Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 231 179 157
Rank change year-on-year -52 -22 -67
Contract jobs citing Selenium 428 199 662
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.21% 1.44% 1.79%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.25% 7.47% 9.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 315 152 486
10th Percentile £350 £331 £358
25th Percentile £413 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £460
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.17% -3.16%
75th Percentile £600 £527 £538
90th Percentile £695 £600 £600
England median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £73.00
England median hourly rate £65.50 £53.13 £47.09
% change year-on-year +23.29% +12.83% +44.88%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,843 2,663 6,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.42% 19.32% 18.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,875 1,919 4,980
10th Percentile £406 £363 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £520 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.77% -0.95% +3.96%
75th Percentile £663 £600 £600
90th Percentile £725 £705 £675
England median daily rate £525 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 4 17
10th Percentile £25.93 £27.33 £18.32
25th Percentile £41.81 £30.81 £31.25
Median hourly rate £59.50 £42.25 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +40.83% -15.50% +66.67%
75th Percentile £64.88 £54.25 £55.50
90th Percentile £80.38 £54.70 £60.50
England median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.23% +9.41%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -31 48 £525 +5.00% 42
South London -4 24 £430 -0.58% 10
West London -20 5 £675 +50.00% 7
East London -9 3 £400 - 6
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 322 (75.23%) Test Automation
2 233 (54.44%) Agile Software Development
3 214 (50.00%) Java
4 213 (49.77%) Cucumber
5 151 (35.28%) DevOps
6 136 (31.78%) BDD
7 133 (31.07%) Jenkins
8 124 (28.97%) TDD
9 117 (27.34%) Scrum
10 112 (26.17%) JIRA
10 112 (26.17%) JavaScript
11 106 (24.77%) QA
12 103 (24.07%) Azure
13 102 (23.83%) C#
14 98 (22.90%) Microservices
15 96 (22.43%) Software Testing
15 96 (22.43%) Finance
16 94 (21.96%) SQL
16 94 (21.96%) Git (software)
17 78 (18.22%) Social Skills
18 75 (17.52%) Python
19 73 (17.06%) Banking
20 69 (16.12%) RESTful
20 69 (16.12%) Gherkin
21 67 (15.65%) SDET
22 66 (15.42%) Continuous Integration
23 62 (14.49%) Security Cleared
23 62 (14.49%) WebDriver
24 61 (14.25%) SpecFlow
25 60 (14.02%) Test Strategy

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (8.64%) Confluence
2 17 (3.97%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (2.10%) JBoss
3 9 (2.10%) SharePoint
4 8 (1.87%) Appian
4 8 (1.87%) Tomcat
5 7 (1.64%) IIS
5 7 (1.64%) nginx
6 6 (1.40%) Apache
7 4 (0.93%) Mattermost
7 4 (0.93%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
8 3 (0.70%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.47%) Jetty
10 1 (0.23%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.23%) CICS
Applications
1 4 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.23%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 4 (0.93%) Endur
2 3 (0.70%) Magento
3 2 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.47%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.23%) BASE24
4 1 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.23%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 103 (24.07%) Azure
2 44 (10.28%) AWS
2 44 (10.28%) GitHub
3 27 (6.31%) IaaS
4 21 (4.91%) PaaS
4 21 (4.91%) SaaS
5 15 (3.50%) Serverless
6 12 (2.80%) BrowserStack
6 12 (2.80%) Datadog
6 12 (2.80%) npm
