Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 571 511 474
Rank change year-on-year -60 -37 +42
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 371 156 114
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.48% 0.37% 0.35%
As % of the System Software category 2.64% 1.88% 1.89%
Number of salaries quoted 109 103 98
10th Percentile £46,650 £42,750 £40,875
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £52,813
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £62,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +20.00% -10.71% +8.81%
75th Percentile £81,250 £76,875 £80,000
90th Percentile £106,250 £82,500 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £51,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +2.94% -2.86% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,045 8,311 6,017
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 18.36% 19.90% 18.24%
Number of salaries quoted 5,860 5,557 5,150
10th Percentile £34,225 £40,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £52,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year - +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £107,500 £100,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.35% +9.52% +5.00%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
South London -19 32 £60,000 -4.00% 2
West London -24 32 £55,000 -12.00% 4
East London - 15 £50,000 - 4
Central London -64 10 £90,000 +53.85% 5
North London - 7 £52,500 -
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 230 (61.99%) Kubernetes
2 228 (61.46%) Docker
3 220 (59.30%) DevOps
4 218 (58.76%) Azure
5 204 (54.99%) Finance
6 199 (53.64%) Terraform
7 194 (52.29%) Firewall
8 193 (52.02%) Python
9 186 (50.13%) Linux
10 184 (49.60%) CI/CD
11 181 (48.79%) Ansible
12 174 (46.90%) Puppet
12 174 (46.90%) Git (software)
13 171 (46.09%) Jenkins
14 168 (45.28%) AWS
15 162 (43.67%) Opscode Chef
16 156 (42.05%) GCP
17 146 (39.35%) Windows
18 137 (36.93%) Java
19 117 (31.54%) Agile
20 106 (28.57%) Test Automation
20 106 (28.57%) Infrastructure Engineering
21 102 (27.49%) Splunk
22 100 (26.95%) Cloud Native
23 99 (26.68%) Bash
24 96 (25.88%) Mentoring
25 93 (25.07%) Configuration Management
25 93 (25.07%) Infrastructure as Code
26 92 (24.80%) Windows Server
27 91 (24.53%) Microservices

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (19.14%) IIS
2 70 (18.87%) Tomcat
3 68 (18.33%) JBoss
4 12 (3.23%) Apache Pulsar
4 12 (3.23%) Ethereum
5 10 (2.70%) SharePoint
6 6 (1.62%) Apache
6 6 (1.62%) Confluence
7 4 (1.08%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.81%) Exchange Server 2003
9 2 (0.54%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.27%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.27%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.27%) OpenStack
Applications
1 8 (2.16%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.54%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 218 (58.76%) Azure
2 168 (45.28%) AWS
3 156 (42.05%) GCP
4 91 (24.53%) Azure AKS
5 82 (22.10%) Serverless
6 80 (21.56%) Azure Stack
7 75 (20.22%) AWS CloudFormation
7 75 (20.22%) Google Kubernetes Engine
8 69 (18.60%) OpenShift
9 68 (18.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 68 (18.33%) AWS CodePipeline
9 68 (18.33%) AWS Lambda
9 68 (18.33%) Cloud Functions
10 64 (17.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 54 (14.56%) Amazon Kinesis
11 54 (14.56%) Snowflake
12 23 (6.20%) Microsoft 365
13 22 (5.93%) IaaS
14 20 (5.39%) Cloud Computing
14 20 (5.39%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 194 (52.29%) Firewall
2 82 (22.10%) Network Security
3 71 (19.14%) Internet
4 31 (8.36%) DNS
5 29 (7.82%) AMQP
5 29 (7.82%) MQTT
6 24 (6.47%) VLAN
7 18 (4.85%) TCP/IP
8 16 (4.31%) VPN
9 11 (2.96%) WAN
10 10 (2.70%) LAN
11 9 (2.43%) DHCP
