Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 91 132 116
Rank change year-on-year +41 -16 -4
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,826 551 1,504
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.53% 2.50% 2.79%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.48% 8.76% 9.74%
Number of salaries quoted 1,043 481 1,146
10th Percentile £44,050 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
75th Percentile £88,125 £85,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £101,250 £97,500 £107,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 15,901 6,287 15,443
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 30.76% 28.54% 28.64%
Number of salaries quoted 9,710 5,435 12,900
10th Percentile £44,314 £42,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £107,500 £102,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +41 185 £72,500 +11.54% 76
West London -25 84 £55,000 -24.14% 19
South London -17 40 £63,750 +22.60% 3
East London - 12 £46,000 - 23
North London -13 3 £50,000 -
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 885 (48.47%) SQL
2 877 (48.03%) Agile Software Development
3 691 (37.84%) AWS
4 635 (34.78%) Java
5 609 (33.35%) Python
6 538 (29.46%) Social Skills
7 520 (28.48%) Finance
8 509 (27.88%) Microservices
9 495 (27.11%) RDBMS
10 492 (26.94%) Docker
11 491 (26.89%) Software Engineering
12 476 (26.07%) JavaScript
13 462 (25.30%) PostgreSQL
14 448 (24.53%) NoSQL
15 441 (24.15%) Azure
16 411 (22.51%) Git (software)
17 408 (22.34%) Kubernetes
18 406 (22.23%) Degree
19 394 (21.58%) Spring
20 364 (19.93%) SQL Server
21 353 (19.33%) React
22 351 (19.22%) DevOps
23 339 (18.57%) TDD
24 335 (18.35%) Node.js
25 334 (18.29%) C#
26 329 (18.02%) Computer Science
27 327 (17.91%) Problem-Solving
28 324 (17.74%) Analytics
29 313 (17.14%) RESTful
30 312 (17.09%) Oracle

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (4.98%) Elasticsearch
2 89 (4.87%) Confluence
3 83 (4.55%) Apache Spark
4 38 (2.08%) Apache Airflow
5 27 (1.48%) Apache
6 25 (1.37%) SharePoint
7 24 (1.31%) SAS
7 24 (1.31%) Tornado
8 20 (1.10%) Luigi
9 19 (1.04%) CMS
9 19 (1.04%) Tomcat
10 16 (0.88%) Mule
10 16 (0.88%) Oracle Coherence
11 13 (0.71%) Anypoint
11 13 (0.71%) Apache Pig
11 13 (0.71%) Apache Solr
11 13 (0.71%) MQSeries
11 13 (0.71%) Mule ESB
12 12 (0.66%) WebLogic
13 11 (0.60%) WordPress
Applications
1 51 (2.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (1.48%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (1.10%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.77%) InVision
4 14 (0.77%) Sketch
5 12 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.66%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.55%) Adobe Illustrator
6 10 (0.55%) GIMP
7 6 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.055%) SPSS
8 1 (0.055%) Stata
Business Applications
1 14 (0.77%) Distributed Ledger
1 14 (0.77%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 11 (0.60%) NetSuite
3 8 (0.44%) Magento
4 7 (0.38%) Adobe Campaign
5 6 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.22%) JDE EnterpriseOne
6 4 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.16%) Loan IQ
8 2 (0.11%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.11%) Orchestrade
8 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.11%) Relativity
9 1 (0.055%) Northgate Housing
9 1 (0.055%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.055%) Ringtail
9 1 (0.055%) SAP APO
9 1 (0.055%) Summit
9 1 (0.055%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 691 (37.84%) AWS
2 441 (24.15%) Azure
3 302 (16.54%) GCP
4 181 (9.91%) GitHub
5 139 (7.61%) Serverless
6 119 (6.52%) SaaS
7 99 (5.42%) Power Platform
8 91 (4.98%) Snowflake
9 83 (4.55%) Amazon S3
10 73 (4.00%) Amazon SQS
11 45 (2.46%) PaaS
12 44 (2.41%) Amazon EC2
13 40 (2.19%) Amazon ECS
13 40 (2.19%) Heroku
13 40 (2.19%) IaaS
14 38 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
15 37 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
16 23 (1.26%) AWS CloudFormation
17 22 (1.20%) Azure Synapse Analytics
