Period
to 5 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 455 531 534
Rank change year-on-year +76 +3 -45
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 89 189 253
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.31% 0.37% 0.40%
As % of the System Software category 1.60% 2.11% 2.49%
Number of salaries quoted 85 172 234
Median annual salary £67,500 £68,750 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -1.82% +1.85% +12.50%
10th Percentile £38,000 £40,246 £37,950
90th Percentile £83,250 £87,500 £92,500
England median annual salary £56,750 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +3.18% - +4.76%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5,549 8,946 10,154
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.48% 17.58% 16.18%
Number of salaries quoted 4,594 7,494 8,575
Median annual salary £70,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £40,000 £30,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £96,250 £92,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 5 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +69 13 £60,000 -7.69% 11
South London +40 7 £70,000 +48.94%
West London +74 6 £62,500 +19.05% 3
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 50 (56.18%) Linux
2 46 (51.69%) Microsoft
2 46 (51.69%) Azure
3 44 (49.44%) Kubernetes
4 43 (48.31%) Docker
5 42 (47.19%) AWS
6 38 (42.70%) DevOps
7 37 (41.57%) Active Directory
8 35 (39.33%) Windows
9 31 (34.83%) Ansible
10 26 (29.21%) Python
10 26 (29.21%) Red Hat
11 23 (25.84%) Windows Server
12 22 (24.72%) IaaS
12 22 (24.72%) Java
12 22 (24.72%) Agile Software Development
12 22 (24.72%) Puppet
13 21 (23.60%) PaaS
13 21 (23.60%) Jenkins
14 20 (22.47%) Fintech
14 20 (22.47%) VMware
14 20 (22.47%) Finance
15 19 (21.35%) Bash Shell
15 19 (21.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 18 (20.22%) PowerShell
17 16 (17.98%) ITIL
17 16 (17.98%) Configuration Management
17 16 (17.98%) Microsoft 365
18 15 (16.85%) Migration
19 14 (15.73%) Big Data

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (11.24%) MS Exchange
2 8 (8.99%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (6.74%) Ethereum
3 6 (6.74%) Skype for Business
4 4 (4.49%) SharePoint
5 3 (3.37%) Confluence
6 2 (2.25%) Apache Spark
7 1 (1.12%) Exchange Server 2010
7 1 (1.12%) IIS
Applications
1 4 (4.49%) Spreadsheet
2 2 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (1.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 6 (6.74%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 46 (51.69%) Azure
2 42 (47.19%) AWS
3 22 (24.72%) IaaS
4 21 (23.60%) PaaS
5 16 (17.98%) Microsoft 365
6 12 (13.48%) SaaS
7 11 (12.36%) Serverless
8 10 (11.24%) AWS CloudFormation
8 10 (11.24%) GCP
9 9 (10.11%) OpenShift
10 6 (6.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 6 (6.74%) Azure Active Directory
10 6 (6.74%) Pulumi
11 4 (4.49%) Amazon EC2
11 4 (4.49%) Amazon S3
11 4 (4.49%) Azure Functions
11 4 (4.49%) OneDrive
11 4 (4.49%) Power Automate
11 4 (4.49%) Power Platform
11 4 (4.49%) Zapier
Communications & Networking
1 11 (12.36%) Firewall
2 6 (6.74%) Skype
3 3 (3.37%) DNS
3 3 (3.37%) LAN
3 3 (3.37%) TCP/IP
3 3 (3.37%) VPN
3 3 (3.37%) WAN
4 2 (2.25%) DHCP
4 2 (2.25%) DMZ
4 2 (2.25%) Kerberos
4 2 (2.25%) NetScaler
4 2 (2.25%) Network Security
5 1 (1.12%) Internet
5 1 (1.12%) IP Telephony
5 1 (1.12%) SAN
5 1 (1.12%) VLAN
5 1 (1.12%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (15.73%) Big Data
2 10 (11.24%) Blockchain
3 5 (5.62%) Azure SQL Database
3 5 (5.62%) MySQL
3 5 (5.62%) SQL Server
4 4 (4.49%) MongoDB
5 3 (3.37%) Amazon RDS
6 2 (2.25%) Redis
7 1 (1.12%) NoSQL
7 1 (1.12%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (1.12%) Relational Database
7 1 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 21 (23.60%) Jenkins
2 13 (14.61%) Git (software)
3 11 (12.36%) Maven
4 8 (8.99%) Artifactory
4 8 (8.99%) SonarQube
5 7 (7.87%) GitLab
6 6 (6.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 4 (4.49%) Bitbucket
7 4 (4.49%) JIRA
7 4 (4.49%) Postman
8 2 (2.25%) Gradle
8 2 (2.25%) Octopus Deploy
8 2 (2.25%) TeamCity
9 1 (1.12%) Bitbucket Server
9 1 (1.12%) MSI
9 1 (1.12%) Toad
General
1 20 (22.47%) Finance
2 11 (12.36%) Banking
3 8 (8.99%) Front Office
4 7 (7.87%) Investment Banking
5 6 (6.74%) Games
6 2 (2.25%) Billing
6 2 (2.25%) Local Government
6 2 (2.25%) Retail
7 1 (1.12%) Marketing
7 1 (1.12%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 26 (29.21%) DevOps Engineer
2 17 (19.10%) Support Engineer
3 16 (17.98%) Kubernetes Engineer
4 12 (13.48%) Azure Engineer
4 12 (13.48%) Systems Administrator
5 9 (10.11%) Linux Engineer
6 8 (8.99%) Cloud Engineer
6 8 (8.99%) Platform Engineer
6 8 (8.99%) Senior DevOps
6 8 (8.99%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 7 (7.87%) Administrator
7 7 (7.87%) DevOps Engineer - Fintech
7 7 (7.87%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 7 (7.87%) Linux DevOps Engineer
7 7 (7.87%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 7 (7.87%) Linux/Unix DevOps
8 6 (6.74%) AWS Engineer
8 6 (6.74%) Senior Linux Engineer
8 6 (6.74%) Senior Linux Systems Administrator
8 6 (6.74%) Senior Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (11.24%) Kafka
2 9 (10.11%) Spring
3 6 (6.74%) Elastic Stack
3 6 (6.74%) Lambda Expressions
4 4 (4.49%) JSON
4 4 (4.49%) Swagger
5 3 (3.37%) LDAP
5 3 (3.37%) Node.js
6 2 (2.25%) .NET
7 1 (1.12%) Apache Camel
7 1 (1.12%) Flask
7 1 (1.12%) Swing
7 1 (1.12%) TIBCO EMS
7 1 (1.12%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 12 (13.48%) Data Centre
2 8 (8.99%) Derivative
2 8 (8.99%) Video\Live Streaming
3 7 (7.87%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (7.87%) Market Risk
4 6 (6.74%) Clustering
4 6 (6.74%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (5.62%) Equity Derivative
6 4 (4.49%) Linux Command Line
6 4 (4.49%) Private Cloud
7 3 (3.37%) Mobile App
7 3 (3.37%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (2.25%) Cloud Native
8 2 (2.25%) EMC VNX
8 2 (2.25%) Management Information System
8 2 (2.25%) Public Cloud
9 1 (1.12%) Blackberry
9 1 (1.12%) Digital Media
9 1 (1.12%) Smart Meter
9 1 (1.12%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 50 (56.18%) Linux
2 35 (39.33%) Windows
3 23 (25.84%) Windows Server
4 19 (21.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (8.99%) Windows Server 2008
6 7 (7.87%) Windows 10
7 5 (5.62%) Debian
7 5 (5.62%) Ubuntu
8 4 (4.49%) Android
8 4 (4.49%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (4.49%) Windows Server 2019
