Period
to 14 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 14 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
14 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 148 93 125
Rank change year-on-year -55 +32 +38
Contract jobs citing Selenium 734 1,304 945
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.89% 2.85% 2.14%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.06% 12.68% 11.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 524 938 638
London median daily rate £450 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% - +7.95%
10th Percentile £358 £337 £324
90th Percentile £588 £600 £588
England median daily rate £438 £449 £425
% change year-on-year -2.51% +5.59% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 1
London median hourly rate £73.00 £88.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.28% +135.33% -
England median hourly rate £45.84 £37.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +22.23% -21.05% -8.65%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,295 10,287 8,566
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 18.77% 22.45% 19.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,153 7,589 6,348
London median daily rate £520 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £340
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 21 35
London median hourly rate £46.21 £35.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.02% +7.69% -25.29%
10th Percentile £21.05 £17.00 £20.19
90th Percentile £76.45 £77.50 £53.43
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.80%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Selenium in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 14 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -54 135 £463 -2.63% 45
South London +13 63 £450 -5.26% 6
West London +13 35 £413 -4.07% 21
East London -8 17 £373 -25.40% 3
North London +2 6 £381 -36.46% 2
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 14 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 524 (71.39%) Test Automation
2 472 (64.31%) Agile Software Development
3 312 (42.51%) Java
4 297 (40.46%) Cucumber
5 240 (32.70%) Jenkins
6 239 (32.56%) JavaScript
7 235 (32.02%) BDD
8 226 (30.79%) QA
9 222 (30.25%) Scrum
10 199 (27.11%) DevOps
11 184 (25.07%) TDD
12 168 (22.89%) SQL
13 161 (21.93%) C#
14 159 (21.66%) Git (software)
15 153 (20.84%) JIRA
16 141 (19.21%) HTML
17 129 (17.57%) WebDriver
18 128 (17.44%) Azure
19 120 (16.35%) Web Services
20 115 (15.67%) CSS
20 115 (15.67%) Continuous Integration
21 111 (15.12%) AWS
22 109 (14.85%) AngularJS
23 102 (13.90%) Finance
24 101 (13.76%) Python
25 100 (13.62%) Kanban
26 99 (13.49%) Docker
27 98 (13.35%) Node.js
28 96 (13.08%) .NET
29 95 (12.94%) Test Strategy

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (8.17%) Confluence
2 45 (6.13%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (3.13%) Apache
4 16 (2.18%) CMS
5 14 (1.91%) Apache Solr
5 14 (1.91%) Magnolia
6 12 (1.63%) Tomcat
7 10 (1.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 9 (1.23%) JBoss
8 9 (1.23%) SharePoint
9 6 (0.82%) Apache Spark
9 6 (0.82%) IIS
9 6 (0.82%) Jetty
9 6 (0.82%) nginx
10 5 (0.68%) WebLogic
10 5 (0.68%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.54%) Oracle Self-Service HR
11 4 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
12 3 (0.41%) OpenStack
Applications
1 9 (1.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (1.77%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 11 (1.50%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 6 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.54%) Magento
4 4 (0.54%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.27%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.14%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 128 (17.44%) Azure
