Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 517 435 538
Rank change year-on-year -82 +103 -13
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 213 72 179
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.43% 0.31% 0.35%
As % of the System Software category 2.29% 1.62% 1.97%
Number of salaries quoted 142 60 148
10th Percentile £42,500 £36,250 £40,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,750 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £63,750
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +5.88% -6.76%
75th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £83,750 £87,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £53,750 £55,000
% change year-on-year -2.33% -2.27% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 9,319 4,446 9,076
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 18.65% 19.05% 17.72%
Number of salaries quoted 6,218 3,845 7,577
10th Percentile £35,000 £39,500 £29,000
25th Percentile £50,313 £52,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +12.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £81,750
90th Percentile £112,500 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £56,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.82% +10.00% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -29 21 £87,500 +47.68% 11
East London - 10 £50,000 - 4
South London -15 6 £60,000 -14.29%
West London -73 2 £40,000 -36.00% 3
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 123 (57.75%) Azure
2 109 (51.17%) Windows
3 100 (46.95%) DevOps
4 83 (38.97%) Terraform
5 75 (35.21%) Microsoft
6 74 (34.74%) Linux
7 72 (33.80%) Python
7 72 (33.80%) PowerShell
8 60 (28.17%) Kubernetes
8 60 (28.17%) Finance
9 59 (27.70%) SQL
10 54 (25.35%) Social Skills
11 53 (24.88%) Docker
12 50 (23.47%) Firewall
13 48 (22.54%) Ansible
14 46 (21.60%) Windows Server
14 46 (21.60%) AWS
14 46 (21.60%) VMware
15 45 (21.13%) Jenkins
16 40 (18.78%) VMware Infrastructure
16 40 (18.78%) SDLC
17 37 (17.37%) SQL Server
18 36 (16.90%) Infrastructure as Code
19 35 (16.43%) Migration
19 35 (16.43%) GCP
20 34 (15.96%) Bash
21 33 (15.49%) Opscode Chef
21 33 (15.49%) Java
22 32 (15.02%) Configuration Management
23 30 (14.08%) Active Directory

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (10.33%) SharePoint
2 20 (9.39%) Confluence
3 14 (6.57%) Apache
4 12 (5.63%) IIS
5 8 (3.76%) MS Exchange
6 6 (2.82%) Apache Pulsar
6 6 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (2.82%) Exchange Server 2003
7 4 (1.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (1.88%) Ethereum
7 4 (1.88%) Tomcat
8 3 (1.41%) Skype for Business
9 1 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 11 (5.16%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (0.94%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 123 (57.75%) Azure
2 46 (21.60%) AWS
3 35 (16.43%) GCP
4 27 (12.68%) Microsoft 365
4 27 (12.68%) PaaS
5 24 (11.27%) IaaS
5 24 (11.27%) Serverless
6 21 (9.86%) Azure Monitor
7 18 (8.45%) Azure Service Bus
8 16 (7.51%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (7.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 13 (6.10%) Azure Active Directory
10 13 (6.10%) GitHub
11 12 (5.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 12 (5.63%) SaaS
12 11 (5.16%) Amazon EC2
13 10 (4.69%) Amazon ELB
13 10 (4.69%) Amazon S3
13 10 (4.69%) AWS CloudTrail
13 10 (4.69%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 50 (23.47%) Firewall
2 27 (12.68%) VPN
3 17 (7.98%) DNS
4 13 (6.10%) SAN
5 11 (5.16%) Network Security
6 8 (3.76%) TCP/IP
7 6 (2.82%) DHCP
7 6 (2.82%) SSL
7 6 (2.82%) VLAN
8 4 (1.88%) HTTPS
8 4 (1.88%) VSAN
