Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 544 404 522
Rank change year-on-year -140 +118 -61
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 175 68 221
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.35% 0.35% 0.40%
As % of the System Software category 1.83% 1.85% 2.28%
Number of salaries quoted 126 60 140
10th Percentile £41,875 £35,300 £37,375
25th Percentile £51,750 £49,688 £48,313
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -7.69%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,625 £72,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £90,000 £85,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £45,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +16.67% -14.29% -4.55%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 9,558 3,683 9,705
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 19.09% 19.01% 17.71%
Number of salaries quoted 6,015 3,240 8,140
10th Percentile £36,250 £40,000 £29,750
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +7.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £96,250
England median annual salary £56,628 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.96% +10.00% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -44 22 £71,250 +15.85% 8
West London -80 4 £35,000 -47.17% 3
East London - 3 £50,000 - 4
South London -31 2 £51,250 -21.15% 3
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 100 (57.14%) Azure
2 79 (45.14%) DevOps
3 73 (41.71%) Windows
4 70 (40.00%) AWS
5 67 (38.29%) Microsoft
6 60 (34.29%) Python
7 57 (32.57%) Docker
8 56 (32.00%) Social Skills
9 53 (30.29%) VMware
10 52 (29.71%) Terraform
11 51 (29.14%) Kubernetes
12 50 (28.57%) GCP
13 47 (26.86%) PowerShell
14 46 (26.29%) Windows Server
15 44 (25.14%) Finance
16 43 (24.57%) Migration
17 41 (23.43%) Active Directory
18 40 (22.86%) Linux
18 40 (22.86%) Agile Software Development
19 38 (21.71%) SQL
20 37 (21.14%) Firewall
20 37 (21.14%) Problem-Solving
21 34 (19.43%) Java
22 33 (18.86%) Ansible
23 32 (18.29%) VMware Infrastructure
24 31 (17.71%) Git (software)
25 29 (16.57%) Software Engineering
26 28 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
27 27 (15.43%) Analytics
28 26 (14.86%) IaaS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (13.14%) Elasticsearch
2 18 (10.29%) MS Exchange
3 14 (8.00%) Exchange Server 2013
4 9 (5.14%) Apache
5 8 (4.57%) IIS
6 7 (4.00%) SharePoint
7 4 (2.29%) Confluence
8 3 (1.71%) Apache Pulsar
9 2 (1.14%) Ethereum
9 2 (1.14%) Exchange Server 2003
10 1 (0.57%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.57%) CMS
10 1 (0.57%) GemFire
10 1 (0.57%) nginx
10 1 (0.57%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.57%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.57%) Traffic Server
10 1 (0.57%) Umbraco
Applications
1 6 (3.43%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.57%) GIMP
2 1 (0.57%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 2 (1.14%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 100 (57.14%) Azure
2 70 (40.00%) AWS
3 50 (28.57%) GCP
4 26 (14.86%) IaaS
5 22 (12.57%) Microsoft 365
6 19 (10.86%) OpenShift
6 19 (10.86%) PaaS
7 18 (10.29%) Serverless
8 16 (9.14%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (8.57%) Azure Service Bus
10 14 (8.00%) Amazon EC2
11 12 (6.86%) Azure Storage
12 11 (6.29%) SaaS
13 10 (5.71%) Azure Active Directory
13 10 (5.71%) GitHub
14 9 (5.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 7 (4.00%) Google Compute Engine
16 6 (3.43%) Amazon ELB
16 6 (3.43%) AWS CloudTrail
16 6 (3.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 37 (21.14%) Firewall
2 21 (12.00%) VPN
3 15 (8.57%) LAN
3 15 (8.57%) WAN
4 14 (8.00%) Wireless
5 13 (7.43%) MPLS
6 12 (6.86%) IP Telephony
7 11 (6.29%) TCP/IP
8 10 (5.71%) DNS
8 10 (5.71%) Intranet
9 8 (4.57%) SAN
10 4 (2.29%) Broadband
10 4 (2.29%) DHCP
10 4 (2.29%) NetScaler
11 3 (1.71%) VLAN
12 2 (1.14%) SMTP
12 2 (1.14%) SNMP
13 1 (0.57%) HTTP
13 1 (0.57%) IPv4
13 1 (0.57%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (11.43%) Azure SQL Database
2 18 (10.29%) SQL Server
3 10 (5.71%) MySQL
4 9 (5.14%) Data Lake
5 7 (4.00%) Big Data
6 6 (3.43%) Amazon RDS
6 6 (3.43%) PostgreSQL
7 5 (2.86%) MongoDB
8 4 (2.29%) Apache Cassandra
8 4 (2.29%) Blockchain
8 4 (2.29%) Data Warehouse
8 4 (2.29%) Hadoop
9 3 (1.71%) Aerospike
9 3 (1.71%) ArangoDB
9 3 (1.71%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 3 (1.71%) CockroachDB
9 3 (1.71%) Couchbase
9 3 (1.71%) Redis
9 3 (1.71%) Scylla
10 2 (1.14%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 31 (17.71%) Git (software)
2 23 (13.14%) Maven
3 21 (12.00%) Jenkins
4 20 (11.43%) GitLab
5 19 (10.86%) Artifactory
5 19 (10.86%) SonarQube
6 16 (9.14%) TeamCity
7 13 (7.43%) Octopus Deploy
8 7 (4.00%) Bitbucket
9 6 (3.43%) JIRA
10 3 (1.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 3 (1.71%) Cucumber
11 2 (1.14%) CircleCI
11 2 (1.14%) Eclipse
11 2 (1.14%) gulp
11 2 (1.14%) JMeter
11 2 (1.14%) Visual Studio
12 1 (0.57%) Bundler
12 1 (0.57%) Protractor
12 1 (0.57%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 56 (32.00%) Social Skills
2 44 (25.14%) Finance
3 23 (13.14%) Banking
4 21 (12.00%) Investment Banking
5 19 (10.86%) Front Office
6 16 (9.14%) Retail
7 10 (5.71%) Law
8 8 (4.57%) Public Sector
9 7 (4.00%) Automotive
10 6 (3.43%) Analytical Skills
10 6 (3.43%) Documentation Skills
11 5 (2.86%) Manufacturing
11 5 (2.86%) Pharmaceutical
12 4 (2.29%) Legal
13 3 (1.71%) Digital Economy
13 3 (1.71%) Games
13 3 (1.71%) Marketing
14 2 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 29 (16.57%) DevOps Engineer
2 22 (12.57%) Analyst
3 21 (12.00%) Software Engineer
4 20 (11.43%) Azure Engineer
5 16 (9.14%) Cloud Engineer
5 16 (9.14%) Senior DevOps
6 15 (8.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 14 (8.00%) Infrastructure Analyst
8 12 (6.86%) Administrator
8 12 (6.86%) Developer
9 10 (5.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 9 (5.14%) Support Engineer
10 9 (5.14%) Systems Engineer
11 8 (4.57%) Architect
11 8 (4.57%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 7 (4.00%) IT Analyst
12 7 (4.00%) Systems Administrator
13 6 (3.43%) Platform Engineer
13 6 (3.43%) Security Engineer
13 6 (3.43%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (14.29%) Kafka
2 22 (12.57%) Spring
3 14 (8.00%) .NET
4 11 (6.29%) Elastic Stack
5 7 (4.00%) React
6 6 (3.43%) jQuery
6 6 (3.43%) Lambda Expressions
6 6 (3.43%) LAMP
7 5 (2.86%) AngularJS
7 5 (2.86%) ASP.NET
7 5 (2.86%) Node.js
8 4 (2.29%) ARM Templates
8 4 (2.29%) ASP.NET Web Forms
8 4 (2.29%) Hibernate
8 4 (2.29%) WCF
9 3 (1.71%) CSS
9 3 (1.71%) Express
9 3 (1.71%) HTML
9 3 (1.71%) REST
10 2 (1.14%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 21 (12.00%) Video\Live Streaming
2 19 (10.86%) Derivative
2 19 (10.86%) Equity Derivative
2 19 (10.86%) Market Risk
3 16 (9.14%) Public Cloud
4 14 (8.00%) Data Centre
5 13 (7.43%) Self-Motivation
6 11 (6.29%) Management Information System
7 10 (5.71%) Replication
8 8 (4.57%) Mainframe
9 7 (4.00%) Animation
9 7 (4.00%) Linux Command Line
10 6 (3.43%) Enterprise Cloud
11 5 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (2.86%) Mobile App
12 4 (2.29%) Cloud Native
12 4 (2.29%) Social Media
12 4 (2.29%) Tandem
13 3 (1.71%) Algorithms
14 2 (1.14%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 73 (41.71%) Windows
2 46 (26.29%) Windows Server
3 40 (22.86%) Linux
4 22 (12.57%) Windows 10
5 12 (6.86%) VMS
6 8 (4.57%) Mac OS X
6 8 (4.57%) Unix
6 8 (4.57%) zOS