11 9 (2.43%) SAN
12 8 (2.16%) Broadband
12 8 (2.16%) SSL
13 4 (1.08%) HTTP
13 4 (1.08%) Remote Desktop
13 4 (1.08%) Software-Defined Networking
13 4 (1.08%) VSAN
14 3 (0.81%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (15.63%) Amazon Redshift
2 54 (14.56%) BigQuery
3 40 (10.78%) SQL Server
4 18 (4.85%) PostgreSQL
5 17 (4.58%) Big Data
5 17 (4.58%) Elasticsearch
5 17 (4.58%) MySQL
6 15 (4.04%) Redis
7 13 (3.50%) Hadoop
8 12 (3.23%) Aerospike
8 12 (3.23%) Apache Cassandra
8 12 (3.23%) ArangoDB
8 12 (3.23%) CockroachDB
8 12 (3.23%) Couchbase
8 12 (3.23%) Scylla
9 9 (2.43%) Data Warehouse
10 6 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
10 6 (1.62%) Azure SQL Database
11 5 (1.35%) Data Lake
12 4 (1.08%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 174 (46.90%) Git (software)
2 171 (46.09%) Jenkins
3 74 (19.95%) Maven
4 70 (18.87%) Subversion
5 25 (6.74%) GitLab
6 19 (5.12%) JIRA
7 15 (4.04%) Jaeger
8 14 (3.77%) CircleCI
9 8 (2.16%) Cucumber
10 7 (1.89%) Selenium
11 6 (1.62%) TeamCity
12 5 (1.35%) Bitbucket
12 5 (1.35%) eggPlant
13 4 (1.08%) git-flow
13 4 (1.08%) JMeter
13 4 (1.08%) Protractor
14 3 (0.81%) Capybara
14 3 (0.81%) MSI
14 3 (0.81%) RSpec
14 3 (0.81%) SonarQube
General
1 204 (54.99%) Finance
2 91 (24.53%) Retail
3 86 (23.18%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 73 (19.68%) Manufacturing
5 66 (17.79%) Banking
6 52 (14.02%) Social Skills
7 20 (5.39%) Marketing
8 19 (5.12%) Public Sector
9 16 (4.31%) Analytical Skills
10 7 (1.89%) Publishing
11 4 (1.08%) Documentation Skills
11 4 (1.08%) Electronics
11 4 (1.08%) Organisational Skills
11 4 (1.08%) Presentation Skills
11 4 (1.08%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.81%) Games
13 1 (0.27%) Advertising
13 1 (0.27%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.27%) Billing
13 1 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 92 (24.80%) DevOps Engineer
2 70 (18.87%) Senior DevOps
3 69 (18.60%) Senior DevOps Engineer
4 48 (12.94%) Architect
5 47 (12.67%) Senior Manager
6 43 (11.59%) Engineering Manager
7 26 (7.01%) Cloud Engineer
8 23 (6.20%) Azure Architect
8 23 (6.20%) Site Engineer
8 23 (6.20%) Site Reliability Engineer
8 23 (6.20%) Software Engineer
9 21 (5.66%) Cloud Architect
10 20 (5.39%) Solutions Architect
11 19 (5.12%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 18 (4.85%) Performance Engineer
13 15 (4.04%) Developer
13 15 (4.04%) Payments Architect
13 15 (4.04%) Payments Solutions Architect
14 12 (3.23%) Analyst
15 11 (2.96%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (22.37%) Elastic Stack
2 68 (18.33%) Kafka
3 29 (7.82%) WebSockets
4 25 (6.74%) React
5 16 (4.31%) Node.js
6 15 (4.04%) Express
6 15 (4.04%) OpenTelemetry
6 15 (4.04%) Spring Boot
7 12 (3.23%) .NET
7 12 (3.23%) Lambda Expressions
7 12 (3.23%) Smart Contracts
8 11 (2.96%) ARM Templates
9 9 (2.43%) ethers.js
9 9 (2.43%) Jest
9 9 (2.43%) koa
9 9 (2.43%) RESTful
9 9 (2.43%) WebAssembly
9 9 (2.43%) ZK
10 7 (1.89%) .NET Core
11 6 (1.62%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 100 (26.95%) Cloud Native
2 86 (23.18%) Linux Command Line
3 70 (18.87%) Life Science
4 57 (15.36%) Algorithms
5 26 (7.01%) Self-Motivation
6 15 (4.04%) Public Cloud
7 12 (3.23%) Blockchain
7 12 (3.23%) Data Structures
8 11 (2.96%) Replication
9 9 (2.43%) Zcash
10 8 (2.16%) Data Centre
10 8 (2.16%) User Experience
11 7 (1.89%) Clustering
11 7 (1.89%) Management Information System
11 7 (1.89%) Oculus
12 6 (1.62%) Cyberthreat
12 6 (1.62%) Legacy Systems
13 4 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 4 (1.08%) Mainframe
13 4 (1.08%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 186 (50.13%) Linux
2 146 (39.35%) Windows
3 92 (24.80%) Windows Server
4 21 (5.66%) Unix
5 8 (2.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (1.89%) Mac OS
