Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Functional Programming skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Programming over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Functional Programming
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 455 510 552
Rank change year-on-year +55 +42 +205
Permanent jobs citing Functional Programming 1,252 625 245
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.74% 0.55% 0.39%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.77% 0.58% 0.42%
Number of salaries quoted 138 148 210
10th Percentile £49,625 £42,500 £42,375
25th Percentile £59,063 £52,188 £53,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -3.57% -
75th Percentile £91,875 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £104,125 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £75,000 £60,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +25.00% +20.00% -

Functional Programming is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 161,721 107,622 58,944
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.75% 94.06% 93.09%
Number of salaries quoted 84,129 73,141 47,812
10th Percentile £34,207 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,600 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.91% +1.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,290 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Functional Programming
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Functional Programming as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Programming in the UK

Functional Programming
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Functional Programming.

Salary trend for Functional Programming in the UK

Functional Programming
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Functional Programming over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Functional Programming in the UK

Functional Programming
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Programming within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -32 894 £75,000 +7.14% 39
Work from Home +107 781 £80,000 +28.00% 28
London -24 777 £80,000 - 31
UK excluding London -105 130 £75,000 +25.00% 9
South East -67 46 £52,500 - 2
North of England -63 29 £85,000 +41.67% 3
North West -65 23 £85,000 +41.67% 1
South West -30 14 £70,000 - 1
Northern Ireland -2 13 - -
Midlands -66 12 £70,000 +63.74%
West Midlands -64 11 £70,000 +63.74%
East of England -66 7 £50,000 -25.93% 2
Yorkshire -26 5 £75,000 +150.00% 2
Scotland -66 4 - -
Isle of Man - 4 £60,000 - 1
North East -15 1 £62,500 +37.83%
Wales - 1 - -
East Midlands - 1 £75,000 -

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT jobs citing Functional Programming also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Functional Programming.

1 798 (63.74%) Agile
2 716 (57.19%) Software Engineering
3 535 (42.73%) AWS
4 519 (41.45%) Docker
5 489 (39.06%) Java
6 488 (38.98%) TDD
7 402 (32.11%) JavaScript
8 395 (31.55%) Finance
8 395 (31.55%) Kubernetes
9 390 (31.15%) Kafka
10 386 (30.83%) Scala
11 385 (30.75%) React
12 330 (26.36%) OO
13 329 (26.28%) TypeScript
14 327 (26.12%) DevOps
15 321 (25.64%) Microservices
16 301 (24.04%) Terraform
17 298 (23.80%) Git (software)
18 294 (23.48%) Serverless
19 290 (23.16%) CI/CD
20 289 (23.08%) Python
21 287 (22.92%) Node.js
22 270 (21.57%) Azure
23 254 (20.29%) Continuous Integration
24 245 (19.57%) CSS
25 243 (19.41%) GCP
26 242 (19.33%) HTML
27 234 (18.69%) Social Skills
27 234 (18.69%) Clean Code
28 231 (18.45%) Full Stack Development