7 10 (2.34%) Yarn
8 9 (2.10%) GitHub Actions
9 8 (1.87%) AWS Lambda
9 8 (1.87%) NuGet
9 8 (1.87%) Sauce Labs
10 7 (1.64%) Apigee
10 7 (1.64%) Azure Active Directory
10 7 (1.64%) OpenShift
11 6 (1.40%) Amazon S3
11 6 (1.40%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.87%) HTTP
2 4 (0.93%) DSL
3 1 (0.23%) 2G
3 1 (0.23%) ATM
3 1 (0.23%) DNS
3 1 (0.23%) FTP
3 1 (0.23%) Internet
3 1 (0.23%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (6.78%) SQL Server
2 18 (4.21%) Data Warehouse
3 13 (3.04%) NoSQL
4 12 (2.80%) PostgreSQL
5 11 (2.57%) MongoDB
6 9 (2.10%) Relational Database
7 7 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 6 (1.40%) Power BI
9 5 (1.17%) Big Data
9 5 (1.17%) MySQL
10 4 (0.93%) BusinessObjects
10 4 (0.93%) Hadoop
11 3 (0.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 3 (0.70%) Amazon RDS
11 3 (0.70%) Crystal Reports
11 3 (0.70%) Data Lake
11 3 (0.70%) DB2
11 3 (0.70%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 2 (0.47%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 1 (0.23%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 213 (49.77%) Cucumber
2 133 (31.07%) Jenkins
3 112 (26.17%) JIRA
4 94 (21.96%) Git (software)
5 62 (14.49%) WebDriver
6 61 (14.25%) SpecFlow
7 54 (12.62%) JMeter
8 53 (12.38%) Maven
9 49 (11.45%) Postman
10 41 (9.58%) Cypress.io
11 35 (8.18%) JUnit
12 33 (7.71%) Appium
13 31 (7.24%) SoapUI
14 28 (6.54%) SonarQube
15 27 (6.31%) REST Assured
16 23 (5.37%) Protractor
17 22 (5.14%) Mocha
18 21 (4.91%) Jasmine
19 19 (4.44%) TestNG
20 18 (4.21%) Robot Framework
General
1 96 (22.43%) Finance
2 78 (18.22%) Social Skills
3 73 (17.06%) Banking
4 26 (6.07%) Analytical Skills
5 24 (5.61%) Investment Banking
6 21 (4.91%) Public Sector
7 20 (4.67%) Front Office
8 10 (2.34%) Documentation Skills
9 7 (1.64%) Presentation Skills
10 6 (1.40%) Retail Banking
11 5 (1.17%) Influencing Skills
11 5 (1.17%) Retail
12 4 (0.93%) Back Office
12 4 (0.93%) Law
12 4 (0.93%) Legal
12 4 (0.93%) Telecoms
13 3 (0.70%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.70%) Games
13 3 (0.70%) Publishing
14 2 (0.47%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 122 (28.50%) Developer
2 77 (17.99%) Test Engineer
3 75 (17.52%) Tester
4 60 (14.02%) Automation Tester
5 45 (10.51%) Test Automation Engineer
6 35 (8.18%) Analyst
7 33 (7.71%) Developer in Test
7 33 (7.71%) Senior Developer
8 31 (7.24%) Java Developer
8 31 (7.24%) Test Analyst
9 28 (6.54%) DevOps Engineer
10 25 (5.84%) Senior Test Engineer
11 24 (5.61%) QA Engineer
11 24 (5.61%) Software Developer
12 18 (4.21%) Software Engineer
13 17 (3.97%) Java Engineer
13 17 (3.97%) JavaScript Developer
14 15 (3.50%) Senior Java Developer
15 14 (3.27%) Software Test Engineer
15 14 (3.27%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (16.12%) Gherkin
1 69 (16.12%) RESTful
2 52 (12.15%) .NET
3 47 (10.98%) Spring
4 44 (10.28%) HTML
5 43 (10.05%) AngularJS
5 43 (10.05%) Node.js
6 40 (9.35%) CSS
7 39 (9.11%) React
8 37 (8.64%) Web Services
9 36 (8.41%) REST
10 32 (7.48%) SOAP
11 30 (7.01%) Spring Boot
12 23 (5.37%) Jest
12 23 (5.37%) JSON
13 19 (4.44%) .NET Framework
14 17 (3.97%) Elastic Stack
15 15 (3.50%) Hibernate
16 14 (3.27%) Swagger
17 13 (3.04%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 22 (5.14%) User Experience
2 16 (3.74%) Cloud Native
3 13 (3.04%) Data Structures
3 13 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
4 11 (2.57%) Equities
5 9 (2.10%) Mobile App
6 8 (1.87%) Video on Demand
6 8 (1.87%) Video\Live Streaming
7 7 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
8 4 (0.93%) Data Centre
8 4 (0.93%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (0.93%) Hedge funds
