Period
to 21 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 207 210 254
Rank change year-on-year +3 +44 -20
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 914 386 742
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.80% 1.61% 1.44%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.13% 4.17% 3.76%
Number of salaries quoted 452 328 574
10th Percentile £47,800 £45,000 £45,000
25th Percentile £56,250 £60,000 £56,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £80,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year - +14.29% +3.70%
75th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £90,000
90th Percentile £127,500 £115,750 £119,250
England median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year -3.85% - +3.17%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 22,137 9,250 19,738
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 43.57% 38.61% 38.40%
Number of salaries quoted 13,586 7,795 15,587
10th Percentile £42,500 £43,552 £36,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
90th Percentile £117,500 £112,500 £115,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in London.

Salary trend for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -23 109 £75,000 -14.29% 44
West London -34 40 £53,651 +49.03% 16
South London +4 24 £85,000 +54.55% 5
East London -32 10 £100,000 +42.86% 21
North London - 5 £45,750 - 1
Data Structures
England

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 441 (48.25%) Algorithms
2 377 (41.25%) Software Engineering
3 352 (38.51%) Java
4 345 (37.75%) Python
5 341 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
6 270 (29.54%) Degree
7 261 (28.56%) JavaScript
8 250 (27.35%) Social Skills
9 236 (25.82%) AWS
10 230 (25.16%) Computer Science
11 206 (22.54%) SQL
12 183 (20.02%) TDD
13 181 (19.80%) Finance
14 177 (19.37%) C++
15 175 (19.15%) React
16 172 (18.82%) Docker
17 166 (18.16%) CI/CD
18 164 (17.94%) Microservices
19 158 (17.29%) DevOps
20 156 (17.07%) Problem-Solving
21 155 (16.96%) Kubernetes
21 155 (16.96%) OO
22 151 (16.52%) Artificial Intelligence
23 150 (16.41%) Full Stack Development
24 148 (16.19%) Analytics
25 142 (15.54%) Data Modelling
26 141 (15.43%) Analytical Skills
27 137 (14.99%) Azure
28 136 (14.88%) Mentoring
29 131 (14.33%) Data Science

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (5.03%) Apache Spark
2 25 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (1.75%) CMS
4 15 (1.64%) Apache Airflow
5 14 (1.53%) SAS
6 12 (1.31%) Confluence
7 10 (1.09%) Ethereum
8 8 (0.88%) WordPress
9 7 (0.77%) Gunicorn
9 7 (0.77%) Headless CMS
9 7 (0.77%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.66%) Apache
10 6 (0.66%) IBM HTTP Server
10 6 (0.66%) Tornado
11 5 (0.55%) MQSeries
11 5 (0.55%) nginx
12 4 (0.44%) Drupal
12 4 (0.44%) IIS
13 3 (0.33%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.33%) WinCC
Applications
1 20 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (1.64%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.77%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.66%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.44%) Sketch
6 2 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (0.44%) MetaTrader
1 4 (0.44%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.33%) Workday HCM
3 2 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
3 2 (0.22%) Eloqua
3 2 (0.22%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 2 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.22%) SAP Retail
4 1 (0.11%) Hyperion Planning
4 1 (0.11%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.11%) SAP APO
4 1 (0.11%) SAP R/3
4 1 (0.11%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 236 (25.82%) AWS
2 137 (14.99%) Azure
3 86 (9.41%) Serverless
