Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
England > London
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 80 155 124
Rank change year-on-year +75 -31 -18
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,947 489 1,517
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.98% 2.32% 2.70%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 12.40% 8.08% 9.36%
Number of salaries quoted 1,019 390 1,174
10th Percentile £44,000 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% - +16.67%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £107,500 £108,875 £105,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 15,703 6,049 16,210
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 32.08% 28.75% 28.88%
Number of salaries quoted 9,267 5,039 13,559
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £37,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in London.

Salary trend for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in London over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in London

Relational Database
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the London region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +36 191 £75,000 - 73
West London -13 83 £55,000 -25.42% 21
South London -12 33 £60,000 -33.33% 5
East London +1 11 £55,500 +4.67% 12
North London -8 6 £50,000 -28.57% 3
Relational Database
England

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 955 (49.05%) Agile Software Development
2 917 (47.10%) SQL
3 791 (40.63%) AWS
4 743 (38.16%) Python
5 742 (38.11%) Java
6 600 (30.82%) Finance
7 598 (30.71%) Software Engineering
8 586 (30.10%) PostgreSQL
9 584 (29.99%) Social Skills
10 583 (29.94%) Microservices
11 567 (29.12%) Docker
12 510 (26.19%) JavaScript
13 500 (25.68%) Kubernetes
14 490 (25.17%) RDBMS
15 479 (24.60%) Azure
16 472 (24.24%) NoSQL
17 453 (23.27%) Git (software)
18 417 (21.42%) SQL Server
19 407 (20.90%) Spring
20 405 (20.80%) Degree
21 395 (20.29%) Node.js
22 379 (19.47%) DevOps
23 372 (19.11%) C#
24 371 (19.05%) MySQL
25 365 (18.75%) RESTful
26 364 (18.70%) React
27 350 (17.98%) Oracle
28 347 (17.82%) TDD
29 342 (17.57%) Analytics
30 341 (17.51%) REST

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (5.50%) Elasticsearch
2 100 (5.14%) Apache Spark
3 82 (4.21%) Confluence
4 44 (2.26%) Apache
5 42 (2.16%) Tornado
6 39 (2.00%) Apache Airflow
7 25 (1.28%) SharePoint
7 25 (1.28%) Tomcat
8 22 (1.13%) CMS
9 18 (0.92%) Luigi
10 16 (0.82%) MQSeries
10 16 (0.82%) SAS
11 15 (0.77%) Oracle Coherence
12 14 (0.72%) Traefik
13 12 (0.62%) nginx
14 10 (0.51%) Mule
15 9 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 8 (0.41%) Apache Pig
16 8 (0.41%) Apache Solr
16 8 (0.41%) WordPress
Applications
1 50 (2.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (1.13%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (1.08%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.98%) Photoshop
5 17 (0.87%) Adobe Illustrator
5 17 (0.87%) GIMP
6 14 (0.72%) InVision
6 14 (0.72%) Sketch
7 9 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.051%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.051%) SPSS
9 1 (0.051%) Stata
Business Applications
1 14 (0.72%) Distributed Ledger
1 14 (0.72%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 10 (0.51%) Primavera
3 9 (0.46%) Adobe Campaign
4 6 (0.31%) NetSuite
5 5 (0.26%) Magento
6 3 (0.15%) JDE EnterpriseOne
6 3 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.15%) Shopify
7 2 (0.10%) Orchestrade
8 1 (0.051%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.051%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.051%) Northgate Housing
8 1 (0.051%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.051%) Relativity
8 1 (0.051%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.051%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 791 (40.63%) AWS
2 479 (24.60%) Azure
3 312 (16.02%) GCP
4 209 (10.73%) Serverless
5 205 (10.53%) GitHub
6 145 (7.45%) SaaS
7 123 (6.32%) Power Platform
8 105 (5.39%) Snowflake
9 90 (4.62%) AWS Lambda
