Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Data Lake skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Lake over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Lakes
England > London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 201 180 217
Rank change year-on-year -21 +37 +46
Contract jobs citing Data Lake 549 444 196
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.39% 1.62% 1.12%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 6.66% 6.78% 4.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 346 285 137
10th Percentile £450 £421 £413
25th Percentile £513 £475 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £538
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £700 £625 £600
90th Percentile £775 £722 £675
England median daily rate £580 £514 £525
% change year-on-year +12.90% -2.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile - £36.75 £57.00
Median hourly rate £78.75 £44.50 £59.00
Median % change year-on-year +76.97% -24.58% -
75th Percentile - £52.25 £61.00
90th Percentile - - -
England median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £63.25
% change year-on-year -21.35% -29.64% -12.76%

Data Lake is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,241 6,546 4,551
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 20.81% 23.83% 25.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,057 4,653 3,331
10th Percentile £407 £381 £363
25th Percentile £498 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.27% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £700 £645 £625
90th Percentile £788 £720 £713
England median daily rate £550 £508 £500
% change year-on-year +8.37% +1.50% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 32 28
10th Percentile £26.25 £8.60 £15.98
25th Percentile £35.00 £16.19 £20.88
Median hourly rate £55.00 £24.73 £27.75
Median % change year-on-year +122.45% -10.88% +13.24%
75th Percentile £68.75 £38.81 £39.81
90th Percentile £75.34 £57.80 £49.80
England median hourly rate £39.27 £24.72 £25.00
% change year-on-year +58.84% -1.12% -21.88%

Data Lake
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Lake as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Lake in London

Data Lake
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Lake in London.

Daily rate trend for Data Lake in London

Data Lake
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Lake in London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Data Lake in London

Data Lake
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Lake in London.

Hourly rate trend for Data Lake in London

Data Lake
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Lake within the London region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -35 60 £650 +8.33% 26
West London +6 21 £628 +13.06% 8
South London -4 10 £500 -33.33%
East London - 3 £650 - 5
Data Lake
England

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Data Lake also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Lake.

1 337 (61.38%) Azure
2 269 (49.00%) Data Warehouse
3 213 (38.80%) SQL
4 205 (37.34%) Analytics
5 204 (37.16%) ETL
6 190 (34.61%) Python
7 185 (33.70%) Azure Data Factory
8 180 (32.79%) Databricks
9 176 (32.06%) Agile
10 166 (30.24%) DevOps
11 160 (29.14%) Finance
12 154 (28.05%) AWS
13 150 (27.32%) Big Data
14 148 (26.96%) Data Modelling
15 144 (26.23%) Business Intelligence
16 135 (24.59%) Power Platform
17 128 (23.32%) Power BI
18 124 (22.59%) Data Analysis
19 114 (20.77%) SQL Server
20 112 (20.40%) Social Skills
21 109 (19.85%) Microsoft
22 108 (19.67%) CI/CD
23 102 (18.58%) Apache Spark
24 100 (18.21%) Data Architecture
25 91 (16.58%) Serverless
26 90 (16.39%) Data Management
27 87 (15.85%) Azure DevOps
28 86 (15.66%) Data Integration
29 85 (15.48%) Java
29 85 (15.48%) Data Engineering

Data Lake
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (18.58%) Apache Spark
2 21 (3.83%) Apache
3 19 (3.46%) Apache Airflow
4 9 (1.64%) Apache Pig
4 9 (1.64%) Confluence
5 6 (1.09%) SAS
5 6 (1.09%) SharePoint
6 4 (0.73%) Apache Solr
6 4 (0.73%) IBM HTTP Server
7 3 (0.55%) Jupyter
8 2 (0.36%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 9 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.73%) SPSS
3 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (2.00%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 10 (1.82%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 7 (1.28%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.18%) Maximo
5 1 (0.18%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 337 (61.38%) Azure
2 185 (33.70%) Azure Data Factory
3 154 (28.05%) AWS
4 135 (24.59%) Power Platform
5 91 (16.58%) Serverless
6 87 (15.85%) Azure DevOps
7 76 (13.84%) Azure Synapse Analytics
8 58 (10.56%) Amazon S3
9 46 (8.38%) Azure Functions
10 42 (7.65%) Snowflake
11 41 (7.47%) AWS Lambda
11 41 (7.47%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 37 (6.74%) GCP
13 29 (5.28%) PaaS
14 23 (4.19%) Azure Monitor
15 19 (3.46%) Azure Storage
15 19 (3.46%) dbt
16 18 (3.28%) Amazon EC2
16 18 (3.28%) GitHub
17 16 (2.91%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 5 (0.91%) FTP
1 5 (0.91%) Kerberos
1 5 (0.91%) LAN
1 5 (0.91%) SSH
1 5 (0.91%) WAN
2 4 (0.73%) VPN
3 2 (0.36%) Cisco IPT
3 2 (0.36%) Cisco Nexus
3 2 (0.36%) NGFW
3 2 (0.36%) SSL
3 2 (0.36%) Wi-Fi
4 1 (0.18%) Cisco ISE
4 1 (0.18%) DKIM
4 1 (0.18%) Firewall
4 1 (0.18%) HTTP
4 1 (0.18%) IPFS
4 1 (0.18%) SD-WAN
4 1 (0.18%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.18%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 269 (49.00%) Data Warehouse
2 150 (27.32%) Big Data
3 128 (23.32%) Power BI
4 114 (20.77%) SQL Server
5 71 (12.93%) Azure SQL Database
6 65 (11.84%) Relational Database
7 54 (9.84%) NoSQL
8 46 (8.38%) Metadata
9 37 (6.74%) Hadoop
10 33 (6.01%) RDBMS
10 33 (6.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 30 (5.46%) PostgreSQL
12 29 (5.28%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 28 (5.10%) Tableau
14 26 (4.74%) Neo4j
15 23 (4.19%) Amazon Athena
15 23 (4.19%) Amazon Redshift
15 23 (4.19%) MySQL
15 23 (4.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 21 (3.83%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 49 (8.93%) kappa
2 47 (8.56%) Git (software)
3 37 (6.74%) PowerDesigner
4 24 (4.37%) ERwin
4 24 (4.37%) JIRA
5 21 (3.83%) Visual Studio
6 18 (3.28%) Jenkins
7 14 (2.55%) ER Studio
8 10 (1.82%) Subversion
9 7 (1.28%) GitLab
10 6 (1.09%) Maven
10 6 (1.09%) SonarQube
10 6 (1.09%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 5 (0.91%) Selenium
11 5 (0.91%) Visual Studio Code
12 4 (0.73%) Cucumber
12 4 (0.73%) JBehave
12 4 (0.73%) TeamCity
12 4 (0.73%) TestComplete
12 4 (0.73%) Visual Studio Coded UI
General
1 160 (29.14%) Finance
2 112 (20.40%) Social Skills
3 56 (10.20%) Banking
4 38 (6.92%) Analytical Skills
5 23 (4.19%) Public Sector
6 21 (3.83%) Presentation Skills
7 19 (3.46%) Front Office
7 19 (3.46%) Legal
7 19 (3.46%) Marketing
8 18 (3.28%) Investment Banking
9 11 (2.00%) Retail
10 9 (1.64%) Financial Institution
10 9 (1.64%) Telecoms
11 8 (1.46%) Manufacturing
12 6 (1.09%) Documentation Skills
12 6 (1.09%) Electronics
12 6 (1.09%) General Ledger
13 5 (0.91%) Influencing Skills
13 5 (0.91%) Organisational Skills
13 5 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 202 (36.79%) Data Engineer
2 145 (26.41%) Architect
3 114 (20.77%) Data Architect
4 71 (12.93%) Azure Engineer
5 58 (10.56%) Azure Data Engineer
6 54 (9.84%) Developer
7 51 (9.29%) Solutions Architect
8 39 (7.10%) Analyst
9 37 (6.74%) Python Engineer
10 30 (5.46%) AWS Engineer
11 26 (4.74%) Data Analyst
12 22 (4.01%) Cloud Engineer
13 21 (3.83%) AWS Data Engineer
14 18 (3.28%) Project Manager
15 17 (3.10%) Senior Architect
16 16 (2.91%) Lead Architect
16 16 (2.91%) Senior Data Engineer
17 15 (2.73%) Azure Architect
17 15 (2.73%) Lead Data Architect