6 7 (1.89%) Windows 10
7 6 (1.62%) Windows Server 2019
8 5 (1.35%) Windows Server 2008
8 5 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (1.08%) Fedora
9 4 (1.08%) Windows 7
9 4 (1.08%) zOS
10 3 (0.81%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.81%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.54%) Android
11 2 (0.54%) Apple iOS
12 1 (0.27%) Solaris
12 1 (0.27%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 220 (59.30%) DevOps
2 184 (49.60%) CI/CD
3 117 (31.54%) Agile
4 106 (28.57%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 106 (28.57%) Test Automation
5 96 (25.88%) Mentoring
6 93 (25.07%) Configuration Management
6 93 (25.07%) Infrastructure as Code
7 91 (24.53%) Microservices
8 89 (23.99%) Business Development
8 89 (23.99%) Network Virtualisation
9 88 (23.72%) Dependency Management
10 87 (23.45%) SDLC
11 84 (22.64%) Migration
11 84 (22.64%) Service Delivery
12 81 (21.83%) Infrastructure Automation
13 76 (20.49%) Thought Leadership
14 75 (20.22%) Coaching
14 75 (20.22%) Disaster Recovery
15 74 (19.95%) Innovative Thinking
Programming Languages
1 193 (52.02%) Python
2 137 (36.93%) Java
3 99 (26.68%) Bash
4 75 (20.22%) Groovy
5 63 (16.98%) SQL
6 54 (14.56%) R
7 49 (13.21%) PowerShell
8 20 (5.39%) JavaScript
8 20 (5.39%) TypeScript
9 19 (5.12%) Rust
9 19 (5.12%) Scala
10 18 (4.85%) C++
11 13 (3.50%) C
12 12 (3.23%) Solidity
13 9 (2.43%) C#
14 8 (2.16%) Apple Swift
14 8 (2.16%) Objective-C
15 7 (1.89%) Haskell
15 7 (1.89%) Kotlin
15 7 (1.89%) OCaml
Qualifications
1 22 (5.93%) Degree
2 17 (4.58%) Microsoft Certification
3 10 (2.70%) Security Cleared
4 8 (2.16%) CCNA
4 8 (2.16%) Cisco Certification
4 8 (2.16%) CISSP
5 6 (1.62%) MCSE
6 5 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.35%) ISEB
6 5 (1.35%) ISTQB
6 5 (1.35%) SC Cleared
7 4 (1.08%) CEH
7 4 (1.08%) CISM
7 4 (1.08%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.81%) CCNP
8 3 (0.81%) JNCIA
8 3 (0.81%) MCITP
8 3 (0.81%) MCSA
8 3 (0.81%) VCAP
8 3 (0.81%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.04%) SLA
2 4 (1.08%) NCSC
2 4 (1.08%) QA
3 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.27%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 228 (61.46%) Docker
2 39 (10.51%) Active Directory
3 29 (7.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (5.93%) Hyper-V
5 9 (2.43%) vSphere
6 6 (1.62%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.81%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.81%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.54%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 2 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.27%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.27%) DFS Replication
9 1 (0.27%) Samba
Systems Management
1 230 (61.99%) Kubernetes
2 199 (53.64%) Terraform
3 181 (48.79%) Ansible
4 174 (46.90%) Puppet
5 162 (43.67%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (8.89%) Prometheus
7 23 (6.20%) Grafana
8 15 (4.04%) Graphite
8 15 (4.04%) Kiali
9 12 (3.23%) Docker Swarm
9 12 (3.23%) HAProxy
9 12 (3.23%) Microsoft Intune
9 12 (3.23%) Salt
10 9 (2.43%) SCCM
11 6 (1.62%) Nagios
12 4 (1.08%) Nessus
12 4 (1.08%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (1.08%) vCenter Server
13 3 (0.81%) vRealize
13 3 (0.81%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 102 (27.49%) Splunk
2 52 (14.02%) Microsoft
3 31 (8.36%) VMware
4 19 (5.12%) AppDynamics
5 18 (4.85%) Oracle
6 16 (4.31%) Citrix
7 15 (4.04%) ServiceNow
8 11 (2.96%) Google
9 10 (2.70%) Dell
9 10 (2.70%) Red Hat
10 9 (2.43%) ConsenSys
10 9 (2.43%) Veritas
11 7 (1.89%) Facebook
11 7 (1.89%) IBM
11 7 (1.89%) Instagram
12 5 (1.35%) Apple
12 5 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
12 5 (1.35%) SAP
13 4 (1.08%) Atlassian
13 4 (1.08%) Infoblox