Functional Programming
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (9.11%) Apache Spark
2 62 (4.95%) Apache
3 44 (3.51%) Apache Airflow
4 28 (2.24%) CMS
5 19 (1.52%) Camunda
5 19 (1.52%) Oracle Workflow
6 16 (1.28%) Jupyter
7 15 (1.20%) Ethereum
8 9 (0.72%) DNN
8 9 (0.72%) IIS
9 8 (0.64%) Confluence
10 3 (0.24%) nginx
11 1 (0.080%) Apache TomEE
11 1 (0.080%) Hyperledger
11 1 (0.080%) Luigi
11 1 (0.080%) OpenZeppelin
11 1 (0.080%) SAS
11 1 (0.080%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.080%) WordPress
Applications
1 37 (2.96%) Sketch
2 35 (2.80%) Photoshop
3 19 (1.52%) Adobe XD
3 19 (1.52%) InVision
3 19 (1.52%) Marvel
4 8 (0.64%) Campfire
5 6 (0.48%) SketchUp
6 3 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.080%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 56 (4.47%) Distributed Ledger
2 19 (1.52%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.64%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.080%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 535 (42.73%) AWS
2 294 (23.48%) Serverless
3 270 (21.57%) Azure
4 243 (19.41%) GCP
5 226 (18.05%) AWS Lambda
6 133 (10.62%) Cloud Computing
7 109 (8.71%) GitHub
8 71 (5.67%) Azure Functions
9 64 (5.11%) Azure DevOps
10 48 (3.83%) Amazon Kinesis
11 47 (3.75%) Amazon ECS
12 45 (3.59%) SaaS
13 42 (3.35%) Amazon EC2
14 40 (3.19%) Figma
15 38 (3.04%) Amazon S3
16 35 (2.80%) Firebase
17 34 (2.72%) Amazon SageMaker
17 34 (2.72%) AWS CloudFormation
17 34 (2.72%) Pulumi
18 29 (2.32%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 70 (5.59%) HTTP
2 19 (1.52%) Internet
3 11 (0.88%) Network Security
4 9 (0.72%) HTTPS
4 9 (0.72%) X.509
5 2 (0.16%) Bluetooth
5 2 (0.16%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.080%) DVB
6 1 (0.080%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 177 (14.14%) Relational Database
2 161 (12.86%) PostgreSQL
3 160 (12.78%) NoSQL
4 97 (7.75%) MongoDB
5 95 (7.59%) DynamoDB
6 90 (7.19%) RDBMS
7 82 (6.55%) Big Data
8 77 (6.15%) MySQL
9 45 (3.59%) Redis
10 43 (3.43%) BigQuery
11 42 (3.35%) SQL Server
12 33 (2.64%) Elasticsearch
13 31 (2.48%) Data Lake
14 29 (2.32%) Power BI
14 29 (2.32%) Tableau
15 27 (2.16%) Data Warehouse
16 21 (1.68%) Electronic Patient Records
17 20 (1.60%) Amazon Aurora
17 20 (1.60%) Hadoop
18 16 (1.28%) Apache Arrow
Development Applications
1 298 (23.80%) Git (software)
2 140 (11.18%) Maven
3 135 (10.78%) webpack
4 116 (9.27%) Jenkins
5 112 (8.95%) Gradle
6 97 (7.75%) CircleCI
7 84 (6.71%) GitLab
7 84 (6.71%) Mockito
8 81 (6.47%) SonarQube
9 66 (5.27%) Cypress.io
10 49 (3.91%) Sonatype Nexus
11 44 (3.51%) Travis CI
12 42 (3.35%) Bundler
12 42 (3.35%) Jasmine
12 42 (3.35%) Karma Test Runner
13 38 (3.04%) Babel
14 36 (2.88%) JIRA
15 35 (2.80%) ESLint
15 35 (2.80%) rollup.js
16 26 (2.08%) Storybook
General
1 395 (31.55%) Finance
2 234 (18.69%) Social Skills
3 145 (11.58%) Banking
4 99 (7.91%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 86 (6.87%) Games
6 82 (6.55%) Marketing
7 77 (6.15%) Automotive
8 74 (5.91%) Retail
9 62 (4.95%) Legal
10 50 (3.99%) Analytical Skills
11 49 (3.91%) Advertising
12 35 (2.80%) Military
13 26 (2.08%) Aerospace
14 24 (1.92%) Manufacturing
15 19 (1.52%) Law
16 18 (1.44%) Italian Language
16 18 (1.44%) Public Sector
17 15 (1.20%) Documentation Skills
18 14 (1.12%) Influencing Skills
18 14 (1.12%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 492 (39.30%) Software Engineer
2 393 (31.39%) Developer
3 163 (13.02%) Senior Software Engineer
4 102 (8.15%) Senior Developer
5 97 (7.75%) Java Developer
6 88 (7.03%) Java Engineer
7 72 (5.75%) Scala Developer
8 71 (5.67%) Scala Engineer
9 70 (5.59%) Haskell Engineer
10 55 (4.39%) Software Developer
11 49 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
11 49 (3.91%) Scala Software Engineer
12 44 (3.51%) Haskell Developer
13 42 (3.35%) Data Engineer
14 35 (2.80%) Senior Software Developer
15 34 (2.72%) Senior Scala Developer
16 33 (2.64%) Technical Leader
17 32 (2.56%) Senior Java Developer
