27%) BlazeMeter
13 8 (1.27%) Power Platform
14 7 (1.11%) Force.com
14 7 (1.11%) SaaS
14 7 (1.11%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.90%) Firewall
1 12 (1.90%) HTTP
2 8 (1.27%) SSH
3 3 (0.47%) Internet
3 3 (0.47%) Intranet
3 3 (0.47%) SSL
4 2 (0.32%) AMQP
4 2 (0.32%) DNS
4 2 (0.32%) IPv4
4 2 (0.32%) IPv6
4 2 (0.32%) Multicast
4 2 (0.32%) PPP
4 2 (0.32%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.32%) UPnP
4 2 (0.32%) VoIP
4 2 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
4 2 (0.32%) xDSL
5 1 (0.16%) BIG-IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (8.86%) MongoDB
1 56 (8.86%) SQL Server
2 42 (6.65%) MySQL
3 36 (5.70%) Big Data
4 31 (4.91%) Relational Database
5 24 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
6 23 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
6 23 (3.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 21 (3.32%) Oracle Database
8 18 (2.85%) NoSQL
8 18 (2.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 13 (2.06%) BusinessObjects
9 13 (2.06%) Redis
10 12 (1.90%) Oracle Database 12c
11 9 (1.42%) Cosmos DB
12 8 (1.27%) BigQuery
12 8 (1.27%) InfluxDB
12 8 (1.27%) Oracle Database 10g
12 8 (1.27%) Power BI
13 7 (1.11%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 261 (41.30%) Cucumber
2 223 (35.28%) Jenkins
3 129 (20.41%) Git (software)
3 129 (20.41%) JIRA
4 123 (19.46%) WebDriver
5 79 (12.50%) JMeter
6 69 (10.92%) Maven
7 65 (10.28%) SpecFlow
8 50 (7.91%) JUnit
9 48 (7.59%) TeamCity
10 42 (6.65%) SoapUI
11 38 (6.01%) Eclipse
12 35 (5.54%) Subversion
13 34 (5.38%) Bitbucket
14 32 (5.06%) Mocha
15 31 (4.91%) Gatling
16 27 (4.27%) Appium
17 25 (3.96%) Ant
17 25 (3.96%) SonarQube
18 24 (3.80%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 106 (16.77%) Finance
2 70 (11.08%) Banking
3 27 (4.27%) Front Office
4 26 (4.11%) Retail
5 24 (3.80%) Public Sector
6 15 (2.37%) Legal
7 14 (2.22%) Back Office
8 9 (1.42%) Marketing
9 7 (1.11%) Games
9 7 (1.11%) Law
10 6 (0.95%) Investment Banking
11 5 (0.79%) Police
12 4 (0.63%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.47%) Electronics
13 3 (0.47%) Telecoms
14 2 (0.32%) Advertising
14 2 (0.32%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.16%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 233 (36.87%) Developer
2 111 (17.56%) Tester
3 90 (14.24%) Automation Tester
4 60 (9.49%) Analyst
5 58 (9.18%) Test Engineer
6 54 (8.54%) Developer in Test
7 52 (8.23%) Java Developer
8 46 (7.28%) QA Engineer
9 42 (6.65%) Test Analyst
10 36 (5.70%) Test Leader
11 34 (5.38%) Full Stack Developer
12 30 (4.75%) DevOps Engineer
13 28 (4.43%) Software Developer
13 28 (4.43%) Test Automation Engineer
14 27 (4.27%) QA Leader
15 26 (4.11%) .NET Developer
15 26 (4.11%) Test Automation Developer
16 25 (3.96%) Selenium Tester
17 24 (3.80%) C# Developer
17 24 (3.80%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 106 (16.77%) AngularJS
2 100 (15.82%) HTML
3 91 (14.40%) Web Services
4 81 (12.82%) CSS
4 81 (12.82%) Node.js
5 75 (11.87%) .NET
5 75 (11.87%) RESTful
6 69 (10.92%) Gherkin
7 62 (9.81%) React
8 58 (9.18%) JSON
8 58 (9.18%) Spring
9 55 (8.70%) HTML5
10 48 (7.59%) jQuery
10 48 (7.59%) Redux
11 45 (7.12%) REST
12 40 (6.33%) SOAP
13 30 (4.75%) Spring Boot
14 29 (4.59%) .NET Framework
14 29 (4.59%) Hibernate
15 28 (4.43%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 49 (7.75%) User Experience
2 29 (4.59%) Mobile App
3 24 (3.80%) Analytical Skills
4 16 (2.53%) Wiki
5 14 (2.22%) Virtual Team
6 13 (2.06%) Derivative
7 9 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (1.27%) Blog
9 6 (0.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 6 (0.95%) iPad
10 5 (0.79%) Equities
10 5 (0.79%) Video on Demand
