Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Packer skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Packer over the 6 months to 18 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Hashicorp Packer
UK
6 months to
18 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 532 609 437
Rank change year-on-year +77 -172 +154
Contract jobs citing Packer 334 166 105
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.22% 0.31%
As % of the Systems Management category 2.44% 1.39% 2.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 218 135 85
10th Percentile £473 £425 £413
25th Percentile £525 £491 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £520
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +5.77% -9.57%
75th Percentile £650 £604 £600
90th Percentile £688 £687 £611
UK excluding London median daily rate £600 £540 £498
% change year-on-year +11.11% +8.54% -9.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Packer is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,694 11,935 5,125
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.66% 16.00% 15.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,835 8,422 3,537
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
25th Percentile £471 £438 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £613 £600
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £475 £455
% change year-on-year +7.89% +4.40% +1.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 169 155 101
10th Percentile £14.37 £14.85 £12.42
25th Percentile £16.25 £16.39 £15.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £23.21 £19.39
Median % change year-on-year -3.06% +19.70% -3.05%
75th Percentile £45.00 £50.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £74.92 £64.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £18.38
% change year-on-year - +8.84% +5.00%

Packer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Packer as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Packer in the UK

Packer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Packer.

Daily rate trend for Packer in the UK

Packer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Packer over the 6 months to 18 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Packer in the UK

Packer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Packer within the UK over the 6 months to 18 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +97 309 £600 +9.09% 21
London +31 164 £600 +9.09% 12
Work from Home +32 161 £600 +11.01% 12
UK excluding London +44 127 £600 +11.11% 9
North of England +26 66 £600 +14.29% 6
North West +25 52 £600 +22.45% 4
South East +8 32 £581 +7.64%
Yorkshire +1 13 £525 -8.70% 2
Midlands -33 12 £659 +22.04% 1
West Midlands -37 10 £659 +22.04% 1
East of England 0 9 £485 -3.00%
South West - 4 £525 - 2
Scotland 0 3 £600 +14.29%
East Midlands - 2 - -
Wales -1 1 - -
North East -12 1 £425 -18.70%

For the 6 months to 18 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Packer also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Packer.

1 312 (93.41%) Terraform
2 252 (75.45%) DevOps
3 244 (73.05%) Kubernetes
4 238 (71.26%) AWS
5 235 (70.36%) Python
6 218 (65.27%) Docker
7 205 (61.38%) Linux
8 189 (56.59%) Agile
9 185 (55.39%) Ansible
10 168 (50.30%) CI/CD
11 153 (45.81%) Security Cleared
12 142 (42.51%) Git (software)
13 139 (41.62%) SC Cleared
14 135 (40.42%) Java
15 132 (39.52%) Consul
16 130 (38.92%) Jenkins
17 114 (34.13%) Go
17 114 (34.13%) nginx
18 110 (32.93%) VMware
19 100 (29.94%) Bash
20 98 (29.34%) AWS CloudFormation
21 96 (28.74%) JIRA
22 91 (27.25%) Prometheus
23 90 (26.95%) Microservices
24 86 (25.75%) GCP
24 86 (25.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
25 85 (25.45%) Continuous Integration
26 84 (25.15%) Amazon EC2
26 84 (25.15%) Public Sector
27 80 (23.95%) VMware Infrastructure

