Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
England > London
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 248 170 141
Rank change year-on-year -78 -29 -28
Contract jobs citing Selenium 319 246 811
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.05% 1.57% 2.01%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.41% 7.60% 10.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 233 184 585
10th Percentile £341 £350 £350
25th Percentile £400 £405 £394
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £450
75th Percentile £538 £525 £520
90th Percentile £630 £650 £575
England median daily rate £440 £435 £438
% change year-on-year +1.15% -0.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £11.50
England median hourly rate £65.50 £53.13 £39.75
% change year-on-year +23.29% +33.65% -6.47%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,895 3,235 7,953
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 19.39% 20.69% 19.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,138 2,371 5,678
10th Percentile £400 £375 £363
25th Percentile £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £644 £625 £600
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £480
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 19 25
10th Percentile £28.50 £31.50 £18.32
25th Percentile £39.00 £45.13 £23.25
Median hourly rate £60.00 £50.50 £47.83
Median % change year-on-year +18.81% +5.58% +14.00%
75th Percentile £68.00 £62.13 £53.75
90th Percentile £69.00 £65.31 £56.10
England median hourly rate £50.00 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in London.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in London

Selenium
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -16 42 £488 +8.33% 33
South London +5 21 £431 +1.47% 5
West London +1 5 £525 +16.67% 10
East London +5 3 £400 - 11
Selenium
England

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 239 (74.92%) Test Automation
2 183 (57.37%) Agile Software Development
3 165 (51.72%) Cucumber
4 154 (48.28%) Java
5 113 (35.42%) DevOps
6 110 (34.48%) BDD
7 95 (29.78%) TDD
8 91 (28.53%) Jenkins
9 90 (28.21%) JavaScript
10 89 (27.90%) Scrum
11 84 (26.33%) JIRA
12 82 (25.71%) C#
13 78 (24.45%) QA
14 75 (23.51%) SQL
15 68 (21.32%) Azure
16 66 (20.69%) Microservices
17 64 (20.06%) Security Cleared
18 63 (19.75%) Git (software)
18 63 (19.75%) Software Testing
18 63 (19.75%) Python
18 63 (19.75%) Social Skills
19 59 (18.50%) Gherkin
20 54 (16.93%) Test Strategy
21 49 (15.36%) Continuous Integration
22 48 (15.05%) WebDriver
22 48 (15.05%) .NET
23 46 (14.42%) RESTful
24 45 (14.11%) SDET
25 44 (13.79%) AWS
25 44 (13.79%) JMeter

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (10.66%) Confluence
2 16 (5.02%) SharePoint
3 7 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (2.19%) JBoss
4 6 (1.88%) Tomcat
5 3 (0.94%) nginx
5 3 (0.94%) WebLogic
6 1 (0.31%) Apache
6 1 (0.31%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.31%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.31%) CICS
6 1 (0.31%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.31%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 5 (1.57%) Adobe Campaign
2 4 (1.25%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.63%) Magento
4 1 (0.31%) BASE24
4 1 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.31%) Endur
4 1 (0.31%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.31%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 68 (21.32%) Azure
2 44 (13.79%) AWS
3 28 (8.78%) GitHub
4 14 (4.39%) IaaS
4 14 (4.39%) Serverless
5 11 (3.45%) SaaS
6 10 (3.13%) Amazon S3
6 10 (3.13%) PaaS
7 9 (2.82%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (2.51%) BrowserStack
