Period
to 19 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
19 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 83 125 131
Rank change year-on-year +42 +6 -16
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,515 914 1,506
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.87% 2.68% 2.62%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 12.56% 9.54% 9.07%
Number of salaries quoted 848 677 1,188
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,000 £40,700
25th Percentile £53,750 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.41% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £99,125
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +8.49% +6.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 12,064 9,581 16,607
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 30.82% 28.08% 28.86%
Number of salaries quoted 7,867 7,812 13,934
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £38,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £103,750 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 19 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 19 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +40 176 £72,500 +7.41% 79
West London +14 54 £65,000 +23.81% 30
South London +8 27 £60,000 -20.00% 3
North London +16 5 £50,000 -28.57% 3
East London +9 5 £56,500 +32.94% 14
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 19 June 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 733 (48.38%) Agile Software Development
2 695 (45.87%) SQL
3 619 (40.86%) AWS
4 606 (40.00%) Python
5 593 (39.14%) Java
6 543 (35.84%) Finance
7 482 (31.82%) Software Engineering
8 452 (29.83%) Microservices
9 451 (29.77%) PostgreSQL
10 427 (28.18%) Docker
11 397 (26.20%) JavaScript
12 383 (25.28%) RDBMS
13 363 (23.96%) Kubernetes
14 355 (23.43%) Git (software)
15 350 (23.10%) Social Skills
16 329 (21.72%) SQL Server
17 322 (21.25%) MySQL
18 307 (20.26%) NoSQL
19 294 (19.41%) RESTful
20 286 (18.88%) Azure
21 283 (18.68%) Oracle
22 273 (18.02%) AngularJS
23 272 (17.95%) REST
24 260 (17.16%) Spring
25 258 (17.03%) TDD
26 254 (16.77%) Test Automation
27 248 (16.37%) Degree
28 247 (16.30%) Banking
28 247 (16.30%) Node.js
28 247 (16.30%) Analytics

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (5.41%) Elasticsearch
2 80 (5.28%) Apache Spark
3 52 (3.43%) Confluence
4 49 (3.23%) Apache
5 25 (1.65%) Tornado
6 23 (1.52%) Apache Airflow
7 21 (1.39%) Tomcat
8 16 (1.06%) CMS
9 15 (0.99%) Oracle Coherence
10 12 (0.79%) nginx
11 11 (0.73%) Luigi
11 11 (0.73%) Traefik
12 10 (0.66%) JBoss
13 9 (0.59%) Apache Solr
14 7 (0.46%) Oracle Workflow
14 7 (0.46%) SAS
14 7 (0.46%) SharePoint
15 6 (0.40%) MQSeries
15 6 (0.40%) OpenStack
15 6 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 36 (2.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.73%) Adobe Illustrator
3 11 (0.73%) GIMP
3 11 (0.73%) Photoshop
4 5 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.26%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.066%) SPSS
7 1 (0.066%) Stata
Business Applications
1 14 (0.92%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (0.66%) Primavera
3 7 (0.46%) Magento
4 4 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.26%) Shopify
5 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.066%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.066%) Infor M3
6 1 (0.066%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.066%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 619 (40.86%) AWS
2 286 (18.88%) Azure
3 187 (12.34%) Serverless
4 164 (10.83%) GCP
5 119 (7.85%) Amazon EC2
6 118 (7.79%) AWS Lambda
6 118 (7.79%) Power Platform
7 107 (7.06%) SaaS
8 106 (7.00%) Amazon ECS
9 103 (6.80%) GitHub
10 46 (3.04%) Amazon Kinesis
11 44 (2.90%) Amazon SQS
12 43 (2.84%) Snowflake
13 41 (2.71%) Cloud Computing
14 37 (2.44%) Amazon S3
14 37 (2.44%) PaaS
15 26 (1.72%) Amazon Alexa
16 24 (1.58%) Amazon EKS
17 20 (1.32%) Azure Functions
17 20 (1.32%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 58 (3.83%) HTTP
2 13 (0.86%) Internet
3 10 (0.66%) Network Security