4 73 (7.99%) GCP
5 67 (7.33%) Power Platform
6 58 (6.35%) GitHub
7 44 (4.81%) SaaS
8 41 (4.49%) npm
9 37 (4.05%) Amazon S3
10 36 (3.94%) AWS Lambda
11 29 (3.17%) Azure Data Factory
12 24 (2.63%) Amazon EC2
13 16 (1.75%) Force.com
14 15 (1.64%) CloudFront
14 15 (1.64%) OpenShift
14 15 (1.64%) Snowflake
15 14 (1.53%) Microsoft 365
16 13 (1.42%) Amazon ECS
16 13 (1.42%) Slack
17 11 (1.20%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 8 (0.88%) Broadband
1 8 (0.88%) Internet
2 3 (0.33%) Ethernet
2 3 (0.33%) HTTP
2 3 (0.33%) SNMP
3 2 (0.22%) Network Security
3 2 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
3 2 (0.22%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.11%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 103 (11.27%) Big Data
2 89 (9.74%) Relational Database
3 66 (7.22%) Power BI
4 63 (6.89%) NoSQL
5 58 (6.35%) PostgreSQL
6 57 (6.24%) SQL Server
7 54 (5.91%) Data Warehouse
8 53 (5.80%) MongoDB
9 43 (4.70%) Metadata
9 43 (4.70%) Redis
10 41 (4.49%) Hadoop
11 36 (3.94%) MySQL
12 30 (3.28%) Data Lake
13 23 (2.52%) Apache Cassandra
14 21 (2.30%) BusinessObjects
15 20 (2.19%) Apache Hive
15 20 (2.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 19 (2.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 18 (1.97%) Amazon Redshift
18 17 (1.86%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 120 (13.13%) Git (software)
2 105 (11.49%) Jenkins
3 60 (6.56%) JIRA
4 31 (3.39%) TeamCity
5 30 (3.28%) Maven
6 25 (2.74%) JUnit
6 25 (2.74%) webpack
7 21 (2.30%) gulp
8 20 (2.19%) Gradle
9 18 (1.97%) CircleCI
9 18 (1.97%) Mocha
10 17 (1.86%) GitLab
11 14 (1.53%) JMeter
12 12 (1.31%) Gatling
13 11 (1.20%) TestNG
13 11 (1.20%) Travis CI
14 10 (1.09%) Mockito
15 9 (0.98%) git-flow
16 7 (0.77%) Bower
16 7 (0.77%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 250 (27.35%) Social Skills
2 181 (19.80%) Finance
3 141 (15.43%) Analytical Skills
4 88 (9.63%) Games
5 74 (8.10%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 51 (5.58%) Banking
7 29 (3.17%) Marketing
8 28 (3.06%) Front Office
9 27 (2.95%) Retail
10 23 (2.52%) Aerospace
10 23 (2.52%) Financial Institution
11 19 (2.08%) Advertising
12 18 (1.97%) Investment Banking
13 16 (1.75%) Billing
14 15 (1.64%) Legal
15 13 (1.42%) Law
16 11 (1.20%) Back Office
17 10 (1.09%) Presentation Skills
17 10 (1.09%) Public Sector
18 8 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 322 (35.23%) Developer
2 225 (24.62%) Software Engineer
3 110 (12.04%) Java Developer
4 87 (9.52%) Architect
4 87 (9.52%) Senior Software Engineer
5 66 (7.22%) Analyst
6 63 (6.89%) Data Engineer
7 60 (6.56%) Senior Developer
8 50 (5.47%) Backend Developer
9 43 (4.70%) Full Stack Developer
10 41 (4.49%) Data Architect
11 39 (4.27%) Python Developer
12 30 (3.28%) Business Analyst
12 30 (3.28%) Senior Java Developer
13 28 (3.06%) Python Engineer
14 26 (2.84%) Graduate
15 24 (2.63%) Solutions Architect
16 23 (2.52%) Salesforce Architect
17 22 (2.41%) Core Java Developer
18 21 (2.30%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (19.15%) React
2 99 (10.83%) Node.js
3 97 (10.61%) REST
4 96 (10.50%) Spring
5 92 (10.07%) Web Services
6 86 (9.41%) HTML
7 82 (8.97%) AngularJS
8 78 (8.53%) CSS
9 77 (8.42%) .NET
10 71 (7.77%) Kafka
11 63 (6.89%) Spring Boot
12 56 (6.13%) RESTful
13 45 (4.92%) Vue.js
14 41 (4.49%) HTML5
15 34 (3.72%) JSON
16 31 (3.39%) .NET Core
16 31 (3.39%) Velocity
17 30 (3.28%) Spring MVC
18 29 (3.17%) Visualforce
19 27 (2.95%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 441 (48.25%) Algorithms
2 83 (9.08%) User Experience
3 44 (4.81%) Self-Motivation
4 38 (4.16%) Mobile App
5 37 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
6 36 (3.94%) Virtual Team
7 31 (3.39%) Management Information System