2 111 (15.12%) AWS
3 57 (7.77%) GitHub
4 46 (6.27%) Sauce Labs
5 32 (4.36%) Serverless
6 30 (4.09%) AWS Lambda
7 22 (3.00%) BrowserStack
8 21 (2.86%) GCP
9 17 (2.32%) AWS CloudFormation
10 16 (2.18%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 13 (1.77%) Amazon EC2
11 13 (1.77%) Amazon SQS
12 12 (1.63%) Amazon ECS
13 11 (1.50%) Amazon S3
14 9 (1.23%) BlazeMeter
14 9 (1.23%) Google App Engine
14 9 (1.23%) Heroku
15 8 (1.09%) Lucidchart
16 7 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
16 7 (0.95%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.18%) HTTP
2 11 (1.50%) Firewall
3 6 (0.82%) AMQP
3 6 (0.82%) SSH
4 3 (0.41%) Internet
4 3 (0.41%) Intranet
5 2 (0.27%) DNS
5 2 (0.27%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.14%) BIG-IP
6 1 (0.14%) IPv4
6 1 (0.14%) IPv6
6 1 (0.14%) Multicast
6 1 (0.14%) PPP
6 1 (0.14%) UPnP
6 1 (0.14%) VoIP
6 1 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.14%) xDSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (8.45%) MongoDB
2 61 (8.31%) SQL Server
3 52 (7.08%) MySQL
4 43 (5.86%) Relational Database
5 37 (5.04%) Big Data
6 25 (3.41%) Data Warehouse
6 25 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
7 21 (2.86%) NoSQL
8 16 (2.18%) Cosmos DB
9 15 (2.04%) Redis
10 12 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 11 (1.50%) SQL Server 2012
12 10 (1.36%) Azure SQL Database
13 9 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 9 (1.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 8 (1.09%) Oracle Database
15 7 (0.95%) Blockchain
15 7 (0.95%) Couchbase
15 7 (0.95%) InfluxDB
15 7 (0.95%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 297 (40.46%) Cucumber
2 240 (32.70%) Jenkins
3 159 (21.66%) Git (software)
4 153 (20.84%) JIRA
5 129 (17.57%) WebDriver
6 85 (11.58%) JMeter
7 81 (11.04%) SpecFlow
8 72 (9.81%) Maven
9 49 (6.68%) SoapUI
10 48 (6.54%) Appium
10 48 (6.54%) JUnit
11 42 (5.72%) TeamCity
12 36 (4.90%) Mocha
13 35 (4.77%) Gatling
14 34 (4.63%) Visual Studio Team System
15 32 (4.36%) SonarQube
16 31 (4.22%) Bitbucket
16 31 (4.22%) NUnit
17 29 (3.95%) Eclipse
17 29 (3.95%) Gradle
General
1 102 (13.90%) Finance
2 58 (7.90%) Banking
3 31 (4.22%) Public Sector
4 29 (3.95%) Retail
5 24 (3.27%) Front Office
6 18 (2.45%) Marketing
7 12 (1.63%) Legal
8 9 (1.23%) Games
8 9 (1.23%) Investment Banking
9 8 (1.09%) Advertising
10 7 (0.95%) Back Office
11 6 (0.82%) Law
12 5 (0.68%) Police
13 4 (0.54%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.54%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.41%) Electronics
14 3 (0.41%) Manufacturing
14 3 (0.41%) Telecoms
15 2 (0.27%) French Language
16 1 (0.14%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 253 (34.47%) Developer
2 146 (19.89%) Tester
3 110 (14.99%) Automation Tester
4 74 (10.08%) Analyst
5 70 (9.54%) Developer in Test
6 68 (9.26%) Test Engineer
7 60 (8.17%) Test Analyst
8 56 (7.63%) Java Developer
9 45 (6.13%) QA Engineer
10 38 (5.18%) Automation Test Analyst
10 38 (5.18%) Software Developer
10 38 (5.18%) Test Automation Developer
11 36 (4.90%) Test Automation Engineer
12 34 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
12 34 (4.63%) Test Leader
13 32 (4.36%) DevOps Engineer
13 32 (4.36%) QA Leader
14 27 (3.68%) Senior Developer
15 26 (3.54%) JavaScript Developer
15 26 (3.54%) Selenium Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (19.21%) HTML
2 120 (16.35%) Web Services
3 115 (15.67%) CSS
4 109 (14.85%) AngularJS
5 98 (13.35%) Node.js
6 96 (13.08%) .NET
7 84 (11.44%) RESTful
8 80 (10.90%) Gherkin
9 74 (10.08%) REST
10 71 (9.67%) HTML5
11 70 (9.54%) React
12 64 (8.72%) Spring
13 63 (8.58%) JSON
14 57 (7.77%) Redux
15 52 (7.08%) jQuery
16 42 (5.72%) Spring Boot
17 41 (5.59%) XML
18 40 (5.45%) CSS3
19 36 (4.90%) SOAP
20 35 (4.77%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 63 (8.58%) User Experience
