Period
to 6 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 6 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
6 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 152 104 124
Rank change year-on-year -48 +20 0
Contract jobs citing Selenium 427 1,097 1,094
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.69% 2.56% 2.35%
As % of the Development Applications category 8.55% 11.65% 11.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 317 780 810
Median daily rate £450 £469 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +4.17% +3.45%
10th Percentile £327 £350 £320
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
England median daily rate £438 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £115.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% -68.70% +147.31%
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year - -30.00% -

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 4,996 9,419 9,453
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.78% 22.00% 20.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,479 6,863 7,198
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £370 £360
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 51 23
Median hourly rate £48.50 £36.00 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +34.72% -22.58% +4.49%
10th Percentile £35.00 £23.25 £31.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £53.75 £165.00
Median hourly rate £41.75 £43.00 £44.75
% change year-on-year -2.91% -3.91% +9.15%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 6 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 6 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -28 83 £450 -5.26% 17
South London -3 34 £425 -10.53% 7
West London -6 6 £388 -8.82% 13
East London +33 2 £381 -15.28% 3
North London +19 2 £450 +18.03%
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 6 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 275 (64.40%) Test Automation
2 274 (64.17%) Agile Software Development
3 196 (45.90%) Java
4 145 (33.96%) Cucumber
5 118 (27.63%) JavaScript
6 117 (27.40%) Jenkins
7 111 (26.00%) Scrum
7 111 (26.00%) JIRA
8 106 (24.82%) QA
9 105 (24.59%) DevOps
10 100 (23.42%) SQL
11 98 (22.95%) C#
11 98 (22.95%) AngularJS
12 95 (22.25%) BDD
13 89 (20.84%) WebDriver
14 85 (19.91%) Azure
15 80 (18.74%) Security Cleared
16 79 (18.50%) TDD
17 75 (17.56%) HTML
18 70 (16.39%) Continuous Integration
18 70 (16.39%) Docker
19 67 (15.69%) REST
20 66 (15.46%) SC Cleared
21 65 (15.22%) Finance
22 59 (13.82%) .NET
23 57 (13.35%) SOAP
23 57 (13.35%) Microsoft
23 57 (13.35%) Git (software)
24 55 (12.88%) Confluence
24 55 (12.88%) CSS

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (12.88%) Confluence
2 53 (12.41%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (3.75%) WebLogic
4 11 (2.58%) Apache
5 10 (2.34%) IIS
6 7 (1.64%) JBoss
7 5 (1.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 5 (1.17%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.94%) Apache Spark
8 4 (0.94%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.70%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.47%) CMS
10 2 (0.47%) nginx
10 2 (0.47%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 1 (0.23%) Drupal
11 1 (0.23%) IBM Domino
11 1 (0.23%) Jetty
11 1 (0.23%) Oracle Service Bus
11 1 (0.23%) WebSphere
Applications
1 13 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.70%) InVision
2 3 (0.70%) Sketch
3 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.23%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.23%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 8 (1.87%) Oracle AML
2 5 (1.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.94%) SAP Hybris
4 3 (0.70%) Maximo
5 2 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.47%) Shopify
