Period
to 27 October 2021

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £65,000 in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
UK > England
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 191 185 293
Rank change year-on-year -6 +108 +120
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 2,141 846 1,433
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.92% 1.86% 1.14%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.11% 1.96% 1.19%
Number of salaries quoted 1,665 655 1,188
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £48,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £67,750
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% -7.75% +0.37%
75th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £81,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £93,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% -3.85% -3.70%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
England
Permanent vacancies in England with a recognized job title 101,604 43,154 120,281
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.16% 94.95% 95.68%
Number of salaries quoted 71,365 36,431 98,252
10th Percentile £32,000 £32,500 £28,250
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% +4.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £56,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.82% +10.00% -

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in England.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer in England over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in England

Data Engineer
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the England region over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -22 1,297 £72,500 +3.57% 222
North of England -21 208 £52,500 - 44
South East -58 197 £60,000 +14.29% 49
Midlands -40 165 £52,500 - 45
West Midlands -18 134 £55,000 +2.33% 38
North West -44 111 £57,500 +4.55% 29
South West -30 109 £50,000 - 19
East of England -36 94 £67,500 -3.57% 19
Yorkshire -41 87 £50,000 +5.26% 10
East Midlands -48 31 £47,500 - 7
North East -23 10 £41,500 -17.00% 5
Data Engineer
UK

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, Data Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 1,456 (68.01%) Python
2 1,403 (65.53%) SQL
3 935 (43.67%) Analytics
4 929 (43.39%) AWS
5 919 (42.92%) Azure
6 918 (42.88%) ETL
7 819 (38.25%) Data Warehouse
8 723 (33.77%) Data Engineering
9 707 (33.02%) Business Intelligence
10 688 (32.13%) Data Pipeline
11 681 (31.81%) Agile Software Development
12 615 (28.72%) Data Modelling
13 589 (27.51%) Big Data
14 581 (27.14%) Java
15 555 (25.92%) Data Science
16 545 (25.46%) Apache Spark
17 527 (24.61%) Data Lake
18 491 (22.93%) Power BI
18 491 (22.93%) Power Platform
19 432 (20.18%) GCP
20 423 (19.76%) Kafka
21 416 (19.43%) Finance
22 408 (19.06%) DevOps
23 390 (18.22%) Databricks
24 351 (16.39%) Social Skills
25 320 (14.95%) Hadoop
26 319 (14.90%) Microsoft
27 316 (14.76%) Scala
28 314 (14.67%) Visualisation
28 314 (14.67%) Data Management