9 7 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
9 7 (2.19%) Dynamics 365
9 7 (2.19%) GCP
10 5 (1.57%) AWS CloudFormation
10 5 (1.57%) Sauce Labs
10 5 (1.57%) Slack
11 4 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
11 4 (1.25%) Amazon SQS
11 4 (1.25%) npm
12 3 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.51%) DNS
2 5 (1.57%) DMARC
2 5 (1.57%) SMS
2 5 (1.57%) SMTP
3 4 (1.25%) HTTP
4 3 (0.94%) VPN
5 2 (0.63%) DSL
6 1 (0.31%) ATM
6 1 (0.31%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (5.33%) SQL Server
2 13 (4.08%) NoSQL
3 12 (3.76%) PostgreSQL
4 9 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
4 9 (2.82%) Hadoop
5 8 (2.51%) Big Data
6 7 (2.19%) MongoDB
6 7 (2.19%) Relational Database
7 6 (1.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 5 (1.57%) CockroachDB
9 3 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
9 3 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 2 (0.63%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 2 (0.63%) DB2
10 2 (0.63%) MySQL
10 2 (0.63%) Power BI
11 1 (0.31%) BigQuery
11 1 (0.31%) Data Mart
11 1 (0.31%) DB2 UDB
11 1 (0.31%) GIS
Development Applications
1 165 (51.72%) Cucumber
2 91 (28.53%) Jenkins
3 84 (26.33%) JIRA
4 63 (19.75%) Git (software)
5 48 (15.05%) WebDriver
6 44 (13.79%) JMeter
7 38 (11.91%) JUnit
7 38 (11.91%) Postman
7 38 (11.91%) SpecFlow
8 37 (11.60%) Cypress.io
9 27 (8.46%) SoapUI
10 26 (8.15%) Appium
10 26 (8.15%) Maven
11 21 (6.58%) Mockito
12 20 (6.27%) REST Assured
13 19 (5.96%) NUnit
13 19 (5.96%) Protractor
14 15 (4.70%) LoadRunner
15 14 (4.39%) Bitbucket
16 13 (4.08%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 63 (19.75%) Social Skills
2 44 (13.79%) Banking
3 42 (13.17%) Finance
4 14 (4.39%) Analytical Skills
5 10 (3.13%) Documentation Skills
6 8 (2.51%) Public Sector
7 6 (1.88%) Front Office
7 6 (1.88%) Publishing
8 5 (1.57%) Marketing
8 5 (1.57%) Presentation Skills
8 5 (1.57%) Retail Banking
9 4 (1.25%) Games
9 4 (1.25%) Influencing Skills
9 4 (1.25%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.94%) Retail
10 3 (0.94%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.63%) Law
11 2 (0.63%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.31%) Back Office
12 1 (0.31%) Legal
Job Titles
1 88 (27.59%) Developer
2 66 (20.69%) Tester
3 64 (20.06%) Test Engineer
4 53 (16.61%) Automation Tester
5 36 (11.29%) Test Automation Engineer
6 30 (9.40%) Analyst
7 25 (7.84%) Test Analyst
8 23 (7.21%) Java Developer
9 22 (6.90%) Developer in Test
9 22 (6.90%) Senior Test Engineer
10 19 (5.96%) Java Engineer
11 17 (5.33%) QA Engineer
12 16 (5.02%) Software Engineer
12 16 (5.02%) Software Test Engineer
13 15 (4.70%) Automation Test Analyst
13 15 (4.70%) Senior Developer
14 14 (4.39%) Software Developer
15 11 (3.45%) .NET Developer
15 11 (3.45%) Senior Software Engineer
15 11 (3.45%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (18.50%) Gherkin
2 48 (15.05%) .NET
3 46 (14.42%) RESTful
4 44 (13.79%) Spring
5 38 (11.91%) REST
6 33 (10.34%) SOAP
7 32 (10.03%) AngularJS
8 30 (9.40%) React
9 26 (8.15%) Node.js
10 23 (7.21%) Spring Boot
10 23 (7.21%) Web Services
11 18 (5.64%) .NET Framework
12 17 (5.33%) HTML
13 16 (5.02%) Jest
14 15 (4.70%) CSS
15 13 (4.08%) Hibernate
16 12 (3.76%) JSON
16 12 (3.76%) Middleware
16 12 (3.76%) WireMock
17 11 (3.45%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 10 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
2 8 (2.51%) Mobile App
2 8 (2.51%) User Experience
3 7 (2.19%) Cloud Native
4 6 (1.88%) Fixed Income
5 5 (1.57%) Marketing Technology
5 5 (1.57%) Video on Demand
5 5 (1.57%) Video\Live Streaming
6 4 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
