Period
to 16 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Programming over the 6 months to 16 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Functional Programming
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 671 629 699
Rank change year-on-year -42 +70 +94
Permanent jobs citing Functional Programming 572 647 658
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.33% 0.36% 0.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.36% 0.40% 0.36%
Number of salaries quoted 402 494 580
UK median annual salary £62,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -10.71% +7.69% +4.00%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £43,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £100,000 £102,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -8.70% +9.52% +10.53%

Functional Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 159,594 161,008 183,098
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.68% 90.69% 90.02%
Number of salaries quoted 127,542 129,851 152,298
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Functional Programming
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Programming as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Programming in the UK

Functional Programming
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Functional Programming.

Salary trend for Functional Programming in the UK

Functional Programming
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Programming over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Functional Programming in the UK

Functional Programming
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Programming within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 539 £65,000 -7.14% 103
London -6 396 £70,000 -6.67% 74
UK excluding London -18 172 £52,500 -8.70% 34
South East -27 45 £50,000 -16.67% 5
South West -22 39 £52,500 -28.08% 8
North of England +20 33 £52,500 +16.67% 10
West Midlands +21 26 £47,500 -20.83% 3
Midlands +9 26 £47,500 -20.83% 4
Scotland -8 25 £52,500 +33.76% 2
North West +9 18 £60,000 +9.09% 6
Yorkshire +27 13 £50,000 +33.33% 3
Wales -5 4 £58,750 +44.17% 2
East of England -4 2 £57,500 +27.78% 2
North East -28 2 £47,500 +5.56% 1

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, IT jobs citing Functional Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Functional Programming.

1 290 (50.70%) Java
2 282 (49.30%) Agile Software Development
3 246 (43.01%) JavaScript
4 230 (40.21%) Scala
5 155 (27.10%) Finance
6 152 (26.57%) Software Engineering
7 148 (25.87%) TDD
8 131 (22.90%) Microservices
9 125 (21.85%) Node.js
10 116 (20.28%) Banking
11 112 (19.58%) HTML
12 110 (19.23%) NoSQL
13 107 (18.71%) Big Data
14 105 (18.36%) Problem-Solving
15 103 (18.01%) OO
16 102 (17.83%) Python
16 102 (17.83%) React
17 99 (17.31%) Test Automation
18 95 (16.61%) AngularJS
18 95 (16.61%) Analytics
19 93 (16.26%) REST
20 91 (15.91%) Continuous Integration
20 91 (15.91%) Linux
21 90 (15.73%) Low Latency
22 89 (15.56%) Haskell
22 89 (15.56%) SQL
22 89 (15.56%) Investment Banking
23 86 (15.03%) Financial Institution
24 83 (14.51%) Spring
25 81 (14.16%) Git (software)

