Period
to 16 December 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
England > London
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 234 298 268
Rank change year-on-year +64 -30 -29
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,026 851 952
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 1.55% 1.16% 1.28%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.38% 2.44% 2.88%
Number of salaries quoted 842 542 803
London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £72,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% -10.34% +3.57%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £97,500 £110,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +8.70% -8.00% +8.70%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 30,325 34,916 33,083
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 45.95% 47.48% 44.61%
Number of salaries quoted 23,854 25,464 27,978
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £93,750 £91,250
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.04%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures in London.

Salary trend for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures in London over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the London region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +19 224 £70,000 +3.70% 79
West London +31 30 £43,500 -24.35% 31
East London +2 15 £57,500 -23.33% 12
North London +10 7 £60,000 +25.00% 1
South London +2 7 £51,250 +41.38% 2
Data Structures
England

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 573 (55.85%) Algorithms
2 481 (46.88%) SQL
3 422 (41.13%) Finance
4 397 (38.69%) Java
5 367 (35.77%) Python
6 340 (33.14%) Computer Science
7 311 (30.31%) Agile Software Development
8 310 (30.21%) C#
9 259 (25.24%) Software Engineering
10 252 (24.56%) Degree
11 224 (21.83%) Problem-Solving
12 202 (19.69%) SQL Server
13 190 (18.52%) C++
14 178 (17.35%) Analytical Skills
15 173 (16.86%) OO
16 163 (15.89%) Analytics
17 160 (15.59%) JavaScript
18 153 (14.91%) Big Data
19 151 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
20 148 (14.42%) Linux
21 143 (13.94%) Machine Learning
22 136 (13.26%) Data Warehouse
23 135 (13.16%) .NET
24 134 (13.06%) Mathematics
25 131 (12.77%) Microsoft
26 129 (12.57%) NoSQL
27 126 (12.28%) Business Intelligence
28 124 (12.09%) ETL
29 123 (11.99%) Multithreading
30 122 (11.89%) Relational Database

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (9.36%) Apache Spark
2 34 (3.31%) Apache
3 33 (3.22%) Elasticsearch
4 16 (1.56%) WebLogic
5 14 (1.36%) SAS
6 9 (0.88%) SharePoint
6 9 (0.88%) WebSphere
7 8 (0.78%) Apache Pig
7 8 (0.78%) CMS
8 6 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
8 6 (0.58%) Apache Solr
8 6 (0.58%) Ethereum
8 6 (0.58%) Luigi
8 6 (0.58%) nginx
8 6 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
8 6 (0.58%) Tornado
9 5 (0.49%) IIS
10 4 (0.39%) MS Exchange
10 4 (0.39%) SugarCRM
10 4 (0.39%) Tomcat
Applications
1 77 (7.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (2.63%) MS Visio
3 12 (1.17%) Snapchat
4 8 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.78%) SPSS
5 3 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.68%) Magento
3 6 (0.58%) Cognos TM1
4 5 (0.49%) Endur
4 5 (0.49%) Findur
5 4 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.39%) SunGard GMI
6 3 (0.29%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.19%) Cognos Controller
7 2 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.19%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.19%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.19%) SAP MDG
7 2 (0.19%) SAP MDM
7 2 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.19%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.097%) Actimize
8 1 (0.097%) HFM
Cloud Services
1 151 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
2 98 (9.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 37 (3.61%) GitHub