17 22 (1.20%) Matillion
Communications & Networking
1 84 (4.60%) HTTP
2 43 (2.35%) Internet
3 24 (1.31%) Firewall
4 20 (1.10%) MQTT
5 18 (0.99%) DNS
6 13 (0.71%) TCP/IP
7 12 (0.66%) Broadband
8 10 (0.55%) Network Security
9 9 (0.49%) SMTP
9 9 (0.49%) SSL
10 8 (0.44%) SAN
11 7 (0.38%) 5G
11 7 (0.38%) VPN
12 6 (0.33%) SMS
13 4 (0.22%) FTP
13 4 (0.22%) SSH
14 2 (0.11%) LAN
14 2 (0.11%) WAN
15 1 (0.055%) DHCP
15 1 (0.055%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 495 (27.11%) RDBMS
2 462 (25.30%) PostgreSQL
3 448 (24.53%) NoSQL
4 364 (19.93%) SQL Server
5 295 (16.16%) MySQL
6 194 (10.62%) Data Warehouse
7 187 (10.24%) MongoDB
8 146 (8.00%) Big Data
9 125 (6.85%) Redis
10 123 (6.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 99 (5.42%) Power BI
11 99 (5.42%) Tableau
12 96 (5.26%) Data Lake
13 80 (4.38%) Hadoop
14 78 (4.27%) Amazon RDS
15 76 (4.16%) Oracle Database
15 76 (4.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 64 (3.50%) DB2
17 58 (3.18%) Amazon Redshift
18 56 (3.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 411 (22.51%) Git (software)
2 257 (14.07%) Jenkins
3 144 (7.89%) JIRA
4 84 (4.60%) Octopus Deploy
5 83 (4.55%) JUnit
6 79 (4.33%) Team Foundation Server
7 76 (4.16%) NUnit
8 72 (3.94%) Cypress.io
9 71 (3.89%) Postman
10 68 (3.72%) Bitbucket
10 68 (3.72%) Maven
11 58 (3.18%) Moq
12 50 (2.74%) Gradle
13 49 (2.68%) CircleCI
14 48 (2.63%) SonarQube
15 45 (2.46%) IntelliJ
16 44 (2.41%) TeamCity
17 42 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 35 (1.92%) Eclipse
19 33 (1.81%) Selenium
General
1 538 (29.46%) Social Skills
2 520 (28.48%) Finance
3 232 (12.71%) Analytical Skills
4 142 (7.78%) Banking
5 114 (6.24%) Retail
6 91 (4.98%) Games
7 83 (4.55%) Marketing
8 78 (4.27%) Advertising
9 70 (3.83%) Presentation Skills
10 49 (2.68%) Legal
11 46 (2.52%) Investment Banking
12 41 (2.25%) Publishing
13 40 (2.19%) Influencing Skills
14 35 (1.92%) Financial Institution
15 34 (1.86%) Public Sector
16 31 (1.70%) Law
17 30 (1.64%) Back Office
18 29 (1.59%) Inclusion and Diversity
19 26 (1.42%) Pharmaceutical
20 25 (1.37%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 707 (38.72%) Developer
2 228 (12.49%) Java Developer
3 213 (11.66%) Software Engineer
4 172 (9.42%) Senior Developer
5 150 (8.21%) Analyst
6 131 (7.17%) Full Stack Developer
7 98 (5.37%) Data Engineer
7 98 (5.37%) Technical Leader
8 97 (5.31%) Java Engineer
9 89 (4.87%) Senior Software Engineer
10 88 (4.82%) Architect
11 78 (4.27%) Senior Java Developer
12 61 (3.34%) Python Developer
13 60 (3.29%) Data Analyst
14 59 (3.23%) Software Developer
15 57 (3.12%) Consultant
16 54 (2.96%) Backend Developer
16 54 (2.96%) Senior Java Engineer
17 51 (2.79%) .NET Developer
18 48 (2.63%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 394 (21.58%) Spring
2 353 (19.33%) React
3 335 (18.35%) Node.js
4 313 (17.14%) RESTful
5 286 (15.66%) REST
6 282 (15.44%) AngularJS
7 251 (13.75%) .NET
8 240 (13.14%) Kafka
9 224 (12.27%) HTML
10 220 (12.05%) Web Services
11 209 (11.45%) CSS
12 191 (10.46%) Spring Boot
13 125 (6.85%) JSON
14 122 (6.68%) Django
15 119 (6.52%) XML
16 113 (6.19%) HTML5
17 102 (5.59%) Jest
18 99 (5.42%) RabbitMQ
19 87 (4.76%) Hibernate
20 86 (4.71%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 125 (6.85%) User Experience
2 112 (6.13%) Algorithms
3 105 (5.75%) Data Structures
4 98 (5.37%) Enterprise Software
5 73 (4.00%) Mobile App
6 51 (2.79%) Virtual Team
7 44 (2.41%) Derivative
8 43 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
9 39 (2.14%) Cloud Native
10 37 (2.03%) Blog
10 37 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
11 33 (1.81%) Management Information System
12 31 (1.70%) NHS
13 25 (1.37%) Client/Server
14 24 (1.31%) Legacy Systems
15 23 (1.26%) Public Cloud
16 22 (1.20%) Social Media
17 21 (1.15%) Fixed Income
18 20 (1.10%) Clustering
19 15 (0.82%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 200 (10.95%) Linux
2 150 (8.21%) Unix
3 113 (6.19%) Windows
4 53 (2.90%) Android