Functional Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (8.57%) Apache Spark
2 16 (2.80%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (2.45%) Ethereum
4 8 (1.40%) GemFire
5 6 (1.05%) CMS
5 6 (1.05%) Confluence
5 6 (1.05%) IIS
5 6 (1.05%) Tomcat
6 5 (0.87%) Apache
7 4 (0.70%) Jetty
8 3 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
8 3 (0.52%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.35%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.35%) JBoss
10 1 (0.17%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.17%) nginx
10 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.17%) SAS
10 1 (0.17%) Tornado
10 1 (0.17%) WordPress
Applications
1 6 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 70 (12.24%) Amazon AWS
2 28 (4.90%) GitHub
3 23 (4.02%) Slack
4 21 (3.67%) SaaS
5 18 (3.15%) PaaS
6 16 (2.80%) Microsoft Azure
6 16 (2.80%) Serverless
7 11 (1.92%) Google Cloud Platform
8 10 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
9 5 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (0.70%) Amazon S3
10 4 (0.70%) IBM Cloud
10 4 (0.70%) npm
11 3 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
11 3 (0.52%) IaaS
12 1 (0.17%) Amazon EC2
12 1 (0.17%) Amazon Kinesis
12 1 (0.17%) Amazon SQS
12 1 (0.17%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.97%) HTTP
2 13 (2.27%) DSL
3 4 (0.70%) Broadband
4 1 (0.17%) AMQP
4 1 (0.17%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (19.23%) NoSQL
2 107 (18.71%) Big Data
3 51 (8.92%) MongoDB
4 47 (8.22%) Blockchain
5 45 (7.87%) SQL Server
6 40 (6.99%) Relational Database
7 35 (6.12%) Hadoop
8 31 (5.42%) RDBMS
9 24 (4.20%) PostgreSQL
10 23 (4.02%) MySQL
11 20 (3.50%) MemSQL
12 19 (3.32%) Apache Cassandra
13 13 (2.27%) DB2
14 12 (2.10%) Couchbase
14 12 (2.10%) Data Lake
15 10 (1.75%) Riak
16 9 (1.57%) HBase
17 8 (1.40%) Data Mining
18 7 (1.22%) Apache Hive
18 7 (1.22%) Datomic
Development Applications
1 81 (14.16%) Git (software)
2 30 (5.24%) Maven
3 28 (4.90%) JUnit
4 27 (4.72%) CircleCI
5 26 (4.55%) Jenkins
6 22 (3.85%) Selenium
7 19 (3.32%) GoCD
8 16 (2.80%) Cucumber
9 13 (2.27%) Gatling
9 13 (2.27%) webpack
10 12 (2.10%) Eclipse
10 12 (2.10%) IntelliJ
10 12 (2.10%) Mocha
10 12 (2.10%) Subversion
11 11 (1.92%) SoapUI
12 10 (1.75%) JIRA
13 9 (1.57%) Ant
14 8 (1.40%) Jasmine
14 8 (1.40%) Protractor
14 8 (1.40%) Travis CI
General
1 155 (27.10%) Finance
2 116 (20.28%) Banking
3 89 (15.56%) Investment Banking
4 86 (15.03%) Financial Institution
5 40 (6.99%) Games
6 17 (2.97%) Marketing
7 16 (2.80%) Telecoms
8 12 (2.10%) Manufacturing
9 11 (1.92%) Electronics
9 11 (1.92%) Front Office
10 8 (1.40%) Publishing
11 6 (1.05%) Law
12 4 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
12 4 (0.70%) Retail
13 3 (0.52%) Automotive
14 2 (0.35%) Back Office
15 1 (0.17%) Danish Language
15 1 (0.17%) Legal
Job Titles
1 307 (53.67%) Developer
2 74 (12.94%) Software Engineer
3 64 (11.19%) Java Developer
4 61 (10.66%) Senior Developer
5 58 (10.14%) Scala Developer
6 39 (6.82%) JavaScript Developer
7 34 (5.94%) Full Stack Developer
7 34 (5.94%) React Developer
8 32 (5.59%) Java Engineer
9 24 (4.20%) Data Engineer
9 24 (4.20%) Software Developer
10 21 (3.67%) Web Developer
11 18 (3.15%) Clojure Engineer
12 17 (2.97%) Erlang Developer
12 17 (2.97%) Senior Software Engineer
12 17 (2.97%) Software Manager
13 16 (2.80%) Programmer
13 16 (2.80%) Scala Software Engineer
14 15 (2.62%) F# Developer
14 15 (2.62%) Haskell Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (21.85%) Node.js
2 112 (19.58%) HTML
3 102 (17.83%) React
4 95 (16.61%) AngularJS
5 93 (16.26%) REST
6 83 (14.51%) Spring
7 76 (13.29%) Kafka
8 70 (12.24%) CSS
9 58 (10.14%) .NET
10 57 (9.97%) HTML5
11 51 (8.92%) Akka
