Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
England > London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 164 202 222
Rank change year-on-year +38 +20 +29
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,989 774 510
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 2.60% 1.87% 1.55%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.11% 4.23% 3.84%
Number of salaries quoted 448 462 412
10th Percentile £52,125 £45,750 £46,250
25th Percentile £62,500 £61,563 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £80,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.13% +18.52% -3.57%
75th Percentile £100,750 £98,438 £87,500
90th Percentile £127,500 £105,000 £117,500
England median annual salary £67,500 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +3.85% +4.00%

Data Structures is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 38,930 18,305 13,279
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 50.92% 44.13% 40.30%
Number of salaries quoted 15,372 11,290 10,642
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.45% +3.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £120,000 £112,500 £115,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in London.

Salary trend for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in London

Data Structures
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the London region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
West London +51 177 £60,000 -4.00% 11
South London +49 161 £67,500 +28.57%
Central London -29 133 £82,500 - 47
East London +10 81 £80,000 +77.78% 23
North London +5 45 £50,000 +42.86%
Data Structures
England

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 1,212 (60.94%) Algorithms
2 1,159 (58.27%) Python
3 1,050 (52.79%) Java
4 1,029 (51.73%) Agile
5 975 (49.02%) Software Engineering
6 900 (45.25%) JavaScript
7 693 (34.84%) Microservices
8 686 (34.49%) SQL
9 675 (33.94%) Finance
10 657 (33.03%) AWS
11 634 (31.88%) TDD
12 624 (31.37%) Kubernetes
13 621 (31.22%) CI/CD
14 582 (29.26%) Computer Science
15 575 (28.91%) Data Science
16 569 (28.61%) Degree
17 484 (24.33%) Social Skills
18 467 (23.48%) Serverless
19 465 (23.38%) Mentoring
20 414 (20.81%) React
21 409 (20.56%) GCP
22 404 (20.31%) Artificial Intelligence
23 398 (20.01%) Git (software)
24 396 (19.91%) Problem-Solving
25 387 (19.46%) Azure
26 372 (18.70%) Google
27 354 (17.80%) HTML
28 351 (17.65%) Machine Learning
29 348 (17.50%) JIRA
30 338 (16.99%) Inclusion and Diversity