9 3 (1.41%) Skype
9 3 (1.41%) SNMP
9 3 (1.41%) VoIP
9 3 (1.41%) WAN
9 3 (1.41%) Wireless
10 2 (0.94%) LAN
10 2 (0.94%) SMTP
10 2 (0.94%) SSH
11 1 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (17.37%) SQL Server
2 30 (14.08%) Azure SQL Database
3 15 (7.04%) MySQL
4 10 (4.69%) Amazon RDS
5 7 (3.29%) Big Data
6 6 (2.82%) Aerospike
6 6 (2.82%) Amazon Redshift
6 6 (2.82%) Apache Cassandra
6 6 (2.82%) ArangoDB
6 6 (2.82%) BigQuery
6 6 (2.82%) CockroachDB
6 6 (2.82%) Couchbase
6 6 (2.82%) Data Lake
6 6 (2.82%) Hadoop
6 6 (2.82%) Redis
6 6 (2.82%) Scylla
7 5 (2.35%) PostgreSQL
8 4 (1.88%) Blockchain
8 4 (1.88%) HDInsight
9 3 (1.41%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 45 (21.13%) Jenkins
2 29 (13.62%) TeamCity
3 25 (11.74%) Git (software)
4 23 (10.80%) GitLab
4 23 (10.80%) Octopus Deploy
5 21 (9.86%) JIRA
6 13 (6.10%) Bitbucket
7 10 (4.69%) Maven
8 8 (3.76%) Cucumber
8 8 (3.76%) Sonatype Nexus
9 6 (2.82%) Jaeger
10 5 (2.35%) CircleCI
10 5 (2.35%) JMeter
11 3 (1.41%) SpecFlow
12 2 (0.94%) MSI
12 2 (0.94%) Team Foundation Server
13 1 (0.47%) Ant
13 1 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 1 (0.47%) SonarQube
13 1 (0.47%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 60 (28.17%) Finance
2 54 (25.35%) Social Skills
3 27 (12.68%) Retail
4 19 (8.92%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 13 (6.10%) Analytical Skills
6 12 (5.63%) Manufacturing
6 12 (5.63%) Public Sector
7 8 (3.76%) Banking
8 6 (2.82%) Presentation Skills
9 5 (2.35%) Automotive
10 3 (1.41%) Digital Economy
10 3 (1.41%) Legal
10 3 (1.41%) Marketing
11 2 (0.94%) Electronics
11 2 (0.94%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.94%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.94%) Telecoms
12 1 (0.47%) Advertising
12 1 (0.47%) Games
12 1 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 55 (25.82%) DevOps Engineer
2 30 (14.08%) Azure Engineer
3 22 (10.33%) Senior DevOps
4 21 (9.86%) Senior DevOps Engineer
5 20 (9.39%) Cloud Engineer
6 19 (8.92%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 18 (8.45%) Architect
8 14 (6.57%) Solutions Architect
9 13 (6.10%) Analyst
9 13 (6.10%) Systems Engineer
10 12 (5.63%) Senior Systems Engineer
11 10 (4.69%) Azure Architect
12 9 (4.23%) Azure DevOps
13 8 (3.76%) Developer
13 8 (3.76%) Senior Manager
14 6 (2.82%) .NET Developer
14 6 (2.82%) C# Developer
14 6 (2.82%) Engineering Manager
14 6 (2.82%) Implementation Engineer
14 6 (2.82%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (9.86%) .NET
2 15 (7.04%) Kafka
3 10 (4.69%) ARM Templates
3 10 (4.69%) Elastic Stack
3 10 (4.69%) LAMP
4 8 (3.76%) YAML
5 6 (2.82%) AngularJS
5 6 (2.82%) ASP.NET
5 6 (2.82%) ASP.NET Web Forms
5 6 (2.82%) Hibernate
5 6 (2.82%) jQuery
5 6 (2.82%) OpenTelemetry
5 6 (2.82%) Spring Boot
5 6 (2.82%) WCF
6 5 (2.35%) CSS
6 5 (2.35%) HTML
6 5 (2.35%) Node.js
7 4 (1.88%) Express
7 4 (1.88%) JSON
7 4 (1.88%) React
Miscellaneous
1 29 (13.62%) Self-Motivation
2 21 (9.86%) Public Cloud
3 19 (8.92%) Mainframe
4 17 (7.98%) Data Centre
5 16 (7.51%) Cloud Native
6 11 (5.16%) Mobile App
7 10 (4.69%) Enterprise Cloud
7 10 (4.69%) Replication
8 6 (2.82%) Clustering
8 6 (2.82%) Driving Licence
9 5 (2.35%) Animation
10 4 (1.88%) Algorithms
10 4 (1.88%) Greenfield Project
10 4 (1.88%) Legacy Systems
10 4 (1.88%) Management Information System
11 3 (1.41%) Cyberthreat
11 3 (1.41%) Data Structures
11 3 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
11 3 (1.41%) Video Conferencing
11 3 (1.41%) Web3
Operating Systems
1 109 (51.17%) Windows
2 74 (34.74%) Linux
3 46 (21.60%) Windows Server
4 19 (8.92%) zOS
5 17 (7.98%) VMS
5 17 (7.98%) Windows 10