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 545 (25.46%) Apache Spark
2 231 (10.79%) Apache Airflow
3 162 (7.57%) Apache
4 51 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
5 46 (2.15%) SAS
6 27 (1.26%) Luigi
7 25 (1.17%) Confluence
8 20 (0.93%) Gunicorn
9 15 (0.70%) SharePoint
10 10 (0.47%) Apache Pig
11 9 (0.42%) Jupyter
12 6 (0.28%) OpenStack
13 5 (0.23%) Oracle Workflow
14 4 (0.19%) Apache Synapse
14 4 (0.19%) Oracle Application Server
15 3 (0.14%) Apache Pulsar
16 2 (0.093%) CMS
16 2 (0.093%) Ethereum
16 2 (0.093%) Mule
16 2 (0.093%) Tornado
Applications
1 72 (3.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (0.61%) Simulink
3 6 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 12 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 4 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
3 2 (0.093%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.047%) SAP MDG
4 1 (0.047%) SAP MDM
4 1 (0.047%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 929 (43.39%) AWS
2 919 (42.92%) Azure
3 491 (22.93%) Power Platform
4 432 (20.18%) GCP
5 313 (14.62%) Azure Data Factory
6 232 (10.84%) Serverless
7 217 (10.14%) Snowflake
8 158 (7.38%) Azure Synapse Analytics
9 141 (6.59%) AWS Lambda
10 140 (6.54%) Amazon S3
11 118 (5.51%) Amazon EC2
12 117 (5.46%) Amazon EMR
13 91 (4.25%) GitHub
14 86 (4.02%) Amazon Kinesis
15 68 (3.18%) Azure Functions
16 67 (3.13%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 66 (3.08%) AWS CloudFormation
18 58 (2.71%) Microsoft 365
19 54 (2.52%) SaaS
20 53 (2.48%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (2.10%) Cisco IPT
2 14 (0.65%) DNS
2 14 (0.65%) FTP
3 8 (0.37%) DHCP
3 8 (0.37%) HTTPS
3 8 (0.37%) IPv4
3 8 (0.37%) IPv6
3 8 (0.37%) SMTP
3 8 (0.37%) SNMP
3 8 (0.37%) SSH
3 8 (0.37%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.23%) IPsec
4 5 (0.23%) Kerberos
4 5 (0.23%) VPN
4 5 (0.23%) Wireless
5 4 (0.19%) GGSN
5 4 (0.19%) Network Security
5 4 (0.19%) SSL
5 4 (0.19%) WPA
6 2 (0.093%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 819 (38.25%) Data Warehouse
2 589 (27.51%) Big Data
3 527 (24.61%) Data Lake
4 491 (22.93%) Power BI
5 320 (14.95%) Hadoop
6 312 (14.57%) SQL Server
7 290 (13.55%) NoSQL
8 283 (13.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 271 (12.66%) Amazon Redshift
10 235 (10.98%) Tableau
11 200 (9.34%) PostgreSQL
12 199 (9.29%) Relational Database
13 146 (6.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 143 (6.68%) Amazon Athena
15 142 (6.63%) MySQL
16 137 (6.40%) MongoDB
17 130 (6.07%) BigQuery
18 118 (5.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 114 (5.32%) Apache Hive
20 95 (4.44%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 167 (7.80%) Git (software)
2 83 (3.88%) Jenkins
3 48 (2.24%) JIRA
4 28 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 20 (0.93%) Oracle APEX
6 17 (0.79%) Vagrant
6 17 (0.79%) Visual Studio
7 16 (0.75%) CircleCI
8 15 (0.70%) kappa
9 13 (0.61%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 12 (0.56%) Octopus Deploy
10 12 (0.56%) Selenium
11 11 (0.51%) Team Foundation Server
11 11 (0.51%) TeamCity
12 9 (0.42%) ERwin
12 9 (0.42%) GitLab
13 8 (0.37%) Rational DOORS
13 8 (0.37%) Rational Team Concert
13 8 (0.37%) RStudio
14 7 (0.33%) Bitbucket
General
1 416 (19.43%) Finance
2 351 (16.39%) Social Skills
3 207 (9.67%) Analytical Skills
4 148 (6.91%) Banking
5 87 (4.06%) Retail
6 66 (3.08%) Marketing
7 61 (2.85%) Public Sector
8 44 (2.06%) Law
9 34 (1.59%) Publishing
10 33 (1.54%) Advertising
11 28 (1.31%) Games
11 28 (1.31%) Telecoms
12 24 (1.12%) Legal
12 24 (1.12%) Manufacturing
13 22 (1.03%) Electronics
14 20 (0.93%) Presentation Skills
15 17 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
16 16 (0.75%) Investment Banking
17 13 (0.61%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 13 (0.61%) Military
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 423 (19.76%) Kafka
2 110 (5.14%) PySpark
3 80 (3.74%) Web Services
4 79 (3.69%) .NET
5 70 (3.27%) Pandas
6 69 (3.22%) JSON
7 62 (2.90%) REST
8 61 (2.85%) Apache Beam
9 53 (2.48%) NumPy
10 48 (2.24%) Node.js
11 42 (1.96%) XML
12 40 (1.87%) gRPC
13 33 (1.54%) MDX
14 24 (1.12%) React
15 21 (0.98%) GraphQL
15 21 (0.98%) pytest
16 20 (0.93%) Spark Streaming
17 17 (0.79%) Flask
17 17 (0.79%) HTML
18 16 (0.75%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 115 (5.37%) Data Structures
2 110 (5.14%) Algorithms
3 87 (4.06%) Management Information System