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 287 (14.43%) Apache Spark
2 112 (5.63%) Apache
3 53 (2.66%) Apache Airflow
4 46 (2.31%) CMS
5 21 (1.06%) Ethereum
6 19 (0.96%) Headless CMS
7 9 (0.45%) MQSeries
8 8 (0.40%) Apache Solr
8 8 (0.40%) Confluence
8 8 (0.40%) Jupyter
8 8 (0.40%) nginx
9 5 (0.25%) SAS
10 4 (0.20%) WinCC
11 3 (0.15%) Apache Pig
11 3 (0.15%) SharePoint
12 2 (0.10%) Hyperledger
13 1 (0.050%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 1 (0.050%) Tomcat
Applications
1 29 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.96%) Chatbot
3 15 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.25%) Acrobat
5 5 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 5 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
5 5 (0.25%) InDesign
5 5 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
5 5 (0.25%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 18 (0.90%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.70%) Social Studio
3 8 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.30%) Teamcenter
5 5 (0.25%) MetaTrader
6 4 (0.20%) Oracle Utilities
7 3 (0.15%) Quorum
8 2 (0.10%) SAP MDM
8 2 (0.10%) Workday HCM
9 1 (0.050%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.050%) Elite 3E
9 1 (0.050%) ION MarketView
9 1 (0.050%) iTrent
9 1 (0.050%) R3 Corda
9 1 (0.050%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.050%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 657 (33.03%) AWS
2 467 (23.48%) Serverless
3 409 (20.56%) GCP
4 387 (19.46%) Azure
5 234 (11.76%) Cloud Functions
6 211 (10.61%) AWS Lambda
7 133 (6.69%) OpenShift
8 122 (6.13%) GitHub
9 115 (5.78%) SaaS
10 112 (5.63%) Google App Engine
11 108 (5.43%) Dialogflow
11 108 (5.43%) Google Compute Engine
11 108 (5.43%) Google Kubernetes Engine
12 97 (4.88%) Amazon S3
13 79 (3.97%) npm
14 74 (3.72%) Snowflake
15 64 (3.22%) Amazon Kinesis
16 61 (3.07%) Power Platform
17 56 (2.82%) Cloud Computing
18 35 (1.76%) Azure DevOps
Communications & Networking
1 162 (8.14%) Internet
2 34 (1.71%) HTTP
3 18 (0.90%) Broadband
4 14 (0.70%) SMS
5 11 (0.55%) VPN
6 10 (0.50%) TCP/IP
7 8 (0.40%) DNS
7 8 (0.40%) ICMP
8 4 (0.20%) Ethernet
8 4 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.10%) SNMP
10 1 (0.050%) AMQP
10 1 (0.050%) IPFIX
10 1 (0.050%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.050%) SD-WAN
10 1 (0.050%) VoIP
10 1 (0.050%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 309 (15.54%) NoSQL
2 292 (14.68%) Big Data
3 204 (10.26%) PostgreSQL
4 187 (9.40%) Apache Cassandra
5 177 (8.90%) Relational Database
6 176 (8.85%) SQL Server
7 175 (8.80%) BigQuery
8 167 (8.40%) MySQL
9 164 (8.25%) MongoDB
10 136 (6.84%) Flink
11 115 (5.78%) Cloud Spanner
12 113 (5.68%) Data Warehouse
13 98 (4.93%) Data Lake
14 87 (4.37%) Hadoop
15 79 (3.97%) Amazon Redshift
16 75 (3.77%) Elasticsearch
17 72 (3.62%) Amazon Athena
18 59 (2.97%) Power BI
19 58 (2.92%) Tableau
20 56 (2.82%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 398 (20.01%) Git (software)
2 348 (17.50%) JIRA
3 264 (13.27%) Jenkins
4 234 (11.76%) Gradle
5 170 (8.55%) Maven
6 143 (7.19%) Ant
7 136 (6.84%) Subversion
8 78 (3.92%) webpack
9 69 (3.47%) Mockito
10 67 (3.37%) CircleCI
11 59 (2.97%) JUnit
12 52 (2.61%) gulp
13 42 (2.11%) Bower
14 41 (2.06%) GitLab
15 31 (1.56%) Crashlytics
16 25 (1.26%) Mocha
17 23 (1.16%) Bitbucket
18 21 (1.06%) TeamCity
19 19 (0.96%) TestNG
20 18 (0.90%) GoCD
General
1 675 (33.94%) Finance
2 484 (24.33%) Social Skills
3 338 (16.99%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 249 (12.52%) Analytical Skills
5 247 (12.42%) Manufacturing
6 142 (7.14%) Games
7 114 (5.73%) Banking
8 79 (3.97%) Legal
9 73 (3.67%) Aerospace
10 65 (3.27%) Marketing
10 65 (3.27%) Public Sector
11 61 (3.07%) Presentation Skills
12 60 (3.02%) Retail
13 51 (2.56%) Advertising
14 38 (1.91%) Law
15 30 (1.51%) Pharmaceutical
16 20 (1.01%) Front Office
17 19 (0.96%) Influencing Skills
18 18 (0.90%) Telecoms
19 16 (0.80%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 622 (31.27%) Software Engineer
2 448 (22.52%) Developer
3 237 (11.92%) Senior Software Engineer
4 168 (8.45%) Senior Developer
5 146 (7.34%) Data Engineer
6 138 (6.94%) Java Engineer
7 132 (6.64%) Analyst
8 130 (6.54%) Senior Java Engineer
9 112 (5.63%) Cloud Engineer
10 108 (5.43%) GCP Engineer
11 106 (5.33%) Architect
12 93 (4.68%) Full Stack Developer
13 84 (4.22%) Principal Engineer
14 77 (3.87%) Graduate
15 70 (3.52%) Graduate Software Engineer
16 66 (3.32%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 63 (3.17%) Python Developer
