Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Packer skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Packer over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Hashicorp Packer
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 611 410 559
Rank change year-on-year -201 +149 +48
Contract jobs citing Packer 179 97 281
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.33% 0.32%
As % of the Systems Management category 1.43% 2.09% 2.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 140 84 192
10th Percentile £438 £425 £450
25th Percentile £486 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £510 £575
Median % change year-on-year +7.84% -11.30% +9.52%
75th Percentile £606 £570 £644
90th Percentile £676 £600 £699
UK excluding London median daily rate £540 £502 £550
% change year-on-year +7.57% -8.73% +22.22%

Packer is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 12,523 4,636 13,286
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.84% 15.90% 14.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,872 3,196 9,089
10th Percentile £353 £313 £285
25th Percentile £444 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +3.47%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £600
90th Percentile £700 £668 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 158 85 306
10th Percentile £14.34 £12.14 £12.35
25th Percentile £16.26 £13.99 £15.00
Median hourly rate £23.00 £19.39 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.62% -7.67% +20.00%
75th Percentile £48.75 £40.00 £39.87
90th Percentile £65.30 £49.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £18.50 £19.64
% change year-on-year +8.11% -5.80% +12.23%

Packer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Packer as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Packer in the UK

Packer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Packer.

Daily rate trend for Packer in the UK

Packer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Packer over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Packer in the UK

Packer
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Packer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -215 139 £550 +7.84% 51
UK excluding London -132 71 £540 +7.57% 33
London -155 71 £550 - 17
Work from Home -225 47 £550 - 2
West Midlands -47 21 £540 +15.63% 1
Midlands -62 21 £540 +15.63% 2
North of England -85 14 £575 +18.56% 18
South East -105 14 £540 +5.88% 4
Scotland -76 10 £550 +4.76% 1
East of England -40 7 £500 +60.00% 5
Yorkshire -42 6 £575 +21.05% 7
North West -58 6 £513 +1.23% 5
Wales - 3 £525 -
North East -25 2 £523 +5.61% 6
South West -42 2 £500 +6.67% 3

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Packer also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Packer.

1 167 (93.30%) Terraform
2 130 (72.63%) AWS
3 129 (72.07%) DevOps
4 111 (62.01%) Docker
5 109 (60.89%) Linux
6 105 (58.66%) Kubernetes
7 102 (56.98%) Ansible
8 75 (41.90%) Python
9 70 (39.11%) Jenkins
10 66 (36.87%) Agile Software Development
11 61 (34.08%) Infrastructure as Code
12 59 (32.96%) Puppet
13 49 (27.37%) Security Cleared
14 48 (26.82%) Git (software)
15 46 (25.70%) AWS CloudFormation
16 45 (25.14%) Configuration Management
17 43 (24.02%) Azure
18 42 (23.46%) SC Cleared
19 41 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
19 41 (22.91%) Social Skills
20 39 (21.79%) GitLab
21 38 (21.23%) Consul
21 38 (21.23%) JIRA
21 38 (21.23%) Bash Shell
22 34 (18.99%) GCP
23 32 (17.88%) Elastic Stack
24 30 (16.76%) Go
25 29 (16.20%) PowerShell
25 29 (16.20%) Prometheus
26 28 (15.64%) Public Cloud