4 7 (0.46%) SSL
4 7 (0.46%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.40%) 5G
5 6 (0.40%) Broadband
5 6 (0.40%) Firewall
6 5 (0.33%) SMS
6 5 (0.33%) SMTP
7 4 (0.26%) DNS
7 4 (0.26%) DSL
8 3 (0.20%) VPN
9 2 (0.13%) DHCP
10 1 (0.066%) FTP
10 1 (0.066%) ICMP
10 1 (0.066%) Software-Defined Networking
10 1 (0.066%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 451 (29.77%) PostgreSQL
2 383 (25.28%) RDBMS
3 329 (21.72%) SQL Server
4 322 (21.25%) MySQL
5 307 (20.26%) NoSQL
6 165 (10.89%) MongoDB
7 133 (8.78%) Data Warehouse
8 119 (7.85%) Big Data
9 118 (7.79%) Power BI
10 98 (6.47%) Tableau
11 93 (6.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 83 (5.48%) Hadoop
13 81 (5.35%) Redis
14 77 (5.08%) Amazon Aurora
15 72 (4.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 70 (4.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 65 (4.29%) Apache Cassandra
18 59 (3.89%) Amazon Redshift
19 50 (3.30%) Amazon RDS
20 48 (3.17%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 355 (23.43%) Git (software)
2 155 (10.23%) Jenkins
3 109 (7.19%) JIRA
4 63 (4.16%) Maven
5 44 (2.90%) Gradle
5 44 (2.90%) IntelliJ
6 38 (2.51%) Bitbucket
7 36 (2.38%) JUnit
8 35 (2.31%) Eclipse
9 33 (2.18%) TeamCity
10 27 (1.78%) CircleCI
11 24 (1.58%) Bitbucket Server
11 24 (1.58%) Selenium
12 23 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 20 (1.32%) Octopus Deploy
13 20 (1.32%) webpack
14 19 (1.25%) Cypress.io
14 19 (1.25%) SonarQube
15 18 (1.19%) Cucumber
16 17 (1.12%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 543 (35.84%) Finance
2 350 (23.10%) Social Skills
3 247 (16.30%) Banking
4 133 (8.78%) Analytical Skills
5 114 (7.52%) Games
6 102 (6.73%) Marketing
7 98 (6.47%) Retail
8 65 (4.29%) Advertising
8 65 (4.29%) Investment Banking
9 55 (3.63%) Legal
10 51 (3.37%) Front Office
11 46 (3.04%) Presentation Skills
12 39 (2.57%) Back Office
13 29 (1.91%) Publishing
14 25 (1.65%) Influencing Skills
14 25 (1.65%) Online Betting
14 25 (1.65%) Public Sector
15 23 (1.52%) Organisational Skills
16 21 (1.39%) Law
17 17 (1.12%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 649 (42.84%) Developer
2 297 (19.60%) Software Engineer
3 214 (14.13%) Java Developer
4 142 (9.37%) Java Engineer
5 117 (7.72%) Senior Developer
6 99 (6.53%) AWS Engineer
7 96 (6.34%) Analyst
8 90 (5.94%) Full Stack Developer
8 90 (5.94%) Python Developer
9 88 (5.81%) AWS Developer
10 79 (5.21%) Programmer
10 79 (5.21%) Python Engineer
11 75 (4.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 73 (4.82%) AWS Software Engineer
12 73 (4.82%) Software Programmer
13 72 (4.75%) Senior Software Engineer
14 71 (4.69%) Data Engineer
15 63 (4.16%) Architect
16 61 (4.03%) Java Software Engineer
17 60 (3.96%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 294 (19.41%) RESTful
2 273 (18.02%) AngularJS
3 272 (17.95%) REST
4 260 (17.16%) Spring
5 247 (16.30%) Node.js
6 235 (15.51%) HTML
7 233 (15.38%) Web Services
8 201 (13.27%) .NET
8 201 (13.27%) React
9 196 (12.94%) CSS
10 174 (11.49%) Kafka
11 117 (7.72%) Spring Boot
12 114 (7.52%) HTML5
13 99 (6.53%) GraphQL
13 99 (6.53%) XML
14 96 (6.34%) Django
14 96 (6.34%) JSON
15 89 (5.87%) gRPC
16 86 (5.68%) Hibernate
17 74 (4.88%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 91 (6.01%) Hedge funds
2 88 (5.81%) Blog
3 87 (5.74%) Data Structures
4 74 (4.88%) Mobile App
5 72 (4.75%) Pricing Data
5 72 (4.75%) User Experience
6 62 (4.09%) Enterprise Software
7 59 (3.89%) Algorithms
8 56 (3.70%) Derivative
9 51 (3.37%) Virtual Team
10 42 (2.77%) Clustering
11 38 (2.51%) Greenfield Project
12 36 (2.38%) Cloud Native
12 36 (2.38%) Digital Media
13 35 (2.31%) Fixed Income
14 25 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
15 23 (1.52%) NHS
16 19 (1.25%) Management Information System
17 17 (1.12%) Marketing Technology
18 16 (1.06%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 238 (15.71%) Linux
2 134 (8.84%) Unix
3 95 (6.27%) Windows
4 22 (1.45%) Apple iOS
5 20 (1.32%) Android
6 12 (0.79%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.59%) Solaris