7 6 (3.43%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (2.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (2.29%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (1.71%) Windows 7
11 2 (1.14%) CentOS
12 1 (0.57%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.57%) Windows 8
12 1 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.57%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 79 (45.14%) DevOps
2 43 (24.57%) Migration
3 40 (22.86%) Agile Software Development
4 37 (21.14%) Problem-Solving
5 29 (16.57%) Software Engineering
6 28 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
7 27 (15.43%) Analytics
8 24 (13.71%) Disaster Recovery
8 24 (13.71%) Performance Tuning
9 21 (12.00%) Continuous Deployment
9 21 (12.00%) Infrastructure as Code
9 21 (12.00%) Risk Management
10 20 (11.43%) Data Analytics
10 20 (11.43%) Performance Monitoring
10 20 (11.43%) Server Management
11 19 (10.86%) Cost Reduction
11 19 (10.86%) Order Management
12 16 (9.14%) Deployment Automation
12 16 (9.14%) Open Source
12 16 (9.14%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 60 (34.29%) Python
2 47 (26.86%) PowerShell
3 38 (21.71%) SQL
4 34 (19.43%) Java
5 17 (9.71%) Bash Shell
6 14 (8.00%) JavaScript
7 12 (6.86%) C#
8 8 (4.57%) Assembly Language
8 8 (4.57%) COBOL
9 7 (4.00%) Ruby
10 6 (3.43%) PHP
11 5 (2.86%) Go
12 4 (2.29%) Scala
13 2 (1.14%) C
13 2 (1.14%) C++
13 2 (1.14%) Clojure
13 2 (1.14%) Shell Script
13 2 (1.14%) Solidity
14 1 (0.57%) Bicep
14 1 (0.57%) Perl
Qualifications
1 10 (5.71%) Degree
1 10 (5.71%) Microsoft Certification
2 9 (5.14%) Cisco Certification
3 7 (4.00%) CCNA
4 6 (3.43%) MCSE
5 5 (2.86%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (2.29%) Security Cleared
6 4 (2.29%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 3 (1.71%) SC Cleared
8 2 (1.14%) CCNP
8 2 (1.14%) MCITP
9 1 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.57%) CISSP
9 1 (0.57%) CompTIA Security+
9 1 (0.57%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.57%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.57%) MCSA
9 1 (0.57%) OCP
9 1 (0.57%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.57%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.86%) NIST
2 4 (2.29%) PCI DSS
3 3 (1.71%) GDPR
3 3 (1.71%) NIST 800
3 3 (1.71%) QA
4 2 (1.14%) Accessibility
4 2 (1.14%) MiFID
4 2 (1.14%) SLA
5 1 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 57 (32.57%) Docker
2 41 (23.43%) Active Directory
3 32 (18.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (9.14%) Hyper-V
5 12 (6.86%) XenApp
6 6 (3.43%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (1.14%) Terminal Services
7 2 (1.14%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.57%) iptables
8 1 (0.57%) LXC
8 1 (0.57%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.57%) NFS
8 1 (0.57%) pfSense
8 1 (0.57%) Squid
8 1 (0.57%) Varnish
8 1 (0.57%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.57%) vSphere
8 1 (0.57%) Xen
8 1 (0.57%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 52 (29.71%) Terraform
2 51 (29.14%) Kubernetes
3 33 (18.86%) Ansible
4 16 (9.14%) Opscode Chef
5 13 (7.43%) Puppet
6 10 (5.71%) Single Sign-On
7 8 (4.57%) Grafana
7 8 (4.57%) Packer
8 6 (3.43%) Prometheus
9 4 (2.29%) Docker Swarm
9 4 (2.29%) Salt
10 3 (1.71%) HAProxy
10 3 (1.71%) PowerCLI
10 3 (1.71%) vCenter Server
11 2 (1.14%) FortiGate
11 2 (1.14%) Graphite
11 2 (1.14%) SCOM
12 1 (0.57%) OpenNMS
12 1 (0.57%) Red Hat Satellite
12 1 (0.57%) SCCM
Vendors
1 67 (38.29%) Microsoft
2 53 (30.29%) VMware
3 21 (12.00%) Google
4 20 (11.43%) Citrix
5 11 (6.29%) Splunk
6 8 (4.57%) IBM
7 7 (4.00%) iManage
7 7 (4.00%) Intel
7 7 (4.00%) RightFax
7 7 (4.00%) Zerto
8 6 (3.43%) Cisco
9 5 (2.86%) Dell
9 5 (2.86%) Oracle
10 4 (2.29%) HP
10 4 (2.29%) Red Hat
11 3 (1.71%) 3PAR
11 3 (1.71%) Apple
11 3 (1.71%) Cadence
11 3 (1.71%) NetApp
11 3 (1.71%) Nimble Storage