Period
to 15 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 15 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
England > London
6 months to
15 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 482 495 513
Rank change year-on-year +13 +18 -70
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 117 150 247
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 0.35% 0.37% 0.42%
As % of the System Software category 1.73% 2.07% 2.53%
Number of salaries quoted 86 126 198
10th Percentile £39,000 £45,000 £39,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £53,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.70% +3.85% +18.18%
75th Percentile £77,500 £83,125 £77,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £87,500 £89,125
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 6,762 7,261 9,751
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 20.07% 18.10% 16.62%
Number of salaries quoted 5,165 6,126 8,213
10th Percentile £38,839 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +8.70%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in London over the 6 months to 15 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the London region over the 6 months to 15 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +23 19 £60,000 -20.00% 11
South London +21 6 £62,500 -7.41%
West London +19 1 £62,500 +13.64% 3
Virtual Machines
England

For the 6 months to 15 May 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 64 (54.70%) Azure
2 51 (43.59%) Kubernetes
3 50 (42.74%) DevOps
4 49 (41.88%) Microsoft
5 48 (41.03%) Docker
6 47 (40.17%) AWS
7 46 (39.32%) Linux
8 44 (37.61%) Active Directory
9 43 (36.75%) Windows
10 38 (32.48%) Ansible
10 38 (32.48%) IaaS
11 32 (27.35%) VMware
12 29 (24.79%) PowerShell
12 29 (24.79%) Windows Server
13 27 (23.08%) Social Skills
13 27 (23.08%) PaaS
14 25 (21.37%) VMware Infrastructure
15 24 (20.51%) Agile Software Development
16 23 (19.66%) Python
17 22 (18.80%) Finance
18 21 (17.95%) Jenkins
18 21 (17.95%) Microsoft 365
19 20 (17.09%) Terraform
20 19 (16.24%) Firewall
20 19 (16.24%) Configuration Management
20 19 (16.24%) Java
20 19 (16.24%) Red Hat
20 19 (16.24%) Serverless
21 18 (15.38%) Infrastructure as Code
22 17 (14.53%) GCP

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (8.55%) Elasticsearch
2 7 (5.98%) MS Exchange
3 5 (4.27%) OpenStack
3 5 (4.27%) SharePoint
4 4 (3.42%) Exchange Server 2010
5 3 (2.56%) Confluence
6 1 (0.85%) Apache
6 1 (0.85%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.85%) CMS
6 1 (0.85%) IIS
6 1 (0.85%) nginx
6 1 (0.85%) Sitecore CMS
6 1 (0.85%) Traffic Server
6 1 (0.85%) Umbraco
Applications
1 4 (3.42%) Spreadsheet
2 2 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.85%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 64 (54.70%) Azure
2 47 (40.17%) AWS
3 38 (32.48%) IaaS
4 27 (23.08%) PaaS
5 21 (17.95%) Microsoft 365
6 19 (16.24%) Serverless
7 17 (14.53%) GCP
8 16 (13.68%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (12.82%) Azure Active Directory
9 15 (12.82%) SaaS
10 10 (8.55%) OpenShift
11 9 (7.69%) Amazon ECS
11 9 (7.69%) AWS Lambda
11 9 (7.69%) CloudFront
12 8 (6.84%) Azure Functions
13 6 (5.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 6 (5.13%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 6 (5.13%) Azure Storage
13 6 (5.13%) Pulumi
14 5 (4.27%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 19 (16.24%) Firewall
2 8 (6.84%) SAN
3 7 (5.98%) NetScaler
3 7 (5.98%) TCP/IP
