Period
to 15 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Ant skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Ant over the 6 months to 15 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Ant
UK
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 536 471 417
Rank change year-on-year -65 -54 +16
Contract jobs citing Ant 397 483 586
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.47% 0.57%
As % of the Development Applications category 1.78% 2.52% 3.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 239 296 289
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +7.14%
10th Percentile £350 £356 £317
90th Percentile £601 £650 £605
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £430
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +10.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 4 2
UK median hourly rate £43.92 £43.75 £28.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.38% +51.29% -23.90%
10th Percentile £41.96 £39.12 £14.16
90th Percentile £45.87 £46.98 £43.73
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £43.75 £11.34
% change year-on-year - +285.97% -70.17%

Ant is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 22,310 19,200 16,944
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.41% 18.60% 16.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,343 13,414 11,347
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 268 250
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £30.73 £29.00 £22.16
90th Percentile £53.75 £62.70 £53.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.75 £43.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -1.72% +6.10% +2.50%

Ant
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ant as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ant in the UK

Ant
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Ant.

Contractor daily rate trend for Ant in the UK

Ant
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Ant over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Ant in the UK

Ant
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ant.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Ant in the UK

Ant
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Ant within the UK over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -56 354 £500 +0.50% 72
UK excluding London -62 206 £450 - 47
London -29 184 £500 -2.44% 33
South East -75 59 £383 -31.70% 16
Midlands +12 46 £450 +24.14% 6
West Midlands +9 45 £428 +17.93% 3
South West -39 28 £450 +5.88% 8
North of England -10 23 £400 +1.91% 5
Wales -13 18 £450 - 2
Scotland -14 16 £438 -5.41% 5
East of England -15 14 £525 +16.67% 4
Yorkshire -8 12 £431 +9.87%
North West -10 6 £388 -3.13% 5
North East - 5 £350 -
Northern Ireland +29 2 £505 +17.44% 1
East Midlands +2 1 £550 - 3

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Ant also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Ant.

1 315 (79.35%) Java
2 282 (71.03%) Jenkins
3 255 (64.23%) Maven
4 213 (53.65%) Git (software)
4 213 (53.65%) Agile Software Development
5 184 (46.35%) DevOps
6 159 (40.05%) Linux
7 150 (37.78%) Continuous Integration
8 141 (35.52%) JavaScript
9 140 (35.26%) Test Automation
10 130 (32.75%) Python
11 128 (32.24%) Selenium
12 127 (31.99%) Cucumber
13 121 (30.48%) Configuration Management
14 116 (29.22%) Gradle
15 113 (28.46%) Spring
16 112 (28.21%) SQL
17 108 (27.20%) SOAP
17 108 (27.20%) XML
18 105 (26.45%) Puppet
19 101 (25.44%) JUnit
19 101 (25.44%) Docker
19 101 (25.44%) Microservices
20 97 (24.43%) Windows
21 94 (23.68%) Tomcat
22 93 (23.43%) Unix
23 92 (23.17%) AngularJS
24 91 (22.92%) Subversion
25 87 (21.91%) CSS
25 87 (21.91%) Groovy

