Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 526 456 510
Rank change year-on-year -70 +54 -84
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 162 117 255
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.36% 0.40% 0.44%
As % of the System Software category 1.81% 2.15% 2.57%
Number of salaries quoted 111 99 165
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,500 £40,915
25th Percentile £50,000 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £65,000 £63,670
Median % change year-on-year -3.85% +2.09% -2.05%
75th Percentile £76,875 £78,125 £77,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £90,000 £87,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - -4.76% -4.55%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 8,962 5,433 9,932
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.90% 18.47% 17.24%
Number of salaries quoted 5,737 4,690 8,386
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,464 £30,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £43,031
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +7.76%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £104,250 £100,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% +2.04%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 28 £60,000 -20.00% 15
South London -4 6 £62,500 +6.38%
West London -31 5 £35,000 -36.36%
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 81 (50.00%) Azure
2 74 (45.68%) AWS
3 72 (44.44%) DevOps
4 69 (42.59%) Docker
5 67 (41.36%) Kubernetes
6 59 (36.42%) Microsoft
7 54 (33.33%) Active Directory
7 54 (33.33%) Windows
8 53 (32.72%) Python
9 52 (32.10%) VMware
10 50 (30.86%) Social Skills
11 45 (27.78%) Finance
12 43 (26.54%) Agile Software Development
12 43 (26.54%) GCP
12 43 (26.54%) Windows Server
13 41 (25.31%) Migration
13 41 (25.31%) Linux
14 39 (24.07%) Java
14 39 (24.07%) Ansible
15 38 (23.46%) Git (software)
16 36 (22.22%) IaaS
17 34 (20.99%) Problem-Solving
18 33 (20.37%) Analytics
18 33 (20.37%) VMware Infrastructure
19 32 (19.75%) Firewall
20 31 (19.14%) Maven
20 31 (19.14%) Continuous Integration
20 31 (19.14%) PowerShell
20 31 (19.14%) Performance Tuning
21 30 (18.52%) Elasticsearch

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (18.52%) Elasticsearch
2 19 (11.73%) MS Exchange
3 13 (8.02%) Exchange Server 2013
4 5 (3.09%) OpenStack
5 4 (2.47%) Confluence
6 3 (1.85%) Apache
6 3 (1.85%) Exchange Server 2010
6 3 (1.85%) SharePoint
7 2 (1.23%) Ethereum
7 2 (1.23%) IIS
8 1 (0.62%) Apache Pulsar
8 1 (0.62%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.62%) CMS
8 1 (0.62%) GemFire
8 1 (0.62%) nginx
8 1 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.62%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.62%) Traffic Server
8 1 (0.62%) Umbraco
Applications
1 4 (2.47%) Spreadsheet
2 1 (0.62%) GIMP
2 1 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.62%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 2 (1.23%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 81 (50.00%) Azure
2 74 (45.68%) AWS
3 43 (26.54%) GCP
4 36 (22.22%) IaaS
5 27 (16.67%) OpenShift
6 24 (14.81%) Microsoft 365
7 23 (14.20%) PaaS
8 18 (11.11%) Serverless
9 17 (10.49%) Azure Active Directory
10 14 (8.64%) AWS CloudFormation
10 14 (8.64%) SaaS
11 10 (6.17%) Azure Storage
12 9 (5.56%) Amazon ECS
12 9 (5.56%) AWS Lambda
12 9 (5.56%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 9 (5.56%) CloudFront
13 8 (4.94%) Amazon EC2
13 8 (4.94%) Azure Functions
14 6 (3.70%) GitHub
14 6 (3.70%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 32 (19.75%) Firewall
2 17 (10.49%) MPLS
3 15 (9.26%) LAN
3 15 (9.26%) WAN
4 13 (8.02%) Wireless
5 12 (7.41%) IP Telephony
6 11 (6.79%) SAN
7 10 (6.17%) DNS
7 10 (6.17%) Intranet
7 10 (6.17%) TCP/IP
8 9 (5.56%) VPN
9 8 (4.94%) NetScaler
10 7 (4.32%) DHCP