Packer
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (34.13%) nginx
2 70 (20.96%) Confluence
3 45 (13.47%) Traefik
4 25 (7.49%) Mule
5 5 (1.50%) Tomcat
6 4 (1.20%) Apache
7 3 (0.90%) JBoss
8 2 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.60%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.30%) Camunda
9 1 (0.30%) Drupal
9 1 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
9 1 (0.30%) Red Hat Fuse
Cloud Services
1 238 (71.26%) AWS
2 98 (29.34%) AWS CloudFormation
3 86 (25.75%) GCP
4 84 (25.15%) Amazon EC2
5 70 (20.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 61 (18.26%) Azure
7 58 (17.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 37 (11.08%) Serverless
9 29 (8.68%) Amazon EKS
10 26 (7.78%) Kong
11 25 (7.49%) Amazon S3
11 25 (7.49%) AWS Lambda
12 21 (6.29%) Amazon ECS
13 19 (5.69%) Route 53
14 18 (5.39%) Datadog
15 16 (4.79%) IaaS
16 15 (4.49%) PaaS
17 14 (4.19%) Azure DevOps
18 13 (3.89%) Azure Key Vault
19 11 (3.29%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 64 (19.16%) DNS
2 52 (15.57%) TCP/IP
3 43 (12.87%) IPv4
4 11 (3.29%) Firewall
5 5 (1.50%) DHCP
6 3 (0.90%) HTTP
6 3 (0.90%) SSL
6 3 (0.90%) VPN
7 2 (0.60%) DSL
7 2 (0.60%) IPsec
8 1 (0.30%) DWDM
8 1 (0.30%) GPON
8 1 (0.30%) Internet
8 1 (0.30%) MPLS
8 1 (0.30%) Remote Desktop
8 1 (0.30%) Reverse Proxy
8 1 (0.30%) SMS
8 1 (0.30%) SONET
8 1 (0.30%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.30%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (5.39%) Amazon RDS
2 13 (3.89%) MongoDB
2 13 (3.89%) PostgreSQL
3 12 (3.59%) Big Data
3 12 (3.59%) Hadoop
4 9 (2.69%) DynamoDB
5 8 (2.40%) Relational Database
6 6 (1.80%) Apache Cassandra
7 5 (1.50%) MySQL
8 4 (1.20%) NoSQL
9 3 (0.90%) Elasticsearch
9 3 (0.90%) RDBMS
10 2 (0.60%) Oracle Database
10 2 (0.60%) SQL Server
11 1 (0.30%) Amazon Athena
11 1 (0.30%) Amazon Aurora
11 1 (0.30%) Amazon Redshift
11 1 (0.30%) Neo4j
11 1 (0.30%) Oracle Reports
11 1 (0.30%) TimescaleDB
Development Applications
1 142 (42.51%) Git (software)
2 130 (38.92%) Jenkins
3 96 (28.74%) JIRA
4 73 (21.86%) GitLab
5 21 (6.29%) Artifactory
6 18 (5.39%) Sonatype Nexus
7 17 (5.09%) SonarQube
8 16 (4.79%) Maven
9 11 (3.29%) Bitbucket
10 9 (2.69%) TeamCity
11 7 (2.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 7 (2.10%) GoCD
11 7 (2.10%) Terragrunt
12 3 (0.90%) Snyk
12 3 (0.90%) Subversion
13 2 (0.60%) Bitbucket Server
13 2 (0.60%) Burp Suite
13 2 (0.60%) Gradle
13 2 (0.60%) Vagrant
14 1 (0.30%) git-flow
General
1 84 (25.15%) Public Sector
2 33 (9.88%) Finance
2 33 (9.88%) Social Skills
3 18 (5.39%) Banking
4 14 (4.19%) Presentation Skills
5 7 (2.10%) Analytical Skills
6 5 (1.50%) Documentation Skills
7 3 (0.90%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.90%) Legal
7 3 (0.90%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.30%) Games
8 1 (0.30%) Retail
Job Titles
1 203 (60.78%) DevOps Engineer
2 38 (11.38%) AWS Engineer
3 32 (9.58%) AWS DevOps
4 29 (8.68%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 21 (6.29%) Architect
6 20 (5.99%) Operations Engineer
7 18 (5.39%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 15 (4.49%) Cloud Engineer
8 15 (4.49%) GCP Engineer
8 15 (4.49%) Platform Engineer
9 14 (4.19%) Developer
10 11 (3.29%) Azure Engineer
10 11 (3.29%) Senior DevOps
10 11 (3.29%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 10 (2.99%) Development Team Leader
11 10 (2.99%) Senior Developer
11 10 (2.99%) Team Leader
12 9 (2.69%) Data Engineer
13 8 (2.40%) Linux Engineer
14 7 (2.10%) Infrastructure Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (19.16%) Kafka
2 53 (15.87%) cloud-init
3 20 (5.99%) Elastic Stack
4 16 (4.79%) JSON
5 11 (3.29%) Spring Boot
6 10 (2.99%) RabbitMQ
6 10 (2.99%) Spring
7 9 (2.69%) Node.js
8 8 (2.40%) React
9 6 (1.80%) AngularJS
9 6 (1.80%) HTML
9 6 (1.80%) OAuth
9 6 (1.80%) OAuth2
9 6 (1.80%) REST
10 5 (1.50%) HTML5
10 5 (1.50%) RESTful
10 5 (1.50%) SOAP
10 5 (1.50%) Spring Cloud
10 5 (1.50%) Swagger
10 5 (1.50%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 59 (17.66%) PKI
2 47 (14.07%) Clustering