12 46 (8.04%) RESTful
13 35 (6.12%) Redux
14 33 (5.77%) Spring Boot
15 31 (5.42%) CSS3
16 30 (5.24%) React Native
16 30 (5.24%) Web Services
17 29 (5.07%) Hibernate
18 28 (4.90%) RabbitMQ
19 26 (4.55%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 75 (13.11%) Cyberthreat
2 72 (12.59%) Fintech
3 61 (10.66%) Greenfield Project
4 58 (10.14%) Computer Science
5 48 (8.39%) Algorithms
6 37 (6.47%) Analytical Skills
7 29 (5.07%) Self-Motivation
8 27 (4.72%) Data Structures
9 25 (4.37%) Hedge funds
10 23 (4.02%) Management Information System
11 22 (3.85%) User Experience
12 18 (3.15%) Derivative
13 17 (2.97%) Fixed Income
14 16 (2.80%) Mobile App
15 14 (2.45%) Equities
16 10 (1.75%) Analytical Mindset
16 10 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
16 10 (1.75%) Public Cloud
17 9 (1.57%) Bitcoin
17 9 (1.57%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 91 (15.91%) Linux
2 45 (7.87%) Unix
3 6 (1.05%) Windows
4 3 (0.52%) Android
4 3 (0.52%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.17%) CentOS
5 1 (0.17%) DC/OS
5 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
5 1 (0.17%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 282 (49.30%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (26.57%) Software Engineering
3 148 (25.87%) TDD
4 131 (22.90%) Microservices
5 105 (18.36%) Problem-Solving
6 103 (18.01%) OO
7 99 (17.31%) Test Automation
8 95 (16.61%) Analytics
9 91 (15.91%) Continuous Integration
10 90 (15.73%) Low Latency
11 78 (13.64%) Investment Management
11 78 (13.64%) SDLC
12 75 (13.11%) DevOps
12 75 (13.11%) Innovative Thinking
12 75 (13.11%) Strategic Thinking
13 74 (12.94%) Risk Management
14 65 (11.36%) Scrum
15 58 (10.14%) Open Source
16 52 (9.09%) BDD
17 44 (7.69%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 290 (50.70%) Java
2 246 (43.01%) JavaScript
3 230 (40.21%) Scala
4 102 (17.83%) Python
5 89 (15.56%) Haskell
5 89 (15.56%) SQL
6 71 (12.41%) C#
7 67 (11.71%) Erlang
8 65 (11.36%) C++
9 62 (10.84%) F#
10 58 (10.14%) Ruby
11 57 (9.97%) Clojure
11 57 (9.97%) Java 8
12 47 (8.22%) TypeScript
13 33 (5.77%) C
13 33 (5.77%) ES6
14 30 (5.24%) Elixir
15 27 (4.72%) Go
16 18 (3.15%) Lisp
17 16 (2.80%) PHP
Qualifications
1 78 (13.64%) Degree
2 42 (7.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 20 (3.50%) Master's Degree
4 15 (2.62%) PhD
5 6 (1.05%) AWS Certification
6 3 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.52%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.17%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.17%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (4.37%) QA
2 6 (1.05%) WCAG
3 2 (0.35%) GCP
3 2 (0.35%) PSD2
System Software
1 71 (12.41%) Docker
2 6 (1.05%) HDFS
3 4 (0.70%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.17%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 48 (8.39%) Kubernetes
2 13 (2.27%) Terraform
3 10 (1.75%) Ansible
4 6 (1.05%) Mesos
4 6 (1.05%) Rancher
5 3 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
5 3 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (0.52%) Puppet
6 2 (0.35%) Grafana
6 2 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.17%) Business Desktop Deployment
7 1 (0.17%) Chronos
7 1 (0.17%) Cobbler
7 1 (0.17%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.17%) logstash
7 1 (0.17%) Marathon
7 1 (0.17%) MOM
Vendors
1 32 (5.59%) Google
2 29 (5.07%) Oracle
2 29 (5.07%) SAP
3 23 (4.02%) Sybase
4 18 (3.15%) Concur
5 10 (1.75%) Microsoft
6 7 (1.22%) Cloudera
7 5 (0.87%) Hortonworks
7 5 (0.87%) IBM
7 5 (0.87%) MapR
7 5 (0.87%) Tableau
8 4 (0.70%) TIBCO
9 3 (0.52%) Capita
10 2 (0.35%) Vertica
11 1 (0.17%) Apple
11 1 (0.17%) Brightcove
11 1 (0.17%) Facebook
11 1 (0.17%) Splunk
11 1 (0.17%) VMware
11 1 (0.17%) Xamarin