4 24 (2.34%) Amazon S3
4 24 (2.34%) Google Cloud Platform
5 22 (2.14%) SaaS
6 19 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
7 14 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
8 10 (0.97%) CloudFront
9 9 (0.88%) Serverless
9 9 (0.88%) Trello
10 6 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (0.49%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 5 (0.49%) Boomi
11 5 (0.49%) Office 365
11 5 (0.49%) Route 53
11 5 (0.49%) Slack
12 4 (0.39%) Dynamics 365
12 4 (0.39%) Google Analytics
12 4 (0.39%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.75%) HTTP
2 17 (1.66%) Internet
3 10 (0.97%) Bluetooth
3 10 (0.97%) NFC
4 8 (0.78%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.49%) Firewall
5 5 (0.49%) Wireless
6 3 (0.29%) IPFS
6 3 (0.29%) VoIP
6 3 (0.29%) VPN
7 2 (0.19%) IPsec
7 2 (0.19%) Junos
7 2 (0.19%) LAN
7 2 (0.19%) Network Security
7 2 (0.19%) SNMP
7 2 (0.19%) WAN
8 1 (0.097%) AMQP
8 1 (0.097%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.097%) MQTT
8 1 (0.097%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 202 (19.69%) SQL Server
2 153 (14.91%) Big Data
3 136 (13.26%) Data Warehouse
4 129 (12.57%) NoSQL
5 122 (11.89%) Relational Database
6 92 (8.97%) Hadoop
7 71 (6.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 67 (6.53%) Power BI
9 62 (6.04%) Apache Cassandra
9 62 (6.04%) MongoDB
10 58 (5.65%) PostgreSQL
11 53 (5.17%) Apache Hive
12 51 (4.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 49 (4.78%) Blockchain
14 40 (3.90%) RDBMS
15 38 (3.70%) MySQL
16 37 (3.61%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 26 (2.53%) Amazon Redshift
18 21 (2.05%) HBase
18 21 (2.05%) Impala
Development Applications
1 84 (8.19%) Git (software)
2 43 (4.19%) Jenkins
3 34 (3.31%) JUnit
4 32 (3.12%) Subversion
5 22 (2.14%) Maven
6 17 (1.66%) Ant
6 17 (1.66%) Gradle
7 16 (1.56%) JIRA
7 16 (1.56%) Visual Studio
8 12 (1.17%) JMeter
9 9 (0.88%) Bitbucket
9 9 (0.88%) git-flow
9 9 (0.88%) Mockito
9 9 (0.88%) TeamCity
10 8 (0.78%) PhantomJS
11 7 (0.68%) Jasmine
11 7 (0.68%) Selenium
12 6 (0.58%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 5 (0.49%) Octopus Deploy
13 5 (0.49%) UI Automator
General
1 422 (41.13%) Finance
2 99 (9.65%) Banking
3 79 (7.70%) Front Office
4 56 (5.46%) Marketing
5 50 (4.87%) Games
6 48 (4.68%) Investment Banking
7 45 (4.39%) Financial Institution
8 43 (4.19%) Retail
9 22 (2.14%) Law
10 18 (1.75%) Pharmaceutical
11 14 (1.36%) Advertising
12 11 (1.07%) Back Office
12 11 (1.07%) Manufacturing
13 10 (0.97%) Digital Economy
13 10 (0.97%) Telecoms
14 9 (0.88%) Military
15 8 (0.78%) Electronics
16 4 (0.39%) Japanese Language
16 4 (0.39%) Legal
17 2 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 547 (53.31%) Developer
2 159 (15.50%) Java Developer
3 131 (12.77%) Software Engineer
4 128 (12.48%) C# Developer
5 109 (10.62%) Data Engineer
6 101 (9.84%) Analyst
7 95 (9.26%) Python Developer
8 79 (7.70%) SQL Developer
9 65 (6.34%) Senior Developer
10 59 (5.75%) Data Analyst
11 54 (5.26%) Architect
11 54 (5.26%) Junior
12 53 (5.17%) Python Engineer
13 46 (4.48%) Junior Developer
14 45 (4.39%) C++ Developer
15 38 (3.70%) Junior C# Developer
16 33 (3.22%) Software Developer
17 32 (3.12%) Graduate
18 31 (3.02%) Big Data Engineer
18 31 (3.02%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (13.16%) .NET
2 101 (9.84%) AngularJS
3 89 (8.67%) HTML
4 78 (7.60%) CSS
5 76 (7.41%) Spring
6 72 (7.02%) REST
7 70 (6.82%) React
8 65 (6.34%) RESTful
9 63 (6.14%) Web Services
10 58 (5.65%) Node.js
11 57 (5.56%) XML
12 53 (5.17%) Kafka
13 45 (4.39%) HTML5
14 34 (3.31%) Pandas
15 33 (3.22%) JSON
16 31 (3.02%) NumPy
17 30 (2.92%) ASP.NET
18 28 (2.73%) SOAP
19 25 (2.44%) Spring Boot
20 23 (2.24%) Reactive Extensions
Miscellaneous
1 573 (55.85%) Algorithms
2 178 (17.35%) Analytical Skills
3 105 (10.23%) Hedge funds
4 96 (9.36%) Derivative
5 70 (6.82%) Fintech
6 58 (5.65%) Fixed Income
