Period
to 23 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 23 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
England > London
6 months to
23 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 220 145 212
Rank change year-on-year -75 +67 -16
Permanent jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 761 709 982
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.69% 2.39% 1.70%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.89% 6.12% 4.57%
Number of salaries quoted 608 622 823
10th Percentile £62,500 £62,500 £48,750
25th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £58,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £100,000 £100,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year - +33.33% +3.45%
75th Percentile £126,250 £125,000 £98,750
90th Percentile £142,500 £138,750 £116,250
England median annual salary £100,000 £100,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year - +33.33% +3.45%

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 19,572 11,585 21,482
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 43.52% 39.04% 37.30%
Number of salaries quoted 11,606 9,298 17,133
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £115,000 £102,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,430 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.48% +4.42% +4.76%

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in London

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in London.

Salary trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in London

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) in London over the 6 months to 23 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in London

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the London region over the 6 months to 23 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -39 110 £95,000 +11.76% 33
East London +4 2 £55,000 - 7
West London -29 2 £65,000 +8.33% 2
Foreign Exchange (FX)
England

For the 6 months to 23 July 2021, IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 513 (67.41%) Finance
2 443 (58.21%) Equities
3 422 (55.45%) Front Office
4 376 (49.41%) Fixed Income
5 360 (47.31%) Java
6 343 (45.07%) Agile Software Development
7 333 (43.76%) Derivative
8 312 (41.00%) Software Engineering
9 301 (39.55%) Python
10 297 (39.03%) JavaScript
11 288 (37.84%) AWS
12 287 (37.71%) Hedge funds
13 271 (35.61%) React
14 265 (34.82%) Asset Management
15 260 (34.17%) C#
16 225 (29.57%) SQL
17 203 (26.68%) Banking
18 199 (26.15%) Web Services
19 184 (24.18%) AngularJS
20 183 (24.05%) Investment Management
21 165 (21.68%) Analytics
21 165 (21.68%) TypeScript
22 159 (20.89%) Fintech
23 158 (20.76%) .NET
24 149 (19.58%) Scala
25 147 (19.32%) Kotlin
26 135 (17.74%) Social Skills
27 125 (16.43%) Vue.js
28 124 (16.29%) Investment Banking
29 120 (15.77%) SDLC