4 6 (5.13%) DNS
5 5 (4.27%) BGP
5 5 (4.27%) DHCP
5 5 (4.27%) Network Security
5 5 (4.27%) VPN
6 4 (3.42%) 5G
6 4 (3.42%) MPLS
6 4 (3.42%) OpenFlow
6 4 (3.42%) VoIP
6 4 (3.42%) WAN
7 3 (2.56%) LAN
7 3 (2.56%) SD-WAN
8 2 (1.71%) DMZ
9 1 (0.85%) Internet
9 1 (0.85%) MGCP
9 1 (0.85%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (6.84%) Big Data
2 7 (5.98%) Blockchain
3 6 (5.13%) SQL Server
4 5 (4.27%) Azure SQL Database
4 5 (4.27%) MySQL
5 4 (3.42%) MongoDB
6 2 (1.71%) Redis
7 1 (0.85%) ClickHouse
7 1 (0.85%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.85%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (0.85%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 21 (17.95%) Jenkins
2 16 (13.68%) Git (software)
3 12 (10.26%) Maven
4 11 (9.40%) Bitbucket
5 9 (7.69%) Artifactory
5 9 (7.69%) SonarQube
6 8 (6.84%) GitLab
7 6 (5.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (4.27%) JIRA
9 4 (3.42%) Postman
10 2 (1.71%) Gradle
10 2 (1.71%) Octopus Deploy
10 2 (1.71%) TeamCity
11 1 (0.85%) Bitbucket Server
11 1 (0.85%) Cucumber
11 1 (0.85%) Mockito
11 1 (0.85%) MSI
11 1 (0.85%) REST Assured
11 1 (0.85%) Selenium
11 1 (0.85%) Toad
General
1 27 (23.08%) Social Skills
2 22 (18.80%) Finance
3 13 (11.11%) Banking
4 9 (7.69%) Front Office
5 8 (6.84%) Investment Banking
6 6 (5.13%) Games
7 4 (3.42%) Analytical Skills
7 4 (3.42%) Law
8 2 (1.71%) Billing
8 2 (1.71%) Documentation Skills
9 1 (0.85%) Automotive
9 1 (0.85%) iGaming
9 1 (0.85%) Retail
Job Titles
1 25 (21.37%) DevOps Engineer
2 20 (17.09%) Support Engineer
3 19 (16.24%) Azure Engineer
4 18 (15.38%) Kubernetes Engineer
5 13 (11.11%) Senior DevOps
5 13 (11.11%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 12 (10.26%) Cloud Engineer
7 11 (9.40%) Systems Administrator
8 10 (8.55%) Platform Engineer
9 8 (6.84%) Developer
9 8 (6.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 7 (5.98%) Linux Engineer
10 7 (5.98%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 6 (5.13%) Analyst
11 6 (5.13%) AWS DevOps
11 6 (5.13%) Consultant
11 6 (5.13%) Linux DevOps Engineer
11 6 (5.13%) Senior Linux Engineer
11 6 (5.13%) Senior Linux Systems Administrator
11 6 (5.13%) Senior Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (9.40%) Elastic Stack
2 10 (8.55%) Kafka
2 10 (8.55%) Spring
3 6 (5.13%) Lambda Expressions
3 6 (5.13%) REST
4 5 (4.27%) libvirt
5 4 (3.42%) gRPC
5 4 (3.42%) JSON
5 4 (3.42%) Swagger
6 3 (2.56%) COM
7 2 (1.71%) .NET
7 2 (1.71%) LDAP
8 1 (0.85%) 802.1X
8 1 (0.85%) Apache Camel
8 1 (0.85%) ASP.NET
8 1 (0.85%) Flask
8 1 (0.85%) HTML
8 1 (0.85%) React
8 1 (0.85%) Sass
8 1 (0.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 11 (9.40%) Data Centre
2 9 (7.69%) Derivative
2 9 (7.69%) Video\Live Streaming
3 8 (6.84%) Market Risk
4 6 (5.13%) Cloud Native
4 6 (5.13%) Equity Derivative
5 5 (4.27%) Private Cloud
6 4 (3.42%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (2.56%) Mobile App
7 3 (2.56%) Public Cloud
7 3 (2.56%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.71%) EMC VNX
8 2 (1.71%) Management Information System
9 1 (0.85%) Animation
9 1 (0.85%) Digital Media
9 1 (0.85%) Enterprise Cloud
9 1 (0.85%) Replication
9 1 (0.85%) Smart Meter
9 1 (0.85%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 46 (39.32%) Linux
2 43 (36.75%) Windows
3 29 (24.79%) Windows Server
4 13 (11.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (7.69%) Windows 10
6 8 (6.84%) Windows Server 2008
7 6 (5.13%) Windows Server 2019
8 5 (4.27%) Debian