18 28 (2.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 27 (2.16%) Principal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 390 (31.15%) Kafka
2 385 (30.75%) React
3 287 (22.92%) Node.js
4 245 (19.57%) CSS
5 242 (19.33%) HTML
6 208 (16.61%) Spring
7 196 (15.65%) Spring Boot
8 185 (14.78%) GraphQL
9 164 (13.10%) REST
10 144 (11.50%) AngularJS
11 143 (11.42%) RESTful
12 132 (10.54%) Redux
13 128 (10.22%) React Native
14 109 (8.71%) Jest
15 97 (7.75%) HTML5
16 90 (7.19%) RabbitMQ
17 87 (6.95%) Akka
18 86 (6.87%) Vue.js
19 79 (6.31%) Web Services
20 78 (6.23%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 227 (18.13%) User Experience
2 183 (14.62%) Algorithms
3 163 (13.02%) Mobile App
4 151 (12.06%) Blockchain
5 135 (10.78%) Data Structures
6 88 (7.03%) Blog
7 85 (6.79%) Cardano
8 81 (6.47%) Social Network
9 65 (5.19%) Enterprise Software
10 56 (4.47%) Virtual Team
11 55 (4.39%) Renewable Energy
12 53 (4.23%) Cloud Native
13 46 (3.67%) Greenfield Project
14 40 (3.19%) Legacy Code
15 38 (3.04%) IoT
15 38 (3.04%) Smart Energy
16 36 (2.88%) Grid Computing
17 35 (2.80%) Public Cloud
18 22 (1.76%) Derivative
19 18 (1.44%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 144 (11.50%) Linux
2 104 (8.31%) Android
3 76 (6.07%) Unix
4 73 (5.83%) Apple iOS
5 38 (3.04%) Embedded Linux
6 16 (1.28%) Windows
7 7 (0.56%) Debian
7 7 (0.56%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.080%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 798 (63.74%) Agile
2 716 (57.19%) Software Engineering
3 488 (38.98%) TDD
4 330 (26.36%) OO
5 327 (26.12%) DevOps
6 321 (25.64%) Microservices
7 290 (23.16%) CI/CD
8 254 (20.29%) Continuous Integration
9 234 (18.69%) Clean Code
10 231 (18.45%) Full Stack Development
11 216 (17.25%) Machine Learning
12 203 (16.21%) Scrum
13 199 (15.89%) Pair Programming
14 190 (15.18%) Open Source
15 182 (14.54%) BDD
16 177 (14.14%) Data Science
17 171 (13.66%) Event-Driven
18 162 (12.94%) Computer Science
19 153 (12.22%) Problem-Solving
20 151 (12.06%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 489 (39.06%) Java
2 402 (32.11%) JavaScript
3 386 (30.83%) Scala
4 329 (26.28%) TypeScript
5 289 (23.08%) Python
6 187 (14.94%) Haskell
7 170 (13.58%) SQL
8 166 (13.26%) Clojure
9 143 (11.42%) Go
10 123 (9.82%) Rust
11 114 (9.11%) C#
12 108 (8.63%) Kotlin
13 101 (8.07%) Ruby
14 88 (7.03%) ES6
15 61 (4.87%) Elm
16 52 (4.15%) Elixir
17 48 (3.83%) F#
18 42 (3.35%) Bash
19 39 (3.12%) C++
20 31 (2.48%) Lisp
Qualifications
1 175 (13.98%) Degree
2 56 (4.47%) Computer Science Degree
3 47 (3.75%) Master's Degree
4 13 (1.04%) Microsoft Certification
5 6 (0.48%) PhD
6 2 (0.16%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.16%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.080%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.080%) ISEB
7 1 (0.080%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.080%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (11.66%) QA
2 57 (4.55%) Accessibility
3 15 (1.20%) Data Quality
4 13 (1.04%) EMIR
4 13 (1.04%) MiFID
5 9 (0.72%) HIPAA
5 9 (0.72%) HL7
6 4 (0.32%) GLP
System Software
1 519 (41.45%) Docker
2 15 (1.20%) Firmware
3 5 (0.40%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.32%) zsh
5 1 (0.080%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.080%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 395 (31.55%) Kubernetes
2 301 (24.04%) Terraform
3 41 (3.27%) Ansible
4 29 (2.32%) Prometheus
5 20 (1.60%) Docker Swarm
6 19 (1.52%) Istio
7 15 (1.20%) Grafana
8 11 (0.88%) Panaseer
9 10 (0.80%) Kibana
10 5 (0.40%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 1 (0.080%) logstash
Vendors
1 96 (7.67%) Google
2 47 (3.75%) Confluent
3 43 (3.43%) Funding Circle
4 28 (2.24%) IBM
5 27 (2.16%) Oracle
6 25 (2.00%) Splunk
7 19 (1.52%) Adobe
7 19 (1.52%) Cadence
8 17 (1.36%) New Relic
9 16 (1.28%) Databricks
9 16 (1.28%) Microsoft
9 16 (1.28%) Sony
10 15 (1.20%) AppDynamics
10 15 (1.20%) Apple
10 15 (1.20%) BT
10 15 (1.20%) Sybase
11 13 (1.04%) Micro Focus
12 12 (0.96%) Monzo
12 12 (0.96%) Spotify
13 11 (0.88%) Cisco