18 59 (2.97%) Java Developer
18 59 (2.97%) Principal Software Engineer
19 58 (2.92%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 414 (20.81%) React
2 354 (17.80%) HTML
3 323 (16.24%) CSS
4 253 (12.72%) REST
5 238 (11.97%) AngularJS
6 215 (10.81%) .NET
7 193 (9.70%) RESTful
8 170 (8.55%) Kafka
9 161 (8.09%) Node.js
10 150 (7.54%) Spring
11 129 (6.49%) JSON
12 127 (6.39%) JDBC
12 127 (6.39%) Vue.js
13 126 (6.33%) ASP.NET
14 120 (6.03%) Web Services
15 115 (5.78%) HTML5
16 109 (5.48%) Apache Beam
17 97 (4.88%) Spring Boot
18 85 (4.27%) CSS3
19 83 (4.17%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 1,212 (60.94%) Algorithms
2 264 (13.27%) Life Science
3 158 (7.94%) User Experience
4 139 (6.99%) Linux Command Line
5 133 (6.69%) Mobile App
6 115 (5.78%) Self-Motivation
7 110 (5.53%) Legacy Applications
8 86 (4.32%) Virtual Team
9 79 (3.97%) Greenfield Project
10 64 (3.22%) Cloud Native
11 49 (2.46%) Analytical Mindset
12 48 (2.41%) Public Cloud
13 42 (2.11%) Hackathon
14 32 (1.61%) Client/Server
15 28 (1.41%) Hedge funds
16 26 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 26 (1.31%) Reinsurance
17 23 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
18 21 (1.06%) Data Centre
18 21 (1.06%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 254 (12.77%) Unix
2 228 (11.46%) Linux
3 90 (4.52%) Android
4 62 (3.12%) Apple iOS
5 17 (0.85%) Windows
6 7 (0.35%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.10%) Alpine Linux
8 2 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.050%) CentOS
9 1 (0.050%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,029 (51.73%) Agile
2 975 (49.02%) Software Engineering
3 693 (34.84%) Microservices
4 634 (31.88%) TDD
5 621 (31.22%) CI/CD
6 582 (29.26%) Computer Science
7 575 (28.91%) Data Science
8 465 (23.38%) Mentoring
9 404 (20.31%) Artificial Intelligence
10 396 (19.91%) Problem-Solving
11 351 (17.65%) Machine Learning
12 309 (15.54%) DevOps
13 307 (15.43%) Coaching
14 305 (15.33%) Scrum
15 287 (14.43%) Analytics
16 279 (14.03%) OOP
17 275 (13.83%) Full Stack Development
18 255 (12.82%) Test Automation
19 253 (12.72%) BDD
20 234 (11.76%) Innovative Thinking
Programming Languages
1 1,159 (58.27%) Python
2 1,050 (52.79%) Java
3 900 (45.25%) JavaScript
4 686 (34.49%) SQL
5 279 (14.03%) C++
6 261 (13.12%) Go
7 256 (12.87%) TypeScript
8 192 (9.65%) C#
9 190 (9.55%) Ruby
10 150 (7.54%) PowerShell
11 148 (7.44%) Scala
12 147 (7.39%) C
13 144 (7.24%) Shell Script
14 135 (6.79%) Perl
15 130 (6.54%) PHP
16 83 (4.17%) Objective-C
17 65 (3.27%) Rust
18 64 (3.22%) ES6
19 58 (2.92%) Kotlin
20 54 (2.71%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 569 (28.61%) Degree
2 317 (15.94%) Computer Science Degree
3 48 (2.41%) Master's Degree
4 32 (1.61%) AWS Certification
5 28 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
6 20 (1.01%) PhD
7 17 (0.85%) Security Cleared
8 7 (0.35%) SC Cleared
9 5 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.20%) HNC
10 4 (0.20%) HND
11 2 (0.10%) CCNA
11 2 (0.10%) CCNP
11 2 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.10%) CIW
11 2 (0.10%) OCA
11 2 (0.10%) OCP
11 2 (0.10%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.050%) IIBA
12 1 (0.050%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 190 (9.55%) Accessibility
2 82 (4.12%) Data Quality
3 71 (3.57%) QA
4 24 (1.21%) GDPR
5 8 (0.40%) PMO
6 4 (0.20%) IEC 61131
System Software
1 304 (15.28%) Docker
2 41 (2.06%) Apache Flume
3 12 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.40%) KVM
6 4 (0.20%) Active Directory
7 2 (0.10%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 624 (31.37%) Kubernetes
2 127 (6.39%) Terraform
3 59 (2.97%) Prometheus
4 57 (2.87%) Grafana
5 41 (2.06%) Oozie
6 34 (1.71%) Istio
7 27 (1.36%) Ansible
8 20 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
9 13 (0.65%) Kibana
10 8 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
10 8 (0.40%) logstash
11 4 (0.20%) Oracle RMAN
11 4 (0.20%) Puppet
12 2 (0.10%) Control-M
12 2 (0.10%) Salt
13 1 (0.050%) Opscode Chef
13 1 (0.050%) Rancher
Vendors
1 372 (18.70%) Google
2 174 (8.75%) Microsoft
3 171 (8.60%) Twitter
4 80 (4.02%) Palantir
5 73 (3.67%) Salesforce.com
6 54 (2.71%) Funding Circle
7 51 (2.56%) Databricks
8 50 (2.51%) Sony
9 44 (2.21%) Foundry
10 43 (2.16%) Oracle
11 41 (2.06%) Cloudera
12 29 (1.46%) SAP
13 23 (1.16%) MuleSoft
14 22 (1.11%) Sun
15 18 (0.90%) Informatica
15 18 (0.90%) Revolut
15 18 (0.90%) SaltStack
15 18 (0.90%) Zopa
16 15 (0.75%) Apple
17 14 (0.70%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud