Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Lake skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Lake over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Lakes
UK > England
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 278 342 281
Rank change year-on-year +64 -61 +207
Permanent jobs citing Data Lake 2,118 885 852
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.42% 0.94% 1.17%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 5.20% 3.37% 4.29%
Number of salaries quoted 1,066 665 526
10th Percentile £46,750 £46,250 £45,625
25th Percentile £56,638 £53,750 £57,125
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £88,000
UK median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%

Data Lake is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 40,707 26,260 19,852
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.33% 27.79% 27.23%
Number of salaries quoted 19,044 18,404 16,456
10th Percentile £36,250 £34,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,250 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +9.75%

Data Lake
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Lake as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Lake in England.

Salary trend for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Lake in England over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Lake in England

Data Lake
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Lake within the England region over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +53 1,305 £80,000 - 109
North of England +54 297 £62,500 +4.17% 32
South East -2 197 £70,000 +12.00% 19
Midlands +12 186 £65,000 +17.12% 14
North West +43 162 £59,732 -4.43% 17
West Midlands +8 156 £67,500 +22.73% 10
Yorkshire -6 123 £63,750 +15.91% 8
South West +24 82 £57,558 +21.17% 8
East of England -78 49 £65,000 -13.33% 9
East Midlands -24 29 £62,500 +12.61% 4
North East -15 12 £85,000 +30.77% 7
Data Lake
UK

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT jobs citing Data Lake also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Lake.

1 1,391 (65.68%) Azure
2 1,250 (59.02%) SQL
3 1,232 (58.17%) Data Warehouse
4 1,068 (50.42%) Python
4 1,068 (50.42%) Analytics
5 1,038 (49.01%) ETL
6 960 (45.33%) Agile
7 806 (38.05%) AWS
8 805 (38.01%) Business Intelligence
9 696 (32.86%) Databricks
10 685 (32.34%) Data Modelling
11 670 (31.63%) Data Engineering
12 637 (30.08%) Data Pipeline
13 612 (28.90%) Azure Data Factory
14 586 (27.67%) Big Data
15 549 (25.92%) CI/CD
16 540 (25.50%) Finance
17 530 (25.02%) Power Platform
18 527 (24.88%) DevOps
19 518 (24.46%) Power BI
20 517 (24.41%) Social Skills
21 511 (24.13%) Data Science
22 462 (21.81%) Microsoft
23 460 (21.72%) SQL Server
24 453 (21.39%) Analytical Skills
25 449 (21.20%) GCP
26 445 (21.01%) Azure Synapse Analytics
27 428 (20.21%) Machine Learning
28 410 (19.36%) NoSQL
29 397 (18.74%) Data Analytics