10 87 (4.47%) Amazon EC2
11 84 (4.31%) Amazon ECS
12 82 (4.21%) Amazon S3
13 78 (4.01%) Amazon SQS
14 51 (2.62%) PaaS
15 43 (2.21%) Cloud Computing
16 40 (2.05%) Heroku
17 33 (1.69%) Amazon Kinesis
18 30 (1.54%) IaaS
19 25 (1.28%) Azure Data Factory
20 22 (1.13%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 101 (5.19%) HTTP
2 48 (2.47%) Internet
3 20 (1.03%) Firewall
4 15 (0.77%) MQTT
4 15 (0.77%) Network Security
5 13 (0.67%) Broadband
5 13 (0.67%) DNS
5 13 (0.67%) TCP/IP
6 12 (0.62%) 5G
7 11 (0.56%) SMTP
8 9 (0.46%) SMS
8 9 (0.46%) VPN
9 8 (0.41%) SSL
10 3 (0.15%) FTP
11 1 (0.051%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 586 (30.10%) PostgreSQL
2 490 (25.17%) RDBMS
3 472 (24.24%) NoSQL
4 417 (21.42%) SQL Server
5 371 (19.05%) MySQL
6 230 (11.81%) MongoDB
7 181 (9.30%) Data Warehouse
8 153 (7.86%) Big Data
9 144 (7.40%) Redis
10 140 (7.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 123 (6.32%) Power BI
11 123 (6.32%) Tableau
12 91 (4.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 88 (4.52%) Hadoop
14 87 (4.47%) DB2
15 85 (4.37%) Amazon RDS
16 81 (4.16%) Data Lake
17 75 (3.85%) Apache Cassandra
18 70 (3.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 69 (3.54%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 453 (23.27%) Git (software)
2 279 (14.33%) Jenkins
3 152 (7.81%) JIRA
4 80 (4.11%) Maven
5 66 (3.39%) Gradle
5 66 (3.39%) Octopus Deploy
6 65 (3.34%) JUnit
7 61 (3.13%) IntelliJ
8 60 (3.08%) CircleCI
9 58 (2.98%) Bitbucket
10 57 (2.93%) Cypress.io
10 57 (2.93%) Team Foundation Server
11 56 (2.88%) NUnit
11 56 (2.88%) Postman
12 52 (2.67%) SonarQube
13 51 (2.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 51 (2.62%) Eclipse
14 47 (2.41%) TeamCity
15 39 (2.00%) Bitbucket Server
16 37 (1.90%) Moq
General
1 600 (30.82%) Finance
2 584 (29.99%) Social Skills
3 220 (11.30%) Banking
4 203 (10.43%) Analytical Skills
5 155 (7.96%) Retail
6 152 (7.81%) Games
7 103 (5.29%) Marketing
8 89 (4.57%) Advertising
9 82 (4.21%) Presentation Skills
10 72 (3.70%) Investment Banking
11 69 (3.54%) Legal
12 52 (2.67%) Influencing Skills
13 51 (2.62%) Back Office
14 36 (1.85%) Publishing
15 35 (1.80%) Front Office
15 35 (1.80%) Law
16 33 (1.69%) Online Betting
17 29 (1.49%) Public Sector
18 26 (1.34%) Pharmaceutical
19 25 (1.28%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 752 (38.62%) Developer
2 326 (16.74%) Software Engineer
3 247 (12.69%) Java Developer
4 172 (8.83%) Senior Developer
5 168 (8.63%) Java Engineer
6 121 (6.21%) Full Stack Developer
7 114 (5.86%) Analyst
8 111 (5.70%) Technical Leader
9 110 (5.65%) Senior Software Engineer
10 104 (5.34%) Data Engineer
11 85 (4.37%) Python Engineer
12 81 (4.16%) Architect
13 80 (4.11%) Senior Java Engineer
14 78 (4.01%) Python Developer
15 75 (3.85%) Senior Java Developer
16 69 (3.54%) Java Software Engineer
17 64 (3.29%) Consultant
17 64 (3.29%) Software Developer
18 60 (3.08%) Backend Developer
19 56 (2.88%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 407 (20.90%) Spring
2 395 (20.29%) Node.js
3 365 (18.75%) RESTful
4 364 (18.70%) React
5 341 (17.51%) REST
6 325 (16.69%) AngularJS
7 288 (14.79%) .NET
8 259 (13.30%) Kafka
9 258 (13.25%) HTML
10 248 (12.74%) Web Services
11 219 (11.25%) CSS
12 173 (8.89%) Spring Boot
13 146 (7.50%) Django
14 139 (7.14%) JSON
15 118 (6.06%) XML
16 116 (5.96%) HTML5
17 111 (5.70%) RabbitMQ
18 106 (5.44%) GraphQL
19 102 (5.24%) ASP.NET
20 101 (5.19%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 127 (6.52%) User Experience
2 114 (5.86%) Algorithms
3 111 (5.70%) Enterprise Software
4 96 (4.93%) Data Structures
5 93 (4.78%) Blog
6 83 (4.26%) Mobile App
7 71 (3.65%) Virtual Team
8 70 (3.60%) Derivative
9 48 (2.47%) Hedge funds
10 46 (2.36%) Cloud Native
11 38 (1.95%) Greenfield Project
12 37 (1.90%) NHS
13 36 (1.85%) Pricing Data
14 34 (1.75%) Digital Media
14 34 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
15 33 (1.69%) Legacy Systems
16 32 (1.64%) Clustering
17 30 (1.54%) Client/Server
17 30 (1.54%) Fixed Income