4 52 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
5 49 (2.29%) Hedge funds
6 40 (1.87%) Pricing Data
7 35 (1.63%) Cloud Native
8 33 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
9 31 (1.45%) Life Science
10 30 (1.40%) Renewable Energy
11 28 (1.31%) Virtual Team
12 24 (1.12%) Hybrid Cloud
12 24 (1.12%) Legacy Systems
12 24 (1.12%) NHS
13 15 (0.70%) Social Media
14 14 (0.65%) Equities
15 13 (0.61%) Enterprise Software
16 11 (0.51%) Data Protection Act
16 11 (0.51%) User Experience
17 10 (0.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 93 (4.34%) Linux
2 66 (3.08%) Unix
3 25 (1.17%) Windows
4 13 (0.61%) Apple iOS
5 7 (0.33%) Android
6 6 (0.28%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.19%) DC/OS
7 4 (0.19%) Solaris
8 1 (0.047%) OS/2
Processes & Methodologies
1 935 (43.67%) Analytics
2 918 (42.88%) ETL
3 723 (33.77%) Data Engineering
4 707 (33.02%) Business Intelligence
5 688 (32.13%) Data Pipeline
6 681 (31.81%) Agile Software Development
7 615 (28.72%) Data Modelling
8 555 (25.92%) Data Science
9 408 (19.06%) DevOps
10 314 (14.67%) Data Management
10 314 (14.67%) Visualisation
11 286 (13.36%) Data Analytics
12 282 (13.17%) Machine Learning
13 267 (12.47%) Artificial Intelligence
14 231 (10.79%) Data Architecture
15 218 (10.18%) Problem-Solving
16 207 (9.67%) Migration
17 205 (9.57%) Software Engineering
18 173 (8.08%) Scrum
19 169 (7.89%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,456 (68.01%) Python
2 1,403 (65.53%) SQL
3 581 (27.14%) Java
4 316 (14.76%) Scala
5 209 (9.76%) PowerShell
6 187 (8.73%) R
7 182 (8.50%) C#
8 115 (5.37%) T-SQL
9 110 (5.14%) Bash Shell
10 88 (4.11%) JavaScript
11 66 (3.08%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
12 50 (2.34%) Go
13 44 (2.06%) C
14 43 (2.01%) C++
14 43 (2.01%) PL/SQL
15 22 (1.03%) TypeScript
16 21 (0.98%) Kotlin
17 19 (0.89%) HiveQL
18 16 (0.75%) U-SQL
19 15 (0.70%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 177 (8.27%) Degree
2 61 (2.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 49 (2.29%) Cisco Certification
4 45 (2.10%) (ISC)2 CCSP
4 45 (2.10%) CISSP
4 45 (2.10%) Security Cleared
5 38 (1.77%) AWS Certification
6 37 (1.73%) SC Cleared
7 14 (0.65%) CCSP
7 14 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (0.51%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
9 10 (0.47%) PhD
10 6 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.23%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.19%) CCIP
12 4 (0.19%) CCNP
12 4 (0.19%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.093%) CCA
13 2 (0.093%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 210 (9.81%) Data Quality
2 107 (5.00%) QA
3 75 (3.50%) GDPR
4 20 (0.93%) GRC
5 9 (0.42%) Accessibility
5 9 (0.42%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.28%) SLA
7 5 (0.23%) SOC 2
8 4 (0.19%) CDISC
9 2 (0.093%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.093%) NIST
10 1 (0.047%) COBIT
10 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.047%) NIST 800
System Software
1 218 (10.18%) Docker
2 31 (1.45%) HDFS
3 11 (0.51%) VirtualBox
4 9 (0.42%) Firmware
5 3 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.093%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.093%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.093%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.047%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.047%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 209 (9.76%) Kubernetes
2 133 (6.21%) Terraform
3 47 (2.20%) Ansible
4 31 (1.45%) Puppet
5 25 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (0.89%) Docker Swarm
7 16 (0.75%) Hadoop YARN
8 14 (0.65%) Oozie
9 10 (0.47%) Grafana
10 9 (0.42%) Salt
11 8 (0.37%) Control-M
11 8 (0.37%) Graphite
11 8 (0.37%) Packer
12 6 (0.28%) Consul
12 6 (0.28%) Kubeflow
12 6 (0.28%) Nagios
12 6 (0.28%) Opsview
12 6 (0.28%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.23%) Mesos
14 4 (0.19%) Marathon
Vendors
1 390 (18.22%) Databricks
2 319 (14.90%) Microsoft
3 195 (9.11%) Google
4 124 (5.79%) Oracle
5 89 (4.16%) Talend
6 57 (2.66%) Informatica
7 51 (2.38%) SAP
8 44 (2.06%) Alteryx
9 43 (2.01%) Palantir
10 42 (1.96%) Cloudera
11 40 (1.87%) Salesforce.com
12 23 (1.07%) Hortonworks
13 16 (0.75%) ServiceNow
14 15 (0.70%) IBM
14 15 (0.70%) Sybase
15 12 (0.56%) Teradata
16 11 (0.51%) SnapLogic
16 11 (0.51%) StreamSets
17 9 (0.42%) Dataiku
17 9 (0.42%) New Relic