Packer
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (15.08%) Confluence
2 15 (8.38%) nginx
3 11 (6.15%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (5.59%) Apache
4 10 (5.59%) Tomcat
5 9 (5.03%) OpenStack
6 8 (4.47%) SAS
7 6 (3.35%) Drupal
8 4 (2.23%) Traefik
9 3 (1.68%) IBM Domino
10 2 (1.12%) Mule
10 2 (1.12%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (1.12%) WebLogic
10 2 (1.12%) WebSphere
10 2 (1.12%) WebSphere Application Server
11 1 (0.56%) IIS
11 1 (0.56%) JBoss
11 1 (0.56%) Red Hat Fuse
11 1 (0.56%) WildFly
Applications
1 8 (4.47%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (4.47%) assyst
Cloud Services
1 130 (72.63%) AWS
2 46 (25.70%) AWS CloudFormation
3 43 (24.02%) Azure
4 34 (18.99%) GCP
5 22 (12.29%) GitHub
6 16 (8.94%) Amazon EC2
7 14 (7.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 13 (7.26%) Serverless
9 12 (6.70%) Amazon EKS
10 11 (6.15%) Amazon ECS
10 11 (6.15%) AWS Lambda
11 9 (5.03%) Cloud Computing
12 8 (4.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 8 (4.47%) Amazon S3
13 7 (3.91%) IaaS
13 7 (3.91%) PaaS
14 5 (2.79%) GitHub Actions
15 4 (2.23%) AWS CodeDeploy
15 4 (2.23%) AWS OpsWorks
15 4 (2.23%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 14 (7.82%) DNS
2 10 (5.59%) TCP/IP
3 5 (2.79%) WAN
4 3 (1.68%) Firewall
4 3 (1.68%) IPv4
4 3 (1.68%) VPN
4 3 (1.68%) Wireshark
5 2 (1.12%) BGP
5 2 (1.12%) OSPF
5 2 (1.12%) SMS
5 2 (1.12%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.56%) LAN
6 1 (0.56%) Multicast
6 1 (0.56%) Skype
6 1 (0.56%) Unicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (2.79%) Amazon RDS
1 5 (2.79%) Big Data
1 5 (2.79%) PostgreSQL
2 3 (1.68%) Metadata
2 3 (1.68%) SQL Server
3 2 (1.12%) Amazon Athena
3 2 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 2 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
3 2 (1.12%) Hadoop
3 2 (1.12%) JasperReports
3 2 (1.12%) MongoDB
3 2 (1.12%) MySQL
3 2 (1.12%) Oracle Database
3 2 (1.12%) Oracle Reports
4 1 (0.56%) Amazon Aurora
4 1 (0.56%) Apache Cassandra
4 1 (0.56%) MariaDB
4 1 (0.56%) NoSQL
4 1 (0.56%) Tableau
4 1 (0.56%) Tableau Server
Development Applications
1 70 (39.11%) Jenkins
2 48 (26.82%) Git (software)
3 39 (21.79%) GitLab
4 38 (21.23%) JIRA
5 13 (7.26%) Sonatype Nexus
6 11 (6.15%) Bitbucket
7 9 (5.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 9 (5.03%) Vagrant
8 5 (2.79%) CircleCI
8 5 (2.79%) git-flow
8 5 (2.79%) Maven
8 5 (2.79%) TeamCity
9 4 (2.23%) Artifactory
9 4 (2.23%) Octopus Deploy
9 4 (2.23%) Terragrunt
10 3 (1.68%) Cypress.io
10 3 (1.68%) Gradle
11 2 (1.12%) Bitbucket Server
11 2 (1.12%) Metasploit
11 2 (1.12%) RSpec
General
1 41 (22.91%) Social Skills
2 25 (13.97%) Finance
3 19 (10.61%) Public Sector
4 9 (5.03%) Presentation Skills
5 8 (4.47%) Retail
6 7 (3.91%) Banking
7 6 (3.35%) Telecoms
8 5 (2.79%) Financial Institution
9 3 (1.68%) Automotive
9 3 (1.68%) Legal
10 2 (1.12%) Games
10 2 (1.12%) Law
11 1 (0.56%) Analytical Skills
11 1 (0.56%) Electronics
11 1 (0.56%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.56%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 83 (46.37%) DevOps Engineer
2 29 (16.20%) Platform Engineer
3 27 (15.08%) AWS Engineer
4 20 (11.17%) Architect
4 20 (11.17%) AWS DevOps
5 16 (8.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 16 (8.94%) Developer
6 12 (6.70%) Cloud Architect
7 10 (5.59%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 9 (5.03%) Consultant
9 8 (4.47%) DevOps Consultant
9 8 (4.47%) Senior DevOps
9 8 (4.47%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 7 (3.91%) Cloud Engineer
10 7 (3.91%) Lead DevOps
11 6 (3.35%) Administrator
11 6 (3.35%) AWS Architect
12 5 (2.79%) Linux Administrator
12 5 (2.79%) Systems Administrator
12 5 (2.79%) Technical Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (17.88%) Elastic Stack
2 18 (10.06%) Web Services
3 15 (8.38%) Node.js
4 8 (4.47%) cloud-init
5 6 (3.35%) Kafka
6 5 (2.79%) GraphQL
6 5 (2.79%) React
6 5 (2.79%) REST
7 4 (2.23%) JSON
7 4 (2.23%) Spring