Data Lake
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 393 (18.56%) Apache Spark
2 183 (8.64%) Apache Airflow
3 173 (8.17%) Apache
4 40 (1.89%) Oracle Workflow
5 27 (1.27%) Confluence
6 19 (0.90%) SharePoint
7 18 (0.85%) Apache Pig
8 16 (0.76%) Luigi
9 11 (0.52%) Apache Pulsar
10 10 (0.47%) SAS
11 8 (0.38%) IIS
12 4 (0.19%) CMS
13 3 (0.14%) DataSynapse
13 3 (0.14%) Oracle Coherence
14 2 (0.094%) Jupyter
14 2 (0.094%) NetWeaver
15 1 (0.047%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 1 (0.047%) Cloud Foundry
15 1 (0.047%) MS Exchange
15 1 (0.047%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 43 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.94%) Stata
3 13 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
4 12 (0.57%) Campfire
5 11 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
6 4 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.047%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 20 (0.94%) JDE OneWorld
2 19 (0.90%) Oracle Payables
3 5 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.19%) Acoustic Campaign
4 4 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.19%) Magento
4 4 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.19%) SAP MDM
4 4 (0.19%) Shopify
5 3 (0.14%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.094%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.094%) Infor M3
6 2 (0.094%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.094%) SAP GRC
6 2 (0.094%) SAP MDG
6 2 (0.094%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.094%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.047%) Eagle PACE
7 1 (0.047%) Maximo
7 1 (0.047%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 1,391 (65.68%) Azure
2 806 (38.05%) AWS
3 612 (28.90%) Azure Data Factory
4 530 (25.02%) Power Platform
5 449 (21.20%) GCP
6 445 (21.01%) Azure Synapse Analytics
7 259 (12.23%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 258 (12.18%) Serverless
9 242 (11.43%) Snowflake
10 236 (11.14%) Azure DevOps
11 200 (9.44%) Amazon S3
12 155 (7.32%) GitHub
13 111 (5.24%) Azure Functions
14 107 (5.05%) Azure AKS
15 106 (5.00%) Amazon Kinesis
16 104 (4.91%) Azure Service Bus
17 91 (4.30%) Matillion
18 88 (4.15%) Azure Monitor
18 88 (4.15%) SaaS
19 85 (4.01%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 37 (1.75%) Cisco IPT
2 18 (0.85%) Broadband
2 18 (0.85%) HTTP
3 14 (0.66%) Skype
4 12 (0.57%) Wireless
5 10 (0.47%) Firewall
5 10 (0.47%) Network Security
6 4 (0.19%) Internet
7 3 (0.14%) DNS
7 3 (0.14%) Intranet
7 3 (0.14%) VPN
8 2 (0.094%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.094%) VLAN
9 1 (0.047%) DMZ
9 1 (0.047%) DSL
9 1 (0.047%) LAN
9 1 (0.047%) SMS
9 1 (0.047%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.047%) tcpdump
9 1 (0.047%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,232 (58.17%) Data Warehouse
2 586 (27.67%) Big Data
3 518 (24.46%) Power BI
4 460 (21.72%) SQL Server
5 410 (19.36%) NoSQL
6 316 (14.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 275 (12.98%) Hadoop
8 253 (11.95%) Tableau
9 245 (11.57%) Relational Database
10 221 (10.43%) Amazon Redshift
11 166 (7.84%) Azure SQL Database
12 164 (7.74%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 136 (6.42%) Apache Hive
14 133 (6.28%) Metadata
15 132 (6.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 125 (5.90%) BigQuery
17 123 (5.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 104 (4.91%) Amazon Athena
19 93 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
20 87 (4.11%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 162 (7.65%) Git (software)
2 120 (5.67%) Jenkins
3 73 (3.45%) CircleCI
4 60 (2.83%) JIRA
5 58 (2.74%) GitLab
6 41 (1.94%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
7 40 (1.89%) Visual Studio
8 23 (1.09%) ERwin
9 15 (0.71%) SonarQube
10 14 (0.66%) ER Studio
10 14 (0.66%) PowerDesigner
11 13 (0.61%) webpack
12 10 (0.47%) Storybook
13 8 (0.38%) Bitbucket
14 7 (0.33%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 7 (0.33%) NUnit
14 7 (0.33%) SpecFlow
15 6 (0.28%) Postman
16 5 (0.24%) Fiddler
16 5 (0.24%) JMeter
General
1 540 (25.50%) Finance
2 517 (24.41%) Social Skills
3 453 (21.39%) Analytical Skills
4 145 (6.85%) Banking
5 139 (6.56%) Marketing
6 132 (6.23%) Retail
7 125 (5.90%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 101 (4.77%) Law
9 91 (4.30%) Public Sector
10 78 (3.68%) Legal
11 56 (2.64%) Manufacturing
12 43 (2.03%) Advertising
13 42 (1.98%) Games
14 40 (1.89%) Publishing
15 36 (1.70%) Aviation
16 34 (1.61%) Telecoms
17 33 (1.56%) Automotive
18 26 (1.23%) Presentation Skills
19 24 (1.13%) Retail Banking
20 22 (1.04%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 1,050 (49.58%) Data Engineer
2 368 (17.37%) Architect
3 340 (16.05%) Senior Data Engineer
4 274 (12.94%) Data Architect
5 246 (11.61%) Azure Engineer
6 157 (7.41%) Developer
7 155 (7.32%) Azure Data Engineer
8 126 (5.95%) Solutions Architect
9 112 (5.29%) Security Engineer
10 102 (4.82%) Big Data Engineer
11 95 (4.49%) Analyst
12 89 (4.20%) Cloud Engineer
13 76 (3.59%) Consultant
14 73 (3.45%) Senior Cloud Engineer
15 71 (3.35%) Senior Security Engineer