11 6 (3.70%) Network Security
12 5 (3.09%) 5G
12 5 (3.09%) BGP
13 4 (2.47%) Broadband
13 4 (2.47%) OpenFlow
13 4 (2.47%) VoIP
14 2 (1.23%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (4.94%) MongoDB
2 7 (4.32%) Big Data
2 7 (4.32%) Blockchain
2 7 (4.32%) MySQL
3 6 (3.70%) SQL Server
4 5 (3.09%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (1.85%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
5 3 (1.85%) Azure SQL Database
5 3 (1.85%) Data Lake
5 3 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (1.85%) Redis
6 2 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
6 2 (1.23%) Hadoop
6 2 (1.23%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.62%) Apache Hive
7 1 (0.62%) Couchbase
7 1 (0.62%) Neo4j
7 1 (0.62%) SQL Server 2012
7 1 (0.62%) Sqoop
7 1 (0.62%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 38 (23.46%) Git (software)
2 31 (19.14%) Maven
3 27 (16.67%) Artifactory
3 27 (16.67%) SonarQube
4 19 (11.73%) Jenkins
5 12 (7.41%) GitLab
6 10 (6.17%) Bitbucket
7 7 (4.32%) JIRA
8 5 (3.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 4 (2.47%) Postman
10 2 (1.23%) Cucumber
10 2 (1.23%) Eclipse
10 2 (1.23%) Gradle
10 2 (1.23%) gulp
10 2 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
10 2 (1.23%) Selenium
10 2 (1.23%) TeamCity
10 2 (1.23%) Visual Studio
11 1 (0.62%) Protractor
11 1 (0.62%) webpack
General
1 50 (30.86%) Social Skills
2 45 (27.78%) Finance
3 30 (18.52%) Banking
4 26 (16.05%) Front Office
4 26 (16.05%) Investment Banking
5 13 (8.02%) Law
6 7 (4.32%) Documentation Skills
7 6 (3.70%) Retail
8 5 (3.09%) Games
9 4 (2.47%) Analytical Skills
9 4 (2.47%) Legal
9 4 (2.47%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (1.85%) Automotive
10 3 (1.85%) Marketing
10 3 (1.85%) Public Sector
11 1 (0.62%) Billing
11 1 (0.62%) iGaming
Job Titles
1 21 (12.96%) Software Engineer
2 19 (11.73%) DevOps Engineer
2 19 (11.73%) Support Engineer
3 17 (10.49%) Analyst
3 17 (10.49%) Azure Engineer
4 14 (8.64%) Administrator
4 14 (8.64%) Infrastructure Analyst
4 14 (8.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 13 (8.02%) Systems Administrator
6 12 (7.41%) Developer
7 11 (6.79%) Cloud Engineer
7 11 (6.79%) Kubernetes Engineer
7 11 (6.79%) Senior DevOps
7 11 (6.79%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 10 (6.17%) Platform Engineer
8 10 (6.17%) VMware Engineer
9 8 (4.94%) VMware Infrastructure Engineer
10 6 (3.70%) AWS Engineer
10 6 (3.70%) Consultant
10 6 (3.70%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (18.52%) Kafka
2 29 (17.90%) Spring
3 13 (8.02%) Elastic Stack
4 8 (4.94%) Lambda Expressions
5 7 (4.32%) React
5 7 (4.32%) REST
6 5 (3.09%) libvirt
6 5 (3.09%) Node.js
7 4 (2.47%) gRPC
7 4 (2.47%) JSON
7 4 (2.47%) Swagger
8 3 (1.85%) .NET
8 3 (1.85%) COM
8 3 (1.85%) Express
8 3 (1.85%) Web Services
9 2 (1.23%) CSS
9 2 (1.23%) Flask
9 2 (1.23%) HTML
9 2 (1.23%) jQuery
9 2 (1.23%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 29 (17.90%) Video\Live Streaming
2 27 (16.67%) Derivative
3 26 (16.05%) Market Risk
4 24 (14.81%) Equity Derivative
5 13 (8.02%) Management Information System
6 12 (7.41%) Data Centre
7 10 (6.17%) Linux Command Line
8 9 (5.56%) Cloud Native
9 6 (3.70%) Public Cloud
10 5 (3.09%) Private Cloud
10 5 (3.09%) Replication
10 5 (3.09%) Social Media
11 4 (2.47%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (2.47%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (1.85%) Algorithms
12 3 (1.85%) Animation
12 3 (1.85%) Tandem
13 2 (1.23%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 2 (1.23%) Mobile App
13 2 (1.23%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 54 (33.33%) Windows
2 43 (26.54%) Windows Server
3 41 (25.31%) Linux
4 18 (11.11%) Windows 10
5 10 (6.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (4.94%) Unix