8 3 (1.68%) J2EE
8 3 (1.68%) RESTful
9 2 (1.12%) .NET
9 2 (1.12%) LAMP
9 2 (1.12%) Middleware
9 2 (1.12%) Ruby on Rails
9 2 (1.12%) Vaadin
10 1 (0.56%) .NET Framework
10 1 (0.56%) Hibernate
10 1 (0.56%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 28 (15.64%) Public Cloud
2 15 (8.38%) Linux Command Line
3 9 (5.03%) Self-Motivation
4 8 (4.47%) Data Centre
5 7 (3.91%) Clustering
5 7 (3.91%) PKI
6 5 (2.79%) Cloud Native
6 5 (2.79%) Management Information System
7 4 (2.23%) Algorithms
7 4 (2.23%) Life Science
7 4 (2.23%) Private Cloud
8 3 (1.68%) Data Protection Act
8 3 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
8 3 (1.68%) Hedge funds
8 3 (1.68%) Legacy Systems
9 2 (1.12%) PlayStation
10 1 (0.56%) Fixed Income
10 1 (0.56%) Greenfield Project
10 1 (0.56%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 109 (60.89%) Linux
2 24 (13.41%) Unix
3 23 (12.85%) Windows
4 18 (10.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (5.59%) CentOS
5 10 (5.59%) Ubuntu
6 4 (2.23%) AIX
6 4 (2.23%) Amazon Linux
6 4 (2.23%) Solaris
7 3 (1.68%) Windows Server
8 2 (1.12%) Kali Linux
8 2 (1.12%) openSUSE
8 2 (1.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (72.07%) DevOps
2 66 (36.87%) Agile Software Development
3 61 (34.08%) Infrastructure as Code
4 45 (25.14%) Configuration Management
5 41 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
6 16 (8.94%) Infrastructure Automation
6 16 (8.94%) Migration
6 16 (8.94%) Software Engineering
6 16 (8.94%) Test Automation
7 15 (8.38%) Open Source
8 14 (7.82%) Scrum
9 13 (7.26%) Continuous Delivery
9 13 (7.26%) Observability
10 12 (6.70%) Software Delivery
10 12 (6.70%) Workflow
11 11 (6.15%) Microservices
11 11 (6.15%) Service Delivery
12 10 (5.59%) Insurtech
12 10 (5.59%) Kanban
12 10 (5.59%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 75 (41.90%) Python
2 38 (21.23%) Bash Shell
3 30 (16.76%) Go
4 29 (16.20%) PowerShell
5 26 (14.53%) Java
6 21 (11.73%) Ruby
7 16 (8.94%) SQL
8 11 (6.15%) JavaScript
9 10 (5.59%) Perl
9 10 (5.59%) PHP
9 10 (5.59%) Shell Script
10 6 (3.35%) C
10 6 (3.35%) Groovy
11 5 (2.79%) TypeScript
12 3 (1.68%) Rust
13 2 (1.12%) AWK
13 2 (1.12%) C++
13 2 (1.12%) PL/SQL
13 2 (1.12%) Scala
14 1 (0.56%) C#
Qualifications
1 49 (27.37%) Security Cleared
2 42 (23.46%) SC Cleared
3 4 (2.23%) AWS Certification
3 4 (2.23%) BPSS Clearance
4 2 (1.12%) CCA
4 2 (1.12%) Degree
4 2 (1.12%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.56%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (0.56%) OCP
5 1 (0.56%) Oracle Certification
5 1 (0.56%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.79%) QA
2 4 (2.23%) NCSC
3 3 (1.68%) GDPR
4 1 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 111 (62.01%) Docker
2 13 (7.26%) Active Directory
3 12 (6.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (2.23%) VMware ESXi
4 4 (2.23%) VMware NSX
5 3 (1.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (1.68%) Squid
6 2 (1.12%) Ceph
6 2 (1.12%) NFS
6 2 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.56%) Varnish
7 1 (0.56%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 167 (93.30%) Terraform
2 105 (58.66%) Kubernetes
3 102 (56.98%) Ansible
4 59 (32.96%) Puppet
5 38 (21.23%) Consul
6 29 (16.20%) Prometheus
7 28 (15.64%) Opscode Chef
8 20 (11.17%) Docker Swarm
9 15 (8.38%) Grafana
10 13 (7.26%) Rancher
11 10 (5.59%) Istio
11 10 (5.59%) Mesos
12 8 (4.47%) Icinga
13 6 (3.35%) linkerd
14 5 (2.79%) Graphite
14 5 (2.79%) HAProxy
15 4 (2.23%) Kibana
15 4 (2.23%) logstash
15 4 (2.23%) ZABBIX
16 2 (1.12%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 27 (15.08%) Splunk
2 22 (12.29%) VMware
3 21 (11.73%) Google
4 12 (6.70%) Red Hat
5 11 (6.15%) Atlassian
6 10 (5.59%) Microsoft
7 5 (2.79%) AppDynamics
7 5 (2.79%) Cloudera
8 4 (2.23%) Citrix
8 4 (2.23%) Oracle
8 4 (2.23%) PagerDuty
9 3 (1.68%) IBM
9 3 (1.68%) MuleSoft
10 2 (1.12%) Brocade
10 2 (1.12%) Cisco
10 2 (1.12%) Dynatrace
10 2 (1.12%) Hortonworks
10 2 (1.12%) Juniper
10 2 (1.12%) New Relic
11 1 (0.56%) hybris