2 41 (5.59%) Mobile App
3 28 (3.81%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (2.45%) Virtual Team
5 16 (2.18%) Wiki
6 14 (1.91%) Derivative
7 12 (1.63%) Greenfield Project
7 12 (1.63%) Video on Demand
8 7 (0.95%) Blog
9 6 (0.82%) Enterprise Software
9 6 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 5 (0.68%) Cloud Native
10 5 (0.68%) Equities
10 5 (0.68%) Video\Live Streaming
11 4 (0.54%) EPoS
11 4 (0.54%) Linux Command Line
11 4 (0.54%) Over-the-Top Content
11 4 (0.54%) Public Cloud
12 3 (0.41%) Market Risk
12 3 (0.41%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 62 (8.45%) Linux
2 34 (4.63%) Windows
3 32 (4.36%) Unix
4 23 (3.13%) Ubuntu
5 22 (3.00%) Android
5 22 (3.00%) Apple iOS
6 10 (1.36%) CentOS
6 10 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.95%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.54%) Debian
9 3 (0.41%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.27%) Solaris
11 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 524 (71.39%) Test Automation
2 472 (64.31%) Agile Software Development
3 235 (32.02%) BDD
4 222 (30.25%) Scrum
5 199 (27.11%) DevOps
6 184 (25.07%) TDD
7 115 (15.67%) Continuous Integration
8 100 (13.62%) Kanban
9 95 (12.94%) Test Strategy
10 93 (12.67%) SDET
11 90 (12.26%) Microservices
12 72 (9.81%) Regression Testing
13 70 (9.54%) API Testing
14 68 (9.26%) Performance Testing
15 65 (8.86%) Test Scripting
16 64 (8.72%) Continuous Delivery
17 63 (8.58%) Unit Testing
18 62 (8.45%) Manual Testing
19 57 (7.77%) Problem-Solving
20 55 (7.49%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 312 (42.51%) Java
2 239 (32.56%) JavaScript
3 168 (22.89%) SQL
4 161 (21.93%) C#
5 101 (13.76%) Python
6 33 (4.50%) ES6
7 32 (4.36%) Java 8
8 28 (3.81%) T-SQL
9 27 (3.68%) Ruby
10 25 (3.41%) TypeScript
11 19 (2.59%) PL/SQL
12 16 (2.18%) Apex Code
12 16 (2.18%) PHP
12 16 (2.18%) PowerShell
12 16 (2.18%) SOQL
13 14 (1.91%) Go
13 14 (1.91%) Groovy
14 13 (1.77%) Scala
15 10 (1.36%) Bash Shell
16 8 (1.09%) Perl
Qualifications
1 75 (10.22%) Security Cleared
2 61 (8.31%) SC Cleared
3 28 (3.81%) ISTQB
4 25 (3.41%) ISEB
5 24 (3.27%) Degree
6 10 (1.36%) DV Cleared
7 9 (1.23%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.82%) CTC Cleared
9 5 (0.68%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.54%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.14%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.14%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (30.79%) QA
2 10 (1.36%) MiFID
3 7 (0.95%) GDPR
4 4 (0.54%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.14%) PSD2
5 1 (0.14%) SEPA
5 1 (0.14%) WCAG
System Software
1 99 (13.49%) Docker
2 3 (0.41%) KVM
2 3 (0.41%) oVirt
2 3 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
2 3 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.14%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 44 (5.99%) Kubernetes
2 39 (5.31%) Terraform
3 27 (3.68%) Ansible
4 11 (1.50%) Consul
4 11 (1.50%) Opscode Chef
4 11 (1.50%) Puppet
5 10 (1.36%) Kibana
6 9 (1.23%) HP Quality Center
7 7 (0.95%) logstash
8 4 (0.54%) Salt
9 3 (0.41%) Graphite
9 3 (0.41%) HP ALM
9 3 (0.41%) Packer
9 3 (0.41%) Pingdom
9 3 (0.41%) ZABBIX
10 2 (0.27%) Grafana
10 2 (0.27%) Istio
10 2 (0.27%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.14%) HockeyApp
Vendors
1 55 (7.49%) Oracle
2 47 (6.40%) Microsoft
3 27 (3.68%) Salesforce.com
4 21 (2.86%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 20 (2.72%) Atlassian
6 19 (2.59%) MuleSoft
7 15 (2.04%) Adobe
7 15 (2.04%) Google
8 14 (1.91%) Splunk
9 12 (1.63%) HP
9 12 (1.63%) Sparx
10 9 (1.23%) Perfecto Mobile
10 9 (1.23%) SAP
11 8 (1.09%) IBM
11 8 (1.09%) Telerik
12 6 (0.82%) Demandware
12 6 (0.82%) Elastic Path
12 6 (0.82%) Facebook
12 6 (0.82%) Twitter
13 5 (0.68%) Red Hat