18 14 (2.55%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (10.75%) Kafka
2 26 (4.74%) PySpark
3 24 (4.37%) .NET
4 14 (2.55%) JSON
4 14 (2.55%) React
5 13 (2.37%) Pandas
5 13 (2.37%) REST
6 11 (2.00%) RESTful
7 10 (1.82%) Spark Streaming
8 9 (1.64%) Flask
8 9 (1.64%) Web Services
9 8 (1.46%) ARM Templates
10 7 (1.28%) AngularJS
10 7 (1.28%) Apache NiFi
11 6 (1.09%) .NET Core
11 6 (1.09%) HTML
11 6 (1.09%) JMS
12 5 (0.91%) FastAPI
12 5 (0.91%) TensorFlow
12 5 (0.91%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 31 (5.65%) Virtual Team
2 28 (5.10%) Data Structures
3 27 (4.92%) Management Information System
4 24 (4.37%) Public Cloud
5 17 (3.10%) Data Protection Act
6 15 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
7 13 (2.37%) Cloud Native
8 11 (2.00%) Credit Risk
8 11 (2.00%) Legacy Systems
9 10 (1.82%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
10 9 (1.64%) Hedge funds
11 8 (1.46%) Reference Data
11 8 (1.46%) Renewable Energy
12 6 (1.09%) Derivative
12 6 (1.09%) Market Risk
13 5 (0.91%) Hybrid Cloud
13 5 (0.91%) User Experience
14 4 (0.73%) Legacy Code
14 4 (0.73%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 29 (5.28%) Linux
2 9 (1.64%) Windows
3 7 (1.28%) Debian
3 7 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 7 (1.28%) Ubuntu
4 3 (0.55%) Unix
5 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 205 (37.34%) Analytics
2 204 (37.16%) ETL
3 176 (32.06%) Agile
4 166 (30.24%) DevOps
5 148 (26.96%) Data Modelling
6 144 (26.23%) Business Intelligence
7 124 (22.59%) Data Analysis
8 108 (19.67%) CI/CD
9 100 (18.21%) Data Architecture
10 90 (16.39%) Data Management
11 86 (15.66%) Data Integration
12 85 (15.48%) Data Engineering
13 80 (14.57%) Data Pipeline
14 71 (12.93%) Scrum
15 62 (11.29%) Migration
16 59 (10.75%) Enterprise Architecture
17 58 (10.56%) Master Data Management
18 54 (9.84%) Microservices
19 50 (9.11%) ERD
20 49 (8.93%) Kimball Methodology
Programming Languages
1 213 (38.80%) SQL
2 190 (34.61%) Python
3 85 (15.48%) Java
4 68 (12.39%) C#
5 43 (7.83%) PowerShell
6 26 (4.74%) Bash
6 26 (4.74%) Scala
7 24 (4.37%) JavaScript
7 24 (4.37%) T-SQL
8 20 (3.64%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
9 18 (3.28%) R
10 12 (2.19%) Shell Script
11 8 (1.46%) Perl
12 7 (1.28%) Go
12 7 (1.28%) PHP
12 7 (1.28%) PL/SQL
13 5 (0.91%) Bicep
13 5 (0.91%) C
14 4 (0.73%) VBScript
15 2 (0.36%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 46 (8.38%) Security Cleared
2 31 (5.65%) SC Cleared
3 13 (2.37%) AWS Certification
3 13 (2.37%) Degree
4 8 (1.46%) FFIEC
4 8 (1.46%) PMP
5 6 (1.09%) PMI Certification
6 5 (0.91%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.55%) CISSP
7 3 (0.55%) PhD
7 3 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
8 2 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 2 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.18%) CISM
9 1 (0.18%) CRISC
9 1 (0.18%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (13.66%) Data Quality
2 19 (3.46%) QA
3 16 (2.91%) GDPR
4 9 (1.64%) Accessibility
5 8 (1.46%) GLBA
5 8 (1.46%) NIST
5 8 (1.46%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.18%) IFRS
7 1 (0.18%) IFRS 17
7 1 (0.18%) SLA
System Software
1 38 (6.92%) Docker
2 13 (2.37%) Active Directory
2 13 (2.37%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (1.28%) HDFS
4 4 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 43 (7.83%) Terraform
2 35 (6.38%) Kubernetes
3 5 (0.91%) Hadoop YARN
4 4 (0.73%) Control-M
5 2 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
5 2 (0.36%) Nessus
6 1 (0.18%) Ansible
6 1 (0.18%) QRadar
Vendors
1 180 (32.79%) Databricks
2 109 (19.85%) Microsoft
3 47 (8.56%) Oracle
4 46 (8.38%) SAP
5 37 (6.74%) BiZZdesign
6 27 (4.92%) Cloudera
7 26 (4.74%) Google
8 25 (4.55%) Salesforce.com
9 19 (3.46%) Informatica
10 17 (3.10%) Alteryx
10 17 (3.10%) Talend
11 10 (1.82%) Adobe
11 10 (1.82%) MuleSoft
11 10 (1.82%) Sparx
12 7 (1.28%) Netezza
12 7 (1.28%) Red Hat
12 7 (1.28%) Workday
13 6 (1.09%) ESRI
13 6 (1.09%) Splunk
14 4 (0.73%) OpenText