6 16 (7.51%) Mac OS X
6 16 (7.51%) Windows Server 2008
7 10 (4.69%) Windows 7
8 7 (3.29%) Windows Server 2019
9 6 (2.82%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (2.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (1.88%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (1.41%) Unix
13 2 (0.94%) Fedora
13 2 (0.94%) Kali Linux
13 2 (0.94%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.47%) Android
14 1 (0.47%) CentOS
14 1 (0.47%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 100 (46.95%) DevOps
2 40 (18.78%) SDLC
3 36 (16.90%) Infrastructure as Code
4 35 (16.43%) Migration
5 32 (15.02%) Configuration Management
6 30 (14.08%) Test Automation
7 28 (13.15%) Agile Software Development
7 28 (13.15%) Problem-Solving
8 27 (12.68%) Software Engineering
9 25 (11.74%) Continuous Integration
9 25 (11.74%) Mentoring
10 20 (9.39%) Deployment Automation
10 20 (9.39%) Open Source
11 19 (8.92%) Test Strategy
12 18 (8.45%) Computer Science
13 17 (7.98%) Build Automation
13 17 (7.98%) Load Balancing
14 16 (7.51%) Creative Thinking
14 16 (7.51%) Cybersecurity
14 16 (7.51%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 72 (33.80%) PowerShell
1 72 (33.80%) Python
2 59 (27.70%) SQL
3 34 (15.96%) Bash
4 33 (15.49%) Java
5 24 (11.27%) C#
6 22 (10.33%) JavaScript
7 19 (8.92%) Assembly Language
7 19 (8.92%) COBOL
8 16 (7.51%) Ruby
9 14 (6.57%) Go
10 10 (4.69%) PHP
11 8 (3.76%) Groovy
12 6 (2.82%) R
13 5 (2.35%) Bicep
13 5 (2.35%) C
14 4 (1.88%) C++
14 4 (1.88%) Shell Script
14 4 (1.88%) Solidity
15 3 (1.41%) Rust
Qualifications
1 15 (7.04%) Microsoft Certification
1 15 (7.04%) Security Cleared
2 14 (6.57%) Degree
2 14 (6.57%) SC Cleared
3 9 (4.23%) DV Cleared
4 8 (3.76%) Cisco Certification
5 7 (3.29%) MCSE
6 6 (2.82%) CCNA
6 6 (2.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (2.82%) MCITP
7 3 (1.41%) CEH
7 3 (1.41%) CISSP
7 3 (1.41%) VCAP
7 3 (1.41%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 2 (0.94%) CCNP
8 2 (0.94%) MCSA
9 1 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.88%) NIST
1 4 (1.88%) NIST 800
1 4 (1.88%) QA
2 3 (1.41%) GDPR
2 3 (1.41%) NCSC
3 2 (0.94%) MiFID
4 1 (0.47%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.47%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.47%) PMO
4 1 (0.47%) SLA
System Software
1 53 (24.88%) Docker
2 40 (18.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (14.08%) Active Directory
4 24 (11.27%) Hyper-V
5 6 (2.82%) vSphere
6 3 (1.41%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.94%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.94%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.47%) NFS
8 1 (0.47%) pfSense
8 1 (0.47%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 83 (38.97%) Terraform
2 60 (28.17%) Kubernetes
3 48 (22.54%) Ansible
4 33 (15.49%) Opscode Chef
5 22 (10.33%) Puppet
6 13 (6.10%) Grafana
6 13 (6.10%) Prometheus
7 7 (3.29%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (3.29%) Packer
7 7 (3.29%) SCCM
8 6 (2.82%) Kiali
8 6 (2.82%) Salt
9 5 (2.35%) Graphite
9 5 (2.35%) HAProxy
9 5 (2.35%) Nagios
10 4 (1.88%) vCenter Server
11 3 (1.41%) FortiGate
11 3 (1.41%) Nessus
11 3 (1.41%) vRealize
11 3 (1.41%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 75 (35.21%) Microsoft
2 46 (21.60%) VMware
3 19 (8.92%) IBM
4 18 (8.45%) Google
5 16 (7.51%) Splunk
6 13 (6.10%) Dell
7 10 (4.69%) Oracle
8 8 (3.76%) Apple
8 8 (3.76%) Cisco
8 8 (3.76%) Sonatype
9 7 (3.29%) Red Hat
10 6 (2.82%) AppDynamics
10 6 (2.82%) Avaya
10 6 (2.82%) Citrix
10 6 (2.82%) EqualLogic
11 5 (2.35%) Intel
12 4 (1.88%) Adobe
12 4 (1.88%) Cadence
12 4 (1.88%) Cognizant
12 4 (1.88%) Commvault