6 1 (0.23%) Endur
6 1 (0.23%) FastStats
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.23%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 85 (19.91%) Azure
2 46 (10.77%) AWS
3 38 (8.90%) GitHub
4 14 (3.28%) Sauce Labs
5 11 (2.58%) GCP
6 7 (1.64%) AWS CloudFormation
6 7 (1.64%) Heroku
6 7 (1.64%) SaaS
7 6 (1.41%) Azure Stack
7 6 (1.41%) Slack
8 5 (1.17%) Google Analytics
9 4 (0.94%) Amazon S3
9 4 (0.94%) Azure Data Factory
9 4 (0.94%) CloudFront
9 4 (0.94%) PaaS
10 3 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
10 3 (0.70%) Power Platform
10 3 (0.70%) Tricentis Tosca
11 2 (0.47%) npm
11 2 (0.47%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.04%) HTTP
2 9 (2.11%) Firewall
3 7 (1.64%) SSL
4 4 (0.94%) IPv4
4 4 (0.94%) IPv6
4 4 (0.94%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.94%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (0.70%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.70%) Reverse Proxy
6 2 (0.47%) Broadband
6 2 (0.47%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.47%) Internet
6 2 (0.47%) Multicast
7 1 (0.23%) IKE
7 1 (0.23%) Network Security
7 1 (0.23%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (9.37%) SQL Server
2 39 (9.13%) MySQL
3 26 (6.09%) MongoDB
4 17 (3.98%) Oracle Database
5 14 (3.28%) PostgreSQL
6 12 (2.81%) Oracle Database 12c
7 11 (2.58%) BusinessObjects
8 10 (2.34%) Big Data
9 8 (1.87%) Azure SQL Database
9 8 (1.87%) Data Warehouse
9 8 (1.87%) Oracle Database 10g
9 8 (1.87%) Relational Database
10 7 (1.64%) NoSQL
11 6 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
12 5 (1.17%) SQL Server 2012
12 5 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 4 (0.94%) Cosmos DB
14 3 (0.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 3 (0.70%) BigQuery
14 3 (0.70%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 145 (33.96%) Cucumber
2 117 (27.40%) Jenkins
3 111 (26.00%) JIRA
4 89 (20.84%) WebDriver
5 57 (13.35%) Git (software)
6 52 (12.18%) SpecFlow
7 49 (11.48%) Protractor
8 48 (11.24%) JUnit
9 46 (10.77%) Maven
10 43 (10.07%) Jasmine
11 36 (8.43%) Postman
12 33 (7.73%) Team Foundation Server
13 31 (7.26%) SoapUI
14 26 (6.09%) Cypress.io
15 24 (5.62%) JMeter
16 22 (5.15%) Subversion
17 20 (4.68%) Eclipse
18 19 (4.45%) Ant
18 19 (4.45%) NUnit
19 18 (4.22%) Bitbucket
General
1 65 (15.22%) Finance
2 37 (8.67%) Banking
3 24 (5.62%) Public Sector
4 10 (2.34%) Retail
5 5 (1.17%) Marketing
5 5 (1.17%) Police
6 4 (0.94%) Retail Banking
6 4 (0.94%) Telecoms
7 3 (0.70%) Front Office
7 3 (0.70%) Games
7 3 (0.70%) Legal
7 3 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.47%) Electronics
8 2 (0.47%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.23%) Back Office
9 1 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
9 1 (0.23%) International Banking
9 1 (0.23%) Law
Job Titles
1 150 (35.13%) Developer
2 82 (19.20%) Tester
3 71 (16.63%) Automation Tester
4 46 (10.77%) Analyst
5 41 (9.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 37 (8.67%) Test Engineer
7 34 (7.96%) Java Developer
8 32 (7.49%) Angular Developer
9 30 (7.03%) Test Analyst
10 29 (6.79%) Full Stack Developer
11 27 (6.32%) Developer in Test
11 27 (6.32%) QA Engineer
12 20 (4.68%) Test Automation Engineer
13 19 (4.45%) Software Developer
14 17 (3.98%) Test Leader
15 16 (3.75%) C# Developer
16 15 (3.51%) Automation Test Analyst
16 15 (3.51%) JavaScript Developer
16 15 (3.51%) QA Analyst
17 14 (3.28%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 98 (22.95%) AngularJS
2 75 (17.56%) HTML
3 67 (15.69%) REST
4 59 (13.82%) .NET
5 57 (13.35%) SOAP
6 55 (12.88%) CSS
7 54 (12.65%) HTML5
8 44 (10.30%) Node.js
9 40 (9.37%) React
10 38 (8.90%) Web Services
11 36 (8.43%) Gherkin
12 33 (7.73%) RESTful
12 33 (7.73%) Spring