18 29 (1.49%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 265 (13.61%) Linux
2 185 (9.50%) Unix
3 122 (6.27%) Windows
4 55 (2.82%) Android
5 54 (2.77%) Apple iOS
6 15 (0.77%) Mac OS X
7 11 (0.56%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.51%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.26%) Solaris
10 3 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.10%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.10%) zOS
12 1 (0.051%) Alpine Linux
12 1 (0.051%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.051%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 955 (49.05%) Agile Software Development
2 598 (30.71%) Software Engineering
3 583 (29.94%) Microservices
4 379 (19.47%) DevOps
5 347 (17.82%) TDD
6 342 (17.57%) Analytics
7 324 (16.64%) Computer Science
8 321 (16.49%) Problem-Solving
9 318 (16.33%) Scrum
10 306 (15.72%) Full Stack Development
11 303 (15.56%) Test Automation
12 230 (11.81%) OO
13 219 (11.25%) Business Intelligence
14 201 (10.32%) Continuous Integration
15 199 (10.22%) Mentoring
16 194 (9.96%) Open Source
17 186 (9.55%) SDLC
18 185 (9.50%) ETL
19 182 (9.35%) Event-Driven
20 162 (8.32%) Event-Driven Architecture
Programming Languages
1 917 (47.10%) SQL
2 743 (38.16%) Python
3 742 (38.11%) Java
4 510 (26.19%) JavaScript
5 372 (19.11%) C#
6 230 (11.81%) TypeScript
7 132 (6.78%) C++
8 111 (5.70%) PHP
9 107 (5.50%) Scala
10 94 (4.83%) R
11 92 (4.73%) Java 8
12 76 (3.90%) Bash Shell
13 72 (3.70%) C
14 69 (3.54%) Go
15 68 (3.49%) PowerShell
16 65 (3.34%) Ruby
17 61 (3.13%) T-SQL
18 52 (2.67%) Kotlin
19 42 (2.16%) ES6
20 38 (1.95%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 405 (20.80%) Degree
2 173 (8.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 115 (5.91%) Master's Degree
4 32 (1.64%) Security Cleared
5 31 (1.59%) Numerate Degree
6 30 (1.54%) SC Cleared
7 15 (0.77%) PhD
8 9 (0.46%) CBAP
8 9 (0.46%) DBS Check
9 6 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.26%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.26%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.21%) ACCA
11 4 (0.21%) CIMA
11 4 (0.21%) MCSE
12 3 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.15%) MBA
12 3 (0.15%) MCITP
13 2 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.051%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (12.79%) QA
2 93 (4.78%) Data Quality
3 75 (3.85%) GDPR
4 25 (1.28%) EMIR
4 25 (1.28%) MiFID
5 15 (0.77%) Accessibility
6 14 (0.72%) PMO
7 8 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.36%) WAI
9 6 (0.31%) IFRS
10 5 (0.26%) HL7
10 5 (0.26%) Solvency II
11 4 (0.21%) PCI DSS
12 3 (0.15%) GRC
12 3 (0.15%) SLA
13 2 (0.10%) PSD2
14 1 (0.051%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.051%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.051%) SEPA
System Software
1 567 (29.12%) Docker
2 11 (0.56%) HDFS
3 9 (0.46%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.051%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.051%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.051%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.051%) Varnish
5 1 (0.051%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 500 (25.68%) Kubernetes
2 146 (7.50%) Terraform
3 81 (4.16%) Ansible
4 59 (3.03%) Opscode Chef
5 58 (2.98%) Grafana
6 55 (2.82%) Docker Swarm
7 46 (2.36%) Puppet
8 16 (0.82%) Kibana
8 16 (0.82%) logstash
9 15 (0.77%) HAProxy
9 15 (0.77%) Opsgenie
9 15 (0.77%) Pingdom
9 15 (0.77%) ZABBIX
10 11 (0.56%) MIIS
11 10 (0.51%) Prometheus
12 8 (0.41%) Istio
13 7 (0.36%) Oozie
14 6 (0.31%) Kubeflow
15 4 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
16 3 (0.15%) Nagios
Vendors
1 350 (17.98%) Oracle
2 210 (10.79%) Google
3 159 (8.17%) Microsoft
4 92 (4.73%) Sybase
5 55 (2.82%) Salesforce.com
6 40 (2.05%) Splunk
7 39 (2.00%) New Relic
8 36 (1.85%) Facebook
9 30 (1.54%) Adobe
9 30 (1.54%) Zend
10 29 (1.49%) MuleSoft
11 28 (1.44%) Solace
12 26 (1.34%) Snapchat
13 25 (1.28%) IBM
14 23 (1.18%) Greenplum
14 23 (1.18%) Informatica
15 22 (1.13%) Teradata
16 21 (1.08%) Atlassian
16 21 (1.08%) Talend
17 20 (1.03%) Spotify