8 25 (2.74%) Derivative
8 25 (2.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 21 (2.30%) Renewable Energy
10 20 (2.19%) Cloud Native
11 16 (1.75%) Hedge funds
12 15 (1.64%) Tandem
13 12 (1.31%) Analytical Mindset
13 12 (1.31%) Equities
13 12 (1.31%) Fixed Income
14 11 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
14 11 (1.20%) Housing Association
15 9 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
16 8 (0.88%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 100 (10.94%) Linux
2 74 (8.10%) Unix
3 20 (2.19%) Android
4 18 (1.97%) Apple iOS
4 18 (1.97%) Windows
5 12 (1.31%) Mac OS
6 3 (0.33%) DC/OS
7 2 (0.22%) Robot Operating System
8 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.11%) watchOS
8 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 377 (41.25%) Software Engineering
2 341 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
3 230 (25.16%) Computer Science
4 183 (20.02%) TDD
5 166 (18.16%) CI/CD
6 164 (17.94%) Microservices
7 158 (17.29%) DevOps
8 156 (17.07%) Problem-Solving
9 155 (16.96%) OO
10 151 (16.52%) Artificial Intelligence
11 150 (16.41%) Full Stack Development
12 148 (16.19%) Analytics
13 142 (15.54%) Data Modelling
14 136 (14.88%) Mentoring
15 131 (14.33%) Data Science
16 124 (13.57%) Scrum
17 122 (13.35%) OOP
18 100 (10.94%) SDLC
19 98 (10.72%) Machine Learning
20 97 (10.61%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 352 (38.51%) Java
2 345 (37.75%) Python
3 261 (28.56%) JavaScript
4 206 (22.54%) SQL
5 177 (19.37%) C++
6 115 (12.58%) C#
7 110 (12.04%) Go
7 110 (12.04%) TypeScript
8 66 (7.22%) Java 8
9 62 (6.78%) C
10 55 (6.02%) Scala
11 39 (4.27%) Bash
12 38 (4.16%) Ruby
13 30 (3.28%) Clojure
13 30 (3.28%) Groovy
14 29 (3.17%) Apex Code
14 29 (3.17%) Kotlin
15 28 (3.06%) SOQL
16 25 (2.74%) ES6
17 21 (2.30%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 270 (29.54%) Degree
2 104 (11.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 25 (2.74%) HND
4 10 (1.09%) Security Cleared
5 7 (0.77%) Master's Degree
5 7 (0.77%) SAS Certification
6 6 (0.66%) Oracle Certification
6 6 (0.66%) SC Cleared
7 4 (0.44%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.44%) OCPJP
7 4 (0.44%) Sun Certification
8 3 (0.33%) CCNA
8 3 (0.33%) CCNP
8 3 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
8 3 (0.33%) HNC
9 2 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.22%) CIW
9 2 (0.22%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.22%) OCA
9 2 (0.22%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.83%) Data Quality
2 30 (3.28%) QA
3 29 (3.17%) Accessibility
4 7 (0.77%) GRC
5 4 (0.44%) GDPR
6 3 (0.33%) IEC 61131
7 2 (0.22%) CDISC
7 2 (0.22%) SLA
System Software
1 172 (18.82%) Docker
2 13 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.44%) Apache Flume
4 3 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.11%) Firmware
5 1 (0.11%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 155 (16.96%) Kubernetes
2 44 (4.81%) Terraform
3 26 (2.84%) Ansible
4 24 (2.63%) Grafana
4 24 (2.63%) Prometheus
5 21 (2.30%) Istio
6 16 (1.75%) Kibana
7 14 (1.53%) logstash
8 4 (0.44%) Oozie
9 3 (0.33%) Apache Brooklyn
9 3 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
9 3 (0.33%) Marathon
9 3 (0.33%) Mesos
10 1 (0.11%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.11%) Puppet
Vendors
1 59 (6.46%) Microsoft
2 53 (5.80%) Oracle
3 46 (5.03%) Google
4 41 (4.49%) Salesforce.com
5 26 (2.84%) Twitter
6 17 (1.86%) IBM
7 16 (1.75%) Informatica
8 13 (1.42%) Alibaba
8 13 (1.42%) SAP
9 12 (1.31%) Cognizant
10 11 (1.20%) Teradata
11 10 (1.09%) ServiceNow
12 8 (0.88%) Cloudera
13 7 (0.77%) Solace
13 7 (0.77%) Sony
14 5 (0.55%) Alteryx
14 5 (0.55%) Bloomberg
14 5 (0.55%) Talend
15 4 (0.44%) Okta
15 4 (0.44%) Red Hat