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (9.72%) Apache
2 29 (3.81%) Confluence
3 25 (3.29%) Apache Spark
4 2 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
5 1 (0.13%) GemFire
5 1 (0.13%) Jetty
5 1 (0.13%) MQSeries
Applications
1 26 (3.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.84%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 19 (2.50%) MetaTrader
2 5 (0.66%) FINCAD Analytics
3 3 (0.39%) Eikon
4 2 (0.26%) Loan IQ
4 2 (0.26%) Orchestrade
5 1 (0.13%) Actimize
5 1 (0.13%) Advent Geneva
5 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.13%) Findur
5 1 (0.13%) Kondor
5 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.13%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
Cloud Services
1 288 (37.84%) AWS
2 117 (15.37%) Azure
3 91 (11.96%) GCP
4 87 (11.43%) Amazon S3
4 87 (11.43%) Serverless
5 86 (11.30%) AWS Lambda
6 85 (11.17%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (2.76%) OpenShift
8 8 (1.05%) SaaS
9 6 (0.79%) Amazon EKS
9 6 (0.79%) Azure Service Bus
9 6 (0.79%) npm
9 6 (0.79%) Yarn
10 5 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
10 5 (0.66%) Power Platform
11 3 (0.39%) GitHub
12 2 (0.26%) Firebase
13 1 (0.13%) AWS CloudFormation
13 1 (0.13%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 1 (0.13%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 29 (3.81%) HTTP
2 5 (0.66%) FIX Connectivity
3 3 (0.39%) Firewall
3 3 (0.39%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.26%) FTP
4 2 (0.26%) Multicast
5 1 (0.13%) 3G
5 1 (0.13%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.13%) DSL
5 1 (0.13%) GPRS
5 1 (0.13%) GSM
5 1 (0.13%) LAN
5 1 (0.13%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.13%) SWIFTNet
5 1 (0.13%) UMTS
5 1 (0.13%) VSAT
5 1 (0.13%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (9.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 73 (9.59%) Apache Ignite
2 32 (4.20%) NoSQL
3 30 (3.94%) PostgreSQL
3 30 (3.94%) SQL Server
4 29 (3.81%) Flink
5 19 (2.50%) KDB
6 18 (2.37%) Data Mart
7 12 (1.58%) Amazon Athena
8 7 (0.92%) Data Lake
9 6 (0.79%) Hazelcast
9 6 (0.79%) Relational Database
10 5 (0.66%) Blockchain
10 5 (0.66%) Kdb+
10 5 (0.66%) Power BI
11 4 (0.53%) Hadoop
11 4 (0.53%) Redis
11 4 (0.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 3 (0.39%) Data Mining
12 3 (0.39%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 57 (7.49%) Git (software)
2 56 (7.36%) JIRA
3 30 (3.94%) TeamCity
4 21 (2.76%) Jenkins
5 18 (2.37%) Cucumber
6 11 (1.45%) JUnit
6 11 (1.45%) Maven
7 10 (1.31%) Jasmine
8 9 (1.18%) GitLab
9 8 (1.05%) Mockito
9 8 (1.05%) Subversion
10 7 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
10 7 (0.92%) Postman
11 6 (0.79%) EasyMock
11 6 (0.79%) git-flow
11 6 (0.79%) Selenium
12 5 (0.66%) Mocha
13 3 (0.39%) Cypress.io
13 3 (0.39%) gulp
13 3 (0.39%) IntelliJ
General
1 513 (67.41%) Finance
2 422 (55.45%) Front Office
3 203 (26.68%) Banking
4 135 (17.74%) Social Skills
5 124 (16.29%) Investment Banking
6 59 (7.75%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (4.07%) Retail
8 22 (2.89%) Back Office
9 16 (2.10%) Financial Institution
10 11 (1.45%) Advertising
11 10 (1.31%) Marketing
12 7 (0.92%) Organisational Skills
13 6 (0.79%) Games
14 3 (0.39%) Telecoms
15 2 (0.26%) Billing
15 2 (0.26%) General Ledger
15 2 (0.26%) Legal
16 1 (0.13%) International Banking
16 1 (0.13%) Japanese Language
16 1 (0.13%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 495 (65.05%) Developer
2 186 (24.44%) Software Engineer
3 138 (18.13%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 123 (16.16%) Java Developer
5 104 (13.67%) Python Developer
6 86 (11.30%) Front Office Developer
7 83 (10.91%) AWS Developer
8 80 (10.51%) JavaScript Developer
9 77 (10.12%) Analyst
10 74 (9.72%) Python Engineer
11 73 (9.59%) Python Software Engineer
12 68 (8.94%) Senior Developer
13 66 (8.67%) React Developer
14 64 (8.41%) .NET Developer
15 59 (7.75%) AWS Engineer