7 5 (3.09%) Debian
7 5 (3.09%) Ubuntu
7 5 (3.09%) Windows Server 2008
7 5 (3.09%) Windows Server 2019
8 3 (1.85%) VMS
8 3 (1.85%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.85%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (1.23%) Android
9 2 (1.23%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.62%) CentOS
10 1 (0.62%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.62%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (44.44%) DevOps
2 43 (26.54%) Agile Software Development
3 41 (25.31%) Migration
4 34 (20.99%) Problem-Solving
5 33 (20.37%) Analytics
6 31 (19.14%) Continuous Integration
6 31 (19.14%) Performance Tuning
7 30 (18.52%) Continuous Deployment
8 29 (17.90%) Performance Monitoring
9 28 (17.28%) Data Analytics
10 27 (16.67%) Order Management
10 27 (16.67%) Risk Management
11 26 (16.05%) Cost Reduction
12 24 (14.81%) Infrastructure as Code
13 22 (13.58%) Software Engineering
14 18 (11.11%) Configuration Management
15 16 (9.88%) Disaster Recovery
15 16 (9.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 14 (8.64%) Project Delivery
16 14 (8.64%) Server Management
Programming Languages
1 53 (32.72%) Python
2 39 (24.07%) Java
3 31 (19.14%) PowerShell
4 18 (11.11%) SQL
5 14 (8.64%) Bash Shell
6 5 (3.09%) Clojure
7 4 (2.47%) JavaScript
7 4 (2.47%) Scala
8 3 (1.85%) Shell Script
9 2 (1.23%) C++
9 2 (1.23%) Ruby
9 2 (1.23%) Solidity
10 1 (0.62%) Assembly Language
10 1 (0.62%) C#
10 1 (0.62%) COBOL
10 1 (0.62%) HiveQL
10 1 (0.62%) VB
10 1 (0.62%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 11 (6.79%) Degree
1 11 (6.79%) Microsoft Certification
2 8 (4.94%) Cisco Certification
3 7 (4.32%) CCNA
3 7 (4.32%) Security Cleared
4 6 (3.70%) MCSE
4 6 (3.70%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
5 4 (2.47%) SC Cleared
6 3 (1.85%) RHCE
6 3 (1.85%) RHCSA
7 2 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (1.23%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.62%) CCNP
8 1 (0.62%) CISSP
8 1 (0.62%) Citrix Certification
8 1 (0.62%) CompTIA Security+
8 1 (0.62%) MCSA
8 1 (0.62%) OCP
8 1 (0.62%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.62%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.47%) QA
2 3 (1.85%) PCI DSS
3 2 (1.23%) NIST
4 1 (0.62%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.62%) SLA
System Software
1 69 (42.59%) Docker
2 54 (33.33%) Active Directory
3 33 (20.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (8.64%) XenApp
5 13 (8.02%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (4.94%) Hyper-V
7 4 (2.47%) KVM
7 4 (2.47%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (1.85%) Firmware
8 3 (1.85%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (1.85%) XenDesktop
9 2 (1.23%) VMware Server
10 1 (0.62%) iptables
10 1 (0.62%) LXC
10 1 (0.62%) Squid
10 1 (0.62%) Varnish
10 1 (0.62%) Xen
Systems Management
1 67 (41.36%) Kubernetes
2 39 (24.07%) Ansible
3 27 (16.67%) Terraform
4 15 (9.26%) Puppet
5 12 (7.41%) Single Sign-On
6 9 (5.56%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (5.56%) Prometheus
6 9 (5.56%) vCenter Server
7 8 (4.94%) Grafana
8 6 (3.70%) Packer
8 6 (3.70%) PowerCLI
9 3 (1.85%) Consul
9 3 (1.85%) Graphite
9 3 (1.85%) Opsview
9 3 (1.85%) ZABBIX
10 2 (1.23%) Kibana
10 2 (1.23%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (1.23%) Nagios
10 2 (1.23%) Salt
11 1 (0.62%) Nmap
Vendors
1 59 (36.42%) Microsoft
2 52 (32.10%) VMware
3 24 (14.81%) Citrix
4 12 (7.41%) Google
4 12 (7.41%) Splunk
5 9 (5.56%) Red Hat
6 7 (4.32%) HP
6 7 (4.32%) iManage
6 7 (4.32%) RightFax
6 7 (4.32%) Zerto
7 6 (3.70%) Cisco
7 6 (3.70%) Nimble Storage
8 5 (3.09%) 3PAR
8 5 (3.09%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (2.47%) MuleSoft
10 3 (1.85%) Intel
10 3 (1.85%) NetApp
10 3 (1.85%) Oracle
11 2 (1.23%) Qualys
11 2 (1.23%) Veritas