8 5 (4.27%) Ubuntu
8 5 (4.27%) Windows Server 2016
9 3 (2.56%) Android
9 3 (2.56%) Apple iOS
9 3 (2.56%) Unix
10 2 (1.71%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.85%) CentOS
11 1 (0.85%) VMS
11 1 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (42.74%) DevOps
2 24 (20.51%) Agile Software Development
3 19 (16.24%) Configuration Management
4 18 (15.38%) Infrastructure as Code
5 17 (14.53%) ITIL
6 14 (11.97%) Continuous Deployment
6 14 (11.97%) Continuous Integration
6 14 (11.97%) Migration
6 14 (11.97%) Problem-Solving
7 13 (11.11%) Performance Monitoring
8 12 (10.26%) Analytics
9 11 (9.40%) Fintech
9 11 (9.40%) Thought Leadership
10 10 (8.55%) Deployment Automation
10 10 (8.55%) Performance Tuning
11 9 (7.69%) Data Analytics
11 9 (7.69%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 9 (7.69%) Project Delivery
11 9 (7.69%) Risk Management
11 9 (7.69%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 29 (24.79%) PowerShell
2 23 (19.66%) Python
3 19 (16.24%) Java
4 13 (11.11%) SQL
5 12 (10.26%) Bash Shell
6 8 (6.84%) Clojure
7 2 (1.71%) JavaScript
7 2 (1.71%) Ruby
7 2 (1.71%) Shell Script
7 2 (1.71%) VB
7 2 (1.71%) VBScript
8 1 (0.85%) C#
8 1 (0.85%) PHP
Qualifications
1 17 (14.53%) Degree
2 12 (10.26%) Security Cleared
3 11 (9.40%) Microsoft Certification
4 8 (6.84%) RHCE
4 8 (6.84%) RHCSA
5 6 (5.13%) CCNA
5 6 (5.13%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (4.27%) MCSE
6 5 (4.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 4 (3.42%) Citrix Certification
7 4 (3.42%) SC Cleared
8 3 (2.56%) Master's Degree
9 2 (1.71%) AWS Certification
9 2 (1.71%) CCA
9 2 (1.71%) CCNP
9 2 (1.71%) CompTIA Security+
9 2 (1.71%) MCITP
9 2 (1.71%) MCSA
10 1 (0.85%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.42%) QA
2 1 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (0.85%) NIST
2 1 (0.85%) SLA
System Software
1 48 (41.03%) Docker
2 44 (37.61%) Active Directory
3 25 (21.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (11.11%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (5.13%) XenDesktop
6 5 (4.27%) XenApp
7 4 (3.42%) Hyper-V
7 4 (3.42%) KVM
8 3 (2.56%) Firmware
8 3 (2.56%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (2.56%) vSphere
9 2 (1.71%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (1.71%) VMware Server
10 1 (0.85%) DFS Replication
10 1 (0.85%) iptables
10 1 (0.85%) LXC
10 1 (0.85%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.85%) Squid
10 1 (0.85%) Varnish
10 1 (0.85%) Xen
Systems Management
1 51 (43.59%) Kubernetes
2 38 (32.48%) Ansible
3 20 (17.09%) Terraform
4 17 (14.53%) Puppet
5 9 (7.69%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (5.98%) vCenter Server
7 6 (5.13%) Prometheus
8 4 (3.42%) Grafana
8 4 (3.42%) Microsoft Intune
8 4 (3.42%) Nagios
8 4 (3.42%) PowerCLI
8 4 (3.42%) SCCM
9 3 (2.56%) Consul
9 3 (2.56%) Graphite
9 3 (2.56%) Opsview
9 3 (2.56%) Packer
9 3 (2.56%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (2.56%) ZABBIX
10 2 (1.71%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 2 (1.71%) XenMobile
Vendors
1 49 (41.88%) Microsoft
2 32 (27.35%) VMware
3 19 (16.24%) Red Hat
4 14 (11.97%) Citrix
5 11 (9.40%) Splunk
6 8 (6.84%) Google
7 5 (4.27%) 3PAR
7 5 (4.27%) Cisco
7 5 (4.27%) HP
7 5 (4.27%) Salesforce.com
8 4 (3.42%) MuleSoft
8 4 (3.42%) Nimble Storage
9 3 (2.56%) Oracle
10 2 (1.71%) Blue Coat
10 2 (1.71%) BMC
10 2 (1.71%) Dell
10 2 (1.71%) EMC
10 2 (1.71%) NetApp
10 2 (1.71%) Qualys
10 2 (1.71%) ServiceNow