Ant
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (23.68%) Tomcat
2 69 (17.38%) nginx
3 58 (14.61%) Apache
4 52 (13.10%) JBoss
5 37 (9.32%) WebSphere
6 35 (8.82%) Confluence
7 33 (8.31%) WebLogic
8 17 (4.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 14 (3.53%) IIS
9 14 (3.53%) Jetty
10 13 (3.27%) Mongrel
11 12 (3.02%) Cloud Foundry
12 9 (2.27%) Apache Spark
12 9 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
12 9 (2.27%) Mule
12 9 (2.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (1.51%) CMS
14 3 (0.76%) FileNet
14 3 (0.76%) Mule ESB
14 3 (0.76%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 7 (1.76%) MS Visio
2 6 (1.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.50%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.25%) HipChat
4 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.25%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 4 (1.01%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.25%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 78 (19.65%) GitHub
2 69 (17.38%) Amazon AWS
3 56 (14.11%) Microsoft Azure
4 54 (13.60%) Google Analytics
5 33 (8.31%) BrowserStack
6 19 (4.79%) Cloud Computing
7 15 (3.78%) AWS CloudFormation
8 14 (3.53%) Amazon EC2
9 12 (3.02%) IBM Cloud
9 12 (3.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 11 (2.77%) Google Cloud Platform
10 11 (2.77%) Sumo Logic
11 10 (2.52%) npm
12 9 (2.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (2.02%) Amazon ELB
13 8 (2.02%) Amazon S3
13 8 (2.02%) Heroku
13 8 (2.02%) OpenShift
13 8 (2.02%) Sauce Labs
14 7 (1.76%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 85 (21.41%) HTTP
2 59 (14.86%) TCP/IP
3 55 (13.85%) SSL
4 11 (2.77%) DNS
5 9 (2.27%) OpenLDAP
5 9 (2.27%) OpenVPN
5 9 (2.27%) SSH
6 8 (2.02%) FTP
7 3 (0.76%) Firewall
8 2 (0.50%) NAS
8 2 (0.50%) SAN
9 1 (0.25%) DSL
9 1 (0.25%) Internet
9 1 (0.25%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (20.40%) NoSQL
2 58 (14.61%) MongoDB
3 30 (7.56%) Relational Database
4 18 (4.53%) SQL Server
5 16 (4.03%) Big Data
5 16 (4.03%) Hadoop
6 12 (3.02%) Data Warehouse
7 11 (2.77%) PostgreSQL
8 10 (2.52%) Amazon RDS
9 9 (2.27%) DB2
10 8 (2.02%) MySQL
11 7 (1.76%) Oracle Database
11 7 (1.76%) RDBMS
12 5 (1.26%) HBase
13 4 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (1.01%) Apache Hive
13 4 (1.01%) Data Lake
13 4 (1.01%) Sqoop
14 3 (0.76%) Blockchain
14 3 (0.76%) JasperReports
Development Applications
1 282 (71.03%) Jenkins
2 255 (64.23%) Maven
3 213 (53.65%) Git (software)
4 128 (32.24%) Selenium
5 127 (31.99%) Cucumber
6 116 (29.22%) Gradle
7 101 (25.44%) JUnit
8 91 (22.92%) Subversion
9 80 (20.15%) TeamCity
10 72 (18.14%) Eclipse
11 60 (15.11%) JIRA
12 59 (14.86%) IntelliJ
13 55 (13.85%) Gatling
14 53 (13.35%) Bitbucket
15 51 (12.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 49 (12.34%) Grunt
17 47 (11.84%) gulp
18 46 (11.59%) Karma Test Runner
18 46 (11.59%) Sublime Text
19 43 (10.83%) WebDriver
General
1 66 (16.62%) Finance
2 64 (16.12%) Banking
3 18 (4.53%) Investment Banking
4 10 (2.52%) Marketing
5 8 (2.02%) Back Office
5 8 (2.02%) Games
6 5 (1.26%) Financial Institution
6 5 (1.26%) Front Office
7 3 (0.76%) Manufacturing
7 3 (0.76%) Retail
8 2 (0.50%) Advertising
8 2 (0.50%) Law
8 2 (0.50%) Legal
9 1 (0.25%) Automotive
9 1 (0.25%) Electronics
9 1 (0.25%) Publishing
9 1 (0.25%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 192 (48.36%) Developer
2 110 (27.71%) Java Developer
3 74 (18.64%) DevOps Engineer
4 41 (10.33%) Tester
5 40 (10.08%) Automation Tester
6 32 (8.06%) Architect
7 25 (6.30%) Software Engineer
8 22 (5.54%) Build Engineer
9 19 (4.79%) Java Automation Tester
9 19 (4.79%) Scala Developer
9 19 (4.79%) Selenium Automation Tester
9 19 (4.79%) Selenium Tester
10 16 (4.03%) C Developer
11 14 (3.53%) AWS DevOps
11 14 (3.53%) AWS Engineer
12 13 (3.27%) Azure DevOps
12 13 (3.27%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 13 (3.27%) Azure Engineer
13 12 (3.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 12 (3.02%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 113 (28.46%) Spring
2 108 (27.20%) SOAP
2 108 (27.20%) XML
3 92 (23.17%) AngularJS
4 87 (21.91%) CSS
5 85 (21.41%) REST
6 82 (20.65%) HTML
7 77 (19.40%) JSON
8 75 (18.89%) Web Services
9 73 (18.39%) Hibernate
10 72 (18.14%) Node.js
11 71 (17.88%) jQuery