13 26 (6.09%) XML
14 23 (5.39%) Hibernate
15 22 (5.15%) JSON
16 21 (4.92%) Redux
17 19 (4.45%) JDBC
18 15 (3.51%) Express
19 14 (3.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 29 (6.79%) Mobile App
2 26 (6.09%) User Experience
3 24 (5.62%) Analytical Skills
4 16 (3.75%) Greenfield Project
5 11 (2.58%) SCORM
5 11 (2.58%) W3C
6 7 (1.64%) Virtual Team
7 5 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (0.94%) NHS
8 4 (0.94%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (0.70%) Data Centre
9 3 (0.70%) Fixed Income
9 3 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (0.70%) Mainframe
10 2 (0.47%) Online Gambling
11 1 (0.23%) Digital Media
11 1 (0.23%) Embedded Systems
11 1 (0.23%) Hedge funds
11 1 (0.23%) iPad
11 1 (0.23%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 36 (8.43%) Linux
2 35 (8.20%) Windows
3 27 (6.32%) Android
4 26 (6.09%) Apple iOS
4 26 (6.09%) Unix
5 13 (3.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (0.94%) Windows Server 2008
6 4 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (0.94%) Windows Server 2016
7 3 (0.70%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.47%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.23%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 275 (64.40%) Test Automation
2 274 (64.17%) Agile Software Development
3 111 (26.00%) Scrum
4 105 (24.59%) DevOps
5 95 (22.25%) BDD
6 79 (18.50%) TDD
7 70 (16.39%) Continuous Integration
8 53 (12.41%) Microservices
9 50 (11.71%) SDET
10 47 (11.01%) API Testing
11 43 (10.07%) Test Scripting
12 41 (9.60%) Front End Development
13 37 (8.67%) Kanban
13 37 (8.67%) User Acceptance Testing
14 36 (8.43%) Problem-Solving
15 35 (8.20%) Scenario Testing
16 34 (7.96%) Functional Testing
17 32 (7.49%) Pair Programming
18 30 (7.03%) Regression Testing
18 30 (7.03%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 196 (45.90%) Java
2 118 (27.63%) JavaScript
3 100 (23.42%) SQL
4 98 (22.95%) C#
5 32 (7.49%) Python
6 29 (6.79%) TypeScript
7 23 (5.39%) Java 8
8 20 (4.68%) PL/SQL
9 17 (3.98%) Groovy
9 17 (3.98%) Scala
10 14 (3.28%) PowerShell
11 9 (2.11%) C
11 9 (2.11%) Ruby
11 9 (2.11%) T-SQL
12 8 (1.87%) PHP
13 7 (1.64%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.41%) C++
14 6 (1.41%) XPath
15 5 (1.17%) Kotlin
15 5 (1.17%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 80 (18.74%) Security Cleared
2 66 (15.46%) SC Cleared
3 35 (8.20%) ISTQB
4 26 (6.09%) ISEB
5 13 (3.04%) Degree
6 10 (2.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 7 (1.64%) CTC Cleared
7 7 (1.64%) DV Cleared
8 5 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
9 4 (0.94%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.47%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.23%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (24.82%) QA
2 17 (3.98%) WCAG
3 2 (0.47%) GDPR
3 2 (0.47%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.23%) ISO 8583
4 1 (0.23%) PMO
4 1 (0.23%) PSD2
4 1 (0.23%) SEPA
System Software
1 70 (16.39%) Docker
Systems Management
1 31 (7.26%) Kubernetes
2 30 (7.03%) Terraform
3 14 (3.28%) Ansible
4 6 (1.41%) Grafana
4 6 (1.41%) Kibana
4 6 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
5 5 (1.17%) Consul
6 4 (0.94%) Puppet
7 3 (0.70%) Rundeck
8 2 (0.47%) Istio
9 1 (0.23%) Nagios
9 1 (0.23%) Rancher
Vendors
1 57 (13.35%) Microsoft
2 46 (10.77%) Oracle
3 19 (4.45%) Google
4 14 (3.28%) Atlassian
5 13 (3.04%) SAP
6 12 (2.81%) Red Hat
7 9 (2.11%) hybris
8 7 (1.64%) Splunk
9 5 (1.17%) Sparx
10 4 (0.94%) webMethods
11 3 (0.70%) CyberArk
11 3 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
11 3 (0.70%) Veracode
12 2 (0.47%) Demandware
12 2 (0.47%) Elastic Path
12 2 (0.47%) HP
12 2 (0.47%) MEDITECH
12 2 (0.47%) Tableau
13 1 (0.23%) ION Trading
13 1 (0.23%) Micro Focus