15 59 (7.75%) AWS Software Engineer
15 59 (7.75%) Lead Developer
16 54 (7.10%) .NET Software Developer
17 53 (6.96%) Business Analyst
18 52 (6.83%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 271 (35.61%) React
2 199 (26.15%) Web Services
3 184 (24.18%) AngularJS
4 158 (20.76%) .NET
5 125 (16.43%) Vue.js
6 95 (12.48%) Node.js
7 90 (11.83%) .NET Core
8 68 (8.94%) REST
9 64 (8.41%) ASP.NET
10 58 (7.62%) FIX Protocol
11 57 (7.49%) ASP.NET Web API
12 55 (7.23%) ASP.NET Core
13 54 (7.10%) GraphQL
14 46 (6.04%) Kafka
15 36 (4.73%) RESTful
16 32 (4.20%) HTML
17 30 (3.94%) Middleware
18 23 (3.02%) Murex MxML
19 22 (2.89%) Express
19 22 (2.89%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 443 (58.21%) Equities
2 376 (49.41%) Fixed Income
3 333 (43.76%) Derivative
4 287 (37.71%) Hedge funds
5 82 (10.78%) Greenfield Project
6 64 (8.41%) Credit Risk
7 43 (5.65%) Market Risk
8 34 (4.47%) Spread Betting
9 32 (4.20%) Algorithms
9 32 (4.20%) Self-Motivation
10 28 (3.68%) Contract for Difference
11 21 (2.76%) Data Structures
12 15 (1.97%) Legacy Systems
12 15 (1.97%) User Experience
13 12 (1.58%) Data Protection Act
14 11 (1.45%) Credit Derivative
15 10 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
16 9 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
17 8 (1.05%) OTC Derivatives
17 8 (1.05%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 62 (8.15%) Linux
2 38 (4.99%) Unix
3 24 (3.15%) Windows
4 4 (0.53%) CentOS
5 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 343 (45.07%) Agile Software Development
2 312 (41.00%) Software Engineering
3 265 (34.82%) Asset Management
4 183 (24.05%) Investment Management
5 165 (21.68%) Analytics
6 159 (20.89%) Fintech
7 120 (15.77%) SDLC
8 107 (14.06%) Electronic Trading
9 103 (13.53%) Low Latency
10 89 (11.70%) Microservices
11 86 (11.30%) Migration
12 68 (8.94%) Risk Management
13 66 (8.67%) Integration Testing
13 66 (8.67%) Multithreading
14 60 (7.88%) Machine Learning
15 57 (7.49%) Unit Testing
16 54 (7.10%) Computer Science
16 54 (7.10%) Risk Analytics
17 50 (6.57%) Artificial Intelligence
18 43 (5.65%) Algorithmic Trading
Programming Languages
1 360 (47.31%) Java
2 301 (39.55%) Python
3 297 (39.03%) JavaScript
4 260 (34.17%) C#
5 225 (29.57%) SQL
6 165 (21.68%) TypeScript
7 149 (19.58%) Scala
8 147 (19.32%) Kotlin
9 103 (13.53%) C++
10 79 (10.38%) Clojure
11 31 (4.07%) R
12 24 (3.15%) F#
12 24 (3.15%) VBA
13 20 (2.63%) Bash Shell
14 17 (2.23%) Java 8
15 12 (1.58%) Shell Script
16 10 (1.31%) Go
16 10 (1.31%) Groovy
17 8 (1.05%) MATLAB
18 6 (0.79%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 51 (6.70%) Degree
2 16 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (1.45%) PhD
4 7 (0.92%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.26%) PMI Certification
5 2 (0.26%) PMP
5 2 (0.26%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 1 (0.13%) CHECK Team Member
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (6.70%) QA
2 17 (2.23%) MiFID
3 11 (1.45%) EMIR
4 6 (0.79%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.26%) Accessibility
5 2 (0.26%) PMO
6 1 (0.13%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.13%) FATCA
System Software
1 114 (14.98%) Docker
2 1 (0.13%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 85 (11.17%) Kubernetes
2 9 (1.18%) Terraform
3 7 (0.92%) Ansible
4 4 (0.53%) Prometheus
5 2 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.26%) Oozie
6 1 (0.13%) Kibana
6 1 (0.13%) SCCM
Vendors
1 45 (5.91%) Microsoft
2 32 (4.20%) Murex
3 25 (3.29%) Samsung
4 21 (2.76%) Oracle
5 15 (1.97%) Bloomberg
6 9 (1.18%) Sun
7 8 (1.05%) Tradeweb
8 7 (0.92%) Charles River
8 7 (0.92%) Fidessa
9 6 (0.79%) Portware
9 6 (0.79%) Red Hat
10 5 (0.66%) Google
10 5 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
11 4 (0.53%) TIBCO
12 3 (0.39%) ION Trading
12 3 (0.39%) Reuters
12 3 (0.39%) Sophis
12 3 (0.39%) Sybase
12 3 (0.39%) Xamarin
13 2 (0.26%) Cloudera