7 56 (5.46%) Equities
7 56 (5.46%) Self-Motivation
8 49 (4.78%) User Experience
9 42 (4.09%) Greenfield Project
10 40 (3.90%) Equity Derivative
11 29 (2.83%) Management Information System
12 28 (2.73%) Virtual Team
13 26 (2.53%) Cyberthreat
14 25 (2.44%) Analytical Mindset
15 23 (2.24%) Client/Server
16 22 (2.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 21 (2.05%) Credit Derivative
18 18 (1.75%) Mobile App
19 17 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 148 (14.42%) Linux
2 91 (8.87%) Unix
3 58 (5.65%) Windows
4 12 (1.17%) Android
5 7 (0.68%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.39%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.19%) Data ONTAP
8 1 (0.097%) DC/OS
8 1 (0.097%) Debian
8 1 (0.097%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 340 (33.14%) Computer Science
2 311 (30.31%) Agile Software Development
3 259 (25.24%) Software Engineering
4 224 (21.83%) Problem-Solving
5 173 (16.86%) OO
6 163 (15.89%) Analytics
7 143 (13.94%) Machine Learning
8 134 (13.06%) Mathematics
9 126 (12.28%) Business Intelligence
10 124 (12.09%) ETL
11 123 (11.99%) Multithreading
12 115 (11.21%) TDD
13 110 (10.72%) Data Modelling
14 95 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
15 90 (8.77%) Data Management
16 87 (8.48%) Data Science
16 87 (8.48%) Open Source
17 80 (7.80%) Microservices
18 77 (7.50%) Artificial Intelligence
19 71 (6.92%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 481 (46.88%) SQL
2 397 (38.69%) Java
3 367 (35.77%) Python
4 310 (30.21%) C#
5 190 (18.52%) C++
6 160 (15.59%) JavaScript
7 121 (11.79%) Scala
8 99 (9.65%) T-SQL
9 69 (6.73%) R
10 65 (6.34%) VBA
11 64 (6.24%) Java 8
12 48 (4.68%) F#
13 44 (4.29%) PHP
13 44 (4.29%) PL/SQL
14 42 (4.09%) Haskell
15 39 (3.80%) C
16 37 (3.61%) Go
17 35 (3.41%) TypeScript
18 34 (3.31%) Kotlin
19 28 (2.73%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 252 (24.56%) Degree
2 115 (11.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 30 (2.92%) Master's Degree
4 26 (2.53%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (2.24%) MCSA
6 16 (1.56%) PhD
7 4 (0.39%) A+ Certification
8 3 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.29%) SC Cleared
8 3 (0.29%) Security Cleared
9 2 (0.19%) IIBA
9 2 (0.19%) PMP
10 1 (0.097%) CISA
10 1 (0.097%) CISM
10 1 (0.097%) CISSP
10 1 (0.097%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.097%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (7.80%) Data Quality
2 32 (3.12%) QA
3 9 (0.88%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 5 (0.49%) MiFID
5 4 (0.39%) EMIR
5 4 (0.39%) FATCA
6 3 (0.29%) GDPR
6 3 (0.29%) Solvency II
7 2 (0.19%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.097%) PMO
System Software
1 68 (6.63%) Docker
2 20 (1.95%) HDFS
3 8 (0.78%) Apache Flume
4 7 (0.68%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.19%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.097%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 43 (4.19%) Kubernetes
2 11 (1.07%) Ansible
3 9 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (0.78%) Nagios
4 8 (0.78%) Salt
5 6 (0.58%) CFEngine
5 6 (0.58%) Graphite
5 6 (0.58%) Puppet
5 6 (0.58%) StatsD
5 6 (0.58%) Terraform
6 4 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
6 4 (0.39%) Oozie
6 4 (0.39%) SCCM
7 3 (0.29%) Consul
8 2 (0.19%) Graylog
8 2 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
8 2 (0.19%) RANCID
8 2 (0.19%) ZABBIX
9 1 (0.097%) Apache Brooklyn
9 1 (0.097%) Mesos
Vendors
1 131 (12.77%) Microsoft
2 78 (7.60%) Oracle
3 58 (5.65%) Tableau
4 37 (3.61%) Google
5 30 (2.92%) Salesforce.com
6 26 (2.53%) Cloudera
7 18 (1.75%) Informatica
8 16 (1.56%) Cognos
9 15 (1.46%) Hortonworks
9 15 (1.46%) MapR
10 13 (1.27%) SAP
11 12 (1.17%) comScore
12 10 (0.97%) Alteryx
12 10 (0.97%) Talend
13 9 (0.88%) IBM
13 9 (0.88%) Sybase
14 8 (0.78%) Sony
15 7 (0.68%) Adobe
15 7 (0.68%) WorldPay
16 6 (0.58%) Fidessa