8 4 (0.26%) CentOS
8 4 (0.26%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.13%) Alpine Linux
9 2 (0.13%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.13%) tvOS
9 2 (0.13%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.066%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.066%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.066%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 733 (48.38%) Agile Software Development
2 482 (31.82%) Software Engineering
3 452 (29.83%) Microservices
4 258 (17.03%) TDD
5 254 (16.77%) Test Automation
6 247 (16.30%) Analytics
7 246 (16.24%) DevOps
8 242 (15.97%) Scrum
9 230 (15.18%) Problem-Solving
10 192 (12.67%) Computer Science
11 166 (10.96%) Business Intelligence
11 166 (10.96%) OO
12 161 (10.63%) Open Source
13 145 (9.57%) Data Management
14 144 (9.50%) Fintech
15 143 (9.44%) Continuous Improvement
16 136 (8.98%) Continuous Integration
17 130 (8.58%) Mentoring
18 127 (8.38%) ETL
19 126 (8.32%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 695 (45.87%) SQL
2 606 (40.00%) Python
3 593 (39.14%) Java
4 397 (26.20%) JavaScript
5 235 (15.51%) C#
6 165 (10.89%) TypeScript
7 111 (7.33%) PHP
8 95 (6.27%) C++
9 89 (5.87%) Scala
10 84 (5.54%) Java 8
11 69 (4.55%) R
12 65 (4.29%) T-SQL
13 64 (4.22%) Go
14 44 (2.90%) Ruby
15 43 (2.84%) Shell Script
16 37 (2.44%) C
17 36 (2.38%) Bash Shell
18 33 (2.18%) Groovy
19 32 (2.11%) PowerShell
20 25 (1.65%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 248 (16.37%) Degree
2 79 (5.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 39 (2.57%) Master's Degree
4 28 (1.85%) Numerate Degree
5 19 (1.25%) Security Cleared
6 16 (1.06%) SC Cleared
7 9 (0.59%) PhD
8 6 (0.40%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.40%) CBAP
9 5 (0.33%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.20%) ACCA
11 3 (0.20%) CIMA
11 3 (0.20%) MBA
12 2 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.13%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.066%) FFIEC
13 1 (0.066%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 1 (0.066%) MCSE
13 1 (0.066%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 171 (11.29%) QA
2 61 (4.03%) Data Quality
3 32 (2.11%) GDPR
4 18 (1.19%) EMIR
4 18 (1.19%) MiFID
5 14 (0.92%) PMO
6 7 (0.46%) WAI
7 6 (0.40%) Accessibility
8 5 (0.33%) HL7
8 5 (0.33%) IFRS
9 4 (0.26%) Solvency II
10 3 (0.20%) GRC
10 3 (0.20%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.13%) PSD2
12 1 (0.066%) COBIT
12 1 (0.066%) GLBA
12 1 (0.066%) NIST
12 1 (0.066%) SLA
System Software
1 427 (28.18%) Docker
2 12 (0.79%) HDFS
3 9 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.26%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.066%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.066%) GridGain
6 1 (0.066%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.066%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 1 (0.066%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.066%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.066%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 363 (23.96%) Kubernetes
2 108 (7.13%) Terraform
3 62 (4.09%) Ansible
4 43 (2.84%) Docker Swarm
5 35 (2.31%) Puppet
6 33 (2.18%) Opscode Chef
7 11 (0.73%) Grafana
8 8 (0.53%) Istio
9 6 (0.40%) Oracle RMAN
9 6 (0.40%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.26%) HAProxy
11 3 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
12 2 (0.13%) yum
13 1 (0.066%) Consul
13 1 (0.066%) Galera Cluster
13 1 (0.066%) Icinga
13 1 (0.066%) Kubeflow
13 1 (0.066%) MIIS
13 1 (0.066%) systemd
Vendors
1 283 (18.68%) Oracle
2 147 (9.70%) Google
3 122 (8.05%) Sybase
4 104 (6.86%) Microsoft
5 53 (3.50%) Salesforce.com
6 34 (2.24%) Facebook
7 24 (1.58%) Zend
8 23 (1.52%) Snapchat
9 22 (1.45%) Solace
10 19 (1.25%) Talend
11 18 (1.19%) PagerDuty
12 17 (1.12%) Atlassian
13 16 (1.06%) Splunk
13 16 (1.06%) Spotify
14 15 (0.99%) Adobe
15 14 (0.92%) Teradata
16 12 (0.79%) Greenplum
17 11 (0.73%) IBM
17 11 (0.73%) Instagram
17 11 (0.73%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud