Period
to 21 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 486 500 536
Rank change year-on-year +14 +36 +65
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 343 378 349
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.51% 0.50% 0.46%
As % of the System Software category 3.20% 3.76% 3.77%
Number of salaries quoted 303 314 296
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £32,800 £36,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £110,000 £82,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 10,720 10,051 9,269
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 15.92% 13.29% 12.25%
Number of salaries quoted 8,973 8,530 8,034
London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% +6.38%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,400 £85,000 £80,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +22 54 £65,000 +23.81% 20
West London +15 27 £52,500 -8.70% 7
East London +10 10 £70,000 +9.80% 3
South London -9 4 £51,250 +113.54% 3
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 205 (59.77%) Microsoft Azure
2 199 (58.02%) Linux
3 195 (56.85%) Windows
4 162 (47.23%) Amazon AWS
5 152 (44.31%) SQL
6 123 (35.86%) Active Directory
7 116 (33.82%) Git (software)
8 107 (31.20%) Amazon EC2
9 106 (30.90%) DevOps
10 103 (30.03%) Microsoft
11 101 (29.45%) Finance
12 97 (28.28%) Agile Software Development
12 97 (28.28%) Amazon S3
13 94 (27.41%) Banking
14 84 (24.49%) Docker
15 75 (21.87%) Jenkins
16 72 (20.99%) MySQL
16 72 (20.99%) Ansible
17 71 (20.70%) Kubernetes
18 67 (19.53%) Azure Active Directory
19 65 (18.95%) Python
20 64 (18.66%) NoSQL
21 63 (18.37%) GitHub
21 63 (18.37%) PowerShell
21 63 (18.37%) VMware
21 63 (18.37%) Windows Server
22 61 (17.78%) New Relic
23 60 (17.49%) TeamCity
24 59 (17.20%) Infrastructure Engineering
25 58 (16.91%) Test Automation

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (16.62%) IIS
2 50 (14.58%) Ethereum
3 47 (13.70%) Confluence
4 30 (8.75%) MS Exchange
4 30 (8.75%) SharePoint
5 18 (5.25%) Exchange Server 2013
6 17 (4.96%) Apache
6 17 (4.96%) Tomcat
7 10 (2.92%) Exchange Server 2007
7 10 (2.92%) Skype for Business
8 8 (2.33%) Apache Solr
8 8 (2.33%) Apache Spark
8 8 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (2.33%) nginx
8 8 (2.33%) SugarCRM
9 6 (1.75%) WordPress
10 4 (1.17%) CMS
10 4 (1.17%) Drupal
11 3 (0.87%) BizTalk Server
12 2 (0.58%) WebSphere
Applications
1 18 (5.25%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 16 (4.66%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (1.17%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.58%) Magento
4 2 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 205 (59.77%) Microsoft Azure
2 162 (47.23%) Amazon AWS
3 107 (31.20%) Amazon EC2
4 97 (28.28%) Amazon S3
5 67 (19.53%) Azure Active Directory
6 63 (18.37%) GitHub
7 57 (16.62%) AWS CloudFormation
7 57 (16.62%) Cloud Computing
8 56 (16.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 47 (13.70%) Amazon SQS
9 47 (13.70%) Office 365
10 23 (6.71%) IaaS
11 21 (6.12%) PaaS
12 14 (4.08%) Serverless
13 13 (3.79%) Google Cloud Platform
14 10 (2.92%) SaaS
15 8 (2.33%) Azure Functions
15 8 (2.33%) Azure Machine Learning
16 7 (2.04%) Amazon ELB
16 7 (2.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 42 (12.24%) SAN
2 34 (9.91%) DNS
3 31 (9.04%) Firewall
4 26 (7.58%) VPN
5 15 (4.37%) DHCP
6 12 (3.50%) TCP/IP
7 11 (3.21%) BGP
7 11 (3.21%) LAN
7 11 (3.21%) NAS
7 11 (3.21%) VLAN
7 11 (3.21%) WAN
8 9 (2.62%) Cisco ASA
8 9 (2.62%) iSCSI
8 9 (2.62%) VoIP
9 8 (2.33%) Skype
10 7 (2.04%) Fibre Channel
10 7 (2.04%) IGMP
10 7 (2.04%) Junos
10 7 (2.04%) OSPF
10 7 (2.04%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (20.99%) MySQL
2 64 (18.66%) NoSQL
3 58 (16.91%) PostgreSQL
4 57 (16.62%) Amazon RDS
5 51 (14.87%) Redis
6 50 (14.58%) Blockchain
7 38 (11.08%) SQL Server
8 26 (7.58%) Relational Database
9 18 (5.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 16 (4.66%) Azure SQL Database
11 15 (4.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 14 (4.08%) Big Data
12 14 (4.08%) MongoDB
13 10 (2.92%) SQL Server 2005
13 10 (2.92%) SQL Server 2008
13 10 (2.92%) SQL Server 2012
14 9 (2.62%) OLTP
14 9 (2.62%) Snowflake Schema
15 8 (2.33%) Data Warehouse
15 8 (2.33%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 116 (33.82%) Git (software)
2 75 (21.87%) Jenkins
3 60 (17.49%) TeamCity
4 57 (16.62%) JIRA
5 53 (15.45%) Octopus Deploy
6 52 (15.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 34 (9.91%) Mocha
8 11 (3.21%) Vagrant
9 10 (2.92%) Visual Studio Team System
10 7 (2.04%) Maven
11 6 (1.75%) Team Foundation Server
11 6 (1.75%) Travis CI
12 5 (1.46%) JUnit
12 5 (1.46%) Redmine
13 4 (1.17%) GitLab
13 4 (1.17%) Subversion
13 4 (1.17%) Visual Studio
14 3 (0.87%) Cucumber
14 3 (0.87%) Gradle
14 3 (0.87%) Mockito
General
1 101 (29.45%) Finance
2 94 (27.41%) Banking
3 53 (15.45%) Telecoms
4 30 (8.75%) Investment Banking
5 12 (3.50%) Retail
6 8 (2.33%) Japanese Language
7 7 (2.04%) Back Office
7 7 (2.04%) Manufacturing
8 6 (1.75%) Marketing
9 4 (1.17%) Games
10 3 (0.87%) Advertising
10 3 (0.87%) Law
11 2 (0.58%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.29%) Electronics
12 1 (0.29%) Military
Job Titles
1 76 (22.16%) DevOps Engineer
2 66 (19.24%) Developer
3 49 (14.29%) Blockchain Developer
4 47 (13.70%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 32 (9.33%) Backend Developer
6 30 (8.75%) Node.js Developer
7 27 (7.87%) Administrator
8 24 (7.00%) Architect
9 23 (6.71%) Senior Developer
10 20 (5.83%) Systems Administrator
11 19 (5.54%) DevOps Manager
12 17 (4.96%) JavaScript Developer
12 17 (4.96%) Senior Backend Developer
13 15 (4.37%) Solutions Architect
13 15 (4.37%) Support Engineer
14 14 (4.08%) Analyst
14 14 (4.08%) Azure Architect
15 13 (3.79%) Linux Systems Administrator
16 12 (3.50%) Linux Administrator
17 11 (3.21%) Senior Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (15.74%) Node.js
2 50 (14.58%) Smart Contracts
3 48 (13.99%) Truffle
3 48 (13.99%) web3js
4 34 (9.91%) Chai
5 33 (9.62%) Enzyme
5 33 (9.62%) Jest
6 31 (9.04%) .NET
7 30 (8.75%) CSS
8 29 (8.45%) HTML
9 28 (8.16%) Web Services
10 14 (4.08%) JSON
11 13 (3.79%) SAML
12 11 (3.21%) React
13 10 (2.92%) HTML5
14 9 (2.62%) Elastic Stack
15 8 (2.33%) Kafka
15 8 (2.33%) LDAP
16 7 (2.04%) Redux
16 7 (2.04%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 48 (13.99%) Bitcoin
2 42 (12.24%) Private Cloud
3 27 (7.87%) Data Protection Act
4 25 (7.29%) Data Centre
5 16 (4.66%) User Experience
6 15 (4.37%) Public Cloud
7 14 (4.08%) Fintech
8 11 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
9 10 (2.92%) Analytical Skills
9 10 (2.92%) Replication
10 9 (2.62%) Computer Science
11 8 (2.33%) Data Structures
11 8 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
12 6 (1.75%) Clustering
13 5 (1.46%) Derivative
13 5 (1.46%) HP Storage
13 5 (1.46%) Mobile App
13 5 (1.46%) PKI
14 4 (1.17%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 199 (58.02%) Linux
2 195 (56.85%) Windows
3 63 (18.37%) Windows Server
4 35 (10.20%) VMS
5 20 (5.83%) Windows Server 2008
5 20 (5.83%) Windows Server 2012
6 17 (4.96%) Unix
7 14 (4.08%) Windows 10
8 12 (3.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (3.50%) Ubuntu
9 11 (3.21%) CentOS
10 10 (2.92%) Windows 2000 Server
10 10 (2.92%) Windows Server 2003
11 7 (2.04%) FreeNAS
11 7 (2.04%) Windows 7
12 6 (1.75%) Data ONTAP
12 6 (1.75%) Solaris
13 5 (1.46%) Debian
13 5 (1.46%) Windows 8
14 4 (1.17%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (30.90%) DevOps
2 97 (28.28%) Agile Software Development
3 59 (17.20%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 58 (16.91%) Test Automation
5 53 (15.45%) API Development
5 53 (15.45%) Network Virtualisation
6 51 (14.87%) Business Intelligence
7 48 (13.99%) API Design
7 48 (13.99%) Front End Development
8 41 (11.95%) Continuous Integration
9 39 (11.37%) Data Protection
10 38 (11.08%) Identity Management
11 34 (9.91%) Cybersecurity
12 32 (9.33%) Configuration Management
12 32 (9.33%) Data Security
12 32 (9.33%) KYC
12 32 (9.33%) Problem-Solving
13 31 (9.04%) Information Security
14 29 (8.45%) Security Operations
14 29 (8.45%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 152 (44.31%) SQL
2 65 (18.95%) Python
3 63 (18.37%) PowerShell
4 50 (14.58%) Solidity
5 48 (13.99%) ES6
6 44 (12.83%) Java
7 42 (12.24%) Ruby
8 41 (11.95%) JavaScript
9 37 (10.79%) Bash Shell
10 23 (6.71%) C++
10 23 (6.71%) Elixir
11 19 (5.54%) Scala
12 18 (5.25%) Go
13 17 (4.96%) Lua
14 16 (4.66%) Apple Swift
14 16 (4.66%) Haskell
14 16 (4.66%) Objective-C
14 16 (4.66%) Rust
15 13 (3.79%) Perl
16 10 (2.92%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 27 (7.87%) CISMP
1 27 (7.87%) CISSP
1 27 (7.87%) CompTIA Security+
2 23 (6.71%) Degree
3 18 (5.25%) Microsoft Certification
4 14 (4.08%) AWS Certification
4 14 (4.08%) MCSE
5 6 (1.75%) CCNA
5 6 (1.75%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (1.46%) MCSA
7 4 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (1.17%) SC Cleared
7 4 (1.17%) Security Cleared
8 2 (0.58%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 1 (0.29%) CCENT
9 1 (0.29%) HP AIS
9 1 (0.29%) MCP
9 1 (0.29%) NCDA
9 1 (0.29%) NCIE
9 1 (0.29%) NCSIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (7.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 27 (7.87%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
2 10 (2.92%) QA
3 6 (1.75%) GDPR
4 4 (1.17%) SLA
5 1 (0.29%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 123 (35.86%) Active Directory
2 84 (24.49%) Docker
3 54 (15.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 41 (11.95%) Hyper-V
5 22 (6.41%) XenApp
6 12 (3.50%) NFS
7 11 (3.21%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (2.92%) vSphere
9 7 (2.04%) iptables
9 7 (2.04%) Virtual Servers
10 5 (1.46%) Microsoft App-V
10 5 (1.46%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (1.46%) VirtualBox
10 5 (1.46%) VMFS
11 4 (1.17%) KVM
11 4 (1.17%) Varnish
11 4 (1.17%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 4 (1.17%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.87%) BitLocker
12 3 (0.87%) Xen
Systems Management
1 72 (20.99%) Ansible
2 71 (20.70%) Kubernetes
3 47 (13.70%) Puppet
4 39 (11.37%) Docker Swarm
5 29 (8.45%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (7.00%) Terraform
7 18 (5.25%) Nagios
8 17 (4.96%) SCCM
8 17 (4.96%) ZABBIX
9 8 (2.33%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
9 8 (2.33%) WSUS
10 7 (2.04%) IBM BigFix
10 7 (2.04%) Microsoft Intune
10 7 (2.04%) SCOrch
10 7 (2.04%) vCenter Server
11 6 (1.75%) NetBackup
12 5 (1.46%) Failover Clustering
12 5 (1.46%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 5 (1.46%) SCOM
12 5 (1.46%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 103 (30.03%) Microsoft
2 63 (18.37%) VMware
3 61 (17.78%) New Relic
4 47 (13.70%) Trend Micro
5 40 (11.66%) Oracle
6 36 (10.50%) Citrix
7 24 (7.00%) Cisco
8 22 (6.41%) Red Hat
9 18 (5.25%) Veeam
10 17 (4.96%) Google
11 16 (4.66%) EMC
12 13 (3.79%) HP
12 13 (3.79%) Symantec
13 10 (2.92%) NetApp
14 8 (2.33%) Avaya
14 8 (2.33%) HubSpot
15 7 (2.04%) Apple
16 6 (1.75%) Brocade
16 6 (1.75%) Dell
16 6 (1.75%) SolarWinds