11 4 (0.63%) EPoS
11 4 (0.63%) Public Cloud
12 3 (0.47%) Embedded Systems
12 3 (0.47%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (0.47%) Market Risk
12 3 (0.47%) Online Games
12 3 (0.47%) Self-Motivation
13 2 (0.32%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 61 (9.65%) Linux
2 39 (6.17%) Windows
3 25 (3.96%) Android
3 25 (3.96%) Unix
4 22 (3.48%) Apple iOS
5 20 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (2.69%) Ubuntu
7 7 (1.11%) CentOS
8 4 (0.63%) Debian
8 4 (0.63%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.47%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.32%) Solaris
11 1 (0.16%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 436 (68.99%) Test Automation
2 398 (62.97%) Agile Software Development
3 201 (31.80%) BDD
4 181 (28.64%) Scrum
5 170 (26.90%) DevOps
6 150 (23.73%) TDD
7 114 (18.04%) Continuous Integration
8 93 (14.72%) Kanban
9 79 (12.50%) Microservices
10 75 (11.87%) SDET
11 70 (11.08%) API Testing
12 63 (9.97%) Continuous Delivery
13 59 (9.34%) Regression Testing
14 58 (9.18%) Performance Testing
15 57 (9.02%) Test Strategy
16 53 (8.39%) Problem-Solving
17 48 (7.59%) Manual Testing
18 47 (7.44%) Test Scripting
19 46 (7.28%) Functional Testing
20 44 (6.96%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 276 (43.67%) Java
2 208 (32.91%) JavaScript
3 144 (22.78%) SQL
4 136 (21.52%) C#
5 69 (10.92%) Python
6 35 (5.54%) PL/SQL
7 29 (4.59%) Java 8
8 27 (4.27%) TypeScript
9 24 (3.80%) Ruby
9 24 (3.80%) T-SQL
10 22 (3.48%) Scala
11 21 (3.32%) ES6
12 16 (2.53%) Apex Code
12 16 (2.53%) Groovy
12 16 (2.53%) SOQL
13 11 (1.74%) Go
14 10 (1.58%) Bash Shell
14 10 (1.58%) Perl
15 9 (1.42%) Shell Script
16 8 (1.27%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 79 (12.50%) Security Cleared
2 62 (9.81%) SC Cleared
3 31 (4.91%) ISTQB
4 26 (4.11%) ISEB
5 22 (3.48%) Degree
6 9 (1.42%) AWS Certification
7 7 (1.11%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.95%) CTC Cleared
9 4 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.47%) BC Cleared
10 3 (0.47%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.16%) Computer Science Degree
12 1 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 198 (31.33%) QA
2 17 (2.69%) MiFID
3 8 (1.27%) GDPR
4 3 (0.47%) WCAG
5 2 (0.32%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.16%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.16%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.16%) PMO
System Software
1 94 (14.87%) Docker
2 3 (0.47%) KVM
2 3 (0.47%) oVirt
2 3 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
2 3 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.16%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 50 (7.91%) Kubernetes
2 37 (5.85%) Terraform
3 28 (4.43%) Ansible
4 11 (1.74%) Consul
5 9 (1.42%) Kibana
5 9 (1.42%) Puppet
6 7 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.95%) HP Quality Center
8 4 (0.63%) Grafana
8 4 (0.63%) logstash
8 4 (0.63%) Salt
8 4 (0.63%) ZABBIX
9 3 (0.47%) Graphite
9 3 (0.47%) Pingdom
10 2 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.32%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.32%) Istio
10 2 (0.32%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.16%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.16%) yum
Vendors
1 59 (9.34%) Oracle
2 44 (6.96%) Microsoft
3 26 (4.11%) Salesforce.com
4 19 (3.01%) Atlassian
4 19 (3.01%) Cypress Semiconductor
4 19 (3.01%) Google
5 17 (2.69%) MuleSoft
6 16 (2.53%) Red Hat
7 15 (2.37%) Splunk
8 12 (1.90%) Sparx
9 8 (1.27%) SAP
10 7 (1.11%) IBM
11 6 (0.95%) Demandware
11 6 (0.95%) Elastic Path
11 6 (0.95%) HP
12 5 (0.79%) Adobe
12 5 (0.79%) hybris
13 4 (0.63%) Hortonworks
13 4 (0.63%) Sybase
13 4 (0.63%) Temenos