3 19 (5.69%) Data Protection Act
3 19 (5.69%) Linux Command Line
4 8 (2.40%) Data Centre
4 8 (2.40%) Hedge funds
4 8 (2.40%) Public Cloud
5 7 (2.10%) Cloud Native
6 6 (1.80%) IoT
7 4 (1.20%) Private Cloud
8 3 (0.90%) Legacy Applications
9 2 (0.60%) Client/Server
9 2 (0.60%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.60%) Greenfield Project
9 2 (0.60%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.30%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.30%) Blockchain
10 1 (0.30%) Self-Motivation
10 1 (0.30%) Team-Oriented Environment
10 1 (0.30%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 205 (61.38%) Linux
2 86 (25.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 69 (20.66%) CentOS
4 43 (12.87%) Windows
5 25 (7.49%) Windows Server
6 21 (6.29%) Windows Server 2019
7 15 (4.49%) Windows Server 2016
8 13 (3.89%) Unix
9 10 (2.99%) Ubuntu
10 7 (2.10%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (1.50%) Debian
12 4 (1.20%) Amazon Linux
13 1 (0.30%) Apple iOS
13 1 (0.30%) Solaris
13 1 (0.30%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 252 (75.45%) DevOps
2 189 (56.59%) Agile
3 168 (50.30%) CI/CD
4 90 (26.95%) Microservices
5 85 (25.45%) Continuous Integration
6 77 (23.05%) Configuration Management
7 65 (19.46%) Containerisation
8 64 (19.16%) Platform Engineering
8 64 (19.16%) Test Automation
9 59 (17.66%) Continuous Deployment
10 52 (15.57%) Software Engineering
11 50 (14.97%) Load Balancing
12 45 (13.47%) Unit Testing
13 44 (13.17%) Infrastructure as Code
14 28 (8.38%) Migration
15 25 (7.49%) Scrum
16 22 (6.59%) Data Protection
17 21 (6.29%) Clean Code
17 21 (6.29%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 17 (5.09%) Full Stack Development
Programming Languages
1 235 (70.36%) Python
2 135 (40.42%) Java
3 114 (34.13%) Go
4 100 (29.94%) Bash
5 64 (19.16%) Ruby
6 48 (14.37%) C
7 44 (13.17%) C++
7 44 (13.17%) PowerShell
7 44 (13.17%) Rust
8 30 (8.98%) Groovy
9 29 (8.68%) Scala
10 18 (5.39%) Shell Script
11 17 (5.09%) JavaScript
12 16 (4.79%) Perl
13 12 (3.59%) SQL
14 2 (0.60%) TypeScript
15 1 (0.30%) C#
15 1 (0.30%) ES6
15 1 (0.30%) PHP
Qualifications
1 153 (45.81%) Security Cleared
2 139 (41.62%) SC Cleared
3 27 (8.08%) DV Cleared
4 22 (6.59%) AWS Certification
5 16 (4.79%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (1.20%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
7 3 (0.90%) Azure Certification
8 1 (0.30%) AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner
8 1 (0.30%) AWS Certified Developer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (14.97%) NCSC
2 3 (0.90%) GDPR
3 2 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.60%) QA
4 1 (0.30%) SLA
System Software
1 218 (65.27%) Docker
2 80 (23.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (8.08%) Active Directory
4 23 (6.89%) Virtual Machines
5 19 (5.69%) vSphere
6 5 (1.50%) Hyper-V
7 4 (1.20%) Squid
8 3 (0.90%) XenApp
8 3 (0.90%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.60%) HDFS
9 2 (0.60%) Snort
9 2 (0.60%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.30%) Ceph
10 1 (0.30%) KVM
Systems Management
1 312 (93.41%) Terraform
2 244 (73.05%) Kubernetes
3 185 (55.39%) Ansible
4 132 (39.52%) Consul
5 91 (27.25%) Prometheus
6 80 (23.95%) Puppet
7 64 (19.16%) Docker Swarm
8 61 (18.26%) ZABBIX
9 57 (17.07%) Istio
10 55 (16.47%) Graphite
11 50 (14.97%) HAProxy
12 48 (14.37%) Podman
13 42 (12.57%) linkerd
14 33 (9.88%) Grafana
15 19 (5.69%) vCenter Server
15 19 (5.69%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 16 (4.79%) Opscode Chef
17 12 (3.59%) Rancher
18 8 (2.40%) Nagios
19 7 (2.10%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 110 (32.93%) VMware
2 72 (21.56%) Splunk
3 49 (14.67%) PagerDuty
4 47 (14.07%) Dynatrace
5 25 (7.49%) Microsoft
6 24 (7.19%) Google
7 13 (3.89%) AppDynamics
8 10 (2.99%) SaltStack
9 8 (2.40%) Black Duck
9 8 (2.40%) Checkmarx
9 8 (2.40%) IBM
9 8 (2.40%) Oracle
10 7 (2.10%) Atlassian
10 7 (2.10%) Citrix
10 7 (2.10%) Red Hat
11 5 (1.50%) MuleSoft
11 5 (1.50%) New Relic
11 5 (1.50%) Sonatype
12 4 (1.20%) Coverity
12 4 (1.20%) Ivanti