8 4 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
8 4 (0.93%) Mainframe
8 4 (0.93%) Private Cloud
9 3 (0.70%) Client/Server
9 3 (0.70%) N-Tier
9 3 (0.70%) Public Cloud
10 2 (0.47%) NHS
10 2 (0.47%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 30 (7.01%) Linux
2 28 (6.54%) Unix
3 17 (3.97%) Apple iOS
4 11 (2.57%) Android
5 8 (1.87%) tvOS
6 6 (1.40%) Windows
7 3 (0.70%) AIX
7 3 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.70%) Solaris
8 2 (0.47%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 322 (75.23%) Test Automation
2 233 (54.44%) Agile Software Development
3 151 (35.28%) DevOps
4 136 (31.78%) BDD
5 124 (28.97%) TDD
6 117 (27.34%) Scrum
7 98 (22.90%) Microservices
8 96 (22.43%) Software Testing
9 67 (15.65%) SDET
10 66 (15.42%) Continuous Integration
11 60 (14.02%) Test Strategy
12 47 (10.98%) Performance Testing
13 44 (10.28%) Regression Testing
14 43 (10.05%) SDLC
15 42 (9.81%) API Testing
15 42 (9.81%) Functional Testing
15 42 (9.81%) Test Scripting
16 33 (7.71%) Full Stack Development
16 33 (7.71%) Integration Testing
16 33 (7.71%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 214 (50.00%) Java
2 112 (26.17%) JavaScript
3 102 (23.83%) C#
4 94 (21.96%) SQL
5 75 (17.52%) Python
6 30 (7.01%) TypeScript
7 19 (4.44%) Java 8
8 15 (3.50%) PowerShell
9 13 (3.04%) ES6
10 12 (2.80%) Scala
10 12 (2.80%) VB
11 11 (2.57%) Bash Shell
11 11 (2.57%) Ruby
11 11 (2.57%) Shell Script
12 10 (2.34%) Groovy
13 9 (2.10%) C
13 9 (2.10%) Perl
14 8 (1.87%) Apple Swift
14 8 (1.87%) PHP
15 7 (1.64%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 62 (14.49%) Security Cleared
2 46 (10.75%) SC Cleared
3 29 (6.78%) ISTQB
4 27 (6.31%) Degree
5 18 (4.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (3.04%) DV Cleared
6 13 (3.04%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 11 (2.57%) ISEB
8 4 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.47%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.23%) CFA
11 1 (0.23%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.23%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.23%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (24.77%) QA
2 24 (5.61%) Accessibility
3 3 (0.70%) GDPR
3 3 (0.70%) SOC 2
4 2 (0.47%) IFRS
4 2 (0.47%) NIST
5 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.23%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.23%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.23%) PSD2
5 1 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.23%) SOC 1
5 1 (0.23%) Solvency II
5 1 (0.23%) TARGET2
5 1 (0.23%) WCAG
System Software
1 54 (12.62%) Docker
2 8 (1.87%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.93%) Virtual Desktop
3 4 (0.93%) vSphere
4 1 (0.23%) RACF
Systems Management
1 46 (10.75%) Kubernetes
2 39 (9.11%) Ansible
3 35 (8.18%) Terraform
4 15 (3.50%) HP Quality Center
5 14 (3.27%) Kibana
6 10 (2.34%) Argo
6 10 (2.34%) Grafana
7 9 (2.10%) Prometheus
8 7 (1.64%) logstash
8 7 (1.64%) Netcool
8 7 (1.64%) Puppet
9 4 (0.93%) HP ALM
9 4 (0.93%) vCenter Server
10 2 (0.47%) Control-M
10 2 (0.47%) HP Fortify
10 2 (0.47%) SELinux
11 1 (0.23%) HP SiteScope
11 1 (0.23%) Nagios
11 1 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
11 1 (0.23%) Salt
Vendors
1 45 (10.51%) Microsoft
2 18 (4.21%) HP
2 18 (4.21%) Oracle
3 16 (3.74%) Splunk
4 11 (2.57%) Atlassian
5 10 (2.34%) Apple
5 10 (2.34%) MuleSoft
6 9 (2.10%) IBM
7 8 (1.87%) AppDynamics
8 6 (1.40%) New Relic
9 4 (0.93%) Cadence
9 4 (0.93%) Red Hat
9 4 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (0.93%) VMware
10 3 (0.70%) Alteryx
10 3 (0.70%) Automation Anywhere
10 3 (0.70%) hybris
11 2 (0.47%) CA Agile Central
11 2 (0.47%) Databricks
11 2 (0.47%) Perfecto Mobile