6 4 (1.25%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (0.94%) Derivative
7 3 (0.94%) Mainframe
7 3 (0.94%) Public Cloud
8 2 (0.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 2 (0.63%) Hybrid Cloud
8 2 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (0.63%) Management Information System
8 2 (0.63%) NHS
8 2 (0.63%) Virtual Team
8 2 (0.63%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 12 (3.76%) Apple iOS
2 9 (2.82%) Android
3 8 (2.51%) Unix
4 5 (1.57%) Linux
4 5 (1.57%) tvOS
4 5 (1.57%) Windows
5 1 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.31%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 239 (74.92%) Test Automation
2 183 (57.37%) Agile Software Development
3 113 (35.42%) DevOps
4 110 (34.48%) BDD
5 95 (29.78%) TDD
6 89 (27.90%) Scrum
7 66 (20.69%) Microservices
8 63 (19.75%) Software Testing
9 54 (16.93%) Test Strategy
10 49 (15.36%) Continuous Integration
11 45 (14.11%) SDET
12 33 (10.34%) API Testing
12 33 (10.34%) Full Stack Development
12 33 (10.34%) Regression Testing
13 32 (10.03%) Functional Testing
14 31 (9.72%) Defect Management
14 31 (9.72%) Integration Testing
15 29 (9.09%) Performance Testing
15 29 (9.09%) Test Management
16 26 (8.15%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 154 (48.28%) Java
2 90 (28.21%) JavaScript
3 82 (25.71%) C#
4 75 (23.51%) SQL
5 63 (19.75%) Python
6 25 (7.84%) TypeScript
7 19 (5.96%) Java 8
8 15 (4.70%) C
9 14 (4.39%) Shell Script
10 12 (3.76%) PowerShell
11 11 (3.45%) Scala
12 10 (3.13%) ES6
13 7 (2.19%) PL/SQL
13 7 (2.19%) Ruby
14 6 (1.88%) Perl
15 5 (1.57%) Apple Swift
16 3 (0.94%) Bash Shell
16 3 (0.94%) Groovy
16 3 (0.94%) Java 11
17 2 (0.63%) BeanShell
Qualifications
1 64 (20.06%) Security Cleared
2 41 (12.85%) SC Cleared
3 19 (5.96%) Degree
4 17 (5.33%) ISTQB
5 16 (5.02%) DV Cleared
6 13 (4.08%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (2.19%) ISEB
8 6 (1.88%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (1.88%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.63%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.31%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.31%) HNC
10 1 (0.31%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.31%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (24.45%) QA
2 18 (5.64%) Accessibility
3 5 (1.57%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.57%) GDPR
4 3 (0.94%) SOC 2
5 2 (0.63%) NIST
6 1 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.31%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.31%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.31%) MiFID
6 1 (0.31%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.31%) PSD2
6 1 (0.31%) SOC 1
6 1 (0.31%) TARGET2
6 1 (0.31%) WCAG
System Software
1 27 (8.46%) Docker
2 4 (1.25%) Virtual Desktop
3 3 (0.94%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.31%) RACF
Systems Management
1 20 (6.27%) Kubernetes
2 14 (4.39%) HP Quality Center
2 14 (4.39%) Terraform
3 12 (3.76%) Ansible
4 3 (0.94%) logstash
4 3 (0.94%) Nagios
5 2 (0.63%) Control-M
5 2 (0.63%) HP Fortify
5 2 (0.63%) Kibana
5 2 (0.63%) Puppet
5 2 (0.63%) ZABBIX
6 1 (0.31%) CA Wily
6 1 (0.31%) HP ALM
6 1 (0.31%) HP SiteScope
6 1 (0.31%) Mesos
6 1 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.31%) Salt
Vendors
1 24 (7.52%) Microsoft
2 19 (5.96%) HP
3 10 (3.13%) Oracle
4 7 (2.19%) IBM
5 6 (1.88%) Adobe
5 6 (1.88%) Apple
6 5 (1.57%) Splunk
7 3 (0.94%) Automation Anywhere
7 3 (0.94%) Dell
7 3 (0.94%) hybris
7 3 (0.94%) TIBCO
8 2 (0.63%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.63%) Google
8 2 (0.63%) Qualys
8 2 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (0.63%) Veracode
8 2 (0.63%) Xamarin
9 1 (0.31%) Acunetix
9 1 (0.31%) Guidewire
9 1 (0.31%) ServiceNow