5 49 (2.68%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.93%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.55%) Mac OS
8 8 (0.44%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 7 (0.38%) Mac OS X
9 7 (0.38%) Solaris
10 4 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.11%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.055%) CentOS
12 1 (0.055%) Kali Linux
12 1 (0.055%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.055%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.055%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 877 (48.03%) Agile Software Development
2 509 (27.88%) Microservices
3 491 (26.89%) Software Engineering
4 351 (19.22%) DevOps
5 339 (18.57%) TDD
6 329 (18.02%) Computer Science
7 327 (17.91%) Problem-Solving
8 324 (17.74%) Analytics
9 305 (16.70%) Full Stack Development
10 247 (13.53%) Test Automation
11 242 (13.25%) Business Intelligence
12 239 (13.09%) Scrum
13 215 (11.77%) Continuous Integration
14 214 (11.72%) OO
15 207 (11.34%) ETL
16 190 (10.41%) Mentoring
17 177 (9.69%) Unit Testing
18 172 (9.42%) Data Science
19 158 (8.65%) Data Modelling
20 154 (8.43%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 885 (48.47%) SQL
2 635 (34.78%) Java
3 609 (33.35%) Python
4 476 (26.07%) JavaScript
5 334 (18.29%) C#
6 185 (10.13%) TypeScript
7 104 (5.70%) Java 8
8 99 (5.42%) Bash Shell
9 91 (4.98%) C++
10 82 (4.49%) PHP
11 79 (4.33%) Scala
12 77 (4.22%) R
13 73 (4.00%) PowerShell
14 64 (3.50%) Kotlin
15 56 (3.07%) Ruby
16 53 (2.90%) C
16 53 (2.90%) ES6
17 51 (2.79%) Groovy
18 48 (2.63%) PL/SQL
19 41 (2.25%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 406 (22.23%) Degree
2 197 (10.79%) Computer Science Degree
3 113 (6.19%) Master's Degree
4 29 (1.59%) SC Cleared
4 29 (1.59%) Security Cleared
5 21 (1.15%) Numerate Degree
6 9 (0.49%) DBS Check
6 9 (0.49%) PhD
7 8 (0.44%) CBAP
8 7 (0.38%) ISEB
9 6 (0.33%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.33%) MCSE
9 6 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.27%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.22%) CEH
11 4 (0.22%) CISA
11 4 (0.22%) CISSP
11 4 (0.22%) MBA
12 3 (0.16%) GIAC
12 3 (0.16%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (13.64%) QA
2 104 (5.70%) Data Quality
3 67 (3.67%) GDPR
4 18 (0.99%) Accessibility
5 15 (0.82%) MiFID
6 14 (0.77%) PMO
7 13 (0.71%) EMIR
8 11 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.33%) SLA
10 4 (0.22%) IFRS
10 4 (0.22%) NIST
11 3 (0.16%) HL7
11 3 (0.16%) PCI DSS
12 2 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 2 (0.11%) CDISC
12 2 (0.11%) Good Clinical Practice
12 2 (0.11%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.11%) SEPA
12 2 (0.11%) Solvency II
13 1 (0.055%) TARGET2
System Software
1 492 (26.94%) Docker
2 10 (0.55%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.38%) HDFS
4 4 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.055%) NDS
6 1 (0.055%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.055%) Varnish
6 1 (0.055%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.055%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 408 (22.34%) Kubernetes
2 137 (7.50%) Terraform
3 82 (4.49%) Ansible
4 77 (4.22%) Grafana
5 60 (3.29%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (2.30%) Puppet
7 31 (1.70%) Docker Swarm
8 22 (1.20%) Kibana
8 22 (1.20%) logstash
9 20 (1.10%) HAProxy
9 20 (1.10%) Opsgenie
9 20 (1.10%) Pingdom
9 20 (1.10%) ZABBIX
10 16 (0.88%) MIIS
11 14 (0.77%) Data Guard
12 11 (0.60%) Oozie
12 11 (0.60%) Oracle RMAN
13 8 (0.44%) Kubeflow
13 8 (0.44%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 8 (0.44%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 312 (17.09%) Oracle
2 219 (11.99%) Google
3 162 (8.87%) Microsoft
4 73 (4.00%) Salesforce.com
5 51 (2.79%) New Relic
6 48 (2.63%) MuleSoft
7 44 (2.41%) Splunk
8 35 (1.92%) Sybase
9 33 (1.81%) Informatica
10 31 (1.70%) Atlassian
11 26 (1.42%) Facebook
11 26 (1.42%) Solace
12 23 (1.26%) Databricks
12 23 (1.26%) IBM
13 22 (1.20%) Teradata
14 21 (1.15%) Adobe
14 21 (1.15%) Zend
15 17 (0.93%) SAP
16 16 (0.88%) Cognizant
16 16 (0.88%) Sun