12 70 (17.63%) J2EE
13 67 (16.88%) Servlets
14 55 (13.85%) Gherkin
14 55 (13.85%) HTML5
15 46 (11.59%) RESTful
16 37 (9.32%) Play Framework
17 36 (9.07%) .NET
18 35 (8.82%) EJB
Miscellaneous
1 29 (7.30%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (6.80%) Enterprise Software
3 23 (5.79%) Derivative
4 19 (4.79%) User Experience
5 13 (3.27%) Fixed Income
6 9 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
7 8 (2.02%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (1.51%) Data Centre
9 5 (1.26%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.26%) Clustering
9 5 (1.26%) Data Structures
9 5 (1.26%) iPad
9 5 (1.26%) Replication
9 5 (1.26%) Virtual Team
10 4 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (1.01%) Public Cloud
11 3 (0.76%) Equities
11 3 (0.76%) Mobile App
11 3 (0.76%) N-Tier
11 3 (0.76%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 159 (40.05%) Linux
2 97 (24.43%) Windows
3 93 (23.43%) Unix
4 67 (16.88%) Ubuntu
5 23 (5.79%) CentOS
6 17 (4.28%) Android
6 17 (4.28%) Apple iOS
7 13 (3.27%) Debian
7 13 (3.27%) Fedora
8 8 (2.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (1.76%) Solaris
10 5 (1.26%) Windows Server
11 4 (1.01%) AIX
12 2 (0.50%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.25%) RancherOS
13 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 213 (53.65%) Agile Software Development
2 184 (46.35%) DevOps
3 150 (37.78%) Continuous Integration
4 140 (35.26%) Test Automation
5 121 (30.48%) Configuration Management
6 101 (25.44%) Microservices
7 70 (17.63%) Analytics
8 62 (15.62%) Open Source
9 61 (15.37%) Unit Testing
10 56 (14.11%) OO
10 56 (14.11%) TDD
11 54 (13.60%) Lean Software Development
12 51 (12.85%) Continuous Delivery
13 47 (11.84%) Software Engineering
14 46 (11.59%) BDD
15 45 (11.34%) Scrum
16 41 (10.33%) Problem-Solving
17 37 (9.32%) SOA
18 33 (8.31%) UML
19 32 (8.06%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 315 (79.35%) Java
2 141 (35.52%) JavaScript
3 130 (32.75%) Python
4 112 (28.21%) SQL
5 87 (21.91%) Groovy
6 79 (19.90%) Perl
7 78 (19.65%) C#
8 76 (19.14%) Ruby
9 54 (13.60%) Haskell
10 47 (11.84%) Scala
11 44 (11.08%) C++
12 37 (9.32%) Bash Shell
12 37 (9.32%) C
13 26 (6.55%) PowerShell
14 24 (6.05%) Shell Script
15 16 (4.03%) Java 8
16 13 (3.27%) Go
17 12 (3.02%) PL/SQL
18 8 (2.02%) XPath
19 6 (1.51%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 32 (8.06%) Security Cleared
2 28 (7.05%) Degree
2 28 (7.05%) SC Cleared
3 23 (5.79%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (0.76%) DBS Check
5 2 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.50%) ISTQB
5 2 (0.50%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.25%) ISEB
6 1 (0.25%) MBA
6 1 (0.25%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.79%) QA
2 4 (1.01%) HL7
3 3 (0.76%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.50%) PMO
4 2 (0.50%) SEPA
System Software
1 101 (25.44%) Docker
2 18 (4.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (3.78%) Postfix
4 13 (3.27%) VirtualBox
5 12 (3.02%) Hyper-V
5 12 (3.02%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (2.27%) Squid
6 9 (2.27%) vCloud
7 8 (2.02%) Active Directory
8 5 (1.26%) HDFS
9 2 (0.50%) NFS
9 2 (0.50%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.25%) KVM
10 1 (0.25%) Varnish
10 1 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.25%) Xen
Systems Management
1 105 (26.45%) Puppet
2 75 (18.89%) Kibana
3 73 (18.39%) Ansible
4 56 (14.11%) Grafana
5 43 (10.83%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (9.82%) Kubernetes
6 39 (9.82%) Terraform
7 21 (5.29%) logstash
8 16 (4.03%) Packer
8 16 (4.03%) Salt
9 12 (3.02%) Graylog
9 12 (3.02%) Nagios
10 9 (2.27%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (2.27%) Rancher
10 9 (2.27%) ZABBIX
11 8 (2.02%) Rsyslog
11 8 (2.02%) Rundeck
11 8 (2.02%) Sysdig
12 7 (1.76%) Automic
13 6 (1.51%) Consul
Vendors
1 79 (19.90%) Google
2 49 (12.34%) Adobe
3 38 (9.57%) Oracle
4 27 (6.80%) VMware
5 25 (6.30%) Microsoft
6 24 (6.05%) webMethods
7 22 (5.54%) Perforce
8 21 (5.29%) IBM
9 18 (4.53%) Red Hat
9 18 (4.53%) Splunk
10 13 (3.27%) AppDynamics
10 13 (3.27%) New Relic
11 11 (2.77%) Sybase
12 9 (2.27%) Atlassian
12 9 (2.27%) MuleSoft
12 9 (2.27%) Sitecore
12 9 (2.27%) Sonatype
13 8 (2.02%) SAP
14 7 (1.76%) Solace
15 6 (1.51%) hybris