16 67 (3.16%) Software Engineer
17 66 (3.12%) Senior Architect
18 58 (2.74%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 48 (2.27%) Data Analyst
20 44 (2.08%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 241 (11.38%) Kafka
2 200 (9.44%) PySpark
3 178 (8.40%) .NET
4 77 (3.64%) Node.js
5 64 (3.02%) Spark Streaming
6 60 (2.83%) Web Services
7 58 (2.74%) REST
8 48 (2.27%) JSON
9 47 (2.22%) Apache Beam
10 41 (1.94%) OAuth
11 39 (1.84%) Apache NiFi
12 38 (1.79%) XML
13 37 (1.75%) React
13 37 (1.75%) YAML
14 29 (1.37%) RabbitMQ
15 28 (1.32%) .NET Core
16 22 (1.04%) Django
17 19 (0.90%) TensorFlow
18 18 (0.85%) Pandas
19 16 (0.76%) ARM Templates
Miscellaneous
1 190 (8.97%) Data Structures
2 121 (5.71%) Algorithms
3 109 (5.15%) Self-Motivation
4 105 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
5 80 (3.78%) Cloud Native
6 58 (2.74%) Management Information System
6 58 (2.74%) Public Cloud
7 41 (1.94%) IoT
8 30 (1.42%) Legacy Systems
8 30 (1.42%) Reinsurance
9 24 (1.13%) PropTech
10 20 (0.94%) Data Centre
10 20 (0.94%) Sports Betting
10 20 (0.94%) User Experience
11 19 (0.90%) Replication
12 17 (0.80%) Reference Data
13 16 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
14 15 (0.71%) Online Games
15 14 (0.66%) BBC
15 14 (0.66%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 88 (4.15%) Linux
2 36 (1.70%) Unix
3 31 (1.46%) Windows
4 14 (0.66%) Windows Server
5 9 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (0.42%) VMS
6 7 (0.33%) Solaris
7 5 (0.24%) Android
8 3 (0.14%) Apple iOS
8 3 (0.14%) Kali Linux
9 1 (0.047%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,068 (50.42%) Analytics
2 1,038 (49.01%) ETL
3 960 (45.33%) Agile
4 805 (38.01%) Business Intelligence
5 685 (32.34%) Data Modelling
6 670 (31.63%) Data Engineering
7 637 (30.08%) Data Pipeline
8 549 (25.92%) CI/CD
9 527 (24.88%) DevOps
10 511 (24.13%) Data Science
11 428 (20.21%) Machine Learning
12 397 (18.74%) Data Analytics
13 392 (18.51%) Data Architecture
14 369 (17.42%) Data Management
15 361 (17.04%) Visualisation
16 308 (14.54%) Data Strategy
16 308 (14.54%) Problem-Solving
17 264 (12.46%) Software Engineering
18 246 (11.61%) Artificial Intelligence
18 246 (11.61%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,250 (59.02%) SQL
2 1,068 (50.42%) Python
3 355 (16.76%) Java
4 272 (12.84%) Scala
5 217 (10.25%) C#
6 208 (9.82%) T-SQL
7 168 (7.93%) PowerShell
8 136 (6.42%) Bash
9 103 (4.86%) R
10 73 (3.45%) JavaScript
11 39 (1.84%) C
12 32 (1.51%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 24 (1.13%) U-SQL
14 22 (1.04%) C++
14 22 (1.04%) VBA
15 18 (0.85%) Ruby
16 17 (0.80%) Shell Script
16 17 (0.80%) TypeScript
17 11 (0.52%) Clojure
18 10 (0.47%) PHP
Qualifications
1 279 (13.17%) Degree
2 82 (3.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 52 (2.46%) CISSP
4 50 (2.36%) Security Cleared
5 39 (1.84%) Microsoft Certification
6 38 (1.79%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 38 (1.79%) Cisco Certification
6 38 (1.79%) Master's Degree
7 34 (1.61%) AWS Certification
8 30 (1.42%) SC Cleared
9 28 (1.32%) Numerate Degree
10 14 (0.66%) CSSLP
11 11 (0.52%) MBA
12 8 (0.38%) PMI Certification
13 7 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
13 7 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.24%) DV Cleared
15 4 (0.19%) ISEB
16 3 (0.14%) MCSE
16 3 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 247 (11.66%) Data Quality
2 71 (3.35%) GDPR
3 42 (1.98%) QA
4 36 (1.70%) Accessibility
5 7 (0.33%) GRC
6 5 (0.24%) GxP
6 5 (0.24%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.24%) SLA
7 3 (0.14%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.094%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (0.094%) IFRS
8 2 (0.094%) IFRS 17
8 2 (0.094%) PMO
9 1 (0.047%) COBIT
9 1 (0.047%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.047%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 129 (6.09%) Docker
2 52 (2.46%) Apache Flume
3 22 (1.04%) Virtual Machines
4 18 (0.85%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.57%) HDFS
6 4 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.094%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.094%) etcd
Systems Management
1 238 (11.24%) Terraform
2 160 (7.55%) Kubernetes
3 47 (2.22%) Oozie
4 17 (0.80%) Ansible
5 8 (0.38%) Rancher
6 7 (0.33%) Grafana
6 7 (0.33%) Prometheus
7 6 (0.28%) Kibana
7 6 (0.28%) Puppet
8 3 (0.14%) Control-M
8 3 (0.14%) logstash
9 1 (0.047%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.047%) Red Hat Satellite
9 1 (0.047%) Rundeck
9 1 (0.047%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.047%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 696 (32.86%) Databricks
2 462 (21.81%) Microsoft
3 162 (7.65%) Oracle
4 154 (7.27%) Google
5 78 (3.68%) Cloudera
6 77 (3.64%) Informatica
7 61 (2.88%) SAP
8 56 (2.64%) Teradata
9 38 (1.79%) Palantir
10 37 (1.75%) Alteryx
11 34 (1.61%) Talend
12 29 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
13 26 (1.23%) Splunk
14 23 (1.09%) Hitachi
15 20 (0.94%) Civica
15 20 (0.94%) IBM
16 19 (0.90%) CA
17 17 (0.80%) MicroStrategy
18 14 (0.66%) Atlassian
18 14 (0.66%) Cognos