9 3 (3.37%) Apple iOS
9 3 (3.37%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (2.25%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (1.12%) Unix
11 1 (1.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (42.70%) DevOps
2 22 (24.72%) Agile Software Development
3 20 (22.47%) Fintech
4 16 (17.98%) Configuration Management
4 16 (17.98%) ITIL
5 15 (16.85%) Migration
6 13 (14.61%) Analytics
6 13 (14.61%) Infrastructure as Code
7 12 (13.48%) Performance Monitoring
7 12 (13.48%) Problem-Solving
8 11 (12.36%) Artificial Intelligence
8 11 (12.36%) Continuous Deployment
8 11 (12.36%) Continuous Integration
8 11 (12.36%) Thought Leadership
9 10 (11.24%) Data Analytics
10 9 (10.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 8 (8.99%) Performance Tuning
11 8 (8.99%) Risk Management
11 8 (8.99%) Strategic Roadmap
12 7 (7.87%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 26 (29.21%) Python
2 22 (24.72%) Java
3 19 (21.35%) Bash Shell
4 18 (20.22%) PowerShell
5 12 (13.48%) Clojure
6 11 (12.36%) SQL
7 6 (6.74%) Ruby
8 2 (2.25%) VB
8 2 (2.25%) VBScript
9 1 (1.12%) JavaScript
9 1 (1.12%) PHP
9 1 (1.12%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 13 (14.61%) Degree
2 12 (13.48%) Security Cleared
3 8 (8.99%) RHCE
3 8 (8.99%) RHCSA
4 7 (7.87%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (5.62%) AWS Certification
6 4 (4.49%) Citrix Certification
6 4 (4.49%) SC Cleared
7 3 (3.37%) MCSA
8 2 (2.25%) CCA
8 2 (2.25%) CCNA
8 2 (2.25%) CCNP
8 2 (2.25%) Cisco Certification
8 2 (2.25%) CompTIA Security+
8 2 (2.25%) MCITP
8 2 (2.25%) MCSE
8 2 (2.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 1 (1.12%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (1.12%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.12%) SLA
System Software
1 43 (48.31%) Docker
2 37 (41.57%) Active Directory
3 9 (10.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (5.62%) XenApp
5 4 (4.49%) VMware ESXi
5 4 (4.49%) vSphere
5 4 (4.49%) XenDesktop
6 3 (3.37%) Hyper-V
7 2 (2.25%) Firmware
7 2 (2.25%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (2.25%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (2.25%) VMware Server
8 1 (1.12%) DFS Replication
8 1 (1.12%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 44 (49.44%) Kubernetes
2 31 (34.83%) Ansible
3 22 (24.72%) Puppet
4 14 (15.73%) Terraform
5 11 (12.36%) SCCM
6 7 (7.87%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (6.74%) Failover Clustering
7 6 (6.74%) Microsoft Clustering
8 4 (4.49%) Microsoft Intune
8 4 (4.49%) SCOM
9 3 (3.37%) Single Sign-On
10 2 (2.25%) BladeLogic
10 2 (2.25%) Mesos
10 2 (2.25%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 2 (2.25%) Nagios
10 2 (2.25%) SELinux
10 2 (2.25%) vCenter Server
10 2 (2.25%) XenMobile
10 2 (2.25%) ZABBIX
11 1 (1.12%) Nessus
Vendors
1 46 (51.69%) Microsoft
2 26 (29.21%) Red Hat
3 20 (22.47%) VMware
4 8 (8.99%) Citrix
5 6 (6.74%) Cisco
5 6 (6.74%) Splunk
6 5 (5.62%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (4.49%) MuleSoft
8 3 (3.37%) Dell
8 3 (3.37%) Google
9 2 (2.25%) 3PAR
9 2 (2.25%) Blue Coat
9 2 (2.25%) BMC
9 2 (2.25%) Capita
9 2 (2.25%) EMC
9 2 (2.25%) Oracle
9 2 (2.25%) Qualys
9 2 (2.25%) ServiceNow
9 2 (2.25%) Veeam
10 1 (1.12%) Alteryx